(Department of Pakistan Studies)




Course: Geography of Pakistan Part-II (4656) Level: M.Sc Pakistan Studies Semester: Autumn, 2010 Total Marks: 100 Pass Marks: 40 Q.1 Give an account of the Non-metallic and Metallic minerals of Pakistan (see B. L. C. Johnson book, Chapter-11 & F. K. Khan book, unit no. 15). (20)

Q.2 Discuss Coal Petroleum and Natural Gas resources of Pakistan (see B. L. C. Johnson book: Chapter-11 & F. K. Khan book, unit no. 16). (20)

Q.3 Highlight the significance of Cotton Textile industries in the economy of Pakistan (see F. K. Khan book, unit no. 17 & B. L. C. Johnson book, Chapter-11). (20) Q.4 Critically evaluate Foreign Trade of Pakistan (see F. K. Khan book, unit no. 18 & B. L. C. Johnson book, Chapter-03). Q.5 Write short notes on the following: a) b) Cement and Sugar Industries Cottage and Small-Scale Industries (see B. L. C. Johnson book, Chapter-11& F. K. Khan book, unit no. 17 & 20).

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Chapter-12 & F. 1). B.ASSIGNMENT No. K. Chapter-11 & F. Khan. Highlight the factors which have contributed to population growth in Pakistan (see F. Islamabad.3 Explain population growth and migration in Pakistan. C. L. Oxford University Press Karachi 2. Why Pakistan has a low literacy rate? (see B. C. (20) Q. C. PAKISTAN. Khan. (2006). Chapter-02). Johnson book. Chapter-13 & F. Khan. N. K. rep. Johnson. Khan book.2 Analyze different means of transportation in Pakistan. L. C. 08). unit no. Q.5 Write short notes on the following: a) b) Electricity demands and supply situation in Pakistan Future of Tourism in Pakistan (20) (20) (see B. Prescribed Books: 1. Chapter-1& F. L. (20) Q. C. Khan. K. 2 Q. K.1 Make a geographical appraisal of Pakistan location and geo-political significance in the world (see B. L. 19). 07 & B. Johnson Book. L.B. 16 & 20). L. Khan. Do you think that transportation is crucial to the economy of any country? Discuss (see B. K. F. unit no. unit no. K.2000. Johnson book. PAKISTAN Geography Economy & People.. unit no. unit no. Johnson book.4 Analyze population composition of Pakistan.F. (20) Q. C Johnson (1979). New Edition. 2 .

COURSE OUTLINE GEOGRAPHY OF PAKISTAN (Part–II) COURSE CODE 4656 Course Coordinator Dr. Badshah Sardar 3 .

1. articles of wood. Warsak. Pakistan major plants of hydel power are Tarbela. All these resources are classified into two groups i. wool. The course also includes industry. Mangla. Power resources-I deals with coal and petroleum potentials of Pakistan. embroidery and knitwear are its products. Sports goods. (ii) Lower Sindh and (iii) The Northern Region. thatta. and (iii) Salt Rang in Punjab. Glass. Industry: There are three types of industries in Pakistan. population. pottery. natural gas and nuclear power of the country. solar power. One at Karachi and another at Chashma Mianwali Punjab. Industry-I (general). Fertilizer. brass. settlements and political geography of the country. foreign trade (exports & imports). Hyderabad and Dadu districts in Sindh.. biogas energy and nuclear power. petroleum. gas. They are: (i) Khost. Jute. Industry-II (light) and Industry-III (heavy).e. Famous petroleum refineries are Attock Oil Company. (ii) Small Scale Industries (iii) Large Scale Industries. transport and communications. For easy understanding we have divided the Industry development in Pakistan into three categories i. (ii) Badin. Cement. Cloth. Industry-II among the light or small scale industries of Pakistan are included Cotton industry. Biscuits and Tobacco. iron. Oil products industry.Shahrig and Harnai in Baluchistan. chemicals. Blacksmiths carpenters and potters produce many articles of everyday use. hydro electricity. (i) Power resources-I (coal and petroleum) and (ii) Power resources-II (gas. Pak Refinery Ltd. and National Refiner Ltd. Leather. Petroleum fields like Chanda in Kohat district have recently been explored. Sugar. Power resources-II deals with hydel power. Silk. Power Energy Resources: Power energy resource of Pakistan mean coal. Natural gas has been discovered at several places in Pakistan. Dargai Malakand and Kurumgari. 4656 you will study about the power energy resources of Pakistan. For your convenience every topic of this course is hereby briefly defined and explained. Surgical instruments and Carpets are largely the products of light industries in Pakistan.e. They are: (i) Cottage industries. electricity and nuclear). thermal power. Four areas of the country are known for the coal deposits. Nuclear power plants in the counry are two in number. Following are the details: Industry-I includes mostly cottage industry or small industrial unit in which the owner and his family members work and usually no hired labour is employed. Three major natural gas regions in Pakistan are: (i) East Central Balochistan and Upper Sindh. utensils. INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE In geography of Pakistan Part-II code no. 4 .

America. • To discuss distribution of population and its characteristics. China. Port Qasim and Gwadar are also sub-topics of this unit. • To point out the significance of foreign trade for economy of the country. Japan. Population: In unit no. unemployment. Sri Lanka. • To know population growth and its causes. Trade relations with world countries like Asia. edible oil. You will also study Pakistan friendly relations with other states. village. Transport: In Pakistan there are four major modes of transport. • To analyze govt. Trade: Trade in Pakistan has two types. raw cotton. Settlement covers a wide range of habitations-hamlet. fertilizers. 5 . • To differentiate among cottage. minerals. Problems of population growth like shortage of houses. machinery. Multan. Political Geography: Political geography means a country geographical situation and economic potential in the world. • To explain the problems faced by industries in Pakistan. hides and skins. They are. Sialkot. Major items of foreign trade are. Middle East. Africa. town. UK and Canada are well established. township. Peshawar. The heavy engineering. light and heavy industry of Pakistan. Hong Kang. Hyderabad and Larkana. OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE The course should enable you. manufactured goods. Dry ports working in Pakistan are Lahore. Faisalabad. Import includes petroleum. population growth rate and causes of population growth are included. tea and foods. • To understand Pakistan’s position in the world with reference to her geographical situation. sports goods and cutlery. internal and external or foreign trade. 2. wool.Industry-III heavy or large scale industry is one in which there is no limit to investment made and to the number of workers employed. Heavy Mechanical Complex and Iron and Steel plant are examples of large scale industries in Pakistan. economic potential. (i) Roads (ii) Railways (iii) Water transport or shipping and (iv) Air Transport Seaports like Karachi. • To narrate variety of power resources of Pakistan. Karachi Shipyard and Engineering work. Efforts for development of industries. city metropolis and megalopolis. rugs.8 population structure. Rawalpindi. • To highlight importance of energy sources for economy of the country. chrome. Quetta. petroleum products. • To enumerate energy sources of Pakistan. early marriages and deficiency in food supply are also highlighted. • To understand various modes of transport and communication. cotton fabrics. Pakistan’s position in South Asia is of unique character. varied physiography and climate. In this unit you will study Pakistan geographical situation. Europe. Machine Tool Factory.

consisting of nine units. L. Step-1: Go through outline of the course. The Department of Pakistan Studies has recommended a book for this course entitled “Geography of Pakistan”. You are required to study related topics and themes in the books recommended by the Department. 5.3. COURSE OUTLINE Unit-1: Unit-2: Unit-3: Unit-4: Unit-5: Unit-6: Unit-7: Unit-8: Unit-9: Power Resources-I (Coal and Petroleum) Power Resources-II (Gas. Electricity and Nuclear) Industry-I (General) Industry-II (Light) Industry-III (Heavy) Transport Trade Population and Settlements Political Geography 4. So. 3. They provide opportunities to the students of mutual discussion/interaction with one another and also to the tutor concerned. rather these are meant for group and individual discussion. It will give you an overview of the 6 . The first tutorial meeting is almost introductory. Hence length of the units is unequal. Johnson. For this course. i) Introduction ii) Objectives iii) Course outline iv) Structure of the course v) Assessment vi) Recommended books vii) Suggested readings Step-2: Read carefully your course introduction and go through it again and again to have a better understanding of the course contents. A unit is a study of 12-16 hours or course work for two weeks. Unit No. ‘Fortnightly Tutorials’ are arranged in University’s Regional Study Centres. 4. which is being mailed to you in this package. before going to attend a tutorial prepare yourself to discuss course material with your class fellows and the tutor. 5. C. which includes. These tutorials are not formal lectures given in formal universities. by B. 2. HOW TO ATTEND A TUTORIAL Before attending a tutorial you are required to prepare yourself in the following manner to get a maximum benefit of it. 1 deals with Power resources of Pakistan. for which you are required to adopt the following steps. STRUCTURE OF THE COURSE 1. Since the course work of one unit will include studying suggested reading materials and recommended books. Geography of Pakistan Part-II is a three credit hours course. It is upon you to arrange a time table for your study to complete the work within the allocated time.

if you do not receive such information. please contact your Regional Office.59% B 60% -. Workshops: 7 • • • • . you have to obtain a minimum of 40% marks. Note: Two tutorials 2nd and 6th are mandatory for the students during the semester (see tutorial scheduled). In tutorials 2-9 you will be able to complete your course work containing 09 study units. assignments and final examination. Your tutor will return your assignments after marking and providing academic guidance and supervision. • Final Examination (three-hours written examination will take place at the end of the semester). The grade will be determined as following: D 40% -. This is a compulsory course work and its successful completion will make you eligible to take final examinational at the end of the semester. Note: The students are informed about the names of tutors and study centers in the beginning of the semester. ASSISMENT For each course the registered student will be assessed as follow: • Assignments (continuous assessment). you are provided with support. Make notes of those points which you could not fully understand or wish to discuss with your course tutor. iii) An aggregate of 40% of both the components i.69% A 70% -.49% C 50% -. so that you can discuss your academic problems in tutorial meetings. See details as give below. which you are required to complete at your own home or place of work after having studied different parts of the suggested reading material within the scheduled period of study. University has arranged these tutorials in a way that you will get an opportunity to discuss one unit in one tutorial. a set of these assignments is being sent to you in this mailing package. We expect you to complete your assignments within the scheduled period. • For this course you will receive 02 assignments. To complete your work successfully. To qualify each assignment.79% A+ 80% & above Assignments: • Assignments are those written exercises. 6.e. After completing the assignment you will send it to the tutor..whole structure. (See the assignments scheduled). iv) To take final examination the student has to pass the assignment component. whose name is notified to you for assessment and necessary guidance. The conditions to qualify each component are given below: i) A minimum of 40% in each assignment ii) A minimum of 40% of the final examination.

F. Ltd Lahore. 2. London. rep. xiii. Bangladesh. H. Cyclone (Sri Lanka). National Book Service. H. & Learmonth. II. India and Pakistan: a general and regional geography with a chapter on Ceylon. K. Stamp. Geopolitics. Spate. Political Geography and Pakistan.C (1981). iii. A student is not declared pass until he/she has attended the workshop satisfactorily. vii. M. U. Pakistan–A Developing Economy. Azam. (1992). Kurehy.A. Kurehy.P. S. x. Akhtar. Spate.D. K. Lahore. Johnson B. Islamabad 2. iv.H.W. O. Applied Geography. Department of Geography. Govt. Khan.H.G. London. Islamabad Statistics Division. 8 . Johnson. NBP. xi. (2006). (1984). PAKISTAN. xii. People and Economy. Khan. ix. (2003).G. K. Pakistan: An Economic Geography. Career Book Publishers. 1998 Census Report of Pakistan.T. Srilanka and Nepal. U. Oxford University Press Karachi. (1972). A Geography of Pakistan. East. of Pakistan. I. Vanguard Publications. L. India & Pakistan Land. B. (1957). (2000). United Publishers Lahore. W. Geography of Pakistan. K. & Spate. C. South Asia: Selective Studies of the Essential of India. The Changing Map of Asia.K. Nazir Ahmad Khalid. Islamabad. (1961). Suggested Readings: i. Urban and Regional Planning University of Peshawar.F. xv. Methuen & Co Ltd London. University of London Press. Pakistan Geography. new edition. O. N. Methuen & Co Ltd London. 2nd edition. Israr-Ud-Din (1998). Economy & People. • The duration of the workshop for half credit course is 03 days only. Vol. E. Studies in Pakistan Geography. A. Recommended books: 1. Methuen & Co Ltd London. vi. (1967).H. Lahore. Karachi • It is compulsory to attend the workshop. Methuen & Co Ltd London. Monsoon Asia. Pakistan. The Underdevelopment and Agrarian Structure in Pakistan. viii. India. Pakistan. 2001. Dobby. (1962). Sir Sayyad Academy Karachi. (1986).L. Oxford University Press Karachi. ii. Peshawar 4.• The workshop of post-graduate course will be held at the end of each semester at following Regional Campuses: 1. Lahore 3. L. (1978). (1981). (1957).M. O. Fazle Karim Khan. Progressive Publications Lahore. v. A Geography of Pakistan. xiv. K.

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