( Reaffirmed 2005

)

IS : 10067 - 1962

Indian Standard
MATERIAL CONSTANTS BUILDING WORKS
( First Reprint AUGUST 1997 )

IN

UDC

69.003.12

0 Copyright 1982 BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS
ZAFAR MARG

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 4

November

1982

SHRI S. Tamil Nadu CHIEFENGINEER( BUILDIPI‘G ) SUPERINTENDING ENGINEER ( SPECIALBUILDINGCIRCLE ) ( Alfernafe ) Kerala State Housing Eoard. S. New Delhi SHRI G. KULKARNI M. K. N. New Delhi SHRI V. New Delhi SHRI P.IS : 10067 1982 - Indian Standard MATERIAL CONSTANTS BUILDING WORKS IN Planning and Organization at Site Sectional Committee. N. P. SHARMA Cen~olr~ddmg Research Instttute ( CSIR ). Calcutta SHRI D. is protected under the Indian Copyrighf Act in whole 01 in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright . HARIRAO SHRI N. Bombay CHIEF ENGINEER EXECUTIVE ENGINEER PLANNING) ( ( Alfernofe ) Public Works Department. New Delhi Institution of Industrial Engineers. New Delhi EXECUTIVEDIRECTOR Hindustan Construction Co Ltd. PACHAURI UP State Housing Board. N. SHAHANI ( Alfernafe ) Maharashtra State Housing Board. K. S. Bombay SHRI P. SHRI J. CHOPRA National Productivity Council. Calcutta MANAGING DIRECTOR Hindustan Prefab Ltd. KANITKAR ( Alternate ) SHRI HAZZARI LAL MARWAH Central Builders Association ( Regd ). DAS~ANE ( AIfernafe ) SHRI S. SINGH ( Alternate ) ( Continued on page 2 ) @ BUREAU This publication reproduction ‘I_OF Copyrighf INDIAN 1982 STANDARDS ( XIV of 1957 ) and under the said act. ( Ministry of Defence ) Army Headquarters SHRI M. AGGARWAL Railway Board ( Ministry of Railways ) Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch. MEHTA ( Alternate ) MANAGING DIRECTOR National Buildings Construction Corporation Ltd. B. K. Lucknow. R. NAYAR SHRI A. M. Dastur & Co (P) Ltd. BDC 29 Chirman SHRI HARISH CHANDRA Representing Central Public Works Department Members ADDITIONAL D I R E c T o R ( CIVIL ENGG> BRIG V. Trivandrum CHIEFENGII\‘EER SENIORARCHITECT( Alternate ) Institution of Engineers ( India ). P.

VIRMANI Builder’s Association of India. DASTANE( Alternate MANAGINGDIRECTOR SHRI K. SALVI SHRI K. Director ( Civ Engg ) New Secretary SHRI K. SHRI N. K. New Delhi National Buildings Organization. SHRI J. APT~ SHRI K. S. S. SRINIVASAN SHRI SUNIL BERY ( Alternate ) Central Public Works Department SUPERINTENDIHG ENGINEER. BIS ( Ex-officio Member ) SHRI G.IS : loo67 . MATHI~R Deputy Director ( Civ Engg). M. M. S. National Buildings Construction Corporation New Delhi Delhi Productivity Council. Bombay Ltd. G. Sharma ) SHRI B. V. SHARMA CentrRa~orI$ldmg Members SHRI G. PROF M. DE’SOUZA ( Alternate ) . MADHOKC Alternate SHRI P. RAMAN. RDSO SHRI G. Bombay 1 ) ‘Hindustan Construction Co Ltd. DCCIV (Alternate ) Indian Institute of Public Administration. SOFAT ( Alternate to Sbri J. NDZ TOWN ENOINEER. New Delhi SHRI K. C.1982 ( Continued from page 1 ) Members Representing National Buildings Organization. S. TIIYAGARAJAN Delhi Director General. New Delhi ) Central Public Works Department Ministry of Railways Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch. T. SRINIVASAN SHRI SHASHIKANT (Alternate SURVEYOR OF WORKS I. Army ( Ministry of Defence ) Headquarters SHRI A. Research Output Convener Standards for Building Industry BDC 29 : 4 Institute ( CSIR ). DELHI CENTRAL CIRCLE IV SURVEYOROF WORKS. BIS Subcommittee. S. HARIRAO .

observed or calculated.1 This standard covers the material constants (excluding wastages ) for common items of building works. It is. 0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. therefore. expressing the result of a test or analysis. 0. 3 . different departments at a place are having their own schedule of rates. shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. 0.4 The material constants have been arrived at by the Central Building Research Institute after carrying out the laboratory and field studies. SCOPE 1. FOREWORD 0. necessary that the schedule of rates should be prepared correctly and be based on rationally stipulated material and labour constants. *FWes for rounding off numerical values ( revised ). 0.These are also very useful in considering the reasonableness of the tenders received from the contractors and for pricing the alterations.3 At present. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.2 Schedule of rates form the basis for preparing the detailed estimates for works.1 This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution IN on 8 January 1982. additions. . All materials taken’ in the laboratory studies were as per relevant Indian Standards. omissions and substitutions in a contract. the final value. In order to rationalize the material constants for different items of building works. A comparison of the labour and material constants used for different items of work in these schedule of rates has indicated that there is a good variation in them and due to which different rates exist in various departments for the same items of work in the same locality. this standard is being issued. after the draft finalized by the Planning and Organization at Site Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council. 1.IS : lo”067 1982 - Indian Standard MATE&AL CONSTANTS BUILDING WORKS 0.

IS : 10067 . tSpecification for sand for masonry mortars. the consumption of materials is more to an extent of 2.1 The material constants for cement concrete flooring are given in Table 5.. *Specification for sand for plaster.26 ( fine sand ) for leaner mixes and 2. 2.The coverage of item is not exhaustive. 2.2. etc.4.26 and grading within limits as given in IS : 1542-1960* and IS : 2116-19657. The sand taken in the study was having fineness modulus of 1.87 ( coarse sand ) for richer mixes.4 Flooring 2.1982 NOTE1 . The above sizes are taken as per normal practice maintaining the grading of the aggregates as per IS : 383-1970:.2 The material constants for terrazzo (.4. marble chips ) flooring are given in Table 6. mode of issue as well as utilization. lime mortars.26 instead of 3. type.5 for richer mixes. for computing the constants. the fineness modulii of fine aggregate has been taken as 1. from natural sources for concrete 4 . 2.The material constants concretes are given in Table 2. 2.The material constants for cement mortars.2 Concrete . The fineness modulii for coarse aggregate are 6. for cement concretes and lime 2.5 percent when the coarse aggregate with fineness modulus 6.60 which are also the extreme values.The material constants for brickwork using traditional bricks and modular bricks are given in Table 3 and Table 4 respectively. Additional at a later date when data is available for these items.2 In Table 2. 2. The over all consumption of materials in concrete is 5 percent less when aggregates with highest values of fineness modulus are used instead of those with lowest values of fineness modulus. 2.NOTEZ -The percentage of material wastage will vary depending upon region.87 which are almost extreme values maintaining the grading of sand within the permissible limits of IS : 383-1970.5 percent when the fineness modulus of sand is 1. season.05 is used instead of 7. fSpecification for coarse and fine aggregates ( second revision ). MATERIAL CONSTANTS 2. source.The material constants for cement plasters and cement lime plasters are given in Table 7.5 Plastering .9 for leaner mixes and 6. lime pozzolana mortars and composite mortars are given in Table I.3 Brickwork . 2. Similarly. A correct assessment of wastage shall be determined by user’s department.1 Mortar .2. items will be included .1 The consumption of materials is more to an extent of 2.

11 - - I 1.3 When lime is used in the form of putty. 10. 8. 12.9 and maintaining the grading as per relevant Indian Standards. (2) Cement mortar 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 3 sand ) Cement mortar 1 : 4 ( 1 cement : 4 sand ) Cement mortar 1 : 5 ( 1 cement : 5 sand ) Cement mortar 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 6 sand ) Cement mortar 1 : 7 ( 1 cement : 7 sand ) Cement mortar 1 : 8 ( 1 cement : 8 sand ) Lime mortar 1 : 2 ( 1 lime : 2 sand ) Lime mortar 1 : 3 ( I lime : 3 sand ) Lime surkhi mortar 1 : 2 ( 1 lime : 2 surkhi ) Lime surkhi mortar 1 : 3 ( 1 lime : 3 surkhi ) Composite mortar 1 : 1 : 6 (1. W is weight of putty in kg/m3 and D is bulk density of slaked lime in kg/mJ.96 I Water cement ratios adopted are for the percentage flow of 110 f 5.45 0.90 0. 9.4’48 3. 0. 6. NOTE .cement : 1 lime : 6 sand ) Composite mortar 1 : 2 : 9 ( 1 cement : 2 lime : 9 sand ) NOTE- :. 2. ITEM ( MIXBY VOLUME) CONSTANTS PER rns OF MORTAR C--Cement ( Bags ) (3) 8’48 6’79 5’6 4’65 4’06 3’57 .96 0.02 --__--ASlaked Fe (4) 0.cc_--Surkhi ms (5) _- Sand (1) 1.2 The sand and cement constant shall be reduced by up to 2 percent when the fineness modulus of sand is 2. the volume V of slaked lime contained in one meter cube of lime putty is to be found as follows: V= G( VP-1000) -(G--1)D where G is specific gravity of slaked lime. 4. 0.IS:10067-1982 TABLE 1 MATERIAL CONSTANTS IN MORTARS ( CIause 2. 5 .50 0.96 0. NOTE . 5. - 0’90 099 1’CO 1. 7.99 0’99 1’01 1’01 * 3.21 --.1 ) SL No.33 0.37 016 0.

1’26 6.50 20 mm 5. ITEM ( MIXBY VOLUME) FINENESSMODULUS SIZEOF CONSTANTSPER ma OF CONCRETE C-_. (1) I.26 6.- 090 - 6.86 - 5.05 - 0._~ COARSE c --.43 - 0.9 40 mm 3’20 - 0’45 .-----Fine Coarse ( NORMAL Cement Slaked Sand Surkhi Shingle* Aggregate Aggregate GAUGE) ( bags ) Lmye m3 mJ ma (3) 287 (4) 6‘50 (5) 20 mm (6) 9. 1.84 -.87 6.35 (9) -(10) 070 Brick Ballast ma (11) - i w (2) Cement concrete 1 : 1 : 2 ( 1 cement : 1 sand : 2 shingle ) Cement concrete 1 : 14 : 3 ( 1 cement : 14 sand : 3 shingle ) Cement concrete 1 : 2 : 4 ( 1 cement : 2 sand : 4 shingle ) Cement concrete 1 : 3 : 6 ( 1 cement : 3 sand : 6 shingle ) Cement concrete 1 : 4 : 8 ( 1 cement : 4 sand : 8 shingle ) Cement concrete 1 : 5 : 10 ( 1 cement : 5 sand : 10 shingle ) 2. 2.39 - 0.78 -- 3.87 6’50 20 mm 7.__.9 40 mm 2.-_-____.52 - 0.76 (7) (8) 0. 2.45 - 0.- 0’41 - 0. 2.82 - 4.2 ) I%.33 - 0.90 - .--h-_h.87 6’50 40 mm 4.-.TABLE 2 MATERIAL CONSTANTS IN CONCRETE ( Clause 2.

- - 25 mm - 0’24 - 0.22 - 0.52 - 1.26 6. Cement concrete 1 : 6 : 12 ( 1 cement : 6 sand : 12 shingle ) Lime concrete with brick aggregate and 40 percent lime mortar 1 : 2 ( 1 lime : 2 surkhi ) Lime concrete with brick aggregate and 50 percent lime mortar 1 : 2 ( 1 lime : 2 surkhi ) NOTE ..90 - 8. cement : 0.The material constants bag. t.9 40 mm 210 - 0.45 - 0. 1.51 *For crushed aggregate the constants shall be increased by 5 percent for leaner mixes and by 7 percent for richer mixes. sand : 0’05 ma. .7. .04 for 10 m’ rendering ( special finishes ) to concrete surface shall be.44 - 1’0 9. - - 25 mm - 0.

94 0.037 0.sof ‘Number of bricks Fine sand* mS (1) (2) (3) 473 (4) 1’99 (7) 473 473 (8) 1. 473 1.61 0045 0.91 0.05 0.195 1.223 473 0.194 .202 4.193 6. Brickwork in cement mortar 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 3 sand ) 2. 473 1’31 - 0.mortar 1 : 5 ( 1 cement : 5 sand ) Brickwork in cement mortar I : 6 ( I cement : 6 sand ) Brickwork in cement lime mortar 1 : 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 1 lime : 6 sand ) Brickwork in cement lime mortar 1:2:9(lcement:Zlime:9 sand ) 473 1.232 473 1.210 0.72 1. DESCRIPTION ITEM OF r--CONSTANTS ma PER --.225 -----Nubmp.032 0. TABLE 3 MATERIAL CONSTANTS ( 29 FOR BRICKWORK USING TRADITIONAL BRICKS x 11. 473 1.-*---Frogup Cement ( bags) Slaked l?e (5) FR~GDOWN h---__-(“b”ys.38 (9) - (10) 0183 0.71 0.09 0232 473 0.1 x 7-O cm with 1 cm thick mortar joints ) ( Clause 2.’ S&d a -7 Fine ’ sand’ ma (6) 0..05 0. 473 0.226 473 0.59 - 3.200 5.14 - 0.3 ) SL No. Brickwork in cement mortar 1 : 4 ( 1 cement : 4 sand ) Brickwork in cement .

88 - 0.7. 9.84 0.210 520 520 1. Half brick masonry in cement mortar 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 3 sand > 520 1. Half brick masonry in cement mortar 1 : 4 ( 1 cement : 4 sand ) Half brick masonry in cement lime 1: 1:6(lcement:l lime:6 sand ) NOTE.181 0.178 per m3 of brickwork shall be 0’234 m3 and 0. 520 520 1’51 0.214 0.030 0.99 0.035 0. .The mortar consumption down’ use of bricks respectively.200 520 1’59 - 0.28 0.169 8.203 ms for ‘Frogup‘ and ‘Frog- ‘The sand and cement constants shall be reduced by 2 percent when coarse sand ( fineness modulus 2’9 ) is used.

--_.96 0’93 0.16 0.. 5.204 0’198 0.TABLE 4 MATERIAL CONSTANTS FOR BRICKWORK ( Clauzc 2.26 1. (2) Brickwork in cement mortar 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 3 sand ) Brickwork in cement mortar 1:4(1cement:4sand) Brickwork in cement mortar 1 : 5 ( 1 cement : 5 sand ) Brickwork in cement mortar 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 6 sand ) Brickwork in cement lime mortar 1:1:6(1cement:llime:6sand) Brickwork in cement lime mortar 1:2: 9(lcement:2lime:9sand) Half brick masonry in cement mortar 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 3 sand) Half brick masonry in cement mortar 1 : 4 ( 1 cement : 4 sand ) Half brick masonry in cement lime mortar 1 : 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 1 lime 6 sand ) NOTE -.022 . Fine Frogup -A-r---Number of Cement bricks (1) 1._e.186 ms for ‘Frogup’ shah be reduced by 2 percent when coarse sand ( fineness mod& and ‘Frog- *The sand and cement crnstants 2‘9 ) is used.151 517 517 517 506 506 0. .029 0. 9.-l-_N.-_ Slaked Fine sand* ma (6) 0. (bags) ‘ise (4) 1’76 1. 8.41 1.207 m3 and 0.3 ) WITH MODULAR BRICKS t. __---__.71 - (9) (10) 0’168 0. s SL DESCRPTION OF ITEM No.63 1. 6 7.53 0.025 506 per ma of brickwork shall be 0.184 0.033 044 0.201 0.176 0.83 056 1.187 0.200 0. 2.The mortar consumption down’ use of bricks respectively.143 WI.132 Cement ( bags ) Slaked lime m3 Sand* ms ti N (3) 517 517 517 (7’ 517 517 517 517 517 517 506 506 506 (8) 1’58 1.08 0. .04 087 0.62 (5) 0.180. 4.178 0125 0.133 0.205 0.182 0.178 0.94 0.35 1. 3.040 0.__ CONSTANTS ma PER ---~ ___-.rcFsr of FROGDOWN 9 .

328 4. .164 0.21 0.4. 4 shingle 20 mm nominal gauge) finished with a floating coat of neat cement E 2.35 0. clr Q 4 shall be increased by up to 7 percent when crushed aggregate is used in place of shingle. 280 0. 1’89 0.81 (4) 0.42 3.103 0’206 t. . *Constants for concrete 3. 75 mm thick cement concrete flooring 1 : 2 : 4 ( 1 cement :_2 tan! .TABLE 5 MATERIAL CONSTANTS FOR CEMENT CONCRETE FLOORING (Clause 2. ~~~~~~___~~~__~-~_~~--~ Cement Sand gsoarse ) ( bags ) (3) 4.31 CONSTANTS FORIO mB Coarse Aggregate (shingle )* ma (5) 0’62 (1) (2) 1.1 ) SL DESCRIPTION ITEM OF No. 50 mm thick cement concrete flooring 1 : 2 : 4 ( 1 cement : 2 sand : 4 shingle 20 mm nominal gauge ) finished with a floating coat of neat cement 40 mm thick cement concrete flooring 1 : 2 : 4 ( 1 cement : 2 sand : 4 shingle 20 mm nominal gauge ) finished with a floating coat of neat cement 25 mm thick cement concrete flooring 1 : 2 : 4 ( I cement : 2 sand : 4 shingle 20 mm nominal gauge) finished with a floating coat of neat cement..

.

126 0.138 0.81 0.88 (7) (8) 0.80 1.dyment plaster 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 1.81 1’92 - - 0.78 0.96 0.65 1. 3. 2.139 0.TABLE 7 MATERIAL CONSTANTS ( CIurrse 2.164 0. 6.95 0.143 (6) 19 0.134 0.48 1. 8. 9.16 0.203 : 8 p - e: 8 .67 1.169 0’200 ( Continued) - 0. 5.169 @ 0.154 (1) 1.5 ) FOR PLASTERING SL No.45 1.143 0. (2) 12 mm cement plaster 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 3 sand ) 12 mm cement plaster 1 : 4 ( 1 cement : 4 sand ) 12 mm cement plaster 1 : 5 ( 1 cement : 5 sand ) 12 mm cement plaster 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 6 sand ) 15 mm cement plaster 1 : 3 ( 1 cement : 3 sand ) on rough side of one brick wall 15 mm cement plaster 1 : 4 ( 1 cement : 4 sand ) on rough side of one brick wall 15 mm cement plaster 1 : 5 ( 1 cement : 5 sand ) on rough side of one brick wall 15 mm cement plaster 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 6 sand ) on rough side of one brick wall 203Fa.98 0. DESCRIPTION ITEM OF CONSTANTS 10 m* FOR ~-----_-----~ -___c_----_ On Traditional Brickwork On Modular Brickwork * -e__h y-m-A---------7 ’ Cement Slaked Cement Sand* Sand*Slaked lime ( bags ) (fine) (tine) ( bags ) m3 ms ma liz (3) (4) (5) 0130 0.139 0.173 0173 0.158 0168 - 0. 4.19 0.22 @98 0. 7.

43 0.030 0028 0.164 of I On Traditional Brickwork r--__--rr--_~ Cement Sand* Slaked lime ( bags ) (fine) ma ms (1) (2) (3) 1’53 l-27 1. is 2.138 0.023 0..213 0220 0.224 0.220 0134 0’134 0164 0.029 0.24 1. 20 mm cement plaster 1 : 4 ( 1 cement : 4 sand ) 11.52 (7) 0. thickness of joints and depth of raking has been taken as one centimetre for computation by 2 percent when fineness modulus of sand *The sand and cement constants shall be reduced maintaining the grading as per relavent Iudian Standards.138 0.. 12 mm cement lime plaster 1 : 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 1 slaked lime : 6 sand ) 14.221 0.78 0. 20 mm cement plaster 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 6 sand ) 13.3 .63 0’42 0. 15 mm cement lime plaster 1 : 1 : 6 ( 1 cement : 1 slaked lime : 6 sand ) 16.217 0.027 0.036 (8) 0.65 0. I- TABLE 7 SL No.77 0. 12 mm cement lime plaster 1 : 2 : 9 ( 1 cement : 2 slaked lime : 9 sand ) 15.9 and .168 G E 10. yai.53 (4) 0. DFXRIPTION OF I~E’M MATERIAL CONSTANTS FOR PLASTERING - Contd r--- CONSTANTS 10 m* FOR 4 4 h--- -----7 On Modular Brickwork r-__-h-_--~ Sand* Cement Slaked lime (fine) ( bags ) m* ma (6) 1’51 1.037 (5) 0.168 0.ment plaster 1 : 5 ( 1 cement : ‘: 12. 15 mm cement lime plaster ( 1 : 2 : 9 ( 1 cement : 2 slaked lime : 9 sand) NOTE-The constants.03 0.05 0.022 0. 2.

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