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A. repaCJ1MOB c-nrran TPY;lJ; noprpernCTa 6Jfaropn,n;HhlM J113amHbIM, HO BM'eCT-e C TeM li HeHMOBepHU Tpy)l;HhIM no camu'I 3aAa.QaM M OTBeTCTBl'IlliOC~ 'I'M ,lI,E'..J'lOM, nOCK.oJIbKY xy ,[lOOKHMK- ITO prpeTH.CT ncerna ,!l;.(1JDKCH 6.bITb rrpefl\e~lIbHO rrpaB,[l,HllbHiI! no OTHumeHHm K na-rype - He .T.IbCTMTb et1l1i He QE.01pHEaTYpnDaTb, a 1130fip01ni:aTb ~TE'..JTm~eKa B ero IIO,Il;.lIHHIiOM )KliI::meHFHJM exertcrae'', 113BecTHo, 'fTO M. Hecrepon, rrpuaaauaa *I1BOIIwcnyKl oziapenHOCTb K MCll~oBcRoml BMCC're C TeM npesapan ero HMelHlO3a Tn, ':I:rO TOT ObI.T.I HCIlHM!lJla T'eJI€H K J.llO,!V!"M, YBJH:'KaJICR .ITJ1IIIb nDBepXHOCTHOH 1U1PTY03- HUCTbID KMCTW.

Pa6m.'a UOpTpe-THC Tel BeChMa CII.eLl,lfQ::!wma. ,3TCl cneu;u'ctluKa o(i,YC,iiOBJIeBet, npemlle seem, "JreI\il, ~ITO noprp eTnCT ,n;eHCTBJiTeJ]bHO UOJ'Iee, "tJi.eM l<aKoR-.lIWDO ,1J;pywl1 xy;qO:7fl:lUm, CSfIaau MU,LI,eJ[bJO. Ho IIeooxoJ];J.fMOCTb o5'beKTHBHOrO :BJ1;o;eHHR HHC1(OJlh 1'1:0 HE' y.illl;eMJDHeT C'y6'heln'UBHoro Haq,aJIZl IIopTpeTKCTD.. Pe-ts M,n;eT 0 TOM, 'I'I'06bl Jrn,1l,I1B11J1ya.m:.Hoe I:Uf,[leHI1e xy,u,oaamxa OTpa-'1{aJIO HC'f'MHlW cymeereemroe

1 C M.: A.UU'h:yumu Jlo1. 0 n:OP,TPeTHUM 'rfl(lP<rC'C'f'Be I! XYAOOlU!KR, 1973. NQ :1,

a eM.: l'!?pt1Ctl!.!11l0G A.M. 'Rl1,'l;m:. xy P;OOlKi:rHRa.M.,Il:lfi:t

~ opunn'l9.JIe. n.ll· H:npuH Blf,ll,'E!'JI E.'i A.H. TOJIC"I'OM IvIhWJU1'f€,.JIfi. apJ.fCT'OKpClJT'd J1;::lxa, UIT. ROIflflJIOBCrum: - SITIfil"YpeHu,a, moo.mu;ero npe nasarsca paztoeTaM Uhmm HQ noprpersr, uamlCc.'l.IDfM'e o6ol1MJifxy~pa!BHDrrpa.H~ pacxperaaror CYllI,eCTBeHHhle CTQPOHhI :MHomrpammi1 HaTyp.bl A.H Toncroro.

B03.MO»\HOCTlli TIOPTpl'"fCl BeJIMItW, 60ra TIll it IvUl:or-oo6pa~HbI. B OO.iIaCTU noprpe'rnoro aean pa MO'"MHO fIOBOpWTb o UOpTpeTH1.!lX 1130opa:mcmnlX - IIC:I-fxoJl orI1 q ec i'!:H x xa p a K Te PMC TH I{ ax, noprp eTax oG Cl',aH.O~OqflD1X, nopTpe'r3X -reaprrraax, noprperax J1CTOpn4ecKl4X .T.IWliuoc·retl, nO}YT-peT3X eOBpeMi2HIDll<OB, noprpcrax MHPOBOro nmama.

HalfOOJIee Tpy;u;eH ttcuxMoeu'~ciCUU nopmpem, xoraa pacxpsrsaerca xaparerep qeJIOBeI~a, era cym;HocTb t.JiE'pe3 em BHeillHOCTb ):l,aJfW ue3 <l.1I.'pJ·1- GYTHa, (ie3 oOC'raHoBKl1. Xaparerep - ~TO He BHeIlIHMii oth1.l1K, He cpopMa noea, He OBaJI mm:.a. 8TO BHy'TPt"IIH.HH CYUJ,I"IOCTb '-:IeJiOBeKa, To-maR ero IfHllHB~1,qya.iIbH01:H x 0:1 pa ['('re pl1CTMKa. B STOT\{ Sai\:.TITOQaeTC51 CJIOmHOCTb xy.n;ome.c;meuuopo o6oijll.~eHWfI B n0p'TpeTe. Benacxee, PeM6paH.,.lJ;T. Perurn, CepOE, Heerepos H ;g;pyrMe MaCTepa ,Ila.lIH B cscax ITOPTP(:;'TctX H:3yMKTe.m"::,Hoe IIpUHHKHOB€HHe B C~OC'Tb qeJIU9~H;a, paC'KPIbIJ1J1 'I'atiubl E'l'O 1tYllIIf_ BE'_JIMKMe nopTpeTHCThJ nopaaeaarr ocrpu"]:·oJ.1 H 'FO~OCThro xapaKT,epl1cnm .JUQ,:ll;err.

Ilpa OIIpc.n;~m~H1·m OC05el1HOcTeft ITOpTpeTHOm maHpa B03HJ.IK"UUT BurrPOChl, CBJI3UtUfMe C ca MWM xy,TI;omeCTlleHtlLIM 06pa30M, I-tp1'r!'epHJfMU OLWHRI1 B nopmpem.e-~pmu.~e.. Xy,ll;omeCTB€lIlibI.l1 o5pas l:.IeJIDBeKa B CID-

~e'I'Rh1X Ka prnaax J.f rmprper - <9TO He I),D,HO If T"O:me. Oopa:::! tI€.HOBeI{Q coanaerca xu tt B rroprpere, TaB: J1 B eHJJEeTHuH Ka prnae. 1i1:H)1MBH)1yaJLblIhle noprpeTHblE' qepTbI ,llei1C'fBYIOIIJ;I1X .;r:mu B Cltl)meTHhIX xa pnmax HMelOT 'KG K ObI nropccrenenaoe 3HaQeHn'e, '1'U':IHee, HyUi:Hhl xy,l.\ommmy RaN TIu I.8.~ItH ;o;,lJil paCKpbITHH. aa Mbl c.na u;a PTJ.fHhl. B nop'rpe re 11306pa:a::aerv[hIM - ItOlIKPC1l'HbIH qeJ:lOBeR BO Beef! COBOl(ym,[OCTI1 BHeIllHJ..1X J.f ~yXOilIlbIX ero oco- 5etlHoc"['ett. ;D;aJ'!{,e eCJIH H:1oFipameH. O,Il;HH xour .. peTHblJ.1 qeJIOBeb; (Be pa MaMoHToBa, MapI1R CI1MHHOBa), HO TeMa xa p1't1"HbT, HSnpffi'dep. 05II~e.f! CO~ CTO.HHne :m:n::mepa,l{OCTHOC'Hl }'lJIH 00,11- Flel,moi1 .. JlYQe3apHOcTH (<<n~IlO':I'Ka c nc PCl1IW.MJ1», «,!IeBYruIW,. oeaemenaaa cruIF.ul;ervI» CepOB01), TU <no He noprper 13 J1OJTHOM CMbIc;ne S'IlOI'O c..T.IOE a .. 05a 3nr IIOJI01'ua MOJRHO cqwraTb B paBHQK CTeneIDf lli nUpTpe'FaMW~.M: otJ,Ho¢u1r:!t''PHlbI- 111m maapOBhIMH KapTwHarvU1.

nopmpem ucmopu~C1tQUl J.1:3Bl'CTRott ,l'IH':IHOCTI1 - i3TO OOp013.l3 em l1CropJiNtcKon KOFfl'tpeTHQCTlr. OTCro,u,Gli TOOP':C])BCKDeKpt'J];O xy,u,o:.ft!:t:I1i\f.I. - B nopTPe"T~X J13BeCT'HbJX mO,[lei1 ,n;ep:'KClTJbC.R J.f30- Opa:fKCIIM,H roro, l.J"eM STa .HJ1QUOCTI. 3aC;JIyan1.i1Ia CBQID H3BeCTH.OCTb.

,ll.1lJ! xy,n;om.H~fKa 'Il'opmpem C'06pe:Menif.u.1Oil He Mt'nee TPYll;E!H, "lIl'M nop"['per J;fCT-opUqeCIWrr JnfqlIOCflf. O,ANaIW 3p~1TeJUO OJJlf*e Te nop-rpe-rer, Rim'npbl!e IIJ'1lliYTCH. C COB P eM(:'Hl:IJ-1!KOB. XOTiI" B BocrrpUHTJm Tex W ;1J;pyrI1X MI-IOro ,oow;ero, 11 -re If ;zilpyrwe Ii mH3RW ,n;aJiIeKH 011' HaC, MbI CKJlOHHhI BU3BeJl!UqlreaTb MX oopa3 11 npncyunse wM ,[I;OC'roancrsa, I~or..u:a xx 1130upamenMe aa-

7

neqa,['JleHO ~of HaXU,l[MTca n:epe.n; mUUl1- MH rJlaSRMl1" TO rrpa.RTRQ cpaBHHBa'T'b em C 'FeM oOpa,30M, ~OTOPhIJ1: CJIOOKWlen B HaLLY,eM BOOOpaJi-c.€HmiL.

CaI\<IOe I'JIaIlHOe, eOlI\'lOe aaaenoe ~lUI nOPTPeTHC:l'a- :fl\<,eHvH:' ,1l0CTlf"l:b rJlyBmtON oOoOIlleHl1.H B BhlpameHlilH ]1}1- ,wmn,ll,ya.lll;Hoii HeflOBTOp}lMOC'Mf MO,D,eJIM, npoTOTMna It paCKpMTi1H B nUp"'·pe'TIJOM o6pa.'1e yc:rOWIMHbrx. qeprr xaparcrepa. B nopmpemax-muna::tiCax, 6J'laro,1:l,apa M~CTepC'fDy xy.n;O:MtlU'!Ra, l1H)l,"MBM)J;yaJIbliOe CTOl.II0SUTC.fI T~nM"IHW.NI_ Ba3f!J,HiLae'l.' <'!;f!oerrOBTOpJ.fMhlH Tim», T. e. rJIyooRo :r'l'm~13npoBflHHhli.t o6pa3, yRIJKaJIbtn:o.rn IrO CBQeMY :l'l,ufRHeHHoMY l1CTO~IHJ1iRy J1 xY.4oace'cTBeHHoMY BOIIJIor.u;eHl1ID,

MO)KHO csasars, ':['1'\0 B H3B€CTHOM CMbIc.ne nporpecc eaIl'lOro nnprpera COCTOJIT 15 TOoM. 9:'l'O{h"I ,J:IiOCl'M'lli ITU prpera - MM.pOBOI'O 'TMnam.a, rae RPynHOMaCIlITfI.OaO 05O'oIIl,a~j'rcJ'I HBKHe ~.'3- BeC'THble. YCTOHqWBbI.e cHoiicTBa qe.nOBe'ffiCKOI'O «a paxrepaa l1X nC'ffipnqeCK-U: CKaa,D;bmaroTI.\J>fX aI{.B.!ifBarrel-rrox.

It. Ilerpos- BO,lJ,K.HH 0 TaI{OrO pO,llla noprperax fOBOPU.JI: «B r.U[POBOM ncKy<::eF'Se eCT'b noprperar: «Mil Tb}~ Peer- 6pau,D;'1'<'t. ({IIopTpe'I HeU3SeCl'HOl'IJ)l BaH ,I(eHl"a, «¢!opHapliUiII,» Pa4)~~JIH, roJIOBbI HeIwTophlX anOCTOJ.lOB B «TafiHOH sexepe» Jleonapnn, B lKomphIx rrpeneraanea OCROllHOi1. trenoaropaMbm TKII qeJIDBeKa, - .H, EOHeqHO, He Uk;lJI B canax ,n;o6paTbCR ,1.Q;O 3THX BhICOT, HO H y;m.e ;::maJ!: I' qTO nopora nnprpeTaB,eJJ;eT na HI1X}) 1 ,

J 3UH~P J/, IlYTb it rmpTPE'TY-TImy ! I Xy,lil,O-"KHJiIK. 1980. NQ 9',

a

,IT,JI.f.l CMJlhHOrO Ii: 3HaQUTeJ"rbHoro oOo6rn;etH1H IlY'I c eH Ht~ npocro 't'eMllepaMoCH'f ~ HaKa.'l "t.IYBCH'I, HO ]>I YM xy,ll.o:m:muti:l. J11\oH~11.1fO YI'-l, .I1HTyM1I,J'jlH noMoraIDT eMY rrepeaonncrsrreca H. )ffJ.fTb *"3HhIO rroprpertrpyeaoro, npol:'lMKny'rb B 'em ,nymy ]il paCKpr..rrb ero Talii-RbI, BOT Tor,ua nopTPeTMCT III :BCT)'Tl~eT Ha ,[l,OpoPY aacroannec xy,!J,03~eCTBeHCffilXOTt<Pbl'F1fi.f. Oa He 5Y,!],€T Tor.1l,<:'l. RaB:

FlJIOXOH axrep, liITp<lTh caraoro CE'M, a. 3Ha'iWI' He 6y~eT llUS·WPHTb(;:ff.

. 1\11, Amu .. "),'1llJom OTMl''faJI 'ITO 1). ~f3- HJofHeT «:l'1Aeam.HblX».mo,n;eA, xapaxrep K<lJat,ll;om He noxoae Ha O)'Ke1" JIy<ill,l.Ux CBoii:.CT[~ J1! xasecrs, noaTOM)' l1JlaC'FMqecFtJI}i CMhlCJI cos,naEaeMOl'O noprpe'Fa He M01KeT C'l'POHThCH p;;a\i:( C8I.MOCTO:)'ITenbHa.H KOIfCTpyIo;;lJ,~~H 11 lI,eJIMKOM sa BlfC1[T 0'1' CO C l'O\RiHH.& M ;O;B1'[~eHI1H JJ;ylIDf qeJlOBelm. Ror,up. B o6ooru,e:Eum <Iepr xapenrepa aepno paceraancnsr a Ku;eHTbI , T'f.)r.n:~ OR TIpeBpa~OIe'fCH 13 o6pa3, M CJIomm.:rH. xapaierep paCKphIaaerea rrpoero, Haq}maeT TOBOPJfI'h ca M o cefe,

li1HOI',lI;.a rosoprrr: (f Ha STOM noprpe'li'P.' Mo,n;eJlh Donee TIoxu~a aa ce&!, Qell'1 B mJ.13ffi1>l. 3To BbIBO,!{H'I' oapa3 3~ npe~.J'lliI:oi5~ro «ooxomero» noprpera, rrpaotiinaa em I~ ]lapTP€'ry-Tl1IW, HaA17 .rrelU:IOM;Y rrpM3HaKaMU uru.pOKOI'O 0006- IneHW'.I, rJIyficmoM TMUJ4.3aIZYU1. K 'm.C.1IY Ta.KMX noprpercs MomHO O'TReCni «,1leByumy y OKHa» K Tlerpoaa-Bonlama. Cy' hero Jj ,:ltBye,IU1HCTse «H»: «a» IYfo,:lteJIH. n: «Hx> xy,UommtKa. Caxoe S8!l.le'llaJTe.;rIhHOe B aTOM rroprpe-re - raaaa. Hl:RhIM, Me~M'atT€J1'bH:bIM JlSOPOM CMO'TPYl:'J' rrOpTpe'I'MpyeMRYI. au Mlfp. K. IIe'I'pOB-Bo,D,KMH paCKphl1.!l1

CJU:lTe3.HpOBaJI HeICHe H3Be':l!HbI1e, yc-· 'toili":nlB,bIe, .IlparuIJ,eHHbJe npa3HaKLf pyccanro xaparercpa, MCTOKM oGpasa ire TOJThKO B M,o,qe.rrn:, OllH. erne M B TOM ,1:1a.13HO C.llHln'l:WBIlleMCJI H.,lleaJIbHOM rrpe .!lC'i·8BlleHII11 00' Qrrpep;elI€.HHCM 1112- pm1.QeCKOM Tlffie pyCCJWU 3teHIIzyl:ffi,T, I,wrop oe cyr[l;eCTBOBHJlO B OTe'feCTBeuHOIl'I .J.fCcyccl'l3e. 3aK8I.ffqHB~UI noprper, It TIe-rpoB-BoMffH exaaan noprpernpyel'iWM: «.Ey;qeT BaM He BOCeMHa,ll.u;aTh, a l'PH,rI;LWT:E, ;D;Ba rnaa, TorAa BhI cxaaeere, "l:TO noxoaee»! . 1'aKDe «33!!OeI'aHNe srrepen» 0']' JUrtJ:aE'T noprpersr BbT.u;a:rorrzyrxc.H X:Y.IlomHHIW:I3" B TaKOM noprpere He 'fOcJ'lMOO npe,Il;BJ1Aerrne rpa.n;yll~nx t43MeHeHJ1M saernsero 06ID1iErt 11 ~zyxm:lHoro CEJw,Ji;a., HO]i![ Cy):(.b'ObT rrop-rpeTupyeMoro.

Xy.nm-KHl!Itn B rrnprpere eeofieaao BbJ.,ll;eJl;HIOI' .rllnw, TJIa3at, pyKH. B qacTHQC'FHt HA. TpOHHHI1!H cqwra.lI, ':fro. B noprpere r J]aBHoe - J'IU.ll;O, QTO C OCOOhlM BHJ,1MflIDfel'<' If ycepJJ;l1eM eneztyer pL1COBa TI:. mnosy J1l crapa TheR coxpaaars, npaBl1JJbHee :mJJJ;ME"qaTh B nocanxe, is ,TII;BMJ!~eHJ1M rOJIOoBhI, py 1:( aa 'I'YpaJ1J, H:yI'O rpamnn : ncsxoe Eta Tmf:yrue. U3t.ICI(a lUme l100IOJKeHli1ie q;,Hryp"" p;ei.tCTByeT HenpHHTHO. B HaTYP(!' onone l'aK 3ftMeT..IaerCH, IIOll'OMY q'l'O OMBaeT' DfJ.Hbm'!O'ID"IaCT&m l\.UfHYTHoe, speseesHOe, a B rmp'rpe're OHO OCTR€'fICJI aaBCer,1J;a.

H. rpa6apb rOI!OpMJI, "9:1'0 n3 ncex 'llaC'reU qe.nOBeqeCIWrO JIlHIa cnaepUIE'HHO uco6YJD npHpQ)l(YJoli.\leIOT rJ'laSa. B TO B peMH K.8. K 0 C1'aJ]bmIe Qep'1'M

! LQ~M,eo~~ A. 0 CX(lJJ;c'PBe II XY,D;UCit:!·Hfi(:.

1963 . .Nt g. .

HeITO,ll;BVI)J\Hhl, rnaaa aeerna ITpOM!~Jju,oHT snesa TJIeHWe ee Jnf He rrpaero J{Bl'lraJ()m;.MXC1! r TO M He 3aCThmUHJX: OHJ1 EJIalKHIbl, 'J.'() Mopra-IOT, TO aarrpara KlTCR, TO pacmapmorea, TO CYmHBaIDTca 11 MMeHRO :t;OH'"rpa G'T MemJr,y ,llmfaMJoiqHOCThiO fJJa.3 M CTaTIt":IHOCTbID .AP~'H1X ~IaC-Teil JI~f~ CJJet{yeT KaK--TO rrepe.u;an, D M300pameRJ>1J1.

PYKM - lYTO .B'FopoiI nop'rpe-r qe;lIO-· sexa. A, repaClfMOB OTMetJa,eT, 'ITO tmK'Ii'O lf3 pycCI{11:X nopTpe'rWCTO:a ue npesaomen M. Penxaa - H@JIJ1!Kaaa B YMeIDlH: nncaes PYItlf. It EPlOJI.JljOB saMeq~UI, q'ro PYK'" .n;et1:cTByeT 3aOllHO C JII1LJ;OM UpM fi;R.mJJ;UM EHYTpeHI-ICM ,l[BwmeHJU1 qeJIOB.E'Ka. J1crryr, y)!l;ITBJ'lemre, rpycTh~ paaocre - PYKlf, eCJJM OHt1 CBo(iO,lllHbT, B C erna .n;ei1:cTBYID1, cor.nacuo e .1I:a~o~q, ]If qTOObI .1IHU;O HE::' El'>lpamaJlO nnaoro, a pyxa rrpyroro, Heo6:xo,l],11M.O HaOJ]ID,1J;a·Tb 3'TO cor.nacxe. ,LI;BHjKeHHe, MMM11IRY yoe,!Pf'T'e JIbH()~'J.'b qeJJOBeq,eeKor,(j :nm.J;a MbI B'OCnp11HM:MaeM B u;e.nOM. BOT ITOqeMY MhI:

Jl106yeMC.H llOpTpeTaJ,.iW TeX, 100m I:IY1:~ xnr ,i!J;,a ne BM,lJ;e.JIIf, He MeHt.'>e, i!Jie~ noprpeTBLMH COBpeM.e.mrnKOB.

Mbl crrOCOOHhJ . EocnpKHMMaTb prrCYHOKj• He ClIpaUH1B8I.Br 0 CXOCTB£', rro rroxa MI.I He nUBepnJ1M l3 em CXOltCTBO, MI.I He nasoaese ern rmprperua,

'TepMlfH «CXO,n;CTIlO» I1Mee'1' ~on~eCTBO Cll:HQiHlfMOB. B 06u:!;eM CMbICJle CXOllCT'BO - !!)TO CO(llTEWCHM;O'C'Tb noprpera C opHnma.fIOM, flJi;'eI<'BaTHOC'I'b IWfn:pem MO;n;eJ]M. CxUjKUH: noprper - 3'TO noprpe-r, l1:Merom;Hfl OQII\.He gepTl>! C OpWI'HH<l1nOM, nC»)lOOH'bIH, OiJIM3KMA" eMY rroprper, COO'TBeTCTSy:IDr:L1J'fH OPHI'ImaJIy .. OObP:J:ao paaJIJ1QaIO'f cxoo-

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CXO)'l,CTRO upencraannerca Heooxo,u.J!f:MbIM sa qecrnoM, CYIIV=C'J'BeHHhlM AO~ CTOl·fHCTOOM BCHKO[U peaJIH.CTW'!:eCIWro 1!306pameHl'lf!, a H8CXOII;C'TBO lJOCITpMID1- MaeTOl !'>ali:. He,2.J.,OCTa TOI~ Cxoncrao - NeG 5xo,n;rr !'owe YC JlOBI1e yoe,nlfTe J'IbIIU A TpaKTOBI'tM rp'UPW'l.E'CKOI'O oupa:3a. ORO BKJIIoqaeT B ceo.H PH,lJ; TpeOllSaH11fi", ocHOBHaH qeJIh[~or! 'OphJX c Ma .... cl~Ma..1Th.Hot1:

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10

CMO'l'pa na 1.l;.,eTaJIM, IIIloryrn;eC'J'Bo 00- utero xap a xrapa BbICTYIla CT ]j He",1 60- nee acero, Ero npopouecrna U T(lM, 'liTO nop TpCT C Tpen e'H') i>OM oy ne'l' OC"Ta.na amrsa Tb Be HKOW, C6I.lJI11Cb, I"\3w.:lIhrM BM,D;WI', @l{oi-i r JIyuorm:i,i Tpa 1 l·f3M BblpMReHl B nnasax, xaxoe 5eahICXOJlHO~' C"l'pa;u:a:HMe 6blJJO B ~tJ13HU 3TUro ~eJliQBel~a, H l';.aK Bee V,'I'O l1<CI{yCffO rrpnHelleHO K 0AHOMY 3HOlM€HaTeJIIU,

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11

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B nOPTpeTe npornnoe CJL.HBaeTCH C FlaeroHIII,YIb1:, oQ'Paaye-r Hoeoe. II03TOMY EO. ecex noprpera x Be~lImmX XY,lJ,IDIllilifKOB I\1IbI Elepn:r..t CXO,1l,CTBY C KOlil\peTHbIM IIeJIOBeIWM, HQ VI BlfJl.I1M OTQeTJu,,1Bble qepThI HeK.OH: OTflJIe'IeHHO C'1"J.f. OTIIeqaTOE J,,'l:~E'Ma. Hanpasiep, A. PyowlJ:eB mrcarr H,n;.eCliJThHym ,rzyxOBUYIO CYUJJ;NOCTb CJ3JI'rblX If OOIUB. J1ICKaJI CXO,lliCl'HO C U,[~ea-, JroM .:11 ll:eCXOl-t,CTEO C IWHl\peTHOJ.1: ;q;eiiemm'e.lIh1IDC'rbID, lfHaXO:Ll;l-.m TO Tlii APYroe. C.'lM ~,l1eaJI B03HIilW'l.eT 113 cpallHeHHHl C mnBbD,'lH., OKpYlKaHlIll,lu>rn xy,n;mlI!HMxa ]![U,1l;bMfI. Jt1,n,eaJl" - 3'1'0 U'iMlrJ;eHHoe CXO,JJ;CTBO C "reM JIY"il.ill1W, "ITO xy.D;OOKIDfK HaXflJl.l1T B llei'{CTBKTE'Jl:hHOCTM, '9:aem ll,JTSI OOJlb1liero cxn,u,craa, llJm6.rrwmEo'I:H1R K l>::OHKpel'lfOMY "IeJ10BeKY

12

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t eM.: p,oae-n O. l'fCs:yCC'TBO. Pm.~ fiece,1l,:Jar IUfCaHfihle IT r<:teJ1Jl.b. ens. l!H3,

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TepMWH «c'XoAt'rBO» B C'pE',p;~ xy;n;mKHltIWfl Cem,!l.HR pe ,ll;KO ynorpeti.m=rerCH, B HeM: Ka~ ObI YCMaTpKIiaeTCfI M3BeC'li'Ha.a ,lll,OJ.lJ'I Hecepbe3HOCTl1 B Ca.MOJ.1: flOC'1'8HOBKe aa,ll;a'-ln. O. ABCI1- .Ill1 IIMCOlJI, 'ITO BPfIA ,.TI.lI MO}KtIO CqUTaTh rrOpO"lHl:dM C'rpeMJIeHl1!€ c,n;eJIaTb PWCYHOR nO~(lmMM Ha Mo,[(eJIb, yJIOBH'l'b ee qepTI-;I O,n;HOBpeMeHHul C 005- Ju;nM K.OHCTPYETMIH:libIM penreaaesr'. Ho B03Hlfrt.aeT ,n;PYl'aH npofinesra: aa'PPE'H.HpOBaBIlII1Cb li3 nepenaxe CXO,!\C'TBa C l'.-fOtleJlhID, PJ1:cyw.IlI,PrlIi M(lt.meT He oopeC-'Hl crrOCOfiROCTJ1i K Oo.p.a3HOl'4y Bblpa~emno xapaxrepa. He,D;b ;Il;OOHTt.e fir ,cpW3.J1IleCT\oro CX o,lJ;C:rJi!a C MO,!l·eJIhIO B pxcymee rcpasno npunre, '{eM B.blpa,'3J1'T1:. CYUJJ;HOCl'b qeJlIOBeK.tlJ.

I eM.: Ru'nncp E.P. BEo~,!lCHl1e, •.

t ChI.: ASC"U.!tH O,A.F.tarypa H pneQi;1<!.lu1C 110 f.IPE',Il;CT<ts;rre.liHro, M., 1985.

H »-"1' CBepX3alt<."P'!y pucymrr~l1It1. ;U;OJI:'tI(eH :n:OHHMa'fb.

B noprpeee llCer;qa ec rs 'reMaKOHKpeTHbIM qeJI0BeK ClO.m,eTD.M nOPTPE"ra l\IOOReT m,ITbK.aKoe-TO ):le~C'PBlH;! ":I.eJIoSeKa, em HaC'FpoeHMe ).1.ymeaaoe '00CTOHHHE"_ XOTfl Bee]:' nepeqeHb npOO;nEI\1Ij IIPJlU::y"lli,HX. PYIcyaK.Y, ocraerca U CWJTe fI,D;,JIR rrop'rpera, pa(ioTa Ha)); HfIM HMeeT cneT~lf¢U~IeCKHe o co GeUHOCT11" KOl:ILeQlIO, O".leHh TPYtJ;HO npe;!l;YCMOTPeTh B0eB03MO}KHbIe II:yTfI l1 CJIy!:.]aH, KOTOpble MorYT BCTpeTI--!'rpea B TBOpcqeCKoi1 npaienaee XYAOm.l:Utxa Ha,n; IIOPTpe-r"OM, HO MO:MHO Bhl,n;e.lIJ1Tb flaKam,J:l;OM arane HaLf.f')o.rnee nom;JlIe JiJ. TH..TTWIHble.

BO,iUu.tKHo@euuc uoeu nopmpC'l'itd., eru 3aMbrCJIa B O,n;HOM CJIytlae po.m.)!l;a'eTC.H )];0 HaqaJIa pa6o'I'L! C r'jaTyphI, B ,llPjlI'OM - lHafuLO,ll;E'FIHe lJOJJ;CKaabIBaeT XY~IIepBOHa':laJThaymMbICJlb 0 noprpere, B Tpen:.eM - [[UPTPeT aarryMbIBae'I'ca B CBa.3a C paOO'IlOM H.\U nopTP~TOM-Kap'1'I1Hm1: U T,,l.!. ITA. ROPffH rosopan: «Rof,n;a Ha'HmaID paOOTa'fb ua,lt noprperca •. H yme aapauee aaato, LJ.TOHMeRHO XQ1;!Y aanacars; H B-bI.i'JEJIIJlO AJI.:H c~511 OCHOBH'ble, xaparerepnsre 'lepl'fhl''1;e';nOBt'Kct BHYTPJ1: l'!IIeHH, B MOe'M C03flaffJru yme Glt.;lla,!{hIBaeTCH o5pa3, f;OTOPbIM .1'1 XOqy B'bICltf:ll::!a 'Fb, , . HeOTC'l'ym'!:O;qyMa1O (J. noprpere, MhlCJIeHlIO BJnKY ero Ta~W:M~ ml..KI1M XoqeTCR, q.mOhI OH 6hIJ[»3.

B IIOIUITHe KsaMEilct~JI» noprpera B nepayio O"i@pe,n;b BXO.u)tl' o5m;n~ xapaxrep Imp rpe-ra , 'f.e. II'UII'RUJ·1 U.TI.U

3 U,.vt:-T. no: 3um:ep Jt Hyn. R .iIOp'1'peTy-'il'~my /! XY,1l;mlunm. 1980. Nt> II.

pe::lKloIJ1 no ,!J,HH"}KCIUHO 11: IWHl'paCT<IlM, HJiTJfMIlO-JInpWIeCItMJ1 J<I rrpI1J10]l;HRTOn:.'pouq~cmtj.i, cnmwfhlbr1:1 MIDl I:'ISBOJIHom~HHbD1, KaKOU pI1TMW .. I€CKI1ii erpoa, 06IIJ,J~(1 pa::$Mep (nO"PY,IJ;lIOe MJIJ1 nuacuoe, noxoneusoe HJH1 so Bee .. pOCT) I1 TJl .. 3aT€M nrrpe,1J;,eJIRe'IT .. H xupa;rr;..mep WJC"lfUl1WBtCU 11 J'eUc .. msuenopmpemupy,eJnoao (no.rrmKL'll..Ue Mo,n;,e.;'m), OCBCujeuxe, oKpymaIOIUl1"'€ rrpC,lJ,MeTbI, TO~Ka apeHI1H na Mo,n;e.rlb 11 T.,tJ;. Tat\.me )lJIi:I ce5H XY,Il;Q,:fIUIY1K BhlHCtTnp.T. B 'n~M Be,Dl;yLL~aa ;'01 bICJIb, tJTO I' JIaF!HOe - Q5nO~ejfHO -TMnJ.mllpOlH'l.HH!:dJ1 o6pa R JlJlyl l'fH,1J;I,·fBHl1..y<lJII13au,iUl., MaKl:].1- MaJIbtl'oe BLIpameIUle J)"WIIIbIX lta'TECT'B. Hanpnsrep, B noprpere 11.E. PeIWIHa «TIPOTOAliHl.IOOH» l'JJaBHOt" - OOOOIl.J,eH.Mie, TUmWflI.1HH" B rroprpere «MycoprCKJ1.I1.); - I1If,lJ;J1BI1}l.ya.llH.3af~I1H, M ca MO Ha.'3B"U1J1e nop-rpe-roa IIO,lJ,4.epK11aaeT :21'1'0.

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14

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15

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16

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17

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18

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20

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22

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25

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26

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27

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.28

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:30,

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31

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32

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33

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34

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37

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38

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47

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48

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41 i:l'~~1l

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50

BocnpI"1:H'I'1f,e OT,ne.:rIhHbD;; qepT H;1I1- 6o .. .ilee Bam;HhlX~laC'rew .;rn1I.~a OObI'iB:O Haq:MUaeTefl c r-naa MC:K.l1lOqll1TeJJbltaH nOIJ:,BUmHOCTb ReK MOme'l" BHQCI1Tb .. 'H1IIIb He3!Ha"t.Il1TeJlhl;Thle 113MCHeUJ1K B CTPyKTYPY 05W-IHOrO paapeaa rJ1a3, an I,1"MeHHO ::lTM l!IClM(!!HeHJ1.H J.f aocnpaHt1.i1.1.UOTCH KaK cMeHa BhI.paJi~elfMR r.t'Iidia. CymeHl1:e I'I pacnnrpenae 3po.';rI-ta qaCTO HeCeT cosep11letUiO onpeneJIeHH!bIlif CMhICJ], lie 3<lBMCHIIJ;HM OT m'rTeHCMBHUCTJ.i OCBem;eHHff.. Pa:J\Y .. KHa5J OUO.ilIOLfK,a, MBMeH,fIjI caoe MeC'runo,nomeHwe B paspese l'JW.3U, 1:lC.11C',lJ;CTBnfl )lJlJof}Ke1'urn: rJIa3HOrO :aOJIOKa, Tal:\:JK€ HJ]J1'.:HeT na BbIpaJKeHWe nnaa, 11 ¢!W3J1- OHOMWRa, Jof M300pa3wcreJlbaOe HCKYCoC'l'BO rrp~:lAalOT r.lla3<lM rpOMa,ll;HOe 3Ha·:H~HJ1,e.

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., IIOtJ,BJo1mHbl":'.fM., OeCTIOKOJffihIMM -

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noM MYO(YJIW(YPhI Bel{, OT Tf:!.Heii BOKpyr I'JIaa3, Jl'Jly0J.1IlliI ern «"IloCa,D;"KM», OCBeru;eHHOC'TJ-~ J1JIH np'HTeneHtIOCTHc

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B rrpO¢J1J1h non MOmeT 5bITb rrepneF.l..,n;HKYJ.iIRpn.b1M, OTKJ·rnYThIM aaaan J.1JUI EaK DbI Bl>I,D,]JvIHY1'b1M artepen, IIo ttd •. Il.U't/,U'IO AwpU{un 1:i0! .11Dy If IiIX cPopMe T3K.:l:i:~e MOOl~HO Cy.r:qHTb 0 uercoTOPbIX qep'lI'"ax xapaterepa:

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51

- r.nyDOKJ1e H8! MyC~yJIHCT'OM ,ooeo lfCeJ[e~3HO!\ll xapaxrepe;

- l'S B:H:,LJ;e cenm - rOBOp.fJ;T 0 CKJThtlOH M aeaayp.HARoft eoae.

Spoon:

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• Cl1JIbtIO BbIrHYThl€ - rop,u;eJIi.1BOMY', ;llep3KU'M.-Y, cru:eJlOMY qeJIOBe'K·Y~

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• opoBn «,[I,OIloffi:JWM»- cYNlac6pO)J;C1'80, aeypaBHoBellleHlfH1CTb,;

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.. COBceM Ha,ll;B.llHyTbIe ua rmaaa - 3auMC'rb, peBHOCTibj

• ae-sepomeamae, .KycmcTbIe GpoEM - HeplUIBQl1B.OCTb,BHYTpeHRe npuTaBOpe':U[l3bIH. xa paB:T,ep;

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.. COEceM filIe;D;Hble •. pe,n;eHJ:,.KMe 1\01- pOT['l:we OpClBM - npMH.®..,lIJIemaT HepellIllTeJIhHoMY, JU1111Cn.HOMY BOJ[(~BbIl{ ~a'leC,][,B QC.lIOB8KY,

52'

Hoc TCl.iOKe 'I paKTyE'TCH. B YBR3i<;,e C xaparerepose nOpTpe'THpyeMoro, HO xy.,!l;,omfl~a. B nepsyio ()Tlepe,n;r:., rrpnanesaer paaaoofipasne era ¢OPM:

• OQ,eHh 60.llblllOR, HeMHoro U3oJ'li_y" hm, Bhl,Il;alO~)fth~.H anepezt - qe..rmDel': CTpaHHbIH, 3KCu:,eHTpM'llihU'1i;

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.' fii)JIibllIOa MJI'CHCThIa HOC, pacnnrpemfbm na KORQE'. - qenOBeJ:{ .:rreHlffihlt1.

T]JyCJrnBWM;

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• TIJ1OCh"'lri1i, pas.n;eJiIeHm:;tl1 HaABOeCBM,n;eTeJRl CTByeT 05 yrrp.aMcTBe~

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.' OqeHh MHJ!leHT::.KHl1 - oalia qtle'r

nO):\.BH:li,mOCTh mrrennesera;

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• WIDO"1e r-y6bI - IIpMBHa:K TBepWJrD xa pa~Tl~pa, .u,eJI~yCTPeM.lleHHOCTJ1:;

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• 60JI:blliot1 pOT C TOJiCTbUIUf ry5aMH - Herro.~J1ijKHb]"ti!, 'I'mK~Jn:.IW MeH'l'a,ID1Te'I'";

• aepxaaz ry6a f.l UpmiJHJIb cnersa BbIcTyrrae'll' aan HU:iKlIeft - YM, OCTOPWI"tIHJC'Tb;

• },rOllKI.f pra rrpmIO;qHRTJ:,.[ EBepx - .1l;ep30C'.l:'Jio, oraara;

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.• Cpe;qHeti: BeJIM'gI}lI:lbl, He1JlIHoro O~PYI'Jlhtt.f - J]ta3bIBaeT ua HeIIOKOJTeOUMClCTh BU,1U1-

. ,

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'. Mat~1[eHhKHt\, xpyr J:U.ill1. llO'ITJf rJt!

BbI,.I1;aIDIl\l1HCH Bnepe,q - rrpl'1Hat)l;JI"emJiT P05IWMY, HerrucTOJIliHOMy qe.rroseKY;

" MaJ]!eIIb~tl:. repyr JIhr:t1, MJICH:C'I'hlM e SilMOqEOH - XBaC'r .1I11BhI"ij. TI.U;eCJIaaHhrPlxapaK'T-ep;

• CKOIIIeHHhut uu,n;OOPO,!lo.K- 3HaX JleHlfBOm, Hel'lpJICrruco6.r:leHIIoro ~ *"3- 1m: xapaierepa;

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• )'I'JWBaThIM:, rrpflMu}i- xapasrepM3 yer X.lIa.n;HiOKpOBUU era, paccynaTE;J.lbHOC'H. }

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• CH.JThHO pa3,l!1;OOeHHhm - ~:II4;Cu;,eHTPM'lIl'IbIii xapaxrep;

.. CUJJJ,HO iEl.I"JI,!liaffill,lIftlCJI BIIepe;q: - npaanax Mylm~cTBeHJ;{OCTJ1.

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B nnernce qe.TIOB'eKa xY,lJ;Om.!U1K onjrpaerca na qepThI ero JII1ua M rena, HO He MeHbrnee, a MHOI'J(a ~ OUJIblilQe ana 9:e1,IWe 111lo'IeeT MHMMfo<.,'l J1UU;.a, GElJ'I3b ABMjKeHJ11il nnyTpeHHero ~1 EHeUIIle['0 C BhlpameHJ1eJM JIUQa, «BsrpaxceaHoe BHeIllfIee ,Il;,ei1CTIlJ1:e scerna MI!;ree'T CB:H3h C BblpamE'Ht1eM QC.lIOBeQeCKOrO JJJ1u;a, - OTM:e-.:meT K !Oon. - )J;BlGKe.HJfe saemaee MOOKE'T Bblp.a~ItaTh ner, OOplooy, Tat'H!lJi;, Nfl Ha JU1.Ue O,ll;HOBpeMCHHO Bblpa:i'Kate'f\CfI COOcrBeTCTBj'1OI~eC H3- npameHI1e: CMex, TIe-qaTb, panocra,

53

THeB H "r _ '11_ ,IllUflf::.eHwe BHy'TpeHHlee M BHeIUHee nae'r C~'lDrCJl 11 jEM3Hbu::mopa .. !<eHHOM:Y '-]eJIOBt'Ky, ,ltf'...JLaeT ern ~HHal\uf'IeCl<lf RaChIIIJ;l:"lIHbll'+'. l:{eM ABl"I::+::eHI'l'P. HellOCpe,lJ;CTEE!I-mee, TeM ORO CHJIbIiee Bhlpa»{eHO» 1.

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