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# Number System Page 1

**Actual CAT Problems 1998-2006
**

CAT 1998

1. n

3

is odd. Which of the following statement(s) is(are) true?

I. n is odd. II. n

2

is odd. III. n

2

is even.

a. I only b. II only c. I and II d. I and III

2. (BE)

2

= MPB, where B, E, M and P are distinct integers. Then M =

a. 2 b. 3 c. 9 d. None of these

3. Five-digit numbers are formed using only 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 exactly once. What is the difference between

the maximum and minimum number that can be formed?

a. 19800 b. 41976 c. 32976 d. None of these

4. A certain number, when divided by 899, leaves a remainder 63. Find the remainder when the same

number is divided by 29.

a. 5 b. 4 c. 1 d. Cannot be determined

5. A is the set of positive integers such that when divided by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 leaves the remainders 1, 2, 3,

4, 5 respectively. How many integers between 0 and 100 belong to set A?

a. 0 b. 1 c. 2 d. None of these

6. How many five-digit numbers can be formed using the digits 2, 3, 8, 7, 5 exactly once such that the

number is divisible by 125?

a. 0 b. 1 c. 4 d. 3

7. What is the digit in the unit’s place of 2

51

?

a. 2 b. 8 c. 1 d. 4

8. A number is formed by writing first 54 natural numbers in front of each other as 12345678910111213

... Find the remainder when this number is divided by 8.

a. 1 b. 7 c. 2 d. 0

CAT 1999

9. Let a, b, c be distinct digits. Consider a two-digit number ‘ab’ and a three-digit number ‘ccb’, both

defined under the usual decimal number system, if

2

(ab) ccb 300, · > then the value of b is

a. 1 b. 0 c. 5 d. 6

10. The remainder when

84

7 is divided by 342 is

a. 0 b. 1 c. 49 d. 341

Number System

Number System Page 2

11. If x 1 n + · where x is the product of four consecutive positive integers, then which of the following

is/are true?

A. n is odd

B. n is prime

C. n is a perfect square

a. A and C only b. A and B only c. A only d. None of these

12. For two positive integers a and b define the function h(a,b) as the greatest common factor (G.C.F) of

a, b. Let A be a set of n positive integers. G(A), the G.C.F of the elements of set A is computed by

repeatedly using the function h. The minimum number of times h is required to be used to compute

G is

a.

2

1

n b. (n – 1) c. n d. None of these

13. If n

2

= 12345678987654321, what is n?

a. 12344321 b. 1235789 c. 111111111 d. 11111111

Directions for questions 14 to 16: Answer the questions based on the following information.

There are 50 integers a

1

, a

2

… a

50

, not all of them necessarily different. Let the greatest integer of these 50

integers be referred to as G, and the smallest integer be referred to as L. The integers a

1

through a

24

form

sequence S1, and the rest form sequence S2. Each member of S1 is less than or equal to each member

of S2.

14. All values in S1 are changed in sign, while those in S2 remain unchanged. Which of the following

statements is true?

a. Every member of S1 is greater than or equal to every member of S2.

b. G is in S1.

c. If all numbers originally in S1 and S2 had the same sign, then after the change of sign, the

largest number of S1 and S2 is in S1.

d. None of the above

15. Elements of S1 are in ascending order, and those of S2 are in descending order. a

24

and a

25

are

interchanged. Then which of the following statements is true?

a. S1 continues to be in ascending order.

b. S2 continues to be in descending order.

c. S1 continues to be in ascending order and S2 in descending order.

d. None of the above

16. Every element of S1 is made greater than or equal to every element of S2 by adding to each element

of S1 an integer x. Then x cannot be less than

a. 2

10

b. the smallest value of S2

c. the largest value of S2

d. (G – L)

Number System Page 3

CAT 2000

17. Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D = 0. a

1

a

2

a

1

a

2

a

1

a

2

..., where digits a

1

and a

2

lie between

0 and 9. Further, at most one of them is zero. Which of the following numbers necessarily produces

an integer, when multiplied by D?

a. 18 b. 108 c. 198 d. 288

18. Consider a sequence of seven consecutive integers. The average of the first five integers is n. The

average of all the seven integers is

a. n b. n + 1

c. k × n, where k is a function of n d.

2

n

7

| `

+

. ,

19. Let S be the set of integers x such that

I. 100 x 200 ≤ ≤ ,

II. x is odd and

III. x is divisible by 3 but not by 7.

How many elements does S contain?

a. 16 b. 12 c. 11 d. 13

20. Let x, y and z be distinct integers, that are odd and positive. Which one of the following statements

cannot be true?

a. xyz

2

is odd b. (x – y)

2

z is even

c. (x + y – z)

2

(x + y) is even d. (x – y)(y + z)(x + y – z) is odd

21. Let S be the set of prime numbers greater than or equal to 2 and less than 100. Multiply all elements

of S. With how many consecutive zeros will the product end?

a. 1 b. 4 c. 5 d. 10

22. What is the number of distinct triangles with integral valued sides and perimeter 14?

a. 6 b. 5 c. 4 d. 3

23. Let N = 1421 × 1423 × 1425. What is the remainder when N is divided by 12?

a. 0 b. 9 c. 3 d. 6

24. The integers 34041 and 32506, when divided by a three-digit integer n, leave the same remainder.

What is the value of n?

a. 289 b. 367 c. 453 d. 307

25. Each of the numbers

1 2 n

x , x , , x , n 4, ≥ L is equal to 1 or –1. Suppose

1 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 3 4 5 6 n 3 n 2 n 1 n n 2 n 1 n 1 n 1 n 1 2 n 1 2 3

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 0,

− − − − − −

+ + + + + + + · L

then

a. n is even b. n is odd

c. n is an odd multiple of 3 d. n is prime

Number System Page 4

26. Sam has forgotten his friend’s seven-digit telephone number. He remembers the following: the first

three digits are either 635 or 674, the number is odd, and the number 9 appears once. If Sam were

to use a trial and error process to reach his friend, what is the minimum number of trials he has to

make before he can be certain to succeed?

a. 10,000 b. 2,430

c. 3,402 d. 3,006

27. Let N = 55

3

+ 17

3

– 72

3

. N is divisible by

a. both 7 and 13 b. both 3 and 13 c. both 17 and 7 d. both 3 and 17

28. Convert the number 1982 from base 10 to base 12. The result is

a. 1182 b. 1912 c. 1192 d. 1292

CAT 2001

29. Let x, y and z be distinct integers. x and y are odd and positive, and z is even and positive. Which

one of the following statements cannot be true?

a. y(x – z)

2

is even b. y

2

(x – z) is odd c. y(x – z) is odd d. z(x – y)

2

is even

30. In a four-digit number, the sum of the first 2 digits is equal to that of the last 2 digits. The sum of the

first and last digits is equal to the third digit. Finally, the sum of the second and fourth digits is twice

the sum of the other 2 digits. What is the third digit of the number?

a. 5 b. 8 c. 1 d. 4

31. Anita had to do a multiplication. In stead of taking 35 as one of the multipliers, she took 53. As a

result, the product went up by 540. What is the new product?

a. 1050 b. 540 c. 1440 d. 1590

32. x and y are real numbers satisfying the conditions 2 < x < 3 and – 8 < y < –7. Which of the following

expressions will have the least value?

a. x

2

y b. xy

2

c. 5xy d. None of these

33. In a number system the product of 44 and 11 is 3414. The number 3111 of this system, when

converted to the decimal number system, becomes

a. 406 b. 1086 c. 213 d. 691

34. All the page numbers from a book are added, beginning at page 1. However, one page number was

added twice by mistake. The sum obtained was 1000. Which page number was added twice?

a. 44 b. 45 c. 10 d. 12

35. If a, b, c and d are four positive real numbers such that abcd = 1, what is the minimum value of

(1 + a)(1 + b)(1 + c)(1 + d)?

a. 4 b. 1 c. 16 d. 18

36. A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is written on the blackboard. A student came

along and erased one number. The average of the remaining numbers is

17

7

35 . What was the

number erased?

a. 7 b. 8 c. 9 d. None of these

Number System Page 5

37 Let b be a positive integer and a = b

2

– b. If 4 b ≥ , then a

2

– 2a is divisible by

a. 15 b. 20 c. 24 d. All of these

38. In some code, letters a, b, c, d and e represent numbers 2, 4, 5, 6 and 10. We just do not know

which letter represents which number. Consider the following relationships:

I. a + c = e, II. b – d = d and III. e + a = b

Which of the following statements is true?

a. b = 4, d = 2 b. a = 4, e = 6 c. b = 6, e = 2 d. a = 4, c = 6

39. Let n be the number of different five-digit numbers, divisible by 4 with the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, no

digit being repeated in the numbers. What is the value of n?

a. 144 b. 168 c. 192 d. None of these

CAT 2002

40. If there are 10 positive real numbers

1 2 3 10

n n n ... n < < < , how many triplets of these numbers

( ) ( )

1 2 3 2 3 4

n , n ,n , n , n ,n , ... can be generated such that in each triplet the first number is always

less than the second number, and the second number is always less than the third number?

a. 45 b. 90 c. 120 d. 180

41. Number S is obtained by squaring the sum of digits of a two-digit number D. If difference between

S and D is 27, then the two-digit number D is

a. 24 b. 54 c. 34 d. 45

42. A rich merchant had collected many gold coins. He did not want anybody to know about him. One

day, his wife asked, " How many gold coins do we have?" After a brief pause, he replied, "Well! if I

divide the coins into two unequal numbers, then 48 times the difference between the two numbers

equals the difference between the squares of the two numbers." The wife looked puzzled. Can you

help the merchant's wife by finding out how many gold coins the merchant has?

a. 96 b. 53 c. 43 d. None of these

43. A child was asked to add first few natural numbers (i.e. 1 + 2 + 3 + …) so long his patience

permitted. As he stopped, he gave the sum as 575. When the teacher declared the result wrong, the

child discovered he had missed one number in the sequence during addition. The number he missed

was

a. less than 10 b. 10 c. 15 d. more than 15

44. When

256

2 is divided by 17, the remainder would be

a. 1 b. 16 c. 14 d. None of these

45. At a bookstore, ‘MODERN BOOK STORE’ is flashed using neon lights. The words are individually

flashed at the intervals of

1 1 1

2 s, 4 s and 5 s

2 4 8

respectively, and each word is put off after a second.

The least time after which the full name of the bookstore can be read again is

a. 49.5 s b. 73.5 s c. 1744.5 s d. 855 s

Number System Page 6

46. Three pieces of cakes of weights

1 3 1

4 lb, 6 lb and 7 lb

2 4 5

respectively are to be divided into parts of

equal weight. Further, each part must be as heavy as possible. If one such part is served to each

guest, then what is the maximum number of guests that could be entertained?

a. 54 b. 72 c. 20 d. None of these

47. After the division of a number successively by 3, 4 and 7, the remainders obtained are 2, 1 and 4

respectively. What will be the remainder if 84 divides the same number?

a. 80 b. 75 c. 41 d. 53

48. If u, v, w and m are natural numbers such that

m m m

u v w , + · then which one of the following is

true?

a. m

≥

min(u, v, w) b. m

≥

max(u, v, w)

c. m < min(u, v, w) d. None of these

49.

6n 6n

7 – 6

, where n is an integer > 0, is divisible by

a. 13 b. 127 c. 559 d. All of these

50. How many numbers greater than 0 and less than a million can be formed with the digits 0, 7

and 8?

a. 486 b. 1,084 c. 728 d. None of these

CAT 2003 (Leaked Paper)

51. How many even integers n, where 100 n 200 ≤ ≤ , are divisible neither by seven nor by nine?

a. 40 b. 37 c. 39 d. 38

52. A positive whole number M less than 100 is represented in base 2 notation, base 3 notation, and

base 5 notation. It is found that in all three cases the last digit is 1, while in exactly two out of the

three cases the leading digit is 1. Then M equals

a. 31 b. 63 c. 75 d. 91

Directions for question 53: Each question is followed by two statements, A and B. Answer each

question using the following instructions.

Choose (a) if the question can be answered by one of the statements alone but not by the other.

Choose (b) if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.

Choose (c) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together, but cannot be answered

by using either statement alone.

Choose (d) if the question cannot be answered even by using both the statements together.

53. Is a

44

< b

11

, given that a = 2 and b is an integer?

A. b is even

B. b is greater than 16

54. How many three digit positive integers, with digits x, y and z in the hundred's, ten's and unit's place

respectively, exist such that x < y, z < y and

x 0 ≠

?

a. 245 b. 285 c. 240 d. 320

Number System Page 7

55. If the product of n positive real numbers is unity, then their sum is necessarily

a. a multiple of n b. equal to

1

n

n

+ c. never less than n d. a positive integer

56. The number of positive integers n in the range

12 n 40 ≤ ≤

such that the product (n 1)(n 2) 3.2.1 − − K

is not divisible by n is

a. 5 b. 7 c. 13 d. 14

CAT 2003 (Re test)

Directions for questions 57 to 59: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

The seven basic symbols in a certain numeral system and their respective values are as follows:

I = 1, V = 5, X = 10, L = 50, C = 100, D = 500 and M = 1000

In general, the symbols in the numeral system are read from left to right, starting with the symbol

representing the largest value; the same symbol cannot occur continuously more than three times; the

value of the numeral is the sum of the values of the symbols. For example, XXVII = 10 + 10 + 5 + 1 + 1

= 27. An exception to the left-to-right reading occurs when a symbol is followed immediately by a

symbol of greater value; then the smaller value is subtracted from the larger.

For example, XLVI = (50 – 10) + 5 + 1 = 46.

57. The value of the numeral MDCCLXXXVII is

a. 1687 b. 1787 c. 1887 d. 1987

58. The value of the numeral MCMXCIX is

a. 1999 b. 1899 c. 1989 d. 1889

59. Which of the following represent the numeral for 1995?

I. MCMLXXV II. MCMXCV III. MVD IV. MVM

a. Only I and II b. Only III and IV c. Only II and IV d. Only IV

60. What is the sum of all two-digit numbers that give a remainder of 3 when they are divided by 7?

a. 666 b. 676 c. 683 d. 77

61. An intelligence agency forms a code of two distinct digits selected from 0, 1, 2, …, 9 such that the

first digit of the code is non-zero. The code, handwritten on a slip, can however potentially create

confusion when read upside down — for example, the code 91 may appear as 16. How many codes

are there for which no such confusion can arise?

a. 80 b. 78 c. 71 d. 69

62. What is the remainder when 4

96

is divided by 6?

a. 0 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4

63. Let n (>1) be a composite integer such that n is not an integer. Consider the following statements:

A: n has a perfect integer-valued divisor which is greater than 1 and less than n

B: n has a perfect integer-valued divisor which is greater than n but less than n

a. Both A and B are false b. A is true but B is false

c. A is false but B is true d. Both A and B are true

Number System Page 8

64. If a, a + 2 and a + 4 are prime numbers, then the number of possible solutions for a is

a. one b. two c. three d. more than three

65. Let a, b, c, d and e be integers such that a = 6b = 12c, and 2b = 9d = 12 e. Then which of the

following pairs contains a number that is not an integer?

a.

a b

,

27 e

| `

. ,

b.

a c

,

36 e

| `

. ,

c.

a bd

,

12 18

| `

. ,

d.

a c

,

6 d

| `

. ,

CAT 2004

66. On January 1, 2004 two new societies s

1

and s

2

are formed, each n numbers. On the first day of

each subsequent month, s

1

adds b members while s

2

multiplies its current numbers by a constant

factor r. Both the societies have the same number of members on July 2, 2004. If b = 10.5n, what is

the value of r?

a. 2.0 b. 1.9 c. 1.8 d. 1.7

67. Suppose n is an integer such that the sum of digits on n is 2, and 10

10

< n 10

n

. The number of

different values of n is

a. 11 b. 10 c. 9 d. 8

68. Let

1

y

1

2

1

3

1

2

3 ...

·

+

+

+

+

What is the value of y?

a.

11 3

2

+

b.

11 3

2

−

c.

15 3

2

+

d.

15 3

2

−

69. The reminder, when (15

23

+ 23

23

) is divided by 19, is

a. 4 b. 15 c. 0 d. 18

CAT 2005

70. If

65 65

64 64

30 – 29

R

30 29

·

+

, then

a. 0 < R ≤ 0.1 b. 0 < R ≤ 0.5 c. 0.5 < R ≤ 0.1 d.R > 1.0

71. If x = (16

3

+ 17

3

+ 18

3

+ 19

3

), then x divided by 70 leaves a remainder of

a. 0 b. 1 c. 69 d. 35

72. let n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × n for integer n 1 ≥ . If p = 1! + (2 × 2!) + (3 × 3!) + … + (10 × 10!), then p +

2 when divided by 11! Leaves a remainder of

a.10 b. 0 c. 7 d. 1

Number System Page 9

73. The digits of a three-digit number A are written in the reverse order to form another three-digit

number B. If B > A and B-A is perfectly divisible by 7, then which of the following is necessarily

true?

a. 100 < A < 299 b. 106 < A < 305 c. 112 < A < 311 d. 118< A < 317

74. The rightmost non-zero digits of the number 30

2720

is

a. 1 b. 3 c. 7 d. 9

75. For a positive integer n, let p

n

denote the product of the digits of n and s

n

denote the sum of the

digits of n. The number of integers between 10 and 1000 for which p

n

+ s

n

= n is

a.81 b. 16 c. 18 d. 9

76. Let S be a set of positive integers such that every element n of S satisfies the conditions

(a) 1000 ≤ n ≤ 1200

(b) every digit in n is odd

Then how many elements of S are divisible by 3?

a. 9 b. 10 c. 11 d. 12

CAT 2006

77. If x = – 0.5, then which of the following has the smallest value?

1.

1

x

2

2.

1

x

3.

2

1

x

4. 2

X

5.

−

1

x

78. Which among

1

2

2

,

1

3

3

,

1

4

4

,

1

6

6

and

1

12

12

is the largest?

1. 21/2 2. 31/3 3. 41/4 4. 61/6 5. 12/12

79. A group of 630 children is arranged in rows for a group photograph session. Each row contains three

fewer children than the row in front of it. What number of rows is not possible?

1. 3 2. 4 3. 5 4. 6 5. 7

80. The sum of four consecutive two-digit odd numbers, when divided by 10, becomes a perfect square.

Which of the following can possibly be one of these four numbers?

1. 21 2. 25 3. 41 4. 67 5. 73

81. When you reverse the digits of the number 13, the number increases by 18. How many other two-

digit numbers increase by 18 when their digits are reversed?

1. 5 2. 6 3. 7 4. 8 5. 10

Page 1 Number System

Answers and Explanations

CAT 1998

1. c If n

3

is odd, then n should also be odd. Hence, n

2

should also be odd. And n

2

will again be odd and not

even. So only I and II are true.

2. b Since MPB is a three-digit number, and also the square

of a two-digit number, it can have a maximum value of

961 viz. 31

2

. This means that the number BE should be

less than or equal to 31. So B can only take the values

0, 1, 2 and 3. Since the last digit of MPB is also B, it can

only be 0 or 1 (as none of the squares end in 2 or 3).

The only squares that end in 0 are 100, 400 and 900.

But for this to occur the last digit of BE also has to be

0. Since E and B are distinct integers, both of them

cannot be 0. Hence, B has to be 1. BE can be a number

between 11 and 19 (as we have also ruled out 10),

with its square also ending in 1. Hence, the number BE

can only be 11 or 19. 11

2

= 121. This is not possible as

this will mean that M is also equal to 1. Hence, our

actual numbers are 19

2

= 361. Hence, M = 3.

3. c The maximum and the minimum five-digit numbers that

can be formed using only 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 exactly once are

43210 and 10234 respectively. The difference

between them is 43210 – 10234 = 32976.

4. a The best way to solve this question is the method of

simulation, i.e. take a number which when divided by

899 gives a remainder of 63. The smallest such number

is (899 + 63) = 972. 972, when divided by 29 gives a

remainder of 5. Hence, the answer is 5.

Students, please note that 899 itself is divisible by 29.

Hence, the required remainder is the same as obtained

by dividing 63 by 29, i.e. 5.

Shortcut:

Since 899 is divisible by 29, so you can directly divide

the remainder of 63 by 29, so

63

29

will give 5 as a

remainder, option (a).

5. b Note that the difference between the divisors and the

remainders is constant.

2 – 1 = 3 – 2 = 4 – 3 = 5 – 4 = 6 – 5 = 1

In such a case, the required number will always be

[a multiple of LCM of (2, 3, 4, 5, 6) – (The constant

difference)].

LCM of (2, 3, 4, 5, 6) = 60

Hence, the required number will be 60n – 1.

Thus, we can see that the smallest such number is

(60 × 1) – 1 = 59

The second smallest is (60 × 2) – 1 = 119

So between 1 and 100, there is only one such number,

viz. 59.

6. c Let us find some of the smaller multiples of 125. They

are 125, 250, 375, 500, 625, 750, 875, 1000 ...

A five-digit number is divisible by 125, if the last three

digits are divisible by 125. So the possibilities are 375

and 875, 5 should come in unit’s place, and 7 should

come in ten’s place. Thousand’s place should contain

3 or 8. We can do it in 2! ways. Remaining first two

digits, we can arrange in 2! ways. So we can have 2!

× 2! = 4 such numbers.

There are: 23875, 32875, 28375, 82375.

7. b Since 2 has a cyclicity of 4,

i.e. 2

1

= 2, 2

2

= 4, 2

3

= 8, 2

4

= 16, 2

5

= 32, 2

6

= 64 ..., the

last digits (2, 4, 8, 6) are in four cycles.

∴ On dividing

51

4

, we get the remainder as 3.

∴ The last digit has to be 2

3

= 8

Shortcut:

Since cyclicity of the power of 2 is 4, so 2

51

can be

written in 2

4(12) + 3

or unit digit will be 2

3

= 8.

8. a The number formed by the last 3 digits of the main

number is 354. The remainder is 2 if we divide 354 by

8. So the remainder of the main number is also 2 if we

divide it by 8.

CAT 1999

9. a (ab)

2

= ccb, the greatest possible value of ‘ab’ to be

31. Since 31

2

= 961 and since ccb > 300, 300 < ccb <

961, so 18 < ab < 31. So the possible value of ab

which statisfies (ab)

2

= ccb is 21. So 21

2

= 441,

∴a = 2, b = 1, c = 4.

10. b Note: 342 = 7

3

– 1. On further simplification we get,

( )

28

3 28 28

342 1 (7 ) 343

342 342 342

+

· · ·

=

342 N 1 1

342 342

+

·

Hence, remainder = 1, optiion (b).

11. a Use the method of simulation, viz. take any sample

values of x and verify that n is both odd as well as a

perfect square.

12. b If there are n numbers, the function h has to be

performed one time less.

13. c The square root is 11111111.

14. d None of the statements are true.

Page 2 Number System

15. a S1 remains the same, but S2 changes.

16. d x must be equal to the greatest difference in the value

of numbers of S1 and S2.

CAT 2000

17. b 99 × D = a

1

a

2

. Hence,

1 2

a a

D=

99

. So D must be multiplied

by 198 as 198 is a multiple of 99.

18. b Use any 7 consecuti ve numbers to check the

answers.

( ) 1 2 3 4 5

n 3

5

+ + + +

· ·

, average of 7 integers is

( ) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

k 4

7

+ + + + + +

· · .

So k = n + 1.

Alternately, the average of the first 5 terms is the

middle term which is third term, and the average of the

first 7 terms is the middle term which is the fourth

term. Hence, it is one more than the previous average.

19. d Numbers which are divisible by 3 (between 100 and

200) are 33. Numbers which are divisible by 21, i.e.

LCM of 7 and 3(between 100 and 200) are 5. Out of

the 33 numbers divisible by 3, 17 are even and 16 are

odd. Out of the 5 numbers divisible by 7, three are

odd. Hence, the number of odd numbers divisible by 3

but not by 7 is (16 – 3) = 13.

20. d Take any three odd and positive numbers and check

this out.

21. a There is only one 5 and one 2 in the set of prime

numbers. Hence, there would be only one zero at the

end of the resultant product.

22. c If the sides of the triangle are a, b and c, then

a + b > c. Given a + b + c = 14.

Then the sides can be (4, 4, 6), (5, 5, 4), (6, 5, 3)

and (6, 6, 2). Hence, four triangles are possible.

23. c N = 1421 × 1423 × 1425. When divided by 12, it shall

look like

( ) ( ) ( ) 1416 5 1416 7 1416 9

.

12

] + × + × +

]

Now the remainder will be governed by the term

5 × 7 × 9, which when divided by 12 leaves the

remainder 3.

24. d Let r be the remainder. Then 34041 – r and 32506 – r

are perfectly divisible by n. Hence, their difference

should also be divisible by the same.

(34041 – r) – (32506 – r) = 1535, which is divisible by

only 307.

25. a Each term has to be either 1 or –1.

Hence, if the sum of n such terms is 0, then n is even.

26. c There are two possible cases. The number 9 comes

at the end, or it comes at position 4, 5, or 6.

For the first case, the number would look like:

9

635 ... ... 9.

674

In both these cases, the blanks can be occupied by

any of the available 9 digits (0, 1, 2, ..., 8).

Thus, total possible numbers would be

2 × (9 × 9 × 9) = 1458.For the second case, the

number 9 can occupy any of the given position 4, 5, or

6, and there shall be an odd number at position 7.

Thus, the total number of ways shall be

2[3(9 × 9 × 4)] = 1944. Hence, answer is 3402.

27. d N can be written either (54 + 1)

3

+ (18 – 1)

3

– 72

3

or

(51+ 4 )

3

+ 17

3

– (68 + 4)

3

.

The first form is divisible by 3, and the second by 17.

28. c

12 1982

12 165 2

12 13 9

1 – 1

–

–

The answer is 1192.

CAT 2001

29. a Use the answer choices and the fact that:

Odd × Odd = Odd

Odd × Even = Even

Even × Even = Even

30. a Let the four-digit number be abcd.

a + b = c + d ... (i)

b + d = 2(a + c) ... (ii)

a + d = c ... (iii)

From (i) and (iii), b = 2d

From (i) and (ii), 3b = 4c + d

⇒ 3(2d) = 4c + d

⇒ 5d = 4c

⇒ d

4

5

c ·

Now d can be 4 or 8.

But if d = 8, then c = 10 not possible.

So d = 4 which gives c = 5.

31. d Let the number be x.

Increase in product = 53x – 35x = 18x

⇒ 18x = 540 ⇒ x = 30

Hence new product = 53 × 30 = 1590.

32. c The value of y would be negative and the value of x

would be positive from the inequalities given in the

question.

Therefore, from (a), y becomes positive. The value of

xy

2

would be positive and will not be the minimum.

From (b) and (c), x

2

y and 5xy would give negative

values but we do not know which would be the

minimum.

Page 3 Number System

On comparing (a) and (c), we find that

x

2

< 5x in 2 < x < 3.

2

x y 5xy ∴ > [Since y is negative.]

∴ 5xy would give the minimum value.

33. a The product of 44 and 11 is 484.

If base is x, then 3411

= 484 x 4 x 1 x 4 x 3

0 1 2 3

· × + + +

480 x x 4 x 3

2 3

· + + ⇒

This equation is satisfied only when x = 5.

So base is 5.

In decimal system, the number 3111 can be written

406 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 3

0 1 2 3

· × + × + × + ×

34. c Let the total number of pages in the book be n.

Let page number x be repeated. Then

∑

·

· +

n

1 i

1000 x i

1000 x

2

) 1 n ( n

· +

+

Thus, 1000

2

) 1 n ( n

≤

+

gives n = 44

Since 990

2

) 1 n ( n

·

+

(for n = 44).

Hence x = 10.

35. c Take a = b = c = d = 1.

36. a Let the highest number be n and x be the number

erased.

Then

n(n 1)

– x

7 602

2

35

(n – 1) 17 17

+

· ·

.

Hence, n = 69 and x = 7 satisfy the above conditions.

37. d a = b

2

– b, b ≥ 4

a

2

– 2a = (b

2

– b)

2

– 2(b

2

– b)

= (b

2

– b)(b

2

– b – 2)

Using different values to b ≥ 4 and we find that it is

divisible by 15, 20, 24.

Hence all of these is the right answer.

38. b From II, b = 2d

Hence, b = 10, d = 5 or b = 4, d = 2

From III, e + a = 10 or e + a = 4

From I, a + c = e or e – a = c

From III and I, we get 2e = 10 + c or 2e = 4 + c

⇒

c

e 5

2

· + ... (i)

or

c

e 2

2

· + ... (ii)

From (i), we can take c = 2, 4, 6, 10.

For c = 2, e = 6

c = 4, e = 7 (Not possible)

c = 6, c = 8 (Not possible)

c = 10, e = 10 (Not possible since both c and e cannot

be 10)

From (ii), we have c = 2, 4, 6, 10.

For c = 2, e = 3 (Not possible)

c = 4, e = 4 (Not possible)

c = 6, e = 5 (Possible)

c = 10, e = 7 (Not possible)

Considering the possibility from B that c = 6 and

e = 5 means e + a = 4

⇒ a = –1 (Not possible)

Hence, only possibility is b = 10, d = 5, c = 2, e = 6.

e + a = 10 ⇒ a = 4

39. c The last two digits can be 12, 16, 24, 32, 36, 52, 56,

and 64, i.e. 8 possibilites

Remaining digits can be chosen in 24 P

3

4

· ways.

Hence, total number of such five-digit numbers

= 24 × 8 = 192.

CAT 2002

40. c Total possible arrangements = 10 × 9 × 8

Now 3 numbers can be arranged among themselves

in 3! ways = 6 ways

Given condition is satisfied by only 1 out of 6 ways.

Hence, the required number of arrangements

=

10 9 8

6

× ×

= 120

41. b Check choices

Choice (b) 54 ⇒ S = (5 + 4)

2

= 81

⇒ D – S = 81 – 54 = 27. Hence, the number = 54

42. d Let the number of gold coins = x + y

48(x – y) = X

2

– Y

2

48(x – y) = (x – y)(x + y) ⇒ x + y = 48

Hence the correct choice would be none of these.

43. d

2

n n

575 – x

2

+

·

2

1150 n n – 2x · +

n(n 1) 1150 + ≥

2

n n 1150 + ≥

The smallest value for it is n = 34.

For n = 34

40 = 2x ⇒ x = 20

44. a

( )

64

4 64 64

2 (17 –1) 17n ( 1) · · + − = 17n + 1

Hence, remainder = 1

45. b Because each word is lit for a second,

5 17 41 7 21 49

LCM 1, 1, 1 LCM , ,

2 4 8 2 4 8

| ` | `

+ + + ·

. , . ,

LCM(7, 21, 49) 49 3

73.5 s

HCF ( 2, 4, 8) 2

×

· ·

Page 4 Number System

46. d

9 27 36 HCF(9, 27, 36)

HCF , ,

2 4 5 LCM (2, 4, 5)

| `

·

. ,

9

20

·

lb

= Weight of each piece

Total weight = 18.45 lb

Maximum number of guests =

18.45 20

41

9

×

·

47. d 3(4(7x + 4) + 1) + 2 = 84x + 53

Therefore, remainder is 53.

48. d

m m m

u v w + ·

2 2 2

u v w + ·

Taking Pythagorean triplet 3, 4 and 5, we see

m < min (u, v, w)

Also 1' + 2' = 3' and hence m ≤ min (u, v, w)

49. d

6n 6n

7 – 6

Put n = 1

6 6 3 3 3 3

7 – 6 (7 – 6 )(7 6 ) · +

This is a multiple of

3 3

7 – 6 127 · and 7

3

+ 6

3

= 559

and 7 + 6 = 13

50. c Number of ways for single digit = 2

2 digits = 2 × 3 = 6

3 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 = 18

4 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 54

5 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 162

6 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 486

Total = 728

CAT 2003 (leaked)

51. c There are 101 integers in all, of which 51 are even.

From 100 to 200, there are 14 multiples of 7, of which

7 are even.

There are 11 multiples of 9, of which 6 are even.

But there is one integer (i.e. 126) that is a multiple of

both 7 and 9 and also even.

Hence the answer is (51 – 7 – 6 + 1) = 39

52. d Since the last digit in base 2, 3 and 5 is 1, the number

should be such that on dividing by either 2, 3 or 5 we

should get a remainder 1. The smallest such number is

31. The next set of numbers are 61, 91.

Among these only 31 and 91 are a part of the answer

choices.

Among these,

10 2 3 5

(31) (11111) (1011) (111) · · ·

Thus, all three forms have leading digit 1.

Hence the answer is 91.

53. a Solution cannot be found by using only Statement A

since b can take any even number 2, 4, 6….

But we can arrive at solution by using statement B

alone.

If b > 16, say b = 17

Hence 2

44

< (16 + 1)

11

2

44

< (2

4

+ 1)

11

54. c If y = 2 (it cannot be 0 or 1), then x can take 1 value

and z can take 2 values.

Thus with y = 2, a total of 1 × 2 = 2 numbers can be

formed. With y = 3, 2 × 3 = 6 numbers can be formed.

Similarly checking for all values of y from 2 to 9 and

adding up we get the answer as 240.

55. c The best way to do this is to take some value and

verify.

E.g. 2,

1

2

and 1. Thus, n = 3 and the sum of the three

numbers = 3.5.

Thus options 1, 2 and 4 get eliminated.

Alternative method:

Let the n positive numbers be a

1

, a

2

, a

3

… a

n

a

1

, a

2

, a

3

… a

n

= 1

We know that AM ≥ GM

Hence

1/ n

1 2 3 n 1 2 n

1

(a a a a ) (a a a )

n

+ + +…+ ≥ …

or (a

1

+ a

2

+ a

3

+ … a

n

)

≥

n

56. b From 12 to 40, there are 7 prime number, i.e. 13, 17,

19, 23, 29, 31, 37, which is not divisible by (n–1)!

CAT 2003 (Retest)

57. b MDCCLXXXVII = 1000 + 500 + 100 + 100 + 50 + 10 + 10

+ 10 + 5 + 1 + 1 = 1787

58. a MCMXCIX = 1000 + (1000 – 100) + (100 – 10) + (10 –

1) = 1000 + 900 + 90 + 9 = 1999

59. c (I) MCMLXXV = 1000 + (1000 – 100) + 50 + 10 + 10

+ 5 = 1975

(II) MCMXCV = 1000 + (1000 – 100) + (100 – 10) + 5

= 1995

(III) MVD = 1000 + (500 – 5) = 1495

(IV) MVM = 1000 + (1000 – 5) = 1995

Therefore, the answer is (II) and (IV), i.e. option (c).

60. b Such numbers are 10, 17, …, 94.

These numbers are in AP. There are 13 numbers.

10 94

Sum 13

2

+

∴ · ×

= 52 × 13 = 676

61. c Total codes which can be formed = 9 × 9 = 81.

(Distinct digit codes)

The digits which can confuse are 1, 6, 8, 9, from

these digit we can form the codes = 4 × 3 = 12

Out of these 12 codes two numbers 69 and 96 will not

create confusion.

Therefore, (12 – 2) = 10 codes will create a confusion.

Therefore, total codes without confusion

= 81 – 10 = 71.

Page 5 Number System

62. d Remainder when

96

4

6

Let’s come down to basic property of dividing the

power of 4 by 6, i.e.

1

4

4

6

·

2

4

4

6

·

3

4

4

6

·

4

4

4

6

·

Hence, any power of 4 when divided by 6 leaves a

remainder of 4.

63. d Let n = 6

Therefore, n 6 2.4 · ≈

Therefore, divisors of 6 are 1, 2, 3.

If we take 2 as divisor, then

n 2 1 > >

.

Statement A is true.

If we take 3 as divisor, then 6 > 3 > 2.4, i.e. n > 3 >

n

.

Therefore, statement B is true.

64. a As any prime number greater than 3 can be expressed

in the form 6n 1 t , minimum difference between three

consecutive prime numbers will be 2 and 4. The values

that satisfy the given conditions are only 3, 5 and 7,

i.e. only one set is possible.

65. d a = 6b = 12c and 2b = 9d = 12e.

Dividing the first equations by 12 and second by 36,

we get

a b c

12 2 1

· ·

and

b d e

18 4 3

· ·

i.e.

a b c

108 18 9

· ·

and

b d e

18 4 3

· ·

a b c d e

108 18 9 4 3

∴ · · · ·

∴ a : b : c : d : e = 108 : 18 : 9 : 4 : 3.

∴

c 9

d 4

·

is not an integer.

CAT 2004

66. a There will be an increase of 6 times.

No. of members s

1

will be in A.P.

On July 2nd , 2004, s

1

will have n + 6 b members

= n + 6 × 10.5 n

= 64n

No. of members in s

2

will be in G.P

On July 2nd, 2004 Number of members in s

2

= nr

6

They are equal, Hence 64 n = nr

6

6

64 r r 2 ⇒ · ⇒ ·

67. a We have

(1) 10

10

< n < 10

11

(2) Sum of the digits for 'n' = 2

Clearly-

(n)min = 10000000001 (1 followed by 9 zeros and

finally 1)

Obviously, we can form 10 such numbers by shifting

'1' by one place from right to left again and again.

Again, there is another possibility for 'n'

n = 20000000000

So finally : No. of different values for n = 10 + 1 = 11

ans.

68. d

1

y

1

2

3 y

·

+

+

3 y

y

7 2y

+

⇒ ·

+

2

2y 6y – 3 0 ⇒ + ·

–6 36 24

y

4

t +

⇒ ·

–6 60 –3 15

4 2

t t

· ·

Since 'y' is a +ve number, therefore:

15–3

y

2

· ans.

69. c

23 23 23

15 (19 – 4) 19x (–4) · · +

where x is a natural

number.

23 23 23

23 (19 4) 19y (4) · + · +

where y is a natural

number.

( )

23 23 23 23

15 23 19 x y 4 (–4) + · + + +

= 19 ( x +y)

CAT 2005

70. d

65 65

64 64

30 – 29

1

30 29

>

+

as 30

65

– 29

65

> 30

64

+ 29

64

30

64

(30 – 1) > 29

64

(29 + 1)

30

64

× 29 > 29

64

× 30

30

63

> 29

63

Hence option d.

71. a x = 16

3

+ 17

3

+ 18

3

+ 19

3

is even number

Therefore 2 divides x.

a

3

+ b

3

= (a + b) (a

2

– ab – b

2

)

⇒ a + b always divides

Therefore 16

3

+ 19

3

is divisible by 35

18

3

+ 17

3

is divisible by 35

Hence x is divisible by 70.

Hence option a.

Page 6 Number System

72. d If p = 1! = 1

Then p + 2 = 3 when divided by 2! remainder will be

1.

If p = 1! + 2 × 2! = 5

Then p + 2 = 7 when divided by 3! remainder is still

1.

Hence p = 1! + (2 × 2!) + (3 × 3!) + … + (10 × 10!)

when divided by 11! leaves remainder 1

Alternative method:

P = 1 + 2.2! + 3.3!+ ….10.10!

= (2 –1)1! + ( 3 – 1)2! + (4 – 1)3! + ….(11 – 1)10!

=2! – 1! + 3! – 2! + ….. 11! –10!

= 1 + 11!

Hence the remainder is 1.

73. b Let A = 100 x + 10y + z

⇒ B = 100z + 10y + x

B - A = 99(z - x)

For B - A to be divided by 7, z - x has to be divisible

by 7. Only possibility is z = 9, x = 2.

Biggest number A can be 299

Option b.

74. a ( )

( )

680

4

30

Hence the right most non-zero digit is 1.

75. d 10 < n < 1000

Let n is two digit number.

n = 10a + b ⇒ p

n

= ab, s

n

= a + b

Then ab + a + b = 10a + b

⇒ ab = 9a ⇒ b = 9

There are 9 such numbers 19, 29, 33, … 99

Then Let n is three digit number

⇒ n = 100a + 10b + c ⇒ p

n

= abc, s

n

= a + b + c

then abc + a + b + c = 100a + 10b + c

⇒ abc = 99a + 9b

⇒ bc = 99 +

b

9

a

But the maximum value for bc = 81

And RHS is more than 99. Hence no such number is

possible.

Hence option d.

76. a The 100

th

and 1000

th

position value will be only 1 .

Now the possibility of unit and tens digits are

(1, 3), (1, 9), (3, 1), (3, 7), (5, 5), (7, 3), (7, 9), (9, 1),

(9, 7).

CAT 2006

77. 2 Go by option, put

−

·

1

x

2

(1)

−

·

2

1

2

4

(2)

⇒ · −

−

1 1

2

x 1/ 2

(3)

( )

⇒ ·

−

2 2

1 1

4

x 1/ 2

(4)

−

·

1/ 2

1

2

2

78. 2 LCM of 2, 3, 4, 6, 12 = 12

12 12 12 12 12 6 4 3 2 1

2 3 4 6 12

∴ 3

4

is greatest

Note: n

1/n

is maximum when n = e (2.718). Among the

options n = 3 is closest to the value of e.

79. 4 Let the no. of students in front row be x.

So, the no. of students in next rows be x – 3,

x - 6, x – 9…. so on

If n i.e. no. of rows be 3 then no. of students

x + (x – 3) + (x – 6) = 630

3x = 639

x = 213

So possible similarly n = 4

x + (x – 3) + (x – 6) + (x - 9) = 630

4x – 18 = 630

· ·

648

x 162

4

If n = 5

(4x – 18) + (x - 12) = 630

5x – 30 = 630

x = 120

Again possible.

If n = 6

(5x - 30) + (x - 15) = 630

6x - 45 = 630

6x = 675

x ≠ Integer

Hence n ≠ 6

80. 3 By options checking option (3), four consecutive odd

numbers are 37, 39, 41 and 43. The sum of these 4

numbers is 160.

When divided by 10, we get 16 which is a perfect

square.

∴ 41 is one of the odd numbers.

81. 2 Let the number be 10x + y so when number is reversed

the number because 10y + x. So, the number increases

by 18

Hence (10y + x) - (10x + y) = 9 (y - x) = 18

y - x = 2

So, the possible pairs of (x, y) is (3, 1) (4, 2) (5, 3) (6,

4), (7, 5) (8, 6) (9, 7)

But we want the number other than 13 so, there are 6

possible numbers are there i.e. 24, 35, 46, 57, 68, 79.

So total possible numbers are 6.

n d. 16. None of these For two positive integers a and b define the function h(a.C. S1 continues to be in ascending order and S2 in descending order. the smallest value of S2 c. (n – 1) c. 11111111 Directions for questions 14 to 16: Answer the questions based on the following information. c. A and B only c. n is odd B. the largest value of S2 d. All values in S1 are changed in sign. what is n? a. The integers a1 through a24 form sequence S1. 14. n is a perfect square a.F) of a. 210 b. Which of the following statements is true? a. the largest number of S1 and S2 is in S1. then which of the following is/are true? A. If all numbers originally in S1 and S2 had the same sign. None of the above Every element of S1 is made greater than or equal to every element of S2 by adding to each element of S1 an integer x. If n = 1 + x where x is the product of four consecutive positive integers. Each member of S1 is less than or equal to each member of S2. a2 … a50. 1235789 c. S1 continues to be in ascending order. then after the change of sign. Let A be a set of n positive integers. A and C only b. A only d.11. 111111111 d. while those in S2 remain unchanged. not all of them necessarily different. b. c.b) as the greatest common factor (G. G(A). b. There are 50 integers a1.F of the elements of set A is computed by repeatedly using the function h. n is prime C. 1 n 2 12. the G. G is in S1. Then which of the following statements is true? a. and the smallest integer be referred to as L. S2 continues to be in descending order. (G – L) 15. a24 and a25 are interchanged. Then x cannot be less than a. and the rest form sequence S2. d. b. The minimum number of times h is required to be used to compute G is a. Every member of S1 is greater than or equal to every member of S2. None of the above Elements of S1 are in ascending order.C. d. Let the greatest integer of these 50 integers be referred to as G. If n2 = 12345678987654321. Page 2 Number System . and those of S2 are in descending order. None of these 13. b. 12344321 b.

367 c. then a. Let D be a recurring decimal of the form D = 0. 9 c. 289 b. (x + y – z) (x + y) is even d. when multiplied by D? a. when divided by a three-digit integer n. 288 Consider a sequence of seven consecutive integers. x n . 3 Let N = 1421 × 1423 × 1425. With how many consecutive zeros will the product end? a. 11 d. a1 a2 a1 a2 a1 a2 . 453 d. n b. Multiply all elements of S. 100 ≤ x ≤ 200 . y and z be distinct integers. The average of the first five integers is n. 18 b.. n + 7 19. x is divisible by 3 but not by 7. where k is a function of n 18. 12 c. 6 b. 0 b. at most one of them is zero. 3 d. Let x. 1 b. II. n is even b. 307 Each of the numbers x1. x is odd and III. n is an odd multiple of 3 d. leave the same remainder. where digits a1 and a2 lie between 0 and 9.. Number System Page 3 . 13 20. What is the value of n? a. k × n. n is prime 21. n + 1 c. Further. (x – y)(y + z)(x + y – z) is odd Let S be the set of prime numbers greater than or equal to 2 and less than 100. What is the remainder when N is divided by 12? a. 4 d. xyz2 is odd b. that are odd and positive. 6 The integers 34041 and 32506. Which of the following numbers necessarily produces an integer.CAT 2000 17. 16 b. x 2 . 24. 2 d. L. Which one of the following statements cannot be true? a. The average of all the seven integers is a. Suppose x1x 2 x 3 x 4 + x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 + x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 + L + x n −3 x n − 2 x n −1x n + x n −2 x n −1x n x1 + x n −1x n x1x 2 + x n x1x 2 x 3 = 0.. n is odd c. 23. 25. n ≥ 4. Let S be the set of integers x such that I. 5 c. 10 What is the number of distinct triangles with integral valued sides and perimeter 14? a. 4 c. (x – y)2 z is even 2 c. 108 c. 22. 198 d. 5 d. How many elements does S contain? a. is equal to 1 or –1.

What was the 17 30. 4 Anita had to do a multiplication. The result is a. both 7 and 13 b. d. what is the minimum value of (1 + a)(1 + b)(1 + c)(1 + d)? a. 12 If a. 1 d.000 b. 7 b. the sum of the second and fourth digits is twice the sum of the other 2 digits. both 3 and 13 27. 33. x2y b. 1292 CAT 2001 29. Which one of the following statements cannot be true? a. Let x.430 c. when converted to the decimal number system. 1 c. 1182 b. one page number was added twice by mistake. c and d are four positive real numbers such that abcd = 1. 1440 d. 691 All the page numbers from a book are added. What is the third digit of the number? a. beginning at page 1. 213 d. 1590 x and y are real numbers satisfying the conditions 2 < x < 3 and – 8 < y < –7. However. If Sam were to use a trial and error process to reach his friend. None of these In a number system the product of 44 and 11 is 3414. 36. The number 3111 of this system. the number is odd. 3. 45 c. Which of the following expressions will have the least value? a. becomes a. y(x – z) is odd d. 8 c. xy2 c. b. z(x – y)2 is even In a four-digit number. The average of the remaining numbers is 35 number erased? a. y2(x – z) is odd c. and z is even and positive. 406 b. The sum obtained was 1000. and the number 9 appears once. 31. As a result. 34. The sum of the first and last digits is equal to the third digit. y(x – z)2 is even b. 44 b. 1192 d. 5xy d. A student came along and erased one number. He remembers the following: the first three digits are either 635 or 674. None of these Page 4 Number System . both 3 and 17 28. 10. she took 53. 8 c. c. Which page number was added twice? a. 1912 c.006 Let N = 553 + 173 – 723. 35. 1050 b. 10 d. 4 b. 2. the sum of the first 2 digits is equal to that of the last 2 digits. 540 c. 32. Sam has forgotten his friend’s seven-digit telephone number. x and y are odd and positive. What is the new product? a. 9 7 . N is divisible by a.26. 5 b. 3. 16 d. what is the minimum number of trials he has to make before he can be certain to succeed? a. y and z be distinct integers. In stead of taking 35 as one of the multipliers. 1086 c. Finally.402 d. 18 A set of consecutive positive integers beginning with 1 is written on the blackboard. Convert the number 1982 from base 10 to base 12. the product went up by 540. both 17 and 7 d.

Number S is obtained by squaring the sum of digits of a two-digit number D.e. II. 14 42. the remainder would be a. 15 d.5 s d. letters a.n3 ). 43 d. a = 4. 39. 15 b. 6 and 10. 4 s and 5 s respectively. more than 15 When 2256 is divided by 17.n4 ). 5. 16 c. CAT 2002 40. None of these A child was asked to add first few natural numbers (i. 45 b. e = 2 d. ‘MODERN BOOK STORE’ is flashed using neon lights. d = 2 b. All of these In some code. 3. 168 c. e = 6 c. 49. If there are 10 positive real numbers n1 < n2 < n3 . Consider the following relationships: I. 1 b. a + c = e. n2 . What is the value of n? a. then a2 – 2a is divisible by a. no digit being repeated in the numbers." The wife looked puzzled. 1744. The number he missed was a. 90 c. a = 4. 44. d and e represent numbers 2. divisible by 4 with the digits 1. his wife asked. d. 855 s flashed at the intervals of 2 Number System Page 5 . n3 . 10 c. 120 d. 45 A rich merchant had collected many gold coins. 20 c.. 2. b = 6. If b ≥ 4 . 53 c. then 48 times the difference between the two numbers equals the difference between the squares of the two numbers.. None of these 38. 24 d. 34 d. When the teacher declared the result wrong. 192 d. If difference between S and D is 27. Can you help the merchant's wife by finding out how many gold coins the merchant has? a.37 Let b be a positive integer and a = b2 – b. As he stopped. None of these 45. (n2 . 73. 5 and 6. 24 b. One day. 96 b. 4. then the two-digit number D is a. 144 b. b – d = d and III. He did not want anybody to know about him. 54 c. c = 6 Let n be the number of different five-digit numbers. c. 1 + 2 + 3 + …) so long his patience permitted. less than 10 b. and each word is put off after a second. how many triplets of these numbers (n1. he replied. "Well! if I divide the coins into two unequal numbers. can be generated such that in each triplet the first number is always less than the second number. 180 41. 43. b = 4. b. 4.. At a bookstore. e + a = b Which of the following statements is true? a. 2 4 8 The least time after which the full name of the bookstore can be read again is a. We just do not know which letter represents which number. < n10 .. The words are individually 1 1 1 s. he gave the sum as 575.5 s b. and the second number is always less than the third number? a. " How many gold coins do we have?" After a brief pause.5 s c. the child discovered he had missed one number in the sequence during addition. .

486 b. 6 lb and 7 lb respectively are to be divided into parts of 2 4 5 equal weight. where n is an integer > 0. z < y and x ≠ 0 ? a. How many even integers n. 320 54. 91 52. 4 and 7. 75 d. 20 d. Choose (a) if the question can be answered by one of the statements alone but not by the other. Page 6 Number System . then which one of the following is b. where 100 ≤ n ≤ 200 . Is a44 < b11. 54 b. How many numbers greater than 0 and less than a million can be formed with the digits 0. m ≥ max(u. v. 1 3 1 lb. Answer each question using the following instructions. b is greater than 16 How many three digit positive integers. 13 b. 53 If u. 53. Then M equals a. ten's and unit's place respectively. Directions for question 53: Each question is followed by two statements. 559 d. but cannot be answered by using either statement alone. 39 d. 63 c. base 3 notation. Choose (d) if the question cannot be answered even by using both the statements together. are divisible neither by seven nor by nine? a. 40 b. w and m are natural numbers such that true? a. 245 b. m < min(u. 1. m ≥ min(u. None of these CAT 2003 (Leaked Paper) 51. 80 b. Further. each part must be as heavy as possible. 75 c. given that a = 2 and b is an integer? A. v. b is even B. 31 b. None of these 49. w) 48. 7 and 8? a. v. 76n – 66n . 127 c. 37 c. then what is the maximum number of guests that could be entertained? a. while in exactly two out of the three cases the leading digit is 1. 41 d. All of these 50. What will be the remainder if 84 divides the same number? a. um + vm = w m . It is found that in all three cases the last digit is 1. is divisible by a. Choose (b) if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.46. with digits x. None of these Three pieces of cakes of weights 4 47. the remainders obtained are 2. 72 c.084 c. exist such that x < y. A and B. w) d. 728 d. v. Choose (c) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together. 1 and 4 respectively. 285 c. and base 5 notation. w) c. 240 d. 38 A positive whole number M less than 100 is represented in base 2 notation. y and z in the hundred's. After the division of a number successively by 3. If one such part is served to each guest.

2. …. never less than n d. 1999 b. 4 63. 1787 The value of the numeral MCMXCIX is a. then their sum is necessarily a. 77 An intelligence agency forms a code of two distinct digits selected from 0. 78 c. Both A and B are true Number System Page 7 . Both A and B are false b. the same symbol cannot occur continuously more than three times. MCMLXXV II. can however potentially create confusion when read upside down — for example. Which of the following represent the numeral for 1995? I. C = 100. handwritten on a slip. 2 c. 1987 58. XLVI = (50 – 10) + 5 + 1 = 46. 9 such that the first digit of the code is non-zero. The code. 1. D = 500 and M = 1000 In general. How many codes are there for which no such confusion can arise? a. For example. equal to n + 1 n c. 14 CAT 2003 (Re test) Directions for questions 57 to 59: Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. 80 b. Consider the following statements: A: n has a perfect integer-valued divisor which is greater than 1 and less than n B: n has a perfect integer-valued divisor which is greater than n but less than n a. The number of positive integers n in the range 12 ≤ n ≤ 40 such that the product (n − 1)(n − 2)K 3. 69 What is the remainder when 496 is divided by 6? a. If the product of n positive real numbers is unity. 71 d. 5 b. 62. V = 5. An exception to the left-to-right reading occurs when a symbol is followed immediately by a symbol of greater value. c. 0 b. 1687 b. 3 61. Only III and IV c. 1887 d.55. a positive integer 56. MVM d. a multiple of n b. XXVII = 10 + 10 + 5 + 1 + 1 = 27. 57. MCMXCV III. 1899 c. The value of the numeral MDCCLXXXVII is a. 666 b. The seven basic symbols in a certain numeral system and their respective values are as follows: I = 1. X = 10. Let n (>1) be a composite integer such that n is not an integer. the symbols in the numeral system are read from left to right. 1889 59. Only IV 60. Only I and II b. A is false but B is true d. 13 d. 676 c. What is the sum of all two-digit numbers that give a remainder of 3 when they are divided by 7? a. Only II and IV IV. the code 91 may appear as 16. 683 d.2.1 is not divisible by n is a. 7 c. For example. the value of the numeral is the sum of the values of the symbols. starting with the symbol representing the largest value. d. then the smaller value is subtracted from the larger. L = 50. MVD a. 1989 d. A is true but B is false c.

7 d. 0. one b. If a.10 b. is a. and 1010 < n 10n. 6 d CAT 2004 66. If R = 3065 – 2965 3064 + 2964 a. c.1 . 0 c. what is the value of r? c. 11 + 3 2 b. 69. Both the societies have the same number of members on July 2. then p + 2 when divided by 11! Leaves a remainder of a. then b. 10 c. 15 c. 4 b.0 71. s1 adds b members while s2 multiplies its current numbers by a constant factor r. 35 let n! = 1 × 2 × 3 × … × n for integer n ≥ 1 . 1. 11 b.5 < R ≤ 0.. 36 e a bd c. then the number of possible solutions for a is a. . If x = (163 + 173 + 183 + 193). On January 1.8 d.7 a. each n numbers. 2004.0 b. 11 − 3 2 15 + 3 2 15 − 3 2 What is the value of y? a. 1. . d and e be integers such that a = 6b = 12c. 0 < R ≤ 0. 0 b. 18 CAT 2005 70. d. If p = 1! + (2 × 2!) + (3 × 3!) + … + (10 × 10!). 1 c. c. If b = 10. On the first day of each subsequent month. b. The reminder. 2004 two new societies s1 and s2 are formed. a + 2 and a + 4 are prime numbers.1 d. 0 d. 69 d.5 c. 9 d. . 0 < R ≤ 0. . and 2b = 9d = 12 e. 2. when (1523 + 2323) is divided by 19. Then which of the following pairs contains a number that is not an integer? 65.R > 1. a b a. three d. then x divided by 70 leaves a remainder of a. 8 67. Page 8 Number System .. 1 72. Let y = 1 2+ 1 3+ 1 2+ 1 3 + . The number of different values of n is a.9 Suppose n is an integer such that the sum of digits on n is 2. 68.64. more than three Let a. 1. two c.5n. 27 e a c b. 12 18 a c d.

9 75. The number of integers between 10 and 1000 for which pn + sn = n is a. 61/6 5. 12 76. 5 2. 21 2. A group of 630 children is arranged in rows for a group photograph session. 1 x 2 4. when divided by 10. 6 5. 1 6 6 and 1 12 12 is the largest? 4. Which among 1. 112 < A < 311 d. 41/4 79. 9 b. 118< A < 317 The rightmost non-zero digits of the number 302720 is a. 41 4. 67 5. 7 74. 12/12 2. 81. 106 < A < 305 c. then which of the following is necessarily true? a. then which of the following has the smallest value? 1.73. If B > A and B-A is perfectly divisible by 7. 7 4. 1 2x 2. For a positive integer n.5. 1 x 1 44 3. 18 d. CAT 2006 77. 10 c. What number of rows is not possible? 1. d. the number increases by 18. 11 d. 1 b. Which of the following can possibly be one of these four numbers? 1. 10 80. let pn denote the product of the digits of n and sn denote the sum of the digits of n. How many other twodigit numbers increase by 18 when their digits are reversed? 1. 4 3. 3 . 73 When you reverse the digits of the number 13. 7 The sum of four consecutive two-digit odd numbers. 16 c. becomes a perfect square. If x = – 0. 8 5. 21/2 1 2 2 . 100 < A < 299 b. 5 4. 3 2. 2X 5. 1 3. The digits of a three-digit number A are written in the reverse order to form another three-digit number B. Number System Page 9 . 31/3 3. 6 3.81 b. 25 3. 1 −x 78. Each row contains three fewer children than the row in front of it. 3 c. 9 Let S be a set of positive integers such that every element n of S satisfies the conditions (a) 1000 ≤ n ≤ 1200 (b) every digit in n is odd Then how many elements of S are divisible by 3? a.

e. None of the statements are true. Hence. 24 = 16. remainder = 1. 1. ∴ a = 2. so 29 remainder. 8. 2–1=3–2=4–3=5–4=6–5=1 In such a case. 3. And n2 will again be odd and not even. The smallest such number is (899 + 63) = 972. a The number formed by the last 3 digits of the main number is 354. They are 125. M = 3. 2. 5. 26 = 64 . the required remainder is the same as obtained by dividing 63 by 29. c If n3 is odd. 4. option (a). Hence. there is only one such number. Note: 342 = 73 – 1. it can have a maximum value of 961 viz. and 7 should come in ten’s place. 112 = 121. both of them cannot be 0. 4 exactly once are 43210 and 10234 respectively. Hence. On further simplification we get. c 14. 25 = 32. viz. 500. a CAT 1999 9. our actual numbers are 192 = 361. Since 2 has a cyclicity of 4.e. So only I and II are true. b ∴ On dividing 4 . 625. b = 1. Thousand’s place should contain 3 or 8. b 5. Hence. so 18 < ab < 31. a Use the method of simulation.. Remaining first two digits. 4. We can do it in 2! ways. 51 3. the required number will be 60n – 1. b Note that the difference between the divisors and the remainders is constant. 21 = 2. c 2. 312. the function h has to be performed one time less. Thus. 5 should come in unit’s place. c = 4. Since E and B are distinct integers. So 212 = 441. The remainder is 2 if we divide 354 by 8. the greatest possible value of ‘ab’ to be 31. Hence. BE can be a number between 11 and 19 (as we have also ruled out 10).. Since the last digit of MPB is also B. d Number System Page 1 . So the possibilities are 375 and 875. with its square also ending in 1. 22 = 4.. a (ab)2 = ccb. 342 N + 1 1 = 342 342 Hence. 375. So the remainder of the main number is also 2 if we divide it by 8.. the required number will always be [a multiple of LCM of (2. the answer is 5. 875.Answers and Explanations CAT 1998 1. take any sample values of x and verify that n is both odd as well as a perfect square. 1. So the possible value of ab which statisfies (ab)2 = ccb is 21. and also the square of a two-digit number. 59. so you can directly divide 63 will give 5 as a the remainder of 63 by 29. 300 < ccb < 961. we can arrange in 2! ways. optiion (b). 5. Since 312 = 961 and since ccb > 300. The maximum and the minimum five-digit numbers that can be formed using only 0. viz. So we can have 2! × 2! = 4 such numbers. 7. Hence. This is not possible as this will mean that M is also equal to 1. 400 and 900. the last digits (2. A five-digit number is divisible by 125. take a number which when divided by 899 gives a remainder of 63. But for this to occur the last digit of BE also has to be 0. 6) = 60 Hence. if the last three digits are divisible by 125. the number BE can only be 11 or 19. Students. 250. 1000 . so 251 can be written in 24(12) + 3 or unit digit will be 23 = 8. Since MPB is a three-digit number. = 11. c 4. 4. i. LCM of (2. The best way to solve this question is the method of simulation. 32875. 5. 2 and 3. i. we can see that the smallest such number is (60 × 1) – 1 = 59 The second smallest is (60 × 2) – 1 = 119 So between 1 and 100. n2 should also be odd. then n should also be odd. b Let us find some of the smaller multiples of 125. B has to be 1. i. 8. 972. 12. b 13. it can only be 0 or 1 (as none of the squares end in 2 or 3). 6) – (The constant difference)]. 6) are in four cycles. If there are n numbers. = (73 )28 34328 (342 + 1) = = 342 342 342 28 10. 6. 3. Hence.. when divided by 29 gives a remainder of 5. There are: 23875. Shortcut: Since 899 is divisible by 29. ∴ The last digit has to be 23 = 8 Shortcut: Since cyclicity of the power of 2 is 4. This means that the number BE should be less than or equal to 31. The difference between them is 43210 – 10234 = 32976. 82375. please note that 899 itself is divisible by 29. The only squares that end in 0 are 100.e. 750. 28375. 23 = 8. we get the remainder as 3. 3. The square root is 11111111. So B can only take the values 0.

32. The value of xy2 would be positive and will not be the minimum. if the sum of n such terms is 0.e. 635 . (ii) a+d=c .. Hence. Hence. or 6. 8). The answer is 1192.. 5. it is one more than the previous average. 27. ⇒ c= 31.. 4). a 30. c 1 2 19 82 1 2 16 5 – 2 1 2 13 – 9 1 – 1 19. (iii) From (i) and (iii). i. 3b = 4c + d ⇒ 3(2d) = 4c + d ⇒ 5d = 4c 20. Hence. and the average of the first 7 terms is the middle term which is the fourth term. So d = 4 which gives c = 5. b = 2d From (i) and (ii). c There are two possible cases. which is divisible by only 307. Hence. (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 ) = 4 . from (a). Out of the 33 numbers divisible by 3.. Increase in product = 53x – 35x = 18x ⇒ 18x = 540 ⇒ x = 30 Hence new product = 53 × 30 = 1590. 99 × D = a1a2. Hence. d 24. (5. 3) and (6. b and c. a 16. it shall (1416 + 5 ) × (1416 + 7 ) × (1416 + 9 ) . (6. Therefore. When divided by 12. but S2 changes.. a Page 2 Number System . But if d = 8. The first form is divisible by 3. 5 9 . c 5 d 4 Now d can be 4 or 8. Out of the 5 numbers divisible by 7. the average of the first 5 terms is the middle term which is third term. average of 7 integers is 7 So k = n + 1. d Let r be the remainder. Given a + b + c = 14. CAT 2001 29. the blanks can be occupied by any of the available 9 digits (0. d N can be written either (54 + 1)3 + (18 – 1)3 – 723 or (51+ 4 )3 + 173 – (68 + 4)3 . a 22. 5.. y becomes positive. then c = 10 not possible. Thus. there would be only one zero at the end of the resultant product. LCM of 7 and 3 (between 100 and 200) are 5.. the number 9 can occupy any of the given position 4. Then 34041 – r and 32506 – r are perfectly divisible by n. 9. 6). Take any three odd and positive numbers and check this out. d S1 remains the same. then n is even.. a+b=c+d . N = 1421 × 1423 × 1425. So D must be multiplied 99 by 198 as 198 is a multiple of 99. From (b) and (c). 17 are even and 16 are odd.. 2). the total number of ways shall be 2[3(9 × 9 × 4)] = 1944. the number would look like: CAT 2000 17. four triangles are possible. D= Use any 7 consecutive numbers to check the answers. If the sides of the triangle are a. Each term has to be either 1 or –1. Hence. which when divided by 12 leaves the remainder 3. c 25. answer is 3402. There is only one 5 and one 2 in the set of prime numbers. and there shall be an odd number at position 7. the number of odd numbers divisible by 3 but not by 7 is (16 – 3) = 13. 28.. Thus. look like 12 Now the remainder will be governed by the term 5 × 7 × 9. or 6. their difference should also be divisible by the same. Then the sides can be (4. 5. x must be equal to the greatest difference in the value of numbers of S1 and S2. 26. a Use the answer choices and the fact that: Odd × Odd = Odd Odd × Even = Even Even × Even = Even Let the four-digit number be abcd. 6. c 23. Hence.15. n= k= 18. For the first case. and the second by 17.. The value of y would be negative and the value of x would be positive from the inequalities given in the question. x2y and 5xy would give negative values but we do not know which would be the minimum. b a1 a2 . d Numbers which are divisible by 3 (between 100 and 200) are 33. b (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 ) = 3 . 4. Let the number be x.. The number 9 comes at the end. or it comes at position 4. then a + b > c. (i) b + d = 2(a + c) . . Hence. three are odd. Numbers which are divisible by 21. total possible numbers would be 2 × (9 × 9 × 9) = 1458. Alternately. 1. 674 In both these cases. (34041 – r) – (32506 – r) = 1535.. For the second case. 2. d 21. 5.

the number 3111 can be written 3 × 53 + 1 × 5 2 + 1 × 51 + 1 × 50 = 406 34. 6. From II. If base is x. 4. For c = 2. 8) 2 or e = 2 + c . n(n + 1) –x 7 602 . the number = 54 Let the number of gold coins = x + y 48(x – y) = X2 – Y2 48(x – y) = (x – y)(x + y) ⇒ x + y = 48 Hence the correct choice would be none of these. Let the highest number be n and x be the number erased. 16. e = 6. a Take a = b = c = d = 1. e + a = 10 or e + a = 4 From I.On comparing (a) and (c). d a = b2 – b. ∑i + x = 1000 i =1 n Hence.. n2 + n –x 2 42. Hence. c Total possible arrangements = 10 × 9 × 8 Now 3 numbers can be arranged among themselves in 3! ways = 6 ways Given condition is satisfied by only 1 out of 6 ways. a The product of 44 and 11 is 484. 10. 10. and 64. 17 41 5 7 21 49 LCM + 1. b = 10. a + c = e or e – a = c From III and I. Hence all of these is the right answer. d = 5. the required number of arrangements = 41. d 575 = 1150 = n2 + n – 2x n(n + 1) ≥ 1150 n2 + n ≥ 1150 The smallest value for it is n = 34. 49) 49 × 3 = = 73. + 1. i. (i) 45.. b 10 × 9 × 8 = 120 6 n(n + 1) + x = 1000 2 Thus. CAT 2002 40. b Hence. e = 3 (Not possible) c = 4. e = 7 (Not possible) Number System Page 3 . 24.e. For c = 2. b = 2d Hence. 4. For n = 34 40 = 2x ⇒ x = 20 38. 2 Then = 35 = (n – 1) 17 17 Check choices Choice (b) 54 ⇒ S = (5 + 4)2 = 81 ⇒ D – S = 81 – 54 = 27. In decimal system. Then 39. + 1 = LCM . 52. 32. c = 2. e + a = 10 ⇒ a = 4 The last two digits can be 12. only possibility is b = 10. 2 Hence x = 10. we find that x2 < 5x in 2 < x < 3. . e = 4 (Not possible) c = 6. 20. we have c = 2. e = 7 (Not possible) Considering the possibility from B that c = 6 and e = 5 means e + a = 4 ⇒ a = –1 (Not possible) Hence. n = 69 and x = 7 satisfy the above conditions. c c = 6. e = 5 (Possible) c = 10. d = 5 or b = 4. total number of such five-digit numbers = 24 × 8 = 192. 4. 33. 24. Let page number x be repeated. b 44.. ∴ x2 y > 5xy [Since y is negative. d = 2 From III. remainder = 1 Because each word is lit for a second. c 36. So base is 5. b ≥ 4 a2 – 2a = (b2 – b)2 – 2(b2 – b) = (b2 – b)(b2 – b – 2) Using different values to b ≥ 4 and we find that it is divisible by 15. (ii) 2 From (i). 56. we can take c = 2. 37. a c 2 (2 ) 4 64 = (17 – 1)64 = 17n + (−1)64 = 17n + 1 . n(n + 1) ≤ 1000 gives n = 44 2 n(n + 1) = 990 (for n = 44). 21. we get 2e = 10 + c or 2e = 4 + c ⇒ e=5+ 43. 8 possibilites Remaining digits can be chosen in 4 P3 = 24 ways..5 s HCF ( 2. Since 35. then 3411 = 3x3 + 4 x2 + 1x1 + 4 × x0 = 484 ⇒ 3 x3 + 4 x2 + x = 480 This equation is satisfied only when x = 5. 4 8 2 2 4 8 LCM(7. c = 8 (Not possible) c = 10. Hence. e = 10 (Not possible since both c and e cannot be 10) From (ii). c Let the total number of pages in the book be n. d Hence.] ∴ 5xy would give the minimum value. e = 6 c = 4. 6. 36.

4. 91. c 3(4(7x + 4) + 1) + 2 = 84x + 53 Therefore. say b = 17 Hence 244 < (16 + 1)11 244 < (24 + 1)11 60. d 9 27 36 HCF(9. 36) = 9 HCF . of which 6 are even. c Maximum number of guests = 47. Page 4 Number System . Alternative method: Let the n positive numbers be a1. b MDCCLXXXVII = 1000 + 500 + 100 + 100 + 50 + 10 + 10 + 10 + 5 + 1 + 1 = 1787 MCMXCIX = 1000 + (1000 – 100) + (100 – 10) + (10 – 1) = 1000 + 900 + 90 + 9 = 1999 (I) MCMLXXV = 1000 + (1000 – 100) + 50 + 10 + 10 + 5 = 1975 (II) MCMXCV = 1000 + (1000 – 100) + (100 – 10) + 5 = 1995 (III) MVD = 1000 + (500 – 5) = 1495 (IV) MVM = 1000 + (1000 – 5) = 1995 Therefore. lb = LCM (2. With y = 3. remainder is 53. But there is one integer (i. the number should be such that on dividing by either 2. Hence the answer is (51 – 7 – 6 + 1) = 39 Since the last digit in base 2. n = 3 and the sum of the three 2 numbers = 3.e. 17. d 61. v. (12 – 2) = 10 codes will create a confusion. v. c Number of ways for single digit = 2 2 digits = 2 × 3 = 6 3 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 = 18 4 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 54 5 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 162 6 digits = 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 = 486 Total = 728 CAT 2003 (Retest) 57.46. a2. But we can arrive at solution by using statement B alone. b 52.e. then x can take 1 value and z can take 2 values. 9. Similarly checking for all values of y from 2 to 9 and adding up we get the answer as 240. i. of which 7 are even. a Solution cannot be found by using only Statement A since b can take any even number 2. 48. of which 51 are even. 55. 53. 2 and 4 get eliminated.g. There are 11 multiples of 9. 13. a2.45 ×20 = 41 9 If y = 2 (it cannot be 0 or 1). There are 13 numbers.45 lb 54. b From 12 to 40. 6…. 29. w) 1 and 1. (31)10 = (11111)2 = (1011)3 = (111)5 Thus. Hence the answer is 91. These numbers are in AP. Such numbers are 10. the answer is (II) and (IV). . 2. c CAT 2003 (leaked) 51. Therefore. 17. 3 and 5 is 1. The smallest such number is 31. 23. 27. a total of 1 × 2 = 2 numbers can be formed. Thus options 1. a 59.5. 126) that is a multiple of both 7 and 9 and also even. option (c). d 76n – 66n Put n = 1 76 – 66 = (73 – 63 )(73 + 63 ) 1 (a1 + a2 + a3 + … + an ) ≥ (a1a2 …an )1/ n n or (a1 + a2 + a3 + … an) ≥ n Hence 56. there are 7 prime number. E. w) Also 1' + 2' = 3' and hence m ≤ min (u. 6. 94. from these digit we can form the codes = 4 × 3 = 12 Out of these 12 codes two numbers 69 and 96 will not create confusion. From 100 to 200. 31. 4. which is not divisible by (n–1)! This is a multiple of 73 – 63 = 127 and 73 + 63 = 559 and 7 + 6 = 13 50. If b > 16. there are 14 multiples of 7. total codes without confusion = 81 – 10 = 71. ∴ Sum = × 13 2 = 52 × 13 = 676 10 + 94 58. Thus. The best way to do this is to take some value and verify. 4 and 5. Among these only 31 and 91 are a part of the answer choices. d 18. c There are 101 integers in all. Among these. 2 × 3 = 6 numbers can be formed. 3 or 5 we should get a remainder 1. The next set of numbers are 61. d um + vm = w m u2 + v 2 = w 2 Taking Pythagorean triplet 3. a3 … an = 1 We know that AM ≥ GM 49. 8. …. Thus with y = 2. 5) 20 2 4 5 = Weight of each piece Total weight = 18. Therefore. 37. i. 19. a3 … an a1. all three forms have leading digit 1.e. c Total codes which can be formed = 9 × 9 = 81. we see m < min (u. (Distinct digit codes) The digits which can confuse are 1.

c 1523 = (19 – 4)23 = 19x + (–4)23 where x is a natural 65. of different values for n = 10 + 1 = 11 ans. Hence option a. a b c b d e = = = = and 108 18 9 18 4 3 1523 + 2323 = 19 ( x + y ) + 423 + (–4)23 = 19 ( x +y) a b c d e = = = = 108 18 9 4 3 ∴ a : b : c : d : e = 108 : 18 : 9 : 4 : 3. then Statement A is true. 63. ∴ ∴ CAT 2005 3065 – 29 65 3064 + 2964 >1 c 9 = is not an integer. divisors of 6 are 1. of members s1 will be in A. n > 2 >1. 2004. i. y= 1 2+ 1 3+ y 6 Hence. only one set is possible. s1 will have n + 6 b members = n + 6 × 10.e. 2. i. If we take 2 as divisor. there is another possibility for 'n' n = 20000000000 So finally : No. 2 69. d 496 6 Let’s come down to basic property of dividing the power of 4 by 6. we can form 10 such numbers by shifting '1' by one place from right to left again and again. a –6 ± 60 –3 ± 15 = 4 2 As any prime number greater than 3 can be expressed in the form 6n ± 1 .4 Therefore.e. ⇒ 2y 2 + 6y – 3 = 0 ⇒y= = –6 ± 36 + 24 4 If we take 3 as divisor. of members in s2 will be in G. number. 2323 = (19 + 4)23 = 19y + (4)23 where y is a natural a b c b d e = = = = we get and 12 2 1 18 4 3 i. i. a3 + b3 = (a + b) (a2 – ab – b2) ⇒ a + b always divides Therefore 163 + 193 is divisible by 35 183 + 173 is divisible by 35 Hence x is divisible by 70.5 n = 64n No.P. ⇒ 64 = r 6 ⇒ r = 2 Number System Page 5 . minimum difference between three consecutive prime numbers will be 2 and 4. statement B is true. Therefore.e. 71. The values that satisfy the given conditions are only 3. 3.e.P On July 2nd. a There will be an increase of 6 times. then 6 > 3 > 2. No. d number. n > 3 > Therefore. d 4 70. 2004 Number of members in s2 = nr6 They are equal. d CAT 2004 66. Hence 64 n = nr6 as 3065 – 2965 > 3064 + 2964 3064 (30 – 1) > 2964 (29 + 1) 3064 × 29 > 2964 × 30 3063 > 2963 Hence option d. any power of 4 when divided by 6 leaves a remainder of 4. d We have (1) 1010 < n < 1011 (2) Sum of the digits for 'n' = 2 Clearly(n)min = 10000000001 (1 followed by 9 zeros and finally 1) Obviously.4. Dividing the first equations by 12 and second by 36. n. 5 and 7. a 41 =4 6 42 =4 6 43 =4 6 44 =4 68. Remainder when 67. On July 2nd . 64. Again. Since 'y' is a +ve number. d Let n = 6 ⇒y= 3+y 7 + 2y n = 6 ≈ 2.62. a = 6b = 12c and 2b = 9d = 12e. therefore: y= 15 –3 ans. a x = 163 + 173 + 183 + 193 is even number Therefore 2 divides x.

of students in next rows be x – 3. So. Let the number be 10x + y so when number is reversed the number because 10y + x. 2) (5. So total possible numbers are 6. (7. If p = 1! + 2 × 2! = 5 Then p + 2 = 7 when divided by 3! remainder is still 1. (5. 24. 3). 2 Go by option.e. 6) (9.12) = 630 5x – 30 = 630 x = 120 Again possible. 4. Hence option d. 7) But we want the number other than 13 so. 57. 6. 41 and 43. The sum of these 4 numbers is 160. b Let A = 100 x + 10y + z ⇒ B = 100z + 10y + x B .15) = 630 6x . ∴ 41 is one of the odd numbers. 1) (4. 12 = 12 12 6 2 12 4 3 4 6 121 ∴ 34 is greatest Note: n1/n is maximum when n = e (2. 4). the possible pairs of (x. The 100th and 1000th position value will be only 1 .. 2 LCM of 2. When divided by 10. 5).30) + (x . no.A = 99(z . d If p = 1! = 1 Then p + 2 = 3 when divided by 2! remainder will be 1. y) is (3. 79. (7. 1). … 99 Then Let n is three digit number ⇒ n = 100a + 10b + c ⇒ pn = abc. 9). 7). 7). −1/ 2 = (4) 2 1 2 12 3 12 2 12 78. d 10 < n < 1000 Let n is two digit number.9) = 630 4x – 18 = 630 73. Hence p = 1! + (2 × 2!) + (3 × 3!) + … + (10 × 10!) when divided by 11! leaves remainder 1 Alternative method: P = 1 + 2. 74. 3.x) For B . 79. Biggest number A can be 299 Option b.45 = 630 6x = 675 x ≠ Integer Hence n ≠ 6 x= 80. 81. 29. put x = −2 (1) 2 = −1 2 1 4 (2) 1 1 ⇒ = −2 x −1/ 2 1 1 ⇒ =4 (3) x 2 ( −1/ 2 )2 Page 6 Number System . so on If n i. x . x – 9….2! + 3. (9. the no. 1). there are 6 possible numbers are there i. If n = 6 (5x . (3. (1. four consecutive odd numbers are 37. 3). 2 76. 75.x) = 18 y-x=2 So. 3) (6. x = 2. (3.(11 – 1)10! =2! – 1! + 3! – 2! + …. 46.e. Hence no such number is possible. 68. 39. 33. the number increases by 18 Hence (10y + x) . of students in front row be x. of students x + (x – 3) + (x – 6) = 630 3x = 639 x = 213 So possible similarly n = 4 x + (x – 3) + (x – 6) + (x .10! = (2 –1)1! + ( 3 – 1)2! + (4 – 1)3! + …. sn = a + b Then ab + a + b = 10a + b ⇒ ab = 9a ⇒ b = 9 There are 9 such numbers 19. n = 10a + b ⇒ pn = ab. we get 16 which is a perfect square. Only possibility is z = 9. a ((30) ) 4 680 Hence the right most non-zero digit is 1. 4 Let the no.3!+ …. b a But the maximum value for bc = 81 And RHS is more than 99. Among the options n = 3 is closest to the value of e. of rows be 3 then no.(10x + y) = 9 (y . 5) (8. So. Now the possibility of unit and tens digits are (1.718).x has to be divisible by 7. 3 By options checking option (3). (9.6. 11! –10! = 1 + 11! Hence the remainder is 1.72.A to be divided by 7. 35. a CAT 2006 77.10. (7. 9). sn= a + b + c then abc + a + b + c = 100a + 10b + c ⇒ abc = 99a + 9b ⇒ bc = 99 + 9 648 = 162 4 If n = 5 (4x – 18) + (x . z .