Axia College Material

Appendix G Eastern Religion Elements Matrix
Hinduism No original Founder, it originated in India in the Neolithic Age India Buddhism Confucianism They originated from China but later moved all over to places including Asia. China Daoism

Countries of origin

Historical figures and events

INVADERS CAME IN FROM THE WEST TO CONQUER THE AREA. THEY SANG WHILE THEY TRAVELED. THE SONGS WERE CALLED VEDAS. THIS IS WHERE HINDU LITERATURE COMES FROM.

MOST OF THE FIGURES HAVE BEEN PRESERVED (HISTORICALLY, FAIRLY ACCURATELY), BY THE MONASTIC / BHIKKHU SANGHA. THE FIGURES ARE CORROBORATED BY INSCRIPTIONAL EVIDENCE, AND RECORDS OF KINGS

CONFUCIUS (OBVIOUSLY): 551-479 BCE ZENGZI (MAJOR STUDENT OF CONFUCIUS): 500 (I THINK)-? BCE (CAN PROBABLY BE GOOGLED IF YOU NEED HIS YEAR OF DEATH; DON'T RECALL IT OFF THE TOP OF MY HEAD). XUN XI (MAJOR

IN DAOISM THE MOST IMPORTANT CHARACTER IS PROBABLY CONFUCIUS, HE PLAYS A BIG ROLE IN THE CHANG TZU. ALTHOUGH CONFUCIUS IS DEPICTED DIFFERENTLY IN CHANG TZU THAN THE GENERAL IDEA THAT CAN BE KIND

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THAT LIVED AT THE TIME. AS WELL AS BY JAIN SOURCES, I GATHER. A COUPLE OF CENTURIES LATER THE MAURYAN EMPEROR ASOKA CONVERTED TO BUDDHISM, AND HELPED SPREAD THE MESSAGE BEYOND INDIA. HIS TIME WAS MARKED BY A PEACEFULNESS, CONCORD, AND A VERY WISE, FORESIGHTED, AND 'WONDERFUL' WAY OF DISPENSING AND DEALING WITH MATTERS OF STATE. THE NATURE OF HIS REIGN WAS MUCH ADMIRED BY CHINESE TRAVELLERS AND

CONFUCIAN PHILOSOHPER). NOT SURE OF HIS LIFESPAN, BUT HE LIVED DURING THE WARRING STATES PERIOD (400S-221 BCE) ZHU XI (MAJOR CONFUCIAN PHILOSOPHER). LIVED DURING THE SONG DYNASTY (9601279). FIRST EMPORER, QIN SHI HUANG, KILLED CONFUCIAN PHILOSOPHERS (AMONG OTHERS) WHO PROTESTED HIS COMMANDS TO DESTROY OLD RECORDS, BUT I DON'T REMEMBER THE EXACT YEAR. HAN DYNASTY (202 BCE-220 BCE, BUT THERE WAS A MULTI-DECADE BREAK FROM HAN RULE IN THE

OF TAKEN FROM ANALECTS, AND LATER DOCUMENTS 2ND BIGGEST PERSON IS PROBABLY CHANG TZU. IF LAO TZU WAS A HISTORICAL PERSON, THERE IS VERY LITTLE INFORMATION ABOUT HIM, AND AGES OF WHEN HE WAS BORN AND DIED ARE QUITE VARIED. THINGS ABOUT HIM LIVING FOR HUNDREDS OF YEARS, OR JUST LEAVING CHINA AND NOT GOING TO DIE.

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WRITERS SUCH AS FA-HSIEN, HSUUANTSANG, AND I-TSING.

MIDDLE) ACCEPTS LEGALISM IN PRINCIPLE. EARLIEST KNOWN COPY OF THE ANALECTS - 55 BCE (VERY FRAGMENTED CONFUCIANS BELIEVE THAT ALL PEOPLE ARE GOOD, THAT YOU SHOULD RESPECT AND FOLLOW YOUR ELDERS, ANCESTORS SHOULD BE WORSHIPED, EDUCATION IS STRONGLY EMPHASIZED, AND YIN AND YANG REPRESENT OPPOSITE FORCES THAT BALANCE OUT EVERYTHING IN LIFE. believe in peace and harmony with nature.

Central beliefs

According to Hindu beliefs, Brahman is the principle source of the universe. This divine intelligence exists in all beings. Thus all the Hindu gods and goddesses are manifestations of the one Brahman. Hinduism is based on the concept of reincarnation, in which all living beings, from plants to gods, live in a cycle of living and dying. Life is determined by the law of karma.

TO BECOME A BUDDHIST A PERSON MUST BE COMMITTED TO THREE CENTRAL BELIEFS. THESE ARE KNOWN AS THE THREE JEWELS AS THEY ARE FELT TO BE SO PRECIOUS. THEY CONSIST OF A BELIEF IN BUDDHA, IN HIS TEACHING (THIS IS KNOWN AS DHARMA WHICH WORD ALSO COVERS THE PRACTICE OF WHAT BUDDHA TAUGHT) AND IN THE BUDDHIST COMMUNITY (CALLED SANGHA). THIS IS MADE UP OF

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According to karma, the quality of rebirth is determined by the moral behavior displayed in the previous life. In this view, life on earth is regarded as temporary and a challenge. The goal of existence is to reach liberation from the cycle of rebirth and death and enter into an indescribable state called moksha (liberation). The ones who reach this state no longer struggle with the cycle of life and death.

ORDINARY PEOPLE AS WELL AS THE MONKS AND NUNS. THE PURPOSE IS TO HELP OTHERS AND BY DOING SO TO CEASE TO BECOME SELFISH AND TO MOVE ON THE WAY TOWARDS ENLIGHTENMENT

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THERE ARE MORE THAN 200,000 GODS AND GODDESSES IN THE HINDU RELIGION. SOME ARE MAJOR DEITIES WITH MAJOR DUTIES SUCH AS SHIVA, OTHERS ARE OF LESSER IMPORT AND ARE MORE DIRECTLY Nature of God CONNECTED WITH SPECIFIC DUTIES SUCH AS THE HOUSE OR ANCESTORS.

THERE IS NO GOD IN BUDDHISM, DESPITE WHAT MANY PEOPLE THINK YOU DO NOT WORSHIP THE BUDDHA. BUDDHA SAID THE QUESTION OF GOD WAS UNIMPORTANT. YOU CAN ARGUE ABOUT GOD UNTIL YOU DIE AND STILL NEVER KNOW FOR SURE, THEREFORE FOCUSING UPON WHETHER GOD EXISTS OR NOT IS JUST A WASTE OF TIME. HE ENCOURAGED FOLLOWERS TO FOCUS UPON ACHIEVING A STATE OF NIRVANA.

IT IS MORE AN ETHICAL PATH WITHOUT A "GOD"

DAOISM OR TAOISM IS PRIMARILY A PHILOSPHY THUS THEY DON'T HAVE A PERSONAL GOD. THEIR GOD MAYBE CLASSIFIED UNDER PANTHEISM ("IT LITERALLY MEANS "GOD IS ALL" AND "ALL IS GOD".) IS THE VIEW THAT EVERYTHING IS OF AN ALLENCOMPASSING IMMANENT ABSTRACT GOD; OR THAT THE UNIVERSE, OR NATURE, AND GOD ARE EQUIVALENT

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Texts

THERE ARE SEVERAL. THERE IS THE BAGAVAD GITA, AND THERE IS A COLLECTION OR WRITINGS CALLED THE VEDAS, ONE OF WHICH IS THE THERA VEDA. I'M NOT CONFIDENT THAT I HAVE THE CORRECT SPELLINGS.

No god so no ³text´

AS CONFUCIANISM IS NOT PROPERLY SPEAKING A RELIGION, IT DOES NOT HAVE SACRED TEXTS AS SUCH. HOWEVER THERE ARE BOOKS WHICH HAVE A HIGH PROFILE WITHIN CONFUCIANISM AND WHICH ARE IMPORTANT TO CONFUCIANISTS

DAODEJING

Ritual and practice (sacred elements & their meaning)

THE HINDU Meditation, Matras, TRADITION IS mundras, and prayer FILLED WITH wheels. UNIQUE CEREMONIES AND CUSTOMS, FROM THE MULTICOLORED, POWDER-HURLING FESTIVAL OF HOLI TO THE SOLEMN FUNERAL RITES. THIS SECTION EXPLORES HINDU RITUALS AND PRACTICES, INCLUDING

Birth, proposal, dowry, procession, marriage, and reception, morning after, and death.

CONSISTS OF COSMOLOGY, THEOLOGY, OBSERVATION, PRACTICE PRINCIPLES AND GUIDELINES, MEDITATION, HEALTH AND LONGEVITY PRACTICES, ETHICS, DIETETICS, SCRIPTURE STUDY, SEASONAL ATTUNEMENT, GEOMANCY, AND

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CONTROVERSIAL TRADITIONS SUCH AS THOSE STEMMING FROM THE AGE-OLD CASTE SYSTEM. ALSO LEARN WHERE TO FIND SACRED HINDU TEXTS ON THE INTERNET AND WHERE TO FIND A HINDU TEMPLE.

RITUAL. THIS DIRECTLY RELATES TO TRADITIONAL DAOIST CULTURE. THERE ARE ALSO VARIOUS MODELS OF PRACTICE AND ATTAINMENT THAT EMERGE THROUGH THE CAREFUL CONSIDERATION OF THE ENTIRE BREADTH OF THE DAOIST RELIGIOUS TRADITION. BUDDHISM TEACHES NOT TO DO ANYTHING TO SOMEONE WHEN YOU WOULD NOT WANT IT DONE TO YOU IN THE SAME CIRCUMSTANCES. THEY ALSO HAVE THE FIVE PRECEPTS, WHICH ARE NOT "COMMANDMENTS," BUT INSTEAD GUIDELINES TO HELP YOU ATTAIN CONFUCIANISM IS MORE POLITICAL. CONFUCIANISM FOCUSES ON RELATIONSHIPS, FATHER TO SON, RULER TO SUBJECT, YOUNGER BROTHER TO OLDER BROTHER. CONFUCIUS BELIEVED THAT THE RULERS SHOULD BE CONCERNED FOR THE WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE. DAOISM IS THE BELIEF THAT ONE SHOULD LIVE IN HARMONY AND PEACE AND BE ONE WITH NATURE. IF A DAOIST WAS IN AN ARGUMENT, THE DAOIST IS EXPECTED TO YIELD TO THE ARGUER. FOR EXAMPLE: IF THERE WAS A CORRUPT RULER THAT STOLE MONEY FROM THE

Ethics and morality

1) BRAHMAN SATYAM JAGAN MITHYAM- ONLY GOD ALONE HAS TRUE EXISTENCE AND HE IS PRESENT WITHIN US ALSO. 2) VASUDHA IVA KUTUMBAKAM- THE WHOLE WORLD IS A SINGLE FAMILY AND ALL OF US ARE RELATIVES. 3) SATYAM EVA JAYATHE- TRUTH

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ALONE TRIUMPHS. 4) AHIMSA PARAMO DHARMANONVIOLENCE IS SUPREME. 5) SHRESTHO JANMAH MANAVASYA- THE HUMAN LIFE FORM IS SUPERIOR TO ANY OTHER LIFE FORMS. 6) YOU WILL PAY FOR WHAT YOU DID IN YOUR PREVIOUS LIFE AND WILL PAY FOR WHAT YOU DO NOW, IN YOUR LATER LIFE.

ENLIGHTENMENT. 1. TO REFRAIN FROM TAKING LIFE. 2. TO REFRAIN FROM TAKING THAT WHICH IS NOT FREELY GIVEN (STEALING). 3. TO REFRAIN FROM SEXUAL MISCONDUCT (IMPROPER SEXUAL BEHAVIOR). 4. TO REFRAIN FROM LYING AND DECEIVING. 5. TO REFRAIN FROM INTOXICANTS WHICH LEAD TO LOSS OF MINDFULNESS.

PEOPLE FOR A LUXURIOUS PALACE, A CONFUCIAN WOULD TELL THE RULER TO BE LESS SELFISH, WHILE A DAOIST WOLD TELL THE RULER TO RUN AWAY TO THE WOODS AND MEDIATE ON THE PROBLEM

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