Sports Technology

By Zack Flowers & DeVaughn Harris Ms. Watts Reading Literature 3/1/11

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Sports Technology Introduction: I. Introduction A. Basic information 1. Athletes keep getting faster and stronger. 2. Winner of first Olympic marathon ran 25-mile under 3 hour 3. Athletes run marathons 60 minutes faster. 4. Athletes have artificial legs. II. Get better and better A. Energy released 1. Vaulters in 1896 use bamboo poles 2. Modern pole are mad of carbon fiber 3. Carbon fiber poles bend more easily 4. Carbon fiber poles store and release more energy B. Lighter and Stronger 1. Vaulters use poles to hurl their bodies skyward 2. The first tennis rackets were made out of wood 3. Today¶s tennis rackets are both lighter and stronger C. I can do this better 1. Howard Head was one of those ambitious inventors 2. He created prototypes D. Goal: A superfast bicycle 1. The first bicycles were mad about 200 years ago 2. By the 1940s, bike racing was an international sport 3. The RMIT Superbike was built to cut through wind E. How they created it 2

1. To test aerodynamics, the team uses a wind tunnel 2. Engineers make the bike¶s frame lighter 3. The superbike designed team reached its goal F. Swimmers and sharks 1. Sharks have evolved over millions of years ago 2. Researcher decided to reduce water 3. Fast swimmers reduce water to their bodies¶ best 4. They have to wear full body suits

III.

Have more fun A. Flying pie tins 1. Not all sports is built from space-age technology 2. Frisbees come from pie companies 3. The outer third layer of the Frisbee is called the Morison Slope

B. Listen to the riders 1. The Frisbee invented a new sport 2. In the early 1970s, the first urethane wheels were invented 3. The invention of the wheels led to an explosion 4. Skateboarding was no longer needed after the wheels C. Hanging in air 1. Air borne pilots hang for the glider¶s V-shaped wings 2. Working against lift is gravity 3. The last force that affects the glider is drag 4. Early hang gliders had heavy wooden frame D. Sky flying 1. Sky flyers fall through space at 120 mph. 3

2. Veteran sky flyers jump from 15,000 ft. above 3. Some people prefer to dive with sky flyer suit IV. Be safe and comfortable A. Soft landings 1. Athletic apparel is a vital part of sport technology 2. Round parachutes are rarely used any more 3. Ram-air chutes are easy to maneuver B. 100,000 concussions 1. Sky divers wear helmets to protect their head from injury 2. Helmets protect heads but don¶t stop all injuries 3. Most injuries come from being hit at the side of your head and the face C. Computers Detecting Head Injuries 1. Young athletes mostly injure their head 2. Scientists at Illinois are working on head injuries 3. They know the location of the hit and how hard the hit was placed

D. Shoes and Waffles 1. A revolution of running shoes started in 1971 2. Bill Bowerman made his shoes thinking about waffles 3. He was thinking about the bottom sole of the shoe 4. Bowerman put his thoughts into action 5. His shoe sole is called the outsole F. Shoes and Shock 1. Runners soften the impact of their running shoe 2. Experts were hired to see how humans run 4

3. Nike¶s air pump was an innovation G. Socks and Sweat 1. Were engineered to help the runner 2. Socks are to keep the runner¶s feet comfortable V. Ready, Set, Go! A. Capturing time 1. A transponder measures the time a runner runs a race 2. Inside the transponder is a timing chip 3. The signal contains 2 vital pieces of information B. Photo Finish 1. Some races use a backup timer 2. The backup system is called slit video 3. Most races are sprint 4. Thousands of slit images are stored in computers

Conclusion:

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DeVaughn Harris Zack Flowers Ms. Watts 4th period 3.7.11 Sports Technology ³Chris Johnson is the best running back in the NFL, ³said Jim. ³ I think we should do sports technology on this player.´ Jill yells happily´ Yes! I think we should calculate the yards he has in every move.´ ³Ok. Let¶s go.´ says Jim. In the next couple of hours Jim and Jill watch all of Chris Johnson¶s game film and calculate his stats. ³It has been said that Chris Johnson is the fastest in the NFL, do you think that¶s right Jim?´ Jim replies, ³Yes, well, except for Desean Jackson because they¶re both pretty fast.´ ³But Chris average over 125 yards a game last season and achieved over 2,500 yards and that¶s a NFL milestone,´ replies Jill. ³Plus he runs a 4.2 while Desean Jackson runs a 4.3.´ Chris Johnson continues to dominate today¶s game with a ton of yards a game and electrifies the game of football. He is in the top 15 of greatest running backs of all time with Jim Brown number one. ³Ok so I came up with stats and I paid close attention to what Chris Johnson does. Every time Chris Johnson runs for huge yards, he makes a move. Every juke, back juke, and spin move he makes is an extra gain of yardage.´ says Jim. ³So you mean to tell me that instead of Chris Johnson running a 50 yard touchdown, it is actually a 60 yard touchdown due to his moves?´ Jill questions ³Basically´ Jim says in a

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confident voice. ³That¶s crazy. It¶s amazing how you can learn all this stuff due to sports technology.´ Bill and Phil are sports scientists doing research on Pole Vaulters. ³So Phil, do you watch the pole Vaulters?´

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Checklist

1 The outline
The introduction states the main topic or idea of the outline, and the conclusion summarizes it. Each sub-topic describes the main idea for a paragraph. Supporting information and details for a sub-topic are listed under the sub-topic, with each piece of information listed separately. When supporting information is listed under a sub-topic, there are at least two pieces of information listed. If there is only one piece of information to support a sub-topic, the information is included in the sub-topic.

2 The paper
The paper follows the organization of the outline. Each paragraph in the paper matches a sub-topic in the outline, and presents the information and details listed under the sub-topic. Each paragraph includes a topic sentence that summarizes the main idea of the paragraph. Every sentence begins with a capital letter. Every sentence ends with a period, question mark, or exclamation mark. All words are spelled correctly. There are no missing words.

3 Works cited
Every source has a specific reference in the paper. Include only the sources that are mentioned in the paper. Each entry follows the correct format for the type of reference. Entries are listed in alphabetical order, according to the author¶s last name.

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Tips for Writing Your Report

1 Create a schedule
Identify the tasks you need to do. Arrange the tasks in the order you¶ll need to do them. Estimate how long each task will take. Be sure to allow enough time for editing and making changes. Identify the date the report is due, and then set a schedule showing what work you¶ll need to do each day in order to have your report ready on time.

2 Add interest
Use graphs and charts to illustrate an idea. Add a picture, photo, or drawing. Include a map. Find a quotation and use it to make your point.

3 Make every word count
Choose words your reader will understand. Remember that you want to communicate your ideas to the person reading your paper. Avoid clichés. Use a thesaurus to replace overused words and find new ways to express your ideas.

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