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Name :Benediktus R.

Reg Number :0601020007
Semester/class : VI/A
I. Read the following passage and then fill in the blanks with appropriate

Testing has an important role in the process of teaching and learning a language. It
can be used to prepare(1)learning and to evaluate(2)students. It can also be used as
a reinforcement(3) for attaining the course objectives and even sometimes as the
communicative evaluation(4) of the teaching and learning process. In the latest case,
it is true in preparing students for taking standardized test.
There are various types of test. A test given during the course of instruction is called
formative(5) test while on the other hand the summative(6) test is usually given at
the end of it. If a test compares a student’s performance against the performance of
his/her classmates, the test is classified as skill(7) reference test, but if it indicates
whether the students has met the predetermined course objective, it is called
criterion(8) reference test.
It is usually, however, very difficult to prepare a good language test as there are
several basic criteria that should be met. One of the criteria is that the test should
contain a representative sample of the course materials. Meeting this criterium
makes the test have content (9) validity. A test should also be based in the theory of
language, language teaching, and language testing. In this case the test has construct
(10) validity. Another criterium is reliability. One of the was to know the reliability
of a test is through its internal consistency. This can be measured in three ways,
namely split-half method(11), odd-even method(12), and Kuder-Richardson
Another evaluation technique is rating scales, however, a teacher should be aware
three kinds of personal bias errors that commonly happen namely central tendency
error, (14) error, and (15) error.

II. Answer all of the following questions as completely as you can.

1. Language testing has several functions that make it difficult to be separated

from teaching and learning process. Justify this statement.

In teaching and learning process, especially a language, language testing could

not be separated from the entire process of learning. The language test itself has a
function as an evaluation of the students’ capacity in achieving the material being
learned. Because language, in this sense English, is a skill, so it must to be seen in
performance of the four basic skills. Now, to evaluate students’ achievement and the
result of learning process in the performance, there should be a test.
The other function of language testing is to reinforce the student to study and
practice the language more harder. By conducting a test, the students will finally
able to know their own level of knowledge from the test result. So it encourages
them to study harder.
From the language testing, a teacher can also measure his/her own performance in
transferring the language competence to the students. Sometimes, a teacher also
conduct a pre-test to find out which material should be given in the teaching-
learning process.

2. To prevent language test from racial and cultural bias, test items should be
constructed on the basis of the real situation of the students’ environment.
Give reasons.

The reason is because in a class, the students are multicultural and have unique concepts
of their own environment. A test which is constructed based on the real situation will help
them to understand the questions given because they already have the concepts.

3. One of the functions of the test is to compare and select. Discuss about the
difference and give example of each.

The function of a test is to compare. It means that a test is conducted to compare the
quality or learning capacity among a group of students. For example, the pre-test
before an English course to compare and categorize the level of students such as
beginner, intermediate and master. The other function is to select. It means that the
test is conducted to select the best or good-achieving students. An example of this is
a test to select the students who will delegate the school for a debate.