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TANESHA_state and federal prison systems - Copy

TANESHA_state and federal prison systems - Copy

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Published by Tanesha Brenno

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Published by: Tanesha Brenno on Mar 21, 2011
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There are many differenced between state and Federal prison systems. One of the main differences is that federal prison systems are for conviction under federal laws. State prisons are similar in all concepts and applications but are for convictions under state statuses. According to the reading, state prisons are owned and operated by the state. Mostly all of the inmates in state prisons are arrested, charged, and convicted of crimes while in the state«state crimes. Federal prisons are owned and operated by the federal government, Bureau of Prisons. People who are detained in federal prisons have either committed a federal crime, native to America, or are ex-military. Inmates in federal prisons can be transferred all over to other federal prisons. An example of what I mean is, let¶s say that a man gets arrested, convicted, and charged with conspiracy of transporting and intent to distribute a controlled substance in California, he can be moved to a federal prison here in New York. State prisons were popular in the 16th and 17th century, but they were not used for the same thing they are used for today. Back then, the prisons were used to hold people until their trials or hold them until there was a punishment figured out for them. It was very rare that they would be punished by going to prison. Children, women, and men were all detained in one building, together. The whole purpose of state prisons is to classify offenders on levels 1-5. The higher the level is the severity of the crime they committed. The levels of state prisons are: Close, Medium, medium I, medium II, and medium III. They are assigned in order of public safety risks. Inmates in close custody present the highest risk, and inmates in medium III present the least risk. Along with these are also control statuses, these include: Maximum, death row, intensive, safe keeper, disciplinary, administrative, and protective. These further restrict the freedom and privileges of the inmates (www.doc.state.nc.us) . The five state prison systems described in the text are North Dakota, Louisiana, Texas, California, and Minnesota prison system. Each of these five state systems has adopted their own punishment than another state. Commonality between the states is apparent, with all five states sharing the same objective of operating in a safe and effective manner.



The Federal Bureau of Prisons was signed into law by President Herbert Hoover on May 14, 1930 (Foster 2006). This act of congress established an office within the federal justice department. But, before the law was established there were federal prisons that operated without any direct management. The first federal prison was opened in the early 1890¶s, where inmates were categorized. The categories in federal prisons are: Supermax- beyond maximum security detains the worst of the worst. Administrative- This houses the mentally ill and the mentally insane. Maximum- This houses the criminals who present a serious risk of or pose serious threats to themselves, others, staff, or orderly. High- ³middle ground´ high security Medium- Here the inmates still need secure environments, internally and externally. Close- Here the inmates are too dangerous for low security but did not commit a crime worthy of being in medium security. Low- This level is more for inmates who are given another shot at proving themselves. The security level is set at a more comfortable pace, while still providing the supervision and monitoring of the behavior. Inmates aren¶t considered to be high risk. The types of criminals that are detained in federal prisons have committed federal crimes such as federal tax fraud or evading federal income taxes. People who violate state laws go to state prison, but people who violate both state and federal laws such as selling narcotics and certain handgun violations are convicted through state most of the time. However, some repeat offenders may be convicted and sentenced to federal prison.



In conclusion, State-controlled prison systems have traditionally been seen as more dangerous than their federal counterparts as they house more dangerous criminals. States, such as New York, require their prison inmates to spend the majority of their sentence in maximum-security prisons, while federal prisons use lower-level security prisons for longer periods of incarceration, according to USA Today.



REFRENCES Foster,B (2006). Corrections: The Fundamentals. Upper Saddle River, NJ Prentice Hall. Prison Systems. Retrieved from www.doc.state.nc.us on 2/27/11

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