Public Works Authority

Drainage Affairs
Qatar Sewerage and Drainage Design
Manual
Volume 8
Developers Guide
December 2006
Drainage Affairs
POBox 23337
Doha, Qatar
I •
APPENDIX SI -
APPENDIX SII -
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 Introduction 3
1.1 House Connection 3
2 Procedure for Building Permit Application 5
3 Foul Sewerage Design Criteria 8
3.1 General 8
3.1.1 Domestic Flows 8
3.2 Sewerage System Design 8
3.2.1 Minimum Pipe Sizes and Gradients 9
3.3 Manholes and Inspection Chambers 9
3.4 Pipework 10
3.4.1 Materials 10
3.4.2 Construction 11
3.5 Building Drainage 11
3.5.1 Construction 11
3.6 Septic Tanks, Holding Tanks and Soakaways 12
3.6.1 Ground Conditions 12
3.6.2 Design Issues 13
3.6.3 Siting of Septic Tanks and Soakaways 13
3.6.4 Design and Construction 13
3.6.5 Warning Notice 14
3.6.6 Sewage Holding Tanks 15
3.7 Pumping Stations and Rising Mains 16
3.7.1 Rising Mains 16
3.7.2 Pumping Stations 16
4 Storm Drainage 19
4.1 Introduction 19
4.2 Managed Drainage Systems 20
ADVICE NOTE NO 1 - SOAKAWAYS AND STORM STORAGE TANKS FOR SINGLE RESIDENTIAL
DEVELOPMENT 24
ADVICE NOTE NO 2-- DRAINAGE FOR TOWER BLOCKS AND RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS 29
ADVICE NOTE NO 3- APPLICATION OF THE DRAINAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROCESS TO
ZONAL AND DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 33
INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR PROJECT PROFILE 37
INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR DRAINAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDY
REPORT 39
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Drainage Affairs
APPENDICES
Appendix 1 - Building Permit Application
Appendix 2 - Design Unit Flows
Appendix 3 - Standard Drawings
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Drainage Affairs
1 Introduction
The PWA is responsible for all public foul sewerage, surface water and ground water
drainage systems in the State of Qatar.
All applications for sewerage and drainage for servicing new developments are subject to
approval by the Drainage Affairs as part of the BUilding Permit approval procedure before
such facilities can be built.
This Developer's Guide is for small developments up to 350 persons, where the peak flow
does not exceed 51/s. Larger developments should be designed in accordance with the
requirements of Drainage Affairs' Vol 2- Foul Sewerage design manual.
1.1 House Connection
Ahouse connection is defined as the connection from adevelopment (comprising domestic,
commercial, industrial, institutional premises, etc) to transfer foul flows to the public
sewerage system.
For every house connection, a terminal manhole (Manhole Number 1 - MH1), in
accordance with the Standard Drawings, should be provided and should be positioned as
shown on 3.3.
The terminal manhole should normally have maximum depth 1.2m. The depth of first
Inspection Chamber should be 0.45m.
All house connections should comply with the following general principles:
• They should be designed and constructed to enable foul flows to pass to the public
sewer without flooding or surcharge
• They should be of 150mm minimum internal diameter
• They should laid at minimum gradients 1:60
• They should be constructed to watertight standards in accordance with the standard
drawings and specifications
• The last Inspection Chamber is know as MH1 (terminal manhole) shall be located
within the property boundary but is PWA property.
The private sewerage system shall be designed and constructed as a separate system,
capable of accepting foul flows only. Illegal connections allowing the entry of storm water
runoff shall not be made to the foul sewerage system.
House connection to existing pipelines should be made preferably to the nearest manhole
whenever possible, or failing that to a V-junction previously incorporated into the pipeline
during its construction, to facilitate future connections. V-branches and saddles are not to be
added to existing pipelines to avoid the permanent damage resulting from such
modifications to the public sewer.
Y branches will only be approved by DA if manholes are impractical due to access
restrictions
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Sewer must be surrounded with aGrade OPC 20 Concrete in case of :
• The pipe under the Foot path and the depth less than 0.9m
• The pipe under the Carriageway and the depth less than 1.2m
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2 Procedure for Building Permit Application
The basic procedure for application and approval of drainage facilities for developments is
as follows;
• Open abuilding permit file at the Planning Affairs
• Produce Outline Design
• Obtain utility approvals
• Obtain DC1 approval
• Obtain DC 2approval
• Collect building permit
The information that Drainage Affairs require to enable them to approve the development is
contained in Appendix 1.
Drainage Affairs requirement vary according to the nature of the property. A list of
properties and the associated requirements is provided overleaf. The list is aguide and is
not limiting.
The provision of septic tanks or holding tanks will only be necessary where there is no
existing sewerage system to connect to. Further information on the choice between septic
tank and holding tank is provided in Section 3.5.
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Table 2.1 • Foul Sewerage Requirements
Category Type of Development Septic Holding Sand Petrol Oil/ Chemical Screen Swimming
Tank Tank trap Interceptor Grease stabilisation / Pool
trap dilution Discharge
Control
Residential Single Unit ./ ./
Multiple Units /Multi
./ ./
Storey
Commercial Office (small/large) small./ large./
Shops (small/large) small./ large./
Restaurants / Food small./ large./ ./
Outlet
Poultry shop
./
Shopping Mall ./ ./ ./
Hotels
./ ./ ./
Sports Clubs
./ ./ ./
Industrial Garages
./ ./ ./
Car Washing
./ ./
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Category Type of Development Septic Holding Sand Petrol Oill Chemical Screen Swimming
Tank Tank trap Interceptor Grease stabilisation I Pool
trap dilution Discharge
Control
Petrol Station v' v'
Abattoir
v' v'
Farm Livestock v' v'
Public Service Mosque
v'
Hospital/Clinic
v' v' v'
Laboratory
v' v'
School
v' v'
School with laboratory
v' v' v'
University / College
v' v' v'
Offices
v'
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3 Foul Sewerage Design Criteria
3.1 General
Sewerage and drainage design shall generally comply with the requirements of EN 752
Drain and Sewer Systems outside Buildings. Particular requirements are detailed in the
following sections.
3.1.1 Domestic Flows
Domestic flows derive from normal domestic appliances such as sinks, basins, toilets,
showers, washing machines, baths, etc. and are dependent on the number of persons in a
dwelling. In order to determine suitable domestic contributions to the sewerage system, it is
necessary to make certain assumptions. For example, each property has to be assumed to
house acertain number of persons, and this will vary from one type of property to another.
For design purposes 270 litres per person per day should be used.
Peak flows from domestic properties are calculated on a Design Unit (DU) For ease of use
atable of populations, design units, peak flows and average flows is provided in Appendix 2.
3.2 Sewerage System Design
The sewerage system should be designed to facilitate flows within the development by
gravity, in a branched arrangement of small sewers from buildings connected to the main
sewer leading to MH1.
Manholes/inspection chambers and sewers should be sited wherever possible aminimum of
1.5m from any structural building line
Building over sewers, or directly adjacent to them, causes major problems with access for
maintenance and renewal. In extreme cases demolition may be required, and therefore
building over sewers should not be carried out.
Foundations and basements of buildings should be designed to ensure that no building load
is transferred to the sewer. The general principles of foul sewer design are:
• Pipe size should not decrease downstream.
• Sewers should be designed to convey peak flows without surcharge.
• Sewers should achieve self-cleansing velocity at least once per day.
• To allow for ventilation of the system, maximum design depth of flow should not
exceed 0.75 x pipe diameter.
• Inspection chambers should be provided at each junction, change of diameter,
change of direction, change of gradient and at the head of each system.
• Inspection chambers should be provided where the connection from each building
meets the main sewerage system of the development
• Spacing between inspection chambers should not exceed 30m.
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• At inspection chambers, all pipes should be laid such that their soffits (tops) are at
the same level.
3.2.1 Minimum Pipe Sizes and Gradients
The minimum size of external sewer from each building is 150mm at agradient of 1:60.
3.3 Manholes and Inspection Chambers
All manholes and inspection chambers within the development shall have their own unique
reference number. Manholes and chambers shall be numbered in ascending order
upstream from the terminal manhole MH1. Foul manholes shall be prefixed F and
stormwater manholes shall be prefixed S.
Manholes and chambers at the head of each system shall include min 75mm or (1/2 x d)
piped vents fixed to adjacent walls and exiting at roof level.
5
Buliding line
GATE
Layout plans for both foul and storm water systems shall contain schedules as follows:
MH Ref Cover Invert Depth MHDia Cover Type
Level Level
All levels and dimensions are to be in metres to Qatar National Height Datum (QNHD).
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Standard manhole/inspection chamber sizes are.
SCHEDULES OF INSPECTION CHAMBERS
MH. DEPTH COVER.SIZE COMMENTS
SIZE (m) (mm) No. of Connections from Buildings
(mm)
600X600 < 1.2 600X600 Up to 3bldg. connections each side
1200X600 < 1.2 1200x600 Up to 7bldg. connections each side
1220 x675 1220x675
900 DIA > 1.2 600X600 MH 1
The Cover Type for Manholes depend on the Location:
• For foot traffic it should be Light Duty (LD)
• For slow light vehicle traffic it should be Medium Duty (MD)
3.4
3.4.1
Pipework
Materials
The preferred material for foul sewers is extra strength vitrified clay pipes and fittings to BS
EN 295 or PVC-U to EN1401-1, with flexible joints.
Material
Pipe size mm Min Crushing Strength KNI m
2
150 34
200 40
No concrete or asbestos cement pipes shall be used as they will be eaten away by sewer
gasses.
Pumping mains may be flexibly jointed ductile iron pipes (it is recommended that these are
lined internally with fusion bonded epoxy, ceramic epoxy, or polyurethane to resist sewage
gases) or HDPE. uPVC should not be used as it is brittle and can fail.
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3.4.2 Construction
Construction should be in accordance with the Standard Drawings provided with this
document.
3.5 Building Drainage
Requirements for building drainage are applicable to domestic buildings or small non-
domestic buildings. Systems are generally located within the building and above ground
level, unless the building has a basement. Complex systems in larger buildings should be
designed to BS EN 12056.
Building drainage of basement and ground floor shall employ a twin pipe system for
separate discharge of soil and waste flows to foul sewage manholes, as shown below:
Source of Discharge System to which Discharge is to be
made
Toilet, urinals Soil
Bidet Soil
Wash basin, bath, Waste
shower
Kitchen Waste
. .
BUilding drainage of first floors and above shall employ asingle pipe system.
Swimming Pools: To prevent flooding of the sewerage system the discharge from
swimming pools shall be limited to a maximum flow rate of 10 lis. Positive means of flow
control shall be provided such as a sharp edge orifice plate (50-60mm), a locked flow
control valve or a small diameter pipe (e.g 50mm x 3m long or 75mm x 10m long). As the
flow control will be dependent upon the particulars of the swimming pool installation the
developer shall provide calculations to demonstrate the design of the flow control device.
3.5.1 Construction
All sewerage and waste discharge pipes inside the bUilding as far as the manhole should be
PVC-U (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride) to BS 4660 and EN1401-1 with push-fit joints
incorporating elastomeric sealing rings to provide flexibility at joints.
Constructing pipelines below building should be avoided where possible. Where
unavoidable the design shall ensure that neither the structural integrity of the pipeline or the
building is compromised.
Pipeline trenches should not be excavated lower than the foundations of the building unless
concrete bedding and surround are used to the lowest level of the building foundation.
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3.6 Septic Tanks, Holding Tanks and Soakaways
Septic tanks and soakaways are used to store and treat foul flows from premises, prior to
future connection to the main sewerage system. They comprise an underground tank for
anaerobic treatment followed by a soakaway tank or pipe system to encourage effluent
flows to percolate into the surrounding ground.
Septic tank standard details are shown in Org OG 8and OG9; soakaways for use with septic
tanks are shown in Org OG10.
Since septic tanks only provide partial treatment, these tanks are a major source of
groundwater pollution and therefore should not be constructed where the main sewerage
system is available. For existing developments, house connections from Manhole number 1
to the main sewerage system should be made at the earliest opportunity, and usage of the
septic and sewage holding tank stopped.
3.6.1 Ground Conditions
Since the soakaway relies for its operation on outflows infiltrating into the surrounding
ground, it is vital that the ground conditions allow such infiltration. Ground that is of low
permeability or with high existing water table will prevent percolation taking place, and the
septic tank system will fail.
Groundwater levels in many parts of this country have risen markedly in recent years, due
to:
• the flat and undulating topography resulting in localised depressions in the underlying
impermeable layers. Such areas are without efficient drainage routes, and hence
susceptible to rises in groundwater levels during heavy rainfall.
• Urban development has increased flows soaking into the ground, due to septic tanks,
water supply leakage and irrigation. The result has been significant rises in
groundwater levels, due to limited permeability of the ground.
• Ground conditions and permeability are highly variable even within very localised
areas;
• Most groundwater levels rise by between 1.0m and 1.5m during a wet period when
monthly rainfall exceeds 30mm. Level rise reduces to between 0.5m and 0.6m
nearer the coast;
Where soakaways do not work Holding Tanks should be provided for a period of 2 days
(min) storage.
Any proposed septic tank soakaway system must demonstrate that the surrounding ground
has satisfactory permeability.
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3.6.2 Design Issues
The following issues require consideration when the use of soakaways is contemplated. The
list is indicative only and site-specific geotechnical and hydrogeological investigation and
interpretation is always required as the basis for successful design.
For the standard ring-type soakaway chamber some 3m overall depth it is recommended
that:
• The minimum (wet season) groundwater depth should be more than 3.5 mbelow
ground level;
• In areas where groundwater levels are rising use the groundwater depth should be
more than 4 mbelow ground level as aprecautionary measure.
The permeability of the ground has a significant influence on the ability of soakaways to
function. If the permeability is attributable to sub-vertical jointing which is very variable over
short distances and use of trench type soakaways may overcome this because the chances
of encountering fissured zones is increased. For soakaways a permeability (k) of more than
1x 10-
5
m/s required
Soakaways can become inefficient due to becoming 'clogged'. This may be due to silting up
(which can occur early as the initial 'slug' of water laden with silt generated when
groundwater is disturbed during construction work), and/or 'smearing' when the soakaway is
drilled (i.e. the fissures are blocked off by the crushed drill cuttings). These problems may
be minimised by jetting the system clean prior to its first use.
3.6.3 Siting of Septic Tanks and Soakaways
Septic tanks should be sited min 7m from any habitable parts of buildings.
The septic tank must be sited in a location where a suction tanker can get to it to empty it.
The bottom of the tank should be less than 3m below the level where the vehicle will stand.
Where practical the soakaway should be located at aminimum of 5m from the septic tank or
any other structure. The soakaway should not be located within 10m of potable water
supplies in order to avoid possible cross-contamination.
3.6.4 Design and Construction
Septic tanks for domestic use should have acapacity below the level of the inlet of at least
Clitres where:
C=(225P +2000)
Cis the capacity of the tank (in litres) with aminimum value of 2900 litres.
Pis the design population with aminimum value of four.
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Drainage Affairs
ep IC an : Ize an Iype
Population Drainage Affairs Type Capacity (Iitres)
4 A 2,900
10 A 4,500
20 B 6,500
40 C 11,000
80 D 20,000
100 E 24,500
200 F 47,000
300 F 78,500
350 F 80,750
S f T k S' d T
Where septic tanks are required to accept discharges from other than domestic sources,
details of actual flows shall be provided.
Septic tanks are to be constructed in accordance with the Standard Details Drg. Nos. DG8
or DG9 as appropriate, or approved alternative prefabricated tanks. Tanks shall be
watertight and prevent leakage of their contents and ingress of groundwater. Ventilation is to
be provided with outlets distant from habitation.
The inlet and outlet of the septic tank shall be designed to prevent disturbance to the
surface scum or settled sludge, and shall incorporate at least two chambers or
compartments operating in series. Where the width of the tank does not exceed 1200mm
the inlet should be made via adip pipe. To minimise turbulence, provision shall be made to
limit the flow rate of the incoming foul water. For incoming pipes up to 150mm diameter, the
velocity shall be limited by laying the last 12mof the incoming pipe at agradient of 1in 50 or
flatter.
The inlet and outlet pipes of the septic tank shall be provided with access for sampling and
inspection.
Septic tanks shall be provided with facilities for emptying and cleaning. Access covers shall
be of durable quality having regard to the corrosive nature of the tank contents. All access
shall be lockable or otherwise engineered to prevent unauthorised entry.
3.6.5 Warning Notice
A notice shall be fixed within an adjacent building describing the necessary maintenance.
The wording shall be in Arabic and English liThe foul sewage system from this property
discharges to a septic tank and soakaway. The septic tank requires monthly inspections of
the outlet chamber or distribution box to observe that the effluent is free flowing and clear.
The septic tank requires emptying at least once every 12 months by a licensed contractor.
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The property owner is legally responsible for ensuring that the system does not cause
pollution, ahealth hazard or anuisance."
3.6.6 Sewage Holding Tanks
Where soakaways cannot be permitted due to unfavourable ground conditions or the
number of units delivering to the tank is high, it will be necessary to provide a sewage
holding tank.
The site of the sewage holding tank should preferably be on ground sloping away from and
sited lower than any existing bUilding in the immediate vicinity.
The tank shall be sited at least 7m from any habitable parts of buildings and preferably
down slope. Sewage holding tanks shall be sited such levels that they can be emptied and
cleaned without hazard to the building occupants or the contents being taken through a
dwelling or place of work. Access to the tank may be through acovered space, which may
be lockable.
Sewage holding tanks should have a minimum capacity for the population range as shown
in the Holding Tanks Capacity table.
Thereafter the size should be calculated as follows:
Volume (m
3
) =Population x Retention x0.27
Where the calculated volume is less than the minimum shown the minimum capacity is to be
provided.
Holding Tank Capacity
Population. Retention Size
(days) (m
3
)
2- 20 25 18 - 135
21-40 20 135-216
41- 80 15 216 -324
80 -150 12 324 - 486
150- 350 10 486 - 945
Tanks should be designed as water retaining structures, and be constructed in reinforced
concrete, or alternative watertight material. The design of the tank shall ensure
watertightness and provide protection from external corrosion.
Sewage holding tanks should have no openings except for inlet, outlet and ventilation.
Tanks should be provided with access for emptying and cleaning. Access covers shall be of
durable material, having regard for the corrosive nature of the tank contents. Every access
should be lockable or otherwise engineered to prevent unauthorised entry.
The developer shall be responsible for making satisfactory arrangements with the Drainage
Affairs for emptying. of the sewage holding tank. Details of all maintenance arrangements
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will require to be approved by the Drainage Affairs prior to approval of the building permit
application.
3.7 Pumping Stations and Rising Mains
Pumping stations should only be used where it is impossible to gravitate into the PWA main
sewerage system. Bypassing or overflowing from pumping stations is generally not
practical therefore failure of the pumping station may results in discharge of sewage to the
surrounding land or within the property
Responsibility for operation and maintenance of all pumping stations and rising mains will
remain with the developer. This Guide provides general information for pumping
installations. It is recommended that specialist advice be sought, supported by
manufacturers' recommendations.
3.7.1 Rising Mains
The desirable range of velocity should be 1mls to 2m/s. If small pipes are (.75mm) used
then the pump should be able to chop up the sewage.
The roughness value used for the design of the rising main should be shown in the
calculations and should be in accordance with "Tables for the Hydraulic Design of Pipes,
Sewers and Channels" published by HR Wallingford. The following roughness values (ks)
shall generally apply:
Mean Velocity in m/s ks
Up to 1.1m/s O.3mm
Between 1.1 mls and 1.5m/s O.15mm
Over 1.5m/s O.06mm
In the design of pressurised pipelines, thrust blocks are to be provided on flexibly jointed
pipelines where any pipe movement would open up the joints in the line and cause water
leakage.
Thrust blocks are also necessary near valves where a flexible joint is located to facilitate
removal of the valve for maintenance purposes.
The size of block is dependent upon the deflection of the flow, the size of the pipe and the
head of water inside the pipe.
3.7.2 Pumping Stations
Submersible Pumping Stations
It is expected that the maximum flows to be pumped will be less than 51/s, for which
submersible pumping stations are to be provided. Submersible pumping stations should
incorporate the following features:
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• Minimum of one duty and one standby pump with all pumps being of the same make
and pump model number.
• Pumps and associated equipment suitable for the duty required.
• Non return and gate valve for each pump isolation.
• Operation level controls (either electrode or ultrasonic) as follows:
High level alarm
Pump start
Pump stop
Low level pump protection in addition to the method installed for pump
control.
• Ultrasonic level controls should be configured to hold the last measurement in the
event of alost echo.
Design Requirements
Detailed design should incorporate the following:
• There should be sufficient space between the pumps to prevent interaction between
the pump suctions.
• Pump stools should be securely bolted to the structural concrete of the sump and not
the benching.
• Discharge and non return valves to be in a separate easily accessible chamber
adjacent to the pump sump and not located within the pump sump.
• Pump guide rails should rise close to the underside of the sump covers above the
pumps.
• The covers should have a clear opening large enough to allow the removal of the
pump while on the guide rails.
• Support points for the pump power cables and lifting chain should be provided under
the pump covers, these should be easily accessible from the surface.
Details of the capacity, power consumption and efficiency of the proposed pumps should be
submitted for approval. It would be expected that pumping stations would comply with the
pump manufacturer's requirements.
Submersible Pump Requirements
Sewage pumps should have an open type impeller with a minimum passage of 100mm
unless chopper pumps are being used. Impellers with smaller passages are likely to suffer
from frequent blockage due to the nature of sewage debris.
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Centrifugal pumps are recommended to have a maximum running speed of 1450 rpm (4
pole motor) pumps. Speeds in excess of this we cause excessive wear and premature
failure.
The maximum allowable starts per hour should be as specified by the pump or motor
manufacturer. In the absence of any specified figure a maximum of 15 starts/hour is
acceptable.
Structure Requirements
The developer shall supply full details of general arrangement and structural drawings and
supporting calculations for approval.
Package pumping stations contained in GRP or Polyethyelene structures as supplied by the
pump manufacturers are acceptable. The structures are to be surrounded by a minimum of
150mmof OPC20 concrete.
All other pumping stations shall be constructed of reinforced concrete, designed in
accordance with BS8110 "The Structural Design of Concrete" with specific requirements for
wet wells of BS8007 "Design of Concrete Structures for Retaining Aqueous Liquids".
Design crack widths shall be in accordance with BS8007 and shall not exceed a maximum
design surface crack width of 0.20mm from direct tension, flexure and temperature effects.
Ventilation and Odour Control
Small pumping stations generally do not require odour control. However, where odour
control is required passive activated carbon unit should be sufficient.
Electrical Requirements
All electrical equipment, cabling and installations shall meet the requirements of the
KAHRAMAA.
Control equipment shall be housed in dust and damp-proof, compartmentalised cubicles,
complying with the relevant British Standards. Adequate anti-condensation heaters are to be
provided in all compartments. All outdoor equipment shall be waterproof. All control panels
shall be provided with a 13-amp single-phase power outlet and a25-volt outlet for aportable
inspection lamp.
Emergency stop, lock-off buttons shall be provided adjacent to all plant installations. Unless
specifically designed for submersible operation, all electrical plant shall be located above
maximum water level.
Site Requirements
Pumping stations will generally be located with the development site. Consideration should
be given to the need for light vehicle access for maintenance purposes.
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4 Storm Drainage
4.1 Introduction
The purpose of this guide is to advise developers of the Public Works Authority (PWA)
requirements for the provision of surface water and ground water management within
development sites.
The existing surface water and groundwater systems in Qatar are of limited extent. Primarily
these systems manage surface water runoff and control groundwater levels for the
highways. Urbanisation of the catchments increases the amount of potential runoff from
development sites which would cause overload of these systems. This guide has therefore
been developed to guide and assist developers in designing a managed drainage system
that does not adversely affect the existing drainage network but will provide protection from
flooding for the development.
This guide sets out the criteria that Drainage Affairs (DA) requires developers to follow for
the provision of a Managed Drainage Systems for the disposal of surface water and
groundwater.
Drainage Affairs have developed Advice Notes for four types of development which contain
information on how the Managed Drainage System approach can be achieved.
The types of development specified are as follows:-
single residential development
residential compounds
tower blocks
zonal &regional development
Figure 1indicates the decision process for the appropriate type of development.
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I
Developer's Drainage Requirements
I
1
I
Managed Drainage System
I
I
1 1 ~
I
Single Residential
I I
Residential
I
r Tower Blocks l
I Zonal and Regional I
Development Compounds Developments
J.
1 l
I
See Advice Note 1
I
I
See Advice Note 2
I I
See Advice Note 2
I I
See Advice Note 3
I
i 1 1 1
Definition: Definition: Definition: Appoint Recognised and
Single house on a development plot. A residential compound is a development Tower block is defined as a multistorey Experienced Drainage Consultant
consisting of properties and internal roads residential or commercial development.
1 Drainage Philosophy: upto 5 hectares in area.
Infiltration/percolation systems Drainage Philosophy:
Definition:
(soakways, infiltration basin etc) in areas Drainage Philosophy: Storage/Allenuation tank system.
Development of residential compounds
of low groundwater table. Infiltration/percolation systems
greater than 5 hectares and development
(soakways, infiltration basin etc) and Disposal of Surface Water
of single and multiple QAR Zones.
Tanks in areas of high groundwater table. storage system (tank sewers, retention Direction connection permitted to
tanks ,etc) in areas of low groundwater Drainage Affairs assets IT available.
Drainage Philosophy:
Drainage systems to serve roofs and table. Storage tanks in areas of high
Drainage Impact Assessment (DIA)
hardstanding areas as necessary. groundwater table. Permitted Discharge:
required.
101/s per ha of development.
Disposal of Surface Water Disposal of Surface Water
Disposal of Surface Water
No Direct connection to Drainage Affairs Direction connection permitted to Typical Minimum Storage Requirements
SUbject to approved DIA.
assets permitted Drainage Affairs assets if available. 390m
3
/ha
Permitted Discharge:
Permitted Discharge: Permitted Discharge:
Subject to approved DIA.
Not Applicable 101/s per ha of development.
Typical storage ReqUirements: Typical Minimum Storage Requirements
Typical Storage Requirements
150m
3
/ha 270m
3
/ha
Subject to approved DIA.
1
Drainage Affairs Requirements
Submission of Project Profile
Submission and Approval of DIA
1
I
Proposal for Soakawayl
I
I
Proposal for Managed
I I
Proposal for Managed
I
Proposal for Managed
Stormtank System
Stormwater System for Stormwater System for Stormwater System for Zonal and
Residential Compound Tower Block Regional Development
Figure 1: DEVELOPERS DRAINAGE REQUIREMENTS
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 20 of 47
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Drainage Affairs
4.2 Managed Drainage Systems
The Developer should consider anumber of basic principles before commencing with a site
layout plan as follows:-
• Site topography with respect to site levels should be studied in detail. Development
in the lowest parts ofthe sites should be avoided. The lowest parts of the site can be
used to store and collect any stormwater runoff minimizing the construct costs of
piped networks. Building on the highest part of the site may reduce amount of
protection from flooding that is required.
• High groundwater tables can cause problems not only during construction but
afterwards with damage to underground structures and utilities. Drainage Affairs
have information available on the areas in Qatar where high groundwater is a
problem and can provide guidance as to its control. If asite is water logged filling the
low lying areas does not remove the problem, it only hides it from view. Along term
solution is needed which may include ground water control.
• Drainage Affairs require surface water runoff to be managed and controlled for all
developments and therefore adequate provision should be made in all developments
for the storage/attenuation of stormwater runoff.
• Ground conditions within the site should be understood, whether there is sand, fill
material or massive rock will all have an influence on the type of surface water
drainage systems that may be developed for the site.
• Site grading has a considerable influence on the cost and effectiveness of the site
drainage and therefore should be considered at avery early stage. Aflat or level site
is much more expensive to drain than a site which has some fall across it where
natural drainage paths can be developed. Development adjacent to the coast should
be graded to a minimum of level of 3.5m above Qatar datum. This will allow gravity
drainage systems to be developed and will protect other utilities and building
foundations from damage through high groundwater levels.
• The design standards for the drainage system for the development should be
established at an early stage. The degree of protection from flooding for the
development needs to be established at an early stage to
Drainage Affairs philosophy is to manage to surface water and groundwater systems by the
use of various techniques that are part of the stormwater management philosophy described
under various names around the world such as SUDS(Sustainable Urban Development
(UK)), BMP (Best Management Practice (USA)) and Stormwater Management(Australia).
The techniques that have been identified as appropriate for Qatar are:-
Preventative measures
The first stage of the Managed Approach is to reduce the runoff quantities. This may include
reducing the amount of hard surfacing within a development and using soft landscaping
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Drainage Affairs
suitable for adesert climate instead. Construction of individual tanks or soakaways for each
property to store or disperse the rainfall.
Pervious surfaces
Surfaces that allow inflow of rainwater into the underlying construction or soil. This is a
development of the block paving technique that is currently in extensive use in Qatar to
develop its full potential by the use of geotextile filter membranes.
Filter drains
Linear drains consisting of trenches filled with a permeable material or modular plastic tank
systems, often with a perforated pipe in the base of the trench to assist drainage, to store
and conduct water; they may also permit infiltration.
Swales
Swales consist of wide shallow channels with or without vegetation that conduct and retain
water, and may also permit infiltration. These work well within development sites with a
large proportion of landscaping where the design of the landscaping can easily incorporate
these features.
Emergency Flood Areas (EFA)
The use of Emergency Flood Areas (EFA) is well established in Qatar and is a viable option
for the management of surface water run off.
Infiltration devices
Sub-surface structures such at modular tanks systems that can promote the infiltration of
surface water to the ground. There are a number of proprietary systems on the market for
this.
Oversize Pipes and Throttles
This option is appropriate if there is a positive drainage system nearby that can take a
controlled amount of runoff for the site.
All of these techniques are valid solutions to produce a Managed Drainage System,
however every development site is different and will have different problems that will require
different solutions.
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Drainage Affairs
Stormwater Drainage References
1 Qatar Sewerage and Drainage Design Manual
Volume 3Surface and Groundwater Drainage
2 Qatar Highways Design Manual
3 Soakaways: BRE Digest 151
4. Scope for Control of Urban Runoff: CIRAI Report 124 1992
5 Interim Code of Practice for Sustainable Drainage Systems: National SUDS Working
Group(UK) July 2004
6 Stormwater Best Management Practices in an Ultra-Urban Setting
US Department of Transport Federal Highway Administration
7 Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 1783
The Environmental Impact Assessment (Land Drainage Improvement Works)
Regulations 1999 : DEFRA UK
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 23 of 47
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Drainage Affairs
ADVICE NOTE NO 1· SOAKAWAYS AND STORM STORAGE TANKS FOR SINGLE RESIDENTIAL
DEVELOPMENT
1.0 Introduction
Soakaways and storm tanks are simple methods of managing storm water run off in situations where there
is no positive stormwater system available or planned for the future.
The three determining factors for the design of asoakaway drainage system are:-
the size of the area which relates to the volume of water to be drained
the percolation rate of the soil/sub-soil
the depth to the water table i.e. the upper level of the groundwater that is naturally held
within the soil, sub-soil or bedrock. '.
Soakaways should be provided for all roof areas and hard standing areas within the building plot.
2.0 Soakaways or Storm Tanks
The choice of soakaway or storm tank for managing the surface water runoff from a site will
depend upon the depth of the ground water level for the ground surface.
The method of determining whether asoakaway or storm tank is appropriate is indicated 'on the
following flow chart.
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Drainage Affairs
Residential Properties
Soakaway I Stormtank
Design Choice
Obtain Information on Ground water
levels from design query
No
Design the Soakway
in accordance with
the guidelines
Obtain Drainage Affairs
Approval
Yes
Design the Storm
Tank in accordance
with the guidelines
Figure 1: Choice of Soakaway or Storm Tank
3.0 Sizing of Facilities
3.1 Size of Soakaway
The following table shows the size of soakaway/tank that needs to be constructed.
Table 1: Depth of soakaway required for the design rainfall for different drainage areas
Chamber Volume Calculation Chamber Diameter
Roof Area
Rainfall
to be
Depth for 1in Runoff Volume of
1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1
drained
2year 24 hr Coefficient Storage
Duration
m
2
Mm m
3
m m m m
100 25 0.9 2.3 1.99 1.27 0.88 0.65
200 25 0.9 4.5 3.98 2.55 1.77 1.30
300 25 0.9 6.8
><><
2.65 1.95
400 25 0.9 9.0
><><
3.54 2.60
500 25 0.9 11.3
><><
4.42 3.25
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Drainage Affairs
Note that this is the storage volume required between the dry base or water table level of the soakaway,
and the invert (inlet) level of the incoming drainage pipe, and assumes that the chamber is empty.
For example if the drainage area indicates that a 1.5metre diameter chamber with asoakaway depth of
2.55 then if the invert level of the incoming pipe is, say, 600mm below ground level, and assuming the
base is above water table level, then the overall depth of the soakaway is...
2.55m +0.6m =3.15m overall depth.
If there is insufficient depth because of a high water table, the required volume of the soakaway can be
met by increasing the plan size or placing two or more soakaways of this size side by side.
3.2 Size of Storm Tank
The sizing of the stormtankl tank should follow the procedure indicated in Table 2.
Table 2: Depth of Tank required for the design rainfall for different drainage areas
Tank Volume Calculation Tank Diameter
Rainfall
Area to
Depth for
Factor Volume
be
1in 2 Runoff
of of 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1
drained
year 24 Coefficient
Safety Storage
hour
Duration
m
2
mm m
3
m m· m m
100 25 0.9 1.1 2.5 2.19 1.40 0.97 0.71
200 25 0.9 1.1 5.0 4.38 2.80 1.95 1.43
300 25 0.9 1.1 7.4
><><
2.92 2.14
400 25 0.9 1.1 9.9
><><
3.89 2.86
500 25 0.9 1.1 12.4
><><
4.86 3.57
It should be noted that the tank will have to be pumped out after the rainfall has finished, restoring the
flood protection of the property.
4.0 Construction details
4.1 Soakaway Construction
Atypical standard detail drawing of asoakaway is included as Figure A1of this advice note.
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Drainage Affairs
Ready-made soakaway systems are locally available in pre-cast concrete. These tend to be circular
sections that can be stacked to give the required depth and storage volume, and then topped with a
suitable cover.
4.2 Tank Construction
Atypical standard detail drawing for astormwater tank is included in Appendix 3.
Pre-cast chamber rings are locally available and can be stacked to give the required depth and storage
volume.
Modular plastic boxes which can be used to provide both storage and soakaway functions are available in
the local market. For further information please contact Drainage Affairs.
5.0 Maintenance of Stormwater Systems
5.1 Soakaways
Soakaways do require some maintenance to keep them operating satisfactorily. Each year after the rainy
season the following maintenance task should be carried out:-
Inspect catchpit and remove any silt in the catchpit.
Inspect soakaway and remove any silt in the chamber.
5.2 Tanks
In order to make the tank effective in the control of stormwater runoff, after each rainfall event the tank
should be emptied of water and silt. The water in the tank should be tankered away or it can be used for
irrigation of any garden areas. Under no circumstances should the tank be emptied to the foul
sewerage system.
Each year after the rainy season the following maintenance tasks should be carried out:-
Inspect silt trap and remove any silt in the trap.
Inspect tank and remove any silt in the tank.
Inspect and repair any leaks.
6.0 Safety
6.1 Excavations
Excavations can be dangerous and the following points should be noted.
all excavations should be fenced off or covered to prevent accidents.
deep excavations should have sufficient support provided to prevent collapse of the
excavation or debris falling into the excavation.
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6.1.1 Entry into Confined Spaces
Any tank buried in the ground can be dangerous. Only qualified and experienced operatives who have
and are trained in the use the appropriate safety equipment for entry into confined spaces should be
employed to carry out the cleaning and inspection works.
References
Qatar Sewerage and Drainage Design Manual
Volume 3Surface and Groundwater Drainage
2 Qatar Highways Design Manual
3 Soakaways: BRE Digest 151
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 28 of 47
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Drainage Affairs
ADVICE NOTE NO 2••
1.0 Introduction
DRAINAGE FOR TOWER BLOCKS AND RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS
The drainage of tower blocks and small residential compounds requires the designer of the drainage
system to develop site specific solutions to protect the development from the results of flooding.
The basic requirement is that the development must deal with its runoff within the site and not export the
problem to adjacent developments. Drainage affairs recommend anumber of methods that could be used
to manage the drainage system form tower blocks and residential developments. The designer of the
proposed system should make himself aware of the concepts of managed drainage systems and choose
the most appropriate system for the site in question.
It is not obligatory, but it may be useful for the developer to produce a project profile for the site drainage.
The project profile provides ameans to collect all relevant data for the development area which will help to
produce the Managed Drainage System proposal.
2.0 Managed Drainage systems
Drainage Affairs recommend that the designer of drainage system for the development investigates the
following measures and systems to manage the surface water run off.
Preventative measures
The first stage of the Managed Approach is to reduce the runoff quantities. This may include
reducing the amount of hard surfacing within adevelopment and using soft landscaping suitable for
a desert climate instead. The use of individual tanks or soakaways for each property to store or
disperse the surface run off is another method of reduction in surface water run-off.
Pervious surfaces
Pervious surfaces are surfaces that allow inflow of rainwater into the underlying construction or soil.
In Qatar extensive use is made of block paving for footpaths and parking area. Instead of bedding
the concrete blocks directly on sand bed if they are laid on agranular sub-base water can stored in
the sub-base and infiltrate into the ground. Typically the sub-base consists of 300m of 25 - 150mm
grades stone overlain with ageotextile. The bedding for the block paving consists of 50 mm of 4-
10 mm graded stone.
Filter drains
Linear drains consisting of trenches filled with a permeable material or modular plastic tank
systems, often with a perforated pipe in the base of the trench to assist drainage, to store and
conduct water; they may also permit infiltration.
Swales
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Drainage Affairs
Swales consist of wide shallow channels with or without vegetation that conduct and retain water,
and may also permit infiltration. These work well within development sites with a large proportion
of landscaping where the design of the landscaping can easily incorporate these features. The
swales can be used for infiltration and evaporation. Areas of planting which are lower than the
surround areas can be used in asimilar way to aswale.
Emergency Flood Areas (EFA)
The use of Emergency Flood Areas (EFA) is well established in Qatar and is a viable option for the
management of surface water run off. An area of the development site is designated as an EFA
and depending on the site usage and the depth of water to be stored may need to be fenced of to
prevent accidents to children and adults.
Infiltration devices
Sub-surface structures such at modular tanks systems that can promote the infiltration of surface
water to the ground. There are a number of proprietary systems on the market for this. This is
growth area in the field of managed drainage systems with a number of manufacturers being able
to provide plastic modular systems to build large tanks that can be installed under car parks
recreation areas etc which provide storage, attenuation and infiltration facilities for the surface
water run-off.
Oversize Pipes and Throttles
This option is appropriate if there is a positive drainage system nearby that can take a controlled
amount of runoff for the site. Asmaller diameter pipe or orifice plate is used at the outlet to control
the discharge rate.
3.0 Basic Design Principles
The basic principle of the design of the drainage system for the development is to control runoff
within the development as follows:
No Drainage Affairs stormwater system available. Drain to on site stormwater storage
system as indicated on Figure 1of these guidelines.
Existing or proposed Drainage Affairs stormwater system. Connection to the Drainage
Affairs system by overland flow, or direct connection via managed drainage system as
indicated on Figure1 of these guidelines.
4.0 Project Profile
In order that the designer can assess the requirements it is recommended but not obligatory to
produce a project profile. The project profile should include all relevant information available.
Information should be in note form. The checklist below is provided as aguide only, to assist in
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identifying major items which should be included or considered in completing the project profile to
assist in the choice of managed drainage system for the site.
1.
2.
3.
AN OUTLINE DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT
Provide the following information:
• Project title
• Developer
• Contact Person (name/telephone)
• Nature and description of the project
• Location (include plans)
• Area of project site and %paved/unpaved
• Finished site platform level
• Whether planning permission application is required
• Recent and dated photographs to show apanoramic view of the site
AN OUTLINE OF THE PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMME
a) Explain how the project will be planned and implemented
e.g. authorized person/consultants/contractor.
b) Identify the project timetable for:
• appointing consultants/authorized person
• planning/preliminary designs
• preparing a Drainage Impact Assessment (DIA)study (if required - see
Advice Note No.3)
• finalizing designs
• implementation
• completion/commencing operation
c) Identify any interactions with other projects which should be considered.
AN OUTLINE OF THE EXISTING DRAINAGE
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Provide the following drainage details:
• A 1:20000 scale plan of the catchment in which the project site is located with the
drainage system relevant to the proposed project highlighted.
• A detailed layout plan at 1:5000 scale or larger, of the project site with the site
boundary, existing ground levels, existing drainage and existing land uses all
identified both within and adjacent to the project site.
• A general description of the existing drainage including adequacy of the drainage
system and flooding history.
4. OTHER INFORMATION
Provide the following information:
• Potential drainage impacts (described in broad terms) arising from the project.
• Ageneral description of the proposed drainage impact mitigation measures (if any) to
be provided.
• Ageneral description of the proposed drainage system.
• Ageneral statement on the flooding situation upon completion of the project.
References
1 Qatar Sewerage and Drainage Design Manual
Volume 3Surface and Groundwater Drainage
2 Qatar Highways Design Manual
3 Soakaways : BRE Digest 151
4. Scope for Control of Urban Runoff: CIRAI Report 124 1992
5 Interim Code of Practice for Sustainable Drainage Systems: National SUDS Working Group(UK)
July 2004
6 Stormwater Best Management Practices in an Ultra-Urban Setting
US Department of Transport Federal Highway Administration
7 Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 1783
The Environmental Impact Assessment (Land Drainage Improvement Works) Regulations 1999 :
DEFRA UK
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 32 of4?
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Drainage Affairs
ADVICE NOTE NO 3· APPLICATION OF THE DRAINAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROCESS TO
ZONAL AND DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
Table 1
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 This Advice Note outlines the Drainage Affairs assessment procedures for the drainage impact
of zonal and district development projects. It is anticipated that the information contained in
this document will assist in preparing project profiles and in addressing the project's potential
drainage impacts.
1.2 Many private sector projects have the potential to cause adverse impacts on stormwater
drainage, groundwater and flooding. These impacts need to be considered at the early stages
of the project planning and designed to minimize drainage and flooding problems and to avoid
expensive remedial measures.
1.3 The Drainage Impact Assessment (DIA) process provides for a systematic approach in
addressing drainage issues associated with any project. The primary objective of the DIA
process is to demonstrate that with the implementation of necessary mitigation measures, the
project will not cause an unacceptable increase in the risk of flooding in areas upstream of ,
adjacent to, or downstream of the development.
2. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE DEVELOPER
2.1 The developer of azonal or district development project is responsible for:
(a) preparing the project profile and undertaking the DIA study if required;
(b) implementing all measures necessary to mitigate adverse drainage impacts identified
by the DIA study;
(c) monitoring the project's drainage performance during construction; and
(d) taking all measures necessary to redress unanticipated or unacceptable impacts arising
during project construction.
2.2 The application of the DIA process to a particular project should not be separated from the
other basic investigation and design processes. Thus, the developer can integrate drainage,
environmental, technical and economic assessments to produce the best and most
appropriate project design.
3. ROLES OF DRAINAGE AFFAIRS
3.1 DA is responsible for examining project profile; determining whether DIA study is required;
approving DIA study report submitted under the DIA process; and advising the Planning
Department drainage conditions on the project.
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3.2 Notwithstanding that the developer may have submitted proposals in accordance with the
guidelines stipulated in this Advice Note and DA may have accepted such proposals or have
required such proposals to be amended prior to acceptance, DA shall have no liability to the
proponent for any damage, injury, losses, claims, charges or fees which may arise from any
act, omission or negligence howsoever caused by DA, its agents, servants or employees.
4. THE DRAINAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROCESS
4.1 The DIA process comprises two principal elements, a project profile and, if necessary, a DIA
study.
4.2 All development projects for Zonal or Regional Developments will require the preparation of a
Project Profile.
The project profile and DIA study require substantial engineering input and judgement, and
should be undertaken under the direction of a registered professional engineer in the Civil
Engineering discipline. Any submission made as part of the DIA process should be signed
and certified by the registered professional engineer in charge. Failure to submit asatisfactory
project profile or DIA study report, if required, may unnecessarily delay the DIA?? process.
4.3 Development projects within urban areas served by an engineered positive stormwater
drainage system will generally not require the DIA process to be completed as the project
profile should contain sufficient information for approval, the exception will be those
developments which are of sufficient scale to make a significant change to the drainage
characteristics of astormwater drainage system.
4.4 In areas not served by an engineered positive stormwater drainage system, the scale of the
development, the form and location will determine the necessity of DIA process. As ageneral
rule, if the answer to any of the following questions is positive or unknown, DIA process shall
be applied to the project:
(a) will anatural drainage path be affected by the development?
(b) will there be a significant increase in impervious area and therefore a significant
increase in runoff from the development site?
(c) will reclamation or filling be required to form the site for the development?
(d) will the drainage system downstream of the development site require to be upgraded to
convey the runoff from the site?
(e) will the development be situated at flood prone areas?
(D will the development be situated in an area of high groundwater?
(g) will the development have substantial area of planting which will require irrigation?
(h) will irrigation cause a rise in groundwater levels that may cause concern for building
and road foundations?
Project Profile
4.5 An outline of the information required for the project profile is given in Appendix I. Based on
the information in the project profile, DA will decide upon the extent and scope of the DIA
study that is required by considering the likely impact of the proposed project on:
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(a) the existing capacity of drainage paths;
(b) the changes in surface runoff hydrographs and flood storage; and
(c) the risk of flooding in other areas in the catchment.
(d) the risk of rising groundwater levels due to development.
Drainage Impact Assessment Study
4.6 The scope and requirements of the DIA study shall be proposed by the developer for DA'S
agreement. In setting the parameters for the study, a conscious effort should be made to
constrain its scope as far as practicable while ensuring that the validity of the study is
maintained. The findings of the DIA study shall be documented in a report prepared by the
proponent for submission to DA and the Planning Department. An outline of the information
likely to be required for aDIA study report is given in Appendix II.
4.7 The DIA study shall be carried out in accordance with the standards set out in by DA Drainage
Manual.
4.8 The findings of the DIA study will be used as the basis for setting any requirements on
drainage provisions, flood mitigation measures and performance monitoring tasks which may
be placed on the project. DA will advise the Planning Department or Lands Department of
such requirements on the project as appropriate.
5. DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION AND MONITORING OF MITIGATION MEASURES
5.1 The developer shall be responsible for incorporating the drainage impact mitigation measures
into the design of the project to ensure that the expected drainage performance of the project
is achieved. The Authorized Person in charge of the project should state in writing that
necessary mitigation measures identified in the DIA study have been incorporated into the
plans.
5.2 The developer shall be responsible for implementing the drainage impact mitigation measures
and undertaking the monitoring programme during the construction stage to ensure
compliance with the conditions on drainage requirements, flood mitigation measures and
performance monitoring requirements as imposed by the DA.
5.3 DA shall recommend the Planning Department to issue a Certificate of Compliance for a
development only if the imposed conditions on drainage requirements and flood mitigation
measures have been fulfilled.
5.4 The developer shall sort out and agree with the maintenance parties on any requisite
monitoring programme during the operation stage. The responsibility for undertaking such
monitoring programme, if necessary, shall rest with the maintenance parties. Depending on
the nature and type of the drainage works, the maintenance parties may be the developer
himself, his agent, other person or DA.
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References
1 Qatar Sewerage and Drainage Design Manual
Volume 3Surface and Groundwater Drainage
2 Qatar Highways Design Manual
3 Soakaways: BRE Digest 151
4. Scope for Control of Urban Runoff: CIRAI Report 124 1992
5 Interim Code of Practice for Sustainable Drainage Systems: National SUDS Working Group(UK)
July 2004
6 Stormwater Best Management Practices in an Ultra-Urban Setting
US Department of Transport Federal Highway Administration
7 Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 1783
The Environmental Impact Assessment (Land Drainage Improvement Works) Regulations 1999 :
DEFRAUK
Volume 8 Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 36 of4?
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Drainage Affairs
APPENDIX 51 ·INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR PROJECT PROFILE
In order that the need for a DIA study can be assessed, the project profile should include all relevant
information available. Information should be in note form. The checklist below is provided as aguide only,
to assist in identifying major items which should be included or considered in completing the project
profile.
1.
4.1.1.1 AN OUTLINE DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT
Provide the following information:
• Project title
• Developer
• Contact Person (name/telephone)
• Nature and description of the project
• Location (include plans)
• Area of project site and %paved/unpaved
• Finished site platform level
• Whether planning permission application is required
• Whether lease modification application is required
• Statutory land use zoning
• Recent and dated photographs to shown apanoramic view of the site
2.
4.1.1.2 AN OUTLINE OF THE PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMME
a) Explain how the project will be planned and implemented
e.g. authorized person/consultants/contractor.
b) Identify the project timetable for:
• appointing consultants/authorized person
• planning/preliminary designs
• preparing aDrainage Impact Assessment (DIA) study (if required)
• finalizing designs
• implementation
• completion/commencing operation
c) Identify any interactions with other projects which should be considered.
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3.
4.1.1.3 AN OUTLINE OF THE EXISTING DRAINAGE
Provide the following drainage details:
• A 1:20000 scale plan of the catchment in which the project site is located with the drainage
system relevant to the proposed project highlighted.
• A detailed layout plan at 1:5000 scale or larger, of the project site with the site boundary,
existing ground levels, existing drainage and existing land uses all identified both within and
adjacent to the project site.
• A general description of the existing drainage including adequacy of the drainage system
and flooding history.
4. OTHER INFORMATION
Provide the following information:
• Potential drainage impacts (described in broad terms) arising from the project.
• A general description of the proposed drainage impact mitigation measures (if any) to be
provided.
• Ageneral description of the proposed drainage system.
• Ageneral statement on the flooding situation upon completion of the project.
Any other available information relevant to Appendix II may also be submitted to facilitate DA in
deciding whether a DIA study is required. Submission of sufficient information under this
heading may enable DA to make an early decision on whether exemption from submission of a
DIA study can be granted.
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APPENDIX SII· INFORMATION REQUIRED FOR DRAINAGE IMPACT ASSESSMENT STUDY
REPORT
In order that the DIA study can be completed as quickly as possible, the DIA study report should include
all relevant information available. In addition to the information submitted in the project profile (Appendix
I), the following information should be included in the report. The checklist below is provided as a guide
only, to assist in identifying major items which should be included or considered in completing the DIA
study.
The findings of the D1A study should be documented in a report prepared by the proponent which will then
be used as the basis for setting any requirements on drainage provisions, flood mitigation measures and
performance monitoring tasks which may be placed on the project.
1. AN OUTLINE OF THE CURRENT FLOODING SUSCEPTIBILITY AND PROPOSED
DRAINAGE
Provide the following details:
• An assessment of the susceptibility of the project site to flooding, preferably with a
record of any past flooding which occurred within or adjacent to the project site.
• An assessment of the groundwater levels within the project site and whether there is a
record of any previous problems within the site or adjacent to the project site.
• Adetailed layout plan, at an appropriate scale, of the project site with the site boundary,
proposed ground levels and proposed drainage, including any necessary upgrading
drainage work within the catchment, and proposed land uses, all identified. If the
proponent is aware that the ground levels or drainage or land uses adjacent to, but
outside the project site are likely to change, details should be provided if possible or,
alternatively, attention drawn to the fact that changes are likely.
2. AN OUTLINE OF THE CHANGES TO THE DRAINAGE CHARACTERISTICS AND
POTENTIAL DRAINAGE IMPACTS WHICH MIGHT ARISE FROM THE PROPOSED
PROJECT
Provide the following details to quantify the changes to the drainage characteristics of the
catchment arising from the proposed project:
• Changes in land use and surface runoff characteristics.
• Changes to existing groundwater levels that might be expected.
• Changes to surface runoff hydrographs for 2, 10, 25 and 50 years return period flood
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 39 of4?
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
events for the project site, any affected natural drainage paths or existing positive or
non positive drainage system.
• Change in flood storage caused by the project.
• Assessment of timing of peak runoff from project site relative to timing of catchment
peak runoff.
• Hydraulic capacity of existing drainage upstream, within and downstream of project site
if applicable. This information will be made available by Drainage Affairs .
• Hydraulic capacity of proposed drainage upstream, within and downstream of project
site. This will depend upon the drainage systems designed by the developer.
• Changes in peak runoff, peak flood levels and/or peak velocities for 2, 10, 25 and 50
years return period flood events at critical locations.
• Details of temporary drainage during construction including hydraulic capacities.
Provide details of all potential impacts which might arise as a result of changes to the
drainage characteristics caused by the proposed project and identify land users who might
be affected. Provide details of the impacts caused by the following:
• Changes in flood levels, flood frequency and/or velocities.
• Changes in timing and magnitude of runoff peaks.
• Changes to maintenance requirements and access for maintenance.
• Changes to the drainage paths and regime during construction and after completion of
the project.
• Cumulative effects taking account of other concurrent developments in catchment.
• Other relevant considerations.
The potential impact should be considered on upstream, downstream and adjacent land
users, and land uses should be identified (e.g. residential, commercial, institutional,
industrial, infrastructure, agricultural, recreational, conservation areas).
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 40 of4?
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 41 of 47
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
Appendix 1
Building Permit Application
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 42 of4?
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
DOCUMENTS TO BE SUPPLIED TO DRAINAGE AFFAIRS FOR
BUILDING PERMIT APPLICATION
Mandatory information is shown in bold type
Information Required (2 copies) Scale Notes
Both copies of submission will be stamped approved by the Drainage Affairs. One copy will be returned to
the Developer, the other copy will be retained by the Drainage Affairs
Developer's Programme
Estimated Construction Start Date
Site Location Plan (A3)
Drainage Services Location Plan (A3)
A4· Single Property
A3· Developments (Compounds, Mult)
Site Plan (A) showing: (Foul Sewer)
All levels related to Qatar National Datum
Site boundary
Building outline
Building with descriptive label
Internal Roads, Footpath
Internal Sewer Layout
Septic tank, soakaway, sewage holding tank
Drains and manholes
Schedules of foul manholes
Pumping Stations
Rising Mains
Existing sewers and drains
Road gullies/highway drains
Site levels
Site Plan (B) showing: (Surfacewater Sewer)
All levels related to Qatar National Datum
Site boundary
1:5000
1:1000
1:1000, or
1:500, or
1:200
1:1000, or
North sign, co-ordinates of
corners, street names,
principal landmarks
Existing pUblic sewerage and
drainage services adjacent to
the Site to which the site will
discharge
Manholes numbered from
MH1.
Diameter, length between
manholes, gradient flow
direction. All levels are in 'm'
and Ref. To QNHD.
Arch. Levels and QNHD
levels.
Volume 8 Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 43 of 47
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
Building with descriptive label 1:500, or
Internal Roads, Footpath
Manholes numbered from
1:200
MH1.
Internal Pipe Layout
Soakaway
Drains and manholes Diameter, length between
Schedules of storm manholes
manholes, gradient flow
direction. All levels are in 'm'
Pumping Stations
and Ref. To QNHD.
Rising Mains
Existing sewers and drains
Road gullies/highway drains
Site levels
Arch. Levels and QNHD
levels.
Building Drainage (A1) 1:50
Floor plans
Fittings and Sanitary fittings
Pipeline details
Discharge points
Gullies
Copies of hydraulic design calculations (A4)
Foul water (including trade effluents)
Surface water (including impermeable area plan
and attenuation details)
Design parameters used
Pumping Stations information showing:
General arrangement details
Wet well capacity
Rising Main Capacity
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 44 of 47
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006
Appendix 2
Design Unit Foul Flows
Page 45 of4?
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
Peak and Average Foul Flows Using Design Units Based on 270 IIh/d
Avg Flow Sewage Peak flow
Population lIs m
3
/d lIs
1 0.003 0.259 1.64
5 0.016 1.382 2.53
10 0.031 2.678 2.82
15 0.047 4.061 3.09
20 0.063 5.443 3.35
25 0.078 6.739 3.51
30 0.094 8.122 3.62
40 0.125 10.8 3.83
50 0.156 13.478 4.03
60 0.188 16.243 4.22
70 0.219 18.922 4.41
80 0.250 21.6 4.59
90 0.281 24.278 4.74
100 0.313 27.043 4.86
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page 46 of 47
State of Qatar Public Works Authority
Drainage Affairs
Appendix 3
Drawings
Drg No.
DG1
DG2
DG3
DG4
DG5
DG6
DG7
DG8
DG9
DG10
DG 11
DG12
Title
Inspection Chambers - Typical Details Sheet 1
Inspection Chambers - Typical Details Sheet 2
MH1 - Standard Details
Typical Manhole Construction Details
Sewerage Connection to Properties - Typical Details
Typical Small Submersible Pumping Station
Sand Trap &Grease Trap - Typical Details
Septic Tank Type A&B GA Details (pops 1- 20)
Septic Tank Type CDEF GA Details (pops 21 - 350)
Soakaway Details
Stormwater Soakaway Details
Stormwater Tank
Volume 8Developer's Guide December 2006 Page4? of4?
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DRAINAGE AFFAIRS
p;o, BOX2J337
TEl. 4950055 FAX. 4950555
PROJECT
DEVELOPERS GUIDE
TITLE
DRAWING NO. IREVISION
0012
PROJECT NO"
PROJECT CODE
-OWM I JAN. 07
DRAWN
OM JAN. 07
CHECKED
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