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Our risk assessment in mainly about the risk and hazard found in playground at Taman Cempaka, Ipoh, Perak.
Location:1. playground signboard 2. swing board area 3. bicycle swing area A larger number of children use the playground in the evening. However, this playground is no safe as a place for exercising or playing game. Some facilities in the playground are not in good condition and pose a danger to children who use them. Hence, there is urgent need to solve this problem drastically. There are basic step that should be taken namely identifying the hazard, assessing the risk and controlling the risk to ensure a safe.
Definition of hazard
A hazard is a situation that poses a level threat to life, health, property, or environment. Most hazards are dormant or potential, with only theoretical risk of harm; however, once a hazard become active , it can create an emergency situation. A hazard does not exist when it is happening. A hazardous situation that has come to pass is called an incident. Hazard and vulnerability interact together to create risk.
or disaster. Modes of hazard Dormant: the situation has the potential to be hazardous. For instance. . Active: a harmful incident involving the hazard has actually occurred. property. but there is nothing below or on the hillside that could be affected. with the potential for a land slide.people property. but no people. a hillside may be unstable. Often this is referred to not as an active hazard but as an accident. emergency. incident. or environment are in potential harm s way. or environment is currently affected by this.Armed.
y Man-made hazard y Created by human. These include activity related hazard (such as flying) where cessation of the activity will negate the risk. Include obvious hazards such as volcanoes to smaller scale hazards such as loose rocks on a hillside. This includes the consequences that follow trespass. whether long-term (such as global warming) or immediate (like the hazard present at the construction side). to something. or someone. breach of covenant. y Deadly force or retribution y Is that hazard involving any protective and responsive-ready threat of harm or punishment that becomes active in the event of breach of security. or violent of a boundary or barrier (physical.Natural hazard y y Include anything that is caused by natural process. moral) intended to prevent unauthorized or unsafe access or entry or exposure to a situation. legal. outrage or moral panic. .
decrease back at 2010 with 6 people was reported accident at same playground. particularly the MBI (Majlis Pembandaran Ipoh) must take drastic measures to prevent accidents and injuries in playground. Conclusion Finally.STATISTIC OF ACCIDENT REPORTED IN THE PLAYGROUND AT TAMAN CEMPAKA 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 Number of Accident The chart shows the number of accident reported in the playground at Taman Cempaka from 2007 till 2010 years. the parties involved. everyone has an important role keeping the game equipment is available at the playground. Public also is hold responsible in addressing this problem by reporting to the parties involved about the damage found on the playground. So. Since then it increased to 10 people accident on 2009. Finally. In 2007. . there were 7 reported accidents that happened at playground and drop to 5 people at 2008.
APPENDICES Taman cempaka playground wrench Taman cempaka maps Majlis Bandaraya Ipoh .
my http://blog. http://www.peacefulplaygrounds. 4.perakhomex.google.home.com http://maps.BILLIOGRAPHY 1.howstuffworks.com http://www.com.my .com. 2. 3.
IPOH.HAZARD IN THE PLAYGROUND PICTURE TAKEN AT PLAYGROUND TAMAN CEMPAKA. PERAK .
information found on these signs is not clear and has been torn apart because they have decayed. the public can not see the warning sign and instruction on it. .Hazard 1 Situation The picture above shows that broken sign board at playground area. As you can see in the picture. Additionally.
a tool used for drilled abused by stepping on the feet. For example.Problem The sign have started to rot and rust. the public is in danger of not being able to see warning and instructions to be served by these signs. . This will cause human to abuse these tools function any may cause injuries.
Beside that. the MBI (Majlis Perbandaran Ipoh) must take drastic measures to solve this problem as soon as possible because it involves safety of human.Solution The sign board should be replacing with a new sign board or just repaired. .
In addition. damage to the equipment is very clear when see in the iron that is connected to the pedal was bent.Hazard 2 Situation The swing board away at the Taman Cempaka playground are broken and very danger to use. .
the device is not functioning properly and metal connectors are bent.Problem As you can see from the picture. This problem will cause people who use these device will fall and cause injuries. can be seen pedal devices have been stuck in the ground and it cannot move very well. . Beside that.
. The MBI also putting a warning label broken at the equipment is damaged. These ensure the safety of children.Solution We recommend users report to the authorities to rectify or replace the new swing board. Beside that. Parent should forbid their children to play with the tools that are damage or rusty. This can prevent from accident and injuries.
The bicycle swing not have seat and handle to sit and hold when use this device. .Hazard 3 Situation The picture show that the broken bicycles swing at Taman Cempaka playground.
Problem The bicycle swing not place to seat and no handle 2 hold when used this device. Beside that. . This is dangerous to the user as they may slip and this can causes injured. pedal also very tight to swing and some place of device are rusty and smooth. Solution We suggested renewing the new seat and handle of the bicycle swing. the pedal also must to add something gross to prevent from slip and fall like a sand paper. The seat and handle of bicycle swing should be made from soft material like rubber. Beside that.
. the nut in the foot swing area is loose. Pedal and iron not connected very well because the screw is most depraved. As you can see in the picture.Hazard 4 Situation The picture above shows at the foot swing area.
They may cause people who use the foot swing being fallen and may also injuries to other. .Problem The screw of foot swing that hold the two part connecter is lose as shown in picture.
In addition. for the better renew the screw nut because something the old screw nut became rotten is dangerous to the user. . Accident and injuries can be avoided if properly maintenance of foot swings.Solution We recommend the screw nut should be tightening using a wrench.