Internet Telephony (VoIP

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Henning Schulzrinne Dept. of Computer Science Columbia University Fall 2003

³radio´. number translation . ³television´ why Internet telephony? why not already? Internet telephony modalities components needed: ± ± ± ± ± audio coding data transport quality of service ± resource reservation signaling PSTN interworking: gateway location.Overview      new Internet services: ³telephone´.

MPLS) Some reserve Internet telephony for transmission across the (public) Internet Transmission of telephone services over IP-based packet switched networks Also includes video and other media.Name confusion  Commonly used interchangeably: ± ± ± Internet telephony Voice-over-IP (VoIP) IP telephony (IPtel)     Also: VoP (any of ATM. IP. not just voice .

new modes (web. TV. telephone: a (protocol) convergence? .New Internet services     tougher: replacing dedicated electronic media vs. TV): hard to beat one antenna tower for millions of $30 receivers typewriter model of development radio. email) distribution media (radio.

application sharing is easy carrier perspective better codecs + silence suppression ± packet header overhead = maybe reduced bandwidth shared facilities simplify management.The phone works ± why bother with VoIP user perspective variable compression: tin can to broadcast quality no need for dedicated lines security through encryption caller & talker identification better user interface (more than 12 keys. redundancy advanced services cheaper bit switching fax as data rather than voiceband data (14.4 kb/s) . visual feedback. semantic rather than stimulus) no local access fees (but dropping to 1c/min for PSTN) adding video.

150 million 911 calls per year (2000) ± ± ± 45 million wireless Phase I conveys call back number + Pseudo-ANI (cell face identifier) to PSAP Phase II provides caller location (e.. now roughly 95% of US population Basic 911 service: route emergency call to nearest emergency call center (public safety answering point ± PSAP) Later. 112 in Europe.Emergency Calling       911 in North America.g. via GPS or TOA) For wireless: Phase I and Phase II . others elsewhere First implemented 1968 in US. enhanced 911 (E-9-1-1) for selective routing and conveying caller location information to PSAP Roughly.

TDOA BellSouth .Wireless 911 Phase II .

EOTD BellSouth .Wireless 911 Phase II .

Wireless 911 Phase II Accuracy Handset-based Network-based 67% 50m 100m 95% 150m 300m    Example: Sprint PCS and Nextel use GPS Implementation just starting VolP has similar problems as wireless: ± devices change ³network attachment point´ .

E9-1-1 Call flow elements .wireline End office ES Trunks E9-1-1 Tandem w/SRDB EM Trunks Public Safety Answering Point Loop Acces s Contr ol ie DLC Syste m PSAP The Local Loop Recent Change Links PSAP ALI Data Links ALI SCP GATEWAY (Firewall) DBMS Update Links Service Providers ALI Database Elements .

WIRELESS ALI/SR DBASE 9 6 2 5 E9-1-1 Tandem w/SRDB Public Safety Answering Point PDE 3 4 MPC E2 8 7 MSC PSAP #9 is only applicable in a CAS-Hybrid architecture.E9-1-1 CALL FLOW ELEMENTS . such as BellSouth¶s WLS911 Solution 1 .

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