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PEACE ST 1A03 (2010/11) Lecture 10: State Approaches to Peace and Conflict

PEACE ST 1A03 (2010/11) Lecture 10: State Approaches to Peace and Conflict

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Published by Dr Colin Salter
How are governmental and international non-governmental organizations approaching conflict? Is there a role for economic sanctions, or do they hurt those already suffering? Is there a role for UN Peacekeepers? Is there a place for pragmatism? Are ‘best intentions’ adequate?
How are governmental and international non-governmental organizations approaching conflict? Is there a role for economic sanctions, or do they hurt those already suffering? Is there a role for UN Peacekeepers? Is there a place for pragmatism? Are ‘best intentions’ adequate?

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Published by: Dr Colin Salter on Mar 16, 2011
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05/29/2011

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State approaches

The UN, peacekeeping and NGOs

Lecture 10 Monday March 14 2011 PEACE ST 1A03: Introduction to Peace Studies Dr Colin Salter, Centre for Peace Studies, McMaster University

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Questions
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Is there a role for economic sanctions, or do they hurt those already suffering? Are approaches to UN resolutions and motions consistent? If not, how and why?

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Outline
• • •
The United Nations (UN) The UN Security Council Sanctions

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The United Nations
• • • •
League of Nations UN Security Council Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Veto power

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Let us boldly state that aggression wherever it occurs and however it may be defended, is an international crime, that it is the duty of every peace-loving state to resent it and employ whatever force is necessary to crush it... every well-disposed citizen of every state should be ready to undergo any sacrifice in order to maintain peace.
Robert Cecil (1946)

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The UN Charter
• •
to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small

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The UN Charter
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to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom

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Summary
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Long held ideal Significant achievements

• • •

The power of the veto Inconsistencies? Shortcomings?

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Citations & further reading
United Nations (1945) ‘Preamble’, Charter of the United Nations. http://www.un.org/en/documents/charter/preamble.shtml

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Image sources
Peace flag, original source unknown. Marc Riboud. Jan Rose Kasmir, protest against the Vietnam War outside the Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, Saturday, 21 October, 1967 — http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Rose_Kasmir Elisa Iannacone. As leaders of the G20 nations gathered in Toronto, Canada, protesters took to the streets [caption]. ‘G20 summit protests in Toronto :Your pictures’, BBC News, 27 June 2010 — http:// www.bbc.co.uk/ news/10427404 ‘The U.S. vs. John Lennon’ reproduced from Jürgen Fauth’s Muckworld — http://jurgenfauth.com/2007/02/14/theus-vs-john-lennon/ Emblem of the United Nations — http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Emblem_of_the_United_Nations.svg

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Video sources
The United Nations — It’s your world. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHmXZXsABm0

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