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384 A ? . CC9 S-.272 addition to -0. to e N . A. Index Review series Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry. 223.271 aromaticity and. 111. Reactive Intermediates-A Serial Publication. P. 63.273 in C-H comps. 242. 311 rearrangement. 53 constant K. Vol. 1. 178-195 protection in. 59 alkanes. 224 acid catalysed.2 pathway. 196 radical. 220 Aldol reaction. 1978. 23. 272. 93 Alkyl shifts. 54 origin in organic comps. 225 crossed.283 phenols. decomp. 31.394 Ase and. W.). 50. ( B ) . 63 imides.55. v. 64 H-bonding in. 103.294 aromatic acids.210 Acid catalysis general. Eliminatibn. 38 Acyl cations. I. 289 dimerisation. 194.270 kinetic control of. 294 ozonolysis. 105. 31. 191 Aldehyde ammonias. 58. Some Reaction Pathways of Double Bonds: ( A ) . 38 Activation parameters energy. A. 182 +. R.203 Adsorption. 55.256 Alkylchlorosulphites. 54.289 hydrolysis. Blackhorse Road. I. 54. I. CC6 S W . 272 alkynes. 74 AA. 58. 23. Audio cassettes The following titles in the 'Chemistry Cassette' series are published by.64 hybridisation and. 224 Alkenes cycloaddition. 31. P.. and are available from. TAFT. 58 Acid strength alcohols. 1963. 241 Aad~ty anion stability and. 59. 265 radical addition. Letchworth.. WLD. 115. 178-198 nucleophilic. 194 cation. pathway. 74. 348 polar addition. 226 reversibility. 55.244. Aeetals cyclic. Progress in Physical Organic Chemistry.223 alkylation. 56. CC11 SYKES.313-323 to +C. 226 intramolecular. and MOSS. C . 103.271 alkenes. M. C=O (1977). 53 A G and. SG6 lHN. 271 Acrylonitrile. 144.398 Select bibliography WENIRUP.242.). 313-323 relative stability. Radicals and their Reaction Pathways (1979). (Ed. 75. ( B ) .351 electrophilic.. England: CC3 S W . JONES. 394 ~ AWand. (Interscience. 57. The Chemical Society.280. 1966.51. 275 Br0nsted and. 39 free energy.l pathway. (Eds) (Academic Press. 379 Acyloin condensation. 251. 198. 55 steric effects in. 26. 195 to . 218 Addition. 210 formation. Aromatic Substitution (1975). 68 nitroalkanes. Some Reaction Pathways of Carboxylic Acid Denvatives (1979). AS*.244 to C+0. 178. 1963. 38 entropy.C 200 to ckc-c==O. 207-245 radical.).) (Interscience. C .B D.. (Eds) (Wiley-Interscience. Vol. (Eds) W.271 definitions of. 30 1. 31.394 effect of solvent. 109 . Vol. Organic Reaction Mechanisms. 62 catalysis and. C=C. 192. 58. Some Organic Reaction Pathways: ( A ) . 102. 31. R. 38 enthalpy. 241. and W A ~ . 1984).).. 56 aliphatic acids. P.280 Lewis and. 113.273.3-dipolar.337 Alkynes acidity. Linear Free Energy Relationships (1980). 85. CC7 S W . 113. P. 270. 56 effect of temperature.240. 223. Vol.. and. 209. E. 74 dicarboxylic acids. E.50. 199 Activated complex.289. P. AH+. KNIPE. 55.61 triphenylmethane. AG*. Reactive Molecules: The Neutral Reactive Intermediate in Organic Chemistry (Wiley.60. 188 to (+C. Herts.243 AA.293. 74 specific.61.

232 Benzotriazoles. 231 cyanide ion in. 78.91. 32. 18 requirements for.273. l05 phenyl. 305 Anti-Markownikov addition. 4. 119 Aromaticity. 22. 53 Butyl rubber.109-119 reduction.380 formation. 288 as nucleophiles.1 pathway.104. 14. 321 Bredt's rule. l28 ethers. 331-335 Arrhenius equation. 75 ion exchange resins. 130-167 internal. 145 in S. 6 Branching. 306. 53 bases. 291 in Michael reaction. 73 constant. 271. 18.290. 18. 275 cyclopropenyl cation. 194 planarity.109 rearrangement. 69 aromatic bases. 126 solvent polarity and.229. 112. 275 cyclopentadienyl anion. 72 nucleophilicity and. 104. 329 Axial overlap. 97 Amides from Beckmann. 17 Aromatic substitution. 214 Amidines basicity. 1% benzylic.118. 176 Bipolar non-protic solvents. 107..173. 72. 78. 15 Benzilic acid rearrangement. 105.71 Basic strength aliphatic amines. 259 Bridged species.m.217 crossed. 175. 96 origin in organic comps. 6 h i d e s . 119.226 Antarafacial shifts.r.371 loss of H@. 104. 104. 337 transannular peroxide. intramolecularity. 68 heterocyclic bases. 49. 65 effect of solvent on.s of. l69 propyl. 14 bond lengths. 329 benzaldehyde. 83. l9 double-headed. 45 stabilisation. 14. 118. 47. 66 amides. 271 in carbonation. 21. 15 charge cloud. 295 in Kolbe-Schmidt reaction. 14 stability. 120 hydride shifts in. 83. 176 Benzyne.400 Index BAc2 pathway. 299 Bond-breaking AH+ and.257. 148 Anionic polymerisation.129. 284 in Danens reaction. 106 n. guanidine. 18. 338 Bisulphite addition comps. 72.294 acidity and. 20. 207. 279.r. 306. 294 in halogenation of ketones. 9.299 homolytic fission. 53 cation stability and. 166 tetraakyhmm~~~m hydroxides. 66. 18. 239. 276 cyclooctatetraenyl dianion.216 intramolecular. 18. 174 Associative process. 334.289. 337 Base catalysis general. 106 cyclohexadienyl. 318. 331 Anti-bonding orbitals. 127 Barton reaction. 275 deuterium exchange. 124 Benzene aromaticity and. 48 Biphenylene. 130 delocalisation in.118. 122 hydrolysis. 244 Aminoazo comps. 181 l-Bromotriptycene.330 stable.272 Carbenes. 216 Canonical structures. 104. 217 isotopic labels in.C+C Ambident nucleophiles. 124 ~. 68. 14 n. 123 Hofmann reaction. 6. 226 specific. 101-119 acyl. 200 in Reimer-Tiemann reaction. 239.377 Bromodealkylation. 15.251 dimerisation. 19. 221-236. 105. 83.277 200 addition to addition to C=O. 123 acid catalysis.253 Arenium ions. 108. 65 AP 66 and. 252 Biradicals. 101.330 cumene. 159 cyclopropenyl.m.262.m. 353 Anthracene.. 102. 288 configuration. 75 conjugate acids. 123. 67. and. 81. 189 Index 401 . 267. 102. 181. 67 Beckmann rearrangement. 332 Aryne intermediates. 83. 38 Arrows curved.66 Lewis and. 285 in Favorskii reaction.219 Carbocations. 272. 69 catalysis and. 131 Arenonium ions. 148. 111 methyl. 276 tautomerism and. 144. 102. 96 steric effects in. 342 Aufbau principle.328 alkenes. 251. 200. 3 Autoxidation. 102 ethyl..67 H-bonding in.50. 272 enolate anions. signal. 66 ortho effects in. 175 mass spec. 241 Atactic polymers. 54 multiply bonded N and. 17 photodimer. 84. 286 triphenylmethyl. 152 Carbamic acids. 1. 4 energy. 292 Anti-knock agents. 141. 21 dichlorocarbene. 277 trapping of.r. 194 m.72 Brensted and. 317 Anti-oxidants. 329 tetralin. 20. 70. 290 intermediates. 126 stereoselectivity. 19 Arylation.98. 47.245.83. 231 thiazolium ylids in. 21. 85. 194 Azoalkanes photolysis.261 in Friedel-Crafts.129.284 alkylation of. 176 isolation. 102. 104 n. 315. 175 Biosynthetic pathways. 292 solvation.304 heterolytic fission.295 formation. 107. 288 displacement reactions. 289 oxidation. 238 Cannizzaro reaction. 16 KekulC structures.270-298 acetylide anion.379 addition to 113.285 electronic effects in. 213 Bond angles. 306 solvation. 106 cyclopentadienyl anion. 330 Antiperiplanar conformation. 18 ozonolysis. 50.295 in Wurtz reaction. 21. 69 formation. spectrum and.331.0.307 rearrangement. 239. 248. 181 isolation. 305 Cadmium Alkyls. 7 hybridisation and. 45 . 287 ElcB elimination and. 106 decomposition. 130 heat of hydrogenation. 315.90. l 4 cycloheptatrienyl cation. 167-177 radical.242. 41. 381 nucleophilic. 248. 108.384 Baeyer-Villiger oxidation. 122 Carbanions. 41 electrophilic. 69. 176 structure.380 2-methylpropyl. 388 reduction. 162 Bromonium ions. 322 Atomic orbitals. 294. 337 oxygen. 105. 304 thermolysis.335.371 bridged. 105. 7 Bonding orbitals. 290 in decarboxylation. 71 softness.266 Carbinolamine intermediates. 87 Brensted acids.225 allylic. 131 Arndt-Eistert reaction. 188.102.290 intermediates.200.'80 125 in.377 cycloheptatrienyl. 232 Benzoin condensation. 223.272.393 phenonium.2% steric effects in. 75 Basicity aromaticity and. 180 detection. cyclic. 38 Bond lengths. 109 in E l pathway. 81. 68 amidines.107. 67 inductive effect and.107.

104 Carbon acids. 74 base.28. 341. 18 shape..220. 21. 12.205. 350 Claisen ester condensation. 146 coupling by. 197. 122 Curved arrows. 112.50.223 dipole. 90 inversion.s in. 236 Catalysts acid.211 protonation. 238 tetrahedral intermediates in. . 259.183. 126 Crowding.87. 13.162. 87. 87. 69 benzene. 42. 229 Claisen rearrangement. 230 Diels-Alder reaction. 258 Danens reaction. 19. 323 Crossover experiments. 18. 18. 25 Desulphurisation. synthesis. 121. 306 Diazotate anions. 264 Decarbonylation. 107. 94 carbanions. 99 reaction pathway and. 36. 23. 203244 protection. 145. 21. 90. 286 electronic effects on. signal. 13. 355 cisoid. 65 bases. 158.394 h p . 355 Claisen-Schmidt reaction. 351 Cyclopentadienyl anion. 261. 106 Index in a complexes.130 canonical structures and. 146 nucleophilic substitution. 41 thiazolium ylids. 121. 19 Cyanides. 322 Copolymerisation.254.66. 205 reduction. 146 decomposition.m.r. 253. 120 aryl. 159 Cyclohexadienyl radical. 349 steric effects in. 27 Concerted reactions. 104. 349 reversibility. 305 Cram's rule. 104.371.394 AH. 88 apparent retention.58. 104 structure. 175. 219 nucleophilic addition. 116. 38. 301.158.331. 391 Combustion. 348 Cycloheptatrienyl cation. 198. 348-352 2ne + 2ze. 201 Conjugated carbonyl cornps. 16. 23. 106 6 steric parameter. 194 energy.269 tram diaxial. 148 intramolecular. 200. 237 Grignard reagents. 191 nucleophilic. 200. 147.350 symmetry control in. 309 retention. 68 hyperconjugation and. 341 stereoselectivity in. electron-deficient migration to.247.209 i. 275 in Diels-Alder. 350 Conjugate acids. 35 AH+. 294 Cyclopropenyl cation. 26. 136.203 Carboxylic derivs. 164 steric inhibition of. 226 Clemmensen reduction. 348.204 reactivity. 157 Complexes. rearrangement.110. 21. 12. 212 Deuterium exchange. 268 Cisoid conformation. 151. 326 Conformation antiperiplanar. 16 guanidine. 368 Conrotation. 107. 88. 240 base hydrolysis. 322 Cope reaction. 46. 108 Carbonyl group. 232 Cationic polymerisation. 13.34 bond energy and. 348 4ne + 2 n e . 53. 215 steric effects in. 103. 23.r.. 12 Competition experiments. 345 Coordination polymerisation. 284 Carbon. 34 AG+.214-219 structure.266 thermolysis.344. 290 Dealkylation. 11 characterisation. 199 Cyanohydrins. 143 Debromination. heat of. 351 + . 18. 333 stability of. 326 Chloral hydrate. 212 Cyclic bromonium ions.349 symmetry allowed. 198. 197. 38. 120.288 Diamagnetism. 344. 16 dianion. 209 intermediates. 335 Decarboxylation.66. 190 oximes. 104. 350 eclipsed. 308 Diaryls. 191.139. 197. l7 Cyclopentadiene acidity. 50. 350 4 n e 2 n e . 103.23. 109. 210. 148 p H and. 198. 311 Cumene. 275 n. 350 tricyclic dimer.S. 147.267. 244 Cyanoethylation. 84.288 kinetic isotope effect. 120. 18. 342. 27 Diazoketones. 382 stereochemistry of. 386 AG. 394 AGe. 27.. 38. 143. 43. 90. 231 heterogeneous. 355 Charge transfer complexes. 350 stereoselectivity in. 87. 79.285 carbanions in.23. 172 tropylium cation. 7. 37 Chain length. 11 Conjugation. 102. 119. 132. 118. 255 transoid. 286 Dehydration acid-catalysed. 122. 13 amidines. 271. 331 Cyclooctatetraene. 212. 152.165. 106 Cyclohexadienyl cation. 197. 381 tropylium.205 carboxylate anions. 300. 189 Cellulose oxidation.206.254 staggered. 324 Chain reactions. 147 rearrangement. 18 dienes. 348. 349 endo v.200. 348 trapping in. 337 Cyclopropanone hydration. 204. 180 Cycloadditions. 11.174. 23.) stabilisation. 326 radicals. 207 hydrogen bonding. 351 secondary orbital interaction. 197. 104. 155 steric effects in. 219 conjugated. 238 electronic effects in. 340. 86. 26. 110 carbonyl a m p s . 124 racemisation. 104 triphenylmethyl. spectrum.262 Delocalisation.203 hydrates. 235 Cross-linking. 203-244 bond length. 348 symmetry forbidden.84. 53 Conjugate addition.57 conditions necessary for. 31. 104. 169. 103.235.exo addition. 349 cyclopentadiene in. 58. 333 Diazoamino cornps. 197 electronic effects in.402 Index Chugaev reaction. 380 base-catalysed. 314. 131 Chelation. 236244 acid hydrolysis. 278.253 chair. 225. 238 leaving groups and.254 synperiplanar. 89. 4. 119 Diazonium cations. 349 symmetry forbidden. phenol from. 107. 146 phenols. 314 Chain transfer agents.285 cyclic T. 271. 116. 291 Chirality.342. 321 Chair conformation.241. 27. 237 reduction.264 Lewis acid. 146 amines. 119 aromatic amines. 148 Diazo coupling. dissociation.274 carbocations. 71. 87. 84. 19 carbanions. 276 carbocations. 189 metal.275 Cyclopropanes from carbenes.235. 394 403 Carbocations (contd. 7. 146 Dichlorocarbenes.290 Dieckmann reaction. 26. 148 kinetics. 93. 208 Chromatography. 83. 146 Diazotisation aliphatic amines. 354 Cracking. 146 Colour conjugation and. 75 cyanide ion. 286 trapping in. 270 Carbonation. 146 akyl. addition to. 268 Cope rearrangement. 8. 131. 223 Conjugated dienes.239.55. 14. 104 determination of relative. 84.225. 128 Curtius rearrangement. reactions. 357 Configuration. 175 zwitterion intermediate. 147 electron density in.229. 341 symmetry allowed.211. 131.

11 addition to. 181 vinyl halides.159 solvent and. K. 182 stereoselectivity. 178Electrophilic addition to 194 bromine. 191 steric effects.s of. U$-. 290. 249 v.194 isolated. 30 Disproportionation. 261. 130-167. 250 carbanions and. as intermediates. 308 spin trapping in. 221 End group analysis.255 electronic effects in. 59.. 260 entropy and.351 Dipole moments. 268 stereoselectivity. 391 solvent polarity. 356 Dienonelphenol rearrangement. 180 1. 31.l-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl.350 Digonal hybridisation. 258 strength of base and.206 aromatic substitution and. 216. 293 E l elimination. 165. 260 E2/SN2ratio. 24 Electron configuration. 315. 301 Diphenylpolyenes. 190 hydrolysis. 184.22. 12 polymerisation. pyrolytic. 163 mesomeric effect in. 201. 252 bond strength and. 252. spectroscopy. 156.2-v. 51. 261 basicitylnucleophilicity in.356 Enthalpy. 241. 381 ipso.305. 54 basicity and. 23 acidity and. 158 electronic effects in. 194. 190 n complexes in. 251 isotopic exchange and.295 Enolisation.254 . 100. 152. 186. 153. 249 activation energy. 268. 184. 256 E. 29 31. 249. 192 peroxy acids. 188. 153. 3 Electron density. 307 Electrolytic reduction.381 alkene stability and.261 temperature and. 180. 47. 266 bases and. 386 Ester hydrolysis acid-catalysed. 3 V C Electromeric effect. 180. 345 Dissociative process.151. 184 ozone. 241 E. aromatic. 50. 161 isotope effects. 248. 89.379 . 37 Enolate anions. 247. 252. 46.297. 205.249. 350 Energetics of reaction. 260 E1/SN1ratio. 103. 290 E.374 isotopic labels in.C+C Index o-/p-ratios. 150-163 thermodynamic control. 36 free energy and. 266 carbenes in. 179 hydration. 195 entropy and.26. 225. lone pair.361. 344-348 Electrolytic oxidation. 151. 225 cationic polymerisation. 239. 240 acyl-oxygen fission.(1 . 268.256 carbocations and. 34 cyclisation and. 184 proton. 197. steric parameter. 262 Enamines. 256 SN2and.252 ElcB elimination. 172 Endo addition. 253. 164 .201 hydroxylation. 156. 35 E. 160 deuterium exchange. 185 rearrangements in. 190 Epoxyesters. 152 hyperconjugation in.249. 257 variable T.272 - and. 351 effect of added nucleophiles. 41. 202 Dimroth's E. 391 Y and. 141. 330. 192. 164 transition states. 194. 187 solvent and.269 Elimination v. 36 of activation. 340 Cope reaction.l-)elimination. 47. 262 Electrophiles. 33 Energy barriers. 11 Cope rearrangement. 29. E2.s. 36 translational.256 base strength and.62. in. 158 a complexes in. 279.381 1. 261 structure and.189. 38 . 239. 266 Ei elimination. 251 E2 elimination. 184.257 electron-withdrawal and. 155. 113.3-dipolar. 392 Dinitrofluorobenzene proteins and. 154. 182. 94. 256 in cyclic comps. 189 rearrangement.251 in benzyne formation.262 structure and. 256 Saytzev mode. 251-260 alkene stability and.S. 133 complexing with substituent. 36 temperature and. 72 Electron spin. 308 E. 187. 308 Electron-withdrawing groups. 257 Hofmann mode. 13 1. 158 basicity and. 23. 194-198 cisoid conformation. 131 partial rate factors. 21. 197.404 Index Dienes.266 isotopic labelling in. 65 constant. 205. 151. 187 hydroboration. 113 1. 242.384 base-catalysed. 37 Energy profiles. 346 cycloaddition to.385 Esterification AAC1pathway.241 BAC2pathway. 115 Dienophiles.79 rotational. 348 Diels-Alder reaction. 338 Displacement.239 alkyl-oxygen fission. 151. 142 internal. 135. 47. 131. 185.3-Dipolar addition. 39. ~le~troc~clic reactions.280. 182 orientation. 191 hydrogen bromide. 249 Saytzev mode.321 Disrotation. 148. 367. 22. 36.3-Elimination.0. 183.26 addition to and. 238 steric effects in. 163. 131. 253. 160 intermediates. 309 splitting in. 35 hydrogen bonding and. 38 Entropy. parameter. 13 heat of hydrogenation. 162. 34 of activation. l . 163. 187 hydrogenation. isolation. 5 Dimedone. paired.225. 260 steric effects in.260 solvent and. 51. 36 energy partition and. 131. 255 kinetic isotope effect. 67.r. 159 n complexes in. 165 substituent effects. 156 selectivity in. 251 structure and. 251 in aldol dehydration. 253.260 steric effects in. 172 1. 323 Dienone intermediates. 198. 252. 354 cyclisation. 183 addition to C===C addition to C=O and. 153 inductive effect in. 171. 185 Lewis acids. 22. 185 Electrophilic addition to C=Ca. 252 leaving group and. 262 leaving group and. 250 leaving group and. 43. 252 conformation and.254. 261 base size and. 35 control. 260.248 orientation in.226 aromatic substitution and.144. 139 kinetic control.393 Electron-donating groups. 158. 158 pinacol change and. 163. 187 rate. 159 energetics of. 7. 11 m. 159. 164 Lewis acids in.4-addition.61. 16. 194 Electrophilic substitution. 248. 158 1. 21.257 orientation in.219. 341. 132. 115 Electronegativity. 248. 165. 136 field effect in.70 elimination and. 251. 260 405 alkene stability and. 189 cyclic bromonium ions.264 steric effects in. 373 Eauilibrium acidity and.255 stereoselectivity in. 391 solvatochromic shifts. 158. 138. 249 SN1and. substitution. 161 steric effects in. 58. 183 addition to C=O and.203 Diradicals. 2. 192.95 Electrons. 179 carbocations. 189 inductive effect in. 180. 153.350 conjugated. 337 stable. 261 solvent and.349 excited state. 188.2-Diols formation.366. 195 as additionlelimination. 181 mesomeric effect in. 136. 10. Ecli~sed conformation. 239 Epoxides. 262 change of pathway.

241. 395 derivation of. 362 additional parameters. 362. 240 isotope labels in. 364 Flash photolysis. 34 change and K. 2 Hemi-acetals. 306 Ferrocene. 127. rancidity. 153 carbocation stability and. 16 cyclooctene. l 6 cyclooctatetraene. 36.144 polyalkylation. 49 tetrahedral. 389 diagnostic use of. 13 Exclusion principle. 374 Hammond's principle. 141. 50.359 of activation. 57. 189 rearrangement. 34 1. 359 change in rate-limiting step and. 350 Exocyclic methylenes. 91 General acid catalysis.316. 391 Ethanoate anion. 63. 208 Gibbs free energy.378. 163 with alcohols. 116. 234 Fats.275 Imino-ethers. 215 E. 143.79. 189 Hyperconjugation.3-photochemical. 390 derivation of. 50. 300.215. 374 halides. 392 standard reaction for. 388 steric effects and.220. 378 acyl-oxygen fission. cyclic. 141 carbocations in. 97 Heat of hydrogenation.64.78. 344 Homolysis. 97 Hydride transfer. 221 Ground state carbon.281 solvation and. 144 alkylation. 242 Esters acyloin condensation.326 Free energy. 22 electrophilic substitution and. 256 reaction of amides. 144. 121. 144 thermodynamic control in. 142 Gatterman-Koch reaction. 362 deviations from.406 Index with cyclic anhydrides.278 Intimate ion pairs..383 upward deviations in.l pathway. 145 intermediates in. 273 basicity and. 91. 144 polarised complexes in. 156. G. 159. 143 rearrangements in. alkyl. 152. 190 Iodoform. 191 Hydrogen bonding acidity and. 323 alkenes. 138.286. 190 Gomberg reaction. 294 Fenton's reagent. 140. 388 spectroscopic correlations.313 benzene.383 thermodynamic implications of. 143 acylium ions in.267 Intermediates bridged. 355 Inversion in SN1. 4 Hydration C=C. 2 3 8 structure. 142 with alkenes. 13 halogenobenzenes.291 Intramolecular rearrangements. 328 in autoxidation. 218 Claisen condensation. 143.237 study of.102. 20. 36. 64 Ion pairs. 156 Grunwald-Winstein equation. 4 dienes. 149. 2 3 5 . 17. 105. 146 Frontier orbital approach. 143. 204. 41.282 intramolecular. 122 HOMO. 375 solvent effects and. 16 homogeneous catalysis in. oxidation of ketones.S. 388 temperature and. 238. 50. 356 Wheland.102.129. 145 Gegen ions. 327 Hiickel's rule. 2 Exo addition. l28 Hydroxamic acids. 163 solvent and. 108.187 C==O.208. 137 Hard bases. 127 Hydrogen shifts 1. 128. l l 3 tram. 108. 145 dealkylation in. 2 2 1 . 108. 388.s-thermal. 245 Inductive effect. and. 179. 243 nitric acid. 16 dienes. 58 solvent and. 389 compound parameter. 144 intramolecular. 383 change in reaction pathway and. Index 407 Esterification (contd. 328 Favorskii rearrangement.209. l 6 cyclohexene. 151 spectroswpic detection. 16. 129. 297 Iodonium ions. 241. 103 mesitoic acid.367. 207 heat of. 275 Field effects. 136.151 Intermolecular rearrangements. 142. 331 Hofmann elimination. 35 Freezing point depression benzoic acid. 391 solvent parameter. 49 cyclic. 380 solvent effects and. 24 Insertion reactions. 143 formylation. 141 . 141.16 benzene. in.137. 75. 186 Ionisation AG* and.232.209. 209 Heterolysis.189.266. 12 Heat of hydration. 122. 375 uses of. 152. 237.384 AA. 187 ~ i d r o ~ abstiaction. 171.242 alkyl-oxygen fission..240. 178. Lossen degradation. 25 alkene stability and. 42 criteria for. 333 Grignard reagents addition to 6 C + 0 . C==O. 295 Hammett equation.89.216 Hvdroboration.214. m. 77 Hydroperoxides formation. 56.241 steric effects in. 296 Halogenation alkanes. 108. 391 limitations of. 242 ketones.217. 384 reduction.57. 49. 83 Hypochlorites.7-thermal. 297 General base catalysis.45.136. 354 1.249. 323 Half-life.321 en Hydrogenation *C. 106 Hund's rule. 156. 301 Haloform reaction. 328 rearrangement. 142. 389 standard reaction for. 375 empirical nature of.2-Glycols c k . 22.299 Hybridisation. 66 electronegativity and.279. 353 1. 304 Fluorination. 181. 48. 192 stereoselectivity in. 123 Hydroxylation.160 Inductomeric effect. 389 standard solvent for. 20. 394 reaction pathway. 3 dienes. 90 in SN2. 309. 244 addition to 6 0 .219. 374. 306 189 hydroxylation of *C.290 models for T.67. 395 implications of. 194 Heat of reaction. 171. 26 aromatic substitution and.186. Y. 361. 378 esters.316 ketones.315. 3. 19 Excited state carbon. 238-244. 88. 240.208. 354 Hydrolysis. 41.118. 20.365. 126.129.227 isolation. 141. 359 standard. 21 acidity and. 344 f.109. 35. 74.282 Hydrogen peroxide Fenton's reagent. 141. 214 heat of.335. 96 Heat of combustion. in. 389 Gutta percha. 394 Hammett plots. Gibbs. 191 M 191 . 236 trapping.333 downward deviations in. 42. solvent parameter.64 C==O and. 243 Lewis acids in.380 acid-catalysed. 134 Friedel-Crafts reaction acylation. 229 hydrolysis.131. 180.) AAc2 pathway.299 Hexacene. 38. 175. 12.88. 201 addition to C%N. 51. 170. 179.286 intermolecular.252.7-photochemical. 354 1. 34 Heisenberg principle.395 steric effects and. 361. 88. 108.377 catalysts and.

120 N. 36 isotope effects in. 54.408 Index nitration.305 protonated. 76. 94. 278 Meta (m)-directing groups. 41.45.235 Nitration. 324 Leaving groups. reactions. 278 solvent and. 91. 29 Lewis bases.78. 253 tosylate. 127. 301.264. protonated. 304. orbitals. 39 Knocking. 283 Nitrodealkylation. 114. 293 aryls. 78 Kinetic isotope effects. 98. 44. kinetic.139. 200 Nucleo~hilic addition to =m. 297 general base catalysis. 122 carbonyl. 272.48. 127-129 Migratory aptitude. 251. 199 Michael reaction. 229 hydride ion. 156. 217. interpretation. 123 LUMO. 323 Isotope effects.220.250. Beckmann rearrangement.83.253 internal.297 electronic effects in. 235 addition to dienes. 251 bromobenzene sulphonate ion. 125 relative ability. 106. 46 carbon. 7 Nucleophiles. electronic. 201.189. 195 Diels-Alder. 225. 213 Michael reaction. 141 carbon. 2 Nodes.288.203244 a&tylide ions. cis +tram.r. 31. 139. 307 Kolbe-Schmidt reaction. 41.169 sulphur. 282 Ketones. 308 Markownikov addition. 194 ox and.288 iodine. 110-119 to electron-deficient N. 42. 162 Nitrodehalogenation.288. 162 Isocyanate intermediates. 297 rate of. compound parameter. 247. 98 Levelling effect. 81. 133 Nitrenes. 350 k 84 X Lossen rearrangement. 151 addition to C=0. 57. 202 steric effects in. 120.233. 204. 2% enolisation in. 121 Nodal plane. 111. 209 aldol reaction.103 Ion pairs (contd. 49.238. 214 Localised orbitals.107.89 rate-limiting step in. 108. 170 oxygen. 135 naphthalene. 5. 44. 111. 137 primary aliphatic amines.223 Linear free energy relationships. 158 Isomerisation. 58 K*.. 291 solvation.100.106.181.219 aromaticity and. 200 Migration origin. 295 bromination. 3. 9396. 7. 201 Nucleophilic addition to 31.. 119 B-Keto-acids. 55 Lewis acids. halogenation. 281 mechanism of. 305 thermolysis.89 nitrogen. 46 kinetics of.377 Neopentyl rearrangements. 48.2%. 169. 47. 91 Meerwein-Ponndorf reaction.295 primary. 344 Magnetic moment. 116 terminus. 108. 127. 193. 359.137. 223 acid catalysis. 164 N-brornosuccinimide. 321 Mustard gas. 2%. 164 nitronium Buoroborate in.343 Molozonides. 120 secondary amines. 47.251. 162 Nitroeen.89. l20 Nitroniurn ion. 121. 164 sulphonation. 38. 297 Ketoximes. 228 ethoxide ion. 76 orientation in.225 carbanions in. 45. 98. 218 Kinetic acidity. 17 nitration. 103. 44.295 Isotopic labels. 150 Metal alkyls carbonation.293 Lithium aluminium hydride. 249.219.343 surface. 280 addition to C=O. 100 nitrogen. 181. 201 Me. 358395 Lithium alkyls. 116 to electron-deficient C. colour and.393 carboxyl protonation and. 134 Nitrating mixture. 45. 280. 29 Light absorption.. 315 Isoprene.98. 103.278. 191. 129 conformation of T. migration t. 224 . l99 cyanoethylation. 291 LaetPms.51. 18.253 triflate. 223. 240 Grignard reagents and.m. 199 methanol. decarboxylation. 46 measurement of.141. 49.83. 252. 129. 375 cyanide ion. 159. 137 Nitro~otrialk~lammonium cation.297 hydrogen bonding and. 79 Molecular orbitals. 89 monitoring. 215 Meisenheimer complexes. 40. 23. 83 Kinetics of reaction. 327 Neighbouring group participation.359 k. 131. water. 134. in. 10. 44. 194. 244 Nitroalkanes acidity. 301 anti-knock.72 in neighbouring groups.252.239 scrambling of.S. 165 K. 35.123. 117. 304 Wurtz reaction and. 355 deuterium.233. 121 Nitrous acid.SiCN. 161. 221 ozonolvsis and. 238.252. 121 tertiary amines. 92 Models for T. 280 Kinetic control. 9 Lead alkyls. 289 Michael reaction.207. 6 Lone pairs.224. 122-126 to electron-deficient 0 . 110 Newman projections.) intimate. 66 Ketenes.237 ability of. 96 Naphthalene. spectroscopy. 18 13c.209. 206 conjugate addition. 121 Nitrosoniurn ion. 176 m. 228 Lateral overlap. 99. 89. 109. 201 Grignard reagents. 288.125. 98. 297 general acid catalysis.51. 390 diagnostic use of.99. 199 hydrogen cyanide. 223.114. 127. 295. 135 NO? in. 107. 286 Keto-enol tautomerism.301 N-nitroso comwunds. 226 tautomerism. 91 Ipso substitution. and. 122 Isomer distribution. 184 Mass spectrometry. 232 ethanoate anion. 374 K. 47 bromide. 21. 119 Nitrosation phenol. 305 Knoevenagel reaction. 39. 29 ambident. 198 carbanions in. l68 hydrogen bonding and. 102.104. 119 ~rimary aromatic amines. 126. 252 hydroxyl ion. 123 Ketyls. 47 chlorine. l22 Nitriles. 13 Lindlar catalyst. 219 alcohols.253 in elimination.S. 118 Mixed SN1/SN2 pathway.65 AGe and. 172. 169 steric effects in. 47 deuterium. 393 triphenylmethyl dimer. 126 Lactone intermediates. 228 Kolbe electrolytic synthesis. 43 protonation. electron-deficient. 391 Mechanistic borderline.225 additionlelimination. 133-138 dilute HNO. 193 Monomers. 65 AGe and. 283 Kinetic data. 100. 137 isotope effects in.254 Molecularity. 284 thermolysis. 94 protonated.134 Nitrosating agents. 174.216. 46.295 secondary.207. 171 Mesomeric effect. 154. 97 Nucleophilic addition to = .233. 390 solvent separated. 277 equilibrium and structure.151. 343 Non-bonded interaction. 48. 278 catalysis of.

189 Osmium tetroxide. in. 304 rearrangement. 94 l-bromotriptycene. 231 bisulphite anion. 1. 97 ally1 halides. 210. 219 base catalysis.193.235 halide ion. 350 spl. 127 Ozonides. 83. 334 diazo coupling. 39. 78 configuration in.f. 169 nitrobenzene. 315 migration to electron-deficient. 2 phase of. 80. 128 nitration. 216 carbanions. 84 1. 79 first. 2 shape. 354 1.304.91 bridgehead halides. 50. 105. 330 Physical methods analysis of products.213. 109 stereochemistry of. 337 Photolysis. 171. 221-234 Claisen ester condensation. 123 Oxygen diradical. 100. 79. 260 vinvl halides.342 lateral. 214 hydrogen bonding in. 45. 333 in ozonolysis.89.) ammonia derivs. 170.213 Cannizzaro reaction.209 in carboxylic derivs. 91. 233 Photochemical concerted reactions. 134. 82. 6 degenerate.94 2-chloro-2-methylpropane. 176. aliphatic.341 Perkin reaction. 89 kinetics of. 172 as eliminationladdition. 5.S.219 stereoselectivity. 5 sp2. 8 793 . 334 Phenol acidity. 6. 342 P. 144.289 hydrolysis. 342 A.219 protection. 84. 126 filled. l27 thermolysis. 3 0. 9. 79 second. 229 Claisen-Schmidt reaction. 216 Orbitals anti-bonding. 5 nodal planes and. 207.308 structure determination. 346 1. 178 n complexes. 200. 129. 6 integral.159. 205.96 neighbouring group participation. 99 mechanistic borderline. 308 Paint. 78 SNl. 221. 86 bromomethane.243 Stobbe reaction. 230 electronic effects in. tautomerism. 159 Osmic esters. 84 entering group and. 315.93. 156. 131. orbital. hardening. l 7 frontier.219.219 intramolecular. 84 v. 211 basicity and.220 reversibility. 328 Partial rate factors. 193 photolysis. 1 axial overlap. 233 Oximes configuration. 168 pyridine.337 Peroxy zwitterions.276. 175 deuterium exchange. 211 T. 98 list of reactions.281 detection of intermediates.83. 43. 168. 283 Phenyl radicals. 31. 334 Phenonium ion.370 coupling. 89 leaving group and. 112. 39 mixed. 6 LUMO.181. 2 secondary interaction.222 Meerwein-Ponndorf reaction. 82.305 Phase. 211 rate-limiting step. ilic 167-177 activated aryl halides. 155 from cumene. elimination.84. 342 Order of reaction. 78 2-bromopropanoate. 212 Dieckmann reaction.410 Index charge distribution in T.61. 96. 75 Ortholpara (0-lp-) directing groups. 85 ~ u c l ~ o ~ h s"bstitution.226 electrons. 17 Pschorr synthesis. 88. 234 steric effects in. 192 Ozonolysis. 226 Perkin reaction. 129. 9 localised. 180. 204. aromatic. 205. 234 Phosphonium ylids.159 ratios. 90 S ~ 2 . 173 as additionlelimination. 213 spectroscopy and. 300. 332 Phenylnitromethane. 9. 169 ipso.S.288 Oleum..337 S * . 9.94 electronic effects in. 91 mechanistic changeover. 93 neopentyl halides. 349 Photochemical initiation. 206. 39 Organometallic compounds. 45. 77.240 n bond. 193 Petroleum cracking.92. 168 steric inhibition of delocalisation. 317 Peroxides as initiators. 189 Overlap axial. 233 Phosphoranes. 317 heterolysis. 3 delocalised.7-hydrogenshifts. 140 Oppenauer oxidation. solvation in. 85 ambident nucleophiles. cyclic. 184 n-deficient heterocycles. 5.212. 171 aryne intermediates.232 irreversible. 99 I~ catalysis. 100. 204.330 Peroxy radicals. 82. 227 pH and.90 tosylates. 331 Peroxyacids. 354 2ne + 2ne.208. 344 molecular. 342 Phenanthrene. 228 Lewis acids in. 304 trans-annular. 5 sp3. 6 bonding. 173 Nylon-6. 221. 45. 2 Pericyclic reactions. 207. 303 Photo-oxidation. 233 Nucleophilic catalysis.2-chlorohydrins.208. 80. 228 thiols.293 Orthoesters acetals from. 344 HOMO. 111. 3 Paramagnetism. 102. 13 dumb-bell. 337 S. 204. 2. 23. 96 Nucleophilic substitution. 205 Wittig reaction. 4 lasral overlap. 91 steric effects in. 306 homolysis.3-hydrogen shifts.213 cyanide ion. 4 spatial orientation. 121.221.86.. 224 size of nucleophile in. 50. 96 He catalysis. 227 Peroxide effect.90. 205. 106. 300 Photo-dimerisation. 3 symmetry. 198. 213 nitroalkanes.210. 6 U*. 170 anionic intermediates.212. structure. 215 Me3SiCN.91 molecularity and. 50.77-100 Aga catalysis. 214 hydration. 216. 219 rearrangement. 193 Index 411 Nucleophilic addition to C==O (contd. 82-87. 97 solvolysis. 124.. 79. 344 hybridisation of. 341. 190. 174 diazonium salts.328. 78.248. 233 Phosphorus-oxygen bond.85. 292 atomic.333 Pauli principle. 236-244 intermediates in.222. 98 isotopic label (I) in. 90.220 formation. 80. 84. 217. 97 benzyl halides. 332 Phosphine oxides.156. 204. 87-96 structure and. 6 size.343 overlap integral. 96 soft bases and. 9 Oxaphosphetanes.212. 226 benzoin condensation.. 147. 215. 217 Grignard reagents.376 Phenylation. 207 hydride ion. 89 triphenylmethyl halides. 86 rate1li&ting step. 150. 9 lobes. 137 oxidation. 82. 226 conjugate. 192 stereochemistry. 87 carbanions in.207. 7 8 . 165 .216. 99 Nucleophilicity. 222 Knoevenagel reaction.

122 sigmatropic. 38 rate-limiting step.149.340 carbocationic character T. 331 autoxidation. 122 migratory aptitude in.314. 366 temperature and. 211 Protodesilylation. 321 initiation.r. 36 molecularity. 108 Protecting groups.327. 168 Pyrolytic elimination.161 Protodesulphonylation. 37 heat of. 149.299-339 acyl. 38 concerted.79 rate constant. 114 neopentyl. 43.325.340 Cope. 331 detection.32. 368 values of. 311.122. 304 Raman spectra.210. 334 oxygen and. 277 Pschorr reaction. 352 stereochemistry of.324 stability. 300. in Barton reaction.320 in Pschorr reaction. 333 in aromatic substitution. 89 deuterium exchange and. 337 in Gomberg reaction. 39 279. 2 subsidiary. 41 Rate-limiting step. 33. 329 biradicals.300. 134 Raney nickel catalyst. 300.321 initiators. 43 Propane. 200. 115 Stevens. types of. 332 inhibitors. 38 Reaction collisions in. 113 radical. 354 Curtius. 30.123 conformation in. 212 Rate constant. 323 in hydroxylation.326.303.145.226 branching. 30 Reaction constant.333 terminators.37 energy profile of.. 316 sulphenyl halides. 90 Radical addition.265 requirements. 82. 294 Hofmam. 332 in autoxidation.142. 309.311. 322. 109-119 Claisen.334 in arylation.. 115. 115 Favorskii.143. l22 diazoamino comps. l13 pK.29 Polarised complexes. 218 Radical rearrangements.161 Proton transfer catalysed. 322 cross-linking. 329 benzoyl. 308 cyclohexadienyl.s. 321 coordination. 319 cycloheptatrienyl. 323 Polymerisation anionic.91 T. 79 order.305 halomethyl. 302 triphenylmethyl.311 Radical substitution. 72 delocalisation in.321 thiyl. 341 energetics of.381 reaction centre and. 166 Pinacolinic deamination. 22. 112 allylic.49 kinetics of. 2 Quinuclidine basicity.148. 268 chugaev.39 Rate equation.328. 293 Wolff. 39. 108 alkenes. 39 a and.355 Lossen. 103. 306 in acyloxylation. l28 in Friedel-Crafts.117. 292 carbocations.330. 325 rearrangement. 322 copolymerisation.171.211. l and m. 109-129.330. l23 benzilic acid. 331. 108. 330 benzylic. nature of. 308 pentachloroethyl. 364 variation with solvent.337 polar effects in.319 trapping.301 disproportionation. 325 shape. 310 chain reactions. 388 physical significance of.144 Polar non-protic solvents. p. 320 Products. 311.S. 323 Radiolysis. 81 Polyenes hydrogen shifts in. 43.B.334 l .30.126. 315.312. 321 chain transfer. 378 sign of. 323 induction period. 335 Schmidt.38. 335 Radicals. 2 spin. 218 rearrangement.318. 293 Wagner-Meemein. 113 migratory aptitude in.112. 39. classification. 312-323 carbon tetrachloride. 268 Ei. 375 Reactive methylenes. 328 halogenation. 302. Plane trigonal hybridisation.304. investigation. 314.352- 357 alkanes. 140. 334 Pyridine basicity. 313 hydrogen bromide.116 Prototropy. 306. 320 vinyl polymerisation. 166 protonation. 73 Quantum numbers principal. 148 diazoketones. 368 reaction pathway and.316. 302 hydroxyl.s.119 steric effects in.165 electrophilic substitution. 368. 308. 38. spectroscopy and. 299 conformational equilibrium. 288 Reagents. 363 effect of solvent on. 261 SYN.334 peroxy.313. 308 formation.313. 54. 119 dienone-phenol. 34 intermediates. 300.118 Cope.163 intermolecular. 388 Reaction mechanism. 288 in radical reactions.332 e. 103 to lone pairs. 314. 302. 117. 318. 128 Beckmann. 4 1 measurement of. 267. 5 Polarisability. 28 413 RaeemisPtion. 116. 306 Reimer-Tiemann reaction. and. 367 rate-limiting step and. 72 complex with Me. 189 chain length. 355 configuration in. 290 320.335 addition to C=c.320 stereochemistry.362 temperature and. 28 Rearrangements. 314 perbenzoate. 267 Pyrrole basicity. 37 catalysts and. 113.127. 301. 110 pinacol-pinacolone. 119 Redox reactions. 232 carbanions.Zndex n-excessive heterocycles. 333 in halogenation. 116. 305.328 . 64 P&. 155. 320 Radical anions. 309. 20. 313-323 alkoxyl. 363 attenuation of. 24.278 intramolecular.318. 315.270.118 Pinacollpinacolone rearrangement.323 termination. 73 electrophilic substitution.309. rearrangement.141.328 combustion and. 321 cationic. 334 in polymerisation. 114 Pinacols formation.305.337 bridged. 308 dimerisation. 381 Rate of reaction activation energy and. n. 39 mixed order. 320 halogens. 320 radical. 116. 303 half-life. 321 propagation.l-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl. 165 nucleophilic substitution. 269.306. 74 to C=c.1. k. 306. 122 hydroperoxides.313. 302. 111 Wittig. 300 paramagnetic. 308. 134.332. 323-335 aromatic. 108. 303 alkyl. 300.326 solvent and.% Polarisation. 320 hetero. 352 Polyisoprenes. 320.321 in phenol oxidation. 109 aryl.324 stereoselectivity and. 368 determination of. 330 phenoxy. 324 allylic.. 65 P~B*. 301. 326 in S. 18.40.

352-357 antarafacial.253. 164 nitroalkane formation. 7 Standing waves. 35. 353 carbon shifts. 364 pK. 181 in addition to 205. 159. 323 perishing of. 261 in ester hydrolysis. 183.235. 391 ionising power. 345 Cope rearrangement. 370 a+ and. 195 Diels-Alder . 211 desulphurisation. 392 values of. 110. 354 cycloaddition. 137.243.335 composition of.r. second law. 80. 118 Steric effects. 169.209 Specific base catalysis. 41.260. 86. 45. 24. 193 in rearrangements. 277.260.206. 363 physical significance of. 137. Y. 228 Substituent constant. 386 6 parameter in. 385 Rotational entropy. 115 P.239. 293 Stobbe reaction. 253. 215 Soft bases. 389 Specific acid catalysis. 342. 341 in Diels-Alder. 386 6. 342 secondary orbital interaction. 197 Trapping of intermediates arynes.235.219. 306 Sandwich comoounds.322 vulcanisation.7-hydrogenshifts.269 Zndex 415 Relative configuration. electronic. 348 residual bonding in. 12 alkenes. 156. 350 organisation in. 278 intramolecular. 67 elimination from. 385 Tautomerism. 348 Thermodynamic control. aliphatic. 236. 350 sigmatropic rearrangements. 363 Substituent effects. 342 'allowed'. 110 SN2(aromatic) pathway. 249. 280 intermolecular.235 in aromatic substitution. 26. determination. 12 Staggered conformation.388 E. 34 Thermodynamic stability. 78. 81.241 Transoid conformation. 52 in acetolysis. 352 suprafacial shifts. 43.71. 342 solvation of. 102. 41. electronic. 241 in rearrangements. 352. 159.m. 354 hydrogen shifts. 95. 253 variable. 92.351 conrotation. in chlorination. 267 in ozonolysis. 277 equilibrium and structure. 26 dienes.. 26 keto-enol forms. shifts. 75 Spectrosco ic correlations.234 in Beckmann. 349 disrotation. 353 thermal.Shydrogen shifts. 4 Tetrahedral intermediates.253 AS^ and. 41 conformation and.98.370 a+.m. 38 bridged. 283 Thermodynamics. 118. 12 hyperconjugation and.301. 222. 162. 170 SNipathway.r. 212 Thiols.370. 173. 393 .372 determination of. 388 Substitution electrophilic. 249 benzene. 189. 326 a. 353 Symmetry controlled reactions.256 Tetrahedral hybridisation. 279 Terminators. 385 standard substituent in. 41. 361 isolation. 172 in acidity. 173. 17 Retro Diels-Alder reaction. 176 + . 384 amide hydrolysis and. 352 photochemical.414 Index parameter.. in chlorination. 362 polar effects and. 373 a and. 384 polar effects in. paired. 253. 29.256. 372. 27.268. 201. 181 Suprafacial shifts. 345 electrocyclic. parameter in.362 'constancy' of. 391 Solvent bipolar non-protic.235 crowding in.. 165 in diazo coupling. 355 Cope rearrangement.283 rate and structure.225.385 cyclic. 151 orbital interaction in.235. 385 o bonds. 211 Thionyl chloride.356 Steric parameters. 323-335 Sulphenyl compounds.388 H-bonded. 277 catalysis of.235. and. 167-177 radical. 40. a. 355 concerted v. 7 Saytzev elimination.299. 92 Through-conjugation. 95 elimination from.. 279 rate-limiting step. 348 Diels-Alder reaction. 45. 300.67. 353 Claisen rearrangement. 27.277 mechanisms of. aromatic. 140. 254. 320 Sulphonation. 390 Taft equation. 80. 182.49. aromatic. 15 delocalisation and.56. 26. 327 Super acids. 353 1. 162.349 in elimination. 130-167 nucleophilic. 57.48 Stevens rearrangements.63. 278 nitroalkanes.. 198.393 Transesterification. 352 orbital symmetry in. 8 Rubber natural.252 Solvatochromicshifts. 393 . 282 Thiazolium ylids. 385 a& in. 344 Synperiplanar conformation. 99 cyclic. 392 a and P n. 328 synthetic. and. 27 in elimination. 131 Sigmatropic rearrangements.r. 13 Stability. 392 .222. 36 Rotation frequency.79. 31. 342 Stereochemicalcriteria. 386 E.79. 96 Solvation. 278.115. 152. 356 energy level of.292. orbital. 353 Silicon-oxygen bond. 341 Claisen rearrangement. 366 sign of.257 Translational entropy.301.252 effect of. 256 Schiff bases. 124 in concerted reactions.60. thermodynamic.376 SN2' pathway. 264. 239 Transition state.350 delocalisation and. 79. stepwise. 88 Resonance energy. 368.283 models for.318 in addition to in addition to C==0. addition to C==O. 7 Steric hindrance. 258 Sulphur trioxide. 221 Schmidt rearrangement.279 keto-enol. 51. 74. 390 ion-solvating ability. 150. 81.77-100 nucleophilic.362 a-.80. 129. 109. 161. 387 Sterigrnatocystin.254.389 SN2pathway. 340-357 activation parameters. 389 Solvent separated ion pair. 118. 323 ' Sandmeyer reaction.372 a. a and i. 26 crowding. 163 addition to C==0. 351 Retro pinacol rearrangement. 27.81. 51 Stereoselectivity. 348 antarafacial shifts.287.66 polar non-protic. 237 Thermal concerted reactions. 91. 129. 122 Selectivity. 275 Sawhorse projections. 43.252. 353 Symmetry. 385 p* in. 58 in addition to C=C. 386 ester hydrolysis and. 90 Solvolysis. 213 SE1 pathway. l63 napthalene sulphonation.180. 350 Friedel-Crafts. 216..235 addition to dienes. 92 Sodium borohydride. 288. 387 E. 388 derivation of. 363 p*. 354 suprafacial. C a and 'H n. 259. 39 residual bonding in. 354 1. in sulphonation. 6 U complexes.312. 2 Stabilisation energy. 232 Thioacetals.320 Tetraalkylammonium salts basicity. 354 4xe 2xe. 58. 364 spectroscopic shifts and.58. 377 . 164 Sulphonium salts. 140 Sulphuryl chloride.295 SN1pathway. 344 'forbidden'. 368 r and. Spin. 115 non-bonded interaction.83.

18. 321 1 Y. and. 266 peroxynvitterions. 233 Wittig rearrangement. pyrolysis. 84. 271. 8 Vibrational modes. 343 Wave functions. 320. 41. 311 Tropylium cation. cub-. 221 Meisenheimer complexes. 223 Zwitterions. 13. r. 176 diazoanthranilate anion. 106 Tschitschibabin reaction. polymerisation. 321 chain length in. 373 Zinc alkyls. 300 dimer. 42. 211 Unsaturated acids L$-. 102. 176 peroxy.218 Umpolung. from Perkin reaction. 300 rearrangement. 119 Woodward-Hoffmam rules. 321 coordination.272 radical from. 322 induction period in. 320. 43. 390 Yukawa-Tsuno equation. 232. 336 Triphenylmethyl radical. 323 Trapping of intermediates (contd.311 shape. 306 Triphenylmethyl peroxide. 104. addition to.321 Vulcanisation. 168 Notes Wngner-Meerwein rearrangements. 94. 251 Van der Wads radii. 54 ion solvation and. 131. 268 X-ray crystallography ethanoate anion. 311 Ylids. 171 triphenylmethyl radicals. 87. 356 internal. 389 values of. 2. 271 carbanion from. 43. 234 Unsaturated carbonyl compounds.solvent parameter.301. 19 Grignard reagents. 189 Vinyl polymerisation. 227 By-. 193 . 320 termination. 200 formation of. 372 parameter.233. 289 Xanthates. 320 branching in.60 levelling effect in. 55 polarisability.342 Wave nodes.287 Ultra-violet absorption.381 reduction. 57 Wave amplitude. 187 addition to --l addition to &-C. 207 autolysis of. 57. 344 Wurtz reaction. 342 Vinyl ethers. 111 Water . 151 Wittig reaction. 343 Wheland intermediates. 293 Wolff rearrangement. 132. synthesis. 44. 50. 103. 106 stability. 321 propagation.300 Triphenylmethyl cation.267 dienones.267 Triphenylmethane acidity. 193 Trichloromethane hydrolysis.'V' 416 Index initiation.58.) carbenes.

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