Concepts of Agrarian Reform

Group 4

Land Reform Reform implies the existence of defects that something is malformed and does not suit to existing conditions. . Land reform refers to the full range of measures that may or should be taken to improve or remedy the defects in the relations among me with respect to their rights in the land.

Agrarian Reform The term comprises not only land reform but also the reform and development of complimentary institutional framework. including economic social and political relations. the accompanying human relations regarding land. Agrarian reform means remedying not only the defect in the distribution and of land but also and especially. .

Historical Background Dimensions of agrarian reform problem: ± Land (agricultural productivity) ± People (social aspects and human rights) .

.Agricultural Development Nearly half of the world s population is underfed or otherwise undernourished. Malnutrition and disease kill a high proportion of the people. The first necessity is to develop more and better food. Much will depend upon agriculture.

Agricultural development involves many issues other than the volume of food production. rivers. lakes and seas. forests.Importance of Agricultural Development The Philippines depends on its farms. . The problem of agriculture is the problem of the Filipino nation as a whole. Consequently on their production depends the strength and weakness of our national economy.

Program of Agricultural Development a) To produce adequate basic food requirement of the people b) To produce raw materials which we used to import c) To produce raw materials not only for domestic market but also for the exportation to the world maket .

Importance of Agriculture 1. 4. 3. Sources of Raw Materials Consumer of Industrial Products Provide Employment Sources of Dollars . 2.

Low Agricultural Productivity Price Instability Marketing of Farm Products Soil Erosion Vagaries of Weather Lack of Capital Lack of Genuine Implementation of Land Reform . 7.Major Problems of Agriculture 1. 4. 5. 6. 2. 3.

‡ American Period Measures were undertaken to improve land tenure .History of Agrarian Reform in the Philippines ‡ Spanish Period Pre-Spanish society can be characterized as feudalistic. and single proprietorship. communal.

Ferdinand Marcos instituted a more aggressive agrarian reform which was provided in P.D. no. 27. . Pres.‡ Macapagal s Land Reform (RA 3844) A land reform code that was passed in 1963 during the term of Diosdado Macapagal ensuring more transition from tenancy to owner-operated farms. ‡ Marcos Land Reform In 1972.

.‡ Existing Land Reform The 1987 Land Reform Act is comprehensive in its coverage as compared to the previous land reforms the government had implemented.

signed by the President on June 10. .Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program President Corazon Aquino signed on July 22. With the enactment of Republic Act no. all matters involving the implementation of agrarian are now governed by the said act. 1988. 229 providing the mechanism needed initially to implement the program. 1987 instituting a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) and Executive Order no. the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). 6657.

Scope of the Program 1. General: The CARL covers all public and private agricultural land. Particular: a) All alienable and disposable lands suitable for agriculture b) All lands of public domain c) All lands owned by the government suitable for agriculture . 2.

4. Implementation: The distribution shall be implemented immediately and completed within 10 years from the effectivity thereof. . Retention Limits: 3 hectare may be awarded to each child of the landowner.3.

27 shall be allowed to keep the are originally by them b) Original homestead grantees who still owned the original homestead at the time of the approval of the act shat retain the same areas as long as they continue to cultivate said homestead.5. . no. Exception: a) Landowners whose have been covered by the P.D.

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