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|. Claim ʹ topic sentence/thesis 4. Backing/foundation ʹ additional


2. Data ʹ evidence/stats 5. Counterclaim ʹ claim opposite of yours 

3. Warrant/bridge ʹ explanation of why or how 6. Rebuttal ʹ evidence that negates step 5 

step 2 (data) relates to step 1 (claim) (counter claim)

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PASSIVE VOICE Ms. McNeil noticed it was used a lot in many of our analysis papers ʹ avoid doing so.

*I͛m sure you know the difference between passive and active voice, but just in case you need a refresher:


Ô ulippery slope Ô {ither/Or

Ô ’asty generalization Ô ºd Populum
Ô ^enetic fallacy Ô ced herring
Ô egging the claim/question Ô utraw man
Ô ircular claim/reasoning Ô Moral equivalence


º logical sequence for arguing made popular by ºristotle:

Aristotle͛s Example Breakdown Rationale Directions
͞All men are mortal.͟ Premise One Premise one tested Ô utate each premise clearly
͞Socrates is a man.͟ Premise Two against premise two Ô Provide evidence
͞Socrates is a mortal.͟ onclusion and proven true Ô ©raw a clear connection and wrap up with a
clear conclusion
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To get an idea of what option three would like, we watched a T{© video: The Power of artoons

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I͛m sure that at this point you͛ve probably realize that we͛re back on track with the syllabus, so we͛ll be expected to
have read chapter 8 for Thursday.