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Entomology Nematology Plant Pathology
Education Division Indian Council of Agricultural Research New Delhi April 2009
Contents Page(s) Executive Summary BSMAC Composition Preamble Organization of Course Contents & Credit Requirements Entomology Course Structure – At a Glance Course Contents List of Journals e-Resources Suggested Broad Topics for Master’s and Doctoral Research Nematology Course Structure – At a Glance Course Contents List of Journals e-Resources Suggested Broad Topics for Master’s and Doctoral Research Plant Pathology Course Structure – At a Glance Course Contents List of Journals e-Resources Suggested Broad Topics for Master’s and Doctoral Research Compulsory Non Credit Courses Acknowledgements 88-92 93 65-87 65 66 87 87 87 46-64 46 47 63 64 64 3-4 5 6-8 9 10-45 10 11 42 43 44
The new and restructured post-graduate academic programme for plant protection sciences includes many new aspects/features, some of them are as follows. Entomology A detailed treatise on post-harvest losses due to insects, mites, rodents, birds and microorganisms in stored grains and methods of their control Role of soil arthropods in detritus feeding, litter breakdown and humus formation Acarology: Economic importance of mites to different crops, poly-houses, stored products and honey bees Commercial Entomology: Apiculture; sericulture; lac insects; insect pests of public health importance, cattle, poultry and pet animals; termite proofing of buildings; rodent control; organic methods of domestic pest management Agricultural Ornithology: Pestiferous and beneficial birds associated with different crops Immature stages of insects: Their identification and significance for pest management DNA-based diagnostic and DNA finger-printing for taxonomy and phylogeny Marker-aided selection in resistance breeding Resistance management strategies in transgenic crops Scope of genetically engineered microbes and parasitoids in biological control Dynamism of IPM under changing cropping systems and climate IPM under protected cultivation Nematology Entomopathogenic nematodes: Mass formulations, field application and efficacy Nematodes as biological model systems Nematodes as indicators of pollution and their role in organic matter recycling 3 multiplication techniques,
fixing tolerance limits for diseases and insect pests in certification. knowledge of Codex Alimentarious for each product and commodity Plant Bio-security and Bio-safety: Invasive alien species.Development of computer-based identification programmes Nematode management options for organic farming and precision farming Application of GIS and GPS technology for surveillance and management Resistance genes and RNAi technology Plant Pathology Integrated approach in controlling post harvest diseases and improving shelflife of produce. issues related to GM crops. 4 . strategies for combating risks and costs associated with agro-terrorism Seed Health Technology: Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary issues under WTO Mushroom Production Technology: Complete package for entrepreneurial skills Principles and Procedures of Certification: Role of international agencies in certification and quality control. National Regulatory Mechanism and International Agreements/Conventions. accreditation of seed testing laboratories. role of seed/planting material health certification in national and international trade General Introduction of compulsory non-credit courses on: o Library and Information Services o Technical Writing and Communication Skills o Intellectual Property and its Management in Agriculture o Basic Concepts in Laboratory Techniques o Agricultural Research. Bio-warfare. Research Ethics and Rural Development Programmes o Disaster Management Provision of budgetary estimates to the extent of Rs 50 crores for implementation of revised curriculum in Plant Protection recommended.
of Entomology. of Plant Pathology. Pathology Nematology Entomology Pl. Pathology Pl. PAU. Ludhiana Department of Plant Pathology. Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology. Udaipur Dept. CCS Haryana Agricultural University.) Dr. New Delhi Agricultural College. SKN College of Agriculture.K. & Head Dr Hari Mohan Singh Prof. Pathology Entomology Entomology Dr. L. S. Jain Head Dr H. Faizabad Dept of Entomology. Kumargunj.EQR dated January 14.N. Pathology Pl. R. R. UAS. Bangalore Division of Plant Pathology IARI New Delhi Dept. & Head Dr Ashok Sharma Prof. Gour Prof. R. F. H.BSMA Committee on Plant Protection (Entomology/Plant Pathology/Nematology/Apiculture/Sericulture) (Constituted by ICAR vide Office order No. Hisar IARI. No. Govindan Director of Instructions (Agri) Dr. Hisar Specialization Pl. 13 (1)/2007. & Head Address 10/95. CCS HAU Convener Dr H. 2008) Name Dr B. Gaur Dean & Joint Director (Edu. Jalali Former Director of Research. Walia Professor Member Secretary Nematology 5 . Rewal Prof. Rajasthan Agriculture University. CCS Haryana Agicultural University. S. Bikaner Department of Nematology. HAU Campus. & Head Dr. NDUA & T.K. Jobner Campus.
restructuring the curricula content and delivery systems and their recasting to produce globally competitive manpower has gained primacy. To fulfill these objectives. relevance and uniformity across the country.PREAMBLE Indian agricultural scenario has witnessed phenomenal strides over the last fifty years. from acute food shortages to the ushering in of green revolution leading to food stocks bulging to the seams. Demand for improvement in the qualitative traits of agricultural produce and their value addition. the Council has recently revised course curricula and syllabi of UG programmes through IV Deans’ Committee. causing depletion in reserve food stocks. Among the several contributing factors. there has been a steady decline in the overall agricultural growth rate. However. with resultant emergent imports to keep the food stocks at desired levels. Consequently. but riddance from pests and diseases in export-import oriented agricultural produce is required to be strictly monitored and regulated by Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary certifications. the role of pests and diseases has cut more ice than before. The NCG further constituted 18 Broad Subject Matter Area (BSMA) Committees to undertake this exercise in their respective subject matter domains. For restructuring of PG academic programme. The increasing application of biotechnology and nano-technology in agricultural research. particularly with the liberalization of global agricultural trade. The WTO regulations facilitate the trade of agricultural commodities. the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) over the years has developed strong academic linkages with various institutions and professionals of the country to induce vital reforms in agricultural education for improving its quality. The stagnation in agricultural growth has been a topic of debate among the planners and decision makers of agricultural policies. Under this process. a National Core Group (NCG) constituted by the ICAR has now been mandated to revise the curricula and syllabi of Masters and Doctoral programmes in all the disciplines of agriculture. during the past few years. Further. including plant protection. has also contributed to the importance of plant protection measures. the shrinking job opportunities in National Agricultural Research System (ICAR/SAUs) have put additional pressure on our education system to prepare students in tune with the demands of the private sector. warrants thorough revision of our human resource development strategies to meet the growing challenges. 6 . The importance of pests and diseases is coming under scanner.
. nematodes as indicator of pollution. as applicable to most of the disciplines. morphology. Some of the salient features of the revised curriculum are – application of biotechnological tools in systematics and breeding of pest/disease resistant crop cultivars and biological control. pest control techniques for house-hold and pet animals etc. detailed treatise on stored grain pests to alleviate post-harvest losses. and other stakeholders (private entrepreneurs) were reviewed by the BSMA Committee. modern research tools and their applications. The curriculum also addresses aspects of mushroom production technology to facilitate establishment of commercial units in periurban areas and employment generation. gone in for the preparation of this final document. taxonomy. viz. inclusion of sericulture. pest and disease spectrum of specific crops. The curricula and syllabi of the three disciplines. therefore. Commonly used journals and web-sites pertaining to the three subjects have been added for the benefit of students. New Delhi. and their application as biological models . A list of relevant and latest books has been provided for each course. role of nematodes in organic matter recycling. The opinions and suggestions invited from institutions. and to enhance the global competitiveness and employability of our students. This document was given a final shape after presentation and discussion of the salient features of each discipline in a combined meeting held on 23-24 June. supplementary skills required. biology/bionomics etc. Use of beneficial nematodes for the biological control of insect pests of crops. the current issues and modern approaches have been given new thrust.The BSMA Committee on Plant Protection seriously deliberated upon the issues concerning agricultural education in general. Considerable efforts have. The new look and restructured PG programme in Plant Protection has been designed in considerations based on: demands of private sector harnessing commercial aspects.are some other modern approaches incorporated in the syllabus. 2008 at NAAS Complex. a full course on Principles and Procedures of Certification is proposed. and plant protection in particular. Entomology. Plant Pathology and Nematology. Certification of planting material has gained utmost importance in the wake of global trade regimes. Some contemporary broad 7 ..g. apiculture to encourage self-employment through cottage industry. therefore. were discussed at length in the meetings and workshop convened by the BSMA Committee on Plant Protection. While the restructured programme retains the classical contents of the subjects e.. The proposed academic resolutions. eminent scientists. were passed in a combined meeting of Conveners and Member Secretaries of all the 18 BSMA Committees.
suggestive research topics are also listed for each subject to facilitate the students and their supervisors in the selection of appropriate topics for theses/dissertations. Another novel feature of new curriculum is the proposal for introduction of compulsory non-credit courses on: i) Library and Information Services – to apprise the students with the modern tools of information search and knowledge resources; ii) Technical Writing and Communication Skills – to improve the thesis/research paper writing skills and communication skills of students; iii) Intellectual Property and its Management in Agriculture – to impart knowledge on the use of IPR as tool for wealth and value creation in a knowledge-based society; iv) Basic Concepts in Laboratory Techniques – to impart fundamental knowledge on the safety aspects and use of routine laboratory techniques; v) Agricultural Research, Research Ethics and Rural Development Programmes – to enlighten the students about the organization and functioning of agricultural research systems at national and international levels, research ethics and rural development programmes and policies of Government; iv) Disaster Management - to introduce learners to the key concepts and practices of natural/man-made disaster management, to equip them to conduct thorough assessment of hazards, and capacity building. It is the belief of BSMA Committee on Plant Protection that the restructured PG academic programme, with an appropriate blend of classical and modern components, would prove ideal for generating human resource competent to meet global challenges and competitiveness, handling plant protection problems of farmers and farming needs leading to higher productivity and profitability, security of the environment, besides enhancing their employability both in public and private sectors.
ORGANIZATION OF COURSE CONTENTS & CREDIT REQUIREMENTS
Code Numbers • All courses are divided into two series: 500-series courses pertain to Master’s level, and 600-series to Doctoral level. A Ph. D. student must take a minimum of two 600 series courses, but may also take 500-series courses if not studied during Master’s programme. • Credit seminar for Master’s level is designated by code no. 591, and the two seminars for Doctoral level are coded as 691 and 692, respectively. • Similarly, 599 and 699 codes have been given for Master’s research and Doctoral research, respectively. Course Contents The contents of each course have been organized into: • Objective – to elucidate the basic purpose. • Theory units – to facilitate uniform coverage of syllabus for paper setting. • Suggested Readings – to recommend some standard books as reference material. This does not unequivocally exclude other such reference material that may be recommended according to the advancements and local requirements. • A list of journals pertaining to the discipline is provided at the end which may be useful as study material for 600-series courses as well as research topics. • E-Resources - for quick update on specific topics/events pertaining to the subject. • Broad research topics provided at the end would facilitate the advisors for appropriate research directions to the PG students. Minimum Credit Requirements Subject Major Minor Supporting Seminar Research Total Credits Compulsory Non Credit Courses Master’s programme Doctoral programme 20 15 09 08 05 05 01 02 20 45 55 75 See relevant section
Major subject: The subject (department) in which the students takes admission Minor subject: The subject closely related to students major subject (e.g., if the major subject is Entomology, the appropriate minor subjects should be Plant Pathology & Nematology). Supporting subject: The subject not related to the major subject. It could be any subject considered relevant for student’s research work. Non-Credit Compulsory Courses: Please see the relevant section for details. Six courses (PGS 501-PGS 506) are of general nature and are compulsory for Master’s programme. Ph. D. students may be exempted from these courses if already studied during Master’s degree.
ENTOMOLOGY Course Structure – at a Glance
CODE ENT 501* ENT 502* ENT 503 ENT 504* ENT 505* ENT 506 ENT 507* ENT 508* ENT 509 ENT 510* ENT 511*# ENT 512*# ENT 513 ENT 514 ENT 515 ENT 516 ENT 517 ENT 518* ENT 519 ENT 520 ENT 591 ENT 599 ENT 601 ENT 602 ENT 603 ENT 604 ENT 605 ENT 606 ENT 607 ENT 608 ENT 609 ENT 610 ENT 611** ENT 612** ENT 613/ PL PATH 606$ ENT 691 ENT 692 ENT 699 COURSE TITLE INSECT MORPHOLOGY INSECT ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY AND NUTRITION PRINCIPLES OF TAXONOMY CLASSIFICATION OF INSECTS INSECT ECOLOGY INSECT PATHOLOGY BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF CROP PESTS AND WEEDS TOXICOLOGY OF INSECTICIDES PLANT RESISTANCE TO INSECTS PRINCIPLES OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PESTS OF FIELD CROPS PESTS OF HORTICULTURAL AND PLANTATION CROPS STORAGE ENTOMOLOGY INSECT VECTORS OF PLANT VIRUSES AND OTHER PATHOGENS GENERAL ACAROLOGY SOIL ARTHROPODS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT VERTEBRATE PEST MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES IN PLANT PROTECTION COMMERCIAL ENTOMOLOGY PLANT QUARANTINE MASTER’S SEMINAR MASTER’S RESEARCH ADVANCED INSECT SYSTEMATICS IMMATURE STAGES OF INSECTS ADVANCED INSECT PHYSIOLOGY ADVANCED INSECT ECOLOGY INSECT BEHAVIOUR RECENT TRENDS IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL ADVANCED INSECTICIDE TOXICOLOGY ADVANCED HOST PLANT RESISTANCE ADVANCED ACAROLOGY AGRICULTURAL ORNITHOLOGY MOLECULAR APPROACHES IN ENTOMOLOGICAL RESEARCH ADVANCED INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PLANT BIOSECURITY AND BIOSAFETY DOCTORAL SEMINAR 1 DOCTORAL SEMINAR II DOCTORAL RESEARCH
*Compulsory for Master’s programme; ** Compulsory for Ph.D. programme # One out of 511 or 512 is compulsory; $ Cross-listed with Plant Pathology
CREDITS 1+1 2+1 2+0 2+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 2+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 0+1 1+1 2+0 1+0 20 1+2 1+1 2+0 1+1 1+1 1+1 2+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 1+1 2+0 2+0 1+0 1+0 45
Function and Biodiversity. Kalyani Publ.and chemoreceptors). 1993. Genitalia and their modifications. Press. General and Applied Entomology. The Insects: Structure. sclerites and segmentation. body tagmata. 11 . UNIT II Head. 1977. Sense organs. New Delhi. tentorium and neck sclerites. New Delhi. Wings: structure and modifications. Embryonic and post-embryonic development. colouration and special integumentary structures in insects. preparation of permanent mounts of different body parts and their appendages of taxonomic importance including male and female genitalia.e. Academy.ENTOMOLOGY Course Contents ENT 501 INSECT MORPHOLOGY 1+1 Objective To acquaint the students with external morphology of the insect’s body i. head. UNIT IV Abdomen. Richards OW & Davies RG. Evans JW. wing coupling apparatus and mechanism of flight. David BV & Ananthkrishnan TN. various tagmata and their appendages. pterothorax. Cornell Univ. 10th Ed. Snodgross RE. venation. 2007. Asiatic Publ... 2004. Cambridge.Origin. Imm’s General Text Book of Entomology.Areas and sutures of tergum. Theory UNIT I Principles. types of mouthparts and antennae. Chapman & Hall. Entomology: At a Glance. Suggested Readings Chapman RF. Practical Study of insect segmentation. Ithaca. London. cuticular outgrowths. Tata-McGraw Hill. their appendages and functions. structure and modification. Insect sense organs (mechano-. thorax and abdomen. Principles of Insect Morphology. Jodhpur. New Delhi. The Insects: Structure and Function. sternum and pleuron. Agrotech Publ. Legs: structure and modifications. Saxena RC & Srivastava RC. 2004. Press. 2004. Outlines of Agricultural Entomology. utility and relevance: insect body wall structure. 1998.Segmentation and appendages. Cambridge Univ. UNIT III Thorax.. photo. Duntson PA. Types of metamorphosis.
New Delhi. determination of chitin in insect cuticle. circulatory. 1985. sensory. reproductive. chromatographic analysis of free amino acids of haemolymph. consumption.ENT 502 INSECT ANATOMY. Chapman & Hall. Patnaik BD. 2004. Duntson PA. utilization and digestion of natural and artificial diets. determination of respiratory quotient. UNIT II Structure. 1. examination of insect haemocytes. 10th Ed. ENT 503 PRINCIPLES OF TAXONOMY 2+0 Objective To sensitize the students on the theory and practice of classifying organisms and the rules governing the same. elementary physiology. Pergamon Press. Function and Biodiversity. ELBS Ed. extra and intra-cellular microorganisms and their role in physiology. Kalyani Publ. nervous. Chapman & Hall. UNIT IV Insect nutrition. Richards OW & Davies RG. growth. excretory. physiology of integument. Agrotech Publ. proteins. Imm’s General Text Book of Entomology. Academy. 2007. Practical Dissection of different insects to study comparative anatomical details of different systems. preparation of permanent mounts of internal systems. carbohydrates. Insects: Structure and Function. minerals and other food constituents. Saxena RC & Srivastava RC. moulting.. UNIT III Thermodynamics. Insect Physiology. Biochemistry and Pharmacology. artificial diets. New York.role of vitamins. Vols. PHYSIOLOGY AND NUTRITION 2+1 Objective To impart knowledge to the students on basic aspects of anatomy of different systems. Jodhpur. Vol.digestive.. endocrine and exocrine glands. Dominant. preparation and evaluation of various diets. lipids. New York. 2002. Theory UNIT I 12 . Theory UNIT I Scope and importance of insect anatomy and physiology. Physiology and Development.1984. I-XIII. New Delhi. Structure. Kerkut GA & Gilbert LI. respiratory. Entomology at a Glance. Suggested Readings Chapman RF. nutritional physiology and their application in entomology.1998. metamorphosis and diapause. London. musculature. Comprehensive Insect Physiology. New York. Wigglesworth VB. Physiology of Insects. amino acids. The Insects: Structure. 1977. 8th Ed. modification and physiology of different systems.
Category and Taxon. UNIT II Distinguishing characters. UNIT III 13 . intraspecific variation in characters. biological and cytogenetical taxonomy. validity of names. infra-specific categories. habits and habitats of Insect orders and economically important families contained in them. Protura). Tata McGraw-Hill. Components of Biological Classification: Hierarchy. New Delhi. New York. Rank. Subclass: Pterygota.Introduction to history and principles of systematics and importance. polythetic and polymorphic taxa. Phasmatodea. methodscharacter matrix. Mayr E. analogy vs homology. Suggested Readings Blackwelder RE. Descriptions. Species concepts. Blattodea.Orders contained. general biology. Orthoptera. Diplura and Insecta. Taxonomy . purpose.introduction to phylogeny of insects and Major Classification of Superclass Hexapoda – Classes – Ellipura (Collembola. Phthiraptera. characters. sibling and etho-species. Oxford & IBH. parallel vs convergent evolution. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Thysanoptera and Hemiptera. Identification. Introduction to numerical. Grylloblattodea. New Delhi. Subdivision: Hemipteroid Orders (=Paraneoptera): Psocoptera. 1983. John Wiley & Sons. Categories of names under consideration of ICZN.A Text and Reference Book. Zoraptera). Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Speciation. Principles of priority. cryptic. Mantophasmatodea. Division Palaeoptera – Odonata and Ephemeroptera. Dermaptera. type concept in zoological nomenclature. Quicke DLJ. London.Phenetics. criteria for availability of names. allopatric. Division: Neoptera: Subdivision: Orthopteroid and Blattoid Orders (=Oligoneoptera: Plecoptera. 1993. Publications. Class Insecta: Subclass Apterygota – Archaeognatha. 1971. Principles of Systematic Zoology. ENT 504 CLASSIFICATION OF INSECTS 2+1 Objective To introduce the students to the classification of insects up to the level of families with hands-on experience in identifying the families of insects. Cladistics and Evolutionary classification. nature of characters. Embioptera. sexual dimorphism. Protura. Kapoor VC. Blackie. Collembola. taxonomic keys. UNIT II Classification of animals: Schools of classification. 1967. Diplura. Mantodea. sympatric and parapatric processes. and homonymy. anagenesis vs cladogenesis. Theory UNIT I Brief evolutionary history of Insects. Levels and functions of systematics. synonymy.subjects of descriptions. Isoptera. UNIT III Nomenclature: Common vs Scientific names. Theory and Practice in Animal Taxonomy. Thysanura.
Suggested Readings CSIRO 1990. Train students in sampling methodology. Evolutionary Analysis. constructing life tables. Trichoptera. Law of Tolerance. Siphonaptera. Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera. 14 . Vital Statistics. Population dynamics. Raphidioptera. CSIRO. Field visits to collect insects of different orders. Survivorship curves. Neuroptera. Implications for abundance and distribution of organisms including insectsLaw of the Minimum. Hemiptera. 1977. London. Neuroptera and Coleoptera. Section NeuropteroidColeopteroid Orders: Strepsiptera. Triplehorn CA & Johnson NF. Coleoptera.Environmental factors. Thomson/ Brooks/ Cole. Study of abundance and distribution and relation between the two. Practical Study of Orders of insects and their identification using taxonomic keys. ENT 505 INSECT ECOLOGY 1+1 Objective To teach the students the concepts of ecology. Population growthbasic models – Exponential vs Logistic models. Estimates and Causal factors. relating insect population fluctuations to biotic and/or abiotic causes. organization of communities. 7th Ed. Section Panorpoid Orders Mecoptera. 1998. Case studies of insect life tables.Model vs Real world. Discrete vs Continuous growth models. Phthiraptera. Press. New Delhi. Theory UNIT I History and Definition.Factors affecting abundance. Organisation of the Biological world. Environmental Resistance and Optimal yield. basic principles of distribution and abundance of organisms and their causes. I & II. USA/Australia. 2nd Ed. Abundance and diversity of insects. Addison Wesley Publ. Division Neoptera – Subdivision Endopterygota. Prentice Hall. Borror and DeLong’s Introduction to the Study of Insects. Lepidoptera. The Insects of Australia: A Text Book for Students and Researchers. Plato’s Natural Balance vs Ecological Dynamics as the modern view. Systems approach to ecology. Vols. Blattodea. habits and habitats of Insect orders and economically important families contained in them (Continued). Freeman S & Herron JC. Chapman & Hall. Diptera. Study life tables.Distinguishing characters. 1998. Isoptera. 10th Ed. Thysanoptera. Basic Concepts. Concepts of Carrying capacity. and Section Hymenopteroid Orders: Hymenoptera. Co. general biology. Cornell Univ. Basic principles of abiotic factors and their generalised action on insects. Diptera. calculation of diversity indicies. diversity indicies. Ross HH. Ithaca. Keying out families of insects of different major Orders: Odonata. Orthoptera. UNIT II Basic concepts of abundance.Life Tables and their application to insect biology. and biocoenosis. Mantodea. Imm’s General Text Book of Entomology. Biological Systematics. Richards OW & Davies RG. Megaloptera.1974.
May’s d/w.web and ecological succession. Practical Types of distributions of organisms. 2001. Co. Assessment of diversity. Organisation of communitiesHutchinson Ratio.Measures of central tendencies. Ecological Methodology. Food chain. A Primer of Ecology. Prey-predator interactionsBasic model. 2nd Ed. Learning to fit basic population growth models and testing the goodness of fit. Relative distribution of organisms. Functional and numerical response. Sunderland.the Wallacian view. colouration.. A Primer of Ecological Statistics.Lotka-Volterra model. UNIT IV Community ecology.Concept of guild. Suggested Readings Chapman JL & Reiss MJ. Concept of diversity. Ecology: Principles & Applications. 2nd Ed.Basic factors governing the interspecific interactions. Negative Binomial Distribution. Methods of sampling insects. MA Gupta RK. Seasonality in insects. Gotelli NJ & Ellison AM.stability debate. Relation between the two and their association with Dyar’s Law and Przibram's law. Concept of nicheecological homologues. 3rd Ed. Classification and mechanisms of achieving different seasonality. evolution of life history strategies. hibernation. Jodhpur. Poisson Distribution. 2006. Inc. relevance to pest management. Sunderland. Sinauer Associates.Lotka-Volterra Model. concept of predator satiation. Simpson’s and Avalanche Index and understanding their associations and parameters that affect their values.. UNIT III Biotic factors.Diapause (Quiescence) aestivation. Diversity. 2004.The argument of cost-benefit ratios. Calculation of niche breadth. Interspecific interactions. New York. 2004. Volterra’s principle. estimation of densities of insects and understanding the distribution parameters. MA. Cambridge Univ. Competition. Defense mechanisms against predators/parasitoidsEvolution of mimicry. 15 .dispersal and migration. 1998.Classification of interspecific interactions . Fitting Holling’s Disc equation. Gotelli NJ. Inc.Shannon’s. competitive exclusion. Assessment of prey-predator densities from natural systems and understanding the correlation between the two.. Nutritional Ecology. Pest management as applied ecology. Field visits to understand different ecosystems and to study insect occurrence in these systems. Benjamin-Cummings Publ. Agrobios. Calculation of some diversity indices. Determination of optimal sample size. Sinauer Associates. Advances in Insect Biodiversity. activity breadth and diagramatic representation of niches of organisms. Problem solving in ecology.Food as a limiting factor for distribution and abundance. Assessing and describing niche of some insects of a single guild. Krebs CJ. Press. Cambridge.
London. fungi. 1998. UNIT III Examples of successful instances of exploitation of pathogens for pest management and mass production techniques of pathogens. 1971. 1997. Elsevier Science Publ. Principles of Insect Pathology. Estimation of pathogen load. 2001.Krebs CJ. 3rd Ed. spiroplasma and nematodes. isolation. rickettsiae. John Wiley. Princeton Univ. provide hands-on training in identification. 1984. Speight MR. Press. Practical Familiarization with equipment used in insect pathology laboratory. A Primer of Population Biology. Bioassays to determine median lethal doses. Defense mechanisms in insects against pathogens. symptomatology and etiology of diseases caused by the above and the factors controlling these. Benjamin-Cummings Publ. London.. Testing Koch’s postulates. Foundations of Ecology: Classic Papers with Commentaries. Ltd. Chicago. UNIT II Epizootiology. Magurran AE.1980. Co. Academic Press. Ecological Diversity and its Measurement. 2006. Price PW. Hunta MD & Watt AD. Isolation. Safety and registration of microbial pesticides. Extraction of pathogens from live organisms and soil. (Eds).. Principles of Insect Pathology. Theory UNIT I History of insect pathology. Suggested Readings Boucias DG & Pendland JC. ENT 506 INSECT PATHOLOGY 1+1 Objective To teach the students about various microbes that are pathogenic to insects. culturing various pathogens and assessing pathogenicity. USA. infection of insects by bacteria. Identification of different groups of insect pathogens and symptoms of infection. Use of insect pathogens in integrated management of insect pests. New York. Norwel. 1971. viruses. Princeton. protozoa. Harvard University. (Eds). Southwood TRE & Henderson PA. Ecological Methods. 1988. Methuen & Co. 16 . 2000. Insect Ecology. The Netherlands. London. Wratten SD & Fry GLA. culturing and testing pathogenicity of different groups of pathogens. Arnold. 1991. Steinhaus EA.. Ecology of Insects: Concepts and Application. Real LA & Brown JH. 5th Ed. Wilson EO & William H Bossert WH. factors that affect their virulence. Burges HD & Hussey NW. 3rd Ed. Field and Laboratory Exercises in Ecology. New York. London. Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. University of Chicago Press. Kluwer Academic Publisher. Academic Press. Microbial Control of Insects and Mites.
2003. Biological control of weeds using insects. UNIT III Mass production of quality biocontrol agents. trends and future possibilities of biological control. Chapman & Hall. formulations. Chapman & Hall. Theory and Practices of Biological Control. egg-larval. protozoa etc. Theory UNIT I History.importation. Field collection of parasitoids and predators. Saxena AB. Acarine Biocontrol Agents – An Illustrated Key and Manual. 1996. bacteria. Huffaker CB & Messenger PS. Academic Press.techniques. Hands-on training in culturing. economics. Visits (only where logistically feasible) to bio-control laboratories to learn rearing and mass production of egg. Kalyani Publ. analysis. New York. Biological Control of Insect Pests.. 2001. Role of insect pathogenic nematodes. Ignacimuthu SS & Jayaraj S. Chapman & Hall. Biological Control of Insect Pests. adaptation. Semiochemicals in biological control. fungi. field release/application and evaluation. Integrated Pest Management: Concepts and Approaches. microbes) and weed killers. predators and pathogens. 17 . phytophagous natural enemies of weeds. Dhaliwal GS & Arora R. De Bach P. Suggested Readings Burges HD & Hussey NW. Academic Press. 2003. New Delhi. Biological Control. larval. Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds. Practical Identification of common natural enemies of crop pests (parasitoids. 1971. augmentation and conservation. Jr. microbes and their laboratory hosts. UNIT II Biology. Van Driesche & Bellows TS. London.. viruses. important groups of parasitoids. Gerson H & Smiley RL. identification of common insect pathogens. principles of classical biological control. principles and scope of biological control. their mode of action. mass production techniques and field evaluation of various biological control agents like parasitoids. London. UNIT IV Successful biological control projects. 1964. New Delhi. Microbial Control of Insects and Mites. predators. biotechnology in biological control. predators and various entomopathogenic microorganisms. host seeking behaviour of predatory and parasitic groups of insects. New Delhi. New York. Anmol Publ. (Eds). Phoenix Publ.. larval-pupal and pupal parasitoids. Importation of natural enemiesQuarantine regulations. Quality control and registration standards for biocontrol agents. 1990.. 1976. common predators. New York.ENT 507 BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF CROP PESTS AND WEEDS 1+1 Objective To train the students with theory and practice of biological control.
tertiary amines. Structure and mode of action of organochlorines. potentiation and antagonism. oxadiazines. carbamates. laboratory and field evaluation of bioefficacy of insecticides. UNIT V Insecticide residues. Ishaaya I & Degheele (Eds. Principles and Procedures of Plant Protection. registration and quality control of insecticides. Working out doses and concentrations of pesticides. microbials. mode of action and chemical nature. environmental pollution caused by toxic insecticides and their toxicological aspects. factors affecting toxicity of insecticides. development of resistance to insecticides by insects. history of chemical control. House. insecticide resistance management and pest resurgence. Insecticides: Toxicology and Uses. New York. pesticide use and pesticide industry in India. etc. Toxicology of Insecticides. Suggested Readings Chattopadhyay SB. New Delhi. Plenum Press. Narosa Publ. phenyl pyrozoles. Narosa Publ. insect growth regulators. Theory UNIT I Definition and scope of insecticide toxicology. 18 . Agrotech Publ. Insecticides in Agriculture and Environment. organophosphates. 1998. 1985. UNIT III Principles of toxicology. UNIT II Classification of insecticides and acaricides based on mode of entry. Matsumura F. Practical Insecticide formulations and mixtures. Lewis Publ. diagnosis and treatment of insecticide poisoning. insecticide compatibility. Insecticide Act. Insecticides with Novel Modes of Action.. 1997. evaluation of insecticide toxicity. House. pest resistance to insecticides. neonicotinoids. new promising compounds. New Delhi.ENT 508 TOXICOLOGY OF INSECTICIDES 2+1 Objective To orient the students with structure and mode of action of important insecticides belonging to different groups. UNIT IV Insecticide metabolism.). mechanisms and types of resistance.synergism.. their significance and environmental implications. Prakash A & Rao J. botanicals. 1998.1999. Ishaaya I & Perry R. Good laboratory practices. pyrethroids. quality control of pesticide formulations. Udaipur. 1985. Oxford & IBH. Yamamoto I. Gupta HCL. joint action of insecticides. Botanical Pesticides in Agriculture. Toxicity to beneficial insects. Perry AS. visit to toxicology laboratories. selectivity and phytotoxicity. bioassay techniques. evaluation of insecticide toxicity and joint action. safe use of insecticides. Pesticide appliances. New Delhi. New York. probit analysis.
(Eds). UNIT IV Factors affecting plant resistance including biotypes and measures to combat them. Springer.1951. basis of resistance. successful examples of resistant crop varieties in India and world.acquired and induced systemic resistance. CABI. (Eds). Painter RH. Host Plant Resistance to Insects Concepts and Applications. Induced resistance . volatiles and secondary plant substances. testing of resistance in important crops. Smith CM. types and mechanisms of resistance.ENT 509 PLANT RESISTANCE TO INSECTS 1+1 Objective To familiarize the students with types. including concept and philosophy of IPM. components. John Wiley & Sons. UNIT III Chemical ecology. 2005. Plant Resistance to Insects. theories and basis of host plant selection in phytophagous insects. bioassay of plant extracts of susceptible/resistant varieties. 19 . Suggested Readings Dhaliwal GS & Singh R. basis. breeding for insect resistance in crop plants. Panda N & Khush GS. classification. New Delhi. Plant Resistance to Arthropods – Molecular and Conventional Approaches. London. UNIT V Screening techniques. principles. Practical Screening techniques for measuring resistance. 2004. measurement of plant characters and working out their correlations with plant resistance. tolerance and antixenosis. Maxwell FG & Jennings PR. Breeding Plants Resistant to Insects. Insect Resistance in Crop Plants. 1995. 1980. Theory UNIT I History and importance of resistance. MacMillan. implementing IPM programmes. London. gene transfer. UNIT VI Role of biotechnology in plant resistance to insects. Berlin. Panima Publ. New York. mechanisms and genetics of resistance in plants to insects and role of plant resistance in pest management. Train students in computation of ETL. tritrophic relations. ENT 510 PRINCIPLES OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT 1+1 Objective To familiarize the students with principles of insect pest management. demonstration of antibiosis. exploitation of wild plant species.. UNIT II Insect-host plant relationships.
New Delhi. Subramanyam B & Hagstrum DW. 2006. New Delhi. Singh R & Chhillar BS. Caswell-Chen EP & Kogan M. identification. 2002. Insect Pest Management: Field and Protected Crops. Theory Systematic position. ecological principles. Marcel Dekker. 2004. Practical Characterization of agro-ecosystems. Dhaliwal GS. case studies of successful IPM programmes. Ignacimuthu SS & Jayaraj S.. Prentice Hall. Biotechnology and Insect Pest Management. pest risk analysis. crop modeling. distribution. sampling methods and factors affecting sampling. 2007. New Delhi.. economic threshold concept. pest survey and surveillance. New York. Pedigo RL. UNIT III Tools of pest management and their integration. Springer. definition and evolution of various related terminologies. Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. Kalyani Publ. New York. 4th Ed. Essentials of Agricultural Entomology. host-range. population estimation methods. 1st Ed. 2002. Elite Publ.. New York. potential losses. bionomics. Prentice Hall. Springer. nature and extent of damage. designing and implementing IPM system. and economic consideration. New Delhi.legislative. Entomology and Pest Management. Suggested Readings Dhaliwal GS & Arora R. Metcalf RL & Luckman WH. 1981. 2003. 1982. unavoidable losses. Kalyani Publ. physical and mechanical methods. Flint MC & Bosch RV. Norris RF. John Wiley & Sons. 1995. cultural. Horowitz AR & Ishaaya I. indirect losses. UNIT II Concept and philosophy. Concepts in Integrated Pest Management. pesticide risk analysis.. types of surveys including remote sensing methods. 20 . New Delhi. ENT 511 PESTS OF FIELD CROPS 1+1 Objective To familiarize the students about nature of damage and seasonal incidence of insect pests that cause loss to major field crops and their effective management by different methods. Computation of EIL and ETL.Theory UNIT I History and origin. forecasting. Integrated Pest Management – Concepts and Approaches. Introduction of Insect Pest Management. cost-benefit ratios and partial budgeting. political. social and legal implications of IPM. New Delhi. crop loss assessmentdirect losses. avoidable losses. seasonal abundance and management of insect and mite pests and vectors. factors affecting surveys. Integrated Management of Insects in Stored Products.
tomato. radish. UNIT II Insect pests of pulses. forages. citrus. 1986. their integrated management. litchi. aonla. slugs etc. peach and other temperate fruits. cocoa etc. cashew. Spices and Condiments. birds. Polyphagous pests: grasshoppers. Singh R & Chhillar BS. 1987. UNIT III Insect pests of fibre crops. Suggested Readings Atwal AS. seasonal history. 2006. gherkin. grapes. Asiatic Publ. potato. chillies. Dhaliwal GS. snails. locusts. pomegranate.). beetroot. arecanut. Saxena RC & Srivastava RC. hairy caterpillars. french beans. apple. ENT 512 PESTS OF HORTICULTURAL AND PLANTATION CROPS 1+1 Objective To impart knowledge on major pests of horticultural and plantation crops regarding the extent and nature of loss. 2001. Management of Rodent Pests. UNIT II Vegetable crops. guava. carrot. Agrotech Publ. Practical Field visits. clove. UNIT IV Ornamental. rodents. ICAR.. and non-insect pests (mites. 2005. Chennai. Essentials of Agricultural Entomology. beetlevine etc. papaya. ginger. identification. study of life history of important insect pests. New Delhi.mango. Academy. 2007. The Insects: Beneficial and Harmful Aspects. Dunston AP. UNIT III Plantation crop. drumstick. rubber. Entomology at a Glance. all gourds. distribution. nature and extent of damage and management of insect pests of various crops. jack. Kalyani Publ. New Delhi. tobacco. oilseeds and their management.coffee.. bionomics and seasonal abundance.UNIT I Insect pests of cereals and millets and their management. fig. New Delhi Evans JW. Popular Book Depot. 2007.pepper. brinjal. ber. Prakash I & Mathur RP. nutmeg.. 21 . New Delhi. Insect Pests and their Control. Jodhpur. Insect and Mites of Crops in India. Kalyani Publ. Elements of Economic Entomology. chow-chow. cole crops. Nair MRGK. sugarcane and their management. New Delhi. Dhaliwal GS & David BV. coconut. collection and identification of important pests and their natural enemies. banana. pineapple. termites. medicinal and aromatic plants and pests in polyhouses/protected cultivation. turmeric. ICAR. okra. white grubs.. tea. detection and estimation of infestation and losses in different crops. cardamom. leafy vegetables etc. host range. UNIT I Fruit Crops. Theory Systematic position.
Verma LR. nature and extent of damage. Essential of Agricultural Entomology. 2006. Insects and Vegetables. Srivastava RP. to understand the role of stored grain pests and to acquaint with various stored grain pest management techniques for avoiding losses in storage. mites. Dehra Dun. Preventive measures. biology. Stored grain deterioration process. 1984. distribution. Control of infestation by insect pests. physical and biochemical changes and consequences. role of field and cross infestations and natural enemies. Dhaliwal GS. Asiatech Publ. Grain storage. Post-harvest losses in toto visà-vis total production of food grains in India. UNIT II Important pests namely insects. Kalyani Publ.. Pest Management in Horticulture Crops : Principles and Practices. Butani DK & Jotwani MG. Periodical Expert Book Agency. rodents. New Delhi... Mango Insect Pest Management.. Agricultural Pests of South Asia and their Management. Curative measuresNon-chemical control measures. host range. legal methods. traditional. Ideal seeds and commodities’ storage conditions. International Book Distr. 2002. New Delhi.e. birds and microorganisms associated with stored grain and field conditions including agricultural products. traditional storage structures. disinfestations of stores/receptacles. improved and modern storage structures in current usage.types of storage structures i. Verma AK & Goutham DC. association of stored grain insects with fungi and mites..Practical Collection and identification of important pests and their natural enemies on different crops.Hygiene/sanitation. Singh R & Chhillar BS. temperature and humidity in safe storage of food grains and commodities. their systematic position. Suggested Readings Atwal AS & Dhaliwal GS. New Delhi. 2004. Kalyani Publ. Role of bird pests and their management. identification. 22 . Scientific and socio-economic factors responsible for grain losses. ENT 513 STORAGE ENTOMOLOGY 1+1 Objective To focus on requirement and importance of grain and grain storage. type of losses in stored grains and their effect on quality including biochemical changes. history of storage entomology. study of life history of important insect pests and noninsect pests. Theory UNIT I Introduction. mechanical. cultural.ecological. UNIT III Ecology of insect pests of stored commodities/grains with special emphasis on role of moisture.1997. physical. concepts of storage entomology and significance of insect pests. mites and microorganisms. New Delhi. UNIT IV Important rodent pests associated with stored grains and their non-chemical and chemical control including fumigation of rat burrows.
Field visits to save grain campaign. Khare BP. 1995. Subramanyam B & Hagstrum DW. White NDG & Muir WE.. mealy bugs and thrips. Important insect vectors and their characteristics. Kalyani Publ. 1994. familiarization of storage structures. Chemical control. 1970. Textbook on Food Storage and Preservation.biological and engineering. Suggesting Readings Hall DW. Plant Production and Protection Series No. Theory UNIT I History of developments in the area of insects as vectors of plant pathogens. UNIT II Transmission of plant viruses and fungal pathogens. management of vectors for controlling diseases. 2004. 90 and FAO. central warehouse and FCI warehouses and institutions engaged in research or practice of grain storage like CFTRI. Kalyani Publ. Marcel Dekker. Khader V. Relation between viruses and their vectors. IGSMRI. Marcel Dekker. New York. UNIT IV Transmission of mycoplasma and bacteria by leaf hoppers and plant hoppers. 19. Integrated approaches to stored grain pest management. ENT 514 INSECT VECTORS OF PLANT VIRUSES AND OTHER PATHOGENS 1+1 Objective To teach the students about the different groups of insects that vector plant pathogens. Agricultural Development Paper No. Efficiency of transmission. Interrelated Management of Insects in Stored Products. 1995. FAO. New Delhi. Stored Grain Ecosystem. determination of moisture content in stored food grains. FAO. UNIT III Transmission of plant viruses by aphids. treatment of packing materials and their effect on seed quality. demonstration of preventive and curative measures including fumigation techniques. Practical Collection. estimation of losses in stored food grains. mouth parts and feeding processes of important insect vectors. Hapur etc. 23 . whiteflies.. New York. (only where logistically feasible).prophylactic and curativeCharacteristics of pesticides. Handling and Storage of Food Grains in Tropical and Subtropical Areas. Stored Grain Pests and Their Management. New Delhi. Jayas DV. detection of insect infestation in stored food grains. Rome. vector-plant pathogen interaction. their use and precautions in their handling with special emphasis on fumigants. identification and familiarization with the stored grains/seed insect pests and nature of damage caused by them.
Leafhopper Vectors and Plant Disease Agents. leafhoppers.aphids. soil and animals. Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) . mite pests of stored products and honeybees. 1990. studying different rearing techniques for mites.1980.UNIT V Transmission of plant viruses by psyllids. seasonal occurrence. train in identification of commonly occurring families of plant associated mites. habitat. Academic Press. (Eds. nature of damage.An Illustrated Key and Manual. 1983. phytoseiid predators. host range of mite pests of different crops.Crop Pest and Principal Whitefly Vector of Plant Viruses. London. Epidemiology and management of insect transmitted diseases through vector management. 1995.major orders and important families of Acari including diagnostic characteristics. Academic Press. whiteflies. fungal pathogens etc. Theory UNIT I History of Acarology. Daya Publ. 1979. Suggested Readings Basu AN.aphids. Pest and Vector Management in the Tropics. UNIT III Economic importance. importance of mites as a group. UNIT II Introduction to morphology and biology of mites and ticks. thrips. Practical Collection of mites from plants. demonstration of virus transmission through vectors. House. New Delhi. Longman. preparation of mounting media and slide mounts.). Gulati R & Bhatnagar P. Harris KF & Maramarosh K. Oxford & IBH. collection and preservation of mites. nematodes. Suggested Readings Chhillar BS. provide information about important mite pests of crops and their management. Gerson U & Smiley RL. Management of mites using acaricides. external morphology of mites. extraction of mites from soil. Culturing of phytophagous. Maramorosch K & Harris KF. New Delhi. beetles and mites. English Language Books Series. ENT 515 GENERAL ACAROLOGY 1+1 Objective To aquaint the students with external morphology of different groups of mites. Vectors of Plant Pathogens. leafhoppers and whiteflies. London.). Broad classification. Youdeovei A & Service MW. Acarine Biocontrol Agents . mite pests in polyhouses. culturing and handling of vectors. Practical Identification of common vectors of plant pathogens. identification of mites up to family level using keys. 24 . (Eds. Chapman & Hall. beetles. plants and stored products. London. Agricultural Acarology. parasitic and predatory mites. 2007. NewYork.
Australia. Qiang Zhiang Z. Evolution and Behaviour.. Book Stores. CABI. Soil Biology Guide. A Manual of Acarology. techniques and culturing soil invertebrates. Jeppson LR. Corvallis. House. UNIT II Estimation of populations. London.1988. ENT 516 SOIL ARTHROPODS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT 1+1 Objective To impart knowledge about the different groups of arthropods found in soil. interrelationship among arthropods and other soil invertebrates and soil microorganisms. Anthropogenic effects on soil arthropods. Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility: A Handbook of Methods. 25 .. 1998. Mites Injurious to Economic Plants. Veeresh GK & Rajagopal D. New Delhi. Theory UNIT I Soil arthropods and their classification. Hands-on training in sampling and identification of different groups of soil arthropods. extraction methods and identification of various types of soil fauna. interaction between the different groups. Walter DE & Proctor HC. mammals etc. 1975. Berkeley. Mites. Soil arthropods as bio-indicators of habitat qualities. litter breakdown and humus formation. New Delhi. ENT 517 VERTEBRATE PEST MANAGEMENT 1+1 Objective To impart knowledge on vertebrate pests like birds. Handbook of Plant Mites of India. CABI. Suggested Readings Anderson JM & Ingram JSI. Biology and Control. Oregon State Univ. Dindal DL. Oxford & IBH Publ. Pankhurst C. estimation and assessment of soil arthropod population. Calcutta. sampling and extraction methods. Krantz GW. Zoological Survey of India. London. Dube B & Gupta. and role of soil arthropods in humus formation. New York. Effect of soil arthropod activity on soil properties. V. Applied Soil Biology and Ecology. 1997. False Spider Mites Infesting Crops in India. rodents. CABI. Practical Sampling. Sadana GL. Mites of Green Houses. UNIT III Role of soil arthropods in detritus feeding. 1997. University of California Press. CSIRO. Gwilyn O & Evans GO. Biological Indicators of Soil Health. Kalyani Publ. Oregon.Ecology. UNIT IV Harmful and beneficial soil arthropods and their management. John Wiley & Sons. A Wiley-InterScience Publ. 1985. Principles of Acarology. habitats and their identification. 2003. 1970. 1990.Identification..Gupta SK. 1993. 1999. CABI. Keifer HH & Baker EW. London. London.
physical (trapping. New Delhi. 1989. food preference and hoarding. UNIT II Soil sterilization. repellents. chemical (poisons. UNIT II Population dynamics and assessment. The Book of Indian Animals. I. Suggested Readings Fitzwater WD & Prakash I. ICAR. computation. operation. Prater SH. alteration of habitats.of different crops. application of pesticides and biocontrol agents. ENT 518 TECHNIQUES IN PLANT PROTECTION 0+1 Objective To acquaint the students with appropriate use of plant protection equipments and techniques related to microscopoy. ICAR. 26 . Vol. Practical Identification of important rodent and other vertebrate pests of agriculture. electrophoresis etc. acoustics and visual).baiting. biology of vertebrate pests such as rodents. soaking. New Delhi. control operation and preventive methods. Ali S.1987. selection. Rodents in Indian Agriculture. bioassays (LD50 studies). Handbook of Vertebrate Pest Control. diversion baiting and other eco-friendly methods. field survey. Bombay. seed dressing. transmission and scanning electron microscopy. application through irrigation water.. Biology of beneficial birds. their biology. techniques to check the spread of pests through seed. patterns of pest damage and assessment. The Bombay Natural History Society. Prakash I & Ghosh RP. State of Art Scientific Publ.1997. Theory UNIT I Pest control equipments. solarization. The Bombay Natural History Society. population estimation. UNIT III Management strategies. 1965. maintenance. damage they cause and management strategies. corms. deep ploughing. dusting. Bombay. Prakash I & Ghosh PK. principles. equipments and educative programmes. flooding. roosting and nesting systems in birds. Management of Rodent Pests. birds and other mammals. biological (predators.Operational practices. pest forecasting. cuttings and cut flowers. UNIT IV Protein isolation from the pest and host plant and its quantification using spectrophotometer and molecular weight determination using SDS/PAGE. social behaviour. spraying. UNIT III Use of light. bulbs. 1971. cropping practices. root-dip treatment. parasites). fumigants and anticoagulants). Jodhpur. damage assessment. The Book of Indian Birds. Theory UNIT I Vertebrate pests of different crops.
pet animals and their management. Managing colonies for honey production and pollination. crickets. ENT 519 COMMERCIAL ENTOMOLOGY 1+1 Objective To familiarize the students with entrepreneurial opportunities in entomology. flies. Establishment and maintenance of apiaries. bee castes and special adaptations. London. mosquitoes. Identification of honey bee species. insect pests of cattle. ants. appliances for domestic pest control.UNIT V Use of tissue culture techniques in plant protection. A Textbook of Agricultural Entomology. Crampton JM & Eggleston P. UNIT II Study of different species of silkworms. as well as insect pests of public health and veterinary importance and their management. Lac insect. Artificial queen rearing. house dust mites. UNIT III Economic and public health importance of insect pests in human habitation and habitats. 1992.and postconstruction termite proofing of buildings. Bee poisoning. Organic methods of domestic pest management. Handling of honey bees-hive and frame inspection. cloth moths. poultry. implementation of pest control against flies. Theory UNIT I Bee keeping. Preparation of bee-keeping projects for funding. Rodent control methods. Pre. UNIT IV Principles and methods of pest management in residential places and public buildings. 1999. canteen or hostel). Computer application for predicting/forecasting pest attack and identification. provide information on productive insects and their products. cockroaches and rodents. Insect Molecular Science. London. Honey extraction and processing methods of hive products extraction. moriculture.and post-construction termite proofing methods. Production and marketing of quality honey and value added honey products. damage and control of mosquitoes. control of silverfishes in the library. carpet beetles. Blackwell Science. houseflies. head and body lice. Practical Assessing pest status in dwellings (labs. identification and handling of bee-keeping equipments. wasps. termites. pests and diseases of silkworms. rearing and management of silkworms. bed bugs. Visit to bee nursery and commercial apiaries. Evaluation of commercially available domestic insect pest control products through bioassays. Visit to poultry units and assessing pest status in poultries.General colony management during different seasons. silk and its uses. bed bugs. Silkworm rearing and management. Pests and diseases of honey bees. biology. Suggested Readings Alford DV.natural enemies and their management. Academic Press. Lac host and crop 27 . silverfish. Seasonal management. cockroaches. characteristic features. insecticides for domestic use and their safety. pre.
Silkworm Rearing and Silk Reeling. seeds and planting material. Vol. The World of the Honey Bee. Partiban S & David BV. phylogenetics. Environmental Acts. Rhower GG. Beekeeping in India. non-tariff barriers.management technology and processing of lac. New Delhi. VHT and other safer techniques of disinfestation/salvaging of infected material. Role of Plant Quarantine in IPM. case histories of exotic pests/diseases and their status. Ganga G. 28 . Industrial registration. Pest risk analysis. In: Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture. Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures. UNIT III Identification of pest/disease free areas. pesticides and transgenics as per Govt. 2nd Ed. II. ENT 601 ADVANCED INSECT SYSTEMATICS 1+2 Objective To familiarize the students with different schools of classification. Suggested Readings Rajeev K & Mukherjee RC. evolution of different groups of insects. Singh S. Oxford & IBH. Products and bye-products of lac. 2007. History of quarantine legislations. Principles of Sericulture. Comprehensive Sericulture. Suggested Readings Aruga H. Atwal AS. ICAR. (Ed. 1991. New Delhi. UNIT IV WTO regulations. Ethics and procedure for taxonomic publications. microorganisms and their elimination. David Pimental). Oxford & IBH. Vol. Regulatory Plant Pest Management. 1975. relative importance. CRC Press. 2006. Symptomatic diagnosis and other techniques to detect pest/pathogen infestations. Management of Household Pests and Public Health Pests. New Delhi. notification. good laboratory practices for pesticide laboratories. UNIT II Plant protection organization in India. 1996. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 2003. contamination of food with toxigens. Aditya Books.. Namratha Publ. classical and molecular methods. APEDA. Import and Export of bio-control agents. Kalyani Publ. ENT 520 PLANT QUARANTINE 2+0 Objective To acquaint the learners about the principles and the role of Plant Quarantine in containment of pests and diseases. quarantine – domestic and international. Chennai. II. PQ Order 2003. New Delhi. plant quarantine regulations and set-up. pesticide industry. 1994. Quarantine restrictions in the movement of agricultural produce. Acts related to registration of pesticides and transgenics.. Theory UNIT I Definition of pest.
Molecular Taxonomy. Dakeshott J & Whitten MA. Berlin. Hennig W. The Insects of Australia: A Text Book for Students and Researchers. Molecular Approaches to Fundamental and Applied Entomology. Cornell Univ. and preparation of specimens for “type like” preservation. Quicke DLJ. construction of taxonomic keys for the selected group. Development of phenograms. molecular approaches for the classification of organisms. including appendices to ICZN. 2nd Ed. Methodologies employed. Prentice Hall. Zoogeography. Illinois Press. New York. photographing. Biological Systematics. A detailed study of selected representatives of taxonomic publications . Methods in identification of homology.literature search. 2nd Ed. Springer-Verlag. writing diagrams. Urbana Univ. Addison Wesley Publ.. and development of phenograms. barcoding species. McGraw Hill. Ithaca. Freeman S & Herron JC. Principles of Systematic Zoology. 1993. New Delhi. Species concepts and speciation processes and evidences. check lists. revisionary works.Ethics. Practical Collection. Academic Press. Websites related to insect taxonomy and databases. Fossil insects and evolution of insect diversity over geological times. Principles of Systematic Zoology. London. 1991.small publications of species descriptions. I & II. faunal volumes. McGraw-Hill. etc. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. Development of descriptions. Press. study of characters.1969. Submission of the collections made of the group. 1960. Phylogenetic Systematics. compilation of a checklist. Blackie Academic and Professional.numerical. Co. Mayr E. Mayr E & Ashlock PD. evolutionary and cladistics. Evolutionary Analysis. New York. Suggested Readings CSIRO 1990. 1994. 1974. UNIT IV Concept of Phylocode and alternative naming systems for animals.alternative phylogenies of insects: Kukalova Peck and Kristensen. 2003. Vols. UNIT III Detailed study of International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. cladograms. Multivariate Analysis techniques for clustering specimens into different taxa. CSIRO. curation and study of one taxon of insects. 29 . monographs.Theory UNIT I Detailed study of three schools of classification. Hoy MA. 1998. New York. Ross HH. USA. London. development of character table. 2nd Ed. Rooting and character polarisation for developing cladograms and use of computer programmes to develop cladograms. Insect Molecular Genetics: An Introduction to Principles and Applications. UNIT II Study of different views on the evolution of insects.
role of endosymbionts in insect nutrition. Press. pheromones and other semiochemicals in insect life. How to Know Immature Insects. Theory UNIT I Physiology and biochemistry of insect cuticle and moulting process. Larvae of Insects.. Kendall Hunt Publ. transmission of nerve impulses. chitin synthesis. pheromones etc.. I. 1998. Identification of immature insects to orders and families. efficiency of digestion and absorption. Train students in identification of common pest species during their immature stages. types of sclerotization. Ohio University Press. immature stages as ecological and evolutionary adaptations. their collection. Production of receptor potentials in different types of sensilla. 1992. Diptera. nutritional effects on growth and development. USA. significance of immature stages for pest management. Immature Insects. II. Vols. William Brown Publ. Phylogenetics: The Theory and Practices of Phylogenetic Systematics for Biologists. water conservation mechanisms. physiology of excretion and osmoregulation. moulting process. 1962. wood boring and wool feeding insects. chitin-protein interactions in various cuticles. Biosynthesis of chitin. Lepidoptera. neurotransmitters and modulators. rearing and preservation. digestive physiology in phytophagous. Peterson A. transmission of nerve impulses. Iowa. 1981. 30 . Theory UNIT I Types of immature stages in insect orders. Iowa. Suggested Readings Chu HF. nymph/larva and pupa. ENT 602 IMMATURE STAGES OF INSECTS 1+1 Objective To impart knowledge on morphology of immature stages of different groups of insects. Practical Types of immature stages. Hymenoptera and Coleoptera using key. morphology of egg. physiology of digestion. identification of different immature stages of crop pests and stored product insects UNIT II Comparative study of life history strategies in hemi-metabola and holometabola. Ohio. UNIT II Digestive enzymes. Stehr FW.. UNIT III Detailed physiology of nervous system. nutrition of insects. Columbia Univ. in endopterygote orders viz. toxins and defense mechanisms. ENT 603 ADVANCED INSECT PHYSIOLOGY 2+0 Objective To impart knowledge to the students on detailed physiology of various secretory and excretory systems.Wiley EO.
UNIT III Biodiversity and Conservation. Population projections. Population dynamics. Modes of insect-plant interaction. Consequences of herbivory to plant fitness and response to stress. Constitutive and induced plant defenses. Leslie Matrix. and Patch departure rules.timing.an introduction. Iwao’s patchiness index.Sexual selection. Vols. Agro-ecological vs Natural Ecosystems – Characterisation. Oxford. Kerala. Practical Methods of data collection under field conditions. Insect Physiology. Pergamon Press. Taylor’s Power law. central place foraging. Foraging Ecology. sibling rivalry and parent-offspring conflict. Island Biogeography. Computation of Allelic and Phenotypic frequencies. Evolution of resource harvesting organs. Ecological Indicators. predation. Suggested Readings Kerkut GA & Gilbert LI. Mating systems. Fig-figwasp mutualism and a quantitative view of types of Associations. reproductive effort. Nutritional Ecology. Hardy Weinberg Law.Lotka-Volterra and Nicholson-Bailey Model. Reproductive strategies . polyphenism and diapause. tri-trophic interactions. Assessment of distribution parameters. Mean-variance relationship and foraging by pollinators. egg number. UNIT II Insect Plant Interactions.UNIT IV Endocrine system and insect hormones. Meaning of stress.case studies.metamorphosis. Pest Control as applied ecology. Fitness under selection.Indices of Dispersion. parasitism. Rates of Evolution under selection. Stable age distribution.Optimal foraging theory. Marginal Value Theorem. Assoc. physiology of insect growth and development. Recent Advances in Insect Endocrinology. 1997. Trivandrum. pollination. Principles of Population genetics. Muraleedharan K. monophagy vs polyphagy. Herbivory. 31 . I-XIII. Predator-Prey Models. Evolution of herbivory. Host seeking behaviour of parasitoids. 1985. resilience of insect taxa and the sustenance of insect diversity. Theory UNIT I Characterisation of distribution of insects.Life tables.role of plants. Biochemistry and Pharmacology. Energetics of muscle contractions. for Advancement of Entomology. Evolution of Insect diversity and role of phytophagy as an adaptive zone for increased diversity of insects. Adaptations to terrestrial habitats. Role of plant secondary metabolites.RET species.plant stress and herbivory. UNIT IV Reproductive ecology. Role of insects in the environment. ENT 604 ADVANCED INSECT ECOLOGY 1+1 Objective To impart advanced practical knowledge of causal factors governing the distribution and abundance of insects and the evolution of ecological characteristics. Taylor’s power law. Crop Modeling. New York.
(Eds.). London. Hardy-Weinberg Law. Evolutionary Analysis. Tinbergen and Lorenz.. Southwood TRE & Henderson PA. 3rd Ed. etc. Theory UNIT I Defining Behaviour. Calculation of sample sizes by different methods. MA. 1984. Sunderland. 2004.. Princeton. 1991. Strong DR. contribution of Darwin. Suggested Readings Barbosa P & Letourneau DK. USA.1998. 5th Ed. Prentice Hall. Sinauer Associates. Assessment of Resource size by female insects using a suitable insect model. Princeton University Press. New York. Insects on Plants: Community Patterns and Mechanism. Stable age distribution. Field and Laboratory Exercises in Ecology. Chapman & Hall. complex behaviour. Gotelli NJ. 2001 Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. Exercises in development of Algorithms for crop modeling. A Primer of Ecological Statistics. 1980. 1998. Computation of Allelic and Phenotypic Frequencies . 2nd Ed. Ecological Methods. fruit flies/Goniozus/Female Bruchids etc. Arnold Publ. Studying behaviour.. Real LA & Brown JH. History of Ethology. Wiley Blackwell. Fitting Poisson and Negative Binomial distributions and working out the data transformation methods. New York. 2000. 1988.development of behaviorism and ethology. Benjamin-Cummings Publ. Elizabeth BA & Chapman RF.. Magurran AE. Krebs C. Harward.A test of reproductive effort and fitness.Calculation of changes under selection. Demonstration of genetic drift. Gotelli NJ & Ellison AM. Host-Plant Selection by Phytophagous Insects.Proximate and Ultimate approaches. USA. 1994. 2001. (Eds. Krebs CJ. MA. 3rd Ed. University of Chicago Press. Construction of Life tables and application of Leslie Matrix – population projections. 1988.. Freeman S & Herron JC.). inducted behaviour. Wratten SD & Fry GLA. Frisch. Sunderland. Assessment of Patch Departure rules. learnt behaviour and motivation. Lawton JH & Southwood R.Concept of umwelt. Harward University Press. Ecological Diversity and its Measurement. Co. imprinting. fixed action patterns. Sinauer Associates. Ecological Methodology. New York. London. Foundations of Ecology: Classic Papers with Commentaries. Benjamin-Cummings Publ. instinct. Co. ENT 605 INSECT BEHAVIOUR 1+1 Objective To acquaint the students with a thorough understanding of how natural selection has led to various survival strategies manifested as behaviour in insects. Wiley. A Primer of Ecology. New Delhi. behavioural traits under 32 . Novel Aspects of Insect-Plant Interactions. London.Index of Dispersion.
ovipositional behaviour.and intra-specific communication. 1978. use of semio-chemicals. New York. Host-Plant Selection by Phytophagous Insects. Chapman & Hall. London. sexual selection and evolution of sex ratios.. Selforganization and insect behaviour. Insect Behaviour. colour discrimination in honey bee or butterfly model. learning and memory in bees. USA. genetic control of behaviour and behavioural polymorphism.natural selection. 1994.kin selection. (Ed. UNIT IV Foraging.Role of different signals in host searching (plant and insects) and host acceptance. The Experimental Analysis of Insect Behaviour. Manning A & Dawkins MS. An Introduction to Animal Behaviour. training bees to artificial feeders. 3rd Ed. An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology. respectively. ENT 606 RECENT TRENDS IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL 1+1 Objective To appraise the students with advanced techniques in handling of different 33 . Principles of Insect Behaviour. chemical and odour cues in host selection in phytophagous insect (DBM or gram pod borer). mimicry.mate finding. UNIT II Orientation. pollination behaviour. Suggested Readings Ananthkrishnan TN. Jodhpur. UNIT III Reproductive behaviour. Use of honey bees/Helicoverpa armigera to understand behavioural polymorphism with respect to learning and response to pheromone mixtures. Communication. courtship. 1993. use of signals in defense. Chapman & Hall. Krebs JR & Davies NB. Brown LB. Social behaviour. 1992.Concept of super-normal stimuli and behavioural manipulation as potential tool in pest management. Evaluation of different types of traps against fruit flies with respect to signals.Forms of primary and secondary orientation including taxes and kinesis. olfactory and auditory signals in inter. sensory adaptation and habituation in a fly or butterfly model. London. Oxford & IBH.primary and secondary orientation. 2001. coevolution of plants and insect pollinators. New Delhi. 1999. Berlin. parental investment. evolution of signals. territoriality. polyphenism. John Wiley & Sons. responses to environmental stimuli. parental manipulation and mutualism. Functional Dynamics of Phytophagous Insects. physical cues used in host selection in a phytophagous insect. 1994.). Practical Quantitative methods in sampling behaviour. role of visual. parental care. auditory stimuli and visual signals in pest management. Bernays EA & Chapman RF. Springer. A WileyInterScience Publ. Behaviour in IPM. Mathews RW & Mathews JR. Scientific Publ. role of self-organization in resource tracking by honeybees. Cambridge University Press. Awasthi VB.
biochemical and physiological target sites of insecticides. genetics of ideal traits in biocontrol agents for introgressing and for progeny selections. testing side effects of pesticides on natural enemies. New Delhi. project document preparation for establishing a viable mass-production unit /insectary. UNIT II Mass culturing techniques. Theory and Practices of Biological Control. London. Dhaliwal.bioagents. dynamics of biocontrol agents vis-à-vis target pest populations. Chapman & Hall. insecticide 34 . 1964. assessment of role of natural enemies in reducing pest populations. Springer Verlag. Chapman & Hall. Biological Control of Insect Pests and Weeds. modern methods of biological control and scope in cropping system-based pest management in agro-ecosystems. nutrition of entomophagous insects and their hosts. ENT 607 ADVANCED INSECTICIDE TOXICOLOGY 2+1 Objective To acquaint the students with the latest advancements in the field of insecticide toxicology. Theory UNIT I Scope of classical biological control and augmentative biocontrol. Berlin. Coppel HC & James WM. performance of efficiency analyses on target pests. insectary facilities and equipments. survivorship analysis and ecological manipulations. UNIT III Colonization. Academic Press.. 2007. viable mass-production unit. conservation and augmentation of natural enemies. UNIT IV Scope of genetically engineered microbes and parasitoids in biological control. basic standards of insectary. (Eds.). London. Microbial Control of Insects and Mites. breeding of various biocontrol agents. Acarine Biocontrol Agents – An Illustrated Key and Manual. Biological Insect Pest Suppression. recovery evaluation. precautions. GS & Koul O. breeding techniques of biocontrol agents. techniques of release of natural enemies. Kalyani Publ. 1977. New York. good insectary practices. large-scale production of biocontrol agents. Gerson H & Smiley RL. Huffakar CB & Messenger PS. De Bach P. 1990. bankable project preparation. designs. London. effect of semiochemicals on natural enemies. Theory UNIT I Penetration and distribution of insecticides in insect systems. Suggested Readings Burges HD & Hussey NW. Biopesticides and Pest Management. Academic Press. 1976. and pesticide resistance mechanisms in insects. 1971. introduction and handling of natural enemies. Practical Mass rearing and release of some commonly occurring indigenous natural enemies.
Suggested Readings Busvine JR. calculations and interpretation of data. anatomical and biochemical adaptations of resistance.. O’ Brien RD. Insecticides with Novel Modes of Action. 1985. Plenum Press. clean-up and estimation by various methods. 1971. UNIT III Joint action of insecticides. New Delhi. New Delhi. UNIT V Estimation of insecticidal residues. 35 . clean-up and estimation of insecticide residues by various methods.sampling. Insecticides Action and Metabolism. Toxicology of Insecticides. maximum residue limits (MRLs) and their fixation.. Practical Sampling. 1974. New York. biopesticides and newer molecules. health hazards and other side effects. 1998. UNIT II Biochemical and physiological target sites of insecticides in insects. 1991.gene pool. Ishaaya I & Perry R. New York. Academic Press. desirable morphological. 1998. extraction. Insecticides in Agriculture and Environment. insect sources – behaviour in relation to host plant factors. Dhaliwal GS & Koul O. Ishaaya I & Degheele (Eds. New York. extraction. developments in biorationals. Kalyani Publ. Botanical Pesticides in Agriculture. activation. 1997. Academic Press. CABI. ENT 608 ADVANCED HOST PLANT RESISTANCE 1+1 Objective To familiarize the students with recent advances in resistance of plants to insects and acquaint with the techniques for assessment and evaluation of resistance in crop plants. Matsumura F. 2007. assembly of plant species . UNIT IV Problems associated with pesticide use in agriculture: pesticide resistanceresistance mechanisms and resistant management strategies. their modes of action and structural – activity relationships. biochemical and biological techniques for detection of insecticide resistance in insects. Theory UNIT I Importance of plant resistance. advances in metabolism of insecticides. factors affecting toxicity of insecticides. persistence and pollution. Narosa Publ. insecticide laws and standards. Narosa Publ. Prakash A & Rao J. A Critical Review on the Techniques for Testing Insecticides.selectivity. historical perspective. and good agricultural practices. New York. Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology. New Delhi. synergism and potentiation. House. Perry AS.). Biopesticides and Pest Management. House. London. Yamamoto I. Hayes WJ & Laws ER. pest resurgence and outbreaks. Lewis Publ.
Techniques for Evaluating Insect Resistance in Crop Plants. Tarsonemidae. Diagnostic characteristics of commonly occurring species from families Tetranychidae. exogenous application of elicitors. Ixodidae. determination of antixenosis index. mites and stored grain pests. feeding. Boca Raton. effects of induced resistance. Khan ZR & Pathak MD. Bdellidae. 2003. 1979. Practical Understanding mechanisms of resistance for orientation. Sarcoptidae. role of trypsin inhibitors and protease inhibitors in plant resistance. plant resistance index.). Stigmaeidae. breakdown of resistance in crop varieties. Academic Press. spreader row technique and plant nurseries.screening and damage rating. ENT 609 ADVANCED ACAROLOGY 1+1 Objective To acquire a good working knowledge of identification of economically important groups of mites up to the species level. phylogeny of higher categories in mites. veterinary and public health. marker-aided selection in resistance breeding.genetic manipulation of secondary plant substances. antibiosis index. polyphenol oxidase pathways. Pyroglyphidae. Molecular Host Plant Resistance to Pests. Allenheld. salicylic acid pathways. II. oviposition etc. Acaridae. Rosenthal GA & Janzen DH. UNIT II Management of economical important species of mites in agriculture. field screening. biochemistry of induced resistance – signal transduction pathways. Eriophyidae. Osum & Co. Suggested Readings Panda N. (Eds. Herbivores – their Interactions with Secondary Plant Metabolites. incorporation of resistant gene in crop varieties. Soil mites in India. Florida. storage acarology. CRC Press. Cunaxidae. methyl jasmonate pathways. Vol. New York. Orthogalumnidae. 1979. 1994. leaf/plant hoppers. macroculturing of test insects like aphids. I.microplot techniques. techniques and determination of categories of plant resistance. Principles of Host Plant Resistance to Insects. tolerance index.. Marcel Dekker. New York. Phytoseiidae. a detailed understanding of the newer acaricide molecules and utilization of predators. evaluation based on insect responses.UNIT II Physical and chemical environment conferring resistance in plants. Tenuipalpidae. Sadasivam S & Thayumanavan B. Pymotidae. UNIT III Biotechnological approaches in host plant resistance. Smith CM. New York.. allelochemical bases of insect resistance. infester row technique. 36 . Argasidae. UNIT IV Estimation of plant resistance based on plant damage. Cheyletidae. Theory UNIT I Comparative morphology of Acari. knowledge of commonly occurring orders and families of Acari in India.
Krantz GW. Oregon State University Book Stores. cultural. mode of action. Kalyani Publ. Food and feeding habits of birds in crop fields. resurgence of mites. Collection of specific groups of mites and preparing their identification keys. 1997. Study of bird associations with different crop stages. Pestiferous and beneficial birds associated with different crops. False Spider Mites Infesting Crops in India. UNIT IV Predatory mites. their general biology and ecology. Rearing phytoseiid mites and studying their role in suppression of spider mites. Habitat associations of birds in both wet and dry agricultural systems. ENT 610 AGRICULTURAL ORNITHOLOGY 1+1 Objective To expose the students to the prevalence of birds in agricultural fields. Principles of Acarology. Field visits to different agroecosystems. Zoological Survey of India. acaropathogenic fungi. isolation and utilization. Handbook of Plant Mites of India. Corvallis. Gerson H & Smiley RL. problem of pesticide resistance in mites.1992. A Manual of Acarology. Gupta SK. Suggested Readings Evans GO. nature and types of damage caused by birds in selected crops.UNIT III Mites as vectors of plant pathogens. Oregon. New York. UNIT II Nature of damage caused by birds in different crops. Birds affecting stored grains in houses and godowns. Study of the feeding habits. CABI. Management of bird pests in agriculture: physical. Analysis and study of the use of bird excreta in 37 . structure-activity relationships of different groups of acaricides.An Illustrated Key and Manual. Calcutta.identification. Acarine Biocontrol Agents. Management of mite pests of crops using acaricides. Practical Study of different groups of birds associated with agriculture. Study of nesting and roosting habits of birds in agricultural habitats. Beneficial role of birds in agriculture and attracting them to field. Foraging ecology of birds in agricultural fields. Chapman & Hall. Practical Identification of commonly occurring mites up to species. London. their seasonality and succession. New Delhi. 1970. 1985. fungal pathogens etc. Theory UNIT I Status of agricultural ornithology in India. preparation of keys for identification. Sadana GL. phytoseiid predators. groups of birds associated with agro-ecosystems. Use of bird excreta in agriculture. ecological and chemical methods. their habitat associations and the beneficial and harmful role played by birds in crop fields and management of pest situations. their mass production and utilization in managing mite pests. Association of birds with different cultivation practices and crop stages. 1990. House. their morphology and field identification. Visits to godowns.
estimation of populations etc. Status of Economic Ornithology in India. Animal Biotehnology. 2006. Assignments on assessing bird damage.. Bt toxin. Mehrotra KN & Bhatnagar RK. UNIT III Genes of interest in entomological research.Bird Depredents. Scientific Publ. Cell lines. In: Vertebrate Pests in Agriculture. UNIT V DNA-based diagnostics. lectins and proteases. Transgenic plants for pest resistance and diseases. UNIT II DNA and RNA analysis in insects. identification of genes/nucleotide sequences for characters of interest. marker genes. 1st Ed. Depredations and their Management. biotechnology in relation to silkworms and honey bees. 2007. techniques used in molecular biology. molecular basis of metamorphosis. Field visits to paddy growing command areas to study birds in crop fields. biotechnology in sericulture and apiculture. genetic engineering in baculoviruses. chitinase. UNIT IV Insect gene transformation. Birds in Agricultural Ecosystem. Resistance management strategies in transgenic crops. demonstration of PCR. DNA finger printing for taxonomy and phylogeny. CPTI. JH esterase. Theory UNIT I Introduction to molecular biology. 38 . Genetic improvement of natural enemies. St toxins and venoms. 1998. 1979. The Indian Scenario (Ed: Sridhara. purity determinations..). S. Kumar P & Sharma A. St toxins and venoms.marker genes for sex identification. Sf transgenic technology and implications. RFLP and RAPD techniques. Genetic improvement of inebriate tolerance of natural enemies. neuropeptides. CPTI. Suggested Readings Bhattacharya TK.. restriction mapping of DNA. lectins and proteases. ENT 611 MOLECULAR APPROACHES IN ENTOMOLOGICAL RESEARCH 1+1 Objective To familiarize the students with DNA recombitant techonology. insecticide resistance. Bt and entomopathogenic fungi. DNA recombinant technology. Suggested Readings Dhindsa SR & Parasharya BM. Kalyani Publ. Hyderabad.agriculture at a bird sanctuary. Society for Applied Ornithology. Grainivorous Pests and their Management. base pair estimation. New Delhi.transcription and translocation mechanisms. insect immune systems in comparison to vertebrates. introduction of lectin genes for pest suppression. Peptides and neuropeptides. agarose gel electrophoresis. molecular biology of baculoviruses. transgenic plants. New Delhi. neuropeptides. Vasudeva Rao & Dubey OP. ICAR. trypsin inhibitors. chitinase. JH esterase. Practical Isolation of DNA/RNA. Jodhpur.
Molecular Approaches to Fundamental and Applied Entomology. simulation techniques and system analysis and modeling.their progress and limitations in IPM programmes. UNIT III Genetic engineering and new technologies. 2007. 1998. Constraints and Challenges. UNIT IV Challenges. Kalyani Publ. Singh P.case studies. Lewis Publ. 2nd Ed. Essentials of Agricultural Entomology. Dhaliwal GS. Roy U & Saxena V. Successful national and international case histories of integrated pest management. A Hand Book of Genetic Engineering.. Koul O & Cuperus GW. Biological and Biotechnological Control of Insect Pests. their implementation. deployment of benevolent alien genes for pest management. Hilderbrand JG. Singh BD. 2004. Ecologically Based Integrated Pest Management. needs and future outlook. Application of IPM to farmers’ realtime situations. Rechcigl JE & Rechcigl NA.. Molecular Insect Science.. New Delhi. New Delhi. Singh R & Chhillar BS.Hagedon HH. Flint MC & Bosch RV. Springer. Kidwell MG & Law JH. 1994. Introductory to Biotechnology.. Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. Springer Verlag. 1990. scope and limitations of bio-intensive and ecological based IPM programmes... non conventional tools in pest management. CABI. Kalyani Publ. dynamism of IPM under changing cropping systems and climate. global trade and risk of invasive pests. ENT 612 ADVANCED INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT 2+0 Objective To acquaint the students with recent concepts of integrated pest management. strategies for pesticide resistance management. New Delhi. Suggested Readings Dhaliwal GS & Arora R. Theory UNIT I Principles of sampling and surveillance. database management and computer programming. Kalyani Publ. UNIT II Case histories of national and international programmes. Koul O. adoption and criticisms. 1st Ed. New Delhi. Integrated Pest Management -Potential. Plenum Press. 2008. 39 . Dhaliwal GS & Curperus GW. Oakeshott J & Whitten MA. Kalyani Publ. Integrated Pest Management – Concepts and Approaches.. 1981. Biotechnology (Expanding Horizons). London. North Carolina. 2006. Berlin. Surviellance and data base management. New Delhi. 2003. 2007. New York. London. Kalyani Publ. insect pest management under protected cultivation. 2007. CABI..
use of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for plant biosecurity.biosecurity. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Introduction of Insect Pest Management. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and its implications.pdf Biosecurity Australia.gov. 2003. Concept of biosecurity. Dakouo D & Mota-Sanchez D. Prentice Hall. Emerging/resurgence of pests and diseases. Metcalf RL & Luckman WH. early warning and forecasting system. John Wiley & Sons. Entomology and Pest Management. risk assessment models. 1995. Concept in Integrated Pest Management.. Components of biosecurity.fao. New Delhi.au/ba. www.org/docrep/010/a1140e/a1140e00. 2002.defra. CABI.pdf Grotto Andrew J & Jonathan B Tucker. Integrated Pest Management in the Global Arena. Suggested Readings FAO Biosecurity Toolkit 2008.who. mitigation planning.daff. integrated approach for biosecurity. New Delhi. New York.affa.gov. http://www.americanprogress.www. Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures/World Trade Organization (WTO). UNIT II National Regulatory Mechanism and International Agreements/ Conventions viz. Prentice Hall.htm 40 .int/csr/resources/publications/biosafety/WHO_CD S_EPR_2006.gov. Integrated Management of Insects in Stored Products. UNIT III Biosafety. www.Maredia KM. www.govt. International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. pest/disease and epidemic management. Marcel Dekker. pest information system. ENT 613/ PLANT BIOSECURITY AND BIOSAFETY 2+0 PL PATH 606 Objective To facilitate deeper understanding on plant biosecurity and biosafety issues in agriculture. 1982. Quarantine. pest risk analysis.htm Laboratory Biosecurity Guidance. policies and regulatory mechanism.uk/animalh/diseases/control/biosecurity/index. 1996. http://www.org/kf/biosecurity_a_comprehensive_ action_plan. New York. 2006. Norris RF. Biosecurity: A Comprehensive Action Plan. Invasive Alien Species. Pedigo RL. Theory UNIT I History of biosecurity. Issues related to release of genetically modified crops. Subramanyam B & Hagstrum DW.nz DEFRA. London. Caswell-Chen EP & Kogan M. strategies for combating risks and costs associated with agroterrorism event.au/biosecurityaustralia Biosecurity New Zealand. Biowarfare.www.
Randhawa GJ, Khetarpal RK, Tyagi RK & Dhillon. BS (Eds.). 2001. Transgenic Crops and Biosafety Concerns. NBPGR, New Delhi. Khetarpal RK & Kavita Gupta 2006. Plant Biosecurity in India - Status and Strategy. Asian Biotechnology and Development Review 9(2): 3963. Biosecurity for Agriculture and Food Production. http://www.fao.org/biosecurity/ CFIA.http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/anima/heasan/fad/biosecure.sht ml
ENTOMOLOGY List of Journals
Agricultural and Forest Entomology- Royal Entomological Society, UK Annual Review of Entomology- Paloatto, California, USA Applied Soil Ecology- Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Biopesticides International- Koul Research Foundation, Jalandhar Bulletin of Entomological Research- CAB International, Wallingford, UK Bulletin of Grain Technology- Food Grain Technologist Res. Association of India, Hapur Crop Protection- Elsevier’s Science, USA Ecological Entomology -Royal Entomological Society, UK Entomologia Experimentalis Applicata- Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands Entomon- Association for Advancement of Entomology, Kerala Environmental Entomology- Entomological Society of America, Maryland, USA Indian Journal of Applied Entomology- Entomological Research Association, Udaipur Indian Journal of Entomology- Entomological Society of India, New Delhi Indian Journal of Plant Protection- Plant Protection Society of India, Hyderabad Indian Journal of Sericulture- Central Silk Board, Bangalore International Journal of Acarology- Indira Acarology Publishing House, Minessota, USA International Journal of Pest Management- Taylor and Francis, UK Journal of Acarology- Acarological Society of India, UAS, Bangalore Journal of Apiculture Research- IBRA, UK Journal of Applied Entomology- Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, UK Journal of Biocontrol- Society for Biocontrol Advancement, Bangalore Journal of Economic Entomology- Entomological Society of America, Maryland, USA Journal of Entomological Research- Malhotra Publishing House, New Delhi Journal of Insect Behaviour- Plenum Publishing Corporation, NY, USA Journal of Insect Physiology- Pergamon Press, UK Journal of Insect Science- Indian Society for the Advancement of Insect Science, Ludhiana Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, Elsevier Publ. Corporation, The Netherlands Journal of Soil Biology and Ecology, Indian Society of Soil Biology and Ecology, UAS, Bangalore Journal of Stored Products Research- Elsevier’s Science, USA
Pesticides Research Journal- Society of Pesticides Science, New Delhi Pesticide Science – Oxford, London Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology- New York, USA Physiological Entomology- Royal Entomological Society, UK Review of Applied Entomology- CAB International, Wallingford, UK Systematic Entomology- Royal Entomological Society, UK
http://www.colostate.edu/Depts/Entomology/ http://www.ent.iastate.edu/list/ http://www.biologybrowser.org/ http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/aussieed/insects.htm http://entomology.si.edu/ http://www.intute.ac.uk/healthandlifesciences/agriculture/ http://www.agriculture.gov.au/ http://www.gbif.org/ http://www.mosquito.org/ http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/fst/faculty/acree/pheronet/index.html http://medent.usyd.edu.au/links/links.htm http://www.ent.iastate.edu/list/ http://www.ento.csiro.au/index.html http://www.biocollections.org/lib/listbycat.php?cat=Entomology http://www.IPMnet.org/DIR/ http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosted_sites/acarology/ http://www.agnic.org/ http://ars-genome.cornell.edu/ http://www.tulane.edu/~dmsander/garryfavweb.html http://www.ufsia.ac.be/Arachnology/Arachnology.html http://www.ippc.orst.edu/IPMdefinitions/home.html http://www.ent.iastate.edu/list/ http://www.ippc.orst.edu/cicp/pests/vertpest.htm http://ipmwww.ncsu.edu/cicp/IPMnet_NEWS/archives.html http://nematode.unl.edu/wormsite.htm http://www.bmckay.com/ http://ace.ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet/pips/pips.html http://www.ifgb.uni-hannover.de/extern/ppigb/ppigb.htm http://www.ceris.purdue.edu/npirs/npirs.html http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/pp/bluemold/ http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu http://ippc.orst.edu/pestalert/ http://www.orst.edu/Dept/IPPC/wea/ http://www.barc.usda.gov/psi/bpdl/bpdl.html http://www.nalusda.gov/bic/BTTOX/bttoxin.htm http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ent/biocontrol/ http://entweb.clemson.edu/cuentres/ http://www.agr.gov.sk.ca/Docs/crops/cropguide00.asp http://www.caf.wvu.edu/kearneysville/wvufarm6.html
com/inca/publications/store/3/5/6/ http://www.com www.jp/JINNO/PESDATA/00database.edu/wormhome.ns.au/ento/allied1.tmc.entsoc.http://www.ceris.celera.shtml www.edu/weeddocuments/index.edu/dept/infonet/ http://www.au/Groups/MES/vide/refs.hgsc.html http://danpatch.org.purdue.org/ http://www.unl.ufl.bspp.attra.edu/~epados/farmstead/pest/src/ http://ipmwww.edu.fruitfly.bio.org/news.purdue.wa.edu/napis/pests/index.ncsu.edu/current_ipm/otimages.html http://nematode.org/agriculture/stemborers/default.ipmnet.htm http://www.gov/fungaldatabases/databaseframe.org/attra-pub/fruitover.tut.org http://aprtc.edu/fly/aimain/links http://flybase.htm http://www.edu/en/en.org.org www.my/doa/english/croptech/crop.ucdavis.html http://www.indiana.moa.uni.ars-grin.html http://www.html http://agrolink.html http://nbo.html http://www.bio.anu.org/journals.html http://nt.org/ www.rce.gov.purdue.pestnet.hbz-nrw.edu/ http://naasindia.htm http://biology.chebucto.html http://www.tutms.elsevier.cfm http://www.br http://www.edu/distanceEd/entomology/401_801_insectphysio.edu/ http://hammock.ecn.ipm.htm http://chrom.bdt.ifas.orst.htm http://www.de/elsevier/00207322/ http://ianrhome.rutgers.agric.icipe.ac.ca/Environment/NHR/lepidoptera.edu/drosophila http://sdb.bcm.htm Suggested Broad Topics for Master’s and Doctoral Research Strengthening of eco-friendly strategies of integrated insect and mite pest management including: o Biological control o Bio-rational pesticides o Host plant resistance o Transgenic crop protection o Judicious use of pesticides o Molecular biosystematics Investigations on ecological factors including: o Survey and surveillance of insect and mite pests o Forecasting of insect and mite pest population life-tables and predictive models 44 .uk/fbpp.
Bio-indicator of soil health.metabolism and regulatory mechanisms. peptides. genes. hormones and neuropeptides Insect physiology. Indigenous technology Plants as sources of insecticides Molecular systematics – finger printing of species Insect systematics and phylogeny 45 . role in decomposition of litter. soil physico-chemical properties Bioprospecting for protocols.pheromones.o Insect and mite biology o Population dynamics as influenced by abiotic and biotic factors Studies on role of pollination including honeybees in increasing crop yields and production of honey and other allied products and management of honeybee diseases and mites Pesticide resistance and Insecticide Resistance Management strategies Biotypes of pests Below ground biodiversity. insecticidal proteins and antibiotics Climate change and pests IPM in protected cultivation Location specific IPM strategies in different cropping systems Genetic improvement of natural enemies Genetic improvement of silkworms Refinement of silkworm rearing technology for different regions Management of silkworm pests and diseases Crop-pest modeling Insect biochemistry.
$ Cross-listed with Entomology 46 . ** Compulsory for Doctoral programme @ Cross-listed with Plant Pathology.NEMATOLOGY Course Structure – at a Glance CODE NEMA 501* NEMA 502$ ENT 503 NEMA 503* NEMA 504* NEMA 505* NEMA 506* NEMA 507 NEMA 508 NEMA 509 NEMA 510* NEMA 511 NEMA 512/ ENT 510$ NEMA 513/ PL PATH 513@ NEMA 514/ ENT 520$ NEMA 591 NEMA 599 NEMA 601 NEMA 602** NEMA 603** NEMA 604 NEMA 605/ PL PATH 606@ NEMA 691 NEMA 692 NEMA 699 COURSE TITLE PRINCIPLES OF NEMATOLOGY PRINCIPLES OF TAXONOMY STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION OF NEMATODES CLASSIFICATION OF NEMATODES NEMATOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES NEMATODE DISEASES OF CROPS NEMATODE BIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY NEMATODE ECOLOGY NEMATODE INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER ORGANISMS NEMATODE MANAGEMENT BENEFICIAL NEMATODES PRINCIPLES OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT DISEASE RESISTANCE IN PLANTS PLANT QUARANTINE MASTER’S SEMINAR MASTER’S RESEARCH ADVANCES IN STRUCTURE AND SYSTEMATICS OF NEMATODES CURRENT TOPICS IN NEMATODE DISEASE DEVELOPMENT AND HOST RESISTANCE ADVANCES IN NEMATODE MANAGEMENT PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR NEMATOLOGY PLANT BIOSECURITY AND BIOSAFETY DOCTORAL SEMINAR I DOCTORAL SEMINAR II CREDITS 2+1 2+0 2+1 2+1 1+2 3+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 1+1 1+1 2+0 2+0 1+0 20 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+0 1+0 1+0 DOCTORAL RESEARCH 45 * Compulsory for Master’s programme.
nature of damage and general symptomatology. economic importance of nematodes to agriculture. NEM 502/ PRINCIPLES OF TAXONOMY 2+0 ENT 503 Objective To sensitize the students on the theory and practice of classifying organisms and the rules governing the same. nematode biology. animal and human parasites. 1961. John Wiley & Sons. Plant Pathogens – Nematodes.free-living. physiology and ecology.NEMATOLOGY Course Contents NEMA 501 PRINCIPLES OF NEMATOLOGY 2+1 Objective To project the importance of nematodes in agriculture and impart basic knowledge on all aspects of plant nematology. their symptoms and histopathology. nematode habitats and diversity. 2006. 1994. UNIT II Gross morphology of plant parasitic nematodes. cellular responses to infection by important phytonematodes. methodscharacter matrix. New Delhi. Singh RS & Sitaramaiah K. Walia RK & Bajaj HK. An Introduction to Plant Nematology. McGraw Hill. Practical Studies on kinds of nematodes. Oxford & IBH. Perry RN & Moens M. New Delhi. UNIT III Types of parasitism. CABI. extraction of migratory endoparasites. UNIT IV Plant nematode relationships. Levels and functions of systematics.subjects of descriptions. purpose. broad classification. physiological specialization among phytonematodes. Principles of Nematology. 1980. London. horticulture and forestry. Suggested Readings Dropkin VH. insect and plant parasites. Theory UNIT I History and growth of Nematology. New York. Identification.plant. staining for sedentary endoparasites. examination of different life stages of important plant parasitic nematodes. Thorne G. UNIT V Principles and practices of nematode management. ICAR. Descriptions. animal. Theory UNIT I Introduction to history and principles of systematics and importance. Plant Nematology. integrated nematode management. nematode extraction from soil. 47 . interaction of plant parasitic nematodes with other organisms. taxonomic keys. 2003. New Delhi. useful nematodes. Text Book on Introductory Plant Nematology.
hypodermis. intestine and rectum in nematodes. UNIT II Classification of animals: Schools of classification. intraspecific variation in characters. Theory and Practice in Animal Taxonomy. UNIT III Digestive system. nemic eggs and sperms. Cladistics and Evolutionary classification. Blackie. Species concepts. New York. Quicke DLJ. Introduction to numerical. 1993. Categories of names under consideration of ICZN. Tata McGraw-Hill. 1967. Components of Biological Classification: Hierarchy. type concept in zoological nomenclature. physiology and classification of nematodes. NEMA 503 STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF NEMATODES 2+1 Objective Familiarization with structural organization of nematode body so as to enable the students to understand biology. UNIT II Morphology and anatomy of nematode cuticle. and homonymy. Kapoor VC. Suggested Readings Blackwelder RE. 48 .structural variations of stoma. New Delhi. oesophagus. Rank. Publications. sexual dimorphism. allopatric. 1983. spermatogenesis and oogenesis. Mayr E. John Wiley & Sons. sibling and etho-species. London. analogy vs homology. nature of characters.terminology and variations in female and male reproductive systems. UNIT IV Reproductive system. musculature and pseudocoelom. anagenesis vs cladogenesis.A Text and Reference Book. biological and cytogenetical taxonomy. types of reproduction. polythetic and polymorphic taxa. Theory UNIT I Introduction and general organization of nematode body. Category and Taxon. Principles of Systematic Zoology. Speciation. criteria for availability of names. nervous system and associated sense organs. UNIT V Types and structure of excretory-secretory systems.Phenetics. validity of names. New Delhi. Taxonomy .characters. Principles of priority. infra-specific categories. sympatric and parapatric processes. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. synonymy. parallel vs convergent evolution. UNIT III Nomenclature: Common vs Scientific names. Oxford & IBH. cryptic. 1971.
New York. types and parts of female and male reproductive systems. 1995. variations in stoma. Springer-Verlag. 49 . Nematodes: Structure. Maggenti AR. Dorylaimida.Practical Studies on variations in nematode shapes and sizes. Washington DC. rectum. Enoplida. Practical Identification of common plant parasitic nematodes belonging to Orders Tylenchida.Suborder Tylenchina. General Nematology. 2000. 2nd Ed. Suggested Readings DeCramer W. The Structure of Nematodes. Kluwer Academic Press. cyst nematodes etc. Tylenchida: Parasites of Plants and Insects. NEMA 504 CLASSIFICATION OF NEMATODES 2+1 Objective Development of skills in the identification of plant parasitic nematodes up to genera and species levels. Chitwood BG & Chitwood MB. Wallingford. CABI. Malakhov VV. Theory UNIT I Principles of nematode systematics. 1994. Infraorders Tylenchata and Anguinatatheir families and genera. 2006. Geraert E. Brill. An Introduction to Nematology. UNIT IV Diagnosis of genera and families of Suborders Hoplolaimina and Criconematina. Baltimore. Development. UNIT III Classification of Phylum Nematoda. Park Press. oesophagus. cuticular markings and ornamentation. sense organs. 1993. Classification and Phylogeny. Dordrecht. and up to species level for major nematode pests (root-knot. The Family Trichodoridae: Stubby Root and Virus Vector Nematodes. 1981.Orders of Class Adenophorea and Secernentea. Aphelenchida and Enoplida up to generic level. Siddiqi MR. Diagnosis of Order Tylenchida. Suggested Readings Bird AF & Bird J. Hoplolaimina and Criconematina. UNIT V Orders Aphelenchida.) of crops. Academic Press. 1950. Univ. Hunt DJ. Aphelenchida. Rhabditida with emphasis on economically important taxa. New York. UNIT II Placement of nematodes in Animal Kingdom and comparison with related organisms. Dorylaimida. Tylenchida. and excretory system. Longidoridae and Trichodoridae – their Systematics and Bionomics. Wallingford. Identification of EPNs belonging to Order Rhabditida. Smithsonian Institution Press. 1991. CABI. morphological details of cuticle.
measurements. UNIT IV In vitro and in vivo culturing techniques of plant parasitic. 1986. Barker KR. Southey JF. measurements. estimation of population densities. Practical Collection of soil and plant samples. drawing. collection of root exudates.NEMA 505 NEMATOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES 1+2 Objective Understanding the principles. NCSU. Carter CC & Sasser JN 1985. International Meloidogyne Project. 50 . staining plant material for nematodes. preparation of plant materials for exhibition. II. 1985. and other laboratory equipments. en-face and body sections. sieving and decanting. vulval cones. Plant Nematology – An Agricultural Training Aid. Plant Nematology Laboratory Manual. UNIT V Staining nematodes in plant tissues. NemaAid Publications. HMSO. techniques for extraction of nematodes from soil and plant material. extraction of nematodes from soil by Baermann funnel.callous culture. excised root and carrot disc techniques. preparation of exhibits of nematode diseased plant material. UNIT VI Application of molecular techniques in Nematology. Laboratory Methods for Work with Plant and Soil Nematodes. in vitro culturing techniques of nematodes. Zuckerman BM. special preparation of nematodes . Mai WF & Harrison MB. microphotography. en-face views and body section of nematodes. Suggested Readings Ayoub SM. clearing nematodes by slow and Seinhorst’s methods. scanning and transmission electron microscopes.perineal patterns. microtomy for histopathological studies. estimation of population densities. bacteriophagous. elutriation and sugar centrifugal methods. vulval cones of cyst nematodes. theoretical aspects and developing skills in nematological techniques. extraction of cysts from soil. fixing. Univ. London. collection of plant root exudates and their bioassay. Raliegh. collection of soil and plant samples. extraction of nematodes from plant material. of Massachusetts. 1981. preparation of temporary and permanent mounts. mycophagus and omnivorous nematodes. Vol. clearing and mounting nematodes. Theory UNIT I Principles and use of light. UNIT II Survey and surveillance methods. killing and fixing nematodes. An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne. Methodology. preparation of perineal patterns. UNIT III Killing.
reniform nematode. NEMA 507 NEMATODE BIOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY 2+1 Objective To develop understanding of life cycle patterns. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. UNIT III Vegetable crops. molya disease of wheat and barley. 51 . potato cyst nematode. CABI. interaction with other organisms. study tours for field diagnosis of nematode problems.Pigeon pea cyst nematode. 2006. CABI. red ring disease of coconut. reniform nematode. Plant Nematology. nature of damage. Manual of Agricultural Nematology. lance nematode. Mushroom. sugarbeet cyst and soybean cyst nematode problems. Luc M. root knot nematode. Forests. Wallingford. slow decline of citrus. lesion. 1991. New Delhi. rice root nematode. Fibre. feeding and metabolic processes in phytonematodes which have implications in their management. Nematode problems of protected cultivation. Marcel Dekker. symptoms and control of nematode diseases of agricultural and horticultural crops. study of symptoms and histopathology of nematode damage in different crops. 1994. Sugar. Wallingford. symptoms. lesion nematodes. Evans AAF. Nickle WR. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Temperate Agriculture. CABI. biology and life cycle. CBS. Theory Diagnosis of causal organism.nematode problems. Nematode Pests of Crops.root-knot disease. host range. UNIT V Plantation.NEMA 506 NEMATODE DISEASES OF CROPS 3+1 Objective To impart basic knowledge about the causal organism. Sikora RA & Bridge J. Suggested Readings Bhatti DS & Walia RK. 2005. UNIT IV Fruit crops. Trudgill DL & Webster JM. ufra and white tip diseases of rice. New York.burrowing nematode problem of banana. Fodder and Oilseed crops. stem and bulb nematode. reniform nematode. nature of damage. UNIT I Cereal crops. Practical Diagnosis of causal organisms. distribution. and management of nematode diseases in different crops. UNIT II Pulses. medicinal and aromatic crops. Perry RN & Moens M. root-knot and lesion nematode problems of coffee and tea. spices and condiments. cyst nematodes of maize and sorghum. rice root-knot and cyst nematode problems. 1992. Wallingford.root-knot disease.Pine wilt disease.Ear-cockle and tundu diseases of wheat. identification of different life cycle stages.
moulting. swarming. UNIT V Osmoregulation. Glasgow. UNIT IV Survival strategies of nematodes in adverse environment and absence of host. Croll NA & Mathews BE. MacMillan.Theory UNIT I Host finding and invasion. distribution and dispersal of nematodes. The Biology of Plant Parasitic Nematodes. Edward Arnold. feeding. orientation. Biology of Nematodes. physiology of excretory-secretory and neuromuscular systems. Taylor & Francis. London. hydrolytic enzymes. Edward Arnold. enzymatic assay by electrophoresis. UNIT IV Environmental extremes and nematode behaviour. prevalence. The Physiology and Biochemistry of Freeliving and Plant Parasitic Nematodes. life cycle patterns in different types of nematodes. Blackie. Lee DL & Atkinson H J. UNIT II Types of reproduction. their survival strategies. 52 . Perry RN & Wright DJ. UNIT IV Physiology of digestive system. evolution of nematodes. hatching. feeding. UNIT II Role of nematodes in the food web. pseudocoelome and function of transport. Wallace HR. UNIT III Chemical composition of nematodes. 2002. 1963. 1977. Practical Studies on embryogenesis and post-embryogenesis. components of environment. Lee DL. London. CABI. hatching. London. Theory UNIT I Definition and scope. embryogenesis and post embryogenesis. Wallingford. Suggested Readings Croll NA. intermediary metabolism. ecological classification. community analysis and population estimation models. life cycle development.aggregation. London. 1976. The Behaviour of Nematodes: The Activity. Senses and Responses. Physiology of Nematodes. moulting. gametogenesis. feeding and reproduction. NEMA 508 NEMATODE ECOLOGY 2+1 Objective To understand the life of plant parasitic nematodes in their environment. 1970. 1998. UNIT III Effects of abiotic and biotic factors on nematodes. The Biology of Nematodes. and how to exploit these for their control. habitat and niche characteristics.
2002. UNIT III Interaction of plant parasitic nematodes with root rot and other fungal pathogens. NEMA 509 NEMATODE INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER ORGANISMS 2+1 Objective To understand the role of nematodes in disease complexes involving fungal. Taylor & Francis. Nemic Interactions. John Wiley. Suggested Readings Khan MW. 1993. UNIT II Interaction of plant parasitic nematodes with wilt causing fungal pathogens. Edward Arnold. Theory UNIT I Concept of interaction and its importance in disease complexes and their management involving nematode and other organisms. 1960. London. other nematode species and arthropods. Poinar G. 1975.UNIT V Modeling population dynamics and relations with crop performance. House. London. Eurasia Publ. data interpretation and systems simulation. Norton DC. Suggested Readings Croll NA. Natural History of Nematodes. New Delhi. New York. Sasser JN & Jenkins WR. Englewood Cliffs. Glasgow. Prentice Hall. Practical Green-house experiments to study the role of plant parasitic nematodes in wilt/rot causing fungal and bacterial pathogens. Lee DL. UNIT V Virus transmission by nematodes. Practical Study of nematode fauna in varied agro-ecological systems. bacterial. 1970. Nematode Ecology and Plant Disease. Croll NA & Mathews BE. Taylor CE & Seinhorst JW. Lamberti F. London. laboratory exercises on influence of abiotic factors on movement and hatching. 1978. 1977. The Biology of Nematodes. Nematode Vectors of Plant Viruses. Nematology: Fundamentals and Recent Advances with Emphasis on Plant Parasitic and Soil Forms. Biology of Nematodes. Ecology of Plant Parasitic Nematodes. Blackie. Senses and Responses. 1973. green-house experiments on effect of abiotic factors on nematode populations and plant growth. Plenum Press. UNIT IV Interaction of plant parasitic nematodes with bacterial pathogens. 1983. viral and other organisms. 53 . London. Wallace HR. ecological considerations in nematode management. community analysis of nematode populations. Edward Arnold. The Behaviour of Nematodes: The Activity. Chapman & Hall.
Physical methods. antidotes. flooding. Suggested Readings Bhatti DS & Walia RK. Wallingford.plant resistance. 1997. biofumigation. soil solarisation. UNIT II Chemical methods. Brown GL. and predacious fungi and nematodes. applicators and application methods. New Delhi. and their application methods. time of sowing. Plant Nematode Control. Cook R & Bridge J. antagonistic and trap crops. Theory UNIT I Concepts and history of nematode management.concepts and terminology.quarantine regulations. 2004. Wallingford. Brown RH & Kerry BR. sanitation etc. Nematode Pest Management in Crops.NEMA 510 NEMATODE MANAGEMENT 2+1 Objective To impart comprehensive knowledge about the principles and practices of nematode management. fallowing. 2002. Guelph. 1977. bacterial parasites. II: Nematode Management and Utilization. CABI. CABI. The Nemtode Destroying Fungi. Starr JL. Vol. organic amendments of soil. legal methods. CABI. CBP. 1994. Plant Resistance to Parasitic Nematodes. 54 . hot water treatment and other methods of disinfestations of planting material. UNIT IV Biological methods. classification. UNIT V Genetic methods. their mass multiplication and field use. Sydney.concepts and applications.crop rotations and cropping sequences. integrated nematode management. Chen SY& Dickson DW. Academic Press. 1987. cost-benefit ratios and pest risk analysis. UNIT III Cultural practices. laboratory exercises on biocontrol potential of fungal. and economizing nematicidal use. phytotherapeutic methods – use of antagonistic plants and antinemic plant products.nematicides. their types. ecological and socio-economic aspects. crop loss estimation.use of heat. Nematology: Advances and Perpectives. Whitehead AG. Wallingford. Wallingford. CBS. methods for screening of crop germplasm for resistance against nematodes. Practical In vitro screening of synthetic chemicals and plant products for nematicidal activity. Chen ZX. Perry RN & Moens M. Plant Nematology. Principles and Practice of Nematode Control in Crops. 2006. use of predators and parasites as biological control agents. mode of action. CABI.
role of nematodes in organic matter recycling. Entomopathogenic Nematodes in Biological Control. Ark.oardc. and application of some nematodes as biological models and as indicators of environmental pollution. Train students in computation of ETL. entaphelenchids. Sta. 1988. field applications and efficacy. Bull. Zuckerman BM. formulations.). Predatory Nematodes (Mononchida). 1990.edu/nematodes NEMA 512/ PRINCIPLES OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT 1+1 ENT 510 Objective To familiarize the students with principles of insect pest management. Boca Raton. I. New Delhi. Wallingford.ohio-state. Ehlars RU & Shapiro DI. thelastomids.. Suggested Readings Gaugler R & Kaya HK. The Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. biology and mode of action.. parasites of insects. Wallingford. UNIT II Host-parasite relations and life cycle of mermithids.important groups. Co. mass rearing and application methods of entomopathogenic nematodes. types of nematodeinsect associations. Vols. 1998. Nematodes as Biocontrol Agents. Southern Coop. (Ed. 1982. success stories. New York. their morphological characteristics. UNIT III Entomopathogenic nematodes.NEMA 511 BENEFICIAL NEMATODES 1+1 Objective To sensitize about the use of nematodes for the biological control of insect pests of crops. Entomophilic nematodes. Cold Spring Harbor Press. Wood WB. Nematodes as Biological Models.Steinernema and Heterorhabditis. Ag. Entomophilic Nematology.predators. 2002. nematodes as indicators of pollution. sphaerularids and tylenchids. including concept and philosophy of IPM. CRC Press. taxonomic status. UNIT IV Entomopathogenic nematodesmass multiplication techniques. molluscs and other pests. 1980. CABI. Woodring JL & Kaya HK. UNIT V Nematodes as biological models. Jairajpuri MS & Khan MS. identification. Academic Press. Associated Publ. implementing IPM programmes. Theory UNIT I Beneficial nematode fauna. Ext. CABI. II. 55 . 2005. Florida. taxonomic characteristics of nematode parasites of insects. Grewal PS. www2. Gaugler R. Steinernematid and Heterorhabditid Nematodes: A Handbook of Techniques. Practical Isolation.
2002. UNIT II Concept and philosophy. Kalyani Publ. pest survey and surveillance. 2002. physical and mechanical methods. Computation of EIL and ETL. Entomology and Pest Management. Flint MC & Bosch RV. Integrated Management of Insects in Stored Products. sampling methods and factors affecting sampling.legislative. 1981. New York. John Wiley & Sons. forecasting. Prentice Hall. Introduction of Insect Pest Management.. New Delhi. types of surveys including remote sensing methods. Springer. Caswell-Chen EP & Kogan M. Suggested Readings Dhaliwal GS & Arora R. case studies of successful IPM programmes. pest risk analysis. Theory UNIT I Introduction and historical development. Integrated Pest Management – Concepts and Approaches. Dhaliwal GS. 2006. 2004. 4th Ed. Ram Singh & Chhillar BS. gene centres as sources of resistance. crop loss assessmentdirect losses. ecological principles.. Pedigo RL. crop modeling. Kalyani Publ. New Delhi. Marcel Dekker. Metcalf RL & Luckman WH. social and legal implications of IPM. Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. 2003. Essentials of Agricultural Entomology. indirect losses. 1995. 56 . designing and implementing IPM system. Norris RF. Elite Publ. unavoidable losses. variability in plant pathogens. potential losses. 1st Ed. Subramanyam B & Hagstrum DW. population estimation methods. New Delhi. cultural.Theory UNIT I History and origin. cost-benefit ratios and partial budgeting. New York. Prentice Hall. UNIT III Tools of pest management and their integration. factors affecting surveys.. process of infection. economic threshold concept. New Delhi. dynamics of pathogenicity. NEMA 513/ DISEASE RESISTANCE IN PLANTS 2+0 PL PATH 513 Objective To acquaint with disease resistance mechanisms in plants. Springer. avoidable losses. New York. definition and evolution of various related terminologies. New Delhi. pesticide risk analysis. Insect Pest Management: Field and Protected Crops. Biotechnology and Insect Pest Management. Concepts in Integrated Pest Management. Practical Characterization of agro-ecosystems. New Delhi. and economic consideration. 2007. Horowitz AR & Ishaaya I. Ignacimuthu SS & Jayaraj S. disease resistance terminology. 1982.. political.
Springer Verlag. Acts related to registration of pesticides and transgenics. APEDA. Environmental Acts. Plant Breeding – Principles and Methods. protein-for-protein and immunization basis. New York. Plant Pathosystems. disease resistance. Industrial registration. Van der Plank JE. Robinson RA. Defence Mechanisms in Plants. 1975.1996.. Deverall BJ. 2005. morphological and anatomical resistance. disease tolerance. notification. Cambridge. History of quarantine legislations. St Paul. Quarantine restrictions in the movement of agricultural produce. Principles of Plant Infection. Genetic and Molecular Basis of Plant Pathogenesis. management of resistance genes. Parker J. 1977. preformed chemicals in host defence. UNIT III Host defence system. 2008. Minnesota. hypersensitivity and its mechanisms. Kalyani Publ. contamination of food with toxigens. post infectional chemicals in host defence. New York. New York. Suggested Readings Dallice M et al. New York. APS. phytoalexins. UNIT II Plant protection organization in India. New York. Molecular Aspects of Pathogenicity and Resistance: Requirement for Signal Transduction. Academic Press. Blackwell Publ. Van der Plank JE. Molecular Aspects of Plant Diseases Resistance. 1984. Ludhiana. Disease Resistance in Plants. Academic Press. relative importance. Import and Export of bio-control agents. Springer Verlag. seeds and planting material. 1978.UNIT II Disease escapes. Theory UNIT I Definition of pest. plant quarantine regulations and set-up. identification of physiological races of pathogens. New York. disease progression in relation to resistance. Van der Plank JE. NEM 514/ PLANT QUARANTINE 2+0 ENT 520 Objective To acquaint the learners about the principles and the role of Plant Quarantine in containment of pests and diseases. stabilizing selection pressure in plant pathogens. Cambridge Univ. Van der Plank JE. types of resistance. case histories of exotic pests/diseases and their status. microorganisms and their elimination. 1976. 7th Ed. Strategies for gene deployment. pesticides and transgenics as per Govt. UNIT IV Gene-for-gene concept. Host Pathogen Interactions in Plant Disease. quarantine – domestic and international. Academic Press. PQ Order 2003. 1982. Press. Singh BD. UNIT III Identification of pest/disease free areas. Symptomatic diagnosis 57 .
Nematology Monographs and Perspectives. UNIT IV WTO regulations. keys and compendia for nematode species and other taxa. CRC Press. VHT and other safer techniques of disinfestation/salvaging of infected material. IV. Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures. hypodermis and muscles. Blackwelder RE. Brill. Pest risk analysis. Theory UNIT I Ultrastructure of nematode body wall.and other techniques to detect pest/pathogen infestations. nematode feeding apparatus. II. 1967. pesticide industry. Nematology: Advances and Perspectives. David Pimental). good laboratory practices for pesticide laboratories. UNIT V Development of computer-based nematode identification programmes. 2nd Ed. Nelson. biochemical. 1996. Rhower GG. Practical Detailed studies of morphological structures and identification of plant parasitic nematodes up to species level. Chen ZX. In: Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture. Chen SY & Dickson DW.molecular. immunodiagnostic. Role of Plant Quarantine in IPM. Geraert E. preparation of illustrations. preparation of compendia and keys. Nematode Morphology. 1967. UNIT II Ultrastructure of nematode sense organs. Regulatory Plant Pest Management. Suggested Readings Rajeev K & Mukherjee RC. I. NEMA 601 ADVANCES IN STRUCTURE AND SYSTEMATICS 2+1 OF NEMATODES Objective Studies on the ultrastructure of plant parasitic nematodes based on TEM and SEM. reproductive and excretorysecretory systems. Wallingford. and appraisal of recent developments in their classification. New York. Nairobi.cuticle. 58 . Physiology and Ecology. Taxonomy . 2006. Identification of species/races of root-knot and cyst nematodes using PAGE. Vol. 2004. Vol. UNIT IV Non-conventional approaches of nematode identification.A Text and Reference Book. CABI. molecular characterization and DNA finger-printing techniques. and other parts of alimentary canal. Invertebrate Structure and Function. John Wiley & Sons. non-tariff barriers. Suggested Readings Barrington EJW. (Ed. Vol. UNIT III Principles and rules of nomenclature and classification. Aditya Books. Drawing and measurements of nematodes. 1991.
Fenoll C. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature 4th Ed. Principles of Systematic Zoology. 59 . UNIT II Plant defense systems. Grundler FMW & Ohl SA. New Delhi. UNIT III Genetic basis of plant resistance to nematodes and identification of resistance genes against economically important nematodes. Kluwer Academic Press. 1994. Cellular and Molecular aspects of Plant-Nematode Relationships. NEMA 603 ADVANCES IN NEMATODE MANAGEMENT 2+1 Objective To keep abreast with latest developments and trends in nematode management. Lamberti F. Tata McGraw-Hill. Principles and Techniques of Contemporary Taxonomy. incorporation of resistance by conventional breeding and transgenic approaches. UNIT IV Application of biotechnological methods in the development of nematode resistant crop cultivars. Practical Microtomy for study of histopathological changes induced by important nematodes. Blackie. 1997. Advances in Molecular Plant Nematology. Quicke DLJ. 1983. Dordrecht. 1998. Pederson GA & Windham GL. Oxford & IBH. cytological and biochemical changes induced by nematode feeding. NEMA 602 CURRENT TOPICS IN NEMATODE DISEASE DEVELOPMENT AND HOST RESISTANCE 2+1 Objective To update knowledge on the recent research trends in the field of plant nematode relationships at genetic and molecular level. UNIT V Influence of microorganisms on plant nematode interactions. Kapoor VC. Mayr E. Plant and Nematode Interactions. CABI. role of phytoalexins etc. Suggested Readings Barker KR. Theory and Practice in Animal Taxonomy. screening techniques for assessment of resistance in crop germplasm against nematodes. Plenum Press. London. New Delhi. Giorgi C & Bird D. The Natural History Museum. Wallingford.International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature 1999. 1969. London. resistance markers. 1993. Theory UNIT I Mechanisms of pathogenesis. against major plant parasitic nematodes.
phytotherapeutic substances. Chen SY & Dickson DW. Walia RK & Dubey OP. 2002. Nematode Management and Utilization.predacious and parasitic fungi. NEMA 604 PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR NEMATOLOGY 2+1 Objective Appraisal on the application of modern biotechnological tools in Nematology. deployment of resistant varieties and non-host crops in nematode suppressive cropping systems. UNIT V Nematode management modules for integrated pest and disease management in cropping systems.. Organic Agriculture. Jana BL. Vols. IX. 2008. Starr JR. Kiefer RW & Chipman JW. Application of GIS and GPS technology for surveillance and management. Nematology: Advances and Perspectives Vol. 2004. Wallingford. UNIT II Isolation. identification. II. I. culturing and field application potential of promising bio-control agents. host specificity. UNIT IV Phytoalexins. New York. CRC Press. Scientific Publ.. Reseachco Books & Periodicals Pvt. culturing and field application potential of promising bio-control agents. Florida. Vol. mode of action. nematoxic fungal culture filtrates. recent regulatory provisions and methods.parasitic and nematode antagonistic bacteria. Tarafdar JC. John Wiley & Sons. mode of action. CABI. botanicals. predacious mites and predacious nematodes. CABI. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. Poinar GO Jr & Jansson H-B. Ltd. Practical Green-house experiments on the efficacy of fungal and bacterial bio-control agents. Precision Farming. Lillesend TW. Delhi. quarantine and disinfection. host specificity. Nematode management options and approaches for organic farming and precision farming. identification.Theory UNIT I Isolation. novel nematicides. allelochemicals. Cook R & Bridge J. emergence of resistance breaking biotypes. Boca Raton. Wallingford. quality control. 1979. Suggested Readings Chen ZX. Diseases of Nematodes. 1988. New Delhi. 2004. Priputhi KP & Mahesh Kumar 2007. II. Aditya Books. formulation. bio-safety and registration protocols of bio-control agents. 60 . Plant Resistance to Parasitic Nematodes. UNIT III Mass culturing. Jodhpur. Upadhyaya RK. IPM Systems in Agriculture. Phytonematology.
1997. Nematode Morphology. Cold Spring Harbor Press. 1988. Advances in Molecular Plant Nematology.Theory UNIT I Cell biology. molecular mechanism of host resistance against plant parasitic nematodes. 1998. Wood WB. CABI. toxicological and pharmacological studies. nutritional. and biochemical basis of communication in nematodes. 2004. UNIT III Chemoreception. NEMA 605/ PLANT BIOSECURITY AND BIOSAFETY 2+0 PL PATH 606 Objective To facilitate deeper understanding on plant biosecurity and biosafety issues in agriculture. Riddle DL. molecular weight determination of nematode protein. Practical Isolation and quantification of proteins from nematode juveniles and eggs. nematode DNA amplification using PCR for nematode identification. Nematology: Advances and Perspectives. The Physiology and Biochemistry of Freeliving and Plant Parasitic Nematodes. Vol. The Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. molecular and novel approaches for nematode management.. genetics and evolution in plant parasitism in nematodes.a model system for gerontology. genetical and molecular basis of plant nematode interaction. Grundler FMW & Ohl SA. Plenum Press. Gommers EJ & Maas PW. Cellular and Molecular aspects of Plant-Nematode Relationships. Perry RN & Wright DJ. Fenoll C. European Soc. Suggested Readings Chen ZX. II. nematode DNA isolation from juveniles and eggs. CABI. RFLP of nematode DNA. Cold Spring Harbor Press. I. Kluwer Academic Publ. elegans II. Chen SY & Dickson DW. Heterodera glycines as a model for biology. UNIT IV Biochemical.Structural and functional aspects. proteomic and genomic studies. & Bird D. New York. histopathological. physiology. London. β-esterase polymorphism in root-knot nematode. Nematodes as Biological Models. Wallingford. Zuckerman BM. UNIT V Biochemical and molecular basis of survival strategies in nematodes. C. 61 . Dordrecht. 1997. Physiology and Ecology. 1992. I. 1980. molecular basis of host recognition. Lamberti F. of Nematologists. cytogenetics. Nematology from Molecule to Ecosystem. Academic Press. resistance genes and RNAi technology. Vols. neurobiology. 1994. RNAi technology. Giorgi C. UNIT II Caenorhabditis elegans. cellular and molecular changes in host feeding cells.
). Khetarpal RK.inspection.fao. pest risk analysis. pest information system. Plant Biosecurity in India .htm Randhawa GJ. New Delhi.org/kf/biosecurity_a_comprehensive_ action_plan.govt. http://www. BS (Eds. Invasive Alien Species.. Suggested Readings FAO Biosecurity Toolkit 2008. concept of biosecurity. International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures/World Trade Organization (WTO). emerging/resurgence of pests and diseases.biosecurity. mitigation planning.www.org/docrep/010/a1140e/a1140e00. Tyagi RK & Dhillon.shtml 62 .Theory UNIT I History of biosecurity. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).http://www. http://www. www. UNIT II National Regulatory Mechanism and International Agreements/Conventions viz. integrated approach for biosecurity. use of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for plant biosecurity. Transgenic Crops and Biosafety Concerns. components of biosecurity.gov. 2001.defra.int/csr/resources/publications/biosafety/WHO_CD S_EPR_2006. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and its implications.au/ba.ca/english/anima/heasan/fad/biosecure. Khetarpal RK & Kavita Gupta 2006. NBPGR.uk/animalh/diseases/control/biosecurity/index.htm Laboratory Biosecurity Guidance. http://www.americanprogress.nz DEFRA. 2006. www.pdf Biosecurity Australia.pdf Grotto Andrew J & Jonathan B Tucker. issues related to release of genetically modified crops. policies and regulatory mechanism. pest/disease and epidemic management. biowarfare.gov.Status and Strategy. Biosecurity for Agriculture and Food Production.gov. Asian Biotechnology and Development Review 9(2): 3963.org/biosecurity/ CFIA. Biosecurity: A Comprehensive Action Plan.fao. Quarantine. strategies for combating risks and costs associated with agroterrorism event.who. www. risk assessment models. www. UNIT III Biosafety. early warning and forecasting system.daff.affa.au/biosecurityaustralia Biosecurity New Zealand.gc.
unl. University of Leeds) 63 . Entomology & Nematology Dept.edu/ (Deptt.ugent.unl.be/ (Nematology Unit.org/ (The Society of Nematologists) http://nematology.Organization of Nematologists of Tropical America Pakistan Journal of Nematology .uk/ppigb/nematolo.unl.edu/ (Deptt.ba. Italy Nematology . Univ.Bioved Research Society.html (Nematologia Mediterranea) http://nematode.edu/ (The Organization of Nematologists of Tropical America) http://www.Brill Academic Publishers. of California. Allahabad. Wageningen Univ.htm (Nematology Employment Bulletin Board) http://nematode.bspp.) http://www.htm?modecode=12752900 (Nematology Lab.cnr. USA Current Nematology .org/Articlelist.Japanese Nematological Society Journal of Nematology .Russian Society of Nematologists e-Resources http://www.org/ (International Federation of Nematology Societies) http://www.edu/nematology.asp?Source=1&Journal_ID=103267.NEMATOLOGY List of Journals Annals of Applied Nematology .uk/nem/ (Plant Nematology Lab.purdue.umd.htm (Nematology history) http://www. Riverside) http://entnemdept.ifns.) http://onta. Luton Japanese Journal of Nematology .ufl.journal) http://www.org.ucr.Society of Nematologists.brill.htm (Journal of Nematology) http://www.nem.nematology. of Florida.edu/ (University of Nebraska . Universidad de Jaen Nematologia Brasiliera – Brazilian Nematological Society Nematologia Mediterranea – Istituto per la Protezione delle Plante (IPP) – Sect..nematologists. Univ.html (Plant Nematology Laboratory. UK Nematropica . of Nematology.entm.ifas.ucdavis.Nematological Society of India International Journal of Nematology . USDA) http://flnem.wur.leeds.(Nematology Newsletter) http://nematology.inaav. of California.ufl.edu/HISTORY/nem_history.) http://www.edu/ (Univ. of Nematology.Afro-Asian Society of Nematologists.ars.htm#a-z (Links to Nematology labs) http://www.Pakistan Society of Nematologists Russian Journal of Nematology .ufl.Lincoln Nematology) http://nematode. Ghent University) http://www.usda.unl.edu/nematology/ (The Purdue Nematology Lab.gov/main/site_main.edu/wormsite.edu/SON/jon. USA Journal of Nematode Morphology and Systematics –Jaen.ifas.nl/m_catalogue_sub6_id8548.Society of Nematologists.biology.nematology. of Bari of the CNR.it/nemmed.edu/Nemajob. Maryland) http://www.. Davis) http://www.ifas.htm (Links to Other Nematology Resources) http://nematode. India Egyptian Journal of Agronematology – Egyptian Society of Agricultural Nematology Indian Journal of Nematology .ac.htm (Nematology .nl/UK/ (Laboratory of Nematology.openjgate.
jstage. identification and characterization of phytochemicals for nematoxicity Disinfection of nematode-infected planting material through eco-friendly sanitary methods Characterization of molecular markers and genes governing resistance to key nematode pests Management of nematodes with antagonistic bacteria Bionomics of potential bio-control agents and their field efficacy Devising non-chemical methods of nematode management in mushroom cultivation Development of nematode management modules for IPM systems Field efficacy and formulation of entomopathogenic nematodes against foliar and soil-borne insect pests of crops Study of disease complex involving nematodes and other plant pathogens.plantpath.be/ (European Master of Science in Nematology) http://www.org.au/newsletters.missouri.ugent.iastate.html (Australasian Association of Nematologists) http://soilplantlab. Missouri) http://www.http://www. and their management Role of nematodes in organic matter recycling Modelling nematode populations for disease forecasting and predicting yield losses Nematodes as indicators of environmental pollution Identification of cost effective nematode-suppressive cropping systems for specific agro-ecosystems Isolation.eumaine.jp/browse/jjn (The Japanese Journal of Nematology) Suggested Broad Topics for Master’s and Doctoral Research Identification of key nematode pests emerging in regional agro-ecosystems Development of molecular diagnostic tools of phytonematodes Nematode problems of peri-urban and protected agriculture systems.go. Nematology Lab) http://nematologists. 64 . Nematode suppressive rhizospheric microorganisms.edu/nematode/ (Plant Nematology Laboratory.edu/dept/labs/tylka/ (Iowa State University.jst.
D. $ Cross-listed with Entomology 65 . ** Compulsory for Ph. PLANTATION AND ORNAMENTAL CROPS DISEASES OF VEGETABLE AND SPICES CROPS SEED HEALTH TECHNOLOGY CHEMICALS IN PLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT ECOLOGY OF SOIL-BORNE PLANT PATHOGENS DISEASE RESISTANCE IN PLANTS INSECT VECTORS OF PLANT VIRUSES AND OTHER PATHOGENS BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PLANT DISEASES INTEGRATED DISEASE MANAGEMENT MUSHROOM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY EPIDEMIOLOGY AND FORECASTING OF PLANT DISEASES POST HARVEST DISEASES PLANT QUARANTINE MASTER’S SEMINAR MASTER’S RESEARCH ADVANCED MYCOLOGY ADVANCED VIROLOGY ADVANCED BACTERIOLOGY MOLECULAR BASIS OF HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTION PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES OF CERTIFICATION PLANT BIOSECURITY AND BIOSAFETY DOCTORAL SEMINAR I DOCTORAL SEMINAR II DOCTORAL RESEARCH CREDITS 2+1 2+1 2+1 3+0 0+2 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+0 1+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+0 1+0 20 2+1 2+1 2+1 2+1 1+0 2+0 1+0 1+0 45 *Compulsory for Master’s programme. programme.PLANT PATHOLOGY Course Structure – at a Glance CODE PL PATH 501* PL PATH 502* PL PATH 503* PL PATH 504* PL PATH 505* PL PATH 506 PL PATH 507 PL PATH 508 PL PATH 509 PL PATH 510 PL PATH 511 PL PATH 512 PL PATH 513 PL PATH 514/ ENT 514$ PL PATH 515 PL PATH 516 PL PATH 517 PL PATH 518 PL PATH 519 PL PATH 520/ ENT 520$ PL PATH 591 PL PATH 599 PL PATH 601 PL PATH 602 PL PATH 603 PL PATH 604** PL PATH 605 PL PATH 606 PL PATH 691 PL PATH 692 PL PATH 699 COURSE TITLE MYCOLOGY PLANT VIROLOGY PLANT BACTERIOLOGY PRINCIPLES OF PLANT PATHOLOGY DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS OF PLANT DISEASES PRINCIPLES OF PLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT DISEASES OF FIELD AND MEDICINAL CROPS DISEASES OF FRUITS.
Mehrotra RS & Arneja KR. UNIT II Symptomatology of important plant viral diseases. Singh RS. Suggested Readings Ainsworth GC. history of mycology. fungal genetics and variability in fungi. iv) Basidiomycotina. New York. New Delhi. IV (A & B). Cambridge Univ. UNIT IV The comparative morphology. Webster J. host virus interaction. Sparrow FK & Susman HS. transmission. UNIT III Concepts of nomenclature and classification. Oxford & IBH. characters of different groups of fungi up to generic level: (a) Myxomycota and (b) Eumycota. Plant Pathogens – The Fungi. New York. Press. genome organization. 66 . fungal biodiversity. Alexopoulos CJ. New York. basic concepts. identification and preservation of specimens. 1982. biology and management of plant viruses.2000. 1990. virus vector relationship. Vol. PL PATH 502 PLANT VIROLOGY 2+1 Objective To acquaint with the structure. 2nd Ed. ICAR. John Wiley & Sons.PLANT PATHOLOGY Course Contents PL PATH 501 MYCOLOGY 2+1 Objective To study the nomenclature. composition and structure of viruses. Lichens types and importance.i) Mastigomycotina ii) Zygomycotina. New Delhi. UNIT III Virus nomenclature and classification. New Delhi. An Introductory Mycology. reproduction in fungi. Wiley Eastern. Theory UNIT I History of plant viruses. iii) Ascomycotina. Academic Press. replication and movement of viruses. 1980. Practical Detailed comparative study of different groups of fungi. Introduction to Fungi. virus-vector relationship. The Fungi – An Advanced Treatise. Theory UNIT I Introduction. Sarbhoy AK. UNIT II Importance of mycology in agriculture. Introductory Mycology. Cambridge. 1973. Text book of Mycology. Isolation and identification of plant pathogenic fungi. v) Deuteromycotina. definition of different terms. chemical and physical properties. 2000. 5th Ed. collection. Mims CW & Blackwell M. relation of fungi to human affairs. ultrastructure. classification and characters of fungi.
Brunt AA. genetic engineering. spiroplasmas and other fastidious procarya. viz. 2002. PCR. Edward Arnold. Importance of phytopathogenic bacteria. Identification of Plant Viruses. 1973. Hull R. Mathew’s Plant Virology. Krabtree K. Gibbs AJ & Watson L. method of raising antisera. New Delhi. Symptoms of Virus Diseases in Plants. Principles of the working of electron-microscope and ultra-microtome. Plant Virology . plasmids and bdellovibrios. Academic Press.UNIT IV Isolation and purification. CABI. MLOs. survival and dissemination. Gibbs A & Harrison B. satellite viruses. UNIT III Growth. classification and nomenclature of phytopathogenic procarya and important diseases caused by them. viroids. L form bacteria. UNIT VI Survival and dissemination of phytopathogenic bacteria. UNIT V Mycoviruses. preservation of bacterial cultures and variability among phytopathogenic procarya. 1964. Virus of Plants: Descriptions and Lists from VIDE Database. New York. Suggested Readings Bos L. Methods and Experiments. ecology. 1995. New Delhi. 67 . bacteria. purification. Noordam D. PL PATH 503 PLANT BACTERIOLOGY 2+1 Objective To acquaint with plant pathogenic prokaryote (procarya) and their structure. prions. UNIT IV General biology of bacteriophages.. transmission. protein and nucleic acid based diagnostics. UNIT VI Origin and evolution. 4th Ed. Theory UNIT I History and introduction to phytopathogenic procarya. Oxford & IBH. phages. physical properties. nutrition requirements. assay of viruses. London. electron microscopy and ultratomy. nutritional requirements. electron microscopy. mechanism of resistance. Wallington. UNIT II Evolution. Dallwitz MJ. UNIT V Procaryotic inhibitors and their mode of action against phytopathogenic bacteria. Practical Study of symptoms caused by viruses. serological tests. phytoplasma arbo and baculoviruses. 1976. Oxford & IBH.The Principles. and management of plant viruses. reproduction. satellite RNAs..
UNIT III Host parasite interaction. Fundamentals of Plant Bacteriology. Verma JP. Oxford & IBH. New Delhi. growth regulators. Academic Press. New Delhi. Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes. House.oxidative burst. 2nd Ed. I. 1995. Oxford & IBH. Oxford & IBH. New York. Springer Verlag. identification and host inoculation of phytopathogenic bacteria. mechanism of genetic variation in pathogens. history and growth of plant pathology. Kalyani Publ. symptomatology. Elicitors. Mount MS & Lacy GH. Vols. role of environment and host nutrition on disease development. defense strategies. Physiological Plant Pathology. its concepts and principles. 1997. disease development. (Eds). reproduction. marker-assisted selection. UNIT IV Genetics of resistance. New Delhi. Fundamentals of Plant Bacteriology. PR proteins.. Upadhyay RK & Mukherjee KG. 68 . molecular basis for resistance. 1998. Detection of Plant Pathogens and their Management. staining methods. UNIT V Disease management strategies. genetic engineering for disease resistance. Academic Press. Jayaraman J & Verma JP. Plant Pathology. Theory UNIT I Importance. purification. 5th Ed. 2005. Ludhiana. Introduction to Principles of Plant Pathology. Verma JP. New York. New York. Phenolics. ‘R’ genes. Singh DP & Singh A. Heitefuss R & Williams PH. New York. New Delhi.role of enzymes. Academic Press. Disease and Insect Resistance in Plants. UNIT II Growth. Suggested Readings Goto M. Plant Pathology. Phytoalexins. biochemical and serological characterization. definitions and concepts of plant diseases. Altered plant metabolism as affected by plant pathogens. Angkor Publ. 2007. Singh RS. Toxins in Plant Disease Development and Evolving Biotechnology. isolation of plasmid and use of antibacterial chemicals/antibiotics. Oxford & IBH. Suggested Readings Agrios GN. The Bacteria. 2003. survival and dispersal of important plant pathogens. II. PL PATH 504 PRINCIPLES OF PLANT PATHOLOGY 3+0 Objective To introduce the subject of Plant Pathology. 1976. biotic and abiotic causes of plant diseases. 2002. New Delhi. New Delhi. 1982. 2002. Malhotra Publ.Practical Isolation. Varma A & Kumar D. Berlin.. Mehrotra RS & Aggarwal A. 1990. toxins. recognition concept and infection.
Agic. phase contrast system. Chakravarti BP. Humana Press. Matthews REF. Dhingra OD & Sinclair JB. Basic Plant Pathology Methods. CRC Press. Fox RTV. centrifuge. London. Tokyo. Hooper GR. Mathews REF. Boca Raton. Diagnosis of Plant Virus Diseases. Noordam D. Windham MT & Windham AS. Scientific Publ. Totowa. CRC Press. Methods and Experiments. spectrophotometer. field experiments. use of selective media to isolate pathogens. Diagnosis of Plant Virus Diseases. use of haemocytometer. Florida. Pathak VN. Methods of Bacterial Plant Pathology. Practical UNIT I Methods to prove Koch’s postulates with biotroph and necrotroph pathogens. Mathre DE & Carroll RB. data collection and preparation of references.. 2004.. pure culture techniques. Methods in Molecular Biology. Trigiano RN. 1984. New Delhi. Identification of Plant Viruses. camera lucida. 1993. 2005. CRC Press. Florida. chromatography. use of electron microscope. Agrotech. Forster D & Taylor SC. CABI Wallington. UNIT III Microscopic techniques and staining methods. micrometer. Laboratory Manual of Plant Pathology. Wageningen. pH meter. UNIT II Preservation of plant pathogens and disease specimens. Oxford & IBH. 1998. Principles of Diagnostic Techniques in Plant Pathology. 1993. Udaipur. Evaluation of fungicides. serological and molecular techniques for detection of plant pathogens. CRC Press. 1986. PL PATH 506 PRINCIPLES OF PLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT 2+1 0bjectives To acquaint with different strategies for management of plant diseases. 1973. Plant PathologyConcepts and Laboratory Exercises. 69 . Laboratory Exercises in Plant Pathology: An Instructional Kit. bactericides etc. 1990.PL PATH 505 DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS OF PLANT DISEASES 0+2 Objective To impart training on various methods/techniques/instruments used in the study of plant diseases/pathogens. Doc. Suggested Readings Baudoin ABAM. Jodhpur. Pub. New Jersey. Cent. Plant Virology Protocols: From Virus Isolation to Transgenic Resistance. 1993. ultracentrifuge and electrophoretic apparatus. disease diagnostics. Tokyo.
UNIT II Diseases of Pulse crops. Palti J. rice. New York. pearl millet. PL PATH 507 DISEASES OF FIELD AND MEDICINAL CROPS 2+1 Objective To educate about the nature. chemical protection and chemotherapy. mentha. sesame. liquorice. Vols. Fungicides in Crop Protection. concepts of pathogen. spreaders and other adjuvants.berseem. rosagrass.cotton. physical. soybean. 1993. pigeonpea. biological. lentil. etiology. Marsh RW. 1972. Fungicides in Plant Disease Control. New York. sacred basil. Theory UNIT I Diseases of Cereal crops. study of structural details of sprayers and dusters. Disease resistance and molecular approach for disease management. bactericides. Hewitt HG. prevalence. lucerne. UNIT III History of fungicides. residual effects and safety measures. health vis-a-vis environmental hazards. Vyas SC. ED and MIC values. sorghum and maize. Principles of Plant Disease Management. guar. sugarcane.wheat. immobilization. Academic Press. I-III. UNIT IV Diseases of Cash crops. UNIT II Foliage. linseed. integrated control measures of plant diseases. cowpea.gram. 1998. CABI. antibacterial and antiviral chemicals. New York.Theory UNIT I Principles of plant disease management by cultural. New Delhi. Cultural Practices and Infectious Crop Diseases. Nene YL & Thapliyal PN.rapeseed and mustard. role of stickers. organic amendments and botanicals methods of plant disease control. Systemic Fungicides. Tata McGraw Hill. Wallington. Practical In vitro and in vivo evaluation of chemicals against plant pathogens. Suggested Readings Fry WE. sunflower. factors affecting disease development and control measures of field and medicinal crop diseases. castor. 70 . oats. chemical. groundnut. Longman. UNIV V Diseases of Fodder legume crops. New Delhi. 1981. 1982. nature. Oxford & IBH. mungbean. antibiotics. urdbean. UNIT VI Medicinal crops. 1993 Handbook of Systemic Fungicides. properties and mode of action of antifungal. mulathi. barley. Aloe vera. ashwagandha. seed and soil application of chemicals.plantago. UNIT III Diseases of Oilseed crops. SpringerVerlag.
House. New Delhi. Oxford & IBH. Collection and dry preservation of diseased specimens of important crops. TTPP. Singh RS. New Delhi. Prentice Hall of India. peach. gladiolus. Oxford & IBH. 2004. orchids. strawberry. 1998. Plant Diseases. mango. ber. carnation. banana. guava. almond. Factors affecting disease development in fruits like apple. 2000. 2000. marigold. Plant Diseases of Internatiobnal Importance. New Delhi. epidemiology of different diseases of vegetables and spices and their management. tulip. New Jersey. Ricanel C.. Diseases of Cereals and Pulses. I. 7th Ed. Oxford & IBH. citrus. UNIT II Symptoms. Singh DV & Srivastava KD. Suggested Readings Gupta VK &. New Delhi. 71 . ornamental plants and their management. New York. India. Kalyani Publ. Vol. Theory UNIT I Introduction. Collection and dry preservation of diseased specimens of important crops. plum. rubber and coconut and their management. 1984. papaya.. apricot. Egan BT. Englewood Cliffs. Rangaswami G. Diseases of Sugarcane. Singh RS. Mukhopadhyay AN. pineapple. Malhotra Publ. Problems and Progress of Wheat Pathology in South Asia. Singh US. Diseases of Fruit Crops. Gillaspie Jr AG & Hughes CG. 1992.Practical Detailed study of symptoms and host parasite relationship of important diseases of above mentioned crops. New Delhi. chrysanthemum and their management. UNIT III Symptoms and life cycle of pathogens. Pathak VN. mode of perpetuation of diseases of plantation crops such as tea. Prentice Hall. plantation. cherry. coffee. Diseases of Fruit Crops. pear. Diseases of Vegetable Crops. Diseases of Crop Plants in India. grapes. 1999. Kumar J & Chaube HS. PL PATH 508 DISEASES OF FRUITS. walnut.Sharma SK. Major Diseases. Suggested Readings Joshi LM. Academic Press. symptoms and etiology of different fruit diseases. 1980. Factors affecting disease development of ornamental plants such as roses. date palm and management of the fruits diseases. Practical Detailed study of symptoms and host parasite relationship of representative diseases of plantation crops. Diseases of Fruit Crops. 4th Ed. New Delhi. PL PATH 509 DISEASES OF VEGETABLE AND SPICES CROPS 2+1 Objective To impart knowledge about symptoms. Walker JC. fig. 1989. pomegranate. PLANTATION AND ORNAMENTAL CROPS 2+1 Objective To acquaint with diseases of fruits.
impacts/loses and management. New Jersey. coriander. Mukhopadhyay AN & Kumar J. UNIT III Symptoms. Diseases of protected cultivation. Wiley InterScience. II. fennel. transmission. New York. 1986. Epidemiological factors influencing the transmission of seed-borne diseases. turmeric. Localization and mechanism of seed transmission in relation to seed infection. Scientific Publ. Columbia. plant quarantine and SPS under WTO. Vegetable Diseases and their Control. prevalence. their nature. fenugreek and ginger. forecasting of epidemics through seed-borne infection. Diseases of Vegetable Crops. Singh US. Diseases of Vegetable and Oilseed Crops. 1992. saffron. epidemiology. types of losses caused by seed-borne diseases in true and vegetatively propagated seeds. Kalyani Publ. UNIT II Symptoms and management of diseases of different root. New Delhi. Morphology and anatomy of typical monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous infected seeds. Practical Detailed study of symptoms and host pathogen interaction of important diseases of vegetable and spice crops. crucifers. Walker JC. Diseases of Vegetable Crops. crucifers. New Delhi Sherf AF & Mcnab AA. Diseases of Vegetable Crops. UNIT II Recent advances in the establishment and subsequent cause of disease development in seed and seedling. UNIT III Seed certification and tolerance limits. Oxford & IBH. Vol. factors affecting disease development of bulb. epidemiology and management of diseases of different spice crops such as black pepper. leafy vegetables. McGraw-Hill. 2001.. Prentice Hall. Jodhpur. 1952. evolutionary adaptations of crop plants to defend seed invasion by seed-borne pathogens.. 2006. bulb. Gupta VK & Paul YS. Suggested Readings Chaube HS. cucurbits and solanaceaous vegetable crops. Englewood Cliffs. seed to plant transmission of pathogens. cucurbits and solanaceaous vegetables. leafy vegetable. 72 . Theory UNIT I History and economic importance of seed pathology in seed industry. detection. PL PATH 510 SEED HEALTH TECHNOLOGY 2+1 Objective To acquaint with seed-borne diseases. Plant Diseases of International Importance. Gupta SK & Thind TS. 1999. Singh RS. cumin. Disease Problem in Vegetable Production.Theory UNIT I Nature.
Wallington. 73 . compatibility with other agrochemicals. Formulation of fungicides. Suggested Readings Agarwal VK & JB Sinclair. Hutchins JD & Reeves JE. Seed Pathology. in vitro evaluation techniques. antiviral chemicals and botanicals. 1997. UNIT III Chemicals in plant disease control. principles and judicious use of chemicals in plant disease management. animal and plant health. chemotherapy and phytotoxicity of fungicides. compatibility with other agro-chemicals. persistence. 1988. bacteria and viruses. Practical Acquaintance with formulation of different fungicides and plant protection appliances. methods for detecting microorganism. Theory UNIT I History and development of chemicals. Seed Pathology. Seed Health Testing: Progress Towards the 21st Century. UNIT VI General account of plant protection appliances. nematicides. 1993. residues and health hazards. methods of application of chemicals. viz. London.. advantages and disadvantages of chemicals.. Practical Conventional and advanced techniques in the detection and identification of seed-borne fungi. Suryanarayana D. factor affecting fungicides. UNIT V Handling. persistence. fungicides. seed health testing. PL PATH 511 CHEMICALS IN PLANT DISEASE MANAGEMENT 2+1 Objective To impart knowledge on the concepts. Vols. I & II. environmental pollution.). New Delhi.UNIT IV Production of toxic metabolites affecting seed quality and its impact on human. (Eds. CABI. fungicidal resistance in plant pathogens and its management. MacMillan. bactericides. cost-benefit ratio. bactericides and nematicides. Relationship between seed-borne infection and expression of the disease in the field. 1978. Vikash Publ. management of seed-borne pathogen/diseases and procedure for healthy seed production. UNIT II Classification of chemicals used in plant disease control and their characteristics. Principles of Seed Pathology. preparation of different concentrations of chemicals including botanical pesticides based on active ingredients against pathogens. definition of pesticides and related terms. UNIT IV Formulations. New Delhi. Paul Neergaard. mode of action and application of different fungicides. storage and precautions to be taken while using fungicides.. CBS Publ. detection of naturally occurring fungicide resistant mutants of pathogen.
Suggested Readings Bindra OS & Singh H. Vols. PL PATH 512 ECOLOGY OF SOIL-BORNE PLANT PATHOGENS 2+1 Objective To provide knowledge on soil-plant disease relationship. PL PATH 513 DISEASE RESISTANCE IN PLANTS Objective To acquaint with disease resistance mechanisms in plants. New Delhi. Rovira AD. Ecology of Soil-borne Plant Pathogens. CABI. soil and root inhabiting fungi. The Nature and Practice of Biological Control of Plant Pathogens. Handbook of Systemic Fungicides. Wallington. Torgeson DC (Ed. correlation between inoculum density of test pathogens and disease incidence. 1969.An Application Equipment. Paul. demonstration of fungistasis in natural soils. Pesticides . Nene YL & Thapliyal PN. An Advanced Treatise. 1993. (Eds). Oxford & IBH. APS. Soil-borne Diseases of Tropical Crops. competition. Theory UNIT I Soil as an environment for plant pathogens. UNIT II Inoculum potential and density in relation to host and soil variables. I-III. Cook RJ & Baker KF. Parker CA. antibiosis and fungistasis.). New York. Practical Quantification of rhizosphere and rhizoplane microflora with special emphasis on pathogens. 1970. 1993.concepts and potentialities for managing soil borne pathogens. Isolation and identification of different biocontrol agents. Suggested Readings Baker KF & Snyder WC. New Delhi. Academic Press. Vol. John Wiley. Minnesota. St. host exudates. St Paul. 1965. predation. Vyas SC. New York. 1983. Fungicides in Plant Disease Control. Tata McGraw Hill. suppression of test soil-borne pathogens by antagonistic microorganisms. New York. Ecology and Management of Soil-borne Plant Pathogens. APS. Hillocks RJ & Waller JM. pathogenicity test by soil and root inoculation techniques. nature and importance of rhizosphere and rhizoplane. Fungicides. 3rd Ed. New Delhi. biological control. 2+0 74 . Oxford & IBH. 1977. 1997. II. Cambridge Univ. Press. Garret SD. UNIT III Suppressive soils. Cambridge. Pathogenic Root-infecting Fungi. Types of biocontrol agents. 1983. Minnesota. Moore KJ & Wong PTN.
Van der Plank JE. 2008. Principles of Plant Infection. variability in plant pathogens. hypersensitivity and its mechanisms. vector-plant pathogen interaction. gene centres as sources of resistance. Van der Plank JE. management of vectors for controlling diseases. Springer Verlag. New York. Academic Press. disease progression in relation to resistance. Ludhiana Van der Plank JE. Cambridge Univ. Theory UNIT I History of developments in the area of insects as vectors of plant pathogens. New York. New York. Important insect vectors and their characteristics. Plant Pathosystems. Molecular Aspects of Plant Diseases Resistance. Mills Dallice et al. 2005. Cambridge. 1975. Disease Resistance in Plants. Efficiency of transmission. mouth parts and feeding processes of important insect vectors. dynamics of pathogenicity. protein-for-protein and immunization basis. types of resistance.Theory UNIT I Introduction and historical development. process of infection. PL PATH 514/ INSECT VECTORS OF PLANT VIRUSES AND 1+1 ENT 514 OTHER PATHOGENS Objective To teach the students about the different groups of insects that vector plant pathogens. Minnesota.1996. Robinson RA. Academic Press. 1976. Parker J. Academic Press. Molecular Aspects of Pathogenicity and Resistance: Requirement for Signal Transduction. 1977. Press. Suggested Readings Deverall BJ. 1978. 1984. Strategies for gene deployment. APS. UNIT II Disease escapes. New York. Springer Verlag. 7th Ed. UNIT III Host defence system. Kalyani Publ. Defence Mechanisms in Plants. St Paul. Blackwell Publ. 1982. preformed chemicals in host defence.. disease resistance terminology. identification of physiological races of pathogens. post infectional chemicals in host defence. Plant Breeding – Principles and Methods. disease resistance. UNIT IV Gene-for-gene concept. morphological and anatomical resistance. 75 . phytoalexins. disease tolerance. management of resistance genes. New York. Singh BD. stabilizing selection pressure in plant pathogens. Van der Plank JE. Genetic and Molecular Basis of Plant Pathogenesis. Host Pathogen Interactions in Plant Disease. New York.
76 . exploitation for hypovirulence. history of biological control. definitions. merits and demerits of biological control. London. UNIT II Types of biological interactions. New Delhi. beetles. Academic Press. Practical Identification of common vectors of plant pathogens. 1995. induced resistance. Compatibility of different bioagents. operational mechanisms and its relevance in biological control. mycoparasitism. leafhoppers. UNIT III Transmission of plant viruses by aphids. role of physical environment. demonstration of virus transmission through vectors. pathogens and antagonists and their relationship. UNIT IV Transmission of mycoplasma and bacteria by leaf hoppers and plant hoppers.1980. biocontrol agents. whiteflies. importance. Harris KF & Maramarosh K.UNIT II Transmission of plant viruses and fungal pathogens.aphids. London. culturing and handling of vectors. Epidemiology and management of insect transmitted diseases through vector management. leafhoppers and whiteflies. Suggested Readings Basu AN. nematodes. Academic Press. Leafhopper Vectors and Plant Disease Agents. (Eds. 1979. 1983. (Eds. operational mechanisms and cultural practices in biological control of pathogens. London. mycorrhizal associations. UNIT III Factors governing biological control.). competitive saprophytic ability. English Language Books Series. Relation between viruses and their vectors. Vectors of Plant Pathogens. principles of plant disease management with bioagents. whiteflies. Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) . Pest and Vector Management in the Tropics. PL PATH 515 BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF PLANT DISEASES 2+1 Objective To study principles and application of ecofriendly and sustainable management strategies of plant diseases. UNIT V Transmission of plant viruses by psyllids. rhizosphere colonization. Youdeovei A & Service MW. Theory UNIT I Concept of biological control. comparative approaches to biological control of plant pathogens by resident and introduced antagonists.). Maramorosch K & Harris KF. beetles and mites.aphids. thrips. competition. antibiosis.Crop Pest and Principal Whitefly Vector of Plant Viruses. mealy bugs and thrips. Oxford & IBH. control of soil-borne and foliar diseases. agroecosystem. Longman.
Arora DK & Saxena G. 1983. CRC Press. chemical and biocontrol agents. 1989. St. 2004. Cook RJ & Baker KF. Biological Control Benefits and Risks. chickpea. Mukerji KG. sugarcane. Heikki MT & Hokkanen James M (Eds. Theory UNIT I Introduction. vegetable crops and fruit crops.UNIT IV Commercial production of antagonists. APS. Nature and Practice of Biological Control of Plant Pathogens. Press. kharif pulses. Biotechnological Approaches for the Integrated Management of Crop Diseases. Press. definition. Cambridge Univ.). Florida. 2002. House. Aditya Books. Press. Practical Application of biological. Manoharachary C. Scientific Publ. rapeseedmustard. concept and tools of disease management. 1992. biopesticides available in market. PL PATH 516 INTEGRATED DISEASE MANAGEMENT 2+1 Objective To emphasize the importance and need of IDM in the management of diseases of important crops. Paul. Tewari JP. 77 . pearlmillet.). demonstration of IDM in certain crops as project work. application of antagonists against pathogen in vitro and in vivo conditions. Biological Control of Microbial Plant Pathogens. Tilak KVBR. Study of cfu/g. Quality control system of biocontrol agents. Mennisota. Gnanamanickam SS (Eds). 1986. Practical Isolation. 1996. components of integrated disease management. biological control in IDM. Cambridge Univ. characterization and maintenance of antagonists. Integrated Disease Management and Plant Health. chemical and cultural disease management. biological. application and monitoring. (Eds).their limitations and implications. Cambridge. Recent Developments in Biocontrol of Plant Diseases. New Delhi. Cambridge. Fokkemma MJ. Jodhpur. cotton. their delivery systems. Suggested Readings Gupta VK & Sharma RC. methods of study of antagonism and antibiosis.. New Delhi. Suggested Readings Campbell R. cultural. 1995. Microbiology of the Phyllosphere.rice. UNIT III IDM in important crops. wheat. Biological Control of Crop Diseases. Cambridge. Cambridge Univ.basic principles. Mayee CD. Daya Publ. Mukadam DS & Deshpande Jayashree (Eds. their compatibility and integration in IDM. UNIT II Development of IDM. IPM and organic farming system.
PL PATH 517 MUSHROOM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY 2+1 Objective To develop mushroom cultivation skills for entrepreneurial activity. requirement and maintenance of temperature. Chang ST & Miles PG. New Delhi. Jodhpur. Edible Mushrooms and their Cultivation. New York. DIPA. New Delhi. New Delhi. DIPA. Dhar BL. taxonomy. economics of mushroom cultivation. short and indoor composting methods. cultivation technology of Agaricus bisporus. competitors of various mushroom. Advances in Horticulture (Mushroom). Suggested Readings Chadha KL & Sharma SR.. (Eds). uses of spent mushroom compost/substrate. UNIT V Insect pests. Integrated Plant Disease Management. uses of mushroom. UNIT III Preparation of substrate for mushroom cultivation. 2001. 1989. formulae for different composts and their computation. Historical development of mushroom cultivation and present status of mushroom industry in India. Calocybe indica. Kapur JN. reproduction and strain improvement. identification of various pathogens. ventilation in cropping rooms. maintenance of pure culture. spawning. XIII. Malhotra Publ. relative humidity. CO2. compost. classification. 2002. Theory UNIT I Historical development of mushroom cultivation and present status. preparation of spawn and facilities required for establishing commercial spawn lab. The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms. food. qualities and testing of compost. ICAR. edible and poisonous mushrooms. UNIT IV Facilities for setting up mushroom farm for seasonal and environmentally control cultivation. diseases and abnormalities of cultivated mushroom and their management. 1995. Vol. casing. House. harvesting and postharvest handling of edible mushroom. Academic Press. UNIT II Life cycle of cultivated mushrooms. long. Pleurotus sp. Mushroom Cultivation. 78 . Lentinus edodes and Ganoderma lucidum. 2005. Chang ST & Hays WA. 1997.. Scientific Publ. biotechnology and mushroom cultivation.Sharma RC & Sharma JN. CRC Press. post harvest processing and value addition. Practical Preparation of spawn. medicinal value. Cultivation Technology of High Temperature Tolerant White Button Mushroom. ICAR. Florida.
computerized data analysis. Gareth H & Frame Van den Bosch (Eds. Theory UNIT I Concept of post harvest diseases. Academic Press. 1978. II. systems and factors affecting various components of forecastings. Plant Diseases Epidemics and Control. UNIT II Common and natural logrithms. London. Minnesota. survey. Introduction to Plant Disease Epidemiology. Laurence VM. Paul. Suggested Readings Campbell CL & Madden LV. Allied Publ. modeling disease growth and disease prediction. Practical Measuring diseases. Zadoks JC & Schein RD. some early forecasting. 2006.PL PATH 518 EPIDEMIOLOGY AND FORECASTING OF PLANT DISEASES 2+1 Objective To acquaint with the principles of epidemiology and its application in disease forecasting. 1963. spore dispersal and trapping. procedures based on weather and inoculum potential. population biology of pathogens. Van der Plank JE. inoculum dynamics. Dynamics of Plant Diseases. New York Cowling EB & Horsefall JG. Plant Virus Epidemiology.. 79 . 1995. UNIT III Survey. Nagarajan S & Murlidharan K. principles of plant disease management as preharvest and post-harvest. definitions. New York. 1979. The Study of Plant Disease Epidemics. New Delhi. temporal spatial variability in plant pathogens. Press. PL PATH 519 POST HARVEST DISEASES 2+1 Objective To acquaint with post harvest diseases of agricultural produce and their ecofriendly management. Advances in Virus Research 67. Theory UNIT I Epidemic concept and historical development. Academic Press. John Wiley & Sons. crop loss assessment and models. UNIT IV Principles and pre-requisites of forecasting. merits and demerits of biological/phytoextracts in controlling post-harvest diseases. function fitting area under disease progress curve and correction factors. Oxford Univ. weather recording. Vol. Plant Disease. function fitting. surveillance and vigilance. Academic Press. New York. Epidemiology and Plant Disease Management. St. APS. New York. importance with reference to environment and health.). Thresh JM. 1990. multiplication of inoculum. model preparation and validation. pathometry and crop growth stages. epidemic growth and analysis.
operational mechanisms and cultural practices in perpetuation of pathogens. Isolation. UNIT II Plant protection organization in India. application of antagonists against pathogens in vivo and in vitro conditions. Comparative efficacy of different chemicals. Environmental Acts. role of different storage conditions on disease development. fungicides. Chaddha KL & Pareek OP. induced resistance. saprophytic ability. APEDA. microbial associations. characterization and maintenance of pathogens. quarantine – domestic and international. Import and Export of bio-control agents. contamination of food with toxigens. Acts related to registration of pesticides and transgenics. House. Quarantine restrictions in the movement of agricultural produce. Theory UNIT I Definition of pest. phytoextracts and bioagents. New Delhi. rhizosphere colonization. pesticides and transgenics as per Govt. 1970. notification. UNIT IV Integrated approach in controlling diseases and improving the shelf life of produce. plant quarantine regulations and set-up. Suggested Readings Pathak VN. competitive. Industrial registration. operational mechanisms and its relevance in control. relative importance. microorganisms and their elimination. IBH Publ. role of different storage. application and monitoring for any health hazard. role of biocontrol agents and chemicals in controlling post-harvest diseases. control of aflatoxigenic and mycotoxigenic fungi. case histories of exotic pests/diseases and their status.. antibiosis. knowledge of Codex Alimentarious for each product and commodity. 1992. PQ Order 2003. UNIT III Identification of pest/disease free areas. Advances in Horticulture Vol.UNIT II Types of post harvest problems both by biotic and abiotic causes. agro-ecocystem leading to quiescent infection. IV. Malhotra Publ. concept. History of quarantine legislations. pathogens and antagonist and their relationship. PL PATH 520/ PLANT QUARANTINE 2+0 ENT 520 Objective To acquaint the learners about the principles and the role of Plant Quarantine in containment of pests and diseases. Symptomatic diagnosis 80 . comparative approaches to control of plant pathogens by resident and introduced antagonists. role of physical environment. Practical Isolation characterization and maintenance of pathogens. Diseases of Fruit Crops and their Control. New Delhi. UNIT III Factors governing post harvest problems both as biotic and abiotic. seeds and planting material.
1996. 81 . conidiogenesis and sporulating structures of fungi imperfecti. Suggested Readings Alexopoulos CJ. VHT and other safer techniques of disinfestation/salvaging of infected material. Press. arthospores. Cambridge. David Pimental). pathogenic variability/vegetative compatibility. Chemical (chemotaxonomy). porospores. pesticide industry. Webster J & Weber R. David JC & Stalpers JA.).phialides. 2007. 3rd Ed. Sex hormones in fungi. Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures. UNIT IV WTO regulations. morphological criteria for classification. Mennisota. UNIT III Interaction between groups: Phylogeny. Serological. Introductory Mycology. Suggested Readings Rajeev K & Mukherjee RC. Ulloa M & Hanlin RT. House.. APS. non-tariff barriers. Study of fruit bodies in Ascomycotina. Wallington. (Eds. II. Study of hyphal anastomosis. (Ed. Role of Plant Quarantine in IPM. Molecular and Numerical (Computer based assessment) taxonomy. Rhower GG. Cambridge Univ. Regulatory Plant Pest Management. Mechanism of nuclear inheritance. CRC Press. Morphology of representative plant pathogenic genera from different groups of fungi. Theory UNIT I General introduction. good laboratory practices for pesticide laboratories. Pest risk analysis. John Wiley & Sons. Cannon PF. Biodegradation. Paul. St. 2001. New York. Vikas Publ. Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology. 2nd Ed. Sexual reproduction in different groups of fungi. Ainswsorth and Bisby’s Dictionary of Fungi. PL PATH 601 ADVANCED MYCOLOGY 2+1 Objective To acquaint with the latest advances in Mycology. Dube HC. Vol. Micro conidiation. New Delhi. UNIT II Recent taxonomic criteria. historical development and advances in mycology.and other techniques to detect pest/pathogen infestations. UNIT IV Population biology. An Introduction to Fungi. Mimms CW & Blackwell M. Aditya Books. 1996. Mechanism of extra-nuclear inheritance. 2000. 2005. Practical Study of conidiogenesis. 1991. In: Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture. Introduction to Fungi. Morphology and reproduction of representative plant pathogenic genera from different groups of fungi. Identification of fungi up to species level. Kirk PM. 9th Ed. Pleomorphism and speciation in fungi. CABI. UNIT V Heterokaryosis and parasexual cycle.
SDS-PAGE for molecular weight determination.PL PATH 602 ADVANCED VIROLOGY 2+1 Objective To educate about the advanced techniques and new developments in the field of Plant Virology. Vius Taxonomy. cucummo. UNIT II Immunoglobulin structure and functions of various domains. molecular mechanism of vector transmission. New York. Viruses potential as vectors. molecular mechanism of host virus interactions. vector transmission (one each with aphid. DOT-blot. Plant Virology . UNIT VI Techniques and application of tissue culture. Academic Press. Polymerase Chain Reaction. UNIT III Genome organization. Practical Purification of virus(es). resistant genes. Edward Arnold. southern hybridization.The Principles. bimodal transmission and taxonomy of vectors and viruses. bromo. serological techniques (i) DAC-ELISA (ii) DAS -ELISA (iii) DIBA (iv) Western blots (v) (ab) 2-ELISA. a RNAi dynamics. replication. methods for collecting vectors and their maintenance. 82 . 2005. hybridoma technology and use of monoclonal antibodies in identification of viruses and their strains. nucleic acid isolation. CRC Press. Suggested Readings Davies 1997. PCR application and viral genome cloning. evolution and interrelationship with animal viruses. probe preparation and autoradiography. 1976. vector specificity for classes of viruses. leaf hopper and whitefly). Jones P. ilar and tospoviruses. purification of IgG and conjugate preparation. 1997. transcription and translational strategies of pararetroviruses and gemini viruses. VIII Report of ICTV. UNIT IV Gene expression and regulation. London. virus replication. Plant Molecular Biology: Essential Techniques. virus-vector relationship. transgenic plants. genetically engineered resistance. viral promoters. Jones PG & Sutton JM. ultrastructural changes due to virus infection. Molecular Plant Virology: Replication and Gene Expression. Fauquet et al. Theory UNIT I Mechanism of virus transmission by vectors. mutation and virus strains. assembly and architecture. UNIT V Genetic engineering with plant viruses. John Wiley & Sons. methods of immunodiagnosis. New York. production of polyclonal antiserum. Origin. symptom expression. viral suppressors. variation. viroids and prions. poty-. satellite viruses and satellite RNA genome organization in tobamo-. virus induced gene. Florida. Gibbs A & Harrison B. sequencing annotation of genes.
New York. New York. Vol. RAPD prolfiling of bacteria and variability status. HR/SR reactions. Viral Genes and Plant Pathogenesis. 2002. Plant Viruses as Molecular Pathogens. 46.) development. RNAi technology. Murphy FA & Shatkin AJ.Khan JA & Dijkstra. test for secondary metabolite production. PGPR. UNIT V Molecular variability among phytopathogenic procarya and possible host defense mechanism(s). John Wiley & Sons. 2006. molecular tools to identify phytoendosymbionts. 83 . Academic Press. quorum-sensing phenomenon. New York. Advances in Virus Research 67. expolysaccharide. Endosymbionts for host defence. UNIT II Current trends in taxonomy of phytopathogenic procarya. Endospore. 2004. 1996. Academic Press. Mechanism of wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) development. Maramorosch K. Advances in Virus Research. Ultrastructures and biology of bacteria. Springer Verlag. cyanides. Theory UNIT I Current approaches for the characterization and identification of phytopathogenic bacteria. Plant Virus Epidemiology. Thresh JM.). hrp genes. Mathew’s Plant Virology (4th Ed. Howarth Press. Flagiler staining. specific detection of phytopathogenic bacteria using species/pathovar specific primers. Development of diagnostic kit. New York. plasmid profiling of bacteria. New York. mechanism of soft rot (Erwinia spp. Practical Pathogenic studies and race identification. Molecular Genetics of Bacteria. R-genes. fatty acid profiling of bacteria. toxin. New York. Basic techniques in diagnostic kit development. polypeptide signals in disease development.Endophytes. Pirone TP & Shaw JG. UNIT IV Host-bacterial pathogen interaction. Type III secretion system. PL PATH 603 ADVANCED BACTERIOLOGY 2+1 Objective To provide knowledge about the latest advances in phytobacteriology. Roger Hull 2002. UNIT VII Beneficial prokaryotes. Academic Press. UNIT III Role of enzyme. 1990. EPS. Avr-genes. phylloplane bacteria and their role in disease management. mechanism of Crown gall formation (Agrobacterium tumifaciens). UNIT VI Epidemiology in relation to bacterial plant pathogens. siderophore. Suggested Readings Dale JW & Simon P. Genetic engineering for management of bacterial plant pasthogens-gene silencing. Effector protein.
Garrity GM. Vols. UK. 1992.). bacteria and viruses. Springer Verlag. New York. Gurr SJ. Vols. 2003. signal transduction. Plant Pathogenic Prokaryotes. Mc Pohersen MJ & Bowlos DJ. 2007. mapping and cloning of resistance genes and marker-aided selection.pathogenesis related proteins. 1993. Viral induced gene silencing. DNA and Protein electrophoresis. Springer Verlag. Oxford Univ.fungi. New York. Springer Verlag.A Practical Approach. Krieg NR & Brenner DJ. Oxford. DNA and RNA isolation. Sigee DC. I – IV. Mount MS & Lacy GH. Academic Press. Theory UNIT I Importance and role of biotechnological tools in Plant Pathology. 1993. R-gene expression and transcription profiling. The Prokaryotes. Biotechnology in Plant Disease Control. 1982. Gnanamanickam SS. Suggested Readings Chet I. Press. Programmed Cell Death. Vol. UNIT III Induction of defense responses. recognition system. UNIT IV Molecular basis of gene-for-gene hypothesis. New York. Vols. Ronald PC. II.PCR analysis. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology: The Proteobacteria. New York. 2006. bacterial transformation. UNIT II Molecular basis of host-pathogen interaction.. development of disease resistance plants using genetic engineering approaches. I & II. Cambridge. Bios Scientific Publ. Cambridge Univ. different methods of gene transfer. Bacterial Plant Pathology: Cell and Molecular Aspects. I. Starr MP. Humana Press. biosafety issues related to GM crops. 2006. 1992. UNIT V Biotechnology and disease management. (Eds. Mathew JD. II.Basic concepts and principles to study host pathogen relationship. HR. Practical Protein. Molecular Plant Pathology . Molecular Plant Pathology. PL PATH 604 MOLECULAR BASIS OF HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTION 2+1 Objective To understand the concepts of molecular biology and biotechnology in relation to host-pathogen interactions. New York. reactive oxygen species. 84 . Press. Plant-Pathogen Interactions: Methods in Molecular Biology. phytoalexins and systemic acquired resistance. pyramiding of R genes. New Jersey. Plasmids extraction. John Wiley & Sons. Plant-Associated Bacteria.
org/enus/international_seed/ishi_vegetable. Central Seed Certification Board.).worldseed. Plant Microbe Interactions.html ISHI-F Manual of Seed Health Testing Methods.worldseed.org/en-us/international_seed/ishi_f. Chapman & Hall. http://www. Theory UNIT I Introduction to certification. http://www. US National Seed Health System. germination percentage. vegetative propagules and in vitro cultures. St.html Tunwar NS & Singh SV. Methods used in certification of seeds.org/en/content--1--1132--241.htm.seedtest. Suggested Readings Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies. http://www. Seed Health Testing: Progress Towards the 21st Century. CABI. Indian Minimum Seed Certification Standards.http://www. OECD etc. New York.). Government of India. Ministry of Agriculture. seed health etc. Paul. Methods for testing genetic identity. 1988. minimum seed certification standards. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation. Accreditation of seed testing laboratories. International scenario of certification and role of ISTA.aosca. Minnesota. physical purity. APS Press. UNIT II Case studies of certification systems of USA and Europe.org/ PL PATH 606 PLANT BIOSECURITY AND BIOSAFETY 2+0 Objective To facilitate deeper understanding on plant biosecurity and biosafety issues in agriculture. I-III. (Eds. Vol. National status of seed health in seed certification.Stacey G & Keen TN.org/index. Hutchins D & Reeves JE. in certification and quality control. IV. Role of seed/ planting material health certification in national and international trade. ISHI-veg Manual of Seed Health Testing Methods. Vols.seedhealth. New Delhi. UNIT III Fixing tolerance limits for diseases and insect pests in certification and quality control programmes. (Eds. 1997. EPPO. 85 .html ISTA Seed Health Testing Methods. 1996. National Regulatory mechanism and certification system including seed certification. http://www. UK. PL PATH 605 PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES OF CERTIFICATION 1+0 Objective To acquaint with certification procedures of seed and planting material.
fao. Components of biosecurity.who. strategies for combating risks and costs associated with agroterrorism event. 2006. Khetarpal RK. www. Plant Biosecurity in India .inspection. early warning and forecasting system. Emerging/resurgence of pests and diseases. www.gov.pdf Biosecurity Australia.fao.gov.ca/english/anima/heasan/fad/biosecure.gc. Biosecurity for Agriculture and Food Production. International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. 2001.defra.www.pdf Grotto Andrew J & Jonathan B Tucker.htm Laboratory Biosecurity Guidance.daff. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Tyagi RK & Dhillon.org/biosecurity/ CFIA. Quarantine. Suggested Readings FAO Biosecurity Toolkit 2008.. Khetarpal RK & Kavita Gupta 2006. www. mitigation planning.nz DEFRA.). Issues related to release of genetically modified crops. http://www.Theory UNIT I History of biosecurity.http://www.biosecurity. http://www. pest risk analysis.sht ml 86 . Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and its implications.americanprogress.Status and Strategy.org/kf/biosecurity_a_comprehensive_ action_plan. Biosecurity: A Comprehensive Action Plan.affa. pest/disease and epidemic management. http://www. NBPGR. pest information system.int/csr/resources/publications/biosafety/WHO_CD S_EPR_2006. use of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for plant biosecurity. Transgenic Crops and Biosafety Concerns.htm Randhawa GJ. BS (Eds. Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures/World Trade Organization (WTO).govt. UNIT III Biosafety. integrated approach for biosecurity.uk/animalh/diseases/control/biosecurity/index. UNIT II National Regulatory Mechanism and International Agreements/Conventions viz. Concept of biosecurity. New Delhi.au/ba. Asian Biotechnology and Development Review 9(2): 3963. www. Biowarfare. policies and regulatory mechanism. Invasive Alien Species. risk assessment models.org/docrep/010/a1140e/a1140e00.au/biosecurityaustralia Biosecurity New Zealand.gov.
org www.National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources.Cambridge University Press.backwellpublishing. New Delhi Indian Journal of Mycopathological Research.Canadian Phytopathological Society.Indian Society of Mycology.CAB International. New Delhi Indian Phytopathology .annual-reviews.cabi_publishing.Blackwell Verlag. USA Plant Disease . Pennsylvania Mycological Research .New York Academic Press e-Resources www.apsnet. Kolkata. CSIR.org www. London Physiological Molecular Plant Pathology .org www.com www.American Phytopathological Society.Academic Press. Ludhiana Plant Pathology . Review of Plant Pathology .New York Botanical Garden.Indian Phytopathological Society. Palo Alto.Scientific Publishers.British Society for Plant Pathology. New Delhi Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology . Ottawa Indian Journal of Biotechnology . London Phytopathology . Jodhpur Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology .apsjournals.apsnet.shopapspress. Wallingford Virology.au www.csiro.The American Phytopathological Society.org Suggested Broad Topics for Master’s and Doctoral Research Pathogenesis and characterization of plant pathogens Survey and surveillance Induction of resistance using biotic and abiotic elicitors Variability in plant pathogens Plant-Virus-Vector relationships Genome organization of plant pathogens Dynamics of plant pathogen propagules and their biology Molecular tools in disease diagnosis Molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis in crops and seeds Rhizosphere in pathogenesis of seed-borne plant pathogens Transgenic resistance Development of disease prediction models in disease forecasting Integrated Disease Management Molecular Taxonomy of different plant pathogens Development of Rapid Diagnostic methods 87 .PLANT PATHOLOGY List of Journals Annals of Applied Biology – Cambridge University Press.com/life+Sci/agriculture www. London Annual Review of Phytopathology – Annual Reviews.springer. Berlin Mycologia .org/journals www. Indian Journal of Virology .Indian Virological Society. Udaipur Journal of Phytopathology .Society of Mycology and Plant Pathology. USA Plant Disease Research – Indian Society of Plant Pathologists. California Annual Review of Plant Pathology . Blackwell Publ.
OPAC. etc. RESEARCH ETHICS AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES DISASTER MANAGEMENT Course Contents PGS 501 LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES 0+1 Objective To equip the library users with skills to trace information from libraries efficiently. search engines etc. Use of Internet including search engines and its resources. Secondary Sources and Tertiary Sources. technical papers. etc.Development and Formulation of Improved Biocontrol Agent COMPULSORY NON-CREDIT COURSES (Compulsory for Master’s programme in all disciplines. Literature survey. to apprise them of information and knowledge resources. research and technology transfer. to formulate information search strategies.D. Various parts of thesis and research 88 . Sources of information. Online Public Access Catalogue and other computerized library services. Tracing information from reference sources. and to use modern tools (Internet. eresources access methods.Various forms of scientific writings.) of information search. Use of CD-ROM Databases. Citation techniques/Preparation of bibliography. research papers.Primary Sources. Optional for Ph. manuals.). etc. reviews. scholars) CODE PGS 501 PGS 502 PGS 503 (e-Course) PGS 504 PGS 505 (e-Course) PGS 506 (e-Course) COURSE TITLE LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SERVICES TECHNICAL SKILLS WRITING AND COMMUNICATIONS CREDITS 0+1 0+1 1+0 0+1 1+0 1+0 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND ITS MANAGEMENT IN AGRICULTURE BASIC CONCEPTS IN LABORATORY TECHNIQUES AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH. Practical Technical Writing . Role of libraries in education. Chemical Abstracts. PGS 502 TECHNICAL WRITING AND COMMUNICATIONS SKILLS 0+1 Objective To equip the students/scholars with skills to write dissertations. Intricacies of abstracting and indexing services (Science Citation Index. To equip the students/scholars with skills to communicate and articulate in English (verbal as well as writing). Classification systems and organization of library. Biological Abstracts. CABI Abstracts. Practical Introduction to library and its services. to carry out literature survey.theses.
Speaking English Effectively. 2005. Licensing of technologies. Accentual pattern: Weak forms in connected speech: Participation in group discussion: Facing an interview. introduction. 2nd Ed. Writing of numbers and dates in scientific write-ups. 1994. Hornby AS. Richard WS. Error analysis (Common errors). geographical indications. Chand & Co. 1995.). Prentice Hall of India. trademarks. 1970. 1969. clauses. Technical Writing. designs and layout. NTC Business Books. 3rd Ed. material and methods. photographs and drawings with suitable captions. Phonetic symbols and transcription. 2000. Suggested Readings Chicago Manual of Style. 2000. MacMillan India. Rinehart & Winston. Convention on Biological Diversity. TRIPs and various provisions in TRIPS Agreement.. PGS 503 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND ITS 1+0 (e-Course) MANAGEMENT IN AGRICULTURE Objective The main objective of this course is to equip students and stakeholders with knowledge of intellectual property rights (IPR) related protection systems. 6th Ed. Fundamentals of patents. Mohan K. parts of speech. Holt. Gordon HM & Walter JA. Concord. Comp. Prentice Hall of India. Protectable subject matters. numbering of tables and illustrations. Joseph G. Wren PC & Martin H. Oxford University Press. International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. 2005. 1996. Handbook for Technical Writing. Barnes & Noble. Technical Writing. illustrations.Grammar (Tenses. copyrights. summaries. review of literature. Indian Legislations for the protection of various types of Intellectual Properties. Writing of abstracts. Theory Historical perspectives and need for the introduction of Intellectual Property Right regime. Communication Skills . Robert C. 2004. National Biodiversity protection initiatives. presentation of scientific papers. Sethi J & Dhamija PV. their significance and use of IPR as a tool for wealth and value creation in a knowledge-based economy. Affiliated East-West Press. Course in Phonetics and Spoken English. trade secrets and traditional knowledge. 5th Ed. (Ed. High School English Grammar and Composition. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. preface. ownership and period of protection. 2006. Collins’ Cobuild English Dictionary. précis. Harper Collins. 14th Ed. experimental results and discussion). Abhishek. Editing and proof-reading. pagination. commonly used abbreviations in the theses and research communications. S. protection of other biological materials. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. Collocation. citations etc. punctuation marks). protection of plant varieties and farmers’ rights and biodiversity protection. Intellectual Property and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). benefits of securing IPRs. Material 89 . Spoken English: Flourish Your Language.communications (title page. James HS. Writing of a review article. authorship contents page. protection in biotechnology.
2003. 1999. 2001. thermometer. Ganguli P. A Handbook of Laboratory Solutions. Co. Preparation of solutions of acids. CRC Press. Intellectual Property Rights in Animal Breeding and Genetics. Tissue culture of crop plants. Saha R. Layout Design Act. Preparation of different agro-chemical doses in field and pot applications. V. National Biological Diversity Act. Drying of solvents/chemicals. NRDC & Aesthetic Technologies. flasks. viscometer. pipettes. laminar flow.). Research collaboration Agreement. separatory funnel. Rothschild M & Scott N. micro-ovens. testing of pollen viability. waterbath. Use of burettes. 1970 and amendments. washing. Handling techniques of solutions. measuring cylinders. 1957 and amendments. Electric wiring and earthing. CABI. magnetic stirrer. Use and handling of microscope. Weighing and preparation of solutions of different strengths and their dilution. Government of India. Handling of chemical substances. 2003. Intellectual Property Rights in Agricultural Biotechnology. Preparation of media and methods of sterilization. The Indian Acts . McGraw-Hill.transfer agreements. Description of flowering plants in botanical terms in relation to taxonomy Suggested Readings Furr AK. CABI. Neutralisation of acid and bases. Academic Foundation. (Ed. 2000. vacuum pumps. Seed viability testing. drying and sterilization of glassware. PGS 504 BASIC CONCEPTS IN LABORATORY TECHNIQUES 0+1 Objective To acquaint the students about the basics of commonly used techniques in laboratory. condensers. Chemical Publ. Intellectual Property Rights: Unleashing Knowledge Economy.). and Rules 2003. Design Act. CRC Hand Book of Laboratory Safety. Intellectual Property Rights: Key to New Wealth Generation. 1968. incubators. Ministry of Agriculture. 2004. House. 2006. (Ed. oilbath. 2001. Technology Generation and IPR Issues.1998. micropipettes and vaccupets. Trademarks Act. Preparation of buffers of different strengths and pH values. 2000. Daya Publ. Intellectual Property Rights in NAM and Other Developing Countries: A Compendium on Law and Policies. Suggested Readings Erbisch FH & Maredia K. 90 . PPV and FR Act 2001. State of Indian Farmer. License Agreement. sandbath.Patents Act. Practical Safety measures while in Lab. 2000. The Copyright Act. Gabb MH & Latchem WE. Vol.
PGS 506 DISASTER MANAGEMENT 1+0 (e-Course) Objectives To introduce learners to the key concepts and practices of natural disaster management. opportunities. UNIT II Research ethics: research integrity. Mittal Publ.Principles. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR): International Agricultural Research Centres (IARC). partnership with NARS. Sage Publ. Avalanches. Hisar.. standards and problems in research ethics. 91 . Innovations and Initiatives. Global agricultural research system: need. Special group – Area Specific Programme. Theory UNIT I History of agriculture in brief.Meaning and nature of natural disasters.PGS 505 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH. Rural Development Strategies and Role of Institutions Issues. strengthening capacities at national and regional levels. 1998. to equip them to conduct thorough assessment of hazards. reducing poverty and protecting the environment. role as a partner in the global agricultural research system. Earthquakes. Critical evaluation of rural development policies and programmes. and capacity building. Rural Development . and rural development programmes and policies of Government. 2001. Indian Agriculture . rural development policies and strategies. Policies and Management. Rao BSV. Haryana Agricultural University. Floods. computer ethics. Manual on International Research and Research Ethics. Sage Publ. International fellowships for scientific mobility. scope. Suggested Readings Bhalla GS & Singh G. 2007. research ethics. CCS. Drought. research safety in laboratories. Punia MS. UNIT III Concept and connotations of rural development. Constraints in implementation of rural policies and programmes.Four Decades of Development. Intensive Agricultural District Programme. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). Theory UNIT I Natural Disasters. their types and effects. Cyclone. Role in promoting food security. welfare of animals used in research. Panchayati Raj Institutions. RESEARCH ETHICS 1+0 (e-Course) AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES Objective To enlighten the students about the organization and functioning of agricultural research systems at national and international levels. and risks vulnerability. Voluntary Agencies/Non-Governmental Organisations. National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) and Regional Agricultural Research Institutions. Landslides. Rural development programmes: Community Development Programme. Co-operatives. Singh K.
Volcanic eruptions. State. sea accidents. biological disasters. UNIT III Disaster Management. Central. Heat and cold Waves. Oil fire. District and local Administration. 92 . road accidents.Efforts to mitigate natural disasters at national and global levels. 2001. rail accidents.Nuclear disasters. Disaster Management. National Centre for Disaster Management. India. 2003. chemical disasters. coal fire. Orient Blackswan. deforestation. Concept of disaster management. Disaster Management. Indian National Science Academy. 1991. national disaster management framework. Community-based organizations. air pollution. and media. air accidents. Hodgkinson PE & Stewart M. building fire. Armed forces in Disaster response. Sharma VK. Routledge. Ozone Depletion UNIT II Man Made Disasters. water pollution. Industrial wastewater pollution. Climatic Change: Global warming. Disaster response: Police and other organizations. International Strategy for Disaster reduction. Suggested Readings Gupta HK. forest fire. financial arrangements. Coping with Catastrophe: A Handbook of Disaster Management. Sea Level rise. role of NGOs.
Katyal. J. Tiwari. Gaur. The logistic support provided by Dr R. Rajendran. ICAR for providing input and all the administrative support. we are indebted to Dr. K. and his team of scientists for facilitating to hold a Workshop of all the stakeholders at PDBC Bangalore is thankfully acknowledged. the BSMA Committee wishes to place on record the valuable technical inputs received from all the stakeholders involved in this effort. CCS Haryana Agricultural University.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS To embellish our gratitude. The critical inputs provided by Dr T. ADG (EQR). Hisar for his stewardship and overall guidance on the issues to be addressed by the BSMA Committees. J. The committee is also indebted to Dr S. S. The basic document (first draft) prepared by the faculty of Plant Protection. DDG (Education) and Dr R. and Vice Chancellor. New Delhi for organizing the BSMA Committee meetings at IARI. ICAR. National Core Group. 93 . CCS HAU has served as the basis for the BSMA Committee and the efforts of the HAU faculty are highly appreciated. Chairman. First and foremost. IARI. Rabindra. ADG (Plant Protection). Mittal. P. P. were helpful in designing this document. Dean and Joint Director (Education). We are thankful to Dr H. Project Director. C.
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