tmemyge'DyeD

rmwdum
tbd,mpuESihf y#dnmOf
tmemygeur®|mef; yGm;rsm;oifyh Hk
wdu
k w
f eG ;f jcif; Oa,smZOf
b0orÜwåd tm;xkwef nf;trsKd ;rsKd ;
pdwu
f kd tpd;k r&í oHo&marsm&ykH
b0orÜww
åd ;kd yGm;rI
owdy|meftvkyf
pdwt
f pd;k r&aom ol½;l Oyrm
ol½;l ESiw
hf yl Hk
pdwrf Edik ef if;vQif trIrwGiu
f s,f
yJw
h ufrEdik ef if;aom avSoBl u;D Oyrm
Oyrm Oyar,s pyf[yfyHk
um,*wmowd bm0em
OD;pGm tm;xkw&f ykH

pdwu
f kd rEdik jf cif;tjypf
pdwu
f Ekd ikd ef if;jcif;tusKd ;
um,*wmowdEiS hf edAmÁ ef
pdwt
f pd;k &rl trsKd ;rsKd ;
orxç 0dyóem ,mOf 2-yg;
tmemyge ur®|mef; yGm;oifyh kH
um,*wmowdtjym; 18-yg;
udpö 4-yg;Ny;D Edik yf kH
bk&m;&Siw
f ikd ;f \ vufpJG
tmemygeówdow
k t
f zGihf
tmemyge tcs;D
ur®|mef; tvkycf iG f wnfcef;
tmemygeówdow
k f yxrpwkuú
ygVdawmfenf;
ygXfavQmuft"dygÜ ,f
t|uxmenf;
*Pemenf;tus,f

*Pemenf; a&wGuyf Hk
jrefjrefa&wGuef nf;
tEkAE¨emenf;tus,f
tEkAE¨emenf;
tEkAE¨emenf; yGm;&efacwf
y#dbm*edrw
d x
f ifyHk
xyemenf; tus,f
edrw
d f 3-yg;? orm"d 3-yg; cGeJ nf;
edrw
d f 3-yg; cGeJ nf;
bm0emorm"d 3-yg; cGeJ nf;
Oypm&orm"dEiS hf Oypm&psmef
owday;csuf
ygVdawmfEiS hf t|uxmED;S aESmykH
yxrpwkueú nf;
'kw,
d pwkueú nf; (psmeftqifq
h if&h yk)H

wwd,pwkueú nf;
pwkw¬ pwkueú nf; (tmemygerSç 0dyóemodu
Yk ;l yk)H
tmemygeur®|mef;jzifh
owdy|mef 4-yg; yGm;rsm;rIupd Nö y;D ykH
tmemygetvkyjf zifh
aAmZÑif 7-yg;yGm;rsm;rIupd Nö y;D ykH
tmemygetvkyjf zifh r*f zkv
d w
f nf;[laom
0dZmÆ 0drw
k o
då Ykd a&mufEikd yf Hk
0dyóemwufenf;
tmemygeówdEiS hf 0do'k d¨ 6-yg;
½kyüf 'd|0d o
d 'k d¨ tpDt&if
emrfü 'd|0d o
d 'k d¨ tpDt&if
ucFg0dw&P0do'k d¨ tpDt&if
0dyóemvrf;okYd wufenf;
y"me"mwfBu;D ig;yg;
rSmxm;csuf
tmemyge'DyeDusr;f rmwdum Ny;D Ny/D
--------- Ä ---------

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

1

tmemyge'DyeD
earm wó b*0awm t&[awm
or®morÁK'ó
¨ /
tbd , mpuES i f h y#d n mOf
jrefrmouú&mZf 1265-ck waygif;vqkwf 11-&ufaeUwGif
v,fuikd ;f jrKd Upm; 0ef&Y iS af wmf uif;0efrif;Bu;D u w&m;"r® Mo0g'rsm;
udk emcHvdkygaMumif;ESifhtwefwefyifhzdwf awmif;yefavQmufxm;
tyfonfjzpfí rEÅav;jrKd UawmfoYkd <ua&mufí 0ef&Y iS af wmfrif;Bu;D \
tdrOf ;D ü 3-&uf 3-nOfh wnf;cdak exdik í
f 0ef&Y iS af wmfrif;Bu;D ESiw
hf uG
tdrOf ;D odYk w&m;emvma&mufMuukeaf om rSL;awmfrwfawmf &[ef;
&Siv
f l jynfot
l aygif;wdt
Yk m; w&m;"r® jyoa[majymí aepOftcg
0ef&Y iS af wmfrif;Bu;D \ om;jzpfol ykord jf rKd UtkyEf iS hf armfvjrKd ijf rKd UZmwd
rEÅav; ta&;ydkifrif; ½kH;awmfpma&;BuD; armifcifwdkYonf touf
xufq;Hk pGjJ rt
J m;xkw&f ef tmemygeur®|mef; tvkyrf sm;udk xkwaf zmf
a&;om; oem;csD;jr§ifhygrnfhtaMumif;ESifh awmif;yefavQmufxm;
Muonfjzpfí rkH&GmjrdKU v,fwDawmausmif;q&m igonf Oy&d
yPÖmo-tmemygeówdow
k f ygVdawmfjrwfukd teuft"dygÜ ,fEiS hf
wuG tusOf;oacFytm;jzifh azmfjyaytHhownf;/
tbd,mpuESifh y#dnmOf jyD;\/
---------------------

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

2

tmemyge ur® | mef ; yG m ;rsm;oif h y k H
wd k u f w G e f ; jcif ; Oa,smZOf
tusdK;taMumif;wdkYudk aumif;pGmxifxif odjrifEdkifMu
ukefaom ynm&Sdtaygif; olawmfaumif;wdkYonfwdPÖ rnw&H ,mrH? y#dZa*¾,s y@dawm/
[laom "r®y'ygVdawmfjrwfESifhtnD- t&G,fokH;yg;wdkYwGif
yxrt&G,w
f iG ;f rSpí abm*orÜwu
då kd pGev
Yf w
T jf y;D vQif b0orÜwdå
pD;yGg;udk tm;xkwfMuukef&m\/
yxrt&G,fwGif;rSpí rwwfEdkifcJhvQif 'kwd,t&G,fwGif;rS
pí abm*orÜwu
då kd pGev
Yf w
T jf y;D vQif b0orÜwpdå ;D yGg;udk tm;xkwf
Muuke&f m\/
'kw,
d t&G,w
f iG ;f rSpí rwwfEikd cf yhJ gvQif wwd,t&G,o
f Ykd
tqdkufwGif tm;xkwfMuukef&m\/
Ä
y@dawm=ynm&Sdol rSefayrlum;? wdPÖH=
t&G , f o k H ; yg;wd k Y w G i f ? tnw&H , mrH =
wpfyg;yg;aom t&G,fü? y#dZa*¾,s=b0
orÜwdåpD;yGg;udk tm;xkwf okwfoif&m\/
("r®y'ygVdawmfteuf)

t&G,o
f ;Hk yg;vk;H rSmyif abm*orÜwåd vuf&w
dS if;vif;ESihf aeí
b0ya'omyifBuD;udk ydkif;ydkif;vnf; rcHtyf [lvdkonf/
,cktcgrlum;- aovG,f aysmufv,
G v
f aS om 0dywåu
d mv
jzpfcJhí touf 50-udkvnf;aumif;ç 55-ESpfudkvnf;aumif;ç

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

3

abm*orÜwdåe,f tqkH;xm;&m\/ xdkrS aemufü abm*orÜwdåudk
pGefYvTwfí b0orÜwådpD;yGg; Ak'¨KyÜg''kv’b tusdK;rsm;udk tm;xkwf
&m\/
b0orÜ w d å tm;xk w f e nf ; trsd K ;rsd K ;
þpum;ü abm*orÜwdåudk pGefYvTwfí b0orÜwdåpD;yGg;udk
tm;xkwfMuaom enf;vrf;wdkYonf trsdK;rsdK;&SdMu\/
1/
yxrt&G,f i,fpOftcgüyifvQif xD;eef;pnf;pdrf
udk pGev
Yf w
T í
f &aoh&[ef;tjzpfEiS hf awmxGuMf u
aom awrdrif; [w¬dygvrif;wdkY\ enf;vrf;
wpfrsKd ;/
2/
yxrt&G,f 'kw,
d t&G,üf xD;eef;pnf;pdru
f kd cHpm;
pHpm;jyD;rS wwd,t&G,fü xD;eef;pnf;pdrfudk
om;BuD;&wemtm; vTJtyfjyD;vQif rif;O,smOfü
csr;f ompGm {upm& aexdik í
f jA[®0[
d m&bm0em
w&m;udk yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfí psmeformywfudkjzpf
apí rif;O,smOfüyif touf&SnforQumv
ywfvkH; psmeformywf csrf;omudk cHpm;pHpm;í
aeMuaom r*¢a'0rif;tp aerdrif; tqk;H &Sad om
&Spfaomif;av;axmifaom rif;wdkY\ enf;vrf;
wpfrsKd ;/
3/
rif;O,smOfodkYyif rxGufrlí odMum;rif; zefqif;
aom "r®ygom'trnf&adS om &wem twdjy;D aom
a&Teef;jymom'fBuD;twGif;ü {upm&aeawmfrlí

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

4

jA[®0d[m& psmeformywfudk yGg;rsm;tm;xkwfí
psmeformywf csrf;omudk cHpm;pHpm;í aeawmf
rlaom r[mok'óe pMumrif;BuD;\ enf;vrf;
wpfrsKd ;/
4/
a&TaywGif a&;om;í &mZj*dK[fbk&ifu apvTwf
aom tmemygeur®|mef; tpDt&ifukd awGUjrif&m
bkH 7-qifh&Sdaom a&Teef;jymom'fay:ü {upm&
aeawmfrlí tmemygeur®|mef; tvkyfudk tm;
xkwfawmfrl&m tmemygepwkw¬psmefwdkif atmif
aygufa&muf xajrmufawmfral yaom wuúov
kd f
rif;\ enf;vrf;wpfrsdK;/
þodt
Yk p&So
d nfjzifh a&S;tzdüYk abm*orÜwpdå ;D yGg;udk vdu
k pf m;
cHpHjyD;í aemuftzdkYü abm*orÜwådESifhpyfaom aMumifhMupdkufrIç
orm"dbm0emESifh qefYusifbufjzpfaom tjA[®p&d,rIç taygif;
tazmfESifh a&m,SufqufqHjcif;trIrsm;udk vGwfuif;atmif MuOf
a&Smifí rdrdpdwfMudKuf&m yGJawmftpmtm[m&udk aeYpOfydkY oç
qufoGif;ol vla,musfm;wpfOD;wpfa,mufESifhom tawGUcHawmf
rlMuí b0orÜwåd pD;yGg;udk tm;xkwMf uayukeaf om jyqdck jhJ y;D aom
tavmif;tvsm ynm&SdBuD;wdkY\ enf;vrf;trsdK;rsdK;wGif ,cktcg
Ak'¨bmom0if vlynm&SdwdkYonf rdrdwdkYtajctaeESifh oifhavsmf&m
enf ; vrf ; ud k a&G ; aumuf t m;usí b0orÜ w d å t pD ; tyG g ;ud k
tm;xkwMf uuke&f m\/
wdkufwGef;jcif; Oa,smZOfjyD;\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

5

pd w f u d k tpd k ; r&í oH o &marsm&yk H
b0orÜ w d å w d k ; yG m ;rI
,cktcg b0orÜwdå tpD;tyGm;qdkonfum;- Ak'¨KyÜg'
'kv’bESifh wuG rEkówå'kv’b wnf;[laom b0orÜwådudk
&&SMd uKH MuKd uí
f aeMuonft
h cgü *[|jzpfol vlwrYkd mS tmZD0|ru
oDvü aumif;pGmwnfí um,*wmowdtvkyçf orxur®|mef;
tvkyçf 0dyóemur®|mef;tvkyu
f kd pGpJ jJG rjJ rJ tm;xkwrf u
I kd b0orÜwdå
pD;yGm;rI qdkownf;/
owd y |mef t vk y f
orxrI 0dyóemrI\ a&SUtzdüYk um,*wmowdtvkyu
f kd
tm;xkw&f onf? um,*wmowd tvkyq
f o
dk nfum;- owdy|mef
tvkyu
f kd qdo
k wnf;? xdo
k wdy|meftvkyu
f kd a&S;OD;pGm wnfaxmif
tm;xkwf&jcif;\ taMumif;udk Oyrm,kwdåESifhwuG jyqdkOD;tHHh/
pd w f t pd k ; r&aom ol ½ l ; Oyrm
avmuü rdrpd w
d u
f kd rdrt
d pd;k r&aom ol½;l olErS ;f rnfonf
wpfpw
Hk pfcak om twå[w
d pD;yGm;rI y&[dw pD;yGm;rIwüYkd tok;H rus
oljzpf\/ tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf xdkol\pdwfonf rdrdxrif;
pm;rI tvk y f w pf c k r Qüyif v Qif jyD ; pD ; atmif r ae/ xk d o l o nf
xrif;pm;qJtcgüyif xrif;yGJudk oGefarSmufí vGwf&m t&yf
wpfyg;odkY xGufoGm;\? wpfjcm;wpfyg;aom vla&;vl&mwdkYü

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

6

qkdzG,fr&Sd? tokH;rusol oufouf jzpfownf;? aq;0g;wdkYjzifh
ukoçí yuwd aysmufjird ;f aomtcgü pdw\
f wnfMunfjcif;ud&k í
yuwd vlaumif;jzpfav\? xdktcgrS vlpOfrSDí cyfodrf;aom
vla&;vl&mwdu
Yk kd trsm;enf;wl wnfMunfaom pdwjf zifh jy;D pD;atmif
vkyfaqmifEdkifav\/
ol ½ l ; ES i f h w l y k H
avmuü yuwd pdwaf umif;ç ESv;Hk aumif;ESijhf ynhpf MHk uaom
yuwd vlaumif;olaumif;wdkYonfvnf; odrfarGUvSpGmaom
orxpsmeftvkyfç 0dyóem ynmtvkyfwdkYürlum;- rdrdpdwfudk
rdrdtpdk;r&aom ol½l;olESrf;t&mü wnfMu&jyefukef\/ wnfykH
um;- bk&m;&Scd ;kd &mü yuwdvw
l \
Ykd pdwo
f nf ]]£wdyad om}} wpfy'k f
qkH;onfhwdkifatmif bk&m;*kPfüpdkufírae? bk&m;*kPfudk vTwfí
tm½kw
H pfyg;odo
Yk m xGuo
f mG ;\? tm½kw
H pfyg;odYk pdwx
f u
G f oGm;wdik ;f
t&Gwt
f qdyk suu
f u
G cf yhJ grlum;- ]]£wdyad om}} wpfy'k u
f kd wpfnOfh
vkH; &Gwfqdkaomfvnf; tqkH;wdkif acsmarmEdkifMurnfr[kwf? e*dku
EIwfwuf&jyD;jzpfíom t&Gwftqdk tpOfrysufbJ tqkH;wkdif
acsmarmEdkifMuavownf;/
cyfodrf;aom ur®|mef;bm0em reodum&rIwdkYü þenf;csnf;rSwf/

þum;- yuwd vlaumif; olaumif;qdk&aom olwdkYonf
vnf; orm"dbm0emç ynmbm0emrIwdkYü rdrdpdwfudk rdrdtpdk;r&
Muaom ol½l;olSESrf;t&mü wnfMu&ykHwnf;/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

7

þuJhodkY ol½l;olESrf;t&mü wnfvsuf&SdMuukefao;aom
olwdkYonf r*fzdkvfedAÁmefudk rqdkxm;bdOD;? ,ckb0 aoonf\
tjcm;rJhü ok*wdb0udkrQ &Edkif&ef ta&;onfyifvQif tvGefcuf
ao;\? owdrlMu avukef/
pd w f r Ed k i f e if ; vQif trI r wG i f u s,f
-

-

avmuü ajcudkrEdkifeif;aom olonf ajcjzifhjyK
&aom trIudk wGifus,fatmif rjyKEdkif/ vufudk
rEdkifeif;aomolonf vufjzifhjyK&aom trIudk
wGifus,fatmif rjyKEdkif/
EIwfvQmudk rEdkifeif;aomolonf EIwfvQmjzifh
jyK&aomtrIudk wGifus,fatmif rjyKEdkif/
pdwfudk rEdkifeif;aomolonf pdwfjzifhjyK&aom
trIudk wGifus,fatmif rjyKEdkif/
bm0em reodum&rIrnfonf pdwjf zifjh yKtyfaom
trI o uf o uf j zpf \ / xd k Y a Mumif h rd r d p d w f u d k
rEdkifeif;Muç tpdk;r&Muukefaom yuwdvl&Sif
ykxkZOfwdkYonf bm0emreodum&rIudk wGifus,f
atmif rjyKEdkifMu/ twktyrQom jyKEdkifMuonf/
yJ h w uf r Ed k i f e if ; aom avS o l B uD ; Oyrm

Oyrmum;- avSuikd w
f ufuikd rf Edik ef if;aom avSoBl u;D onf
0efjynfhaomavSBuD;jzifh tvGeft,Of xefpGmpD;aom jrpfMuD;ü

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

8

pkefarQmívm&m nOfhtcg arSmifrdkufonfhtwGufaMumifh urf;pOf
wavQmuf jrdKU&Gmqdyfurf;rsm;udk rjrif&? aeYtcgü urf;pOf
wpfavQmuf jrdKU&Gmqdyfurf;rsm;udk jrifygaomfvnf; avSwufudk
rEdkifeif;onfhtwGufaMumifh wpfpkHwpfckaom jrdKU&Gm qdyfurf;odkY
uyfjcif;ç qdu
k jf cif;iSm rwwfEikd rf í
l Munfu
h m arQmu
f m cs;D rGr;f umESihf
ork'´&mtjyifodkY vTifhav\/
Oyrm Oyar,s pyf [ yf y k H
(u)
(c)
(*)
(C)
(i)

þOyrmü t,OfxefpmG pD;aom jrpfBu;D ç ork'&´ m
BuD;uJhodkY MoCav;jzm oHo&mBuD;udk rSwf&m\/
0efjynfah om avSBu;D uJo
h Ykd xdx
k o
kd wå0gwd\
Yk cE¨m
udk,fudk rSwf&m\/
avSwufukd rEdik ef if;aom avSoBl u;D uJo
h Ykd ykxZk Of
owå0gudk rSwf&m\/
awmawmifpcef;ü qdyfurf;r&Sdaom jrpfjyifBuD;
uJhodkY oknurÇm oHo&mc&D;udk rSwf&m\/
jrKd U&Gmqdyu
f rf;&Syd gaomfvnf; nOft
h cg arSmifru
kd Ef iS hf
MuKHMudKufí jrdKU&Gmqdyfurf;udk rjrifbJ twGif
pkeaf rQm&ouJo
h Ykd bk&m;yGi&hf m Ak'u
¨ rÇmyifjzpfaomf
vnf; t&yfjypf&pS jf zm rdpmä arSmif rdu
k Ef iS hf MuKH MuKd uf
í bk&m;omoem odum© ok;H wef edAmÁ efqyd u
f rf;odYk
or®m'd|d ÓPfrsupf jd zifh rjrifbJ oHo&mt,OfoYkd
twGifpkefarQmMuaom omoemy vlrsdK;wdkYudk
rSw&f m\/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk
(p)

9

aeYtcgü urf;pOfwpfavQmufjrKd U&Gmqdyu
f rf;rsm;udk
jrif y gaomf v nf ; avS w uf u d k rEd k i f e if ; onf h
twGuaf Mumifh wpfpw
Hk pfcak om jrKd U&Gmqdyu
f rf;odYk
ruyfEdkif rqdkufEdkifrlí MunfhumarQmfum csD;rTrf;
umESihf ork'&´ mtjyifoYkd vTiahf vouJo
h Ykd bk&m;yGihf
&m omoemü Ak'b
¨ mom trsKd ;aumif;om; pifppf
jzpfygaomfvnf; bm0emtvkyu
f kd tm; rxkwMf u
bJ yuwdaom pdwfESifhom aeMuonfh twGuf
pdwu
f t
kd pd;k r&aom t½l;tESr;f t&mü wnfaeMu
onfjzpfí orxpsmefç 0dyóemÓPfç r*fÓPfç
zdv
k Ó
f Pfç edAmÁ efqyd u
f rf;odYk ruyfEikd Mf uç rqdu
k Ef ikd f
Muukefrlí &wemokH;yg;udk MunfndK udk;uG,fç
zl;ajrmfcs;D rTr;f um bk&m;'g,umç bk&m;'g,dumrç
ausmif;'g,um ausmif;'g,dumrç ypön;f av;yg;
'g,umç ypönf;av;yg;'g,dumrç omrn&[ef;
usrf;wwf*efwwftausmf wHqdyfawmf& q&m
awmf jzpfumrQESifh oknurÇm oHo&m jyifBuD;odkY
vGifhumvGifhum vmMuonfudk rSwf&m\/
vGefavjyD;aomtcg terw*¾ oHo&mrS ,aeYxufwdkif
arQmívmcJhMuykHwnf;/
pd w f u d k tpd k ; r&í oH o &marQm&yk H jyD ; \/
---------------------

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

10

um,*wmowd bm0em
OD ; pG m tm;xk w f & yk H
pd w f u d k rEd k i f j cif ; tjypf
,ck t cgüvnf ; bk & m;omoemü Ak ' ¨ b mom trsd K ;
aumif;pifppf jzpfMuukefvsuf um,*wmowd bm0emrsm;udk
tm;rxkwfMubJ tpdk;r&aom yuwdpdwftwdkif;ESifhomaeí
aovGeMf uvQif twdwf oHo&mu vmcJMh uaom vrf;rç vrf;½d;k Bu;D
twdkif; oHo&m'va[modkY arQmNrJç jr§KyfNrJ wvJvJyif jzpfMu
uke&f monf/
þOyrmjzifh pdwfudk tpdk;r&rIonf oHo&m'va[mü
arQmvrf;Bu;D pifppfjzpf\/ / tb,fh aMumifeh nf;[lr-l orxtvkyçf
0dyóemtvkyfodkY ruyfEdkifMuaomaMumifhwnf;/
pd w f u d k E d k i f e if ; jcif ; tusd K ;
pdwfudk tpdk;&rIonf edAÁmefqdyfurf;odkY qdkufvrf;BuD;
pifppfjzpf\/ tb,fhaMumifhenf;[lrl tvdk&Sdaomtcg orx
tvkyfç 0dyóemtvkyfudk vkyfEdkifaomaMumifhwnf;[laom
teufudkjyqdkonf? um,*wm owdbm0emonf pdwfudktpdk;
&atmif tm;xkwfrIaywnf;/
um,*wmowd E S i f h ed A Á m ef
txufjzpfaom orxtvkyfç 0dyóemtvkyfwdkYudk
rvkyfwnfhEdkifvQif &SdapOD;/ rdrdpdwfudk rdrdudk,foEÅmeftwGif;ü

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

11

EdkifEdkifeif;eif; xm;EdkifMuvQifyif edAÁmef\t&omudk cHpHMu&onf
rnfaMumif;udk þodkYa[mawmfrl\/
- trwH awoH 0d&'¨H? a,oH um,*wmowd 0d&'¨g/
trwH awoH t0d&'¨H? a,oH um,*wmowd
t0d&'¨g/
-

trwH awoH ty&dbkwåH? a,oH um,*wmowd
ty&dbw
k må /
trwH awoH y&dbkwåH? a,oH um,*wmowd
y&dbw
k må /
(t*kFw¬dK&fygVdawmf)

a,oH=tMuifolwdkYtm;? um,*wmowd=um,*wm
owdonf? 0d&'¨g=acsmfcRwfav\? awoH=xdkolwdkYtm;? trwH=
tNrKd uef Ad mÁ efonf? 0d&'¨=H acsmcf Rwaf v\? a,oH=tMuifow
l t
Ykd m;?
um,*wmowd=um,*wmowdonf? t0d&'¨g=racsmfcRwf/
awoH=xdkolwdkYtm;? trwH=tNrdKufedAÁmefonf? t0d&'¨H=racsmf
cRwEf ikd Nf y/D
a,oH=tMuifolwdkYtm;? um,*wmowd=um,*wm
owdudk? ty&dbkwåm=roHk;aqmif&? awoH=xdkolwdkYtm;? trwH=
tNrdKufedAÁmefonf? ty&dbkwåH=oHk;aqmif&onfrrnf/ a,oH=
tMuif o l w d k Y t m;? um,*wmowd = um,*wmowd o nf ?
y&dbw
k må =oH;k aqmif&\/ awoH=xdo
k w
l t
Ykd m;? trwH=tNrKd uef Ad mÁ ef
onf? y&dbkwåH=oHk;aqmif&onfrnf\/
(ygVdawmfteuf)

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

12

vdk&if;t"dyÜg,fum;- um,*wmowd bm0emwnfí
rdrdpdwfudk rdrdtpdk;&aom tjzpfü wnfMuaom olwdkYtm; orx
0dyóemtvkyfudk wGifus,fpGmvkyfEdkifMuawmhrnfjzpfí ,ckb0
qdkufwdkufíaeaom edAÁmefESifhvGJEdkif&ef r&SdNyD? um,*wmowd
bm0emvufrJhí rdrdpdwfudk rdrdtpdk;r&aom t&l;tESrf;t&mü
wnfjrw
J ikd ;f ESiahf eMuukerf u
l m; orx0dyóemtvkyo
f Ykd ruyfEikd f
ojzifh edAÁmefESifh vGJMuukef&m\ [lvdkonf/
pd w f t pd k ; &rl trsd K ;rsd K ;
pdwfudktpdk;&rIonf trsdK;rsdK;&Sd\/ tb,fodkYtrsdK;rsdK;&Sd
oenf ; [l r l u m;-avmuü t&l ; tES r f ; r[k w f [ l í yuwd
wnfMunfaompdwfESifh jynfhpHkvsuf vla&;vl&mü ae&mwus
&Sdonfudkvnf; pdwfudk tpdk;&rIac:\? omoemürlum; £`E´d,
oH0&oDv vHkjcHKrIonfvnf; tpdk;&rI wpfyg;yifjzpf\/ cdkifcHhaom
tpd;k &rIum; r[kwaf o;/ um,*wmowdbm0em wnfro
I nfum;
orx0dyóem\ y'|mef (eD;pGmaom taMumif;) jzpfí ckid cf ahH om
tpdk;&rIrnf\? xdkxuf Oypm&orm"drIonf ckdifcHh\? xdkxuf
tyÜemorm"d rIonf cdik cf \
hH ? tyÜemormywf&pS yf g;wdo
Yk nf wpfqifh
xufwpfqifh cdkifcHhMuukef\? tbdnmOfrIonf orxudpöwGif
txGwftxdyfjzpfaom tpdk;&rIrnf\/
-

orxç 0dyóem ,mOf 2-yg;
þum; um,*wmowd bm0emrI r S orx
vrf;odkYwufaom orx,meduvrf;wnf;/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

13

-

um,*wmowd bm0emrIrS 0dyóemodkY wuf
onfudkum; 0dyóem,meduvrf; ac:\/
þwGiaf &GUum; orxtvkyf 0dyóemtvkyw
f \
Ykd
a&St
h zdüYk um,*wm owdy|meftvkyu
f kd a&S;OD;pGm
wnfaxmif tm;xkw&f jcif;\taMumif;udk Oyrm
,kwådESifhwuG jyqdkvdkufaom tcef;wnf;/
um,*wm owd b m0em OD ; pG m tm;xk w f & yH k NyD ; \/
ÀÀÀÀÀÀÀÀÀÀÀ
tmemyge ur® | mef ; yG m ;oif h y H k
xdkYaMumifh ,cktcg Ak'¨bmom omoemü MuHKMudKufMuol
&Sifvltaygif;wdkYonf rdrdpdwfudk rdrdtpdk;r& &SdaeMuonfudk
vGepf mG pufqyk x
f w
d v
f efMY uukeí
f rdrpd w
d u
f kd rdrt
d pd;k &aomtjzpfü
apmapmpD;pD; wnfNyD; jzpfMuapjcif;iSg r[mowdy|meokwfüvm
aom wpfckckaom um,*wmowd tvkyfrsm;udk tm;xkwf
Muuke&f m\/
um,*wmowd t jym; 18-yg;
xd k um,*wmowd o nf Oy&d y PÖ m oygVd a wmf
um,*wmowdow
k üf um;tmemygeydik ;f
£&d,myxydkif;
orÜZnydkif;

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

14

y#dulv 1-ydkif;
"mwk00w¬me 2-ydkif;
od0xdu udk;yg;
wdEYk iS w
hf uG yxrpsmefç 'kw,
d psmefç wwd,psmefç pwkwp¬ smef
[k qdktyfaom um,*wmowdtjym; 18-yg;vm\/
ud p ö 4-yg;NyD ; Ed k i f y H k
Oy&dyPÖmo ygVdawmf tmeygeokwfüum;- tmemyge tvk y f w pf c k E S i f h y if um,*wmowd
bm0emudpö?
- tyÜempsmef 4-yg;[laom orxbm0emudpö?
- 0dyóem bm0emudpö?
- 0dZÆm0drkwåd[k qdktyfaom r*¾ bm0emudpö?
- zvopädud&d,mudpöwdkYonf tNyD;wdkif vmukef\/
bk & m;&S i f w d k i f ; \ vuf p G J
cyfodrf;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;wdkY\vnf; tmemygeówd
üwnfí oAÁnKb&k m;tjzpfoYkd a&mufawmfrMl uukejf rJ "r®wmjzpf\?
bk&m;tjzpfoYkd a&mufMuukeNf y;D aom tcgüvnf; tmemygeówd
udk toufxufqHk; rpGefYMuukefNyD/
orxt&müvnf ; ur® | mef ; av;q,f & S d o nf w G i f
tmemyge ur®|mef;onf tpOftjrJ yGm;rsm;jcif;iSm tvG,q
f ;kH jzpf\?
jrwfpGmbk&m;onfvnf; wjcm;aom orxur®|mef;wdkYxuf

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

15

xGwfjrwfaom vGefaom*kPfyk'fwdkjzifh rsm;pGmcsD;rTrf;awmfrl\/
t|uxmq&mjrwfMuD;wdkYonfvnf; r[myk&doblrd [krdefYawmf
rlMuuke\
f /
vlomrefç &SifomrefwdkYESifh xdkufwefaom ur®|mef;r[kwf?
vlynm&SMd u;D ç &Siyf nm&SMd u;D wdEYk iS hf xdu
k w
f efaom ur®|mef;jzpfonf
[lv/kd
xdkYaMumifh a&ShüjyqdkcJhNyD;aom tavmif;tvsm ynm&SdMuD;
wdkY\ enf;vrf;wdkYwGif bHk 7-qifh&Sdaom a&Teef;jymom'fay:ü
yuwdaom rif;{u&mZftoGifESifhyif qdwfjidrfpGm pHaeawmfrlí
tmemygetvkyfudk tm;xkwfawmfrl&m um,*wmowd bm0em
udprö pS í pwkwp¬ smef orm"d bm0emudpw
ö ikd af tmif Ny;D pD;xajrmuf
aygufa&mufawmfrlaom a&mrEdkifiH\teD; wuúodkvfjynfMuD;udk
a&Tx;D a&Teef; odr;f jref; pd;k pHawmfral om yuúKomwdrif;\ enf;vrf;}
udk vdkufpm; tm;usí Ak'¨KyÜg''kv’b\ tusdK;tmedoHoESifhwuG
b0orÜwådpD;yGm;udk tm;xkwfMuvdkukefaom Ak'¨bmom vl
ynm&SdMuD;wdkY\tusdK;iSm tmemygeówd okwåefygVdawmfMuD;udk
ygXfteuf t"dyÜg,fESifhwuG xkwfjyí tusOf;oacFytm;jzifh
tmemygeur®|mef; tpDt&ifudk jyqdkaytHhownf;/
tmeygeur® | mef ; yG m ;oif y H k NyD ; \/
-------Ä--------

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

16

tmemygeówd o k w f t zG i f h
tmemyge tcsD ;
1/ tmemygeówd bdu©a0 bm0dwm A[kvDuwm
pwåma&m owdy|mae y&dyla&EÅd/
2/ pwåma&m owdy|mem bm0dwm A[kvDuwm owå
aAmZösa*F y&dyla&EÅd/
3/ owå aAmZös*Fg bm0dwm A[kvDuwm 0dZÆm0drkwðå
y&dyla&EÅd/
tmemygeówdokwfygVdawmf/

1/ bdu©a0=&[ef;wdkY? tmemygeówd=tmemygeówd
ur®|mef;tvkyo
f nf? bm0dwm=yGm;rsm;ap tyfonf&adS omf?
A[kvDuwm=aeY&ufrsm;pGm avhvmpGJjrJjcif;udk jyKtyf
onf&Sdaomf? pwåma&m owdy|mae=owdy|mefav;yg;
wdkYudk? y&dyla&EÅd=NyD;jynfhpHkapEdkifukef\/
2/ pwåma&m owdy|mem=av;yg;aom owdy|mefw&m;
wd k Y o nf ? bm0d w m=yG m ;rsm;aptyf u k e f o nf & S d a omf ?
A[kvu
D wm=aeY&ufrsm;pGm avhvmjcif;udk jyKtyfuek o
f nf
&Sdaomf? owåaAmZösa*F=aAmZösifckepfyg;wdkYudk? y&dyla&EÅd=NyD;
jynfhpHkapEdkifukef\/
3/ owåaAmZÑ*gF =aAmZÑicf ek pfyg;wdo
Yk nf? bm0dwm=yGm;rsm;ap
tyfuek o
f nf&adS omf? A[kvu
D wm=aeY&ufrsm;pGm avhvm
tyfuek o
f nf&adS omf? 0dZmÆ 0drw
k =ðå avmukw&å m 0dZmÆ av;yg;

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

17

0drkwådav;yg;udk? y&dyla&EÅd=jyD;jynfhpkHapEdkifukef\/
(ygVdawmfteuf/)

avmuk w å & m0d Z Æ m 4-yg;/
avmukwå&m 0dZÆmav;yg;rnf\/
0d r k w å d 4-yg;/
rnf\/

/ r*f Ó Pf a v;yg;onf

/ zkdvfÓPfav;yg;onf 0drkwdåav;yg;

vd k & if ; t"d y Ü g ,f u m;1/ tmemygeur®|mef; tvkyfudk aeY&Snf&uf&Snfrsm; BuD;yGm;
xajrmufatmif vkyaf qmifEikd yf grlum; owdy|mefav;yg;
udk yGm;rsm;rIudpövnf; tvkdvdkjyD;pD;awmhonf/
2/ aAmZÑif 7-yg;udk yGm;rsm;rIupd v
ö nf; tvkv
d dk jy;D pD;awmhonf/
3/ 0dZÆmç 0drkwåd w&m;ESpfyg;udk yGm;rsm;rIudpövnf; jyD;pD;awmh
onf [lvdkownf;/
þygVdawmfü tvk;H pkaH om aAm"dyu©,
d w&m; 37-yg;wdu
Yk kd
owdy|mefç aAmZÑiçf 0dZmÆ ç 0drw
k w
åd jYkd zifh odr;f usK;H í a[mawmfro
l nf/
aAm"dyu©d,w&m; 37-yg;udk yGm;rsm;rI tukefjyD;pD;\ qdkvdkonf/
tmemygetcsD ; jyD ; \/
------------------ur® | mef ; tvk y f c G i f wnf c ef ;
£" ye bdu©a0 bdu©K t&n*awm 0g ½ku©rlv
*awm 0g oknm*g&*awm 0g edoD'wd yv’uø

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

18

tmbkZdwGm OZkH um,H yPd"m, y&drkcH owð
Oy|aywGm/
(ygVdawmf)

bd u © a 0=&[ef ; wd k Y ? £" ye=þomoemawmf w G i f ; ü?
bu©K=oHo&mab;udk jrifajrmfEdkifaomolonf? t&n*awm
0g=awmt&yf ü wnf í aomf v nf ; aumif ; ? ½k u © r l v *awm
0g=opfyif&if;ü wnfíaomfvnf;aumif;? oknm*g&*awm
0g=qdwfjidrf&m ausmif;ç odrfç bkHeef;ç wdkufcef;ae&mü wnfí
aomfvnf;aumif;? yv’uø=xuf0,fyv’ifudk? tmbkZdwGm= zGJYacG
xdkifaeí? um,H=txufudk,fudk? OZkH=ajzmifhrwfpGm? yPd"m,=
xm;í? owð=owdu?kd y&drck =H ur®|mef;tcsuf xGuo
f uf0ifoufoYkd
a½SU½I? Oy|aywGm=cdkifjrJpGm pdkufxm;í? edoD'wd=ae\/
rS w f c suf /

/

xuf0,fzGJUacG xdkifaerIonf ur®|mef;
tvkyfESifh txl;oifhavsmfaomaMumifh
]]yv’uø tmbkZw
d mG }} [lí a[mMum;awmf
rlonf/ pifppfaomfum; £&d,mykxf
av;yg;üyif pGJjrJ&rnfjzpf\/

ur®|mef;tvkyfcGif wnfcef;jyD;\/
------------

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

19

tmemygeówd o k w f yxrpwk u ú
ygVd a wmf e nf ;
1/ yxrcef;/ / aom oawm0 tóowd? oawm0
yóowd/
2/ 'kwd,cef;/ / 'DCH 0g tóoaEÅm 'DCH tóomrDwd
yZmemwd?
'DCH 0g yóoaEÅm 'DCH yóomrDwd yZmemwd?
&óH 0g tóoaEÅ m &óH tóomrD w d
yZmemwd?
&óH 0g yóoaEÅ m &óH yóomrD w d
yZmemwd/
3/ wwd,cef;/ / oAÁum,yÜ#o
d aH 0'D tóodómrDwd
odu©wd?
oAÁum,yÜ#doHa0'D yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
4/ pwkw¬cef;/ / yórÇ , H um,ocF g &H tó
odómrDwd odu©wd/
yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H yóodómrDwd oduw
© /d
(ygVdawmf yxrpwkuú)

1/

aom=xdkxuf0,fzGJUacG xdkifaeNyD;aom a,m*D
onf? oawm0=rvpfaprI owdjyKíomvQif?
tóowd=xGufoufvTwf\? oawm0=rvpf
aprI owdjyKíomvQif? yóowd=0ifouf½SL\/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk
2/

-

3/

-

4/

20

'DCH 0g=½SnfpGmrlvnf;? tóoaEÅm=xGufouf
vTwfonf½Sdaomf? 'DCH=½SnfpGm? tóomrDwd=
xGuo
f uf igvTw\
f [lí? yZmemwd=od\? 'DC0H g=
½SnfpGmrlvnf;? yóoaEÅm=0ifouf½SL onf½Sd
aomf? 'DCH=½SnfpGm? yóomrDwd=0ifoufig½I\
[lí? yZmemwd=od\?
&óH 0g=wdkpGmrlvnf;? tóoaEÅm=xGufouf
vTwfonf½Sdaomf? &óH=wdkpGm? tóomrDwd=
xGufouf igvTwf\[lí? yZmemwd=od\? &óH
0g=wdkpGmrlvnf;? yóoaEÅm=0ifouf½SLonf
½S d a omf ? &óH = wd k p G m ? yóomrD w d = 0if o uf
ig½I\[lí? yZmemwd=od\/
oAÁum,yÜ#doHa0'D=xGufouf\tpç tv,fç
tqkH; tukefvkH;xifvif;onf? [kwGm=jzpfí?
tóodómrd=xGuo
f ufvw
T af ytH?h £wd=þok?Yd
oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
oAÁ um,yÜ#doHa0'D=0ifouf\tpç tv,fç
tqkH; tukefvkH;xifvif;onf? [kwGm=jzpfí?
yóod ó mrd = 0if o uf ½ S L aytH h ? £wd = þok d Y ?
oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
um,ocFg&H=xGufouf[laom um,ocFg&udk?
yórÇ,H-yórÇ,aEÅm=tpOftwdkif; csKyfNidrf;
apvsuf? tóodómrd=xGufouf vTwfaytHh?

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

21

£wd=þokdY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\?
-

um,ocFg&H=0ifouf[laom um,ocFg&udk?
yórÇ,H-yórÇ,aEÅm=tpOftwdkif; csKyfNidrf;ap
vsu?f yóodómrd=0ifouf½LS aytH?h £wd=þok?Yd
oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
(yxr pwkuúteuf)

aqmifyk'f/
1/
2/

3/
4/

/ owd N rJ & m? yxrm? 'k - rS m ½S n f - wd k o d /
vkH;pkHvif;&m? wçüom? p-rSm Nidrf;apbd/
yxrcef;rSm xGufouf 0ifoufwdkYü owdNrJrIukd
tm;xkw&f onf/
'kwd,cef;rSm xGufouf0ifoufwdkYü ½SnfvQif
½Sno
f nf[çk wdv
k Qif wdo
k nf[k odatmif tm;xkwf
&onf/
wwd , cef ; rS m xG u f o uf 0 if o uf w d k Y u d k tpç
tv,fç tqkH; xifvif;atmif tm;xkwf&onf/
pwkwc¬ ef;rSm ½ke&Yf if;aom xGuo
f uf0ifoufwu
Ykd kd
tpOftwdkif; csKyfNidrf;apí odrfarGYí oGm;atmif
tm;xkw&f onf/
pwkuúav;ck t"dyÜg,ftusOf;NyD;\/
.......

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

22

ygXf a vQmuf t "d y Ü g ,f
1/ yxrcef;rSm- t½Snf twdk ponfwu
Ykd kd ESv;Hk roGi;f Edik af o;?
ESmoD;zsm;üaomfvnf;aumif;? txuf EIwfcrf;zsm;üaomfvnf;
aumif; xGuo
f uf0ifoufw\
Ykd xdrcI u
kd rf I xif½mS ;&m wpfcck ak om
Xmeü pdwfudk cdkifNrJpGm pkdufxm;í xGufwdkif; 0ifwdkif;odatmif
tm;xkw&f onf/ / wpfem&Dç ESpef m&D ponfjzifh wwfprG ;f Edik o
f rQ
umvywfv;Hk xdXk meüpdwo
f nf csnaf ESmifxm;bdouJo
h Ydk cdik Nf rpJ mG
aeí xGuo
f rQ 0iforQukd wpfcrk vGwf odryI ikd Ef ikd o
f nfwikd af tmif
tm;xkw&f onf/
yxrcef ; NyD ; \/
----------------2/ 'kw,
d tcef;rSm- xdo
k Ydk odrI ydik Ef ikd Nf y;D aemuf rdrx
d w
k af om
½SLaom xGufouf0ifoufudk ½SnfvQif ½SnfrSef; odap&rnf?
wdv
k Qiw
f rkd eS ;f odap&rnf? wpfa,mufaomol\ wpfxikd t
f wGi;f rSm
yif ½Snfonfh tvSnfhç wdkonfh tvSnfh½Sd\? ½SnfrI wdkrIudk wpfck
rvGwf odatmif tm;xkw&f onf? xGuo
f uf 0ifouf txGut
f 0if
aES;onfudk t½Snq
f o
kd nf? vsijf refonfukd twdq
k o
kd nf? aES;vQif
aES;rIç jrefvQif jrefrIudk odap&rnf qdkvdkonf/
'k w d , cef ; NyD ; \/
-----------------

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

23

3/ wwd,cef;rSm- xdkokdY t½Snftwdk odrIydkifEdkifNyD;aemuf
ESmoD;zsm;rS csufwdkifusatmif udk,fum, twGif;ü xGufouf
0ifoufwdkYudk tpç tv,fç tqkH; tukefvkH; xifvif;pGm pdwfrSm
jrif&atmif tm;xkwf&onf/
wwd , cef ; NyD ; \/
----------------4/ pwkw¬cef;rSm- xdkokdY tpç tv,fç tqkH; tukefvkH;
xifvif;rI ydik Ef ikd Nf y;D aemuf ½ke&Yf if;pGmaom xGuo
f uf 0ifoufwu
Ykd kd
tqifhqifh odrfarGUí odrfarGUíoGm;atmif tm;xkwf&onf? igü
xGufouf 0ifoufaysmufí oGm;NyD[k xif&atmif tm;xkwf&
onf/
pwk w ¬ c ef ; NyD ; \/
----------------þum; yxr pwk u ú ygVd a wmf j rwf \
ygXf a vQmuf t "d y Ü g ,f /
.......
t|uxmenf ;
,cktcg þyxr pwkuút&mrSm t|uxm1wdkYüvmaom
enf;vrf;udk jyqdkaytHh/
1/ *Pem /taES ; ? tjref ? tpOf r S e f ? ES p f w ef
a&wG u f e nf ; /

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

24

2/tEk A E¨ e m / tNrJ t jref ? twG , f o ef ? wpf z ef
zG J U xm;enf ; /
3/xyem
/ Nidrf0yf jyefYjyL;? pdwfpkdufpl;? txl;
pd w f x m;enf ; /
t"dyÜg,ftusOf;um;
um;- xGuo
f uf 0ifoufw\
Ykd xdcu
kd &f m
Xmeonf ESmoD;zsm;ç txuf EIwcf rf;zsm; [lí 2-yg;½S\
d ? tcsKd Uaom
olwdkYtm; ESmoD;zsm;ü xdcdkufrIxif½Sm;\? tcsdKUaom olwdkYtm;
txufEw
I cf rf;zsm;ü xdcu
kd rf I xif½mS ;\? rdrüd xif½mS ;&m wpfcck u
k kd
tpJGjyK&mtpü a&wGufenf;jzifh tm;xkwf&m\/
tv,fü tpOfvdkufenf;jzifh tm;xkwf&m\/
tqk;H ü xGuo
f uf 0ifoufwüYkd tcdik t
f NrJ pdwx
f m;
enf;jzifh tm;xkwf&m\/
*Pemenf ; tus,f
*Pemenf;/ / xdkokH;yg;wdkYwGif a&wGufenf;onf1/ aES;aES;a&wGufenf;
2/ jrefjrefa&wGufenf;
[lí 2-yg;½Sd\/ xdkwGifaES ; aES ; a&wG u f e nf ; /
/ aES;aES;a&wGufenf;qdk
onfum;- ESmoD;zsm; txufEw
I cf rf;zsm; XmeESpyf g;wGif wpfyg;yg;ü
pdwu
f kd pku
d x
f m;í xGuo
f uf 0ifouf ESpyf g;ukd ESv;Hk oGi;f aomtcg
tpü pdwrf Nird o
f ufao;onfh twGuaf Mumifh xGuo
f uf 0ifouf

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

25

wdo
Yk nf tcsuw
f ikd ;f tcsuw
f ikd ;f pdwüf xif½mS ;ukeaf o;onf r[kw?f
rxif½Sm;aom tcsufpkvnf; yg½Sdukefao;\? xdkYaMumifh rxif
½Sm;aom tcsufpkukd ra&rwGufrlí xif½Sm;aom tcsufpkukdom
a&wGufjcif;aMumifh aES;aoma&wGufenf; jzpfavownf;/
a&wGuf&müvnf;--1/ wpfrSpí ig;wGif wpf0g&
2/ wpfrSpí ajcmufwGif wpf0g&
3/ wpfrSpí ckepfwGif wpf0g&
4/ wpfrSpí ½SpfwGif wpf0g&
5/ wpfrSpí udk;wGif wpf0g&
6/ wpfrSpí wpfq,fwGif wpf0g&þokdY 6-0g&wdkYjzifh a&wGuf&m\/
yxr0g&ç 'kwd,0g&ç wwd,0g&ç pwkw¬0g&ç yOör0g&ç
q|0g&[lívnf; tpOftwdik ;f ac:&\? q|0g&Ny;D vQif yxr0g&
okdYjyefav? ¤if; 6-0g&vkH;ukdrS wpf0g&[lívnf; ac:Mu\/
*Pemenf ; a&wG u f y k H
a½S;OD;pGm pdwu
f kd ESmacgif;0ü pku
d x
f m;í xGuo
f uf 0ifouf
2-yg;wGif xif½Sm;&m wpfckckukd wpf-[k a&wGuf&m\? ¤if;aemuf
xGufouf 0ifouf 2-yg;yif xif½Sm;onfcsnf; jzpfvmcJhvQif
tpOftwdik ;f ESpçf ok;H ç av;[k a&wGu&f m\? rxifr½Sm; yg½Scd v
hJ Qif
xdkrxif½Sm;aomtcsufudk ra&wGufrlí xif½Sm;onfhtcsuf
rawGUao;orQumvywfvkH; wefY&yfí wpf-wpf ponfjzifh

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

26

a&wGufqJ twdkif;om xyfí ae&m\? xif½Sm;aom tcsufay:
vmrS ESpf-ponfjzifh txuf*Pef;okdYwufí a&wGuf&m\?
ig;okdYusvQif wpfu jyef&m\/
þenf;wl 'o0g&wdkifatmif 6-0g&ü rxif½Sm;aom
xGufouf 0ifouf tcsufwdkYudk ra&wGufrlí xif½Sm;aom
xGufouf 0ifoufwdkYudkom a&G;aumufí a&wGufaomaMumifh
aES;aom a&wGuf enf;jzpfownf;/
jref j ref a &wG u f e nf ;
jrefjrefa&wGuef nf;qdk onfum;- a&wGuzf efrsm;vwfaomf
xif ½ S m ;aom tcsuf r sm;í vmvwå H U ? wpf - ES p f - paom
*Pef;csufvnf; pdyfí pdyfí vmvwåHU? xGufouf tcsuf
0ifouftcsuf xif½mS ;onfcsn;f jzpfaomtcgü wpf-ESp-f paom
*Pef;csuo
f nfvnf; rjywfrpJjref&\? wpfcu
k rdk Q owdrvGwaf p&?
xGuo
f uf 0ifouf tpOfEiS hf *Pef;pOfonf tcket
f ausmf tvpf
tvyfr½Sd tpOfreS af p&rnf/ / wpf- ESppf aom *Pef;csru
I v
kd nf;
EIwfjzifh&GwfqdkzG,f r&Sd/ pdwfjzifh a&wGufvQif jyD;awmhonf /
tcsdKUolwdkYum; EIwfjzifh&GwfqdkMuukef\/ tcsdKUolwdkYum; 6 -0g&
tqkH;tqkH;wGif ykwD;aphwpfvkH;wpfvkH;csí wpfaeYwpfaeYvQif
ykwD;ywfaygif; rnfrQpdyfrnf[k ydkif;jcm;í pdyfMuukef\/ tm½kHjref
jrefxifEkdifonfom yrmPwnf;/
tMuiftcgü ra&wGuaf omfvnf; a&wGuo
f nfEiS x
hf yfwl
xGufouf0ifoufwdkY\ xdkXmeü xdwdkif;xdwdkif; todNrJpGJ\?

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

27

tvkyfcGifokdY0ifí ESvkH;oGif;aeorQumvywfvkH; wpfckaom
xGufouf wpfckaom 0ifoufrQ trSwfrJh vGwfíoGm;onf r&dSNyD?
xkdtcgü a&wGufrIudk ½kyfodrf;í tEkAE¨emenf;jzifh ½I&m\/
taES ; tjref ? tpOf r S e f ? ES p f w ef a &wG u f e nf ; NyD ; \/
----------tEk A E¨ e menf ; tus,f
tEk A E¨ e menf ;
tEkAE¨emenf; qdkonfum;- a&wGufcef;wGiftpOfrSefcJh
onftwdkif; xd&mXmeü pdwfudkpdkufxm;í xGufrI 0ifrItBudrfpOf
twdik ;f wpfBurd w
f nf;rQ rvGwaf p&yJ xGurf çI 0ifrçI tpOfEv
S ;Hk oGi;f
rIç tpOf zGUJ wG,pf NJG rí
J aeatmif tm;xkwrf I onf tEkAE¨emrnf\?
a&wGufrIr&dSyJvsuf a&wGufenf;rSm odrItpOfrSef onfhtwdkif;
odrt
I pOf rSeí
f aeatmif wpfzefvu
kd pf m; tm;xkwf rIqv
dk o
kd nf/
tEk A E¨ e menf ; yG m ;&ef a cwf
tb,frQavmuf umvMumjrifah tmif tEkAE¨emenf;jzifh
tm;xkwf&moenf; [lrlum;-y#dbm*edrdwfjzpfay:ívmonf
wdkifatmif tm;xkwf &m\/
y#d b m*ed r d w f x if y k H
y#dbm*edrw
d q
f o
kd nfum;- yuwdaom xGuo
f uf 0ifouf
avtwdkif;udkvGefí tqif; oP²mef ta&miftvufESifhwuG
vJ0g*Gr;f tpkuo
hJ çYdk avt,Ofuo
hJ çYdk rk;d Mu,fuo
hJ çYkd ywåjrm;vk;H uJo
h çYkd

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

28

ykvJvkH;uJhokdYç ykvJoG,fuJhokdY tp&dSonfjzifh wpfckckxifay:
jzpfxGef;ívmaom ynwåd"r® txl;udk y#dbm*edrdwfqdkonf/ /
xdky#dbm*edrdwf ynwftm½kH txl;txif t&Sm; pdwftjrifrSm
ESvkH;oGif;wdkif; jzpfay:xifjrifvmaomtcgrS tEkAE¨emenf;udk
½kyo
f rd ;f &rnf/ / *Pemenf; tEkAE¨emenf; ESpyf g;rSm xd&mXmeudk
rvTwf&ao;/
tNrJ t jref ? twG , f o ef ? wpf z ef z G J Y x m;enf ; NyD ; \/
------xyemenf ; tus,f
y#dbm*edrdwfxifonfrSpí xyemenf;jzihf tm;xkwf
&m\/
xyemenf ;
xyemqdo
k nfum; - y#dbm*edrw
d rf nfonf ynwftm½kH
txl;jzpfí tm½kHtopfuJhokdYjzpfjyef\?
obm0"r®rsKd; r[kwfaomaMumifh uG,faysmufvnf;
uG,faysmufvG,f\? uG,faysmufjyefvQif wpfzef xifjrif&ef
trIvnf; cufc\
J ? xdaYk Mumifx
h ifjrifvmaom xdyk #dbm*edrw
d u
f kd
ruG,rf aysmufaprlí wpfaeY wpfjcm; xif&mS ;yGiv
hf if;íoGm;atmif
xkt
d m½küH pl;pl;pdu
k pf u
kd f tm;xkwzf pd ;D í pdwu
f x
kd m;jcif;onf xyem
rnf\/
xyemenf;okYd a&mufaomtcgürlum;-toyÜg, 7-yg;udk
MuOfa&Smifí oyÜg, 7-yg;udk rD0S &J m\? tyÜemaumov’ q,fyg;udk
jynhfpkHap&m\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

29

toyÜg, 7-yg;/ / toyÜg, 7-yg;qkdonfum;--1/ bm0em\ qk w f , k w f a Mumif ; jzpf a om
ae&mXme?
2/ qGrf;cH&Gm?
3/ pum;rsm;rI?
4/ taygif;tazmf?
5/ abmZOf?
6/ Owk?
7/ £&d,mykxf?
þ 7-yg;wnf;/
oyÜg, 7-yg;/

/ oyÜg, 7-yg; qdo
k nfum; -bm0emrI\
wd;k yGm;aMumif;jzpfaom xdk 7-yg; aywnf;/

tyÜemaumov’ 10-yg;/ / tyÜemaumov’q,fyg;
qdkonfum;--1/ udk,ft*FgESifhwuG tokH;taqmif0w¬KrsKd; oefY&Sif;rI?
2/ £a`E´ig;yg;udk nDnGwfatmifjyKrI?
3/ xGufouf0ifouf[laom tm½kHedrdwfüvdr®mrI?
4/ wuf<uvGef;aom pdwfudkESdyfrI?
5/ qkwfepfvGef;aom pdwfudkcsD;yifhrI?
6/ ajcmufaoGYvGef;aompdwfudk &TifaprI?
7/ nDnGwfaompdwfudk vspfvsL½IrI?
8/ orm"dr&dSaom yk*¾dKvfudk MuOfa&SmifrI?

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

30

9/ orm"d&dSaom yk*¾dKvfudk rDS0JrI?
10/ tyÜempsmefudk&jcif;iSm tNrJnGwfaompdwf&dSrI?
þ 10-yg;wnf;/
þokaYd omtrIwu
Ykd kd jynfph pHk mG jyKí xkyd #dbm*edrw
d üf pdwu
f kd
tpGJBuD;pGJí tNrJBuD;NrJavatmif aeY&Snfvrsm; ½Iaomtm;jzifh
yGm;rsm;ap&m\/
xyemacwf /
/ tb,frQavmuf Mumjrifhatmif
þxyemenf;tm;jzifh yGm;rsm;tm;xkwf&moenf; [lrlum;-½lyg0p&pwkw¬psmefwdkifatmifonf xyemacwfaywnf;/
Nid r f 0 yf j yef Y j yL;? pd w f p d k u f p l ; ? txl ; pd w f x m;enf ; NyD ; \/
---------------edrdwf 3-yg;? orm"d 3-yg; cGJenf;
*Pemenf;ç tEkAE¨emenf;ç xyemenf;[laom enf; 3yg;wkdYjzifh tpOftwdkif; yGm;rsm;jzpfxGef;í oGm;&mü edrdwf 3-yg;ç
bm0emorm"d 3-yg;wdkYjzifh cGJ&m\/
ed r d w f 3-yg; cG J e nf ;
y&d u r® e d r d w f /

/ *Pemtcef;ü xifjriftyfaom
xGuo
f uf0ifouftm½ko
H nf y&dur®erd w
d f
rnf\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

31

O*¾ [ ed r d w f /

/ tEkAE¨emtcef;ü xifjriftyfaom
xdktm½kHonfyifvQif O*¾[edrdwf rnf\/
y#d b m*ed r d w f / / xyemtcef;ü xifjriftyfaom
ynwftm½kHonf y#dbm*edrdwf rnf\/
þum;-ed r d w f o k H ; yg; jcm;em;enf ; wnf ; /
-------------bm0emorm"d 3-yg; cG J e nf ;
y&d u r® b m0emorm"d / / y&dur®edrdwfç O*¾[edrdwf
ES p f y g;tck d u f ü yG m ;rsm;aom bm0em orm"d o nf
y&dur®bm0emorm"d rnf\/
Oypm&orm"d / / xyemacwfwGif tyÜempsmefokdY
ra&mufrt
D Mum; y#dbm*edrw
d u
f kd tm½kjH yKí yGm;rsm;aom
bm0emorm"donf Oypm&bm0emorm"d rnf\/
tyÜ e morm"d / / pwkuúenf;tm;jzifh yxrpsmefç
'kwd,psmefç wwd,psmefç pwkw¬psmef [kqdktyfaom
½lyg0p&psmef av;yg;onf tyÜembm0emorm"d rnf\/
Oypm&orm"d E S i f h Oypm&psmef

tmemygetvkyfudk tm;xkwf&mü *Pem tEkAE¨emwdkY
tcef;wGif xGufouf 0ifouf wnf;[laom ur®|mef;tm½kHonf
tqifhqifhodrfarGYí oGm;ojzifh aysmufuG,fí oGm;ouJhokdY
jzpfwwf\? xdktcg pdwfudk xd&mXmeüom xm;NrJxm;í tvGef
odrfarGYvSpGmaom xdktm½kHudk xdkae&mrSmyif &atmif,l&m\?

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

32

&atmif,lEdkifí xkdtm½kH xif&Sm; ay:jyefonfhaemuf rMumrD
y#dbm*edrdwf ay:vmvwåHU? Oypm&psmefokdY qkdufvwåHU? eD0&P
w&m;ig;yg; uGmNyD;aom umrm0p& bm0em Oypm&orm"dukd
Oypm&psmef qdkonf/
owd a y;csuf
þur®|mef;tm½k\
H tqifq
h ifh odrf arGí
Y aysmufu,
G rf rI mS
t|uxm enf;vrf;ü odrfarGYíoGm;atmif wrif tm;xkwfrIudk
rqdk? olYtvdk tavsmuf tqifhqifh odrfarGYí oGm; onfudkqdk\?
avmuüvnf; þur®|mef;tvkyfudk tm;xkwfMu&m tqifhqifh
odraf rGí
Y oGm;ojzifh xGuo
f uf0ifouf aysmufu,
G í
f oGm;olrsm;udk
awGY&jrif&zl;\? a&SUüxkwfjy cJhNyD;aom ygVdawmf aemufqkH;0g&ü
um;--yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H tóodómrDwd oduw
© ?d
yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
[k a[mawmfrl\/
þ ygVdawmfjrwftvdu
k m; tEkAE¨emtcef;okYd a&mufaom
tcgü xGuo
f uf 0ifoufwu
Ykd kd tqifq
h ifh odraf rGí
Y oGm;avatmif
wriftm;xkw&f rnfyifjzpf\? þtm½kaH ysmuf uG,cf ef;rSm ur®|mef;
tpDt&ifü rvdr®maom a,m*Dyk*¾dKvfonf xGufouf0ifouf
aysmufuG,fí oGm;cJhNyD[k xif\? ur®|mef;tvkyfudk vTwfí
ypfwwf\? owdrlMuav/
-------

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

33

ygVd a wmf E S i f h t|uxmED S ; aES m yk H
yxrpwk u ú e nf ;
xkwfjycJhNyD;aom ygVdawmfav;0g&\ t&jzpfaom 1/ owdNrJ&m? yxrm? 'k-rSm &Snfwdkod/
2/ vkH;pkHvif;&m? w-üom? p-rSm Nidrf;apbd/
[laom av;csufudk jyqkdcJhNyD;aom *Pem tp&dSaom
t|uxmenf;vrf;ESifh ESD;aESm&m\/
*Pemenf ; ES i f h o wd N rJ a pyk H
ED;S aESmyku
H m; - xd&mXmeü pdwu
f kd pdu
k x
f m;í *Pemenf;
tm;jzifh tpOfrSefpGm a&wGufrIonf owdNrJ&m yxrmjzpf\/ /
em&D tydik ;f tjcm;ESihf ur®|mef;tvkycf iG o
f Ykd 0ifí ESv;Hk oGi;f &m tyokYd
cPcPxGuaf jy;aom pdw0f w
d ufukd csK;d zsujf cif;iSm *Pemenf;udk
jyKvyk &f onfjzpfí *Pemcef;ü t&Snt
f wdo
k rd u
I kd wriftm;xkwf
zG,f r&dSao;/
]]oawm0 tóowd oawm0 yóowd}}
[laom ygVdawmfjrwfEiS t
hf nD xGuo
f uf0ifoufü owdpJG
NrJí tyokdYcPcPxGufaom pdwf0dwufNidrf;rIudkom aumif;pGm
Nidrf;atmif tm;xkwf&m\/ / xdkaMumifh t|uxmüA[d 0do# 0dwuú 0dapä'H uwGm tómo
yómom&r®aP owdoHxyew¬Ha,0 [d *Pem/
[lí rdefYNyD/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

34

*Pem=a&wGucf ef;rnfonf? A[d=rdru
d ,
kd f t*FgrSty
tvGwfü? 0do# 0dwuú 0dapä'H=b0tqufquf
ysHUESHUajy;oGm;íaeaom pdwf0dwuftvsOf\ jywf
jcif;udk? uwGm=jyKí? tómy yómom&r®aP=
rdrdudk,f t*FgrSjzpfaom xGufouf0ifouftm½kHü?
owdox
H yew¬aH ,0=owdukd cdik Nf rpJ mG xm;jcif;iSmom
vQif? a[mwd=jzpf\/ (t"dyÜg,fay:NyD/)
tEk A E¨ e menf ;
*Pemcef; NyD;í tEkAE¨emcef;okdY a&mufaomtcgü--'DCH 0g tóoaEÅm 'DCH tóomrDwd yZmemwd/
tp&dSaom 'kwd,0g& ygVdawmfjrwfESifhtnD xd&mXmeü
pdwfudkckdifNrJpGm xm;rIESifhwuG t&SnftwdkodrIudkvnf; tpOf
rSefpGmodatmif owdjyK&m\/
t&S n f t wd k u d k od y k H
t&Snftwdk odrIudk owdjyK&mü xGufouf0ifoufwdkYudk
tpç tv,fç tqkH; tpOfvdkufí wriftm½kHjyK&onf r[kwf?
pdwfudkxd&mXmeü ckdifjrJpGmxm;NrJxm;í t&Snftwdkudkvnf;
tpOfrSefpGmodatmif igowdjyKrnf[k Oóm[wpfckwkd;í jyK½kHrQ
omwnf;/ &Snfaom tBudrfrSm xd&mXmeü xdckdufrI wm&Snf\/
wdak omtBurd rf mS xdcu
kd &f mXmeü xdcu
kd rf I wmwd\
k ? xdcu
kd cf suw
f m
&SnfrIç wmwkdrIudk odí t&Snf twdkudk od\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

35

pdwf\ Asmyg&rnfonf tvGefysHUESHYEdkifaom oabmowåd
&daS omaMumifh xd&mXmeüyif pdu
k í
f xm;jim;aomfvnf; xd&mXmerS
twGif;ü xGufívmaomtvm;ç 0ifíoGm;aomtvm;rsm;onf
vnf; tvdkvdkxifjrifvmvwåHU/
t&SnftwdkodrI pGJNrJaomtcgü--oAÁum,yÜ#doHa0'D tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
oAÁum,yÜ#doHa0'D yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
[l a omwwd , 0g& ygVd a wmf j rwf E S i f h n D xd & mXmeü
pdwfudkcdkifNrJpGm pkdufxm;í t½Snftwdk odrIESifhwuG xGufoufudk
tpç tv,fç tqkH; tukefvkH; xifvif;aprI? 0ifoufudk tpç
tv,fç tqkH; tukefvkH; xifvif;aprIukd txl;tm;xkwf&m\?
xGuo
f uf vTwrf nf½cdS v
hJ Qif trSwrf hJ rvTwrf í
l 0rf;wGi;f ü jzpfay:
aom tprSpí xd&mXme wdkifatmif xGufoufoEÅmefudk pdwfü
xif½mS ;atmifjyKí xGuo
f ufvw
T rf nf[k Oóm[jyKíjyKí vTw&f
rnf? xd&mXmerSpí 0rf;wGif;ü qkH;&mXmewdkifatmif 0ifouf
oEÅmefudk pdwfü xif½Sm;atmifjyKí 0ifouf½SLrnf[k Oóm[jyK
íjyKí ½SL&rnf/
xd & mü pd w f u d k vG w f r xm;&
xdkokdY jyK&müvnf; ESmoD;zsm;[k qdktyfaom xd&mXmeü
pdwfudkcdkifNrJpGm xm;NrJxm;íom Oóm[ jyK&rnf/ xd&mXmeü
pdwx
f m;rIudk vTwí
f rvdu
k &f ? xd&mXmeudk vTwí
f rvdu
k af omfvnf;
tpç tv,fç tqk;H tukev
f ;Hk xif½mS ;aprnf[al om Oóm[ESihf

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

36

wuG xd&mXmeü pdwfudk pkdufíxm;vQifyif wpfpwpfptm;jzifh
xGuo
f uf0ifoufwo
Ykd nf tpç tv,fç tqk;H tukev
f ;Hk tvdv
k kd
xif½mS ;vmukev
f wåUH /
tpç tv,fç tqkH; tukefvkH; xifvif;pGm xifjrifaom
tcgü--yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H tóodómrDwd oduw
© ?d
yórÇ,H um,ocFg&H yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
[laom pwkw¬0g& ygVdawmfjrwfESifhtnD tqifhqifh
½kefY&if;rI\ csKyfNidrf;jcif;? tqifhqifh odrfarGUjcif;? uG,faysmufí
oGm;NyD xif&atmif odrfarGUjcif;okdY tvdktavsmuf ra&mufcJh
onf½Sdaomf xdkokdY odrfarGUjcif;okdYa&mufatmif tm;xkwfrnf[l
aom Oóm[ukd jyKíjyKí xGufouf 0ifoufudk jzpfap&rnf?
trSwfwrJh rjzpfap&m/
txl ; jzpf v myk H
t|uxmenf;üum; *Pemcef;rSpíyif tvdt
k avsmuf
tqifhqifhodrfarGUí oGm;rI uG,faysmufaomtjcif;t&mokdY
a&mufrIukdjyqdkay\? tvdktavsmuf uG,faysmufolrsm;ukdvnf;
igwdkY awGUjrifzl;&\/
*Pem0aoae0 ye reodum&umvawm ybkwd
tEk u ú r awm MoVm&d u tómo yómo
eda&m"0aoe um,'&ax 0lyoaEÅ uma,myd

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

37

pdwåHyd v[kuH a[mwd? o&D&H tmumao vCFem
um&yÜwåH 0d, a[mwd/
(t|uxm)

ye=txl;jzpfwwfykHudk jyqdkaytHh? *Pem0ao
ae0=*Pemenf;\ tpGrf;jzifhomvQif? reodum&
umvawm=ESvkH;oGif;aomumvrS? ybkwd=tpjyKí?
tEkuúrawm=tpOftm;jzifh? MoVm&du tómo
yómo eda&m"0aoe=½ke&Yf if;½ke&Yf if;aom xGuo
f uf
0ifoufwdkY\ tqifhqifh csKyfNidrf;onf\ tpGrf;jzifh?
um,'&ax=ud,
k w
f iG ;f oEÅmef ylyefacsmufcsm;rIonf?
0l y oaEÅ = Nid r f ; vwf a omf ? uma,myd = ½l y um,
wpfckvkH;onfvnf;aumif;? pdwåHyd=pdwfonf vnf;
aumif;? v[kuH=ayghyg;onf? a[mwd=jzpf\? o&D&H=
ukd,faumifonf? tmumao=aumif;uifü? vCFem
um&yÜw0Hå ,
d =ysw
H ufviG yhf g;awmhrnfh tjcif;t&muJo
h Ydk
a&mufonf? a[mwd=jzpf\/
Oypm&orm"d & yk H
xuf0,fzGJUacG xdkifae&mrS vufav;opfcefYuGmatmif
aumif;uifokdY wuf<uí aeolrsm;ukd Mum;zl;&\/ / þokdY
uG,faysmufaom tjcif;t&mokdY a&mufaomtcg xd&mXmeü
pdwfukd cdkifNrJpGm pkdufxm;í xdktm½kHudk t&,lojzifh wpfzef
ay:vGifxif½Sm;í vmonf½Sdaomf y#dbm*edrdwf jzpfay:vm\?

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

38

xdktcg aMumufjcif; vefYjcif; tdyfjcif; ysif;&djcif; paom eD0&P
w&m;wdkYuRwfuGmojzifh Oypm&psmefudk &\/
þwG i f a &G U um; yxr pwk u ú y gVd a wmf e nf ; ES i f h t|
uxmenf ; ES D ; aES m cef ; NyD ; \/
tmemygeur®|mef; 7-cef;/ / t|uxmü--*Pem/
tEkAE¨em/
zkoem/
xyem/
ov’uP
© m/
0d0¥em/
yg&do'k /d¨
[lívmaom tmemygeur®|mef; 7-cef;wdkYwGif zkoem[laom xd&mXmeESifhwuG *Pemtcef;ç tEkAE¨emtcef;ç
Oypm&psmef[k qdktyfaom xyemtcef;rsm;ukd jyqdkrINyD;\/
þyxrpwk u ú o nf vd k & if ; y"mewnf ; ? ,ck t cgü
þyxrpwkuú tvkyNf y;D pD;vQiyf if orxç 0dyóem vd&k mtvkyu
f kd
vkyEf ikd Nf y/D
yxr pwk u ú e nf ; NyD ; \/
----------

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

39

'k w d , pwk u ú e nf ; (psmef t qif h q if h & yk H )
,ck t cg tyÜ e mpsmef [ k q d k t yf a om xyemtcef ; ü
usifh&maom 'kwd,pwkuúenf;ukd jyqdkaytHh/
1/ yxrcef ;
yDwdyÜ#doHa0'D tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
yDwdyÜ#doHa0'D yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
2/ 'k w d , cef ;
okcyÜ#doHa0'D tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
okcyÜ#doHa0'D yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
3/ wwd , cef ;
pdwåocFg&H y#doHa0'D tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
pdwåocFg&H y#doHa0'D yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
4/ pwk w ¬ c ef ;
yórÇ,H pdwåocFg&H tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
yórÇ,H pdwåocFg&H yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
('kwd, pwkuúygVdawmf)

1/

yDwdyÜ#doHa0'D=pdwf\ESpfouf½Tifvef;jcif;yDwdudk
xif½Sm;apí? tóodómrd=xGufouf vTwfay
tHh? £wd=þokdY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\? yDwdyÜ#d

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk
2/

3/

4/

40

oHa0'D=pdw\
f ESpo
f uf ½Tiv
f ef;jcif; yDwu
d kd xif½mS ;
apí? yóodómrd=0ifouf½LS aytH?h £wd=þok?Yd
oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
okcyÜ#o
d aH 0'D=pdw\
f csr;f at;jcif;okcudk xif½mS ;
apí? tóodómrd=xGufouf vTwfaytHh?
£wd=þok?Yd oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f ? okcyÜ#o
d aH 0'D=
pdwf\csrf;at;jcif;okcudk xif½Sm;apí? yó
odómrd=0ifouf½SLaytHh? £wd=þokdY? odu©wd=
tm;xkw\
f /
pdwåocFg&H=a0'em onm [laom pdwåocFg&ukd?
y#doHa0'D=xif½Sm;apí? tóodómrd=xGuf
oufvTwfaytHh? £wd=þokdY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf
\/ pdwo
å cFg&H=a0'em onm [laom pdwo
å cFg&
ukd? y#doHa0'D=xif½Sm;apí? yóodómrd=
0ifouf½LS aytH?h £wd=þok?Yd oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
pdwåocFg&H=½kefY&if;aom pdwåocFg&udk? yórÇ,HyórÇ,aEÅm=tpOftwdkif; csKyfNidrf;apvsuf?
tóodómrd=xGuo
f ufvw
T af ytH?h £wd=þok?Yd
odu©wd=tm;xkwf\/ pdwåocFg&H=½kefY&if;aom
pd w å o cF g &ud k ? yórÇ , H - yórÇ , aEÅ m =tpOf
twdkif; csKyfNidrf;apvsuf? yóodómrd=0ifouf
½SLaytHh? £wd=þokdY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

41

1/

xdky#dbmedrdwftm½kHü yDwdvGefuJaom ½lyg0p&
yxrpsmefç 'kwd,psmefudk jzpfaprIonf yDwdudk
xif&Sm;aprIrnf\/
2/
xdky#dbmedrdwftm½kHü okcvGefuJaom wwd,
psmefudk jzpfaprIonf okcudk xif&Sm;aprIrnf\/
3/
xdky#dbmedrdwftm½kHü Oayu©ma0'em[laom
pdwåocFg& xif&Sm;aom pwkw¬psmefudk jzpfaprI
onf pdwåocFgudk xif&Sm;aprIrnf\/
4/
½kefY&if;aom a0'em onmwdkYudk tqifhqifh csKyf
Nird ;f aptH[
h -k tm;xkwrf o
I nf pdwo
å cFgudk csKyNf ird ;f
aprIrnf\/
þ pwkuúudk t|uxmwdkYü tyÜempsmeft&müxm;í
zGifhMuukef\/ / y#dbm*edrdwf cdkifNrJpGm &NyD;aomtcgrSpí
Oypm&psmeft&müvnf; pdw\
f ESpNf cKd urf x
I if&mS ;atmif tm;xkwf
rnf/ pdwf\at;jcrf;rI xif&Sm;atmif tm;xkwfrnf tp&Sdaom
tpDt&ifonf jzpfoifh&myg\/
'k w d , pwk u ú N yD ; \/
----------------wwd , pwk u ú e nf ;
,cktcgü xdktyÜempsmefwdkYudk 0ifpm;rIü usifh&maom
wwd,pwkuúudk xkwfjyaytHh/
1/
pdwåyÜ#doHa0'D tóodómrDwd odu©wd?

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk
2/
3/
4/

42

pdwåyÜ#doHa0'D yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
tbdyÜarm',H pdwåH tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
tbdyÜarm',H pdwåH yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
orm'[H pdwåH tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
orm'[H pdwåH yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
0darmp,H pdwåH tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
0darmp,H pdwåH yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
(wwd,pwkuúygVdawmf)

1/

-

2/

-

3/

pd w å y Ü # d o H a 0'D = pd w f u d k x if & S m ;apí? tó
od ó mrd = xG u f o uf v T w f a ytH h ? £wd = þod k Y ?
oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
pd w å y Ü # d o H a 0'D = pd w f u d k x if & S m ;apí? yó
odómrd=0ifouf½SLaytHh? £wd=þodkY? odu©wd=
tm;xkw\
f /
pd w å H = pd w f u d k ? tbd y Ü a rm',H = tvG e f & T i f v ef ;
apvsuf? tóodómrd=xGufoufvTwfaytHh?
£wd=þodkY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\/
pd w å H = pd w f u d k ? tbd y Ü a rm',H = tvG e f & T i f v ef ;
apvsuf? yóodómrd=0ifouf½SLaytHh? £wd=
þodkY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\/
pdwåH=pdwfudk? orm'[H=aumif;pGm wnfMunfap
vsuf ? tóod ó mrd = xG u f o uf v T w f a ytH h ?

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk
-

4/

-

43

£wd=þodkY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\/
pdwåH=pdwfudk? orm'[H=aumif;pGm wnfMunfap
vsu?f yóodómrd=0ifouf½LS aytH?h £wd=þod?Yk
oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
pdw=Hå pdwu
f ?dk 0darmp,H=eD0&Ppaom ½ke&Yf if;aom
w&m;wdkYrS uRwfvGwfapvsuf? tóodómrd=
xGufoufvTwfaytHh? £wd=þokdY? odu©wd=tm;
xkw\
f /
pdw=Hå pdwu
f ?kd 0darmp,H=eD0&Ppaom ½ke&Yf if;aom
w&m;wdkYrS uRwfvGwfapvsuf? yóodómrd=
0ifouf½LS aytH?h £wd=þok?Yd oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
(wwd,pwkuúteuf/)

vd k & if ; t"d y Ü g ,f u m;yxrcef ; rS m -pdwf\ txl;xif&Sm;jcif;udk jzpf
1/
apjcif;iSm xdktm½kHü psmefav;yg;udk tzefzef
0ifpm;rIonf ]]pdwåyÜ#doHa0'D}}rnf\/
'k w d , tcef ; rS m -pdwftxl; xif&Sm;NyD;aemuf
2/
pdwfudk txl;&Tifvef;apjcif;ç yDwdESifh,SOfaom
yxrpsmef 'kw,
d psmefukd 0ifpm;rIonf ]]tbdyaÜ rm
',H pdwåH}} rnf\/
wwd , tcef ; rS m -pdwftxl; &Tifvef;NyD;aemuf
3/
txl;wnfMunfapjcif;iSg wwd,psmef pwkw¬
psmefudk 0ifpm;rIonf ]]orm'[HpdwåH}} rnf\/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

44

pwk w ¬ t cef ; rS m -pd w f u d k y#d y u© w &m;wd k Y r S
txl;vGwfuif;apjcif;iSm psmefav;yg;udk tzef
zef0ifpm;rIonf ]]0darmp,H pdwåH}} rnf\/
þpwkuúudkvnf; t|uxmwdkYü tyÜempsmefwdkYudk 0ifpm;
rIrSmxm;í zGifhMuukef\/ / Oypm& psmefrSmvnf; &oifh&myg\/
wwd , pwk u ú e nf ; NyD ; \/
------4/

pwk w ¬ pwk u ú e nf ; (tmemygerS ç 0d y óemod k Y u l ; yk H )
,cktcg tmemygerS qufí 0dyóem wufenf;jzpfaom
pwkw¬ pwkuúudk xkwfjyaythH/
1/ yxrcef ;
tedpömEkyóD tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
tedpömEkyóD yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
2/ 'k w d , cef ;
0d&m*gEkyóD tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
0d&m*gEkyóD yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
3/ wwd , cef ;
eda&m"mEkyóD tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
eda&m"mEkyóD yóodómrDwd odu©wd/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

45

4/ pwk w ¬ c ef ;
y#dedó*¾gEkyóD tóodómrDwd odu©wd/
y#dedó*¾gEkyóD yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
(pwkw¬ pwkuúygVdawmf)

1/

2/

3/

4/

ted p ö m Ek y óD = ted p ö u d k tzef z ef ½ I v suf ? tó
odómrd=xGuo
f ufvw
T af yth?H £wd=þod?Yk oduw
© =d
tm;xkwf\? tedpömEkyóD=tedpöudk tzefzef½Ivsuf?
yóodómrd=0ifouf½LS ayth?H £wd=þod?Yk oduw
© =d
tm;xkw\
f /
0d & m*gEk y óD = aysmuf u if ; rI u d k tzef z ef ½ I v suf ?
tóodómrd= xGufoufvTwfaythH? £wd=þodkY?
odu©wd= tm;xkwf\? 0d&m*gEkyóD=aysmufuif;rIudk
tzefzef½v
I su?f yóodómrd=0ifouf½LS aytH/h £wd=
þokdY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\/
eda&m"mEkyóD=csKyfuG,frIudk tzefzef½Ivsuf? tó
odómrd=xGuo
f ufvw
T af ytH?h £wd=þod?Yk oduw
© =d
tm;xkwf\? eda&m"mEkyóD=csKyfuG,frIudk tzefzef
½Ivsuf? yóodómrd=0ifouf½SLaythhH? £wd=þodkY?
oduw
© =d tm;xkw\
f /
y#dedó*¾gEkyóD=wpfzefpGefYypfrIudk tzefzef ½Ivsuf?
tóodómrd=xGufoufvTwfaytHh? £wd=þodkY?
odu©wd=tm;xkwf\? y#dedó*¾gEkyóD=wpfzefpGefY

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

46

ypfrIudk tzefzef½Ivsuf? yóodómrd= 0ifouf½SL
aytHh? £wd=þodkY? odu©wd=tm;xkwf\/
(pwkw¬pwkuúteuf)

þpwkw¬ pwku
k u
ú m; 0dyóem wufenf;wnf;/ ¤if;tpD
t&ifudk aemufrS qdktHh/
pwk w ¬ pwk u ú e nf ; NyD ; \/
-------tmemygeur® | mef ; jzif h
owd y |mef 4-yg; yG m ;rsm;rI u d p ö N yD ; yk H
,cktcg tmemygetvkyfudk tm;xkwfpGJNrJolwdkYtm;
owd y |mef a v;yg; yG m ;rsm;rI u d p ö NyD ; pD ; yk H u d k a[mawmf r l \ ?
vdk&if;t"dyÜg,frQudk jyqdkaytHh/
um,mEk y óem
xkwjf ycJNh y;D aom pwkuaú v; yg;wdw
Yk iG f *Pemç tEkAE¨em
2-enf; tpDt&ifjzifh jyqdck NhJ y;D aom yxrpwkut
ú vkyo
f nfum;um,mEkyóem owdy|meftvkyf oufoufaywnf;/ xGuo
f uf
0ifoufonf ½lyum, wpfpdwfjzpfí um, rnf\/
uma,ok um,nw&m[H bdu©a0 {wH 0'grd?
,'d'H tómoyómom/
(tmemygeówdokwf ygVdawmf)

bdu©a0=&[ef;wdkY? ,'d'H=a, £ar tómo
yómom=tMuifxGufouf0ifoufwdkYonf? oEÅd=

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

47

&du
S ek \
f ? {wH=þxGuo
f uf0ifouf ESpyf g; taygif;ud?k
uma,ok=yx0Dum, tmaygum, tp&dSaom
um,rsm;wd k Y w G i f ? um,nw&H = 0ga,mum,
wpfyg;[lí? t[H=igbk&m;onf? 0'grd= a[mawmfr\
l /
a0'emEk y óem
'kwd, pwkuútvkyfonf a0'emEkyóem owdy|mef
tvkyfaywnf;/
a0'emok a0'emnw&m[H bdu©a0 {wH 0'grd?
,'d'H tóoyómomeH om"kuH eroduma&m/
(tmemygeówdokwf ygVdawmf)

bd u © a 0=&[ef ; wd k Y ? tómoyómomeH = xG u f o uf
0ifoufwu
Ykd ?kd om"ku=H aumif;pGm? ,'d'=H a,m t,H reoduma&m=
tMuifEv
S ;Hk oGi;f jcif;onf? tw¬=d &d\
S ? {wH= þaumif;pGmESv;Hk oGi;f
rIudk? a0'emok=a0'em trsm;wdkYwGif? 0g=cHpm;jcif; trsm;wdkYwGif?
a0'emnw&H=a0'emwpfyg;[lí? 0g=cHpm;jcif;wpfyg;[lí? t[H=
igbk&m;onf? 0'grd=a[mawmfrl\/
(om"kuH-qkdonfum; yDwdyÜ#doHa0'D tp&dSaom Oóm[ txl;jzpf
yGm;rIwnf;/)

þü xGufouf0ifoufudk tm½kHjyKvsuf ÓPfü a0'em
w&m;vnf; txl;xif&Sm;vsuf&dSaomaMumifh þpwkuútvkyfudk
a0'emEkyóem owdy|meftvkyf qdkownf;/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

48

pd w å m Ek y óem
wwd,pwkuútvkyfonf pdwåmEkyóem owdy|mef
tvkyf wnf;/ / þüvnf; xGufouf 0ifoufudk tm½kHjyKvsuf
ÓPfü pdwfw&m;vnf; txl;xif&Sm;vsuf&dSaomaMumifh þ
pwkuútvkyfudk pdwåmEkyóemowdy|meftvkyf qdkownf;/
"r® m Ek y óem
tedpömEkyóD tp&dSaom pwkw¬ pwkuú tvkyfonf
"r®mEkyóem owdy|mef tvkyfwnf;/ / þüvnf; xGufouf
0ifoufukd tm½kjH yKvsuf ÓPfü rdrpd w
d rf mS tbdZÑmç a'greóudk
y,fazsmufjcif;[laom y[me"r®onf vnf; xif&Sm;vsuf
&daS omaMumifh þpwkut
ú vkyu
f kd "r®mEkyóem owdy|meftvkyf
qdo
k wnf;/
aom ,H wH tbdZÑm a'greómeH? y[meH? wH
ynm, 'doGm om"kuH tZÑKayu©dwm a[mwd/
(tmemygeówdokwf ygVdawmf)

aom= xd k a ,m*D y k * ¾ d K vf o nf ? tbd Z Ñma'greómeH =
tbdZÑma'greówdkYudk? ,H wH y[meH=tMuify,fjcif;onf?
tw¬d=&dS\? wH=xdky,fjcif;udk? ynm,=ynmjzifh? 'doGm=jrifí?
om"ku=H aumif;pGm? tZÑKayu©w
d m=vspv
f sL½Ionf? a[mwd=jzpf\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

49

xGufouf 0ifoufESifhwuG zufwGJvsuf tedpö"r®udkvnf;
½IaomaMumifh "r®mEkyóem owdy|mef jzpfonf[lívnf; qdk
oif\
h /
owd y |mef a v;yg; yG m ;rsm;rI u d p ö N yD ; yk H NyD ; \/
-------tmemygetvk y f j zif h
aAmZÑif 7-yg;yG m ;rsm;rI u d p ö N yD ; yykH
,cktcg tmemygetvkyfudk tm;xkwfpGJNrJaomolwdkYtm;
aAmZÑif 7-yg; yGm;rsm;rIudpö NyD;pD;ykHudk jyqdkaytHh/
1/ owd o arÁ m ZÑi
ZÑif
owdy|mef tvkyfrsKd; jzpfcJhí wpfaeYwpfjcm; xdktm½kHü
owdpGJNrJrIç wdk;yGm;í oGm;rIonf owdoarÁmZÑifw&m; yGm;rsm;rI
rnf\/
,o®ð ora, bdu©Kaem Oy|dwm owd a[mwd
tor®K|m/
owd o arÁ m ZÑa*F g wo® ð o ra, bd u © K aem
tm&a'¨g a[mwd/
(tmemygeówdokwf ygVdawmf)
aemufüum; - ygVdawmfudk rxkwfNyD? t"dyÜg,frQudkom jyqdktHh/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

50

,o®ð ora,=tMuiftcgü? bduK© aem=tmemyge tvkyu
f kd
tm;xkwfaom a,m*D &[ef;tm;? owd= tmemygeówd onf?
Oy|d w m=pG J N rJ p G m wnf o nf ? a[mwd = jzpf \ ? tor® K |m=
owdvGwfonfr&dSNyD? wo®ð ora,=xdktcgü? bdu©Kaem=&[ef;
tm;? owdoarÁmZÑa*Fg=owdoarÁmZÑiw
f &m;onf? tm&a'¨g=Ny;D pD;
onf? a[mwd=jzpf\/
2/ "r® 0 d p ,oarÁ m ZÑif
xdktmeygetvkyfudk tm;xkwfaom olwdkYtm; xdktvkyf
wGiyf g0ifaom "r®wüdYk wpfaeYwpfjcm; tqifjcif tpOf;pm; tvdrm®
yGm;rsm;íoGm;rIonf "r®0dp,oarÁmZÑifw&m; yGm;rsm;rIrnf\/
3/ 0D & d , oarÁ m ZÑif
xdt
k vkyüf wpfaeYwpfjcm; 0D&,
d w&m;wd;k yGg;íoGm;rIonf
0D&d,oarÁmZÑif w&m;yGm;rsm;rIrnf\/
4/ yD w d o arÁ m ZÑif
yDwdyÜ#doHa0'D tjzpfokdY a&mufojzifh xdktm½kH xdktrIü
wpfaeYwpfjcm; pdwaf ysmaf rGUjcif; yGg;pD;íoGm;rIonf yDwo
d arÁmZÑif
w&m; jzpfyGm;rIrnf\/
5/ yó'¨ d o arÁ m ZÑif
xkdtm½kH xdktrIü pdwfaysmfarGYjcif; yDwdw&m;jzpfyGm;aom
tcgrSpí xdt
k vkyüf ysi;f &djcif;? idu
k rf sO;f jcif; tp&daS om ylavmifrI

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

51

wkdYonf tpOftwdkif;Nidrf;ukef\? xdktcg yó'¨doarÁmZÑif
w&m;yGm;rsm;rIrnf\/
6/ orm"d o arÁ m ZÑif
yó'¨ d w &m; yG m ;rsm;onf & d S a omf xk d t m½k H ü pd w f \
aumif;pGmwnfMunfjcif; [laom orm"doarÁmZÑifw&m;vnf;
jzpfymG ;awmhonf/
7/ Oayu© m oarÁ m ZÑif
orm"doarÁmZÑif w&m;jzpfyGm;onf&dSaomf pdwfrNidrf
oufrItwGufESifh aMumifhMupdkufzG,fr&dS? vspfvsL½Iaomtm;jzifh
xdt
k m½küH pdwu
f v
kd w
T í
f xm;&awmhonf? xkt
d cg Oayu©m oarÁmZÑif
w&m;yGm;rsm;rIrnf\/
ygVdawmfüum;--- jyqdck NhJ y;D aom owdy|mefw&m; av;yg;
wkdYwGif wpfyg;yg;ü oarÁmZÑifw&m; ckepfyg; ckepfyg; pD&ifykHudk
tus,fa[mawmfrl\/
aAmZÑif c k e pf y g; yG m ;rsm;rI u d p ö N yD ; yk H NyD ; \/
-------tmemygetvk y f j zif h r*f zk d v f w nf ; [l a om
0d Z Æ m 0d r k w å d o d k Y a&muf E d k i f y k H
0d y óemwuf e nf ;
,cktcg tmeygetvkyfrS qufí 0dyóem0dZÆmvrf;ç
r*¾0dZÆmvrf;ç zdkvf[laom 0drkwådvrf; zGifhenf; wufenf;udk

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

52

jyawmfrljcif;iSm1/
]]uxH bm0dwm p bdu©a0 owåaAmZÑ*Fg uxH
A[kvDuwm 0dZÆm0drkwåð y&dyla&EÅd? £" bdu©a0
bdu©K owdoarÁmZÑ*ø bma0wd 0da0uedódwHç
0d&m*edów
d çH eda&m"edów
d çH a0gó*¾y&dPmrð/
2/
"r®0dp,oarÁmZÑ*ø bma0wd 0da0uedódwHç
0d&m*edów
d çH eda&m"edów
d çH a0gó*¾y&dPmrð/
3/
0D & d , oarÁ m ZÑ*ø bma0wd 0d a 0ued ó d w H ç
0d&m*edów
d çH eda&m"edów
d çH a0gó*¾y&dPmrð/
4/
yD w d o arÁ m ZÑ*ø bma0wd 0d a 0ued ó d w H ç
0d&m*edów
d çH eda&m"edów
d çH a0gó*¾y&dPmrð/
5/
yó'¨ d o arÁ m ZÑ*ø bma0wd 0d a 0ued ó d w H
0d&m*edów
d çH eda&m"edów
d çH a0gó*¾y&dPmrð/
6/
orm"d o arÁ m ZÑ*ø bma0wd 0d a 0ued ó d w H ç
0d&m*edów
d çH eda&m"edów
d çH a0gó*¾y&dPmrð/
7/
Oayu©moarÁmZÑ*ø bma0wd 0da0uedódwHç
0d&m*edów
d çH eda&m"edów
d çH a0gó*¾y&dPmrð/
{0H bm0dwm acg bdu©a0 owåaAmZÑ*Fg {0H
A[kvDuwm 0dZÆm0drkwåð y&dyla&EÅDwd}}/
(tmemygeówdokwf ygVdawmf)

1/ bdua© 0=&[ef;wd?Yk owåaAmZÑ*gF =ckepfyg;aom aAmZÑif
w&m;wdkYonf? uxH bm0dwm=tb,fokdY txl;&nf&G,fí yGm;ap
tyfuek o
f nf&aSd omf? uxH A[kvu
D xm=tb,foYdk txl;&nf&,
G í
f

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

53

tBudrfrsm;pGm jyKtyfukefonf&dSaomf? 0dZÆm0drkwåð=0dZÆmw&m;
0drkwådw&m;udk? y&dyla&EÅd=NyD;jynhfpkHapEdkifukefoenf;[lrlum;bdu©a0=&[ef;wdkY? £"=þomoemü? bdu©K=&[ef;onf?
owdoarÁmZÑ*=ø owdoarÁmZÑiu
f ?kd 0da0uedów
d =H udavomwk\
Yd
qdwfNidrf&m edAÁmefudk rDSonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? 0d&m*edódwH=
udavomwkdY\ aysmufysuf&m edAÁmefudk rDSonfudk? uwGm=jyKí?
eda&m"edódwH=udavomwdkY\ csKyfqkH;&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk?
uwGm=jyKí? a0gó*¾y&dPmrð=udavomwdu
Yk kd pGev
Yf w
T &f m edAmÁ efukd
rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? bma0wd=yGg;rsm;ap\/
2/ £"=þomoemü? bdu©K=&[ef;onf? "r®0dp,
oarÁmZÑ*ø="r®0dp,oarÁmZÑifudk? 0da0uedódwH=udavomwdkY\
qdwfNidrf&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfukd? uwGm=jyKí? 0d&m*edódwH=
udavomwdkY\ aysmufysuf&m edAÁmefukd rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí?
eda&m"edódwH=udavomwdkY\ csKyfqkH;&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk?
uwGm=jyKí? a0gó*¾y&dPmrð=udavomwdu
Yk kd pGev
Yf w
T &f m edAmÁ efukd
rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? bma0wd=yGg;rsm;ap\/
3/ £"= þomoemü? bd u © K = &[ef ; onf ? 0D & d ,
oarÁmZÑ*ø=0D&d,oarÁmZÑifudk? 0da0uedódwH= udavomwdkY\
qdwfNidrf&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfukd? uwGm=jyKí? 0d&m*edódwH=
udavomwdkY\ aysmufysuf&m edAÁmefukd rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí?
eda&m"edódwH=udavomwdkY\ csKyfqkH;&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk?
uwGm=jyKí? a0gó*¾y&dPmrð=udavomwdu
Yk kd pGev
Yf w
T &f m edAmÁ efukd
rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? bma0wd=yGg;rsm;ap\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

54

4/ £"=þomoemü? bdu©K=&[ef;onf? yDwd oarÁmZÑ*ø=
yDwdoarÁmZÑifudk? 0da0uedódwH=udavomwdkY\ qdwfNidrf&m
edAÁmefudk rSDonfukd? uwGm=jyKí? 0d&m*edódwH= udavomwdkY\
aysmufysuf&m edAÁmefukd rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? eda&m"edódwH=
udavomwdkY\ csKyfqkH;&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí?
a0gó*¾y&dPmrð=udavomwdkYudk pGefYvTwf&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk?
uwGm=jyKí? bma0wd=yGg;rsm;ap\/
5/ £"=þomoemü? bd u © K =&[ef ; onf ? yó'¨ d
oarÁmZÑ*ø=yó'¨doarÁmZÑifudk? 0da0uedódwH= udavomwdkY\
qdwfNidrf&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfukd? uwGm=jyKí? 0d&m*edódwH=
udavomwdkY\ aysmufysuf&m edAÁmefukd rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí?
eda&m"edódwH=udavomwdkY\ csKyfqkH;&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk?
uwGm=jyKí? a0gó*¾y&dPmrð=udavomwdu
Yk kd pGev
Yf w
T &f m edAmÁ efukd
rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? bma0wd=yGg;rsm;ap\/
6/ £"=þomoemü? bd u © K =&[ef ; onf ? orm"d
oarÁmZÑ*ø=orm"doarÁmZÑifudk? 0da0uedódwH=udavomwdkY\
qdwfNidrf&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfukd? uwGm=jyKí? 0d&m*edódwH=
udavomwdkY\ aysmufysuf&m edAÁmefukd rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí?
eda&m"edódwH=udavomwdkY\ csKyfqkH;&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk?
uwGm=jyKí? a0gó*¾y&dPmrð=udavomwdu
Yk kd pGev
Yf w
T &f m edAmÁ efukd
rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? bma0wd=yGg;rsm;ap\/
7/ £"=þomoemü? bd u © K =&[ef ; onf ? Oayu© m
oarÁmZÑ*ø=Oayu©moarÁmZÑifudk? 0da0uedódwH= udavomwdkY\

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

55

qdwfNidrf&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfukd? uwGm=jyKí? 0d&m*edódwH=
udavomwdkY\ aysmufysuf&m edAÁmefukd rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí?
eda&m"edódwH=udavomwdkY\ csKyfqkH;&m edAÁmefudk rSDonfudk?
uwGm=jyKí? a0gó*¾y&dPmrð=udavomwdu
Yk kd pGev
Yf w
T &f m edAmÁ efukd
rSDonfudk? uwGm=jyKí? bma0wd=yGg;rsm;ap\/
bdu©a0=&[ef;wdkY? {0H=þokdY? bm0dwm=yGg;rsm;aptyfukef
aom? {0H=þokdY? A[kvDuwm=tBudrfrsm;pGm jyKtyfukefaom?
owåaAmZÑ*Fg=ckepfyg;aom aAmZÑifw&m;wdkYonf? 0dZÆm0drkwåð=0dZÆm
w&m; 0drkwådw&m;ukd? y&dyla&EÅd=NyD;jynfhpkHapukef\/
ed A Á m ef \ trnf r sm;
0d a ouç 0d & m*ç ed a &m"ç a0gó*¾ - [l a omtrnf
av;yg;onf edAÁmef\ trnfcsnf;wnf;/
0d a 0ued ó d w
,ckb0üyif edAÁmefokdY aygufa&mufzdkY &nfpl;í yGg;rsm;
onfudk 0da0uedódwqdkownf;/ (0d0¥edódw qdkvdkonf/)
0¥ed ó d w
ukokdvf&½kHrQyGg;rsm;vQif 0¥edódwrnf\/
*Pemenf;? tEkAE¨emenf;? Oypm&psmefç tyÜempsmef
[laom xyemenf;wdjYk zifh tpOftwdik ;f tm;xkwjf zpfygG ;í vmonf
½Sdaomf owdy|mefav;yg;ESifhwuG aAmZÑifckepfyg;xlaxmifrdNyD/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

56

0#f w &m;buf ,d r f ; ,k d i f w wf y k H
xdo
k x
Ydk al xmifrad omfvnf; aoonf\tjcm;rJüh ewftjzpf
jA[®mtjzpf[laom 0#fbufokdY udkif;½Idif;í ay;jyefvQifaAmZÑif
ckepfyg;wdkYonf 0¥edódw rsdK;jzpfí oGm;jyefukef\/ Oypm&psmef?
tyÜ e mpsmef ? ted p ö m Ek y óem jzpf u mrQjzif h tNyD ; owf í
xm;cJhonf½Sdaomf 0#fbufokdYvJí oGm;ukefvwåHU/
0d 0 ¥
xdaYk Mumifh xdrk QavmufwiG f tNy;D owfírxm;yJ ,ckb0ü
yif 0d0¥pcef;okdY qdkufa&muf onfwdkifatmif igtm;xkwfrnf[k
tBuHjyKí tm;xkwfonfudk 0da0uedódwHç 0d&m*edódwHç
eda&m"edódwHç a0gó*¾y&dPmrð [lí qdkownf;/
xdkokdY wdk;wufíoGm;rSom 0dZÆm0drkwådokdY qdkufEdkifonf?
0dZÆm0drkwådokdYqdkufrSom 0da0uç 0d&m*ç eda&m"ç a0gó*¾ [laom
0d0¥"r®okdY ,ckb0 aygufa&mufEdkifonf/
aAm"d y u© d , NyD ; pD ; yk H tqif h q if h
0d 0 ¥
0d0¥qdo
k nfum;-edAmÁ efuq
kd o
kd wnf;/ / ,cktcgomoem
awmfwGif;ü BuHKBudKufMuol vl½Siftaygif;wdkYrSmvnf; ,ckb0ü
þ0d0¥"r®wpfckudkom udk,fusdK;udk,fpD;yGg;[k *½kBuD;pkdufcGifh½Sd
acsonf/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

57

r*f z d k v f & rS ed A Á m ef & jcif ;
þ0d0¥"r®ukd &vdak omaMumifh 0dZmÆ 0drw
k Edå pS yf g;ukd &atmif
tm;xkw&f jyefonf/
aAmZÑif 7-yg;jynf h p k H r S r*f z d k v f & jcif ;
0dZÆm0drkwådESpfyg;ukd &jcif;iSg aAmZÑifckepfyg;ukd xlaxmif&
jyefonf/ aAmZÑicf ek pfyg;ukd xlaxmifjcif;iSg owdy|mefav;yg;udk
xlaxmif&jyefonf/ owdy|mefav;yg;ukd xlaxmifjcif;iSg þ
tmemygeur®|mef;tvkyfudk tm;xkwf&avonf/
þtmemygetvkyjf zifh owdy|mefav;yg;ç aAmZÑicf ek pfyg;ç
0dZmÆ 0drw
k Edå pS yf g; Ny;D pD;cJo
h nf½adS omf tvk;H pkaH om aAm"dyu©,
d w&m;
37-yg;wdkYonf NyD;pD;Muukefawmhonf/
þum;- tmemygeok w f ygVd a wmf j rwf \
yd @ w¬ t "d y Ü g ,f /
þ0dZÆm0drkwådESpfyg;okdY tjrefaygufa&mufapEdkifaom
enf;vrf;[lonfvnf; tjcm;wpfyg; r[kwfNyD? ]]tedpömEkyóD
tóodómrDwd odu©wd}} tp½Sdonfjzifh xkwfjycJhNyD;aom
pwkwp¬ wkut
ú pDt&ifaywnf;? aAmZÑicf ek pfyg;ukd xajrmufatmif
xlaxmifí xdkpwkuú\ t&jzpfaom tedpömEkyóemrIukd
0da0uedódwjyKí tm;xkwfonf½Sdaomf a½S;OD;pGm aomwmywåd
r*fzdkvfwnf;[laom 0dZÆm0drkwådokdY a&mufí 'd|d0dpdudpäm 'kp½kduf
cyfodrf;ç 'k&mZD0cyfodrf;ç tyg,f'ku©cyfodrf;wdkY\ tNyD;vGwfNidrf;

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

58

jcif;[laom oOyg'daooedAmÁ ef[q
k t
kd yfaom 0d0¥"r®udk ,ckb0
wGifyif &Edkifavownf;/
0d Z Æ m 0d r k w å d o k d Y a&muf E d k i f y k H NyD ; \/
--------Ä------tmemygeówd E S i f h 0d o k ' ¨ d 6-yg;
½k y f ü 'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d tpD t &if
,cktcg xdk ]]tedpömEkyóD tóodómrDwd odu©wd}}
tp½Sdaom pwkw¬pwkuú tpDt&ifudk t>rufrQ jyqdkaytHh/
0d y óemok d Y wuf E d k i f o nf h vk y f i ef ; tajccH r sm;
þokweå yf gVdawmf t|uxmwdüYk um;- tmemyge tyÜem
psmefav;yg;ukd&NyD;rS þpwkuú tpDt&ifokdYwufí tm;xkwfrIukd
jyqdu
k ek \
f / þuJo
h Ydk wufEikd yf grl txGwt
f xdyf jzpfay\? þuJo
h Ydk
rwufEdkif½SdcJhrlum;-1/
wwd,psmefrv
S nf; 0dyóemvrf;okYd wuf&yg\/
2/
'kwd,psmefrSvnf; wuf&yg\/
3/
yxrpsmefrSvnf; wuf&yg\/
4/
tyÜempsmefokdYyif rqdkufrlí Oypm&psmefrSvnf;
wuf&yg\/
5/
tEkAE¨emtcef;rSvnf; wuf&yg\/
6/
xdkxdk þþ vIyf½Sm; ajy;oGm;aom pdwf0dwuf\
Nidrf;jcif;okdY a&mufNyD;aom *Pem tcef;rSvnf;
0dyóemvrf;okdY wuf&yg\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

59

0d y óemwuf e nf ; 2-rsd K ;
0dyóemvrf;okdY wufaomtcgüvnf;1/ þtmemygetm½kHESifh zufwGJí wufenf;
2/ tmemyge½Iru
I kd Oypm&udprö Q jyKvyk í
f cE¨mig;yg;
ponfwdkYwGif tvdk½Sd&m ocFg&"r®ukd,lí wuf
enf;[lí ESpfyg;½Sd\/
xdkwGif þokwåefygVdawmfü-tedpömEkyóD tóodómrDwd odu©wd?
tedpömEkyóD yóodómrDwd odu©wd/
[lí tmemygetm½kHESifh zufwGJí wufenf;onfvm\/
xdkygVdawmf\ t"dyÜg,fum;-xGufoufvTwfrnf jyKonf½Sdaomf trSwfwrJh rvTwfrlí
tedpö xifatmif½Ií vTwfrnf[k vTwfwdkif; vTwfwdkif; tedpö
reodum& a½SUoGm; NraJ p&m\-[lvo
kd nf? 0ifoufüvnf; xdek nf;
wlodav/
þum;-xd k y gVd a wmf \ wd k u f ½ k d u f t "d y Ü g ,f w nf ; /
0d y óem xl a xmif y k H 2-rsd K ;
0dyóemtvkyf wnfaxmifrIonf1/ ½kyfudk tpjyKí wnfaxmifrI
2/ emrfudk tpjyKí wnfaxmifrI[lí ESpfyg;½Sd\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

60

½k y f j zif h pí 0d y óem xl a xmif y k H
*Pemtcef;rS 0dyóemvrf;okYd wufvrkd u
l m;--xGuo
f uf
0ifouf[laom ½kyfudk tpjyKí wnfaxmif&m\? tb,fhaMumifh
enf;qdkaomf xdktcef;ü xGufouf 0ifouf[laom ½kyfonfom
vQif ÓPfüxif½Sm;ao;aomaMumifhwnf;/ tEkAE¨emtcef;rS
wuf&müvnf; xdkYtwlyifwnf;/
emrf j zif h pí 0d y óemxl a xmif y k H
xyemESpfcef;wGif Oypm&orm"d tcef;onf-1/ a0'emEkyóemcef;
2/ pdwåmEkyóemcef;-[lí 2-yg;½Sd\/
a0'emEk y óem
]]yDwyd #Ü o
d aH 0'Dç okcyÜ#o
d aH 0'D}} csaD om 'kw,
d pwkuo
ú nf
a0'emEkyóem cef;rnf\/
pd w å m Ek y óem
]]pdwyå #Ü o
d aH 0'D}} csaD om wwd,pwkuo
ú nf pdwmå Ekyóem
cef;rnf\/
xdk 2-cef;wdkYwGif--a0'emEkyóemcef;rS 0dyóemvrf;okdY wufvdkaomf
a0'em[laomemrfudk tpjyKí wuf&rnf/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

61

pdwåmEkyóemcef;rS wufvdkaomf pdwf-[laom emrfudk
tpjyKí wuf&rnf/
tyÜemorm"drw
S uf&müum; a0'em pdww
å u
Ykd akd omfvnf;
aumif;ç rdrd&tyfNyD;aom psmefüyg½Sdaom psmeft*FgwdkYudkaomf
vnf;aumif; tpjyKí wuf&rnf/
*PemrS 0d y óemok d Y wuf y k H
,cktcgü tpqkH;aom *Pemcef;rS ½kyfudktpjyKí
0dyóemvrf;zGifhenf;ukd tusOf;rQ jyqdkaytHh/
a½SUüjyqdkcJhNyD;onfhtwdkif; *Pemcef; NyD;pD;onfhaemuf
tEkAE¨emcef;okdY wufcGifhqdkufaeaomtcg xdktEkAE¨emtcef;okdY
rvdkufrlí ]]tedpömEkyóD tóodómrDwd odu©wd}}[laom
pwkw¬pwkuút& tedpö0dyóemcef;okdY wuf&m\/
*Pemcef;ü NyD;pD;aom cPduorm"dudk Oypm&orm"d
t&mü tNrJxm;&m\/
xm;yk H u m;-0dyóemtvkyu
f kd vkyaf omolonf vljzpfcí
hJ wpfaeYv;Hk
wpfnOfhvkH; rvkyfEdkif½Sdojzifh wpfaeY wpfnOfhtzdkY 24-em&D
½SdonfwGif 4-em&Dwefonf 3-em&Dwefonf tcsdefrSefxm;í
tm;xkw&f rnf/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

62

0d y óemvk y f i ef ; ü tmemygeówd u d k
pwif j yKvk y f & jcif ;
tvkycf iG o
f Ydk 0ifwikd ;f 0ifwikd ;f pdw0f w
d ufukd okwo
f ifjcif;iSg
a½S;OD;pGm tmemygeówd0ifpm;&rnf/ pdwf0dwuf Nidrfoufaom
tcgrS 0dyóem reodum&udk tm;xkwf&rnf/
0dyóem reodum& xajrmufí r*f zdkvfokdY a&mufNyD;
onfw
h ikd af tmif xdt
k memygeówdukd rvTw&f Ny?D zdv
k u
f 0kd ifpm;aom
tcgüyif xdkowdudk Oypm&orm"dt&mü tNrJxm;&m\/
0d Z Æ m ÓPf 5-yg;
0dyóemvrf;ü--1/ 'd|d0dok'¨d?
2/ ucFg0dw&P0dok'¨d?
3/ r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'¨d?
4/ y#dy'g ÓP'óe0dok'¨d?
5/ ÓP'óe0dok'¨d?
[lí 0dok'¨dtpOf or®m'd|d 0dZÆmÓPftjym; ig;yg;½Sd\/ /
xdkig;yg;wdkYwGif xGufouf 0ifoufü 'd|d0dok'¨dtvkyfudk jyqdktHh/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

63

xG u f o uf 0if o uf E S i f h 'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d
xG u f o uf 0if o uf ü "mwf B uD ; 4-yg; xif ½ S m ;rI u d k ½I y k H
½k y f " mwf 8-yg;
xdkxGufouf 0ifoufü ajr"mwfç a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç
av"mwfç tqif;"mwfç teHY"mwfç &o"mwfç MoZm"mwf-[lí
tNrJtm;jzifh ½kyf"mwf ½Spfyg;½Sd\? toHjzpfaomtcg o'´"mwfESifh
wuG ½kyf"mwfudk;yg;&Sd\? xdkwGif ajrç a&ç avç rD;-[laom
"mwfBuD;av;yg;onfom vdk&if;y"mewnf;/
yx0D " mwf
ajr"mwfqdkonfum; cufrmrIBud,mwnf;/ cufrmrIqdk
onfum; cyfodrf;aom ½kyftaqmuftOD [lorQwdkYü trmcHrI
qdkvdkonf/ xdktrmcHrIonf vGefuJí cufrmaom tjzpfokdY
a&mufaom 0w¬KrsdK;wdkYü vufESifhprf;oyf xdyg;vQif rmonf[k
odomxif½Sm;\/ aea&mifva&mif ponfwdkYüuJhokdY trmcHtae
rQüwnfrlum; prf;oyfír& odrfarGUvS\/
,kwådtm;jzifhrlum;-ÓPfü xif½Sm;yg\/
zGJUap;rI-[laom a&"mwfonf trmcH0w¬Kr½Sdaomfvnf;
tb,fudkzGJUrnfenf;/
ylavmifrI-[laom rD;"mwfonf trmcHrD;pm r½SdcJhaomf
tb,fudk pJGavmifrnfenf;/
rD;"mwf\ t½Sed t
f [kejf zpfaom <u&Gaxmufuefr-I [laom
av"mwfonf trmcH axmuf&m uef&m0w¬K r½SdcJhaomf

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

64

tb,fokdY <uEdkif &GEdkifygrnfenf;/
þum;-,kwådtm;jzifh ÓPfü xif½Sm;ykHwnf;/
tmayg"mwf
]]tómo yómoum,}} [k um,o'´gESihf qd&k atmif
tpkt½kH;wpfckjzpfrIonf a&"mwfzGJUap;rIwnf;/
awaZm"mwf
xGufouf 0ifoufü yg½Sdaom ylrI at;rIonf rD;"mwf
wnf;/
0ga,m"mwf
vIyfrI ½Sm;rIonf av"mwfwnf;/
xGuo
f uf 0ifoufüum;- av"mwfveG u
f \
J ? þxGuo
f uf
0if o uf ü "mwf a v;yg;½S d r I ,k w å d u d k oabmusEd k i f y gvQif
wpfudk,fvkH;ü oabmusEdkifawmhonf? oabmusonfhtwdkif;
xGufouf 0ifoufü "mwfav;yg;ukd toD;toD; jrifEdkifygvQif
wpfudk,fvkH;ü jrifEdkifawmhonf/
y&rw¬ Ó Pf j zpf j cif ;
xGufouf 0ifoufü cufrmrIç zGJUap;rIç ylaEG;rIç vIyf&GrI
[laom Bud,mav;csufonfom y&rw¬tm;jzifh xif&Sm;&Sd\/
toD;toD; xdak v;csuw
f u
Ykd kd xdatmif tm½kjH yKaom ÓPfonfom
y&rw¬odkY qdkufa&mufaomÓPf rnf\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

65

ouú m ,'d | d j zpf y k H
xdkav;csufudk rodrlí t&Snftwdk oP²meftaeESifh
xGuo
f uf0ifouf[-k odjrifrw
S o
f m;rIonf ouúm,'d|v
d rf;wnf;?
þ'd|dvrf;üum; xGufouf0ifouf\tponf csufwdkifwnf;?
tqkH;onf ESmoD;zsm;wnf;? tpüwpfMudrfom jzpfrI&Sd\? tqkH;ü
wpfMudrfom ysufrI&Sd\? tv,fürlum; tcgcgjzpfrIç tcgcg
ysufrI[lí r&SdjyD? 0ifoufüvnf; xdkenf;wl 0ifouf\tponf
ESmoD;zsm;wnf;? tqk;H onf csuw
f ikd &f if;wnf; [lí qdak v/ þum;
ykxkZOfwdkYpdwfü t½dk;pdkufíaeaom 'd|drIwnf;/
cyfodrf;aomudk,ftpkwdkYü þuJhodkYaom 'd|dt½dk;pdkufBuD;
toD;toD; &Sdaeonfudk tukefjrifajrmfrdap/
xGufouf0ifoufü þ'd|dt½dk;pdkufBuD; aysmufuG,fav
atmif xdkxGufouf0ifoufüyif okwfoif&m\/
½k y f ü ouú m ,'d | d ok w f o if y k H
tb,fodkYokwfoif&moenf;[lrlum; toD;toD; "mwf
trIBuD; av;yg;udk ÓPfpdkufrdí y&rw¬"mwftjrifaygufaom
tcgü t&Snftwdk oP²meftaeESifh xGufouf0ifouf[k odjrif
xifrSwf íaeaom 'd|dt½dk;pdkufBuD;onf xdkÓPfudk0ifpm;í
½Ivdkufwdkif; ½Ivdkufwdkif; uG,faysmufav\? t&SnftwdkoP²mef
[lí r&Sd? xGufouf0ifouf[líyif r&Sd? "mwftrIBuD;av;yg;
onfom &Sd\[k- 'd|d0dok'¨dÓPfaygufav\/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

66

xGufouf0ifoufrS<uif;aom qHyifç arG;nif;tp&Sdaom
wpfudk,fvkH;rSmvnf; twdkt&Snftp&Sdaom j'AfoP²meftaeESifh
þum; qHyifwnf;ç þum;- arG;nif;wnf; tp&Sdonfjzifh
odjrifxifrSwfíaeMuaom 'd|dt½dk;pdkufBuD; toD;toD; &SdMu\?
"mwftrIBuD; av;yg;vnf; toD;toD;&SdMu\? xdkqHyif arG;nif;
tp&Sad om wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk rSmvnf; "mwftrIBu;D av;yg; ÓPftjrif
aygufonf&Sdaomf oP²mef toD;toD;ESifh qHyifç qHyif[kodjrifxifrw
S í
f aeaom 'd|t
d ½d;k pku
d Bf u;D onf xdÓ
k Pfu0kd ifpm;í
aeorQ umvywfvkH; uG,faysmufvwåHY? qHyif[lí r&SdrI xif&Sm;
vwå?YH xdo
k x
Ykd if&mS ;aomtcg qHyifü 'd|0d o
d 'k Ó
d¨ Pf aygufav\/
arG;nif;paom wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk üvnf; 'd|t
d ½d;k pdu
k Bf u;D toD;
toD;&SdMuykHç "mwftrIBuD;av;yg; toD;toD; tjrifayguf
onf&Sdaomf 'd|d0dok'¨d toD;toD;jzpfykHudk qHyifenf;wl odav/
½k y f ü 'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d tpD t &if jyD ; \/
----------------------emrf ü 'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d tpD t &if
xGufouf0ifoufudk tm½kHjyKaompdwfç "mwftrIBuD;
av;yg;udk tm½kHjyKaompdwf? xdkpdwfwdkYüyg&Sdaom owdç 0D&d,ç
ÓPfynmwdkYonf emrfrnfukef\/
- tm½kHudk odjcif;trIonf pdwfwnf;/
- tm½kHudk txyfxyf trSwf&jcif;trIonf owd
wnf;/

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

67

-

xdktvkyfü tm;xkwfjcif;trIonf 0D&d,wnf;/
xdktm½kH xdktvkyfwdkYü vdr®m&ef tcGifhudk odjcif;trI
onf ÓPfynmwnf;/
xGufouf 0ifoufudk igtm½kHjyKrnf[k-odjrif xifrSwfrI
onf pdwfü 'd|dt½kd;pkdufBuD;wnf;/ þ'd|d t½kd;pkdufBuD;ukd ÓPfü
aysmufuG,favatmif pdwfüokwfoif&m\/
emrf ü ouú m ,'d | d ok w f o if y k H
tb,foo
Ydk w
k o
f if&moenf;[lru
l m;- xGuo
f uf 0ifouf
udk tm½kHjyKrI Bud,monf pdwf"mwfwpfckwnf;? ESvkH;ü xdk"mwf
jzpfay:íaeqJtcg xGufouf 0ifoufudk tm½kHjyKrIBud,m
ay:íae\/
xdt
k rIç xdBk u,
d monf emrf\ Bu,
d mrwåomwnf;/
½kyfcE¨mvnf;r[kwf ½kyfcE¨mtrIvnf; r[kwf/
yk*¾dKvfvnf; r[kwf? yk*¾dKvf\trIvnf; r[kwf/
owå0gvnf; r[kw?f owå0g\trIvnf; r[kw/f
igvnf; r[kwf? ig\trIvnf; r[kwf/
pdwf[lívnf;aumif;ç 0dnmPf[lívnf;aumif;ç emrf
[lívnf;aumif;ç tbd"r®mü a[mawmfrlaom "mwftrIwpfck
toD;tjcm;omwnf;[k tjrif½I&m\/
½kyfcE¨mESifhvnf;aumif;ç yk*¾dKvf owå0g igwdkYESifhvnf;
aumif;ç a&m,Suaf xG;vk;H í raeapvif?h a&m,Suaf xG;vk;H jcif;r½Syd J
xdt
k m½kjH yKru
I kd ÓPfpu
dk rf ad omtcg pdw[
f al om emrf"mwfwpfcük

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

68

ÓPftjrifaygufcv
hJ Qif owdç 0D&,
d ç ÓPfynm[laom emrf"mwf
wdkYüvnf; ÓPftjrifaygufEdkifawmhonf? pdwf"mwfwpfcküom
vd&k if;wnf;/
emrf ü 'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d tpD t &if N yD ; \/
'd | d 0 d o k ' ¨ d t >ruf NyD ; \/
==========
ucF g 0d w &P0d o k ' ¨ d tpD t &if
wpfu,
kd v
f ;Hk rSm ½ky"f mwftrIBu;D av;yg;ç pdw"f mwftrIBu;D
wpfyg;[lí "mwftrIBuD;ig;ckukd toD;toD; ÓPftjrifayguf
atmif tm;xkwNf y;D aemuf ucFg0dw&P0do'k Ó
d¨ Pfukd jzpfap&m\?
tb,fokdY jzpfap&moenf;[lrlum; y#dpöorkyÜg'frIukd ÓPftjrif
aygufvQif ucFg0dw&P0dok'¨d jzpfawmhonf/
ucF g qd k o nf u m; 0dpdudpämwnf;/
terw*¾oHo&mü "mwftrIBuD;ig;ckwdkY\ jzpfEdkif&ef
taMumif;ukd avmuü taxGaxGtvmvm BuHzefpJG,lMuaom
rdpäm0g' trsm;½Sd\? ½kyfw&m;ç emrfw&m;wdkY\ y#dpöorkyÜg'frIukd
ae&mwus rodonft
h wGuaf Mumifh xdrk pd mä 0g'rsm;okv
Yd nf;aumif;ç
edpt
ö ,lç twåt,lrsm;okv
Yd nf;aumif; pdwo
f abm udik ;f ½Iid ;f vsuf
½SMd u\/
þum; omrn0dpdudpäm wnf;? ta[moð Ekacg t[H
twDwr'¨geH-ponfum; 0daoo 0Dpdudpämwnf;/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

69

wpfudk,fvkH;ü ½kyf"mwfrIBuD; av;yg;onf-1/ uHaMumifhjzpfonf av;yg;?
2/ pdwfaMumifhjzpfonf av;yg;?
3/ OwkaMumifhjzpfonf av;yg;?
4/ tm[m&aMumifhjzpfonf av;yg;?
[lí taMumif;av;yg;ukd od&m\/
1/

2/

3- 4/

a½S;a½S;ü jyKcJhNyD;aom uHa[mif;udk tpJGjyKí
wpfudk,fvkH;ü jrpfa&t,OfuJhokdY tpOfrjywf
cPrpJ wzGm;zGm; jzpfay:íaeaom "mwftrIBu;D
av;yg;onf uHaMumifhjzpfonfh av;yg;rnf\/
xdx
k ckd Pü jzpfqjJ zpfqaJ om xdx
k pkd w
d u
f dk tpJjG yKí
olUpdwfESifhol wzGm;zGm; jzpfay:íaeaom "mwf
trIBuD;av;yg;onf pdwfaMumifhjzpfonfh av;
yg;rnf\/
Owkç tm[m&wdkYüvnf;? þenf;wl wpfaeY
wpfaeYtzdw
Yk iG f ud,
k t
f *FgwdüYk at;rIç ylr-I [laom
xdx
k Okd wktcdu
k f tvSnu
hf pkd í
GJ olUOwkEiS o
hf l "mwf
trIBuD;av;yg; wzGm;zGm;jzpfí aerIukdvnf;
aumif; olUtm[m& "mwfyGg;cdkufudk tpJGjyKí
olU"mwfBuD;av;yg; wzGm;zGm;jzpfí aerIudkvnf;
aumif; a0zefí odav/

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

70

pdw"f mwfürlum;- xGuo
f uf 0ifouf[al om tm½ku
H v
kd nf;
aumif;ç rSD&m0w¬K½kyfudkvnf;aumif; tpJGjyKí olYxGufoufESifh
olYpdwf olY0ifoufESifholYpdwf aejcnfrQif wHvSyfrQifwdkYuJhokdY tpOf
jzpfyGg;íaeonfudk odav/
þum; "mwftrIBu;D ig;yg;wd\
Yk y#dpo
ö rkygÜ 'ftcsuw
f nf;?
þy#dpöorkyÜg'ftcsufudk ÓPftjrifaygufcJhvQif ucFg0dw&P
0do'k d¨ Ny;D pD;avawmhonf? edpçö twåç txifukd vGeEf ikd af wmhonf/
ucF g 0d w &P0d o k ' ¨ d tpD t &if N yD ; \/
----------------0d y óemvrf ; ok d Y wuf e nf ;
y"me"mwf B uD ; ig;yg;
ajr"mwfç a&"mwfç rD;"mwfç av"mwfç pdwf"mwf [lí
y"me"mwfBu;D ig;yg;/
- uHç pdwçf Owkç tm[m&[lí ½ky\
f jzpfaMumif; w&m;
av;yg;/
- 0w¬Kç tm½kH [lí emrf\jzpfaMumif;w&m; ESpfyg;/
þw&m;tpkukd ½kyfemrfESpfyg;jyKí xm;NyD;vQif xdkw&m;
wdkYudkvnf;aumif;ç xdkw&m;wdkY\jzpfrI ysufrIwdkYukdvnf;aumif;
ÓPfjzifhaphaph½Ií]]½lyH tedpöH c,a|e?
'ku©H b,a|e?
tewåm tom&ua|e}}-

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

tpodYk

71

[lí vu©Pma&;okH;yg;jzifh tzefzefokH;oyfjcif;[laom
0dyóemw&m;udk tm;xkwf&m\/ þum;-]]tedpömEkyóD tó
odómrDwd odu©wd}} [laom þygVdawmfenf;tm;jzifh xGufouf
0ifoufESifh zufwJGí 0dyóemvrf;okdY wufykHt>rufwnf;/
wpfenf;rlum;- xGuo
f uf 0ifouf½rI u
I kd Oypm&udpjö yKí
rdrüd od&if;½Sad eaom cE¨mig;yg; ½kyef mrfw&m;wdu
Yk kd xdt
Yk wl ÓPfjzifh
aphaph½Iívnf; okH;oyf&m\/ / Oypm&udpörI qdkonfum;tcsdefem&Dxm;í tm;xkwfolwdkYrSm tvkyfcGifokdY 0ifaomtcg
0ifwikd ;f 0ifwikd ;f pdwu
f ckd sKyw
f nf;jcif;iSgç wnfNird af pjcif;iSg a½S;OD;pGm
xGuo
f uf 0ifoufukd ½Irw
I nf;/ pdww
f nfNird af omtcgrS tvd½k &dS m
cE¨mukd ½I&m\/
þum;-*Pemtcef;rS 0dyóemvrf;okYd wuf&mü t>ruf
rQ jyqdck suw
f nf;? tjynft
h pkjH zpfaom 0dyóemvkyef nf; tpDt&if
udrk u
l m;--tm[m&'DyeDç tewå'yD eD pmtkyw
f rYkd mS Munf½h í
I ,lav/
*Pemtcef ; rS 0d y óemvrf ; ok d Y
wuf e nf ; t>ruf N yD ; \/
--------- Ä --------rS m xm;csuf
1/
2/
3/

tEkAE¨emtcef;rS 0dyóemvrf;okdY wufenf;?
Oypm&orm"d[al om xyemtcef;rS 0dyóemvrf;
okdY wufenf;?
tyÜemorm"d[laom xyemav;&yfwdkYwGif yxr
psmefrS 0dyóemvrf;okdY wufenf;?

tpodYk

tmemyge'DyeDusrf;

72

4/ 'kwd,psmefrS 0dyóemvrf;okdY wufenf;?
5/ wwd,psmefrS 0dyóemvrf;okdY wufenf;?
6/ pwkw¬psmefrS 0dyóemvrf;okdY wufenf;-[lí *Pemtcef;rS txufü ajcmufqifh ajcmufvrf;½Sd
onfrmS vnf; *Pemtcef;rSm jyqdck NhJ y;D aom enf;vrf;ukd tpOfr;DS í
odMuav/
1/ usef½Sdaom 0dok'¨dokH;yg;wdkY\jzpfykH tpDt&if?
2/ 0dyóemÓPfq,fyg;wdkY\jzpfykH tpDt&if?
3/ aomwmywådr*fÓPf zdkvfÓPf[laom 0dZÆm0drkwåd
wd\
Yk jzpfyHk tpDt&ifukd oHaygufvuFmjzifh igwdpYk &D if
aom oN*ØK[f 9-ydkif;tusOf;csKyf y&rw¬oHcdyfusrf;
ur®|mef;ykdif;rSm ,lMuav/
þwGifa&GUum; t|uxmwdkYüvmaom okwåmEkavmr
enf;ESiw
hf uG tmemygeówdow
k f ygVdawmfukd tpOfr;DS í tusO;f rQ
jyqdkvdkufaom tmemygeur®|mef; tpDt&ifNyD;\/
tmemyge'D y eD u srf ; NyD ; NyD /
======= Ä ========