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Table of Contents ..............................................................................................................................................3 The Logical Framework.....................................................................................................................................5 Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................1 Organization of the Handbook ..........................................................................................................................3 The CAS, CDF & the Portfolio ..........................................................................................................................7 Primacy of Point-of-View ...................................................................................................................................9 Logical Framework ..........................................................................................................................................13 CAS Goal .........................................................................................................................................................19 Development Objective ...................................................................................................................................21 Outputs.............................................................................................................................................................25 Component Activities.......................................................................................................................................33 Performance Indicators ...................................................................................................................................37 Monitoring & Evaluation ..................................................................................................................................49 Assumptions and Risks ...................................................................................................................................53 Manageable Interest........................................................................................................................................63 Adaptable Lending: APL & LIL........................................................................................................................67 Design Quality Review ....................................................................................................................................75 The Structural Adjustment Loan .....................................................................................................................79 Logframe Tips ..................................................................................................................................................81 Sample Logframes...........................................................................................................................................85

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Add Quantity (how much) The number of graduates increased from 5. Add Time (by when) The number of graduates (40% female / 60% male) from lower income families in northwest districts increased from 5.000 per annum starting in year three of project.000. . Add Quality (what kind of change) The number of graduates passing standard exams (40% female / 60% male) from lower income families in northwest districts increased from 5.000. Add Time (by when) Rice yields (of same quality as 199x harvest) of small farmers (owning 3 hectares or less) increased by x bushels (or from x to y) per annum starting in 199x harvest.000 to 14.QGLFDWRUV 7KH DFW RI SXWWLQJ QXPEHUV TXDOLWLHV DQG GDWHV RQ LQGLFDWRUV LV FDOOHG 447 WDUJHWLQJ 7KLV LV D IRXUVWHS SURFHVV     $QRWKHU H[DPSOH Basic Indicator Rice yields of small farmers increased.     Practical Indicators Basic Indicator More and better trained students graduate.QGLFDWRUV PXVW EH SUDFWLFDO LQ WHUPV RI HDVHRIXVH DIIRUGDELOLW\ DQG DWWULEXWLRQ 'RHV WKH SURMHFW KDYH RU ZLOO LW KDYH.3HUIRUPDQFH .000 to 14.000 to 14. Add Quantity (how much) Rice yields of small farmers increased by x bushels (or from x to y). Add Quality (what kind of change) Rice yields (of same quality as 199x harvest) of small farmers (owning 3 hectares or less) increased by x bushels (or from x to y).

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Project Impact Sustainable timber production

Case I: Sustainable timber production may not materialize for 25 years after the start of the project. We might be able to accept the height and survival rate of seedlings at interim stages as a leading indicator of long term impact.

Student Population Composition 100% 80% % 60% 40% 20% 0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 Year Males Females

Case II: Increased production of the secondary school graduates will take several years. Some promising process or leading indicators might include: increased female enrollment rates, improved retention rates, increased transition rates, reduced drop-out rates.

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y export sales. % reduction in passenger complaints  . z new business starts. # cases processed per mth • Environmentally friendly power system in operation in terms of Kw power provided to # rate powers with lower emissions levels • Telecommunications sector reformed and liberalized with issuance of # additional operators licenses. by x date • Performance of the legal system improved with # increased cases of alternative dispute resolution. et al. % on time arrivals. regulatory framework established • Transportation services improved with % reduction in delays of departures. UDWKHU WKDQ WR WKH 2XWSXWV )XUWKHU H[DPSOHV RI '2 OHYHO LQGLFDWRUV • Small farmer agricultural production increased from x to y per annum • Private sector competitiveness improved with x% increased investment. reduction of case processing time from x to y.

3 Decline in dropout rate in year two 1. EOPI Performance Indicator 1.4 Transition rates increased in year two 1.2 Female enrollment rates in year one 1. better trained.5 Improved test scores using new curriculum by end year three.3HUIRUPDQFH .I WKH DVVXPSWLRQ KROGV WUXH RU WKH ULVN GRHV QRW PDWHULDOL]H. Leading Indicators: 1.1 X# students (40% female / 60% male) from rural communities graduate from secondary schools in the northwest region per/annum with test scores of a minimum of x%. LQGLFDWRUV ZLOO RIWHQ UHTXLUH WKH XVH RI OHDGLQJ LQGLFDWRUV /RRN DW WKH H[DPSOH EHORZ Development Objective More. by end of project. 2XWSXW OHYHO DVVXPSWLRQV DUH D JRRG VRXUFH RI OHDGLQJ LQGLFDWRUV . equitable mix of students graduated from secondary school.QGLFDWRUV  Add Leading Indicators to EOPI: 'HYHORSPHQW 2EMHFWLYH (23.

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Demand driven marketing and infrastructure services developed and provided. 1.700 square meters connected to the public utilities infrastructure and operational by 199x. 2.2 Market has equivalent to 20 tons per square meter of trading floor area.  . Farmers association program designed and implemented. 2.2 Infrastructure technical support services* (see description) team established. validated and plans developed.2XWSXW /HYHO .1 A combined trading area of 12. Fruit. vegetable and provision halls constructed and operational.2 Establishment of 20 community-based farmer associations engaged in grading. meeting x criteria. operational. designed. 1.1 Client driven marketing support* (see description) provided by on-site consulting team of x# trained* (see description) professionals responding to y level demand per week from z date. Performance Indicator 1. 3.QGLFDWRUV 7KLQN RI 2XWSXW LQGLFDWRUV DQG WDUJHWV DV WKH YDOXH WKH LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ RI WKH FRPSRQHQWV ZLOO EULQJ WR WKH SURMHFW DQG WKH NH\ DUHDV IRU ZKLFK WKH LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ WHDP PXVW ZRUN WR DFKLHYH 7KH 2XWSXW SHUIRUPDQFH LQGLFDWRUV DQG WDUJHWV GHILQH WKH LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ PDQDJHPHQW JURXS·V WHUPV RI DFFRXQWDELOLW\ 7DLORU 2XWSXW LQGLFDWRUV DQG WDUJHWV WR DFKLHYH '2 OHYHO RXWFRPHLPSDFW 2XWFRPHLPSDFW LV WKH RQO\ UHDVRQ IRU GRLQJ 2XWSXWV DQG LQGLFDWRUV GHILQH WKH FDXVDO UHODWLRQVKLS EHWZHHQ 2XWSXWV DQG '2 LPSDFW 7KH YHU\ SURFHVV RI GHILQLQJ DQG WDUJHWLQJ WKHVH LQGLFDWRUV ZLOO DOVR KHOS VKDSH WKH V\QHUJ\ DPRQJ WKH 2XWSXWV DQG RSSRUWXQLWLHV IRU LQWHJUDWLRQ Outputs 1.1 A pilot association scheme. operational and responding to demand for x type services at y capacity levels from 200x. operational by 199x and prepared to be multiplied by 199x. and other market value added related services by 199x. packaging. 2. 1.

Road network upgraded. Improved work planning systems installed and operational 2. DOs & Outputs Agriculture productivity increased. X days of on-time bus service Infant mortality rates reduced from x to y # and quality of female graduates from secondary school. Better Indicator # tons. Vehicle maintenance costs reduced. Forest management policy framework improved GR QRW PHDVXUH . % of unemployed trained. Farmers’ productivity increased.QGLFDWRUV $YRLG 7KHVH 0LVWDNHV Lack of Independence 'R QRW XVH LQGLFDWRUV DW RQH OHYHO WR PHDVXUH SHUIRUPDQFH DW DQRWKHU 0DQ\ SURMHFWV KDYH WKLV ZHDNQHVV 5HPHPEHU WKDW LQGLFDWRUV GHVFULEH WKH REMHFWLYHV LQ WKH ILUVW FROXPQ WKH\ GR QRW FDXVH WKHP )RU H[DPSOH WKH IROORZLQJ LQGLFDWRUV DQG WDUJHWV Development Objective Improved performance of the Forest Department Performance Indicators 1. quality of sorghum production.PSURYHG SHUIRUPDQFH RI WKH )RUHVW 'HSDUWPHQW 7KH\ PHUHO\ PHDVXUH VRPH DWWULEXWHV RI LPSURYHG SHUIRUPDQFH ERUURZHG IURP WKH 2XWSXW OHYHO 7KH PRUH OLNHO\ LQGLFDWRUV DQG WDUJHWV IRU LPSURYHG SHUIRUPDQFH PLJKW LQFOXGH Increased # of bio-diverse hectares demarcated. Institutional capacity built. Unemployment rate reduced from x to y. Improved access to health services. Health status improved. # kilometers of class A roads constructed and maintained. improved. Credit program implemented. # village funds meeting criteria established and submitting proposals # small farmer loans at x$ volume processed. Transport services improved. :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . School system improved. Village funds established. protected with sustainable cooperative forest management programs by end of 200x. Roads & bridges rehabilitated. Unemployment reduced. Staff development program implemented 3.3HUIRUPDQFH . Indicator? Extension services improved. Infrastructure improved. 7KLV LV WKH )RUHVW 'HSDUWPHQW GRLQJ LWV MRE SHUIRUPLQJ /RRN DW VRPH RI WKH RWKHU H[DPSOHV Goals.

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Extension program delivered. Small farmer credit program implemented. Project Objective THEN Increased rice production. 1. Assumptions. High-yield varieties introduced. High-yield varieties 24 inches of rain by June 30. Fertilizer introduced. delivered. introduced. 2. Small farmer credit program 4. Extension program 3. Risks Assumptions. 24 inches of rain by June 30. implemented. 3. 4.I WKHUH LV ZDU LW PD\ EH VHOI HYLGHQW WKDW WKHUH ZLOO EH QR SURMHFW Levels of Assumptions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ncreased rice production. Risks $YRLG DVVXPSWLRQV ZKLFK DUH XQUHDOLVWLF VXFK DV QR LQIODWLRQ RU QRW FULWLFDO WR WKH FDXVDO ORJLF RU ZKLFK WULYLDOL]H WKH GHVLJQ )RU H[DPSOH DQ DVVXPSWLRQ VXFK DV QR RXWEUHDN RI ZDU LV VXUHO\ DQ LPSRUWDQW FRQGLWLRQ KRZHYHU LW GRHV QRW KHOS WKH GHVLJQ . ZLOO EH GLPLQLVKHG 6XIILFLHQW UDLQIDOO WKXV LV DQ LPSRUWDQW DVVXPSWLRQ WR WKH ORJLF RI WKH SURMHFW 7KH 2XWSXWV DUH QHFHVVDU\ EXW DUH QRW VXIILFLHQW Narrative Summary Project Description D. IF AND Outputs Outputs 1. Fertilizer introduced.O.

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LQ UHODWLRQVKLS WR WKH SURMHFW GHVLJQ 7KHLU &UHGLW 6\VWHP 2XWSXW ZRXOG PDQDJH WKH QXPEHU DQG ORFDWLRQ RI WKH EDQNV PDNH WKHP DFFHVVLEOH WR WKHLU FOLHQWV HVWDEOLVK FULWHULD IRU SRWHQWLDO ERUURZHUV DQG ORDQ SURFHVVLQJ SURFHGXUHV E\ WKH WLPH WKLV FDSDFLW\ LV LQ SODFH /RRN DW WKHVH H[DPSOHV RI PDNLQJ JHQHUDO DVVXPSWLRQV PRUH VSHFLILF LQFOXGH • “Local/national market condition/prices” might read “the area irrigated is not adversely affected by distortions in energy pricing” :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  .

" • "Adequate funding" should be improved to read "3 million dollars counterpart funding supplied by May 1994." • "Food supplies available" should be improved to read "Agencies maintain 6 tons per month rice supply to Site 2” Assumptions Step #3: Analyze their Importance and Probability – Rate the Risk )RFXV RQ DVVXPSWLRQV WKDW DUH FULWLFDO WR WKH VXFFHVV RI WKH SURMHFW DQG KDYH D KLJK ULVN RI IDLOXUH 7U\ WR DVVHVV WKH OHYHO RI ULVN LQ WKHVH FULWLFDO DVVXPSWLRQV .LOOHU $VVXPSWLRQV DUH RI SDUWLFXODU LQWHUHVW 8VH SHUFHQWDJHV RU XVH D VLPSOH UDWLQJ V\VWHP OLNH WKH RQH EHORZ WR LGHQWLI\ WKH GRZQVLGH ULVN WKDW WKH FRQGLWLRQ PD\ QRW PDWHULDOL]H IDLO WR KROG WUXH.• “No drought” should be improved to read "10 inches of rainfall between May and October.

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High yield variety seeds planted. 1 Adequate Rainfall • • 2. 2. Extension services improved / delivered. Assumptions & Risk Outputs: 1. 3. Administrative capacity • • 5HGXFLQJ WKH SURMHFW \LHOG '2 OHYHO H[SHFWDWLRQV. 4.O. Credit program implemented.. Farm inputs provided.Q WKH H[DPSOH IRU LQVWDQFH ZKHQ WKH ULVN RI LQDGHTXDWH UDLQIDOO UHPDLQHG +LJK WKH SURMHFW GHVLJQ WHDP PLJKW FRQVLGHU • &KDQJLQJ WKH WHFKQRORJ\ RI WKH SURMHFW E\ XVLQJ GURXJKW UHVLVWDQW VHHG YDULHWLHV :RUNLQJ ZLWK DQRWKHU DJHQF\ WR LQWURGXFH DQ LUULJDWLRQ V\VWHP 'HYHORSLQJ DQ LUULJDWLRQ V\VWHP LQVLGH WKH SURMHFW DV DQ DGGLWLRQDO 2XWSXW WR EH PDQDJHG $EDQGRQLQJ WKH SURMHFW HQWLUHO\ Narrative Summary D.: Maize production increased.

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• Demonstrable cost-benefits and justification based on broadly acknowledged economic (and other) parameters for the project. and • As the project is implemented. performance indicators. and explicit linkages to the project objective. Multiple Time Frames /RRN DW WKH $3/ PRGHO DQG WKH H[DPSOH WKDW IROORZV 7KH /RJIUDPH HVWDEOLVKHV WZR WLPH UHIHUHQFHV 7KH *RDO DQG WKH '2 DQG UHODWHG LQGLFDWRUV. IRU UHDOL]LQJ WKH SURJUDP·V REMHFWLYHV The key criteria for the Adaptable Loan are: • Agreement on the long-term development objective. a logical sequence of phased Outputs strategies with defined milestones. policy requirements.

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Outputs The Monitoring & Evaluation system for the Adaptable Loan./ Narrative Summary CAS Goal World Bank CAS Goals Performance Indicators Indicators of World Bank or long term strategic achievement. It will be based on questions such as: "Is it working?". The key indicators which are expected to be achieved upon completion of the program as a whole Indicators of program purpose are generally monitored and/or evaluated via various project reports.) The terms of reference for the first project (Phase I of the program). The value added of the components. each Phase must include in its implementation a Monitoring and Evaluation System which provides structured learning about the effectiveness of the Phase's Output strategy in producing impact.. to CAS Goal) . End of Program Indicators. to Supergoal) Program Purpose The long-term development objective of the program. There should be one output statement for each corresponding project component Key performance indicators for each output specified in terms of quantity. /LVW RI FRPSRQHQW FRVWV LQFOXGLQJ FRQWLQJHQFLHV :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  .G. supervision mission reports and mid-term and final evaluation reports. (D. each phase having its own objective.O. Phase II: privitization of distribution. "Is it worth it?".O. list any additional assumptions needed to justify the project’s contribution to the stated program purposel (Output to D. list any additional assumptions needed to logically link it to achievement of the CAS goal. conclusions and action recommendations required to design the subsequent phases. This vision statement conveys the improved state of the sector at the completion of all phases of the. Monitoring & Evaluation Indicators at this level are generally monitored and or evaluated via various sector or country reports generated outside the project Assumptions. Assuming that the PDO is achieved. In order to produce the findings.) Project Development Objective (PDO): A one sentence description of the behavioral change expected from the target-beneficiary group or institutions by the end of the project (Phase I of the program). supervision mission reports and mid-term and final evaluation reports. Assuming that the program purpose is achieved in the long term. Program Phasing: A phased approach is pursued in order to attain the vision of an APL.. quality and time. Each Phase will produce the design for the next Phase. Risks (S. "Is there a better way?". Inputs are generally monitored via progress reports and disbursement reports. The statement of phasing conveys the theme of each phase as a short descriptive title (e. "Can it be improved?".g. list any additional assumptions needed to achieve the outputs.$GDSWDEOH /HQGLQJ $3/ /. Assuming that the outputs are achieved by the end of the project list any additional assumptions needed to achieve the PDO Components Clusters of subcomponents and activities that are designed to produce a single project output Inputs (Component to Output) Assuming that components and activities are implemented successfully. Outcome Indicators Key indicators specifying the results to be achieved by the end of the project (Phase I of the program) Indicators of the PDO are generally monitored and/or evaluated via various project reports.

2. Coral mortality index (CMI) /dead coral cover decreasing by an average of 1% per year (coral rehabilitation indicator).O. Butterfly fish counts for existing species increasing by an average of 20% (bio-diversity indicator). Performance Indicators Program Phasing Phase I Policy Analysis and Capacity Building Phase II Policy Implementation Phase II: Policy Enforcement P. 75% of pilot communities have the majority of their members working within the regulatory framework 2. 90% of pilot communities are satisfied with their ability to manage the ecosystem as supported by government agencies Outputs Outputs for Phase I: 1. 4. 1. 2./HDUQLQJ LV FHQWUDO WR WKLV NLQG RI ORDQ 7KH SURMHFW GHVLJQ DQG WKH VWUDWHJ\ IRU PDQDJLQJ XQFHUWDLQW\ LV FUHDWHG LQ LQFUHPHQWV GXULQJ LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ 0DNH WKLV OHDUQLQJ V\VWHP H[SOLFLW DQG HQJDJH WKH IXOO UDQJH RI VWDNHKROGHUV DQG LPSOHPHQWHUV LQ GHILQLQJ DQG PDQDJLQJ LW Narrative Summary CAS Goal Program Purpose Coral reefs and associated ecosystems in Indonesia protected. Pilot community based management plans in 2 sites designed and tested. 3. Indicators for end of Phase 1  . Average income per capita of target groups of coastal communities increasing by 5% p/a in real terms (welfare indicator). rehabilitated and in sustainable use while enhancing welfare of coastal communities.D. Pilot communitiies actively support the management of coral reef areas and the ecosystems 1. Average productivity of target species such as groups (catch per unit of effort) increasing by 65% in managed reefs over 10 years (sustainable use indicator). An adequate system for enforcement of coral reef regulations is tested and in place for scale up. Policy options for management and preservation of coral reefs are evaluated by by national and regional authorities. 3.

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quality standards) (effectiveness) 2 10 new projects using varieties and extension service recommendations data by 12/200X. 2 Seed multiplication capacity of selected Sub-Saharan seed companies increased.2 Going to scale installation methodology developed and ready for use by other projects by end of research.1 2 Maize breeders./RRN DW WKH GLDJUDP EHORZ DQG QRWLFH WKDW WKH '2 FDQ KDYH WZR LQGLFDWRUV 7KH ILUVW LQGLFDWRU GHVFULEHV WKH HIIHFWLYHQHVV RI WKH LQQRYDWLRQ DQG WKH VHFRQG GHVFULEHV WKH XVH WR ZKLFK LW ZLOO EH SXW 7KH LQGLFDWRUV DUH UHDOO\ WZR GLPHQVLRQV RI WKH VDPH RXWFRPH 7KH FOLHQW ZLOO XVH VRPHWKLQJ WKDW ZRUNV HIIHFWLYHO\ Narrative Summary CAS Goal Small farmer agriclutural production increased. Effective Striga resistant maize varieties used in pilot areas of country X 1 Production of maize in Striga-infested research areas increased by 40% by 12/9X (maintaining x. Performance Indicators Small farmer agricultural production and productivity levels increased in areas using the improved technology as part of an integrated project strategy. (use) Outputs 1 Striga resistant maize varieties identified. 4 Information network for Striga researchers established and dissemination method developed. 1.O. 2 weed scientists.  . 3 Striga research capacity of selected Sub-Saharan research institutes strengthened. for Follow on Project Striga resistant maize varieties are used by farmers in all striga infested areas of country X. 2.1 Research methods/results disseminated through semi-annual network reports and conferences from 199X-200X. 2 composite and 4 open varieties identified by 12/9X.1 2 Hybrid. D. 1 agronomist and 1 plant biochemist trained and contracted at 3 selected research institutes by 2/9X. Production of maize in Striga-infested regions of country X are increased by 30% by 12/200X (maintaining x. quality standards) (effectiveness) D. y.1 National seed company producing 200 MT of certified maize annually by 12/9X. 3. 4. y. 4.O.

Infrastructure development program. 3. ÃÃGDG 9r‰ry‚ƒ€r‡ ÃPiwrp‡v‰r Q…‚wrp‡Ã 8‚€ƒ‚r‡† The technology. Small farmer credit program operational. Seed multiplication capacity increased. Striga resistant varieties introduced (R&D). technique needed for completion of the client project’s Output strategy. 2./ DV DQ LQQRYDWLRQ • 2XWSXW  WKH LGHQWLILFDWLRQ SLORWLQJ DQG YDOLGDWLRQ RI WKH H[SHULPHQWDO WHFKQRORJ\ WHFKQLTXH DSSURDFK PHWKRGRORJ\ RU FDSDFLW\ • 2XWSXWV  7KH GHYHORSPHQW RI WKH GLVVHPLQDWLRQ RU LQVWDOODWLRQ SDFNDJH RU WKH JRLQJ WR VFDOH PHWKRGRORJ\ • 2XWSXW  7KH OHDUQLQJ V\VWHP DQG WKH /. The Learning System which closely monitors the R&D effort and it application to the client project.$GDSWDEOH /HQGLQJ $3/ /. method. approach./ 6WUXFWXUH RI WKH /. ÃÃGDG 8‚€ƒ‚r‡† :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . 4./ SURMHFW WHDP WR PDQDJH LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ DQG DVVXUH WKH UHOHYDQFH RI WKH ZRUN WR WKH FOLHQW 7KHUH PD\ EH DQ DGGLWLRQDO RQH • 2XWSXW  &DSDFLW\ %XLOGLQJ WKH QHHG WR EXLOG WKH FDSDFLW\ WR GR  DQG  DV WKH\ DUH EHLQJ LPSOHPHQWHG 6t…vpˆy‡ˆ…hyà 9r‰ry‚ƒ€r‡Ã à Q…‚wrp‡ CAS Strategic Goal Small farmer poverty reduced GDG 9r‰ry‚ƒ€r‡Ã Piwrp‡v‰r Increased small farmer agricultural production & livestock productivity ÃÃGDG 86TÃB‚hy Q…‚wrp‡Ã Pˆ‡ƒˆ‡† 1./ SURMHFWV D VHHG WHFKQRORJ\ WKH GHYHORSPHQW RI D WHFKQLFDO VWUDWHJ\ DQG WKH GHYHORSPHQW RI D PHWKRGRORJ\ WKDW FDQ EH UHSOLFDWHG 7KHLU VWUXFWXUH LV YHU\ VLPLODU 7KHUH DUH XVXDOO\ DW OHDVW WKUHH JHQHULF 2XWSXW HOHPHQWV WR WKH /. 5./ %HORZ WKHUH DUH WKUHH H[DPSOHV RI DSSOLHG 5 ' W\SH /. Land & animal husbandry services provided. The dissemination or installation package or method which will respond to all the systems and sustainability issues posed by the project and its causal logic.

tested and refined under the proposed project.4 Ex-post evaluation and financial audit of pilot experience completed and submitted by x date. 1. by end of project. 1. P. Increase regional and local economic development led by private sector investment P.1 National TV Planning Unit fully equipped and operational for dissemination of regional kits (RDCs. Evaluation and dissemination mechanisms for expansion of the Regional Knowledge Model established and operational.3 X% private investments planned for three years to come reflect regional priorities as determined by RDCs 1.1 X other regions adopt approved methodologies and tools.D. user’s manual and all relevant documentation completed and ready for dissemination to other regions.4 Regional round-tables for PIP preparation held in x# selected regions by state.O.1 x# RDCs established in pilot sites. 2. 2.Narrative Summary Performance Indicators CAS Goal 1. RPIPs. 3. for follow on Project Model methodologies replicated/expanded to other economic regions of the country. RDFs.  .O.1 annual economic growth is x% private sector led.2 Planning and public programming in x% pilot areas are carried out according to methodologies design. Regional Learning Package for improved regional planning and investment programming designed and tested in three selected regions. 2. 3. 1. 1. Outputs 1.6 Regional & municipal public information centers established in each of the selected region (see description) by end of project. 1. 1. tested and refined under the proposed project.3 National TV staff trained in methods and tools for dissemination of the system. tested and established in three pilot regions. RFICs) 3. 1. Model methodologies replicated/expanded in selected pilot areas.3 Regional PIP decision making process decentralized in 3 pilot sites.1 Pilot areas adopt approved methodologies and tools.2 Regional Development Frameworks mapped out in each pilot site according to public involvement guidelines. 2.2 Dissemination seminars held in x # regional by EoP. 1. 1.1 Detailed design for information systems completed and systems installed in selected regions by x date. 1.5 Sustainable Regional Information Systems (RIS) installed & operational in x# selected region. 1. 1.2 More than 50% of foreseen investments made by private sector.D. 3.2 Regional planning and public programming in x% economic regions are carried out according to methodologies design.2 guidelines. Regional information systems designed.3 Evaluation reports of opinions and interests from x # regions produced by y date. . 3.

Compare the public sector Output intervention strategy to a private sector or blended model.7< 5(9. Rationale for implementing the project in the public sector? Clarity and realism of project objectives? Logframe reference Go the CAS goal and indicators to see the consistency. Is it a logical result of the Outputs? Check for tautology. Review the Assumptions regarding the policy environment necessary for achieving D.(: . Objectives and Approach 1. Known solutions: (a traditional investment loan. Is it a restatement of the Outputs in different words? Review the indicators. Appropriateness of project approach? (Blueprint vs. Do they measure the PDO and are they independent from measures of results at other levels? Can the implementers measure them and are they affordable? Are they targeted with quantity.'(6. or blueprint approach). Flexible design? Pilot? Level :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . (Can they be measured? Are they too demanding?) 4.*1 48$/. Can it be justified? Review the PDO Check the cause & effect. Unknown solutions: (a 3.O. and Goal level impact. quality and time in a way that describes the client for the Outputs and the sustainability issues? Review the assumptions at the Output level.PSURYLQJ WKH TXDOLW\ RI SURMHFW GHVLJQ DQG LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ LV RQH RI WKH NH\V WR DFKLHYLQJ JUHDWHU SURMHFW LPSDFW 6HFWLRQ  RI WKH %DQN·V 5DSLG 4XDOLW\ DW (QWU\ $VVHVVPHQW LQVWUXPHQW LV DQ LPSRUWDQW WRRO GLUHFWO\ UHODWHG WR WKH /RJIUDPH Quality at Entry Assessment #1: Project Concept. Project consistent with the CAS and sector strategy? (Rationale for Bank involvement? Policy environment conducive to good project implementation? Adequate sector knowledge underpinning project?) 2. but still the response of the client to the Outputs? Define how much learning is required. Are they killer assumptions with no risk mitigation strategy? Is the PDO outside the control of the implementers of the Outputs.

Can these be met prior to project implementation? Review the process by which the Logframe was prepared. explain what has been learned from past experiences. Bank’s experience in the sector. The LIL and pilot are creating Outputs for use by a project. In the blueprint approach there is low risk in the Output strategy. and what will work. Look at the PDO and the Output strategy. including balance between upfront action and conditionality? 7. Look at the external Assumptions at the Component/Activities and Output levels. Objectives and Approach of complexity?) Logframe reference Learning & Innovation Loan). Refer to specific situations in which this Output and Output Assumptions produced a relevant PDO impact. Show how this design was validated elsewhere. and the Logframe? 5. In the APL.#1: Project Concept. Strength of Borrower commitment to the project? $ EDVLF VHW RI SURMHFW GHVLJQ TXDOLW\ TXHVWLRQV XVLQJ WKH /RJIUDPH IRUPDW LV VKRZQ RQ WKH QH[W SDJH  . Problem & Objective Analysis. OED findings) 6. Does project design adequately reflect lessons of experience? (Similar operations in the country. Appropriateness and realism of project conditionality. The approach should be justified by it relevance (the degree to which it achieves a PDO impact). How involved was the Borrower? Will they put their name on this Logframe? Did they participate in the Stakeholder Analysis. the Outputs are unknown and need to be discovered through implementation. If this cannot be shown. How realistic is the causal relationship between these and the internal design of the project? Review the Conditions Precedent in the Logframe.

T.R. quality. Activities to Output: The Assumptions are conditions outside the direct control of the project but necessary to achieve project Outputs. This column identifies where the information for verifying each indicator of project impact will be found. Monitoring & Supervision Assumptions/Risks (Goal to Mission): PDO The project has one PDO. DO to Goal: The if/then relationship between the DO and the Country Strategy is logical and doesn’t skip important steps. The Outputs are stated as results Outputs describe the value added by the components. and the process for evaluating them. Impact/Outcomes: The indicators at the PDO level are independent from the Outputs. and the process for evaluating them. and time. They are a measure of the PDO. The Outputs are clearly stated. The Outputs define the management responsibility of the project. This column identifies where the information for verifying each indicator of project impact will be found. Output to DO: The Outputs plus the Assumptions in this column produce the necessary and sufficient conditions for achieving the project’s DO. Outputs: All the Outputs are necessary for accomplishing the PDO. if possible. The PDO indicators measure what is important and the project impact to be sustained.'HVLJQ 4XDOLW\ 5HYLHZ 3URMHFW 'HVLJQ 6XPPDU\ &KHFNOLVW Narrative Summary Goal: The goal is clearly stated. quality and time. Inputs/Resources: The Inputs describe the costs and other resources required for accomplishing the PDO. :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . The Output indicators are objectively verifiable in terms of quantity. They describe the performance budget for converting Inputs into Activities which achieve Outputs necessary for producing PDO impact. The PDO is not a reformulation of the Outputs. Components: The Activities define the action strategy for accomplishing each Output. This column identifies where the information for verifying each indicator of project impact will be found.O. Measurable Indicators The Goal level indicators are objectively verifiable in terms of quantity. and the process for evaluating them. The PDO/impact is outside of the direct management control of the project team. not a summary of the Outputs. The PDO is clearly stated.

) ___ 12. The relationship between the Inputs and the Components is realistic. The Development Objective indicators have quantity. ___ 21. and time. (These are required before Components can begin. you can define the evaluation plan for the project. When reviewing the Logframe. and CAS Goal is realistic as a whole. ___ 19. The Assumptions at the Component level do not include any “conditions precedent”. ___ 3. ___ 7. The Development Objective is outside the management accountability of the project. ___ 24. The Monitoring & Evaluation system column identifies where the information for verifying each indicator will be found and the process for improving the design. The Outputs plus the Assumptions at that level produce the necessary and sufficient conditions for achieving the Development Objective. ___ 4. The CAS Goal is clearly stated and is not a reformulation of the DO. ___ 16. ___ 20. The vertical logic among Component Output. They are not a summary of Outputs but a measure of impact. the important conditions external to the project which have a downside risk of not materializing. The If/Then relationship between the Development Objective and CAS Goal does not skip important steps. The Assumptions describe.  . The Development Objective indicators measure what is important. the benefit. ___ 9. quality and time measures. The Outputs define the management responsibility of the project. The Development Objective plus Assumptions at that level describe the critical conditions for achieving the CAS Goal. The Components define the action strategy for accomplishing each Output. ___ 17. The Outputs are clearly stated as results. Development Objective. The project has one Development Objective. ___ 23. The indicators at the Development Objective level are independent from the Outputs. ___ 22. ___ 6. expected value. rate of return. ___ 15. quality. in positive terms. ___ 5. The CAS Goal-level indicators are objectively verifiable in terms of quantity. All the Outputs are necessary for accomplishing the Development Objective. the impact. The Development Objective is not a reformulation of the Outputs. The Inputs described at the activity level define the resources required for accomplishing the Development Objective. The Components identify any actions required for managing the Monitoring & Evaluation system. ___ 26. ___ 25. The Development Objective is clearly stated. ___ 11. The relationship between the Outputs and the Development Objective is realistic. quality and time. ___ 8. ___ 10. ___ 18.9 Logframe Design Checklist ___ 1. ___ 13. ___ 14. ___ 2. The Output indicators are objectively verifiable in terms of quantity.

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Transport Regulatory Reform Program implemented and operational. Public expenditures to improved government services at predictable levels.Tax Reform Program implemented and operational. 4. 5. Outputs: (Policy Interventions) 1 Privatization & Enterprise Reform program implemented 2. Trade Reform Program implemented and sustained. (Investments & expenditures) 1. 3. 6. Judicial Reform Program implemented. Customs Reform Program implemented and operational. Public sector programs and projects deliver improved: Education services Health services Business development services Enterprise support services Road rehabilitation & maintenance services Contractual rights protected by courts et al 2.$GMXVWPHQW . Assumptions  .QYHVWPHQW /RDQV A Structural Adjustment Loan Narrative Summary PDO Private sector performance and competitiveness increased.

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CAS Goal Graduates productively employed.Q RUGHU WR DFFRPSOLVK LPSDFW ZKDW 2XWSXWV QHHG WR EH DFFRPSOLVKHG" Cause Effect Supplier Customer 'HPDQG Cause Effect Outputs 1.I 2XWSXWV DUH SURGXFHG WKHQ ZKDW ZLOO EH WKH LPSDFW" . Risks THEN IF AND 6HSDUDWH &DXVDO 7KLQNLQJ IURP 6HTXHQWLDO 7KLQNLQJ 'R QRW FRQIXVH FDXVDO WKLQNLQJ LIWKHP LQ RUGHU WR WKURXJK DQG E\. Supplier Customer Supplier Customer 6XSSO\ VLGH .2 Policy & procedures implemented 1.1 Curriculum improved 1.4 Schoolroom capacity increased Supplier Customer 'HVLJQ WKH &DXVH (IIHFW1HFHVVDU\ 6XIILFLHQW &RQGLWLRQV . Super Goal More productive private sector.'HILQH WKH &XVWRPHU 'HVLJQ SURMHFWV WR KHOS FXVWRPHUV VHUYH WKHLU FXVWRPHU Cause Effect Cause Effect Development Objective More & better trained students graduated from secondary schools.GHQWLI\ WKH FDXVDO VWUXFWXUH %H FDUHIXO QRW WR FRQIXVH WKH FDXVDO VWUXFWXUH ZLWK WKH RUJDQL]DWLRQDO KLHUDUFK\ RU D SURFHVVIORZ GLDJUDP Summary Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions.3 Staff development program implemented 1.

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1 80% of compliance checks 3.2 80% of urban companies targeted submit grant requests 2. etc. drainage. Economic hardships do not undermine the understanding of the environmental impact of projects Corporate profit motives do not circumvent pollution mitigation measures 1.1 50% of urban grantees grant is efficiently implemented implement grant programs on with active support from the time and on budget with quality urban companies control 2.1 relationship between agencies meet the regulatory standards is improved and supported by 3.2 legal frameworks received fines in line with regulations Audit of compliance records Spot audit check on infringements and fees : Env.1 85% of targeted companies and 1.O.2 50% of the targeted companies 1. to CAS Goal Environmental agency audit 1 of industrial compliance Community environmental assessment 2 Host country governments enforce FNR policies and maintain financial commitment AIS and other donors.2 Review of Grant records The grants are sufficient to influence private sector Review of Grant Applications 3 The efficiency of the working 3.2 and communities understand the importance of environmental protection and changes in practice needed Survey of targeted communities and companies 2 2. private sector and universities make greater financial commitment to FNR management 2 Outputs 1 The awareness of private sector and communities of the impact of their actions on the environment and the need for environmental protection is increased 1.O.2 80% of spot audit infringements 3. D. Affairs Office :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . PVOs.1 The industrial/ urban pollution 2.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Environment : Industrial and Community Pollution Management Narrative Summary CAS Goals 1 Environmental conditions are improved 1 2 % decrease in industrial pollution in Soil erosion reduced by 5% in 15 project ounties by end of PY6 1 2 Industrial Pollution : EPA Sample soil surveys in project countries Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation 1 Assumptions/Risk CAS Goal to Bank Mission Sustainable resource base contributes to sustainable development in project countries Development Objective Targeted private sector urban/industry and poor communities practice antipollution activities 1 80% of companies receiving 1 grants decrease their industrial pollution index by at least x 75% of area communities 2 practice improved environmental management by way of sanitation services.1 communities reached by the message IEC reach survey based on distribution Output to D.

Develop a monitoring/assessment of IEC campaign 4.1 Conduct institutional assessment of the agencies and their interrelationship 3. Implement IEC on various media 3. Train IEC personnel in management as needed GRANT 2.1 Establish grant funding for industrial pollution 2.4 Establish approval criteria system for grant making AGENCIES 3.4 Develop and implement regulations for improved environmental safety Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Project management reports.3 Develop central unit for continued support to agencies 3.2 Undertake training for agencies 3. Develop educational campaign 2.2 Inform industry of the opportunity for grants 2.3 Provide technical assistance to qualifying companies on application for grants 2. Progress reports Financial records Procurement Records Assumptions/Risk Awareness 25M Grant 50M Agenies 10M  .Narrative Summary AWARENESS 1.

Demand for child schooling is maintained and/or increased despite Outputs: 1. to CAS Goal 1.6 % reduction in grade repetition rate Monitoring & Evaluation 1 Employment records against education records 2 Education statistics publications. increased number of selfreliant. 5. household surveys. National Learning Statistics through achievement tests 5.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Education: Universal Primary Education . 2. Program Purpose The Universal Primary education system is effective in formal and non formal education D. New classrooms constructed.2. % increase in enrollment rates ( new of the supply drive enrollment figures) 4. Parents and communities send their children to local wellequipped schools and methods for inducing increased enrollment :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . 2 X % Self-employment & # New Business starts by graduates per annum. 3 % secondary graduates enter postsecondary institutions by EOP.O.2 % of parents in the test regions Audit report on: 1. ibid Assumptions & Risks CAS Goal to Bank Mission Macro-economic situation remains stable. 8% increase in budget going to primary schooling ( from 36% to 44%) with a ratio of at least x/y/z/ to quality enhancement __/__/__ 2. 3.APL Narrative Summary CAS Goal Reduction in poverty.1 Rehabilitated classrooms. Audit of financial allocations. End of program Indicators 1. Education records 3. % decrease in repetition rates for test schools 5. 1 Performance Indicators X% basic and Y% secondary school graduates employed at graduation & after 12 months by EOP.1 % of children using the access capacity within __ distance from their homes by 06/10/03 1. 1. ECD Review Budget allocation for education will continue to increase in line with government targets (to 50% of GNP by 2004) Policies are adhered to and major stakeholders remain committed to institutional reforms 2. 1. National Statistics 5. productive members of society. % improvement in learning outcomes in the test area attributable to textbook distribution and assessed with the new assessment tools Output Indicators 1. 4. Regional Review of decentralization process 3. 30% of 3 to 6 year old children improve their cognitive and physical abilities as a result of the ECD program 100% gross primary enrollment with y% of all possible children of statutory age entering the school system by end of 10th year Girls represent 50% of primary enrollment Learning outcomes improve by at least 2% in French and math for Grades 2.O. 4. 80% of the regions are beginning implementation of the new decentralized plans for education by the end of year three In the test regions 3.4. The demographics in the remaining regions are similar to the test regions There are no other incentives in the test regions for invalid data to skew results 2. census records 3. Project Development Objective The decentralized education system framework developed under the project is effective in the test regions and ready for national implementation Phase One: Build the capacity of decentralized educational system and pilot test in 3 regions Phase Two: Expand pilot to other regions and scale up Phase Three: National Scale Up Outcome/ Impact Indicators 1. Output to D. Enrollment rates 4. Education figures in the test regions Education figures in the test regions Assessment of attribution of learning outcomes and textbook use.

Narrative Summary based on access are tested.2 Review of contracts 3.3 % of in service teachers in the testing area who improve the quality of their delivery by 3.1.3.4 % of communities involved in providing information to the administrative system Monitoring & Evaluation 1.3 Sample audit of classroom use 3.1 %of teachers in tests area who are willing to change to a resource center strategy 2. Optimal strategies for improving quality of education delivery are tested and ready for implementation 2.1 Computer labs constructed.2 % of teachers who are hired on a contract basis with % satisfied with new system 3.2 ECD report 2.2 % of test areas where ECDE is effective with y% agreeing to manage the ECD program 2.1.3 Survey of community participation ibid 3.3 % of parents who are aware of newer latrines and facilities in the local schools and % who send children to school as a result 2. National and regional administrative bodies are able to successfully manage the educational system based on real tie information from the local populations 3. Sample audit of administrative procedures 3. teacher survey 2. 2. Performance Indicators who see increased access to middle schools as a reason to send children to primary schools by 5/10/02 1. Assumptions & Risks continued stagnation and extreme poverty in rural areas.4  .1 % of school administrations following proper business processes 3.3 % of information provide by communities which is used in the decision making process 3.

quality classrooms 1. and 45% in 2005 1.4. secondary schools increases from 27% in 94/95 to 37% in 99/2000.O. reduced from 25% in 94/95 to 18% in 2001 Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation National Educational Independent 1 Survey Assumptions/Risk CAS Goal to Bank Mission National Educational Independent Survey National Educational Independent Survey National Educational Independent Survey D.2. from secondary schools increases from 45% in 94/94 to 65% in 2005 1. secondary schools increased from 22% in 94/95 to 45% in 2005 Project Development Objective More and better trained students graduate from primary schools at reduced costs with more gender equity Outcome Indicators 1.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Education: Primary Education Improvement Narrative Summary CAS Goal 1 More and better trained students enroll and graduate from secondary schools 1. and teaching methods Transportation system allows children to get to schools in less than one hour Children are well fed when they arrive at school Outputs 1 Adequate.1 National Educational Independent Survey 1. pedagogic materials.4.2 Percentage of students graduating 1.1. target groups 1.1 Retention rates in primary schools 1.000 additional students from the 1.3.1. Review of school use 2 3 :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  .3 Percentage of secondary school 1.2. by 2001 National Educational Independent Survey 1.1. students achieving minimum scores in standardized examinations increased from 31% in 94/95 to 56% in 2005 1. 10 regions with the lowest coverage enroll in primary education schools (with at least 40% being girls) by 2001 1.1 The student classroom ratio is : are used by students in the at least 20/1 in all areas.1 National Educational Independent Survey Output to D.3.000 in 94/95 to zero in 2001 1.4 Proportion of girls enrolling in 1.1 National Educational Independent 2 minimum scores in standardized Survey examinations increased from 35% in 94/95 to 52% in 2001 1.2.3 At least 90% capacity levels are reached in all schools built 1.5.2 Percentage of students achieving 1.2 The walking distance to school is 1.O.5 Per student primary education costs reduced by 25%.3.1 Audit of walking distance from no more than x minutes in all areas villages and placement of schools 1.3 8. 1.1 Quality assessment of construction 1 of classrooms Teachers support and adopt new and improved curriculum. based on 94/95 costs.4 Scholarships reduced from 1.1 Transition rates from primary to 1. to CAS Goal National Educational Independent 1 Survey Students have support from their families to enroll in secondary schools and to continue their education Secondary schools have excess capacity to provide education from an increased number of enrollments 1.

2 The newly developed textbooks meet professional criteria for new and pedagogic materials 2.2 At least 75% of sample of attendees pass level IV evaluations 3 months after completion of course work. 220 directors.500 teachers.2 Construct schools 1.2 Evaluation of quality of textbooks and materials 3 New teaching methods are used in the classroom 3. 200 demagogic advisors pass level II evaluation test Classroom evaluation audit Training documentation and records Training Level II Evaluation documentation Training Level IV Evaluation 4 The administrative ability to school directors and management is improved 4.4 60% of the new additional dormitory rooms are allocated to girls by 1999 1.1 95% of attendees of the training pass level II examinations upon course completion 4.3 Equip schools CURRICULUM REVISIONS 2.2.1.1 85% of schools receiving new textbooks and materials are in use in the classroom within 2 months after delivery 2.2 3.Narrative Summary Performance Indicators 1. Component Activities CLASSROOM RENOVATIONS Inputs CLASSROOM RENOVATIONS $89M Project Management Documents Procurement Reports Milestone Reports Financial Reports Activity to Component Weather does not hinder building Political stability Incentive systems for teachers reflect new desired use of new methods 1. 4.3 Distribute new curriculum  . the teacher’s training use the new methods in their classroom work within x months of graduation from courses 3. and 3.1 Determine school needs for CURRICULUM REVISIONS $10M construction and TEACHER TRAINING $15M rehabilitation ADMINISTRATION $5M 1.1 Sampling of schools and use of textbooks 5 Children have support and incentives from their families to enroll in primary schools 2.2 Develop Pedagogic material to support the new curriculum 2.1 At least 80% of teachers attending 3.1 Revise general primary education curriculum to incorporate new skills and requirements from secondary schools 2.4. Monitoring & Evaluation Review of allocation to girls 4 Assumptions/Risk School directors and advisors implement skills developed program 2 New and improved curriculum and pedagogic materials are used in the classrooms 2.2.1. 4.

4 Provide 521.2 Train 3500 teachers.3 Provide relevant materials needed fro teachers continued application of skills in the classroom ADMINISTRATION 4. and 100% in 99 2.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Narrative Summary implemented and pedagogic materials to 30% of the schools in 97.1 Train 220 school directors in management and planning techniques 4. 60% in 98. 220 directors and 200 demagogic advisors in new teaching skills 3.1 Develop new teacher training methods and courses 3.000 textbooks students on a rental basis TEACHER TRAINING 3.2 Train 150 central and 250 regional staff from public and private schools in management planning techniques Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions/Risk :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  .

1.sampling 5 The project is efficiently implemented 5.2.O.1. 1. nurses) centers to meet all shift needs 1.2 Review of participation in needs definition 4.1. and /or availability of the area of health care services relevant drugs are reflected in the provision of services % of community involved in the process 2.2 of determining the needs of the community 3 The use of new skills in provision of health care is increased Served population can pay minimum services’ fees 1.1 MOH check on health care 1 adequate qualified staff (doctors.1 Supervision reports are met by the PMU in 100% of its duties  .1 Sampling of the system 4.1.1 % of health care needs met by skilled doctors.1 Review of needs against services offered 3.3 70% of population in need of services use these services Outputs 1 The quality of the health care infrastructure is improved Output to D.1 % of secondary health care centers with 1.1 Review of labs and and pharmacies to international pharmacies in health care standards centers 2 The needs of the community in 2.2.Health: Secondary Health Care Narrative Summary CAS Goals 1 Improved health status of rural population 1.1.1.3.1 Independent National Study : MOH Reduced incidence of endemic diseases by 5% annually for ’93 to ’99 1.1 Supervision and financial requirements 5.2.1 Independent National Study 2 Current level of food security : MOH is maintained 3.1.1 2000 Morbidity rate reduced to 100/1000 by 2000 1.1 1. to CAS Goal 1 No major outbreaks of diseases Mortality rate reduced to 120/1000 by 1. 2 3 Project Development Objective The rural population uses 1.1 Number of patients served by local improved secondary health care hospitals increased by 20%: 1.2 Survey of users -.1 Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions/Risk CAS Goal to Bank Mission World Health Organization 1 Improved health increases Reports workers productivity World Health Organization 2 Other social infrastructure Reports projects achieve their CAS Goals World Health Organization Reports D.1.2 % of health care centers with laboratories 1.2 65% of the children in service areas are inoculated 1.O.1 % of health care workers receiving training who apply the skills on the job % of the population using the centers who are satisfied with the quality of the care provided 4. centers.

2 Supervision reports tracked and provided to decision makers Project Records Project Management Plans :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . labs. doctors.2 Develop a plan to improve facilities along the lines of beds.1 Determine the current state of the health care facilities 1.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV 5.3 Develop administrative procedures to determine the quality of care PROJECT MANAGEMENT 4.3 Update labs 1.2.1 Determine the level of skills needed for effective health care and a training plan 1.2 Provide training or support to fill knowledge gaps 4. and M&E INFRASTRUCTURE $$$ COMMUNITY NEEDS $$$ SERVICE PROV. and support staff 1. PROJECT MNG $$$$ $$$ 5.3 Integrate the community needs into the infrastructure plans SERVICE PROVISION 1.1 Determine the skills of the PMU and identify weaknesses 4. staff 1.or centers COMMUNITY NEEDS 1.4 Build additional bedding and/. pharmacy.2 Conduct a needs assessment in each region 1.2. project management.2 90% of implementation milestones are achieved 5.2 Implement the training plan for nurses.3 Provide necessary tools for staff in the areas of financial management.1 Supervision reports 80% of performance indicators are 5.1 Develop a system for community participation 1.3 Component Activities INFRASTRUCTURE 1. procurement.

$value of 204.3 ibid 1.3 Reduce administrative consumption for electricity from 40% to 10% by 2000 to 4% by 2005 1. Freeport records of new and intended investors and the analysis of investor criteria including env.2 Audit of Water Company Records  .1 Audit of Merged Power Company Records 1.yy with an activity cost not to exceed $__ per call ( or % of revenue per repair) Project Reports: 1.dd.).1 Audit of Water Company Records Industries comply with environmental regulations Freeport remains competitive against other freeports 2.2 ibid 1.1 Reduce usage and live losses from 24% to 12% by 2000 1.8% 2. Freeport secures the following new businesses ( which meet the investor criteria) Operating Committed #Jobs Services Manufacturing Tourism 2. with FRR of 14. (from Objective to Goal) Economic Development in other parts of the Philippines continues Private investors continue to remain and invest in the Freeport.dd.yy Time between water leakage and repair reduced from x to y by mm.Infrastructure: Freeport Rehabilitation and Investment Narrative Summary Sector-related CAS Goal: Performance Indicators Sector Indicators: National Freeport Contribution Monitoring & Evaluation Sector / Country Reports: MOF Reports Assumptions/Risk (from Goal to Bank Mission) Economic Growth FX revenues : National employment.4 Mld) with the following gradations : U $12M water sales by 2000.4 Frequency of outages is decreased to x from a level of y with a maximum power outage duration of ___ hours by mm.2 by 2010. Business audit and employee records 3. etc.2 Increase in billing for power with a billing efficiency of 85% by 2000 and 95% by 2004. Integrated. 2.4 ibid (from Outputs to Objective) Promotions to draw investors are successful The Government passes and supports necessary regulations that are investor "friendly" Confidence in Philippine economic and political stability remains strong 2. Bi-annual Env.1 Chlorinated water is provided to the population (base demand of 66. Forestry – Ground Cover Output for each component: 1. Treated water is efficiently and consistently provided to consumers in freeport through the public private partnership 2. 2. Survey results for a service scorecard 4.yy. Freeport maintains the following businesses Operating Committed #Jobs Services Manufacturing Tourism 123 201 11.1Mld by 2005 and US$ value of 230. Air Emissions of x and y are maintained Water Quality ( BOD.821 3 . reliable power distribution in Freeport is efficiently provided with sufficient maintenance support in place to meet growing demands Output Indicators: 1.dd. COD.2 Operational efficiency of the water company as measured unaccounted for water of ___% by mm. Audit Project Reports: 1. 1. Y% of the new and existing firms rate the Freeport satisfactory or higher on a service scorecard 4. Incremental export earnings Project Development Obj: Outcome Indicators: 1.

yy.3 Freeport operational reports 5.yy increasing y% a year to a final level of z% by mm.2 5.2 5. The effect on the environment of the Freeport is efficiently monitored.3 Maintenance Schedule Reports Assumptions/Risk 3.1 Roads Safety and Efficiency Survey 3. MOV Project reports Assumptions :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . The necessary supporting structure and skills to efficiently administer the growth in freeport are successfully transferred to Freeport 4.2 4.yy Freeport rate 95 of above on all elements of its balanced scorecard ii by mm.3 Periodic Reports Social Scientist Surveys COMPONENTS The major areas of work for the 5 components would be added to this area.2 Accident Reports : police 3. 2-10 main activity groups.1 Custom Reports 4. Not category of expenditure.dd.dd.yy Road repairs are completed within x days of identification with minimal disruption in traffic patterns The time for custom clearance is reduced from x days to y days by mm.xx.dd.2 Performance Indicators Travel time on major roads decreases from x to y km/hour in heavy traffic times by mm. This would include a list of appx. Information on changes in the ground water are feedback into the water management with periodic checks x times per month beginning xx. A safe and operationally efficient physical access to the secured area for industrial and commercial development is in place and maintained 3.yy Monitoring & Evaluation 3.dd.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Narrative Summary 3.xx The communities within the native Populations receive positive benefits from the freeport beginning mm.yy 5.dd.1 Assessment records 4.1 5.yy X% of infrastructure services are provided by the private sector by mm.3 4. regulated and managed by the Environmental Center and the interests of the native Population are protected 5.3 5.dd.dd.dd.yy The accident rate at major intersections decreases from x to y and on major thoroughfares from z to zz by mm. INPUTS The inputs are the financial amounts allocated to each component.1 3.3 Investor environmental assessments covering y% of investors are conducted within _ time period with x% of companies complying with environmental standards beginning mm.1 4.2 Infrastructure Reports 4.

2 At least 50% of the companies applying for ISO 9000 certification are certified per year beginning in PY2 1. and regulatory reforms continue as planned to create an enabling environment 2 Adequate incentives are in place to enable applied R&D development within the industries targeted is provided 2. and project management evaluations per year beginning in PY2 1.1 to significant research and processes Patent applications. Outputs 1 The ability of private enterprise to manage for quality is improved 1.1 targeted areas start ISO 9000 application process per year by PY1 1. or are employed by private R&D centers 5 New private R&D centers are created in response to private sector demand 3 The quality of human resources 3.3 Evaluation records 3 Private companies are willing to actively participate and collaborate with quality and management improvement programs Legal.1 At least 1 new research leader 3.2 Application documentation Output to D.1 in the area of R&D in targeted formed in targeted areas per industries is improved on a year beginning in PY2 Scholarships.1 At least 5 companies contribute 2. to CAS Goal 1 Financial and economic reforms continue 2 Market analysis of products and services design capability available internally 1 R&D tests and results 3 Constitutional reforms continue 2. graduation records  . journal publications and industrial publications 4 Graduates formed by the project are employed by academic institutions and continue their studies or engage in R&D Component Activities. services and processes increased by 15% by PY6 Independent impact assessment study Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Important Assumptions CAS Goal to Bank Mission 1 National transportation infrastructure is modernized to become competitive 2 Marketing campaign is effective 3 National companies are willing to collaborate among themselves Development Objective Private enterprises adapt foreign technologies for TQM and contribute to the R&D efforts 1.O. 1 Financial and economic incentives are sufficient to motivate institutions and individuals 2 Support to applied R&D is maintained Certification documentation 1. At least 5 of commercially feasible prototypes and production scale processes are adapted by 10% of more of the area private enterprises At least 80 new companies in targeted industries implement TQM processes per year beginning in PY2 1 R&D documentation D.O.Pilot Project: R&D Portfolio Management Narrative Summary CAS Goals The productivity of the private sector on an international competitiveness scale is improved Technological value added to products. constitutional. strategic planning. fellowship applications.1 At least 50 new companies in 1.3 At least 80% of mid and top level managers from targeted industrial sectors attending training pass level II TQM.

2 Monitoring & Evaluation Scholarships. graduation records Scholarships. fellowship applications. fellowship applications. patents.D.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Narrative Summary demand Performance Indicators 3.1 produced through partnership mechanisms for bringing programs together public.1 At least 4 nation-wide 4. scientific community and R&D centers to develop collaborative efforts by PY2 Quality R&D support services are provided to enterprises in the geographic area in an efficient manner 5. graduation records Journals. official publications.2 At least 60 new Ph.1 At least 90% of private 5.2 companies in the area of new rehabilitated centers increase their use of the support services 5 Survey of centers :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . private sector.3 At least 20 new researchers formed in targeted areas per year beginning in PY2 3.’s formed in targeted areas per year by PY2 3. grants and loans processed Important Assumptions 3.1 enterprise users surveyed are satisfied with the quality of the responsiveness and services of the support centers At least 20% of targeted 5.3 4 R&D outcomes are successfully 4.

respectively by 2003 1. respectively. supported by sustainable services Outcome / Impact Indicators: 1) The quantities of modern inputs used per capita and per hectare in the project areas are x% higher than the baseline by 2003 2) The quantities and shares of marketed crop output per household in the project areas are x% higher than the baseline by 2003 3) The total area of rehabilitated farmed marshlands and hill-sides have reached a and b ha. and z% lower than the baseline by the end of phase I. 2. The share of the population nunder the poverty line decrease by x% by 2020 1. Ibid The subsequent phases achieve their objectives The capacity developed in this phase is maintained throughout the other phases 3. 2. Ibid 4. Project Development Objective Performance Indicators 1. PHASE III: 2010-2014 Promote the diversification of economic activities in rural areas and expand the productive employment of available resources. MOA survey of pilot areas 2. Survey of project area Production and effective utilization of resources continue The political climate remains stable Weather conditions remain favorable for production 2) Average returns per labor unit in the project areas are z % higher than the baseline 3 Average crop yields on farmed marshland / hill-sides are x%. ibid Rural poor in the pilot areas use modern inputs. including marshlands. primarily land and labor PHASE I: 2001-2004 Create the institutional. and infrastructure maintenance capacities needed to support the generation and adoption of efficient cropping and postharvest technologies and test their effectiveness. ibdi  .$3/  $JULFXOWXUDO 6HFWRU 5HIRUP Narrative Summary CAS Goal: Revitalization of the rural economy to increase rural incomes. II. technical. Ibid 3. 4 The unit costs per hectare of export crops in the project areas are x%. and III. and III. y%. PHASE II: 2005-2009 Accelerate the intensification and commercialization of agricultural production. II. respectively. Monitoring & Evaluation Rural household survey or national statistics National statistics Assumptions CAS Goal to Bank Mission En d of program indicators 1) Average crop yields per hectare in the project areas z % higher than the baseline 1. for diversified production and employment. reduce poverty and reinforce national stability Program Purpose The rural poor effectively employ the resources on which they depend for livelihood in raising productivity. Avergae household incomes are x%higher than the baseline by 2020 2. y%. and z% higher than the baseline by the end of phase I.

5 Total unit of intermediary means of transportation developed by communities increases to x 4.2 2. and % application of these patterns.) 4.1 Sample of community and private operators maintenance 4. Effective commercial and technical support to export crop farmers in the pilot areas is provided by CTSEs 2.1 % of CTSEs providing quality support to the farmer owners 2.2 Assessment of pilot region 1.3 Farmer survey 2.2 85% of target farmers reached by PASDO services 40% of farmer’s association members who demonstrate adequate retention of extension services “learning objectives” 50% of farmers reached by PASDO are satisfied with the services provided 3.1 PASDO records 3. # of unnecessary maintenance etc.1 3.2 % of owner farmers who are satisfied with the quality of the support provided by the CTSEs 3. works and on-farm development activities 1.2 Farmer survey of CTSE 3. % of sites in pilot area with agreed cropping patterns.2 Evaluation scores of extension workers 3. and programs.4 At least x local communities and y private operators meet quality standards on management of local transport ( time to repair. and maintenance programs. schedules. Climatic conditions remain favorable The prevailing legal and regulatory framework is conducive to increased farmer investment in land and water infrastructure There are sufficient human resources and technical capacity to develop and adequately maintain the rehabilitated land and water infrastructure The on-going pilot project on agr.1 1.2 Records of infrastructure :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  .6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Narrative Summary Project Outputs 1.1 Sample assessment of the quality of support to farmers 2.3 2.1 Sample farmer assessment of marshland skills 1. Farmer’s groups’ and other NGOs/firms’ in the pilot areas ability to manage marshlands has improved ( in the pilot area) Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions Output Indicators 1. irrigation and drainage schedules. The ability of local communities to maintain transport and post harvest equipment and infrastructure is improved 4. Adequate knowledge and skills for improved farming practices are disseminated to farmers through research and extension services 3.3 NGO organizational records in MOA Market Prices are an incentive to produce. At least x national firms/NGOs submit grant applications for technical studies.2 At least x farmer groups in the pilot area demonstrate sufficient skills for the management of marshland crops. And rural market development will provide workable solutions with respect ft the promotion of private sector based systems of advisory services for small holder farrmes Low cost technologies exist on.shelf or can be introduced at reasonable costs to promote off farm productive activities The regulatory environment for domestic trading will remain adequate 1.3 4.

4 Establish farmer owned commercial support entities Support to Agr. conservation and post harvest techniques 3. $35M Export Promotion : $10M Support Services/ Delivery $5M Small Scale Infrastructure $7M Financial Reports Procurement Reports Activity to Output The level of unit cost of production is the most important determinant of export competitiveness Other donors provide technical and institutional support to agricultural exporters The regulatory framework of marketing and the movement of goods across local markets remains adequate The relationship between farmers and local administration with respect to access and use of marshland is transparent and builds trust around project activities 3.2 Train farmer organizations on participatory research and extension services delivery Provide advise to operators willing to invest in services delivery Inputs Project Management Reports Marshland Rehab.1 Provide advisory services on production and post harvest technologies to farmers and operations 2.5 Assist produced organizatiosn and community groups in development Promotion of export agricultural services 2.3  .2 Conduct soil and natural resources conservation R&D and infrastructure 1.Narrative Summary Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions Activities Rehabilitation of farmed marshland and hill side areas 1. and maintenance of land infrastructure 1.3 Develop and implement export crop farmer organization capacity building 2.2 Conduce post harvest R&D 2.4 Train farmer groups and other target operators in construction.3 Provide advisory services on cropping and water management technologies 1.1 Build small scale drainage and irrigation 1.1 Conduct adaptive research on cropping. management. Services Delivery System 3.

4 Construct IMT :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  .6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Narrative Summary Small scale rural infrastructure development 4.3 Acquire IMT 4.2 Provide assistance to operations 4.1 Implement conservation and transport infrastructure development and maintenance activities Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions 4.

% of participating TOWNs increase their own revenue share of all current municipal revenues by at least x% by xx.xx.xx 3./RFDO *RYHUQPHQW &DSDFLW\ %XLOGLQJ WKURXJK 6XE 3URMHFWV Narrative Summary Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions Sector-related CAS Goal: Sector Indicators: Sector / Country Reports: National Survey (from Goal to Bank Mission) Strengthen public policy and implementation capacity % of population in transitioning TOWNs whose incomes increases % Project Development Obj: Outcome Indicators: Project Reports: (from Objective to Goal) Resource poor TOWNs effectively undertake economic development in a self reliant manner 1.xx.2 % of TOWN participants receiving a post training review grade of satisfactory by 2. ADB) 2.2 1. Env Audits Local consul 1.2 . Survey of TOWNs TOWNs unable to obtain MDF support are able to get this support from other donors (USAID. % of participating TOWN sub-projects achieve their economic development9 outcome and maintain the impact by xx.1 % of TOWN receiving training which submit sub-projects which are satisfactorily prepared by xx.xx 1. Ibid 4. National Monitoring System 3. planning. attributing this to project by xx.1 Review of subproject proposals 2. TOWNs in 3rd and 6th income classes successfully implement local sub-projects) in an environmentally sound manner % of TOWNs successfully implement their sub-projects with up-front indication of the economic or social benefit of the sub-project and a system in place to measure the outcome of the project upon completion by xx. % of participating income class 1-3 TOWNs’ satisfactorily achieve the social and environmental objectives of their sub-projects by xx.xx 1.1.1 1. The service delivery and economic development management of 2.2 Training Records 3.xx 2.3 pre and post reports to MDFO 2.xx.xx.xx 4.xx. supervision) as satisfactory or better.3 1.1 Tax records à  . x% of participating TOWNs rate their ability to better plan and implement investment programs ( control systems.xx. MDFO records The officials who were part of the project intervention retain their positions or influences 1.xx 2. Ibid Output for each component: Output Indicators: Project Reports: (from Outputs to Objective) 1.xx.xx % of category A and B sub-projects which meet environmental impact requirements % of sub projects with sufficient O&M plans and budgetary allocations to implement them by xx.

5 2 TOWN Training and Capacity Building MDF Reorganization and Strengthening .xx 3.7 TOWN Training and Capacity Building : $8. transparency.2 Financial Records Survey Project Reports Financial Reports and Audits Procurement Reports The government remains committed to strengthening and reorienting the MDF The TOWN financing policy framework is implemented TOWN Resource Mobilization and Monitoring : Demand if adequate for TOWN projects and the TOWNs are able to quickly prepare and implement projects MDF Reorganization and Strengthening . $12. and fiscal performance of TOWNs is improved 4. The turnover of elected official and staff in TOWNS is low The professional capacity of the project officer.xx 4.3 Audit of national audits 3.xx.1 Average sub-project processing time within MDFO from appraisal to disbursement is ___ by xx. :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  .2 4.3 TOWN Resource Mobilization and Monitoring : $16. set up initially in MOF is postive. Long-term credit and grants for economic and social development projects is efficiently provided to noncreditworthy TOWNs by MDF Components 1 Subprojects Subprojects : $95.xx.1 Records 3.2 % of TOWNs with proper financial disclosure and public access by EOP 3.xx 4.2 Loan recovery of MDFO is at least x% by xx. The governance.3 % of TOWNs monitored by national government 3.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Narrative Summary Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Audit Assumptions TOWNs is improved 3.xx.3 x% of TOWNs are aware of the benefits of LOGOFIND and access the funds beginning xx.1 % increase in tax revenues and billing of participating TOWNs in RPTA 3.

wastewater collection . Review of contracts Project Development Objective: Consumers in approximately 100 participating towns are satisfied with and use clean. Sample consumer survey 1. Successor TOWN administrations will remain committed to maintaining agreements with regard to tariffs and honoring long-term contracts with the private sector for operations and maintenance  . Lessons learned from the APL process generate support in the national government. participating TOWNs with sustained water and sanitation services. 2. which are managed on commercial principles and are environmentally sustainable End-of-Program Indicators: 1. Phase III (APL3): APL2 generates sufficient private sector operator interest to attract private financing of water supply infrastructure. sustainable water supply and sanitation services Outcome / Impact Indicators: 1. World Development Report and other internationally compiled documents on basic urban service provisioning. 3. 3. In the 20 largest cities outside Manila 80% of wastewater is collected and treated. Benchmark performance Program reports: 1. as stated in the NEDA Board Resolutions.water quality . with the role of DBP changing from a retailer to a wholesaler of financing to private sector banks interested in water supply and sanitation infrastructure investments. Conflicts between customers. and applying it to about 100 TOWNs in order to create a sufficiently large market to attract a PSP-led water operators industry. Government adherence to its strategy. At least 50% of households without sanitation (in participating towns) improve sanitation facilities. town governments and Operators are resolved without resort to contract Project reports: 1. Average of 80% of consumers satisfied with service performance in participating TOWNs 4. 90% of urban population has access to safe drinking water. Consumer surveys and public performance audits 3. Unit price charged by informal water vendors in participating towns not more than 10% higher than prices charged by the water utilities 1. % of consumers in the municipalities satisfied with: .wastewater disposal 2. Survey Phase I (APL1): Proto-typing and testing a demand-based 3. ibid (from Objective to Purpose) 1. that provides 50% by lease/concession contracts. This would enable a further scaling up in TOWN coverage. Program Purpose: Customers in about 200 TOWNs use safe and reliable water and sanitation services. 3. and provides incentives for private sector participation .:DWHU 6XSSO\ DQG 6DQLWDWLRQ  'HPDQG 'ULYHQ 6XE 3URMHFWV IRU /RFDO 7RZQV Narrative Summary Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions Living standards in Philippine towns and cities improved. 3. and among other major donors. 1. % of consumers who use the water provided by the towns and pay associated fees 2. Phase II (APL2): Based on the lessons learned from APL1. adjusting and modifying the project design. remains committed (from Purpose to Goal) 1. Household survey in the participating towns 2. Sustainability: Private sector involvement evident in framework.

Review of barangay connections 1. disbursement records 2. Review of lease and management contracts (from Outputs to Objective) 1.Inputs: (budget for each component) components: (Phase I) Operator Support $10M 1. At least 40 additional towns have lease and management contracts 2. processing records 2.6DPSOH /RJIUDPHV Narrative Summary Performance Indicators Monitoring & Evaluation Assumptions cancellations in at least 70% of PSP contracts. Review of contracts and outsourcing 4. DBP-PMO is established at by Board presentation 2. IRA allocations to TOWNs will continue 3. 3. At least 60% of households in a community connected to the water supply system 2. Environmental audit sampling of completed projects x months after up and running Project reports: DBP-PMO and DILG through: ·Semi-annual progress reports ·Supervision mission reports ·Project Implementation Plan (from Components to Outputs) 1. Newly elected TOWN administrations will remain committed to agreements between the project and communities. Output from each component: 1. 2. 50% of the participating TOWNs successfully outsource operations and maintenance activities to private operators through lease/concession contracts. 4. Sanitation and Community Awareness 1. DILG-PMO commitment to play facilitative role remains 3. At least 16 hours of water per day available for APL1 and APL2 towns Project reports: 1. DBP Loan Mechanism 3. The DBP is able to effectively process projects 1. NDF disbursements commence 4. Quality water supply is provided to participating towns by operators(through management contracts or lease) Output Indicators: 1. 2. x% of negative environmental impacts due to drainage impacts from the increase in are managed wastewater are mitigated through on-site sanitation and micro-drainage system Project Components / Sub. Operator Support and DBP Loan $85M Awareness Sanitation $15M 2. Audit of service to towns 3. Co-financing of technical assistance is available on time :RUOG %DQN /RJIUDPH 0HWKRGRORJ\ +DQGERRN  . Minimum negative 1. DBP PMO unit processes loans/grants in x days 2. DBP-PMO and DILG work effectively in preparing second batch for implementation in 1999 3.

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