This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
CONTENTS: • INTRODUCTION • TRADITIONAL PRINTING • CONVENTIONAL PRINTING • MODERNISED PRINTING • PRINT MEDIUMS
INTRODUCTION WHAT IS PRINTING ? PRINTING IS NOTHING BUT APPLYING COLOUR ON THE FABRIC BY VARIOUS MEANS .
Printing styles Direct printing Over printing Discharge printing Resist printing .
Printing methods •Traditional printing •Conventional printing •Modernized printing .
Traditional printing •Hand block printing •Batik printing •Tie.dye printing •Ikat printing .
Hand block printing •It is very slow method •It is done where the labor is cheap •It can’t be produced in large quantity Designs are carved with wooden or metal blocks in that dye paste is applied and press firmly wherever we need costly .
floral. bird or animal Two methods •Tjanting •Tjap Designs are made with wax on a fabric which is subsequently immersed in a dye to absorb a colour on the unwaxed portions .Batik printing •costly The patterns are generally in geometric.
Partial penetration occurs when the knot is not tight The process can be repeatedly by making additional knots in the fabric . but the inside is not penetrated if the knot is firmly tied.Tie dye printing •Costly process Dye is resisted by knots that are immersed in the dye bath. The outside of knotted portion is dyed.
Ikat printing It is a ancient method of fabric coloration by tiedyeing bundles of warp and /or weft yarns prior to weaving is ikat. The colours usually indigo. red. and brown are placed along the length of the yarns in anticipation of design that is to be woven .
Conventional printing Roller printing Warp printing Flat bed screen printing Rotary screen printing Stencil printing .
It is very in expensive process when compare to hand method . It turns out colour.designed fabrics in vast quantities at the rate of 1000 to 4000 yards an hour.Roller printing Roller printing is the machine method of printing designs on cloth by engraving rollers.
Fine white or neutral – coloured filling yarns are generally used for weaving so that the design on the warp will not be obscured .Warp printing Warp printing is roller printing applied to warp yarns before they are woven into fabric.
Screen printing •flat bed screen printing •Rotary screen printing .
Flat screen printing machine .
Rotary screen printing machine .
Stencil printing In stencil printing the design must first cut in cardboard. wood or metal. . A stencil design usually limited to application of only one colour and is generally used for narrow widths of fabric. The stencil may have a fine delicate design or there may be large space through which a great amount of colour can be applied.
Modernized methods of printing •Digital (ink-jet ) printing •Heat transfer printing •Electrostatic printing •Foil printing .
• This ink system is very cheap and works trouble free and offers a excellent engraving results .Digital ink jet printing •In this instead of wax based ink normal black ink is used for image formatting on screen.
•Generally from paper to a textile material.Heat transfer printing •Moving a design from one surface to another is known as transfer printing. Two types: Dry transfer printing Wet transfer printing .
Electrostatic printing A process of mixing a finely powered dye with a carrier.5 inch above the cloth. which is held about 0. such as a natural or synthetic resin. The dye is spread on a screen bearing the design. and the fabric is passed into an electrostatic field under the screen. . that has high dielectric properties for electrostatic printing.
. • Foil printing can be done in single. heat and pressure.f Foil printing • The transfer of the foil to paper or plastic is done by using a metal die. rainbow colour or in a holographic pattern. multiple colours.
Print mediums Khadi print Pigment print .
Plastisol Rubber High density .
Puff print Spray print Gel print .
Sugar print Glitter print Embossed print .
Flock print CAD print Photo print .
Thank you Presented by Srikanth MANKARI .