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Chapter01 Oracle Architecture

Chapter01 Oracle Architecture

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Published by Oscar Rivera

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Published by: Oscar Rivera on Mar 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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  • Data Base Buffer Cache
  • Redo Log Buffer
  • The Shared Pool
  • Large Pool
  • 1.1.2 Program Global Area (PGA) Overview
  • Database Writer Process (DBWn)
  • Log Writer Process (LGWR)
  • Checkpoint Process (CKPT)
  • System Monitor Process (SMON)
  • Process Monitor Process (PMON)
  • Recoverer Process (RECO)
  • Job Queue Processes
  • Archiver Processes (ARCn)
  • Lock Manager Server Process (LMS)
  • Queue Monitor Processes (QMNn)
  • 1.2Oracle Instance
  • 1.3Managing an Oracle Instance
  • 1.4.1 Starting up the database
  • Starting an Instance, and Mounting and Opening a Database
  • Starting an Instance Without Mounting a Database
  • Starting an Instance and Mounting a Database
  • Shutting Down with the NORMAL Option
  • Shutting Down with the IMMEDIATE Option
  • Shutting down with Transactional option
  • Shutting down with ABORT Option
  • 1.5Alert Log File
  • 1.6.1 Using ORAPWD: Syntax for ORAPWD
  • 1.6.2 Setting Remote_Login_PasswordFile
  • 1.6.3 Adding Users to Password File:
  • Expanding the number of Password file users:
  • Remove the password file
  • Changing the state of password file:
  • Oracle9i database:
  • Oracle9i Client
  • Oracle9i Management and Integration
  • 1.8Configure OMF
  • 1.9.1 Planning for database creation
  • 1.9.2 Meeting Prerequisites
  • 1.10.1 Determine the global database name
  • 1.10.2 Specify Control Files
  • 1.10.3 Specify database block size
  • 1.10.4 Setting Initialization parameters that affect the size of SGA
  • 1.10.5 Specifying the Maximum Number of Processes
  • 1.10.6 Specifying a method of Undo Space Management
  • 1.10.7 Managing Initialization parameter files using a server parameter file
  • 1.11 Creating a database manually
  • 1.12.1 Advantages of using Oracle Database Configuration Assistant:
  • 1.12.2 Creating a database
  • 1.12.3 Global Database name and Parameters
  • 1.12.4 Completing Database Creation
  • 1.12.5 Deleting a database
  • 1.13Monitor the use of Diagnostic Files

The redo log buffer is a circular buffer in the SGA that holds information about changes
made to the database. This information is stored in redo entries. Redo entries contain the
information necessary to reconstruct, or redo, changes made to the database by INSERT,
UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, ALTER, or DROP operations. Redo entries are used for
database recovery, if necessary.

© Copyright 2006, Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS).


Exploring Oracle Database Administration Oracle Architectural Components and Database Creation

Redo entries are copied by Oracle server processes from the user’s memory space to the
redo log buffer in the SGA. The redo entries take up continuous, sequential space in the
buffer. The background process LGWR writes the redo log buffer to the active online
redo log file (or group of files) on disk.

The initialisation parameter LOG_BUFFER determines the size (in bytes) of the redo log
buffer. In general, larger values reduce log file I/O, particularly if transactions are long or
numerous. The default setting is four times the maximum data block size for the host
operating system.

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