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Nano MaterialsBibliography

Nano MaterialsBibliography

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Nano Materials – Bibliography

Nano Materials by A. K. Bandyopadhyay, GCE & CT, WBUT, Kolkata CONTENTS
Preface ... (vii) Acknowledgements ... (ix) 1. General Indroduction ... 1 Preamble ... 1 1.1. Introduction ... 1 1.1.1. What is Nano Technology ? ... 2 1.1.2. Why Nano Technology ? ... 2 1.1.3. Scope of Applications ... 2 1.2. Basics of Quantum Mechanics ... 2 1.2.1. Differential Equations of Wave Mechanics ... 3 1.2.2. Background of Quantum Mechanics ... 6 1.2.3. Origin of the Problem : Quantization of Energy ... 7 1.2.4. Development of New Quantum Theory ... 8 1.2.5. Quantum Mechanical Way : The Wave Equations ... 10 1.2.6. The Wave Function ... 16 1.3. The Harmonic Oscillator ... 19 1.3.1. The Vibrating Object ... 19 1.3.2. Quantum Mechanical Oscillator ... 20 1.4. Magnetic Phenomena ... 23 Preamble ... 23 1.4.1. Fundamentals of Magnetism ... 24 1.4.2. Antisymmetrization ... 25 1.4.3. Concept of Singlet and Triplet States ... 27 1.4.4. Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism ... 28 1.5. Band Structure in Solids ... 31 Preamble ... 31 1.5.1. The Bloch Function ... 31 1.5.2. The Bloch Theorem ... 32 1.5.3. Band Structure in 3-Dimensions ... 35 1.6. Mössbauer and ESR Spectroscopy ... 38 1.6.1. Mössbauer Spectroscopy ... 38 Preamble ... 38 1.6.1.1. The Isomer Shift ... 40 1.6.1.2. The Quadrupole Splitting ... 41 1.6.1.3. The Hyperfine Splitting ... 42 1.6.1.4. Interpretation of the Mössbauer Data ... 42 1.6.1.5. Collective Magnetic Excitation ... 44 1.6.1.6. Spin Canting ... 45 1.6.2. ESR Spectroscopy ... 47 Preamble ... 47 1.6.2.1. The Theory of ESR ... 48 1.6.2.2. ESR Spectra of Iron containing Materials ... 49 1.7. Optical Phenomena ... 50 Preamble ... 50 1.7.1. Electrodynamics and Light ... 50 1.7.2. Transition Dipole Bracket ... 51 1.7.3. Transition Probabilities for Absorption ... 52 1.7.4. The Stimulated Emission ... 55 1.7.5. The Spontaneous Emission ... 56 1.7.6. The Optical Transition ... 58 1.8. Bonding in Solids ... 59 Preamble ... 59 1.8.1. Quantum Mechanical Covalency ... 59 1.9. Anisotropy ... 63 Preamble ... 63 1.9.1. Anisotropy in a Single Crystal ... 63 References ... 65

... 85 2... 94 2. 67 2.1.3.3.. 133 3. Optimization of the Attrition Milling .1.. 67 2. Sol-Enulsion-Gel Technique .2.1.. 108 References . Nano Particles of Alumina and Zirconia ..3. Role of Sintering Atmosphere . 70 2.. Role of Aluminum Nitride ..2.5. 133 3..6. Applications of Zirconia ..2. Nano-Composite Ceramic Materials ... 74 2.. 130 3.2.6.2.6.7.1.1....... Electron Microscopy . Sample Preparation for TEM and SEM Study .1..1.... Attrition Milling .. 86 2. Preparation of Nano Particles ...6.. 118 3.2..6.. Other Methods for Nano Materials .2. 121 3...4.3. Ceramic Engine ..1...3.. Problem of Preparing Nano Particles . 90 2.4. Novel Techniques for Synthesis of Nano Particles .2.7....1. Nano Particles of Alumina .7.1. 73 2.2.. 119 3..3.5. 121 3. Applications of Silicon Carbides .5.. 137 3. Sintering Data of Nano Particles of Alumina .2. 82 2.. Introduction . Ultrafine Particles of Silicon Carbide ..1.3.1..6.... Microwave Sintering Route .3..7.4. Silicon Carbide .3. Transmission Electron Microscope .4. Sintering of SiC ..2.. Nano Particles of SiC . Microwave Sintering of Nano Particles ...2.. Attrition Milling .1... Sample Preparation for Microstructural Study . Effect of Carbon . 96 2.... Nano Composite Alumina Ceramics . Electron Microscopy .2.. 118 3. 76 2. The Sol-Gel Technique . 70 2. 113 3. Role of Carbon . 117 3. Sintering of Ceramics . Dislocation Behaviour .2..5. Effect of Atmosphere ..7..3....1.. 128 3. 68 2.7.7..1. Nano Particles of Zirconia .. 117 Preamble . 86 2.1. Sample Preparation from Nano Particles . 125 3. 121 3. Nano Material Preparation . 94 2.. 67 2. Role of Dopants .4...7.2... Sintering of Nano Particles .. Nano Material Preparation . 92 2. Sintering of Nano Particles of SiC ..3. 73 2. 98 2. 136 3. 73 2.3.. 67 Preamble .3.. 129 3.2.. 90 2. Wear Materials and Nano Composites ... Sample Preparation for TEM Study ...2.. Introduction .1.. X-ray Data Analysis .4.1. 135 3. X-ray Diffraction Data .. Characterization .5. 69 2..3.. Sintering Procedures of Nano Particles .1. Important Properties . 82 2.2.1.3.4.2. Analysis of the Sintering Data .. Scanning Electron Microscope ..4...1.2.1. Purification of Nano Particles .. 68 2..2.3. Role of Boron Carbide .3. 75 2...3.4. 128 3.7...6.3. 135 3....3. Preparation of Materials .. 71 2...7.. 87 2. 94 2.2. 92 2. 83 2..1.2...3.2. Synthesis of Nano Particles of Zirconia .4. 129 3. 93 2.2. 131 3..7..7. 92 2. 92 2... 94 2.1...5.1..3. 138 .. The Dislocation Mechanism .3.. 94 2. 126 3.6.7..5... 129 3.4.4.. How Batch Attritors Work . Other Engineering Applications ....

Flexural Strength .1..7. Nano Particles and X-ray Data .4. 156 4. 169 5. 185 5.1..5.7.1.2. 214 5.2.1.3..3. 174 5.5. Ferrimagnetics and Antiferromagnetics .. Preparations for the SANS Study . Material Preparation . 215 5. 183 5..1.7.. 152 4.1.4..2... 229 6.1.4. 169 Preamble . 229 Preamble . Magnetic Characteristics of the 700 and 900 Samples ..2...1.... Switching Glasses with Nano Particles .7.1. Mechanical Properties .6.... Fracture Toughness ..3.1.2. Introduction ..5.... 152 Preamble ..7.7. Magnetic Characteristics of Blank Glass . 195 5.7..1.. 190 5..4... 157 4... 192 5.1. 177 5. 162 References . Nucleation Maximum and Guinier Radius of Nano Particles .. 227 6. Mössbauer Data of Nano Particles of Magnetite .3.3.. Ostwald Ripening for Nano Particles and the Growth .7. ESR Spectroscopy .... Redissolution Process for Nano Particles ..2.1. 155 4. 175 5. Theoretical Aspects . 152 4.7.1..4. Paramagnetics . 222 5.. 170 5.7.6. 212 5..4. Theoretical Considerations . Characteristics of Nano Particles of Zirconia ...7. Structural Ordering of Ferrites . 216 5.2.2. Spin Canting in Nano Particles of Magnetite . 207 5. 148 4. Magnetic Properties ..3.. Magnetization of Nano Particles of Magnetite .... 229 6. Microstructure .6..1....1. Phase Trasnsformation in Nano Particles of Zirconia . 156 4. 156 4.3.1.7..3.2. Super-Paramagnetism .2. Strength of Nano Crystalline SiC ...3...5. 148 Preamble ..2.3. 206 Preamble ..1... Preparation of Glasses with Nano Particles . 141 3... 157 4....2.3.. Validity of James’ Assumptions .. Introduction .. 167 5.1.3.. Interpretation of the SANS Data ..6. Hyperfine Field in Nano Particles ..2. 217 5.2. SANS Data for Nano Particles ... 143 References ... 148 4. Strength Measurement . Mechanical Properties .5. 199 5.4.3. Comparison of Mechanical Data of 〈.. 158 4. Variation of Temperature and Magnetic Field . Sintering of Nano Particles of Zirconia ..and ®-SiC .5..3.4..7. 171 5.7. 170 5. Small Angle Neutron Scattering . Lattice Expansion in Ferrites with Nano Particles .2..4.. Flexural Strength of 〈-SiC . 140 3....... Nano Powder Preparation and Characteristics .. 202 5.1.4. 169 5. The Basic Concepts . Preparation for Strength Measurements .6..1.. 207 5.. Small Angle Neutron Scattering . 223 References .. Weibull Theory ..4.. Losses due to Eddy Currents in Magnetic Materials .1...3.. 156 4... 221 5... The Mechanism of Spontaneous Magnetization of Ferrites .. 154 4.1. Magnetization of Ferrites and Hysteresis .... 180 5.7. Data Analysis of Theoretical Strength . Diamgnetics . 181 5.6.1.. 181 5.. 173 5.. 158 4.4... 186 5...2.... Ferromagnetics...7. Electrical Properties . 229 .. Stress Intensity Factor . 173 5. Nucleation and Crystallization Behaviour ... 151 4.. 229 6.2.1. 144 4. 206 5....8...

.5.... Introduction .2. The Non-Linear Refractive Index .5. The Refractive Index and Dispersion ..1.4.2.1. 257 7.4...3. 286 ..2.3.. Electrical Conduction in Selenium Glasses . 282 Preamble . 276 8. 248 6.4..1.. The Silver and Copper Rubies .. 258 7.3.4.. Integration Modes . 269 Preamble .. The Verwey Transition of Nano Particles ... Process of Synthesis of Nano Powders ... Precursor Alkoxides .2. Electrical Data of Nano Particles of Bismuth and Selenium ...1. Chemical Reactions in Solution .1. 260 7.4. 271 8.1..4.. 237 6.3.3.. 282 8. 263 7..1. 258 7.. 234 6.2.1.3... 255 7.1... 256 7...2. Structure and Function .. Sputtering of Nano Crystalline Powders ...2.. General Principles of Sol-Gel Processing .1.1.1. Electro Deposition .2.7..2...4.. 280 8. 243 6. 255 7..4.. Accidental Anisotropy-Birefringence-Elasto-Optic Effect ..1. Gas-Phase Condensation Methods . Electrical Conduction in Bismuth Glasses .1.4..3.2. 244 6.3.1.. Impurity States in Electronic Conduction .. 252 7...1.5. The Process Details .1....6.4.. 260 7.2. Applications of Nano-Optics . 262 7. 245 and Magnetic Data 6.2. Other Methods and Other Nano Materials .1.. 281 8. Important Nano Materials .... Preparation of Nano Particles and Conductivity Measurements ... Electronic Conduction with Nano Particles .1. Plasma -Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition .... The Colour due to the Dispersed Particles .4.. The Colour Centres : Photochromy ...3.1.2. 277 8.. Electro-Optic and Acousto-Optic Effects . The Luminescent Glasses .3..2.2.2. The Absorption Coefficient ....1... 242 6. 257 7...5.3.2.1.1.3. Photonic Band Gap .2.2...4. The Laser Glasses ...2.3..1. Introduction .1.2. Gas Phase Condensation of Nano Particles .2.2.2..2.. 242 6.2. Some Definitions . 283 8.1. 251 References . AC Conduction Data of Nano Particles . Optical Properties . Optical Properties .2. 269 8..2.. 280 8.1.2.. 254 7..1.. 270 8.2.. Nano-Optics .. Electrical Conductivity of Other Nano Particles .6. 266 References . 278 8. Behaviour of Some Gels .... 267 8.3.1. 250 6..4. 262 7. 231 6. 259 7. 273 8. 231 6. 282 8. 270 8.1...2. Electro-Deposition of Inorganic Materials ..1. 275 8.. The Coloured Glasses .. Special Properties .....1. 261 7.. Preparation of Nano-Optics .1.3. 269 8. 255 7.. Tunneling Conduction in Nano Particles .. Correlation between Electronic Conduction .....4.2. 254 7.2...4. 285 8.2.1.. 264 7..1. 256 7. Absorption in Glasses .1.2. Some Examples of Nano Particles . The Electro-Optic Effect . 272 8.1.. The Acousto-Optic Effect .1.1... The Gold Ruby Glass .. 279 8. DC Conduction Data of Nano Particles .3.2.4...2.. 254 Preamble .. Electro-Deposition of Nano Composites ..2.1.1. 246 6. Nano-Phase Deposition Methodology . 286 8. 255 7..2.1.4.3.. 262 7..3.3.1.4. The Reflection . 284 8...3.

.3. (2001) pp.7. Non Cryst.4. (1997). Roy and S. Kolkata (India). Shohata and M. The Quantum Wires .3. Goldstein (Ed.3..3. Magnetic Semiconductors . 12. 287 8. 54 (1989) 2309. Nano-Magnetics . Solids. Piccaluga and C. J. on Nano-Science and Technology.1. ‘Synthesis and Methodologies in Inorganic Chemistry’. Bandyopadhyay.5. del Monte and D. ‘Association of OH Groups with Boron and Silicon Atoms in SiO2—B2O3 Glasses by Infra-red Spectroscopy’. January. Quantum Computers . Sci. 6.. Appl. 6449. Phalippou.2..3.. Senna.. Non-Cryst.1. (2005).2.. Phys.2. A. R. Musinu.6. D.2. Hoffman. D. Elsevier Science. 298 8.. QMPS Layer with Nano Voids . 10. U. Natl. Cones. L.2. Langmuir.. Levy. 4. N.. The Semiconductor Structures . N. 7..1.2. 301 REFERENCES 1. J.. 292 8.1. Spin Electronics . Hench and J. A. Roy. A. Prassas. E. Sci.8.2. 296 8.3.N.. 48 (1982) 79. Pergamon. K. 8. Musinu and G. Proc. Chem. Mater.. Tondello and P.3. C. B 105 (2000) 11076. J. New Yor. (excellent coverage on nano materials).1. 296 8. Daolio.6..Adhikary and S. Chakravorty and D. Ceram. Chem. The Quantum Dots . Vol. T. del Monte. ‘Handbook of Nanophase Materials’... Cannas.. G. L. 291 8.. 288 8.3. S. 9..3.. 62 (1983) 375. Ferrer and D. Appl. 299 References . L.. Zarzycki. 290 8. L..2.. Chem.Electronics .Chaudhuri. MEMS based Gas Sensor . M. J.3. C.. J.2. 291 8. Agrawal. Eds. and Maurizio Prato Chapter 4 Carbon Nanotubes: Structure and Properties John E. 14. D. 298 8. 33 (1989) 223 15. F. Mater. Phys. Takehuci.. Levy. K.. Gatteschi. 294 8.. 294 8.. M. D.2.4.2. and Polyhedral Crystals .. Jabra and J. 3. Isobe and M. G. J. F.8.3.. Sangregorio. Fischer Chapter 5 Chemistry of Carbon Nanotubes Eduard G. 296 8. Phys.. 13. S. 299 8. Solids. Ferrer and D.3.Vigato. F. Baba. Conf. (1997) pp.. W. B 102 (1998) 7721. A. Komarneni. 11 (2001) 1745. H. J.. The Semiconductors . Levy. Gleiter.. R. S. del Monte... Nano . Mater. M... ‘Variation of optical properties with structure in gallium based nano-crystalline oxide thin films’. Lett. Bull.2. L. 295 8. The Optical and Dielectric Properties of Materials : ‘Optical materials based on sol-gel technology’. 17 (2001) 4812. The Quantum Wells . J. Piccaluga.2. Levy. Cannas. 2.).2. L.2.. Nikos Tagmatarchis.3.. Prog. 295 8.5. Microelectronics for High Density Integrated Circuits . Phys. K.... 11.. NANOMATERIALS HANDBOOK Table of Contents Chapter 1 Materials Science at the Nanoscale C.K. Ferrer. J. 296 8. 194 (1996) 58.2.. Rakov Chapter 6 Graphite Whiskers. ‘The Encyclopedia of Materials : Science and Technology’. 74 (1993) 4746. M. Piezoresistance of Nano-Crystalline Porous Silicon . Marcel Dekker Inc.3. Yonezawa.2. USA.. Novel Properties of Nano Vanadium Dioxide .2. Cheetham Chapter 2 Perspectives on the Science and Technology of Nanoparticle Synthesis Ganesh Skandan and Amit Singhal Chapter 3 Fullerenes and Their Derivatives Aurelio Mateo-Alonso. 7... Si/SiGe Heterostructures for Nano-Electronic Devices .3. 295 8. 8 (1989) 1464. Optical Chips > Semiconductor to MEMS . 7. Subwavelength Optical Elements (SOEs) ..1. 5. Phalippou. Rao and A.Sinha..2. Other Important Nano Materials . 294 Preamble ..R..

Brock Thomas. Y. Li. Heremans and Mildred S. Nikitin. Winey Chapter 21 Nanoporous Polymers — Design and Applications Vijay I. Lozano-Morales. Nicholas A. Ko Chapter 20 Nanotubes in Multifunctional Polymer Nanocomposites Fangming Du and Karen I. A. Webster Chapter 23 Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery Meredith L. Q. and Thomas J. Andrievski Chapter 15 Nanostructured Oxide Superconductors Pavel E.Svetlana Dimovski and Yury Gogotsi Chapter 7 Nanocrystalline Diamond Olga Shenderova and Gary McGuire Chapter 8 Carbide-Derived Carbon G. J. Osman Levent Eryilmaz. Lowman Chapter 24 Nanostructured Materials for Field Emission Devices J. Barsoum Chapter 14 Nanocrystalline High-Melting Point Carbides. Davis. Kazin and Yuri D. and Z. A. Michiko Sato. Hans and Anthony M. and Kevin Hemker Chapter 18 Grain Boundaries in Nanomaterials I.A. Raman and Giuseppe R. Spanier Chapter 10 Inorganic Nanotubes and Fullerene-Like Materials of Metal Dichalcogenide and Related Layered Compounds R. Gogotsi Chapter 9 One-Dimensional Semiconductor and Oxide Nanostructures Jonathan E. Mustafa Urgen. J. Yushin. Borides. Tenne Chapter 11 Boron Nitride Nanotubes: Synthesis and Structure Hongzhou Zhang and Ying Chen Chapter 12 Sintering of Nanoceramics Xiao-Hui Wang and I-Wei Chen Chapter 13 Nanolayered or Kinking Nonlinear Elastic Solids Michel W. En Ma. Masumura Chapter 19 Nanofiber Technology Frank K. Peppas. Ovid’ko. Nikhil Mehta.R. Guo Chapter 17 Mechanical Behavior of Nanocrystalline Metals Mingwei Chen. and Nitrides Rostislav A.A. C. Panda. Huang. A. D. Carey and S. and Barton Prorok Chapter 26 Nanotextured Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage François Béguin and Elzbieta Frackowiak Chapter 27 Low-Dimensional Thermoelectricity Joseph P.S. Dresselhaus . Podlaha. Pande.D.P. Kursat Kazmanli. Silva Chapter 25 Tribology of Nanostructured and Composite Coatings Ali Erdemir. and R. and Y. Palmese Chapter 22 Nanotechnology and Biomaterials J. Tretyakov Chapter 16 Electrochemical Deposition of Nanostructured Metals E. Zhang.

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