presented by EASTERN Educator And Student Trafficking Education Resource Network

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³Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion,´

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³force, fraud, or coercion,´ force, fraud, coercion,´
Here is how the law explains it . . .

³Force´ means any form of power, violence, or physical pressure directed against another person.

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³force, fraud, or coercion,´
Here is how what the law explains it . . .

³Fraud´ means any deliberate act of deception, trickery or misrepresentation.

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³force, fraud, or coercion,´
Here is how what the law explains it . . . ³Coercion´ means manipulation. It occurs when any threat, scheme, plan, pattern, or abuse of the law or the legal process, makes a person believe they will be harmed if they don¶t do something.

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³Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion,´
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³«in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age´

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Got That?

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It means . . .
Anyone Under 18 years old ± THAT¶S YOU ± working in: 

  

Prostitution ³Exotic Dancing´ Pornography Or any other sex-related act for money sexis a VICTIM of Sex Trafficking

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It means . . .
Sex Trafficking Makes its Victims Whenever . . . Anyone under 18-years old is involved in commercial sex acts or Anyone 18 years-old or over is involved in 8 yearscommercial sex acts through force, fraud or coercion.

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Who are these Victims ?
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Look Next to You«
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Look Everywhere «
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Look in the Mirror «
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Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) 2010 Released June 16, 2010

The United States is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labor, debt bondage, and forced prostitution. rostitution.
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Female and Male  Gay, Straight, Bi, TG, - everyone  Of every ethnicity, race, culture and religion  From every social and economic group 

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More Vulnerable because they «  Are often Runaways or ³Throwaways´  Lack Close Family Support  Use Drugs (illegal, prescription, etc.)  Don¶t Have Friends Looking Out for Them  Are Not Getting Proper Care or Attention

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More Vulnerable because they «  Are often Runaways or ³Throwaways´  Lack Close Family Support  Use Drugs (illegal, prescription, etc.)  Don¶t Have Friends Looking Out for Them  Are Not Getting Proper Care or Attention

But Most of all, They Are Often . . .
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Victims of Abuse
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Everywhere
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Physically

and/or psychologically controlled by pimps, boyfriends, and even family.  Trained by them to tell lies and false stories  Victims learn to distrust service providers & law enforcement  Frequently moved from place to place  Technology can help disguise the real age of the victim  Fake I.D.s are easy to obtain
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They

are ashamed, humiliated and embarrassed.  They are afraid of going to jail or juvi  They are afraid of being hurt  They are afraid of their family or friends being harmed.

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They

are ashamed, humiliated and embarrassed.  They are afraid of going to jail or juvi  They are afraid of being hurt  They are afraid of their family or friends being harmed. 

They Don¶t Want to Be Found . . .
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They Don¶t Want to Be Found,

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They Don¶t Want to Be Found,

BUT . . .
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They Don¶t Want to Be Found, But« They Still Want to Be Free.

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Captivity,  Use

confinement and isolation

Victims have been removed, locked away and isolated from friends and family

and threat of violence shame, self-blame and hopelessness or ³Addicted to the Pimp´

Victims have been beaten, raped, tortured, assaulted and threatened with knives, guns, and other weapons 

Fear,

Victims have been so traumatized, they blame themselves for their abuse and see no way to escape the situation 

Dependency

Victims have become physically, financially or emotionally dependent on the trafficker; they have bonded with the abuser through traumatic bonding (a.k.a. Stockholm Syndrome). They think they can¶t survive without him

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Distrust

of law enforcement

Victims are told that law enforcement will arrest or harm them 

Debt

bondage

Victims are trapped in never ending cycles of false debt and are made to believe they cannot leave until this debt is paid off 

Misinformation/false

promises

Victims are promised love, money, safety or other desires if they stay with the pimp 

Lack

of knowledge of social systems

Victims don¶t know how or where to seek help.

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False

Self Image.

Victims are made to believe that being raped, sold, and used for sex is their only purpose in life. They eventually believe this abuse is normal. 

No

Escape

Victims see no other option. 

Surrender
Victims come to surrender their own will and give up completely. 

Promotion
Victims sometimes are ³promoted´ and become traffickers themselves.

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Sudden excess amounts of cash or new clothes, jewelry, electronics, etc.  False or no explanation for new stuff  Explanations may include ³just a friend,´ a ³boyfriend,´ or an older man with no name or a one-word street name.  Signs of branding (tattoo, jewelry, piercings)  Sudden change in style or physical appearance (clothing, hair, nails, shoes, etc.) 

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Starts referring to herself by another name  Chronic runaway/homeless youth  Lying about age/false identification  No identification (license, passport, etc.)  Claims to be an adult though appearance suggests adolescent features  Inconsistencies in stories about herself  Lack of knowledge of a given community or whereabouts 

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Suddenly has new ± often older - anonymous group of friends or acquaintances who are not shared with former friends or family.  Presence of an overly controlling and abusive ³boyfriend´  Inability or fear to make eye contact and communicate directly  Difficulty telling the truth.  Unwilling to give details about daily activities or whereabouts. 

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Injuries or signs of physical abuse  Restricted or scripted communication  Demeanor ± fear, anxiety, depression, submissive, tense, nervous  Awake at night. Exhausted during the day.  Knowledgeable and casual about all forms of contraceptives  Disinterested in age-appropriate activities  Interested or has ³friends´ who are involved in ³exotic dancing´ or pornography 

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The Man: 
Pimp or trafficker might be referred to as ³Daddy´ or some other authoritative name.  She must call him frequently or at appointed times  She does not know or explain where he gets his money though she brags about how much he has.  She is often called away by him no matter what time of day it is or what she is doing  She is restricted from participating in her previous interests, hobbies, or social circles.  She disappears for days at a time.

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The Items: 
Multiple or constantly changing cell phones (ringing at all hours)  Drugs (street and prescription)  Drug paraphernalia  Cigarettes (new habit)  Excessive makeup  Driving different cars  Hotel room keys  Miscellaneous gifts (jewelry, purses, shoes, etc.)  Men¶s items (Wallet, clothes, belt, etc.)

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A friend or someone you know exhibits RED FLAGS 
How  Do

do you respond to them? do you tell? do you tell them? do you tell them?

you tell anyone else? 

Who  How 

What

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A friend or someone you know exhibits RED FLAGS 
How

do you respond to them? 

Tell them you are worried about them and you want to help any way you can. DO NOT try to handle this on your own.

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A friend or someone you know exhibits RED FLAGS 

How do you respond to them? 
Try to remember ± or write down ± all the details

you can. Remember, you may be witnessing the victim of a crime. It¶s not fair that you¶re the one who ended up seeing it, but now you have a responsibility.
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A friend or someone you know exhibits RED FLAGS 

Do you tell anyone else? Who? How? 
Immediately tell the facts to someone you trust and who will be sensitive to what you are telling them.  Parent, Relative, Teacher, Police, Minister, etc.  Any responsible adult who has authority to take action.

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A friend or someone you know exhibits RED FLAGS

Call the

National Trafficking Hotline 888-373-7888
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A friend or someone you know exhibits RED FLAGS 
What

do you say?  How do you respond?  What actions do you take to make sure they are safe?  Who do you tell?  How do you tell them?  What do you tell them?
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A friend or someone you know exhibits some of these RED FLAGS.

Discuss What YOU Will do.

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Take a few minutes. Describe who YOU think the Traffickers are . . .

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A

pimp, boyfriend, father, mother, brother, uncle, coach, teacher or anyone exerting control over a minor, even a peer«

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A

pimp, boyfriend, father, mother, brother, uncle, coach, teacher or anyone exerting control over a minor, even a peer«  Not always organized criminals

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A

pimp, boyfriend, father, mother, brother, uncle, coach, teacher or anyone exerting control over a minor, even a peer«  Not always organized criminals  Both men and women of varying ages

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A

pimp, boyfriend, father, mother, brother, uncle, coach, teacher or anyone exerting control over a minor, even a peer«  Not always organized criminals  Both men and women of varying ages  Any ethnicity or race

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A

pimp, boyfriend, father, mother, brother, uncle, coach, teacher or anyone exerting control over a minor, even a peer«  Not always organized criminals  Both men and women of varying ages  Any ethnicity or race  Anyone who benefits from the commercial sexual exploitation of a minor or facilitates the commercial sexual exploitation of a minor
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Pimps of all kinds are masters of seduction.  Intelligent  Charming,  Full of promises, flattery, etc.  Manipulative
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Pimps of all kinds are masters of seduction. They can easily identify the most vulnerable young people and exploit them very quickly.

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Once seduced, pimps use abuse, drugs, even torture, to control their victims.

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Once seduced, pimps use abuse, drugs, even torture, to control their victims. They get complete obedience by destroying a victim¶s will to decide their own fate.
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What Specific Tactics to Pimps use to Control Victims?
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Pimps use every kind of abuse necessary to control their victims: 

Physical Abuse Psychological Abuse Emotional Abuse Fear Threats to their family Threats of exposure Drugs of all kinds Starvation Rejection Abandonment
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Pimps also use the increased acceptance of prostitution along with the glamorization of ³pimp´ and ³ho´ culture to control and hide their victims.

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Dennis Paris used three minors (the youngest being fourteen-years-old at the time of the offense) in violation of sex trafficking laws and used force, fraud, or coercion against two additional eighteen-year-old victims. He also purchased two eighteen-year-old females from another pimp, to use as prostitutes, for $1,200.

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In June 2007, Dennis Paris was tried by a Federal jury in the Connecticut on: 21counts including  4 counts of Sex Trafficking  13 counts of Use of Interstate Facility to Promote Prostitution  1 count of Conspiracy to Use Interstate Facilities to Promote Prostitution  3 counts of Money Laundering. 

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After only three hours of deliberation, a 12member jury found Paris guilty of all 21counts against him.

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After only three hours of deliberation, a 12member jury found Paris guilty of all 21counts against him. Dennis Paris was sentenced to 360 months in prison, 5 years of supervised release, and $46,116 in restitution. He is now inmate #16849-014 at the high-security Lee United States Penitentiary in Jonesville, Virginia. His projected release date is June 24, 2032.

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"As this case illustrates, human trafficking can victimize any vulnerable person, including U.S. citizens, and girls as young as 14years-old.´
Grace Chung Becker Assistant Attorney General Civil Rights Division US Department of Justice

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Take a few minutes. Discuss who YOU think the buyers are . . .
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Buyers, usually called ³johns,´ are . . .

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« The people who receive sexual services ± paid for by monetary or non-monetary means.

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« From all ages, ethnicities, education levels, professions, and every social and economic backgrounds.

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« Equally responsible for the crime of Commercial Sexual Exploitation despite their lack of intent or knowledge of the victim¶s age.

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According to a two-year study in Chicago, 89% of the arrests were female victims of commercial sex acts, 9.6% were male purchasers of commercial sex acts, and 0.6% were pimps. Do you think this arrest ratio would be the same in your city? Why do you think there are so many more arrests for selling sex than for buying sex?

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What do YOU believe about Sex Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation?
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Myth: The victim knew what she was getting into.

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Myth: The victim knew what she was getting into. Fact: Victims are often seduced, coerced, tricked or forced into prostitution by pimps.
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Myth: As a prostitute, the victim is breaking the law.

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Myth: As a prostitute, the victim is breaking the law. Fact: She is a victim of the crime of sex trafficking.
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Myth: The victim was paid for her services.

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Myth: The victim was paid for her services. Fact: The money usually goes to the pimp; the victim rarely keeps any.

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Myth: The victim has freedom of movement and can come and go at her own free will.

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Myth: The has freedom of movement. Fact: Victims are held in physical and/or emotional bondage and are not free to leave.
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Myth: US citizens can¶t be trafficked.

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Myth: US citizens can¶t be trafficked. Fact: Anyone can be a victim of Sex Trafficking, no matter who they are or where they are from.

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Myth: It¶s not trafficking when the trafficker and victim are related.

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Myth: It¶s not trafficking when the trafficker and victim are related. Fact: Anyone who profits from a victim is a trafficker.

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Myth: It¶s not trafficking unless victims are moved across borders.

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Myth: It¶s not trafficking unless victims are moved across borders. Fact: Trafficking refers to the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of a victim, not the act of moving someone. someone
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What Do You think the Biggest Challenges are in fighting Sex Trafficking and keeping people safe?
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Lack

of shelters and social services for victims

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Lack

of shelters and social services for victims  Difficult to identify victims & traffickers

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Lack

of shelters and social services for victims  Difficult to identify victims & traffickers  Cooperation of victims difficult to obtain

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Lack

of shelters and social services for victims  Difficult to identify victims & traffickers  Cooperation of victims difficult to obtain  Discrepancies between federal and state laws

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Lack

of shelters and social services for victims  Difficult to identify victims & traffickers  Cooperation of victims difficult to obtain  Discrepancies between federal and state laws  Lack of public knowledge/prevention programs

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Do you think you know a victim of Sex Trafficking or any kind of Commercial Sexual Exploitation?

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What would you do to handle the situation?

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What groups or individuals in our community are key to fighting Sex Trafficking and protecting potential victims?

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What can our entire community do to fight Sex Trafficking and protect potential victims?

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One More Question
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What are you willing to do?
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presented by EASTERN Educator And Student Trafficking Education Resource Network
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