LABOUR JURISDICTION 2.1 Under the Constitution of India, Labour is a subject in the Concurrent List where both the Central and the State Governments are competent to enact legislations subject to certain matters being reserved for the Centre. (Box 2.1) Box 2.1


Union List Entry No.55 Regulation of labour and safety in mines and oil fields. Entry No.61 Industrial disputes concerning Union employees. Entry No.65Union agencies and institutions for "vocational… training…" Concurrent List Entry No.22 - Trade Unions; industrial and labour disputes.

Entry No.23 Social security and social insurance; employment and unemployment.

Entry No.24 - Welfare of labour including conditions of work, provident funds, employers' liability, workmen's compensation, invalidity and old age pensions and maternity benefit

from service on attaining the age of superannuation. Smt Sudha Pillai, IAS (KL:72) took over the charge of the post of Secretary (Labour & Employment) on 01.01.2007. Shri S.Krishnan, IAS (UP:75) took over the charge of the post of Additional Secretary (Labour & Employment) on 28.02.2007. Shri R.C.Ray (IES:74) Labour & Employment Adviser in the rank and scale of Additional Secretary relinquished the charge of the post w.e..f.22.01.08. Dr. Ashok Sahu (IES:75) took over the charge of the post of Labour & Employment Adviser in the rank and scale of Addtional Secretary w.e.f. 31.01.2008. Shri S.K. Srivasrtava, IAS (AM:78) continued to hold the post of Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Ms. Gurjot Kaur, IAS (RJ:81) relinquished the post of Joint Secretary w.e.f 08.01.2008. Shri S.K. Dev Verman (IAS:MT 88) has assumed charge of the post of Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Labour and Employment w.e.f. 25.2.2008. Shri Anil Swarup, IAS (UP:81) continued to hold the post of Director General, Labour Welfare. Shri Sharda Prasad, IAS (UP: 81) continued to hold the post of Director General, Employment & Training. Dr. Harcharan Singh (ISS:80) continued to hold the post of Deputy Director General (in the rank of Joint Secretary) .Shri S.K. Mukhopadhyay, Central Labour Service continued to hold charge of the post of Chief Labour Commissioner (Central). STRUCTURE AND FORMATION 2.3 The Ministry has the following four attached offices and ten subordinate offices, four autonomous organizations, twenty-two adjudicating bodies and one arbitration body. ATTACHED OFFICES Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGE&T) 2.4 This Office is responsible for laying down the policies, standards, norms and guidelines in ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 29

PERSONNEL 2.2 Shri Oscar Fernandes is holding charge of Hon'ble Minister of State for Labour & Employment (IC). Shri K.M.Sahni, IAS (AGMU:69) relinquished the charge of the post of Secretary (Labour & Employment) on 31.12.2006 on his retirement

Ministry of Labour & Employment


the area of vocational training throughout the country and also for coordinating employment services. Office of Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) [CLC(C)] 2.5 This Office is responsible for (a) prevention, investigation and settlement of industrial disputes in the central sphere; (b) enforcement of awards and settlements; (c) implementation of labour laws in industries and establishments in respect of which Central Government is the appropriate government; (d) verification of membership of unions affiliated to the Central Organisations of workers for giving them representation in national and international conferences and committees; and (e) fixation and revision of dearness allowance component of minimum wages under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 in the scheduled employments. Directorate General of Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) 2.6 This Directorate is concerned with formulation of policy relating to the safety, health and welfare of workers in factories and docks. It is responsible for coordinating the implementation of the measures of the Factories Act, 1948 by the State Governments and formulation of Model Rules thereunder. It is also concerned with the administration of the Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986. It undertakes research in industrial safety, occupational health, industrial hygiene, industrial psychology and industrial physiology. It provides training mainly in the field of industrial psychology and industrial safety & health including a diploma course of one year duration in industrial safety. The Diploma is an essential qualification for appointment of Safety Officers in factories. Regular in-service training of Factory Inspectors is another important activity of the Organisation.
30 30

Labour Bureau 2.7 The Bureau with its headquarters at Chandigarh and Shimla, is responsible for collection, compilation and publication of statistical and other information regarding employment, wages, earnings, industrial relations, working conditions etc. It also compiles and publishes the Consumer Price Index Numbers for industrial and agricultural / rural workers. The Bureau further renders necessary assistance to the States for conducting training programmes in labour statistics at State / District / Unit levels. SUBORDINATE OFFICES Directorate General of Mines Safety (DGMS) 2.8 This Office is entrusted with enforcement of provisions of the Mines Act, 1952 and the Rules and Regulations framed thereunder. The provisions of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 as applicable to mines and oil fields are also enforced by it. Welfare Commissioners 2.9 The nine Offices of Welfare Commissioners are responsible for providing welfare facilities to the workers employed in mica, limestone and dolomite, iron ore, manganese and chrome ore mines and in the beedi and cinema industries. These offices are located at Allahabad, Bangalore, Bhilwara, Bhubaneshwar, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Karma (Jharkhand) and Nagpur. AUTONOMOUS ORGANISATIONS Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) 2.10 The Corporation is responsible for implementation of the Employees' State Insurance Act 1948, which provides for medical care and treatment to insured persons and their families. Assistance is given in terms of benefits during

ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment

sickness and maternity, compensation for employment injury, pensions for dependents on the death of workers due to employment injury, etc. Employees' Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) 2.11 This Organisation is responsible for administration of the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. The Schemes for Provident Fund, Family Pension and Deposit Linked Insurance are implemented by the Organisation for the benefit of workers covered under the scheme. The Organisation is also responsible for administration of Employees' Pension Scheme, 1995 that came into existence on 16.11.1995. V.V. Giri National Labour Institute (VVGNLI) 2.12 The Institute, with its headquarters at Noida (U.P.), is a registered society, which conducts action oriented research and provides training to grass-root level workers in the trade union movement, both in urban and rural areas and also to Officers dealing with industrial relations, personnel management, labour welfare etc. Central Board for Workers' Education (CBWE) 2.13 The Board with its headquarters at Nagpur is a registered society dealing with schemes for training of workers in the techniques of trade unionism and in bringing about consciousness among workers about their rights, duties and responsibilities. The Board also undertakes programme for rural workers' education and functional adult education. ADJUDICATING BODIES Central Government Industrial Tribunalscum-Labour Courts (CGITs) 2.14 In all, 22 (twenty two) Industrial Tribunalcum-Labour Courts have been set up under the

provisions of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 for adjudication of the industrial disputes in organisations for which the Central Government is the appropriate Government. These Tribunals are located at Dhanbad (Jharkhand), Mumbai, New Delhi and Chandigarh (two courts each) and one each at Kolkata, Jabalpur, Kanpur, Nagpur, Lucknow, Bangalore, Jaipur, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar, Ahmedabad, Ernakulam, Asansol and Guwahati. ARBITRATION BODY Board of Arbitration (Joint Consultative Machinery) 2.15 The Board, with its headquarters at New Delhi, set up under the Scheme for Joint Consultative Machinery and Compulsory Arbitration is an institution for compulsory arbitration of disputes between employees and the Government and on matters of pay and allowances, weekly hours of work and leave of a class or grade of employees. Main Subjects dealt in the Ministry of Labour and Employment 2.16 In pursuance of the powers derived from the respective entries in the Union List and the Concurrent List of Seventh Schedule of the Constitution, the Ministry of Labour and Employment has been allocated the following items of work: 2.17 Labour policy (including wage policy) and legislation, Safety, health and welfare of labour, Social security of labour, Policy relating to special target group such as women, child labour, Industrial relations and enforcement of labour laws in the Central sphere, Adjudication of industrial disputes through Central Government Industrial Tribunals-cum-Labour Courts and National Industrial Tribunals, Workers' Education, Labour and Employment Statistics, Employment Services ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 31

Ministry of Labour & Employment


19. In the current financial year 2007-08. were brought to the notice of the respective Wing heads for taking remedial actions so as to improve the functioning. the Central Labor Service (CLS) was notified as an organized service in 2004. these officers prevent them from escalating into industrial disputes. Assistant Labour Welfare Commissioners (Central) and Deputy Labour Welfare Commissioners (Central) under the supervision of Welfare Commissioners discharge these statutory functions and they also advise and assist the management of the concerned establishments in maintaining harmonious industrial relations in the areas of safety. monitoring of court cases/ audit paras. With regard to O&M matters. labour law enforcement and labour welfare. At the beginning of the financial year. Central Labour Service (CLS) 2. Deputy Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) in the Central Industrial Relations Machinery (CIRM) . 2. the Internal Work Study Unit has been conducting Work Measurement Studies. headed by the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central) are also entrusted with the task of maintaining good industrial relations in the Central sphere.). cine and certain categories of non-coal mine workers. O&M inspection of one field unit has been conducted. The officers of the CLS appointed as Assistant Welfare Commissioners and Welfare Commissioners in the Welfare Organisation of the Ministry of Labour and Employment under the Director General (Labour Welfare) administer the Welfare Funds for beedi. determining the staffing patterns and designing suitable organizational structure and methods of work. in the areas of administrative matters (vacancy positions/ promotional aspects etc. Administration of Central Labour & Employment Services. an Annual Action Plan of programmes of O&M activities and studies is prepared in consultations with the various Offices / Sections / Units including the attached and subordinate offices. The factories and mines employing 500 or more workers and plantations employing 300 or more workers are required to appoint a prescribed number of welfare officers under the relevant statutes. International Cooperation in Labour & Employment matters. orientation sessions were also held to brush up the knowledge of field staff on O&M matters Ministry of Labour & Employment ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 . health and welfare of workers etc. the Internal Work Study Unit conducted O&M inspections of eight field establishments including four coming under administrative control of the Directorate General of Employment and Training. by assisting in resolution of workers grievances.18 The Central Labour Service (CLS) was constituted with effect from 3rd February 1987 to ensure better industrial relations.20 In addition. During the inspections. implementation of provisions of Manual of Office Procedure and other day to day functioning.21 With a view to bringing about administrative reforms. Records Management Studies and Organisations & Methods (O&M) Inspections of various Sections and field offices under the administrative control of the Ministry of Labour & Employment. Consequent upon the Cadre Review.22 During the year 2006-2007. officers appointed as Assistant Labour Commissioners (Central).and Vocational training. Moreover. The Internal Work Study Unit functions under the Financial Adviser (L&E) and works through the Controller of Accounts. efficiency and output of these offices. the Staff Inspection Unit of the Department of Expenditure guides it. The shortcomings noticed during the inspections. the unit is guided by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances and in respect of work relating to Work Measurement Studies. Method Studies. 2. Senior Analyst and Junior Analysts. 32 32 WORK STUDY 2. 2. Regional Labour Commissioners (Central).

Record Management etc.29 The following issues were discussed in these meetings: (i) (ii) (iii) Occupational safety & health.2007.2007 under the Chairpersonship of Secretary (L&E) and Additional Secretary (L&E) respectively.24 In the above O&M meetings.09. 2. (vii) Performance of Central Board of Workers Education (CBWE).2007 and 26. 03. 2.10.27 During the period from April 2007 to November 2007.05.07.2007. With the enforcement of the Right To Information Act. ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 33 Ministry of Labour & Employment 33 . O & M MEETINGS 2. 7998 files were reviewed and 7783 files were weeded out during the year 2006-07 for which special drives were also launched.25. regular special drives are held to focus on this important aspect of Records Management. (iv) Legislation on unorganised labour.05. Record Management 2. Court Cases. 35 Officers and members of staff have been sponsored for various training programmes. 17. 07. this aspect of Organisation & Methods (O&M) has regained its significance. UDCs and Stenographers etc. O & M Meetings were convened on 23. 2005. In the Ministry.10. Audit Para. 2.28 Five meetings of the Consultative Committee attached to this Ministry were held on 15. were discussed and suitable directions were issued by the Chairman. and to nominate Officers and members of staff of the Ministry and its attached & subordinate offices (vi) Maternity Benefit Act. cases pending in the Ministry such as Prime Minister's Office / Cabinet references.2006 and 04. a total of 3475 files were recorded. 2. Also this unit makes arrangements for the need based training programmes for officers and staff members of the Ministry.23 With a view to reviewing and reducing the pendency in the Ministry. 1952 for taking strong action against defaulting employees. 1961. CAREER MANAGEMENT TRAINING (CMT) AND and other autonomous organizations under its administrative control.2007 respectively under the Chairmanship of Hon'ble Minister of State for Labour & Employment (IC). To ensure proper maintenance of records. viz. 1951 to make it more effective. (v) Welfare of Beedi workers.26 The substantial function of Career Management and Training (CMT) Unit is to organize training programmes on a decentralized basis for LDCs. Parliamentary Assurances. to the Institute of Secretariat Training and Management as well as other such Training Institutes for different training programmes. and behavioural skills and service matters for Group 'D' staff through corporate and in-house trainers. Public Grievance Cases.especially in the areas of Records Management and Maintenance of Service Books as also on the Right to Information Act. 2005.2007. Amending the Employees' Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act. computer applications for the officers/officials through corporate trainers. All the Bureau Heads including representatives from the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) and the Employees State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) attended the meetings. CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE MEETINGS 2. Amending the Plantation Labour Act.02.

to watch the settlement of audit objections. draft audit paras etc. efficiency and the objectives of the relevant schemes/ programmes in connection with which it was being incurred. By careful scrutiny of proposals. expenditure control and financial review. l to ensure that the schedule for preparation of budget is adhered to by the Ministry and that the budget is drawn up according to the instructions issued by the Ministry of Finance from time to time. Reports of the Public Accounts Committee.31 Finance Wing is mainly responsible for scrutiny of all Plan Schemes and to give advice on all financial and allied proposals. work measurement studies. and (ix) Economic upliftment of tea plantation workers. PROGRESSIVE USE OF HINDI 2. l to scrutinize budget proposals thoroughly before sending them to the Ministry of Finance. preparation of budget and revised estimates related to services concerning the Ministry of Labour and Employment (Main Secretariat) proper and the attached and subordinate offices.2007. Steps were taken to ensure compliance of the provisions of the Official Language Act/Rules and orders / instructions / guidelines issued by the Department of Official Language from time to time. it was ensured that the expenditure conformed to budgetary appropriations.10. Estimates Committee and Committee on Public Undertakings. internal audit etc 2. l to keep itself closely associated with the formulation of Schemes and important expenditure proposals from their initial stages. heads the accounting set-up. Reports.30 Out of 5 meetings. The guidelines with regard to fiscal prudence and austerity in Expenditure Management as prescribed by the Ministry of Finance. Inspection Reports. l to screen all expenditure proposals required to be referred to the Finance Ministry for concurrence or comments.(viii) Vocational training.34. all budget and accounts matters were attended to within the time schedule prescribed.32 A Controller of Accounts. l l 2. the rules and regulations prescribed by the Finance Ministry and that it was consistent with economy. Hindi Division of the Ministry of Labour and Employment is entrusted with the task of implementation of the Official Language Policy of the Government of India and translation of ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment . The important tasks and activities of the Integrated Finance Division are:l to advise the Administrative Ministry on all matters falling within the field of delegated powers. who is responsible for cash management. FINANCE WING 2. 34 34 l to associate itself with the evaluation of progress/performance in the case of projects and other continuing schemes and to see that the results of such evaluation studies are taken into account in the budget formulation. Department of Expenditure were also sought to be enforced and guidelines relating to effective cash management were also followed.e. Performance Budget. one meeting was held outside Delhi i. to ensure prompt action on Audit Reports and Appropriation Accounts. l to see that complete departmental accounts are maintained in accordance with the requirements under the General Financial Rules.. 2.33 During the year 2007-2008. in Kochi on 26. The Ministry of Labour and Employment has made several efforts to promote the use of Hindi in official work and create interest in officers/ employees to work in Hindi during the year 20072008.

07. The Ministry is issuing computerized pay slips & GPF statements to officers and employees in Hindi. Labour Laws .important documents such as papers to be placed before the Parliament. 2007 to promote the use of Hindi in the Ministry. 2. 2.2007. Hindi related competitions were conducted to promote use of Hindi among the officials. ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 35 Ministry of Labour & Employment 35 . Press release etc. and the routine work of the Ministry. nine. The Ministry of Labour and Employment is making all efforts to ensure effective implementation of the Government's Official Language policy and is committed to fulfill this objective 2. One stenographer and three typists of the Hindi Section are working on the Computer.2007 and expressed their satisfaction regarding implementation of Official Language. 2. On this occasion. 1963 were issued both in Hindi and English. A large number Officials of the Ministry participated in these competitions.10. Besides this Parliamentary Committee has also visited the Ministry on 03. Hon'ble Labour & Employment Minister's Speech.37 All documents under section 3(3) of the Official Language Act.36 The Hindi work is done on computer by the Hindi Division.38 Hindi Advisory Committee of Ministry of Labour and Employment has been re-constituted and one meeting of it was conducted on 25.35 Hindi Month fortnight was observed during 14-30 September.

36 36 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment .

Intervention. Monitoring of industrial relations in the Central Sphere. PREVENTION AND SETTLEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES 3. CIRM has a complement of 18 officers at the Head Quarters and 253 Officers in the field. The CIRM is headed by the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central). Verification of the membership of the Trade Unions. (4) Retrenchment. (2) Recovery of Dues. Enforcement of other provisions in the Industrial Disputes Act. etc. in the Central Sphere. l l 3. FUNCTIONS OF THE ORGANISATION: 3. Other Miscellaneous functions. The offices of CIRM are spread over different parts of the country with zonal. (3) Lay off. mediation and conciliation in industrial disputes in order to bring about settlement of disputes. regional and unit level formations. It has been entrusted with the task of maintaining Industrial Relations.3 The CIRM ensures harmonious industrial relations in the Central Sphere establishments through: l l l Implementation of settlements and awards.INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS CENTRAL INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS MACHINERY (CIRM) BRIEF REPORT ON ACTIVITIES OF CLC's (C) ORGANISATION 3. (5) Unfair Labour Practices. which represent a success rate of 98%. 1947 relating to: (1) Works Committee. Quasi-Judicial functions. The machinery handled the Industrial Disputes during the year 2006-2007 as given as under: - ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 37 Ministry of Labour & Employment 37 .1 The Chief Labour Commissioner's (Central) [CLC(C)] Organisation. also known as Central Industrial Relations Machinery (CIRM). enforcement of Labour Laws and verification of Trade Union Membership in central 3 sphere.4 During the year 2006-2007 the CIRM intervened in 454 threatened strikes and its conciliatory efforts succeeded in averting 445 strikes. Implementation of awards.2 The functions of CIRM are given as under: FUNCTIONS OF CIRM l l l l l l l Prevention and settlement of Industrial Disputes. is an attached office of the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Enforcement of Labour Laws and Rules made thereunder in the Central Sphere. Welfare. Intervention in situations of threatened strikes and lockouts with a view to avert the strikes and lockouts.

(v) The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (RE&CS) Act. Air Transport Services & Docks. The machinery enforces following Labour Laws and Rules framed there under: (i) The Payment of Wages Act.P. Wharves and Jetties. of No. The Inspecting Officers of CIRM inspect these establishments under different Labour enactments through routine inspections.5 Another important function of CIRM is the enforcement of Labour Laws in the establishments for which the Central Government is the Appropriate Government. 1970 and Rules. of Disputes received by CIRM No. 1996 and Rules. (vii) The Payment of Gratuity Act. the Minimum Wages Act. special drives for inspections under the crash inspection programmes and taskforce inspections to secure benefits of the beneficial legislations to workers. 1986 and Rules. of Disputes which formal C. 1961 (Mines and Circus Rules. 1936 & Rules made there under for Mines. (iv) The Equal Remuneration Act. 1963) & Rules.6 There are approximately 1. The Minimum Wages Act. of Disputes Disputes which were which were considered settled without unfit for holding intervention formal by CIRM conciliation proceedings 1685 No. of No. 3. 38 38 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment . (viii) The Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing returns and Maintaining Registers by certain Establishments) Act.5 lakh establishments in the Central Sphere. (vi) The Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act. 1996 in the unorganised sector. of Disputes in Disputes in Disputes which which Pending conciliation conciliation with the proceeding proceedings CIRM led to the ended in on the settlement of failure close of Disputes the year 989 2058 3600 8332 ENFORCEMENT OF LABOUR LAWS: 3. Hours of Employment Regulations for Railways Employees. 1948 and Rules. (xiii) The Payment of Bonus Act. (xi) The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act. 1948 and the Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment & Conditions of Service) Act. of No. were held 3047 (x) No. 1972 and Rules. (ix) The Building and Other Constructions workers (Regulation of Employment & Conditions of Service) Act. Special emphasis is given to enforcement of beneficial enactments such as the Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act. 1976 & Rules. Details for the year 2006-2007 are given as under - (ii) (iii) The Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act. Prosecutions are launched against persistent defaulters and in respect of major violations. Railways. 1979 and Rules. 1946 & Rules. 1965. 1988.Details of the Industrial Disputes handled by CIRM No. 1970. Chapter VI-A of Indian Railway Act. (xii) The Maternity Benefit Act.

Out of these. CLC(C) Appellate Authority under the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act. Authority under Rule 25(2)(v)(a) and (b) of the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition). 169 were implemented.8 CIRM officers from the level of ALC (C) up to the level of CLC(C) also perform certain Quasi Judicial Functions as shown below: CLC(C) -Director General (Inspection) under the Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment & Conditions of Service) Act. 1996.9 The cases decided by these officers under some of the above enactments / rules are given in the table below: - ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 39 Ministry of Labour & Employment 39 . Authority under Equal Remuneration Act. 2219 awards (including those brought forward) were received. of Irregularities Detected* 725869 Rectified 317513 No.7 The officers of the CIRM implement Awards issued by the Central Government Industrial Tribunalcum-Labour Courts (CGITs). QUASI-JUDICIAL WORK: 3. 1946. Rules 1971 RLC (C)Authority under the Minimum Wages Act. 1946 . 1946. UNDER VARIOUS LABOUR LAWS No. Besides. 1972 and Equal Remuneration Act. Appellate Authority under the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition).STATEMENT SHOWING NUMBER OF INSPECTIONS ETC. sanction for prosecution of employers by the employing Ministries as required under section 197 of Cr PC seldom comes. Dy. implementation of 523 Awards was in progress. of Convictions 4940 *including brought forward from the previous year IMPLEMENTATION OF AWARDS: 3. Appellate Authority under Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act. 1889 ALC(C)Controlling Authority under Payment of Gratuity Act. Registering and Licensing Officer under Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act. During the year 20062007 . implementation of 838 Awards was stayed by High Courts & implementation of 799 Awards was pending due to other reasons. 1972 . Certifying officer under Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act. the Payment of Gratuity Act. 1970 . Supervisor of Railway Labour under Hours of Employment & Regulation Act. 1976 . 1948. 3. of Prosecutions launched 13556 No. of Inspections 33926 No. Rules 1971. Difficulties in implementing the awards are experienced as employers obtain stay orders from High Courts on implementation. 1976 .

Cases/ Applications / Claims B/F from previous year Gratuity Applications 7589 under the Payme nt of Gratuity Act. 13 Central Trade Union Organisations have filed their membership claim of about 42 million workers through 18168 affiliated unions. checking of union's particulars from the records of various Registrars of Trade Unions is completed and the second phase of general verification i. checking of records of individual unions and personal interrogation of workers. Wage Boards. 1972 (2006-2007) Claim applications by 2992 RLCs(C) under the Minimum Wages Act. The first phase of General Verification i.12.2003 of Hon'ble High Court of Delhi. Nature of Quasi Judicial Work Cases/ Applications / Claims received during the year 3503 Total Cases/ Applications / Claims disposed off Amount Awarded (in Rupees) 11092 3938 163974913 505 1014 395 10243540 1460 4452 1698 14008752 27 73 30 5668611 221 512 89 43400 VERIFICATION OF MEMBER SHIP OF CENTRALTRADEUNION ORGANISA TIONS: 3.7.10 The General Verification of membership of trade unions affiliated to Central Trade Union Organisations (CTUOs) is an important exercise. which is undertaken by the CLC(C) organization.12. 1972 (2006-2007) Gratuity Appeals by 509 RLCs under the Payment of Gratuity Act. Councils. The purpose of general verification is to give representation to CTUOs in the International and National conferences.11 The last general verification of membership of Trade Unions affiliated to 12 Central Trade Union Organizations (CTUOs) was conducted with the date of reckoning as 31.e.1989. etc.e. is nearing completion. 3. Committee. 3.12 The fresh General Verification with date of reckoning 31. 1996. 1948 (2006-2007) Applications for 46 certification/modificati on of Standing Orders by RLCs(C) (20062007) Cases under BOCW 291 Act (2007-08) (P) P= All figures are provisional. Provisional results of general verification have been ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment .2002 is being conducted in compliance of order dated 25. The result of general 40 40 verification was declared by Ministry of Labour in December.

Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation Ltd. IOCL(AOD) Digboi.I. 2. Delhi and Mumbai. Defending the Ministry of Labour and Employment in Writ Petitions filed against the Ministry in different High Courts. Singareni Collieries Co. 3. Conducting periodic meetings of Minimum Wages Advisory Board and notifying Variable Dearness Allowance every six months as per A. The final verification result in respect of two more banks i. 3. Hyderabad. State Bank of India and their subsidiary banks is conducted under four statutory rules / schemes viz.. Investigations of Complaints as per direction of the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Tuticorin.2005 3. State Bank of Indore.19 The CIRM performs the following miscellaneous functions also: 1. State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur) was completed and results communicated to Ministry of Finance during the period 01. Chavara.. Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB) (IW) Talwara. NALCO. Provisions) Scheme 1980 and The Subsidiary Banks (Appointment of Employee director Rules. Punjab. 4. Indian Govt. Hyderabad. Ltd. objections were reconciled in respect of 6 unions. 3. 1974). Mines of Bisra Stone Lime Co. Nuclear Fuel Complex. Kerala Minerals & Metals Ltd. All efforts are being made to reconcile the objections in respect of the remaining unions.13 The errors / omissions received from CTUOs have been sent to the Dy. Statutory verification of membership of unions operating in Nationalized Banks: 3.14 Verification of memberships of trade unions operating in establishments in the Central Sphere is conducted by CLC (C) office under the Code of Discipline for recognition purpose. Mint.I. The final report of verification of membership of unions operating in 7 banks (Vijaya Bank. Provisions) Scheme 1970. Guwahati. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam.. Cochin..CLC (C) / RLC(C) are yet to be received. 1974). Birmitrapur Sundergarh (Orissa).C. Central Bank of India. Orissa.2007 till date. Andhra Pradesh. 3. Mumbai) through Secret Ballot was conducted and final verification reports were sent to Ministry of Labour and Employment. as and when directed by the Ministry of Labour and Employment.. Rajasthan. The Right to Information Act . Canara Bank. (NPCIL) Rawatbhata. Corporation Bank and United Bank of India will be sent to Ministry of Finance Department of Financial Services by the end of this year positively. Out of 13 Central Trade unions. The Nationalized Banks (Management and Misc. Ltd. Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust.delivered to all the 13 Central Trade Unions. for appointing Workmen Director of Bank.16 Verification of membership of trade unions operating in 27 nationalized banks. Union Bank of India.2005 MISCELLANEOUS FUNCTIONS 3. They have also submitted their errors / omissions on the provisional results. Assisting Central Advisory Contract Labour Board as conveners of different sub-committees ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 41 Ministry of Labour & Employment 41 .e. Hyderabad. Code of Discipline 3.17 The verification is conducted by the CLC(C) office on the request of Ministry of Finance.P. Department of Banking. number.18 About 65 petitions including those forwarded by Ministry of Labour & Employment to CLC(C) organization were disposed off as per the provisions of the Right to Information Act. State Bank Of India. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. CLC (C) / RLC(C) for their scrutiny and report. Cambata Aviation Pvt. Tuticorin Port Trust. The Nationalized Banks (Management and Misc. IGI Airport T-II New Delhi. State Bank of India (Appointment of Employee Director Rules. Verification of membership of unions operating in 7 Banks is in progress. Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd.04. Report from some of the Dy.15 Verification of membership of Unions operating in 16 establishments (Rajasthan Atomic Power Project Unit 1 to 6 in Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd.. Ltd.

05. CPWD. 6. The conciliation on 12. ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment . examine prohibition of contract Labour in different employments. Conciliation was held by CLC(C) on 15.f. 1.2007. 1.06.2007 addressed to the President / General Secretary of the Union impressing upon him the illegality of strike held during the conciliation process alongwith relevant provisions of ID Act and invited them to come for negotiation before CLC(C) for meaningful dialogue across the table. was called off from 3 PM on 14. About 12000 employees of Indian Airlines benefited by the settlement.05. Mints. CLC(C) conciliated the matter on 17.1997.e. Revised career progression for workmen as per formula / pattern annexed to MOU. HPCL Oil India Ltd and GAIL etc.2007. Shop Councils. The ACEU was demanding wage revision w.06.20 The Assistant Labour Welfare Commissioners (ALWCs) and Deputy Labour Welfare Commissioners (DLWCs) are posted in Defence and other establishments. MAJOR INDUSTRIAL RELATION EVENTS DURING THE YEAR (2007-2008) IN WHICH CIRM PLAYED IMPORTANT ROLE Air Transport 3.21 In pursuance of their demand for wage revision and Career Progression.05.15 PM on 12. Together these officers ensure harmonious Industrial Relations in their respective establishments.06.2000 arising out of revision of pay within 18 months. 10.f.00 AM to 11. Oil Sector 3. 28. such as.2007. and Hospitals etc. 2007. the Oil Sector Offices Association (OSOA) had served a notice to all the Oil Companies namely. proposing/agitation plan including indefinite strike from 21. 50% of DA merger and Re-imbursement of perquisite tax.30 AM all over India on 17. Payment of arrears from 1.2007 to the management of Indian Airlines proposing to observe two and half hours walk out between 9. Telecom Factories.06.2007 causing large scale disruption in the operations of Indian Airlines 3. IOC.23 In pursuance of their demand for immediate Ad-hoc relief pending wage revision. such as.06. which are under the control of Central Government. WELFARE 3. ONGC. administration of Welfare Schemes and advise the managements on various Labour matters including constitution of bilateral committees. which brought about settlement on all issues and a memorandum of settlement was signed before the CLC(C) mainly to the effect of revision of payment allowances w.05. Advising the Ministry of Labour and Employment in conflict situations like strikes of All India Nature and other Labour matters. Attending to Parliamentary Committees and other important delegations as per the advice of the Ministry. Security Presses. Keeping Liaison with State Government Labour Departments for collection of information as per direction of the Ministry. Assisting the Ministry of Labour and Employment in training of Central Labour Service Officers.08. Works Committees etc.1997 in line with settlement arrived at by Air India for its 9000 employees with full arrear of wages. Assisting the Ministry in preparation of different reports required to be submitted to International Labour Organisation.2007 was adjourned due to divergent views held by the parties.22 As the matter was getting out of hand CLC(C) issued a letter on 13.2007 and one day Mass Casual Leave on Friday the 18th May.e. 8. 9. which softened the attitude of trade union and the strike. 7. The management of Indian Airlines obtained an order from the vacation judge of the Hon'ble High Court of Delhi. They also look after the welfare and redressal of grievances of the workers. the Air Corporation 42 42 Employees Union(ACEU) served a notice on 15.2007.01. Ordnance Factories.2007 and 16. The LWCs are posted at the Head Quarters of these establishments. ACEU went on a flash strike without any notice from 9. Supplying information to the Ministry in replying Parliament Questions on statutes enforced by CLC(C) organization..

attended on behalf of OASA. namely (i) Second option for pension (ii) Restoration of compassionate Appointment Scheme and (iii) Opposing outsourcing.000 workers of major ports across the country served notice of strike to commence on or after 1. Although OSOA commenced the strike from 6.000/. Water Transport Workers Federation of India. 5 recognised Federations namely All India Port & Dock Workers Federation (workers). 2007 to allow management to solve the issues. CLC(C) Chennai.06. Rail Transport 3. Mumbai that Hon'ble High Court of Delhi had given an ex-parte interim order on 17.08.2005 and interim relief @ Rs.60.09.2007 restraining the OSOA & its member associations from going on strike.per month to all the workers including pensioners etc. It was pointed out by RLC(C).2007. VISION STATEMENT OF CLC(C) ORGANISATION l To simplify labour laws capable of protecting the interests of social partners and economy.3.08.09. Major Ports 3. which was attended by representatives of management but none.1.2007 was averted.00 AM to 10. 2007. Indian National Port & Dock Workers Federation and Visakhapatnam Port & Dock Workers Sangh affiliated to BMS (unrecognized) representing approximately 60. New Delhi had accepted the demands of the union for the restoration of the age of retirement of the Port & Dock workers as sixty years and other issues will be resolved through bilateral discussions with the Unions.09. Cuffe Parade.24 The RLC(C). Banking Sector 3.f 01. After prolonged discussion and persuasion. all India Station Master's Association.and re-instatement of perks tax with board approval the proposed strike was averted. Dy. 1000/. overlooking of registration priority and Transfer not for eligible Registrants. 1947 was sent to the Secretary (Labour) on 11. informed that due to his persuasion proposed the strike on 02. The CLC(C) intervened in the matter and held conciliation proceedings on various dates.09. Indian Bank Association. Union had unilaterally withdrawn the strike notice. but following assurance given by Ministry of Petroleum to consider interim relief for immediate payment of adjustable advance ranging from Rs. Madurai Division served notice proposing strike for a period of 48 hours. who was advised to intervene.2007.26 In support of their opposition to management of Indian Railway's violating 4 year's transfer policy. the Federation after persuasion.2007. Stalemate in the discussion resulted in CLC(C) making a last.20.2007.08. the unions informed that Hon'ble Minister for Shipping & Transport. Mumbai to go on strike on 12. agreed and decided to defer their strike for 20 days from 1st September.point charter of Demand including restoration of age of retirement of Port and Dock workers as 60.00 AM.2007.01. With this assurance.000/.2007 and 20.2007 to the Chairman. merger of 50% DA with pay w. The modus operandi of the strike was to stop all trains at signals for a period of 2 minutes. Following the receipt of the strike notice the CLC(C) intervened and held conciliation proceedings on 28. 5th Floor. Conciliation proceedings were adjourned till 11AM on 19th September. Mumbai held conciliation proceedings on 17.08.e. In pursuance of their 3 point charter of Demands.27 In pursuance of their 7. During the conciliation proceedings held on 21.ditch effort to avert the strike by making a fresh appeal to the Federations to call off the strike or atleast to defer it so as to engage in further fruitful discussions for resolving the issues in a peaceful manner which. l To secure social security measures for workmen in unorganised sectors through umbrella Rs.2007. A Report on conciliation proceedings under Section 12(4) of Industrial Disputes Act.08. World Trade Centre. management agreed to initiate discussion within a fortnight on all the issues in order to find amicable solution and the United Forum of Bank Unions also agreed to defer the proposed strike. the convener of United Forum of Bank Unions served a strike notice dated 22.25. ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 43 Ministry of Labour & Employment 43 .

To further improve conciliation services. 3. GSR No.e. prevention of illegal strikes and lock-outs. 1946 vide Notification No. The objective of these amendments. administration and enforcement of labour laws with facilities of continuous updating through computer network across the country. and collective bargaining. employers and workmen or workmen and workmen. l To equip the CLC's(C) organisation with trained and motivated officials with proper orientation through continuous training and development programmes. Ministry of Labour and Employment has held tripartite consultations with stakeholders and formulated certain draft proposals for amendment in the Industrial Disputes Act. The main objectives of the Act are: promotion of measures for securing and preserving amity and good relations between the employer and workmen. is a Central Act enacted by the Union Government in 1951. 1947 3. 2007 3.34 The Government had amended the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Central Rules. The Chief Inspectors under the Act. on the basis of rules framed by the respective State Governments.33 In accordance with the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) that the changes in labour laws must take place after consultation with the Industry and Trade Unions. 1946 and Model Standing Orders annexed to the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act. educational facility. housing facilities. 1951. relief to workmen in the matter of lay-off and retrenchment. The Act is in operation since 1954. The draft proposals are at the stage of consultation with the Central Ministries / Departments. Ministry of Labour and Employment has held tripartite consultations with stakeholders and formulated certain draft proposals for amendment in the Plantation Labour Act. 1926 3. administration and enforcement of labour laws to meet the expectations of social partner and future changes in economy and global scenario through a system of meaningful dialogue and regular interactions with them. 1946 to include "Fixed Term Employment Workman" in the Schedule of the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act. The Act is administered by the concerned State Governments.31 Keeping in view the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP). l 3. 1926 has been amended and enforced w. in brief. l To secure national minimum wages for workers in all employments. Plantations Labour Act. 09.01. between employers and employers. It confers legal and corporate status on registered trade unions.28 The Trade Unions Act. 1947. is to ensure orderly growth of trade unions and reduce multiplicity of trade unions and promote internal democracy. However. sanitation and conservancy etc.936(E) dated the 10. l To maintain a data bank at he national level relating to industrial relations. 3. 44 44 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment .2002. who designate Chief Inspectors under the Act. Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Central (Amendment) Rules. 1947 provides for investigation and settlement of industrial disputes. The Act is enforced by the respective State Governments. that the changes in labour laws must take place after consultation with the Industry and Trade Unions. 1951 3. ensure implementation of welfare measures relating to medical facilities. the infrastructure facilities and the welfare activities of the State Governments have evolved significantly. Amendment proposals to the Industrial Disputes Act.32 The Plantation Labour Act.29 The Trade Unions Act.30 The Industrial Disputes Act. it defines the law relating to registered trade unions.f. since 1951. drinking water facility. 1951 .12. The Trade Unions Act.2003. investigation and settlement of industrial disputes. 1926 provides provisions for registration of trade unions of employers and workers and in certain respects. The draft proposals are at the stage of consultation with the Central Ministries / Departments. the socioeconomic conditions.

36 The Labour Relations Monitoring Unit. Among the States. has been 168 in 2006(P). declined from 2184 in 2005 to 884 in 2006(P). while wage related issues were main cause for 19% of these unrests.43 The number of units reporting retrenchment decreased from 35 in 2005 to 24 in 2006(P). Retrenchment 3. 19 took place in state sphere while 5 were in central sphere.27 millions as compared to 29. retrenchment or lay-off. establishments employing 100 persons or more are required to seek prior permission of the appropriate Government in the prescribed application form before effecting closure. The workers affected due to these disturbances decreased by 38% as compared to 2005. These applications are examined and a hearing is ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 45 Ministry of Labour & Employment 45 . Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh. 20. set up in 1981. At the aggregate level. 3.41 The number of units effecting closure in both central and state spheres.39 Mandays lost is a direct measure of the impact of industrial unrest on the workmen.35 Keeping in view the National Common Minimum Programme. 17 and 16 strikes & lockouts respectively. maydays lost due to strikes and lockouts have decreased substantially in 2006 as compared to 2005. Closure 3. refusal or inability of an employer on account of shortage of power. 1947. The total Mandays lost due to strikes & lockouts in 2006(P) was 20.10. to give employment to a workman whose name is borne on the muster rolls of his industrial establishment and who has not been retrenched. In this Ministry applications are received from CPSUs and other establishments falling in the Central sphere. Out of 24 cases of retrenchment registered in 2006(P).44 As per the provisions contained in Chapter V-B of the Industrial Disputes Act.2007. accumulation of stocks or breakdown of machinery. Financial stringency led to closure in 32 cases. It is usually an indication of the supply side bottlenecks faced by the industrial unit leading to low capacity utilization.66 millions in 2005.42 Lay-off can be defined as the failure.38 The spatial/industry wise dispersion of the number of strikes and lockouts and the workers affected as a result of this is not uniform. The number of workers affected due to lay-off also declined significantly from 12255 in 2005 to 8299 in 2006(P). 3. Lay-Off 3. while lack of demand was the main reason for 7 closures during the period. Gujarat. Monitoring of Industrial Relations 3. 27. number of workers involved and man days lost. During 2006(P). bonus. West Bengal witnesses the maximum number of the strikes & lockouts followed by Tamil Nadu. as indicated by strikes and lockouts has been primarily related to indiscipline & violence. Rajasthan and Karnataka witnessed 61. All 50 cases of lay off took place in states sphere. Tamil Nadu. The number of units effecting lay-off declined sharply from 104 in 2005 to 50 in 2006(P). personnel.40 Most of the industrial unrest. 3. Andhra Pradesh.3. monitors the extent of industrial harmony based on the information that it collects on the number and spatial dispersion of strikes/lockouts. it was decided to rescind the above Notification and accordingly the order rescinding the earlier notification was issued on 10. All the closure took place in private sector.37 The total number of strikes and lockouts in 2006(P) is 420 as compared to 456 in 2005. raw materials. non-payment of wages & allowances. retrenchment etc. The number of workers retrenched. indiscipline & violence was the major causal factor behind 35% of strikes & lockouts. 3. 3. number of units reporting retrenchment and the extent of lay offs. West Bengal witnessed 173 instances of strike & lockouts during 2006.

30. The Ministry of Labour appoints the other two members at the time of referring the dispute to the Board out of a panel of members from the Staff Side as well as from the Official Side maintained by it. Based on the oral and written submissions made by the parties. the Industrial Tribunals-cum-Labour Court set up by the State governments and Union Territories Administrations are also utilized by the Central Government for adjudication of industrial disputes.2007. 1968. 3. Government's proactive role has successfully harmonized the interest of the employers and the workers resulting in a change of attitude from confrontation to that of co-operation.50 The Scheme provides for compulsory arbitration on Pay and Allowances.46 There are eight Industrial Tripartite Committees (ITCs) one each on Cotton Textiles. Sugar. and Chemicals and Plantation industry. a decision as to granting or not granting permission for closure.2007 respectively.06. 07. Meeting of Industrial Tripartite Committees on Plantation. 46 46 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment . In addition. Delhi and Chandigarh during the year 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 thus taking the total number of CGITs to 22. where no Central Government Industrial Tribunalcum-Labour Court in existence. Lok Adalats are being organized by the CGIT-cumLabour Courts through which 1524 cases have been settled. Five new CGIT-cum.11. 3. in respect of which the Central Government is the appropriate Government. INDUSTRIAL TRIPARTITE COMMITTEES 3.Labour Courts have been set up at Guwahati. Wherever permission is granted. These Committees are non-statutory Standing Committees meetings of which are convened as and when required. retrenchment or lay-off is taken. 3. Jute. out of which 326 cases have been settled during 2006-07 and 42 during 2007-08 so far. These tripartite bodies provide a forum whereby the social partners through dialogue can appreciate the problems of industries and workers affected by Economic Reforms. Ernakulam (Cochin).2005. there were 17 Central Government Industrial Tribunals (CGITs)-cum- Labour Courts.47 For adjudication of industrial disputes. and considering the reasonableness/ genuineness of the management's application.07.01. Under the Scheme the Board of Arbitration (JCM) was set up in July. ADJUDICATION 3. it is ensured that workers' interests are protected as far as possible. weekly hours of work and leave of a class or grade of employees.2006 and 27. 3.48 In order to reduce the pendency of cases. The Chairman is a whole time person. the Board has given 257 Awards out of 259 references referred to them.08.49 Government of India had introduced in 1966 a Scheme for Joint Consultative Machinery and Compulsory Arbitration for resolving differences between the Government as an employer and the general body of it employees. Road transport. Road transport and Electricity Generation and Distribution were held on 26.held in order to provide an opportunity to both the management and the workers to make submissions on issues pertaining to the proposed action of the management.45 Industrial Tripartite Committees (ITCs) have been constituted with the view to promote the spirit of tripartism. The Board consists of a Chairman and two other members. Engineering. Cotton Textiles.2006. Electricity Generation & Distribution. Ahmedabad.51 As on 30. BOARD OF ARBITRATION (JOINT CONSULTATIVE MACHINERY) 3.

4 A statement giving the labour productivity measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity) per Person Employed per Hour and Overall Productivity . Germany. both human and material.PRODUCTIVITY 4. Singapore (3. however. The labour productivity growth in India was 4.70%). India (2. most of which are directly and positively related to the level of economic development of the countries concerned. The labour productivity growth during 1996 to 2002 in India has all along been better than the comparative position in respect of benchmark countries like Australia. 4.99 US $ for United States of America. being an important input besides land and capital. thus indicating the shift towards betterment of Indian economy through higher labour productivity in all these years of globalization.57%) and so on.followed by Republic of Korea (3. are converted into goods and services: l Faster rate of economic growth can be ensured through accelerated production and higher productivity in all branches of economic activity.16 US $. plays a significant role in determining the overall economic growth of a nation.74%). 4. 2004-05.91 US$ for Australia. 37. The labour productivity in select 10 Asian Countries has been reported to be the highest at 32.Real Growth i.2.03%).31 US $).98%). India ranks 7th among the 18 Asian Countries for which the study has been made.84% during 1996 thus maintaining a satisfactory level in labour productivity.3 The labour productivity growth in India measured in terms of growth in real GDP per person employed is worked out to be ranging from 3. 4.55%. Iran (3.5 The comparison reveals that productivity in India during the year 2004 in comparison to other Select Asian countries is the lowest at 4. which is higher than four benchmark countries as well as all other Asian Countries except China (9.57% during 2001 and 2002 respectively.7 The growth in overall productivity estimated in terms of "Percentage Change of Real GDP per Person Employed" in India during 2006 is. LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY 4. l Apart from the level of human skills.12% in 2000 to 6. 4. observed to be 6.06 US$ for Germany and 36.57 US$ for United Kingdom. 4 4. Indonesia (2. These observation are quoted below: "There is wide variation in labour productivity among different countries in the world owing to a host of factors.e.22 US $ in case of Hong Kong followed by Japan (31. It may be noted that India's Labour Productivity growth during 2001 was the highest among the 18 Asian Countries. The labour productivity growth for India exhibited a decline during the latest year under consideration 4. International Labour Organisation in respect of variations in Labour Productivity among different countries need to be kept in mind for comparing the labour productivity among different countries. 38.92 US $) and the countries with labour productivity in proximity with India are Indonesia (4.1 Productivity is a measure of efficiency with which resources.10 US $) and Singapore (25. Percentage Change of Real GDP per Person Employed in Asian Countries and four benchmark countries during 2006 from the World Competitiveness Year Book 2007 are given in the Table 4.02 US $) and Philippines (6.41% and 2. It is important to underscore the fact that differences in labour productivity levels have essentially nothing to do with differences in how ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 47 Ministry of Labour & Employment 47 .87%).Mainland (6. the quality of raw materials and the technology employed are also responsible for productive human resources. United Kingdom and United States (Excepting US in 2002). China .1 shows that labour productivity growth in 2002 has been the highest in Vietnam (4.60%).42 US $).2 Comparison of Labour Productivity growth across Asian Countries during the year 1996 to 2002 as depicted in Table 4.6 The labour productivity in four benchmark countries during 2006 is measured to be much higher at 43.8 The observations in World Employment Report.87%). The productivity of human resources (labour). Bangladesh (3.

l It undertakes training programmes in the area of management services. 4. Similarly a worker in a highly developed economy may have high labour productivity despite working relatively fewer hours'. technological innovations. l It has instituted National Productivity Awards for selected sectors of the economy such as agriculture and food processing industries with the objective to recognize the enterprises. import substitution. NATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY COUNCIL 4.12 To give recognition to outstanding contribution towards production and productivity. l It operates through Regional Professional Management Groups (RPMGs). MEASURES FOR INCREASING LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY 4. strenuously. under bad physical conditions. and l Skill Development Initiatives to reach those who have not derived the benefit of formal training. devotion to duty etc. A poor worker in a developing economy can work long hours. receive a low income because he or she lacks access to technology. strengthening of the performance and competitiveness of the economy and improving the conditions and quality of working life. Sikkim and Jammu & Kashmir. or other factors needed to raise productivity. 4. l Ministries of the Government of India and representatives of employers' and workers' organizations are members of the council. and technological and industrial endowment in order to reap the benefits of higher labour productivity. Shram Vir/Shram Veerangana and Shram Shree/ l Ministry of Labour & Employment . The awards in the order of precedence are Shram Ratna. A developing country needs to have a certain level of human capital. which excel in productivity performance and to motivate other enterprises to increase their productivity. cost saving. saving of foreign exchange and for showing exemplary zeal and enthusiasm in the discharge of duties. the Ministry of Labour and Employment administers a scheme entitled 'Prime Minister's Shram Awards' for workers (as defined in Industrial Dispute Act. Only those workers are eligible for the awards. These awards are announced every year generally on the eve of either Republic Day or Independence Day. Labour productivity also requires substantial investment in vocational training facilities in order to enable job aspirants to harness emerging employment opportunities while making the final products globally competitive. education. 1947) employed in departmental/public sector undertakings of the Central/State Governments and the manufacturing units employing 500 or more workers in the private sector in recognition of their performance. therefore. industrial training and human resource development and also provides consultancy services in both the formal and informal sectors.on the contrary they often indicate differences in working conditions. who are engaged in manufacturing and productive processes and whose performance is assessable.11 The National Productivity Council is an autonomous body and is partly funded by the Government of India:48 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 48 It aims at dissemination of knowledge and experience in productivity.10 The basic thrust for enhancing labour productivity throughout the country is emphasized by way of overall skill development and up-gradation through: l Setting up of new ITIs/TCs under Craftsmen Training Schemes in the country l Introduction of new Trades under Craftsmen Training Schemes and Apprenticeship Training Schemes l Up-gradation of 400 ITIs into Centres of Excellence from World Bank Assistance l Up-gradation of 1396 ITIs into Centres of Excellence in PPP Mode l Up-gradation of ITIs in North-Eastern States.9 Labour productivity does not increase automatically. but yet have low labour productivity and. Shram Bhushan. promotion of consciousness and improvement in productivity.hard workers work.

The cash prize and number of awards for each category are given in Table 4.10 1. 08.13 0. Country/ year Bangladesh Republic of China Fiji India Indonesia Iran Japan Republic of Korea Malaysia Mongolia Nepal Pakistan Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka Thailand Vietnam 1996 2.31 1.84 0.38 N.86 0.38 -1.80 1.25 10.97 2.55 0.44 8.02 -3.61 2000 4.53 0.84 5.64 12.88 -0.52 1.87 3. 01.20 -0. Japan ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 49 Ministry of Labour & Employment 49 .13 Besides the cash prize.05 -5.87 -0. 11.47 -4.55 0. 06.18 -4.78 1.3 4. 12.86 5. 04.41 2.46 -3.44 2.91 3.48 4.63 1.13 2.57 0.79 -1.63 0.19 11. United States of America Germany Australia United Kingdom 3.54 0.66 1. New Delhi.87 3.72 -0.33 -1.01 5.54 4.64 3.81 4.77 1.93 5.67 N.70 Benchmark Countries 01.40 2.86 5.60 -2.72 2.70 2. by the Hon'ble Prime Minister in the Award Presentation Ceremony held on 27th April. 15.80 -1. 17.83 4.30 2.08 0.43 4.17 2.13 6. 2007 to 68 workers including 9 women.09 1.42 1.72 5.40 3. Table 4.13 2002 3. 4.79 -0.76 3. 10.02 4.29 -1. 09.59 5.Devi.12 3.A. 2.42 7.27 6.70 7.60 4.55 1. are proposed to be given away by the Hon'ble Prime Minister shortly. 02.51 -1. 04.27 -3.85 1998 3. The Prime Minister's Shram Awards for the year 2005.37 2.54 1999 3.58 5.37 5.62 4.57 2. 05.26 -1.49 1.72 1. 13 14.09 1. the awardees also receive a "Sanad" from the Prime Minister.86 -0.01 -6.14 2.40 2.02 2.A.35 0.19 3.06 0.49 -1.48 Source : APO Asia Pacific Productivity data & Analysis 2004.09 0.74 3.54 3.A.14 The Prime Minister's Shram Awards for the year 2004 were distributed to 45 workers. including 6 women.49 1. No. 2007 at Vigyan Bhawan.52 4.98 2.37 0.30 4.77 1.69 0.34 3.46 -0.76 2.85 4. 03.74 1.02 6.08 4. 07.11 1.03 3.67 2001 3.83 2. Tokyo.61 -0.20 2.68 5.83 0.60 N.99 6.18 -12. 2. 4.98 0.73 1.60 2.38 -13.80 0.99 9.98 1997 3.1 LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH (%) (Growth in real GDP per person employed) Sl.50 1. 02. 03.04 0.87 1. announced on the eve of Independence Day.35 2. 16.35 0.99 -1.

00.91 38.10 19.Table 4.66 3.41 1.02 32.000.00. Name of the Country Gross Domestic Product (at Purchasing Power Parity) Per Person Employed Per Hour (in US $) 6.92 7.16 4.22 4.78 12.42 31.00 60.2 Labour Productivity – Asian Countries.00 Number of awards 01 04 12 16 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment .000. No.90 0.79 Percentage Change of Real GDP Per Person Employed 9.38 1. Switzerland Table 4. 2004 Sl.3 Prime Minister’s Shram Awards The Cash Prize and Number of Awards under different Categories Name of awards Shram Ratna Shram Bhushan Shram Vir / Shram Veerangana Shram Shri / Devi 50 50 Amount of Cash Prize (in Rupees) 2.06 36.63 Benchmark Countries 01 02 03 04 Source: United States of America Germany Australia United Kingdom 43. Lausanne.87 4.62 6.94 0.000.79 3.52 0.02 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 China – Mainland Hong Kong India Indonesia Japan Republic of Korea Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand World Competitiveness Yearbook 2004.00 1.27 3.57 1.99 1.000. Institute of Management & Development.30 6.31 25.2 Table 4.00 40.99 37.55 4.

1948 5.1946 to provide for fixation of minimum wages in certain employments. Minimum Wages under Central sphere are enforced through Central Industrial Relations Machinery (CIRM). Under the Act both State and Central Government are "Appropriate Governments" for fixation/revision of minimum rates of wages for employments covered by the Schedule to the Act.80/.per day in May. The position of ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 51 Ministry of Labour & Employment 51 . 80/.2004 and Rs.4 The UPA Government is committed to enhance the welfare and well being of farm labour and workers particularly those in the Unorganized sector and to ensure the fullest implementation of Minimum Wage laws for labour. 1991 and by taking into consideration the subsequent increase in price level.2.1 Even though there is no uniform and comprehensive wage policy for all sectors of the economy in India. The Central Government has revised the National Floor Level Minimum Wage periodically to Rs. nature of employment and other considerations.1999.e.5 In the State Sphere. In the unorganized sector. In the absence of a Uniform National Minimum Wage. The Act binds the employers to pay to the workers the minimum wages so fixed from time to time.2007. The position in respect of cases of enforcement by CIRM is provided in Table 5. The revision of National Floor Level Minimum Wage is a non-statutory measure. Rs.04.per day in 01. a mechanism exists for determination of wages in the Organized and Unorganized sectors and their enforcement.35/.3 The 28th Indian Labour Conference in 1985 recommended a national basic subsistence level wage 5 below which no wages may be fixed regardless of the nature of work.2 On the recommendation of the 8th Standing Labour Committee.45/. it was fixed at Rs. minimum rates of wages are fixed both by Central and State Governments in the scheduled employments falling within their respective jurisdictions under the provisions of the Minimum Wages Act. The Minimum Wages Bill was passed by the Indian Dominion Legislature and came into force on 15th March 1948.per day in 01. National Floor Level Minimum Wage 5.09. the minimum wages are less than the National Floor Level Minimum Wage of Rs. the Central Government introduced a National Floor Level Minimum Wage. the Minimum Wages Bill was introduced in the Central Legislative Assembly on 11. Variable Dearness Allowance (VDA) linked to Consumer Price Index Number. The range of wages for the unskilled workers as fixed/revised in respect of employments covered under Central and State sphere are at Table 5.08.2002 and Rs. where labour is vulnerable to exploitation due to illiteracy and lack of effective bargaining power. on the basis of the increase in the Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers. 1996 based on the recommendations of the National Commission on Rural Labour.per day.66/. the progress relating to enforcement if the Minimum Wages Act. The Central Government and twenty-six States/UT Governments have adopted VDA as a component of minimum wage. The minimum rates of wages also include Special Allowance i. which is revised twice a year effective from April and October.50/.per day in 01. Initially.12. 1948.02. Minimum Wages Act.1998. the State Industrial Relations Machinery ensures enforcement of the Minimum Wages Act.09. 1948 is being sent regularly to Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation for further transmission to Prime Minister's Office. Enforcement of the Minimum Wages Act.per day with effect from 01. The National Common Minimum Programme.40/per day in 01. 5. Thus. 1948 5. 1948. Rs.1. the State/UT Governments have been requested to revise the minimum wages upwards so as to ensure that in none of the scheduled employments.WAGES Introduction 5. Wages in the organized sector are determined through negotiations and settlements between employer and employees.

to Rs. Subsequently.p. 2007. Wage Boards shall consist of the following: 52 52 Ministry of Labour & Employment . The utility and contribution of such boards in the present context are not beyond question. However. on the basis of figures of the Consumer Expenditure Survey published by National Sample Survey Organization.9 The National Commission on Labour (NCL) has recommended that 'there is no need for any Wage Board.7 The Payment of Wages Act.. With a view to enhance the wage ceiling to Rs. 2005. employers and independent members participate and finalize the recommendations. Government decided not to accept its recommendations regarding constitution of statutory wage boards i. The matter would be discussed further in the Central Advisory Committee on Minimum Wages after its re-constitution in order to arrive at a consensus as mandated in the National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) before finalizing the proposals.O. According to the Act. The Payment of Wages Act. which were discussed in the 40th session of ILC held on 9th & 10th Dec. statutory or otherwise. has enhanced the wage ceiling.000/. The wage ceiling under Payment of Wages Act. constituted various Wage Boards.O.m. Wage Boards for Working Journalists and Non-Journalists Newspaper Employees under the Working Journalists and Non-Journalists Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act. inter alia. 5.10 The Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act. 1936. Sections 9 and 13 C of the Act. in 1982. 1965. 1380 (E) dated 8th August. 1936 5. further. was fixed at Rs. which was passed by both Houses of Parliament. the Payment of Wages (Amendment) Act.2005 as an Act 41 of 2005 by the Ministry of Law & Justice. The Wage Boards are tripartite in character in which representatives of workers. provide for setting up of Wage Boards for fixation and revision of rates of wages in respect of working journalists and non-journalists newspaper / news agency employees respectively.6500/ . for applicability of the Act. 2005. for fixing wage rates for workers in any industry'. 1955 provides for regulation of conditions of service of working journalists and other persons employed in newspaper establishments. when the organised labour sector was at a nascent stage of its development without adequate unionization or with trade unions without adequate bargaining power.3. all other Wage Boards are non-statutory in nature.8 In the 1950s and 60s. WAGE BOARDS FOR NEWSPAPER EMPLOYEES 5. 10.m. the Central Government. 2005 effective from the 9th November 2005. 5. which are statutory Wage Boards. 1577(E) to make the Payment of Wages (Amendment) Act.enforcement of this Act in different States / UTs during 2005-06 is shown in Table 5.p. S. to empower the Central Government to further increase the ceiling in future by way of notification and to enhance the penal provisions etc. the Ministry of Labour & Employment has issued the Notification S.per month vide gazette notification No. 1936 was enacted to regulate payment of wages to workers employed in industries and to ensure a speedy and effective remedy to them against illegal deductions and/or unjustified delay caused in paying wages to them. 1600/.09. ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 WAGE BOARDS 5. has been notified on 06. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (6) of Section 1 of the Act. Government in appreciation of the problems which arise in the arena of wage fixation. Except for the Wage Boards for Journalists and Non-Journalists newspaper and news-agency employees.e.6 The Minimum Wages Act 1948 was last amended in the year 1986 and further amendments are under consideration of the Government.

2007. Narayana Kurup.500/. The maximum bonus including productivity link bonus that can be paid in any accounting year shall not exceed 20% of the salary/ wage of an employee under the section 31 A of the Act. PAYMENT OF BONUS ACT .3.13 The Payment of Bonus Act. will head these Wage Boards.500/. in the year 1995 and made effective from 1st April. Dr. Rs. Justice K.500/. 809 (E) and 810 (E) dated 24.1600/. 5. 5. one of whom shall be a person who is or has been a judge of High Court or the Supreme Court. 1975.500/ Rs.per month in any industry to do any skilled or unskilled. employees drawing salary or wage not exceeding Rs. The Wage Boards for such employees were set up in the years 1956. Their reports were submitted to the Government on 25th July. 1985 and 1994.17 Considering the recommendation made by Second National Commission on Labour in respect ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 53 l 5.05. technical or clerical work for hire or reward are eligibility for payment of Bonus. supervisory. Three persons representing working journalists for Wage Board under Section 9 and three persons representing non-journalists newspaper employees for Wage Board under section 13 C of the Act Four independent persons. now constituted two new Wage Boards one for Working Journalists and other for Non-Journalists Newspaper Employees under Sections 9 and 13 C respectively of the Working Journalists and Non-Journalists Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act. The Wage Boards have been given three years time to submit their reports to the Union Government. managerial. The eligibility limit and calculation ceiling under clause 13 of section 2 and Section 12 of the Act respectively were last revised from Rs. l in relation to Newspaper establishments.3. three persons representing working journalists for Wage Board under Section 9 and three persons representing non-journalist Newspaper Employees under Section 13 C of the Act.per month.e.per month and from Rs. 1993. 5. manual. as a common Chairman who is a former Judge. 2000. 5. The issue was taken up for discussion in the 40th Session of the Indian Labour Conference held in New Delhi in 2005. High Court of Kerala and acting Chief Justice of High Court of Madras. administrative.2500/.O. 1965 provides for payment of bonus to employees of factories and other establishments employing 20 or more persons. 1963. Nos.500/.per month and Rs. The Wage Boards have already started functioning from their Headquarter at New Delhi. 1965 5.3.14 The minimum bonus of 8.16 The second National Commission on Labour (NCL) has recommended that the present system of two wage ceiling for reckoning entitlement and for calculation of bonus should be suitably enhanced to 7. and who shall be appointed by the Government as the Chairman thereof.12 Government has. it has also been decided to have a common full time Member Secretary besides two common independent members and three persons representing employers Ministry of Labour & Employment 53 . The previous Wage Boards i. Manisana Wage Boards were constituted in the year 1994.per month respectively. Government after examining the recommendations of the boards decided to accept them with some minor modifications. 1965 vide notification in the Gazette of India (Extra Ordinary) S.l Three persons representing employers in relation to newspaper establishment.33% is payable by every industry and establishment under the section 10 of the Act.11 The Act does not lay down the periodicity for constituting the Wage Boards. In addition.15 At present.

2007 and Rajya Sabha on 3rd December.18 Accordingly.per month.19 So as to give effect to the changes incorporate. 2007 has been passed by both Houses of Parliament i. it was also decided to bring the employees employed through contractors on building operations within the ambit of the Payment of Bonus Rs. Lok Sabha on 27th November.8 of 2007).2500/. Rs. Further.3.per month and calculation ceiling from Rs.of eligibility / calculation ceiling and further developments. 1965.000/.e.500/. A consensus was arrived at to enhance the eligibility limit from Rs.10.per month and omit clause (vi) of Section 32 to bring employees employed through contractors on building operations within the ambit of the Payment of Bonus Act. 5.000/. 1965 were again discussed in 41st Session of Indian Labour Conference (ILC) held during 2728 April.3. 2007 (No.per month and calculation ceiling from Rs. 54 54 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment .10. 2007 the Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Ordinance.500/. 2007 by replacing the Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Ordinance. the amendments to Payment of Bonus Act. the Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Bill. 2007 has been promulgated raising the eligibility limit from Rs. 5. on 27th October.3500/.2500/.3500/.to Rs. 2007 at New Delhi.

24. 33. 32.00 45.38 70.1 Table 5.00 127.13 75. 5.00 64.44-150. 26.00 72. 34.00 50. 23. 7.00-82.00 54.00 80.00-57.55-72.22 69.44-94.00-95.00 55. 11.00 114.61-97.00 52.00 48.00-189.22-125. 19. 16. 27.06-77.00 94.00 90. 29.00 66.00 91. 2. 17.35-65. 15.00-75. 20.00 66. 30. 4.00 55.41 61. 10. 22.00 85.00 61.00 70.00-124.00-104.00 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 55 Ministry of Labour & Employment 55 .00-103.00 66.40 70. 13 14. 28.00-107.00-128. Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Pondicherry 45.1 RANGE OF MINIMUM WAGES FOR UNSKILLED WORKERS IN DIFFERENT STATES / UNION TERRITORIES S.37-94.77 58.00-70. 25.24 73. 9. 3. 8.Table 5.00-99.00 51. State/Union Territory Central Range of Minimum Wages per day (in rupees) 66-115 States/Union Territories 1. 6. 21.No.57 63.00-155. 31. 12.87-79.00-97. 18.00 50.00 100.13 45. 35.00 91.00-94.

1936 47805 1410 7178 770 140307 13 22 4620 1261 0 18 4616 9 0 0 2208 56 56 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment .1948 Name of the Act No of Inspections done Irregularities Rectified Prosecutions Convictions Launched Obtained Claims filed Payment of Wages Act.Table-5.2 Enforcement of Provisions of Wage Laws by Central Industrial Relations Machinery (CIRM) during 2005-2006 Sl. No 1 i) ii) iii) 2 Mines 3084 Railways 1082 Air 118 Transport Minimum Wages 12392 Act.

ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 57 Ministry of Labour & Employment 57 .

A. 04.4 STATE-WISE STATEMENT SHOWING THE PRESENT POSITION OF THE CONSTITUTION OF STATE LEVEL MONITORING COMMITTEE AND QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MANISANA WAGE BOARD RECOMMENDATIONS (As on 31.2001 23. NR: Not Received.A @@ 30.R 24.04.2002 07.A N. Uttaranchal 09/05 +149 4 145 Yes 28.04. + 143 estts. as the newspaper estt.A: Not Applicable QPR: Quarterly Progress Report @ : The recommendations are not applicable in these States/Uts.2003 13.04.2005) S. Bihar 09/05 7 6 1 19. Kerala 12/04 46 5 6 35 14.A @ 19. Arunachal Pradesh 09/05 6 6 26. @@ 20. N. Madhya Pradesh 09/04 126 35 10 81 15. Orissa 12/04 19 7 5 7 17. are one man estt.09.A 09/05 36 13 1507 28 6 423 162 8 7 922 06.R 09.02.R 12.04. are very small. Maharashtra 12/04 136 114 22 22. Himachal Pradesh 12/03 22 16 6 17.A.2003 06. Assam 09/04 91 6 2 83 03. Tripura 09/04 18 18 Yes 26. Haryana N. 35. Chandigarh 09/05 3 3 31. Uttar Pradesh 03/04 260 67 1 192 20.2003 @@ @ @@ - 1 1 - * 207 estts.2004 10. Karnataka 12/04 103 17 28 58 07. Jammu& Kshmir 12/03 62 62 11. Rajasthan 3/03 *243 5 1 237 04. Manipur N.2003 08.2001 21.R 16. Meghalaya N. A & N Island N.04. 58 58 ANNUAL REPORT 2007-08 Ministry of Labour & Employment .03. Gujarat 09/05 19 16 3 29. 34.2003 29. Goa 09/05 7 6 1 25.08.2003 25. Chhattisgarh 9/03 4 1 3 25. Tamil Nadu 06/05 90 85 1 4 21.2001 14. 32.12. Mizoram N. Jharkhand N. Andhra Pradesh 05/05 37 8 29 0 02. Which have implemented Committee Cell Formed Fully Partially Not 01. of Tripartite Impl estt. @@: There is no newspaper establishment in these States/UTs.2002 17.2002 05.A N. are one man estt. West Bengal N.A @ 24. Sikkim N.No State / U.06.Table 5.05. @@ 18.2002 03.09. 33. Punjab 12/04 10 7 3 22.11. Delhi Daman & Diu D & Nagar Haveli Lakshadweep Pondicherry Total 6/05 N.2001 27.T QPR No. Nagaland N.

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