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Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/CUVÂNT INAINTE
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE
Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.
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Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri
Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.
LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:
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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.
I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ
3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?
Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?
worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak
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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.
1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.
1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.
1. Traduceti in limba engleza:
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) Trebuie precizat faptul ca.) I have known John for two years. I didn’t get up early this morning. Ex. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. 9. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today. In acest caz. this month. 8. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. I have seen two films this week. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. 19. Ex. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. dintr-un motiv sau altul. 18. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. intereseaza in prezent. Ex. I lost my umbrella yesterday.m. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. 20.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. 2. Ex. seldom. De asemenea. this week. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. 5. 12. 22. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat.. 21. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. In acest caz.) l arata o actiune trecuta. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. 10. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. 15. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. always. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia. se foloseste Past Simple. 6. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. 14. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. Ex. 13. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often. ora 2 p. ora 10 a. terminata.actrus. already.) I haven’t seen John since September. http://quintet. Page 8 of 18 1. I must buy a new one. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. 11. I haven’t got up early this morning. 7. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa.. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent. timp de).) I have known John since 1990. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. 16.m. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. 17. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. incepând din) si for (de. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. C. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . care are rezultate in prezent sau care. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din.. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela.actrus.. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua. never. this year.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". 3. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. arata o actiune trecuta.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. just. I must buy a new one. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when". Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . I haven’t seen John for two months. ever. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent.
5. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No. It has been raining for three hours. 3.. 17.. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. Would you like a cake? No. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. You (not see) it anywhere? No. 15. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. Ex. He has not (hasn’t) been working. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". intre un moment trecut si prezent. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. I (buy) a new house.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 19. (Ploua de trei ore. yet (in propozitii negative). You (be) out of work long? 5. 7. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. It’s time we woke him up. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua. thank you.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. 11. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. When you (use) it last? 2. I (not be) to the seaside this year. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. We (know) each other for several years. You must come and see it. Page 10 of 18 Ex. 3. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. 12. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. 2.html 6 of 42 . sa continue si in viitor. 1. You (see) your mother this week? No. 8. 18. 13. 7.) I haven’t seen him lately. I (lose) my pen. The radio (play) since 7 a. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. 11. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. I have often been to England. 10. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. 14. 4. 9. 6. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. Yes. I already (see) this film.actrus.actrus. 20. He (not come) home yet. 22. 7. I (lend) him some money today. 21. Ex. 2. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul. If it doesn’t stop soon. Daca nu se opreste in curând. 8.) Dupa cum se poate observa. 16. 12. 6. fie cu perfectul compus. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. Ex. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. we shall have floods. I am tired because I have been working all day. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. 4. cu accent pe durata.) De asemene. 6. I have never been to England. care continua in prezent. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). 3. 10. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. 1. I am not out of work now. It (not rain) since December. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. 8. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I’m tired of it. vom avea inundatii. I haven’t..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I (get) a job last month.m. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. He hasn’t returned home yet. 9. I just (have) one. You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. she (try) to make trouble. 4. in functie de context. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna..
She said she already (be) to England. 11. 10. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3.) He said it had been raining for three days. I had finished writing my homework.actrus. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Page 12 of 18 9. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da.. in acest caz. l-am luat la ora 8. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. Ex. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . 18. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. she had been typing for one hour. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele. Este. 6. El este ministru de doi ani. Afirmativ I had worked. 24. he got bored. 20. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. 9.. 1. un verb de relatie. Afirmativ I had been working. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. acum doi ani. D. 25. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. 10. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. Ex. 5. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. 2. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. 3.) Ca sens. 7. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da.) When you rang me up. (Când mi-ai telefonat.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 21. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. 15. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin).) Dupa cum se observa. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. 23. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. terminasem de scris temele. De asemenea. Un copil a spart geamul. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. am petrecut o luna aici. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da. ea batea la masina de o ora. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. (Când el a intrat in camera. dar. 2. a plecat acum o ora. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. 22. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. 11.. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. 13. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 4. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. 19.actrus. 16. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. 14. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 8. http://quintet. they drank some coffee. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. When he entered the room. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. ca si Present Perfect. 12. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile.. Ninge de doua ore. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. After they (finish) dinner. De când mi-am cumparat masina. s-a plictisit. 17.
ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. You will be going. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. 8. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. When I (find out) he (get married). 2. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived.. We (shall) will not be going.html 12/15/04 1. will la persoana II si III. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz. she (write) letters for one hour. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. When we reached the top. You will be going. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. 9. 10. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. 5. When she decided to have a rest. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. mother (cook) for two hours. 4. http://quintet. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. it (rain) for one hour. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. 6. 9. When we met them. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. When she sat for the exam.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. 7. she felt chilly.. 10. 9. 8. E. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. 3. 3. 5. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. Page 14 of 18 3. 4. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. 7.actrus. 6. 10. After John (leave). se foloseste numai „shall". 5. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. 7. 7. 2. we (realize) we (lose) our way. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. 1. 4. At 3 o’clock on Friday. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. 5. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours.. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. 4. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. she (study) the subject for a week. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. We (shall) will be going. When I left home. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 10. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. 6.. After we (walked) for an hour. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. 3. am mers la culcare. When we arrived at Sinaia. They will be going. When I arrived home.html 8 of 42 . she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 2. I (return) from school. 1. I realized she (have) a party. we (climb) for 7 hours. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. 8. I (shall) will meet him next week. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. Ex. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. You will not be going. He/she/it will be going. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. After John (listen to) the news bulletin.actrus. When I rang her up. a inmânat-o profesorului. He/she/it will not be going. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. 8. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. 6. 9. When I called on her unexpectedly.
la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. Ex.. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". I will have been studying for three hours. He said that at 3 o’clock. Când vei veni tu acasa.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.actrus. They will not be going.actrus. he would be travelling to England. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". Ex. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. I will be travelling to England. He/she/it will have gone. Ex. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. You will have gone.. Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. They will not have gone. You will not have gone.. You will have gone. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. (El a spus ca va intârzia. He said he would be late. the next day. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. la ora 3.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 . Negativ I (shall) will not have gone.. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. They will have gone. We (shall) will have gone. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. We (shall) will not have gone.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I should (would) be going. Ex. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. va calatori spre Anglia. He/she/it will not have gone. Este un timp rar folosit. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. You will not have gone. At three o’clock. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going. When you come home. I will have reached Predeal. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. I (shall) will have been going. Ex. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. By three o’clock tomorrow.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet. (have + forma III). Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara.
6. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. I am going to read this book. 5. 2. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.m. Let’s hurry to the beach. You (be) in London tomorrow. we (take) our exam.) It is going to rain. In a week’s time. When you reach Sinaia. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. Intr-un astfel de context. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1.. arata un program precis. Next year. Arata o intentie. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. She (watch) TV. Ex. 2. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. This time next month. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. I (work) at the office till late at night.actrus. 4. 1. 5. 4. By the time you come home.html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . I (know) the results in three days’ time. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. 9. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. 10. it probably (rain).) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. I (cook) for two hours. 3. This time next day. 8. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. By the end of the month. When I take the exam. 7. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I (swim) in the sea. 8. I (pay off) all my debts. bine stabilit. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. 9. 3. 4. they (be married) for 25 years. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. He (study) all day tomorrow. 5. I leave for London tomorrow. 6. 3. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. By the beginning of next week. 10. I am meeting John this morning. http://quintet. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. the baby (cry). 3. 9. 2. 10. I am sure I (succeed). Vineri. By 5 o’clock. I (have) breakfast. He (be) pleased if you invite him.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.actrus. I am sure you (like) this book. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international. 8. 8. 10. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 3. 11. 7.. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. intre orele 12 si 1. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat..) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. 5. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. Unde il vei pune? Ex. 12. Don’t expect me home for dinner. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. By the end of the season. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. mâine. 7. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. 7. 9. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes.. 4. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. 6. Ex. If we don’t hurry. we (climb) the mountain. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. Pâna la ora 1. 4. I (work) on this paper for a month. 6.
ci in fraze. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. când propozitia secundara este atributiva. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. desigur. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2. de exemplu. Ex. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut.) I will have finished studying when you come home. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. 2. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet.) He said he would buy a car if he had money.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. (El a spus ca este bolnav. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta.actrus. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. Present Tense Continuous. nu in propozitii. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. Ex. 3. Present Perfect Simple. Ex. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi. Past Perfect Simple. Propozitia principala 1. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens.) He said he was going to school. Se poate intâlni. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC.) b.) She promised her mother she would help her.html 11 of 42 .) I arrived home after it had stopped raining. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. He said he would come to see me when he had time. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp.actrus. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. (El a spus ca merge la scola.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala.) 1. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. Past Tense Continuous. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. Ex.
4. 6. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). this beach will become very crowded. 5. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. 7. 10. 10. 14. too. 7. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. 3. 9. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. she will take a job as a secretary. 6. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 5. 16. 1. When I (finish) the book.actrus. When their first baby (be born). Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. As wages had gone up. 2. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. 15. I congratulated him. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". not before. 2. 4. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. 10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. 2. 2. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). 19. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. As soon as the holidays (begin). 3. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. 6. Page 4 of 5 1. In 1998. I will lend it to you. They didn’t know that I (play) football. 9. we supposed prices (go up). We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase.html 12 of 42 . 4. 3. 7. you will feel better. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. 5. When it started to rain. 3. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. It was clear they (talk) business again. they were listening to music. 8. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. I understood you (be) a painter. 8. 11. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. 12. 12/15/04 http://quintet. precum si exceptiile: 1. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I will do it when I (want) to. 6. 10. She told me his name after he (leave). You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. 9. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 4. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 3. When I heard the main actor was ill. 6. After he (repair) the car. I (not decide) yet. 1. 17. 8. I believed you (be) at the seaside. After I (hear) the news. 18. 4. 5. 9. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. 5. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. After you (drink) a coffee. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 5. 7. they will have been married for five years. 4. By the time you (finish) translating the text. When he finally reached London. 6. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. When I arrived. 8. 20. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 7. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. 8. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. the concert already (begin). We all believed he (win) the competition. Looking out of the window. When we (go) to see them last night.actrus. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 7. He believed the strike (end) very soon. After she (learn) to type. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). 1. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. 8. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. cu timpul. he will drive to Sinaia. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). sa ajunga regula. Pentru moment insa. I was not sure if you (speak) English. 5. 2. 3. He promised he (drive) me home. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. 9. 13. He told me he never (see) the sea. He just (leave) home when he came across John. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. 2. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. I shall have typed all the letters. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her.
He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 7. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. 12. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. wouldn’t. ai merge. 17. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni.. When I finally arrived home. 6.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. After we have finished dinner. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. 15. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. 18. 3. 11. 14. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. 19. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. 7. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat.actrus. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 12. After having visited Italy.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. You will never know how much I (suffer). I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt. 5. 8. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. He was very upset because I (be) late. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. 13. 20. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. 11. he decided he (change) his job. 10. we (drink) coffee and brandy. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2.).. 9. 16. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. A week ago.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 10. 4. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). ar merge etc. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna.
Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. If you don’t hurry. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. If I see him. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. este posibila omiterea lui if. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. What shall we do. ai fi mers. you (not find) me at home.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA.). dar improbabila. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. in loc de Present Simple. If I tell you something. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. 5. In caz ca telefoneaza.. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1. providing.) I will stay at home if it rains.actrus.actrus. In acest caz. we would be fined. If it (go on) raining. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. suppose. If I (move) to the country-side. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. should). unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa. ar fi mers etc. tell her I am out. If I (know) his phone-number. you (be) late. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 2. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . I (greet) him. Ex. Unless you come at 6. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. I (buy) it. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. supposing. If I like the dress. 9. 8. If she should ring up.. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. If the police should find out the truth. Ex. 10. 3. Ex. 1..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. you will have to look after it. I would ring him up. If she finds out what has happened. were. would you visit me? 3. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine. she (be) very angry. cu exceptia verbului „to be". (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. daca sar intâmpla ca.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. we shall have floods. De asemenea. 6. in case.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). If you (take) a dog. 7. had. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna.) I would stay at home if it rained. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. 4. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua.. noi am fi amendati. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. you (not pass) the exam. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet.
I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 5. 7. I (answer) your question if I can. I (buy) a car. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. 4. 8. 4. 3. Had I learned English grammar. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. Dacaar fi plouat. 8. he (take) a pill. you wouldn’t have an accident. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. 8. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. If you had known English. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. 3. you (not get) into trouble. 6. 9. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 3. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. 4. he (get) a bar of chocolate. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. 2. strazile ar fi ude.. 10. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. I (answer) it. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. you (read) Shakespeare in the original.. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. If I (know) you had no driving licence. 6. he (not make) so many mistakes. If you (drive) more carefully. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect.. 1. Had I been at home. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. 12. 7. 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 6. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. 2. If the child is good. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. Page 5 of 5 4. I would go home immediately. If I (see) him. I (not do) this. 9. 7. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. 5. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. I would be nervous.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . 9. I would have succeeded. If he (realize) it was so late. I would speak to him. I (answer) the phone.. If you had taken my advice. If I (be) you. Daca va ploua.actrus. strazile vor fi ude. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 1. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 6. If I (not tell) him. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. It (be) better if you had waited. 6. strazile ar fi fost ude. mi-ar fi fost frig. he would have gone home. 1. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. 5. If I won the lottery. 8. Should he have a headache. 4. 9. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. If he were more careful. 2. 10. 8. he would never have known. 3. 2. 10. 9. If he had written a letter to me.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 5. Daca ar ploua. 7. 10. 10. Were I in your place. voi mânca la un restaurant.actrus. If I (work) harder. 7. He (tell) you if you had asked him.
He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. could. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. à He said he would be at home on that day. "If it had rained. He said if it rained he would stay at home. I will stay at home. He said if itrained he would stay at home. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. ought to. He said he had been ill. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard. He said: „She gave me a book"... Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta.actrus. Ex. – He said „I am ill". 1." 1. He said he was ill.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. He said: „I’ll be at home today". Ex.. He said she had given him a book. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day. 3. He said he had been working hard. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. I would stay at home." Ex. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. Se schimba pronumele. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex. 1." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. Verbele modale would..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. He said he would do the exercise. should. He said „I will do the exercise". He said „I was ill".html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. I would have stayed at home. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. 2. in functie de sens.actrus. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1. today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4.
Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. please? 4. 9. on holiday. please! Read the text. 6. 11. 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 3. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. ceea ce este o greseala. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. Incorect: He asked me what was the time.. Ex. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. 2. 8.actrus. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. 1.. 8. 2. 6. 7. 2. Will you help me. 7. ordered) me to come in. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. He asked me where I had been. 6. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. If I had been at home. 5. 2. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. 5. 12. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. 11. I will buy a car next year.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Ex. Where have you been? I’ve been away. 3. 1. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . à He told me to go out. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. I will go shopping right now.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. 2. 12. 4. Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. If I have enough money. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. I would have answered the phone. 1. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ. 7. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. 10. à He said (that) he was ill. 4. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta.actrus. John left for Sinaia two days ago. 9. 3. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. I went to England two years ago.. I am very busy today.. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). 9. He asked me if I liked music. 2. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. 4. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. 10. 4. Ex. Ex. He said: „I am ill". He said „Go out". 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". 8. 3. 10. 5. The weather was fine yesterday. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. I saw this film a week ago.
Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. I had been asked. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. de asemenea. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea.actrus. Ex. I am asked. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality.. 6.html 18 of 42 . Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect.. my flat was being painted. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. 5. 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 8. se omite formularea by. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. In aceste situatii. While I am in hospital.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. He has found your bag. Ex. I will be asked. I have been asked. care. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. complementul indirect si. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. Ex. de la sfârsitul propozitiei.actrus. complementul prepozitional. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. Unde complementul direct este a book. 9. Ex. A specialist will repair my TV set. Desigur. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. my flat is being painted. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. Activ: I gave him a book. They will finish the work today.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). In this office punctuality is insisted on. 4. In limba româna.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. While I was in hospital. iar complementul indirect este him. 7. Someone has found the missing child. I was asked. 2. In multe cazuri. In limba engleza. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. I will invite my friend to a party. 10. in unele cazuri. Activ: She looked after the child.
I was recommended a very good doctor. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. A reception was held in his honour. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. 5.actrus. He hasn’t slept in his bed. 2. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. 6. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. 3. 9. 5. 7. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. 2. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. The teacher asked me a difficult question. He hates being made fun of.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. 4. They set fire to the shed. 6. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. 8. 2. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus. The noise frightened me. 12. 5. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. The policeman will show us the way. 14. They have given me a nice present. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. People play football all over the world. 15. 4. 6. 3. 7. 13. This book will soon be forgotten. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 11. 4. 9. They are building a new house round the corner. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. 7. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. The pupils will be told where to sit. 10. We objected to his proposal. I teach them English. 7. We called for the doctor. 10. 3. 4. 8. when I passed by. 8. 8. 9. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. They will give me a reward. 9. 7. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. http://quintet. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 2. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. 6.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. 3. 2. 8. 5. These books mustn’t be taken away. 4. They didn’t look after the children properly. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. English is spoken all over the world. 10. 6. 2. 9. Burglars broke into the house. 5. 7. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 4. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. I have lent John two of my books. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. We laughed at John. 3. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. 10. 9. 8. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. 6.
pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. I can swim.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. prezent. Ex. Can 1. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. El e in strainatate. should. may.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. (Pot sa fac aceasta. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. He cannot (can’t) speak English.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. May 1. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. poti. The sun hasn’t set yet. can I take your car? Tata. a fi in stare Ex.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 . se foloseste infinitivul trecut.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. He may/might be at home now. It may/might rain. could. to be permitted to. He could have been here in time. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. (Da. Ex.) I can speak English. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. ought to. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). 2.) Cu acest sens. Ex. Soarele nu a apus inca. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. Ex. a avea permisiunea Ex.) l 3. Ex. 2. Ia-ti umbrela.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. you may. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. (Stiu sa inot. Ex. Ex. Ex. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. Can is a model verb. Father. Se folosesc inlocuitori. are sensul de a putea. Ring up John. I can do this. nu e posibil sa. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. would. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. Ex. must. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. Take your umbrella. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. He said I might smoke in that room.) Negativ: may not. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. need. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. s-ar putea sa ploua. might. Se traduce cu a sti sa. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". I can make this traslation. will. l Nu au toate timpurile. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. shall. are sensul de a putea. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. Ex. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. can’t Ex. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". He is abroad. Ex. Telefoneaza-I lui John. In vorbirea familiara. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. http://quintet. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent.actrus. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons.). prezent Negativ: cannot. Ex. He can speak English. Can = infinitiv.
You may/might help me when I am in need. I must go home. you must! (Da. Ex.actrus. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. ar fi bine sa. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. Negativ: must not. Ex. It’s got late. 2. Probabil ca era târziu. ar fi cazul sa. It must have been late. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. S-a facut târziu. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". I had to finish the traslation yesterday. Cu acest sens. Trebuie sa plec acasa. de asemenea. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. solicitarea unui sfat. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Ex. dar a fost facuta. De asemenea. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. you needn’t. 3. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. o obligatie morala. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie".ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. se adauga infinitivul trecut. interogativ. Nu. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. You mustn’t drive so fast. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. Let’s call on him. shall indica viitorul. Ex. John must be at home now. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. Ex. o oferta sau o sugestie. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. Ex. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. we have enough time.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . You needn’t drive so fast. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. A trebui Ex. He doesn’t need this book. Hai sa mergem acasa. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Probabil ca e târziu. Ex. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. Ex. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. avem destul timp. l Need: verb modal.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. prezent Nu are alte timpuri.actrus. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. notional. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. nu e nevoie. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Ex. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. We didn’t need to do this exercise. You needn’t have watered the flowers. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. Ex. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. It must be late. poate indica. Let’s go home. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. o recomandare. Folosit cu persoana I. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. May/might pot exprima un repros. Ex. there is a speed limit here. aici e limita de viteza. Ex. se foloseste verbul must. Should. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. Hai sa-l vizitam. 1.
ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Nota: In afara de „would". 4. She will be her sister. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . 1. Ex. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. He can swim very well. 3. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. When I was a child.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. I must go soon. You may leave earlier. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. 20. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. This radio won’t work. 12. You needn’t do this. I cannot translate ten pages a day. Ex. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. You may not smoke in this room. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. acolo unde este necesar: 1. She can play the piano very well. Will. John must be ill. 13. 12. 16. 8. there is plenty in the fridge. He should go to school everyday. You shouldn’t go to bed so late.actrus. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. 18. 11. 2. O fi sora ei. 4. You might change your mind about that. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum. care are numai forma de trecut. 15. 11. 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. l Actiune repetata: . 5. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. You might pay more attention to your work. 5. He ought to tell me the truth. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. He needn’t buy milk. This child may have another cake. I must learn English. 13. He may be at home. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. 18.actrus. 20. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. 6. It can’t be too late.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. 16. Când eram copil.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. my mother would read me fairy tales. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. 7. 8. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. 19. 7.html 22 of 42 . This girl looks very much like Jane. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. 19. 14. 2. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. You might write to me more often. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. John could be a winner. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. 6. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. She can lend you that book. 15. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. 17. He must be delayed at the office. 14. 10. 10. 9. 9. 17. You may not speak to your mother like that. 3. my mother used to read me fairy tales. It might rain. Would l Formula de politete. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. shall poate arata o promisiune. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. I must look up the words in the dictionary. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul.
html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. 7. You … take sleeping pills too often. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. You have probably forgotten his address. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. 6. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. Don’t wait. 8. 9. 8. 4. You … take an umbrella. 10. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. 10. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. 10. 7. 10. Page 8 of 10 1. 2. I don’t believe you were right. 7. 2. I …read one book a day. I don’t think this is a true story. You must have forgotten to lock the door. 2. I don’t think the weather will change. but I doubt it. You can’t have been right. holidays will be very different. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. 4. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. When I was a teenager. 1. 5. 5. You …not expect everybody to obey you. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. 9. 3. He was probably late. Take your umbrella. I don’t believe it is his fault. It may/might snow in the mountains. 9. perhaps it will rain. it will soon start raining. I don’t believe she has got so fat. 9. for once? 6. 1. 6. 6. 5. He …reach the Moon and walk there. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. 1. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. 7. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. 5. People … speak during the concert. 3. You can’t be right. He is probably older than he looks. 8. You probably forgot to lock the door. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. 3. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. I’ll give you as much as you want. He probably came home very early. 8. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. I have bought his latest book. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. Man …travel through space now. …you tell me the truth. You…water the flowers. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. 7.actrus. I …wear my hair long.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 1. 10. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. He must speak English well. He …read for hours on end. 9. 3. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 4. 4. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. 9. 6. I think she was angry with you. It is possible that I come home early. He probably thinks I am wrong. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. 6. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. 3. 4. 4. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. 5. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. 2.actrus. It is possible for her to be very late. 1. The sky is clear. they are addictive. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. She is probably a very good doctor. 2. You …not go to bed so late at night. 5.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. 1. He … even drive on its surface. perhaps it is a good one. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. You … worry about money. 3. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. 5. 8. I don’t believe it was his fault. 2. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains.
It …(rain) here. 7. o incuiasem chiar eu. You …do this whether you like it or not. 10. Traduceti in limba engleza. 4. 10. You …(lend) him so many books. The light was on in his room. 25. 24. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. 2. I …(be) in the garden. 23. 11. 8. 30. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. 29. he was back soon. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul." "Yes. 5. 4.actrus. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. I wrote him a letter. but he himself believes he needn’t. Vreti. 9. he is a nice boy. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. 16. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. Va trebui sa plec curând.actrus. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. It’ll get stale. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. Page 10 of 10 10. he will never read them all. 5. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. I locked the door and took the key with me. I …(answer) the questions." "His family consider he should. 10. 1. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu. This door … not unlock. The child … (leave) home. I promise you not …be disturbed. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta." 1. you …re-type it. 20. This …be John’s house. The student …(write) such a long composition. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. You …(wait) for me. 22. 18. You …(see) Anna yesterday. but I forgot it was Sunday. 17. the road is dry. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. 26. 6. va rog. You…(lend) him your text – book. He …(be) at home. 4. 10. 8. please? This letter is full of mistakes. 9. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. which was very convenient. 3. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. I didn’t hear the phone. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. Go to sleep. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. 28. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . I am sorry you wasted your time. I …(see) him for that. 6. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. We …(wait) too long.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. She is away. 13. 4. … you correct my exercise. he is a very poor swimmer. 9. 8. I …(leave) it on the bus. He has one of his own. Nu stiu sa crosetez. 5. 11. http://quintet.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. You …(buy) so much bread.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. John …(do) such a thing. 6. you…get a nice present. 27. 2. I haven’t got my bag with me. 19. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. 12. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. 21. 3. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. 12. 2. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. I …(get up) so early today. He …(swim) across the Danube. 7. Completati spatiile goale cu must. which would have saved me a lot of work. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. 3. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one. 5. If you win the contest. 8. 9. 15.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 6. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. am baut deja doua astazi. 14.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 7. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. She …write an article for this magazine every week.
Fie ce-o fi. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. o urare. exprimând o lozinca. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. Come what may. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. it is necessary that. a. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. it is desirable that. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. It is high time you began to study seriously..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. (E timpul. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. would + infinitiv. to urge. a. It is time the child went to bed. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. may.) Ex. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. to order Ex. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. might. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. it is likely that. It is necessary that you be present. I wish (mi-as dori. De asemenea. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. to suggest.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (Era de mult timpul. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala..actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. Ex. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. in situatii in care. Ex. Ex. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. Somebody bring me a glass of water.. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. Ex. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. to insist. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. I wish I were in England now. Apare in propozitii exclamative. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. d. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. 1. to demand. to recommend. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. I wish it would stop raining. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. se foloseste would. I wish I had been born in England. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense..html 25 of 42 . d)It is time. in engleza contemporana. You speak English as if you had lived in England. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. 1. It is impossible that he do this. Ex. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor.actrus. apare ca were la toate persoanele. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Everybody leave the hall.) It is high time. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. o dorinta sau un blestem. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. Ex. Ex.
Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. It is impossible that he should have done this. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. l Dupa so that. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. in order that De asemenea. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. it was possible Ex. I will ring you up. I would sooner stay at home tonight. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. to urge. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. no matter when. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. whenever. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. l Dupa to hope. to suggest. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. a.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea.. l Dupa whoever. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. to recommend. In exemplul de mai sus. you have no right to do this. it is necessary that. I hope that he may pass the exam. Wherever I may/might be. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. It is possible that he may be here in time. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. fie in vorbirea direca. Oricine ai fi. No matter who you may/might be. iar in aceste cazuri. etc. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. whichever. It is necessary that you should be present. Ex. wherever. Whoever you may/might be. Hurry up lest you should miss the train.when. to be afraid Ex. l Ex. Ex. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. to insist. iti voi telefona. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. Dupa cum se observa. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. why.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Hurry up lest you miss the train. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. in secundara se foloseste might. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. Intrebari introduse prin how. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. It was possible that he might be here in time. where.actrus. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. Ex. Ex. l Dupa it is possible. l Ex.. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. fie in vorbirea indirecta. in secundara se foloseste may. however. Page 4 of 8 Ex. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. Ex.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. It is impossible that he should do this. Oriunde as fi. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. 1.actrus. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. may. you have no right to do this. to demand..CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv..
8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 5. I wish I could speak English. 10. 6. 12. 11. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. 5. 15. 5. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. Page 6 of 8 Ex. I am sorry you had an accident. 10. I was sorry you had got a fine. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. It’s time we (go) home. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. I would rather you (close) that window. 5. I was sorry you were out when I called. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. 8. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. 9. 20. I am sorry he will not take my advice. 3. 6. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. I am sorry I was late for the party. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii.. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. I am sorry you live so far away. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii.html 27 of 42 . 4. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 5. 4. 9. 16.actrus. 19. 4. 10. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. As prefera sa merg la teatru. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. 7. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. 8. 6. I regret you didn’t win the competition. 1. 8. I regret I have only one child. 18. I wish I might borrow your car.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. 10. 3. 3. 10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. I am sorry books are so expensive. 3. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. I regret I am not a student. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. 8. 1. I regret I have no children. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. 2. 7. 9. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. 2. 11.. You behave as if you (own) the place. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. 1. 5. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. 7. I am sorry it rains so often. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. 9. 4. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday.. I wish he would take my advice. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. 7. 2. 1. 6. 13. I wish the weather were fine. 3. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. 17. 4. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England.actrus. 14. 2. 12/15/04 1. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. I am sorry my friend is ill. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 7. 9.. 6. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. 2. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella.
Page 8 of 8 12. 11. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. 19. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. 3. 7. 6. 17. Oricât te-ai stradui. 12. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 14. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 10. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. 9. 6. 3. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. 5. I wish I (find) another. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). 16. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). 6. 13. 5. 19. I have such a boring job. 13. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. nu te pot crede. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 3. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. 8. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. 5. 7. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. 15. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. 7. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa.. 16. you should remember your own phone number.. 9. 4. 4. Orice mi-ai spune. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. Oricare ar fi motivul. 20. 14. 8. 7. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. 2.actrus. 2. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. 12/15/04 http://quintet.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 17. 2. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. 2. 5. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul.. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. 6. 4. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. 4. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. 10. 10. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper).ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.html 28 of 42 . 9. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. 18. 8.actrus. 3. I wish my car (not break down) last week. The road is wet. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. Oricând te vei intoarce. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. la tara. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. 8. 6. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa.. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. 8. 18. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1.
Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. to consider.. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. to declare. to hear.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I rely on you to do this. to believe. Ex. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. He considered the news to be false.) e. to make. (Consider ca el este un bun student.) d.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . to feel. He is said to be a good writer. to know. to dislike. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . to suppose. to know.actrus. Ex. Ex. I consider him to be a good student. I made him study English. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. He is considered to be a good student. verbe exprimând un ordin.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet. to count upon/on . Ex.) b. to wish.. to understand. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). He admitted the news to be false.) He ordered the door to be locked. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. to expect. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. to suppose. a. I’d like him to come with me. I made him study English.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. verbe declarative: to state. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. I consider him to be a good student. to like. Ex. to believe.) c. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a. Ex. to admit. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. Ex. to expect. el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta.) f.) I expected him to come in time. in cazul verbelor neregulate. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp.) 1. to order. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think.. Ex. I want you to go now. to hear. to consider.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex..) They declared him to be the man of the year. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. to say.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 .) I let him go out and play. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. to cause. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. to hate. to allow. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. He was made to study English. diateza si timpuri. I saw him leave the room.actrus. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. to watch.) I want John to do this.
Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. (El a fost vazut plecând. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. It is easy for me to do this. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. to seem.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. 2. She had two sons killed in the war. ii voi spune unde esti. precum si cu verbele to find.html 30 of 42 .) I left / found her crying. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu. to watch. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând.) I heard her singing. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex.actrus. (Am auzit-o cântând. (Daca vremea va permite.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este. It is necessary that I (should) go there. He was declared to be the man of the year. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1.actrus. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. to prove. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala.) I happened to meet him in the street. (Orele fiind terminate. They declared him to be the man of the year.) 3. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. am mers acasa. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. (E usor sa fac asta.) If I happen to meet him. de obicei.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. Ex. I will tell him where you are. we went home. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. we shall go to the beach. Ex. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. to smell. to hear. 12/15/04 http://quintet. a. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza.) This remains for him to decide. It is impossible that I (should) come.) Weather permitting. I had my bedroom window broken. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false. Ex. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist.. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor.. vom merge la plaja. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. (Ea a fost auzita cântând.. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. b. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului.) It is necessary for me to go there. She is sure to come in time. cu verbele: to happen. He proved to be a good journalist. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo.. Ex: The classes being over.) She was heard singing. 1. Ex.) I will have my hair done. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. to leave.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect.) It is impossible for him to come. to turn out.
Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. 13. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy.actrus. The mud having ruined my shoes. we sat down to dinner. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. It is necessary that he be present. I saw her fainting. 4. 2. 3. 4. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. 5. l. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. The time has come. The letter being written.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 12. We should have a heart to heart talk. 10. The river having risen in the night. I found her digging in the garden. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock.. 10. 15. 11. 2. This fact is important. 3. The concert being over. 2. 6. 3. This translation is easy for me to make. 7. 4. This is a valuable piece of advice. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. The rain having stopped. I saw her lying on the beach. I had to change them. 8. I don’t want you to catch a cold. Expected that he would resign. 3. 14. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. 4. I can’t solve it. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. 2. It is advisable that you should resign. 5. We should do it now. It is possible that I might buy a car. 6. It is important that you should come to the office. I found the boy breaking the window. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. 8. It is important to know the truth. we hurried to the beach. 7. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. This problem is too difficult. 4. at once. 6. 1. It was proved that she was a liar. 8. 7. It is impossible that he should have said that.. I cam make it. 4. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . I ordered a taxi. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. I-am privit jucând fotbal. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. The match was about to begin. I thought she was unable to win the contest. 9. I saw the peasants working in the field. 2. Everybody being at home. http://quintet. You should bear it in mind. The plane having taken off. 6. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. Weather permitting. 5. The dog was heard barking. The sun having risen. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. 8. I didn’t want her to miss the train. 8. 5. She was thought to be a gifted child. She heard the baby crying. This is a good book. 9. They heard him repeat it several times.actrus. The decision being taken in my favour. 3. Everybody. I could hear her typing. 1. 10. It is sure they have had an argument. 3. 4. 7.. 6. 5. I went to post it.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 . the audience left the hali. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. 7. 6. 2.. 9. 9. It’s time we met again. I went home relaxed. I went shopping. 10. It is recommendable that you should read this book. This is a strange thing. They said she was ill.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. She heard the hunters shooting. 5. The people were impatient. You should take it. 7. 1. 6. I have closed the window. 10. 9. I can’t believe she said that. Page 6 of 6 2. 8. we were seared about having floods. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. This is the main thing. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. I heard the child breaking the vase. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. 9.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I stopped smoking. 5. 3. 10. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. Cred ca el e un sot bun. You should read it. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . I saw the plane landing. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc.
I have been asking. 18. am taking. 14. The radio has been playing. It isn’t raining. are you waiting? I am waiting. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. I am not having. http://quintet. Do I love? 2. it is raining. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. 4. Do I understand? 4. It snows in winter. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. You don’t play.. I didn’t sell. 10. We have known. are you hurrying? I don’t want. Do I always believe? 6. 7. I have already seen. 5. someone rang up. go. Yesterday. He didn’t change. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. the engine – drivers have gone.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. don’t understand. He didn’t translate. 20. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. I have just had. I entered. Yesterday I got up early. write. Last night. She goes shopping on Saturdays. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. Have you lived? I have lived. he wasn’t wearing. drinks. 5. 14. 2. Yesterday I lost my gloves. Did he come? 8. 11 . She doesn’t talk. 2. 1t hasn’t rained. 1 liked.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. I have lent. Do I trust? 10. 4. Do you play? 5. On Sundays. When did you buy this TV set? 12.. When I go to the seaside. 6. 10. he has caught. Do you usually get. I owned. Exercitiul 4: 1. 9. 6. he realized.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . That sounded. Am I having? 3. Are you writing. He doesn’t go to school by underground. 14. What book are you reading? 10. 2. 10. I haven’t written. He met. 2. This time yesterday it was raining.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. were you doing? 7. 16. Did they drink? 3. 19. remembers. Are we studying? 9. 9. 8. The secretary is just typing a report. my friends played chess. 13. 2. 20.actrus. he was-learning. I was writing. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. I like to swim a lot. 8. 3. I had breakfast and then I left for school. I do not study in the evening. he had. What do you do on your free days? 12. Is he telling? 4. They didn’t drink. 8. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. 18. I was driving to Sinaia.. 19. I am not going. do you do? 3. Do you go? 16. You asked. We didn’t work. Do you like? 8. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. he was working. 10. I don’t like coffee. Have you ever eaten? 13. He didn’t come. He doesn’t have. I always have. 8. You drank. have you been wearing? 6. I have’ been shopping. 4. Do they live? 8. 4. He hasn’t gone. 2. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. Did I hate? 4. he walks. 9. Is it raining? 2. 14. is drinking. Did I sell? 6. 6. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. I played. I have bought. I don’t love. 4. 7. What were you doing last Tuesday. I met. 17.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. He has just left. she was having. While it was raining. always borrow/is always borrowing. Is my mother resting? 8. He hasn’t come. it often rains. He has been fishing. I was talking. I don’t trust. He sat for his first exam last week. 5. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. Whom are you ringing up? 13. They don’t live. I always made. Have you visited? 12. My friend isn’t wearing. he is having. 1 am cooking. I arrived. I didn’t hate. 9. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. Does she talk? 3. 9. 9. While I was looking for my passport. 4. He didn’t think. I don’t have. Have you ever driven? 16. I found this old photo. They aren’t swimming. I5. You aren’t typing. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. 3. 7. you came in. Is my friend wearing? 7. were you going. Exercitiul 2: l. Last Sunday. 1 first met. have you been. 13. 17. Do you dream? I dream 9. 7. I was watching. He has been sleeping. Now I am doing my homework in English. 2. I don’t understand. I have been cooking. My mother isn’t resting. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. 5. You spoke. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. 17. 5. 10. Are you typing? 5. 6. Have you been? I have been. Does he have? 9. I often read English books. I got up late yesterday morning. Did we work? 7. 6. speaks. Did you sleep well last night? 3. Does he remember? 7. 6. she has been trying. Is Ann knitting? 10. have you cooked? 7. Do you smoke? 17. 3. Did he change? 5. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. Are they swimming? 6.actrus. Ann isn’t knitting. the teacher was writing. Have you paid? 19. I have been watering. Have you read? 18. How often do you write to your parents? 18. When did you return from the mountains? 11. He isn’t telling.. He doesn’t remember. He has always relied. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. She is packing her luggage. am. I didn’t enjoy. 10. Why are you opening the window? I5. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. We aren’t studying. I haven’t been. are you thinking? I am thinking. 3. 7. Did I enjoy? 9. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. 4. 8. 15. 1 don’t like. The child isn’t learning. he doesn’t get up early. He didn’t forbid. I slept. 19. 12. Did he translate? 10. Have you watered? 3. I don’t always believe. 20. Did he think? 2. 8. 16. 5. 11.
9. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. had listened. She has changed. 7. had not told. Have you been to this town before? Yes. 2. 2. I shall/will have finished. I have seldom walked to my office. they will have been married.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. Have you been. 6. congratulated. He will be studying. had been swimming. I got up. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2.. 2. 10.actrus. 2. Exercitiut 2: 1. What did you look at? It was an accident. 3. Exercitiul 2: 1. it had been raining. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. 9. she had already been. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. 8. Exercitiul 4: 1. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. 9.. between twelve and one o’clock. 9. 14. will/shall will be climbing. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. he had got married. 2. 10. 4. I realized I had left my bag at home. 4.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . Exercitiul 4: 1. He has been a Minister for two years. 19. 10. 5. 7. they had finished. I shall/will have paid off. 7. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet.actrus. 9. 3. 7. I rang him up. 8. We must replace it. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. 18. I found out. I shall/will be swimming. had eaten.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 5. I shall/will succeed. It has been raining. 10. I went to bed. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. 2. wilt be rising. 7. 10. I didn’t succeed. 4. It has been snowing for two hours. will have spent. I have been wearing. I called. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. 8. two years ago. I entered. 5. 13. 9. 3. she had not passed. 4. will have risen. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. Have you seen? she left. You will be. 3. he had been. 4.. On Friday. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. I shall/will have been working. 9. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. 20. he went. we had lost. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. The weather has got warmer lately.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. I shall/will know. 2. 8. I shall/will have read 8. 8. She had just gone out. 6. Has John left? Yes. You will not/won’t find. You will have seen. Will you be needing? 5. 8. Wil1 you remember? 9. they will be having their last English class. I was sorry I had hurt him. 7. 10. they had been waiting. I got. 5. I spent a month here. 3. Where will you put it? http://quintet. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. 5. 5. He thanked me for what I had done for him. she had been studying. I had met. 4. You will like. he told. Exercitiul 3: 1. I shall/will have been cooking. she told. 7. 9. 3. had spread. We shall/will have taken. 6. he handed it to the teacher. he had learned/he had been learning. I shall/will be working. I had it at 8 o’clock. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. 5. we had been walking. She will be watching. 10.. he had thought. it had been raining. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. we left. he had visited. I saw. 4. I had returned. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. 11. 3. 4. 12. I have lost. Have you ever tried? I tried. he left an hour ago. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. As soon as the guests had left. A child has broken the window. she had been cleaning and dusting. He will be. 10. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. 6. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. 5. The child has been playing. When I arrived at the bus stop. I have been doing. had left. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. 10. had been speaking. they had been. 8. 6. He has been. we asked. 4. I shall/will pass. 15. 6. I returned. 8. We have walked 10 km so far.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. she had been writing. 7. 6. I shall/will remember. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. it had been raining. By this time next year. will be crying. Will you recognize? 4. 6. I shall/will have saved five million lei. 2. had been having. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. Since I bought a car. 3. 7. 6. had been cooking. began. had been climbing. 8. I shall/will be having. it will probably be raining. I was. 9. How long have you been learning English? 5. 10. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. he went. We have been walking since 3 o clock. Exercitiul 3: 1. he had caught. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. 6. we realized. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. 7.
The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. he hoped. 12. 5. Exercitiul 2: 1. I have suffered. I usually read. 11. 6. 7. 9. 4. is. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. they had been listening. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself.. he had just left. arrive. I had lost.actrus.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. she looks. 2. 15. I had heard. I knew you were in Bucharest. 10. 2. we reach. 10. 4. he would win. they were talking. he would not remember. you have just told. 20. I had done. Exercitiul 4: 1. they have been. he has repaired. I finish. I had read. he tells. 13. I played/I was playing. 4. I would spend. he had eaten. 10. 7. 4. 6. 14. he had not expected. 11. 9. you have drunk.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 6. he would change. was shining. 4. 16. she has learnt. 14. he had to write. 11. he had stolen. 10. Exercitiul 5: 1. 7. 7. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. it would not be raining when I arrived. he has arrived.actrus. 2. 8. they would remain. 20. 3. you see. I had not eaten. 5. he would have. 4. we had been digging. we will drink. would not go. 5. there are. I want. do not eat. 7. would be cancelled. he had been travelling. 6. Exercitiul 7: l. 3. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. begin. I had not decided. 19. he would finish. you would soon have. they had known. 9. I had not enjoyed. 8. 16. 2. 9. 6. Exercitiul 3: 1. they have done.. 19. 3. 9. melts. 2. 6. he would pass. Exercitiul 6: 1. 4. had already begun. 5. 8. 15. 7. I have received. 9. did not remember. 8. you had been wearing. 10. had failed. you were. I work/I worked. I have been reading. You had to type. is. you finish. 10. you are reading. 5. he would give. 13. I have. 18. 3. I was. she has changed. I finish. 6. prices would go up.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . 12. 2. she notices you have broken. I would remain. you were. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. will soon move. we went. would end.. 9. 8. 3. 17. you see. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. 3. I will earn/will be earning. 18.. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. he wanted. 8. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet. I read. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. is. you have read. 3. you see. he had left. 2. he had never seen. 8. 5. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 12. 7. he trusted. 17. you spoke. is born. I was. The secretary told me the manager was busy. he would drive. you do.
If it rains. 9. He said he was very busy on that day. 9. He said he had seen that film a week before. 6. 7. You will see him if you wait. 7. I saw. you will be. He asked me how I had travelled. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. 10. He asked me if I could lend him a book. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. he would have told. 4. I had known.. What will you do if you meet John? 11. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. 8. I will buy. 9. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. I will lend. 11. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. 5. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. I knew. 2. 9. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. 9. 9. he would not make. If it had rained. 8.English. It would have been. 4. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. 10. you will not find. I will eat at a restaurant. he leaves. I will answer. 2. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. 4. you wouldn’t have got. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. I would have answered. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. it goes on. you will not pass. 10. 2. 8. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. Would you buy? 4. you had invited. If dinner is not ready in time. If it rained. I would not have made. 6. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. you were. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l.. 5. 4. Exercitiul 4: l. I moved. 10. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. He asked me who that man was. 6. He asked me if the train had left. 9. He asked me if I would like a cake. 3. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. 9. He asked me if my mother had been at home. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. 12. I wouldn’t do. 3. Exercitiul 2: 1. 9. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. 5. He told me to be careful with his books. I would like the play more if it were shorter. 7. 3. will you promise? 6. He asked me when I would be back. you had driven. Exercitiul 3: 1. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . 6. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. Exercitiul 5: 1. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. you take. 7. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. 5. What would you do if you meet John? 12. you would have read. would you give him some? 3. 6. 2. 8. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. 8. you will be. 5. he would take. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. 5. 12. 10. 4. 4. I would buy. 3. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. he will get.actrus. He told me not to smoke so much. He told me to read that text. I would have answered. I had worked. He asked me when the rain had stopped. 4. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. 5. I gave up. 7. 7. 6. I will greet 2. He told me to take that pill. He said he had gone to England two years before. 8. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. 8. 3. 8. she will be. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. 2. 3. 10. he had tried. the streets would be wet. 6. He said she would go shopping right then. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. he had realized. 2. 6. 7. 8. Exercitiul 2: 1. I were. 3. the streets will be wet. He said the weather had been fine the day before. I had not told. 3. 10. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. http://quintet. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. 7. 6.actrus. Exercitiul 4: 1. If a beggar asked you for money. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. 3. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. 2. He told me to open the door. 7. He asked me if I would help him. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. 5. 2. 7. He asked me how long I had been learning . 5. the streets would have been wet. 2.
The museum was closed for repairs. 6. A nice present has been given to me (by them). A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. 3. The doctor was called for (by us). 7. 4. 3. 4. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. John has been lent two of my books (by me). 10. Exercitiul 6: l.: 3. 9. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. 9. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. We were asked to show our passports. 2. 3. They are taught English (by me). I’m not always told the truth by my friend. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). 5. 9. 9.actrus. 7. 3. 7. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). Do you think your request will be turned down? 10.actrus. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). English is taught to them (by me). 5. Many new blocks are being built in our district. His proposal was objected to (by us). The rescue party finally discovered the climber. 4. 15. They have built this house out of stone and cement. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). 10. 6. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). 8. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. I was frightened by the noise. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. 2. I have been given a nice present (by them). The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. Exercitiul 3: 1. The work will be finished today (by them). The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). The truth is not always told to me by my friend. Exercitiul 4: 1. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). 2. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. People will soon forget this book. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. He hates people making fun of him. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. 4. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. 6. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. 11.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. http://quintet. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. 5. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. 4. Your bag has been found (by him). A reward will be given to me (by them). 9. People speak English all over the world. 2. People mustn’t take away these books. Has the dog been fed? 7. 10. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 13. 2. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). They held a reception in his honour. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. The missing child has been found (by someone). Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. Football is played all over the world. 7. 8. 5. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. The house was broken into (by burglars). 5. John was laughed at (by us). 8. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. 14. Were you told about the meeting? 9. 8. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. We were told very interesting things at the conference. 6. Exercitiul 2: 1.html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . 10. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). 6. when I passed by. 8. Fire was set to the shed (by them). I will be given a reward (by them). My friend will be invited to a party (by me). 12. We will be shown the way by the policeman. Something must be done for him by his coworkers. The way will be shown to us by the policeman.
7. The child was allowed/permitted to have. He could swim. can. I will have to go. 10. needn’t. Exercitiul 12: 1. Exercitiul 9: 1. 7. 12. 4. must have been. 3. 9. 2. 14. He must have been delayed. It can’t have been his fault. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. 3. He will be able to swim. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. 3. John must have been. 2. can’t. 4. will. She could lend. would. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. needn’t have lent. She may/might have been out. I won t be able to translate. 4. 2. 9. needn’t. You might have paid. I had to go. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. 8. It can t have been. 19. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. would. Exercitiul 4: l. All the children ought to/should do some housework. can. This can’t be a true story. 8. 7. I couldn’t translate. 3. She will be able to read and write. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. 7. mustn’t. Exercitiul 3: 1.html 37 of 42 . 17. I will have to learn. 8.actrus. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. 6. can’t. 6. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. 5. I had to learn. 14. 3. 7. I had to look up. He must think. 8. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. 9. He could read and write. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. S. 3. You can’t have seen. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. 4. 6. 1. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. needn’t. 10. didn’t need to buy. should. 14. 6. Exercitiul 13: 1. should. 3. 18. 2. mustn’t. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. 8. You might have written. 2. 17. You won’t have to do. I will have to look up. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. 16. 7. mustn’t. He needn’t have bought. This must be the best. shall. will. Exercitiul 7: 1. 9. 10. It may/might be a good one. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. You will have to help me more today. shall. 6. 4. He must have come home. needn’t have got up. must have taken.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. should. No. 8. Exercitiul 5: 1. Exercitiul 10: 1. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. would. needn’t have bought. He must have been late. 4. You didn’t have to do. would. 9. would. should. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. 4. 6. mustn’t. didn’t need to wait. He may have been. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. didn’t need to see. would. 5. 4: She must be a very good doctor. 7. 5. 16. She could play. 15. didn’t need to answer. 10. 9. He must be older. 6. 5. 15. 5. I may/might come home. 19. 10. She can’t have learned English. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". 13. can’t have seen. You can’t have been. can’t have done. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. She will be able to play. 5. 2. will. It can’t have been. 4. You might have changed. 12. 5. 6. 10. It can’t be his fault. can’t have rained. 8. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 2. 3. Exercitiul 2: 1. It may/might rain. 3. 10. 2. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. 13. He must have been. 7. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. must have left. can’t have left. Exercitiul 11: 1. He can’t be at the office. 6. mustn’t. needn’t have written. You must have left your umbrella. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. She may/might be very late. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. will. She will be able to lend. 2. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. 5. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. 10. Exercitiul 8: l. 9. 11. 2. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. 4. will. 12. will. can’t have swum. 16. It must have been. 10. I can’t knit. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. 8. She can’t have got. can. He was not allowed/permitted to come. All the students can and must write this paper. shall. The weather can’t change. I will have to leave soon. can. 7. 10. 3. You needn’t have done. shall.actrus. 6. 7. 11. You were allowed/permitted to leave. He may/might have done. She may/might have returned. 8. He may/might have been right. It must have taken a long time. 3 It might have rained. 20. You shouldn’t have gone. 5. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. needn’t have lent. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. 2. needn’t have waited. He can’t have passed. He ought to have told. needn’t have answered. 3. a porter could help you. 8. 9. 13. needn’t. She may/might have been angry. You can’t miss the train. 10. John could have been. You must have forgotten. 6. 5. He should have gone. You must have known the lesson. 4. You should have visited. I could play the piano when I was a child. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. 9. must have been. She can’t have married. 5. needn’t. 7. 2.
I wished you hadn’t got a fine. I must have been still at the faculty. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. he told. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. 10. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. 21. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. I had entered. 18. I wish I could go to the concert. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. 13. he would have.. you closed. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. 14. 7. I wish you would come on holiday with me. 2. 9.. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. I wish I had won the Great Prize. 20. his daughter didn’t get married. 4. he took. please. 10. 24. She looks as if she were a model. 11. 1 wish I had children. You ought to/should have insisted. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. I wish you didn’t live so far away. we could go to the beach. 9. I would become. 9. you started. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. you didn’t waste. 4. I wish it didn’t rain so often. I had locked it myself 27. wait for a few minutes? 30. 4. 14. I wish he would accept my proposal. Where shall we go now? 28. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. 5. I wish I were a student. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. I wish I could pay the piano. I hadn’t forgotten. I would rather you went to the theatre. 17. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 6. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. I wish I lived in Bucharest. You may not speak during the exam. 13. 4. I wish they would sign the contract. I wish books weren’t so expensive. today. 3. 2. you were. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. 22. 3. I were. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. Exercitiul 5: l. I have already drunk two. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. you owned. 3. 2. 10. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me. 10. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. Exercitiul 2: l. 6. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. I got.actrus. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. hadn’t caught a cold. 7.actrus. 7. 19. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 16. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. you shall have the book tomorrow. Exercitiul 4: 1. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. 8. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 9. 9. 23. 8. 8. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. 6. watched. I wish you would take a driving licence.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 11. 26. 29. Exercitiul 3: 1. I would rather you got up earlier. 3. You can’t have found the door open. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. 19.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. S.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. S. 6. 25. Will you. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. his book would become. 15. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I promise you. I wish my friend weren’t ill. 7. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. too. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. I wish you had won the competition. 4. 12. stopped. 10. I stayed. 16. 20. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. I were. we went. 12. 6. I rang you up and nobody answered. 18. my telephone worked. 8. I wish I didn’t have only one child. 5.
This problem is too difficult for me to solve. 11. 3. This is a strange thing for her to have said. 1. I insist that you (should) accept this job. 19. I expected you to come earlier.. he were. 4. it might not get. you may/might be. 8. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. 4. I would find. She was said to be ill. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. 7. I saw him speaking to his friend. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. It is necessary for him to be present. 6. She was found digging in the garden. 7. you should have. The plane was seen landing. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. 2.actrus. 9. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. The boy was found breaking the window. This is the main thing for us to do. The people were impatient for the match to begin. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. (should) have. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. you shouldn’t have believed it. 2. she should have left. I rely on you to lend me some money.. 5. hadn’t broken down. 5. It is possible for me to buy a car. 7. 9. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL.. 20. 5.. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. Whenever you may/might return. 5. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. She could be heard typing. 8. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. He made me miss the train. 2. Exercitiul 2: 1. 3. 8. Exercitiul 9: 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. Exercitiul 8: 1. It is impossible for him to have said that. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. he were. 4. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. 5. 5. I think him to be a good husband. John admitted the fault to be his. 14. 6. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. The baby was heard crying. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. 8. 8. I had. 5. She made me understand what had happened. 3. 8. 19. 12. 7. we should take. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 3. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. I understand her to be a very good teacher. 15. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. 6. She (was) proved to be a liar. 6. She seemed to be satisfied with me.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. Exercitiul 4: 1. Mother would like me to become a doctor. 4. 2. I will be at home waiting for you. 4. should have told. 9. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. Exercitiul 5: 1. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. 14. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. 7. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. they (should) divorce. I can’t believe you. 4. 10. This is a good book for you to read. 7. They are sure to have had an argument. 3. 3. 9. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. might prosper. 6. you may/might understand. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. 2. 2. 5. 9. 10. 10. 3. I had been. 17. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. 8. 11. me. 3. 6. It is important that you (should) know English well. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. The hunters were heard shooting. 10. She was seen lying on the beach. 9. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. 6. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. The peasants were seen working in the field. He was expected to resign. 10. It is recommendable for you to read this book. He was heard to repeat it several times. It is important for you to come to the office at once. I saw some children playing in the park. It is possible that she might be away.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . 16. He wanted me to help him. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. I watched them playing football. 10. 2. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. 18. 8. 18.actrus. you shouldn’t lie to me. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. it should get. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. 4. 9. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. Whatever you may/might tell me. 3. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. we (should) leave. may attend. 6. 12. 4. It is advisable for you to resign. 13. 10. Whatever the reason may/might be. 15. 2. 9. No matter how hard you may/might try. you can’t win such a competition. you retired. I heard her scold/scolding her child. 20. She was seen fainting. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. 5. 6. 4. 7. The child was heard breaking the vase. 13. 17. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. It’s time for us to meet again. 8. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 7. She behaves to him as if he were his husband.
actrus. Toata lumea fiind acasa. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. Intrucât soarele rasarise. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii. 6. Intrucât ploaia incetase.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10. 7. am plecat la cumparaturi.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez. publicul a parasit sala. 4. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii. Daca vremea va permite. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw was. Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea. am mers sa o pun la posta. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn http://quintet. 10.html 40 of 42 12/15/04 .. were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew been borne.actrus. 9. 5. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 1 of 5 1. ne-am grabit spre plaja. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. a trebuit sa-i schimb. ne-am asezat la cina. 2.. am plecat acasa linistit. Concertul fiind terminat. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. 8. Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii.
ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 3 of 5 to dream to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell to set knew laid led leant learnt.actrus. learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold set known laid led leant learnt.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 41 of 42 12/15/04 . learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold set http://quintet.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.
html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 42 of 42 12/15/04 .actrus.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 5 of 5 to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand to stea1 to stick to stride Capitolul precedent sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood stole stuck strode Cuprins sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood stolen stuck stridden Capitolul urmator to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand swam took taught told thought threw understood swum taken taught told thought thrown understood to strike to strive to swear to sweep struck strove swore swept struck Index Cursuri striven sworn swept http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.
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