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Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/CUVÂNT INAINTE
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Page 1 of 1
CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE
Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.
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Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.
LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:
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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.
I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ
3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?
Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?
worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak
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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.
1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.
1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.
1. Traduceti in limba engleza:
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C. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. incepând din) si for (de. 9. this year. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. I haven’t seen John for two months. arata o actiune trecuta. 14. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. 22. dintr-un motiv sau altul.. 8. ora 2 p. I have seen two films this week. 19. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta.) I haven’t seen John since September. just. 13. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . ever. never. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie.. 11. In acest caz. I must buy a new one. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. I lost my umbrella yesterday. http://quintet. I must buy a new one. 7. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. 15. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent.. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today. already. always. Ex. Ex. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica.) l arata o actiune trecuta. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. 4. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when".) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. I didn’t get up early this morning. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. 17. 10. intereseaza in prezent. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. se foloseste Past Simple. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata.m. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata.) I have known John since 1990. 21. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. this week. 6. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. care are rezultate in prezent sau care. Ex. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. this month. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. timp de).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA.m. I haven’t got up early this morning.. 3. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. Page 8 of 18 1.actrus. 20. 12. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often.actrus. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. Ex. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. De asemenea. seldom. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella .) I have known John for two years. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. terminata.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. In acest caz. 18. ora 10 a. 16. 2. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia. 5. Ex.
Yes. Would you like a cake? No. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 10. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. He (not come) home yet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. vom avea inundatii. 9. 20.actrus.) Dupa cum se poate observa. 22. I am not out of work now. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. Ex. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. I (get) a job last month. It’s time we woke him up. 4. 19. 11. 3. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. 7.. 14. When you (use) it last? 2. He hasn’t returned home yet. in functie de context. fie cu perfectul compus. 5. 8. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 15. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. 1. I haven’t. You (see) your mother this week? No. I’m tired of it. yet (in propozitii negative). cu accent pe durata. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. 6.) De asemene. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. 12. 16. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. 1. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. Page 10 of 18 Ex. Ex. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua. 8. He has not (hasn’t) been working. 13. The radio (play) since 7 a. she (try) to make trouble. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. You (be) out of work long? 5. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp.m. I (lend) him some money today. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 7. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. intre un moment trecut si prezent.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. thank you.. I (not be) to the seaside this year. 7..html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I have often been to England. Ex.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. We (know) each other for several years. If it doesn’t stop soon. 11. 3. 4. 9. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. 12/15/04 http://quintet. care continua in prezent. 8. I am tired because I have been working all day. (Ploua de trei ore. 17. I have never been to England. 2. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul. 10. You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. You must come and see it. I already (see) this film. 12. I (buy) a new house.) I haven’t seen him lately. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 6. He (sleep) for 10 hours now.html 6 of 42 . Daca nu se opreste in curând. I just (have) one. It (not rain) since December. 18. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. 6. we shall have floods. 3. 5. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No.actrus. I (lose) my pen. It has been raining for three hours. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. 2.. sa continue si in viitor. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. You (not see) it anywhere? No. 21.
. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . 1. 9. they drank some coffee. 4. am petrecut o luna aici. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. http://quintet. Page 12 of 18 9. 12. (Când el a intrat in camera. After they (finish) dinner. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. Afirmativ I had worked.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. un verb de relatie. s-a plictisit. 13. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da. 10. 11. ca si Present Perfect. I had finished writing my homework. 15. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. she had been typing for one hour. 2. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. El este ministru de doi ani.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC..) When you rang me up. She said she already (be) to England. 5.actrus. (Când mi-ai telefonat. Este. 22. 24. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". D. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. Ex. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. 20. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. Ex. Ninge de doua ore. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. l-am luat la ora 8. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. 23. 14. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. a plecat acum o ora. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. 11. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara.) He said it had been raining for three days. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. dar. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3.actrus. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. 19. Un copil a spart geamul. 17. 6. 10. 2.) Ca sens. 25. he got bored. 7. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. 21. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. De când mi-am cumparat masina. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. De asemenea. in acest caz. When he entered the room. 18. ea batea la masina de o ora. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident.) Dupa cum se observa. acum doi ani. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile.. 16. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. 8. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da.. terminasem de scris temele. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. Afirmativ I had been working.
El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. When she sat for the exam. When I arrived home. se foloseste numai „shall". 10. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. E. 9. 3. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. After John (listen to) the news bulletin.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). she (write) letters for one hour. When she decided to have a rest. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years.. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. 8. she (study) the subject for a week. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. They will be going. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz.actrus. 5. 6. 10. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. 4. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. You will be going. 8. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. 1. 7. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. will la persoana II si III..html 8 of 42 . I realized she (have) a party. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. 4. 9. 7. 5. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. At 3 o’clock on Friday. When we met them. Negativ I (shall) will not be going.. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. When I rang her up. I (shall) will meet him next week. After John (leave). She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. 4. I (return) from school. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. 6. When I (find out) he (get married). 1. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. Page 14 of 18 3. 3. When we arrived at Sinaia. 10. 2.. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. 10. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. 5. 6. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. it (rain) for one hour. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. http://quintet. You will not be going. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. Ex. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. 9. 7. he (go) downstairs to have dinner.actrus. 8. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". De indata ce au plecat musafirii. she felt chilly. We (shall) will not be going.html 12/15/04 1. 2. He/she/it will not be going. He/she/it will be going. When I called on her unexpectedly. 6. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. we (realize) we (lose) our way. 3. a inmânat-o profesorului. 12/15/04 http://quintet. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. When we reached the top. mother (cook) for two hours. we (climb) for 7 hours. When I left home. 7. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. After we (walked) for an hour. 9. We (shall) will be going. am mers la culcare. 2. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. 8. You will be going. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. 5.
Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. Ex. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). They will have gone. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He said that at 3 o’clock. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. By three o’clock tomorrow. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone. Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC..) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. I will have reached Predeal. He/she/it will have gone.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 . You will not have gone. I should (would) be going. Ex. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. They will not have gone.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. When you come home. Ex. (El a spus ca va intârzia.. We (shall) will not have gone. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.. (have + forma III). You will have gone. va calatori spre Anglia.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.actrus. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. la ora 3. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. I (shall) will have been going. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. He/she/it will not have gone. At three o’clock. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be".actrus. he would be travelling to England. Ex. the next day.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". Este un timp rar folosit. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. I will be travelling to England.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). I will have been studying for three hours. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. You will have gone. We (shall) will have gone. They will not be going. He said he would be late. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. You will not have gone. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. Ex.. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. Când vei veni tu acasa.
8. I (pay off) all my debts. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. By the beginning of next week. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. Ex. When I take the exam. the baby (cry). the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. 2.. Vineri. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 7. 9. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. 6. http://quintet. By the end of the month. 2. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. 7. I am sure I (succeed). You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori.) It is going to rain. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. She (watch) TV. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. I leave for London tomorrow. 6. they (be married) for 25 years. 12. 5. 9. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat.) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. intre orele 12 si 1. 3. 8. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. This time next month. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. it probably (rain). 5. Ex. 9. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. Let’s hurry to the beach. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. I am meeting John this morning. I (swim) in the sea. 2. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. Unde il vei pune? Ex. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat.actrus. Next year. I (cook) for two hours. 7.. When you reach Sinaia. By the end of the season. 10. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. I (have) breakfast. 4. 3. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. Don’t expect me home for dinner. 3. 6. 9.html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. 2. Pâna la ora 1. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. He (be) pleased if you invite him. mâine. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. 10. arata un program precis. He (study) all day tomorrow. I am going to read this book.m. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 3. 8. In a week’s time.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. If we don’t hurry. 4. 5. 5. 4. This time next day. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. 6. bine stabilit. You (be) in London tomorrow. I (work) on this paper for a month.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. 11. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth.. 10. Intr-un astfel de context.. 4. 1. I (know) the results in three days’ time.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. we (take) our exam. By the time you come home. I (work) at the office till late at night. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. By 5 o’clock. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. Arata o intentie. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. we (climb) the mountain. I am sure you (like) this book. 3. 4. 7.actrus.
o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. ci in fraze. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa.) She promised her mother she would help her.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani.actrus.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala. 3. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. Ex.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) He said he would buy a car if he had money. desigur. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. Past Perfect Simple. Present Perfect Simple.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. nu in propozitii. Ex. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple.) He said he was going to school. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. (El a spus ca este bolnav. când propozitia secundara este atributiva. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala.actrus. de exemplu. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi.html 11 of 42 . (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. Ex. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2. 2. Se poate intâlni. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). un timp „past" Past Tense Simple.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Propozitia principala 1. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat. He said he would come to see me when he had time. Past Tense Continuous. Ex. Ex. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara.) I will have finished studying when you come home. Present Tense Continuous.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC.) b.) 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. (El a spus ca merge la scola. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala.
respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. 20. I shall have typed all the letters. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. 2. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. 4. 3. 1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). I was sue the performance (be cancelled). He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 5. 3. He told me he never (see) the sea. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. After I (hear) the news. 13. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. After you (drink) a coffee. 10. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 11. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. 9. precum si exceptiile: 1. the concert already (begin). It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced.actrus. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. He believed the strike (end) very soon. 14. 10. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 4. 4. I was not sure if you (speak) English. When I arrived. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. 6. 2. 12/15/04 http://quintet. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language.html 12 of 42 . we supposed prices (go up). When their first baby (be born). 9. cu timpul. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 9. 7. 17. 7. 4. 1. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. As wages had gone up. 5. 10. 6. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. 10. As soon as the holidays (begin). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 2. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. When we (go) to see them last night. 6. too. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. 6. When I (finish) the book. We all believed he (win) the competition. 7. After she (learn) to type. 7. 4. 2. 19. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). I will do it when I (want) to. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. He promised he (drive) me home. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). 12. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. They didn’t know that I (play) football. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. 8. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). 8.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. 5. 5. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. When it started to rain. Pentru moment insa.actrus. he will drive to Sinaia.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". 8. I will lend it to you. 6. 7. When I heard the main actor was ill. 6. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. 5. I believed you (be) at the seaside. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 5. 2. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). In 1998. 16. 7. 2. not before. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). I congratulated him. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. 3. 8. I (not decide) yet. you will feel better. sa ajunga regula. 3. they were listening to music. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. 8. they will have been married for five years. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. 4. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. Looking out of the window. 15. 18. she will take a job as a secretary. 8. this beach will become very crowded. By the time you (finish) translating the text. She told me his name after he (leave). It was clear they (talk) business again. When he finally reached London. He just (leave) home when he came across John. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. 5. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. After he (repair) the car. 6. 9. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). I understood you (be) a painter. Page 4 of 5 1. 9. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards.
3.actrus. He was very upset because I (be) late. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. 5. ai merge. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii.. You will never know how much I (suffer). we (drink) coffee and brandy. 2. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. After we have finished dinner. 12. 6. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. he decided he (change) his job. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. 15. 19. 20. 16. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. 7. 17. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. 8. 7. 4. 11. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni.. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. 12. After having visited Italy. 13. When I finally arrived home. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. 10. A week ago. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. wouldn’t.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. 14. ar merge etc. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. 18. 9.).actrus. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. 11.
Ex. had. If I see him. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. would you visit me? 3.. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele.actrus. dar improbabila. If she finds out what has happened.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. she (be) very angry. 2. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. 10. providing. 6. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine.). suppose. If I (move) to the country-side. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna. should). (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. 9. we shall have floods.actrus. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I (greet) him. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. cu exceptia verbului „to be". Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect.) I will stay at home if it rains. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. noi am fi amendati.. you (not pass) the exam..) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. 5. 7. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Ex. If I like the dress. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. ar fi mers etc. 2. you (not find) me at home. If I (know) his phone-number. In acest caz. ai fi mers. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. De asemenea. in case. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . 1. I would ring him up. Unless you come at 6. supposing. este posibila omiterea lui if. If the police should find out the truth. you (be) late. tell her I am out. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 4. I (buy) it. 3. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet. In caz ca telefoneaza. If you don’t hurry. If it (go on) raining. you will have to look after it. we would be fined. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. What shall we do. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. in loc de Present Simple. Ex.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). If you (take) a dog. were..) I would stay at home if it rained. daca sar intâmpla ca. If she should ring up. If I tell you something.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1.
I (not do) this. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Daca ar ploua. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 8. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. 3. 5. I would go home immediately.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . mi-ar fi fost frig. 10. If he had written a letter to me. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. 1. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. 8. 7. 8. 10. If I (not tell) him. 9. 5. 10. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 6. If I (be) you. 2.. 7. 4. 4. 6. 4. 3. he (get) a bar of chocolate. strazile vor fi ude. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. 9. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. 12. 5. I would have succeeded. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. 2. Dacaar fi plouat.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Page 5 of 5 4. If I (see) him. If you had known English. He (tell) you if you had asked him. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 9. It (be) better if you had waited. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. you (not get) into trouble. 11. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. voi mânca la un restaurant.actrus. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. I would be nervous. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. If I (work) harder. Had I been at home. 6. I (answer) it. If he (realize) it was so late. If I won the lottery. 6. 10. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna.actrus. he would have gone home.. Daca va ploua. Were I in your place. 8. I (buy) a car. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. strazile ar fi ude.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 7.. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. If I (know) you had no driving licence. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. 1. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 5. 5. Had I learned English grammar. 3. you wouldn’t have an accident. 3. 9. I would speak to him. 6. he (not make) so many mistakes. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. If you had taken my advice. 7. he would never have known. 2. 10. 8. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. If he were more careful. 4. Should he have a headache. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. I (answer) your question if I can. If you (drive) more carefully. If the child is good. I (answer) the phone. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. he (take) a pill. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. 7. 2. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. strazile ar fi fost ude..CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 1. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo.
Ex. Se schimba pronumele. He said he had been working hard.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4.. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. I would stay at home. should. 1. – He said „I am ill". He said he was ill. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. ought to. He said she had given him a book.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. He said he had been ill. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 2. He said if itrained he would stay at home. He said if it rained he would stay at home.. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. could. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. "If it had rained.actrus. 1.actrus. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained.html 12/15/04 http://quintet." 1. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day.. à He said he would be at home on that day. Ex. He said „I will do the exercise". trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. He said: „She gave me a book"." Ex.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . He said: „I’ll be at home today". I will stay at home. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex. He said he would do the exercise.. in functie de sens. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. He said „I was ill". 3. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. Verbele modale would. I would have stayed at home. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late.
Ex.. 4. I will buy a car next year. 3.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. 6. I will go shopping right now. Ex.. ordered) me to come in. John left for Sinaia two days ago. 9. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. 12.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet. I am very busy today. 9. 4.actrus. Where have you been? I’ve been away. 8. 10. ceea ce este o greseala. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. 2. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. I would have answered the phone. Ex. 11. If I have enough money. He asked me if I liked music. 2. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. If I had been at home. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. 4. 6.. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. He asked me where I had been.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 2. 7. 10. 2. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. 7. 9. 3. 1. 5. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. on holiday.. 7. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ.actrus. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. 2. 5. à He told me to go out. 1. Will you help me. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. The weather was fine yesterday. 1. please? 4. à He said (that) he was ill. 6. 3. Ex. please! Read the text. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. 2. 3. 8. 4. I went to England two years ago. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. 10. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. He said: „I am ill". 1. He said „Go out". 11. 12. I saw this film a week ago. 3. Incorect: He asked me what was the time.
iar complementul indirect este him. Ex. While I am in hospital. I had been asked.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. my flat was being painted. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. de la sfârsitul propozitiei. In this office punctuality is insisted on. se omite formularea by. Unde complementul direct este a book. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). Activ: She looked after the child. They will finish the work today. While I was in hospital. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. Ex. care. I will be asked. complementul prepozitional. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. 10. Ex. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct.actrus.. I will invite my friend to a party. in unele cazuri. 6. 12/15/04 http://quintet. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. Activ: I gave him a book. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. 5. Desigur. In limba româna.html 18 of 42 . Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. 2. de asemenea. complementul indirect si. my flat is being painted. In multe cazuri.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.actrus. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. A specialist will repair my TV set. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. I have been asked. In limba engleza. 7. In aceste situatii.. 4. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. 9. I am asked.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Someone has found the missing child. Ex. He has found your bag. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. 8. Ex. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. I was asked. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. 3.
9. when I passed by. 5. People play football all over the world. The teacher asked me a difficult question. 2. 2. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. We called for the doctor. 10. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. 9. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. 9. 2. 7. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. 3. 9. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him. They didn’t look after the children properly. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. He hasn’t slept in his bed. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. 8. We laughed at John. 2.actrus. Burglars broke into the house. 7. 6. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 7. 9. 5. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 4. They will give me a reward. 2. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. 5. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. He hates being made fun of. 7. 15.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I have lent John two of my books. 10.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . 4. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. http://quintet. 7.actrus. 8. This house has been built out of stone and cement. The policeman will show us the way. They are building a new house round the corner. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. 10. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. I was recommended a very good doctor. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. 6. 11. 4. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. 4. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. 3. 6. 8. 5. 6. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 10. 9. We objected to his proposal. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. 12. 10. They have given me a nice present. A reception was held in his honour. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. They set fire to the shed. 6. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 3. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. 2. 14. These books mustn’t be taken away.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 8. 4. This book will soon be forgotten. 6. The noise frightened me. English is spoken all over the world. I teach them English. The pupils will be told where to sit.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 3. 3. 7. 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 8. 5. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. 8. 13.
pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. I can do this. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. Se folosesc inlocuitori.actrus. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. Ex. Ex. are sensul de a putea. Ex. He may/might be at home now. Ex.). I can swim. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. Ex. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. Can is a model verb. will. Ring up John. He can speak English. would.actrus. ought to. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. s-ar putea sa ploua. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. Telefoneaza-I lui John.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine. prezent.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 2. need. shall. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". Ex. can I take your car? Tata. In vorbirea familiara. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. to be permitted to. http://quintet. Father. Ex. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 .) I can speak English. a fi in stare Ex. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea.) l 3. Se traduce cu a sti sa. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. (Da. Ex. Soarele nu a apus inca. 2. can’t Ex. a avea permisiunea Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. may. Can 1. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. Take your umbrella. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. It may/might rain. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. Can = infinitiv. Ex. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. May 1. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. prezent Negativ: cannot. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. are sensul de a putea. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. l Nu au toate timpurile. (Stiu sa inot. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. He cannot (can’t) speak English.) Cu acest sens. I can make this traslation. El e in strainatate. must. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. He said I might smoke in that room. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can.) Negativ: may not. Ex. nu e posibil sa. He could have been here in time. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta).) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. poti. might. (Pot sa fac aceasta.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. Ia-ti umbrela. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. should. you may. Ex. The sun hasn’t set yet. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. Ex. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. He is abroad. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". could.
Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. there is a speed limit here. 1. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . prezent Nu are alte timpuri. ar fi bine sa.actrus. We didn’t need to do this exercise. You needn’t drive so fast. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. It must have been late. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. poate indica. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. solicitarea unui sfat. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. l Need: verb modal. you must! (Da. I must go home. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. You needn’t have watered the flowers. you needn’t. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. ar fi cazul sa. aici e limita de viteza. Nu. Probabil ca era târziu. John must be at home now. Negativ: must not. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. De asemenea. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. de asemenea. o recomandare. we have enough time. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. He doesn’t need this book. shall indica viitorul. 3. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. A trebui Ex. Ex. Ex. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. Ex. Hai sa-l vizitam. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. Ex. Ex. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. o obligatie morala. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. Ex. It’s got late. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. avem destul timp. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. notional.actrus. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. Ex. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Cu acest sens. Probabil ca e târziu. You mustn’t drive so fast. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. nu e nevoie. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. Hai sa mergem acasa. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. se foloseste verbul must. Ex. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". Let’s go home. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. Should. Ex. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. o oferta sau o sugestie. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. May/might pot exprima un repros. It must be late. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. Folosit cu persoana I. S-a facut târziu. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. interogativ. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. dar a fost facuta. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. 2. Let’s call on him. You may/might help me when I am in need. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". se adauga infinitivul trecut. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Ex. Trebuie sa plec acasa. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede.
You may not speak to your mother like that.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. You might write to me more often. You may leave earlier. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. Ex. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. l Actiune repetata: . 15. 6. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. 9. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. This radio won’t work. my mother used to read me fairy tales. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. 4. 20. 14. 5. 8. Nota: In afara de „would". Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. 13. 6. He ought to tell me the truth. You might change your mind about that. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. 16. Would l Formula de politete. 12. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. my mother would read me fairy tales. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. 3. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. 10. You may not smoke in this room.html 22 of 42 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . She will be her sister. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. Ex. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. 11. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. 17. 18. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. 15. 2. 7. John could be a winner. 20. 19. 11. I must look up the words in the dictionary. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. It can’t be too late. 14. O fi sora ei. John must be ill. shall poate arata o promisiune. He must be delayed at the office.actrus. 19. 8. 16. 13. there is plenty in the fridge. When I was a child. I must go soon. 10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 18. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. 17. Will. acolo unde este necesar: 1. She can lend you that book. 12. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum. You might pay more attention to your work. 1. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. This girl looks very much like Jane. It might rain. He may be at home. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. He can swim very well. 4. 5. 7. 2. He needn’t buy milk. She can play the piano very well.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. Când eram copil. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. I must learn English.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. You needn’t do this. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. He should go to school everyday. This child may have another cake. 9. care are numai forma de trecut. I cannot translate ten pages a day. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. 3. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to".
It may/might snow in the mountains. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. I’ll give you as much as you want. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. I …read one book a day. 9. …you tell me the truth.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. He probably thinks I am wrong. 10. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. 1. 9. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. 3. 2. Page 8 of 10 1. You …not expect everybody to obey you. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. 9. 10. 5.actrus. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. holidays will be very different. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. but I doubt it. He … even drive on its surface. You have probably forgotten his address. 2. Man …travel through space now. they are addictive. 7. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. He …reach the Moon and walk there. 1. 6. I …wear my hair long. 4. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. Don’t wait. 6. He is probably older than he looks. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. 2.actrus. 3. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. I don’t believe it is his fault. it will soon start raining. You can’t be right. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. You … take sleeping pills too often. 8. I don’t believe it was his fault. 2. He must speak English well. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. You probably forgot to lock the door. 7. You … take an umbrella. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. 5. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. She is probably a very good doctor.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. You …not go to bed so late at night. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 10. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. It is possible for her to be very late. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. 3. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. You … worry about money. 5. 7. 9. 10. 10. 2. 2. You…water the flowers. It is possible that I come home early. He …read for hours on end. 8. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. 2. 8. 7. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. 5. 4. 8. 6. I don’t believe you were right. perhaps it is a good one. 3. 7. I don’t believe she has got so fat.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 9. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. You must have forgotten to lock the door. You can’t have been right. People … speak during the concert. 1. 9. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. 8. Take your umbrella. 4. for once? 6.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. 1. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. I have bought his latest book. 4. I think she was angry with you. 1. 4. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. He probably came home very early. He was probably late. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. I don’t think this is a true story. The sky is clear. 6. I don’t think the weather will change. 5. 6. 5. 4. When I was a teenager. 3. 3. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. 1. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. 5. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. perhaps it will rain. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young.
please? This letter is full of mistakes. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 13. Page 10 of 10 10. which was very convenient. 15. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. he will never read them all. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. I didn’t hear the phone. The student …(write) such a long composition. 6. This …be John’s house. I promise you not …be disturbed. 23.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. It …(rain) here. You …(wait) for me. 21.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He …(be) at home. 2. but I forgot it was Sunday.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. You …do this whether you like it or not.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . He has one of his own. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. 3. This door … not unlock. 4. 2. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi.actrus. 10. We …(wait) too long. 9. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu. I …(leave) it on the bus. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. I am sorry you wasted your time. he is a very poor swimmer. 5. Vreti. 5. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. 9. 10. 25. 12. John …(do) such a thing. 30. 20. you …re-type it. You …(buy) so much bread. 29. I haven’t got my bag with me. He …(swim) across the Danube. 9. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. 22." 1. I locked the door and took the key with me. 28. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. 24. … you correct my exercise. 5. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. 19. Go to sleep. I …(get up) so early today. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. 4. You …(see) Anna yesterday." "His family consider he should. Va trebui sa plec curând. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 7. She …write an article for this magazine every week. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. Completati spatiile goale cu must. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. I …(see) him for that. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. he is a nice boy. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. 18. 8. 3. 8. 6. You…(lend) him your text – book. 11. It’ll get stale. The light was on in his room. 27. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. 8. 10. You …(lend) him so many books. 5. he was back soon. 1. 16. 12. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. I …(answer) the questions. 26. va rog. 4. I wrote him a letter. 3. you…get a nice present. the road is dry. but he himself believes he needn’t. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. 7. 6. 10. 14. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. If you win the contest. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. 2. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar." "Yes. 8. 7. I …(be) in the garden. Traduceti in limba engleza. She is away. am baut deja doua astazi. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. Nu stiu sa crosetez. which would have saved me a lot of work. 9.actrus. o incuiasem chiar eu. 4. 17. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. The child … (leave) home. http://quintet.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. 11.
would + infinitiv. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. I wish I had been born in England. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex.actrus. d. Fie ce-o fi. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. Apare in propozitii exclamative. it is desirable that. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Ex. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. o urare.. I wish it would stop raining. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. to insist.actrus. Ex. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. It is time the child went to bed. Ex. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. I wish (mi-as dori. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. It is impossible that he do this. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. It is high time you began to study seriously... 1. De asemenea. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. to order Ex. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. Ex. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. in situatii in care. Somebody bring me a glass of water. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense.html 25 of 42 . may. to urge. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. might. it is likely that. apare ca were la toate persoanele. d)It is time. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. to recommend. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. You speak English as if you had lived in England.) Ex. se foloseste would. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. It is necessary that you be present. I wish I were in England now. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. o dorinta sau un blestem. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. a.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Everybody leave the hall. (Era de mult timpul. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. a. to demand.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. El apare cu forme de infinitiv.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (E timpul. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. exprimând o lozinca. in engleza contemporana. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose.. You speak English as if you were an Englishman.) It is high time. 1. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. it is necessary that. to suggest. Ex. Ex. Come what may. Long live the king! Traiasca regele.
I hope that he may pass the exam. I would sooner stay at home tonight. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. No matter who you may/might be. iar in aceste cazuri. 1. fie in vorbirea direca. In exemplul de mai sus. to demand. Ex.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . you have no right to do this. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit.. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. in secundara se foloseste might. Page 4 of 8 Ex. to insist. I will ring you up. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial.actrus. It was possible that he might be here in time. Ex. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. to be afraid Ex. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. a.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. no matter when. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. it was possible Ex. it is necessary that. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. It is possible that he may be here in time. It is impossible that he should do this. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul.. l Dupa it is possible. l Ex. Oriunde as fi. fie in vorbirea indirecta. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. l Ex. where. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. why. l Dupa whoever. Ex. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. you have no right to do this. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. Wherever I may/might be. iti voi telefona. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. may. It is impossible that he should have done this. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. whichever. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. to urge. Dupa cum se observa. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense.when. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. Whoever you may/might be. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. l Dupa to hope.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv.. wherever. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet. Oricine ai fi. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. It is necessary that you should be present. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. Ex. etc. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. however. whenever. l Dupa so that. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. to recommend. to suggest. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. Ex. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. Hurry up lest you miss the train.actrus. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. in secundara se foloseste may. Intrebari introduse prin how. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv.. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). Ex.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. in order that De asemenea.
5. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. 14. As prefera sa merg la teatru.actrus. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. Page 6 of 8 Ex. 9. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. 10. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 4. 2. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. I would rather you (close) that window.. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. I was sorry you had got a fine. 19. 5. 10. 3. 6. 3. I regret I have no children. 4. 10. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 6. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. 4. 13. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. 17. 9. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. 3. You behave as if you (own) the place. I regret you didn’t win the competition. I am sorry you had an accident. I wish I could speak English. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. 10. 10. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. 7. 15. I wish the weather were fine. I was sorry you were out when I called.. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. 4. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. 8. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. 5. I am sorry my friend is ill. 3. I am sorry he will not take my advice. 1. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. 6. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza.actrus. 11. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 1. I wish he would take my advice. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. 7. 9. I regret I am not a student. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. I am sorry it rains so often. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 2. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. 12/15/04 1. 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment.html 27 of 42 . I regret I have only one child. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. 11. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. 1. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. 5. 6. 5. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 8. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. 2. 8. It’s time we (go) home. I am sorry books are so expensive. 9. 6. I am sorry I was late for the party. 16. 8. I am sorry you live so far away. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. 7. 2. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. 7. 9. 1. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme.. 12. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking.. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. 20. 8. I wish I might borrow your car. 18. 3. 4. 7.
Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. 2. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 15. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. Oricât te-ai stradui. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. 17. 3. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. I have such a boring job. 5. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). 13. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. 19. 14. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. 2.html 28 of 42 . 9. Oricare ar fi motivul. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. 5. 6. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. 4. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. 4. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. 14. 13. 6. 5. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 20. 7. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul.actrus. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. 8. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 8. 11. I wish I (find) another. 18.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Oricând te vei intoarce.. 3. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. 6. 16. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. I wish my car (not break down) last week. I closed the window lest (get) too cold.actrus. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. 7. 8. 10.. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. 16. Page 8 of 8 12. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. 3. 9. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. 12. The road is wet.. 8. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. 7. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. 7. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). 4. 4. 18. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. 10. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. 9. 2. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. 3. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. you should remember your own phone number. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi.. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. 6. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. 10. 5. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. nu te pot crede. Orice mi-ai spune.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 6. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. la tara. 19. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). 8. 17.
Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet.) d.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. I rely on you to do this. to declare. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). Ex. verbe exprimând un ordin. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. I’d like him to come with me. to hear.) He ordered the door to be locked. to like.. He was made to study English. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. I saw him leave the room. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). to say. Ex. I made him study English. Ex. to believe. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .actrus. a. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate.) I want John to do this. to understand. He admitted the news to be false. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. to know.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 . (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. Ex. diateza si timpuri. He is considered to be a good student. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. to consider. to consider. verbe declarative: to state. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. to cause. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. He considered the news to be false.) f.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. Ex.) I let him go out and play. to expect. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. to dislike.) 1.) c. to make. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. to feel.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. to watch.) They declared him to be the man of the year. Ex. I consider him to be a good student. in cazul verbelor neregulate. (L-am facut sa invete engleza.. to believe. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. to allow. to count upon/on . to suppose. to hear.. to know. to order. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. I want you to go now. to wish. Ex.) b. to expect. (Consider ca el este un bun student. I consider him to be a good student. He is said to be a good writer. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false.actrus. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. to hate. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp.) e. to suppose.. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. to admit. I made him study English.) I expected him to come in time.
(E sigur ca ea va veni la timp. (Ea a fost auzita cântând.) It is necessary for me to go there. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex.) I happened to meet him in the street.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este. I had my bedroom window broken.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .) 3. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time".) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. (Am auzit-o cântând.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) It is impossible for him to come. (Orele fiind terminate. am mers acasa. a. 2. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. to prove.. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. It is easy for me to do this.. b.) Weather permitting. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme.) I will have my hair done. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. He proved to be a good journalist. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. Ex. 1.actrus. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Ex. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. They declared him to be the man of the year. It is impossible that I (should) come. de obicei. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. She had two sons killed in the war. It is necessary that I (should) go there. She is sure to come in time. Ex.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. (Daca vremea va permite. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. vom merge la plaja. to watch.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu..) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. Ex. we shall go to the beach. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. we went home. (El a fost vazut plecând.) If I happen to meet him.) This remains for him to decide.) She was heard singing. precum si cu verbele to find.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. cu verbele: to happen. Ex: The classes being over.html 30 of 42 . (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. to leave. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. ii voi spune unde esti. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina. to turn out.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. (E usor sa fac asta. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex. to seem. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus. He was declared to be the man of the year. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. to hear. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see.) I left / found her crying.. to smell. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând.) I heard her singing. I will tell him where you are. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el.
The mud having ruined my shoes. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu.. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. 5. 8. The people were impatient. I cam make it. 10. I saw her fainting. 9. 7. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. 8. It is recommendable that you should read this book. I have closed the window. I found her digging in the garden. 2. I can’t believe she said that. The dog was heard barking. I had to change them. This is a strange thing. The rain having stopped. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. we were seared about having floods. we hurried to the beach. 10. It is important to know the truth. Expected that he would resign. the audience left the hali. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. We should do it now. The letter being written. I don’t want you to catch a cold. Everybody being at home. 5. 4. It is necessary that he be present. 6. I saw the plane landing. 13. 3. The river having risen in the night. The decision being taken in my favour. This translation is easy for me to make. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. This is the main thing. Weather permitting..html 12/15/04 http://quintet. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. She was thought to be a gifted child. I went shopping. 3. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. 9. 2. This is a valuable piece of advice. It is advisable that you should resign. It is impossible that he should have said that. I stopped smoking. 4. 15. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. The match was about to begin. This fact is important. 8. The time has come. 6. I heard the child breaking the vase. 14. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . She heard the baby crying. 12. 3. 8. 8. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. at once. 3. 6. http://quintet. It is important that you should come to the office. It was proved that she was a liar.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . I went home relaxed.. I can’t solve it. She heard the hunters shooting. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. we sat down to dinner. Cred ca el e un sot bun. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. 6. The plane having taken off. 2. I didn’t want her to miss the train. You should read it. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. This problem is too difficult. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. 5. 6. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. 9. It’s time we met again. 6. I went to post it. It is possible that I might buy a car. I found the boy breaking the window. Everybody. I saw her lying on the beach.actrus. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 9. This is a good book. It is sure they have had an argument. 4. Page 6 of 6 2. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. 4. 7. 4.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 . It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. 8. 10. 1. 3.actrus. 9. 7. 1. 7. 1. 5. 3. 3. 6. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. The concert being over. I could hear her typing. I ordered a taxi. The sun having risen. I-am privit jucând fotbal.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. You should bear it in mind. 5. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. They heard him repeat it several times. 7. 7. 2. They said she was ill. 10. l. 10.. I saw the peasants working in the field. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. 11. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. We should have a heart to heart talk. 9. You should take it. 10. 4. 5. I thought she was unable to win the contest. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. 5. 4. 2. 2.
He sat for his first exam last week. I always made. someone rang up. Ann isn’t knitting. 8. 2. 14. Is it raining? 2. I have been watering. He has been sleeping. 14. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. Have you paid? 19. Whom are you ringing up? 13. 7. Exercitiul 4: 1. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. always borrow/is always borrowing. 1 first met. What book are you reading? 10. This time yesterday it was raining. They didn’t drink. 14. it often rains. He didn’t come. 1 am cooking. 13. What do you do on your free days? 12. Have you watered? 3. Is he telling? 4. 8. You don’t play. The secretary is just typing a report. When I go to the seaside. am. 9. 1t hasn’t rained. 5. are you waiting? I am waiting. my friends played chess. He doesn’t go to school by underground. Did we work? 7. 3. 19. Are we studying? 9. 7. you came in. 9. That sounded. I don’t trust. Yesterday. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. They don’t live. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. I do not study in the evening. I slept. My friend isn’t wearing. 17. He isn’t telling. 4. 2. 18. Did you sleep well last night? 3. Does he remember? 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 3. 20. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. 15. she has been trying. We aren’t studying. 11. Did I enjoy? 9. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. He has always relied. Is my friend wearing? 7. speaks. While I was looking for my passport. he walks. I have been cooking. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. They aren’t swimming. I like to swim a lot. the teacher was writing. Did he come? 8. 16. You spoke. Do I trust? 10. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. On Sundays. 6. 7. 1 liked. I am not having. Exercitiul 2: l.. I don’t have. Do you dream? I dream 9. 10. I entered. Why are you opening the window? I5. he was working. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. 17. 4. 10. He met. I don’t love.. are you thinking? I am thinking. It snows in winter. I was talking.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. He didn’t think. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. he wasn’t wearing. You aren’t typing. I played. I don’t like coffee. 10. drinks. 20. 7. I got up late yesterday morning. 2. I was driving to Sinaia. Have you ever eaten? 13. Are you writing. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. I have already seen. he is having. He hasn’t gone. 10. go. I haven’t been. We didn’t work. I always have. 5. Is Ann knitting? 10. It isn’t raining. have you cooked? 7. She doesn’t talk. 9.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. I didn’t enjoy. 6. 6. 2. Yesterday I got up early. Do you like? 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. have you been. 8. I don’t understand. 4. Have you read? 18. are you hurrying? I don’t want. he doesn’t get up early. am taking. 8. Do you usually get. He has been fishing. I had breakfast and then I left for school. I have been asking. 1 don’t like. http://quintet. 4. You asked. 7. I didn’t hate. I found this old photo. he was-learning. 16. 2. 12. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. He didn’t forbid. 4. I met. Am I having? 3. 5. Did I hate? 4. The child isn’t learning. I didn’t sell. don’t understand. 9. I have bought. Last Sunday. He didn’t translate. 3. Do you play? 5. When did you return from the mountains? 11. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. 5. 20. I have just had. Do you smoke? 17. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. 2. When did you buy this TV set? 12. He has just left. 19. She is packing her luggage. 4. 10. is drinking. write. Does he have? 9. she was having. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. he realized. You drank. The radio has been playing. 10. were you doing? 7. I haven’t written. Did he think? 2. 19. Do you go? 16. 5. 11 . I was writing. 4. do you do? 3. remembers. Did he change? 5. Have you visited? 12. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. Did they drink? 3. She goes shopping on Saturdays. I have lent. it is raining. I was watching. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. Have you lived? I have lived. 8. 3. he had. Last night. 5. the engine – drivers have gone.. Do I always believe? 6. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. He doesn’t remember.actrus. 2. Have you ever driven? 16. Now I am doing my homework in English. 6. Did I sell? 6. While it was raining. Do they live? 8. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. I don’t always believe. Are you typing? 5. 17. He hasn’t come. 6. Is my mother resting? 8. Does she talk? 3. Did he translate? 10. 6. Do I understand? 4. 18. 13. He didn’t change. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. I arrived. Yesterday I lost my gloves. My mother isn’t resting. were you going.. I5.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . have you been wearing? 6. he has caught. 9. He doesn’t have. 14. I often read English books.actrus. How often do you write to your parents? 18. Are they swimming? 6. I owned. Have you been? I have been. What were you doing last Tuesday. I am not going. Do I love? 2. 8. I have’ been shopping. We have known.
6. I didn’t succeed. 2. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. 4. had listened. Wil1 you remember? 9. 9. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. she had been cleaning and dusting. he had got married. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. He has been a Minister for two years. had been climbing. I shall/will succeed. We shall/will have taken. 10. 2. she told. 5. 8. 2. 8.. Have you been to this town before? Yes. 10. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. The child has been playing. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. 6. I shall/will pass. We have been walking since 3 o clock. 9. we asked. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 5. it will probably be raining. She will be watching. Have you ever tried? I tried. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. We must replace it. I returned. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. What did you look at? It was an accident. Will you recognize? 4. 4. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. 6. he had caught. I went to bed. 2. She had just gone out. You will not/won’t find. 3. 7. 3. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. I shall/will have read 8. 2. I have seldom walked to my office. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. I shall/will have finished. between twelve and one o’clock. had been swimming. 9. 10. Since I bought a car. You will be. she had been writing. 6. he told. 8.. began. 3. I found out. will have spent. 19. 7. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. 8. she had been studying. they had been waiting. 3. she had already been. it had been raining. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. 9. 4. 10. When I arrived at the bus stop. He thanked me for what I had done for him. they will be having their last English class. 2. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. I spent a month here. will/shall will be climbing. I was sorry I had hurt him. 7. 8. had eaten. Exercitiul 4: 1. By this time next year. had left. 15. 9. I had it at 8 o’clock. 4. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. I have been doing. Exercitiul 4: 1. Exercitiul 4: 1. 9. 6. Has John left? Yes. I entered. I shall/will have been cooking. As soon as the guests had left. 18. Have you been. 10. two years ago. The weather has got warmer lately. It has been raining. 7. Have you seen? she left. 5. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. 6. We have walked 10 km so far. 8. I have been wearing.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 3. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. 4. He will be. 8. I was. 8. I got up. they had finished. 20. 9. 5. had been having. 4. 7. 4. 7. You will like. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. it had been raining. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. he had visited. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. 8. 7. 4. they had been. we had been walking. I shall/will be swimming. I had met. 3.actrus.actrus. 14. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. congratulated. 6. Exercitiul 3: 1. I shall/will have paid off. will be crying. he had been. had been speaking. 9. 10. 5. 11. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. 5. 6. had been cooking. had spread. 10. I saw. 7. 10. had not told. A child has broken the window.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. 12. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. I called. we had lost. 2. he went. 9. 4. How long have you been learning English? 5. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. it had been raining. She has changed. wilt be rising. I rang him up. 5. I have lost.. Will you be needing? 5. I shall/will have been working. I had returned. Where will you put it? http://quintet. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. he left an hour ago. I got. 10. I realized I had left my bag at home. 13. Exercitiut 2: 1. he went.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. He has been. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. 6. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. 7. 3. 3. 3. On Friday. 10. I shall/will remember.. he had thought. we left. Exercitiul 2: 1. he had learned/he had been learning. 5. will have risen. they will have been married. 6. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. I shall/will know. Exercitiul 3: 1. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. He will be studying. I shall/will have saved five million lei. I shall/will be having. I shall/will be working. he handed it to the teacher. You will have seen. we realized. 7. she had not passed. It has been snowing for two hours.
4. 6. 10. 5. I will earn/will be earning. you spoke. would be cancelled. they were talking. 9. Exercitiul 2: 1. 4. 10. 6. would not go. 7. 3. we went. 9. Exercitiul 5: 1. he would win. 2. 18. she has changed. 5. The secretary told me the manager was busy. 5. 7. 20. Exercitiul 3: 1. it would not be raining when I arrived. she has learnt. would end. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. 9. he had eaten. Exercitiul 4: 1. 19. 8. 17. you see. 2. he wanted. 6. he had never seen. 8. 16. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet. he would change. begin. 4. we reach. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. he trusted. is born.actrus. I work/I worked. prices would go up. 10.. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come.. will soon move. 2. 9. melts. I finish. 5. you see. you have read. 12. I had not eaten. is. 19. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. he had to write. 5. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. 15. 17. 5. there are. he would pass.. 9. is. 4. I have.. had failed. you were. 10. they have been. he would give. she looks. 3. 6. 13. 11. 3. 8. I had lost. she notices you have broken. 3. I knew you were in Bucharest. 9. they had been listening. 8. 7. 12. I had not decided. he would have. he tells. I want. he has arrived. 10. we had been digging. he has repaired. 6. 2. you do. did not remember. you are reading. I had heard. 15. you had been wearing. I had done. 3. 11. 12. you would soon have. 11. he would finish. had already begun. 4. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. 16. 3. they have done. I have been reading. You had to type.actrus. 9. I have received. I have suffered. 14. I was. 20. 4. I usually read. I would spend. you see. 8. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. they had known. 7. 14. he hoped. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. arrive. 8. 2. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. I read. he had left. I played/I was playing. was shining. you have drunk. do not eat. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 10. I had read. 7. 13. you were. he had been travelling. he had just left. he would drive. Exercitiul 6: 1. 4. 2. he had stolen. 10. you have just told. he had not expected. they would remain. 7. 8. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. 5. 2. 6. I would remain. he would not remember. you finish. 18. 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . I was. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. we will drink. is. Exercitiul 7: l. I had not enjoyed. I finish. 7.
he will get.actrus. 2. I will eat at a restaurant. Exercitiul 3: 1. 4. 7. 6. If dinner is not ready in time. 10. you had driven. I would not have made. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. I were. 9. 4. 8. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. he leaves. 5. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. 10. 7. 8. 8. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. Exercitiul 2: 1. I would buy. I will lend. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth.actrus. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. 10. 5. 4. 8. Exercitiul 5: 1. 8. you would have read. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. I had worked. 10. 3. 9. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. He asked me if I would like a cake. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 2. he would take. I saw. He told me to take that pill. 6. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. I gave up. 11. I wouldn’t do. 7. 3. 6. 4. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. 6. 8. 6. I will answer. He said he was very busy on that day.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. 11. you wouldn’t have got. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. I would have answered. He told me to open the door. 10. 2. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. 3. I had not told.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. the streets would have been wet. 2. If it rained. 3. 3. If it rains. 4. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. What will you do if you meet John? 11. you will be.English. 4. 2. 7. He told me to be careful with his books. you will be. He said he had gone to England two years before. 2. He asked me if I would help him. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before.. Exercitiul 2: 1. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. will you promise? 6. 9. 9. 8. He asked me how long I had been learning . He asked me if the train had left. He told me to read that text. He asked me if I could lend him a book. 9. she will be. He asked me who that man was. 2. 6. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. 9. 6. 9. 12. He asked me how I had travelled. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . 3. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. the streets would be wet. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. 3. Would you buy? 4. 5. he had realized. you will not find. 2. 7. He asked me when I would be back. He said the weather had been fine the day before. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. Exercitiul 4: 1. 10.. I will greet 2. you had invited. 5. 6. If a beggar asked you for money. He asked me when the rain had stopped. the streets will be wet. I would have answered. you take. I had known. 5. He asked me if my mother had been at home. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. you will not pass. I will buy. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. He said she would go shopping right then. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. 12. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. 7. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. I moved. he had tried. you were. 7. 8. it goes on. 10. 4. 5. he would have told. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. 9. 5. He said he had seen that film a week before. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. 3. 5. If it had rained. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. What would you do if you meet John? 12. 8. I would like the play more if it were shorter. 5. would you give him some? 3. http://quintet. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. I knew. Exercitiul 4: l. It would have been. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. 2. He told me not to smoke so much. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. he would not make. 6. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. You will see him if you wait. 10. 7. 3. 7. 4. 5. 9.
His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). I will be given a reward (by them). 14. The house was broken into (by burglars). The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor).: 3. 10. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. People will soon forget this book. 8. John was laughed at (by us). English is taught to them (by me). The work will be finished today (by them). The rescue party finally discovered the climber. 9. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). The doctor was called for (by us). I have been given a nice present (by them). The event was commented on by all the newspapers. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. 4.actrus. 6. The missing child has been found (by someone).ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. http://quintet. I was frightened by the noise.actrus. 5. 15.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 3. 7. Exercitiul 3: 1. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. 4. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. 7. Has the dog been fed? 7. John has been lent two of my books (by me). The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. 8. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. 8. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. A nice present has been given to me (by them). 10. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. 2. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). Your bag has been found (by him). He hates people making fun of him. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). 3. A reward will be given to me (by them). 5. People speak English all over the world. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. 9. People mustn’t take away these books. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). 10. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). 5. Football is played all over the world. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. 9. 10. 6. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). 8. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. 8.html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . We will be shown the way by the policeman. 7. 9. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. 2. 7. 13. 6. They held a reception in his honour. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). 2. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. 11. 9. I’m not always told the truth by my friend. We were asked to show our passports. Many new blocks are being built in our district. when I passed by. 4. 5. 6. His proposal was objected to (by us). 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. 3. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). 4. We were told very interesting things at the conference. 2. 7. Fire was set to the shed (by them). 5. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). They are taught English (by me). Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. Exercitiul 4: 1. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. Were you told about the meeting? 9. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. They have built this house out of stone and cement. The museum was closed for repairs. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. Exercitiul 6: l. Exercitiul 2: 1. 2. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. 12. The truth is not always told to me by my friend. 3. 6. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. Something must be done for him by his coworkers.
7. You can’t miss the train. 20. must have left. 9. 9. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. He could swim. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. 8. 9. needn’t have bought. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". 3. 6. John could have been. 9. 5. She may/might have returned. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. can’t have swum. shall. You might have paid. You must have known the lesson. will. needn’t. I could play the piano when I was a child.actrus. 3. John must have been. 5. 3. 5. It can t have been. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. You didn’t have to do. 13. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. 10. She may/might be very late. needn’t. 6. 3. would. 4. I couldn’t translate. S. 7. 2. He must have been late. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. He must have come home. 8. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. He can’t have passed. You might have changed. 6. 14. can’t have left. didn’t need to see. 6. needn’t have lent. I may/might come home. He must have been delayed.actrus. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. 15. 3. I can’t knit. 4. She will be able to play. will. Exercitiul 3: 1. 8. 10. You shouldn’t have gone. He was not allowed/permitted to come. 2. Exercitiul 7: 1. You won’t have to do. You can’t have seen.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 4: She must be a very good doctor. He must think.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. shall. 5. 16. 6. 5. 4. can. should. 8. 8. 5. will. 19. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. 15. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. 8. will. 2. should. 17.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 10. 2. 6. 10. 2. 6. 6. 3. You can’t have been. I will have to go. He could read and write. should. 19. I will have to learn. can’t. will. 4. It must have been. didn’t need to wait. didn’t need to answer. She could lend. 8. 7. He will be able to swim. shall. I had to go. You should have visited. 2. 2. 9. 5. would. You might have written. 12. I had to learn. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. would. shall. would. He may have been. 6. needn’t have answered. Exercitiul 2: 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. needn’t. She will be able to read and write. 10. can. 4. 3. needn’t. She can’t have got. He may/might have been right. 16. must have been. mustn’t. can. needn’t have lent. 14. 10. She can’t have married. You must have forgotten. 5. 2. a porter could help you. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 3. 5. The child was allowed/permitted to have. He ought to have told. 9. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. 6. Exercitiul 8: l. All the students can and must write this paper. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. It can’t be his fault. 5. 13. should. It can’t have been his fault. He should have gone. 2. 3 It might have rained. Exercitiul 4: l. You must have left your umbrella. 3. didn’t need to buy. 16. She may/might have been angry. 5. He needn’t have bought. mustn’t. 11. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. 8. would. She could play. I will have to leave soon. 10. 7. You needn’t have done. Exercitiul 12: 1. 4. needn’t have waited. 1. 11. The weather can’t change. Exercitiul 5: 1. 10. 9. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. can’t. 4. I had to look up. 7. You will have to help me more today. 7. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. She may/might have been out. needn’t have got up. 6. You were allowed/permitted to leave. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. This can’t be a true story. He can’t be at the office. needn’t have written. It may/might be a good one. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. 4. 7. 6. This must be the best. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. 13. He must have been. mustn’t. Exercitiul 9: 1. 10. Exercitiul 10: 1. 10. 2. must have taken. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. 12. 4. All the children ought to/should do some housework. mustn’t. 3. 4. can. 12. 8. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 7. Exercitiul 11: 1. can’t have done. 7. I will have to look up. 17. 18. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. I won t be able to translate. 4. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. She will be able to lend. must have been. It may/might rain. 10. He must be older. mustn’t. He may/might have done. Exercitiul 13: 1. 2. 2. 9. can’t have rained. 8. It must have taken a long time. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. It can’t have been. No. 7. 3. would. She can’t have learned English. can’t have seen. needn’t. 9. 7. 5. will. 14. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. 9.html 37 of 42 .
9. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. 13. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. I were. hadn’t caught a cold. 10. I wish I could pay the piano. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 18. I wish my friend weren’t ill. 10. wait for a few minutes? 30. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. You can’t have found the door open. I wish I had won the Great Prize. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. Exercitiul 4: 1. he took. S. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. 21. 10. 9. 1 wish I had children. 16. too. 22. 2. 9. he told. I were. 3. 29. You ought to/should have insisted. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. please. 4. 7. 26. I wish I were a student. I wish you would come on holiday with me. I promise you.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. my telephone worked. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. 3. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. 4. I stayed. 4. I wish I could go to the concert. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. his daughter didn’t get married. 12. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 10. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 4. 3. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. I must have been still at the faculty. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. I wish I didn’t have only one child. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 20. I wish you had won the competition. stopped.actrus. I wish he would accept my proposal. 2. 2. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. 8. 16. 9. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. 6. 17. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. I would become. 3. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 7. Exercitiul 3: 1. You may not speak during the exam. 8. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. we could go to the beach. 6. Exercitiul 2: l. 18. 10. 7. 9. 12. 8. 19. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. 19. 20. 14. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. Will you. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. as I knew the information was recorded on tape.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. 11. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. I wish I lived in Bucharest. I got. 24. Where shall we go now? 28.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 .CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. I wish you didn’t live so far away. I wish you would take a driving licence. S. I have already drunk two. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. I had locked it myself 27. I wish books weren’t so expensive. She looks as if she were a model. 23. 5.. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. 2. 7. 5. you were. his book would become. 8. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. you closed. you started. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. I wish it didn’t rain so often. 11. he would have. you shall have the book tomorrow. Exercitiul 5: l. 13. you didn’t waste. 6. 25. I rang you up and nobody answered.actrus. I would rather you got up earlier. you owned. 15.. 6. today. watched. I hadn’t forgotten. I had entered. I would rather you went to the theatre. 14. 4. we went. 6. I wish they would sign the contract.
Mother would like me to become a doctor.actrus. She was found digging in the garden. 7. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. Whenever you may/might return. 9. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1.. 5. This is a strange thing for her to have said. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. 4. 6. 6. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. 7. you shouldn’t lie to me. 2. They are sure to have had an argument. Exercitiul 9: 1. you may/might be. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. I saw some children playing in the park. 5. 7. No matter how hard you may/might try. 4. he were. 5. 7. 8. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. 6. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. 8. She seemed to be satisfied with me. 10. 9. 9. 9. 6. 7. 8. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. I will be at home waiting for you. 8. may attend. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. 2. The child was heard breaking the vase. 8. 12. 19. you should have. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. She was seen lying on the beach. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. they (should) divorce. you can’t win such a competition. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. She (was) proved to be a liar. 2. 4. 6. The boy was found breaking the window. The people were impatient for the match to begin. It is important that you (should) know English well.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. he were.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . 3. 3. 3. I had been. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously.. 17. 2. (should) have. 9. 6. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. She made me understand what had happened. 11. 10. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. 10. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. you may/might understand. 7. It is important for you to come to the office at once. 18. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. It is recommendable for you to read this book. I insist that you (should) accept this job. The baby was heard crying. The plane was seen landing. me. 10. It’s time for us to meet again. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. 8. Exercitiul 4: 1. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 5. 8. 20. I can’t believe you. 6. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. The hunters were heard shooting. She was seen fainting. It is possible that she might be away. Exercitiul 8: 1. This is the main thing for us to do. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. 15. I would find. 9. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 4.. 5. 2. 3. 5. 1. 9. 4. 4. 20.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. we should take. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. This is a good book for you to read. 7. It is necessary for him to be present. It is advisable for you to resign. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. 13. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. 9. He made me miss the train. 4. 3. He was heard to repeat it several times. 18. 11. 12. hadn’t broken down. 13. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. 6. 7. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. 2. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. it might not get. He was expected to resign. 3. Exercitiul 5: 1. 2. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. 10. I saw him speaking to his friend. 2..actrus. I heard her scold/scolding her child. you retired. 4. 7. I watched them playing football. I understand her to be a very good teacher. It is impossible for him to have said that. 10. 14. 3. should have told. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. might prosper. It is possible for me to buy a car. Whatever the reason may/might be. 19. John admitted the fault to be his. 8. 14. 3. 6. 4. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. 3. Exercitiul 2: 1. she should have left. 5. She was said to be ill. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. The peasants were seen working in the field. 5. 16. Whatever you may/might tell me. we (should) leave. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. 5. I expected you to come earlier. you shouldn’t have believed it. I had. He wanted me to help him. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. She could be heard typing. 15. I rely on you to lend me some money. 8. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. 2. 17. 10. it should get. I think him to be a good husband.
actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10. 2. 6. ne-am asezat la cina. Daca vremea va permite. 8.actrus. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw was. 10. 4. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. Concertul fiind terminat.. am plecat la cumparaturi. am plecat acasa linistit. 5. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. a trebuit sa-i schimb.. were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew been borne. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn http://quintet.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. ne-am grabit spre plaja. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 7. publicul a parasit sala. 3. 9. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 1 of 5 1. Intrucât ploaia incetase. am mers sa o pun la posta.html 40 of 42 12/15/04 .html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea. Toata lumea fiind acasa. Intrucât soarele rasarise.
html 41 of 42 12/15/04 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 3 of 5 to dream to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell to set knew laid led leant learnt. learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold set http://quintet.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10. learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold set known laid led leant learnt.
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