PREFACE

They were painful days that we faced with patience and wisdom, and with hope that Bahrain would, God willing, overcome these difficult times that saw innocent lives wasted, homes of harmless citizens burnt and destroyed, sabotage of public installations, and attacks on economic targets.

The conspiracy was clear from the start. And they have expressed it in all frankness - to cripple economic life and to spread chaos through the country so that they can seize the rule by force, and establish a pro-Iran regime while Tehrain's media guided and campaigned in that direction.

It was in Qum and in Tehran that they mapped out plans to achieve their objectives. They arranged for a conspiracy to overthrow the Bahrain government by force, by trying to mobilise 3,000 young Bahraini men, and trainirig them on carrying arms to seize the rule. They effectively began training some of them in preparation for the day on which they would move to execute this plot. Later, they themselves provided a clue when one of their spokesmen in Paris said: "we shall not stop till we totally paralyse Bahrain's economic life, and then the government witl collapse, or foreign governments will intervene to impose a new fait accompli."

Before we move into explaining the dimensions of the conspiracy, we present for the sake of history, and for the benefit of the entire world, examples of the crimes they committed, the fires they started, and sedition they sought.

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OF THEIR CRIMES ... !!!!

Since the end of 1994, one question dominated the streets of Bahrain - was arson, sabotage, destruction and murder in the nature of the Bahrain people, or were there foreign hands manipulating events to spread fear and panic among the secure citizens, and to terrorise foreign residents who came to this good bountiful land in quest of a livelihood.

The questions were many, and the lines were not clear. There were slogans and demands that they raised. They managed to deceive some, while others were overjoyed. But there was no connection whatsoever between what was taking place and what they were saying, or what they were claiming. What is the relation between democracy and unemployment, with killing and burning of seven innocent people? Or with plundering public and private property, and burning of schools, power stations and shops, and economic utilities? Only God in His Majesty protected this secure country from a sedition whose consequences He only knew, and the pubic security forces succeeded in foiling this conspiracy and rounding up its activists and leaders.

This book is an attempt to clarify and explain the conspiracy targeting the people of Bahrain. It started with ideological and psychological mobilisation in Qum, and in Bahrain. Next, it moved to the stage of arson, destruction and sabotage. Finally, there was to be the stage that was aborted, that of setting up the armed organisation that would overthrow the rule. It is a document for history, a testimony of the era, and a clarification of the conspiracy.

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--------- .--.-----~-

On a morning the likes of which Bahrain has not seen throughout its history, a group of hard-hearted evil-mongerers headed on March 14, 1996 to besiege a restaurant in the area of Sitra-Wadian, burning it to the ground, and leading to the death of seven Asians in a horrifying and heart-breaking scene, as part of a desperate attempt to spread terror in the heart of residents in Bahrain and force them to leave. All of Bahrain wept for those innocent men who became victims of unjustified black rancour.

On March 21, 1996, a group of saboteurs

I went to

AI- Zayani Garage and set fire to the cars in the showroom in an attempt to spread terror in the business community

... "I

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Hotels were another target as they tried to hit tourism, one of the sources of national income and an industry beginning to flourish and prosper. They planted bombs in the Diplomat Hotel, in the Baisan Hotel and in the Royal Meridien Hotel

Baisan Hotel - After Explosion

As part of the same plot to cripple economic life, they planted bombs in cars parked at shopping centres. One bomb was planted in a car parked at the Isa Town shopping centre.

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Schools were another persistent target in their campaign. Arson sabotage was the fate of the Sanabis Primary School.

So was AI-Diraz Preparatory School - another target of sabotage

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Ali was a pupil at the Samaheej Primary School. He did not know that the hand of treachery would reach his school and that an incendiary bomb would be thrown at it, and that his arm would suffer burns. One wonders whether Ali would forget those moments of terror that he lived, seeing a face of evil running behind him, carrying a Molotov cocktail and flinging it at him.

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Power stations which mean light and energy for work and daily life, did not escape their sabotage.

They provided no explanation for the connection between the slogans they raise and the burning of public property.

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They were puny in their crimes ... and their thinking. Else, what would be the meaning of their burning a public telephone?

Came the day of May 6, 1996, an ignominious day in their plot to cripple economic life in Bahrain. In one day, they burnt and destroyed more than nine huge commercial shops, leaving them gutted remains, and rubble. In their statements abroad, they were ranting about success, and affirming that the day of "victory" was close because they had succeeded in burning the shops of secure citizens who woke up one morning to find their investments eaten up by flames.

Music Store at Sheraton Commercial Complex was burned

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Sim Sim Store

Sim SiI: Store

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THE ROLE OF TEHRAN RADIO

What was happening in Bahrain was a premeditated scenario, with clear programmes and available instruments. Foremostly, there was Tehran Radio which served as a voice for incitment to rioting and sabotage within Bahrain, adopting in a flagrant manner the opinions that called for crippling economic life and boycotting marketplaces.

Even more strange, was to hear repeated affirmations from the Iranian officialdom on the question for better relations and bolstered cooperation and friendship, while Tehran Radio was openly calling for the change of rule.

Following are examples of Tehran Radio interferences in the domestic . affairs of Bahrain.

• Tehran Radio would urge its listeners to send their letters to Tehran Radio Post Box in Manama, number 26273. The number turned out to be the post box of the Iranian Embassy in Manama, the Embassy which was insisting that it had no connection with Tehran Radio.

• Tehran Radio tried to mislead and rouse sentiments in Bahrain when it claimed on May 22, 1996, that the security forces in Bahrain were behind the explosions that occurred in Bahrain.

• On May 16, 1996, Tehran Radio tried to rouse the masses by reporting that the authorities in Bahrain had started forming secret units to liquidate the opposition.

• On May 12, 1996, Tehran Radio said that a Bahrain citizen had died on wounds suffered when he was beaten up by the security forces. Later, the family of the deceased confirmed that he was mentally retarded and had died in an epileptic fit.

• On May 2, 1996, Tehran Radio urged the citizens of Bahrain to civil strike and to refrain from celebrations over the blessed Eid AI-Adha feast.

• On April 9, Tehran Radio broadcast an interview with one of the leaders of the sabotage, which was full of falsehoods, claiming that the Bahrain authorities were

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• On Febryuary 13, 1996, Tehran Radio reported that there was a call for a two-day commercial strike as of Sunday.

violating the honour of girls, which naturally was meant to rouse the masses.

• On April 9, Tehrain Radio also tried to distort a draft law forming the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs in Bahrain, describing it as an attempt to nationalise mosques and religious rites.

• On March 22, Tehran Radio claimed that the Russian government had decided to bar Russian tourists from going to Bahrain because of an absence of security and stability in the country - something which no Russian official has stated.

• On March 5, 1996, Tehran Radio claimed that the Bahrain Crown Prince intended to call on the U.S. government for help in repressing the Bahrain people.

• On March 2, 1996, Tehran Radio claimed that the Manama government would not be able to withstand the demands of the Bahrain people.

• On February 24, 1996, Tehran Radio claimed that the army was on the streets of the Bahrain capital of Manama.

• On February 15, 1996, Tehran Radio called on the Bahrain people not to celebrate the then upcoming Eid AI-Fitr.

• On January 28, 1996, Tehran Radio claimed there was a plan under way to form a pan-Arab force of 50,000 troops to suppress the Islamic movement in Bahrain.

• On January 22, 1996, Tehran Radio claimed that the ruling government in Bahrain begrudged the people their basic rights.

• These were but few examples of the provocative commentaries and news that Tehran Radio persistently broadcast as part of a campaign to mobilise public opinion in Bahrain against the government. Then, there also was the harbouring of the dissenters, and the consecration of its radio station to broadcast their statements and views, directing their transmissions to Bahrain.

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THE ARMED CONSPIRACY

Then came the third stage of the treacherous plot to spread dissension and split the ranks of the unified nation. It was to be the stage of organising an armed coup d'etat, after the road would have been paved with rioting and sabotage.

There were two parts set for this plot: first, the planning, training and finance of the armed organisation to execute the required objectives, and secondly, the smuggling of arms into Bahrain.

Arms Smuggling:

They met to discuss arms smuggling. As mentioned in their confessions, and as one of them said, defendant Ali Ahmed Kadhem AI-Motaqawi, who is one of the leaders of the group: "We held a meeting with an officer of the Iranian intelligence, Ahmed Sharifi. At the meeting, Sharifi put to us the idea of smuggling arms into Bahrain by sea." Defendant Jasim Hassan Mansour AI-Khayat said:

"In December 1994 we met with

the officer Ahmed Sharifi, and laid a plan to smuggle arms into Bahrain." Bahrain security forces tracking down the conspirators managed to seize quantities of arms smuggled into Bahrain. The quantities may have been small, but they indicated that the smuggling attempts had started, and that there may be other quantities of arms yet to be uncovered.

The Kuwaiti newspaper "AI Anba" on June 1 0, 1996, affirmed that the 'Hizbollah-Kuwait' bought the arms left behind by the Iraqi army before fleeing Kuwait, and smuggled them to 'Hizboiiah-Bahrain'.

The newspaper said that orders that were issued by the Iranian authorities to 'Hizbollah-Bahrain' included pursuing a long-term plan for smuggling arms into Bahrain in a manner that the Bahrain authorities could not uncover in one go, and the necessity of spreading them out in several dispersed hiding places.

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• Assigning the Minister of Foreign Affairs to take the suitable political and diplomatic procedures.

ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE CONSPIRACY

When the picture became complete, and the details of the conspiracy were identified, with all evidence and proof in the hands of the public security and with the officials, it became a necessity to declare this to the world, with the clear and specific aim of drawing Iran's attention to the danger of what it was doing, and the consequences of its actions for the entire region.

On the 3rd of June 1996, the Cabinet held an emergency session to review the memorandum presented by the Minister of the Interior exposing the terrorist organisation of what is called 'Hizbollah-Bahrain', which is an organisation that was planning to overthrow the rule by force and to establish a pro-Iran regime, a matter that represented a danger that threatened the security and safety of the State.

The Cabinet adopted a number of resolutions, which included:

• Presenting a petition to His Highness the Amir of Bahrain to invite the Consultative Council to an extraordinary session to look into the matter.

• Assigning the Minister of the Interior to issue a statement to acquaint citizens with the truth of what had taken place.

The Cabinet adopted another number of procedures that were considered necessary under the circumstances, and that were to be immediately implemented.

H.H. the Amir, Shaikh Isa Bin Salman AI Khalifa, issued an Amiri order inviting the Consultative Council to an extraordinary session. The order specified that the Consultative Council was to meet in extraordinary session on Tuesday, the 4th of June 1996, and that the Council would consider the government statement about the security situation and its developments at this extraordinary session.

• The Ministry of the Interior issued a clarifying statement that pointed out the following :

Within the framework of the security measures and arrangements enforced by the Ministry of the Interior to firmly deter the foreign-instigated plot of subversion and terrorism, which sought since the end of 1994 to terrorize citizens and residents, and undermine the security and stability of Bahrain, and through the continuous efforts to track down its elements and expose their contacts and foreign links;

The Public Security forces of the Ministry of the Interior were able to apprehend a terrorist group of founders, leaders and members of what is called 'The Military Wing of Hizbollah-Bahrain," and confessions were recorded before the investigating Judge by a number of the leaders of the organisation, especially those who headed the Committee for Security and Intelligence at the Military Council of the Organisation, and those who headed the Financial Committee of the same Council.

The recorded confessions before the investigating Judge confirmed that the principle defendants along with others, founded this terrorist orqanisation with the prompting, arrangement and financing of the intelligence body of the Iran Revolutionary Guards Corps in 1993 in the city of Qum in the Islamic Republic of Iran, with the aim of mobilising 3,000 persons, and training them abroad militarily to overthrow the rule in Bahrain by force and to replace it by a pro-Iran regime.

The confessions exposed the support and backing of the Iranian authorities to what was called "the Military Wing of Hizbollah-Bahrain," and to follow up and finance all its activities and its establishment in Iran, and to establish its headquarters in the city of Qum, and to furnish it with the necessary equipment, and militarily train its members of young Bahrainis, at one of the camps of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps and then at Hizbollah

camps in Lebanon.

The Public Security Forces are continuing investigations with a number of leaders of both military and political wings of this organisation, and with a number of those trained abroad on the use of arms . and explosives, preparatory to bringing them to trial.

The Ministry of the Interior affirms that the public security bodies will continue their efforts to track down the fugitive elements who are wanted by justice, and that it follows up with all vigilance and alertness the various suspicious activities and movements that seek to undermine the security of the country and its stability.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement saying it "summoned the Ambassador of the Islamic Republic accredited to the State of Bahrain and submitted to him a memorandum informing that the State of Bahrain withdrew its Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Iran, and the decision of the government of the State of Bahrain that relations between the two countries will be at a level of Charge d'Affaires, in protest on the part of the State of Bahrain which had evidence that the Islamic Republic of Iran was interfering in its internal affairs and working to destabilise its security and stability through instigation, finance and training of elements that carry out acts of sabotage and rioting in the State of Bahrain in an attempt to overthrow the rule in the country, as was recorded in

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First: what calls itself "the Military Wing of Hizbollah-Bahrain" was formed early 1993 with the instigation and arrangement of the Iranian authorities, and the supervision and support of the intelli-gence body of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps, to achieve the mentioned illegitimate objectives, by deluding a number of those present in Bahrain and in other countries, and mobilising' them and training them militarily in Iran, and the Hizbollah camps of Lebanon, to form an armed base preparatory "to putting into action the evil they harbour for our stable and secure country."

the confessions made by those who were involved in these acts before the Investigating Judge".

The Minister of Cabinet Affairs and Information held a press conference in which he said: "We are confronting a branch of a well-known organisation, which is Hizbollah, and what we know to date is that 13 training courses have been held for the group, part in the camps of the Revolutionary Guard in I ran and part in the Hizbollah camps in Lebanon".

On the 6th of June, Prime Minister H.H. Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman AI Khalifa held the extraordinary session of the Consultative Council to review the government statement about the security situation and its developments. He delivered a word in which he underscored the dangers of the situation after the security bodies laid their hands on the elements of sedition and conspiracy. The Prime Minister said that it was no longer a matter of rioting and sabotage but had become a plot and a conspiracy and an attempt "to harm our system and independence and sow sedition among the sons of the one people."

The Minister of the Interior Shaikh Mohammed bin Khalifa AI Khalifa, delivered a statement in which he explained the details and dimensions of the conspiracy, pointing out a number of important points that include the following :

Second: the Iranian authorities involved themselves in a flagrant and direct manner. The intelligence body of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps supported and backed what is called "the Military Wing of Hizbollah-Bahrain," following up its activities and supplying it with huge funds, and also setting it up, forming its bases and wings, and establishing its headquarters in the city of Qum.

Third: the intelligence body of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps directly supervised the formation of the organisational skeleton of what is called "the Military Wing of HizbollahBahrain" to give it a military aspect that would help in achieving its important objectives by force, and a Military Council was formed to conduct activities through a number of committees and branch offices.

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J

Fourth: The Iranian authorities through the intelligence body of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards played a basic role in the military training operations for groups of young Bahrainis that the organisation managed to recruit. Training started in April 1993, that is before the outbreak of the incidents of sabotage and terrorism by about 18 months, which affirmed the premeditated planning and preparation for these events. They were first trained in the I ranian Revolutionary Guards Corps and later, when international fingers of accusation began pointing in the direction of Iran

as instigator, then the Iranian

authorities prompted Hizbollah in

Lebanon to open its camps to the Bahraini youth sent by the organisation under the supervision of the Iranian intelligence body. Groups of them were effectively trained there, and in both cases, the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs undertook to facilitate their entry into Iranian territory, and to arrange for infiltrating the trainees into the Hizbollah camps in Lebanon.

Military training comprised operations to help achieve the illegitimate objectives of the organisation, and especially training on arms, explosives and use of hand grenades, in addition to training on self-defense and means of gathering and transmitting information, avoiding observation or security measures, and safeguarding secret documents and papers. This evil organisation, at the prompting and instigation of the Iranian intelligence plotted to smuggle arms into

Bahrain for use in achieving its criminal objectives, affirming that the security forces were able to seize various arms since October·1995.

Fifth: Recent investigations and confessions exposed the full picture of the criminal plot which targeted Bahrain's security and stability since the outbreak of the incidents of sabotage and terrorism at the end of 1994 and until the present, with the security forces pinpointing contacts between the military wing of Hizbollah-Bahrain and between the bases and the political and information wings at home and abroad, all seeking to undermine the security and stability in the country and harm the security and property of citizens.

On its part, the Consultative Council issued a statement affirming allout support and backing for each measure that the government takes to confront dangers threatening the country, and to affirm that Bahrain does not accept interference in its internal affairs nor does it allow any state to undermine its independence or harm its security and stability. It called on the citizens to stand united in one rank behind their wise leadership to protect their gains and achievements, and called on the consultative and parliamentary councils around the world to condemn the terrorist plot against Bahrain which targeted the country's security and safety, and to put an end to the attempts at interference which are condemned by international norms and conventions.

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THE CONFESSIONS CONFESSIONS OF ALI AHMED KADHEM

AL-MOTAQAWI Bahrain television broadcast part of the confessions of some defendants to provide the dimensions and web of the conspiracy:

One of the leaders of the "Military Council of Hizbollah-Bahrain" who clarified in his confessions how the so-called "Hizbollah-Bahrain" was formed.

He said that contacts started since 1993 in the city of Gum in Iran between the group of Bahrainis enlisted for religious studies and Iranian intelligence officers over the formation of the "Military Wing of Hizbollah-Bahrain" and referred to the readiness of the Iranian authorities to extend all kinds of assistance and facilities.

He added that the Military Council of Hizbollah was formed during these meetings, as follows:

The Financial Committee chaired by Ali Ahmed Kadhem AI-Motaqawi; the Military Training Committee led by Adel AI-Shu'ala; the Information Committee led by Khalil Sultan; the Intelligence and Security Committee led by Jasim Hassan Mansour Hassan AI-Khayat; in addition to Mohammed Habib Mohammed who is a Bahraini clergyman residing in Kuwait and whose activities focused on the Bahraini students in Kuwait.

In meetings with the Iranian intelligence officers, the aim was to recruit 3,000 young Bahrainis to form the armed popular force to constitute the nucleus

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that would work to seize the rule in Bahrain through military force.

In April 1993, the first batch of Bahrainis were trained in Qum in the camp of 'Karg' north of Tehran.

- In 1994, the first batch of Bahraini cadres to be readied, arrived in Iran. They had been sent from Kuwait by Mohammed Habib.

- In January 1995, at a secret meeting between Ahmed Sharifi and with the commander of the AI-Guds Forces of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Wahidi, agreement was reached to intensify activities, and in May 1995 another batch of Bahraini students was sent for military training in Gum.

- On June 10, 1995, a meeting was held between the "Military Council of Hizbollah -Bahrain" and representatives of the Iranian government. During the meeting, they discussed the issue of military training and moving it from Iran to Lebanon after an increase in charges that Iran was behind the incidents in Bahrain. Hizbollah in Lebanon was prompted to open its camps for military training of the members of Hizbollah-8ahrain, while an order was issued to the Iranian Embassy in Damascus to undertake the smuggling of young Bahrainis into the Hizbollah camps of Lebanon.

CONFESSIONS OF JASSIM HASSAN MANSOUR HASSAN AL-KHAYAT

Another defendant is Jasim Hassan Mansour AI-Khayat who is responsible for the Security and Intelligence Committee in the Hizbollah organisation, who confessed that the contacts with the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps used to take place through an officer with the ran k of Brigadier in the Iranian Revolutionary Guards intelligence by named of Mohammed Radi AI Sadeq.

He said that in April 1993, the first batch went for military training at the "Karg" camp north of Tehran.

He formed part of this batch which had intensive training on dismantling, assembling and firing machine-guns and pistols, and preparation of explosive devices.

He showed that the financial
assistance which the Iranian
government extended to the
organisation was in the form of
cheques drawn on the Saderat Iran Bank in the account of the Revolutionary Guards, with administrative checks paid by Ahmed 'Sharifi, the Iranian intelligence officer.

AI-Khayat said that in May 1995, he was part of a delegation grouping himself with Mounir Abdul-Rassoul Radi Ahmed, and Maatouq and Ahmed Ali Shihab, together with the officer Ahmed Sharifi, who went to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps camp and met General Wahidi, the intelligence officer who is directly responsible to the Iranian Revolution Guide Ali Khamenei, "who promised us that the political leadership in Iran in cooperation with the Revolutionary Guards intelligence, would extend all assistance to

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help us attain our objective, which is the establishment of a pro-Iran Islamic Republic in Bahrain ... we were told that the Iranian Foreign Ministry had prepared what was necessary to grant entry visas to Bahraini youth sent for military training in Iran on a separate paper without use of the passport."

AI-Khayat said that a diplomat at the Iranian Embassy in Damascus, called Abu Hadi, was responsible for smuggling the Bahrainis into Lebanon and training them militarily in the Hizbollah camps. Abu Hadi informed them that the Embassy, at the instructions of higher-up Iranian authorities, would provide means of transport from, and to Lebanon, and guarantee the smuggling and military training in the Hizbollah camps.

He clarified that training in the Hizbollah camps in Lebanon comprised training on arms, including machine-guns, rifles and pistols, guerrilla warfare, the sciences of topography and military signals, and how to use codes, and how to booby-trap small instruments such as

telephones with explosives and electronic circuits.

When he returned to Bahrain on October 9, 1995, he began working on forming leadership cadres for Hizbollah-Bahrain with the help of a friend called Khalil Ebrahim Issa Ali Hussein AI-Haiki. Together, they managed to convince groups of youth to travel to Lebanon for military training.

In November 1995, Khalil Ebrahim Issa AI-Haiki informed him that 'he had succeeded in convincing a number of youth to undertake military training for the party, and members of this group travelled at the beginning of December 1995 to Syria then to Lebanon through the smuggling operations.

During the same month of November, he travelled to Saudi Arabia, and discussed in Dammam with Shaikh Ali Ahmed Kadhem AI-Motaqawi, the issue of smuggling arms into Bahrain in light of the assistance that Brigadier Ahmed Sharifi, the Iranian intelligence officer, was prepared to extend in this respect.

CONFESSIONS OF HUSSAIN AHMED JASIM

AL-MODAIFA

Another defendant who made

detailed confessions on his

travelling to Lebanon through Syria for military training. He recounts how he' met in Damascus with Shaikh Adel AI-Shu'ala, who gave

Khalil Ebrahim Issa AI Haiki • Leader

them nom-de-guerre names and took them to the I ranian Embassy in Damascus where they were received by a diplomat who kept their Bahraini passports and asked them to take two cars parked outside the Embassy with two Lebanese drivers. They were driven to the Lebanese borders and from there to a house of Hizbollah where they were given military dress and began training at a camp on use of arms, on shooting and on making explosives.

He returned from Lebanon through the same smuggling pattern, and in Damascus he got back his passport from the Iranian Embassy and returned to Bahrain.

Adel AI Shu'ala

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CONFESSIONS OF HUSSAIN YOUSUF EBRAHIM MOHAMMED ALI

One of the defendants who recounted another aspect of the conspiracy. He was a student at the University of Bahrain and travelled to Kuwait to continue studies. There, he met with Shaikh Mohammed Habib who provided accommodation for him and for his brother, taking care of their rent, food and all necessities. He proposed to them the idea of military training in Lebanon to confront the Bahrain government and they agreed to that.

Shaikh Mohammed Habib reserved tickets for them to travel by land to Syria and told them they would meet there with Shaikh Adel

AI-Shu'ala who would arrange for them the trip to the training site. AI-Shu'ala arranqed the trip to Iran for them without stamping their passports, and specifically to the house of Shaikh Jasim AI-Khayat, a Bahraini who undertook their training on assembling and dismantling weapons. The training continued until word reached them from Adel AI-Shu'ala to return once more to Damascus.

After return of the group, which numbered six, to Damascus, AI-Shu'ala arranged for two taxis to move them to the Iranian Embassy premises and from there, they moved in two Mercedes cars driven by Lebanese, and headed for Lebanon for training. They reached the military base of Hizbollah and from then onwards to the camp called 'The Camp of AI-Rasoul AI-Aazam (The Camp of the Greate

Messenger)." There, they

underwent military training for

several weeks. Later, they were taken to the Bekaa region for intensive study of different types of arms. From there, they moved to a third camp, "Tha'ar Allah (God's Revenge)" where they trained on electronic preparations related to booby-traps and explosions, then his brother first returned to Bahrain, and he later followed him.

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CONFESSIONS OF ABBAS ALI AHMED HUBAIL

Yet another defendant from the Hizbollah organisation, who exploited his work as preacher in delivering sermons that incited to violence. He undertook to form a group of saboteurs for the area of Sitra. The defendant said he formed a group of youth that "he felt hated the rule," while he was in contact with another defendant named Shaikh Ahmed AI-Rayash, who used to convey to him the orders he would get from Shaikh Abdul-Ameer AI-Jamri and Abdul Wahab Hussein, and Hassan AI-Meshaime'i. He used to carry the leaflets to members of his

group, and give them the

necessary funds to make

incendiary bombs for use in the demonstrations against the security forces.

At one of the meetings, two of the group proposed to him to burn down the Oriental Furniture Showroom, to which he agreed. He gave them some money as a bonus and an incentive in carrying out the operation.

At one of the meetings, a member of the group proposed they attack tourist establishments in the country with the aim of capturing the attention of the media as a means of pressuring the authorities to respond to their demands. This person suggested the Meridien Hotel as target for the sabotage. The defendant took the matter to Abdul-Ameer Al-Jarnri at a meeting of the two of them at the Mosque of Zain Elabedeen in Bani Jamra. AI-Jamri agreed and said the issue of opposition was everyone's concern, and all were expected to act until demands were met. "During this meeting, clearly explained to AI-Jamri that the groups will hit hotels and important places. He confirmed his consent no matter what the target," said this defendant in his recorded confession.

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l r

THE WORLD'S STAND

No sooner did the world hear the details of the conspiracy, and some confessions by the defendants, than Gulf, Arab, Islamic and international condemnations began to pour in.

* The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Fahd bin Abdul-Aziz AI Saud, the monarch of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, immediately telephoned his brother H.H. the Amir of the State of Bahrain, affirming the kingdom's support for the State of Bahrain and its backing of all measures and procedures that it took to safeguard its security and stability.

;:~ Shaikh Zayed bin Sultan AI Nahyan, the President of the United Arab Emirates, pointed charges directly at Iran for masterminding the organisation of the coup conspiracy in Bahrain, and affirmed the U.A.E.'s strong backing for the State of Bahrain.

~:~ H.H. Shaikh Jaber AI Ahmed AI-Sabah, the Amir of the State of Kuwait, sent a message to H.H. the Amir of the State of Bahrain, affirming the condemnation and denunciation by Kuwait government, Amir, and people, for the criminal plot that Bahrain faced, and Kuwait's backing and its continuous support for all measures adopted by the State of Bahrain.

~* Sultan Qaboos bin Said, the Sultan of Oman, sent a written message to the Amir of the State of Bahrain, affirming the backing of the Sultanate government and people for the sister State of Bahrain.

* Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, and Jordan's King Hussein telephoned H.H. the Amir of the State of Bahrain, expressing their complete support for all measures that Bahrain takes to safeguard security and stability.

* Syrian President Hafez AI-Assad affirmed "Syria's concern for the security and stability of sister State of Bahrain."

*~ The Tripartite Summit of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Syrian President Hafez AI-Assad and Saudi Arabian Crown Prince, Deputy Prime

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Minister and Commander of the National Guard, affirmed their solidarity with the State of Bahrain in its efforts to achieve security and stability, and in confronting the acts of anarchy and sabotage, and any foreign interference.

,k The General Secretariat of the Council of the Arab Interior Ministers condemned the interference of any foreign state in the affairs of member states with the aim of sowing sedition, undermining security and stability, and attempting to overthrow the rule by force. It announced its complete solidarity with Bahrain and its allout support of all measures that the country takes to deter attempts at terrorism and sabotage.

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*~ The Ministerial Council of the Foreign Ministers of the Gulf Cooperation Council at the conclusion of its session in Riyadh issued a strong statement in which it denounced Iran's interference in the internal affairs of Bahrain.

*~ The United States of America declared its support for the government of the State of Bahrain and said it viewed with concern any foreign attempts to shake security and stability in Bahrain or to impede its economic and social development.

,!~ Britain's Prime Minister John Major sent a message to H.H. the Amir of Bahrain denouncing the conspiracy and condemning the acts of those who stir trouble in Bahrain, affirming his country's complete support for Bahrain. The official spokesman for London's Foreign Office affirmed support of his country for Bahrain and its people in face of all threats to its security and sovereignty.

,i~ The official spokesman for the French Foreign Ministry declared that France supports the measures that Bahrain takes to safeguard security and order in the country.

~* The official spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry declared that his country supports Bahrain in its attempts not only to safeguard stability and security in the country, but also in the interest of peace and development in the entire Gulf region.

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• "The Independent" said that all indications point to Iran's involvement in the conspiracy to overthrow the rule in Bahrain, and that Bahrain had exhausted all possible means of warnings to Iran, and had repeated these warning several times.

WHAT DID THE WORLD PRESS HAVE TO SAY?

After the conspiracy was unveiled, the world press had an opinion and a clear condemnation of Iranian interference. Here are examples;

• The American newspaper "Wall Street Journal" said that the European community had to halt its dialogue with Iran as long as the Iranian regime was continuing with its terrorist practices and refused to reform, with the latest attempted coup in Bahrain which was masterminded by Iran as testimony of its commitment to the policy of exporting revolution to its neighbours.

• The newspaper "Sunday Times" said that Iran was spreading a wave of terrorist assaults and subversive activities to destabilise the Gulf Arab states.

The British weekly quoted a report of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) which said that the aborted coup against the Bahrain government was orchestrated and directed by Iran, which see Bahrain as fertile ground for the Islamic revolution.

• "The Guardian" said that the coup conspiracy in Bahrain was directed from the Iranian city of 'Qum' through a group of about 250 Bahrainis studying at Qum, under the care and guidance of top Iranian officials, and that this group formed the leadership for the "HlzboflahBahrain party".

• "The Times" said that there was sufficient evidence of the Iranian role in the Bahrain events, and that the conspiracy which the Bahrain authorities aborted were part of the non-stop Iranian attempts at interference.

• "The Financial Times" said that Bahrain had reason to press charges against Iran, and that the measures it had to adopt were a necessity.

• The American "Washington Post" wrote: a clear Iranian conspiracy in Bahrain, and a plot aimed at overthrowin-g the rule.

• The French "Le Monde" wrote:

The Bahrain authorities aborted an Iranian conspiracy that indicates Iran persists with its policy of exporting the revolution.

• The American daily "The New York Times" wrote: the world has to take a unified stand against Iran if it persists with this hostile course against other states, particularly its neighbours.

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