TATA & CORUS: A Case of Acquisition

“There are not many opportunities for producers in emerging low-cost markets to gain access to the markets of Europe other than by acquiring a company like Corus,” John Quigley (Editor, Industry Publication Steel week) Thousands of Indians didn’t offer prayers for Tata Steel to clinch the deal for the AngloDutch steel maker Corus, as they have for the recovery of hospitalized Bollywood superstars. Nor did they erect 40-foot billboards of a smiling Ratan Tata, chairman of Tata Steel, after he won Corus. And the stock markets were clearly concerned about the Tata Steel’s new debt load. But despite all this, euphoria gripped the nation. Finance minister P. Chidambaram offered unspecified help, if needed, to close the deal; fellow steel magnate Lakshmi Niwas Mittal cheered the acquisition, and excited TV newsreaders gushed. India’s first Fortune 500 MNC was born.

Tata acquired Corus, which is four times larger than its size and the largest steel producer in the U.K. The deal, which creates the world's fifth-largest steelmaker, is India's largest ever foreign takeover and follows Mittal Steel's $31 billion acquisition of rival Arcelor in the same year. Over the past five years, Indian companies had made global acquisitions for over $10 billion. The Tata bid almost equals this amount. Most of them have averaged $100 to 200 million.

"It is a two-way street now," Kamal Nath (Commerce Minister, India) said. "Not only India is seeking foreign investment, but Indian companies are emerging investors in other countries." Ratan Tata has said he is confident the two companies have “a cultural fit and similar work practices.” Nearly 30 years ago J.R.D Tata had lured away a young engineer from Corus’s predecessor company, British Steel, to work at Tata Steel. That young Sheffield-educated engineer – Sir Jamshed J. Irani (knighted by the Queen 10 years ago) – was Tata Steel’s managing director until six years ago.

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Until the 1990s, not many Indian companies had contemplated spreading their wings abroad. An Indian corporate or group company acquiring a business in Europe or the U.K. seemed possible only in the realm of fantasy. Recent reports of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and other organizations have recorded the fact that nowadays Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is more likely to flow in through cross border mergers (and not through Greenfield Projects). Though Corus is four times bigger than Tata but in the year 2006 the operating profit for Tata was $840 million, whereas in case of Corus it was $860 million. There are some major inputs, which leads Tata towards this huge profit. Tata acquired Corus on the 2nd of April 2007 for a price of $12 billion making the Indian company the world’s fifth largest steel producer. This acquisition process has started long back in the year 2005. However, Corus was involved in a considerable number of Merger & Acquisition (M&A) deals and joint ventures (JVs) before Tata. This process started in the year 2000 and with Tata it came to an end. In a period of seven years Corus was involved in 14 deals apart from Tata. (Refer Exhibit – 1 for the details about M&A deals by Corus). In 2005, when the deal was started the price per share was 455 pence. But during the time of acquisition held in 2007, the price per share was 608 pence, which is 33.6% higher than the first offer. For this deal Tata has financed only $4 billion, although the total price of this deal was $12billion. Here the important point is how Tata could manage to get such a huge amount for this deal? Did Tata Steel overheat in its zeal to win Corus? However as stated by Muthuraman (the Managing Director of Tata Steel), the bid made to Corus was unanimously supported by the management of the company and recommended to its shareholders. In an interview to CNBC India, B Muthuraman also said that they are acquiring Corus for synergy and not for tonnage. "There are synergies in operations, manufacturing, marketing etc."

Tata and Indian Steel Industry
Tata Steel has established by Indian Parsi Businessman Jamsetji Tata in 1907, exactly in the year when British American Tobacco (BAT) has started its first factory in India. But

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Sri Lanka and Belgium. Publishing. but in 2003 it was not like earlier. Taiwan. Canada. wire rods and wires. In the year 1945 Tata entered into tea business by the name of Tata Tea. Tata has started investing in various other businesses like. Consultancy services etc in a short span of 30 years. because steel industry (heavy industry) is considered as a very important and influential parameter for the development of any modern economy. With the fall in prices along with depressed domestic demand. In the later part the concepts invented and implemented by Tata became lawful and compulsory practice for the Indian employees.63 million tones in 2001-02. Tata also entered into exports as Tata Exports. In respect to the per capita income and consumption of steel it is very less in India with compare to other countries. Motors. During the entire business in India Tata has seen many ups and downs. Tata played a significant role. CR and galvanized products. From Tata Steel. 3 & 4 for the detail about the company’s performance from 1997-2006) The Indian Steel industry is regarded as the most important component for the development of nation. pipes. it will give some idea about the condition and performance of the company across the years. Italy. Tata Steel holds a very vital place in Indian business history. (Refer Exhibit – 2. The finished steel production in India has grown from 1.1 million tones in 1951 to 31. West Asia. Tata played a vital role in the improvement of steel production also. because it has introduced some of the unique concepts like 8-hour working days. in different fields of business. Nepal. leave with pay and pension system for the first time in India and the first player to start rapid industrialization process. Thailand. Japan. For that reason in the development of India’s economy. which can be regarded as a remarkable example of India’s development in economic activities. (Refer Exhibit – 5 for the details about steel consumption level) India’s major market for steel and steel items include USA. Airlines.it started operating in the year 1912. Oil mills. The major steel items of export include HR coils. stainless steel. Indonesia. If we will look at the company’s financial status/condition. plates. 3 . which is the most successful and the largest export house in India. As a result the consumption level of steel from 1990 to 2002 was continuously in an increasing order. which was called as Tata Finlay earlier.

motor vehicle sales fell 2. while production was down 2. car manufacturers will be working to reduce unsold car inventory and will be cutting production. to some extent. in comparison to 2006. Among the major steel producing countries the production of steel has increased from 2005-2006 except Brazil.5%. affected India’s exports to these countries.9% rise in the S&P 4 . In 2006. For 2007. Much of this demand growth is expected to be generated from countries like China and India.9 per cent per year. Presumably.6%. (Refer Exhibit – 7 for the details about the steel production by different companies of the world) In that production process Tata may play a vital role. According to the numerical data.32 billion tones by 2010 and 1. As predicted. lower sales for all of 2007 will lead to reduced demand from this key end market for steel. which will reduce demand for steel. versus GDP growth of 3.62 billion tones by 2015. 2007 the S&P Steel Index increased 35. through May. China is the highest steel producing country in the world with a production of 355. According to International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI) till 2010 the average demand for steel would be 4. S&P projects GDP growth of 2.India has been increasing exports to overcome the excess supply situation. The Government of India and the Indian steel producers are trying to combat such actions despite such efforts being very expensive and involving time-consuming procedures. motor vehicle sales fell 3. The trade action by some countries against Indian steel industry has.1%. In fact IISI forecasts the global steel demand would be 1. This has resulted in antidumping actions being taken by developed countries like USA. But during 2010 and 2015 the growth is expected to be 4.4%.8 million tones in 2006.6% increase for the S&P 1500 Index and a 14. Through April 2007.3% in 2006.2 per cent.0% while motor vehicle production declined 5.8 million tones in 2005 and 418. EU and Canada. For that reason IISI is giving its opinion in favor of Tata.8%. compared to a 6. And for this increasing demand of steel market it is not possible for a single company to capture the market alone. (Refer Exhibit – 6 for the detailed about steel production by Tata in India) Global Steel Industry In global steel industry the consumption of steel has been decreased drastically in 2007.

However. versus a 13. In terms of performance. processing and distribution operations the company makes annual investments of over £6 million for the purchase of various goods and services. satisfying the demand of many steel customers worldwide. Looking at the financial status of the company from 1996-2005.Materials Index.2%. British Steel and Koninklijke Hoogovens. The company has a wide variety of products and services which comprise of the manufacturing of electrical steel. engineering. following the privatization of many steelworks companies by the U. there is a strong possibility for the industry to benefit from greater pricing power resulting from further expected consolidation. government. a degree of fluctuation between the years can be seen.K Corus Group plc was formed on 6th October 1999. In the long term. the automotive. In order to sustain and run its global steelmaking. a lower cost structure. the S&P Steel Index increased 58. plated steel strip. Corus operates as an international company. (Refer Exhibit – 8 for the detailed about the production of steel by different countries of the world) Corus and Steel Production in the U. refractory. development and allocation of steel and aluminum products and services.3% increase for the 1500 and a 16. and a continuation of the cyclical decline of the U. narrow strip. But irrespective of all these factors Corus continue the business as it 5 . alloys. Aluminum and Distribution and Building Systems. through the merger of two companies. In 2006. construction. as well as the rail and shipbuilding industry. Long Products. wire rod and rail products and services. packaging steel. Its core business comprises of manufacturing. With headquarters in London.142 million of annual revenue (for 2005) and a work force of 50 000 employees. rolls and paint. such as iron ore and coal. dollar. the company is also engaged in providing a variety of services including design.K. tube products.S. the company is regarded as the largest steel producer in the UK with £10. technology and consultancy services.6% increase in the S&P Materials Index. The company consists of four divisions which include: Strip Products. plates. semi finished steel. defense and security. Corus’ products and services are acquired by customers from diverse fields such as commercial and military aerospace ventures.

the company was valued less than Tata (at approximately $6 billion) at the time when the deal negotiations started. 6 . Tata Steel the winner of the auction for Corus declares a bid of 608 pence per share surpassed the final bid from Brazilian Steel maker Companhia Siderurgica Nacional (CSN) of 603 pence per share. 2007. Tata Steel is required to deliver a consideration not later than 2 weeks following the official date of the completion of the transaction. but rather its market value.2 billion (US$12 billion). both Tata Steel and Corus were interested in entering into an M&A deal due to several reasons. According the Scheme regulations. with the Tata acquisition Corus has gained a great and profitable opportunity to make an exit as the company has been looking out for a potential buyer for quite some time. However.000 employees across four continents and a joint presence in 45 countries. the initial motive behind the completion of the deal was not Corus’ revenue size. which makes it a serious rival to other steel giants. As stated by Tata. But from Corus’ point of view. 2007 at a price of 608 pence per ordinary share in cash. This deal is a 100% acquisition and the new entity will be run by one of Tata’s steel subsidiaries.was continuing. The total value of this acquisition amounted to ₤6. The official press release issued by both the company states that the combined entity will have a pro forma crude steel production of 27 million tones in 2007. as the management has stated that the basic reason for supporting this deal were the expected synergies between the two entities. Corus has supported the Tata acquisition due to different motives. Even though Corus is larger in size compared to Tata. The official declaration of the completed transaction between the two companies was announced to be effective by Court of Justice in England and Wales and consistent with the Scheme of Arrangement of the Tata Steel Scheme on April 2. with 84. Prior to the beginning of the deal negotiations. (Refer Exhibit – 9 & 10 for the details of financial performance of the company across the years) The Deal The deal (between Tata & Corus) was officially announced on April 2nd.

2007. Sir Anthony Bamford. October 27. September 20. 3% more than Tata Steel's Offer. : Tata still doesn’t react to Corus and its bid price remains the same.The process has started on September 20. October 17. November 3. 2006 : The initial offer from Tata Steel is considered to be too low both by Corus and analysts. 2006 October 18. 7 . Tata Steel wants to fulfill its ambition to Expand its business further. for its decision to accept an offer from Tata. The details of this process has described below. Brazil's CSN made its formal counter bid for Corus at 515 pence per share in cash. 2006 : Corus is criticized by the chairman of JCB. 2006 : The Indian steel giant. 2006 : The battle over Corus intensifies when Brazilian group CSN approached the board of the company with a bid of 475p per share November 27. October 6. 2006 : Corus accepts terms of ₤ 4. In the process both the companies have faced many ups and downs. 2006 : Within hours of Tata Steel increasing its original bid for Corus to 500 pence per share. 2006 : Corus Steel has decided to acquire a strategic partnership with a Company that is a low cost producer October 5. 2006 : Tata Steel has kept its offer to 455p per share. 2006 October 23. October 20. 2006 and completed on July 2.3 billion takeover bid from Tata Steel : The Brazilian Steel Group CSN recruits a leading investment bank to offer advice on possible counter-offer to Tata Steel’s bid. 2006 : The board of Corus decides that it is in the best interest of its will shareholders to give more time to CSN to satisfy the preconditions and decide whether it issue forward a formal offer December 18. 2006 : The Russian steel giant Severstal announces officially that it will not make a bid for Corus November 18.

were very close in amount to those generated by Corus ($860 million in profits on sales of 18. The price that they paid represents a very high 49% premium over the closing mid market share price of Corus on 4 October. meaning that more than two-thirds of the deal has had to be financed through loans from major banks. While Ratan Tata. The day after the acquisition was officially announced.6 million tons). Members of the integration committee from Tata Steel include managing director B Muthuraman. chairman of the Tata group. and chief financial officer Kaushik Chatterjee. First of all.84 billion.2 billion (US $12 billion) which was paid in cash. Despite its four times smaller size and smaller capacity. three of the members are from Tata Steel and the other three are from Corus group. the general assumption is that the acquisition was not cheap for Tata. The Corus group is represented in the committee by CEO Phillipe Varin.7 percent on the Bombay stock market. 8 . 2006 and a premium of over 68% over the average closing market share price over the twelve month period. Tata has reportedly financed only $4 billion of the Corus purchase from internal company resources. and division director (strip products) Rauke Henstra. executive director (finance) David Lloyd. Tata Steel’s operating profit for 2006. earning $840 million on sales of 5. Moreover. 2007 : Tata Steel manages to win the acquisition to CSN and has the full voting support form Corus’ shareholders Post Acquisition Tata Tata Steel has formed a seven-member integration committee to spearhead its union with Corus group.January 31. Tata Steel’s share fell by 10. The acquisition by Tata amounted to a total of 608 pence per ordinary share or ₤6. 2007 : Britain's Takeover Panel announces in an e-mailed statement that after an auction Tata Steel had agreed to offer Corus investors 608 pence per share in cash April 2.3 million tones. heads the committee. implying a cash outflow from Tata Steel in the amount of £1. since the deal was paid for in cash automatically makes it more expensive. deputy managing director (steel) T Mukherjee.

financed with Corus’ cash flows. The fact that Tata has managed to acquire a British steel maker that has been a symbol of Britain’s industrial power and at the same time its dominion over India has been perceived as quite ironic. Only time will show whether Tata will be able to truly benefit from the many expected synergies for the deal and not make the typical mistakes made in many large M&A deal during this beginning period. The debate whether Tata Steel has overpaid for acquiring Corus is most likely to be certain. How should be assets be evaluated before an acquisition? 9 . Why Corus went in for this deal? 2. “I believe this will be the first step in showing that Indian industry can in fact step outside the shores of India in an international marketplace and acquit itself as a global player. is expected to generate up to $640 million in annual interest charges (8% annual interest cost).Tata’s new debt amounting to $8 billion due to the acquisition. This amount combined with Corus’ existing interest debt charges of $400 million on an annual basis implies that the combined entity’s interest obligation will amount to approximately $725 million after the acquisition. Who worked out the financial deal? 4. How could the finances be organized in? 5. Another pressing issue resulting for this deal that has created a dilemma between experts and analysts opinions is whether this acquisition for the right move for Tata Steel in the first place. Was Tata wise in this decision? 3.” Ratan Tata Questions: 1. since just based on the numbers alone it turns out that at the end of the bidding conflict with CSN Tata ended up paying approximately 68% above the average price of Corus’shares.

Officine SpA. Officine Meccaniche Meccaniche SpA producer. Cogifer Ltd. The newly formed entity was called Danieli Corus technical Services BV. September 27. mechanical and electrical engineering industries.Exhibit – 1 Date of the Deal November 1. 2000 Company Name Cogifer Ltd. The designing and manufacture of the products. Year 2000 Corus Aluminum joint venture agreement with a Chinese Extrusions and Tjanjin Non municipality owned company Tjanjin Non Ferrous Metal Group (TNMG) Ferrous Metal Group (TNMG). an Italian equipment Danieli & Co. large extruded aluminum sections is completed in facilities located in China and is aimed for sale to the transport. Year 2001 Savera Group joint venture with a global supplier of elevator guide rails and other various components. Avesta Sheffield AB and Outokumpu Steel the newly formed company. The venture was expected to combine the strong market presence of Corus in the UK and the industrial competence of Cogifer. The new entity is called Savera UK Ltd and is expected to be a major competitor in the elevator industry. 10 . January 2000 Corus Group Plc and 50/50 joint venture with Danieli & Co. a world leader in its field of business. was then the second largest stainless steel producer in the world. Description 50/50 joint venture with the French manufacturer of switches and crossings. Avesta Polarit. 2000 Corus’ subsidiary companies.

Year 2002 Corus Building Systems an acquisition of a Swedish based metal (CBS) and a Swedish producer. Year 2003 Arcelor S. based metal producer Year 2002 Precoat 100% acquisition of the equity of one of the principal independent precoated steel service centers in Britain.A. completed an acquisition of Corus Aluminum Service Centers Inc.Year 2001 Corus Building Systems 50/50 joint venture with British suburban and and Redrow Plc. Precoat. which will allow the company to expand and strengthen its presence in the Swedish market. The transaction will be structured in such a way that the existing CSN shareholders will receive shares in a new Brazilian listed holding company (“TopCo”) which will.84 million that Corus paid in cash. The new company is called Framing Solutions and is set to provide steel frames for the British small scale residential industry. which positioned the new enlarged entity as the 11 .4 per cent of the enlarged group.A.6 per cent of the share capital of the enlarged Corus. The total cost of this purchase amounted to EUR10. commercial property developer. Sollac Méditerranée ('Sollac') purchase of Sollac’s 50% share in a Portuguese base company called Lusosider Projectos Siderugicos S. 17 July 2002 Brazilian CSN steel producer agreement for a potential merger between the two companies. which is also a joint venture between Corus and Arcelor. in turn. Redrow Plc. Under the terms of the proposed merger current Corus shareholders will obtain 62. Year 2003 Clayton Metals Inc Clayton Metals Inc. hold 37.

leading national distributor of non-ferrous metal products in the whole U. 12 .market.V. Year 2004 Corus Staal B. Even though the Arcelor acquired the assets for Corus.V.A. Year 2004 Corus Staal B. they did not include the company’s manufacturing facilities where Corus decided to terminate the production due to the implementation of its UK Restructuring Programme initiative. Segal S. April 2004 Arcelor Corus’ UK hot-rolled steel sheet piling business was acquired by Arcelor. The purchase amounted to EUR25 million.A line. and Segal Corus made an announcement that it will S.A purchase the remaining 50 per cent of shares in Segal S. and Segal acquisition of a Belgian hot dipped galvanizing S.A for 50 per cent of the shares. The purchase was completed by the end of 2004 and was carried out from an investment fund called Metallnvest Investment Fund and was paid in cash by Corus for a total of EUR25 million.S.

147.876.60 13 .80 0.40 5.1 #N/A 3.50 177.347.10 11 59.Exhibit – 2 Thomson Financial 10 Yr.50 21.818.50 #N/A 131.006.90 44.103.657.988.00 27.976.033.60 32.134.824.362.771.70 309.20 177.953.080.338.6 50.998.30 0.9 35.00 49.10 4.6 1.00 27.60 4.40 131.6 8.20 0.00 6.9 43.80 #N/A 147.473.80 27.10 147.10 0.564.902.767.20 27.3 3.566.10 486.00 102.513.617.623.240.60 0.60 3369.01 Beta #N/A Cash And ST Investments Receivables (Net) Total Inventories Other Current Assets Current Assets .20 3.00 35.00 Symbol: (C000009156) Mkt Cap (th) 249.733.20 11.450.809.60 0.8 #N/A 106.10 2.80 236.950.510.983.600.781.371.033.80 51.40 32.450.565.tatasteel.30 21.899.690 Shrs Out (th) 580.917.60 127.20 0.30 77722.50 76600.30 24.740.80 2.00 #N/A 127.364.209.00 32.60 11. Balance Sheet Report Tata Steel Limited http://www.00 100.40 11.70 0.80 13.372.70 0.70 1698 38.3/31/2002 ASSETS 03/31/06 03/31/05 03/31/04 03/31/03 IRON AND STEEL FORGINGS Active Source: ThomsonFinancial Currency: INR 03/31/02 BOM IND CUSIP: DCN: T080399284 ISIN: INE081A01012 Price 3/22/2007 442.60 38.50 2.30 205.235.600.573.80 Shareholders' Equity Minority Interest Preferred Stock Common Equity Retained Earnings Total Liabilities & Shareholders' Equity 1.00 95.00 102.00 46.Net Total Investments Other Assets Total Assets 7.051.3 #N/A 1.598.Total Long Term Debt Other Liabilities Total Liabilities 30.944.848.3 4.254.531.54 Tot Ret 1Yr 6.8 #N/A 4.20 205.70 935.778.701.372.70 4.Total Property Plant & Equipment .40 2.00 16.com Exchange: Country: DJ Sector: DJ Industry: Company Status: Scaling Factor : 1000000 INR BALANCE SHEET 3/31/2006 .538.185.90 3434.988.70 LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY 03/31/06 03/31/05 03/31/04 03/31/03 03/31/02 Accounts Payable ST Debt & Current Portion of LT Debt Income Taxes Payable Other Current Liabilities Current Liabilities .134.325.30 4855.20 0.60 107340.30 20.30 18.80 1801.278.20 4.70 96807.10 12.396.00 101.719.6 #N/A 10.433.70 13.30 3.726.00 94.10 45.935.10 17.752.80 30.60 80172.60 1803.000 PE Ratio 6.9 4.873.30 14252.00 73.

Net Total Investments Other Assets Total Assets LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY Accounts Payable ST Debt & Current Portion of LT Debt Income Taxes Payable Other Current Liabilities Current Liabilities .6 #N/A 8.3/31/1997 ASSETS Cash And ST Investments Receivables (Net) Total Inventories Other Current Assets Current Assets .30 74240.921.00 1.00 03/31/99 3.20 99.201.638.00 39.30 10.970.80 70585.400.874.982.00 0.72 32.073.78 9.827.758.20 #N/A 99.20 34.4 #N/A 2.80 0.00 49.843.00 75.90 03/31/99 3.10 3.405.226.00 44.364.783.30 6.00 0.30 39.00 1.407.50 55264 #N/A 2.997.302.00 1.855.90 03/31/00 3.10 0.00 14 .20 03/31/97 2.40 1.9 #N/A 9.90 125.00 59.00 0.802.13 9.Total Property Plant & Equipment .468.70 262.00 45.202.00 0.60 27.00 03/31/98 3.00 BALANCE SHEET 3/31/2001 .10 1.120.20 120.80 #N/A 106.186.244.80 7.30 19.20 #N/A 114.00 9.00 1.00 72.407.00 47.406.648.10 0.30 #N/A 125.309.50 8.740.155.80 17.10 14.68 34.407.644.60 4.397.573.211.484.084.100.70 0.00 0.Rate Used to Translate From INR to INR 1.70 0.219.42 10.727.87 32.955.80 03/31/98 4.540.40 787.40 6.089.513.00 782.50 75380.00 #N/A 120.929.414.00 9.00 1.449.00 40.932.566.20 1.00 76.40 25.803.669.336.00 39.990.00 65.00 1.936.256.424.70 1.00 1.245.294.043.8 #N/A 5.283.281.90 0.00 1.00 12.00 3.20 42.10 1.90 1.404.512.90 32.529.10 03/31/01 3.30 6.40 1.670.084.10 03/31/00 4.30 17.30 23.00 41.500.392.00 0.50 3.803.00 114.283.505.70 03/31/97 3.40 63000.Total Long Term Debt Other Liabilities Total Liabilities Shareholders' Equity Minority Interest Preferred Stock Common Equity Retained Earnings Total Liabilities & Shareholders' Equity Rate Used to Translate From INR to INR 03/31/01 2.309.361.80 1.114.00 0.90 13.208.10 40.195.00 7.208.40 7.70 106.803.

00 1.20 159.362.00 1.00 54.20 22.325.789.937.444.30 17.40 18.736.80 191.50 #N/A 82.00 1.499.840.924.454.80 2.30 38.80 91.303.50 0.10 #N/A 74.50 6.887.20 0.50 34.20 5.306.00 36.60 38.70 9.20 27.80 294.30 28.584.032.80 0.633.60 37.70 55.469.701.032.20 186.633.874.Exhibit –3 Thomson Financial 10 Yr.40 321.60 0.473.90 22.60 56.20 63.649.10 56.994.346.30 404.20 0.971.099.00 8.00 17.54 Symbol: Shrs Out (th) 580.558.419.346.50 0.603.60 2.89 4.30 12.10 2.40 259.00 5.20 36.016.20 11.68 5.104.019.60 111.60 38.206.424. General & Admin Expenses Operating Expenses .351.10 7.70 65.00 1. Depletion & Amortization Gross Income Selling.80 67.737.30 459.60 63.40 51.519.80 55.00 PE Ratio 6.30 128.00 54.306.924.887.70 487.00 36.696.743.00 37.60 29.306.00 10 YR INCOME STATEMENT 03/31/01 03/31/00 03/31/99 03/31/98 03/31/97 Net Sales or Revenues Cost of Goods Sold Depreciation. Depletion & Amortization 61.90 37.00 37.00 10.032.950.283.40 6.00 1.00 10.00 1.761.000 Tot Ret 1Yr 6.50 192.427.60 580.00 51.40 Rate Used to Translate From INR to INR 1.712.com Exchange: Country: DJ Sector: DJ Industry: Company Status: IRON AND STEEL FORGINGS Active BOM IND CUSIP: DCN: T080399284 ISIN: INE081A01012 Price 3/22/2007 442.551.986.405.090.30 10.010.473.10 54.227.422.60 #N/A 147.20 15 .50 0.80 16.00 17.40 70.00 11.859.064.90 17.806.70 4.067.60 151.45 4.01 (C000009156) Mkt Cap (th) 249.30 3.80 0.20 0.887.50 51.572.90 381. Income Statement Industrial Template Tata Steel Limited http://www.10 90.148.372.20 35.Total Operating Income Non-Operating Interest Income Earnings Before Interest And Taxes (EBIT) Interest Expense On Debt Pretax Income IncomeTaxes Minority Interest Equity In Earnings Net Income Before Extra Items/Preferred Div Extr Items & Gain(Loss) Sale of Assets Net Income Before Preferred Dividends Preferred Dividend Requirements Net Income Available to Common 202.80 1.00 307.00 1.108.386.855.73 4.992.279.60 6.tatasteel.566.40 17.70 56.60 0.90 #N/A 104.901.368.90 #N/A 66.40 2.690 Beta #N/A Source: ThomsonFinancial Scaling Factor : 1000000 INR 10 YR INCOME STATEMENT 03/31/06 03/31/05 03/31/04 03/31/03 Currency: INR 03/31/02 Net Sales or Revenues Cost of Goods Sold Depreciation.517.346.294.50 74.70 6.810.

565.80 8.90 9.80 10.00 5.00 3.Gross Income Selling.00 4.429.20 6.458.30 4.10 0.290.00 0.00 1.30 6.637.80 0.80 5.651.00 16 .30 0.10 Rate Used to Translate From INR to INR 1.80 11.30 330.501.035.00 0.00 3.534.40 3.148.40 490.692.578.822.60 1.20 #N/A 48.692.40 3.30 9.00 4.139. General & Admin Expenses Operating Expenses .65 #N/A 45.00 2.20 8.50 12.40 0.50 5.50 0.654.534.819.00 2.00 1.157.10 0.871.467.00 0.00 5.41 #N/A 45.00 6.40 11.412.320.10 4.70 967.90 0.40 4.Total Operating Income Non-Operating Interest Income Earnings Before Interest And Taxes (EBIT) Interest Expense On Debt Pretax Income IncomeTaxes Minority Interest Equity In Earnings Net Income Before Extra Items/Preferred Div Extr Items & Gain(Loss) Sale of Assets Net Income Before Preferred Dividends Preferred Dividend Requirements Net Income Available to Common 15.770.00 5.747.00 0.312.30 0.00 0.00 4.10 1.80 6.00 4.350.50 4.00 0.760.525.692.822.984.90 5.188.614.10 357.30 412.00 0.225.52 #N/A 47.00 4.639.90 86.043.709.00 1.00 4.40 122.00 3.00 2.220.00 0.225.60 730.220.10 8.822.90 540.40 5.694.220.27 #N/A 42.80 0.60 8.024.229.40 390.00 1.103.00 0.

01 TotalAssets TotalLiabilities 205.279.000 Beta #N/A Shrs Out (th) 580.55% 1.215.00 45.032.689.00 1.416.80 29.10 102.996.10 5.20 36.41% 19.00 17 .806.351.20 27.986.30 BOM IND Basic Materials Steel Active Source: ThomsonFinancial Currency: INR 03/31/02 74.40 29.05% 63.06% -59.019.60 95.80 03/31/03 91.49% 1.600.906.887.131.00 187.444.808.92% 1.713.223.10 03/31/03 131.30 36.94% 533.20 CUSIP: DCN: T080399284 ISIN: INE081A01012 Price 3/22/2007 442.191.950.50 18.743.763.825.726.00% 132.30 37.412. 231.30 -8.294.000 Tot Ret 1Yr 6.60 20.396.02% 36.309.30 54.368.60 12.751.90 -6.10 55.70 101.450.30 6.424.988.90 10.70 100.tatasteel.00 75.346.42% 1.90 21.04% 29.935.30 03/31/04 127.03% 770.80 94.901.39% 259.77% 590.90 -10.60 03/31/06 177.com Exchange: Country: DJ Sector: DJ Industry: Company Status: Scaling Factor : 1000000 INR TREND Sales Operating Income After Depreciation NetIncome Net Cash Flow From Operating Activities Net Cash Flow From Investing Activities Net Cash Flow From Financing Activities 03/31/06 202.20 17.59% 46.80 03/31/02 125.306.60 03/31/05 159.60 30.60 -4.80 03/31/01 5 Yr GROWTH RATES Sales NetIncome Net Cash Flow From Operating Activities TotalAssets Rate Used to Translate From INR to INR Financials are not restated.00 -8.558.01% 381.372.10 7.00 PE Ratio 6.033.80 03/31/04 111.48% #N/A 32.40 #N/A #N/A #N/A 03/31/01 61.30 03/31/05 147.80% 223.10 76.00 27.283.Exhibit – 4 Thomson Financial Trend & Growth Rate Report Tata Steel Limited http://www.34% 92.001.73% 220.285.06% 1.05 Symbol: (C000009156) Mkt Cap (th) 249.690.00 117.80 17.035.40 11.90 8.97% -4.96% 1.347.

37 14.2%) 15.8%) 21.2%) 15.54(4.65 (16. Source: The Indian Ministry of Steel (the number in brackets indicate the percentage increase from Note: The consumption of steel is arrived at by subtracting export of steel from the total of domestic production and adding the import of steel in the country 18 .Exhibit – 5 Year (In million tones) 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 Consumption Levels 14.83 (3.0%) 18.24%) 26.0%) the previous year).53(6.39%) 20.02%) 25.66 (21.63 (2.08%) 27.00 (1.65 (5.32 (2.44(3.13 (2.01(6.6%) 23.2%) 22.0%) 22.

0 27.7 23.0 18.7 Source: International Iron and Steel Institute Exhibit – 7 Global steel ranking Company Arcelor .5 19 .0 19.Mittal Nippon Steel Posco JEF Steel Tata Steel – Corus Bao Steel China US Steel Nucor Riva Thyssen Krupp Capacity (in million tonnes) 110.5 16.Jharkhand Tata Steel .5 17.Exhibit – 6 Tata Steel .0 30.Jamshedpur Tata Steel .Chattisgarh NatSteel – Singapore Millennium Steel – Thailand Aggregate projected capacity 19 10 12 6 5 2 1.5 30.Orissa Tata Steel .7 55.0 32.Corus : Projected capacity (in million tones per annum) Corus Group (in UK and The Netherlands) Tata Steel .

7 Country China Japan US Russia South Korea Germany India Ukraine Italy Brazil World production % change 17.8 6.6 30.5 66.9 98.9 1.5 47.6 40.2 40.8 48.4 31.9 44.0 38.3 6.8 1.7 3.028.8 1.6 31.1 7.3 3.8 112.8 29.5 (2.6 5.8 418.5 116.6 47.Exhibit – 8 Global Steel output (in million tones) 2005 2006 355.7 7.4 44.120.2 94.1 70.2) Source: International Iron and Steel Institute 20 .

00 21 .00 6.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 0 2.717.00 7.458.00 34.308.607.Net Total Investments Other Assets Total Assets 956.00 26.00 1.320.00 2729 #N/A 432.941.00 60.231.00 3.00 0.271.294.00 3240 #N/A 84.722.404.119.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 270.797.00 6.00 7.353.00 7.00 2.485.00 1.00 132.393.00 117 531.446.848.612.00 -1.774.188.352.00 0.00 0.00 0 2.350.00 1.00 1.337.00 6.00 94 390.199.00 47.396.719.047.770.00 42.00 03/31/97 1.954.00 47.00 1.00 1.00 1.Exhibit – 9 Corus Group PLC Balance Sheet (1996.00 4.00 12/31/01 1.605.00 1.526.00 1.145.00 ASSETS Cash And ST Investments Receivables (Net) Total Inventories Other Current Assets Current Assets .00 380.428.258.280.725.237.00 1.00 03/31/96 1.00 384.392.00 12/31/02 1.00 2820 #N/A 296.237.00 1.900.195.00 108 437.636.00 12/31/04 1.583.00 LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY Accounts Payable ST Debt & Current Portion of LT Debt Income Taxes Payable Other Current Liabilities Current Liabilities .00 2.00 1.794.00 4.494.00 6.206.00 0.00 3259 #N/A 116.389.00 184.00 7.00 3335 #N/A 117.00 4.00 -1.729.00 3763 #N/A 375.00 0.00 1.00 26.052.00 1.883.00 79 733.00 46.00 0.786.294.Total Long Term Debt Other Liabilities Total Liabilities Shareholders' Equity Minority Interest Preferred Stock Common Equity Retained Earnings Total Liabilities & Shareholders' Equity 12/31/05 1.00 1.00 121 390.00 78.00 3265 #N/A 107.119.007.047.00 3.00 36.00 -1.2005) ASSETS 12/31/05 12/31/04 12/31/03 12/31/02 12/31/01 Cash And ST Investments Receivables (Net) Total Inventories Other Current Assets Current Assets .00 2871 #N/A 425.00 0 2.224.00 3.00 12/31/03 986.00 1.732.00 3.00 03/31/99 1.00 1.00 3.061.770.00 3.Net Total Investments Other Assets 12/31/00 273.222.00 1.00 0.00 6.00 2811 #N/A 408.133.00 47.533.Total Property Plant & Equipment .00 3064 #N/A 426.00 0.00 1.00 0 3.00 1.241.877.407.00 1.00 3.Total Property Plant & Equipment .00 3 4.477.00 3.391.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 -1.369.00 6.00 1.941.00 0.954.00 600.00 113.00 28.00 1.00 1.467.917.00 3.00 03/31/98 1.

00 534.00 71.195.00 7.00 1.00 81.00 442.00 928.00 7.00 1.00 311.00 564.440.143.00 18.00 27.00 4.00 22 .00 526.700.00 8.00 0.Total Assets LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY 8.683.00 03/31/98 7.00 4.346.00 2.00 03/31/99 7.00 03/31/97 8.464. Source: Thomson Financial 1.00 733.025.766.00 523.00 183.00 83.00 496.467.700.243.Total Long Term Debt Other Liabilities Total Liabilities Shareholders' Equity Minority Interest Preferred Stock Common Equity Retained Earnings Total Liabilities & Shareholders' Equity Currency: GBP.00 19.00 2.00 305.00 03/31/96 Accounts Payable ST Debt & Current Portion of LT Debt Income Taxes Payable Other Current Liabilities Current Liabilities .00 1.344.00 4.00 12/31/00 7.00 74.00 4.00 367.00 1.00 155.00 3.687.00 2.00 2.171.383.00 0.00 4.672.00 618.723.359.876.00 1.171.086.876.00 836.00 8.00 351.757.00 0.00 1.350.143.00 1.00 73.705.00 0.00 387.00 402.00 2.00 7.00 0.00 2.898.00 -665.00 1.00 919.00 853.00 36.00 126.00 17.00 687.00 825.604.243.

00 663.20 939.00 579.00 13.00 446.00 765.953.00 -3.00 621.00 -1.00 7.00 -7.00 9.941.00 2.com Exchange: Country: DJ Sector: DJ Industry: Company Status: STEEL WORKS & BLAST FURNACES Active LON GBR CUSIP: DCN: C793773750 ISIN: GB00B127GF29 Price 3/22/2007 605. Depletion & Amortization 9.00 -469.00 0.00 298.00 13.00 0.00 372.00 -458.00 5.00 128.20 6.140.00 31.00 111.00 0.048.00 109. Source: Thomson Financial 10 YR INCOME STATEMENT 12/31/00 03/31/99 03/31/98 03/31/97 03/31/96 Net Sales or Revenues Cost of Goods Sold Depreciation.380.00 118.00 9.00 532.00 649.00 Currency: GBP.00 386.711.343.00 446.00 452.00 -419.00 281.98 (C000087290) Mkt Cap (th) 5.999.188.Exhibit – 10 Thomson Financial 10 Yr.259.00 6.00 263.00 23 .012.00 7.00 0.574.00 -305.00 4.00 7.00 6.606.00 17.00 5.00 8.00 113.443.358.00 -305.00 0.00 5.00 -386.00 8.17 Source: ThomsonFinancial 10 YR INCOME STATEMENT 12/31/05 12/31/04 12/31/03 12/31/02 12/31/01 Net Sales or Revenues Cost of Goods Sold Depreciation.00 -314.00 7.00 5.124.00 1.00 312.00 -458.00 313. Depletion & Amortization Gross Income Selling.00 13.00 131.00 0.485.00 -419. General & Admin Expenses Operating Expenses .00 446.00 306.00 7.00 -305.00 -419.729 Beta 2.00 -351. Income Statement Industrial Template Corus Group PLC http://www.00 749.00 452.00 -48.699.00 -423.575.00 0.00 55.00 323.00 0.corusgroup.332.00 PE Ratio 11.658.00 350.00 759.00 21.00 -377.00 1.00 8.00 506.00 7.076.00 -261.00 15.Total Operating Income Non-Operating Interest Income Earnings Before Interest And Taxes (EBIT) Interest Expense On Debt Pretax Income IncomeTaxes Minority Interest Equity In Earnings Net Income Before Extra Items/Preferred Div Extr Items & Gain(Loss) Sale of Assets Net Income Before Preferred Dividends Preferred Dividend Requirements Net Income Available to Common 10.00 294.711.224.00 8.00 1.00 6.00 52.00 129.00 -6.00 707.00 720.00 7.280.00 0.00 -59.00 452.420.200 Tot Ret 1Yr 70.00 -458.00 0.00 7.00 -150.947.90 Symbol: Shrs Out (th) 946.00 0.40 7.00 565.

00 777.00 90.00 1.320.00 77.20 0.00 -70.60 126.00 66.00 -1.00 4.00 777.00 6.019.377.20 #N/A -1.00 91.00 803.768.00 9.00 -10.079.00 -23.00 310.00 317.079. General & Admin Expenses Operating Expenses .Total Operating Income Non-Operating Interest Income Earnings Before Interest And Taxes (EBIT) Interest Expense On Debt Pretax Income IncomeTaxes Minority Interest Equity In Earnings Net Income Before Extra Items/Preferred Div Extr Items & Gain(Loss) Sale of Assets Net Income Before Preferred Dividends Preferred Dividend Requirements Net Income Available to Common 708.00 0.00 67.00 -42.00 -6.00 226.107.20 -885.453.00 369.00 0.00 0.00 310.80 56.00 941.00 0.00 6.00 0.00 508.00 0.40 -1.00 457.00 974.00 424.00 7.00 6.198.00 -3.00 226.00 140.079.00 307.640.00 1.00 -7.00 0.00 310.00 49.00 1.00 52.00 0.00 24 .20 31.00 486.60 -95.00 437.00 243.00 -118.00 95.00 1.00 226.012.20 666.00 -81.00 92.00 45.00 48.00 -81.00 -81.00 777.00 6.00 438.787.40 -1.00 408.00 -136.Gross Income Selling.20 9.

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