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masterCAM X Tutorial 5 thru 7

masterCAM X Tutorial 5 thru 7

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04/27/2013

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,rMDtercam.

TUTORIAL SERIES FOR

TUTORIALS

LEVEL 1 - 2D POCKET WITH ISLAND AT A DIFFERENT DEPTH, CIRCLE MILL AND CYLINDRICAL STOCK.

Mas/et'cam.

TUTORJAL5

Objectives:

The Student will design a 3-dimensional wireframe drawing by:

~ Creating arcs knowing the center points and the diameters. ~ Creating a polygon.

~ Creating an arc knowing the endpoints and the radius. ~ Rotating the arc to complete the geometry.

~ Creating fillet arcs.

The Student will create a 2-dimensional milling toolpath consisting of:

~ Cutting a pocket with island at a different depth. ~ Circle milling the 3" diameter hole.

The Student will check the tool path using Mastercam's Verify module by: ~ Defining a 3-dimensional cylindrical block the size of the workpiece.

~ Running the Verify function to machine the part on the screen.

Page 5-2

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0 GEOMETRY CREATION Setting the toolbar states

To start a new file from Mastercam:

File ~New

~" Before starting the geometry creation we should customize the tool bars to see the toolbars required to create the geometry and machine a 20 part. See Getting started page A-5 in the User Notes.

""~ Toolpaths/Solids manager to the left of the screen can be hidden to gain more space in the graphic area for design. Press Alt + 0 to remove it.

~. Before starting the geometry make sure that the Grid is enabled. It will show you at each moment where the part origin is. See Getting started page A-5 for details.

STEP 1:

CREATE THE OUTSIDE & THE INSIDE ARCS KNOWING THE CENTER POINT AND THE DIAMETER.

Create ~Arc

Select Origin

~ Create Circle Center Point

~ Enter the Diameter value B 9.0 (Enter).

~ [Enter the center point]: Move the cursor to the center of the grid

to select the Origin.

~ Select the Apply button to remain in the same command. D ~ Select the Fit button to fit the geometry to the screen.l~1

~ Enter the Diameter value B 5.0 (Enter).

~ [Enter the center point]: Move the cursor to the center of th,H"e r to select the Origin.

~ Select the Apply button to remain in the same command.

I . I . I

L _ '_,_I

Page 5-3

» Enter the Diameter value 161 3.0. » [Enter the center point]: Move the cursor to the center of the grid to select the Origin.

» Select the OK button to exit the command ... ~ » The drawing should look as shown to the right.

6i~ During the geometry creation of this tutorial, if you make a mistake you can undo the last step using

the Undo icon. You can undo as many steps as

y ..... »;

needed.:t'2

6i~ If you delete or undo a step by mistake, just use the Redo . C'!

rcon.z,

STEP 2:

CREATE THE POLYGON.

Create

» Create Polygon

» Change the number of sides (#) to 6. » Enter the Radius value.

» Enable Corner for the system to measure the radius to the corner of the polygon.

» [Select position of base point]: Select the center of the arcs as shown in the following screens hot.

» Exit the polygon command. I· "t( I

Select the center here

~ # .__I5 _____."J

1._3.O _ _,·jj= •

STEP 3:

CREATE AN ARC WITH A RADIUS OF 1.5 KNOWING THE ENDPOINTS AND THE RADIUS.

Create » Arc

» Create Arc Endpoints

Select the first point here

o Flat

Page 5-4

» Enter the Radius 1.~ (Enter).

» [Enter the first point]: Select the endpoint of the line as shown to the right.

» [Enter the second point]: Select the endpoint of the line as shown to the right.

Masletram.

TUTORIAL 5

~ [Select an arc]: Select the arc to keep as shown.

~ Select the OK button. ~

STEP 4:

DELETE THE CONSTRUCTION LINES.

Select All (RJ'

~ Select the All button. [~J iJ b¥fJ LOnly .. :]

~ Enable Entities and Lines as shown to the right.

Xform Result

Xform Group

Group Manager

~ Select the OK button to exit. [·.·.~··i ~ Select the Delete entity icon.

Entities Color

STEP 5:

ROTATE THE ARC ABOUT THE ORIGIN TO COMPLETE THE PART.

Xform Select the arc

~ Xform Rotate

~ [Rotate: select entities to rotate]: Select the 1.5 radius arc.

~~ Mit I

~ Click on the End Selection button. i~" .' End Selectiorl

Page 5-5

MasIercam.

TUTORIAL 5

• Rotate lEl

~ Make sure that you make all the changes as shown in the

screenshot to the right.

~ Change the Number (#) to 5 (Enter). ~ Enable Angle between.

~ Change the Angle to 60 degrees (Enter).

~ If the Preview is active you should be able to see the result.

~ Select the OK button to exit. 'I vi II Screen

~ Clear colors

STEP 6:

FILLET THE CORNERS.

Create ~ Fillet

~ Fillet Chains

~ Enter the fillet Radius fl 0.25. ~ [Select chain 1]: Select Entity A.

Select Enttty A

~ Select the OK button to exit chaining. ~ Select the OK button to exit the command.

rn

Page 5-6

Maslelram.

TUTORIAL 5

Xform

~ Xform Translate

~ [Select entities to translate]: Select the 5" diameter arc.

~ fll

STEP 7:

TRANSLATE THE 5" DIAMETER ARC DOWN.

~ Select the End Selection button.

~ Enable Move.

~ Set the number of translations to # 1.

~ Change the Delta value on Z to -0.125.

~ Select the OK button to exit. '1- ~l'i

Screen

~ Clear colors

Select this arc

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Select the Top View from the view toolbar to see the part from the top.

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STEP 8:

SAVE THE GEOMETRY

File

~ Save as

~ File Name: "Your Name 5"

~ Select the OK button.lm~1

Page 5-7

Mill X2

Masletram.

TUTORIAL 5

TOOLPATH CREATION STEP 9:

SET UP THE STOCK TO BE MACHINED.

Select the plus

Machine type ~ Mill

~ Select Default.

~ To display the Toolpaths Manager press Alt + O.

~ Select Stock setup.

Select Stock setup

Page 5-8

~ The stock shape should be set to Cylinder.

~ Enable the Z-Axis.

~ Enter the Diameter and Z values of the stock size.

~ Enable Display stock as Wireframe and enable Fit Screen to the stock.

~ Change the Z value in the Stock origin to set the datum

at the top of the part.

o Cylindrical "FiI<!

0D1spiay 0fit::~]

0Wref~ o Solid

Ox o- @Z

Stock Otigin .... '-"", In.iew coordinat ...

I~.~~ 1

~ Select the Tool Settings tab to set the tool parameters and the part material.

~ Change the parameters to match the following screenshot.

6''' For more information on the Tool Setting parameters check Tutorial #1.

~ Select the OK button to exit Toolpath Group Properties. 0

~ Select the Isometric View from the view toolbar to see the stock.lJC!l iJ r.iGiI

Program #

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~ Select the Top View from the view toolbar to see the

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part from the top. ~ ,m,i,

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~ OYerrtde defat..dts vmh modal ~aluea Gj o....,c. height GjRetracthe;g,t

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Page 5-9

STEP 10:

POCKET AND ISLAND FACING.

Toolpaths

~ Pocket Toolpath

~ Select the OK button to accept the NC name. ~ Select the two chains as shown below.

Select the first chain here

Select the second chain here

~ Select the OK button to exit Chaining.

Right-dick for options o 'I Toolfi~er 1

~ In the Tool Types field select the None button to disable all tools.

~ Select the Flat Endmill button as shown.

~ In the Tool Diameter field click the pull-down arrow and select Equal. ~ Enter the tool diameter value.

~ Select the OK button to exit Tool List Filter.

[i]

~ Click on the Select library tool button. ~ Select the Filter button in the Tool Selection window.

Page 5-10

~ Make sure that the tool is selected (highlighted) in the Tool Selection window.

~ Select the OK button to exit the Tool Selection window.

~ Make the changes as shown in the screenshot.

.," The Feed rate, Plunge rate, Retract rate and Spindle speed are based on the tool definition. Change them as desired.

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~ Change the parameters in the Pocketing parameter page as shown.

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o ae.t e additional finish operation

~ Select the drop-down arrow in the Pocket type and choose Island facing. ~ Select the Facing button and change the parameters as shown.

Page 5-11

Maslelram

TUTORIAL 5

)0> Set the Overlap percentage (percentage of the tool diameter) to set the amount the tool path overlaps the island. )0> The Overlap amount will be automatically updated.

)0> Enter the Approach & Exit distance values to set the distance from the island to the starting! exit point in the facing.

E l-Cit distance:

Stock above islands:

)0> Select the OK button to exit Facing. i-~i-'I )0> Enable and select the Depth cuts button to set the cut steps along the Z-axis.

)0> Enable Use island depth to set the depth cuts based on the island depth.

)0> Select the OK button to exit Depth cuts.

W

)0> Select the Roughing/Finishing parameters tab.

)0> Select the True Spiral as the Cutting method.

)0> Enable Spiral inside to outside to spiral from the center to the pocket wall.

llepl h cuts rxl "

Iv1 a. rough step

II Finish cuts

Finish step

o Keep tool down

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o Tapered wall.

~_l<dtulll o Sc>nI noIdIO 10 ~1Irl»

Page 5-12

)0> Select the OK button to exit Pocket parameters. )0> Select the Isometric View from the view tool bar to see

the toolPathlJ m IE) Cj~1

I. Select this arc

~ Select the OK button to exit Drill Point Selection.I~1 ~ Click on the Select library tool button.

~ Use Filter and select the %" Flat End Mill (see STEP 10 pages 5.10).

~ Select the Top View from the view toolbar to see the part from the top.IJ@)ij1j &JI

STEP 11:

CIRCLE MILLING THE INNER BORE.

Tool paths

~ Circle Paths

~ Circmill Toolpath

~ Select Entities in the Drill Point Selection dialog box.

~ [Select an entity]: Select the 3" diameter arc.

Select Entities

Page 5·13

Mill X2

Mas/eJram.

TUTORIAL 5

» Change the parameters as shown in the following screenshots:

»Select the Circmill parameters tab and change the parameters as shown.

~.( The Feed rate, Plunge rate, Retract rate and Spindle speed are based on the tool definition. Change them as desired.

» In the Comment field type a comment about the tool path for future reference.

» Enter the Depth = -1.0.

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Page 5-14

Mas/et'cam.

TUTORIAL 5

~ Enable and select the Break thru button.

• Break through l8J

~ Select the OK button to exit the Break through dialog box. rn

~ Enable and select the Depth cuts button to set the cut steps along the Z-axis.

~ Enable Keep tool down to not allow the tool to retract.

~ Select the OK button to exit the Depth cuts dialog box.

f"HQ1- J

~ Check the box in front of the Roughing button and select it.

Break through' amount:

, Depth cuts [g] .

Ma" rough step

II Finish cuts

Finish step

01K:~~p:I;;9(~9~ri

D Subprogram

Page 5-15

MasIe1ram.

TUTORIAL 5

STEP 12:

BACKPLOT THE TOOLPATH.

;.. Click on the Toolpath Manager tab to make it active. ;.. Select the Select all operations button.

;.. Select the Backplot selected operations button. ;.. Make sure that you have the following buttons

turned on (they will appear pushed down). I r -0-' -I -t -I -,

;.. Display tool _ ISP ay 00

;.. Display rapid moves

Display rapid moves I

;.. Select the Isometric View from the view toolbar to see the stock ........ __ ~:..I ;.. Select the Play button.

;.. Select the OK button to exit Backplot. 0

Page 5-16

Mastetram

TUTORIAL 5

TOOLPATH VERIFICATION STEP 13:

VERIFY.

~ Select the Verify selected operations button.

~ Select the Configure button. [~-II

~ Enable Use True Solid to be able, after verifying the part, to rotate and magnify it to more closely to check features, surface finish, or scallops.

~ Enable Change tool/color to change the color of the cut stock to indicated tool changes in the toolpath.

~ Select the OK button to exit

Verify Options.

Page 5-17

Mastercam

Mill X2 TUTORIAL 5

~ Set the Verify speed by moving the slider bar in the speed control bar. W J:_::~. .:it!~ ~ Select the Machine button to start simulation. W

~ The finished part should appear as shown in the following picture.

~ Select the OK button to exit Verify. r\11

STEP 14:

POST THE FILE.

~ Make sure that all operations are selected, otherwise:

~ Select the Post selected operations button from Toolpath Manager.

~ In the Post processing window, make all the necessary changes as shown below.

~ Enable NC file to keep the NC file assigning the same name as the MCX file.

~ Enable Edit to automatically launch the default editor.

~ Select the OK button to continue.

Page 5-18

Mas/eream.

TUTORIAL 5

~ Select the Save button to accept the file name.

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~ To exit the editor click on the red X.

STEP 15:

SAVE THE UPDATED MCX FILE.

~ Select the Save icon.

Page 5-19

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0 MasIetram.

TUTORIALS

REVIEW EXERCISE 1.

Student practise. Create the Toolpath for Exercise 1-Tutorial 5 as per the instructions below;

(jj=' Tips:

Stock size use Bounding box to establish X & Y sizes and give Z = 0.25" Tool Settings use the same settings as in the tutorial.

Center drill the holes using % " Center drill

Drill the thru holes using 3/4" Drill

Pocket the part using 3/4" Flat End Mill

Use Parallel spiral cutting method Contour the part using 1.5" Flat End Mill

1 roughing passes with spacing =0.5" 1 finish pass 0.05" (Multi passes) Backplot and Verify the tool paths.

Post process the file.

Page 5-20

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Mastercani

TUTORIAL 5

REVIEW EXERCISE 2.

Student practise. Create the Toolpath for Exercise 2-Tutorial 5 as per the instructions below;

r:tr Tips:

Stock size use Bounding box to establish X &Y sizes and give Z = 0.75" Tool Settings use the same settings as in the tutorial.

Center drill the hole using % " Center drill

Drill the thru hole using 3/4" Drill

Circle mill the 2" diameter thru hole using 3/4" Flat End Mill

Use depth cuts; max rough step = 0.375; keep tool down. Enable roughing

Contour the part using 1.5" Flat End Mill

1 roughing passes with spacing =0.1" 1 finish pass 0.05" (Multi passes)

Contour remachining the part using 0.375" Flat End Mill Change the contour type to Remachining and set the parameters as shown.

Use Depth cuts; max rough step = 0.25 1 roughing passes with spacing =0.1"

1 finish pass 0.05-" (Multi passes)

Backplot and Verify the toolpaths. Post process the file.

Page 5·21

TUTORIAL SERIES FOR

Maslercam. 2

TUTORIAL 6

LEVEL 1 - FACING, CONTOURING, POCKETING, DRILLING, IMPORT FROM LIBRARY.

Masletram

TUTORIAL 6

Objectives:

The Student will design a 3-dimensional wireframe drawing by:

» Creating a rectangle. » Creating parallel lines. » Creating fillet radii.

» Creating arcs.

» Using Translate to create a 3-dimensional wireframe.

The Student will create a 2-dimensional milling tool path consisting of:

» Facing the top of the part.

» Machining 2 simultaneous pockets with different depths. » Machining a 2D contour.

» Importing from the library 9/16 tap holes. » Drilling 3/8 holes.

The Student will check the tool path using Mastercam's Verify module by:

» Defining a 3-dimensional block larger than the size of the workpiece. » Running the Verify function to machine the part on the screen.

Page 6-2

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Mas/et'eam

TUTORIAL 6

GEOMETRY CREATION Setting the tool bar states

~" Before starting the geometry creation we should customize the tool bars to see the toolbars required to create the geometry and machine a 20 part. See Getting started page A-5 in the User Notes.

~" Toolpaths/Solids manager to the left of the screen can be hidden to gain more space in the graphic area for design. Press Alt + 0 to remove it. ~" Before starting the geometry make sure that the Grid is enabled. It will show you at each moment where the part origin is. See Getting started page A·5 for details.

STEP 1:

CREATE THE OUTSIDE PROFILE. 1.1 Create a rectangle knowing the width, the height and the base point.

Create

~ Create Rectangular Shapes

~ Select the double arrow to expand the Rectangle Options as shown (if needed).

~ Type the Width the Height and the Fillet Radius as shown in the picture to the right.

Select the double arrow

~ Select the lower left corner radio button as the anchor.

Page 6·3

MasIetram.

TUTORIAL 6

~ [Select position for the base point]: Select the center location of the grid (the origin).

Select the center of the grid

I Select position 01 first corner I

STEP 2:

CREATE THE FIRST POCKET. 2.1 Create parallel lines.

L_L-._I

Entity A

~ select the OK button to exit the rectangle dialog box.

W

~ Select the Fit button to fit the geometry to the screen.

~

~i. During the geometry creation of this tutorial, if you make a mistake ~2~ can use the Undo

icon to undo the last step. You can undo as many steps as needed.".,mlf you delete or undo a step by mistake, just use the Redo icon.~

Create ~ Line ~ Create Line Parallel

~ [ Select a line ): Select Entity A.

~ [ Select the point to place a parallel line through ): Pick a point to the right of the

selected line.

~ Type the Distance D"ti1.0 (Enter). ~ [ Select a line ): Select Entity A.

~ [ Select the point to place a parallel line through ): Pick a point to the

right of the selected line.

~ Type the Distance D~13.0 (Enter). ~ [ Select a line ]: Select Entity A.

~ [ Select the point to ~ce a parallel line through]: Pick a point to the right of the selected line.

~ Type the Distance lltl! 4.5 (Enter).

~ [ Select a line ): Select Entity B.

~ [ Select the point to flice a parallel line through ): Pick a point above the selected line.

~ Type the Distance :!:. 0.4 (Enter).

~ [Select a line ): Select Entity B.

~ [ Select the point to ~ce a parallel line through ): Pick a point above the selected line.

~ Type the Distance Ut~ 3.0 (Enter).

~ [ Select a line ): Select Entity B.

~ [ Select the point to place a parallel line through ): Pick a point above the selected line.

Page 6-4

-

L_~ ~ ~

Entity B

MasIetram.

TUTORIAL 6

~ Type the Distance [J3 6.0 (Enter).

~ Select the OK button to exit the command, I~

~ The drawing should look as shown in the picture to the right.

2.2 Create the corner fillets.

Create ~ Fillet

~ Fillet Entities

~ Enter the fillet Radius ~0.125. ~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point A. ~ [ Select another entity]: Select

~ Point B.

Point A

Point B I

~f Note that a fillet option will

be automatically drawn I I

depending on where you Point C

move the cursor around

the entities.

Point D

Point E

Point F

Point G

~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point C. ~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point D.

~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point E.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point F. ~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point G.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point H. ~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point K.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point L. ~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point M.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point N.

~ The drawing should look as shown in the picture to the right.

~ Select the OK button. i1

...__'

L: ~ __

i._Li

Page 6-5

Point N

~ PointM

Point L

Point H

Mill X2

STEP 3:

CREATE THE SECOND POCKET. 3.1 Create parallel lines.

MasIetram.

TUTORIAL 6

Create ~ Line

~ Create Line Parallel

~ [Select a line ]: Select Entity A.

~ [ Select the point to ~ce a parallel line through ]: Pick a point to the right of the selected line.

~ Enter the Distance 1l'!'16.0.

~ [Select a line]: Select Entity B. ~ [ Select the point to ltlice a parallel line through ]: Pick a point above the selected line.

~ Type the Distance .. i 0.4.

Page 6-6

[

L: ~i ......__.
i... c.:.j_ -, I
I Entity A I l Entity B ~ [ Select a line ]: Select Entity B.

~ [ Select the point to idce a parallel line through ]: Pick a point above the selected line.

~ Type the Distance l' 3.S.

~ Select the Apply button to continue, 0

~ [Select a line ]: Select Entity B.

~ [ Select the. point to ~ce a parallel line through ]: Pick a point above the selected line.

~ Type the Distance lttIlS.O. .

~ Select the OK button to exit the command,

~ [ Select a line ]: Select Entity A.

~ [ Select the point to place a parallel line through ]: Pick a point to the right of the selected line.

~ Enter the Distance n~[ 7.S

~ [Select a line]: Select Entity A.

~ [ Select the point to place a parallel line through ]: Pick a point to the right of the selected line.

~ Type the Distance U:!19.0.

Mastercam,

TUTOR/ALB

3.2 Create the corner fillets. Create

~ Fillet

~ Fillet Entities

~ Enter the fillet RadiusGJO.12S. ~ I Select an entity]: Select Point A.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point B.

/ I Point L 1

~----------~---~/

~----.

I-l--- -r---._-=-.......k =---+-'--t----'--I/~V I Point K I

1-1-- I Point H I --+---+----I-~::\~"

1\,'" I Point G I

I Point AI-+--h======±=::±:=_:l.---.,~\:--J'~ I Point F I

»> I \ I PointE I

1---- '-----1 PO-int c------'I' \ I Point D I

I Point M

I Point N

I Point B

~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point C.

~ I Select another entity]: Select Point D.

~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point E.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point F.

~ [Select an entity]: Select Point G.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point H.

~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point K.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point L.

~ [ Select an entity]: Select Point M.

~ [ Select another entity]: Select Point N.

~ Select the OK button to exit the command: lI!J ~ The drawing should look as shown to the right:

_. f-. l. I

Page 6-7

Mill X2

Mas/eream,

TUTORIAL 6

STEP 4:

CREATE ARCS KNOWING THE DIAMETER AND THE CENTER POINT.

Create ~Arc

~ Create Circle Center Point

~ Enter the Diameter value tel 9/1 Q (Enter).

~ [ Enter the center point ]: Select the Fast Point icon. ~ Enter the coordinates: 0.5, Q (Enter).

lr' To create more arcs with the same diameter click on the diameter icon tel. The diameter

and radius values will be highlighted in red. II 111- .1 ~ Select the Apply button to continue, D

~ [ Enter the center point ]: Select the Fast Point icon. 0 ~ Enter the coordinates: 9, 0.5.

~ Select the Apply button to continue, 0 ~ Enter the Diameter value i9l3/a (Enter).

lr' Note that the diameter and radius values will still be hi hlighted in red.

~ [ Enter the center point]: Select the Fast Point icon.

~ Enter the coordinates: 0.5, 0.5.

~ Select the Apply button to continue, D

~ [ Enter the center point ]: Select the Fast Point icon. ~ Enter the coordinates: 9, !3 (Enter).

~ Select the OK button to exit. til.

STEP 5:

CREATE THE 3-D DESIGN.

Xform

~ Xform Translate

~ [ Select entities to translate ]:

~ Hold-down the shift key and select

Entity A as shown. Entity A

lI'f. Note that the entire rectangle is

highlighted.

~~~I .

~ Select the End Selection button. ~

ref 0
V
.-J
_. C9 0
l -
., , ... Page 6-8

Mill X2

~ Enable Join.

~ Set the number of translations to # 1. ~ Change the Delta value on Z to -1.0.

~ Select the Apply button to continue. [Q]

~ [ Select entities to translate ]: Hold-down the Shift key and select Entity B.

~f Note that the entire pocket is

highlighted.

Entity B

~~ I!JI I

~ Select the End Selection button. . ... 81d~1)11

~ Enable Join.

~ Set the number of translations to # 1. ~ Change the Delta value on Z to -0.25.

~ Select the Apply button to continue.

Masletram

TUTORIAL 6

Page 6-9

" Trensletc ~f

Martercam®

TUTOR/ALB

r--'t) _ 0
----_:
I--
~
I
_. "9 ....__. \:...........: 0
L.
, .. -

~ Select the Isometric View from the view tool bar to see the stockJrI t!l iJ i@1 ~ Select Fit button. t~J

~ [ Select entities to translate]: Holddown the Shift key and select Entity C. ~' Note that the entire pocket is highlighted.

Entity C

> Select the End Selection button. ~~

~ Change the Delta value on Z to -0.125.

~ Select the OK button to exit. Ii tj ... i

Screen

~ Clear colors

STEP 6:

SAVE THE GEOMETRY

File

~ Save as

~ File Name: "Your Name 6"

~ Select the OK button. r~ i

Page 6-10

Delta

1"----~--~

LOC 100 fu"l

Fromz Io

Poiar

4j~~] ~ @_~_ij

Masletram.

TUTOR/AL6

TOOLPATH CREATION

MACHINE THE TOP OF THE PART STEP 7:

SET UP THE STOCK TO BE MACHINED. ~ Machine type

~ Mill

~ Select Default.

~ To display the Toolpaths Manager press Alt + O.

~~~1111!!1~

@. 0'" J f,' r " j.i t~., 2: Gi'

".C Make sure that 3D mode is enabled in the Status Bar. ~ Select the plus in front of Properties to expand the Toolpaths Group Properties.

Select the plus

~ Select Stock setup.

Select Stock setup

Page 6·11

Mill X2

Masletram.

TUTORIAL 6

~ Select the Bounding box button as shown.

~ Expand the X, Y and Z sizes with 0.1

If/'( The size of the blank material will be the finish size plus 0.2" on width, length and on thickness

~ Select the OK button to exit the Bounding Box dialog box. I~ll

~ Make sure that you have the same parameters as shown in the following screenshot.

~Display

Page 6-12

~ Select the Tool Settings tab and change the parameters to match the screenshot to the right.

~ Select the OK button to exit Toolpath Group Properties.l~J

~ Use the Fit icon to fit the drawing to ~,\

the screen. : .. , ..... '

STEP 8:

FACING THE TOP OF THE PART.

Program #

.MasIetram.

TUTORIAL 6

I o From tool

o From material

o From defaults

o User defined

---~ • Toolpath Configuration

~ Aosign 1001 numbero sequentially ~ Warn of duplicate tool number.! o Use toolio step, peck, coolart

O Searoh tool ibrory when entering a 1001 number

. Feed Celculenon

Retract rate

!~:Oi-------I [:,(}-O ,rar----1

[;i~ Uli

Plunge rate

o Aqust feed on arc move

Minimum arc feed r-cc·_·······,

l ~ __

Toolpaths

~ Face Toolpath

~ Select the OK button to accept the NC file name.

~ [Select OK to use defined stock or select Tain; .•. " .. , ..... r ~ Select the OK button to use defined stock. \'1.

Page 6-13

Advanced options _ ~ Ovenid .. defaul. with modal valu.. ~ ~ De.ranee heigh!

~ Retract heigh! ~Feedplane

Sequence # Stall

Maslelram.

TUTORIAL 6

~ Right-mouse click in the Toolpath parameters and select Create new tool.

~ Select Face Mill in the Tool Type as shown.

~ Change the Diameter to 3.0" and the Outside dia to 3.5", and press Enter. ~ The Facing dialog box should look as shown in the screens hot to the right.

Page 6-14

TUTORIAL 6

~ Select the Parameters tab and make the changes as shown to the right.

~ Type in the Tool name field: 3" Face Mill.

J~~":~lfT;;_c;Ilj~fP;"~;;;Of' 1_______ le.le.SpeedlFeedj

RoudlX'{step(%) fO·O .... ···· ... ·...... FnishX'r'dep rno...... [ .s"velo~r.,ry ...

RooghZ>loo ~ F,mhZ"oo t~~ _

Tool lie """" Tool nome ManufactUler's toolcode~=:_.-----ll

Chuck

~" The tool will be available just for the current job.To save the tool in a library select Save to library button.

~ Select the OK button to close Define tool dialog box.l~-i

~ Change the parameters in the Toolpath Parameters page as shown.

Toal~ 1!:.~~.~_"r"._ .. _ .. _ .......... mm ......... .. J

ToaI- .11 I Len. dfRt: ~l H=lIpr~ lb_df~ll I

Page 6·15

Mas/et'eam

TUTORIAL 6

~ Select the Facing parameters page and change the parameters as shown. ~ Select the drop-down arrow and change the Move between cuts to Linear.

Clearancevalue sets th height at which the tool rapids to or from the part. Retract value sets the' height the tool rapids/feedrates up to, before the next stepdown.

Top of stock value sets the height of the stock in the Zaxis. It is based on the job setup values.

Depth value sets the final machining depth for the facing operation.

~I\~ /Lv-\.'

o Use cI.~ only at the 11M .00 end of opermion

'-:-'-"'=.....J] l~3~=::]

@AbsokAe OIn_aI

I feed pl""" ,',', I I~_~ ___]

0-. ® ""-ental

III!!>(W~

.®:-. O~III ( , Qepth.. ] [00--]

(ii)AbooIuI. 0 In=mentoJ

jiG:]

Zstock tc leace: ~

o ,---",--,-_.

STEP 9:

ROUGH CUTTING THE TWO POCKETS.

Toolpaths

~ Pocket Toolpath

~ Enabled C-plane in Chaining to be able to select the chains without stopping at the branches.

~ Select the two pockets at the bottom, as shown.

Select first pocket here

~:o Note that the entire pockets are highli ~ Select the OK button to exit Chaining.

ReI cutter 0I00'1d COOlers Lsh.~_~.:"j~l

CUlmg method lz.gi~==:=:·:"·:"j~l

51_ [~~~:::]·412~~===:]

[;;~"":'::".~ ~_!;;;;;;;;;;;;;;:;::")

!\long 0V0!Iap: .~chc!I.u.r-: &1<11_1

~I~ Lt:i:J 0lZ2l I~ ~I

Page 6-16

Mastercam.

TUTORIAL 6

~ Click on the Select library tool.

~ Select the Filter button in the Tool Selection.

~ In the Tool Types

field select the Tool Types

None button to disable all tools.

• Toot List filter l8J

[ Reset all

~ Select the Flat Endmill tool type as shown (upper right corner).

~ In the Tool Diameter field click the pull-down arrow and select Equal. ~ Enter the Tool Diameter value to 1.0.

~ Select the OK button to exit Tool List Filter. t '''"J ~ Make sure that the tool is selected (highlighted).

~ Select the OK button to exit the Tool Selection dialog box. it/ml

Page 6·17

Mas/et'eam

TUTORIAL 6

~ Make the necessary changes to match the parameters with the screenshot to the right.

~ Select the Pocket parameters page and change the parameters as shown.

I CooI81t... I

~-----.-.-.-.-." ...... -." .. -.-.-.-,-'"

Feed rate. W~i~:] Spnd. speed. r~~':':::] I'blg" rate t~4176 __ I Aotrod rate. [~~"2~J

(] FOfCe tool ch",ge (] Rapid rebact

... -~

I&".':----+-!!:w~~~~~ [~OCj'Ppoci<el",1

'~"~'"'-'9F-' ~~~~

o [Tooigsplayuj 0 [~.:~]

[ P_... II <:ann.dTe.L. I I

(] Use eeeeeee only 01 the start and end of operoIIon

J ~25_~

0'::'-'_;AbooIute~-"O lnaemental

I feed plane. I [o~i-~-~ o AbooIute ® '1naementi!I

Machtrung direction

o Qimb 0 Conventional

--'

Tip camp [r~~······-····-··~i1

=""t~.,. IShaq>j)

Linearization to~nce

Xf stock to leave

z slock to leave

IQOi

1....... .J

I ~op of stock! i~o

o Absolute 0 Incremental

j Jlepth ...

El Creole odditionol f1l1ish operation

Page 6-18

Maslercam

TUTORIAL 6

STEP 10:

REMACHINING THE TWO POCKETS.

~" Note that the 1.0" Flat End Mill could not clean the 0.125" radius fillets. Using a 1/8" Flat End Mill to remove all the material inside the pocket will not be efficient. We will remove the remaining material using an 1/8" Flat End Mill tool with the remachining pocket style.

~ Select Toolpath Manager.

~ Right-mouse click and hold it down on the folder icon in front of the Pocket toolpath. ~ Drag the mouse down and release it. ~ Select Copy after.

- ·.'''''··l'I~I'''':1
~ 'm
Move before I
Moveaf'ter NDMILLl FlA]
~ Copybefure ~'ch~inr.)
2K·MAOlINI ~ Select the Roughing/Finishing parameters tab.

~ Select the Constant Overlap Spiral as the Cutting method. ~ Disable the Finish area.

~ Select the OK button to exit

Pocket parameters. I· '" HI

Stepover pe!Cel'ltoge [750"'''''''1 St_ cllII""", 1~7~ ...... i

Roulilng -ode

Page 6-19

ec 2'_IS-.n·rwcs:T

! i .. , P~lmletels

. ;. #2 ·1.0000 ENDMILL1 FlI'

i 1_ •• Geomelry· (2) choirj,)

',",II T oolpath . 10 2K . MAC~IN I

1 ~'1F.!P"'~_~--

.-----------,111--- i.-,!, #2·1.0000ENDMILLl FLO

Select Parameters :-1 Geometry·(2)ch~')

,. T oo!path ·10 2K • MACHINI

Maslelram.

TUTORIAL 6

~ You should now have two pocket toolpaths. ~ Left-click on the second pocket Parameters.

~ Select the Toolpath parameters page. ~ Click on Select library tool. ~ Following the steps outlined earlier, us

Too n.me [1~~':::':~~~~1~" " :

Tool #: r,.--"l l.en.oIIseI: r3""'--""l

L.............. . .J [~_."",, __ .

Too dia [0:125""!

Comer...aus: [~~"~=::]

I Coolant... I

Feed me: [6160896J Sp;n(se speed [4278'"'"1 Rooge rote [6-i~] _ rate: @~~~]

[ 'll'k""'r'r.'·"'" !>h;"" ,: o To batch

~ Select and change the parameters in the Pocket Parameter dialog boxes, as shown below.

o u.e cle"""",e only at the start and end of operation

o [ Retract.. I lOiS "I

o ..obsolute (') incremental

I Eeedpl"", ... I [oil

o Absolute 0lnc:remerltal

[Top of stock ... I [~T-""--I

o AbSOlute 0 Incremental

! Qepth. I [~~=::]

o Absolute 0 Incremental

Page 6-20

Machining direction ~-~, I €I Climb 0 Convontional •

". -..,.....,t .. tlr·"··t"'.t'I.-···;.··.,···:··;··~:~,;··.:...,!~

TIPCXJI11l tTJI 6j,

~ru:,""", ISh~Ill

Unearizatioo tolerance

x:t lItock 10 'leave E_,,-='J Z sted< 10 lea.. [00""[

Mill X2

Mastercam

TUTORIAL 6

~ Select the drop-down arrow in the Pocket type field and select Remachining.

~ Select the Remachining button and match the parameters with the following screenshot.

(lepth CuI. ~.

~ Check the parameters in the Roughing/finishing parameters page to

match the following tT~oti1~mel""';L~?"i<eli~~I'"""",""'":JR;;;hingfFiniShingp""'mete"I:.ww.~=======;-J

screenshot. rutingmeihod: ParaieiSpiai

, PPClw:l (St--Jndard) - Rough out "II pockets. rgl'

~~;_ /.L,.,.I.'

sses allowS. you to

~ Select the OK button to exit. r;; i

~ Select the Depth cuts button and change the parameters as shown.

~ Select the OK button to exit.

M ax rough step

# Finish cuts

Finish step

o Keep 1001 down

o U so island depths

'O.G9375

, ,

~

~ Select the OK button to exit. I:" . J

Page 6-21

o The previous operation

o Roughing tool diameter

1%10.0625

o Apply entry/exit curves to rough passes

o !M~£b;:~i.:~9.~~p.i~t:i.iftii~h:p.~~i~:~

o 0 isplay stock

~ Select the Regenerate all dirty operations icon.

~ Select the Move insert arrow down one item icon.

STEP 11:

IMPORT FROM LIBRARY 9/16 TAP HOLES.

~ Right-mouse click in Toolpaths Manager and select Import.

~ Select the drop-down arrow in the Source folder field and select Your name. Operations.

~ The three drilling operations used for the 9/16-12 tap will be listed.

~ Make sure that all operations are selected (click on tool path group).

~ Select the OK button. t.....:lt.:.:.:U

Page 6-22

o c.JtiJal. "","", ~ l •• dt

D~~'" 'l'.tlJmlbol~"""'"""iI1ItRlorc> QI_cpe"""'''~

QQiooble~t"9.J'*"oI\Ii!ll 9' 1f~

Ei[lll·~ol!l!:lkn

il!Jli"'DpO!1s..'''~1o!1

~ cllllllll!Dl". . ". .

.r.io1~_·~:TjlPJ·rrp!io,o;JOPl· ~'1tI.2.~'~"', rwi::srooPj. rr"'_"ljli;l' OiJi-qC Ql FTet.rv.tCS: T9PHr'~TGPJ·T~"

TUTORIAL 6

, 8': ..... t.~F· .. :·,~:L&~ reF .

.rut!< ""1;<111'<1 ~ Ill".]' fACE ~

E~l~1i>n> • ",s.~~

'" """"" ·~·HJPJ.[T eM c:...,.

PM~

E\olIOIld" ILl FlAT - 11~

~ ... j

_-110".

5tlt<t.,.

~l ,

....... "" ........ ""'~" .......... , .... ," .......

llH'AJ. Il~ '1

Mastercam

TUTORIAL 6

Select the Yes button to import the operation group too.

~' Note that all operations have no geometry. You are going to add the center points and regenerate the toolpaths as shown in the following steps. ~ Select Geometry in the "Simple drill - no peck" operation.

~ Select the OK button.

~ Select the upper red X button to exit Import Toolpath Operations.

Select Geometry

~ Select the OK button to accept the warning.

~ Right-mouse click in the Drill Point Manager and select Add points.

~ Select the Mask on Arc button.

~ [ Select arc to match]: Select the 9/16-12 arc.

, Import toolpnth operations ~'

~ Import I add the operation groups also?

I c:::: :::):.~ ::::]1 _....::t!D;___.

, Import tcolpath operatiolls t8J'

3 operations imported sua:essfully.

Page 6-23

• W~mine l2D .

Diameter: I' 0

~~

Tolerance: l?001_i

Mastetram.

TUTOR/ALB

Page 6-24

~ Right-mouse click on the Geometry of the spot drilling operation, and hold down the button.

~ Drag the Geometry of the spot drilling on the top of the drilling operation Geometry.

~ Release the right-mouse button, and select Add.

Select this arc

~ Make a window around the part as shown in the picture to the right.

Make this window

~ Hit Enter when finished.

~ Select the OK button to exit Drill Point Selection. r" I

~, The Drill Point Manager should look as shown to the right.

~ Select the OK button to exit Drill Point Manager. W

~ Select the Regenerate all selected operations icon.

~ Select No. We will need to change the drilling depth.

~ Select Drilling operation Parameters. ~

Select Parameters

Mastercam

TUTORIAL 6

lZJ

~ Select the Regenerate all selected operations icon. ~ Follow the steps outlined earlier and add the Geometry for the tapping operation. ~ Select the tapping operation Parameters and change the depth to -0.5.

~ Change the Depth to -0.75 and the Drilling cycle to Drili/Counterbore.

~ Select the OK button to exit.

> Select the OK button to exit.

~ Select the Regenerate all dirty operations icon.

, Peck Onlt - Dolling all 6 ]1164 di,,,,,·?I!·r hol"s. (5<1'

o Use cleaRJnCe only at the

start and end d operation

I. . Retract.. I iiiimmi

o Absolute 0 Incremental

I lop of stock._ J iiirimmj

o Absolute 0 Incremental

.~ ... I~~~'

,®~ Q~ fiWit

EJSW~m

RdQIj..Ie .,~

Page 6-25

TUTORIAL 6

STEP 12:

DRILLING 3/8 HOLES.

Toolpaths

~ Drill Toolpath

~ Select the Mask on Arc button.

arc.

~ [ Select arc to match ]: Select the 3/8 diameter

Select a window

~ Make a window around the part as shown in

the picture to the right. ~ Hit Enter button.

~ Select the OK button to exit Drill Point Selection.rfimi ~ Click on Select library tool.

~ Using Filter select the 3/8 Drill as shown in the previous steps. ~ Change the parameters in the

Toolpath parameters as shown below.

Select here the arc

Feed rate [~~ii355J Spindle >Peed. [~!~::] 1'U1;!_" 14211~ I ~

[ r.w.e values ! I Homepo •.•. j 0 ~_

Page 6-26

01 TipCO!!!l' ..

o Use clearance only at the

stall and end of operation

I Retrad" I ro.-;· .. ·----I

® Absolute 0 Incremental

I Top of stock... I ~=J

® Absolute 0 Incremental

[ Oopj,h. I [.'.0 11!J

®Absclufe O~ o Subprogram

Mill X2

TUTORJAL6

~ Select the second page tab and change the parameters as shown.

fa .. " ~fli>!1IOGe R;~lll>lll<ll~

102 ]01

In.l [0.1 [0.0

[~

~ Select the Tip comp ... button and make the changes as shown.

Page 6-27

Masletram.

TUTORIAL 6

Mill X2

STEP 13:

CONTOUR THE OUTSIDE PROFILE.

~3D ~[E Cll14l

.. . :. .

0[z:zl B[~]

Toolpaths

~ Contour Toolpath

~ Make sure that C-plane is selected in the Chaining dialog box. ~ Select the contour at the bottom.

~ Select the first entity in the contour, as shown.

"', Be sure to chain the contour in a CCW direction. Otherwise select

the Reverse button. I ~ > ( -I

l'ns~~:.m .. !!~:.1 DWait

[EJ [JIJ em I~<··l

CD

b7]1'j I

Select the contour here

~ Select the OK button to exit Chaining. W

~ Select the existing 1" Flat End Mill and make all the necessary changes in the Toolpath parameters page.

3 EndmiII1 ... 0.1250 .•.

4 Spot Drill 0.75{)lL. 314 SPO ...

5Dri11 0.4844-. 31/64 D_

6 Tap RH 0.5625-... 9/16-12 ...•

f Drill 0.3750 _. 3/8 DRILL

"I- The Feed rate, Plunge rate, Retract rate and Spindle speed are based on the tool definition. Change them as desired.

~ [ Mis" v .. lue .... j

[Homepos.j Q~

o To batch

Page 6-28

Maslelram

TUTORIAL 6

~ Enable the box in front of the Lead in/out button and select a combination of one Line and an Arc at the beginning and/or end of the contour tool path for a smooth entry/exit while cutting the part.

~ Select the Contour parameters and make the changes as shown.

,"1_ Cutter compensation in control requires the Lead in/out parameter to be turned on; most of the CNC machines need a linear move at the beginning of the program to compensate the cutter diameter.

'",' If you use the arc option too, make sure that the radius is larger than the radius of the tool.

~ Select the OK button twice to exit contour parameters.

1";11

, ContOllr (2D) - Contour th .. outsid .. profile. ~I

Compensation l)Ile:

~ I Qearance ... J ~~=]

o ,lbsolute 0 1ncrement.1

o u •• dearonce only at !he start and end of ope<>tion

~ I RetllcL I @~~ .. _J

o Jlt>soIute 0 Incremental : uuer

1 {{~ ;.~,(;unJt(;!:,j~'~

I feed pi"""... 1~~l_ .... _. __ J ,,:;;: '00" "h.,;,d

o ,lbsolute 0 Incremental

Compensation direction:

~()ptimi,e

TIPCO!!1P

Unealization loferanc.

[:::(}1 .. 1

~ ~

Max. depth

variance

XYllock 10 leave Zstock 10 leaye

o Gouge check entr,Y/exit motion

Line

(J Perpendicular 0 Tangent

Length: ~% ]1.0

; *--.--' ,

Ramp helgnt'

(_OO __ l

,6,diu;.looend of contour

Length ~%~

o

G

Page 6-29

Martercam®

TUTOR/AL6

~ Select the Depth cuts button and change the max rough step to 0.5

r(i~--~~' Depth cui order

<::.=---: (i) By coni our 0 By depth o ,

J-______..j

M a>: rough step:

# Finish cuts:

0.05 I '--------'

STEP 14:

BACKPLOT THE TOOLPATH.

~ Select the Select all operations icon to select all operations.

~ Select the 8ackplot selected operations button.

~ Make sure that you have the following buttons turned on (they will appear pushed down).

I Display tool I

~ Display tool

~ Display rapid moves

Display rapid moves I

~ Select the Play button.

~ Select the OK button to exit 8ackplot.

Page 6-30

Page 6-31

Mill X2

.Martwcam..

TUTORIAL 6

VERIFY· TOOLPATH VERIFICATION STEP 15:

VERIFY.

~ Select the Verify selected operations button.

r[jj1

~ Select the Configure button.L!:!:::J

~ Make the changes as shown.

e;ct: otg,qiI <!!IItleIr.._ I;JII1n~aT,.",

;l(.J(;~tICCJIOr to eha1j§'e thE! to indicated ol~ath,

~ Select the OK button to exit Verify Options.

Mastetram.

TUTORIAL 6

~ Set the Verify speed by moving the slider bar in the speed control bar. W l .. : - ~.I ~

~ Select the Machine button to

start simulation. W ~ The finish part should appear as shown in the picture to the left.

~ Select the OK button to exit

Verify. 1-\7··,

STEP 16:

POST PROCESS THE FILE.

~ Make sure that all operations are selected.

~ Select the Post selected operations button from Toolpath Manager.

~ In the Post processing window, make all the necessary changes as shown to the right.

NC file enabled allows you to keep the NC file and to assign the same name as the MCX file.

Edit enabled allows you to automatically launch the default editor.

~ Select the OK button to continue. rn

Page 6-32

~ Enter the same name as the geometry name in the NC File name field.

~ Select the Save button.

Marlelram

TUTOR/AL6

I ~ve I ~

("lI<~ tt~~ .. mcJII ~J:lII_6 I

t~:ttf'U'· ",'Or'( :"~ttff'ntt - lUI .. I -.J .Q=~

1rJI'¥O qrI ~'It IJ~I!II ~ 4~

l ,. ~ m.:.:. =-.»'=., ~.! ~. ~r .. r =~.": ;;:u.~ - ;:

~ 1".;11;" ~ "":'aM 0,. = Br-'. )

"''::::1,,'

.1. GO ~ .;)t. 1r".1.4 ~_~" -.fl. "tM~ w n a:n iI1 c.;,

111),1'.3

Jll II!I~ ~Iit. r" )I!I.·%U.,~ I"III~ .I~'!'}.~ ... .u.~l....'!o

.. u T'~"CU~Ui.., m!I ,.~_~~! IIIH No.).' ml.1.~+ JD!I!j 1Ul~. dl~

IQ:iI !till !kit' ~th

n,j ~ ~Q. 'd. ~, "2:~~::'

( :. mrJ~tua~. 1...:(!;1. , Jru..,;;rr,

I~'I;,'JI~~~.I

.,1. nlill

~ <H. ~ 1J.1. X!',J.5:,il "1","":.;;(0, 1ni',ILI'

1II2lI.c; .. ,'1103: I.:l. !III .... "I~

jI:J:I ,rn_ .I~.-:t .. ,._ 41, If.l": ~J....11 'l;t~1t IfD 'Il ......

IItI ~~~;!I..I' ••• ;- 1O:!!I~*1.,.

-mt: "c'.:1 "1'f~'U: lin 'II • ...:'

.JiIU );J~I. ... Tt~~' .~-3: 1H.'iI~

-1lH Zl.I.~. '1.'''_ 1Ii~ Xl.U:U .. ",.I!i=l 'PI" lC'Jjul 1' • .,~u:., 1£]1 U..JffJ n .. "'~ 111. IL.::!u; U",:' n 1i'(3!1 l(.h,l~~f" "f~ '~fI'j

Ina 1f"]'.~.UI'l'l

~ Select the red X box at the upper right corner to exit the Editor.

Page 6-33

MasIercam

TUTOR/ALB

MACHINE THE BOTTOM OF THE PART. STEP 17:

SET THE NEW TOOL PLANE, CONSTRUCTION PLANE AND ORIGIN.

~ Select WCS in the Status Bar. ~ Select WCS Manager.

1[~!tr~F0I-m!1---r~!rJ&fuPa

WOOl ._w,,~,,~

j; wcs - Cplane j:; wes - Tplane it WCS-G.~

tlllrj'!"1'I'1"_ § .

"'__"., .. __ -,

~ Select Geometry

x X X

~ Select the lines as shown below.

Select the first line

Select the second line

~ Select the OK button to accept the view.

Page 6-34

Mill X2

Maslelram

TUTOR/AL6

~ Enter the New View name

~ Make sure that Associative and Set new origin are enabled.

~ Click on Select button to select the new Origin from

the graphic area. ~

~ Select the drop down arrow from the AutoCursor Ribbon Bar and select Intersection

~ [Select line, arc or spline]: Select Entity A ~ [Select line, arc or spline]: Select Entity B

Entity A

Entity B

~ Select. the OK button .. ~ '" J

~ Select Bottom Part View and click on Set your current WCS, construction plane and tool plane with their origins to the selected view button.

~ Select the OK

Page 6-35

~ Click on the minus in front of Toolpath Group-1 and 9/16 -12 Tap to collapse all the operations.

Mill X2

button. 1"'11/ i

~ Select the Isometric view. I] ~ jJ Ii@ I ~ The part should look as shown to the right.

STEP 18:

FACE THE BOTTOM OF THE PART

,MaSIetram.

TUTORIAL 6

M..ohh. (i.o.,p. 1

JIJ. Pr-*·B.....noM~ &8 TpoIl>OIn G,_,

~ l·FocIn!!·l\'I~:TDI'J·[l~, I I I Cl P ....... ,!I* l . '-l' 1!1. 100J0 FiiCE toll Ll . 3" I

I I _~'''!''"''l'·JobS\'!llpSlDok

Toapett!·allK·'l'I)UR ~. iii) • 2· Peeker (SI.ndOld)· (WCS: TC . ~ -II P8ameten

, , #2· UDOO ENDMllll FLAl : ..... Geomeby - (2) chain(.)

; II!II Toobath-l1.4K-YOUR NA lif-I!lo 3'J>o::bl~erruml1~·tw

I !lParilfTill\... .

'E ' " "3 ·11121l1 EN[)r.{U 1 FlA1 'I G.ornolrr·[ZJ,~·)

" ,T~·68.8K,·'l'I)lJF!~

a 911 12T..,

"' .,. 4· DriVe-I.rbor.· r,.;CS: TOI: . 'P5emeter\$ : .' #4·0,7500SPOT ORlll· ,[ L. G.om.~y - (2) Poinl. '

l1li T ooboth· 4.7K . YOUR NA~:

911) 5 - Peck Dr~ - r,.;CS: TOP)· [TpI,

I

~ Right-mouse click on the Machine Group-1 and select Groups and New Toolpath group

~ Enter the name of the group: "Facing part bottom"

MIl toolpaths l:tobe: too!paths VJ.~r"2 tod0:"1tfm Route; tnolDa:th5

Miillhin.G~'

!il--lIL proPIlcru... ·[3Il!'lefic) M~ "8:' T lXllp<!lh GroUp- t

:.=1.1 9115-12 T ~

i

Page 6-36

Mastercam

TUTOR/A L6

Toolpaths

~ Face Toolpath

~ f s~er OK to use defined stock or select chain1 ]: Select the OK button to use defined stock.

~ Select the 3" Face Mill and change the parameters in the Toolpath Parameters page as

shown.

Tool name r~:!~·MiIi'-'·"""""""""""'·"·""'-'-'-'-'-J

Tool II l~m" I '-"':1. d&et; ~

Head II [i=~J DJ .. «<R!: Ie]

Tool di. I~~~_"_,,I

I Coolanl..

feed rate ~ Spindle speed l~J Rebact rate: [5ill DRapid-

~ Select the Facing parameters page and change the parameters as shown. ~ Select the drop-down arrow and change the Move between cuts to Linear.

~ Select the OK button to exit.

F'T'l .. ~ ... ' .. ' .... ' .. "'.,

~:

L...:=~ .... I. [20'::1 Til ...... 0!1bsollite 0 ~~

o Lise c1.""",,,,, only at the

start and end 01 ~ ~m<Ih><!:

o I RoIr!d.. l ~"]

0!1bso11.ite 0 In=mertal

I feedpl""" ,b, I ~,1 --]

O!lbsoll.ite ® In=mertal

Ed distance:

Page 6-37

MasIeIram.

TUTORIAL 6

STEP 19:

BACKPLOT AND VERIFY THE OPERATION.

~, Follow the instructions at pages 6-30 to 6-32 STEP 20:

POST THE LAST OPERATION ONLY.

~" To be able to create a new program we need to rename the NC file.

~ Right -mouse click on the Facing operation and select Edit selected operations and Change NC file name ...

VIEWI [Tulane eon

~ Enter the new name as shown. Your Name 68

~ Select the OK button. r~ I -

~ Right -mouse click on the Facing operation and select Edit selected operations and Change Program # ...

~ Enter a new number.

~ Select the Post selected operations button from Toolpath Manager.

Page 6-38

Mill X2

Maslelram

TUTORIALB

~ Select the Save button.

» In the Post processing window, make all the necessary changes as shown to the right.

» Select the OK button to continue .. ~~]

~:,.;j::; ..

Se'g·:tE,:':;;!.

n Output MIX lile descriptor

(2) NCfile

: O Overw,ite

dIIIU"

I~ ...... ~ ~W~_""I . (iU~Jt~ ~!_i!'f-..~,.~~ __ hU~ ~~

.1It 111;1 .:1..1 IHI) .... 111.0. ail)

::;=~l.r.I.~4:r..~~~;"'" ~ _jJ7 -r .u:a.. -~ I

"Gnll1-

"U III. 0". III" :I ... J~~ T-. HI;U -=. ~ IIt;I .lI~ 11'-, II:i "jlr~

JI~ I~

r, j; .... t'.L.

:;~;~~~r~r

JI'u T •• U',w

ltl,. "'1,~

IrH ,'.'lBlI

."i 11 ~ I

_Ul.Jo,J 'II"f_ ItH-.IJ~,

.. , ..

Iq.IH.:u. .0. lft"tilOl'l :m_""'"! .... IQ~I(J!::

.

» Select the red X box at the upper right corner to exit the Editor.

..-

STEP 21:

SAVE THE UPDATED MCX FILE.

~ Select the Save icon.

Page 6-39

(/) W I:

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0 0 0
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~ o l.D N

r-,

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o------~'

r-, o o o

co

TUTOR/ALB

REVIEW EXERCISES.

Student practise. Create the Toolpath for Exercise 1- Tutorial 6 as per the instructions below;

(iF Tips:

Create the 3D geometry using XformfTranslate. Create each pocket with a different depth.

Stock size use Bounding box to establish X, Y & z sizes and give extand X, Y, and Z 0.2

Face the top of the part using 3" Face Mill (create a new tool or get it from the library) Spot Drill the 3/8" diameter holes using 1/2" Spot Drill

Drill the 3/8" diameter holes using 5/16" Drill

Tap the 3/8" diameter holes using 3/8 -16" Tap

Drill the 1/2" diameter holes using 1/2" Drill

Add the Yz holes center points in the Spot Drill and edit the depth of the holes.(See Tutorial 3)

Rough Pocket the part using 1" Flat End Mill Select each pocket at the bottom

Depth = 0 (incr)

Max rough step (depth cuts) = 0.25 Stock to leave XY = 0.05

Use Parallel spiral clean corners cutting method Remachining Pocket the part using 1/8" Flat End Mill Contour the part using 1.5" Flat End Mill

2 depth cuts

1 rough pass; spacing = 0.1

1 finish pass; spacing = 0.05 Backplot and Verify the tool paths. Post process the file.

Page 6-40

z:

u [}::::

w x w

I '0

o

§

o

........

§ §

§

N

o o o

N ~

Masteream.

TUTORIAL 6

Student practise. Create the Toolpath for Exercise 2-Tutorial 6 as per the instructions below;

r:::lr Tips:

Create the 3D geometry using XformlTranslate. Create each pocket with a different depth.

Stock size use Bounding box to establish X &Y sizes and give Z = 1.2" and the stock origin Z =0.2

Face the top of the part using 3" Face Mill (create a new tool or get it from Big.tlB library) Center Drill the 3/8" diameter holes using 1/4" Center Drill

Drill the 3/8" diameter holes using 3/8u Drill

Contour the part using 1.5" Flat End Mill

2 depth cuts

Rough Pocket the part using 1" Flat End Mill Select each pocket at the bottom

Depth = 0 (incr)

Max rough step (depth cuts) = 0.25 Stock to leave XY = 0.05

Use Parallel spiral cutting method

Remachining Pocket the part using 3/B" Flat End Mill Finish Pocket the part using 3/B" Flat End Mill Backplot and Verify the tool paths.

Post process the file.

Page 6-41

Mill X2

SURFACE MODELING

SURFACE MODELING

GEOMETRICAL SURFACES are surfaces that have a constant shape, such as blocks, cylinders, cones, spheres, or draft surfaces and revolved surfaces.

~, A contour is defined as a chain of entities. Mastercam entities include points, lines, arcs, and splines. In order to form a chain, the distance between the entities should be less than O.0001mm.

See Tutorial 12 and Tutorial 14. Examples

~Rev()i~~d: S~r:fpce:",asurfaye gel'leratect~y rotatingacontejur 91"ound ag'axis"or a line.

Applicati()_ns:,gn parts.that require arcor circular.cross sectioQs .

. ,~ --,,- _- .;,_,_,,------_.,. ",. . .'.

See Tutorials 8,14 and 15. Examples

Page 7-1

Maslercam.

SURFACE MODELING

FREE FORM SURFACES are surfaces generated from arbitrary curve segments and follow no set geometrical pattern.

See Tutorials 9, 12, 13 and 15. Examples

UL..ott SUi,"fage: a ~Urface'ge~erated by blending togetFIer more than 3 open or closedcontours. j\S.,8 r.,esult the surface has rounded edges at the intermediate contours.

Applications: any time a surface must be parabolically blended through more than two curves. j'iiThe,system will aotomatically create-a ruled surface througti two chains of entities:

~""'f" . «

;;.iQ).,Sw~pt Surface: a.surface generated by translating ore rotating one or more contoyrs (across

curves) along one or two other contours (along curves). Applicc;ttions: used when the across section of tne surface at any point is constant (wnen the surface Il% generated feom one across contour and one along contour). Also used when fhe across section at any section 'is n~t constant (wilen the surface is generated from two or more across contours and one or two a1o~g contours).

Examples

Page 7-2

SURFACE MODELING

See Tutorial 10. Examples Single patch

DERIVED SURFACES

Multiple Patches

u-Offset Surface:' a surface created by offsetting an existing surface with a given distance. Each point frortrthe offset surface is at a fixed, normal distance from the original surface. J\p_eliqations: used to create ast..rrface offset at a given distance from the original surface.

See Tutorial 13. Exam les

Y',~ ~~Trim Surface:' a surface gE!hleratetl by trimming an existiklg surface to a specific bOl4;ndary, to .

another surface, or to a given plane.

Extend Surface: a §w,Ff'ace generated by extendinq an existing surface to a plane or by a given length.

Applications: used to redefine ~he surface edges.

See Tutorial 15. Examples

Page 7·3

Mill X2

SURFACE MODELING

See Tutorial 12.

Examples

ORIGINAL

RESULT

~Fillet Surface: a sllrface generated by creating" fillets (radius) that are tangent to thg original surfaces. You can also create a fillet surface between a surface and a plane, and between"a surface and"a curve. ' Application: J'sed to smooth'sharp edges.

\$'"

ORIGINAL

RESULT 1

RESULT 2

Examples

ORIGINAL

RESULT

Page 7-4

Mastercam

SURFACE MODELING

SURFACE TYPES

Mastercam allows you to create three different types of surfaces: Parametric, NURBS (NonUniform Rational B-Spline), and Curve-generated. Each type uses a different method to calculate

- "

UParametric: the system generates<the surface by translating each curve segment (parametric spline) in a different direction forming a patch. A patch is the surface area bounded by four contours (chains of entities).

and store mathematical data about the surface.

Characteristics:

~ Compatible with IGES and VDA conversion. ~ Not associated with their generating curves. ~ Require a large amount of data storage.

UNURBS: the system generates the s.urface by translating the string of control points in a second direction, resulting in a grid.

AA" 'Iii ~ .J& .j@ _Iii

Characteristics:

~ Compatible with IGES conversion. Can be output (from Mastercam) to a VDA file format. ~ Not associated with their generating curves.

~ Require less data storage than parametric surfaces but slightly more computing time.

uCurve-gene~~ted~~the system stores exact data about their generating curves.

Characteristics:

~ Associated with their generating curves.

~ Require less data storage than parametric or NURBS surfaces.

~' Entity association refers to the dependent relationship between the entity and the original entity or group of entities from which the entity was generated. If you delete the original entity or group of entities the system deletes the surface too.

Page 7-5

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