# WORKSHOP 10

Thermal Stress Analysis of a BiMetallic Plate

MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook

10-1

10-2

MSC.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook

524 W/in-oC Ksolder = 1.05 inch.47E-5 in/in-oC Tref = -30 oC MSC.025 in Solder: 0. In the subsequent thermal stress analysis one can access this file by defining TEMP(LOAD)=1 in the Case Control section of the ensuing stress analysis run.Nastran Heat Transfer interface. We will determine the temperature distribution by running a steady-state thermal analysis. The dimension of the bi-metallic strip is one inch by one inch. X T = -30.1 Y 1.025 inch. and the thickness of the Ge material is 0.885E7 lb/in2 GGe = 0. Thus the assembly thickness is 0. The thickness for the solder type material is 0. one would request: TEMP(PUNCH)=all in the MSC. and the bottom surface temperature boundary condition is 70o C.0 in KGe = 1. The temperature load is then created and saved inside the punch file. We will build the entire model from geometric construction so that we can apply loads directly on the geometry.4 αSolder = 2.0 oC ESolder = 1.27 W/in-oC 1.3E7 lb/in2 νSolder = 0.Nastran Case Control section of the thermal run.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate Model Description: In this example we will perform the thermal stress analysis of a bimetallic strip.8E-6 in/in-oC X Z Ge: 0.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-3 .933E7 lb/in2 αGe = 5.05 in T = 70.Patran MSC. Figure 10. The top surface temperature boundary condition is -30o C.075 inch.0 in EGe = 1.0 oC Prior to the development of the MSC.

We will use this technique to apply a thermal load for the stress analysis. 10-4 MSC.Patran you can use the Create-Spatial-FEM command after you have postprocessed the thermal result in the viewport. Also.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .However. we will analyze the thermal stress analysis for the free-free expansion by enforcing a minimum number of constraints to fix-rigid body motion. using MSC.

Define the new material properties using structural analysis. Mesh the solid using Uniform Mesh Seed for solid 1 and Mesh using HEX8 for both solids.db Create a geometry representing a bi-metallic strip. perform. Define properties using 3D solid for each individual parts.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-5 . Merge all coincident nodes using Equivalence action in the Finite Elements menu Specify thermal material properties. Apply different loads and boundary conditions for the solid Perform the structural analysis and read the results. Apply temperature boundary conditions to the solid. and read the results.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate Suggested Exercise Steps: s s s s s s s s s s s s Create a new database called ex10. MSC. Define a spatial FEM Field based on the temperature Profile. Analyze.

Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .10-6 MSC.

New Database Name: OK The viewport (PATRAN’s graphics window) will appear along with a New Model Preference form.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-7 ..Nastran Tolerance: Analysis Code: Analysis Type: OK 2.PATRAN. x Based on Model MSC/NASTRAN Thermal ex10 x Geometry Action: Object: Method: Vector Coordinates List: Origin Coordinates List: Apply Create Surface XYZ <1 1 0> [0 0 0] x Geometry Action: Object: Method: Translation Vector: Create Solid Extrude <0 0 0. Name it ex10.db File/New.05> MSC.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate Exercise Procedure: 1. Create the Model.. Open a new database. The New Model Preference sets all the code specific forms and options inside MSC. In the New Model Preference form set the Analysis Code to MSC.

Mesh the Solids.Auto Execute Surface List: Apply Click on the Solid Face icon. Solid Face Surface 1 Translation Vector: Surface List: Apply <0 0 0.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . 3. x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Create Mesh Seed Uniform 10-8 MSC.025> Solid 1.6 Your model should look like the following figure.

3 Click on the four corners of Solid 2.1 Hex8 Solid 1 2 Create Mesh Solid x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Equivalencing Tolerance: Apply Equivalence All Tolerance Cube 0. Curve List: Apply Solid 2.2.3 1.1.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate Number: 4 Click on the four corners of Solid 1.1 1.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-9 .1.3 2.1 1.1.1. Remove Coincident Nodes.2. Curve List: Apply Number: 2 Solid 1.005 MSC. Hold shift key down while you click.2.1 2.2.1 2.3 x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Global Edge Length: Element Topology: Solid List: Apply 4. 0. Hold shift key down while you click.

.27 . 5.524 Solder Solid properties 1. Specify Thermal Material Properties. Constitutive Model: Thermal Conductivity: Apply Cancel Material Name: Input Properties. x Materials Action: Object: Method: Material Name: Input Properties.Your model should look like the following figure.. Constitutive Model: Thermal Conductivity: Apply 10-10 MSC..Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook Create Isotropic Manual Input Ge Solid properties 1..

Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-11 . x Properties Action: Object: Type: Property Set Name: Input Properties. Material Name: OK Select Members: Add Apply 7.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate Cancel 6.... Solid 2 Solder m:Solder Solid 1 Apply temperature boundary conditions. Bottom View m:Ge Ge Create 3D Solid Select Members: Add Apply Property Set Name: Input Properties.. x Load/BCs Action: Create MSC. Material Name: OK Click on the Bottom View icon. Define Element Properties.

.... Boundary Temperature: OK Select Application Region. Geometry Filter: Click on the Surface or Face icon....6 10-12 MSC.. 70 Temp(Thermal) Nodal Thermal temp_bottom x Geometry Surface or Face Select Geometry Entities: Add OK Apply Surface 1 New Set Name: Input Data. Boundary Temperature: OK Select Application Region.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . Geometry Filter: Select Geometry Entities: Add OK Apply temp_top -30 x Geometry Solid 2.Object: Type: Analysis Type: New Set Name: Input Data.

x Analysis Action: Object: Method: Job Name: Apply An MSC. 8.bdf will be generated. Analyze Entire Model Analysis Deck ex10 MSC. This process of translating your model into an input file is called the Forward Translation.Nastran input file called ex10.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate Your model should look like the following figure. Perform the Thermal Analysis.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-13 . The Forward Translation is complete when the Heartbeat turns green.

dat file. 9b.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook . search for the word WARNING. Monitor the run using the UNIX ps command.Submitting the Input File for Analysis: 9. To submit the MSC. 10. At the command prompt enter nastran ex10.bdf scr=yes. Submit the input file to MSC. edit the ex10.Nastran for analysis. When the run is completed. find an available UNIX shell window. If no matches exist.bdf file.f06 file and search for the word FATAL. Determine whether existing WARNING messages indicate modeling errors. find an available UNIX shell window and at the command prompt enter nastran ex10 scr=yes. 9a. 10-14 MSC.Patran . To submit the MSC.Nastran . Monitor the run using the UNIX ps command.

PW Linear: 100.Patran. To do this. Iso 1 View Apply MSC.Patran Users should proceed to the next step. return to the Analysis form and proceed as follows: Analysis Action: Object: Method: Select Results File Select Results File OK Apply ex10. Display the Results. MSC. 12.xdb results file into MSC. MSC. % of Load Temperatures Click on the Iso 1 View icon to change the view.xdb Attach XDB Result Entities Local 13. attaching the ex10.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate 11. that is.Nastran Users have finished this exercise. Proceed with the Reverse Translation process. x Results Form Type: Select Results Cases: Default.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-15 .

Analysis Type: OK Structural Create Spatial FEM t_load x Continuous x Scalar x Current Viewport default_group 10-16 MSC. x Fields Action: Object: Method: Field Name: FEM Field Definition: Field Type: Mesh/Results Group Filter: Select Group: Apply 15. Define a Spatial FEM Field based on the Temperature Profile.Your model should look like the following figure. 14. Preferences/Analysis... Change the Analysis type to Structural.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .

Coeff: Reference Temperature: Apply Cancel Material Name: Input Properties..0 Create Isotropic Manual Input Solder_st x Properties Action: Object: Create 3D MSC. Coeff: Reference Temperature: Apply Cancel 17.WORKSHOP 10 Thermal Stress Analysis of a Bi-Metallic Plate 16..8e-6 -30. Linear Elastic 1..933e7 5. Constitutive Model: Elastic Modulus: Shear Modulus: Thermal Expan.47e-5 -30. Assign Element Properties.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook 10-17 .885e7 0.4 2. x Materials Action: Object: Method: Material Name: Input Properties.0 Ge_st Linear Elastic 1. Constitutive Model: Elastic Modulus: Poisson Ratio: Thermal Expan..3e7 0. Specify Structural Material Properties.

Material Name: OK Select Members: Add Apply Solid Ge_st Standard Formulation m:Ge_st Solid 2 When asked. Overwrite the association?”. answer Yes. answer Yes... Solid 1 m:Solder_st Solder_st Standard Formulation x Load Cases Action: Create 10-18 MSC. Yes Property Set Name: Options: Input Properties. “Solid 2 already has been associated to an element property region.Nastran 104 Exercise Workbook .. Overwrite the association?”. Yes 18. “Solid 1 already has been associated to an element property region.. Create a New Load Case. Material Name: OK Select Members: Add Apply When asked.Type: Property Set Name: Options: Input Properties.