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lF~BAYONliET

SU,BJE,C,l: AR 15=18, Iniiestig~~on Fnndlung~ and RecommematiQnE! - V,ehicle PatrQ~ IBase (VIPS) W,anat: C(Jfflph~'x Attack and Ca$udi'l~'.$, 1 '3 J u,l~ :2008

,(1,) ~ I How Hi.any US Service!fnem bers ;aJnd Afgti a iliil NmltilJ1al ,Army

P;aratlroopers 'Were occupyilmg COP' Wanat? Wh'2l1 U nits were' present at &Ie tilf1!H!'

. ..,,;!I! ,!l-b H - _'I.? VI; l~ne ~"!IIal;"..A e

L--_~="rrnere w~re 4;8, US personnel and 24 ANA Paratroopers at Ute start of the enrnagamernt:!l. The' fulloWlil'1g units W8n~ present ~ ihe: spe~f[ed time$,:

...__ _ ___.I08=12: J Ij',L Y 2008,

II!!I :t~ pj,atooliii CiiIJi~efl C!iJmp-a ny: 29 ~fatrQ_ltij)i;lU; i,Wl, I.l,,\,\~ iirjt~--prat~li':S, f;Olif UA.H's, iRvo x .50 car l!Jl~o'ilrne :!;;H.!ns. l~ X IM~ 19 ,greriCLtle' lal!:f'iii::I"ii9JS" nli'ti@',:(, M24M':s and ii3lb.MZJHigh (bH2)Htgh

II!!I' "Jro! SI;l,UliiIll, 1~ ~Ii;iljol;m. Destin.&i Cornpar.y:: tht,8E!i p:3r.alji\Ci~r.s" Of)il:I' )t IiJAH. and one:

lbJ.:;Z]!i-iigh rrow systt:m_

• C Dfim~;;:!:.I'Y, :!3~ 1Etlg1liiillBiiS: fl\!€:' Soldiers .

• CI'tM'fm CUmpalllf Mortars: six mortar mel!il wilil a 12--1) rnm and~ lW'mm ml;l!"l:a~'. iii 214!1 ~ CQFP J;;TT I;!l'ld ,~N~ 1~llS.'ir;lDrI: ItJl~~ ,MSli'in&$. :at'ld 24 ANA :tlcildier:;;_

!Ii Cr~'8" C-nmp<'l!ny HGOO!l::IIJ.mlii.ers: C~fl(30). (b}{!¥l!d OO~}tI3]. ,(tiH'a,-ri:'Ile vJa ~.w NC, '01'1 12 JlU!,. 08,

~_--!!1'i13 11'261: (0555L) JU L DB-CO QRF:

'i< 1,!ji; FliatQ:)n, Ch¢$e.'l C!Om~:;.ny: j '] j:I,~~t~Rer$ witn fb,1,if' ,:( UAJoiI's, two .x M2 . .5_(!, cal i!:L'~nlnl!i ,~u.n:s., <ilr..cI 1\\'0 M1 ; Ii! g:t\Siiilad;e l~blf1.CI"u;~rn.

t· OJ'i.o!i~n Comp:any HQ's. section; lw,i:jo ,uCliilIIll"OeIp8fS (1' S~)r:u, (tJ.)[S:ai'lld SPC(t.:iI,3}. (tJ>{G) '.' ,2~1l~ M~(:IiC::: :S~M.:jh (tJ>(Eipn'iv(:s Oifi too fif,sl M'~~VAC at app;.ro~ 0125:z_

L...-_...,jI!13 <J25'~z, (07'20L) JU L t8=-=BN QRf:

.Ab.le Com poany ColfH'R'!f.;nder (C2 I'nlid'e:~: three lPersonlle! wiU'ii ,1)'1l~' ):, !,..IJ!.E-:!I oS nda MZ-40B !'FJaQhine ~n_

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TF-BAYONET g

SU~.j,~'CT: AR. 15...ij I f"!v,e:$'figation F'~ ndjllgs. ·andl ReoomrnH~'nd.ations - Vehicle. Patrol 8'a'Ss (VPS) WaOG.t COlinplex .. Attack and! CasuallLes, 13 Jul'1 2(100,

'~ '!JJ~ Pla.:iOOIl, fi;ble CQ:1'Iii1~i'iJ'I.(- :Jj IParalTliXJoPers \ifr'lh f!;ltt} % UAHr'.s. llriO x .M:;)!' _:SO cal IiIii:l;iClITiifle suns, ;2 x M}:; 191 .grefl~ie ra !Jl'ilcfleFS, and ootb)(2lH-!lIiiO'W' Syster.rL

E h 3· !lt85~ (1,3;;,HlL) J IJ l OB=~ B t/J, QRF:

iii IBN rAC (.L)~ Stx Pa~.atr;oopeJS (MiWlt'llgIl, ~bJ(3]. '~lgo!i1, ~b)(l), ~(5)

10 ::3,111: ~atlliOfI lBetUe COrli1lp'-!Hl)l.::21 Po!;Ir-?!llrDl."!ipeJS with crgan~ \'Ie~POIl systems.

L...-_....I113 1500z (1930 IL) JUL. O.&-ruJS, tJ...1 ----"11-1 _-.!1.L4fG

t:cmtMn_andlC5,;

• 21 x us[] Adwi5Qf5

... 1100 A~:::m CClImmando Compan.y (:2(11 R Corp]1

L..._====oi! 1.4 0500z ,("m~93®il) JUl 08-- 1 01;1~ Pa~ nder.1Pla,t,gon~ " 1 a x ~.a~~{:rs'~

(2Ji ~ Whl;J! attacked 'Ile COP?' How rna ny AAf wer,e ]nvoJ 'IJIedi ln the

attack? Haw mat.l:!I MF were ,k~l~ed OJ' il1j.llr.ed dl.llrin:g the attaok? Welte· any MF i~n~1ied a~·.f til !:I' attack'? Were' an;y of'tihe AAF 'foreign naU oJiiials'" It SO~I' wh~t was thel r CmJMtry ,of origi:n?

L.- __ ..... rr~ ~tlac.k 'wa~, 10 til ~ VPB. not. :Ii'l'n establ1sned COp'fa~. The AAIIF attack~rs. \vere a oo[i':e;Qfion of Alilfti~Afg;h~n hDrres, ~n_dar the command of AAfF

'132 The pl"lrtJ~ Qt tirii~, pla!:oon WllS ·to clear too hea!;!r!y wooded a~e;al S'ast of n~·e Iilrgll ~!i'Q]"U1(j ·tha-t w-a:a, ocewj:!lt:d b¥ 300 lP!a!OO!ii, ~U:!e Company, See E.l<hlbl~ 11 ; 7'.

uj $-eEl! &.hibi~ 2:. ~ory,;xl'ard. This n umber Is an ~t]lfIi1atlo'n. j:l1"IO'!I.ldedi ,by 1h~ B$~ltgil Co'm,'iI1I:;IlI'Iger, LTC

!,b\lfr3}. !,lixa~ 1:"Ii a~l~iOlli! t·o 1fIe MF ·cas.lJalty data ~1c.M was 'uo'lr~1 iliilis aS1imi3te rn 21)0 takes into

:§!CC:D!JflIt It'Ie t.!ict lhart i1hare '~e a9 m:a!iii)' es 1 :30 fuin@ posllfClI'lS ~l\at In.ltiClood 1ih;& au-aok :!ilnill:,ll~an~$ly booetl, Upo1Ilhe I=I~ ,c:;f e~!PengEid 5 !1e II' c;e_!S illgiS and ~ne: 3mount of RPG fOiJf1Id;s. '~h.a-t weI~ fiJ'Ec'l, manY' IEI~ them SWo!UllaiL€Oi.lSly, .. A$:sum1ng 2--3 AAF per posili'iJiI1I with an average of6 stlJllo!'-oftlng AAF per fl@'lter, '2{1(1 i5 ii3 reesonable mjlll1bi:~. This artal);'Sis: WClS besed iijfi phOt!e .cJtln",ersa1ii-iJn 'bew~eeil the 10 ~!1!:1i LTC

~bJC~)' ~~)(&) on 24 JlJ!y 2CiOO,

1~, - _ . "';I.'. •

. Sc;c. C:~l}lb', "!! .!:;;:+-,""",!I..""",~ ..

• ,="I'Y !1. .J!II._I!. iIiI.. ~-II"L!I~·!J.I'U'tE"lj!.;.i1

TiF-BAYON:ET'

SUBJECT: ,AR 15-6 ~n\i'esijg~oT'l. Fifldings ·and RewmmendatiQrlis, - VBhide P·atrol eas~ (VPS) W'atilart Cnmple_l<: AHaok !Slnd Casualties! 13 J L!1fry .200~

" .!;!,o,. -H- ,-I~!~!ii "1"1...- ,,-- ... I'oEi~ 1,.;._",";;5"" 21- "" ... .-11 ,11:''11 ME "'111",;01 i ...... ~..._ .~...,,,,,,,,l,.lae ~ ... I ",,",,,,,;to, AI,~

rn ~n.€ i!i3llliEilC", " I Ir~e.! ,e ~n,., • .,..' 1i,!'l;;'1p"~"''''''' ,"" ,WI 'i:!<.f!: ' II I.'io • .:;;u til' 'LT n;: ... l~"'!I_'r. _ /"'Ill, "",,,,,_,n. ~

AAF were wm.IDI,;had ln action 1SOj'. There \¥ere bNo AAF boolies reoovered ·afte-f the

flQ'ht 138. TlMu'E! cemmanees condlucted tille' ssns i~~-e: $ita exp loitation on th~ .bodi es and tumed them O\.iElt 0Ci< th~· loo~11 ANP for' buriial;a~. There we re' numerous, M"f Lderrtlifi(t~ through various intelTigenoo~ colr;erJiliol1 methodsl, a.fter the atliBGk'4!'J _ tOfm of the reco,vered AAF bod'le$ WaiS idlentWii~d1 ras alii 'Mab" man in traditional AT9han clDi'hing

.... - - ",", - - ,t - f ,""""- ~I ....... ,..:I' '"""" ,.,a~ m"I"''''f"!;/ f',.",liiiI"'i! •• ",,,,114t

... ver ~ .~. a ... ~ ... !IJLl!~' LLt '.....;..11 Ull~i;f.....;· E n<E:li, i' dUl;i;f ... <:r~. - -

.(3)1 1 When did the :!iiltliitek begin?' DQ\I'B~IOj'P'~ '6m8~ inD mf'thiJ. key IQlVUinU,

megtUng up to, d I!Ilring, and afte r the' ,attac~?

l-_---tl[fhe attarck oo.g~ n at app'rnxirn~;te'Y 12 2·350z JUL 08 aJ'lld was m~ortsd at. '12 ~b)(2)""~I~ J:U L r:l8~>:!~. The ebbmv,fated: tlmel me~ ~!:1; below:

1~ See E):nibit:2:, £tory.!J.oard,

100 Sea ~rriibi~£i :2 rSt.ot'iIh""a;rdl.. 4 ·{'Cu.mman!f-D SQIilISl"!ltfil Sit-e lE~oit:a'tiCln) ;;!itid 5 ~bl(1) '1·4'.3,11

~t See ENihih:its :2 (Stfll)'Domd).. -4 (COOlFImaooo Sens'ilive ~ite ~itart1ofl}.aOO 5, fb}t:~) 1.4;!i,g

~ See 1E';xjtfliitG: ,2 nirorvOoa1,dn, ,4 '(~'f!rn6!OO!lJ Sel15njve. :srte iE:t'$lkliWtiDiI) '~Ild :5 (bo)(i) iA<I,4J

t~ ~.ae IElI:tI~:2 -{Swrtb:Qafdl}, ,4 {CQfprn:;;if'!ll;lo,.:se.~.rtive Sit;;!, E:O:!]iIQrLitwn) ,E!f'U;!·:5 (toJ(1l1 A'lII!I'

~bl('ii) 1 A~,y

l<ID .S~I :SlidiS.$ 1.9-22 {E!'iIe:rr!Y i nte!I~~re story IBoiilrd} and :s~~ q~5'7 {,Sen:s.iUue Srte IE~ploilati'CI~) WI Exhlib;i~, '2: (Stcty BD,Bt:j)

14-, c- E:: '_'b' "" "'- h..r.~ dI

..,~ .... ~.'!! ... lt ;", .;;~;tO'.!)',~r1_ .

j

TFrlBAYONET

SU18,JECT: AR 15 .. 6 ~!1\!e.st[,gation ,~Urtd Ing$ ~I':!d R'e~omrnenda~ns - Ve!hjcle Patrd Base {VlPB) Wanat C~m pie;.;: Attack and Casualties. '13 July :0008

~~~ TOW ven:QIe H;ilalltiieEl 5 l( PAX." 1 KIn 10 1'J'te! ·~t m VP.B 'liV';al')et 2Yi~.~ AAF ~C!!1I~i:ed fhtilEiI 5!;i1!S;aIJI~ pi4'$ltfQrJ~·

2-~il.z· MF ·~k C1eg;n.s

(1li)(:2) High "'PEl! W.<'!rta{ r€:poitOO ne-avy ,SAF :anc RF'i3 \Pi.itJ"j 'if!:re$ 'ftJcus:oo en the

moftar firlflg ~iUl'Jlj"l U"FIP), lOW '\feniCc! e, and ·OP To~ ·Side

.~~z· ·+O:M SF'C Mad wtllJngeg ,~t tnt;! MFj:i

2358z +0:08 row l.iOOida de$~~ tlY' RM vO:li~,; MPf' lil!1ildl TOW I:lg~:iti~ '~onliiie-i

'ti'it!\i;!l~ • .0' 'Command ~C'90t

'OOOIh ..,.(t·~ 1]1 OF' I"EIiJMadI k:aJr ~LJaI~; M'F w.it;run 1 C!OIiiiil Q,'f' ltJia' iMre' ~D.1 02. +O~~)(.!l)H:gt'&C!$!rom} 2illld H4!Va~ (~~i!P1 '·sifi'ilf,Qr~·ap

"'""iMil7.z +0:'27 .~SG tb)(<xJ. ,(bl-tfi)' SST Garcia, $~abJ1a)\o 'lb:i-l.6)& ,SPlQbJnl, ~bM) 1,b>lZltl1gJ1 .~~Cj:i'

(b)!!'1) 1.4.a,g C.AS Clrt sta:\k:lIiI, CCA am:! MED,E!VAC (!-ape!'il:e~ .JAF

(105U ... , ~[)2 CCA e'fl~'Q-e~ AAt: iQ¢e:t:!Dlwl,¢lfi:n d tile 'OP W'M ~l 30mm :!t.tm:e, r£Si..i1'tiJig ltJ si~.n~ean.1: r~ue:'liDfl in AAF fit!:::

00:532 1"1 ;03 Cllooe.n CD ~D)(2l~1iI ,d~llited m.B IEiI'osslng lm19 F'AX and 4- )!: UAlH O1!ll56,z +1;00 Shol1l}, ,aitet CCA ooun:p!md ,IDmm !strtk'e east oJ !C!P T~ Sld-'H2lHig(SFC (bi!ial,bilfe)arri~esat oOF' Top Sli1e: wilh nioo-mrgTI element ~b)(2"]H~h 00 re::nfO'l're ihe

Cl'P ~ 1,'Ii~(3}. iitt)(6~

0058>2: -1-1 :08 CFb'B').(3}. ~)(qrtliJ."QS .s n ,OF' Tol'l1 S:Id~ ln ordttt te assess U'le s.i:lJoJatiClii"l

01 ~z +1 :;}5 VPB rcooosolid~les andl j:irep2ifi\C:S c8SiJafties !'or @lIJaOU~U~~ MEO~AC

CbI)(J·). ~b)Colj\l

01 JBi: +1;4;9 0,h(I:a~~ ~bJ(2)H~h ,~rive5 'VP6 W~ll.aj (19, PAX, 4 WAJH) 0140z +1 :50 AAF !i'ittia'ted co~.m.~t!.~K;k dJ~ed at 6le 'OP

!)145z +1 :;5~)(t.JH:gFfl@r1el.,J!i'ered into oEI_flg beqaJil clearenee of ~, hIoteI, and m!);l5~li1Ie

014Sz' 1·;5:5 .M EDEVAC m 1bl~3). (b]wffi].

.... !)15~:c: ~;OO MEDEVAC ilJf owj). (!J)W) !3IOOI ~ x ANA

oo:t;~. +3::00 {b)(2)Hi-!lhi3iiu:i B!lII;:I.H:.i' Hi!!f!l~t«IliiI')C2i'H1~ PAA &, a ]c. UAIH! (:Qn.dl:J~d lin k;upwltil (bl(2;Jl-lifll'l at vpm, Wi@nat

00-004. +3; 1 i) W.anat .~~ar Jell'Q!ited dearn-)(2~Hi~ta'bri~hed Nor#l e~

1!l-324z +3.:34 eGA IQingi3!§;oo AAF dfl th-.e ~W!i1t1 of OF' ,anCli repe.l.s eou ntel"'-attaEk.

tI.b.K~H~h MIED.ATOR en~aq~ ~I'tIB MF- '!.i'iith Hellfl.n;;

lI$5!h ;.S,;1)5 Rei~rcement hell'Dop:ters ~Ji~e VIPS. lIiJ:.':l13i: with EN T AC( 1...) (6 PAX}, pl~1"i (2' PAX) 'from ~e C~)'2)t't:gI;;;i.nd 81100tel1'S. qgi PAX}

TF~BAYONET

SIJ8JE.cT~ AR 1&-6 Inve.sttgr.ltion Findings and R~c!l)rnme.nda1in.J"1s - Vehicte Patrol Base: .(VPB} Wanat C~mplex Artack and Casualties! 18 ,,JIuly 2008

15002. +15:10 ANA Command'ol elel'nen~ (1 00 PAX) andl USSf '(:21 F'AX) arthre4 :at VPB, Wanat aM (l$1;abli5h OP

(4) Ii ~here d cd 'ltte ;aUiac:k oe-cur? Provide refcv,aint graphics and

riftctogra;P~$ dep'icting Ole locM..ion of the ;attack.

L....- _ __...jl'l'ilie attack" occtlrrell at VPB Waf'la~ located JUst south of the W:e.y.gLOI

Distric.t oeHiiter ln the '''Image of W'anat. at grid 'coom,lnate (IfI)t'2~ liig J. Aero rdlng !to OF

map sheets and the GIRoA Minrstry of th~ Interior, Wanat is, located in IKul1aJr

Provinoe ''113.. However, INaflat is also. ~h e. District Capital for Way,gal Distrjrn in Nuristan. rEven "though tile National GoV@mmMt ~ognlze$ Wanat as a part of' Kjunar Prnvino~. tha peo,pJe~ and, the ,10 call gO\i\emment e~1 ~ne' way up to tfle provin clal govemmnent recogl'11~ze Wanal as psrt of N I.lr:f.stan 14-4_

(5)1 I 1 What Were the specm~, I~Jurie$ to eacrh member of lh eo Coa~ition

fior~ killed Or i'rtiured ,inl this snaek.

II- _ ___'! FalJeJlI Heroes: 9: Wounded in Aoti'OfI: 27 (16 were e'llacuablld ,i)11 11 were' treaterl a,nd retu mad to dmy)_ A ,detailedl breakdown of th-e s~ific inju nes of each ca-s.~aH.y ~s. d e:piiGted on slides 411' through 44 of Investigation S.b)ryboard~1. Exhibit 2.

b. I I What' W'!;IS the, ,base. d&fense ,protec1I(u~ plan fur 'the COP? 'Was th-e

phin lapp~;priate base.d on '8!,e, terrail n ,aJn.d AAF actIvity in the ,B!re~? Did the COP cemman deli eQltduct any ba:se defeMe rehe'iU"saJs prl'mr to 'dle sitart of th e atUlck?

1,(3 See Bella 15-6 llivea!ll:gffii.ort for dl!o~ion of ilhis issue, Exhibi •. 'llo.i31.

1~~ Im~ry and p,phlcs ,~ting the' IQca~IQI'!I t:J.t1 'ItIe attack are 'included lin ~hib'tt :2 (Investigath:;lIfl Sror~i)~d)

~.~~---____.

IF·BAYONET

SU8JECT: AiR 1S~6 liiivestigation Findfngs and R\9oomm~!ldalio,fls - Vel1icle P~tral Ba&e {VP1B) Wanat Complex Attac.k and Casuaill1es., 13 Ju~y ,2;008

W,es 'ille !plan f'Oliowed? How maf1(Y US Semrvicemembe-I'S were engaged i n fOI'\~B protectio,n dillJes at the thn& of'lle attack?

l=~~--IIlrrhe base. defense pta n fur \IPS W'ana1 was an i!1tegmted platncn size patrol base defense. The Platoon Leader and othet subol'd[nme, ~ead ers integrated 1heir weapOns, sys,tems iffio ;il3l 36.0 d'eg ree intenooked perimeter that tied' Into existing te.mal n

a nd the village of Wanat14!j.. an e 'Of the mest Ii mportant aspects of ~he pia 11 was '~skjng every squad to desrgnale p ersona el to bEl prepared te reimorce whaJte:ver s.ld:e of 'the VIPB was LH,deT' attackj46~ 'The ~eade~hip developed the plan prior to occupyinU VPB 'Wanat tn mUgh jo.int planning at the plattcmii aM company ,level'41,_ Thelia were

re'~}Fileme rnts made on the g ro u nd by the 'P latoon Jea-demrp to meet fue cheng ing oom:iillloM 4a. One key. r€nneme.nt was that 1 L T 8toostro m Ifl,sj,gte!il . hat OP lop Side be. located dose ~nough to Ute Vll?B (So that it could be rteirrforoed if necessary. The exact .oca1lion was aJ[SO sehectedl ,SQ that it DO Lild take' advantage of the foree pmtectio!"l pfOvided: by the larg.e boull:de:rs pre$em: at that tocetion. Thj~ vms a ca~culated risk because the mom dommarrt high gro Uln.d up the spur to the East was not useo .141:1 The VPB was adjacent to the bezear, the outtumJty accepted me~in9 ,alfea 8J'l1d center to r Afghans ood~~ e\i'~ms", This dose intera.c.t1Qnlo·mh fhe popurallon allov.red the platoon to separate the popl!Jl~tion from the enemy. The rompany' commander; CP"i(b)(J.). ~b)~

~5 See ;~::d'IiCi~ 22-25,. Srntemffilt:5 ,m S'F~J!l$), {1:(1(6:Ecf'ilbi'ls fitKi8. S~aternents, or C~)(3), (b)(6)

, ';5 See &dtib'it 25,. Sta,tcmen.t Q' SFQb)C3~, (b)(6~1 ,e15Q includes a platoon sector 5 k.e.tc: 11 lilaa was< ll"'l;IDl;)'n~'!rl,lcte!lil from l'fIemrn'y. 11.. T BI'Q~ln:Jm drBl,(,' ,uti, UilBi !iYlgliila'J and a Oil'J)Y couk! not be IIDGafed_

":~~ :See iExhlb~ 22~25. S.tB~im'I~~ts ef SF~H3}. i);1HEf'~nibit$ 55-:5:B, Staheme1fl~s of CPll)l:S~. (tI)[6~

1~ See :5WQm i',i-~tEmMl and sector .eb!::h 'fm' SF'GIl)(3), ~b)(llflxhlbllS 22,~'2.$,

11!5 .Beth SFOih)(::3), (b)($I'.d ~)(3~, (!b)(fi£ii!II.I~!:'J!ly 'iiJ.nt w1~ 11L"F Bros om's. deciaiw. wli'lic.n. IJ,Jrr.oo oiJlJ for ~e h~ ~cr_ No matter oo.vfJ;;!T OP I ~ iSiM had Dilen teeaiee bfj) Ole spur. there was;' \;,sys rtlrare ,e"'.ominsflt teril"$irn whictJ tl\a ensmy ..Is'Cd to eflg~ wi~ RLPG~, Oice E.uc:n, ii!I Itlca.tli:trJ had been built into a $'f.i\O'n-QI point {litis, lakes <:II s!gntfl'Gill1ia ,col't:Stll,.lClign efrfOO}, tF tl1ii!i pM<I!J'Clf'l htu!llooated ful'frlar IUp 'ffile spur, It would !",lave most i1kely been ~l ,rif Nom ltie first ~i"OO" groups of reinforoem8filt.s <ind mOM F'araU'o@pe.J,s, ITIcst likely WOL1k] ha ... -e ~n lo:!~.

1

TF~BAYONET

SUBJlECT: AiR. u ~6 Ifl\i\e's:lij~ation Findings ,and R.:eoomm~ndlOOons = Vehicle' Patrol ~ase' (VP8) Wanat Complex Atlack and Casueltiesil '13 July' 2,0 DB

.$e~ted the sWJe of de,f;ense due· to lPmXil:1jj!'i~ of the Ijjijstriat center ('with in abo~t '100m) a rid me popu~atiQ.n 1 so _ As ~or m~re defendab!e termin. '~l1ere 'iNa£; ITtOre mil itar~~'Y defendable terrain, but eam p:i:eoe of land came ·witbL its O\''I!n comprs(Xitiss,1!!1 The ch~rracterist[C$ of too ~lJ:rnter".jn~urge ncy fig fit: ijWll th~ Wa;ygu~ V.~lley mad\?; this t:erratn optl mal fo r its ebrl~ to interact wirth the pojp1.JlatocHiL The eondfiens onaFilgoo .wijth 'U~e removal of th 9 population and the lack of suppa fit from tt!* ,d [$~rkt ieve! goveman~e i1S2_ The base's ·~tro~ IP revldsd other benefits •. (:lar.n~1y the oo~tfo1 and 'i:,i;se of the rooo as a grourld ace;:ess route fur 'supplroo a~d troop movement arm iaJls_o, i'estrioHrlg! '~h~ enemy's, use of the road,

1.....-_---11 At the t[me of the attack, 1119 base defense pian was l!!~demood aoo disoomfnaloo15J., FOil f.1@hearsals the lunli~ !tQnch ... ctedl squad leader levelllbctck briefs. Th~y also test f re<-d of al] m:ach in€! g'l!tn,S a nd tnd~rect tire .£ystems. SFCtbHl), tbj(G'Sflsured th~t ·there '\,!',rere other practlcal reSOUfCefS reildy tlhat, 'WOw Id an~;w lh~ platoon 'to $uocessfijlJy d,efend the ~ite. such as additional wa~eii'j tOed I and ammunWon ,1:54 The platoon p'laced the most ,em;ptiasJs on mamllrlg .tL--e Op, 'wh~re 'the plmoo,i) mr.-v~rn observer, SGTbJ(~), fbJ~Eand ether stron,g]IR!airntroopers ensured S'i!curily~55. 'The· plan w;a$ 'fu It~d '00' ioo!u:de the' most difficuh: a~pect of 1h e plan ~mloo w~s,reimQtcinQl the area that need.ed it most on three $epa~; occssloos ..

1$~ see 'e'mibit5i ss.:;S, Stil~ern ~~, or ,~)(:3), (1l\I~)

1~' Ses c~l;(j.)~), (l!ol~iM}ii't1 :M.~ I:€mail1: a&A en lbase. Siel~dio.i'tI,; e>ltJit!lt 6ft.

;5~ S-ea .Exihibits ~5-i)ij, Sl'atern eY1~ of C~,~), ~b)(4i1!:!!3 EXlfililbi~ 6', S'belemilS!'.t Cl~ l TQb)(l), ~bl(oS"

'[53 :See 1~",lblts :lZ,g25" glateIfl:u.Jrs. of SFf:fbHAl. (bl>(8'~e-e ~I"~ibits 55·:58, Statements of CP'J)f;3l, ilb)(I3).

'lSI I~ .f"I=.t1.I.. _ ,o.;tI;',·0.. .. 'iIo.~-~. .,;1-.4' 1.11o~ oFjo!'j ..,;:

:aoo ar""",)~3)., (!:loJ~""",~ ~"Orn: sta_'<!ImIMts. ell ~8 iulfJl!lftY, >SOOI L U'IIL ..:!:£-~.

1

[

TF-9AYONET

S ILJW~C.l: AR 15-6 Investtg'ar1]on rindtrtgiS a fild Recommendati en S ,_ Verni;cre ,P\ar1ro1 B~M; '{v'PB} Wtrn~t Cl:imple;x Attack, and C~S-\Jaltie,9. 13 .;I u Iy 2008

!!--_----="~ At the tima of a£t~ck al ~ P~J~troopers, (48 x US and ::14 x ANA) 'wera awake, alert and in 'full, bM"tfte ~ttle 1s.e. Ex'Oe;pt wr tDtJ'e,e ,engineel"$ wofki n1J! ~TiI a 'filooo~ng' [ssue iri! the a_mmUT!m~f!I supply poi~t, all were at or near' ~herrfj£lhMng

. - -~. - ... f:01!57

po;S'IJO!,OQ •

.:J I When. was COP Wanat jfi:rs,t o~c!.llp'l'8:d? Was 'ClOP W~flal under

cOl'iLr$lruot'~n at 1ihe time ,of the attacik'? W:as the 'O~UpaUOllill ab1d c.onsbtucti'Ol1 ,of YP,B Wanat a planned ope>ration? If so, who did the plan!'1l ing and wnat 'p~an nim9' was done'? Was a mnnaill1s k 3sseess'me.nt t;ondu.ctec!l? ,If scu, what was the IiS'SU rt of the risk a.ss;essme(!il['1 How WJ!;'fe' those iO'~n~'med rt~l!t$, mitigated?'

-=~___.I The unit never 10 oClUpioo or ,a$t~Jbl,iS!hed a [pel rrnar.l!2JJJI CO P in the '!;,Image of Wanat, but es!aO'lis,iled a w!hJc!le patrol base in Wanm en .a J Illy 2008.

I The ,element fro m C.hosen Companry OGcupied a fighting position 'with

I....-~==="

'U'ie imenti~fl of conslructirng s p~rmran€:nt cCU11b<at o~t.p@st

[ ! The CF pre~eliioo ln Wana.rtt was a del i b-erate artd pl:ann~rl ,~p6rnttolfl.

The' tmt!:' (CJTF/brigade/b.a'ftal ion/company) comph~1ed ext'erlS~v.e pianning and ctelleraped a CJTF level ~p'P.i'oved CONOP fur 'tine opieration'j~. The: p!aniiling also ,con~istw oi numerous products afild :a ssessmente genl$fi~ted b'Y the BDEJE3 N level engineers1S9,A fOl1"l'ilai risk assessrnent was ooflducted !before Ihe, tocatiof1 was OCC!lJpie:d1 &::1"

~~ See Ext-';b.i~ 20. ,Statemel'It 01 SiPC. 1 ~.~ ifj\ek!!N'!'TIM 'CC NOP ROCK MOVE

~~ :See 1E'::<h~'it ~ 03" R."Opased CBlFI51n.lEtJO!l'! Fta-n.

1&:1 ,RaMt~~, s~id$ 30"CONOP ROC~ MOVE

TF-,B,A YONET

S UBJ,EC'r: .AR 15-6 rnnvestigati'!JJ1 Firtd ings a!1d l~mm:endJations - Vehinle PatlilOl Ba~' '[\IPS) lila_oat COlli plex AWol!;. and ea<5uaHiesj '13 Ju.dy 2008

....._ I CPTb)'3l, {bl(i$Oug'hrt and was, resour¢ed 'IIJilh oo-uifuional oomb:e:t ,p.o1Ner in

orner to mitfg~te 'the tactica~ ri sk~

~ four up....aif1rrrored H MM\lV\t.s VLi'ith 'Mtol Mk-1 9 gr.el1a.rle tauncners, and two M2 J.:Ie ~Iiber maciitne glJ.llns;

'II! ~ch-mem of a TO~N m~i$8jle team 'l.Mith[tJ~i!!'fi1and GI n up-arrru~red

HM M'NV 'from ,De~t!iJl;ed Comp,any tOI {)veT-watch the i;ruilldJinu of the' VlPIB:;

.' ~Moh mtmt of a ooaJ\f!{ mortar (120mm,) 'with a four man 'Drew to provIde.

Cildditional organ ie fnd Ired fire $uP;port 'for '~le~ platoon;

I. atl~cnment of it) fl1engi nser s-eotiiJrIi of fiVrei engineers as w~11 ~$ ~l'rrlracl:ed I~ngmeer equipment to e%fledita mroe prcrl'~lnf'l';

• an ANJ\ PtaiIDon;

• and sr (MC!I)H~m

~ Add~liio nal $tep$ '~aJ~ell to mitigate 'fisk j'no1uded:

...._--~

• $e\parnUng 'the closure COP 18 Silla with lne e$tabli~hnteliltl: of VPB W,ffnat

by linsu ring that COp' 'B~II:r;l, was cern plelelfll closed down beforPe ,~tabli5hing VPB W~~t16~ ::

.. esta,bJishing the 'VPB under thecover of darikness during th~ 'I'iIlIomlng hours off 9' J~I~/~;

.. manning aU heavy weapons throughout th~, d~:y' as other P'@ ratroopers WCI rkle-d on ,constmClilon'

- - - - - .!

'lit! I~.. '-'Crr~)""'l. .... ).""",., ,.- m ........ ' .-:'- -,_;'o:.'. ~~, ~;~ "' ................. 0: ... - .~ .. ""-'- .. ~ ....... =n-:.' ""DT-1C~' {b"" .,,_, n-;::;..;l t ... ~"

~ee '1.-, '!.OJ ·L ..... · \"',-, l,i:;Id:;l_ 0;:,1'''' 1::.':(" Ill.!!l~ .:!U. I[]:~ .:;.'1;"",,<;1' ,cUIJ ':9 IInc , .... ..:0 ' .... f''''.,clLiNI "" "-'''i[l """ "' "' ..... 1,1i I!,;;! ..

UiJe.r'e ~~s 1i'O ~p.e1iI;ioti r(lF tm;muiDes 'W.irn CIi1I[}'"St;:n Com,pany se tnat all energy could bte foousei;lll;lltli tnt;! ei;i~~~limen!, 01 '!,/FIB W9~t

~ 11il!f iri!['!iaJly est,e bJiSli'iling tliB w~ lli'Ddsr ths' ,Co¥Sr 01 dafk;ni!S~i! e~ COA't,ilill'i)!' m"tlpted elleffiy's.. lD~t jike!y ,t:~~.e IO.r e;ctiii;il']: wlrtUCtTI \h'aS ~ :;;'LrikJ;[l' '1I/1I,'h IED$ bl!'ft:t',e '!hi!!: \ll!:hlo1s:s rolled ~nto the WS. See IEKI'Iibit Ui1. OONOP ROCK M'OV,E:, Which slates tlkli Ihe m~ likely enemy course a.ct:!on wol,,!ll~ I),e tQ ,em~ 1E:1)s. to prevent tl1e l'Ift~ent of velliiic:f.e3 from c~_rnp ~'SilQ9 to 'W:an;;l:_

TF-BAYONET

SUBJECT: cAR, i1.5~ Iffil'~$ligalj'on rlndings and ReoornmendlatTo.ns - Vehic'le Patrol Base (\IPS) Wen,at Oom plex Alttaok and Ca-suaHies" 1 3, July :2.008

• makuft.gI force protsotton the' #1 p rior.ity' '0,1 work;

'II 'cof;l:structlog OP Top ,Side, ,manning the lap 'with an entim ~Qu:ad" -Dl!Jffirft[ng the OP v-,Hh aflljJ-)(2~Igl1 manningl '~hel Of! 'twenty-four' hoi,JIr$ a d,i:~ry'! and ~eeping 'fhi~' UP clese enolUglh to too VPB 00 n: could be ~nloreed if neClS!S6arr,

,. stneki.pi~[n,g ~u'nm!JJ~mon, wafei' ,~rtd fooo at every pOSition $0 that t.h,ey co:ukl sustain the fight VU\lth,o~t ha'!llrtgl 'to be re:$up;p!~edl in a short d~ ration;

• ~ndl COM uding !Slar'id",to and :sWnd-down at dawn aUl1d dusk every day ~$!rLg 100% of"~he iOn..~1~.

d.1 :J Had ViPS W':anat beeliil ia!ttadted illill '~me 36 dayo$, prior t,'@; 'H'iiJis, attack?

If $~ wltat w*re tl1i fl· extern of the ,attacks?

.__ _ ___.I V:PB Waruat had eIXi sled for on~y f~ve daY:$; p !'90t 'to the 19H'a,ck.. It, had not been previo usly a11a~e:d,.

___ --'I After attend Ing ,sihl!jms ~l the, Wayg!J1 IIJ&strtill Center in Wanat, AAF ;attacked '!he CF e:le!lt*!1t$ return iili!g from 'that ~hu~ on t'!No different occaslons, The al't:a~. 26 MAY 08 and 08 JUN 081 'were >oorndluctoo ]l!Isl south of WaMt on th~ return lPatr:lO~ to Camp 8JI~sir1Q'. The attacks, We!',r:8 complg_~ ambushes ~fil1he' CF OOi'hiOY, a~~hou9h Ute second amtnJlsh: 'was sfg.nlifToiillnUy ree[uced due ~o C,If' mspcnoo 164.

L....-_----li Additiof1~Jly, Tf Rock Para1rcopers eceupled .be'meen11:5 and 25 peli'l"na:nent p!l5mOn~ t'hroughout th e K!ullilar and N urlstan ,pJiUllinC'.Bs in their 15 mont!; deployment. During ltIalt time. 'lhe !1.Ili1it Wa6 involved In Over" 1',000 dlrec11ihdireCit 'f1r~

's !See Exhibits. :55-5!!i, S"..a:taunsrti:S .of CFi,'itl)i;31 Qbii(l$s:e. IE'xnitJgt 1 eo, VF'S Ch&f4!lf'l!:i(i: ~Ian; :aM see 'lili:hJbits, 22-,25" ~FO:bJ(l). (bHQ\S1d~:em~I'i.'IS,

;e.::, SBe, E:d'liillL'4; 61 . Staternen~ of' l, IQb)(~). ~bli)6)

TIF=8AYONET

SUBJECT: AR 15~6 InvestigatiOJil FEoolngs and Recommendatlons·- Vetficl~~ PatroJ 8a~ (VPB) Wanat Compl e.(;( Attack and CalsllIaH:ies, 18 Jluty 2008.

engasemelfits with the enemy. .A terge In umber of !t!:lese engagements \!Vera ,at Or within one kJ1om~er of their bases. TF Roock. Para~roo.pem W6.lS expenie.nced 'War fighters and Chosen Company in pamcu[ar was exp anie need in fighting the enemy in the rugged 8MI a'u:stsre tenr:~in o.f· tlie Way-gul District 1 Ql, •.

intelligence beelll! n:welved illdicatJlrt.g 'a pos:sible· [attack hl the 30 days ,prior to th~s attack? lfso, wMt. was tha.t intel1Ii'genes? Wllhat actions w'ere taken as a restli,t. of that ln1elligel'1l ce'? We're those. ,actions appropriate? W[i!$5, a eu rrent thruat analysis COndiUct.e.d?

Yes, them

~~~~~----~~~~~~------~~~~~----~

was iotellfg;enoe tmai an attack wo~kI occur, but thu~ was to be expected fer the Wayga[l.

District 'The. TF RQd<.INTSUM for 12 .July 20C8 stated that the Tallban C<Jmma:nder,

'lbl!i21Hl:!ltl allong with (b)C2)H"{Iti plan 0[1 ahokl.ng liIew~y constructed VPB

Kahler, Wanat. Vil[age tnruug!h mu'ltiple sources,

TF·BAYONET

.sUBJ ECT: AR 15 .. 6 Inv.esligatkm Findings and ReoommendaJtions ~. V'ehicle Palro~ [Base (VPB) Wlar..at Comph~~')i; Attack .and CasuaUW,s., 1 3 J'uJy 2008

____ ...JIMaOY leati'8rs and Sotdiel~ stated tti'lm 1tJe villagers told them them would be an attack very soon, OP"1b:I~~~, {b)(Bl1l T Brostrum and SGlbl<3l. '(bJofftiad dinner with

COlmF an me- rright of the 121'1 an.d he i.rilfo,rmed th~m that the VP8 would be

attac~e:dI HiS, AdClitionaHy, there hari been dailY mports of :200-300 fighters that were ma.5i:sJng' to attack COP Bella in the 'first. 110 days of J,u"ly. Wilen the CF clo.sed down 8~J.la en jhe 9~;., they exp;ected 1he enemy to ~h~ff h~s, focus to VPB, Waf1;;;ll'Ei7.

1I- __ ...J1 Based upon 'tie mGt thaJ1: the ,enemy n.orma Ily conduc.1s probing ,aJlaoks poor to conduGling ,an ajl out large !$cale attack" ~t mtaS logical to think that an attaok of 2D .MF· \i'IIOUlld be a probing attack. What 'Was not known \\i\&"S the· collusio.n fual took place' betli\resn the Cj~11'T,c.t ANP Chief and ~he MF16Ui" Under ~e circumstances, the actio.n s taken to mitra.ate th[s threat ~nWlile~te-d ill pa ragrnpn SUb were reasonebte.

f~1 ~ WHat IlilIteBig,ltnC:elt SUNeilhul'ce, 'and

R:eocnll'naissanc.e r{ISR) platfcnTI~ were cOYel'ljng cap Wanat at, the time Il:Df '[;ba attack? Was d1e ISR supporiaplpro;pria.le'?' What. org ~n me ISR sUJrport Wias available at the COP? Was thalroll"QaJnic :sruPlp.ort a:dequ'aJe7'

II-,...__~~~~~~=ill The only ISR plaMorm$ covering VPB, 'Wanat were Ute gJfIOullild ba'Sed1(t1H2.ilii!]t6ystem urtil~ed by ~he: TOW 'gu n team an ~ the Ob,)(:2~Ki'gl~ ern placed on

OP Top Sidle. ibJ{4)Hillh

f<&:5 :See E:dlid;l!t 1171 email fro.mthe:iF~~{ii($).[2i.iiI~MH~.J):I>f€i]nwhlcbTIh!3J1&=l1_p1alii~.U.Ieam!)Unt .. Cit.CClntact 'TF Rock. 08:$ .been III d!J(~ their 15 m.MtI' lIeplO',!{RiIem itQ AifgOOn'~taflt,

,a See S~(3). {b;:!!ta1Bm e[l~, :a!ld see s-UUernenls 0' QP~)CS), (b)«fxrnbi~e, 7 -9, e~trIDlts 55-58. CPT

Lb)fJl, ~b)(r:e1Cpet;ted an attack hm 'thetiS! W'EiS· F1J;!1 defini1We ll'lteilfgenee to eause tllm to Mlieve ~t1:;lt the a.tIack or 13. J~y IN(iuld be mere man a probing ataflct.

181 ~t\iboit 61, ·Statement oil [_ TQ;b)(S" (bl~ Exf.ir.oit 1011 CO NaP R:o&k MG-vee.

1E1j See ExIl1ilit£ 111-113. fnMJlisel"!:oe Re~ aoo see Exhibit 3·. (tJ)!.2J4-1i!llh After the

evelii!t. :. was. c1scc!'!l!ftI that frIe District Po!~e Chi'et aoo DI:sIJi'ie\ li¥JiO'Vel'l)1;ilr FltaQl ~11 T~I!ltll1lng the

im perr_.:;trng ,attac'l;;,

[

TF-BA.YONET

SU B-JECT: Aft 1 5~ irlvsstigation lFindingl.S iarJd Recommendations - 'Vehide Patro-l Ba.s~ {VPB} W,a nat Compte>: Atita:ck. :and Cas'U1a Iti€$, 13 .!I u Iy 2008

Ig~ I What was the ~Iationship, wiith the mo~al comm unity pn10f to '{he

,attack? Was tillers any i'lI1dica.Uon fr'cm the ~ocal eor,nmll,l nity fhat tmel"ie wOiUld _. an Y!pemnJn;g attack?

Io...-~="""! The. ~1.at1Qnship w~ih 1oca_l!S, at Wanat ranged from 1i"J:sti~iily to

differenCE' to friendship. l'nere waG 00 inOOlllge.noe frorn the ne.~~by local dis1tict center

who Jived fn a

house adjacent to '\liPS Wanat. wa. mOO 'the p~et.ocm that an attack w,a,s OOm ifig th e ns,Kit da!ll\ on each dar from 09--12 JUn.. Qa'~. 'Ihe Chosen CQmparry Soldiers reoeIv,ed information that. V!.!hen the loca.l CiVm~l'fil population len. the area there walS 8 f1 lmpefiidirtg atl~ok:. iHlo'WeIlo"eJ', this was. a rypioal event. 0 t1I the batUefiletd In eaS'!F~m AfghanJs13tl ,. The Chosen Comp.any and TF Rook Para~ro.opars we're not ov,eli1y concerned wlth the .imellige.nc.e end impending attack, as 'It. 'LIVaS a normal o,ccur.rence (referenc.e teo TF Rock TIC .s~ide 1tihs.t demoMtrn.tas· the 1,,100 TlC's in the last 15, m.ornthsri.'D. Many intel~ig;ertce reports ind!ica-te.<i ao attetclk was impending. but CP"{bilf3J, \1l:.r~nd L T Brostrom beJievoo the attaok wfJ_1d be pnl:lbTng in nature and most likely an indirect fire· ,attack. Their assessment of the irn,pending ilrnd~rect fire attadk ~s th eli reason for foxhole. preparation~ 1n. As·of note, the Cho.S0Ji CorlITlpany element~ d'id not nonce the dvni8ii1S of Wranat lea.'~lng the· vfllage 1011 the night lo·f 12~1,3 Jluly 20.08.

,~ lEi'i:njc.its 55-58., OI~'i1)t3), (b)1.4Hat8mel!l~; E):l:litJi1:s 7-81, S,!atE)i''li'iM'$ CJl SG~)l3~, !lI;I)l6~

"1'11 ~ Ei4i1ibil '[ 1 7, ~rii.a:il 'r~ !no TF Ro$l~)~MA.!IP.IoI.a), (bi'l.fl'l vdiich ih!!; exp!:ains the 8!T!ClIJTU of aanJac.\ T """:Rock hc:I$ M~i'I n clUliflQ theu 1: 5 month aeployment '1m. AfgitatJi·:stan.

, n S~ IExrIl:tJil 65-08; Staternoots. of CP~(JiJ, (b)(ti.)

rF-,BAYON ET

SU BJECT: AR 15-6 Investigaij@n Findings, ,and Recommenda,tiorls _, Vehicle P,a!rol Base (VP~) Wanat CompJex Atla;ek and Casuallti'es. 1,3 JI'Llly 2008

L..-_---iI'To, 'Ruther caveat the, mlationshi~ 'with the 10 ea 'I Afg han 'Vi llag~rn in Wanat, 1he 9 roup and indi'liiduali consensus uver.e 'iJ,a$1ly d ifferem. While mooting wi.th :srnall groups ,O'f ,erders, ePlb)~3), ~bHfiJJ.nd '1 L T 8 rostmm reported that the loca!:s f~11y '$uppo;r1:®d the base, Ho\Yever, ~n ~arger gmup meeil1ng$: tn'S eiders: 'wern. more ne LrimJ or nO,f"&.-:supPCi'l1ive_ Thls is typical of ' the popuRartion due to '~he threat of AAF intelligence lot)He~1io it. The, vm~ger will wmai~ .ne-utral in large groups, to pmted their' fa rn~ri ss from la~eUns.by the Mr_ CPT{bJ~~.{br;~Ja$$$S$ment; was 'that the population in Wanat wanted the base and CF preserme, bull'aekedl the 51roogth to ,a$S!.U;:; e [~ponsibmty as ~-der:s in their 00 mmuni1y. Malf':l~ elders prilv.ate,ly told CPTD)liJ]. (t!;;Li~h-at: a base liVOlJI Id be most successfulll iff he! Duilt it witihQut ,a!!ilj1 bcal ftlsoonal perm ission (iaf.la agreements o r

v.i IJage m~jng'5). Tn 12, reason fuil' RlIe.se rnoommerJdatlo,n,s 1$, 'that it W(:Juld oulluran:y' prorect the local'S from AAF reprisalls and the loc~:5 'would accept 'the bicS:tSi. IKn CPT

(b;;L3}. (ItI;tGYo.pinron. h'e dh1 not move quick enough to estaol i$1n the ba. through thli!)' methods that elders :reoommended In prill'B'te 172. iha long negotiatio.n p~6 with 10 eaJl villagers allowed th~ M'f' to develop a oompie~ plan to attack tn~, b:~se 17~'.

h [ iWhat w,es ae Indirect fji~l plan? Was it i n~grral:ed ~ oHler mlllU'taJry

~ns,ta UafIo ns in, 'Ine ama? What 'O,liglaJn i1c i1ndi'lie ct. 8m suppon was ,Ei,vaHable at COP' Wanal'f? W,iilS' Hlat II~vel of S!.:L]ljport ap.I::H'cprlate? Was, el @IS@' ai r ,S-lJI P1Port: req~esit'ed an d dQri'lll'(i<riQ d :ill a timely manner?

....___~_...II~ The imi'[reci fir~ ,p'an is shown on :slJdes 15-1 '7' 1011' Exhibit :2 {~nvestigatiio;n Si-oryboarn) ..

~.2' Sse lE;:«Jl!:i~ -55-68 .. statements 15f' CF'(5)(:!). (b)cll!~hibit$ 7.!9, Stalem,ents !Df SG~l!:3)'. 'I,bH6}

i:f$ See ExJil(~rl 61 , Slat.am(mt ,of I!...T,C (IbM'J}. (b-).[s.~ $€:€! &ni!bi:"!S :55~~ s::aram.~~ 101 CF'rb)(~, ~b)(i!;i<)

E:di'ib;it5 7-'9" S~temeflts ,of SC-{D)(3l ~b)l)ff)

J

TF-SAYONET

SUBJ EeL Aft 1 :s..'8 I n\IIe~tlgatr:on FirlrlingSi and lRie<::omll'tend aticns ~. Vehiole Patrol Ba~e: (\tF18) Wanet Cornple:x' Abd~ and 'Ca,sl,lalties" 1'3 J~~ 200 a

[ lilt: ~o.ok :into ~¢(:QiLin{ the 12'0 rnm mortar emplaced, at VPEt 'Waraat, as w~11 as,

NAJ 155mwi Mi1'7'7 H~m at Camp 8Ie:ssli1g. {bJ;;~H~n

(b)f2!1"lil!J1

10....-_---111 n addition to the 120mm mortar there w,e $ ,a. 60mm mortar organh;: to VPB W,an at This 81i1'iiO u nt of org~!fiI le inO lrect fire wa,:s more than no rmall~t is found at a platoon VPB I but ills W~$ an rrrtenUonal de.;:Tsion- to c@m,pensate fo r' fisk: d I:j rrn;gl the· bu Lid UJp'~1~ ,

"==~~~ $(;I'me IParalroo pers percej~d that close air .support {CAS} end c.r-os~· ,combat: avlatlen (eCA) ,airlCrnfi. did not arrive untl~ ISQJ..OO rfI iT11,;lle$· kito t~ baHI.,·, It is clear from the MIRe ~hat 109$ (~i<hib~; 90a96}} and th~ AH~4 gUIlI tapes (Exhibit 97) that 1ii';.;:,ed:

\"~in.g CAS :started am-'iling ail (1:1)(1) '1.048 .. 9 min utss after oonmct was.1ffi1"$1: reported

end! AtlI",,64 Ap:ac.he atta:ek. he'licopt·e.rs: :sta:r:t:ed arrivIng at (b)(1) 1 AS.!) min utes a.ifter contact iA!'as fit3[ rep·mwd, 'Glven that the fixed v,rflng CAS had: 'fly ~n from 6agrnm Aime Ie and 1!he OCA .had to fly up from Jal B'la,Qad, both assets ~i,i'$re \i',ery resportsive. Flowever.,. the ~'t rn~pons1ve fi~$ 'Were '!hJil= 1,20m mortar up untiJ it was de'stro:yed a nd 'ina 1,55mm HoVLritzef'$ which b~gan firing within sjx minutes from whe,n eontaet \.!'!Ia.S firnt

-- - .............. ..1'706 fep00!I~ ,

:q ~What. was ~he pe,rsonai prot.e ctive iI3.quipme~t 'requi'f.e:ments tOil

ina ivjduals en 'th'e COP? Were 'ttl Me requi ~~ilts wll~@wed? W~~· iJhe requirements, ap.pmp;i'.ate?

'IN See ExrdD:it 2', IHilloIe5itigation :S.ro~'y,boor{j, Fires. ~~ .. 'i7'l!o Sae E:di1bit;$ '!:i~5:6i ·Statements IIJIt C~b""3),. (b)!!B.1,

,'Q, Exh.ib:lt. 91. ~. FiJ"'BEi ~1:(I(2) .. Iign

TF~8.AYONH

S-U BJECT:' AR 15-'6 I nvastigatioJl F.ifil.d~ngs, i£lJnd Recommen:d.aJ1ioli$ - VehfcJe Patrol B~se (VP8.) W~Ul'2Jt CompJex Attack andl rL.:a$iJaIHet. 13 Jury 2008

1..-_-11 The platoon WaS requi~d to w..ear th9~r &q u ipmam at all! times 'when mov.ing around the' area, At ~itcmd-ro, the time· ~he ~ttaok occurred" ail persof1ri1e I were required to w-ee:r ,aH pef'$Oila~ prolec[ive equipment This ls both app~ pJ'"ilate ~.rllj $,tandaro procedure wTte!n c:omh.!loling staJnd~to.. AlII werl~ wearing the requifed equipment.

j, I I What. If any,. medl'carn tireabne.nt w~, proVi\Qed WI Ole

~.M~·.mem be~? Wt=:m the M,EDEVAC procedures tfmely :a:nd appropriate urud@f the It ~rcumstances?

L...- __ ....II! All oorvioe members rnoo'lved treatme Flit for wou Iild s within rncmenls of getti'ng [n.J~rerl'·n·_ All 'TaiSk .Force Rook Pcna,troopern are· Rock First Responder ~ined end] tn~re rs at ~~a!s.t one oamb~~ Life Sa'i/ef {CLS,) and 0000 Emergency Medica I T~iChlllcian .( EMD per squad, When 3J ,FlQ~k Fo'.ara'b'iOQ,p~r ~$ inj:ulf$:d his 'lim ,a~d 'is frern a fu~r.ow Paratrooper, whether '~hilt is ,~ Ro~k Frts'E Re~!ponder ·01' EMT. The irtl]umd

Paratwo oPW" L5 Uten fI1.OVOOI to lJh;e! platoon ,revel casua1lty col.lectlon po:lnt (CCP,) to 1'f}Cl9:CV$ 1lFeatment from a .highly trained platoQ.n medici73. Fm~m this· point ·the. unit wm request MEDEVAC d~e pending on the· Ctr.cumstanoe;s 'of 'lh:~ i~j u ry. 179

11....-_----'11 ln 'ttl is situat10 n"I! the MED'EVAC pmc-ed u res were ti mely·. A'S soon ·~S the 5wation was under control th~ MiEDEVAC moved ln, and inl some cssas they landed; while there 'Wa~ ::31gPJm~rtt ~moums 'crf figh't~rtI~ ~W. The flirnt ME: DEVAC .8J"rived at 0125z

m ,see Ger!e~lIy. Exhibits 7..es, S{a~~fililil;jfflti;i O'r S(il'gi$'s fliJ!f.Owec in ilitJe BSittie of 'Wanat,

11.& Sse Exhlbit 7(1, Stmement ot SF'C fb1(3J. l,t(MEll< IE;:.:;!'t·ibftl:i i55-5!a1" ·S'Il:!~emeliilt5i ,of ·CP"fi.n:3~, I,ibHt;I~

';I!;I Remr!l!:i"l_Ola LlA 11:OO~ C:as.IIJ!a1l¥ Feeder Cards 'for eacn 'i:<'lIsi.i<!d~, E:dilLIXI;$ 86-.88.

, SI:I See E:.4,ibit !lli?, (b~~ k;gh T~pe$;' E;.::itibils 00-'96, Ob')(4~ Hi.3h See Exhabl! .: 88,. MEDEVA.C .F';;:tiant

Rwort~.,

TF~BA YONE.T

SU BJECT; AR 1S..s I n\re:stiQa~iOli F.inding$ ,and Reoommertda,tions, - V~-hicl~ IP,atrol ,Ba£e (VPB) Wali18J1: Cd>mpJex' A:ttack ;aoo Casua'ltLes, 13 J'uly 2008,

{0565L)" ona heu r ~nd thi rt,y-five minutes ~nto the fight 1 B1 , The-1reatnwnt. of easua It~, is ,aJ$!O m\ame~, by SUpEi:rb first ald ptOvi'd~d by the firot r,e$'ponde~, ,~r'ld ~\,I'e,ral indMdua~s, with additiorlru medical lrainJfilg! for ~X'8mple SPG N:!')~), (D)~) 1Si'

k.1 'I What I's 'ttl:e. nature' ,and extent of 'I coo' of 'mnlitary equ iJpment?

~~_ ..... I Mi IIt!Suy ~ uJPITI:-erlit belOliging to ~eral mhl itary orgar]izaHDn$ W~$ 10$[, d~maged, or d~~troyed in 1he Tight Tna property jd~nti(fiedl by 'the 'Ull its '00 the inv~gai6n9 officer i$ incl uded ln th is report, 1-~

],11 I Were aRV La'¥i of Armed C'anfi iet ~iolations alleged or' ob$,$~d

d lning' this engag£u:'me,lltt"i If so, .by' whom and what welle D1e, sp~C:ific violathJns'?' D'jd AAF attae5t the' OOP fro;f;U inside mos ql!,l!:!i[!$ or Qither 'pmltt~tQd ,guild ilrtgS, (9'.91. :schoo~-s! hosp:lfu1i:S)?

~ _ ___.I AAF 'fig'h~ern. atta.'Ckj~9i VPB Wanat: utiii~ alii civi lian structures illl 1he area, including o1vJiI,iiri'l homes. M uittple eyew1tTri!esses, ~ported AAF 'flgh~ffi nr[iiIg ~ fl VF8 W,i$:Mt from '~e mosque Itli the~ village.. This wa~, eor:rf!1iI'iIiM by ,eyevmnesses that round AK:-4 '7 brass iii,hleJl c.asiilglS jnside the mosque afte r the ba~le" I find tliJl$ was a vlQlatio.n of th:e ~eil'J af armed Ol)l1f1tct, and thi!1it ooeli~hon PaJrntmopers la"~'h.li[ly -9x€:rcis.ed t~i'r rig M Qf $elf-defe.n~ by ~lu rn.irlg filre' against the -mQsql;;le~, which W'aS W'llhi'n '1' 5, meiers, of 1he VPB perimeter/position-s ~h th-.e' p.roportj(j.n~11 ,arnO unt of force Ilec~s~ry to n~ut~ li~ the: threa1t AAF' ,alls[} Ured multip I~ ,RPGs ,at th~ mosq u e a$ eo eUH©,nl mrces cleared the vl~~ e ,of MF -righ~ers. I fourn:l, ne 'elMden~e of viol~tion-s of the Law of Armed Co,nfliot, by ISAF; ANA, CH' oth er coa,IRlon forees dUi"lng tlte~ engagem ern.

1~1 See iE.%;'liOO ISS. MiEDEVAC ~atie:nt Repo:;t.s {efid of tabbed s.ecbion).

t,(12 R.§1'!:r-efl~ Exl".ib~ 2, jflvestig~Ucifl Stu.ryho~d 'for a '~lm~li"Je o111'1S .M EDEVA.C·s, . • EtJ, Refer-enu!:' 'Iti£l, li:s~ ifif battle loss ~jpi1l!li£:flt :and tlu!I foor F"LlP!L 's~ ~hlbrt :Bra.

]

-I

liF--BA YONltT

SUBJ~ECT: AR 1·5-06 investigation Findings and RecommetJidal:Jons = Vehide Patrol Eta<se (VPB) Wanat r:omp~e_);' At1aClk ·and Casu aJrties~ 1 3 Ju~y 2.008

mi. I IIRecQmlifie.~da.tions co.ncemilng rml.pKfvemfu'D! if anYII to· coaUtlOJ1

force ·mchniq ues, tacti($t iand prD'C'!dul!eS to pm-v,ent hdtiuf8 incidenltis fm.m O:C!IIlurring.,

~ The d-eclsian 1.0 ocwpy ~a VlIan:at li.'aS thE! rigtn dec:ision1Cl1t. the. iJurjXlae 0' help[ng me. Afghan people in a oo:u b: eiI di~11i'ot ~o' connect w1ih tr.llJr ·gO\lammenL Comm.anders sheu if not become risK averse abolJl: fOllOWing COIJi1teriflSmgIBl"lcy doctrir.e and ramei:n ill their IFO,B:s e~ cEIl ~IJJt of Ihe umol'itungt.g ~ of l'ilfll:! Pii!'i!~roopers, The risk ifiI casua[tler; i:s :nn.al'Elm in QWI1~ns<urge:ncy ~if:roiI'lrw)S.. Comrt'f.an>rlers ml"l~ focus on mUlgatdn:!;i111'18 r.iu.-s ra.tliBI" lnen n¢' t3.kiml.Q the rlsks.lI!y allOOilng the. ("SaT m cacslJ.Wties to p-araJyze ~i'forts to L:CIt"I!'1&Cl Viith the peoJ;l4e aoo sep:arate Iht1IlliiSLllrgen Il5 frnrn the JNl'P~lli!ce.

.. The .s,el;iOns I>y ~eaders :at all G!V>~s it.!ff!e based upon soollild m ilitalj" iii"\< )!Sis, ~er r1s.k mlJi,gatiM Slll3 f~ the. righ.t ~~,iS.. I can firm' IIlO' r.eed '[!l;ir iPlIiI~ ~ype o.f adveli'iS6 iiK:tloi"J reL 'ted 1.0 '1.tI!-. i~tigatiDn..

• Po$t~dk inte1Jigence il1cieates t-hat oo1.t11Jne DiE-trier PoflCe Gtlief ;land Ell:st!'ICl G.<:ive.rnG'

were com pi I cit In s-up-PLI~Jns' U\eI MF etmct:;,

I, The Distf.c.t Governor and Chiaf of ~bli'ce tleEg to be replacea as a m Inlii'nLllM. if r'iOt

8_r,reste·11. and med for com rnltL~ng Cifi,'riie~ :;:g:ain:st ittJe' GIRoA.

.. The V~B "'tIS on d .nat 'Wes to li;Ie 'Ute COP; t11e taJld took ten mQliltl"d:i 'to clXlQ"di.nate

amdi it 1Ne.5l Ell ~1.!~ti!ir.iiiil~ 1{lii:;a1bl a!~. ina in~:aO:ible Elimoum of' time r.eQ,lJ.;'red to ~i'IIltiii!l ground iJllcwDd IIhQ AAIF to lbegil1 plslllill'il19 an attack tool on.ly l"'B!I.I!,!Ih'edJ reiillelJi ent QI100 iltJe ~al"ldl Wf;S oc~!Jpied, T.Me· G~fWA. and! ISA!F nE!eO WI I!l!;'i!gotiate a stf.~m Inet'! p::ocess: fQt lar1dl ,oompeIltSatiDn, Rigl'n now lI?Ie ~:1S-tem ls Ii)rQ";(Em aoo sta!ls. rrh~ooJ:f "U-11t.e mnrnenmm while ~Iol,l'ig AAF t-o plan C(J(Ittljt..a~ Sind complex amacks.

,I, The Fidli'1OO S.l'ioiJld .a'tt&;rid Focl"lse!;J .D;.srtrfm :Developm,ent b~ ~d. artd (11" replaced.

TM*' t.asr~1Ii ~manliing ~l,.IiIh~ ·oo} must De flilfid antl1 'bhre programmed! ANP cileck JPO.,Illts :sJi ilJ ukII b Ei I:XInr pie teiij

• The Nan.gal;am til' Wan:i't CBSi rood mlHi~ be a:(,,~tedl. Ccmpreoo:n 0; ihis 1>0&0 'WfJl

allow 1I1e· Cf "atI.i1I ANS.F 9 ~r and rncre roU,tll19 a~ to the pWJ;J{.e tlc Wan!ii.t. It sn-{It1ld be noted rl\at the ~C1li'le· 5..{i kJor.ne~ers ~n'1n rn.e v.a.'!la!V er'e 'If.ery oorlilemedi ro ami SUr;lIjXi(lhl& of 1tIe GI RcA and ANS.... \lVana't is ,at tne- 7.3 i(.:ilrJ!M eter ml!Jk~

[

Tf"-SAYONEl

SUBJ ECT: .AR 15-6 rnvestlgat ~il 'Findings and R$ComrnendatIOr:t.s - Veh iore Patrol Base (VPS) Wana:t Com pJel( Altaek argd ICa,osuallies" 113 Ju~v 2006

II! Time CF and ANSF' ml;~l colltintle- 'h'll 1~!tOI am;! COIild'1..I:C'I: oper.;i'!l'OIl~ In 'ltie .:=roa. a~51 ltie h umen ewaill. anti have- muttipJe sr.ut.:l.<S to ~et Ifle condititiJ'iJ.$ for a f!..ltlNe. pn!IsanClE!. WemYSl Itm'd llie [p(lflL lation aucoutHable i they rue to (everllbeneflt.

• In. order iu preven! AAF fm fTI pFe~11{I N a.nsalem Of Camip, Bless.il1l!l. a tmge OP stm lar ~

the one dlan pmtBds. tne l(!Ji~ PH" In AsadatJed needs to 00 C(jjj!Js,'lIlJ(:tea on U1e OOi§@llfill!! !Ollkiflg north up the Wa~ V:aaey '¥t©nily o~ camp IBIes.sirt!§ ~F dl Imalined wi Lh a 1r8'~c:edl sQuad 'WiItl two 1':iea:1O'.:t' ~pcms, 1 ~~ ~8 :s:niems, and a forward ob$e:rv-e;!'.

nI I Oth er matte"m'S deemed relevant b" "the Investi'ga.ting Office.r.

Key Findings arvJ moomm"ndaticm;:

.. Based upon :stal.ements made b~ {'ello'.v jt)'a ralroope;m" 1he prepoFiu:feranoo ~~ evidence indicates, 1hat

Q SPC Abaci ~Ioo OOi1r.l 'ti'Wnd!jl in ~lclnlly or ritE!- TOe afler s usrn: n._ing iT!Q:rtEll 'lhoonds Ifru.m er e-:my 1ire at he mClfit:lr fjrir!~ j;TJi~.

o SPC ,A,yers:J SfC ~I f1ey, is::Ie ~9iii!r" SPC ~ 1J\p:s Bnd SPC Z'willing 'Wfli'i~ originsl .Q,ci'€n-de:"s of O~ Top S"ce and! dBd 'frQm '~:Ul"!dls Iflr1.ctMf by Il1e en.e."'1Iliy'H;I!"

Q '11..1Jr BI'M.Uc.m, SGT Garcial and SFiC iH~,vs er were all IlOlilBld by ens enemy as may went to the ass.st@ntE (It ~h:e defenders. of CP -,OP $id'ei~.

iI!! While thiis: irwestigaUotl n;;;l:5. been as detallil!d, .as. comprehensive afld as trana p;ere-m :as.

posslhla.'";, ti'"ie commanc shwid be! tj'.vgr,e that fnrG i$.liinos.t li:kely an eMmY \lilce;:;;. of 31is

1&1- Also see E:xhirnt. 11 :5" r!.!t:em([lFandum for Record of phOM oCon.~aHY!i1s Ib~ medh:::oa[ &Xilmitlers arid COL (b>l.3). (lI)!.G)

18:1 MSG :5ee 1E::4lii:::Jit 111-5, MSr'l'rl;)1eooum for R~ 01 !pnolle OIJin'il.ef.sa-t!oi"lEi ~e-tw"ee!l moo I~ !llXaminer~ :and C'OL (b~31. (b)(ij~ also see subc:t,ps.,;y. and [Jll(feoto.gjt:el inve;~a~ rtlj:llll'ts ,at Exhibi~ 11 ,3·12 ~"

!".u C\i'!:li 70 s',mom statemei'rtS ~ p["(l'll~ed; an equal mu rnbe:r {lif illterlilra1il.Ei t"lE!te l!jINen; O\i'er'lIlilie .hours of RW .attack .a.v:a~rol1 ~l-n lap8\!S wara rei/ieltted~ 2.00 mlepmonic inter'l,i\iews 0:1' tihs ~edical e~ nell'S 'fer !iii( ICf ~ nlne refl'l~IM; 1!.rere laken, ftJ2;~estei)l D;l,!.t did no~ reeflt\!\e IPelim i$~Dfl to. re,vlO\III' fut.e.dl ij,'lliiigi CAS; ~~es: mqllas!ted copies of aulOpSii8$, (lpef1ding)~ and! !l'i;ClU'~ted bm!l!'ls:~fcs 'testing laf aU fra.gments e:dracted 'from rem~~, (P.(it'li$il'ilgJ'" Also the 4!:if}!;rny iI:a~e reoo1fd~ tJU wiRlancil ~use" l'ieiel'tem:ad' in Exn.ibit 107 and

'Tf-lIiAYONET

.sUBJECT: AR 15-6 h"tvestrgati'Ol'1 Ftndfngs and Racomm€:ndations - Vehit~~ Paw,1 Base (VFB). Wanat Oo.mplex AttaCk and rCtm!JJeJHies, 113 ,Ju~y' 2008

flgl1t 1hat ~e AAF' wi" rejeas!tl: to dlS(:n;;!i;liq' trns r[n,restlgfltlM, CF= alldl elF" gOYerM'l$li~, e:sp~dalfy iii ,1;1 pes:identJal eJaclilijl!"1 ye~. As.S-tlmfng Utat famil"e.s \WI agree to illl)l]~ieel!Jsure, 'iII'Ie ctJass[fie;d i nrgrm&lion iCQntaifietl iii tlli!ii ~epol1 sl'Lm.;ld De ir':!l;lluder:l tn f.am 11.1 l'~rt~illll!S sc that famJl1M bave thll3' best ifilarmZltiO!'J avo;! able 00 hOlN lhel~ SQIlSI died,

'.. "Tha"e ItIIQrf;;l' m.!ITlle'JlJI:ilS valOliOUs ;i!iE1~ 'lJiIa~ lHefJBi Vi.!j'b1SS~ (jIuMg [he lIliilll1le, of Wai1at tMt

II'lIBed itO be reroQniz~d'_ TOO ynit, is su'b.mfllil1lg .sepa ate a~~ rf!comme~~s.

,., The lOP Ta~fOO \~S never ever r,1~: lhe VPB [perimet<er '!I'I~ Il~ never DrIBflcl'Led: ,T:i

P1'a~~n, C~ ClcmP.Cill), had ,all inlel[lplte.~ availatl~-e to the ~~'filli and a~;tfe.! Task. FCiII'~. • lheAA.F frl'8d 110m, tile t'lwses alI'thB vJllagSi"Ei!;iS we.IV as from [he' rilage mesque Fri

\.fhnla4i(l:f! Of liI.J'"ghan'aJ[tu~ i~"1"(cB irntemerticn !law. They ~l.!Ilid not h~ve ac:hi:&va:i $l,lTJ!;Ini!ie y.r£tho.lJt:at leas~, the' pit:is.~ ,sup,pOJ1 of the ""ilr-agers.

'!Ii In smal sr.J,i~ ~d in private d!la \l'i1~fiS ,Df Wanat saki1 ~n:a~ Ime)!' wtm1e.d the US !FOe

In order 10 pl"QVfrle' security. '[0 a:S$i~l wIth developroo l ~l'tJf~" nd 10 koop ioCSI g~rn:enf com.J;p:.ion rn i71!!K).K t1Y'IIo\t!';.kiJlg cI:oocW wi'l;ilJ U:ie d~m::~ center, In ~arg$F :shI.,lTiHil,..., willfeJi cert3in1y Ila-d ~St:ll'"Qffll, pn!ISSfl¢e-ll;;ijj:aI~ were v~1}' rC~UI .about not ~1Jbllcally. s;!Jppord'liig tM palri"o~ b.~!ie ,becaus:e tnay 'f'~r.f;~ retriDIl,nfon M;~IY.' on 'mmifies.

-oJ 'The ~i:lIlJratlIl. \'alor iailild disapllrle m 'ihGi S.ky SOldliers (If' 173d1 AIB-C'T :is !lIrn;I~$~l.!Itedi. .At

.p.laU:ilCfI ~h~~ Eirig:8de 18-'i'~1, ill~!:IiLe CGSIJ1iIJltiflS. Hie un~ neS 'oominuei:l11.o p~ t!'he ri_Qh.t aoo 11nislh ~,on9. TF Rock eoiJild have set CHITlprotectetil Fo~d O~iJilg IBases aoo pre,Pal"oo ~Q:r r~eplo:rme;nl bl..ot lii'ilit:eo.a d T~' Roc.1:; {;ho&c 11.0 re!il'l~in engaged" Jtak~ 1he rjGfj;, Qf co:nl'1edI"'~ the pe.ophe- wlth ttie[i1' lo~al !!!i1:1'i13flf:lfl'lI;imt and' tunlM-§ !Stiill 1f'Ia 1Xl1fi1dllioos fo~' the frIoomig unlt,

COL. IN InveS1igating .officer

bncts As

,!Vfi;Jictl INeIi\Si Il!Ised .as pi" !:lI.lJag a 0021 almo~l i;;I year I~tar 'for d"le pjElM€(j art:ack 00 COP 15al!a !,IYhkh is referenc-Qd ili1l e;.:hibi:t 1 Q6,