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WORKED SOLUTIONS FOR CSEC® EXAMINATIONS 2006 –2010

DEREK MCMONAGLE

CSEC® is a registered trade mark(s) of the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC). MATHEMATICS Worked Solutions for CSEC® Examinations 2006–2010 is an independent publication and has not been authorized, sponsored, or otherwise approved by CXC.

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Macmillan Education Between Towns Road. a Macmillan Company Cover design by Mike Brain Graphic Design Ltd Printed and bound in Malaysia 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 9780230407381_FM. without the prior written permission of the publishers. photocopying. no part of this publication may be reproduced. OX4 3PP A division of Macmillan Publishers Limited Companies and representatives throughout the world www.macmillan-caribbean. stored in a retrieval system.com ISBN: 978-0-230-40738-1 Text © Derek McMonagle 2011 Design and illustration © Macmillan Publishers Limited 2011 All rights reserved. mechanical. Oxford.indd 2 9/15/10 8:06 AM . transmitted in any form or by any means. Design by Tech Type Typeset by MPS Limited. recording. or otherwise. electronic.

CONTENTS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Introduction Time for revision Mathematics – Paper 01 – Multiple choice questions Mathematics – Paper 02 – General proﬁciency – May 2006 Mathematics – Paper 02 – General proﬁciency – May 2007 Mathematics – Paper 02 – General proﬁciency – May 2008 Mathematics – Paper 02 – General proﬁciency – May 2009 Mathematics – Paper 02 – General proﬁciency – May 2010 How did you do? Table of topics from the Mathematics Syllabus 4 6 10 64 80 95 109 123 137 139 9780230407381_FM.indd 3 9/14/10 3:41 PM .

you can see how it has been worked out! There is also an indication of how the marks are distributed so you can see how you might get partial credit for an answer even if it isn’t totally correct. However. Alongside each topic there is a list of questions that appear in the multiple choice tests and in the 2006–2010 examination papers. more importantly. You may decide to organise your revision programme topic by topic and test yourself at the end of each topic. At the back of the book there is a Table of Topics from the Mathematics Syllabus. In addition to the answer to each question. This will help you to draw up a revision timetable. this book allows you to make far better use of the examination questions as an actual part of your revision programme. and to stay focused on what you have to do. Those few extra marks just might earn you a higher grade! This book is a very ﬂexible revision aid and you can use it in different ways depending on what best suits your revision programme. • At the end of your revision programme you could simply try to answer the questions on the examination papers to check how much mathematics you know by comparing your answers with those in this book. How can I use this book? This book is designed to help you to increase your knowledge of mathematics and improve your chances of success in your forthcoming examination. • A hard and daunting task. It also contains complete answers to the questions set on the Mathematics Paper 02 in the May series of examinations between the years 2006 and 2010. Each time you complete a topic you will have the satisfaction of knowing a little more and that will give you the conﬁdence to carry on with your studies. together with answers to these questions.1 INTRODUCTION What is this book about? This book is your companion to the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC) Secondary Education Certiﬁcate examination in Mathematics at General Proﬁciency level. The chapter also includes tips from experienced examiners on how to avoid throwing away marks by making silly mistakes and how to squeeze those few extra marks by writing down what you know in the clearest possible way. 4 9780230407381_ch01. This is a list of topics which together cover the entire content of the Mathematics syllabus.indd 4 7/19/10 7:48 AM . like revising for your mathematics examination. One of the best ways for you to ﬁnd out exactly what you know (or don’t know) and how well you can organise your knowledge is to try to answer actual examination questions taken from past papers. an appropriate explanation is also given so you don’t just get the right answer but. is often made easier by breaking it down into smaller parts. It contains ﬁve sets of 60 multiple choice questions similar to those that will appear on Mathematics Paper 01. In addition to examination questions there is a chapter on how to revise.

You can use the topic list to identify the questions about these topics very easily and concentrate your time on them. After completing the questions. You will be able to apply much of the advice given on examination technique and organisation when you come to answer the questions in your examination. There is far more to this book than simply providing a set of correct answers. This might be useful at the end of your revision when time is short. Read the explanation given for each question carefully. This will give you some idea of what grade you are likely to get in your forthcoming examination. even if you got the question correct. It will help you to organise your answers in order to get all of the marks available. 5 9780230407381_ch01. you might like to compare your marks with the grade indicators provided by the examination board.• You may be having trouble with particular topics.indd 5 7/19/10 7:48 AM .

Do you believe them? Well. how much natural ability you have and how well you want to do in the examination.5 h 0.25 h 9780230407381_ch02. functions and graphs Computation Number theory Measurement Consumer arithmetic Statistics Algebra Geometry Trigonometry Vectors Matrices TOTAL TIME 6 MATHEMATICS GENERAL PROFICIENCY Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 0.5 h 0. opening your book at some random page and reading the text.25 h 0. You will need a similar table for each of your other subjects.25 h 3.5 h 0. Do you really believe you can leave things until the last minute and then do well in your examination? Of course you can’t! In order to prepare yourself properly for an examination you need time. Revision is about dividing the content of a syllabus into manageable sections and spending time speciﬁcally revising those sections.5 h 0.5 h 0.indd 6 7/19/10 7:49 AM . SUBJECT Topic Sets Relations.5 h 1h 0. Revision is not about sitting down. A long-term plan Be honest with yourself and realistic in your expectations. The following table is a record of the revision carried out by a student in the ﬁrst three weeks of preparation for their Mathematics examination.5 h 1h 0. so that.5 h 0. over a period of several weeks.5 h 0.5 h 1h Week 4 Week 5 Week 6 Week 7 Exam week 0.5 h 4.75 h 4h 0. you cover all of the syllabus content. I suppose that every once in a while there might be a really gifted individual for whom this is true but for the vast majority of us lesser mortals the secret to examination success (and it isn’t really a secret – it’s just common sense) is revision. you will ﬁnd it useful to keep a record of what you have done.2 TIME FOR REVISION School folklore abounds with stories of students who ‘never did any revision and got a grade I in the examination’. The topics in the table are taken from the syllabus.5 h 0. How much time depends on how hard you have worked over the period of the course. In order to revise efﬁciently.5 h 0.

The ideal conditions for revision will vary from student to student. This gives your mind time to unwind so that you don’t lie awake in bed worrying about knowing this or knowing that. be honest with yourself. increases conﬁdence. The day of the examination • Make sure you have some breakfast. it needs fuel to work properly. For example. you might ﬁnd that your tiredness threshold comes after 45 minutes or even sooner. It provides a visible record of how long is being spent revising the subject so that time can be slowly increased as the examination week comes nearer. 7 9780230407381_ch02.What advantages does drawing up such a table have? • • • It divides the syllabus content up into smaller parts so you can focus on each one individually. with quiet music playing in the background. • Notice that the amount of time spent revising a topic is between 15 minutes and 1 hour. However. You must decide on the maximum length of time you can revise effectively and organise your timetable accordingly. If you have revised thoroughly you shouldn’t need to worry at this stage. There is no problem with doing an hour or two of revision in the evening as long as you ﬁnish at least a couple of hours before you go to bed. The environment within which you revise is also very important. or if the examination is in the afternoon. The night before the examination • Never work late the night before an examination. • Don’t try to cram at the last minute. we are all different. You may need to experiment in order to ﬁnd which conditions work best for you. • Sitting reading notes for even a short time can be very boring. You need to make sure that your blood sugar level is high and you have lots of energy. If you really can’t face eating a meal. Revise for more than 1 hour and you will probably get very tired and stop being effective. However in doing this. You need a good night’s sleep before an examination. It provides a visible record of what has been achieved to date which. Some might be happiest sitting at a table somewhere cool and quiet. the second 10 minutes writing down key facts and the ﬁnal 10 minutes attempting examination questions. so try and make your revision time as interesting as possible by doing short bursts of different things. How much are you really going to learn while eating your breakfast or travelling on the bus to school? My guess is not a lot.indd 7 7/19/10 7:49 AM . • Revising something for less than 15 minutes doesn’t really allow you enough time to get into the topic so you will achieve very little. It provides a visible record of what has been revised so that no topics are left out or neglected. while others might prefer to sit in a comfortable chair. suck a few glucose sweets. in a 30-minute revision session you might spend the ﬁrst 10 minutes reading. books on their lap. Revising whilst you are watching your favourite television programmes might appear to be killing two birds with one stone but can you really say you are learning effectively like that? I don’t think so. Your body is like a machine. have some lunch. in turn.

The Paper 02 examination last for 2 hours 40 minutes. Revise the subject thoroughly and you won’t even need to think of doing such a thing. • Don’t be tempted to cheat. In the examination • Read through the examination paper at least twice.indd 8 7/19/10 7:49 AM . If you revised thoroughly before the examination you have every right to feel quietly conﬁdent that you will do well. If you have to resort to writing things on the back of your hand or on bits of paper hidden in your pencil case then you have not done sufﬁcient revision. Look upon this ﬁrst 10 minutes as an investment that could save you marks later on in the examination. My advice is to keep your own counsel.By trying to cram at the last minute all that will happen is that you will start worrying about this topic or that. Are you really going to beneﬁt from these illegal prompts? You might think you have invented a novel way of cheating but experienced examination invigilators will have seen it all before. • Don’t discuss the examination with other students. 8 9780230407381_ch02. You can’t do a good job without the necessary tools. Why worry about such things when it is too late to do anything about it? Some people have to chatter because they are nervous and if you let them. Don’t let anyone persuade you otherwise. Is it really worth the risk of being caught and bringing disgrace on yourself and your family? Of course it isn’t. This is never time wasted. • Work out a rough time schedule in your mind. Subtract 10 minutes reading time and that leaves you 2 hours 30 minutes. They might set you off worrying about whether you have done enough revision or whether you have revised particular topics thoroughly enough. or 150 minutes and the examination paper has a total of 120 marks. • Make sure you have all of the equipment you are going to need. For this examination I recommend you have the following in your pencil case: 2 pens (1 spare) 2 pencils (1 spare) 1 pencil sharpener 1 eraser 1 ruler 1 protractor 1 set of compasses 1 calculator 1 spare set of calculator batteries Some students ﬁnd it helps their concentration if they suck an occasional sweet during the examination so you might want to put a few of these in your pencil case as well. they will affect you in the same way. Spend the ﬁrst 10 minutes reading through the paper. Comments made by other students waiting to go into an examination can often be un-nerving.

Check that you have answered the question exactly as you have been told.75 minutes answering each one. Make sure you know exactly what is being asked of you before you start. In longer questions. • Don’t leave questions unanswered.25 minutes per mark. you should be spending no more than 10 3 1. They don’t read the question properly. If you have some time at the end of the examination.25 5 12.indd 9 7/19/10 7:49 AM .25 5 18. you may be able to eliminate one or two of the wrong answers and improve the odds. were you asked to give your answer in a particular format such as correct to 2 decimal places? 9 9780230407381_ch02. One of the certainties of an examination is that you will get no marks for leaving a question unanswered. don’t sit there looking out of the window feeling all smug and self-satisﬁed. For example. So for a Section I question worth 10 marks.5 minutes answering it. Check your arithmetic. If you don’t. You will not be penalised for giving the wrong answer so put something down on your answer sheet for each question. It may be that you are stronger in some topics than others. Examiners get paid by the script for marking so they will not waste time trying to decipher a horrible mess. making sure that words and numbers can be understood. since you are going to ﬁnd some questions harder than others. Even if you are uncertain what to do and your answer is wrong you may score some marks for your method. Go back to the beginning and check through your answers. if you ﬁnd that you are spending signiﬁcantly longer on a question than the number of marks justiﬁes. Do yourself a favour and write your answers clearly. However. • Take care with how you present your answers. • Check your working carefully. At worst you have a one in four chance of being correct. If you don’t know the answer to a multiple choice question then have a guess. Look carefully at the Section II questions and decide which you think you will ﬁnd easiest to answer. • Read each question again before you attempt to answer it. • Choose which questions to answer from Section II. marks are usually given for the method as well as the correct answers. 120 for example. and that diagrams and graphs are drawn carefully with a sharp pencil. the danger is that you will not complete all of the questions you can answer and all those marks will be lost. perhaps you should move on and come back to it at the end of the examination if you have time. Nothing alienates examiners more than scripts which are untidy and difﬁcult to read. and by giving the question some thought. many marks are lost because errors are made carrying out simple sums in the heat of the moment. You can only use this as a rough guide. Every experienced examiner will tell you that the biggest single mistake that students make is to answer questions that they are not asked. so questions in your strong topics should be given particular consideration. or they copy numbers down wrongly from the examination paper. All of the Section II questions are worth 15 marks so you should not be spending more than 15 3 1.150 This means that you have ____ 5 1.

375 3 The number 86. they are similar questions based on the curriculum content and examination style adopted in the General Proﬁciency Examination. 9 .345 correct to one decimal place is A 86. 18.0 B 86.SOLUTIONS 3 MATHEMATICS 2 PAPER 01 2 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS The questions in this section are not taken from actual examination papers because these are not available to the public. Number of questions 4 6 6 4 8 8 6 9 9 60 Topic Sets Relations. B 0.350 D 0. functions and graphs Computation Number theory Measurement Consumer arithmetic Statistics Algebra Geometry TOTAL Test A Paper 01 1 C The sequence increases by the set of odd numbers 3... 6. so the next number is 27 1 11 5 38. The number of questions given over to each topic in a test reﬂects the content stated in the curriculum document.375 Paper 01 Test A 1 The next number in the sequence 3.325 C 0. 2 D 3 4 8 5 0.indd 10 8/23/10 6:17 PM . However.3 C 86. 11. 5.5 10 9780230407381_ch03. 27 is A 34 B 36 C 38 D 40 3 2 The fraction _ written as a decimal is 8 A 0.4 D 86. 7.305 3 B The second decimal place digit is a ‘4’ so the first decimal place digit is not rounded up.

The diagram shows the pupils in a form who take part in athletics. 2. baseball and cricket. 4 How many pupils in the form take part in athletics? A 5 B 6 C 8 D 11 4 D Pupils taking part in athletics include those who take part in athletics only plus those who take part in athletics and other sports. 6} then M ∩ N ∪ O 5 A {5} C {1. baseball and cricket (5) and cricket and athletics (1) giving a total of 9. Athletics Baseball Cricket In the Venn diagram a dot (•) represents one pupil. 6 B (M ∩ N) ∪ O is the set of numbers in both M and N or in O. 7. i. 9}. 6.Use the following diagram to answer questions 4 and 5. 5 How many pupils in the form take part in two of the sports but not in all three? A 2 B 9 C 11 D 22 6 If M 5 {1. 5.e. 5. N 5 {2. 9} B {5. 2. 5 B The different combinations are athletics and baseball (3). 7} and O 5 {5. 7} D {1. 5 1 3 1 2 1 1 5 11. 3. 5. 6. 7.indd 11 8/23/10 6:17 PM . 9} 11 9780230407381_ch03.

001 951 1 in standard form correct to 3 significant figures is A 1.00 11 A He must take home 100 2 35 5 65% of his weekly wage 100 Weekly wage 5 136.065 5 $426 10 A sales tax of 6. How long does the flight take? A 8 h 10 m C 9 h 10 m B 8 h 55 m D 9 h 55 m 10 C 400 1 400 3 0.95 3 1022 C 1.45 hrs to midnight 5 2 h 15 min 2 h 15 min 1 6 h 55 min 5 8 h 70 min 5 9 h 10 min 8 The total surface area of the prism is A 40 cm2 B 72 cm2 C 96 cm2 D 108 cm2 9 The flight from Kingston to London leaves at 21. the fourth significant figure is less than 5 therefore the third significant figure is not rounded up.90 C $25. 5 cm 4 cm 3 cm 7 A Volume 5 area of cross-section 3 length 1 5 _ 3 3 3 4 3 8 5 48 cm3 2 8 cm 7 The volume of the prism is A 48 cm3 B 60 cm3 C 80 cm3 D 96 cm3 s d 8 D Total surface area 5 sum of the areas of all faces 1 5 2 3 s _ 3 3 3 4 d 1 (4 3 8) 1 (3 3 8) 1 (5 3 8) 2 5 108 cm2 9 C 21. If he takes home $136.90 D $26.Use the following diagram to answer questions 7 and 8.50 C $426.45 hrs and arrives at 6.96 3 1022 B 1.50 how much does he earn each week? A $210 B $230 C $310 D $390 12 D 18 1 18 3 0.96 3 1023 12 9780230407381_ch03. The bill after tax is A $374.10 12 A shopkeeper buys a box of candles for $18.45 5 $26. 13 0.00 B $406.00.00 D $462.indd 12 8/23/10 6:17 PM .50 3 ____ 5 $210 65 11 A man loses 35% of his weekly wage in stoppages.10 B $9.5% is charged on a bill of $400.10 13 B The decimal point is moved 3 places to the right. If she wants to make a profit of 45% how much should she resell them for? A $8.55 hrs Jamaica time.95 3 1023 D 1.

__. _. __. __. _ } 3 12 20 2 1 11 7 2 { _. how much will it be worth in one year? A $1680 B $12 320 C $13 832 D $15 680 20 B It will be worth 100 2 12 5 88% of its original value 5 14 000 3 0. { } 15 Which of the following is a prime number? A 21 B 23 C 25 D 27 15 B 23 has no factors except itself and 1. Which of the following is the nearest estimate of the area of the shaded figure above? A 12 cm2 B 16 cm2 C 20 cm2 D 26 cm2 18 C 3 3 (2)2 2 1 5 12 2 1 5 11 18 If f : x → 3x2 2 1 then f (2) is A 3 19 1→3 2→5 3→7 4→9 Which of the following could describe the mapping above? A f : x → 3x 2 1 C f : x → 3x B f:x→x15 D f : x → 2x 1 1 B 9 C 11 D 13 19 D f : x → 2x 1 1 is the only function that correctly maps all the given values. of the numbers 36. ___ it is easier to 60 60 60 60 arrange them in descending order. __. 16 What is the H.88 5 $12 320 13 9780230407381_ch03. _ } 3 20 12 2 14 A If we express these fractions over a common 33 40 30 35 denominator: ___. __. ___. _ } 2 12 20 3 2 11 7 1 { _.C. 20 A van is worth $14 000 today. If its value depreciates by 12% per annum. _ } 2 20 12 3 B D 1 7 11 2 { _. ___. the partially shaded squares are approximately equal to 7 fully shaded squares so the shaded area is about 9 1 7 5 16 squares. _.F.11 2 1 7 14 The set of fractions { __.indd 13 8/25/10 2:08 PM . 54 and 90? A 6 17 B 9 C 12 D 18 16 D 18 is the largest number that will divide exactly into these numbers. __. 17 B There are 9 fully shaded and 16 partially shaded squares. __ } written in 20 3 2 12 descending order of magnitude is A C 2 7 11 1 { _. __. __.

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