EXCEL FUNCTIONS

Prepared By Norman Harker Index

COMPLETE LIST OF EXCEL FUNCTIONS
Name
ABS ACCRINT ACCRINTM ACOS ACOSH ADDRESS AMORDEGRC

Source
Built In

Type
Maths

Description
Returns the absolute value of a number Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity Returns in radians the arccosine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number Creates a cell address as text based on given row and column rumbers Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system

Analysis ToolPak Financial Analysis ToolPak Financial Built In Built In Built In Maths Maths Lookup & Ref

Analysis ToolPak Financial

AMORLINC

Analysis ToolPak Financial

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system

AND AREAS ASC

Built In Built In Built In

Logical Lookup & Ref Text

Returns TRUE if all its arguments are TRUE Returns the number of areas in a reference Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters Returns in radians the arcsine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number Returns in radians the arctangent of a number Returns in radians the arctangent from x and y coordinates Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of up to 30 numeric arguments Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of its arguments and includes evaluation of text and logical arguments Converts a number to Thai text and adds a suffix of "Baht" Returns the Bessel function evaluated for purely imaginary arguments Returns the Bessel function represented by Jn(x) Returns the modified Bessel function represented by Kn(x)

ASIN ASINH ATAN ATAN2 ATANH AVEDEV AVERAGE AVERAGEA

Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In

Maths Maths Maths Maths Maths Statistical Statistical Statistical

BAHTTEXT BESSELI BESSELJ BESSELK

Built In

Text

Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering

BESSELY BETADIST BETAINV BIN2DEC BIN2HEX BIN2OCT BINOMDIST CALL

Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Built In Statistical Statistical

Returns the Bessel / Weber / Neumann function Yn(x) Returns the cumulative beta probability density function Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function Converts binary number to decimal Converts binary number to hexadecimal Converts binary number to octal Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Built In Statistical External

CEILING

Built In

Maths

Rounds a number (away from zero) to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Returns information about the formatting , location or contents of the cell or upper left cell of the reference Returns the ANSI character set (Microsoft) or Macintosh character set (Macintosh) specified by the code number Returns the one-tailed probability of the chisquared distribution Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the value from the chi-squared (γ2) distribution for the statistic and the appropriate degrees of freedom Uses a specified index number to select one from up to 29 specified values Removes all nonprintable characters from text Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string Returns the column number of the cell or a specified reference Returns the number of columns in an array or reference Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects Converts real and imaginary coefficients into complex numbers of the form x + yi or x + yj depending upon suffix Joins several text items into one text item Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CELL

Built In

Information

CHAR

Built In

Text

CHIDIST CHIINV CHITEST

Built In Built In Built In

Statistical Statistical Statistical

CHOOSE CLEAN CODE COLUMN COLUMNS COMBIN COMPLEX

Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In

Lookup & Ref Text Text Lookup & Ref Lookup & Ref Maths

Analysis ToolPak Engineering

CONCATENATE Built In CONFIDENCE Built In

Text Statistical

CONVERT CORREL COS COSH COUNT Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Built In Built In Built In Statistical Maths Maths Statistical Converts a number from one measurement system to another Returns the correlation coefficient between two arrays of data Returns the cosine of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number Counts the number of cells that contain numbers and also numbers within the list of arguments counts how many values are in the list of arguments Counts the number of non-empty cells and the values within the list of arguments Counts the number of cells that meet the criteria specified in the argument Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlent date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date using the specified or default day counting basis COUNTA COUNTBLANK COUNTIF COUPDAYBS Built In Built In Built In Statistical Information Maths Analysis ToolPak Financial COUPDAYS Analysis ToolPak Financial COUPDAYSNC Analysis ToolPak Financial COUPNCD Analysis ToolPak Financial Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Returns covariance. the average of the products of deviations for each data point pair COUPNUM Analysis ToolPak Financial COUPPCD Analysis ToolPak Financial COVAR Built In Statistical CRITBINOM Built In Statistical Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods Returns the sequential Excel date / time serial number that represents a particular date CUMIPMT CUMPRINC DATE Analysis ToolPak Financial Analysis ToolPak Financial Built In Date & Time DATEDIF Analysis ToolPak Date & Time Calculates differences between two dates in terms of specified units and assumptions .

using the double-declining balance method of some other method that is specified Converts a decimal number to binary Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal Converts a decimal number to octal Converts radians to degrees Test whether two values are equal Returns the sum of the squares of the deviations from the sample mean Extracts from a specified database a single value that matches specified criteria Returns the discount rate for a security using the specified or default day counting basis DEC2BIN DEC2HEX DEC2OCT DEGREES DELTA DEVSQ DGET DISC Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Maths Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Built In Statistical Database Analysis ToolPak Financial DMAX DMIN DOLLAR DOLLARDE Built In Built In Built In Database Database Text Extracts maximum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions Extracts minimum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions Converts a number to text. using currency format Converts a dollar price (expressed as a fraction) into a dollar price expressed as a decimal number Converts a dollar price (expressed as a decimal number) into a dollar price expressed as a fraction Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the specified criteria in a database Analysis ToolPak Financial DOLLARFR Analysis ToolPak Financial DPRODUCT Built In Database . using the fixed declining balance method Counts the cells containing numbers from a specified database that match specified criteria DB Built In Financial DCOUNT Built In Database DCOUNTA DDB Built In Built In Database Financial Counts non blank cells from a specified database that match specified criteria criteria Returns the deoreciation of an asset for a specified period.DATEVALUE DAVERAGE DAY DAYS360 Built In Built In Built In Built In Date & Time Database Date & Time Date & Time Converts a date text form to an Excel date / time serial number Returns the average of selected list or database entries based on specified criteria Converts an Excel date / time serial number to the day of a month Calculates the number of days between two dates using a specified 30 day month 360 day year method Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period.

DSTDEV Built In Database Estimates standard deviation of a population based on a sample using numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified conditions Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population using numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified conditions Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the specified criteria Returns the Macauley duration of a security with periodic interest payments using the specified or default day counting basis DSTDEVP Built In Database DSUM Built In Database DURATION Analysis ToolPak Financial DVAR Built In Database Estimates the variance of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria Calculates the variance of a population based on the entire population by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the specified number of months from the start_date Returns the effective annual interest rate of a given nominal rate with its compounding frequency Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months from start_date DVARP Built In DataBase EDATE Analysis ToolPak Date & Time EFFECT Analysis ToolPak Financial EOMONTH Analysis ToolPak Date & Time ERF ERFC ERROR.71828182845904) raised to the power of a given number Returns the exponential distribution .TYPE Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Information External Returns the error function integrated between lower_limit and upper_limit Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity Returns a number corresponding to an Excel error type Converts a number to or from Euros to or from a member currency or converts between one euro member currency to another using the Euro as an intermediary (triangulation) EUROCONVERT Add-in EVEN EXACT EXP EXPONDIST Built In Built In Built In Built In Maths Text Maths Statistical Rounds a number away from zero to the nearest even integer Checks to see whether two text values are identical Returns e (=2.

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution Returns the Fisher transformation at x Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals Rounds a number down towards 0 to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Calculates a predicted value of y for a given x value based on known values for x and y Analysis ToolPak Maths Built In Built In Built In Built In Logical Statistical Text Text FINV FISHER FISHERINV FIXED FLOOR Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Statistical Statistical Statistical Text Maths FORECAST Built In Statistical FREQUENCY Built In Statistical Counts how often values occur within given ranges of values and returns those counts as a vertical array of numbers Returns the result of an F-test.FACT FACTDOUBLE FALSE FDIST FIND FINDB Built In Maths Returns the factorial of a number Returns the double factorial of a number Returns the logical value FALSE Returns the F probability distribution Finds one text value within another (case sensitive) Finds one text value within another (case sensitive) based on the number of bytes each character uses. the one-tailed probability that the variances in array1 and array2 are not significantly different FTEST Built In Statistical FV FVSCHEDULE Built In Financial Returns the future value of an investment Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates Returns the gamma distribution Returns the inverse of the gamma distribution Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function Γ(x). Returns the greatest common divisor of 2 .29 integers Returns the geometric mean of an array or range of positive data Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value Returns data stored in a pivot table Analysis ToolPak Financial GAMMADIST GAMMAINV GAMMALN GCD GEOMEAN GESTEP Built In Built In Built In Statistical Statistical Statistical Analysis ToolPak Maths Built In Statistical Analysis ToolPak Engineering External GETPIVOTDATA Built In .

given the sample size.GROWTH Built In Statistical Calculates predicted exponential growth and returns the y-values for a series of specified new x-values by using known x-values and yvalues Returns the harmonic mean of a data set by calculating the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of reciprocals Converts a hexadecimal to a binary Converts a hexadecimal to a decimal Converts a hexadecimal to an octal Looks in the top row of a table or array and returns the value of the indicated cell Converts an Excel date / time serial number to an hour Creates a shortcut that opens a document on your hard drive. population successes.an angle expressed in radians Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the cosine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the quotient of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMABS Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMAGINARY Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMARGUMENT IMCONJUGATE Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMCOS Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMDIV Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMEXP Analysis ToolPak Engineering Returns the exponential of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMLN Analysis ToolPak Engineering Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMLOG10 Analysis ToolPak Engineering . a server or the internet Returns the hypergeometric distribution by calculating the probability of a given number of sample successes. and population size HARMEAN Built In Statistical HEX2BIN HEX2DEC HEX2OCT HLOOKUP HOUR HYPERLINK HYPGEOMDIST Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Built In Built In Built In Lookup & Ref Date & Time Lookup & Ref Statistical IF Built In Logical Returns one value specified condition evaluates to TRUE and another value if it evaluates to FALSE Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the argument theta .

Returns a reference indicated by a value provided as text returns information about the current operating environment Rounds a number away from 0 to the nearest integer Calculates from given x and y values the point at which a line will intersect the y-axis INDIRECT INFO INT INTERCEPT Built In Built In Built In Built In Lookup & Ref Information Maths Statistical INTRATE Analysis ToolPak Financial Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the amount of the interest element in a payment for an investment for a given period IPMT Built In Financial IRR ISBLANK ISERR ISERROR ISEVEN ISLOGICAL Built In Built In Built In Built In Financial Information Information Information Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows Returns TRUE if the value is blank Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A Returns TRUE if the value is any error value Returns TRUE if the number is even Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value Analysis ToolPak Information Built In Information .IMLOG2 Analysis ToolPak Engineering Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" raised to an integer number Returns the product of 2 . Array form returns a value or array of values. Reference form returns a reference.29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the real coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the sine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the square root of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMPOWER Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMPRODUCT Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMREAL Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMSIN Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMSQRT Analysis ToolPak Engineering IMSUB Analysis ToolPak Engineering Returns the difference of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Returns the sum of 2 .29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMSUM Analysis ToolPak Engineering INDEX Built In Lookup & Ref Alternative forms.

LINEST returns an array that describes a line of best fit by using the least squares method Returns the natural logarithm (base e = 2.29 integers Returns the left most characters from a text value Returns the first character or characters in a text string.71828182845904) of a number Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number Entered as an array formula. Returns the kurtosis of a data set. Returns the number of characters in a text string Returns the number of bytes used to represent the characters in a text string Entered as an array formula. a measure that compares the relative peakedness or flatness of a distribution compared with the normal distribution Returns the kth largest value in a data set Returns the least common multiple of 1 .ISNA ISNONTEXT ISNUMBER ISODD ISPMT ISREF ISTEXT JIS Built In Built In Built In Information Information Information Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value Returns TRUE if the value is not text Returns TRUE if the value is a number Returns TRUE if the number is odd Returns the interest associated with a specific loan payment Returns TRUE if the value is a reference Returns TRUE if the value is text Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters. and standard deviation Analysis ToolPak Information Built In Built In Built In Built In Financial Information Information Text KURT Built In Statistical LARGE LCM LEFT LEFTB Built In Statistical Analysis ToolPak Maths Built In Built In Text Text LEN LENB LINEST Built In Built In Built In Text Text Statistical LN LOG LOG10 LOGEST Built In Built In Built In Built In Maths Maths Maths Statistical LOGINV Built In Statistical . based on the number of bytes you specify. LOGEST calculates an exponential curve that fits known data and returns an array of values that describes that curve Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function of x. mean. where ln(x) is normally distributed with given probability.

Array form looks in the first row or column of an array for the specified value and returns a value from the same position in the last row or column of the array LOWER MATCH Built In Built In Text Lookup & Ref Converts text to lowercase Returns the relative position of an item in an array that matches a specified value in a specified order Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments ignoring logical values and text Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments including logical values and text Returns the matrix determinant of an array Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100 using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the median of the given numbers Returns a specific number of characters from a string starting at a specified position Returns a specific number of characters from a text string. where ln(x) is normally distributed with known mean and standard deviation LOOKUP Built In Lookup & Ref Alternative forms. starting at the position you specify. Vector form looks up values in a one row or column range and returns a value in a second one row or column range.LOGNORMDIST Built In Statistical Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution of x. based on the number of bytes specified MAX MAXA MDETERM MDURATION Built In Built In Built In Statistical Statistical Maths Analysis ToolPak Financial MEDIAN MID MIDB Built In Built In Built In Statistical Text Text MIN MINA MINUTE MINVERSE MIRR Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Statistical Statistical Date & Time Maths Financial Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments ignoring logical values and text Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments including logical values and text Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a minute Returns the matrix inverse of an array Returns the modified internal rate of return based on different finance and reinvestment rates for negative and positive cash flows MMULT MOD** Built In Built In Maths Maths Returns the matrix product of two arrays Returns the remainder from division with the result having the same sign as the divisor MODE Built In Statistical Returns the most common value in a data set .

MONTH MROUND Built In Date & Time Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a month number Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple. and standard deviation Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution function. Midway points are rounded away from 0 Returns the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials Returns a value converted to a number Returns the error value #N/A Returns the negative binomial distribution. The distribution has a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1 Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution Reverses the logic of its argument Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the current date and time Returns the number of periods for an investment Returns the net present value of an investment based upon a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate where the first cash flow is received at the end of the first period NORMINV Built In Statistical NORMSDIST Built In Statistical NORMSINV NOT NOW NPER NPV Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Statistical Logical Date & Time Financial Financial OCT2BIN OCT2DEC OCT2HEX ODD Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Analysis ToolPak Engineering Built In Maths Converts an octal number to binary Converts an octal number to decimal Converts an octal number to hexadecimal Rounds a number away from 0 to the nearest odd integer . the probability that there will be number_f failures before the number_s-th success. mean. when the constant probability of a success is probability_s Returns the number of whole working days between two dates excluding specified holidays Returns the nominal rate equivalent to a given annual effective with a given compounding frequency for the nominal rate Analysis ToolPak Maths MULTINOMIAL N NA Analysis ToolPak Maths Built In Built In Information Information Statistical NEGBINOMDIST Built In NETWORKDAYS Analysis ToolPak Date & Time NOMINAL Analysis ToolPak Financial NORMDIST Built In Statistical Returns the cumulative distribution function or probability mass function for the value x with specified mean and standard deviation Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution for the specified probability.

ODDFPRICE Analysis ToolPak Financial Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Returns a reference to a range that is a specified number of rows and columns from a cell or range of cells ReturnsTRUE if any argument is TRUE Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient Returns the kth percentile of values in a range Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects that can be selected from a number of objects without replacement ODDFYIELD Analysis ToolPak Financial ODDLPRICE Analysis ToolPak Financial ODDLYIELD Analysis ToolPak Financial OFFSET Built In Lookup & Ref OR PEARSON PERCENTILE Built In Built In Built In Logical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical PERCENTRANK Built In PERMUT Built In PHONETIC PI Built In Built In Text Maths Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string Returns the number 3. accurate to 15 digits PMT POISSON POWER PPMT Built In Built In Built In Built In Financial Statistical Maths Financial Returns the periodic payment for an annuity Returns the Poisson distribution Returns the result of a number raised to a power Returns the amount of principal element in a payment for an investment for a given period PRICE Analysis ToolPak Financial Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis PRICEDISC Analysis ToolPak Financial PRICEMAT Analysis ToolPak Financial .14159265358979. the mathematical constant pi.

The midway digit 5 is rounded away from 0.ID Built In External REPLACE REPLACEB Built In Built In Text Text REPT RIGHT RIGHTB Built In Built In Built In Text Text Text ROMAN ROUND Built In Built In Maths Maths ROUNDDOWN Built In Maths .PROB Built In Statistical Returns either the probability that values in a range are between two limits or if upper_limit is not specified. as text Rounds a number to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point. Rounds a number down towards 0 to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point Analysis ToolPak Financial REGISTER. Repeats text a given number of times Returns the rightmost characters from a text value Returns the last character or characters in a text string. based on the number of bytes you specify. with a different text string. the probability that values in x_range are equal to lower_limit PRODUCT PROPER PV QUARTILE QUOTIENT RADIANS RAND Built In Built In Built In Built In Maths Text Financial Statistical Multiplies together 1 .30 numbers Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value Returns the present value of an investment Returns the quartile of a data set Returns the integer portion of a division Converts degrees to radians Returns an evenly distributed random number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1 Analysis ToolPak Maths Built In Built In Maths Maths RANDBETWEEN Analysis ToolPak Maths RANK RATE RECEIVED Built In Built In Statistical Financial Returns a random number between (and inclusive of) two specified numbers Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered Replaces characters within text Replaces part of a text string. based on the number of bytes you specify Converts an arabic number to Roman.

0 if the number is 0 and. The result is based on the number of bytes each character uses.ROUNDUP Built In Maths Round a number up away from 0 to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point Returns the row number of a reference Returns the number of rows in a reference Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known_y's and known_x's Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation Finds one text value within another (not case sensitive) and returns the number of the starting position Finds one text string (find_text) within another text string (within_text).REQUEST Built In ODBC Statistical External Returns the kth smallest value in a data set Connects with an external data source. -1 if the number is negative Analysis ToolPak Maths Built In Maths SIN SINH SKEW SLN SLOPE Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Maths Maths Statistical Financial Statistical Returns the sine of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic sine of a given angle Returns the skewness of a distribution Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period.REQUEST then returns the result as an array Returns a positive square root Returns the square root of a number multiplied by pi Returns a normalized value from a distribution with known mean and standard_dev SQRT SQRTPI STANDARDIZE Built In Maths Analysis ToolPak Maths Built In Statistical . and returns the number of the starting position of find_text. SQL. beginning with start_num ROW ROWS RSQ Built In Built In Built In Lookup & Ref Lookup & Ref Statistical RTD SEARCH Built In Built In Lookup & Ref Text SEARCHB Built In Text SECOND SERIESSUM SIGN Built In Date & Time Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a second Returns the sum of a power series expansion Returns 1 for positve numbers. Returns the slope (vertical distance / horizontal distance) of the linear regression line through data points in known_y's and known_x's SMALL SQL. and runs a query from a worksheet.

STDEV STDEVA STDEVP Built In Built In Built In Statistical Statistical Statistical Estimates standard distribution based on a sample ignoring text and logical values Estimates standard deviation based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates standard distribution based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the standard error of the predicted yvalue for each x in the regression Substitutes new text for old text in a text string Returns the sutotal in a list or database Adds its arguments Add the cells specified by a given criteria Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components Returns the sum of the squares of 1 .30 numbers Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays STDEVPA Built In Statistical STEYX SUBSTITUTE SUBTOTAL SUM SUMIF SUMPRODUCT SUMSQ SUMX2MY2 Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Statistical Text Maths Maths Maths Maths Maths Maths SUMX2PY2 SUMXMY2 Built In Built In Maths Maths Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two array Returns the sum of years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period SYD Built In Financial T TAN TANH TBILLEQ TBILLPRICE TBILLYIELD TDIST Built In Built In Built In Text Maths Maths Converts its arguments to text Returns the tangent of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a treasury bill Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill Returns the yield for a treasury bill Returns the probability for the Student tdistribution where a numeric value (x) is a calculated value of t for which the probability is to be computed Formats a number and converts it to text Analysis ToolPak Financial Analysis ToolPak Financial Analysis ToolPak Financial Built In Statistical TEXT Built In Text .

TREND fits a straight line using the least squares method to arrays of known_y's and known_x's and returns the y-values along that line for the array of specified new_x's Removes all spaces from text except single spaces between words Calculates the mean by excluding a specified percentage of data points from the top and bottom tails of a data set Returns the logical value TRUE Truncates a number to an integer or to specified precision by removing the fractional part of the number. (Serves to round down towards 0) Returns the probability associated with a student's t-test Returns the type of value (1 for value is a number.TIME Built In Date & Time Returns the decimal portion of an Excel date / time serial number for a particular time TIMEVALUE Built In Date & Time Converts the time in an acceptable form of text enclosed in quotation marks to the decimal portion of an Excel date / time serial number TINV Built In Statistical Returns the t-value of the Student's tdistribution based on given probability and degrees of freedom Returns the Excel date / time serial number of today's date Returns the transpose of an array Entered as an array formula. 2 for value is text. 64 for value is array) Converts text to uppercase Converts a text argument to a number Estimates variance based on a sample ignoring logical values and text Estimates variance based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period using a variable declining balance method TODAY TRANSPOSE TREND Built In Built In Built In Date & Time Lookup & Ref Statistical TRIM TRIMMEAN Built In Built In Text Statistical TRUE TRUNC Built In Built In Logical Maths TTEST TYPE Built In Built In Statistical Information UPPER VALUE VAR VARA VARP VARPA VDB Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Text Text Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Financial . 4 for value is logical value. 16 for value is error value.

VLOOKUP Built In Lookup & Ref Locates a specified value in the leftmost column of a specified table. Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the two-tailed P-value of a z-test Analysis ToolPak Date & Time YEN Built In Text YIELD Analysis ToolPak Financial YIELDDISC Analysis ToolPak Financial YIELDMAT Analysis ToolPak Financial ZTEST Built In Statistical Notes: ** The Excel MOD function uses a different definition of MOD to that used by VBA Mod function insofar as negative numbers are conc . with the number rounded to a specified place Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis Returns the annual yield for a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis. and returns the value in the same row from a specified column in the table Converts an Excel date / time serial number to the number of the day of the week based upon counting system of return_type WEEKDAY Built In Date & Time WEEKNUM WEIBULL WORKDAY Analysis ToolPak Date & Time Built In Statistical Returns the weeknumber in the year based upon return_type counting basis Returns the Weibull distribution Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays excluding holidays Returns the annual effective interest rate for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates Analysis ToolPak Date & Time XIRR Analysis ToolPak Financial XNPV Analysis ToolPak Financial YEAR YEARFRAC Built In Date & Time Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a year Returns the difference between start_date and end_date expressed as a number of years including decimal fraction of a year. Converts a number to text. using the ¥ (yen) currency format.

n) =BESSELJ(x.Basis) =AND(Logical1.Sheet_text) =AMORDEGRC(Cost.Par.First_Interest.Basis) =ACCRINTM(Issue.Abs_num.First_period.Rate.Logical2.n) =BESSELK(x.Rate.Basis) =AMORLINC(Cost. Salvage.y_num) =ATANH(Number) =AVEDEV(Number1. Salvage.Basis) =ACOS(Number) =ACOSH(Number) =ADDRESS(Row_num.…) =BAHTTEXT(number) =BESSELI(x.Period.…) =AREAS(reference) =ASC(Text) =ASIN(Number) =ASINH(Number) =ATAN(Number) =ATAN2(x_num.…) =AVERAGE(Number1.Number2.First_period.Settlement.n) .Date_purchased.Rate.XCEL FUNCTIONS Syntax =ABS(Number) =ACCRINT(Issue.Period.…) =AVERAGEA(Value1.Column_num. A1. Par.Date_purchased.Value2.Number2.Settlement.Frequency.Rate.

argument1.beta...) =CONFIDENCE(alpha..) =CLEAN(text) =CODE(text) =COLUMN(reference) =COLUMNS(array) =COMBIN(number.) Excel for Macintosh =CEILING(number.reference) =CHAR(Number) =CHIDIST(x.significance) =CELL(info_type.i_num...type_text.degrees_freedom) =CHITEST(actual_range.number_chosen) =COMPLEX(real_num.trials.Places) =BINOMDIST(number_s. cumulative) =CALL(register_id.n) =BETADIST(x..standard_dev...value1.id =CALL(module_text..A. argument1.Places) =BIN2OCT(Number.suffix) =CONCATENATE (text1.) With Register..text2.degrees_freedom) =CHIINV(probability..B) =BETAINV(probability.=BESSELY(x.size) .A.B) =BIN2DEC(Number) =BIN2HEX(Number.probability_s..procedure.resource..) Excel for Windows =CALL(file_text..alpha.value2..alpha.expected_range) =CHOOSE(index_num.type_text.argument1.beta.

end_date.maturity.probability_s.month..to_unit) =CORREL(array1. frequency.alpha) =CUMIPMT(rate.basis) =COUPDAYS(settlement.end_period. .maturity.end_period.frequency.pv.array2) =CRITBINOM(trials.) =COUNTA(value1.basis) =COUPNUM(settlement. frequency..maturity. frequency. .nper.maturity.from_unit.criteria) =COUPDAYBS(settlement. type) =DATE(year.unit) .maturity..frequency.maturity.frequency.start_period.pv.value2.day) =DATEDIF(start_date.basis) =COUPNCD(settlement..value2.=CONVERT(number.array2) =COS(Number) =COSH(Number) =COUNT(value1.) =COUNTBLANK(range) =COUNTIF(range.start_period.basis) =COUPDAYSNC(settlement.nper.basis) =COUPPCD(settlement. type) =CUMPRINC(rate.basis) =COVAR(array1.

criteria) =DAY(serial_number) =DAYS360(start_date..month) =DCOUNT(database.criteria) =DOLLAR(number.period.field.fraction) =DPRODUCT(database.salvage.life.number2.field.fraction) =DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar.field..end_date.method) =DB(cost..factor) =DEC2BIN(Number) =DEC2HEX(Number) =DEC2OCT(Number) =DEGREES(angle) =DELTA(number1.life.pr.number2) =DEVSQ(number1.criteria) =DCOUNTA(database.criteria) .) =DGET(database.field.field.field.field.criteria) =DISC(settlement.=DATEVALUE(date_text) =DAVERAGE(database.maturity.period.salvage.redemption.basis) =DMAX(database.criteria) =DDB(cost.criteria) =DMIN(database.decimals) =DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar.

triangulation_precision) =EVEN(Number) =EXACT(text1.source.upper_limit) =ERFC(x) =ERROR.criteria) =DURATION(settlement.coupon. frequency.field. full_precision.criteria) =DSUM(database.cumulative) .target.criteria) =DVARP(database.criteria) =EDATE(start_date.field.TYPE(error_val) =EUROCONVERT(number.maturity.months) =EFFECT(nominal_rate.text2) =EXP(Number) =EXPONDIST(x.months) =ERF(lower_limit.field.lambda.basis) =DVAR(database.yld.field.criteria) =DSTDEVP(database.npery) =EOMONTH(start_date.=DSTDEV(database.field.

alpha..start_num) =FINV(probability.degrees_freedom1.) =GEOMEAN(number1.known_x's) =FREQUENCY(data_array..item1.) .within_text.field2.nper.type) =FVSCHEDULE(principal.=FACT(Number) =FACTDOUBLE(number) =FALSE() =FDIST(x.array2) =FV(rate.beta.step) =GETPIVOTDATA(data_field. . . degrees_freedom2) =FIND(find_text.beta) =GAMMALN(x) =GCD(number1. degrees_freedom2) =FISHER(x) =FISHERINV(y) =FIXED(number..pmt.alpha.schedule) =GAMMADIST(x.within_text.number2.pivot_table.start_num) =FINDB(find_text.pv.field1.no_commas) =FLOOR(number.bins_array) =FTEST(array1.item2..significance) =FORECAST(x.number2.known_y's..degrees_freedom1..) =GESTEP(number.cumulative) =GAMMAINV(probability.decimals..

friendly_name) =HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s..Places) =HEX2DEC(Number) =HEX2OCT(Number.known_x's.table_array. population_s.const) =HARMEAN(number1.number_sample.inumber2) =IMEXP(inumber) =IMLN(inumber) =IMLOG10(inumber) .value_if_false) =IMABS(inumber) =IMAGINARY(inumber) =IMARGUMENT(inumber) =IMCONJUGATE(inumber) =IMCOS(inumber) =IMDIV(inumber1.=GROWTH(known_y's.number_population) =IF(logical_test.number2.value_if_true. row_index_num.new_x's. .range_lookup) =HOUR(serial_number) =HYPERLINK(link_location.) =HEX2BIN(Number.Places) =HLOOKUP(lookup_value..

) =IMREAL(inumber) =IMSIN(inumber) =IMSQRT(inumber) =IMSUB(inumber1.) =INDEX(array.number) =IMPRODUCT(inumber1.inumber2.basis) =IPMT(rate..column_num.nper..row_num.guess) =ISBLANK(Value) =ISERR(Value) =ISERROR(Value) =ISEVEN(Number) =ISLOGICAL(Value) . area_num) =INDIRECT(ref_text.type) =IRR(values.column_num) =INDEX(reference...inumber2.investment.maturity. redemption.row_num.inumber2) =IMSUM(inumber1.pv.known_x's) =INTRATE(settlement.a1) =INFO(type_text) =INT(Number) =INTERCEPT(known_y's.=IMLOG2(inumber) =IMPOWER(inumber.fv.per...

base) =LOG10(Number) =LOGEST(known_y's.=ISNA(Value) =ISNONTEXT(Value) =ISNUMBER(Value) =ISODD(Number) =ISPMT(rate..nper.num_bytes) =LEN(text) =LENB(text) =LINEST(known_y's.) =LARGE(array..known_x's.number2.k) =LCM(number1. .mean.const.const.per.standard_dev) .num_chars) =LEFTB(text..pv) =ISREF(Value) =ISTEXT(Value) =JIS(text) =KURT(number1.number2.known_x's.stats) =LN(Number) =LOG(Number.) =LEFT(text.stats) =LOGINV(probability.. .

value2..lookup_array..=LOGNORMDIST(x.value2.) =MDETERM(array) =MDURATION(settlement....array) =LOWER(text) =MATCH(lookup_value....) =MINA(value1..num_bytes) =MIN(number1.finance_rate.standard_dev) =LOOKUP(lookup_value.number2.array2) =MOD(number...number2.) =MAXA(value1.coupon.. .) =MID(text.number2.number2..reinvest_rate) =MMULT(array1. frequency.mean..) .basis) =MEDIAN(number1.num_chars) =MIDB(text.. match_type) =MAX(number1.yld.start_num.start_num..) =MINUTE(serial_number) =MINVERSE(array) =MIRR(values.maturity. result_vector) =LOOKUP(lookup_value..divisor) =MODE(number1.lookup_vector.

places) =ODD(number) .mean. pv. fv. .end_date.) =OCT2BIN(number.holidays) =NOMINAL(effect_rate. probability_s) =NETWORKDAYS(start_date.number_s.npery) =NORMDIST(x.=MONTH(serial_number) =MROUND(number.standard_dev..) =N(Value) =NA() =NEGBINOMDIST(number_f. ..multiple) =MULTINOMIAL(number1.value1.. type) =NPV(rate.places) =OCT2DEC(number) =OCT2HEX(number..cumulative) =NORMINV(probability. pmt.mean.value2.number2.standard_dev) =NORMSDIST(z) =NORMSINV(probability) =NOT(Logical) =NOW() =NPER(rate.

fv.number_chosen) =PHONETIC(reference) =PI() =PMT(rate.height.fv.rate.nper.redemption.basis) =OFFSET(reference.per.redemption.pr.pv.x.cumulative) =POWER(number.rows.discount.basis) =ODDLPRICE(settlement.yld.maturity.rate.basis) =ODDFYIELD(settlement. rate. frequency.frequency.power) =PPMT(rate. yld.yld.frequency.issue.array2) =PERCENTILE(array.basis) .rate.type) =POISSON(x.yld.maturity.width) =OR(logical1..last_interest.cols. frequency.k) =PERCENTRANK(array.mean.=ODDFPRICE(settlement. frequency.maturity.basis) =ODDLYIELD(settlement.redemption.maturity.nper.redemption.basis) =PRICEMAT(settlement.issue.) =PEARSON(array1.significance) =PERMUT(number.maturity.logical2.pr.. redemption. rate. first_coupon.pv.maturity..last_interest.issue.rate.type) =PRICE(settlement.maturity. first_coupon.redemption.basis) =PRICEDISC(settlement.

num_bytes. .basis) =REGISTER.num_digits) =ROUNDDOWN(number.start_num.number2.start_num.lower_limit.denominator) =RADIANS(angle) =RAND() =RANDBETWEEN(bottom.type.pmt..type_text) =REPLACE(old_text. upper_limit) =PRODUCT(number1.nper.ID(module_text.) =PROPER(text) =PV(rate. discount.quart) =QUOTIENT(numerator.fv.pv.investment.prob_range.order) =RATE(nper.num_chars) =RIGHTB(text.pmt.=PROB(x_range.fv.procedure..num_digits) .num_chars.guess) =RECEIVED(settlement.num_bytes) =ROMAN(number.top) =RANK(number.form) =ROUND(number.number_times) =RIGHT(text.type) =QUARTILE(array. new_text) =REPLACEB(old_text.maturity.ref. new_text) =REPT(text.

life) =SLOPE(known_y's.known_x's) =RTD(ProgID.k) =SQL.col_names_logical) =SQRT(number) =SQRTPI(number) =STANDARDIZE(x..n.start_num) =SECOND(serial_number) =SERIESSUM(x.start_num) =SEARCHB(find_text.) =SEARCH(find_text..within_text.number2.) =SLN(cost.topic1...output_ref.=ROUNDUP(number.standard_dev) .known_x's) =SMALL(array. driver_prompt.coefficients) =SIGN(number) =SIN(number) =SINH(number) =SKEW(number1.within_text.num_digits) =ROW(reference) =ROWS(array) =RSQ(known_y's.salvage.m.REQUEST(connection_string.query_text..mean.[topic2]..server.

...array_y) =SUMX2PY2(array_x.life..array3.degrees_freedom.) =SUM(number1...number2.) =STDEVA(value1. . instance_num) =SUBTOTAL(function_num.criteria.) =STDEVPA(value1.maturity.) =STEYX(known_y's.maturity.array2..known_x's) =SUBSTITUTE(text.number2...sum_range) =SUMPRODUCT(array1.format_text) . .discount) =TBILLYIELD(settlement.maturity.per) =T(value) =TAN(number) =TANH(number) =TBILLEQ(settlement...old_text.discount) =TBILLPRICE(settlement.number2. .value2.) =STDEVP(number1...array_y) =SUMXMY2(array_x.new_text..) =SUMSQ(number1.tails) =TEXT(value..value2.ref1.) =SUMIF(range..array_y) =SYD(cost.pr) =TDIST(x..salvage.) =SUMX2MY2(array_x.....=STDEV(number1.ref2.number2.

.degrees_freedom) =TODAY() =TRANSPOSE(array) =TREND(known_y's...number2.value2.) =VARA(value1.) =VARP(number1.no_switch) ..=TIME(hour...tails.end_period.) =VARPA(value1.array2.const) =TRIM(text) =TRIMMEAN(array.new_x's.number2.life.minute....percent) =TRUE() =TRUNC(number.) =VDB(cost.salvage.type) =TYPE(value) =UPPER(text) =VALUE(text) =VAR(number1.num_digits) =TTEST(array1.start_period. factor..value2.second) =TIMEVALUE(time_text) =TINV(probability...known_x's.

return_type) =WEEKNUM(serial_num.rate.pr. basis) =YIELDMAT(settlement.x.maturity.maturity.range_lookup) =WEEKDAY(serial_number.redemption.days.basis) =YIELDDISC(settlement.=VLOOKUP(lookup_value.issue.dates.end_date. .alpha.redemption.pr.holidays) =XIRR(values.pr.values.decimals) =YIELD(settlement.cumulative) =WORKDAY(start_date. frequency.dates) =YEAR(serial_number) =YEARFRAC(start_date.maturity.guess) =XNPV(rate.return_type) =WEIBULL(x.table_array.basis) =YEN(number. col_index_num.rate. basis) =ZTEST(array.beta.sigma) t used by VBA Mod function insofar as negative numbers are concerned.

COUNTA and FREQUENCY (Statistical) and COUNTIF (Maths) and COUNTBLANK (Information) Database Function Arguments Argument Database Field Criteria Description The range of cells that makes up the list or database Indicates which column is used in the function as text in inverted commas or as number of field The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify .Database Functions Name DAVERAGE DCOUNT* Source Built In Built In Description Returns the average of selected list or database entries based on specified criteria Counts the cells containing numbers from a specified database that match specified criteria Counts non blank cells from a specified database that match specified criteria criteria Extracts from a specified database a single value that matches specified criteria Extracts maximum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions Extracts minimum number in a column of a list or database that matches specified conditions Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the specified criteria in a database Estimates standard deviation of a population based on a sample using numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified conditions Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population using numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the specified criteria Estimates the variance of a population based on a sample by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria Calculates the variance of a population based on the entire population by using the numbers in a column of a list or database that match specified criteria DCOUNTA* Built In DGET DMAX Built In Built In DMIN Built In DPRODUCT Built In DSTDEV Built In DSTDEVP Built In DSUM Built In DVAR Built In DVARP Built In Notes: * See also COUNT.

criteria) =DGET(database.field.criteria) =DCOUNTA(database.field.field.criteria) =DSTDEV(database.field.field.criteria) =DSTDEVP(database.field.base Functions Syntax =DAVERAGE(database.criteria) Statistical) and COUNTIF (Maths) and COUNTBLANK (Information) Function Arguments p the list or database n the function as text in inverted commas or as number of field the conditions you specify .criteria) =DPRODUCT(database.field.field.criteria) =DVARP(database.field.criteria) =DVAR(database.criteria) =DMAX(database.field.field.field.criteria) =DCOUNT(database.criteria) =DMIN(database.criteria) =DSUM(database.

Date & Time Functions Name DATE Source Built In Description Returns the sequential Excel date / time serial number that represents a particular date DATEDIF* DATEVALUE DAY DAYS360 Analysis ToolPak Calculates differences between two dates in terms of specified units and assumptions Built In Built In Built In Converts a date text form to an Excel date / time serial number Converts an Excel date / time serial number to the day of a month Calculates the number of days between two dates using a specified 30 day month 360 day year method EDATE Analysis ToolPak Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the specified number of months from the start_date Analysis ToolPak Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months from start_date EOMONTH HOUR MINUTE MONTH Built In Built In Built In Converts an Excel date / time serial number to an hour Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a minute Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a month number NETWORKDAYS Analysis ToolPak Returns the number of whole working days between two dates excluding specified holidays NOW SECOND TIME Built In Built In Built In Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the current date and time Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a second Returns the decimal portion of an Excel date / time serial number for a particular time TIMEVALUE Built In Converts the time in an acceptable form of text enclosed in quotation marks to the decimal portion of an Excel date / time serial number TODAY WEEKDAY Built In Built In Returns the Excel date / time serial number of today's date Converts an Excel date / time serial number to the number of the day of the week based upon counting system of return_type WEEKNUM WORKDAY Analysis ToolPak Returns the weeknumber in the year based upon return_type counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the Excel date / time serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays excluding holidays .

A number representing the day of the month. Note that acceptable date forms vary with system and Excel settings. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours and minutes A number representing the month of the year. and seconds A date / time serial number. If day is greater than the number of days in the month specified.YEAR YEARFRAC Built In Converts an Excel date / time serial number to a year Analysis ToolPak Returns the difference between start_date and end_date expressed as a number of years including decimal fraction of a year. 3 = 0 = Monday A number that determines on which day the week begins. 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7. DATEDIF really does exist! It is an Excel built in function. TRUE = European 30/360 method A number from 0 to 32767 representing the minute. The Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date system in Tools > Options > Calculation. Date and Time Function Arguments Argument Basis (For Securities Functions) Description The type of day count basis to use: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360 1 = Actual / Actual 2 = Actual / 360 3 = Actual / 365 4 = European 30/360 A date enclosed in quotation marks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the remainder will be treated as the hour value FALSE or omitted = US (NASD) 30/360 method. or as results of other formulas or functions An Excel date / time serial number. Notes: * See Appendix 2. or as results of other formulas or functions. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function. A positive value for days yields a future date. The list can be either a range of cells that contains the dates or an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates Date_text Day Days End_date Holidays Hour Method Minute Month (For DATE function) Months Return_type (WEEKDAY only) Return_type (WEEKNUM only) Second Serial_num Serial_Number A number from 0 to 32767 representing the hour. a negative value yields a past date The last date as an acceptable date in inverted commas or as a serial number An optional range of one or more dates to exclude from the working calendar. The first date as an acceptable date in inverted commas or as a serial number A text string enclosed in quotation marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats Start_date Time_text . 2 = starts Monday nums 1 to 7 A number from 0 to 32767 representing the second. day aggregates the month and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance after this aggregation The number of nonweekend and nonholiday days before or after start_date. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours. 2 = 1 = Monday. If month is greater than 12. month adds that number of months to the first month in the year specified The number of months before or after start_date A number that determines the type of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday. minutes. It doesn't appear in the listings in the function wizard and the only documentation reference is in the Help files for Excel 2000.

Unit Year "y" = years. "yd" = years and days The year number as one to four digits . "md" = days ignoring months and years. "ym" = years and months. "d" = days. "m" = months.

return_type) =WORKDAY(start_date.second) =TIMEVALUE(time_text) =TODAY() =WEEKDAY(serial_number.return_type) =WEEKNUM(serial_num.end_date.& Time Functions Syntax =DATE(year.months) =HOUR(serial_number) =MINUTE(serial_number) =MONTH(serial_number) =NETWORKDAYS(start_date.unit) =DATEVALUE(date_text) =DAY(serial_number) =DAYS360(start_date.method) =EDATE(start_date.holidays) .end_date.end_date.months) =EOMONTH(start_date.day) =DATEDIF(start_date.minute.month.days.holidays) =NOW() =SECOND(serial_number) =TIME(hour.

or as results of Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date culation. es should be entered by using the DATE function. It doesn't appear in the listings in the function he Help files for Excel 2000. 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7.end_date. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function. A positive value for days yields ields a past date date in inverted commas or as a serial number e dates to exclude from the working calendar. 3 = 0 = hich day the week begins. Note that acceptable date el settings. or as results of other ber. The list can be either a range r an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates senting the hour. month adds that number of year specified r after start_date pe of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday. of the month. me Function Arguments se: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360 360 an 30/360 rks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel.=YEAR(serial_number) =YEARFRAC(start_date. 2 = 1 = Monday. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours. If day is greater than the number of days in the month onth and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance d nonholiday days before or after start_date. If month is greater than 12. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the hour value 30/360 method. TRUE = European 30/360 method senting the minute.basis) an Excel built in function. date in inverted commas or as a serial number on marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats . 2 = senting the second. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours th of the year.

digits .days. "ym" = years and months. "md" = days ignoring months and years.

an angle expressed in radians Analysis ToolPak Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" CONVERT DEC2BIN DEC2HEX DEC2OCT DELTA ERF ERFC GESTEP HEX2BIN HEX2DEC HEX2OCT IMABS IMAGINARY IMARGUMENT IMCONJUGATE .Engineering Functions Name BESSELI BESSELJ BESSELK BESSELY BIN2DEC BIN2HEX BIN2OCT COMPLEX Source Description Analysis ToolPak Returns the Bessel function evaluated for purely imaginary arguments Analysis ToolPak Returns the Bessel function represented by Jn(x) Analysis ToolPak Returns the modified Bessel function represented by Kn(x) Analysis ToolPak Returns the Bessel / Weber / Neumann function Yn(x) Analysis ToolPak Converts binary number to decimal Analysis ToolPak Converts binary number to hexadecimal Analysis ToolPak Converts binary number to octal Analysis ToolPak Converts real and imaginary coefficients into complex numbers of the form x + yi or x + yj depending upon suffix Analysis ToolPak Converts a number from one measurement system to another Analysis ToolPak Converts a decimal number to binary Analysis ToolPak Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal Analysis ToolPak Converts a decimal number to octal Analysis ToolPak Test whether two values are equal Analysis ToolPak Returns the error function integrated between lower_limit and upper_limit Analysis ToolPak Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity Analysis ToolPak Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value Analysis ToolPak Converts a hexadecimal to a binary Analysis ToolPak Converts a hexadecimal to a decimal Analysis ToolPak Converts a hexadecimal to an octal Analysis ToolPak Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the argument theta .

29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMSUM OCT2BIN OCT2DEC OCT2HEX Analysis ToolPak Converts an octal number to binary Analysis ToolPak Converts an octal number to decimal Analysis ToolPak Converts an octal number to hexadecimal Engineering Function Arguments Argument From_unit(1) Description A unit of measurement .IMCOS Analysis ToolPak Returns the cosine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the quotient of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMDIV IMEXP Analysis ToolPak Returns the exponential of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMLN Analysis ToolPak Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" raised to an integer number Analysis ToolPak Returns the product of 2 .29 complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the real coefficient of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the sine of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the square root of a complex number provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" IMLOG10 IMLOG2 IMPOWER IMPRODUCT IMREAL IMSIN IMSQRT IMSUB Analysis ToolPak Returns the difference of two complex numbers provided in the text format "x + yi" or "x + yj" Analysis ToolPak Returns the sum of 2 .

"sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal. "mn" = minute. "gal" = gallon. "pt" = US Pint. "e" = erg. "HPh" = horsepower-hour. "M" = 1E+06 = mega. "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois). "m" = 1E-03 = milli. "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton. "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius. "flb" = foot-pound. "UK_pt" = UK pint. "u" = 1E-06 = micro. "h" = 1E+02 = hecto.… Lower_limit N Number Number1 Number2 Number2. "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon. "P" = 1E+15 = peta. "dyn" = dyne. "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year. "d" = 1E-01 = deci. "cup" = cup. "c" Thermodynamic calorie. "G" = 1E+09 = giga. If places is omitted. suffix is assumed to be "i" A unit of measurement I_num Inumber Inumber1 Inumber2 Inumber2. "yd" = yard. "F" = degrees Fahrenheit. "l" = liter From_unit(3) Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa. "Wh" = Watt-hour. "cal" = IT calorie. If omitted. "hr" = hour. If you omit a value for step. "f" = 1E-15 = femto.From_unit(2) Weight & Mass: "g" = gram. "Nmi" = Nautical mile. GESTEP uses zero The suffix for the imaginary component of the complex number. "in" = inch. "c"=1E-02 = centi. "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler. "tbs" = tablespoon. "mi" = Statute Mile. "e" = 1E+01 = dekao. Excel uses the minimum number of characters necessary The real coefficient of the complex number The threshold value. "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule. "atm" = atmosphere. "eV" = electron volt. "oz" = fluid ounce. "ang" = Angstrom. "a" = 1E-18 = atto Imaginary coeffient of the complex number A complex number First complex number Second complex number The second of 1-29 complex numbers The lower bound for integrating ERF The order of the function A number or expression that evaluates to a number The first number The second number Second of up to 30 numbers. "day" = day. "qt" = quart. "sg" = slug. "u" = Atomic mass. "p" = 1E-12 = pico. "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas The number of characters to use. "n" = 1E-09 = nano. "k" = 1E+03 = kilo.… Places Real_num Step Suffix To_unit(1) . "T" 1E+12 = tera. "ft" = foot. "BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower.

"ang" = Angstrom. "Wh" = Watt-hour. "ft" = foot. "oz" = fluid ounce. "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois). "d" = 1E-01 = deci. "cal" = IT calorie. "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton. "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter. "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year. "HPh" = horsepower-hour. "n" = 1E-09 = nano. "in" = inch. "yd" = yard. "gal" = gallon. "p" = 1E-12 = pico. "M" = 1E+06 = mega. "a" = 1E-18 = atto The upper bound for integrating ERF. "mi" = Statute Mile. If omitted. "tbs" = tablespoon. "BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower. "dyn" = dyne. ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit The value at which to evaluate the function Upper_limit X . "atm" = atmosphere. "c"=1E-02 = centi. "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon. "flb" = foot-pound. "hr" = hour. "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule. "cup" = cup.To_unit(2) Weight & Mass: "g" = gram. "pt" = US Pint. "P" = 1E+15 = peta. "e" = erg. "u" = Atomic mass. "u" = 1E-06 = micro. "k" = 1E+03 = kilo. "e" = 1E+01 = dekao. "T" 1E+12 = tera. "m" = 1E-03 = milli. "c" Thermodynamic calorie. "eV" = electron volt. "qt" = quart. "Nmi" = Nautical mile. "sg" = slug. "sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal. "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius. "h" = 1E+02 = hecto. "mn" = minute. "F" = degrees Fahrenheit. "UK_pt" = UK pint. "G" = 1E+09 = giga. "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler. "day" = day. "f" = 1E-15 = femto. "l" = liter To_unit(3) Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa.

Places) =HEX2DEC(Number) =HEX2OCT(Number.i_num.Places) =IMABS(inumber) =IMAGINARY(inumber) =IMARGUMENT(inumber) =IMCONJUGATE(inumber) .to_unit) =DEC2BIN(Number) =DEC2HEX(Number) =DEC2OCT(Number) =DELTA(number1.n) =BIN2DEC(Number) =BIN2HEX(Number.from_unit.suffix) =CONVERT(number.number2) =ERF(lower_limit.eering Functions Syntax =BESSELI(x.Places) =COMPLEX(real_num.Places) =BIN2OCT(Number.n) =BESSELK(x.n) =BESSELJ(x.n) =BESSELY(x.step) =HEX2BIN(Number.upper_limit) =ERFC(x) =GESTEP(number.

..inumber2.) =IMREAL(inumber) =IMSIN(inumber) =IMSQRT(inumber) =IMSUB(inumber1.number) =IMPRODUCT(inumber1..=IMCOS(inumber) =IMDIV(inumber1.places) =OCT2DEC(number) =OCT2HEX(number..places) g Function Arguments ..inumber2) =IMSUM(inumber1.inumber2) =IMEXP(inumber) =IMLN(inumber) =IMLOG10(inumber) =IMLOG2(inumber) =IMPOWER(inumber.) =OCT2BIN(number..inumber2.

" = slug. "oz" = fluid ounce. "cup" = cup. "n" = 1E-09 = nano. "flb" = foot-pound. "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli. If places is omitted. "e" = 1E+01 = dekao. "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo. "tbs" = tablespoon. "P" = 1E+15 = peta. "yd" = yard. "l" = liter c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa. "mn" = minute. "K" = Kelvin on. Excel uses the minimum number of characters ex number a value for step. "eV" = electron volt. "Nmi" = Nautical mile. "F" = degrees Fahrenheit. t. "ft" = foot. = Watt-hour. "u" = 1E-06 = micro. "h" = 1E+02 = hecto. "T" 1E+12 = tera. "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois). "gal" = gallon. "in" = inch. "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie. "sec" = second = atmosphere. "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss elsius. "u" = Atomic mass. "ozm" = ounces atute Mile. "qt" = quart. suffix is assumed to be "i" . "cal" = IT calorie. "f" = o ex number mbers ERF aluates to a number ou can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of as e. "p" = 1E-12 = pico. "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne. (1/72in) hr" = hour. If omitted. GESTEP uses zero ponent of the complex number.

"mn" = minute. "gal" = gallon. "qt" = quart. "in" = inch. "yd" = yard. "flb" = foot-pound. "F" = degrees Fahrenheit. "cup" = cup. (1/72in) hr" = hour. "K" = Kelvin on. "u" = Atomic mass. "eV" = electron volt. "P" = 1E+15 = peta. "ft" = foot. "h" = 1E+02 = hecto. If omitted. "p" = 1E-12 = pico. t. "oz" = fluid ounce. ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit he function . "tbs" = tablespoon. = Watt-hour. "ozm" = ounces atute Mile." = slug. "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie. "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo. "Nmi" = Nautical mile. "u" = 1E-06 = micro. "n" = 1E-09 = nano. "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli. "sec" = second = atmosphere. "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois). "T" 1E+12 = tera. "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne. "e" = 1E+01 = dekao. "l" = liter c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa. "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss elsius. "f" = o ERF. "cal" = IT calorie.

Item2.… Col_names_logical Description The arguments to be passed to the procedure Indicates whether column names are returned as the first row of the results. required by the driver being used to connect to a data source and must follow the driver's format The name. and passwords. user ID.… File_text Item1 Item2.REQUEST ODBC External Function Arguments Argument Argument1. Item1 Field2.REQUEST does not return column names Supplies information. FALSE if column names not wanted.… Module_text Number Output_ref . enclosed in quotation marks. TRUE if the column names to be returned as the first row of the results.ID Built In Returns data stored in a pivot table Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered Connects with an external data source. If column_names_logical is omitted. SQL. for the data field that contains the data Specifies when the driver dialog box is displayed and which options are available One of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Second of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data The name of the file that contains the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh One of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Second of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Quoted text specifying the name of the dynamic link library (DLL) that contains the procedure in Microsoft Excel for Windows A number or expression that evaluates to a number A cell reference where you want the completed connection string placed Connection_string Data_field Driver_prompt Field1. and runs a query from a worksheet.External Functions Name CALL Source Built In Description Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource EUROCONVERT Add-in Converts a number to or from Euros to or from a member currency or converts between one euro member currency to another using the Euro as an intermediary (triangulation) GETPIVOTDATA Built In REGISTER. such as the data source name. SQL.REQUEST then returns the result as an array SQL.

corresponding to the ISO code for the source currency Belgium .schilling .DKK Greece .ATS Portugal .ATS Portugal .LUF Germany .krona .ID function The name of the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh.deutche mark .LUF Germany .DEM Spain .GBP Type_text (CALL function) Text specifying the data type of the return value and the data types of all arguments to the DLL or code resource .GBP Target A three-letter string. You can also use the resource ID number.IEP Italy .pound .franc .euro .drachma .DEF). or reference to a cell containing the string.deutche mark .franc .pound sterling .pound .SEK UK . The SQL statement that you want to execute on the data source The value returned by a previously executed REGISTER or REGISTER.franc .markka -FIM Euro member states . or named range of cells in a PivotTable report Text specifying the name of the function in the DLL.euro .peseta .franc .escudo .lira .peseta .guilder .BEF Luxembourg .markka -FIM Euro member states .schilling .drachma .Pivot_table Procedure Query_text Register_id Resource Source A reference to any cell.PTE Finland .GRD Sweden .IEP Italy . corresponding to the ISO code for the source currency: Belgium .pound sterling .FRF Ireland .PTE Finland . or reference to a cell containing the string.DEM Spain .ESP France .EUR Others may be added later: Denmark .krona .FRF Ireland . You can also use the ordinal value of the function from the EXPORTS statement in the module-definition file (.EUR Others may be added later: Denmark .lira .krone .krone .ITL Netherlands .franc .NLG Austria .ESP France .DKK Greece .NLG Austria .franc .guilder .BEF Luxembourg . range of cells. The resource ID number must not be in the form of text A three-letter string.SEK UK .ITL Netherlands .GRD Sweden .escudo .

) Excel for Windows =CALL(file_text.argument1.query_text..ID(module_text.target. required by the driver being e and must follow the driver's format n marks. TRUE if the column names to e results..pivot_table. If column_names_logical is ot return column names e data source name.col_names_logical) Function Arguments the procedure s are returned as the first row of the results.item2.REQUEST(connection_string... argument1.output_ref..item1...procedure.) Excel for Macintosh =EUROCONVERT(number.field1.) With Register..) =REGISTER.. argument1..type_text) =SQL.id =CALL(module_text.resource.. and passwords.. field2. FALSE if column names not wanted. for the data field that contains the data box is displayed and which options are available mes and item names that describe the data names and item names that describe the data s the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh mes and item names that describe the data names and item names that describe the data e of the dynamic link library (DLL) that contains the procedure in Microsoft aluates to a number the completed connection string placed . user ID.procedure.type_text. full_precision. driver_prompt.ernal Functions Syntax =CALL(register_id.triangulation_precision) =GETPIVOTDATA(data_field.type_text.source.

corresponding to the ISO code for the source bourg .franc .LUF Germany .ITL ustria . nt to execute on the data source sly executed REGISTER or REGISTER.PTE member states .SEK ce . You can also use the resource ID er must not be in the form of text e to a cell containing the string.schilling .deutche mark .drachma .euro .FRF Ireland .franc .IEP Italy .franc .SEK ce .pound . You can also use the ordinal value of the function from module-definition file (.pound .euro .krona .escudo .GRD the return value and the data types of all arguments to the DLL or code .PTE member states .DEF).ID function in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh.drachma .deutche mark .ATS Portugal .EUR Sweden .escudo .IEP Italy .DEM .cells.EUR Sweden .GRD e to a cell containing the string.lira .schilling .ITL ustria .krona .franc .LUF Germany . or named range of cells in a PivotTable report function in the DLL. corresponding to the ISO code for the source bourg .FRF Ireland .ATS Portugal .DEM .lira .

Financial Functions Name ACCRINT ACCRINTM AMORDEGRC Source Description Analysis ToolPak Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest Analysis ToolPak Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity Analysis ToolPak Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system AMORLINC Analysis ToolPak Returns the depreciation for each accounting period using the French accounting system COUPDAYBS Analysis ToolPak Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlent date using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date using the specified or default day counting basis COUPDAYS COUPDAYSNC COUPNCD Analysis ToolPak Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods Analysis ToolPak Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods Built In Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period. using the fixed declining balance method Returns the deoreciation of an asset for a specified period. using the double-declining balance method of some other method that is specified COUPNUM COUPPCD CUMIPMT CUMPRINC DB DDB Built In DISC Analysis ToolPak Returns the discount rate for a security using the specified or default day counting basis .

DOLLARDE Analysis ToolPak Converts a dollar price (expressed as a fraction) into a dollar price expressed as a decimal number Analysis ToolPak Converts a dollar price (expressed as a decimal number) into a dollar price expressed as a fraction Analysis ToolPak Returns the Macauley duration of a security with periodic interest payments using the specified or default day counting basis DOLLARFR DURATION EFFECT Analysis ToolPak Returns the effective annual interest rate of a given nominal rate with its compounding frequency Built In Returns the future value of an investment FV FVSCHEDULE Analysis ToolPak Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates Analysis ToolPak Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Built In Returns the amount of the interest element in a payment for an investment for a given period INTRATE IPMT IRR ISPMT MDURATION Built In Built In Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows Returns the interest associated with a specific loan payment Analysis ToolPak Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100 using the specified or default day counting basis Built In Returns the modified internal rate of return based on different finance and reinvestment rates for negative and positive cash flows MIRR NOMINAL Analysis ToolPak Returns the nominal rate equivalent to a given annual effective with a given compounding frequency for the nominal rate NPER NPV Built In Built In Returns the number of periods for an investment Returns the net present value of an investment based upon a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate where the first cash flow is received at the end of the first period ODDFPRICE Analysis ToolPak Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis .

ODDFYIELD Analysis ToolPak Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period using the specified or default day counting basis Built In Built In Returns the periodic payment for an annuity Returns the amount of principal element in a payment for an investment for a given period ODDLPRICE ODDLYIELD PMT PPMT PRICE Analysis ToolPak Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis Built In Built In Returns the present value of an investment Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity PRICEDISC PRICEMAT PV RATE RECEIVED Analysis ToolPak Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security using the specified or default day counting basis Built In Built In Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period. Returns the sum of years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period SLN SYD TBILLEQ TBILLPRICE TBILLYIELD VDB Analysis ToolPak Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a treasury bill Analysis ToolPak Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill Analysis ToolPak Returns the yield for a treasury bill Built In Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period using a variable declining balance method XIRR Analysis ToolPak Returns the annual effective interest rate for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates Analysis ToolPak Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows received at specified dates XNPV .

All other dates must be later than this date. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number The integer to use in the denominator of the fraction A number expressed as a fraction The number of coupon payments per year for a security. The first payment date indicates the beginning of the schedule of payments. 2 = 365. 3 = 360 (European) Cost of the asset The security's annual coupon rate Date of purchase of the asset. Analysis ToolPak Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity using the specified or default day counting basis YIELDDISC YIELDMAT Financial Function Arguments Argument Basis (For Securities Functions) Cost Coupon Date_purchased Dates Description Year basis to be used: 0 or omitted 360 (NASD).YIELD Analysis ToolPak Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest using the specified or default day counting basis Analysis ToolPak Returns the annual yield for a discounted security using the specified or default day counting basis. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number A schedule of payment dates that corresponds to the cash flow payments. it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining balance method) The interest rate you pay on the money used in the cash flows The security's first coupon date A security's first interest date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number Date of the end of the first period. but they may occur in any order A decimal number The security's discount rate The effective interest rate Last period number The rate at which the balance declines. 1 = Actual. Future Value Decimal_dollar Discount Effect_rate End_period Factor Finance_rate First_coupon First_Interest First_period Fraction Fractional_dollar Frequency FV . If factor is omitted.

If TRUE.Guess Investment Issue Last_interest Life Maturity Month (For DB function) No_switch A number that you guess is close to the result of IRR The amount invested in the security A security's issue date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number The security's last coupon date The number of periods over which the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the asset) The security's maturity date The number of months in the first year.000) The number of the accounting period The payment made each period The security's price per \$100 face value The present value The Present Value The interest rate per period The rate of depreciation The discount rate A security's annual coupon rate The security's redemption value per \$100 face value The interest rate you receive on the cash flows as you reinvest them Salvage value at the end of the life of the asset . (Default = \$1. Excel switches to straightline depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation Nominal_rate Nper Npery Par Period Pmt Pr Principal PV Rate (For amortization functions) Rate (For Depreciation Functions) Rate (For NPV and XNPV) Rate (For Securities Functions) Redemption Reinvest_rate Salvage The nominal interest rate The number of periods The number of compounding periods per year A security's par value. Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation. FALSE or omitted. If month is omitted. it is assumed to be 12 A logical value specifying whether to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation.

The first payment is optional and corresponds to a cost or payment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. or empty cells. NPV) An array or a reference to cells that contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of return.Schedule Settlement An array of interest rates to apply A security's settlement date.… Values (IRR and MIRR) Values (XIRR and XNPV) Yld The security's annual yield . logical values. which is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer. those values are ignored. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number First period number 0 = Payment in arrears. it must be a negative value. n=29 for CHOOSE. If an array or reference argument contains text. The series of values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value Start_period Type (Amortization functions) Value1 Value2. Values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate of return. A series of cash flows that corresponds to a schedule of payments in dates. If the first value is a cost or payment. 1 = payment in advance A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day year.

nper.basis) =COUPDAYSNC(settlement.First_period.life.start_period.basis) =COUPPCD(settlement.Basis) =ACCRINTM(Issue.pv.maturity.maturity.maturity. frequency.Basis) =COUPDAYBS(settlement.Settlement.Frequency.Basis) =AMORLINC(Cost.period.maturity.end_period. type) =DB(cost.Rate.basis) =COUPNCD(settlement.factor) =DISC(settlement.Period. Par. Salvage.month) =DDB(cost.period.Par. type) =CUMPRINC(rate.Rate.basis) =COUPNUM(settlement.pv.frequency.redemption.life.frequency.basis) =CUMIPMT(rate.Rate.salvage. frequency.salvage.Settlement.end_period.ncial Functions Syntax =ACCRINT(Issue. Salvage.First_period.Basis) =AMORDEGRC(Cost.Date_purchased.nper.Period.basis) =COUPDAYS(settlement. frequency.maturity.Date_purchased.Rate.basis) .maturity.start_period.First_Interest.maturity.frequency.pr.

type) =NPV(rate.) =ODDFPRICE(settlement. pv.yld.type) =IRR(values.. frequency.pv) =MDURATION(settlement.nper.coupon.fv. redemption.maturity.rate.reinvest_rate) =NOMINAL(effect_rate.yld.coupon.basis) =IPMT(rate. .per.basis) =EFFECT(nominal_rate.fraction) =DURATION(settlement.yld. frequency.pmt.basis) . frequency.redemption.nper.maturity. pmt.pv.maturity.type) =FVSCHEDULE(principal.issue.finance_rate.npery) =FV(rate.value2.maturity. fv.fraction) =DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar.pv..value1. first_coupon.npery) =NPER(rate.nper.schedule) =INTRATE(settlement.investment.per.basis) =MIRR(values.=DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar.guess) =ISPMT(rate.

=ODDFYIELD(settlement.pv.start_period.dates.type) =RATE(nper.pv.maturity.maturity.maturity. discount.redemption.issue. frequency.redemption. rate.discount) =TBILLYIELD(settlement.type) =PPMT(rate.basis) =PRICEDISC(settlement.basis) =PV(rate.dates) . first_coupon.yld.salvage.pv.guess) =RECEIVED(settlement.last_interest.values.discount) =TBILLPRICE(settlement.pr.pmt.pr) =VDB(cost.type.nper.maturity.nper.maturity.fv.last_interest. frequency.fv.maturity.basis) =SLN(cost.pmt.end_period.pr.basis) =PRICEMAT(settlement.basis) =ODDLPRICE(settlement.issue.basis) =PMT(rate.fv. factor.frequency.frequency.rate.maturity.nper.life.investment.rate.maturity.per) =TBILLEQ(settlement.discount.maturity.salvage.yld. redemption.basis) =ODDLYIELD(settlement.fv.life.redemption.maturity.per.salvage.type) =PRICE(settlement.no_switch) =XIRR(values. rate.life) =SYD(cost. yld.guess) =XNPV(rate.rate.redemption.

1 = Actual. 2 = 365.issue.redemption. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number al number inator of the fraction on s per year for a security.pr.maturity. it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining money used in the cash flows tered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or umber d.maturity. . If factor is omitted.rate. frequency. basis) =YIELDMAT(settlement. basis) Function Arguments ted 360 (NASD). The first payment date indicates payments. 3 = 360 (European) te ntered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or umber at corresponds to the cash flow payments.=YIELD(settlement.rate. but they may occur eclines.pr.basis) =YIELDDISC(settlement. All other dates must be later than this date.maturity.redemption.pr.

If month is omitted. it is assumed to be 12 er to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than n.If TRUE. Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the declining balance calculation.e to the result of IRR urity as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function ch the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the st year.000) eriod ce value per \$100 face value the cash flows as you reinvest them ife of the asset . Excel switches to straighttion is greater than the declining balance calculation riods per year = \$1. FALSE or omitted.

or empty cells. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day contain at least one positive value and one negative value . n=29 for CHOOSE. n quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial ment in advance s (n=30 for AVERAGEA.y ch is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer. those values are sponds to a schedule of payments in dates. logical values. If the first value is a gative value. The first payment is optional yment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. NPV) hat contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of east one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate e argument contains text.

16 for value is error value. 5 = #Name?. 4 for value is logical value. location or contents of the cell or upper left cell of the reference Counts the number of blank cells in the range Returns a number corresponding to an Excel error type Returns information about the current operating environment Returns TRUE if the value is blank Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A Returns TRUE if the value is any error value COUNTBLANK* ERROR. 64 for value is array) Notes: * See also COUNT. 3 = #Value!. 4 = #Ref!.TYPE INFO ISBLANK ISERR ISERROR ISEVEN ISLOGICAL ISNA ISNONTEXT ISNUMBER ISODD ISREF ISTEXT N NA TYPE Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Analysis ToolPak Returns TRUE if the number is even Built In Built In Built In Built In Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value Returns TRUE if the value is not text Returns TRUE if the value is a number Analysis ToolPak Returns TRUE if the number is odd Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Returns TRUE if the value is a reference Returns TRUE if the value is text Returns a value converted to a number Returns the error value #N/A Returns the type of value (1 for value is a number. COUNTA and FREQUENCY (Statistical) and COUNTIF (Maths) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database) Information Function Arguments Argument Error_val Description The error value whose identifying number you want: 1 = #Null!. 6 = #N/A .Information Functions Name CELL Source Built In Description Returns information about the formatting . 2 for value is text. 2 = #Div/0!.

v for value "Width" = Column width rounded to nearest integer Number Reference A number or expression that evaluates to a number Reference to a cell or range of cells and can refer to multiple areas. 0 otherwise "Prefix" = Text value corresponding to label prefix "Protect" = returns 0 if unlucked. "release" = version of Excel. "system" = name of the operating environment (Mac or pcdos). "origin" = cell reference of top leftmost cell visible in window. then you must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not interpret the comma as a field separator Text that specifies what type of information you want returned: "directory" = Path of current directory of folder. b for blank. based on current scrolling position. "memavail" = Amount of currently available memory in bytes. 0 otherwise "Contents" = Value of upper left cell in reference "Format" = Text value corresponding to number format "Prentheses" = Returns 1 for parenthese for positive or all values. "memused" = Amount of memory being used for data. "numfile" = number of active worksheets in open workbooks. 1 if locked "Row" = First row number in reference "Type" = Text value for type of data.Info_type A text value that specifies what type of cell information you want: "Address" = first cell in reference "Col" = First column number in reference "Color" Returns 1 for negative colored. as text. "recalc" = current recalculation mode. l for label. If you want to specify several references as a single argument. "osversion" = current operating system version. "totmem" = total memory available Type_text (INFO function) Value A value or an expression that evaluates to a value: .

TYPE(error_val) =INFO(type_text) =ISBLANK(Value) =ISERR(Value) =ISERROR(Value) =ISEVEN(Number) =ISLOGICAL(Value) =ISNA(Value) =ISNONTEXT(Value) =ISNUMBER(Value) =ISODD(Number) =ISREF(Value) =ISTEXT(Value) =N(Value) =NA() =TYPE(Value) Statistical) and COUNTIF (Maths) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database) n Function Arguments g number you want: ue!. . 4 = #Ref!. 5 = #Name?.mation Functions Syntax =CELL(info_type.reference) =COUNTBLANK(range) =ERROR.

l for label. g environment (Mac or pcdos). rksheets in open workbooks. system version. b for blank. y available memory in bytes. based on current scrolling position. 0 otherwise cell in reference nding to number format renthese for positive or all values. y being used for data. v for value d to nearest integer aluates to a number ells and can refer to multiple areas. If you want to specify several references must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not eparator nformation you want returned: ctory of folder. as text. 0 otherwise ing to label prefix 1 if locked erence ata. mode. ftmost cell visible in window.ype of cell information you want: e eference olored. ble aluates to a value: .

… Value_if_false Value_if_true Description A value or expression that can be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE Any value or expression that can be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE Condition to be tested.Logical Functions Name AND FALSE IF Source Built In Built In Built In Description Returns TRUE if all its arguments are TRUE Returns the logical value FALSE Returns one value specified condition evaluates to TRUE and another value if it evaluates to FALSE Reverses the logic of its argument ReturnsTRUE if any argument is TRUE Returns the logical value TRUE NOT OR TRUE Built In Built In Built In Logical Function Arguments Argument Logical Logical_test Logical1 Logical2. Argument must evaluate to a logical value or be arrays or references that contain logical values Second of up to 30 conditions you want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE The value that is returned if logical_test is FALSE The value that is returned if logical_test is TRUE .

Logical2.value_if_true.) =TRUE() Function Arguments e evaluated to TRUE or FALSE n be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE nt must evaluate to a logical value or be arrays or references that contain ou want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE cal_test is FALSE cal_test is TRUE ..…) =FALSE() =IF(logical_test.gical Functions Syntax =AND(Logical1...logical2.value_if_false) =NOT(Logical) =OR(logical1.

Entered as an array formula in same number of cells as array. Vector form looks up values in a one row or column range and returns a value in a second one row or column range. Reference form returns a reference. and returns the value in the same row from a specified column in the table OFFSET Built In ROW ROWS RTD TRANSPOSE Built In Built In Built In Built In VLOOKUP Built In . Array form returns a value or array of values.Lookup & Reference Functions Name ADDRESS AREAS CHOOSE COLUMN COLUMNS HLOOKUP HYPERLINK INDEX Source Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Description Creates a cell address as text based on given row and column rumbers Returns the number of areas in a reference Uses a specified index number to select one from up to 29 specified values Returns the column number of the cell or a specified reference Returns the number of columns in an array or reference Looks in the top row of a table or array and returns the value of the indicated cell Creates a shortcut that opens a document on your hard drive. Array form looks in the first row or column of an array for the specified value and returns a value from the same position in the last row or column of the array INDIRECT LOOKUP Built In Built In MATCH Built In Returns the relative position of an item in an array that matches a specified value in a specified order Returns a reference to a range that is a specified number of rows and columns from a cell or range of cells Returns the row number of a reference Returns the number of rows in a reference Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation Transposes vertical or horizontal arrays. Returns a reference indicated by a value provided as text Alternative forms. a server or the internet Alternative forms. Locates a specified value in the leftmost column of a specified table.

Lookup_array must be an array or an array reference The value to be found A range that contains only one row or one column. or 1. If you want to specify several references as a single argument. or logical values The number -1. 0 = first value to exactly equal lookup value -1 = smallest value greater than or equal to look_value ProgID Range_lookup Ref_text Reference The name of the ProgID of a registered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the local computer. that you want the returned reference to be. Match_type specifies how Microsoft Excel matches lookup_value with values in lookup_array: 1 = (default) largest value less than or equal to look_up value. Enclose the name in quotation marks A logical value that specifies whether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match. It must be the same size as lookup_vector The row number in table_array from which the matching value will be returned Result_vector Row_index_num . 0. 2 = Abs Row / Rel Col. Index_num must be a number between 1 and 29. 4 = Relative Selects a range in reference from which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num An array or array formula. to the left (-) or right (+). Reference to a cell or range of cells and can refer to multiple areas. The values in lookup_vector can be text. numbers. If TRUE = approximate match is returned FALSE = Exact Refers to another workbook (an external reference). in number of rows. Height must be a positive number Specifies which value argument is selected. or a reference to a range of cells The column number in table_array from which the matching value must be returned The number of columns. or a formula or reference to a cell containing a number between 1 and 29 The path and file name to the document to be opened as text A contiguous range of cells containing possible lookup values. then you must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not interpret the comma as a field separator A range that contains only one row or column. that you want the upper-left cell of the result to refer to Column number The jump text or numeric value that is displayed in the cell The height. 3 = Rel Row / Abs Col.Lookup & Reference Function Arguments Argument A1 Abs_num Area_num Array Col_index_num Cols Column_num Friendly_name Height Index_num Link_location Lookup_array Lookup_value Lookup_vector Match_type Description A logical value that specifies the A1 (TRUE) or R1C1 (FALSE) reference style The type of reference to return: 1 = Absolute.

… Width Row number The number of rows. leave the argument blank.Row_num Rows Server Sheet_text Table_array Topic1 Topic2. in number of columns. and the program is run locally. that you want the upper-left cell to refer to Name of the server where the add-in should be run. no sheet name is used A table of information in which data is looked up First of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data Second of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA. If there is no server. If sheet_text is omitted. that you want the returned reference to be. enter quotation marks ("") around the server name Text specifying the name of the worksheet to be used as the external reference. n=29 for CHOOSE. NPV) The width.… Value1 Value2. Width must be a positive number . Otherwise. up (-) or down (+).

topic1. col_index_num.table_array.range_lookup) ..a1) =LOOKUP(lookup_value.) =COLUMN(reference) =COLUMNS(array) =HLOOKUP(lookup_value.value2..Column_num.lookup_vector.lookup_array.column_num. A1.server.Reference Functions Syntax =ADDRESS(Row_num.column_num) =INDEX(reference..) =TRANSPOSE(array) =VLOOKUP(lookup_value. match_type) =OFFSET(reference.width) =ROW(reference) =ROWS(array) =RTD(ProgID..value1..Sheet_text) =AREAS(reference) =CHOOSE(index_num.row_num. area_num) =INDIRECT(ref_text.table_array.Abs_num.height.row_num.rows.cols.[topic2].range_lookup) =HYPERLINK(link_location. row_index_num. result_vector) =LOOKUP(lookup_value.array) =MATCH(lookup_value..friendly_name) =INDEX(array.

numbers. It must be the same size as lookup_vector rom which the matching value will be returned . If TRUE = FALSE = Exact external reference). If you want to specify several references must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not eparator ow or column. Lookup_array must be an array or an array ow or one column. that you want the upper-left cell of the result to refer to hat is displayed in the cell hat you want the returned reference to be.rence Function Arguments A1 (TRUE) or R1C1 (FALSE) reference style Col. ells and can refer to multiple areas. Height must be a positive number is selected. or a formula a number between 1 and 29 ocument to be opened as text aining possible lookup values. or ype specifies how Microsoft Excel matches lookup_value with values in han or equal to look_up value. The values in lookup_vector can be text. 3 = Rel Row / Abs Col. Index_num must be a number between 1 and 29. 4 = Relative m which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num eference to a range of cells ay from which the matching value must be returned eft (-) or right (+). 0 = first value to exactly equal lookup value or equal to look_value gistered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the local quotation marks ether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match.

If there is no server. n=29 for CHOOSE. that you want the upper-left cell to refer to dd-in should be run. NPV) s. wise. If sheet_text is omitted. that you want the returned reference to be.own (+). no ata is looked up together represent a unique piece of real-time data hat together represent a unique piece of real-time data s (n=30 for AVERAGEA. and the program is run locally. enter quotation marks ("") around the server name worksheet to be used as the external reference. Width must be a positive .

Maths Functions
Name
ABS ACOS ACOSH ASIN ASINH ATAN ATAN2 ATANH CEILING

Source
Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In

Description
Returns the absolute value of a number Returns in radians the arccosine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number Returns in radians the arcsine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number Returns in radians the arctangent of a number Returns in radians the arctangent from x and y coordinates Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number Rounds a number (away from zero) to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects Returns the cosine of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number Counts the number of cells that meet the criteria specified in the argument Converts radians to degrees Rounds a number away from zero to the nearest even integer Returns e (=2.71828182845904) raised to the power of a given number Returns the factorial of a number

COMBIN++ COS COSH COUNTIF* DEGREES EVEN EXP FACT FACTDOUBLE FLOOR

Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In

Analysis ToolPak Returns the double factorial of a number Built In Rounds a number down towards 0 to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

GCD INT LCM LN LOG

Analysis ToolPak Returns the greatest common divisor of 2 - 29 integers Built In Rounds a number away from 0 to the nearest integer

Analysis ToolPak Returns the least common multiple of 1 - 29 integers Built In Built In Returns the natural logarithm (base e = 2.71828182845904) of a number Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base

LOG10 MDETERM MINVERSE MMULT MOD**

Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number Returns the matrix determinant of an array Returns the matrix inverse of an array Returns the matrix product of two arrays Returns the remainder from division with the result having the same sign as the divisor

MROUND

Analysis ToolPak Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple. Midway points are rounded away from 0 Analysis ToolPak Returns the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials Built In Built In Rounds a number away from 0 to the nearest odd integer Returns the number 3.14159265358979, the mathematical constant pi, accurate to 15 digits

MULTINOMIAL ODD PI

Built In Built In

Returns the result of a number raised to a power Multiplies together 1 - 30 numbers

Analysis ToolPak Returns the integer portion of a division Built In Built In Converts degrees to radians Returns an evenly distributed random number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1

RANDBETWEEN Analysis ToolPak Returns a random number between (and inclusive of) two specified numbers ROMAN ROUND Built In Built In Converts an arabic number to Roman, as text Rounds a number to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point. The midway digit 5 is rounded away from 0. Rounds a number down towards 0 to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point Round a number up away from 0 to a specified number of digits to the left (-) or right (+) of the decimal point

ROUNDDOWN

Built In

ROUNDUP

Built In

SERIESSUM SIGN

Analysis ToolPak Returns the sum of a power series expansion Built In Returns 1 for positve numbers, 0 if the number is 0 and, -1 if the number is negative

SIN

Built In

Returns the sine of a given angle given in radians

SINH SQRT SQRTPI SUBTOTAL SUM SUMIF SUMPRODUCT SUMSQ SUMX2MY2

Built In Built In

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a given number Returns a positive square root

Analysis ToolPak Returns the square root of a number multiplied by pi Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Returns the sutotal in a list or database Adds its arguments Add the cells specified by a given criteria Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components Returns the sum of the squares of 1 - 30 numbers Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMX2PY2 SUMXMY2 TAN TANH TRUNC

Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In

Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two array Returns the tangent of a given angle given in radians Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number Truncates a number to an integer or to specified precision by removing the fractional part of the number. (Serves to round down towards 0)

Notes:

* See also COUNT, COUNTA and FREQUENCY (Statistical) and COUNTBLANK (Information) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database) ** The Excel MOD function uses a different definition of MOD to that used by VBA Mod function insofar as negative numbers are concerned.
++

Maths Function Arguments
Argument
Angle Array Array_x Array_y Array1 (SUMPRODUCT)

Description
The angle in radians An array or array formula, or a reference to a range of cells The first array or range of values The second array or range of values A cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT)

8 = STDEVP. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas The dividend The exponent to which the base number is raised A range First of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal Second of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal The multiple to which you want to round The actual cells to sum The largest integer to be returned M Multiple N Num_digits Number Number_chosen Number1 Number2. 11 = VARP The step by which to increase n for each term in the series The multiple to which you want to round number The order of the function Specifies the number of digits to which you want to round number: 0 = Integer.… Numerator Power Range Ref1 Ref2.Array2 (SUMPRODUCT) Array3. TRUE = Classic. The number of values in coefficients determines the number of terms in the power series The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify The divisor The number by which you want to divide number A number specifying the type of roman numeral you want.… Significance Sum_range Top . If base is omitted. 6 = PRODUCT. -numbers = to left of decimal. 1-4 Progressively simplified. 0 (Default) = Classic. 2 = COUNT. 5 = MIN. it is assumed to be 10 The smallest integer to be returned A set of coefficients by which each successive power of x is multiplied. FALSE = Most Simplified The number 1 to 11 that specifies which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: 1 = AVERAGE. 9 = SUM. 7 = STDEV. +numbers = to right of decimal A number or expression that evaluates to a number The number of items The first number Second of up to 30 numbers.… Base Bottom Coefficients Criteria Denominator Divisor Form Function_num A second cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) A third cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) The base of the logarithm. 10 = VAR. 3 = COUNTA. 4 = MAX.

X X_num Y_num The value at which to evaluate the function The x-coordinate of the point The y-coordinate of the point .

.number2..significance) =GCD(number1.criteria) =DEGREES(angle) =EVEN(Number) =EXP(Number) =FACT(Number) =FACTDOUBLE(number) =FLOOR(number. .number2.) =INT(Number) =LCM(number1.) =LN(Number) =LOG(Number.ths Functions Syntax =ABS(Number) =ACOS(Number) =ACOSH(Number) =ASIN(Number) =ASINH(Number) =ATAN(Number) =ATAN2(x_num..base) .number_chosen) =COS(Number) =COSH(Number) =COUNTIF(range. .significance) =COMBIN(number.y_num) =ATANH(Number) =CEILING(number..

.n..num_digits) =ROUNDUP(number.num_digits) =ROUNDDOWN(number.number2.m.divisor) =MROUND(number.coefficients) =SIGN(number) =SIN(number) .denominator) =RADIANS(angle) =RAND() =RANDBETWEEN(bottom.power) =PRODUCT(number1..num_digits) =SERIESSUM(x..number2.array2) =MOD(number.) =QUOTIENT(numerator..=LOG10(Number) =MDETERM(array) =MINVERSE(array) =MMULT(array1.top) =ROMAN(number.) =ODD(number) =PI() =POWER(number.multiple) =MULTINOMIAL(number1. .form) =ROUND(number.

..sum_range) =SUMPRODUCT(array1. .=SINH(number) =SQRT(number) =SQRTPI(number) =SUBTOTAL(function_num.array_y) =TAN(number) =TANH(number) =TRUNC(number..number2.. ..) =SUM(number1.num_digits) Statistical) and COUNTBLANK (Information) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA n of MOD to that used by VBA Mod function insofar as negative numbers unction Arguments eference to a range of cells s lues with SUMPRODUCT) .ref2.array_y) =SUMXMY2(array_x.array2. .criteria.array3.) =SUMIF(range...) =SUMX2MY2(array_x.ref1.array_y) =SUMX2PY2(array_x..number2..) =SUMSQ(number1.

5 = MIN. MAX. 10 = for each term in the series o round number which you want to round number: 0 = Integer. Simplified es which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: 1 = AVERAGE. it is assumed to be 10 ned ch successive power of x is multiplied. 7 = STDEV. 0 (Default) = Classic. 1-4 Progressively simplified.p to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) o 30 with SUMPRODUCT) se is omitted. The number of values in coefficients in the power series the conditions you specify to divide number roman numeral you want. 9 = SUM. 6 = PRODUCT. -numbers = to left of decimal. aluates to a number ou can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of as number is raised ences for which you want the subtotal ferences for which you want the subtotal o round d . 8 = STDEVP.

he function .

Statistical Functions Name AVEDEV AVERAGE AVERAGEA Source Built In Built In Built In Description Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of up to 30 numeric arguments Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of its arguments and includes evaluation of text and logical arguments Returns the cumulative beta probability density function Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability Returns the one-tailed probability of the chisquared distribution Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the value from the chi-squared (γ2) distribution for the statistic and the appropriate degrees of freedom Returns the confidence interval for a population mean Returns the correlation coefficient between two arrays of data Counts the number of cells that contain numbers and also numbers within the list of arguments Counts the number of non-empty cells and the values within the list of arguments Returns covariance. the average of the products of deviations for each data point pair BETADIST BETAINV BINOMDIST CHIDIST CHIINV CHITEST Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In CONFIDENCE CORREL COUNT* Built In Built In Built In COUNTA* COVAR Built In Built In CRITBINOM Built In Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value Returns the sum of the squares of the deviations from the sample mean Returns the exponential distribution Returns the F probability distribution Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution Returns the Fisher transformation at x DEVSQ EXPONDIST FDIST FINV FISHER Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In .

a measure that compares the relative peakedness or flatness of a distribution compared with the normal distribution Returns the kth largest value in a data set Entered as an array formula. population successes. LINEST returns an array that describes a line of best fit by using the least squares method Entered as an array formula. the one-tailed probability that the variances in array1 and array2 are not significantly different FTEST Built In GAMMADIST GAMMAINV GAMMALN GEOMEAN GROWTH Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Returns the gamma distribution Returns the inverse of the gamma distribution Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function Γ(x). Returns the geometric mean of an array or range of positive data Calculates predicted exponential growth and returns the y-values for a series of specified new x-values by using known x-values and yvalues Returns the harmonic mean of a data set by calculating the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of reciprocals Returns the hypergeometric distribution by calculating the probability of a given number of sample successes. given the sample size. LOGEST calculates an exponential curve that fits known data and returns an array of values that describes that curve LARGE LINEST Built In Built In LOGEST Built In .FISHERINV FORECAST Built In Built In Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation Calculates a predicted value of y for a given x value based on known values for x and y FREQUENCY* Built In Counts how often values occur within given ranges of values and returns those counts as a vertical array of numbers Returns the result of an F-test. and population size HARMEAN Built In HYPGEOMDIST Built In INTERCEPT Built In Calculates from given x and y values the point at which a line will intersect the y-axis KURT Built In Returns the kurtosis of a data set.

mean. mean. The distribution has a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1 Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient Returns the kth percentile of values in a range Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects that can be selected from a number of objects without replacement NEGBINOMDIST Built In NORMDIST Built In NORMINV Built In NORMSDIST Built In NORMSINV PEARSON PERCENTILE Built In Built In Built In PERCENTRANK Built In PERMUT** Built In POISSON Built In Returns the Poisson distribution . and standard deviation Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution of x. and standard deviation Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution function. where ln(x) is normally distributed with given probability. where ln(x) is normally distributed with known mean and standard deviation LOGNORMDIST Built In MAX MAXA MEDIAN MIN MINA MODE Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments ignoring logical values and text Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments including logical values and text Returns the median of the given numbers Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments ignoring logical values and text Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments including logical values and text Returns the most common value in a data set Returns the negative binomial distribution. the probability that there will be number_f failures before the number_s-th success.LOGINV Built In Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function of x. when the constant probability of a success is probability_s Returns the cumulative distribution function or probability mass function for the value x with specified mean and standard deviation Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution for the specified probability.

the probability that values in x_range are equal to lower_limit QUARTILE RANK RSQ Built In Built In Built In Returns the quartile of a data set Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known_y's and known_x's Returns the skewness of a distribution Returns the slope (vertical distance / horizontal distance) of the linear regression line through data points in known_y's and known_x's SKEW SLOPE Built In Built In SMALL STANDARDIZE Built In Built In Returns the kth smallest value in a data set Returns a normalized value from a distribution with known mean and standard_dev STDEV STDEVA STDEVP STDEVPA STEYX TDIST Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Estimates standard distribution based on a sample ignoring text and logical values Estimates standard deviation based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates standard distribution based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the standard error of the predicted yvalue for each x in the regression Returns the probability for the Student tdistribution where a numeric value (x) is a calculated value of t for which the probability is to be computed Returns the t-value of the Student's tdistribution based on given probability and degrees of freedom Entered as an array formula.PROB Built In Returns either the probability that values in a range are between two limits or if upper_limit is not specified. TREND fits a straight line using the least squares method to arrays of known_y's and known_x's and returns the y-values along that line for the array of specified new_x's Calculates the mean by excluding a specified percentage of data points from the top and bottom tails of a data set Returns the probability associated with a student's t-test TINV Built In TREND Built In TRIMMEAN Built In TTEST Built In .

or a reference to a range of cells A set of independent values A set of dependent values An optional lower bound to the interval of y A parameter of a distribution An array of or reference to intervals into which you want to group the values A logical value specifying whether to force the constant b to equal 1: TRUE or omitted. b is calculated normally.VAR VARA VARP VARPA WEIBULL ZTEST Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Estimates variance based on a sample ignoring logical values and text Estimates variance based on a sample including text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population ignoring text and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population including text and logical values Returns the Weibull distribution Returns the two-tailed P-value of a z-test Notes: * See also COUNTIF (Maths) and COUNTBLANK (Information) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database) ** See also COMBIN function (Maths) Statistical Function Arguments Argument A Actual_range Alpha Array Array1 (PEARSON function) Array2 (PEARSON function) B Beta Bins_array Const Description An optional lower bound to the interval of x The range of data that contains observations to test against expected values A parameter of a distribution An array or array formula. FALSE. b is set equal to 1 and the m-values are adjusted so that y = m^x The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify A logical value that determines the form of the function An array of or reference to a set of values The number of degrees of freedom Criteria Cumulative Data_array Degrees_freedom .

3 = 3rd Quartile. 1 = 1st Quartile (25th Percentile).… Order Percent Population_s Prob_range Probability Probability_s Quart Range The numerator degrees of freedom The denominator degrees of freedom The range of data that contains the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total Is the position in the array or cell range of data to return The independent array or range of data The dependent array or range of data The parameter value The lower bound for integrating ERF The arithmetic mean The mean of ln(x). You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas A number specifying how to rank number. 0 or omitted = descending. new x-values for which you want GROWTH to return corresponding y-values The number of items The population size The number of successes in trials The size of the sample The first number Second of up to 30 numbers. 4 = Maximum value A range .Degrees_freedom1 Degrees_freedom2 Expected_range K Known_x's Known_y's Lambda Lower_limit Mean Mean (LOGNORMDIST and LOGINV) New_x's Number_chosen Number_population Number_s Number_sample Number1 Number2. 2 = 2nd Quartile. non-zero = ascending The fractional number of data points to exclude from the calculation The number of successes in the population A set of probabilities associated with values in x_range A probability associated with the distribution The probability of success on each trial Indicates which value to return: 0 = minimum value.

If tails = 1. ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA.… X X_range Z A logical value specifying whether to return additional regression statistics TRUE returns additional statistics Specifies the number of distribution tails to return. If omitted. n=29 for CHOOSE. 1 = Paired. the sample standard deviation is used The multiple to which you want to round The sample size The population standard deviation for the data range Standard_dev (LOGNORMDIST and The standard deviation of ln(x). TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution. If omitted. 3 = Two-sample unequal variance (heteroscedastic) The upper bound for integrating ERF. a list of numbers The number of successes in the sample The population (known) standard deviation. If tails = 2. LOGINV) Stats Tails Trials Type (TTEST function) Upper_limit Value1 Value2. or a reference to. TDIST returns the two-tailed distribution The number of independent trials The kind of t-Test to perform.Ref Sample_s Sigma Significance Size Standard_dev An array of. 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic). NPV) The value at which to evaluate the function The range of numeric values of x with which there are associated probabilities The value for which you want the distribution .

…) =BETADIST(x.…) =AVERAGE(Number1.) =EXPONDIST(x. degrees_freedom2) =FISHER(x) .value2.degrees_freedom1.expected_range) =CONFIDENCE(alpha..standard_dev.) =COVAR(array1.. .degrees_freedom1.array2) =CRITBINOM(trials..Value2.alpha.B) =BINOMDIST(number_s. .probability_s. degrees_freedom2) =FINV(probability.value2.beta.) =COUNTA(value1.cumulative) =FDIST(x.degrees_freedom) =CHIINV(probability.array2) =COUNT(value1. cumulative) =CHIDIST(x.alpha.Number2.degrees_freedom) =CHITEST(actual_range.Number2.beta.…) =AVERAGEA(Value1.stical Functions Syntax =AVEDEV(Number1.B) =BETAINV(probability.A..probability_s.lambda...size) =CORREL(array1..A.trials.alpha) =DEVSQ(number1.number2.

=FISHERINV(y) =FORECAST(x,known_y's,known_x's)

=FREQUENCY(data_array,bins_array)

=FTEST(array1,array2)

=GAMMADIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) =GAMMAINV(probability,alpha,beta) =GAMMALN(x) =GEOMEAN(number1,number2, ...) =GROWTH(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const)

=HARMEAN(number1,number2, ...)

=HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s,number_sample, population_s,number_population)

=INTERCEPT(known_y's,known_x's)

=KURT(number1,number2, ...)

=LARGE(array,k) =LINEST(known_y's,known_x's,const,stats)

=LOGEST(known_y's,known_x's,const,stats)

=LOGNORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev)

=MAX(number1,number2,...) =MAXA(value1,value2,...) =MEDIAN(number1,number2, ...) =MIN(number1,number2,...) =MINA(value1,value2,...) =MODE(number1,number2,...) =NEGBINOMDIST(number_f,number_s, probability_s)

=NORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative)

=NORMINV(probability,mean,standard_dev)

=NORMSDIST(z)

=NORMSINV(probability) =PEARSON(array1,array2) =PERCENTILE(array,k) =PERCENTRANK(array,x,significance) =PERMUT(number,number_chosen)

=POISSON(x,mean,cumulative)

=PROB(x_range,prob_range,lower_limit, upper_limit)

=QUARTILE(array,quart) =RANK(number,ref,order) =RSQ(known_y's,known_x's)

=SKEW(number1,number2,...) =SLOPE(known_y's,known_x's)

=SMALL(array,k) =STANDARDIZE(x,mean,standard_dev)

=STDEV(number1,number2,...) =STDEVA(value1,value2,...) =STDEVP(number1,number2,...) =STDEVPA(value1,value2,...) =STEYX(known_y's,known_x's) =TDIST(x,degrees_freedom,tails)

=TINV(probability,degrees_freedom)

=TREND(known_y's,known_x's,new_x's,const)

=TRIMMEAN(array,percent)

=TTEST(array1,array2,tails,type)

beta.. b is set equal to 1 and the m-values are adjusted so that the conditions you specify he form of the function of values om ....cumulative) =ZTEST(array.) =WEIBULL(x....sigma) (Information) and DCOUNT and DCOUNTA (Database) Function Arguments nterval of x observations to test against expected values eference to a range of cells nterval of y vals into which you want to group the values er to force the constant b to equal 1: normally..) =VARPA(value1.value2.number2..number2.) =VARA(value1..alpha.=VAR(number1.x. FALSE.) =VARP(number1...value2.

om edom the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total l range of data to return of data f data ERF t GROWTH to return corresponding y-values ls ou can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of as k number. 1 = 1st Quartile (25th Percentile). non-zero = ascending oints to exclude from the calculation population with values in x_range distribution ach trial 0 = minimum value. 0 or omitted = descending. 3 = e . 2 = 2nd Quartile.

TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution. 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic). the sample standard deviation is used o round on for the data range er to return additional regression statistics TRUE returns additional statistics ion tails to return. 3 = Two-sample tic) ERF. If omitted. ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit s (n=30 for AVERAGEA. If tails = 1. If tails d distribution s = Paired.list of numbers sample d deviation. NPV) he function x with which there are associated probabilities e distribution . If omitted. n=29 for CHOOSE.

based on the number of bytes you specify. starting at the position you specify. based on the number of bytes specified BAHTTEXT CHAR Built In Built In CLEAN CODE Built In Built In CONCATENATE Built In DOLLAR EXACT FIND FINDB Built In Built In Built In Built In FIXED JIS Built In Built In LEFT LEFTB Built In Built In LEN LENB LOWER MID MIDB Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In PHONETIC PROPER Built In Built In Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value .Text Functions Name ASC Source Built In Description Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters Converts a number to Thai text and adds a suffix of "Baht" Returns the ANSI character set (Microsoft) or Macintosh character set (Macintosh) specified by the code number Removes all nonprintable characters from text Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string Joins several text items into one text item Converts a number to text. using currency format Checks to see whether two text values are identical Finds one text value within another (case sensitive) Finds one text value within another (case sensitive) based on the number of bytes each character uses. Returns the left most characters from a text value Returns the first character or characters in a text string. Returns the number of characters in a text string Returns the number of bytes used to represent the characters in a text string Converts text to lowercase Returns a specific number of characters from a string starting at a specified position Returns a specific number of characters from a text string. Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters.

with the number rounded to a specified place Text Function Arguments Argument Decimals Find_text Format_text Instance_num Description The number of digits to the right of the decimal point.REPLACE REPLACEB Built In Built In Replaces characters within text Replaces part of a text string. number is rounded to the left of the decimal point. using the ¥ (yen) currency format. beginning with start_num REPT RIGHT RIGHTB Built In Built In Built In SEARCH Built In SEARCHB Built In SUBSTITUTE T TEXT TRIM UPPER VALUE YEN Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Built In Substitutes new text for old text in a text string Converts its arguments to text Formats a number and converts it to text Removes all spaces from text except single spaces between words Converts text to uppercase Converts a text argument to a number Converts a number to text. it is assumed to be 2 The text you want to find A number format in text form from in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box Specifies which occurrence of old_text you want to replace with new_text. Otherwise. If decimals is negative. based on the number of bytes you specify. based on the number of bytes you specify Finds one text value within another (not case sensitive) and returns the number of the starting position Finds one text string (find_text) within another text string (within_text). The result is based on the number of bytes each character uses. with a different text string. Repeats text a given number of times Returns the rightmost characters from a text value Returns the last character or characters in a text string. If you specify instance_num. If you omit decimals. every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text . and returns the number of the starting position of find_text. only that instance of old_text is replaced.

… Value Within_text . if TRUE. then you must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not interpret the comma as a field separator The character at which to start the search Text or a reference to a cell that contains the text you want to change First item of text Second item of text Second of up to 30 items of text A value or an expression that evaluates to a value The text containing the text you want to find Start_num Text Text1 Text2 Text2. If you want to specify several references as a single argument.New_text No_commas Num_bytes Num_chars Number Number_times Old_text Reference The text that will replace characters in old_text A logical value that. prevents FIXED from including commas in the returned text The number of bytes you want to extract The number of characters you want to extract A number or expression that evaluates to a number A positive number specifying the number of times to repeat text Text in which you want to replace some characters Reference to a cell or range of cells and can refer to multiple areas.

text2.no_commas) =JIS(text) =LEFT(text.num_bytes) =PHONETIC(reference) =PROPER(text) .num_bytes) =LEN(text) =LENB(text) =LOWER(text) =MID(text.start_num...decimals) =EXACT(text1.ext Functions Syntax =ASC(Text) =BAHTTEXT(number) =CHAR(Number) =CLEAN(text) =CODE(text) =CONCATENATE (text1.decimals.num_chars) =LEFTB(text.start_num) =FINDB(find_text.within_text.start_num.within_text.start_num) =FIXED(number.text2) =FIND(find_text.) =DOLLAR(number..num_chars) =MIDB(text.

Otherwise.format_text) =TRIM(text) =UPPER(text) =VALUE(text) =YEN(number.num_bytes) =SEARCH(find_text.num_bytes.num_chars) =RIGHTB(text.start_num.start_num.start_num) =SEARCHB(find_text. only ced.within_text. instance_num) =T(value) =TEXT(value. every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text .decimals) unction Arguments of the decimal point. new_text) =REPT(text.old_text.=REPLACE(old_text.num_chars.start_num) =SUBSTITUTE(text. new_text) =REPLACEB(old_text.number_times) =RIGHT(text. it is assumed to be 2 m in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box d_text you want to replace with new_text.within_text. If decimals is negative.new_text. number is rounded to the left of cimals. If you specify instance_num.

ters in old_text events FIXED from including commas in the returned text o extract want to extract aluates to a number e number of times to repeat text e some characters ells and can refer to multiple areas. If you want to specify several references must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not eparator he search contains the text you want to change aluates to a value want to find .

1 = Actual. 3 = Actual / 365. or a reference to a range of cells The first array or range of values The second array or range of values A set of independent values A cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) A set of dependent values A second cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) A third cell range of values (up to 30 with SUMPRODUCT) An optional lower bound to the interval of y The base of the logarithm.… Array Array_x Array_y Array1 (PEARSON function) Array1 (SUMPRODUCT) Array2 (PEARSON function) Array2 (SUMPRODUCT) Array3. 4 = European 30/360 Year basis to be used: 0 or omitted 360 (NASD). 2 = Actual / 360. If base is omitted.… B Base Basis (For Securities Functions) Basis (For YEARFRAC) Description An optional lower bound to the interval of x A logical value that specifies the A1 (TRUE) or R1C1 (FALSE) reference style The type of reference to return: 1 = Absolute. 4 = European 30/360 The type of day count basis to use: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360. 2 = 365. 4 = Relative The range of data that contains observations to test against expected values A parameter of a distribution The angle in radians Selects a range in reference from which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num The arguments to be passed to the procedure An array or array formula.COMPLETE LIST OF FUNCTION ARGUMENTS Argument A A1 Abs_num Actual_range Alpha Angle Area_num Argument1. 3 = Rel Row / Abs Col. 2 = Abs Row / Rel Col. 1 = Actual / Actual. 3 = Actual / 365. 3 = 360 (European) A parameter of a distribution An array of or reference to intervals into which you want to group the values The smallest integer to be returned Basis(For Depreciation Functions) Beta Bins_array Bottom . it is assumed to be 10 The type of day count basis to use: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360 1 = Actual / Actual. 2 = Actual / 360.

The number of values in coefficients determines the number of terms in the power series The column number in table_array from which the matching value must be returned Indicates whether column names are returned as the first row of the results. but they may occur in any order A number representing the day of the month. All other dates must be later than this date. a negative value yields a past date A decimal number The number of digits to the right of the decimal point. enclosed in quotation marks. The first payment date indicates the beginning of the schedule of payments. If decimals is negative. that you want the upper-left cell of the result to refer to Column number Supplies information. FALSE if column names not wanted. If you omit decimals. number is rounded to the left of the decimal point. b is set equal to 1 and the m-values are adjusted so that y = m^x Cost of the asset The security's annual coupon rate The range of cells that contains the conditions you specify A logical value that determines the form of the function An array of or reference to a set of values The name. to the left (-) or right (+). b is calculated normally FALSE. required by the driver being used to connect to a data source and must follow the driver's format A logical value specifying whether to force the constant b to equal 1: TRUE or omitted. Note that acceptable date forms vary with system and Excel settings. and passwords. day aggregates the month and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance after this aggregation The number of nonweekend and nonholiday days before or after start_date. for the data field that contains the data The range of cells that makes up the list or database Date of purchase of the asset.Coefficients Col_index_num Col_names_logical A set of coefficients by which each successive power of x is multiplied. such as the data source name. SQL. A positive value for days yields a future date. A schedule of payment dates that corresponds to the cash flow payments. TRUE if the column names to be returned as the first row of the results. it is assumed to be 2 The number of degrees of freedom The numerator degrees of freedom The denominator degrees of freedom The divisor Cols Column_num Connection_string Const Cost Coupon Criteria Cumulative Data_array Data_field Database Date_purchased Date_text Dates Day Days Decimal_Dollar Decimals Degrees_freedom Degrees_freedom1 Degrees_freedom2 Denominator . Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number A date enclosed in quotation marks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel. If day is greater than the number of days in the month specified. user ID.REQUEST does not return column names The number of columns. If column_names_logical is omitted.

TRUE = Classic. Item1 Field2. 4 = #Ref!. If factor is omitted. 6 = #N/A The range of data that contains the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total The rate at which the balance declines. 2 = #Div/0!. it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining balance method) Indicates which column is used in the function as text in inverted commas or as number of field One of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Second of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data The name of the file that contains the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh The interest rate you pay on the money used in the cash flows The text you want to find The security's first coupon date A security's first interest date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number Date of the end of the first period.Discount Divisor Driver_prompt Effect_rate End_Date End_Period Error_val Expected_range Factor Field Field1. FALSE = Most Simplified A number format in text form from in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box The integer to use in the denominator of the fraction A number expressed as a fraction The number of coupon payments per year for a security. 5 = #Name?. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number A number specifying the type of roman numeral you want. 0 (Default) = Classic. The jump text or numeric value that is displayed in the cell A unit of measurement: . 3 = #Value!. 1-4 Progressively simplified. Item2.… File_text Finance_rate Find_Text First_coupon First_Interest First_Period Form Format_text Fraction Fractional_Dollar Frequency Friendly_name From_unit(1) The security's discount rate The number by which you want to divide number Specifies when the driver dialog box is displayed and which options are available The effective interest rate The last date as an acceptable date in inverted commas or as a serial number Last period number The error value whose identifying number you want: 1 = #Null!.

"BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower. "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton. "mi" = Statute Mile. 10 = VAR. "e" = erg. "Nmi" = Nautical mile. "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius. "P" = 1E+15 = peta. "h" = 1E+02 = hecto. "c" Thermodynamic calorie. "cal" = IT calorie. "n" = 1E-09 = nano. l for label. "cup" = cup. "mn" = minute. "pt" = US Pint. "day" = day. The list can be either a range of cells that contains the dates or an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates Full_precision Function_num FV Guess Height Holidays Hour I_num I_number Index_num Info_type A number from 0 to 32767 representing the hour. "k" = 1E+03 = kilo. "gal" = gallon. "UK_pt" = UK pint. Height must be a positive number An optional range of one or more dates to exclude from the working calendar. Index_num must be a number between 1 and 29. "e" = 1E+01 = dekao. "dyn" = dyne. "Wh" = Watt-hour. 7 = STDEV. "yd" = yard. "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year. or a formula or reference to a cell containing a number between 1 and 29 A text value that specifies what type of cell information you want: "Address" = first cell in reference "Col" = First column number in reference "Color" Returns 1 for negative colored. "u" = 1E-06 = micro. "atm" = atmosphere. "a" = 1E-18 = atto A logical value. If you specify instance_num. "p" = 1E-12 = pico. "eV" = electron volt. "G" = 1E+09 = giga. v for value "Width" = Column width rounded to nearest integer Instance_num Specifies which occurrence of old_text you want to replace with new_text. "flb" = foot-pound. 0 otherwise "Prefix" = Text value corresponding to label prefix "Protect" = returns 0 if unlucked. "in" = inch. 1 if locked "Row" = First row number in reference "Type" = Text value for type of data. "c"=1E-02 = centi. "HPh" = horsepower-hour. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the remainder will be treated as the hour value Imaginary coefficient of the complex number A complex number Specifies which value argument is selected. 8 = STDEVP. "sg" = slug. "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon. "qt" = quart. only that instance of old_text is replaced. 4 = MAX. 2 = COUNT. "M" = 1E+06 = mega. Otherwise. "sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal. "d" = 1E-01 = deci. 3 = COUNTA. TRUE = full precision The number 1 to 11 that specifies which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: 1 = AVERAGE. "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler. "oz" = fluid ounce. "tbs" = tablespoon. "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter. every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text .From_unit(2) Weight & Mass: "g" = gram. 5 = MIN. FALSE = currency specific rounding rules. "u" = Atomic mass. b for blank. "T" 1E+12 = tera. 9 = SUM. "ft" = foot. "F" = degrees Fahrenheit. 0 otherwise "Contents" = Value of upper left cell in reference "Format" = Text value corresponding to number format "Prentheses" = Returns 1 for parenthese for positive or all values. "l" = liter From_unit(3) Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa. "ang" = Angstrom. "hr" = hour. in number of rows. 11 = VARP Future Value A number that you guess is close to the result of IRR The height. "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois). that you want the returned reference to be. 6 = PRODUCT. "f" = 1E-15 = femto. "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule. "m" = 1E-03 = milli.

Lookup_array must be an array or an array reference The value to be found A range that contains only one row or one column. numbers. 0. Argument must evaluate to a logical value or be arrays or references that contain logical values Second of up to 30 conditions you want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE A contiguous range of cells containing possible lookup values.… K Known_x's Known_y's Lambda Last_interest Life Link_location Logical Logical_test Logical1 Logical2. or logical values The lower bound for integrating ERF The step by which to increase n for each term in the series The number -1. The values in lookup_vector can be text.… Lookup_array Lookup_value Lookup_vector Lower_limit M Match_type Maturity Mean A complex number First Complex number Second Complex The second of 1-29 complex numbers The amount invested in the security A security's issue date entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number One of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Second of up to 14 pairs of field names and item names that describe the data Is the position in the array or cell range of data to return The independent array or range of data The dependent array or range of data The parameter value The security's last coupon date The number of periods over which the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the asset) The path and file name to the document to be opened as text A value or expression that can be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE Any value or expression that can be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE Condition to be tested.Inumber INumber1 INumber2 INumber2… Investment Issue Item1 Item2. or 1. Match_type specifies how Microsoft Excel matches lookup_value with values in lookup_array: 1 = (default) largest value less than or equal to look_up value Thefirst value to exactly equal lookup value 0 = security's maturity date -1 = smallest value greater than or equal to look_value The arithmetic mean .

TRUE = European 30/360 method A number from 0 to 32767 representing the minute. -numbers = to left of decimal. it is assumed to be 12 A number representing the month of the year. if TRUE.Mean (LOGNORMDIST and LOGINV) Method Minute Module_text Month (For DB function) Month (For DATE function) Month (For DB function) Months Multiple N New_text New_x's No_commas No_switch The mean of ln(x). FALSE or omitted. If month is omitted. month adds that number of months to the first month in the year specified The number of months in the first year. +numbers = to right of decimal A number or expression that evaluates to a number The number of items The number of failures The population size The number of successes in trials . Excel switches to straightline depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation Nominal_rate Nper Npery Num_bytes Num_chars Num_digits Number Number_chosen Number_f Number_population Number_s The nominal interest rate The number of periods The number of compounding periods per year The number of bytes you want to extract The number of characters you want to extract Specifies the number of digits to which you want to round number: 0 = Integer. FALSE or omitted = US (NASD) 30/360 method. Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours and minutes Quoted text specifying the name of the dynamic link library (DLL) that contains the procedure in Microsoft Excel for Windows The number of months in the first year. If month is omitted. it is assumed to be 12 The number of months before or after start_date The multiple to which you want to round number The order of the function The text that will replace characters in old_text new x-values for which you want GROWTH to return corresponding y-values A logical value that. If month is greater than 12.If TRUE. prevents FIXED from including commas in the returned text A logical value specifying whether to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than the declining balance calculation.

1 = 1st Quartile (25th Percentile). 4 = Maximum value . Excel uses the minimum number of characters necessary The payment made each period The number of successes in the population The exponent to which the base number is raised The security's price per \$100 face value The present value A set of probabilities associated with values in x_range A probability associated with the distribution The probability of success on each trial Text specifying the name of the function in the DLL.Number_sample Number_times Number1 Number2 Number2. The name of the ProgID of a registered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the local computer. 0 or omitted = descending. range of cells.DEF).… Numerator Old_text Order Output_ref Par Per Percent Period Pivot_table Places Pmt Population_s Power Pr Principal Prob_range Probability Probability_s Procedure ProgID PV Quart The size of the sample A positive number specifying the number of times to repeat text The first number The second number Second of up to 30 numbers. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas The dividend Text in which you want to replace some characters A number specifying how to rank number. If places is omitted. 3 = 3rd Quartile. You can also use the ordinal value of the function from the EXPORTS statement in the module-definition file (. Enclose the name in quotation marks The Present Value Indicates which value to return: 0 = minimum value.000) The period for which you want to find the interest The fractional number of data points to exclude from the calculation The number of the accounting period A reference to any cell. 2 = 2nd Quartile. (Default = \$1. non-zero = ascending A cell reference where you want the completed connection string placed A security's par value. or named range of cells in a PivotTable report The number of characters to use.

then you must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not interpret the comma as a field separator The value returned by a previously executed REGISTER or REGISTER. 3 = 0 = Monday A number that determines on which day the week begins. or a reference to. It must be the same size as lookup_vector A number that determines the type of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday. that you want the upper-left cell to refer to Salvage value at the end of the life of the asset The number of successes in the sample An array of interest rates to apply Register_id Reinjvest_rate Resource Result_vector Return_type (WEEKDAY only) Return_type (WEEKNUM only) Row_index_num Row_num Rows Salvage Sample_s Schedule .… Reference The SQL statement that you want to execute on the data source A range A logical value that specifies whether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match.ID function The interest rate you receive on the cash flows as you reinvest them The name of the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh. 2 = starts Monday nums 1 to 7 The row number in table_array from which the matching value will be returned Row number The number of rows. The resource ID number must not be in the form of text A range that contains only one row or column. a list of numbers Refers to another workbook (an external reference). First of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal Second of up to 29 ranges or references for which you want the subtotal Reference to a cell or range of cells and can refer to multiple areas.Query_text Range Range_lookup Rate (For amortization functions) Rate (For Depreciation Functions) Rate (For NPV and XNPV) Rate (For Securities Functions) Real_num Redemption Ref Ref_text Ref1 Ref2. If TRUE = approximate match is returned FALSE = Exact The interest rate per period The rate of depreciation The discount rate A security's annual coupon rate The real coefficient of the complex number The security's redemption value per \$100 face value An array of. up (-) or down (+). 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7. 2 = 1 = Monday. You can also use the resource ID number. If you want to specify several references as a single argument.

LUF Germany . TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution.franc .ATS Portugal .pound . the sample standard deviation is used The multiple to which you want to round The sample size A three-letter string.GBP Serial_Number Server Settlement Sheet_text Sigma Significance Size Source Standard_dev The population standard deviation for the data range Standard_dev (LOGNORMDIST and The standard deviation of ln(x).ITL Netherlands . If omitted.euro . If omitted. If tails = 2. LOGINV) Start_date Start_num Start_Period Stats Step Suffix Sum_range Table_array Tails The first date as an acceptable date in inverted commas or as a serial number The character at which to start the search First period number A logical value specifying whether to return additional regression statistics TRUE returns additional statistics The threshold value. If tails = 1.pound sterling .franc . or reference to a cell containing the string. minutes. Dates should be entered by using the DATE function.ESP France .GRD Sweden . leave the argument blank. The Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date system in Tools > Options > Calculation.schilling .guilder . which is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.PTE Finland .lira .drachma . Dates should be entered by using the DATE function.peseta .krone . If there is no server. or as results of other formulas or functions Name of the server where the add-in should be run.Second Serial_num A number from 0 to 32767 representing the second.krona .franc . GESTEP uses zero The suffix for the imaginary component of the complex number. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours.DEM Spain .IEP Italy . or as results of other formulas or functions. corresponding to the ISO code for the source currency Belgium .FRF Ireland .BEF Luxembourg .deutche mark . and seconds An Excel date / time serial number. If you omit a value for step.markka -FIM Euro member states . Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial number Text specifying the name of the worksheet to be used as the external reference. no sheet name is used The population (known) standard deviation. suffix is assumed to be "i" The actual cells to sum A table of information in which data is looked up Specifies the number of distribution tails to return.escudo . and the program is run locally. A date / time serial number.DKK Greece . Otherwise.NLG Austria . If sheet_text is omitted. TDIST returns the two-tailed distribution .EUR Others may be added later: Denmark .SEK UK . enter quotation marks ("") around the server name A security's settlement date.

Target

A three-letter string, or reference to a cell containing the string, corresponding to the ISO code for the source currency Belgium - franc - BEF Luxembourg - franc - LUF Germany - deutche mark - DEM Spain - peseta - ESP France - franc - FRF Ireland - pound - IEP Italy - lira - ITL Netherlands - guilder - NLG Austria - schilling - ATS Portugal - escudo - PTE Finland - markka -FIM Euro member states - euro - EUR Others may be added later: Denmark - krone - DKK Greece - drachma - GRD Sweden - krona - SEK UK - pound sterling - GBP

Text Text1 Text2 Text2,… Time_text To_unit(1) To_unit(2)

Text or a reference to a cell that contains the text you want to change First item of text Second item of text Second of up to 30 items of text A text string enclosed in quotation marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats A unit of measurement Weight & Mass: "g" = gram; "sg" = slug; "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois); "u" = Atomic mass; "ozm" = ounces (avoirdupois) Distance: "m" = meter; "mi" = Statute Mile; "Nmi" = Nautical mile; "in" = inch; "ft" = foot; "yd" = yard; "ang" = Angstrom; "pica" = pica (1/72in) Time: "yr" = year; "day" = day; "hr" = hour; "mn" = minute; "sec" = second Pressure: "pa" = Pascal; "atm" = atmosphere; "mmHg" = mm of mercury Force: "N" = Newton; "dyn" = dyne; "lbf" = pound force Energy: "J" = Joule; "e" = erg; "c" Thermodynamic calorie; "cal" = IT calorie; "eV" = electron volt; "HPh" = horsepower-hour; "Wh" = Watt-hour; "flb" = foot-pound; "BTU" = BTU Power: "HP" = horsepower; "W" = Watt Magnetism: "T" = Tesler; "ga" = Gauss Temperature: "C" = degrees Celsius; "F" = degrees Fahrenheit; "K" = Kelvin Liquid Measure: "tsp" = teaspoon; "tbs" = tablespoon; "oz" = fluid ounce; "cup" = cup; "pt" = US Pint; "UK_pt" = UK pint; "qt" = quart; "gal" = gallon; "l" = liter

To_unit(3)

Prefix Abbreviations for metric: "E" = 1E+18 = exa; "P" = 1E+15 = peta; "T" 1E+12 = tera; "G" = 1E+09 = giga; "M" = 1E+06 = mega; "k" = 1E+03 = kilo; "h" = 1E+02 = hecto; "e" = 1E+01 = dekao; "d" = 1E-01 = deci; "c"=1E-02 = centi; "m" = 1E-03 = milli; "u" = 1E-06 = micro; "n" = 1E-09 = nano; "p" = 1E-12 = pico; "f" = 1E-15 = femto; "a" = 1E-18 = atto The largest integer to be returned First of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data Second of up to 28 parameters that together represent a unique piece of real-time data The number of independent trials An integer equal to or greater than 3 that specifies the number of significant digits to be used for the intermediate euro value when converting between two euro member currencies 0 = Payment in arrears; 1 = payment in advance The kind of t-Test to perform; 1 = Paired; 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic); 3 = Two-sample unequal variance (heteroscedastic) Text specifying the data type of the return value and the data types of all arguments to the DLL or code resource

Top Topic1 Topic2,… Trials Triangulation_precision Type (Amortization functions) Type (TTEST function) Type_text (CALL function)

Type_text (INFO function)

Text that specifies what type of information you want returned: "directory" = Path of current directory of folder; "memavail" = Amount of currently available memory in bytes; "memused" = Amount of memory being used for data; "numfile" = number of active worksheets in open workbooks; "origin" = cell reference of top leftmost cell visible in window, based on current scrolling position; "osversion" = current operating system version, as text; "recalc" = current recalculation mode; "release" = version of Excel; "system" = name of the operating environment (Mac or pcdos); "totmem" = total memory available

Unit Upper_limit Value Value_If_False Value_If_True Value1 Value2,… Values Values (IRR and MIRR)

"y" = years; "m" = months; "d" = days; "md" = days ignoring months and years; "ym" = years and months; "yd" = years and days The upper bound for integrating ERF. If omitted, ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit A value or an expression that evaluates to a value The value that is returned if logical_test is FALSE The value that is returned if logical_test is TRUE A numeric value Second of 1 to n possible values (n=30 for AVERAGEA; n=29 for CHOOSE, NPV) An array or a reference to cells that contain numbers An array or a reference to cells that contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of return. Values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate of return. If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored. A series of cash flows that corresponds to a schedule of payments in dates. The first payment is optional and corresponds to a cost or payment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. If the first value is a cost or payment, it must be a negative value. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day year. The series of values must contain at least one positive value and one negative value

Values (XIRR and XNPV)

Width Within_Text X x_Num X_range y_Num Year Yld Z

The width, in number of columns, that you want the returned reference to be. Width must be a positive number The text containing the text you want to find The value at which to evaluate the function The x-coordinate of the point The range of numeric values of x with which there are associated probabilities The y-coordinate of the point The year number as one to four digits The security's annual yield The value for which you want the distribution

OF FUNCTION ARGUMENTS

nterval of x A1 (TRUE) or R1C1 (FALSE) reference style

Col; 3 = Rel Row / Abs Col; 4 = Relative

observations to test against expected values

m which to return the intersection of row_num and column_num

the procedure

eference to a range of cells

s

lues

with SUMPRODUCT)

p to 30 with SUMPRODUCT)

o 30 with SUMPRODUCT)

nterval of y

se is omitted, it is assumed to be 10

se: 0 or omitted = US(NASD) 30/360 360; 3 = Actual / 365; 4 = European 30/360

se: 0; 1 = Actual / Actual; 2 = Actual / 360; 30/360

ctual; 2 = 365; 3 = 360 (European)

vals into which you want to group the values

ned

All other dates must be later than this date. The number of values in coefficients in the power series ay from which the matching value must be returned s are returned as the first row of the results. If decimals is negative. A positive value for days yields ields a past date of the decimal point. but they may occur of the month. user ID. that you want the upper-left cell of the result to refer to e data source name. for the data field that contains the data p the list or database ntered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or umber rks that is in a date text form acceptable to Excel. required by the driver being e and must follow the driver's format er to force the constant b to equal 1: normally he m-values are adjusted so that y = m^x te the conditions you specify he form of the function of values n marks. it is assumed to be 2 om om edom . The first payment date indicates payments. number is rounded to the left of cimals. TRUE if the column names to e results.ch successive power of x is multiplied. at corresponds to the cash flow payments. and passwords. If column_names_logical is ot return column names eft (-) or right (+). FALSE if column names not wanted. Note that acceptable date el settings. If day is greater than the number of days in the month onth and year arguments appropriately and day represents the balance d nonholiday days before or after start_date.

to divide number box is displayed and which options are available date in inverted commas or as a serial number g number you want: ue!. hat is displayed in the cell . 0 (Default) = Classic. 1-4 Progressively simplified. 6 = #N/A the ratio of the product of row totals and column totals to the grand total eclines. Simplified m in the Category box on the Number tab in the Format Cells dialog box inator of the fraction on s per year for a security. 5 = #Name?. it is assumed to be 2 (the double-declining n the function as text in inverted commas or as number of field mes and item names that describe the data names and item names that describe the data s the code resource in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh money used in the cash flows tered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or umber d. 4 = #Ref!. If factor is omitted. Entered as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number al number roman numeral you want.

5 = MIN. "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie. 4 = MAX. TRUE = full precision es which function to use in calculating subtotals within a list: COUNTA. Height must be a positive number e dates to exclude from the working calendar. "F" = degrees Fahrenheit. "gal" = gallon. b for blank. "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli. Index_num must be a number between 1 and 29. "ozm" = ounces atute Mile. "mn" = minute. If you specify instance_num. "qt" = quart. 0 otherwise cell in reference nding to number format renthese for positive or all values. only ced. "T" 1E+12 = tera. "f" = o cy specific rounding rules. "e" = 1E+01 = dekao. Any value greater than 23 will be divided by 24 and the hour value plex number is selected. "tbs" = tablespoon. "h" = 1E+02 = hecto. "l" = liter c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa. (1/72in) hr" = hour. 9 e to the result of IRR hat you want the returned reference to be. "yd" = yard. "eV" = electron volt. "P" = 1E+15 = peta. Otherwise. "cup" = cup. "flb" = foot-pound. "p" = 1E-12 = pico. "u" = Atomic mass. The list can be either a range r an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates senting the hour. "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss elsius. "u" = 1E-06 = micro. or a formula a number between 1 and 29 ype of cell information you want: e eference olored. 8 = STDEVP. "cal" = IT calorie. "ft" = foot. "K" = Kelvin on. 6 = PRODUCT. "sec" = second = atmosphere. 7 = STDEV." = slug. "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo. "in" = inch. "Nmi" = Nautical mile. = Watt-hour. "n" = 1E-09 = nano. l for label. 0 otherwise ing to label prefix 1 if locked erence ata. t. v for value d to nearest integer d_text you want to replace with new_text. "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne. "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois). every occurrence of old_text in text is changed to new_text . "oz" = fluid ounce.

The values in lookup_vector can be text. Lookup_array must be an array or an array ow or one column. numbers. or ERF for each term in the series ype specifies how Microsoft Excel matches lookup_value with values in han or equal to look_up value okup value or equal to look_value .mbers urity as an acceptable date in quotation marks or as a serial number or function mes and item names that describe the data names and item names that describe the data l range of data to return of data f data ch the asset is being depreciated (sometimes called the useful life of the ocument to be opened as text e evaluated to TRUE or FALSE n be evaluated to TRUE or FALSE nt must evaluate to a logical value or be arrays or references that contain ou want to test that can be either TRUE or FALSE aining possible lookup values.

If TRUE. -numbers = to left of decimal. Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours e of the dynamic link library (DLL) that contains the procedure in Microsoft st year. If month is greater than 12. TRUE = European 30/360 method senting the minute. it is assumed to be 12 r after start_date o round number ters in old_text t GROWTH to return corresponding y-values events FIXED from including commas in the returned text er to switch to straight-line depreciation when depreciation is greater than n. Excel switches to straighttion is greater than the declining balance calculation riods per year o extract want to extract which you want to round number: 0 = Integer. it is assumed to be 12 th of the year. FALSE or omitted. month adds that number of year specified st year. If month is omitted.30/360 method. If month is omitted. aluates to a number ls . Excel does not switch to straight-line depreciation even when the declining balance calculation.

e number of times to repeat text ou can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of as e some characters k number.000) o find the interest oints to exclude from the calculation eriod cells. 2 = 2nd Quartile. or named range of cells in a PivotTable report e. 3 = e . Excel uses the minimum number of characters population number is raised ce value with values in x_range distribution ach trial function in the DLL. 1 = 1st Quartile (25th Percentile).DEF). gistered COM automation add-in that has been installed on the local quotation marks 0 = minimum value. 0 or omitted = descending. You can also use the ordinal value of the function from module-definition file (. If places is omitted. non-zero = ascending the completed connection string placed = \$1.

2 = 1 = Monday. that you want the upper-left cell to refer to ife of the asset sample y . If TRUE = FALSE = Exact ex number per \$100 face value list of numbers external reference). You can also use the resource ID er must not be in the form of text ow or column. It must be the same size as lookup_vector pe of return value: 1 (or omitted) 1 = Sunday. If you want to specify several references must include extra sets of parentheses so that Microsoft Excel will not eparator sly executed REGISTER or REGISTER.nt to execute on the data source ether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match. ences for which you want the subtotal ferences for which you want the subtotal ells and can refer to multiple areas.ID function the cash flows as you reinvest them in Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh. 2 = rom which the matching value will be returned own (+). 1 (or omitted) = starts Sunday nums 1 to 7. 3 = 0 = hich day the week begins.

euro . or as results of Excel date serial number varies according to setting of 1900 or 1904 date culation.krona .escudo .ITL ustria . suffix is assumed to be "i" ata is looked up ion tails to return.deutche mark . GESTEP uses zero ponent of the complex number.senting the second. wise.pound .schilling .DEM . TDIST returns the one-tailed distribution. If omitted.EUR Sweden .lira . ber.franc . If sheet_text is omitted.ATS Portugal .GRD on for the data range date in inverted commas or as a serial number he search er to return additional regression statistics TRUE returns additional statistics a value for step.IEP Italy . the sample standard deviation is used o round e to a cell containing the string. no d deviation. If tails = 1. es should be entered by using the DATE function.franc .FRF Ireland . If there is no server.drachma .SEK ce . and the program is run locally.LUF Germany . n quotation marks or as a serial number or function returning a date serial worksheet to be used as the external reference. If omitted. corresponding to the ISO code for the source bourg . If tails d distribution . Dates should be entered by using the DATE function. enter quotation marks ("") around the server name ch is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer. or as results of other dd-in should be run.PTE member states . Any value greater than 59 will be converted to hours.

"oz" = fluid ounce.drachma .SEK ce . "ozm" = ounces atute Mile. "eV" = electron volt. "P" = 1E+15 = peta.DEM . "F" = degrees Fahrenheit. = Watt-hour. "cal" = IT calorie. "BTU" = BTU = Watt Gauss elsius.franc .e to a cell containing the string.krona . "yd" = yard. "lbm" = pound (avoirdupois).ATS Portugal . corresponding to the ISO code for the source bourg .EUR Sweden . "Nmi" = Nautical mile. "l" = liter c: "E" = 1E+18 = exa.LUF Germany . "u" = 1E-06 = micro. "in" = inch. "tbs" = tablespoon.PTE member states . "n" = 1E-09 = nano. 3 = Two-sample tic) the return value and the data types of all arguments to the DLL or code . "f" = o d together represent a unique piece of real-time data hat together represent a unique piece of real-time data s an 3 that specifies the number of significant digits to be used for the onverting between two euro member currencies ment in advance = Paired. "h" = 1E+02 = hecto.pound . "lbf" = pound force c" Thermodynamic calorie.GRD contains the text you want to change on marks that represents a time in any one of the Excel time formats " = slug.euro . "mmHg" = mm of mercury ne. "qt" = quart. "mn" = minute. "flb" = foot-pound. 2 = Two-sample equal variance (homoscedastic). "ft" = foot.deutche mark . (1/72in) hr" = hour. "u" = Atomic mass.FRF Ireland . t.escudo . "G" = 1E+09 = 1E+03 = kilo. "e" = 1E+01 = dekao. "cup" = cup. "T" 1E+12 = tera. "gal" = gallon.IEP Italy . "K" = Kelvin on. "d" = 1E-01 = E-03 = milli.lira .schilling .franc . "sec" = second = atmosphere.ITL ustria . "p" = 1E-12 = pico.

mode. ERF. ERF integrates between zero and lower_limit aluates to a value cal_test is FALSE cal_test is TRUE s (n=30 for AVERAGEA. system version. n=29 for CHOOSE. those values are sponds to a schedule of payments in dates. "ym" = years and months. NPV) hat contain numbers hat contain numbers for which you want to calculate the internal rate of east one positive value and one negative value to calculate the internal rate e argument contains text. ble days. logical values. as text. If omitted. g environment (Mac or pcdos). Width must be a positive want to find he function x with which there are associated probabilities digits e distribution .nformation you want returned: ctory of folder. based on current scrolling position. y being used for data. y available memory in bytes. ftmost cell visible in window. The first payment is optional yment that occurs at the beginning of the investment. that you want the returned reference to be. or empty cells. If the first value is a gative value. rksheets in open workbooks. "md" = days ignoring months and years. All succeeding payments are discounted based on a 365-day contain at least one positive value and one negative value s.