COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

COUNTABLE NOUNS are nouns which can be counted. They have a singular and a plural form. You add s to the singular noun to make the plural form. car – cars table - tables

If a countable noun ends in ch, sh, s, o, or x , you add es to make the plural form. church – churches bush – bushes bus – buses box – boxes potato - totatoes If a countable noun ends in a consonant + y, you change y to i and add es. baby – babies story – stories dictionary - dictionaries If a countable noun ends in f or fe, you change the f to v and add es or s. thief – thieves leaf - leaves wife - wives Some countable nouns are irregular and therefore have irregular plural forms person / people woman / women mouse / mice fish / fish deer / deer child / children tooth / teeth louse / lice goose / geese man / men foot / feet sheep / sheep ox / oxen

You use a singular verb with singular countable nouns The child is happy. You use a plural verb with plural nouns. The girls are playing basketball. Some nouns are always plural. You use a plural verb.
TROUSERS, GLASSES, SCISSORS, POLICE

My glasses need cleaning

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS are nouns which can’t be counted. They have no plural form and they always take a singular verb.
BREAD, CHEESE, MILK, PETROL, SUGAR, ADVICE, MONEY, INFORMATION, LETTUCE, HONEY, JUICE, LUGGAGE, ....

We use uncountable nouns alone or with “SOME / ANY, A LOT OF, MUCH, HOW MUCH”. There isn’t any milk There isn’t much butter. We need some information. How much money do you need? We don’t use “A / AN or a NUMBER” with uncountable nouns. a bread, an advice We can make uncountable nouns countable to express quantity. We add a unit or a quantity with “OF” a bit of wood a glass of milk a slice of bread a lump of sugar a piece of information a tube of toothpaste

PLURALS (REGULAR & IRREGULAR)

MAN - MEN

WOMAN - WOMEN

CHILD - CHILDREN

PERSON

- PEOPLE

TOOTH - TEETH

FOOT - FEET

GOOSE - GEESE

MOUSE - MICE

FISH – FISH

SHEEP - SHEEP

LOOSE – LICE

OX - OXEN

BOOK – BOOKS

TOMATO - TOMATOES

BOX - BOXES

BUSH - BUSHES

WATCH - WATCHES

TOY - TOYS

BABY - BABIES

KNIFE - KNIVES

PARTITIVES PICTIONARY

A CUP OF TEA

A LOAF OF BREAD

A BOWL OF SUGAR

A CARTON OF ORANGE JUICE

A BAR OF SOAP

A BUNCH OF GRAPES

A CAN OF COLA

A BOX OF CHOCOLATES

A BUNCH OF FLOWERS

A DOZEN OF EGGS

A GLASS OF WATER

A JAR OF MARMALADE

A JUG OF MILK

A SLICE OF PIZZA

A TUBE OF TOOTHPASTE

A PACKET OF BISCUITS

A POT OF YOGHURT

A PIECE OF CAKE

A PAIR OF SCISSORS

A PAD OF WRITING PAPER

A TIN OF SARDINES

A TUB OF POPCORN

A BOTTLE OF WINE

A BALL OF STRING

A ROLL OF TOILET PAPER

A SLAB OF CHOCOLATE

A STRING OF PEARLS

A KILO OF ORANGES

A REEL OF COTTOM

A BAG OF SHOPPING

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