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Shear Forces and Bending Moments

**Shear Forces and Bending Moments
**

Problem 4.3-1 Calculate the shear force V and bending moment M at a cross section just to the left of the 1600-lb load acting on the simple beam AB shown in the figure.

A 30 in.

800 lb

1600 lb B

60 in. 120 in.

30 in.

Solution 4.3-1

Simple beam

1600 lb D B M 30 in.

800 lb A

**Free-body diagram of segment DB
**

1600 lb V D B RB RB

30 in. RA

60 in.

30 in.

©FVERT ©MD

0: 0:

V M

MA MB

0: 0:

RB RA

1400 lb 1000 lb

**1600 lb 1400 lb 200 lb (1400 lb)(30 in.) 42,000 lb-in.
**

6.0 kN 2.0 kN/m B 2.0 m

Problem 4.3-2 Determine the shear force V and bending moment M at the midpoint C of the simple beam AB shown in the figure.

A 1.0 m

C

1.0 m 4.0 m

Solution 4.3-2

Simple beam

6.0 kN 2.0 kN/m B A

**Free-body diagram of segment AC
**

6.0 kN C V 1.0 m RB RA 1.0 m M

A

C

1.0 m RA

1.0 m

2.0 m

MA MB

0: 0:

RB RA

4.5 kN 5.5 kN

©FVERT ©MC

0: 0:

V M

0.5 kN 5.0 kN m

259

260

CHAPTER 4

Shear Forces and Bending Moments

Problem 4.3-3 Determine the shear force V and bending moment M at the midpoint of the beam with overhangs (see figure). Note that one load acts downward and the other upward.

P

P

b

L

b

Solution 4.3-3

P A

**Beam with overhangs
**

P B

©MA

P

0:

RB

A b RA L RB b b RA

P ¢1

L/2

2b ≤ L

(downward)

M

C

V

Free-body diagram (C is the midpoint) ©MB RA 0 ©FVERT 1 [P(L L P ¢1 b 2b ≤ L b) ] V RA 0: P 0: P ¢1 2b ≤ L

P

2bP L L ≤ 2

©MC (upward) M M

PL 2

P ¢1

Pb

2b L ≤¢ ≤ L 2 Pb

PL 2

P ¢b

0

Problem 4.3-4 Calculate the shear force V and bending moment M at a cross section located 0.5 m from the fixed support of the cantilever beam AB shown in the figure.

4.0 kN A

1.5 kN/m B

1.0 m

1.0 m

2.0 m

Solution 4.3-4

A

Cantilever beam

1.5 kN/m B 1.0 m 2.0 m

4.0 kN

1.0 m

**Free-body diagram of segment DB Point D is 0.5 m from support A.
**

4.0 kN V M

0.5 m

©FVERT 0: V 4.0 kN (1.5 kN m)(2.0 m) 4.0 kN 3.0 kN 7.0 kN ©MD 0: M (4.0 kN)(0.5 m) (1.5 kN m)(2.0 m)(2.5 m) 2.0 kN m 7.5 kN m 9.5 kN m

1.5 kN/m B

D

1.0 m

2.0 m

0 m) 4.3-6 The beam ABC shown in the figure is simply P = 4.SECTION 4.0 kN acting at 1.0 kN RA (3.0 kN m .0 m A B 4. Determine the shear force V and bending moment M at a cross section located 3.0 kN • m P2 = 8.3-5 Determine the shear force V and bending moment M at a cross section located 16 ft from the left-hand end A of the beam with an overhang shown in the figure.0 kN (upward) ©FVERT ©MD 0: 0: V M RA 1.) Solution 4.0 kN 1.0 kN B C 4.0 kN 1 supported at A and B and has an overhang from B to C.0 kN (downward) 9.0 m 1. ©FVERT 0: V 2460 lb (400 lb ft)(10 ft) 1540 lb ©MD 0: M (2460 lb)(16 ft) (400 lb ft)(10 ft)(11 ft) 4640 lb-ft Problem 4.0 kN acting at the end of a vertical arm and a vertical force P2 8. A 3.3-5 400 lb/ft A 10 ft RA Beam with an overhang 200 lb/ft B C 6 ft RB 6 ft A 10 ft RA 6 ft V Free-body diagram of segment AD 400 lb/ft D M 10 ft MB MA 0: 0: RA RB 2460 lb 2740 lb Point D is 16 ft from support A.0 m 4.3 Shear Forces and Bending Moments 261 Problem 4.0 m from support A.0 m from the left-hand support.0 kN P2 = 8.0 kN m 7. (Note: Disregard the widths of the beam and vertical arm and use centerline dimensions when making calculations. 400 lb/ft A 10 ft 10 ft B 200 lb/ft C 6 ft 6 ft Solution 4.0 m RB RA MB MA 0: 0: RA RB 1.3-6 P1 = 4.0 m D V M RA 1.0 m Beam with vertical arm Free-body diagram of segment AD Point D is 3.0 m A the end of the overhang. The loads consist of a horizontal force P1 4.

For what ratio b/L will the bending moment at the midpoint of the beam be zero? q A B b L C b D Solution 4.3-7 Beam with overhangs q A B b RB L RC C b D Free-body diagram of left-hand half of beam: Point E is at the midpoint of the beam. Determine the bending moment at the midpoint of the bow.262 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4. 70° 1400 mm 350 mm .3-8 At full draw. an archer applies a pull of 130 N to the bowstring of the bow shown in the figure.3-7 The beam ABCD shown in the figure has overhangs at each end and carries a uniform load of intensity q. q A b L/2 RB E V M = 0 (Given) From symmetry and equilibrium of vertical forces: RB RC q ¢b L ≤ 2 0 L ≤ 2 L L q ¢b ≤¢ ≤ 2 2 Solve for b/L : b 1 L 2 ©ME RB ¢ q¢ 1 ≤ ¢b 2 1 q ¢ ≤ ¢b 2 L 2 ≤ 2 L 2 ≤ 2 0 0 Problem 4.

35 m)(tan 70 )R H ≤ T(sin b) (b) 2 H T ¢ cosb b sin b≤ 2 P H ¢ b tan b≤ 2 2 0 M 0 b 350 mm 0.3 Shear Forces and Bending Moments 263 Solution 4.4 m B 2 2 108 N m (0.SECTION 4.35 m Free-body diagram of point A T P A T T tensile force in the bowstring FHORIZ 0: T 2T cos P 2 cos b P 0 .4 m Substitute numerical values: M M 130 N 1.3-8 Archer’s bow B Free-body diagram of segment BC B P C A H T H 2 b M C b P 130 N 70° T(cos b) ¢ M ©MC H 1400 mm 1.

Calculate the shear force V and bending moment M at the inboard end of the wing.0 m (900 N m)(1.3-10 Under cruising conditions the distributed load acting on the wing of a small airplane has the idealized variation shown in the figure.0 m) ¢ 5.6 m (700 N m)(2.3-9 B Curved bar M P cos B V A P sin N ©FN 0 Q b N N P sin u P sin u V 0 P A O r C P P O FV ©MO 0 0 R a V P cos u P cos u Nr Nr 0 Pr sin u 0 M M Problem 4.0 m) 2 6040 N 6. M B P A O r C P P A N V Solution 4.6 m) ¢ ≤ 2 3 0 1 (700 N m)(2.6 m Loading (in three parts) 700 N/m 1 900 N/m B 2 A 3 B 2.0 m Shear Force FVERT V 0 c T (900 N m)(5. Determine the axial force N.6 m) .168 N • m 2490 N • m 15.6 m 1.45 kN m (900 N m)(5. shear force V. The axis of the bar forms a semicircle of radius r.450 N • m 1 1.3-10 Airplane wing 900 N/m 1600 N/m M V A 2.6 m 2.2 m)(2.3-9 A curved bar ABC is subjected to loads in the form of two equal and opposite forces P. as shown in the figure.2 m ≤ 0 2 3 788.6 m) 2 1 (900 N m)(1.) M 15.04 kN V (Minus means the shear force acts opposite to the direction shown in the figure. 1600 N/m 900 N/m 2.0 m Solution 4.6 m 1.264 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4.67 N • m 12.2 m) 0 Bending Moment ©MA M 1 2. and bending moment M acting at a cross section defined by the angle .

50 kN/m 30 kN/m A B 3m .3-11 A beam ABCD with a vertical arm CE is supported as a simple beam at A and D (see figure). A cable passes over a small pulley that is attached to the arm at E. 8P lb-ft 15 1200 lb ∴ 640 lb-ft and P Problem 4.3-11 Beam with a cable E P Free-body diagram of section AC P Cable P A 6 ft 4P __ 9 B 6 ft C 6 ft D 8 ft P 4P __ 9 4P __ 9 A 6 ft 4P __ 5 B 3P __ 5 6 ft C M N V ©MC M 0 UNITS: P in lb M in lb-ft 4P 4P (6 ft) (12 ft) 0 5 9 8P M lb-ft 15 Numerical value of M equals 640 lb-ft. Calculate the shear force V and bending moment M at the midpoint of the beam. One end of the cable is attached to the beam at point B.3 Shear Forces and Bending Moments 265 Problem 4.SECTION 4. The intensity of the load varies linearly from 50 kN/m at support A to 30 kN/m at support B.3-12 A simply supported beam AB supports a trapezoidally distributed load (see figure). What is the force P in the cable if the bending moment in the beam just to the left of point C is equal numerically to 640 lb-ft? (Note: Disregard the widths of the beam and vertical arm and use centerline dimensions when making calculations.) E P Cable A B C D 8 ft 6 ft 6 ft 6 ft Solution 4.

0 ft C D 3.5 m 55 kN Reactions ©MB 0 RA (3 m) (30 kN m)(3 m)(1.0 ft q2 8.0 ft 3.5 ft) (3500 lb/ft)(4 ft)(2 ft) 21.0 ft 2000 lb/ft FVERT 0: q2(14 ft) q1(8 ft) 3 ft 8 ∴ q2 q 2000 lb ft 14 1 (a) V and M at point B A B MB FVERT Vm ME 0: 6000 lb Mm 0 0: Vm 0: (2000 lb/ft)(7 ft) (3500 lb/ft)(4 ft) FVERT 2000 lb/ft 3 ft VB Mm (2000 lb/ft)(7 ft)(3.3-13 A B q1 = 3500 lb/ft B A q2 8.5 m) 0 ©FVERT RA RB RB (50 kN m 55 kN M 2 (10 (55 kN)(1.5 m) (20 kN m)(3 m)( 1 2 )(2 m) RA 65 kN 0 c 1 2 V ©MC 30 kN m)(3 m) 0 M 1 2.5 m)(0. (b) Find the shear force Vm and bending moment Mm at the midpoint of the beam.3-13 Beam ABCD represents a reinforced-concrete foundation beam that supports a uniform load of intensity q1 3500 lb/ft (see figure).3-12 Beam with trapezoidal load Free-body diagram of section CB 30 kN/m 50 kN/m Point C is at the midpoint of the beam. (a) Find the shear force VB and bending moment MB at point B.5 m) 0 V FVERT 0 c T 1 2 (10 (30 kN m)(1.5 m) 55 kN 0 kN m)(1.266 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Solution 4.0 kN m Problem 4.75 m) kN m)(1. 40 kN/m 30 kN/m V A B 3m RA RB M C B 1.5 kN 0 (30 kN/m)(1. Solution 4.5 m)(0.5 m) 45.0 ft 3.000 lb-ft VB 9000 lb-ft ©MB 0: MB .0 ft Foundation beam (b) V and M at midpoint E C D 3500 lb/ft A B E Mm Vm 4 ft q1 = 3500 lb/ft 3. Assume that the soil pressure on the underside of the beam is uniformly distributed with intensity q2.

SECTION 4.0 m 27 kN 2. and bending moment M at section C.8 kN A 2.) E Cable 1.6 kN (compression) 7.0 m W = 27 kN Solution 4.6 kN 10.0 m 2. Calculate the axial force N.2 kN 50.8 kN A 2.3-14 Beam with cable and weight E Cable 1. (Note: Disregard the widths of the beam and vertical arm and use centerline dimensions when making calculations.0 m V C M N ©FHORIZ ©FVERT ©MC 0: 0: 0: N V M 21.0 m 2.0 m 18 kN 21.3-14 The simply-supported beam ABCD is loaded by a weight W 27 kN through the arrangement shown in the figure. which is just to the left of the vertical arm.4 kN m .0 m B RA RA 18 kN RD 9 kN Free-body diagram of segment ABC of beam 10.3 Shear Forces and Bending Moments 267 Problem 4.6 kN B 2.5 m C 2. The cable passes over a small frictionless pulley at B and is attached at E to the end of the vertical arm.0 m 27 kN RD D Free-body diagram of pulley at B 27 kN 21. shear force V.5 m A B C D 2.

y L b c W x W Solution 4.3-15 The centrifuge shown in the figure rotates in a horizontal plane (the xy plane) on a smooth surface about the z axis (which is vertical) with an angular acceleration . w x dx g Vmax Mmax 2.0 wL at its end. Each of the two arms has weight w per unit length and supports a weight W 2.3-15 Rotating centrifuge c L b W __ (L + b + c) g x w x __ g Tangential acceleration Inertial force Mr r Substitute numerical data: W b.0 wL 91wL2 30g 229wL3 75g b L 9 c L 10 W g r Maximum V and M occur at x Vmax W (L b c) g W (L b c) g wL (L 2b) 2g W (L b c)(L g b w x(x b)dx g W (L b c)(L g w L2 (2L 3b) 6g L b b Mmax L c) b c) .268 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4. assuming b L/9 and c L/10. Derive formulas for the maximum shear force and maximum bending moment in the arms.

5-1 through 4. draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams approximately to scale and label all critical ordinates. such as optimization.5-1 Simple beam a A P P a B RA = P L RB = P P V 0 P Pa M 0 . Problem 4.SECTION 4. and moving loads.5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 269 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams When solving the problems for Section 4. 4. including the maximum and minimum values.5-10 are symbolic problems and Probs.5-24 are numerical problems. A a P P a B L Solution 4.5-30) involve specialized topics.5. 4. beams with hinges. Probs.5-11 through 4.5-1 Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for a simple beam AB supporting two equal concentrated loads P (see figure).5-25 through 4. The remaining problems (4.

5-2 Simple beam M0 A a L RB = B RA = M0 L M0 L V 0 M0a L 0 M0 L M M0 (1 a ) L Problem 4. M0 A a L B Solution 4.5-3 Cantilever beam MA = 3qL2 8 q A B RA = qL 2 L — 2 qL — 2 V 0 L — 2 M 0 3qL2 8 qL2 8 . q A B L — 2 L — 2 Solution 4.5-3 Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for a cantilever beam AB carrying a uniform load of intensity q over one-half of its length (see figure).5-2 A simple beam AB is subjected to a counterclockwise couple of moment M0 acting at distance a from the left-hand support (see figure). Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.270 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4.

P A L — 3 L — 3 PL M1 = —– 4 B L — 3 Solution 4.5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 271 Problem 4.5-5 Simple beam P A 5P RA = —– 12 L — 3 L — 3 L — 3 PL M1 = —– 4 B 7P RB = —– 12 5P/12 V 0 7P/12 7PL/36 5PL/36 M 0 PL/18 . Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.5-4 Cantilever beam P A MA RA L/2 L/2 MA P PL 4 PL 4 B M1 PL 4 RA P PL 4 V 0 0 M Problem 4.5-4 The cantilever beam AB shown in the figure is subjected to a concentrated load P at the midpoint and a counterclockwise couple of moment M1 PL/4 at the free end.5-5 The simple beam AB shown in the figure is subjected to a concentrated load P and a clockwise couple M1 PL/4 acting at the third points. P PL M1 = —– 4 B A L — 2 L — 2 Solution 4.SECTION 4. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.

Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for beam ABC.5-7 A simply supported beam ABC is loaded by a vertical load P acting at the end of a bracket BDE (see figure).5-6 Simple beam M1 A 3M1 RA = —– L 0 V L — 3 L — 3 L — 3 2M1 B 3M1 RB = —– L 3M1 —– L M1 M 0 M1 M1 B A D E P L — 4 L — 4 L L — 2 C Problem 4. M1 A L — 3 L — 3 2M1 B L — 3 Solution 4. Solution 4.5-6 A simple beam AB subjected to clockwise couples M1 and 2M1 acting at the third points is shown in the figure. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.272 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4.5-7 Beam with bracket P A B L — 4 P —– 2 0 P —– 2 3PL —– 8 3L — 4 PL —– 4 C P RA = —– 2 P RC = —– 2 V PL —– 8 M 0 .

5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 273 Problem 4.5-9 Beam ABCD is simply supported at B and C and has overhangs at each end (see figure).5-9 Beam with overhangs q A L /3 5qL RB = __ 6 qL __ 2 V 0 qL – __ 3 M 0 –qL2/18 X1 –qL2/18 B L C L/3 5qL RC = __ 6 qL/3 5qL __2 72 qL – __ 2 D x1 L 5 6 0.3727L . P P Pa A a a B a C a Solution 4. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.5-8 Beam with overhang P upper beam: a P C a a Pa P P B lower beam: a a P P C a 2P P V 0 P M 0 Pa Problem 4. A uniform load of intensity q acts along the entire length of the beam. The span length is L and each overhang has length L/3.SECTION 4. q A B L 3 L C L 3 D Solution 4. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for beam ABC. The beam is loaded by two forces P and a clockwise couple of moment Pa that act through the arrangement shown.5-8 A beam ABC is simply supported at A and B and has an overhang BC (see figure).

–340 5600 M (lb/in. P = 80 lb q = 10 lb/in. 2 L — = 40 in.5-10 Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for a cantilever beam AB supporting a linearly varying load of maximum intensity q0 (see figure). RB = 340 lb 6 in. Mmax = 5780 .274 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4. A B RA =140 lb V (lb) 0 40 in. 2 B Solution 4. 140 60 40 in. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.5-11 The simple beam AB supports a uniform load of intensity q 10 lb/in.) 0 46 in. A B L q0 Solution 4. acting over one-half of the span and a concentrated load P 80 lb acting at midspan (see figure). A L — = 40 in.5-10 Cantilever beam x q=q0 __ L B x V 0 q0 x2 V = – __ 2L M 0 q0 x3 M = – __ 6L q0 L2 – __ 6 q0 L – __ 2 L q0 L RB = __ 2 q0 q0 L 2 MB = __ 6 A Problem 4.5-11 Simple beam P = 80 lb 10 lb/in.

200 lb 400 lb-ft A 5 ft 5 ft B Solution 4. m) 0 M 480 –1200 480 1.8 m 1.5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 275 Problem 4. as shown in the figure.6 m 0. The beam rests on a foundation that produces a uniformly distributed load over the entire length.5-12 Beam with distributed loads 3000 N/m A 1500 N/m 0.6 m 0.5-13 Cantilever beam 200 lb 400 lb-ft A MA = 1600 lb-ft RA = 200 lb 5 ft +200 V (lb) 0 0 M (lb-ft) –1600 –600 –1000 5 ft B .SECTION 4.8 m B Problem 4. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.5-13 A cantilever beam AB supports a couple and a concentrated load. 3000 N/m A B 0.8 m 1200 V (N) 0 960 (N . Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.5-12 The beam AB shown in the figure supports a uniform load of intensity 3000 N/m acting over half the length of the beam.8 m Solution 4.

Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.5-14 The cantilever beam AB shown in the figure is subjected to a uniform load acting throughout one-half of its length and a concentrated load acting at the free end.5 V (kN) 0 0 M (kN .) 20 in.0 kN/m A 2m 2m 2. A B 72 in. A B 72 in. 48 in. –1300 5000 M 0 (lb-in.5 kN B R A = 6.5 kN Problem 4.5 2m 2. –28.5-15 The uniformly loaded beam ABC has simple supports at A and B and an overhang BC (see figure). Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam. RA = 500 lb 1200 500 V 0 (lb) 20 in.5 kN B Solution 4. RB = 2500 lb C .0 2. 25 lb/in. C Solution 4. m A 2m 6. m) –14.5-14 Cantilever beam 2. 2.276 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4.0 kN/m M A = 14 kN .800 48 in.0 –5. 40 in.5-15 Beam with an overhang 25 lb/in.

6 m RB = 8.0 ft 1. The loads consist of a horizontal force P1 400 lb acting at the end of the vertical arm and a vertical force P2 900 lb acting at the end of the overhang. (Note: Disregard the widths of the beam and vertical arm and use centerline dimensions when making calculations.5-17 The beam ABC shown in the figure is simply supported at A and B and has an overhang from B to C.4 kN C 1.5-16 Beam with an overhang 12 kN/m A B 1.1m –6. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.4 kN 2.4 kN (see figure). m) 0 1.76 0.0 ft A B C 4.0 5.6 m Solution 4.6 m 1.84 Problem 4.0 ft RB = 1025 lb B 1025 lb 900 lb C M (lb) 0 400 900 125 RA = 125 lb 400 lb-ft 125 lb A .5-16 A beam ABC with an overhang at one end supports a uniform load of intensity 12 kN/m and a concentrated load of magnitude 2.0 ft 1.6 m RA = 13.0 ft Beam with vertical arm P2 = 900 lb 900 V (lb) 0 4.64 m Mmax = 7.2 kN 13. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.0 ft A B C P1 = 400 lb P2 = 900 lb 1.1m Mmax M (kN .5-17 P1 = 400 lb 1.) Solution 4.6 m 2.26 1.4 0 1. 12 kN/m A B 1.6 m 1.SECTION 4.2 V (kN) 2.4 kN C –3.5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 277 Problem 4.

A cable passes over a small pulley that is attached to the arm at E. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for beam ABCD.0 Problem 4. m 4 kN/m B V (kN) 0 6.5-19 A beam ABCD with a vertical arm CE is supported as a simple beam at A and D (see figure). Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.278 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4.) E 1800 lb Cable A B C D 8 ft 6 ft 6 ft 6 ft Solution 4. One end of the cable is attached to the beam at point B.0 4. The tensile force in the cable is 1800 lb.5-18 4 kN/m A Simple beam 16 kN . 4800 M 0 (lb-ft) V (lb) 0 960 4800 800 800 .5-19 Beam with a cable E 1800 lb Free-body diagram of beam ABCD 1440 1800 1440 5760 lb-ft C 1080 800 720 D 800 Cable 1800 lb A B C D 8 ft 1800 A B 6 ft RD = 800 lb 6 ft 6 ft RD = 800 lb 640 Note: All forces have units of pounds. (Note: Disregard the widths of the beam and vertical arm and use centerline dimensions when making calculations.0 12.5 m 4.0 M (kN .0 10. 4 kN/m A 1m 8 kN 2m 2m 8 kN 1m 4 kN/m B 2m 2m Solution 4.0 1.5-18 A simple beam AB is loaded by two segments of uniform load and two horizontal forces acting at the ends of a vertical arm (see figure).5 m 2.5 2m RA = 6 kN 2m 2m 2m RB = 10 kN 16. m) 0 1.

2 m apart.2 m 5.97 6.5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 279 Problem 4. 4.0 k A RA = 8 k 5 ft 8 0 12 ft 5 ft C 2. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.0 k A 5 ft 20 ft C 2.36 5.2 m 1. m) 59.2 m C 4.0 k/ft B 10 ft Solution 4.97 10.15 61. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this overhanging beam.0 k/ft B 10 ft RB = 16 k 4 C 60 64 40 M (k-ft) 0 12 ft 16 Mmax = 64 k-ft V (k) 8 ft C 8 ft .33 kN M 0 (kN .5-20 The beam ABCD shown in the figure has overhangs that extend in both directions for a distance of 4.1 kN/m D Solution 4.6 kN/m 5. 10. which are 1.2 m RB = 39.2 m Problem 4.2 m RC = 39.33 kN 1.15 V 0 (kN) 6.6 kN/m 5.24 61.5-21 Simple beam 4.36 32.1 kN/m A B 4.1 kN/m A 4.SECTION 4.1 kN/m D B C 4.5-21 The simple beam AB shown in the figure supports a concentrated load and a segment of uniform load.2 m from the supports at B and C.5-20 Beam with overhangs 32.

56 6.0 kN/m RA = 4. m) 0 1.0 ft 1.0 kN/m at support B.0 kN/m at support A to 3.5-24 A beam with simple supports is subjected to a trapezoidally distributed load (see figure).8 m 1.0 ft 7. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.5-22 The cantilever beam shown in the figure supports a concentrated load and a segment of uniform load.0 ft 300 Mmax = 640 6.0 ft RB = 390 lb M (lb-ft) 0 360 390 A C RA = 240 lb Problem 4.0 kN/m A B 2. m A 0.6 m Solution 4.24 kN . Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this cantilever beam.6 V (kN) 0 B 0.5-23 Simple beam 180 lb/ft 240 V (lb) B 0 x1 = 4. The intensity of the load varies from 1.6 kN Problem 4.4 m . A 180 lb/ft B C 6.28 2.6 m M (kN .8 m 1.0 kN/m B 0. 3 kN A 1.5-23 The simple beam ACB shown in the figure is subjected to a triangular load of maximum intensity 180 lb/ft.8 m 0.280 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4. 3.8 m 1.0 kN/m 1.0 ft Solution 4.24 1.5-22 Cantilever beam 4.6 3 kN MA = 6. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this beam.

Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this condition.0 kN V Set V 2. m) Mmax = 1. creating a simple beam.5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 281 Solution 4.2929 qL 0.2071 qL 0.2929L 0.2071 L x1 0.8 RB = 2.5-25 A beam of length L is being designed to support a uniform load of intensity q (see figure). V kN) M (kN .450 1. However.02145 qL2 .02145 qL2 The maximum bending moment is smallest when M1 M2 (numerically).4 (x meters.0 kN/m Simple beam 3.02145qL2 8 0. q(L a) 2 M1 8 qL2 qL a M2 RA ¢ ≤ (2a L) 2 8 8 (L a) 2 L(2a L) M1 M2 M 0 x1 0.2980 m x 2. if the supports of the beam are moved symmetrically toward the middle of the beam (as pictured).0 kN/m V (kN) 0 B x1 = 1. the maximum bending moment in the beam is qL2/8.5858L q M1 M2 (L a) 2 8 qL2 (3 2 2) 0.5-24 1.2929 qL 0.8 kN 2. If the supports of the beam are placed at the ends.0 0: x x1 x2 2.2071 qL M 0 M1 M1 0.2980 m 0 Problem 4. the maximum bending moment is reduced.5-25 Beam with overhangs q q A a L B A (L a)/ 2 B a RA = qL/2 M2 (L a)/ 2 RB = qL/2 Solve for a: a (2 2)L 0.02145 qL2 x1 = 0.SECTION 4.3536 a = 0.2071L V 0 0.0 A 2. Determine the distance a between the supports so that the maximum bending moment in the beam has the smallest possible numerical value. Solution 4.4 m RA = 2.

The hinge can transmit a shear force but not a bending moment.5 kN 2.5 5.0 M 0 (kN .5-26 Compound beam 4 kN Hinge 4 kN .5-27 The compound beam ABCDE shown in the figure consists of two beams (AD and DE) joined by a hinged connection at D.0 Problem 4.5-26 The compound beam ABCDE shown in the figure consists of two beams (AD and DE) joined by a hinged connection at D. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this compound beam.0 2m 2m C D 2 kN E 1m 1m RE = 1 kN RC = 2.0 2.5 kN 1.67 m 2.5 V (kN) 0 1. The loads on the beam consist of a 4-kN force at the end of a bracket attached at point B and a 2-kN force at the midpoint of beam DE. P B A C D q E L L L 2L Solution 4.282 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4. m) 1. The hinge can transmit a shear force but not a bending moment.0 D 1. Draw the shear-force and bending-moment diagrams for this compound beam.0 D 1.5-27 Compound beam A P B C D q E Hinge L RB = 2P + qL P V 0 PL M 0 L L RC = P + 2qL qL D −P−qL D −qL2 L 2L RE = qL –qL qL 2 L . m B A 2m RA = 2. A force P acts upward at A and a uniform load of intensity q acts downward on beam DE. 4 kN 1m 2 kN B C D E 1m A 2m 2m 2m 2m Solution 4.

5-28 Simple beam (V is given) A 6.SECTION 4.5-28 The shear-force diagram for a simple beam is shown in the figure. Determine the loading on the beam and draw the bendingmoment diagram.5-29 Force diagram Forces on a beam (V is given) V (lb) 652 572 580 500 20 lb/ft 0 –128 2448 4 ft 652 lb 700 lb 16 ft 4 ft 1028 lb 500 lb M (lb-ft) 0 14. 580 lb 500 lb Solution 4.5-29 The shear-force diagram for a beam is shown in the figure. assuming that no couples act as loads on the beam. determine the forces acting on the beam and draw the bendingmoment diagram.0 m Solution 4. Assuming that no couples act as loads on the beam.0 kN/m RA = 12kN V (kN) 0 12 2m 1m 1m RB = 12kN 12 −12 (kN .0 m 12 kN B 1. m) 0 652 lb 572 lb V 0 –128 lb –448 lb 4 ft 16 ft 4 ft M Problem 4.5 Shear-Force and Bending-Moment Diagrams 283 Problem 4.50 ft –2160 –448 . 12 kN V 0 –12 kN 2.0 m 1.

but not directly over. the maximum bending moment occurs at point D. and also determine the maximum shear force Vmax.4 m 5.6 m d P ¢3 ≤ L 28 kN PL ¢3 12 M (kN . and L 12 m. m) 0 ¢ ≤ ¢3 L 6 L 2 ≤ ¢3 6 d 2 ≤ L 78. P x=L−d A d B 2P Eq. the maximum shear force occurs at support B when the larger load is placed close to.) P x A d 2P B L Solution 4.284 CHAPTER 4 Shear Forces and Bending Moments Problem 4. that support.4 m. (a) Determine the distance x that will produce the maximum shear force in the beam.6 m Note: L RB RA RB P ¢3 2 P ¢3 2 d ≤ L d ≤ L 16 kN 14 kN . d 2.0 m 2.(1) Solve for x: x P B L 3¢ Substitute x into Eq (1): Mmax RA = Pd L d RB = P(3 − L) x Vmax L RB d (b) Maximum bending moment By inspection. P x A d 2P D B 9.5-30 A simple beam AB supports two connected wheel loads P and 2P that are distance d apart (see figure).4 kN m Mmax = 78. The wheels may be placed at any distance x from the left-hand support of the beam.0 m L (a) Maximum shear force By inspection. and also draw the corresponding bendingmoment diagram. (b) Determine the distance x that will produce the maximum bending moment in the beam. (Assume P 10 kN.5-30 Moving loads on a beam P 2P d x A P d L 10 kN 2.4 5d ≤ L 5d 2 ≤ L (3L 5d) 2d(L d)R 64 4. under the larger load 2P.4 m 12 m B Reaction at support B: P 2P P x (x d) (2d 3x) L L L Bending moment at D: MD RB (L x d) P (2d 3x)(L x d) L P [ 3x2 (3L 5d)x 2d(L d) ] L RB dMD dx P ( 6x L 3L L ¢3 6 5d) 5d ≤ L 0 4.

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