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Author: Ms. Priyanka Kotwani
3rd yr, CSE, JIET-SETG Email id: Priyanka.email@example.com
Under the Supervision of
Ms. Suman Goyal
Sr. Lecturer, CSE, JIET Email id: firstname.lastname@example.org
Approaches to Green Computing 4.1 Virtualization 4.3 98% less e-waste in landfills 7 7 8 6. NComputing .6 Materials Recycling 4. Why Green Computing is Needed 3 4 3.3 Power Supply 4.2 Power Management 4.1 Consumes 90% less energy per user 5. Future of Green Computing 7.Green Computing 2.4 Storage 4. Core Objectives of Green Computing 4. Conclusion 8.an architecture that changes the green equation 5.7 Telecommuting 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 5.2 Air conditioning—the hidden environmental cost 5.5 Display 4. Bibliography 8 8 9 JIET Page 2 .
The plan towards green IT should include new electronic products and services with optimum efficiency and all possible options towards energy savings. 2. gizmos and electronic items. and encouraging use of sustainable resources. maximizing economic viability and ensuring social duties. and disposing of computers. Research continues into key areas such as making the use of computers as energy-efficient as possible. Why Green Computing is needed? 1. servers.Green Computing Green Computing Abstract As 21st century belongs to computers. manufacturing. If we think computers are nonpolluting and consume very little energy we need to think again. Executive boards are finally recognizing there can be a genuine competitive advantage in adopting green issues and signing up to a low carbon emissions footprint. minimizing use of non-biodegradable components. This term generally relates to the use of computing resources in conjunction with minimizing environmental impact. The average PC wastes about half the energy provided to it. Green computing is very much related to other similar movements like reducing the use of environmentally hazardous materials like CFCs. storage devices. global warming and climate change gets hotter. gizmos and electronic items. however. Page 3 . if all else is equal. and networking and communications JIET IT Executives are at last coming under increasing pressure to deliver a Green IT or Green Computing Strategy. and associated subsystems—such as monitors. using. energy issues will get a serious ring in the coming days. Customers will clearly continue to evaluate suppliers based on product/service offerings and their costs. energy issues will get a serious ring in the coming days. and designing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technologies. maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime. Dr. refers to environmentally sustainable computing or IT. Having a Green IT Strategy can directly affect the view of the organizations customers. Most people do want to support green issues and adopting suppliers with low-carbon strategies helps buyers to feel good about their decisions. and promote the recyclability or biodegradability of defunct products and factory waste. then choosing a supplier with a low carbon policy can be a key differentiator. systems—efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment. printers. San Murugesan a Senior Consultant defines the field of green computing as "the study and practice of designing. according to the Climate Savers Computing Initiative. promoting the use of recyclable materials. Introduction Green computing or green IT. This seminar report gives a general overview on the current state of opportunities lie in green technology and organizations which are seeing it as a way to create new profit centers while trying to help the environmental cause and several formations that we can explore in it in coming future. an industry group dedicated to reducing greenhouse-gas emissions The goals of green computing are similar to green chemistry. reduce the use of hazardous materials." As 21st century belongs to computers. Green computing is the term used to denote efficient use of resources in computing. as the public debate on carbon emissions.
would reduce the operational and administrative costs of back up. With virtualization. the heat produced and. by consolidating servers and maximizing CPU processing power on other servers. power. Core Objectives of Green Computing Strategies Minimizing energy consumption Purchasing green energy Reducing the paper and other consumables used Minimizing equipment disposal requirements Reducing travel requirements for employees/customers 4. which increases system Page 4 .Green Computing Green IT also brings with it direct cost benefits for the organization. making it an easier sell to the more sceptical boards of directors. and support costs. With a Green Computing or IT Strategy we can reduce equipment. It’s clear that this approach would reduce the number of storage devices needed. Storage virtualization makes it possible for systems to access a shared storage subsystem. 3. This applies throughout the enterprise not just in data-centers or our server rooms but desktop computers as well.1 Virtualization: JIET Lower power consumption also means lower heat dissipation. air-conditioning. archival storage etc. Computer virtualization is the process of running two or more logical computer systems on one set of physical hardware. the amount of power required. One of the primary goals of almost all forms of virtualization is making the most efficient use of available system resources. as a wonderful side effect. a system administrator could combine several physical systems into virtual machines on one single. powerful system. 4.2 Power Management: 4. thereby unplugging the original hardware and reducing power and cooling consumption. Approaches Computing to Green Virtualization highlights the idea of “Green Computing”.
an open industry standard. and firmware The lowest-power option is to use a solid state hard drive (SSD). which typically draw less than one-third the power of a 2. all of which vary in cost. These consume less power than larger disks as a result of their smaller platters.5 Displays: JIET Page 5 . highest-performance SSDs are very fast and consume less energy 4.5" desktop hard drive. most computers drain more power than they need during normal operation. ACPI is a successor to an earlier Intel-Microsoft standard called Advanced Power Management. For laying focus on reduced power consumption reduced RAM low power idle mode with fixed rotation speed have come in scene. Reduce cooling requirements. performance.3 Power Supply: Power supplies in most computers (PSUs for short) aren't designed for energy efficiency. smaller motors. and less energy use. allows an operating system to directly control the power saving aspects of its underlying hardware. Its advantage is highest possible capacity plus the best performance. which allows a computer's BIOS to control power management functions. The 80 Plus program is a voluntary certification system for power-supply manufacturers. 4. which saves money and reduces the impact on the environment. leading to higher electrical bills and a more dire environmental impact. it won't use more power than it needs. The most conventional route is the 3.5" disk. Reduce operating costs for energy and cooling. Reduce noise. The second option is to use a 2. Climate savers computing initiative promotes energy saving and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by encouraging development and use of more efficient power supplies 4. and Capacity. a system may hibernate. The Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI). where most components (including the CPU and the system RAM) are turned off.4 Storage: There are three routes available. Various initiatives are underway to improve the efficiency of computer power supplies. The latest.e.5" laptop hard drive. In addition. it will use only the power it needs at a given Load i. Power management for computer systems are desired for many reasons. This allows a system to automatically turn off components such as monitors and hard drives after set periods of inactivity. particularly: rolong battery life for portable and P embedded systems.Green Computing stability. If a PSU meets the certification. In fact.
which reduces the amount of electricity used by the display. using a multiway video phone. LCDs are up to 66% more energy efficient than CRTs. meaning you'll need less AC to keep cool. etc 4. LCDs are also upwards of 80% smaller in size and weight. NComputing . Recycling computing equipment can keep harmful materials such as lead.an architecture that changes the green equation NComputing systems are a major leap forward in green computing.Green Computing and hexavalent chromium out of landfills. Their lower intensity and steady light pattern result in less fatigue versus CRTs.000 Page 6 . and can talk to them as if they were in the same room. Teleconferencing and telepresence technologies are often implemented in green computing initiatives. it is now possible to teleconference instead. if treated properly. lighting. mercury. 4. Computing supplies. as well as a reduced impact on the environment by lessening the need for travel . leading to fuel savings in shipping. Computer recycling refers to recycling or reuse of a computer or electronic waste Additionally. in order to have a face-face meeting. and ten times less energy when in sleep mode. This brings enormous time and cost benefits. LCDs produce less heat. parts from outdated systems may be salvaged and recycled through certain retail outlets and municipal or private recycling centers. The advantages are many. More than 15. paper. increased worker satisfaction.a damaging source of carbon emissions. or each party. Obsolete computers are a valuable source for secondary raw materials. can see every other member on a screen or screens. such as printer cartridges. Each member of the meeting. Some newer displays use an array of lightemitting diodes (LEDs) in place of the fluorescent bulb.7 Telecommuting: LCD monitors typically use a cold-cathode fluorescent bulb to provide light for the display. heat. reduction of greenhouse gas emissions related to travel. and increased profit margins as a result of lower overhead costs for office space. however if not treated properly they are a major source of toxins and carcinogens. JIET 5.6 Materials Recycling: Rather than traveling great distances.LCD screens are also easier on the eyes. LCD monitors uses three times less when active. and batteries may be recycled as well.
keyboard. NComputing’s L-series devices consume 5 watts per added user and the X-series consume just 1 watt per added user. NComputing access devices consume next to nothing. and mouse connect to the shared PC through a small and durable NComputing access device. In fact. JIET 5. memory. computer lab. The device itself has no CPU. and maintain them. It also consumes very little power. PC-filled work areas almost always have to be air conditioned. 5. it represents 80% of the toxic waste. which translates to over 1 metric ton of CO2 emissions per year.Green Computing organizations in over 80 countries have used NComputing to slash their carbon footprint and electric consumption. A classroom. Air conditioners raise electricity costs and require large capital expenditures to buy. In contrast. or office with PCs warms up very quickly. A typical PC Page 7 .3 98% less e-waste in landfills It is found out lately that while electronic waste represents only 2% of trash in landfills. • In sheer weight. In fact. In comparison. or moving parts—so it is easy to deploy and maintain. Each user’s monitor. NComputing greatly reduces the magnitude of this problem.1 Consumes 90% less energy per user PCs typically consume between 110 to 200 watts of electricity. install. you would save over 10. A single PC generates more heat than a 100 watt light bulb.000 kilowatt-hours (kWh). NComputing’s virtualization software and hardware tap this unused capacity so that it can be simultaneously shared by multiple users. a room equipped with PCs and NComputing access devices generates 90% less heat and does not require additional air conditioning. 5. If you replace seventy PCs with ten PCs attached to sixty NComputing X-series access devices. PCs generate much more waste than virtual desktops.2 Air conditioning—the hidden environmental cost The NComputing virtualization software works on a standard Windows or Linux1 PC. The NComputing solution is based on a simple fact: today’s PCs are so powerful that the vast majority of applications only use a small fraction of the computer’s capacity.
less equipment ends up in landfills. Another approach for future Green Computing is building big more and more data centers where data center refers to a centralized repository. • NComputing access devices are also compliant with RoHS regulations. management. consumers haven't cared about ecological impact when buying computers. for the storage. for a 98% reduction in electronic waste. Green computing is not about going out and designing biodegradable packaging for products.Green Computing weighs about 21 pounds (9.300 cars off the road. • An NComputing access device also has a much longer useful life than a PC. Discover Station leverages the unused computing power of modern PC’s to create an environmentally efficient alternative to traditional desktop computing. When a shared PC is replaced with a newer one.5 kg). and many toxic ones are already being replaced by them. That is enterprise wise companies are laying emphasis on moving towards Eco Friendly Components in Computers. So whereas PCs might be upgraded every three years or so. the use of eco-friendly sustainable components will become the norm rather than the exception in future. (www. but still provide an increased amount of processing capability to customers to satisfy their business needs.userful.Discover Station. So green computing is a mindset that asks how we can satisfy the growing demand for network computing without putting such pressure on the environment. With less frequent turnover. New green materials are developed every year. There is an alternative way to design a processor and a system such that we don't increase demands on the environment.250* tons of CO2 emissions. Now the time came to think about the efficiently use of computers and the resources Page 8 . Devices use less and less power while renewable energy gets more and more portable and effective. consumers will become pickier about being green. Future of Green Computing The plan towards green IT should include new electronic products and services with optimum efficiency and all possible options towards energy savings. an NComputing access device weighs about 1/3 of a pound (0. the equivalent of taking 2.15 kg). they've cared only about speed and price.com) have come up with a solution that turns 1 computer into 10 . the PC may go to a landfill. access devices could easily last five years or more. 7. which restrict the use of lead and other harmful metals. Userful Inc. This makes it possible to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 15 tons per year per system and reduce electronic waste by up to 80%. To this approach for an instance . Quickly becoming the standard for green computing worldwide. Multiple users can work on a single computer by simply JIET So far. But as Moore's Law marches on and computers commoditize. Conclusion 6. and dissemination of data and information organized around a particular body of knowledge or pertaining to a particular business. attaching up to 10 monitors.A Canadian Company. Userful has recently stated that in the last year their software has saved over 13. mice and keyboards. but the NComputing users can keep their access devices and enjoy the boost in performance from the new PC. either physical or virtual.
. and other trends. Green computer will be one of the major contributions which will break down the 'digital divide'.pdf www.net/information. selfpowering./the-futureof-green-computing.org/wiki/Data_center www.en. %20the%20free%20encyclopedia..com/environment/greencomputing/. The features of a green computer of tomorrow would be like: efficiency.brighthub.com/.microsoft.aspx JIET Page 9 .computeruser..pdf www.technopreneur. 8.pcmicronetics.html www.research. the electronic gulf that separates the information rich from the information poor.wikipedia. recyclability.. It opens a new window for the new entrepreneur for harvesting with E-waste material and scrap computers.pdf www./Green %20Computing..com/.htm www.. it’ll be the product of years of improvements.. manufacturing & materials../NComputin g%20Technology%20White%20Paper %202-2-07. service model. The greenest computer will not miraculously fall from the sky one day. Bibliography file:///D:/15%20sept%20ppt/Green %20computing%20-%20Wikipedia.Green Computing which are non renewable.com/pubs/7881 3/AJ18_EN./73844.
Green Computing JIET Page 10 .
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