CONSULTATION VERSION 0.

1

The

Electricity Wiring Regulations

Issued by: The Regulation and Supervision Bureau for the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi www.rsb.gov.ae

November 2006
Consultation Version 0.1

CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

List of Revisions

Revision Number 0.1

Date

Prepared by:

Checked by:

Issued to:

Dec 2005

T Khan

L Hill M Al Sattari

Distribution Code Review Panel Distribution Code Review Panel

0.2

June 2006

T Khan

0.3

Sept 2006

T Khan

L Hill G Lewin

0.4 Consultation v0.1

Oct 2006 Nov 2006

T Khan T Khan

N Carter L Hill Public Consultation

The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007)

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CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

Contents
1. Introduction.......................................................................................................... 5 1.1 Citation and Commencement ............................................................... 5 1.2 Purpose ................................................................................................ 5 1.3 Scope and Enforcement ....................................................................... 5 Definitions............................................................................................................ 7 2.1 Interpretation ........................................................................................ 7 General Requirements ...................................................................................... 13 3.1 Technical Standards, Materials and Workmanship ............................ 13 3.2 Licensed Contractors.......................................................................... 13 3.3 Requirements for Safety..................................................................... 13 3.4 Environmental Conditions................................................................... 15 Electricity Supply Parameters ........................................................................... 16 4.2 Declared Voltage and Frequency ....................................................... 16 4.3 Harmonics and Voltage Disturbances ................................................ 16 4.4 Prospective Fault Current................................................................... 16 Electricity Supply Intake .................................................................................... 17 5.1 Supply Intake Rooms ......................................................................... 17 5.2 The Customer Connection Point ........................................................ 17 5.3 Multiple Occupancy Premises ............................................................ 18 5.4 Metering Requirements ...................................................................... 18 5.5 Application for Supply and Load Estimates ........................................ 18 Protection .......................................................................................................... 19 6.1 General Principles .............................................................................. 19 6.2 Overload and Short Circuit Protection ................................................ 19 6.3 Electric Shock Protection.................................................................... 20 6.4 Earth Leakage Protective Devices ..................................................... 20 6.5 Isolation .............................................................................................. 21 6.6 Insulation ............................................................................................ 22 Earthing ............................................................................................................. 23 7.1 General Principles .............................................................................. 23 7.2 Systems of Earthing ........................................................................... 23 7.3 Earth Electrodes ................................................................................. 24 7.4 Earth Conductors................................................................................ 24 7.5 Exposed Metallic Parts ....................................................................... 25 7.6 Equipotential Bonding Conductors ..................................................... 26 7.7 Earth Loop Impedance ....................................................................... 26 7.8 Lightning Protection............................................................................ 27 7.9 Functional Earthing............................................................................. 27

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The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007)

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CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1

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Selection of Components and Installation Requirements.................................. 28 8.1 Socket Outlets and Plug Connectors.................................................. 28 8.2 Switches and Isolators........................................................................ 28 8.3 Lighting ............................................................................................... 29 8.4 Conduits and Trunking ....................................................................... 30 8.5 Cables and Final Circuits.................................................................... 30 8.6 Distribution Boards ............................................................................. 32 8.7 LV Switchboards................................................................................. 33 Inspection, Testing and Certification ................................................................. 34 9.1 Installation Certificates ....................................................................... 34 9.2 Routine Inspection and Testing .......................................................... 35 SELV - Separated Extra Low Voltage Systems ................................................ 36 10.1 Source of SELV Power....................................................................... 36 Power factor Correction..................................................................................... 37 11.1 General Requirements ....................................................................... 37 11.2 Specifications ..................................................................................... 37 Motors and Generators ..................................................................................... 39 12.1 Electric Motors and Starters ............................................................... 39 12.2 Standby Generators ........................................................................... 39 Special Locations .............................................................................................. 40 13.1 Outdoor Sites...................................................................................... 40 13.2 Street Lighting, Traffic Signals and Signboards ................................. 40 APPENDICES

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Note:

Numbering System of the Regulations Chapters are numbered as integers (e.g. 1, 2, 3, etc) Regulations are numbered by one full stop between numbers (e.g. 1.1, 1.2 etc) Clauses are numbered by two full stops between numbers (e.g. 3.1.1)

The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007)

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4 1.3 1.2. if earlier.1.3. These Regulations are issued by the Regulation and Supervision Bureau through the powers vested in it under Article 62 of Law No (2) of 1998 Concerning the Regulation of the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.1. 1.1 Scope and Enforcement These Regulations shall apply to all Distribution Companies. codes and standards).3 INTRODUCTION Citation and Commencement These Regulations shall be cited as the Electricity Wiring Regulations 2007. outbuildings. public buildings.2 1.2). street lighting and traffic signs. or any other persons involved in the installation. or shall apply after 1 January 2010 or. as indicated in appendix 2.3. farms.3.3 1.5 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 5 of 40 . caravans. at the time of the next inspection or re-certification. Customers. Such locations include.2 1. commercial premises.1 1.3. property Owners. These Regulations shall apply to all new Electrical Installations (including extensions and modifications to existing Installations) which are constructed following the date of commencement above (clause 1. parks. These Regulations shall come into force on 1 March 2007 [proposed]. For existing Electrical Installations constructed before the date of commencement. The scope of these Regulations does not include the electricity distribution networks belonging to Distribution Companies.1. These Regulations shall be enforced by the relevant Distribution Companies in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in accordance with procedures which shall be published by the 1.2 1. except such equipment that is required at the interface with Customers.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.4 1. domestic premises. wedding tents etc). temporary supplies (construction sites. 1.3. as detailed in these Regulations.1. but are not limited to. as well as other relevant Licences. (Note: requirements governing Distribution Companies’ networks are covered under the Electricity Supply Regulations 2007.1. These Regulations supersede the following regulations: ADWEA Wiring Rules and Regulations (3rd Edition 2003) WED Regulations for Electrical Installation Works (1980) Earth Leakage Protection Regulations (2001) 1.1 Purpose The purpose of these Regulations is to provide guidelines and technical standards that promote the installation of safe and efficient systems of wiring in buildings and other Premises.1 1.1 1. the clauses listed in appendix 2 shall not apply. The Regulations are not intended to substitute detailed specifications for designers of Installations nor to serve as instruction for untrained persons. industrial premises. maintenance or operation of Electrical Installations in any Premises or other place where there is an electricity supply provided by a Distribution Company. Licensed Contractors.

Relaxation of any of the requirements of the Regulations shall be approved by the Bureau upon written request from any Distribution Company. Customer. Customer.3. shall be deemed as contrary to the Law.1). 1.3. Article 66 (failure to comply) and Article 135 (offences and fines). Licensed Contractor or other person to which these Regulations apply.6 Compliance with these Regulations shall be assessed in accordance with specifications and guidelines contained within this document or other relevant technical standards (see regulation 3.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1 Distribution Company and approved by the Bureau. property Owner. Failure to comply with these Regulations. or any part thereof. 1.7 1. Owner. Such failures will be addressed in accordance with the Law under Article 65(5) (notices served by the Bureau).8 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 6 of 40 . Licensed Contractor or other person.3. Action may be taken against any Distribution Company.

e. Words using the singular or plural number also include the plural or singular number. Words and expressions other than those described in this section. 2.g.5m height from the standing surface.7 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 7 of 40 . The following are related definitions: (a) Ring Circuit: a Circuit which is wired from a single Protective Device. of which one side is removable or hinged..1.1 2. Circuit: a set of phase and neutral conductors generally installed as a group to supply power to a location.1. 2. respectively.3 2.1. connectors etc) and returning back to the same Protective Device. thus forming an electrically continuous loop.1.1. Bonding Conductor: see Equipotential Bonding Conductor Bureau: the Regulation and Supervision Bureau for the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.2 Appliance: an item of current using equipment Arm’s Reach: a zone of accessibility to touch. emanating from a Protective Device to the area to be supplied.4 2. being run thorough an area to be supplied (via appropriate socket outlets. (c) Spur Circuit: a Circuit which is wired in a ‘radial’ or ‘branch’ configuration from any point on a Ring Circuit.5 2. without any tool or ladder etc). Such a distance may normally be taken as 2.1 DEFINITIONS Interpretation Words which have been given definitions under this section are used in the Regulations beginning with capital letters e. plug. 2.g. extending from any point on a surface where a person may stand or move about.1.25m horizontally from the standing position. as established under Law No (2) of 1998.g. E.1. to the limits which such person may reach without assistance (i. Cable Tray: a cable support consisting of a continuous base with raised edges and no covering. circuit breaker. A cable tray is considered to be non-perforated where less than 30% of the material is removed from the base. (b) Radial Circuit: a Circuit which is wired in a ‘radial’ or ‘branch’ configuration. and 1. a Circuit connecting from a Main Distribution Board to a Sub Distribution Board would not be described as a Final Circuit. (d) Final Circuit: a term generally used to describe Circuits which supply current using equipment or Appliances (normally via socket outlets or other types of connectors). and which originate from one Protective Device.6 2. conduit). normally of rectangular cross section. Cable Trunking: a manufactured enclosure for the protection of cables..”. Terms in common use have not been given definitions and normal dictionary definitions apply (e. “all Earth Conductors within a Premises must . which are defined in the Law shall have the meanings ascribed to them in the Law.1.1 2.8 Circuit Protective Conductor: see Earth Conductor 2.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.

Distribution Company: a company or body holding a Licence from the Bureau. Connected Load: the aggregate load of Appliances and other electrical equipment at a Premises. This point will normally be at the incoming cable of the Main Distribution Board and before the main circuit breaker.20 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 8 of 40 .10 2.19 2. pursuant to the Law.1.1. thus providing protection against electric shock in case of failure of the basic insulation of the equipment or other fault condition.1. The MDB may also be know as the ‘Consumer Unit’ where this is generally an integrated unit containing the main isolation device and Protective Devices.1.1. The following are related definitions: (a) Main Distribution Board (MDB): the Distribution Board which.1.11 2. Danger: risk of injury to persons or animals or risk of damage to property Distribution Board: an assembly designed for housing isolation switches and Protective Devices and for connecting multiple cable Circuits. leading to an electric shock.1 2.1. including their associated neutral and Earth Conductors. in general.16 2. such as a plastic outer enclosure (also know as Double Insulated equipment).9 Class I Equipment: equipment which includes a means for connection of Exposed Metallic Parts of the equipment to the Earth Conductor.1. principally in domestic Installations.15 2. corporate body. (b) Sub Distribution Board (SDB): any Distribution Board which is supplied from the Main Distribution Board in a premises and which is used to distribute wiring and Circuits within a designated area (e. Specifications for Class II Equipment are given in BS2754.g. Consumer Unit: see Main Distribution Board Customer: any person.1.13 2. Class II Equipment: equipment which does not include a means for connection to an Earth Conductor.12 2. Customer Connection Point (CCP): the point which defines the boundary between the Customers Installation and that of the Distribution Company. summated using the method described under regulation 5.1. Competency Licence: a licence issued by a Distribution Company to a company assessed as competent for work on Electrical Installations. 2. through the phase or neutral conductors of an Installation or Appliance.1. or company who has an agreement with a Distribution Company for the supply of electricity.18 2.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1. one floor in a multi-storey building). accepts the main incoming LV supply from the Distribution Company or Customer’s transformer.17 2. In special cases an alternative definition of the Connection Point may be agreed between the Customer and the Distribution Company. Class III Equipment: equipment in which protection against electric shock relies on supply at SELV and in which voltages higher than SELV are not generated in the equipment (see BS2754). and which provides supplementary insulation in addition to the basic insulation of the equipment.14 2.5. Direct Contact: the accidental or inadvertent contact with electricity by a person.

22 Double Insulated Equipment: see Class II Equipment.) (f) Earth Resistance: the resistance (in Ohms) of any point on an Installation to Earth. the neutral earth connection at the Distribution Company transformer. or Grounding Rod’.1. Outside of these Regulations these may also be known as the Circuit Protective Conductor (CPC) or Earth Continuity Conductor (ECC) or commonly known as the ‘earth wire’. The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 9 of 40 . (e) Earth Electrode: a conductor or group of conductors in intimate contact with Earth. (May also be known outside of these Regulations as ‘Earth Rod’. Earth: the conductive mass of earth.21 2. the distribution transformer winding. comprising the impedance of the following parts of an Installation (illustrated in appendix 15): the circuit Earth Conductor. Note: the terms ‘Grounding’ or ‘Grounded’ are sometimes used outside of these Regulations to mean the same as the above. The following are related definitions: (a) Customer Earthed system (TT): where the Customer provides a Main Earth Terminal for the Installation. generally via the armouring or metallic sheath of the main incoming supply cable (referred to in BS7671 as a TN-S system).CONSULTATION VERSION 0. which is connected to a sufficient number of local Earth Electrodes (referred to in BS7671 as a ‘TT’ system). via a Main Earth Terminal to local Earth Electrodes or the Distribution Company Earth.1 (c) Final Distribution Board (FDB): a Distribution Board which supplies Final Circuits 2. the path of earth fault current through the general mass of Earth. This includes ‘circuit’ Earth Conductors and ‘main’ Earth Conductors. providing an electrical connection to Earth. the Main Earth Terminal. and normally having a known and measurable value of Earth Resistance. (g) Earth Fault Loop Impedance (Zs): the total impedance presented to an earth fault current. or through the earth sheath or armouring of the Distribution Company cable. (c) Earthing or Earthed: a general term used to describe the connection of metallic parts of an Electrical Installation or an Appliance to Earth. the main Earth Conductors connecting to Earth Electrodes or the Distribution Company Earth.1. using the distribution network Earthing system. (b) Distribution Company Earthed system (TN-S): where the Distribution Company provides a connection to the Customer’s Main Earth Terminal. being measured using an approved testing device and approved procedure. whose electric potential (voltage) at any point is conventionally taken as zero. (d) Earth Conductor: the protective conductors used to connect the Exposed Metallic Parts of an Electrical Installation and associated Appliances to Earth.

structure or any metalwork within a Premises which is not part of the electrical Installation and which is not designed to carry current. although these Regulations do include requirements for the connection of Appliances (e. Equipotential Bonding: the connection of Extraneous Metallic Parts.1 - the phase conductors of the circuit back to the point of fault.g.1. and at which Earth Conductors from the Earth Electrodes will be connected. using a designated conductor or cable. steel beams etc).1.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1. such as to maintain these at substantially the same potential (voltage) in the event of passage of electrical fault current through such parts.31 2. but which may become live due to a fault condition.1. This may also be known as ‘PME Bonding’. This will normally be at or close to the Customer Connection Point.1. (h) Main Earth Terminal: the main connection point at which the nominal value of Earth Resistance for an installation is taken. Outside of these Regulations the Main Earth Terminal may also be known as the ‘main earth bar’. Extraneous Metallic Parts are required to be connected to Earth using Equipotential Bonding Conductors where there is significant risk that they may become live due to a fault condition (see regulation 7. Exposed Metallic Part: a metallic part of an Installation or Appliance which can be touched by persons and which is not normally live but may become live due to a fault condition. noise filtering for computers etc) and which is separate from the main Earthing system of an Installation.1.6). plugs and sockets). Extra Low Voltage (ELV): see Voltage Final Circuit: see Circuit High Voltage: see Voltage Indirect Contact: contact of a person with electricity through Exposed Metallic Parts of 2.28 2. switchgear.g.32 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 10 of 40 . Equipotential Bonding Conductor: a designated conductor installed to serve the function of Equipotential Bonding in a Premises (may also be known as the ‘PME Conductor’. Fixed or portable electrical Appliances are not considered part of the Electrical Installation.1. Electrical Installation (abbrv: Installation): an Electrical Installation generally comprises any fixed or temporary cable.23 Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB): a circuit breaker which is designed to open the phase and neutral conductors of a circuit upon detection of a leakage of current (above a specified value) through the Earth Conductor or through Extraneous Metallic Parts of an Installation.1. 2.30 2.1. water pipes.5). outside of these Regulations.1. Extraneous Metallic Part: a metallic part. outside of these Regulations).27 2.29 2.25 2.26 2.24 2. materials or components within a Premises which are not part of the Electrical Installation (e. Exposed Metallic Parts are normally required to be connected to Earth (see Regulation 7. transformer or other electrical equipment or apparatus within a Premises or other place where there is an electricity supply (including outdoor locations). (h) Functional Earth: an Earth or Earthing system which is provided for special functions (such as reduction of radio frequency interference.

41 2. Radial Circuit: see Circuit Residual Current Device (RCD): a Protective Device which is normally installed to automatically isolate the supply to a Circuit or Distribution Board when the algebraic sum of currents in the phase and neutral conductors reaches a preset value. farms. fuse links. Such devices include fuses. Ring Circuit: see Circuit 2.1. Note: outside of these Regulations a Luminare may commonly be referred to as a ‘light fitting’. or between phase conductors and earth. transformers and auxiliary Circuits but is taken to exclude the lamps themselves. moulded case circuit breakers (MCCB). Premises: any occupied or un-occupied building or enclosure or other place where there is an electricity supply.1 an Installation or Appliance or through Extraneous Metallic Parts in a Premises which have become live during fault conditions. Low Voltage: see Voltage Luminaire: equipment which is generally designed to house one or more electric lamps and which may include diffusers. domestic premises.45 2.39 2. outbuildings. commercial premises. public buildings. The maximum Prospective Fault Current for an installation is normally taken at the Customer Connection Point. street lighting and traffic signs.43 2. parks.37 2. caravans. Also known as ‘fault level’. fixtures.1.40 2. Main Distribution Board: see Distribution Board Owner: the legal owner of a building or property in which an Electrical Installation is installed and connected to a supply of electricity. earth leakage circuit breakers (ELCB).1.33 2.1.35 2. Law: means Law No (2) of 1998 Concerning the Regulation of the Water and Electricity Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.1. 2. miniature circuit breakers (MCB). Prospective Fault Current: the value of current that would flow due to a short circuit fault of negligible impedance between live phase conductors. industrial premises.1.1.1.36 2.38 2.1.1.34 Installation: see Electrical Installation Installation Certificate: a certificate in the format indicated in these Regulations which is issued by a Licensed Contractor after completion of work on an Installation and provided to the Customer/Owner of the Premises. wedding tents etc).46 2. Protective Conductor: see Earth Conductor Protective Device: a device installed at the start of a Circuit which will automatically disconnect the input of electricity in the event of a fault or overload occurring on that Circuit.44 2. temporary supplies (construction sites. Such locations would include. Licensed Contractor: a company which has been assessed by the Distribution Company as competent to work on Electrical Installations and issued a Competency Licence.47 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 11 of 40 . Note: in some cases an Owner may also be a Customer.1.1.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1. but are not limited to.1.42 2.1. and residual current devices (RCD).

48 2.c. Voltage: (a) High Voltage (HV): an a. a d. whether between phase conductors or between phase conductors and earth.c.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. voltage greater than Low Voltage and less than 36kV between phases or 21kV between any phase and earth. or 120V d. Spur Circuit: see Circuit. voltage below 1500V between phases.51 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 12 of 40 . (d) Separated Extra Low Voltage (SELV): an Extra Low Voltage system which is electrically separated from Earth in such a way that a single fault cannot give rise to the risk of electric shock. 2.1.1.c.c. (c) Extra Low Voltage (ELV): a voltage not exceeding 50V a. voltage below 1000V between phases.c.50 2.1 2.49 Sub Distribution Board: see Distribution Board Supply Intake: a term used to describe the location or room housing the main cable and equipment provided by a Distribution Company to provision a supply of electricity to a Premises (includes the Customer Connection Point). or. or below 900V between any phase and earth. or below 600V between any phase and earth.1.1. (b) Low Voltage (LV): an a.

7 3.4 3. as well as members of the general public.2 3.1 Licensed Contractors Work on Electrical Installations may only be carried out by Licensed Contractors who have been assessed and approved by the Distribution Company and issued a Competency Licence. prior to providing an electricity supply. including those working on the Installation.3 3.2. The process for approval of Licensed Contractors shall be established by the Distribution Company and approved by the Bureau. A list of BS and IEC standards applying to the main types of equipment is given in appendix 3.1.2 3. which will be endorsed / approved by the Bureau. The Distribution Company must check for compliance against relevant standards of materials and equipment used in an Installation. The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 13 of 40 .1.2. The Distribution Company may issue specifications and requirements in addition to these Regulations. A register of Licensed Contractors shall be kept up-to-date by the Distribution Company and provided on request to any person. All materials used in Electrical Installations shall be of good quality and installed in a neat and orderly manner. BS7671 may be used as a guideline or specification.3 3.1. All materials and equipment shall comply with relevant international standards which will be mainly BS (British Standards) or IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) standards as referenced in these Regulations. Materials and Workmanship These Regulations provide guidelines and technical standards which have been written to be consistent with the principles contained in BS7671:2001 (generally known as the IEE Wiring Regulations 16th Edition). For the avoidance of doubt. those using electrical equipment.3 3. the requirements.1.6 3. in particular where none are specified in these Regulations. Other international standards may be used.1.1 Requirements for Safety The provisions of these Regulations require that Electrical Installations are constructed and maintained so as to ensure the safety of all persons. 3.1 3. and provided to interested parties on request. where any provision in these Regulations contradicts any provision in BS7671.1.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. with the prior approval of the Distribution Company.3.2 3. 3. Where a provision or technical requirement is not covered by these Regulations.2. Reference should also be made to UAE or Gulf standards which may be issued from time to time by the Emirates Standardisation and Metrology Authority (ESMA). standards or specifications under these Regulations shall apply.5 3.1 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Technical Standards. with prior approval from the Distribution Company and the Bureau. 3.1.1 3.

parts of final circuits and other points of normal use may be excluded from this requirement.9 3.3. as well as risk of damage from other services (e.3.12. or locations where young children are nearby are examples of site specific factors which must be taken into account in the design and construction 3. water supply).CONSULTATION VERSION 0.5 3.14 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 14 of 40 . Individual Circuits must be identified by numbering at the source end and at appropriate intervals along the route.3.6. All Electrical Installations shall be inspected and tested at the time of first commissioning and at intervals thereafter to ensure ongoing safety.3.3.6 3. circuit breakers or other devices as detailed under chapter 6 of these Regulations.13 3. All Electrical Installations shall be fitted with an Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB). location in relation to other Installations. locations where there is a risk of fire. For nondomestic Installations.3.3. All Electrical Installations shall be provided with a means of isolating the electricity supply at suitable sections.10 3. the source of supply. All Electrical Installations shall be suitably labelled so as to give information on the basic operating parameters. or similar Protective Device. at the source of supply and at other appropriate points.3. Residual Current Device (RCD). All Exposed Metallic Parts of an Installation must be Earthed via appropriate Earth Conductors as detailed under regulation 7.12 3. locations near water. All parts of an Electrical Installation shall be suitably located and protected against accidental or deliberate interference. installed and maintained so as to prevent Danger. so as to prevent Danger. All Electrical Installations shall be protected against damage due to excess current (caused by a fault or overload) by suitable Protective Devices such as fuses. the following general safety provisions shall apply: 3.1 In addition to the provisions detailed under the relevant sections of these Regulations.3.3.3 3. as detailed under regulation 6. in consideration of the expected operating environment. subsections and Circuits. All parts of an Electrical Installation shall be sufficiently sized and rated to safely carry out the function for which they are required.7 3.4 3. However. All Extraneous Metallic Parts within a Premises must be Earthed via Equipotential Bonding Conductors as detailed under regulation 7. and any precautions that must be taken. Where parts of an Installation are accessible or visible to the general public they must be labelled with a warning: “LIVE – 230/400 VOLTS – DANGER OF DEATH” or similar wording in prominent black letters on a yellow background. Special or unusual situations may require additional measures to be taken in relation to clauses 3.2 All parts of an Electrical Installation shall be constructed. as detailed under chapter 9 of these Regulations. All parts of an Electrical Installation shall be insulated appropriate to the function they serve. This warning must be written in English and Arabic (see example in appendix 21).2 to 3.3. as detailed in chapter 6 of these Regulations.8 3.11 3. all accessories and fittings must be marked with Circuit numbers.3. Adverse weather conditions. and at points where Appliances are used.4.3.3.3.5.g.

3. must be notified to the Distribution Company.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. constructed and maintained so as to operate safely and within their designed function under the expected operating environment. testing and certification as detailed in chapter 9. above 10% of the existing loading.1 of an Installation.1 Environmental Conditions All parts of an Electrical Installation shall be suitably designed. occasional fog (causing condensation on outdoor equipment).15 No extension or alteration to an Electrical Installation may be made without prior notification to the Distribution Company and without approval. 3. 3.4. The following environmental conditions may be used as a guide if no other special factors apply: (a) Maximum ambient (air) temperatures: Outdoor (un-shaded) Outdoor (shaded) Indoor (not air conditioned) Indoor (air conditioned) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Maximum ground temperature(at 1 metre depth): Maximum humidity: Soil resistivity: 60 degrees Celsius 50 degrees Celsius 40 degrees Celsius 30 degrees Celsius 35 degrees Celsius 100% according to local conditions Weather: mainly sunny. In addition.4 3. and occasional sandstorms Air quality: frequently dusty and corrosive The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 15 of 40 . and before a supply is provided by the Distribution Company. any proposed increase in the loading of the main incoming supply.

3.2.10% of the declared supply voltage. or 25kA (1 second) at a LV service turret.2. The maximum 3 phase Prospective Fault Current for HV supplies shall be 31.5 4. or 30kA (1 second) at a LV feeder pillar.1 Declared Voltage and Frequency The declared supply voltage provided to Customers connected at LV shall be 230V single phase or 400V three phase. For Customers supplied at voltages above LV the allowed variation of voltage and frequency shall be the same as in clauses 4. voltage unbalance and harmonics.3 4. 4. The permissible variation of the supply voltage shall be kept within +/.2 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 16 of 40 .CONSULTATION VERSION 0. Since this is a change to the previous supply voltage declared by Distribution Companies of 415/433V a guidance note is provided in appendix 4. The permissible variation of supply frequency shall be +/.1 Prospective Fault Current The maximum 3 phase Prospective Fault Current (fault level) for LV supplies shall be 46kA (1 second) at the LV busbar of the Distribution Company’s HV/LV substation.0.2 4. voltage dips.1 ELECTRICITY SUPPLY PARAMETERS The parameters for electricity supplies provided to Customers in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi are defined in the Electricity Supply Regulations 2007.3.2.2. These are repeated below: 4. which are of a magnitude that adversely affect other Customers.4. 4.1 4.2 4.2.5kA (for 3 seconds) or such lower value as otherwise agreed between the Distribution Company and the Customer. and the use of electrical equipment therein. 4.4 4.4 4. Customers will be required to install filters or other equipment to mitigate against such disturbances that are outside the permitted limits (as explained in the aforementioned document).4 above.3 4. 4. issued by the Bureau.2. The permitted limits of such disturbances are given in the Electricity Distribution Code. Annex 1.1 Harmonics and Voltage Disturbances Customers’ Installations. such as voltage fluctuations.2. The declared supply frequency provided to Customers shall be 50Hz.2 and 4. must be designed to avoid the generation of disturbances in the electricity supply.1.1Hz.4.2 4.

The Supply Intake room should be well ventilated. The Supply Intake must not be located on the reverse side of a bathroom or kitchen wall. The requirements for the design and construction of distribution substations. The Supply Intake must not be located below any water services or pipes. For large Installations the Supply Intake may consist of one or more LV switchboards.t.3 5. current transformers etc.9 5.2 ELECTRICITY SUPPLY INTAKE Supply Intake Rooms The electricity Supply Intake must be positioned in a dedicated room or housing.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. For Customers receiving supply directly from a HV/LV substation there may be special requirements for the Supply Intake room. The use of Supply Intake rooms as storage rooms for any tools equipment or other materials is prohibited. except in exceptional circumstances and with prior approval from the Distribution Company. or ‘CCP’ (also known as the ‘point of supply’). Typical Installation layouts and sizes of the electricity Supply Intake are given in appendix 21. The Supply Intake must be positioned in an area which is readily accessible to Distribution Company staff and must be at or close to the outside perimeter of a Premises. the requirements for which are given in regulation 8.1.2 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 17 of 40 .4 5.1 5. is normally deemed to be at the incoming cable connection from the Distribution Company. or other liquids or hazardous materials.5 5.1. such as special access locks for Distribution Company staff.1 The Customer Connection Point The Customer Connection Point.2. Equipment at the Customer Connection Point shall be locked or sealed by the Distribution Company to prevent deliberate or accidental interference.6 5. Supply Intakes must not be positioned in an area controlled by one of the tenants in a multi-occupancy building. most commonly at the Main Distribution Board and before the main circuit breaker. transformer rooms or HV switchgear rooms which are on the premises of the Customer will be specified by the Distribution Company. or below a bathroom or kitchen.1. 5.1. such as mains water supply.1. air conditioning chillers. Metering equipment may be connected through a current transformer (c. storage tanks.2. preferably without the need for forced air circulation. There will normally be only one electricity Supply Intake for any Premises. 5.1.1.) at a position other than directly at the Customer Connection Point.1 5. Where the use of air conditioning is required the requirement for fresh air circulation and avoiding condensation should be catered for. Equipment at the electricity Supply Intake must be located in a safe and accessible position. Such locks or seals will include those for metering equipment.1. 5. and kept clear of hindrance at all times.1.1 5.7 5.2 5. In special cases an alternative definition of the Customer Connection Point may be agreed between the Customer and the Distribution Company.8 5.7.

1 Application for Supply and Load Estimates Any Customer requiring a new supply or alteration to an existing supply must make an application to the Distribution Company using the appropriate forms and procedure published by the Company. The Customer must provide an estimate of the expected maximum electricity demand and/or Connected Load at the premises.3. Rising and lateral cables/busbars will normally be owned and operated by the building Owner on behalf of all Customers in a Premises.5.5.3 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 18 of 40 . 5. 5. issued by the Bureau. 5.5 5.g. together with appropriate calculations and should include wiring drawings in the standard format shown in appendix 20.5.2 5.3.1 Multiple Occupancy Premises Multiple occupancy premises will normally be supplied by rising and lateral (R&L) mains cabling or busbars which are connect directly to the Supply Intake from the Distribution Company. main circuit breaker) which is readily accessible and clearly labelled so as to be easily operated by the Customer. The proposed design of the Installation must be approved by the Distribution Company before commencement of construction. remote from the main Supply Intake. This must be calculated by the Customer’s appointed Licensed Contractor.2 5. Details of the proposed design should be submitted. design engineer or other qualified person using the guidelines given in appendix 5.4 5. 5.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1 Metering Requirements The requirements for Customer metering are contained in the Customer Metering Regulations 2005. Typical layouts for metering equipment are shown in appendix 21. The electricity metering for individuals Customers for a R&L mains system will normally be at the points nearest each Customer.3 The Customer Connection Point must always include a means of emergency isolation in the case of a fault or breakdown (e.1 5.3 5.4. Additional detailed requirements and procedures will be provided by the Distribution Company where required.2. Such methods of emergency isolation must be left unlocked at all times.

2.1 6. The time-current performance curves for the most common MCCB types are shown in appendix 10. Fused cutouts must not be used except in special circumstances (e.4 6.2.2 6.2.1. 6. an allowance may also be made for the attenuation of Prospective Fault Current due to the circuit length / impedance.2 6.3 below.2.1. The main circuit breaker at the Customer Connection Point must be of MCB or MCCB type and adequately rated for the maximum Prospective Fault Current. Protection of persons against electric shock due to Direct or Indirect Contact must be provided by one of the methods detailed in regulation 6.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.2 Protection against conditions of overload and short circuit will normally be provided by MCBs or similar devices (see regulation 6. Where appropriate. Circuits feeding from the Customer’s main Distribution Board must be individually protected against overload and short circuits by suitable devices.5 6.7 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 19 of 40 . To ensure protection against overload.3 6. The time-current performance characteristic of Protective Devices must conform to the relevant reference standards listed in appendix 3. circuit cables must be sized taking into account the time-current characteristic of the Protective Device e. Protective Devices downstream of the Main Distribution Board may have a reduced Prospective Fault Current rating. street lighting supplies). 6.1 PROTECTION General Principles All Electrical Installations shall be designed.2. taking into account the ‘energy-let-through’ characteristic (I2t) of the upstream Protective Device (see appendix 10).2. Replaceable or rewireable fuse links are not permitted for this purpose.1 Overload and Short Circuit Protection All Electrical Installations must be provided with devices that protect against overload and short circuits.1 6.6 6.3 6.g. the nominal rating of an MCB / MCCB should be less than the rating of the circuit for which overload protection is required.g. located at suitable sections and Circuits so as to give effective isolation of such conditions. Protective Devices at the Main Distribution Board must have a maximum Prospective Fault Current rating above that declared by the Distribution Company for the relevant Customer Connection Point. 6.2 below).2. constructed and maintained to provide protection against the following: Overload Short circuits (phase to phase or phase to earth) Electric shock (due to Direct or Indirect Contact with electricity) 6.1.

an Exposed (earthed) Metallic Part of an Installation. busbar sections etc). connection terminals.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. 6.3.1. Such faults may cause overheating of circuits or connections and lead to a fire. The older design of voltage operated earth leakage devices (ELCB) is not permitted (see appendix 9).g. double insulation of conductors (Class II Appliances).3 6. an Extraneous (earthed) Metallic Part in a Premise.3. Indirect Contact 6. secure enclosures. isolated (unearthed) supply at LV (e. Earth leakage devices must operate on the ‘residual current’ principle.2 Indirect Contact with electricity can occur when a voltage rise appears on the earthing of an Installation due to the passage of earth fault current and whilst a person is in contact with either: (a) (b) (c) 6.3.3 Electric Shock Protection Direct Contact 6. reduced voltage supply (SELV). limitation of contact time and current by use of a Residual Current Device (see regulation 6. and that different parts of the earthing system are kept at substantially the same voltage (see clause 7.4.1 Earth Leakage Protective Devices The requirement for earth leakage protection for all occupied Premises is made compulsory in these Regulations.4.1 The risk of persons coming into Direct Contact with electricity by touching phase or neutral conductors must be mitigated against in one or more of the following ways: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) insulation of conductors (basic insulation). They must not rely on the earthing of an installation.4. BS3535 shaver socket supply).3 an Exposed (earthed) Metallic Part of an Appliance. barriers or covers on all uninsulated parts (e.g.4.4 6. 6.1 6. Earth leakage protection is required primarily to protect against electric shock by limiting the time and magnitude of current that may pass through the body of a person to Earth. The risk of electric shock in the above situations is mitigated against by ensuring that the maximum voltage rise on the earthing system is limited to a safe value (see regulation 7.7). whereby the device will trip if the vector sum of currents carried by the phase and neutral conductors is above a preset value.4 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 20 of 40 .1).4). In addition earth leakage devices provide protection against ‘high resistance’ earth faults that may persist in an installation if the fault current is too low to operate devices such as MCBs.2 6.

or in special cases.e.8 6. devices with a higher nominal current rating.4. and having a time-current performance characteristic complying with IEC-60898 or BS3871.4.5.g. street lighting.12 6. up to 500mA . which must be lockable or otherwise provided with a means of preventing interference (e. by the removal of operating handles into the safe custody of a responsible person). where the operating time is higher than indicated under clause 6. Such instances may include Circuits supplying fire protection equipment or safety alarms (not security alarms). 6.4. All such cases must be declared in the Installation Certificate for the site and approved by the Distribution Company. special Circuits within a Premises. traffic signs.4. air conditioning) and 30mA for Circuits supplying socket outlets and all kitchen appliances (e. or industrial installations) may be provided with ‘time delayed’ earth leakage devices. cooker.11 6. This requires that the device must operate within 200 milliseconds at the nominal current rating and within 40 milliseconds at 5 times the nominal rating.7 6. Isolation for maintenance or other work may be provided by the Protective Device if it is lockable (except for HV equipment). However.4. Notwithstanding clause 6. notwithstanding clause 6. The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 21 of 40 .5 6.4. lighting. An earth leakage alarm may be provided for Circuits which are excluded from the zone of earth leakage protection (e.8. Such Installations may include. may be excluded from the zone of earth leakage protection or provided with ‘time delayed’ devices (i.9 6.6 and clause 6.4.6).8. subject to written approval of the Distribution Company. pumping stations etc.5 It should be noted that earth leakage devices do not protect against electric shock between phase conductors or between phase and neutral. A full list of applications and nominal current ratings is provided appendix 14. all Circuits from which portable appliances or other hand operated equipment could be used must be provided with earth leakage protection.10 6.1 6.4. telecommunications stations. swimming pools etc the nominal operating current of earth leakage protection must be 10mA.4.4. It must not operate below 50% of the nominal rating (see appendix 9).1 Isolation All Electrical Installations must be provided with a means of safe isolation at the main Supply Intake.4. fridge. where there would be significant detriment or danger from the tripping of the earth leakage protection. Electrical Installations within Premises which are not normally occupied and which could suffer from inadvertent or nuisance interruption of supply may be exempt from the provision of earth leakage protection. Installations with high earth leakage currents (e.g. an alarm that does not cause tripping of the circuit but gives an audible warning to appropriate persons in the Premises).4. The nominal rating for earth leakage protection shall be 100mA for Circuits supplying fixed equipment (e.6 6.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. These must be clearly stated on the Installation Certificate and agreed with the Distribution Company. washing machine). In higher risk areas and applications such as under water lighting.g.g.g. special equipment. All Electrical Installations within occupied Premises must be provided with overall earth leakage protection of nominal rating 100mA.

c.3 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 22 of 40 . Isolation for maintenance or other work may be provided by the Protective Device if it is lockable (except for HV equipment). fire alarm.5. using special equipment and procedures.4 6. Such equipment may include large motors.2 An Installation must be further sectionalised by means of isolation at each Circuit in order to provide ease of access for safe working.6. industrial machinery etc.5. (see SELV systems under chapter 10).c.6. or 60V d. 6. Uninsulated equipment may be used at voltages below 25V a. water heater).6. gas or smoke alarm. Live conductors must never be accessible to any persons other than for the purpose of testing.1 6. 6.6 6. push button switch) must be provided for moving machinery which may require immediate manual disconnection form the supply in the case of an accident or other situation to avoid Danger. must be clearly marked and must be located in an easily accessible position. fridge. ventilation equipment. Emergency isolation switches (e.5.3 6.g. Such switches should be provided with a neon indicator where it is desirable to have a visual indication of the presence or absence of power (e.1 Insulation All Electrical Installations must be sufficiently insulated to protect against electric shock from Direct Contact by persons.g.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. Each socket outlet or other connection point to an Appliance or other electrical equipment must be provided with a switch as a means of isolation.2 6. Emergency push switches must operate on all phases of the supply.

The necessary requirements to achieve these functions of safety are detailed in the following sections.4 seconds.4.2 7.1 EARTHING General Principles Earthing of Exposed Metallic Parts of an Installation and Appliances. 7.5 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 23 of 40 . ensure that the voltage rise on metallic parts during the passage of fault current is kept at a safe value (i. The type of earthing system must be stated on the Installation Certificate and clearly labelled at the Main Distribution Board.2.1 7. ensure that the magnitude of any fault current is sufficient to operate overcurrent protective devices within a maximum safe time of 0. (b) These two types of earthing system are illustrated in appendix 6.4 7.3 7.1 Systems of Earthing Customers shall be provided with a supply operating under either of the following earthing systems: (a) Customer Earthed (TT): the Customer provides a Main Earth Terminal for the Installation. In all cases the neutral conductor provided by the Distribution Company shall be separate from any Earth Conductor and shall be solidly Earthed only at the HV/LV distribution substation. Distribution Company Earthed (TN-S): the Distribution Company provides a connection to the Customer’s Main Earth Terminal.2. Guidance notes on the principles of earthing are given for reference in appendices 6 to 9. Both Customer Earthed and Distribution Company Earthed systems must be fitted with an earth leakage device as specified under regulation 6. less than 50V). For either a Customer Earthed system or a Distribution Company Earthed system the maximum Earth Resistance measured at the Customer’s Main Earth Terminal shall be 5 ohms. ensure that persons cannot be in contact with any two metallic parts which are at a different potential during the passage of fault current.2. 7. generally via the armouring or metallic sheath of the main incoming supply cable (referred to in BS7671 as a TN-S system). This will normally be checked before commissioning in the presence of the 7.2 The type of earthing system must be requested by the Customer and agreed with the Distribution Company.2. 7.e.1.2. using the distribution network Earthing system. which is connected to a sufficient number of local Earth Electrodes (referred to in BS7671 as a ‘TT’ system). as well as Extraneous Metallic Parts in a Premises is required to serve the following functions of safety: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) allow the passage of fault current in the event of a live conductor touching any metallic part of an Installation or Appliance or Extraneous Metallic Part.1 7. ensure that a ‘high resistance’ fault to Earth does not persist so as to cause overheating or fire and is cleared by earth leakage protection devices.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.

Where it is proposed to use underground metallic structures as part of the Earth Electrode system (e. 7.3. Where more than one Earth Electrode is required to achieve the maximum Earth Resistance value stated in clause 7.g.3.2.6 (Methods of measuring Earth Resistance are The Main Earth Terminal and Earth Electrodes must be regularly inspected and tested in accordance with the test procedures described under chapter 9.3. Alternative types of Earth Electrodes may be used with prior approval of the Distribution Company (e. structural steel or concrete reinforcing rods) this must be approved by the Distribution Company prior to commencing construction.g.3 7. The condition of the ground in which an Earth Electrode is placed must be taken into account to ensure its long term performance (taking into account potential corrosion effects etc). For supplies above 500A rating at least two Earth Electrodes must be provided.4.7 7. where a Customer Earthed system is used.1 Earth Electrodes For a Customer Earthed system Earth Electrodes must be provided and installed by the Customer and connected to the Main Earthing Terminal (but not connected to the earth sheath or armouring of the Distribution Company cables). The top of each Earth Electrode must be housed inside a 300mm x 300mm x 300mm inspection pit which is clearly labeled and accessible for routine testing. the ground moisture content is of critical importance and the use of proprietary chemical / salt materials may be used around the Earth Electrode to maintain moisture content.3.8 7.3.4 7. plate or wire mesh type).3 7.2.3. Earth Electrodes must be provided at each building that is more than 30m distance from the main Supply Intake.2 7. shown in appendix 25).g. In particular.5 above these must be positioned at a minimum of 6 meters apart (see BS7430 for further advice on spacing of Earth Electrodes). water or other services shall not be used as Earth Electrodes. 3 pin socket The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 24 of 40 .4 7.3. Earth Electrodes will normally comprise of 20mm or 16mm diameter steel-cored copper rods driven to a minimum depth of 3 meters. 7.3.5 7.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. For Premises consisting of more than one building. 7. The metal parts of gas.1 Earth Conductors Types of Earth Conductors in an installation include the following (see appendix 8): ‘main’ Earth Conductors: conductors from Earth Electrodes to the Main Earth Terminal conductors from the Main Earth Terminal to Distribution Boards conductors between distribution boards ‘Circuit’ Earth Conductors: conductors from Distribution Boards to Final Circuits and Appliance connection points ’Appliance’ Earth Conductors: conductors from Appliance connection points (e.1 Distribution Company representative.6 7.

In such cases the provision of additional measures such as resistance measurements and/or supplementary Earth Conductors will normally be required. No switches. Where Earth Conductors are buried below ground they shall be mechanically protected (e.4 7. Exceptions to clause 7.5. The connection of Earth Conductors to Earth Electrodes shall be made with corrosion resistant clamps. Class I Appliances which include Exposed Metallic Parts must be provided with a suitable connection point or plug & socket arrangement which includes connection to the circuit Earth Conductor.5 7.1 - outlets) to an Appliance. in plastic or metal duct or pipe). For metal sheathed or armoured cables the sheath/armouring may be used as the Earth Conductor where it is rated to the equivalent of the conductor sizes shown in appendix 11.4. Such arrangements should minimise the risk of an Earth Conductor being damaged or disconnected without any damage or fault indication being detected via the phase conductors.2 7.5. However.g. and in general run alongside the phase and neutral conductors.4. isolators or circuit breakers may be installed in the electrical path of any Earth Conductor. The connection of Earth Conductors to the Main Earthing Terminal shall be made using purpose made lugs or other fixings and the connection must be clearly labelled as shown in appendix 8. Items within an Installation where it is mandatory for a connection to be made to an Earth Conductor are listed in appendix 13. a separate earth cable shall be laid alongside the power cable. which must be clearly labelled: “WARNING SAFETY EARTH CONNECTION – DO NOT REMOVE” (see appendix 8).1 Exposed Metallic Parts All Exposed Metallic Parts of an Installation which can be touched by persons must be connected to Earth via Earth Conductors which meet the requirements of regulation 7.6 7.2 All Earth Conductors must be covered with green/yellow PVC insulation and terminated with purpose made lugs or fixings.5 7. removable links may be installed for the purpose of allowing testing at the Main Earth Terminal. 7. for underground cables which are laid within a Customer’s Premises (e. between separate buildings).8 7. The use of metal conduits. However.4.4 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 25 of 40 .4.3 7.5. All Circuits shall have an Earth Conductor sized in accordance with appendix 11.5. Class II Appliances do not require an Earth connection but all connection points in an Installation must include an Earth Conductor for future use.4.g. normally within a sheathed cable or flex conductors connecting Exposed Metallic Parts of an Appliance 7.1 may include internal parts of equipment or Appliances which cannot be accessed by persons without first disconnecting the electricity supply.5.7 7.4. busbar trunking or switchgear metal enclosures as Earth Conductors shall not be permitted without the prior approval of the Distribution Company. trunking.4.4. 7.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.3 7.

6 7. Extraneous Metallic Parts may also present an alternative conductive (or partly conductive) path to Earth aside from main or circuit Earth Conductors and therefore must be Bonded together to prevent a difference in potential which could cause electric shock. are sufficiently remote from any Circuit or Appliance).2 7.1 Equipotential Bonding Conductors Equipotential Bonding Conductors are required to connect together Extraneous Metallic Parts. etc. 1 Further explanation of the principles of Equipotential Bonding is provided in appendix 8.6. The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 26 of 40 . or through the earth sheath or armouring of the Distribution Company cable. do not pose any risk of becoming live as a result of an electrical fault in the Installation (i. comprising the impedance of the following parts of an Installation (illustrated in appendix 15): (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) the Circuit Earth Conductor.3 Such items may include metal doors.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. window frames.5 The sizing of Equipotential Bonding Conductors is given in appendix 11. the path of earth fault current through the general mass of Earth.4 7.6. which are not part of the Electrical Installation. metalwork or structures in a Premise. the Main Earth Terminal. The point of connection of an Equipotential Bonding Conductor to any item must be labelled: ‘SAFETY EARTH CONNECTION – DO NOT REMOVE’. sinks and washbasins etc. drain covers.7.1 Earth Loop Impedance The Earth Fault Loop Impedance (Zs) is defined as the total impedance presented to an earth fault current. small metallic fixings (e. Examples of typical Equipotential Bonding arrangements are given in appendix 8.6. are out of reach of persons 7. steel beams. baths.e. the main Earth Conductors connecting to local Earth Electrodes (TT system) or the Distribution Company Earth (TN-S system).1 Items requiring Equipotential Bonding can include metallic pipes (particularly those connected to underground services such as water supply).7 7. do not pose any risk of providing a conductive path to any other Earthed part of the Electrical Installation. It is not necessary to provide Equipotential Bonding for standalone metallic items which: (a) (b) (c) (d) do not pose any risk of providing a conductive path to Earth. as illustrated in appendix 8. the neutral earth connection at the Distribution Company transformer. screws and brackets). 7.g.1 7. the phase conductors of the Circuit back to the point of fault. the distribution transformer winding. 7. water tanks. but which may become live during an electrical fault condition.6.6.

Where the value of external Earth Fault Loop Impedance Ze is known the internal loop impedance my be added to this by measuring the longest Circuit and using the conductor resistance values given in appendix 15.1 7.g.3 7.1 Functional Earthing Functional Earthing systems (e.3 7. 7.8.7.4 seconds.9. The maximum Earth Fault Loop Impedance values to ensure a disconnection time of 0. The method for testing Earth Fault Loop Impedance is given in appendix 26.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.7.1 Lightning Protection Lightning protection systems and associated earth electrodes shall be kept separate from the electrical Installation earthing system. Where it is desired to connect a Functional Earthing system with the main Installation Earth this must be approved by the Distribution Company prior to construction.9.2 7. 7.5 7. A minimum distance of 7m shall be provided between lightning protection earth electrodes and the Installation Earth Electrodes.4 7. for the purpose of radio frequency noise reduction.9 7. 7.7.2 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 27 of 40 . or filters for computers etc) must be kept separate from the Installation Earthing system.4 seconds for MCB devices is given in appendix 15. Lightning protection systems should be designed.2 All Installations must be designed and tested such that the Earth Fault Loop Impedance is of a sufficient value to operate overcurrent protective devices within 0.8 7.7.8.8. installed and maintained in accordance with BS 6651.

The use of 2 pin plugs such as the Euro CEE/14 plug and the ‘Shuko’ CEE/7 plug is strictly prohibited. although the latter must only be used for specialist applications (i. No socket outlets shall be installed in a bathroom except for a socket outlet complying with BS 3535 (shaver socket outlet including a 2 winding isolating transformer). basins.1.e. Appliances on special dedicated Circuits where it is desirable not to intermix with other normal use Appliances. kitchen work top). Socket outlets accessible for normal use should be positioned at a height of 450mm above floor level or 100mm above work surfaces (e.1. an example would be table lamps in hotel rooms which are switched from a common point supplying BS546 5A sockets).5 m away from sources of water (e.1. such as BS546 (3 round pins. supply taps).9 8.1 Switches and Isolators All switches provided for local isolation of appliances and equipment (including lighting) shall comply with BS 3676.1.8 8.2 8.7 8. 15A or 5A) is not permitted.1 8.3 8.1. An allowable exception to clause 8. The rating of three phase socket outlets shall be selected according to the load of Appliance or equipment to be connected.5 8. For outdoor locations or damp/wet areas. taking into account any capacitive or inductive effects. For these type of socket outlets. a 2 pin plug may be used but which must also comply with BS3535. The rating of switches shall be selected based on the expected load.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1 8. SELECTION OF COMPONENTS AND INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS Socket Outlets and Plug Connectors For domestic Installations all single phase plugs and socket outlets shall comply with BS1363 (3 square pins with all three holes covered by a tamper proof shutter) and must be fitted with a switch.g.1 8. For non-domestic Installations either BS1363 or BS546 type plugs and sockets are permitted.4 8.1.1. unless provided with an approved adapter converting such plugs for use on BS1363 type sockets (see appendix 23).g.2 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 28 of 40 .g.2 8. Socket outlets in kitchens or other areas where water is used must be positioned at least 1. Further illustration of the use of BS546 sockets is shown in appendix 23. 8. which are isolated for safety through a 2 winding isolating transformer.6 8. In some cases low level or ‘skirting’ height may be used for special applications (e.1.2. complying with BS3535.2. filter units.1. weather protected switches should be used 8. offices) at a minimum of 100mm above the floor level. sinks. For domestic Installations the use of any other type of plugs/sockets. The recommended minimum number of socket outlets for domestic Installations is given in appendix 24. Single or double socket outlets may be used according to the anticipated usage.1. Three phase and industrial plugs and socket outlets shall comply with BS 4343.1 is the use of shaver supply units in bathrooms.

Heat resistant cables between luminaires and connection points should be used where necessary.5 8. However. in gas storage areas.3.7 8. battery rooms etc. where the visual indication of a continuous supply is desirable.4 8. The use of cooker control units with an integral 3 pin socket outlet is prohibited (due to the need for earth leakage protection to cover all 3 pin socket outlets).6 8.2.5. 8. short lengths (less than 3m) of flexible or sheathed cables may be provided between a lighting connection point or ceiling rose and a luminaire.3.4 8. Mains operated clocks may be connected to lighting circuits provided that a fused outlet is provided. See appendix 23.3 8.1 Lighting Lighting Circuits will normally be fed from 6A.9 and 8. Underwater lighting should preferably be supplied at low voltage or should be supplied 8.3.3m from floor level. Switches with neon indicators should be provided for appliances such as water heaters.6 8.3. air conditioning units.5.3.3 8. cookers etc) must be adequately rated and securely fixed with a purpose made flex outlet plate (which may be integral or separate to the switch / isolator unit).7 8. Double pole switches must be provided for water heaters.8 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 29 of 40 . Outdoor lighting should be of suitable weatherproof construction with appropriate connection points and fittings.g.5 8. The normal mounting height for switches shall be 1.2.2.2. provided that provision is made for future access and maintenance. 8. As a guide.3. E. the rating of switches for discharge lighting circuits should be twice that of other circuits with the same load current. Flexible cables from switches / isolators to fixed appliances (such as water heaters.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. Cooker control units (isolators) for domestic Installations should comply with BS 4177.3.1 (BS 3676). Switching of Circuits containing discharge lighting or other lighting with high inductance may require special consideration due to high switching voltages that may occur.2 8.2.3 For areas with higher than normal risk of fire or explosion gas sealed switches should be used (BS 5345). Luminaires and other light fittings must be installed with due consideration to the weight taken by fixings and supports. fridges and freezers. 10A or 16A MCBs from a Final Distribution Board. Lighting Circuits in false ceilings or voids must be installed in conduit or trunking in compliance with clauses 8. All luminaires must be connected to Final Circuits using a ceiling rose or other purpose made connection point and not directly to such Circuits.8 8. and the need for adequate ventilation and heat dissipation.10.3.2. air conditioning units and other fixed Appliances operating with or near water supplies.

stranded copper conductor cables shall be used. The minimum internal radius on any bend or elbow fitting in a conduit shall be 2. near industrial machinery.4.4 8.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. Conduits and trunking must be installed so as to provide ease of access to cable Circuits throughout the route. these must be provided with a means of locking or sealing against unauthorised interference. with a 8.4. The maximum number of cables for typical sizes of conduits and trunking are given in appendix 18. Metal conduits may not be used as the sole means of providing an Earth (separate Earth Conductors must be run inside the conduit). Cable trunking shall generally be run exposed or otherwise accessible after installation.4.5 8. throughout its length for the purpose of removing/installing cables. BS-EN 60423 or BS-EN 50086. Flexible conduits must be of metal construction.7 8.4.8 8.6 8.1 Cables and Final Circuits For normal fixed wiring within premises PVC (thermoplastic). generator rooms. 8. Sufficient inspection plates and pulling points must be provided to enable inspection. Plastic conduits or trunking must not be used in situations subject to higher than normal temperatures or fire risk (e.4.3 8.4. All metal conduits and trunking must comply with either BS4568. Elbow fittings of trunking may be 90 degree formation if the cover is removable so that cables may be installed without the need for pulling through.3 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 30 of 40 .5. Where conduits or trunking are installed on the Distribution Company’s side of the Customer Connection Point.5. rubber (thermosetting) or XLPE insulated.5.2 8. For locations subject to a higher than normal risk of interference or damage armoured cables are recommended.g.4. For locations with higher than normal fire risk mineral insulated copper sheathed cables shall be used. Under-floor trunking may be used for the combined provision of power. 8.5 8.4.10 8.5 times the diameter of the conduit. telecommunications and other circuits provided that adequate segregation between different types of circuits is provided. repair and drawing out of cables throughout the life of the Installation. workshops.9 8. BS6346 or BS5467. petrol stations etc). as well as suitably sealed service boxes and connection boxes. complying with BS 6207.2 8.4.1 via a 10mA RCD device. General purpose flexible cables and cords for appliances shall be PVC insulated. PVC covered and comply with BS731 part 1. complying with BS6004.4.4 8.1 Conduits and Trunking All plastic conduits and trunking must comply with either BS4607 or BS6053 or BS6099 and be suitable for the ambient conditions expected.

5. The size of cables should be selected according to the expected load and voltage drop. cables running through inaccessible areas such as walls. Examples include: main water pumps.5. using appendix 16.g. Cables under repetitive mechanical strain (e. In such a case. including voltage drop and derating factors are given in appendix 16. stranded copper conductors. 8. The maximum voltage drop from the Customer Connection Point to the remote end of any Final Circuit should be 4%.5.9 8. with the written consent of the Distribution Company and where adequate precautions are taken to avoid induced heating effects (e. earthing at one end only or the use of non ferromagnetic armouring and cable glands). such cables may be used where there is an exceptional need.17 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 31 of 40 .14 8.5. pendant lighting) shall be heat resistant rubber insulated.7 8. irons.5. All cables must be installed between purpose made termination points (switches. floors and ceilings must be installed in conduit or trunking so as to be withdrawable in the future. or in unoccupied areas).6 8. heavy outdoor machinery etc) shall comply with BS 6977. Ring Circuits should be provided to areas within a property which can be most 8. with oversheath.4 Cables for high temperature appliances (e. PVC insulated. In general. junction boxes. In particular. electric heaters. Radial (or ‘spur’) Circuits should be provided to large Appliances. Cables for meter tails (at 230V) shall normally be single core.5. and comply with BS 6141. distribution boards) and joints between such points are strictly prohibited.10 8. air conditioning units. room heating.g.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. Such cables should be securely supported by cable clips or other fixings at suitable intervals. above head height.5. must be installed in plastic or metal conduit or trunking.5.13 8. The sizing of cables.12 8.9 may be allowed only for sheathed. cookers and ovens etc.5. and comply with BS 6500/6004. lifts. The colour identification for cables is given in appendix 17. However.5.5.8 8. fire or intruder alarms. all cables which are not armoured. water heaters. stranded copper conductors.1 PVC over-sheath.16 8. or those of importance to safety or other important functions within a Premise. particularly those in continuous or near continuous operation.15 8. with over-sheath. Exceptions to clause 8.5. appropriate spacing of phases to balance induced currents. flexible or armoured cables which will remain accessible but in locations free from any undue risk of damage or interference (e.g. The use of single core armoured cables is normally prohibited due to the possibility of induced heating effects. taking into account the diversity of use of Appliances and equipment.g. The sizing of Final Circuits should be made according to the expected and future load requirements. The guidelines given in appendix 5 may be used to calculate Final Circuit ratings.5.5. suitable inspection plates and pulling out points should be provided.5 8.11 8.5. and comply with BS 6004.

thermal. Each Distribution Board must have a neutral bar which is mounted on insulators and which has a sufficient number of terminal points of adequate size for the largest cable expected to be used.6 8. and for ceiling lighting. kitchens (except major appliances such as cookers). such 10mA for swimming pools).2 Distribution Boards All Distribution Boards must be factory assembled and comply with BS EN 60439. arranged in a loop.3 8.6. Ring Circuits would typically be installed in bedrooms. ceiling lighting circuits from a kitchen may be common to other areas.6.6. However. Each Distribution Board must have an Earth bar which has means of connection to the incoming Earth Conductor and cable gland of the incoming cable.7 8.1 economically served by several Appliances sharing the same cable feed. The use of rewireable fuse links is prohibited.6.5 8. from one circuit breaker on the Final Distribution board.20 8.19 8.6. operation and maintenance. 8.6. and environmental stresses in normal operation and during faults. The phase and neutral conductors shall be of the same cross sectional area.1 8. partitioned office areas etc.12 8. This would be particularly suitable where Appliances are expected to operate at diverse times of the day.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. capable of withstanding expected electrical. Such locations must be secured from unauthorised 8.18 Circuits supplying a kitchen must not be used to supply any other area. other than for kitchens.6.4 8. Single phase Distribution Boards are permitted for loads up to a maximum of 9kW.6 8. Provision of neon indicators. Each floor of a Premises shall be provided with at least one Sub or Final Distribution Board installed in an easily accessible location.6. Apparatus forming part of the assembly of Distribution Boards shall have electrical isolation clearances sufficient to withstand normal voltages. 8. Distribution Boards must be of robust construction.13 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 32 of 40 . surge voltages and creepage as defined in BS EN 60439-1.6.6.8 8.5. Replaceable fuse links are not preferred in Customer Distribution Boards (MCBs or equivalent should be provided). All Distribution Boards must be installed in locations easily accessible for inspection. Typical radial and ring circuit arrangements for domestic premises are shown in appendix 22.6. Distribution Boards must have split busbars where different levels of Earth Leakage protection are required (generally 100mA RCD and 30mA RCD.5.6. with additional RCBO devices for more sensitive protection.5.11 8.9 8. For domestic premises all circuits supplying one room shall be on the same phase.10 8.6. voltmeters and ammeters integral to Distribution Boards is preferred where reasonably practicable and is required for Distribution Boards rated above 400A. living rooms. The phase and neutral busbars shall be identified by the colours given in appendix 17.

7. repair and replacement work. The main incomer circuit breakers should be clearly marked and left unlocked to allow immediate operation in an emergency. All busbars in switchboards must be tinned copper. rigidly supported.g. maximum demand and power factor measurement. In order to prevent the parallel connection of the incoming supply cables the bus coupler circuit breaker should be interlocked to prevent closing when both incoming supply cables are live. or in difficult to access positions. MCBs) including spare positions (approximately 20% spare positions are recommended). within 2m of any pipe or other source of water. Switchboards must be located in a dedicated room with due consideration to safe access and egress of persons for future maintenance.7 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 33 of 40 .1 interference. Switchboards rated at 1600A and above must be provided with earth fault relays and overcurrent relays.7.2 8.6 8.14 Distribution Boards shall not be installed in locations where water is used (e.7. consisting of cubicle panel switchgear.7. 8.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. pump rooms). Where more than one incoming supply cable is provided at the Supply Intake these should be connected to separate switchboards (or separate sections of the same switchboard) which have the facility for interconnection through a bus coupler circuit breaker.1 LV Switchboards LV switchboards. kitchens.7. 8. The neutral busbar must be of the same cross section area as the phase busbars.7.6. current. The neutral and earth busbars must run throughout the length of the switchboard.6. particularly from children.15 8. may be provided for high current ratings where pre-fabricated Distribution Boards of sufficient rating are not available.7. bathrooms.3 8.4 8.5 8. and insulated throughout their length. Distribution Boards must be provided with sufficient numbers of Protective Device positions (e.7 8.g. 8. LV switchboards must consist of type tested assemblies which satisfy the requirements of BS 5486 or BS-EN 60439. as well as phase indicating lamps. Switchboards rated above 400A must be provided with instruments for voltage.

and stating the details of the work carried out. 9. as shall the designer and installer of the Installation (may be the same person/company). The Distribution Company shall verify on site the test results for Earth Resistance at the Main Earth Terminal and inspect or test other items as deemed appropriate. An additional copy must be affixed at the Main Distribution Board or Supply Intake position. in order to verify compliance of concealed parts of the Installation (e. correct positioning and connection of accessories and equipment.1. together with a copy of the original certificate.1. 9. and one to the Distribution Company.1. be inspected and tested by a Licensed Contractor who shall duly complete the relevant test reports and submit these to the Distribution Company. cross section of conductors for current carrying capacity and voltage drop.1.both direct and indirect contact.g.1 INSPECTION.1 9.1. Any extension or alteration to an electrical Installation will require a Licensed Contractor to issue an amended Installation Certificate. routing of cables and their protection against mechanical damage. conduits.3 9.1.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. including as a minimum: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) connection of conductors. methods of protection against electric shock .1 9. one to the Customer / Owner of the Premises. connection of single pole devices for protection/switching in phase conductors only. Two original copies of the Installation Certificate and associated test results shall be provided. identification of conductors and labelling of equipment. In order to verify compliance with these Regulations the Licensed Contractor shall complete and sign an Installation Certificate in the format shown in appendix 3.6 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 34 of 40 . inspection of integrity of Main Earth Conductors and Earth Electrodes.2 9.1. buried cables and Earth Conductors).5 The Distribution Company may carry out intermediate inspection(s) prior to the final inspection mentioned in clause 9. 9.4 above. presence of fire barriers and protection against thermal effects. TESTING AND CERTIFICATION Installation Certificates Every new Installation shall.4 9. on completion and before being energised.

2. 9. protection against Direct Contact. in accordance with the procedure in appendix 28. industrial. Routine inspection and testing shall be recorded on the standard forms shown in appendix 31 and appendix 32 and shall include: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) continuity of Ring and Final Circuit conductors. The insulation resistance tests between live conductors and between each live conductor and earth shall be measured with a test voltage of 500V d.2. Earth Electrode Resistance. wedding tents.1 9.c. hotels.1 Routine Inspection and Testing The responsibility for routine inspecting and testing of Electrical Installations lies with the Owner of the Premises who shall request the services of a Licensed Contractor at the following intervals following the first inspection and certification: Internal Installation Domestic Non-Domestic (commercial. 9.1.2.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.2 Electrical Installations which were installed before the date of commencement of these Clauses (1. farms etc) Premises used by the public (schools.2 9.3 9.2) shall be inspected and tested within the time indicated above from the date of commencement. continuity of Earth Conductors including Equipotential Bonding Conductors. mosques) Special locations: Construction Sites Swimming pools and fountains Street lighting and equipment 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 year 5 years 3 years External Installation 5 years 3 years 3 years 2 years 9. insulation resistance. hospitals. polarity.2. malls. in accordance with the procedure in appendix 27.4 The continuity test shall be carried out with an instrument having a no load voltage between 4 volts and 24 volts d.c or a.5 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 35 of 40 .2. Earth Fault Loop Impedance. parks.c. and a short circuit current not less than 200mA.

10.e. 50V ac or 150V dc between conductors or to earth. a battery source.5 Insulation against Direct Contact of the conductive parts of a SELV system is required if the operating voltage is above 25V ac or 60V dc.SEPARATED EXTRA LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEMS Source of SELV Power For a Separate Extra Low Voltage system the source of power shall not exceed “extra low voltage” i.1. if any. switches.1 SELV .1. No Exposed Metallic Part of a SELV system shall be connected to any of the following: (a) (b) (c) Earth.4 10.1 10.1.1. The source of SELV power shall be provided by either: (a) a safety isolating transformer complying with BS353. 10. 10. shall be physically separated from those of any other live system. an Earth Conductor of any system. relays etc.1.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 36 of 40 .2 (b) 10. in which there is no connection between the output winding and the body or the protective earthing conductor. any Earthed Metallic Part of another system or Extraneous Metallic Part. Insulation is not required if the operating voltage is below these values.1 10.3 All components of a SELV system including conductors.

including fundamental and harmonic current.1.. 110% of the rated voltage rms.1.1.1 POWER FACTOR CORRECTION General Requirements The power factor of every Installation shall be controlled to between 0.7 11.1. automatically regulated capacitor banks shall be used which shall provide. 11. encapsulated. The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 37 of 40 . a smoothed power factor throughout the range of operation. In order to eliminate or reduce this risk harmonic filters should be employed in series with capacitors.2 11. Manual means of switching or connecting the discharge circuit shall not be permitted.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.1 11.1.4 11. For group compensation. 180% of the rated current rms.1.1 Specifications Capacitors shall be capable of continuous operation provided that none of the following limitations are exceeded: (a) (b) (c) 135% of the rated reactive power.9 11. for group compensation. Note: the use of oil containing PCB (poly-chloro biphenyls) is strictly prohibited. fluorescent or discharge lighting etc.1. In order to achieve this value power factor correction capacitors may be employed for individual compensation. welding machines or similar devices in Circuits can lead to disturbance in the system and may cause capacitor failure. The discharge Circuit shall be permanently or automatically connected to the capacitor.6 11.5 11. For large Installations overall group compensation at the Main Distribution Board may be permitted. For induction motors the capacitor rating may not exceed 90% of the no load reactive power of the motor (in order to avoid the high over voltage across the terminals due to the occurrence of self excitation on run down condition of the motor). shall be provided with integral power factor correction. large electrical machines. motors. In order to reduce the reactive currents within an Installation.2 11. In general all air conditioning units. as far as possible. and provide for more efficient supply of power. Power factor correction capacitors shall be provided with a means of prompt discharge on disconnection of the supply voltage. the power factor correction capacitors shall be installed as close to the load as possible.1 11. The rating of each capacitor step shall be such that the initial steps shall have less kVAr rating and the rating of subsequent steps shall be increased progressively to the desired maximum kVAr.1.8 11. Power factor correction capacitors shall normally be of dry or oil filled. or for centralised compensation.2.1. including harmonics but excluding transients. 11.3 11. sealed type. The occurrence of harmonics while employing variable speed drives.9 lagging and unity.

11.7 11. it shall be accommodated in a separate cubical.3 11. statement of discharge device.2.11 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 38 of 40 .2. contactors. The handle of the incomer isolator shall be interlocked with the door to ensure that capacitor bank is de-energized when the door is open. which includes the following information: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) name of the Manufacturer. including the following: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) LV switchboard Degree of protection LV circuit breaker and switch-disconnector Power factor correction capacitors Power factor regulator Capacitor switching contactors Detuned reactors IEC 60439-1 IEC 60529 IEC 60947 (1 to 5) IEC 60831 (1-2) IEC 60664 and IEC 1010-1 IEC 60070 and IEC 60831 IEC 60289 and IEC 60076 11.2.1 11. serial No. rated reactive power. Each capacitor shall be provided with a permanent nameplate. statement of liquid fill (if any).8 11.2 Capacitors shall be equipped with built in discharge resistors sized to ensure safe discharge of the Capacitor to less than 50V in one minute after a switch off. etc.2.4 11.2.5 to 1. The capacitor panel must be provided with a suitably rated main incomer isolating switch.5 Capacitors shall be able to withstand up to 30 times In caused by harmonics. indicating instruments.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. Each capacitor step shall be protected by means of HRC fuses (current limiting type).10 11. rated voltage rms. rated frequency. This shall be a three pole isolator or MCCB as the case may be. Capacitors and related components such as regulators. number of Phases. In addition to the requirements stated above capacitor banks shall conform to the latest relevant international standards. Capacitors shall have provision for effective earth connection of the case to the capacitor mounting frame and to the circuit Earth Conductor.. year of Manufacture.6 11. short circuit current. main LV panel or submain panel.9 11.2.2. Contactors shall be designed for capacitive switching and shall be able to withstand switching surges. Capacitor banks shall not be a part of the motor control centre.2.8 times the normal rated current of the capacitor and shall isolate all three phases on switch off. shall be capable of withstanding local environmental conditions.2. Contactors shall be rated for 1.2.

to ensure that all live and neutral conductors are disconnected at the same time. Permissible Starting Current 5 Times full load current 2 Times full load current 1.4 Rating of Motor 1 Hp to 5 Hp Above 5 HP and up to 50 HP Above 50 HP and up to 150 HP Max.1 MOTORS AND GENERATORS Electric Motors and Starters The installation of electric motors supplied from the LV distribution system is permitted up to a maximum of 5HP (3. shall be permitted only with the prior approval of the Distribution Company.1 12. short circuit. The general requirements for such arrangements are provided in the Electricity Distribution Code – Annex 1: “Engineering Recommendation No. 3 Connection of Embedded Generation Plant up to 5MW”.2 12. The installation and changeover arrangements must ensure that there is no possibility of paralleling the generator and incoming mains supply. 12. All electric motors shall be adequately protected against overload.2 12. The changeover circuit breaker shall have 4 poles for a 3 phase generator and 2 poles for a single phase generator.5 Times full load current 12. protection arrangements etc should be provided to the Distribution Company in order to gain approval for connection.3 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 39 of 40 . If paralleling arrangements are required these must be specifically assessed and approved by the Distribution Company.2. for the purpose of maintaining power in the case of a failure of the incoming supply. as appropriate for each application.1.1 Standby Generators Installation and connection of standby generators in any Installation.7kW) for single phase and 150HP (110kW) for 3 phase.1.1. Where it is proposed to install more than one motor of rating 150HP the relevant diagrams. operation information.2. 12.2 12.1.CONSULTATION VERSION 0.2. loss of one or more phases and voltage dips etc. All motors above 1HP shall be provided with current limiting starting equipment to effectively keep the starting current within the following limits: 12.3 12. All electric motors above 5HP must be provided with mechanical overload protection.1 12.

The detailed design.2 13. and against the effects of weather. and other special requirements for the above types of supplies shall be specified by the Distribution Company providing supply. all of which must comply with the requirements of these Regulations.4.CONSULTATION VERSION 0. In particular the following provisions must be given special attention for outdoor sites: (a) All cables which are not installed in conduit or trunking must be armoured and adequately protected against accidental or deliberate interference by persons. 13. 13.2 The Electricity Wiring Regulations (2007) Page 40 of 40 . (c) Cables passing on or over walkways and access roads must be adequately enclosed to avoid Danger. parks.2 13. panic bar or keys available in break out box). (d) Particular attention should be given to the location.1 Street Lighting.g.1 SPECIAL LOCATIONS Outdoor Sites Outdoor sites may include wedding tents.2. in particular children.1.1 13.2.1 13. caravans etc. (b) Outdoor electrical Installations should have a minimum ingress protection level of IP53 (see appendix 19). farms. (f) The requirements for periodic testing must be strictly complied with (regulation 9. 13. Traffic Signals and Signboards The general safety requirements of these Regulations shall apply to electrical supplies to street lighting. (e) equipment should be located and adequate notices be displayed to that emergency disconnection of the electricity supply can be effected without delay. traffic signals and signboards.2). signing and protection of equipment where the public may have access.1. (g) Earth leakage protection must be provided in line with regulation 6. Locking arrangements should be such that these can be removed in an emergency (e. construction sites. installation arrangements.

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