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Chapter 1-4 Review

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is an area of physics that studies motion and its causes? a. thermodynamics c. quantum mechanics b. mechanics d. optics ANSWER: B 2. Which of the following is an area of physics that studies heat and temperature? a. thermodynamics c. quantum mechanics b. mechanics d. optics ANSWER: A 3. Listening to your favorite radio station involves which area of physics? a. optics c. vibrations and wave phenomena b. thermodynamics d. relativity ANSWER: C 4. A baker makes a loaf of bread. Identify the area of physics that this involves. a. optics c. mechanics b. thermodynamics d. relativity ANSWER: B 5. A hiker uses a compass to navigate through the woods. Identify the area of physics that this involves. a. thermodynamics c. electromagnetism b. relativity d. quantum mechanics ANSWER: C 6. According to the scientific method, why does a physicist make observations and collect data? a. to decide which parts of a problem are important b. to ask a question c. to make a conclusion d. to solve all problems

ANSWER: B 7. According to the scientific method, how does a physicist formulate and objectively test hypotheses? a. by defending an opinion c. by experiments b. by interpreting graphs d. by stating conclusions ANSWER: C 8. In the steps of the scientific method, what is the next step after formulating and objectively testing hypotheses? a. interpreting results b. stating conclusions c. conducting experiments d. making observations and collecting data ANSWER: A 9. According to the scientific method, how should conclusions be stated? a. so that no one can refute the conclusion b. so that it works with only one set of data c. so that it is completely correct, with no mistakes d. in a form that can be evaluated by others ANSWER: D 10Diagrams are NOT designed to . a. show relationships between concepts. b. show setups of experiments. ANSWER: C 11Why do physicists use models? . a. to explain the complex features of simple phenomena b. to describe all aspects of a phenomenon c. to explain the basic features of complex phenomena d. to describe all of reality ANSWER: C 12Which statement about models is NOT correct? . a. Models describe only part of reality. b. Models help build hypotheses. c. Models help guide experimental design. c. measure an event or situation. d. label parts of a model.

c. b. are commonly used by physicists to derive . cm. d. b. c. m. b. millimeter. length and width c. cm. in addition to mass. and km. value. 1 day. kilogram. ANSWER: C 19If some measurements agree closely with each other but differ widely from the actual . mm. second. length and time b. ANSWER: B 15The symbols for units of length in order from smallest to largest are . kilometer. meter.d. Models manipulate a single variable or factor in an experiment. manometer. d. . d. liter. d. d. ANSWER: D 13What two dimensions. 1 minute. accurate but not precise. velocity and time ANSWER: C 14The symbol mm represents a . acceptable as a new standard of accuracy. c. a. b. 1 hour. a. a. ANSWER: C 17The SI base unit for time is . meter. and km. ANSWER: D 16The SI base unit used to measure mass is the . ANSWER: D 18The most appropriate SI unit for measuring the length of an automobile is the . m. b. cm. and m. km. micrometer. b. megameter. a. c. mm. c. neither precise nor accurate. mm. centimeter. and km. m. a. cm. 1 second. millimeter. area and mass d. additional measurements? a. c. these measurements are a. mm.

one horseshoe lands on the post.8 v 3. both accurate and precise.5 v 8. ANSWER: C 23In a game of horseshoes. 58 ANSWER: D 25Calculate the following. human error. known mass is 10. both significant figures and scientific notation. 8. The . both accurately and precisely. neither accurate nor precise. precise.14 a. The values are a. c. b.82 g. ANSWER: B 21These values were obtained as the mass of a bar of metal: 8. 57. neither accurate nor precise. 290 ANSWER: A . 57.17 + 4. neither accurately nor precisely. c. ANSWER: B 22Five darts strike near the center of a target.4 + 15 + 17. accurate. 290. ANSWER: D 20Poor precision in scientific measurements may arise from . d. nowhere near the post. b. 57. 8.57 d. 290.84 g. d. both accurate and precise.83 g. number of significant figures: 10. c. precise but not accurate.136 d. d. number of significant figures: 21.d.573 c. accurate.003 a. precise. b. b.68 g. The dart thrower is .9 v 102 c. 2. a. The one horseshoe on the post was thrown a.6 b. and express the answer in scientific notation with the correct . precisely. Four horseshoes land .1 b. ANSWER: A 24Calculate the following. a. accurately. c. scientific notation. and express the answer in scientific notation with the correct . significant figures. d.

0 km is measured at various speeds. b.78 v 103 d. temperature a.0 km/h c. graph above. decreases.042 ) v (4.4 v 103) a.0 28.0 27A weather balloon records the temperature every hour. ANSWER: B 28The time required to make a trip of 100.0 25.0 27.5 27.784 v 103 b. decreases and then increases.8 v 103 c. 90.26Calculate the following.0 km/h d. number of significant figures: (0.0 km/h ANSWER: C . 40. 50.82 + 0. and express the answer in scientific notation with the correct . d. 3784 ANSWER: A Hour 1:00 2:00 3:00 4:00 5:00 6:00 Temperature (°C) 30.0 km/h b. From the . remains constant. what speed will allow the trip to be made in 2 hours? a. 3. 3. the . 20.0 29. From the table above. c. increases. 3.

29Which of the following equations best describes the graph above? . y = x d. a. y = 2x c. a. y = ±x2 ± 1 . y= x ANSWER: D 30Which of the following equations best describes the graph above? . y = x2 b. y = x2 + 1 c. y = ±x2 + 1 2 b. y = x ± 1 d.

feet. meters.0 v 1030 kg. hours b. 1. 106 m ANSWER: B 35Estimate the order of magnitude of your age. difference or change. direct proportion. seconds ANSWER: C 34Estimate the order of magnitude of the length of a football field. a. which of the following must be used for a more complete c.8 m/s b. (. c. direct proportion. sum or total. a. indicates a(n) . a. 1075 ANSWER: B 37What is the speed of an object at rest? . ANSWER: A 32The Greek letter sigma. 9. seconds d. measured in units of months. 103 c.0 m/s d. 7. . a. 0.67 v 10±27 kg. mass of a hydrogen atom is 1. meters. b. 103 months ANSWER: C 36The sun is composed mostly of hydrogen. kilograms. 101 month d. c. 10±1 months c. kilograms. d. kilograms. 9.81 m/s ANSWER: A 38In addition to displacement. 10 d. 104 m 2 b. 10 m d. 1030 57 b. . a. b. feet. a. pounds. seconds . a. sum or total. and the .ANSWER: B 31The Greek letter delta. Estimate the number of atoms in the sun. inverse proportion. The mass of the sun is 2. indicates a(n) . difference or change.0 m/s c. inverse proportion ANSWER: B 33What are the basic SI units? . 10±1 m c. 102 months b. d.

6. ANSWER: A c. b.7 km ANSWER: A 40A hiker travels south along a straight path for 1. kg d.75 .. velocity. Nothing happens to the object.90 km/h.85 km/h. what happens to the object¶s . then travels south for 2.4 km to the south b. the rate of change of velocity.63 km b.5 km d. the rate of change of displacement.60 h? .1 km c.2 km to the south d. m c.5 h with an average velocity of 0. The object speeds up. a. ANSWER: D 42When velocity is positive and acceleration is negative. 0. 2. What is the hiker¶s displacement for the total trip? a. description of the average velocity of an object? a. 2. b. The object slows down. . d. 1. km/h. (x ANSWER: C 39A dolphin swims 1.1 km to the south c.7 km to the south ANSWER: C 41Acceleration is . motion? a. d. How far has the dolphin traveled after 0. 3. 3. (t b. displacement. The object remains at rest.5 h with an average velocity of 0. 1. c. a.

The acceleration is constant. ANSWER: A . What does the graph above illustrate about acceleration? a. There is not enough information to answer. The acceleration increases then becomes constant. b. The acceleration decreases. What does the graph above illustrate about acceleration? a. The acceleration is zero. ANSWER: A 44 . The acceleration is zero. d. The acceleration is constant. c. c. d.43 . The acceleration varies. b.

2 m/s d. What is .00 m/s2 c. 55 m d.0 m/s and experiences a constant acceleration .4 m/s b. What is the final velocity after 6. 2.00 s.1 m/s c. 0. 8. What is the displacement of the sports car in this time interval? .45A toy car is given an initial velocity of 5. 44 m in 20. displacing the ball of yarn . 2.4 m/s b. 4.0 m/s ANSWER: B 49A soccer ball is kicked horizontally.00 s. 17 m/s ANSWER: D 46A shopping cart given an initial velocity of 2. 10.00 m/s d.63 m/s ANSWER: A 50A curious kitten pushes a ball of yarn at rest with its nose.5 cm in 2. 11.0 m c. the vehicle's acceleration? a. m after 4. 3.0 cm/s2 c.25 m/s c.0 s of its motion? a. of 2. 17.0 m ANSWER: C 47A race car accelerates from 0 m/s to 30. 12 m/s d. 5. What is its average speed if its displacement is 21.0 m.8 m/s in 8. What is the average velocity of the marble? a. 32 m b. 5.75 m/s d.0 m/s c.00 s? a.0 m/s undergoes a constant acceleration of . 14. 8. What is the acceleration of the ball of yarn? a.0 m/s2.0 . What is the magnitude of the cart's displacement after the first 4. 2.0 m/s2. 4. 80.38 cm/s2 ANSWER: B 51A sports car accelerates at a constant rate from rest to a speed of 27.0 s? a. 10.0 m/s with a displacement of 45. 14. 1.4 cm/s2 b. 10.75 cm/s2 d.0 m/s2 2 b.0 s. 15. .0 m/s2 ANSWER: C 48A marble accelerates from rest at a constant rate and travels for a total displacement of . 16 m/s b.

29.6 m/s where the . 9. 4. 9. 55.00 s b. at the top of its trajectory c. displacement. midway on the way up b. 9.81 m/s2.00 s c.00 s? a. free-fall acceleration.00 s d. What is the rock's displacement after 1.5 m/s where the . What time interval elapses between the rock's being thrown and its return to the original launch point? a. 10. ANSWER: C 55The baseball catcher throws a ball vertically upward and catches it in the same spot as it .5 m b. a. mys 2 b. ±9. 222 m 52Which of the following units are used to measure free fall? .0 s .81 m/s2 d. m2/s2 ANSWER: B 53Which of the following is a value for the acceleration of objects in free fall? c.6 m d. the instant it leaves the catcher¶s hand d. d. a.0 m ANSWER: C c. 77.81 m/s2 b. negative velocity. the instant before it arrives in the catcher¶s mitt ANSWER: B 56A rock is thrown straight upward with an initial velocity of 24.4 m ANSWER: B 57A rock is thrown straight upward with an initial velocity of 19.81 m/s2. downward acceleration due to gravity is 9.80 m/s2 .81 m c. ±9. .0 m b. 8. 5. b. m/s d. 19. downward acceleration due to gravity is 9. a. 111 m d. returns to the mitt.80 m/s2 ANSWER: B 54Acceleration due to gravity is also called c. 24. At what point in the ball¶s path does it experience zero velocity and nonzero acceleration at the same time? a.a. instantaneous velocity. m/s c.

at least 19.5 s. 39 m/s ANSWER: A 60A rock is thrown from the top of a cliff with an initial speed of 12 m/s. fall with equal accelerations with similar displacements.) a. . 56.81 m/s2. 21 m/s d. ground after falling for 6.00 s.0 m high bridge.0 m c.0 m/s b. 31 m/s b. 22 m c.0 s. g = 9.8 cm d. what is the speed of the camera as it hits the water? a.0 cm b.81 m/s2 and . If the rock hits .81 m/s2. fall with different accelerations with similar displacements.0 cm c. g = 9. what is the height of the cliff? (Disregard air resistance.) a. how far can you expect the ruler to fall before you catch it? (Disregard air resistance.0 m ANSWER: B 59A coin released at rest from the top of a tower hits the ground after falling 1. d.0 m/s d. 24 m d. What was the height from which the ball was dropped? (Disregard air resistance. fall with different accelerations with different displacements. It hits the . 44 m b. 177 m d. What is . fall with equal accelerations with different displacements. b. g = 9. 115 m b. at least 16.81 m/s2.) a. a. If your lab partner holds a ruler between . If g = 9. 28. your finger and thumb and releases it without warning.) a. 150. g = 9. at least 9.6 cm ANSWER: D 63When there is no air resistance. 63 m ANSWER: C 61A tourist accidentally drops a camera from a 40. 784 m/s ANSWER: A 62Human reaction time is usually about 0. objects of different masses . the ground after 2.20 s. at least 4. c. 210. 31. air resistance is disregarded. 15 m/s c.0 m/s c.81 m/s2. the speed of the coin as it hits the ground? (Disregard air resistance.ANSWER: A 58A baseball is released at rest from the top of the Washington Monument.

They would accelerate at the same rate. vector ANSWER: B 70Identify the following quantities as scalar or vector: the speed of a snail. c. d. slowerthen faster. a. scalar. They would hit the ground at the same time. resultant . d. the feather b. scalar. a. vector. at a constant velocity. They would be suspended in a vacuum. the stone c.ANSWER: A 64Objects that are falling toward Earth move . vector b. scalar c. ANSWER: A 65Which would hit the ground first if dropped from the same height in a vacuum. frame of reference ANSWER: B 68Which of the following is a physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction? c. slower and slower. ANSWER: C 67Which of the following is a physical quantity that has a magnitude but no direction? c. vector b. the time it . scalar. the number . a leaf or a stone? . frame of reference ANSWER: A 69Identify the following quantities as scalar or vector: the mass of an object. wind velocity. scalar. or a metal bolt? a. a. vector. b. faster and faster. vector. scalar b. resultant . ANSWER: C 66Which would fall with greater acceleration in a vacuum. scalar d. vector d. It is difficult to determine without more information. a. the leaf b. of leaves on a tree. scalar d. the metal bolt c. d. a. a feather . scalar.

A light easterly breeze blows on the bug at a velocity of 0. a.5 m/s. and finally 15 m .25 m/s. vector d. takes to run a mile.00 m/s d. ±12. vector. 0. east. vector.5 m northward.50 m/s c. then 2. vector b. 11. 15 m ANSWER: A 76A student adds two vectors with magnitudes of 200 and 40.5 m/s south c. Use the graphical method to find the magnitude of the jogger¶s net displacement. 240 . scalar.75 m/s b. and another 2. 5. ±7.0 m/s due south against a gust of wind with a velocity of . scalar. What is the resultant velocity of the lightning bug? a. 0. 12 m c. a. which is the only possible choice for the magnitude of the resultant? a.7 m d. 12. 14. 2. volume . a. a. 300 b.0 blocks due east.0 blocks due .0 blocks ANSWER: D 75A cave explorer travels 3. 200 d. 160 c.5 m/s south b.0 blocks b. vector.0 m eastward.0 blocks c. 18 m b.0 blocks d. vector ANSWER: B 71Which of the following is an example of a vector quantity? c. 8.0 blocks due south. Use the graphical method to find the magnitude of the net displacement. scalar. 0. scalar.. velocity b.25 m/s due east toward another lightning bug . What is the resultant velocity of the duck? a.25 m/s ANSWER: B 74A jogger runs 10. 7. scalar c. 0. temperature d. mass ANSWER: A 72For the winter. 5. Taking into account .5 m/s south d. significant figures. seen off in the distance. Assume all blocks are of equal size. the free-fall acceleration. a duck flies 10.5 m/s south ANSWER: C 73A lightning bug flies at a velocity of 0. scalar. westward. 13.

vectors if multiplied or scalars if divided. a. d. City B is 1540 km west and 1160 km south of city .50 m east.0 v 101 cm eastward. What is the ant¶s directional displacement relative to its original position? a.0r south of west c. 37. and walks 7. 45. vectors. 1850 km.0 v 101 m perpendicular to the line of scrimmage.0r south of west d.5 m east and 6. How far is the football displaced from its original position? a. 29 cm at 77° north of east ANSWER: A 79A duck waddles 2.5r south of east c. What are the magnitude and direction of . 52 cm at 29° north of east d.0 m south.0r south of west ANSWER: D 82While following directions on a treasure map. The receiver is tackled immediately. finally 15 cm westward. 3. 75 m ANSWER: A 81A plane flies from city A to city B. 1930 km. scalars if multiplied or vectors if divided. b. 57 cm at 29° north of west b. 55 m d.3 m at 67r north of east d. c. then 25 cm northward. 6. 62 m b. A. a person walks 45. 43. 6. 37. ANSWER: A 78An ant on a picnic table travels 3.0 v 101 m then sideways parallel to the line of scrimmage for 15 m.0r south of west b.ANSWER: B 77Multiplying or dividing vectors by scalars results in . and . 29 cm at 59° north of east c. 43 m c. 45. 43.5r east of south . then turns . 1. Which single straight-line displacement could the treasure hunter have walked to reach the same spot? a. What is the total displacement and direction of the plane? a.6 m at 9. scalars. 1850 km. The ball is thrown forward 5.5 m at 19r north of east c.5 m at 67r north of east b.6 m at 9. 6.5 m at 72r north of east ANSWER: C 80A quarterback takes the ball from the line of scrimmage and runs backward for . the duck¶s displacement with respect to its original position? a. 1930 km.0 m north.

0r with the . dividing by the cosine of U d. the tangent of U b. 23.55 m.5 m c.3r north of west . 55 m. 190 m c. 110 m c. the cotangent of U ANSWER: A 84In a coordinate system. multiplying by the cosine of U ANSWER: B 85A string attached to an airborne kite was maintained at an angle of 40. multiplying by the sine of U b. then the magnitude of the vector is calculated by which operation.00 v 102 units due east and 4.5 m. 77 m b.b.5 m at 21r east of south ANSWER: C d. what was the horizontal displacement of the kite? (Assume the kite string did not sag. 84 m d. taken with respect to the xcomponent? a.1 m b. of this displacement? a. 64 m d. 55 m b. 95 m ANSWER: C 87A skateboarder rolls 25.0r north of west.6 m at 21r south of east 83In a coordinate system. ground. 8. 23.55 m d. and x-axis are known.8r north of west c.00 v 102 units . the cosine of U c. 64 m. magnitude multiplied by which trigonometric function. What are . Find the horizontal and vertical components of the skateboarder's displacement. if the x component of a vector and the angle between the vector . 300 units 29. 190 m. the east and north components. 45. 23. the x-component of a given vector is equal to that vector¶s . a. horizontal. dividing by the sine of U c. a. 92 m ANSWER: D 86An athlete runs 110 m across a level field at an angle of 30.0r north of east. 8. the sine of U d. 546 units 59. 26.5 m. 73.1 m.0 m down a hill that descends at an angle of 20.6 m ANSWER: B 88Find the resultant of these two vectors: 2. respectively. 52. 30. with respect to the angle between the vector and the x-axis? a.) a. 73. If 120 m of string was reeled in to return the kite back to the ground. 95 m.0r with the .

4 km.2 units c. What is the magnitude and direction of the hiker¶s total displacement? a.5 m at 37r north of west d.1 m at 74r north of west ANSWER: B 91A hiker walks 4.00 m? a. a long jumper in action .5 km. parabola b. 22r north of west d. Vector B is 4. a jet lifting off a runway b. influence of gravity? a.6 units . dropping an aluminum can into the recycling bin d.9r north of west 89Vector A is 3. 1. 3.5 km. a. and then turns and heads west for 5. 22r south of west ANSWER: A 92Which of the following is the motion of objects moving in two dimensions under the .5 km at an angle of 45r north of west. 45r north of west b.5 km . south. 6. 6.2 m at 63r west of north c.2 units in length and points along the positive y-axis. directrix d. 3. if the dog . 581 units 20. What is the magnitude of the resultant when vectors A and B are added? a. 6. 5. 4. a volleyball served over a net c.6 units ANSWER: C 90What is the resultant displacement of a dog looking for its bone in the yard. first heads 55r north of west for 10. 62. Then the hiker walks 4.5 m at 37r north of east b.b.4 km. 13. a hot-air balloon drifting toward Earth b. 248 units 53. 11.1r north of east ANSWER: D d. 13. a space shuttle orbiting Earth ANSWER: B 94Which of the following is NOT an example of projectile motion? . a bullet being fired from a gun c. horizontal velocity c. a. in length and points along a direction 195r counterclockwise from the positive x-axis. projectile motion ANSWER: D 93Which of the following is an example of projectile motion? .0 m.8 units b. 22r south of west c.2 units d. a baseball hit by a bat d.

0 m deep.) a. canyon below is 100. a hyperbola d. How long is she in the air before returning to Earth? (g = 9. 1.5 s b. a wavy line b. 0. how far from the edge of the cliff does the model rocket land? . a person diving into a pool from a diving board b.2 s ANSWER: B 10A model rocket flies horizontally off the edge of the cliff at a velocity of 50. a frog jumping from land into water b. 1. What is the height of the cliff? (Disregard air resistance. 120 m b. Projectiles do not follow a predictable path. A stopwatch measures the stone¶s trajectory time from the top of the cliff to the bottom at 5.81 m/s2. a parabola c. a basketball thrown to a hoop c. a train moving along a flat track ANSWER: A 97Which of the following does NOT exhibit parabolic motion? . g = 9.81 m/s2) a.0° . ANSWER: B 96Which of the following exhibits parabolic motion? . 58 m c. 0. If the 0. a.ANSWER: C 95What is the path of a projectile? .0r above the horizontal from the top edge of a cliff .83 s d. a flat piece of paper released from a window d.0 m/s. a baseball thrown to home plate ANSWER: C 98A stone is thrown at an angle of 30. a. with an initial speed of 12 m/s.42 s c. 180 m ANSWER: C 99A track star in the long jump goes into the jump at 12 m/s and launches herself at 20. a. above the horizontal.6 s. a space shuttle orbiting Earth c. a leaf falling from a tree d. 150 m d.

5. ANSWER: C 10A piece of chalk is dropped by a teacher walking at a speed of 1. c. If the boat is in a river where the current 6. b.0 km/h due east moves into a region where the wind is blowing at 5.0 km/h. at what height will the stream of water strike the building? a. is 2.0 m . 337 m d. frame of reference b.4 m ANSWER: C 10Which of the following is a coordinate system for specifying the precise location of 2. ANSWER: A 10A jet moving at 500. perspective. From the passenger¶s 3.0 km/h.60 m c.0r above the horizontal. stand still. What is the new velocity and direction of the aircraft relative to the ground? a. 225 m ANSWER: B c. 400 m 10A firefighter 50.0 km/h in a direction 30. 18. teacher¶s perspective. c. the chalk appears to fall a. 6.22r north of east b. move west at a speed that is equal to the bus¶s speed.4 m d.7 m b. b. how long does it take the boat to make a complete round trip of 1000. 112 m b. move east at a speed that is equal to the bus¶s speed. 13. objects in space? a.0r north of east. 588 km/h. 550. From the 4. 620.00 m/s. the man appears to a. straight down and backward. straight down and forward. If the velocity of the stream is 40. move west at a speed that is less than the bus¶s speed. diagram ANSWER: C 10A passenger on a bus moving east sees a man standing on a curb.5 m/s.0 m/s.0 m/s relative to the water.87r north of east ANSWER: A 10A boat moves at 10. 9. straight backward.a. 7. 120. d.0 m away from a burning building directs a stream of water from a fire 1. x-axis c. straight down. 607 km/h.10r north of east d.67r north of east c. 22. d. y-axis d. 4. hose at an angle of 30.

203 s d.0 m. 143 m/s b. velocity ANSWER: C 11Which of the following statements does NOT describe force? 0.0 m downstream? a. force b. 315 km/h north ANSWER: B 10Which of the following is the cause of an acceleration or a change in an object¶s 9.0 km/h south. c. 25 km/h south c. 9 s.upstream followed by 1000. 315 km/h south b. inertia 1. 111 m/s ANSWER: C 10A small airplane flies at a velocity of 145 km/h toward the south as observed by a 8. a. 208 s b. gravitational force c. how long does the superhero have to save the people in the elevator? What should the superhero¶s average velocity be? a. 333 m/s c. velocity d. 200 m/s d. 199 s c. speed c. inertia d.00 km away from the tower and the elevator falls from a height of 240. 7 s. person on the ground. Force causes objects to start moving. 5 s. What is the velocity of the wind that affects the plane? a. force ANSWER: D 11Which of the following forces arises from direct physical contact between two objects? 2. contact force . b. Force causes objects at rest to remain stationary. ANSWER: A 11What causes a moving object to change direction? c. the superhero is 1. motion? a. Force causes objects to change direction. acceleration b. a. The airplane pilot measures an air velocity of 170. 251 s ANSWER: C 10A superhero flying at treetop level sees the Eiffel Tower elevator begin to free fall. a. 25 km/h north d. d. 7 s. Force causes objects to stop moving. If 7.

fundamental force d. the force exerted by a towing cable on the car. 5800 N c.b. the backward force the road exerts on the car. field force ANSWER: D 11Which of the following forces is an example of a contact force? 4. the gravitational force acting on the car. c. acting on the car? a. b. 14 700 N b. fundamental force ANSWER: C d. frictional force d. frictional force ANSWER: D 11Which of the following forces is an example of a field force? 5. which of the following is the gravitational force 6. gravitational force c. field force 11Which of the following forces exists between objects even in the absence of direct 3. a. the upward force the road exerts on the car. a. 13 690 N ANSWER: C 11In the free-body diagram show above. contact force b. the 5800 N force represents 7. normal force b. d. frictional force c. physical contact? a. 775 N d. tension ANSWER: A 11In the free-body diagram shown above. a. magnetic force d. electric force b. ANSWER: D . gravitational force c.

0 N d. 65.2 N b. a downward arrow to represent the force of gravity and an upward arrow to represent the force of air resistance.11A free-body diagram of a ball in free fall in the presence of air resistance would show 8. 1520 N c. velocity ANSWER: B 12A late traveler rushes to catch a plane. 95. 5120 N ANSWER: C 12Which of the following is the tendency of an object to maintain its state of motion? c. ANSWER: C 11In the free-body diagram shown above. 950 N d. a. a. .0 N c. a downward arrow to represent the force of air resistance.6 N. greater than the normal force times the coefficient of static friction. an upward arrow to represent the force of gravity and a downward arrow to represent the force of air resistance. inertia d. The additional force needed 2. b.6 N ANSWER: B 12A car goes forward along a level road at constant velocity. acting on the balloon? a. force 0. 4050 N b.0r above the horizontal. If the horizontal component of the force on the suitcase is 60. to bring the car into equilibrium is a. acceleration b. equal to the normal force times the coefficient of static friction. pulling a suitcase with a force directed 1. only a downward arrow to represent the force of gravity. 53. 30. b. 70. c. what is the force exerted on the handle? a. which of the following is the gravitational force 9. d.

6. 196 N b. 9. d. 433 N d. what is the horizontal force being applied by the partner? a.0r with the vertical. 48 N b. The artist is momentarily held to one side of a 4. the normal force times the coefficient of kinetic friction.0 N is accelerated across a level surface at 0.0 v 101 N is being applied to the sled rope at an angle of 53r to the ground. 924 N c. 462 N ANSWER: D 12If a nonzero net force is acting on an object. 150 N b. 5. swing by a partner so that both of the swing ropes are at an angle of 30. b. What net force acts on the wagon? (g = 9. 8. In such a condition of static equilibrium. d. 610 N ANSWER: B 12Which statement about the acceleration of an object is correct? 7. a.c. losing mass. 15 N d. a. moving with a constant velocity. at rest. being accelerated.00 v 102 N. ANSWER: C 12A wagon with a weight of 300. 42 N ANSWER: C 12A trapeze artist weighs 8. 83 N c. The acceleration of an object is inversely proportional to the net external force acting on the object and inversely proportional to the mass of the object. If a force of 3.5 m/s2. what is the force of friction between the sled and the snow? a.81 m/s2) a. then the object is definitely c.0 N c. The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net external force acting on the object and directly proportional to the mass of the object. d. zero. 64 N d. The acceleration of an object is inversely proportional to the net . The acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net external force acting on the object and inversely proportional to the mass of the object. b. ANSWER: D 12A sled is pulled at a constant velocity across a horizontal snow surface. c.

1. 2. a. 1.0 N directed upward and the second of 60. b. ANSWER: B 13Two perpendicular forces.0 v 103 kg experiences a tidal force of 3. 4. one of 45. to the east and a wind force against its sails with a magnitude of 6. the object with greater mass will experience a great acceleration and the object with less mass will experience an even greater acceleration. 5. 3.00 m/s2 c.0 v 103 N directed 1. What is the magnitude of the resultant acceleration of the object? a. a small acceleration. d.1 m/s2 d. b.0 kg.5 m/s2 b. a.4 m/s2 ANSWER: A 13An airplane with a mass of 1. ANSWER: A 12According to Newton¶s second law. when the same force is applied to two objects of 9. What is the magnitude of the resultant acceleration of the boat? a.14 m/s2 b. act simultaneously on an object with a mass of 35. If . ANSWER: A 12A small force acting on a human-sized object causes 8.0 v 103 N directed toward the northwest (45r N of W).25 m/s2 d.2 v 104 kg tows a glider with a mass of 0.external force acting on the object and directly proportional to the mass of the object. the object with greater mass will experience a greater acceleration and the object with less mass will experience a smaller acceleration.2 m/s2 c. a large acceleration. the object with greater mass will experience a smaller acceleration and the object with less mass will experience a greater acceleration. d. the object with greater mass will experience a small acceleration and the object with less mass will experience an even smaller acceleration.41 m/s2 ANSWER: A 13A sailboat with a mass of 2.0 N 0.60 v 104 kg. different masses. c. c. no acceleration. 2. equilibrium. directed to the right. 2.

the cable when the elevator is accelerated upward at a rate of 3. and compare the 5. The nail exerts a force on the hammer. 6.8 m/s2 ANSWER: A 13An elevator weighing 2. a. 2. what is the acceleration of the glider? a. compare the forces exerted by each object. 1. d.61 v 105 N ANSWER: D 13A hammer drives a nail into a piece of wood. the airplane propellers provide a net forward thrust of 3.0 m/s2 2 b. ANSWER: C 13A hockey stick hits a puck on the ice. b. the wood exerts a force on the nail. and 6. a.00 v 105 N is supported by a steel cable. The stick exerts a force on the puck. d. The puck exerts a force on the stick.6 v 104 N. b.0 m/s2 c. The stick exerts a force on the puck. ANSWER: A 13A leaf falls from a tree and lands on the sidewalk. 2. The stick exerts a force on the ice. compare the forces exerted by each object. the ice exerts a force on the puck. c. Identify an action-reaction pair. The hammer exerts a force on the nail. the hammer exerts a force on the wood. What is the tension in 3. the puck exerts a force on the ice.00 m/s2? (g = 9. 9. the sidewalk exerts a force on the .81 m/s2) a. 3. and 4. the sidewalk exerts a force on the leaf. The leaf exerts a force on the sidewalk. the puck exerts a force on the stick. the nail exerts a force on the hammer. a. The hammer exerts a force on the nail. 2. the hammer exerts a force on the wood.2.42 v 105 N 5 b. b.39 v 105 N c. the stick exerts a force on the ice. 2. forces exerted by each object.31 v 10 N d. Identify an action-reaction pair.0 m/s d. The hammer exerts a force on the nail. The leaf exerts a force on the tree. c. The tree exerts a force on the leaf. the sidewalk exerts a force on the leaf. Identify an action-reaction pair. c.

a. c. the tree exerts a force on the leaf. ANSWER: D 13Which are simultaneous equal but opposite forces resulting from the interaction of two 8. less than the player¶s weight. b. weight. the force of the floor on the shoes is a. density. The hand exerts a force on the ball. weight. inertia. ANSWER: B 14A measure of the quantity of matter is 1. Earth exerts a force on the ball. c. the ball exerts a gravitational force on Earth. At the moment the player begins to jump. ANSWER: A 14The magnitude of the force of gravity acting on an object is 0. the hand exerts a force on the ball. ANSWER: D 14A change in the force of gravity acting on an object will affect the object¶s . d. field forces d. ANSWER: B 13A ball is dropped from a person¶s hand and falls to Earth. d. Earth exerts a gravitational force on the ball. objects? a. zero. a. faster and faster until his shoes leave the floor. action-reaction pairs ANSWER: D 13As a basketball player starts to jump for a rebound. pair. d. d. greater than the player¶s weight. frictional force. Earth exerts a force on the hand. force. Identify an action-reaction 7. b. b. d. The leaf exerts a force on the sidewalk. gravitational forces b.leaf. Earth exerts a force on the hand. the hand exerts a force on Earth. the player begins to move upward 9. mass. c. b. mass. equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the player's weight. c. net external forces c. and compare the forces exerted by each object. a.

0r by 6.0r slope by a rope 4. 0. 61 N d. 15 N b.0 N c.42 d. As one end of the ramp is raised. 250 N ANSWER: D 14A book with a mass of 2.00 v 103 N is suspended in equilibrium by two cables. ANSWER: C c. FT2. 47 N d.0r above the horizontal. If the couch slides down the ramp with an acceleration of 0. The rope is parallel to the slope. Cable 2 applies a force upward and to the left at an angle of 37. 0. What is the normal force of the floor on the box? a.81 m/s2) a. 8310 N b. horizontal force to the right of the object and has a tension.0 N b. attached to a stake at the top. 39 N c. 34 N ANSWER: A 14A couch with a mass of 1 v 102 kg is placed on an adjustable ramp connected to a truck. d. weight. 0.2. 0. 50. constant velocity. b.0 v 102 N is held in place on a frictionless 20. mass. 3340 N ANSWER: C 14A sled weighing 1.0 v 102 N. 86 N d.0r to the negative x-axis and has a tension. frictional force. Cable 1 applies a 3. 37 N b. a horizontal force. a. 4440 N c. what is the coefficient of kinetic friction between the ramp and couch? (g = 9. What is FT2? a. 34 N ANSWER: A 14A mule uses a rope to pull a box that weighs 3. inertia. the couch begins to move downward. 14A weight of 5.47 c.0 kg is held in equilibrium on a board with a slope of 60.39 b. What is the normal force exerted by the book? a.12 ANSWER: C . 300.70 m/s2 when the ramp angle is 25r. 94 N c. FT1. 7.0 v 102 N across a level surface with 5. 6640 N d. What is the normal force of the slope acting on the sled? a. and the tension in the rope is 1. The rope makes an angle of 30.

0.0 v 102 m on a smooth ice surface. 0. 0. 0.656 ANSWER: A 15An ice skater moving at 10. 0. 1 N c.740 d.470 ANSWER: B . 0. The truck applies 9.102 b. 5 N d. 7 N ANSWER: B 14A crate is carried in a pickup truck traveling horizontally at 15. snow and slides 145 m before coming to a halt.892 b. 0. 0. The coefficient of friction 8. What is the coefficient of friction between the ice and the skates? a.540 c.14There are six books in a stack.205 ANSWER: B 15An Olympic skier moving at 20.116 b. and each book weighs 5 N.0r slope encounters a region of wet 1. 0. 0. 3 N b.365 d. 0.7 m while stopping with uniform acceleration. What is the coefficient of friction between the skis and the snow? a.051 d.400 c.025 c.2.0 m/s coasts to a halt in 1.0 m/s down a 30. 0. What is the coefficient of static friction between the crate and the truck bed if the crate does not slide? a. With what horizontal force must one push to start sliding the top five books off the bottom one? a. the brakes for a distance of 28.0 m/s. 0. between the books is 0.