TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

National Institute of Science & Technology

10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY
Presented by

Ramotar Prasad Sahoo Roll No:CS200118210
Under the Guidance of

Mr. Pradeep Kumar Jena.
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10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY
National Institute of Science & Technology

INTRODUCTION
• Ethernet essential for internet. • 10 Gigabit Ethernet is the latest. • It finds its applications in LAN, MAN, WAN and SAN. • Provides high speed and reliable network. • Provides low installation and maintenance cost. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo
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Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 3 .3ae). • In June 2002 IEEE adopted 10 Gigabit Ethernet Standard(802.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology HISTORY • Developed by Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs in 1973 at Xerox PARC.

1Q. • Fiber interfaces only – no copper versions • LAN PHY – 10Gb/s • WAN PHY – 9.3 MAC and frame format • 64 – 1518 Byte frames • Jumbo-frames not included in standard • No half duplex mode • different from other versions of Ethernet • No CSMA/CD on full duplex • Simultaneous sending and receiving at all times • Works with 802.3ad. 802.29Gb/s (SONET framing overhead) Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 4 . etc.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology 10 GbE TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW • Retention of 802.

3 Ethernet frame format. the IEEE 802.3ae was adapted to include 10-Gbps full-duplex transmission over fiber-optic cable. • 10 Gigabit Ethernet uses the IEEE 802.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology 10 GbE STANDARD • Under the International Standards Organization’s Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model.3 frame size.3 Ethernet Media Access Control (MAC) protocol. • IEEE 802. and the minimum and maximum IEEE 802. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 5 . Ethernet is fundamentally a Layer 2 protocol. • 10 Gigabit Ethernet remains true to the original Ethernet model.

efficient usage of bandwidth. and improved signal-to-noise ratio characteristics. • All 10GbE varieties use optical fiber media. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 6 .10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology 10 GbE ARCHITECTURES • 10 Gigabit Ethernet uses two separate encoding steps. • The encoded data provides synchronization.

3ae Architectural Components Full Duplex 802.3 Media Access Control (MAC) 10Gb Media Independent Interface (XGMII) or 10Gb Attachment Unit Interface (XAUI) Serial LAN PHY 64B/66B Serial WAN PHY 64B/66B + WIS Serial Serial Serial PMD PMD PMD 850nm 1310nm 1550nm WWDM LAN PHY 8B/10B WWDM Serial Serial Serial PDM PMD PMD PMD 1310nm 850nm 1310nm 1550nm Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 7 .10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology 802.

10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology GIGABIT vs 10-GIGABIT ETHERNET Gigabit Ethernet CSMA/CD + full duplex Leveraged Fibre Channel PMDs Reused 8B/10B coding Optical/copper media 10-Gigabit Ethernet Full duplex only New optical PMDs New coding schemes 64B/66B Optical media only (copper in development) Support LAN to 40 km Support LAN to 5 km Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 8 .

low EMI due to it's selfclocked nature.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology CHIP INTERFACE(XAUI) • The XAUI is designed as an interface extender. and the ability to integrate the XAUI I/O within commonly available CMOS processes.The XGMII is a 74 signal wide interface (32-bit data paths for each of transmit and receive) that may be used to attach the Ethernet MAC to its PHY. and the interface. compensation for multi-bit bus skew -allowing significantly longer-distance chip-to-chip -error detection and fault isolation capabilities. is the XGMII. which it extends. Benefits of XAUI technology . 9 • Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo . low power consumption. the 10 Gigabit Media Independent Interface.

To meet these distance objectives.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology PHYSICAL MEDIA DEPENDENTS(PMDs) • The IEEE 802. four PMDs were selected. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 10 .3ae Task Force has developed a draft standard that provides a physical layer that supports link distances for fiber optic media as shown in Table A.

will support the same distances. . therefore.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology PHYSICAL LAYER(PHYs) • The LAN PHY and the WAN PHY will operate over common PMDs and. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 11 . • The 10 Gigabit Ethernet WAN PHY supports connections to existing and future installations of SONET/SDH (Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy) circuitswitched telephony access equipment. • The 10 Gigabit LAN PHY is intended to support existing Gigabit Ethernet applications at ten times the bandwidth with the most cost-effective solution.

• Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 12 . the LAN now can reach farther and support up coming bandwidth hungry applications. centralized applications. companies will have the capability to begin Gigabit Ethernet service to workstations and.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology APPLICATIONS FOR 10 GbE 10 Gigabit Ethernet in Local Area Networks • • Ethernet technology is already the most deployed technology for high performance LAN environments. eventually. With the extension of 10 Gigabit Ethernet into the family of Ethernet technologies. to the desktop in order to support applications such as streaming video. medical imaging. With 10 Gigabit backbones installed. and high-end graphics.

With appropriate 10 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. optical transceivers and single mode fiber. service providers will be able to build links reaching 40km or more. • 10 Gigabit Ethernet will provide infrastructure for both network-attached storage (NAS) and storage area networks (SAN).10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology APPLICATIONS FOR 10 GbE 10 GbE in Metropolitan and Storage Area Networks • Gigabit Ethernet is already being deployed as a backbone technology for dark fiber metropolitan networks. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 13 .

between co-located.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology APPLICATIONS FOR 10 GbE 10 Gigabit Ethernet in Wide Area Networks • 10 Gigabit Ethernet will enable Internet service providers (ISP) and network service providers (NSPs) to create very high-speed links at a very low cost. carrier-class switches and routers and optical equipment that is directly attached to the SONET/SDH cloud. 10 Gigabit Ethernet with the WAN PHY will also allow the construction of WANs that connect geographically dispersed LANs between campuses or POPs (points of presence) over existing SONET/SDH/TDM networks. 14 • Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo .

10 Gigabit Ethernet Offers the Necessary Bandwidth. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 15 . Planned Growth of 10 Gigabit Network Features.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology APPLICATIONS FOR 10 GbE 10 Gigabit Ethernet as a Fabric Interconnect 10 Gigabit Ethernet is in a position to replace all these proprietary technologies as a next-generation interconnect for both server and storage-area networks for several reasons: • • • Cost-Saving Server Consolidation.

3ae standard. supports both optical fiber types. as defined in the IEEE 802. • • Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 16 . that are currently used in data networking and telecommunications applications. The 10 Gigabit Ethernet technology. the distances supported vary based on the type of fiber and wavelength (nm) is implemented in the application. multimode and single mode fiber.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology USING FIBER IN 10GbE • There are two types of optical fiber. However.

The 10GBASE-T study group is developing a standard for the transmission and reception of 10 Gigabit Ethernet via a Category 5 or better unshielded twisted pair (UTP) copper cable up to 100 m. commonly referred to as a 4x InfiniBand cable. 17 • Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo .3 has recently formed two new study groups to investigate 10 Gigabit Ethernet over copper cabling. The 10GBASE-CX4 study group is developing a standard for transmitting and receiving XAUI signals via a 4-pair twinax cable.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology THE FUTURE OF 10GbE Will There be Copper? • • IEEE 802.

10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology 10 GbE MARKET OVERVIEW • Extension of existing Ethernet family of standards Another 10x jump for higher capacity Typical Ethernet applications at higher speed Also positioned as a MAN/WAN technology for use over dark fiber or SONET/SDH • • • Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 18 .

In future it will provide more better networking solutions as continuous efforts have been put into it to upgrade it. Presented By: Ramotar Prasad Sahoo 19 . 10 Gigabit Ethernet forms the backbone of today’s network due to its enhanced features.10 GIGABIT ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY National Institute of Science & Technology CONCLUSION • • • 10 Gigabit Ethernet is very much necessary for today’s network and is viable now.

National Institute of Science & Technology THANKYOU !!!!!!!! THANKYOU !!!!!!!! 20 .