The new version ~ the most effective course of s ken, everyday Japanese

Association for Japanese--Language Teaching

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KODANISH,A I'NT,E'RNAT~ONAL
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N···.··

liIiiiiI-W-'-~rm.,. ~.. I Ur..

!II11;!iii;ln--j·d. '.0: . In-' LLJ. ".
'r

Prerface to the Revised Edition

7

Introdaction ,Ackn,owled\gments
'Writing' and Pronunciation

a-

10
11

Characteristics of Japanese Grammar Useful Daily' Expresskms
Sign'S:' in D' i!i""l!,ly",''. ife, :.' ," CI.I1,L, 1.1
(JLt- ....
.

14
15,

' -.

~

_

- -.

L-:-'

1

,.-

..

'-

16 19
25

Lesso 'n,
eg.:

I

In1L.J" - " . ~ _ 1· troda.,._.cti :·0'., In's':'
!iii '.

Lesson Lesson

2: Address and Telephone Number 3: 'Day' and Time ,4: How M'uch?
5: Counting 'Objects 6: 'Go,ing and Coming

31
38 44

Lesson, Lesson Lesson,
son Les,~
".,,' • <._>:____

7: 'Going by Taxi
· 8..'_.'·,;IIi;,J""'" _' ,... '. of:' _:"P ..~114 ~" _.. E xistence " ...... ~r.. and. -I ~.
Thin" " ..

,52 60'"
-"

'·lIIa,~. ~~

Lesson, 9: Place, Location hit .', .:, sets Bo~' ug~ Le sson 10 T-ick Les so'.,: 11',' n ea R',AVl' ~e-"w': ,
-t

72

a

".~:

78
85!

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iii!

!II

R,

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,ding': '!""

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Lesson Lesson Lesson Lesson,

'12:

'Telephoning

18'7
94 103,

'1,3: Delicious Cakes

14: Yesterday's Enjoyabl,e Kabuki 15: IGivin,g and Receiving

Lesson 16: ,Asking Preferences

lOB 113

Lesson 1'7:: Invitation to '1. Party Lesson '18: Ownershlp and Events Lesson, 19: Doiing This and That
l' .'&J _, ~I . -,-----,l.'IO'·'
III I!1!1

.... 12 3 129~'
1
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119
: .....

R~-:.~q··~'~·ie fVJI: _~ ~ ..sts and Orders ·. .
_ ~._.

IWJ ....

_._.~. __

Lesson 2'1': Hamg Things Done

.2,2: 'Public Transportation Lesson, ,23: Asking Permission
LeSSOD.

Lesson 2,"_,·· Refusal ':I;!.l . ',.... Le sson 2:·:·5·'1!i Now Pr g" r A~a -"-O-:-::'
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13.6 141 1.44 14·9 .',: 154
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158 16 3
1

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111

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182 187

Apl,,~I;lI,dic::e·S ~~
,
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A· Particles '8. Interrogatives C; Sentence Patterns d D,• A~ I; _ .:~~~u y'I;~' E. Verb IConjruga'uuDS,
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~,911
'19: 3'
1
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19 4
1

1'9 5
1

F 1£.0;.8o-,. <0 G,., Country, N·atlonality:J. Language i H-I ..- C'o"" 'mm--.- J' ap'Ii!'lI'D':QaD, N-:-8'' '
II
. ' .. I. : , . __

1'19"6: '-'. '199 ,200
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nii'iii :... ~.", a· V.III'"

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'meg-'-' .. . _'._ -_.. J

200
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L

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C'oU'n·te·:n Exte'nl; :Fr:equency'" ·Quantity Time"1 'G'V"I'ii1r,as· '·!Il.'r!';nnl'll:~. ~ ·'~il'·v,·-~.al
_1_[

201 20.2
1

.L.. Parts of the Face and; :Body '1'1.1 .' ··""-I1J'1 .... 'Ks ~"" Qmz.Answers

204
204 ,206

la···'
[.'j~.'

'IUll'ne·,IC!!e~",

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r~ ......

Engtish Ja~panese:IGlossary

Index

211 219 226

'P·RE··IFIIA···
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. ,. ilJ'" ,~ -- 'b __ eel '198" .. ~ n' _.. .~_ l-,. --Wh· en, j',Qya n e.' Iv' B -- .r,loF,~e 1 'waSllrS . t PUlI-u ,-.', _ In,:· 4"~ ',,10':- owed" 1wT' Japa.' :IIS)' D 1"-1 . ~. '. f,;t, U,'Y ''Or . 11- B~~JHJIl)(lQ~e II in 1990 -tie 'Httl'eexeected th'-Ir.:a, lovef'9lhel~:"1f sueeess that these .re I1lm.D books have e:njoyed" not o'nly within Japan but. among students ,a'n,d,teachers the -,-.-:--ld' .. : ...... , ';.-"" ,. worl. ,'.over,..m preparing thi IS,.. revisee emuon, we.-haave . t ake Int·_. accoun t·-·· the '... " ..... ed .-d it~ tasen ." '0, . '. '.-.' ":·,·'''n' 00' ...-...4l-: -- io,· ". -id t .'- -' :--:;,W,'..O hav -' u~.. . .-.'esponses,; an-. lcomme~n.·ts' o f'... ·..oth ,s,"m,u,en,~s an·IJeacch en, ':-'-~:h:-"-"ave ....... ..eo.A1 tb: ·e·· cour,se. r ...... '.'--'. "-'- .'. d" ... ~.-- .'. . The revlsions to Bock I are 'minor :m, nature, 1'I1d, main.ly cODsis,t of :1111811 amend:nents to make the gtammatic[·_I, exp~ana:tion's ie8,Sier to' underetand, t:OI add furth,er' .-/....- 1-':-n"!J' 't~;o'_"ln,a 0,1 POID It··,..5;1 that w'e" dJj·I'!li.· .. · .', of I .-·· exp,_JILJ;~c~'~>, ,seovere::__d- stude.:_,eD:S h'~ d ,-,--1,-,...-'1"",__'':,.' '., I,":t':'·:· and to ~ __I ·,t··, _8, 'd:: :~'f-·'f-~~u':ll'y.' h Wl" I in-1~Ci; -~ th-.· ie na tur [illlILI .':ralness '0", f: pra ro'--' ic ',0. sentences and dia ~'oc'lm'l_as-:,~ In:"'.. UWfu..V~~ ~v. .. e new B" ,.;,1..1 :":nn ~.A·m';1 !~" 5W.C·· . ....11':: ,~ d'l_1I11 ·1;:_'·~'IR parucies, mterroganves, sentence piatt ti 'I '" t to. t appenwces h nave L. ~J_J. me IU:I~, u..,u.i.I.g terns, trodd .. h L"ii_' th j.,_ and.:-. e.: KaNJ' introduced :In the VOll,wiie~, '.;,...,1 e':' funda a, e'n, s, .r-:,VI,~,!Ii.·, __ 'La"", -', been 'm"a'" e to B-~:- ("1' 'l"l1I"hl'"'I!'fi'h' h as :. e en -M"-nr' .'~'-: '1 ..-e···· ··t '-:~'~';o':'''n'~ ,ve, .'~""'., ._,_,_ ,Ii.l ...:_.,:_.-...' ~_'Ol,ok . - -- ,,' e, d '"'d :e·. ~, tc ...."1 " ,,- 'B····· - ,J! nd . . " n"" 1,,1lR!i! - ,- a. ., " lexpan..'d"d aDI, di·VI-' 1--- ,IntO t-'NO VOl -:, -.8,00 "'k' 'I'lfl ,aD,: Bi'00 k' '1, 1""irL.~ .... h_iaB .' '1-1-)owe~·d a, larger 'typef:ace to be used throughout, making :it, easier tlO read, Va.riollS other ~ eha '''ea··· e"ve bee', maid::'e In rder t0"·1 rnah "n iake the transitio n from .... Boo:,k I' to B'·"""0" ·k:· Il ··· .. 0 Lll~~2,_ ,'_:.' .... ··_ er, LO rend .-- UI,e int oducti OD .. oth tt·'·.· '-I'~"'" .•...-,11.-:- ... · :...... ·.. ad ..0 smOO.L.I....: .:. renoer ~.L,· mtroe DCI .. 0 £ new grammauea.,): e emen ··ts-,: ciearer, anc to .- I to di'-'-a_O~~~~SI d eeD'.-(-:-ncel~1 · ,te r 8'0-:.: P· esen t more :natura p. rae Ice .~ ~~
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',- ··t· :--nC8' sb 'll, ::-m, ,most. 'h.a~fi!jifio~qIO ",~"", d.'.,......,' , 'nn...!le'" ' 'V1i,)"'~,,,wary 'and.'"" ,.1 ~ ~.uUlU--a teAlA') ,Qi DO, OOCIID",.. ",Il.ll.l ... ,If,ammar' pa,ttlems ,baye' beea 'limited to about one-third '0.1' those in the ordinary ~ ,~ .,;,1.._ 's. ' '" _ L.• .. ImS,oeen mad- aft nc f .~ ..' , . ,., beIiJUUDI '~~, :UK:: se.lectiOD. 'L.... 'L,..... n > : e iH .er a careful. 'II Stud Y' 0', the- Situations in, 'LJ' "b- ." J",a,paneRil' 'T."" - e-, 0, ::;,ec ,t"' .. :"' ,", enau,e .,L.-- S'to DueR", ,-", ,-..- ,,- b": -b'·' , ave ,11I~O '.' 1..,11,·· u.le -",AI: -,. :wC-' , ,Io,rBllDer8 mar L,_ " t"i:O g~, 'M,ve . :-I,D' '-'·'blr.-.n,:n, ~':L_ !:-... .....dllgJ)wO b· e __ ........:1, '.ao,u .... COJlDllUlll,u-ca.. ',-- at b" e" or, "..,.,'L...... waD", "n QSV '.', 0 _I:.CW,I rUle WJJU:I., '0 ~" I~I, ' d·' te WItiI b ,':, mw ,,' its I", ~~ 0 iD uncomplicated 'b---:, ,tullIlllaDgUale~ The sitress is not IJimpiY on grammatical aceuraMr- 'ea=,:' -_~mw p~Diide'-ra'~i"D ha's" 'bee1o-- mve-, to th- actualli:nrtn'I'1stic p-::at'-~Qm---:;-ID in jap' 'an=_'n .~.~#~ .. r-~£'lIiil lese commUDicatiOll. .,..1.,-, "', me ,,' ,.'" J)' IIAIC unT, I~I~' ._ Ule ,coarse CU,ecIU,¥~f. concise rererenee is made m ,..,'1.. 'N"', ores t ,".';~A' 1'·'-'.,0' _,;n1.. e ;OIliiie''':- customs ,",,",-,,..I1er':-'ivin,o' - ,' .. :-'DQ; "o:'mm-:': '-amicatioa , pattern .-,s-' 'T'~'e:-' Grammar sections a,-.!J~1I..M.r 'LU, WWI, 'J~-e' ~ ,Ur'" a ,~' ",Ill, ,'_... '1[_:'- j,.'L, "_,_.h,,,,~ an " il ILn f' J ,J.. '~\Uwl, "l.IJe~;w~Uv.~~~: d grammatiCJJ I, pnnC1PI~1 OJ '_,a,pane-Sew h >,eDever' '~'t~ th_,oog;l:~t t, IS ~_. ·that sucb, cxplamtiooa woukt 'be be'lpfuJ in, unde rstandin.g' and a,pplying the COn,Yel"SI,OO!DaI patts1ms pre'lel1ted. 'G,rammal" and 'voca!buia'ry' are made availa'ble to' the. student as necessary, but :he is DOt overburdened by' hiving to learn excessiVe, amuun'ts 10£,';' either -= for' so-:Pna 'W;nJl .,1m ~,~_' """r-,.JIe,·,c-ed' ,,- ,1,Ull-1u.l'~ .r.O'O-i ~:nI(1ency"-" ,',,',.', £'rhl'li~-a ~v.. ~,~W,_" ~.. ,"" " t r,uuU'C," -" .... t.ll -,,-, AI&: .. 'ft'I'I,ftl.. ..iLi~a"S an' m~t r,_ -',t" ,ory ,t~'-_.. it UB~ '~"" _::_~~ .\J,uv,wl!. I so'·Uliod'- ,IOUDuai..OO, ~n[ 't-~'h'e",'" .", J ,,~:__ ,_" h'lll~:r. . "f' .-' -, t,· ,-USUer leYeJ~,~very ·1-1 d' , "t' 'b-,I- t' -'b'''"';:- - 'ad' SIrlUU:I' o.~ J-." -,. .a:plne.~l' ,alc ,3 1..;.,.I\!.r." 1. '.1 'E-' . SLlU"en ah·,..ii,lId: 'be-'-,>", a:le~o, , O,~,~ a ,go •• ,Ow. of' J~Ultwhat ' ':~'ad o.f·- laM:i7;lnf7l1 J~alWneseis 'wbile leaming····. the 'basic ccnversa~ 'ti,QOal :paUem,s~,Beea,uls' of t.hiS, it: should, 'be of value not onPy t,o peop:~e' 'W~hol a-Ill' ,":.- "--,_',' ,b·'_. a,p:proac·'hin-'-"··· J-'.- >- ",.',' ',""'-' "t'il-""" ,,:,1-:'::-'1-' t", .. ,'-',b"u a ,so ,I, goo·, "-,,,,~,-.~"::-,:-,--,101' "-'-="':"~'I"'" ,I@ W, ,0' ._ ..' a,panese ,O:f .-I,e .lr5. _me' ,"t "'" " ""'-""d" r,e'Vlew !I,C!-: .peo:p ,-,,,I ,alre,aif3y know a little Ja'~.'lnelel'b~ t wish t,o c,ooiirm,w'h,etbe.r 'they Ir"e uall',K the riP"· .~ 'p'. hr.a~AliC!'·:'" .ey' -- ... -~', .m·.I" 'til',·e·., 'j'.' "1t'~ Sll'!'t' ~~1l13'0-ns .. th' '- .,' ,-,--: --"·_."t·::,, 'tim-- '" ,..... ·..... =-~, 1,0 com' pm - ' .:L': ,",oourse ."Wlu, ,BI~,,~.ra~y '. ,.I-..:,,:, ..... '" "n, ,·t-'u"'--'_'U-:-''V,BIj', ucpell:IWnK -'..JI::_ T.'.b--"e' amoun ,OJJl. ••.'.e ,n~ ·.J'ed···: ,10· '.:~.--:""',·~1._ite' ,.... uuS .·:.1[_,.,.·.· -:-, _Ive on,. th·,··'; ·,...:I:''':d·-';'''I',I 1-~ In-"'-' AJ-" " IAL: . T' .:' C,IiI-ISeS, '. ,1.,.,:-L mee' ,,"t':, ,1,:-'-.. ,-, ·two"-,-,---". an d-I a 'ba-',.•.. 'h"ftIi,t'rS' .• d"I' ,'Ii fi;:-'~e mW,V',IL ,__::_._ -_,-' 1IioI' WIUI;J.I, Ior ~.' ~ -, ' ' "If" ~-, '. " ta· ' , .. I.. - .' Iro ,,-t ' , d'-,.ill:':~ IWlYS :1, wee..,'I. ._'f! C"OurBe '.-.,Ie8 :l1:our wee~, Of' ,8 t, -,a'll o_ aL·>UI:,u~.J ,1"Ours,. 'In-.1 1'01,1.10.0" _O_'~ .. I . I' '-.'bo' t- f::~h'h" ,,----'-' a da-'" a·rec-' 'o--aad''-ed--'' 'f'~o'-'r nrp'···~·a'ti,iion'" . '~'n r--a-Vl'"e"U' IL-W~U ".ft +L_a,a, \! lJ\I l'_t~U. I.~:.:,...;~., .... 1 -_ ,", ',;'n'"

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_' __"':"::_' __ '_

.:....:. r _

-'I

iI'll

,:____: , _ ~' _

..

I,

,

,.'

",IW

/.'

I

~"'.".

..,'

_.l

,_

.. :_,

. -:

~.,

._'..

. __

','

'.

l ~ 1,_

I

:.'

",I

.. ',:

-I'

~_

••

'

_- _'..

'_"~I~!4iiiii1

r

-,.l,W,

,~

t,

_.

"":, ....

,,~,

~I

li

:I.W"
-

..

10

I.

I ... ,

II .~,

tern'-

'

'.

-1ft

,I

lean

,! ~

--.h'iiil·l··

,~ 'tI ... ,.. .... IL

~ - ,. - -

'Wb- ~ ,_.

-

"C

..

I~'

-

,

-

-II1II

i

'

..

':_'-,,!!,~,io.'~i'~

'I-,Bftl'!!a.er

,

Comr4i1atioD of 'this ,textbook has 'been- ,8 coop~'::, ·:·era:tivl! endeavof .. and, 'we d~lv I'p:p:·r;e... .. "~I.I---. .. ,_ ~ ~ ~. -, ~ ... _.. ~-~.'J '~', _" ,ciate 'the collectWeeflorts lind :individua' oontribu,tion,s, of Mss~ Saclliko, Adacm,., NOlr! 1 ..... ,_l_alJsul...l;~\Ke M· k·,F S····,Jb· ...~.:..,'... < " "anl,W8, 'T""'" .".," .. s:·· " . ·d··' ''r d'.· l-' _'.,lya,z ,-;t '·ac~ Ib\,O O''k-"'' · . And·:l"'"' Ha"",ru;l\,O ,;-.-..·-',-;-,t"-;-:-··~ S:h'';-'-'- k·_O M'i ,[:0., _.,ecunu·:,a,wa· a. laD, 1I y lUIL',. F,or E',ftil'l'l:~S"'h'" t·;1I"'!li'n~1'a~·t'ilo,~ns'" 3' n'",d,,· ledi .. ..ll"'0'·:: "o::b·,'Ii ····I',t':00a·,.11 a"s,,(l!~,~t'an~'"c·-'e w'. "'e ~'.;;;;.L., ;"0" fohlJi1I,m :&'if5D - . . .' '.r. ,M.I tu.. tk ~_Il'" · Yur'iko ])0- til , ,.'' . Me ',~.•~ro,~Y' B"'m on.
I, -_ -_ ~., 1 .

leN·"- :'; 00" AC ; ":_,:~.::".:-"Q;WL"'.' . ..''E.' '-,' .',
e

.',",I"Ul...m'T'· .':.·~· f'lor Ji.l'U\JII\, ._: 'S ::,. n__ ~,. ,:!lll:rLDJ,"I:

I

"I'"

'~C':".

'.

'.

"F..

,....

1

_-__:::_.

_'.'

~

.'

••

II!

~,

':_.

_"

,

1

&' U-I"'i§7 ~

J,

:&1,'

c

c

,I

.'.'

--.'

-

,-

~_,

....

","

' ..

'~1

'.

.

.••

I

',_

.,.

I.

10;

"((N""' '.".. ''iC'T\('''''io'M'E " ' -.,~.& :.... AC:.., .." , '0" WL'' ,EdJu· ' ,,-,N'····TS··· IOf'
1:11, ......'DU';,,. .. I~, l~;II.,.:

,J'Wl~U'.:S··'I.:\luiil,
~'iiii_

He

\I1fVWU

Ulie.

I

da Ke- ~"- ..'.D, I't : ~·.~~=lriu!
,t

P'YO '00 ~
.,:-:

..:.;, '.' t1·,!i,..... ,ess, our, '.~, ·~,~i·. t· .-ILUUe ·0-, e
gra" '.-.,

,~' Ha·~· e: M"·-......., .' ['., J,.SS 'l6':,1 ..!:'.._ t.,~._," ''1[. '.,A'! .......... , JY.lI!IUAU n.... an: d', S-ato~oI J.fJijUigllC: h'~ \JCuJd1,
c,

..11 f' . ' .,"he"~~ D . ·[.......... V,..;I!, , • ~ Jl!\.evJ,~"CA.u~tlOD, 0, B 00.'k ..I'.
'the [ ..

,E. U .-,.-,,"~~ ,.. ',' '... , }"'" ..", ,10· owmg poop
'~'i

...,., .. 1,,,,,( 1.UIlO

M',:,a:~, . Jellr~:

10 Im:RODUCTI,ON'

AN' WR-·I;T·.-···IN- -~'G~·-'· , ··'O!
• .' _. 1 ' ••• _ J • ~ '"

'.

'p.

'[......

JR'.·0'--. IN··" U,N···. :C.,:I,IA·,··-· T- "'1, ·O·INr:'· ..
• _.•_ '. ••• ~. _. ~____:_..... • ••••• , • •

There are three kinds o,i Japanese wrlj,ting-:

L .KtZ_:Jji',:: Chinese characters O\f ideographs, each ,conv'e·y~.n,g,an,idea, most of wh ....11:1 b'·, a>"least two.. readin gsc:~_., ch . ave t, 1_l1 ... 2,~ HiragflNfl.:. ,A phonetic syllabary,,, The symbols are curvalinear in style, 3~ KataRa 'NIl:: The second slylla:ba'ry. used. prmarily' for foreign names ,and, place name's and words of foreign origin. The s,ymbols are made u'p of :straigbt
I' "'~" :
J _' _:'. _",,

'I

tr'W'I,.

. ...

-,,',

'~l_,

.

il

.I~

lines,

W:rii'tten Japanese norm ally' 'makes, use ,of all three, as in, the following example:
U]: am'." .... g~-omg'"";-.:,-',':: 't-I.O._··
. _ _ • . . .'

c·.··

..•.

'ana',," - - .. ~ .

da ..
_.

t.t!~t.:t
'.

-e-

117" ~t _'~JJI ~ ~ ?' . -:1 "- t;I.., :,
. '. .'_,

01

kanji ~ h l,ragQM:
"'".

'W"} ta -h'11 _.-/&'I--":l1
'Ii!

.:$.,

~

,l~
,ill

.f,.;.,':""","

'1,J

",:-.-

- :-

'W.

I~i

'k-

<limBSU
<Ii

£·a."·~~~~-W'~' I€. ~~,~

-

~ £'T'','

.'

Besides these 'three :forms of' wri,tlng" Japanese is sometimes 'written In cY01Nlj~.: tv ...... ".)-'. tte .)" -- :',......, I, ne .. ""I' "_ ..~'~ ~ . ,_" '\.I'\.oman er ers), partwwar, Y ror th - CO'DVeDlleRCe 10J. toreigners. Thi-'" ..• 18 ,IIenerally .,- ~S ~ used in, 'teaching conv,el"sational Japane.se~ to fo,reign,ets, when time is- limi'ted,~, I.' ,. .. J ,~.' -. ... Th - :•ere' are various Slyst-emS 'lor trans. Iterating' Japanese IO the Roman, alphabet, In, ' uuu .', '.'.' .-e - - ..... ~,~ .. '9' .- urn ,SYI ..:1 ·····t thi'. L_.....-'k'w,e use. th-··· 'mUU:U1Le,d ",epl'b- _.... I,e'm~
111
ill

.

HI'R' lAG':'" AN-'" A"
...
'. '~", ""

__ ,__

" ._

'c.:__

' ._

c:... ~:,

.

The RflM 'to the [eft are n'irogaaa';: ktlttlktmD are in parentheses, I Basic Sy:U,ablle.s,: Vowel, Consonant plus 'volwel and
'1-':,

~
k

a
sa
ta

jJ ("7) .

i \' ({)
ki ~
(;t) (i/)

O· ""_" '('.."._,):: r» "_,,";Jj .::

~,.- (,.....u..' '.,'.' .~.' ' -"I )

,n,
i '

-

ku (,
,
,

(?)

.

kre .It ~'

(k)' '~7 ,}
,~ 50·.',"_
~J

..

shi L

C:f')

ell -t' ( A, ) tsu ~ (~:I)
~.~."-.

,

se ,"'It (~.)

C'
-',

!lj ). .s
... ::

·D

na ti ('T)

n:,l~ .....
I.....

1(:
,

.,

):

.

no rn () ')
mu tJ~ (,k)
YU ru
ij!) ( :z_, )
~ .~

h

ha 4;t, (," ~,)

v
r w
.

'mi s: :(,:a) [i '~, (1)]
wa tJ
(f})
''0; )
.'

me

AfJ., (;t)

II

:

ma :t, ( .:c)

I

(J~)

[u
'M. 'WU': -'
...... ~ ....

--

'1 (~I)l
-I

Iv".:/· C
'N ot,a,~'T" h·
" . ~JII
r
I

.

a, a3
~

'I!!lV'i't!!""';b-' ".W _,-a !lla. le ~

'y,:'1" 'y ','"
'!Ii [_

r \ii!!ii

~'Il

l

rg]

and
'."

W',
..

·'e',,d·'· n o 'to occur :n" m ede ern .e '-#UA
:. ':._.'. __ .~.' _ ," "._"

,tiL

I

U

'_

"la~~~~iI'

J" iI!!i''fi-gI'i''liili:lii:!Ja.'.

II

'M··· 11l~' . Consonant plus D ,,",·odl··;"'isd· S···:ll'll·'~b···~e'··s··~ _. \I,
I..}. ,g, ., ,
,"iii

.~I.~,~~

.lg,

'00'- " S'~.I·C·'· vowel , '::'·..... .. Vl..:.'n ~

I

s
z d
b p
.

... . gu (' (''"9)< ,".
·oIi·
,

.":_:

...",

ge J' f.-.- :(.. oJ ) . - t", "'_k"'l

go :: (:1)

da
pa ~

r: (n
1.1
.
-'

I

ji jji

t~(y)
t; (~1
i~II)".

ze ,~

(-t!)

bi 1I (I!::)
(;"\1 ..,
.

','If' (' ....~' U'll .. Llo '

m:

nu ,v'

",,l,,,

'~fI

(.~,

\',

/l

.'

pe ~ ",

1(. ",)

... ,

'"

po!'.7 (:~,), .' "el, ..JI .....

'Ul Modified SyUa:bl,e,s:: Consonant p'_'us ya,. y
kyu
1.-.3_,
,.
I,

1;1

yo

L

~

( y Jr' ," ~, )
'"

sho
chu
n.yu ~:. tP (;. ,~ ) n,yo

.

'Dy8
'~~~~~~

": ~

(_.:.., ) •.
.. __ ~~~~

It:. ,t, (.,...:..3' )
l}l (t 3)
__ ~~l

bja, rP~ (l:'\;)

hyu
__

y.,~
~~~~~

(,t.;1)
__

:hyo
~~~

'mya [~.~

(~1.")

myu

h,p"~, 3.)

myo ~ ~ (~'s)

ja

~

bya,

vr,~ (t: ~)

t..·~''~.:' (:;,~ .....

).1 .,~

JID

~

,#<, .. :

~

"~

(Y;it.)

)0 _." I" £, L

.

(~ ..
,,,0'

a

•. )

,:1

b'YD·r}."

(~_3.)
-------

byo

(}',t (~9)1

I kk.
i

PP.

SIft!!

I ..,

(';I)

I

(See

Note 6.)

(7-)

(:1 ~)
11'
.'Iii.J. .=:" k...
A..,
'NIl '~

(?-)
,d, 1.
If;

'\

(';1:.._"):'
"

.. '

. __c"J:j, (~~ ."'.' N' P-a"'IN',rr"iS' TO'-'.," 'OTE L 'The to-~line of th.e Japanese syllabary consists of the 'five vl1we'l.s: a; i, 'U, a; o, .• , 'They are short 'vowets" pronounced deatly and c:ris.ply~If yO'U. pronounce 'the' '-"-' 'e' 'I-'s ~n'- . f-=:-; !'WI;-" ~. l~'~"D' -·,h-:,·Qrt··· :-Wl-" YOw:-- ....,...' '1__ 'tb: '.- e'o ']-]'0".... _Dg -E'-::-~' al-·',IlL_!, seD,~en.:,. m;lDe.,· t- "e-'m" al 's,· .,,' ."DU,,· '"')-)1 h·: a-:-'y:-'-:e'I.De !i:-b- ",":'" ." ~.-- '00-' .. ' '''.'.'.'
1,.. I ... _ ...

.!':- .. '

'ak:

.>".1,

.. ,_,

'\1;.-;--

j

their approximate SOUDd's,~The u is 'profto'DDced, w,rth nn movemem '. forward of ' tl ',e UpS'I' Ah, we' ,800:n glet old,

a,

I.

'. u

e_

2~, 'Long vowels· are wri.tten. as"_OIWR in Chart V·.. or ei is most ofte; -' 'writteu.t\. \, .
a,

but i.t 'is also sometimes encountered, ,f; '; ils,the general rme for' I) 'but 'in some words i is traditionally written ,1?1i .' Long vo,w@lsare a Idou'bling I.: .~ the si.ng·_!evowel and care: should be taken (_.•.. .. pr'o nounce them 8S, a continuous sound, equal in, value to two id en tical, sh,ort
'-'-0' '-we'l1ls' ~'lli _.~I .
., I._·· ... '

:t

T' h',Ie rest 'f" O'~;'I:.e Syl1'1,8ba f'trom th e seOOR':", 1'~ dD,wn m C" hart I._.are SyuB.I,lIJes th '1 d' une '.~ 'n bl ~'Lry rom n t, nart :fofDI1ed by a, consonant and a vowel~ ' '-'. ,. ... b·~l"" 'E"-··· '. -)"~" h'- LJS!l\.e'o ·t'· ~ th..·'· '.-....tt .'I~pe · .' -.. ,4 "M' .J.apanese.', _· ,,0 Ie,casse!;e J","..',,'.',', consona.n:~ m.ore· Oil'" less resem '·..~.e·ng.lS:,,~:It .', .. ..... "d' ..~ t·'·' "e .10,·0, ·In.,~ ~"'.- 'L,:-, 1-11-" ,'" Q .. ana, ·t'-Ive ,S....':"--,er ror ,",e exac." soun·"s, ~·speCll.y note the ,~:" "w:~'i!"-Ig't· 'm.• UI,e, _r --:- : ,'" "., '.. peaker ,~., I.":b- ,':" ,:'-. -. ct " ".'.-:-'-:-:- E'I-" ..--:-.. '_,\ row, j'in, the $y'Dable fa ao,d r in the ra rOlw'~ 'The' g in the s,y':Ua,bles ,P'f ,Ii·t) . d· d'e' d e' lal'_'Uce.., '- eg".:i!! ' ....'''n, ';'g'."loafa WOI U '~., 'h" rd': (~'~k"'e.' ',~ ,['a] ~:, oar., ,.:;D", br t, dO" - ·t- t'L, , .. ,'. IS ,__ " . .iIi!".J ,a --', ,e' , IJ,IID ' :-. a_·,_, . II·", the o. In, t!J:- 'd"-'. ') ~ u,: 'wheD i:t oce rs in the 'middle or' in the last syllable of' a, word, it often becomes :nasal Il,S, ~n ei'~·~ (··'··"movie';)·r The particle 11f.•. too, 'is,usually pronounced in 'this, . -. '.' , .. rbich IS .no ' .' way ... , oweve' __ m,any J'.... " ...... " t, ·d: .. ,.. use ,it g soon:d· W'r lIe:, :~' ,'.. t"" nasa."1--, ._apanese lo),:ay hi" ...:1' bi d .. " '11 N_ IS tne on y m dependent [COOSOIRantnot. combmed wnn':L, a. vowei. 'W'h It'S, at. wnen _.. the' e'nd of a word it, is, pronounc-ed some'what: nasally ~Otherwise' ~tis 'usually proD,O~.~i'O,c·ed like the E:ngli,si' [0]., But if it is followed, by' s·y-Ilables 'beginn:ing with ,6 em: or jJ, it Is pronounced :more like rm:J a'nd ,Ilccoirdingly spelled 'w~,'tban 111 i'n bool i:.~:pec~al, ,,,'I ,care U9, necessary WI' len sY__ h I'II-b- D :11,;f~o,I.owe " .. 11 b IS 'I..'" text:.: :IIO'~'I S ,HtIC a v ~':Iwe' as iu the' word 'ki-' 'Ie ('k.IiIo_Di -en "no smo'k'" : cr:"i).', ···'o·":'e·· t'h~'sIs Id'iffe~reftt in that _-1:1_._ C!:v' '.'b'lIle· ~ '~'!'o'n'f'm" -- 'k~ineD'',·I.~,D~·--,i "anniversa '-, ;1;1)",.1;;; Ik'l,j- - n ,gj I'_>. :1.11:-: 'di lVl~l'~~~1 L':L~'__._m, ,'" '-.' ,:~~_._}_'I.¥ildu.'ry
o ,Lt"
'- i
ii,

c.·.

'., '-.

f.,,.,. ,--'

". - ..' .' . - 1, . .-.." - ..... '

, '."

--,4;.'

I ...

410,,",,

."

.

-!l'a1-:;-

']:."

..

,'

.1,

',I

<gIn: ,g,

I"

--- ..

'-11

-.,

--'..-.

'.'."

,.,

,.;0;,

._

._.,--'---"-.-

~~"

.,'-'

'_

,'-

"'_'-"

----"

---

-----

,-,--

-.

'-n' "- .. , , "

., '.,",'

-- - -.

'ii

-

1

:,

I

by'

,.

_I

••

__ ' ,'~-"

.

~.

_I

_'

, __

I ••.

"

_I.

,

'

r.

!-'i, _ill"

_'_

"

.. ~~

_ '~

','

r

'

.'

-

I

_

e- ,Ii

'_I'

."

"'

.•

,

1

'_,'

,

I.

J.

~".'

.'

.

'

I

56 As explained above, hi~gti_, and. katakaM are phonetic symbols and. each is,
one s,yllable in, length.~,The syllables, in. IC.h'rt III which consist of
.--. ~ ~ I}~ ~ .. :1&
~!

twOI

sym-

bols=the second written smaller ......... also only' one syllable ,in l =::Qgth the are if 'v' o··'w'·-,l t~, short'-t '11·.-,·, -ng-:c~.r·' if t '·e·. ~lo·;' ... el ~~,on[a l Iv,l'ert
I 1 . '_ "

''iil:iIi'AlW: TV-r,_,

,'.-'_

I.~

"". 'liatt···:' O"-"u' llr~_·._-:·.J_l'~' L-_L~'''''' 6.··--,~ '-": 'tl ,,"pa, :'-'Ii't,·t"e···'n'i' ln..··,R':·o:-'m'-·a·····'e··':rs-· .. · 1···i8··· the d .... b'I'-',I'- c,-o'·n,aO-:ID·an·- its kk '. P'I'P' -'.-', an"II'~ ti' in, Chart IV are expressed, "B.laas' (hir,agana and .',.lMfUJ) with a, small t·~';~'I' i'n :p:lace,of the first consonant .. ~Le., "1~,:'.A,·k;,kkon, (·'·'marriale,""')I, i: kip-, , :'t "*' -- (' a··'· .... ·"I kl'll! I, te '.' ' .. ~ P-.u' ~...:·:ti··ti"",III~·e·;-' ~t)·,. 'it, '? ~~,,'.'"m- , aa'UlI '6U1 \:, stra izh·t· It). am d ~ '? ~\.,,;. t·t·_", (II' '~ta··,."m' ,.p~,U\ Th···.··· - ~,~:, small '), i.s one, syna'b~e;in, le:n,gtht and the:r:e is "he slig'htes:t pa.use' ,after ,it is, pronouuQe.d (as, in the E.nglisb word book'~keeping). In t-j [case of the' [c;'-i sy'Uable't . the ts;g, i,s represented 'b, s, t in ,R.oman lette'fs", i(Oe., '7 '11- matc;bi, . .8,.;C.· h· H).'•. , Ii ,_,
'.' " I
j

"_jljl~

'wn·: ',',

_

_:.I.<."

'1,,[,

.,:~

~_~

:__.j-

1.

_

,~

·,,'lllIO.'·j

~_'" .._', '

t

[<I't

_,";"._:_.,

__

'

I

:""_1,1,1

s-...
",.,

.,\,

"i(;I[

~._. .:JI

,~!.

111 ~ U

"c·

'

... "

,~.

i;!I!,_~_"',;'"

..

_01,0-

l

("U "

,.!Ii

7'1' i"n himp:ntJ". title s:y'nables ,jii ,and

Sl're' 'wri,~tenL a'i d few 'rare cases,;. they' are tr:aditio,naDy 'written t; and'~
,Z'U
"'~')~~'.'} .· .. 1',-. y. ,:. ,. ~

-r' as ,8,,g,eneral

nll,e", In, at

,8..Hlragtzu 'foUowa: ,8. trad'itio:n in, whic'b, th.e :loU,owing three 'particles :are 'w'ritte:n a
S·:nP-rial·~' W"""3'"

o when, 'use·d a's :a pa'rtl.cle is, writte.n t: ;.Dot." e·.:,'hen 'tuied, a's a : article' is,written, ~:. not i'i '.,.-,-,w,bein 'usedasa pa' iele is; wri:tt,eln~,~i'Dotht,
j I,'

I'

'UF'DlQ" ft .

I

,'1'lIii;m~' ,& [-' ,u"tJU ~ .. ~'. _ .. .,::.",.iU,I,. ~.__ ' __: O-"N'" _ 1-' : .. ,~,,:__.,__: _

"D p'R·:,Oiif!,;fll'fMC:·_- '. T'

3'·1
,1.

. :. RA' " C'"'TE" 'RI' 'S"'T" . >"-",:.1 'p 'A' '.. -: .... -_-, G" _~~_:'_. __ M' .;" C· ~'--''A' '_:.'~.,'~~- ," ..... .i ," "I---C"'S 0······":_': lA" ~.}__p' ';,::., 'N"'-E"-'S'-"'E--:-' ' 'RA' 'M' r." ~A'. R:'

The grammar in, this text ba, derived from a, natural analysis of the Japanese language, rather than being an interpretation ad. pted to the syntax of W'e:stem. a W:,-.'-:-'o have given aca,w' : '[I-.a hi. In-'ica'i terms a·"~ p'ossible ...... ··a n-·glo"':n· ·'S·' th 'a~'ltl .'.-'. ,LOO,-·_·· ··· ldl· will make for a smooth transition from the basic level to more advanced study ~ The followi'og pointa ate' bas.j~ and in most cases reflect differences ~':tween the grammar of Japanese and that of English, o-rother European languages, Specific exp,ianatio'ns and ex8'mples are given in Grammar I 'through, Grammar ,X,~, he notes t and the appendices ..
. ~~MQ!e,-",~J!II

a'ftml,'.3,~!Ii!!Ii_

I

~

,"

~•• ,,-

.:_-

-.'_

••

~._I

_' Irg

"~'.

l~~...

1'1"

'[ ,._,_.. ~

.~

,I.,

~ •.

~

.-"

",,~.

'."..:

~.:.

DI'il

r

.

.

-

,'1 __

:__,'

-,

J

l .. Japanese nouns 'have' neither gender nor number. But plurals of certain wonts, can be expressed b,y the use, o,f ,8 :suIfix..

2~ The verb gen,er,all,y comes at the end. of '(hoe sentence or clau:se·~ es: w'., JBhi, 'W'. :Nih".,',·jiD ,d,e's'u,.,I am a, Iapanese. 'W.,ta,shi wa Ky,oto, ni ik·imasu,., :1go 't'DI Kyoto~,
I'

,3;; 'Verb conjugation is not affected by' the .ge:n,der', number or

person of the

subject.

4 Verb conjugation, shows only' two te ases the present form and. the past form, Wbeth'=r use of the pr'esent :frorm refers 'to habitual action or the future, and, whethe .'the past form is equivalent to the English past tense, present perfect
ii'

or past 'perfect can 'be determined from the context ..

15~ ]:apuese adjectives'i u'nlike E:a,g"iish ones, are in'fleete.d to show' present and past" affirmative and negative .. ,
6,· The gramma,tlcal function of' DOUDS is indicated by' particles, Their role is simUar 'tel English prepositions, but since 'th,ey always; come after 'the word." ther are sometimes referred to[ as ·postpositiIQns.~, £I'. T'okyo de, at Tokyo '15-Dlciir all 'on the 15 (o[f tbe mo _'tb)
.~.

7', 'M'any degrees, of :politeness are expressable in Japaneee, In this 'book the . I, h 'L d sty .• IS one whi,c.I anyone may use 'Wltl-IOUt ~&5 ruoe. e
i-I
II ,

~~'fI"i11f't'

~ ,'_ li.D,om ·t-.. 'b- ,,.. . :,:Vlal.ons . ,-', .', N0 e" 'Th'--.e f".'" ·U·" II ,a.. bre ,ti·~'·· . are. usesd m. _~
·ii

,.:!!I,._.,

-,,-"!

I

~'",

I

·t-·IL," 'IllS,

L--'k--:'8' UUUt

/'1<" ,flJJ'~
au.
.A.._,.

- 'ffirm .tivr'" an ,'. a, .e,

negative

,Aaswer'~afflnn·- ,tiv,e Answer ~ne,ptive
exampJ,e

_I-

"

a d, ii
l '.__

'., .. I'll!

-i adjective
_

-DB
:____

ad:'~'J"

III'

-n

adjedi,ve

14

_ U--'-S·'::···~·E,':.'F'~·'U·.·'L·.D .•AI"-·-LI,y·...·-··· E<X··:'-P_':'R,'E~·S:-:','S-<'I'O---~"IN,·-.-':S:~
-"

..

--'

,

.

-'

.. .

',:__,:",,_,

'-

-

,,_..

:_:

'.

...

..

'.

1",

-l-~"I" .... "! '--''1'' ,-'(' d"J1 ~,mld.. ., .._ ~,

\r \ ,~,

-

-- ~

~

'0

G':- ,'. .. bo ':._Obaylogozal.mas,u,.,~,ood mormngt Used, until about 10
-. . ...' I'

I

-'

--

-""']

_-~~M,,,

2:. .: Ivt': 1:, Ii t, K,ODDi,c\ '8,,, Hello, A, rather iofOI]]]8'1 greeting used from about 1.0 ,A,.,M"" until sundown, 3. : k~l'~I~~-',~ 'Ko:mbanwa", Good evening, 4i ~ J: 11 ~~' :S8Y'O,-'- ara, Good-bye. [On more formal occasions one uses, Shi·, tau'rei shim.su,,, 5. h~T',h. ~"'~\r O"'asuml D,a8ai.~Good night, S\a'id at night 'before ,going to 'bed..When, parting at 'n'i,ght outside the 'home; Sayoioa' =a is more usual 6,~'~~~, .t.. 1:0/ t '.'i' t:~ Dewa mata •.I.Ja mata, W,eU.then Said infor .. mally' 'wben p-arting' from relatives or frie.nds'i 7, \'''''~' 4. "'? L.~ \,\~ Ittle ra)Hshai~ So lo'ng;~C:lit,;, "Go and come back, "l Said to mem ,-bers of1 h·ousehold "8:' the-·'·'y' ':· leave the hi" use, "' o ,8,~\ '\""? l -;.",t .\ f.) Itte :mairimasu~ So long. (l'it,~,U[I;'m] gloing and eoming back, "l [Tbi.s :is the 'r'eply' to, 'Itte' :r'a~,.'h,.~., '9. ,t: tt~'\.'£10' T,ada'ima~ I'm back, (lit~ "[I haee 'returned] Just 'BOW,..:·') Said b,y' a '·
I. '(,'

~'Q'

"{Jl

j.

~

i'

. ,'_: __ ' ,',,:... Ai _" .. 11

l] ,', 1-:

r,~
1 ..•.

!

I~,_:,.,

-:

_

r

8- ',_,'

1--

',' ."',.'

. __ ._.1 .. '

'

_ ..

",--

...

- '.l~

'_',.,

person .. ",~ -

.'t' "

O'--U-• ..:..

,

,

re turn:i'ng-·: home
. • _ ...

'1-::"- !Ii '

~.

.

~_,- . . ,. -

II!

.-',

danna, 11'F 1) '·f Iv'~ ~T'''J''''~ OL.genki deau ka, How are y[OUt (lit,., "Are you. well.? I') 12,~ ,6-( ~ ; ,:" ~\ \!" 1'1'A., ':!J' 1:"f~ 0 Mig_tiD Rozet ;-:-·aau,1;. Genki d,e.u,~ " ItllCUlA -- - --- "L.. Ft_D e ..............,11;;;, YOUi'~' 13.. })~,~,t 11 ~·~,\,·',t·T,o O'm,edeto' loza'ima[su ...Congratulations)'
,II!

10~ I?'IJ'~ ' J'

~"~\\Q

IOka,eri na.ail. W'e1c,ome home, T'h'is is t~~e 'fe;,'l.y to Tal

I

~I

~.,

Q

""Il

1.4,. ~'f:\ \'t:. ~:01 'O-daijin.l .. Take care ,of Jourself~ '15'-· ~? 1!) lllll I ~r.1. [~ 'i:""(' ~... ~' J<'\-", 'I~~ D:'o"~m---o-ar--1d .. t-o:--' ,dO'··:-: ~,,,-~,.... «:.,~ ~''';''V' ~, ~ . a; a -a'u- 'Tha n·-k-y"'O" u verv :..... mu:..... .,IUI, 16,.. t,~i \,"'"t: L t L 1:Q Do itallll'j-masbi,te;l YOU.' re 'w:e:loome.
... Iii) I, 0.1 .:_ . __:__ __, ,11_U
I_.~.. . . '.... ~,:._ _'" .~. "

''!'"

I.'.

{£I'

Ii

"Iil

.

r'

~

I..:. -

~ _: . ," -

.. <_~~ Jl

17~, _, k t'1t /v,,,, Sumim8.HD.

'E,:x;CUIe me, I'm sorry ..

1.8,. ~ 1~,~, t' ..., < t:~j \.\~ Chott.o :mat,te, k'ud .. " j" 'W'ait just a, ·m.om,ent., ~ ~ please, '1'9~"~ ,~ ..\ ~l 'l~'? c, ,r.Jl~-J.1J ',L "*,~ '~ '01 1 '\.'-" +-"" .&,;,1'~(Iw 'M····u I-"hii'd-I" ODe,~", ,A .~ [-, ,0 . -':[dOl'illh""",.,·· -_.-":_ morel ,I .. _Ima,su,. 10'' :-',noe -"'.,- .~ --~~
'ii,
!IIt~ .' ~

Ii)

j

please.

20.~ J) ~ ~ I~::'O Osak'iDi,j, Pardon my going first (before YOu)i' Said. when leaviDJ" the ,offtce or ·8 meeting ahead of other' peop:le~ 2:1'1 ~," i~' n~~',f':c D:J",,) ,Io.. 'ldail Please, go ahead,

221. ~ £?~t~Q.' Ki, 0 tsukete, 'Take care!1Be carefull 23" ,i} ~i'~='tL" Abunaii' Look out! (lit.. "It' s dangerous, "'), \. 24.. t~~')J)~~ Dlame ,de811+ 'Out of the, qne.9.'tion~nm.poss'ible~lNogood. 25,~ It~lvti.",,·1:< t::'~ "" 'Gam:batte kuda,aai.I, Keeip yOlur c:hiD up:!: Said, 'to en\;
\'0
0

p,o"·u·pg-·:-e' :S-"'O' rm eo 'In-e-~
~ 41lQ, '
1 I' • .,

15

DI'ASI'G"~'N,'···'I"S,:, ..~··" ""'"IN~>' I.)' Y' 'L.JF'E
, ... ._ ....,' , '" . ,'~. =4' . ',''''

....-----~ ~~

an '11,II,:l

~,

In formaden

1t
'
'

....

It
'e',il,'och,u
Open

,9-···········?············~ " ,. " .·e
• -'I.' -

*

iIi:.'!"-JI;'ii'n'D"IP~b t- k-: 'U,~,II, Taxi Stand
<filiI In,,
i,

II,

".',

,11,,1,

,!liIi1 Mi

c:k,'i h~~ail\~i'a]l) ati on ~: t

c:blk,ate:ts,u " '1,·,'" .. ,'. n ,,',r,groLul" 'JI SIUdway ,~ U' nde ,",'" ...1

j Uo),bic'h 'II!

G,ettin,g ready to open. f~fa,:~~'~SIO ~'I~~di,ca,te, a ,~" Closed 'fair' the day ~~, ')

kia'i'sats-ugucbl Ticket Gate

'k'

Closed

... ~ ~h-_, ~_uuD, OC,.,II,
•... 1[."1. ,'-.". "

I.

~

IJf -

I.

'I.'

-

l6

'bq'"""'0- .- -u eh
e

'I!'i -'

'R ~'-- ,ler,I,e-ney' ,I~Xl.t
"" .-': ,... ·II~
I,

,

I;;;' ~

,lrlgU,C'1

~

~

[h-

Iii!

Entrane

"E' . -:"Xlt
e,

- , -'bL'iI' d.e -.,gC: __.1
..

'Gsa Pusb

:ltiku Pu1l

IGtA\
--

··9' .
--

'b-' .e-r-e-':- ;--"0' - -'a' -1 -

:EI~e'v,ato:r
-- --

_'

-

,

- ._

•.•

.,

'_

'I:A1JGt 5)._-.

Esca]ato:r'

18 _ u'k~_r)iti,

atuk.,
, ., '-I

'M~,',-"~nG.,'-'f!·ntlemen
--

11... - iIEI, u=giIiIIM, ,a,C.., ,A...,g:r&.. ...t' a:·, - 'ii'll
b' ~

P'ow:der 'R.oom : '_''

omen, T"""d~lea JA,.: W·
,(' iliG'',IL:"!I'~I' ,', DA"lY" 'iN I'lL I... ~,"r
i~
r"
I

on'Da.

L'lIjCI .11ii '.11'" co

1- '7, '

.

-

~

_!!l

_",;J •

,L,
.
,

tl
'ft'

......................

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiO.......!1

U,9.ets~ 'k:in'hi N'1l)r~,ght turn

SB'·:·.tHiU

Nt)

le'ft turn

ki'- hi

eh us,:ha, 'k imsb'i

Te o 111' -enalde
kudasal,
Do 'not
tOUIC'lIJ~

No Parking

ippti u,g'k 6.'0 One Way Street

Ii'

_

","

I\.

Shibafa .D,O oak. ni h,airana'ide kudasai.

Please ,eep ._ th gr,~ss., ..If
,:",

~

diIIi
~_:E

chu.8.'baj6 Parking' lot

xo
,
l

Sl\l()KING
"kC-',"""

- e:d. k.In,'-"

Snu l.ug NO'_" 0 <OJ

:koj:i,cb.g U nder Constructioa

taehiiri 'kiDs'hi No ,Admiltanc, .
18,
··"),GNS IN D,AlL'Y LIFE

'k·k I'~l! ,'leD

Dan..er! __

,

. L'E<'S-'S," ..0, ·.·····N>l
. -. .. --.
..

"....

-

,r,. '. '. IN,"'T,<R":: 0·'"" ',..''"

.'..·'U-: -:-'C.:··'-T<IO",~···.·N····''"._'·S.··:·-"", ' .' , . .',

.;t,~ iL ::,t: ~~t;\~, ,A,,, : ~ ~ li A'~ A ~ A.t'-tTe,

IL '~ e A ~ A '~~;-'o :~*'1 t: tc'6~:: t Ii) ,t, IL ~ t? ~ J:, 7 "'{#'A, ~' (JJ t.~?,~. J: J;, IL (

A ~ A, :: ';1, L i1t

,:t

~,f

,~,~,

L<

01

0

t: ~~'~\~_'
0

0.

,'el.,-\~ IL ,~~

',~A",.... .' ~

'""7 -: .1 ~,cL A -l( ,I\J' J,do

A"" ,_v..,J ,,,.> '8-' "C- /T'\

~

/.'~""; .•. .._,-.-_ ·.:.".~,· ru«:': L·. 4.• .o. \.,

,

' - .. 8:'-" .,-"" la,yalDll.
I

Su'mil,u:
T:anaka:

H'a,aehi:,
" _.. ka th M.'",r",~, 'T'. ana·',·." 'I!,I
',,'1/'11
,~i'.

.":. [ .. 'i ~ .:. ,_.

Ta 1",,",",, ~-' L,:; "S" ,,~,·tb", ,l._., ~ Hlayuu,I:: Mr~ . ,ml___ ,.,'"
..I.I.GAiI.,

Sm II ,. .' . ,-'"'th·'
i II!!
"

.

.

""'4

o····w' " S-:--:"m'Ii!th·' 'IIO"'U ,,_,_ ..._'.1' ,~I!. H~ ',,', · d",Q"" YOw, d'l·_I0~ M"': 'y-' nam~,,,..,, ',.. .. I'm VPI'V' nI ...d 'to" 'm';-'~" ,3'" .1,., '. ~, - ',·,.o~, -- "an..ui .. "OA),'O E·'lI~ 'C.. _ " .. ',1, ..... ...::1: In - .. "it· --.- ,. H.'ow lUi.a"011 d - 1"II m 'T' . -''1..,- 'f'rom, T'' ".~ ..- "~ I~ ...... , ',1_1i·_.. very,' ,Iidu t·-· m.ee '.,ou~ I :m
:'-".~.-Jt!i.[II',iI!
J

15, IS
.1,

'M.:",,",,:_ml_~th,·:..• _f 'S'"_..'
c.:"',

,.,.1

:_'

..' .

!~'::

,

-', "

'!"

r-

ABC" ,.•""- ..'",,is '1.a:wylU , ' .' --' _:;c..:__:_:

i!

'j'~'IL

,tt '~"~'\ ~
:.t,~ ',i,
A
~

At

Ha,,a.hi
, :,·,aDilk...u,
-san

I

,:,,' s' """Ie: a-· umam,,••: _' _ __ , •. _ ','.:...

,

~~5L

W---;I'" h h,n.fto···:'n· "fie-" lith, . a1-,iW"~~'W\ M·, 'M"", l'f'UI"":I1' ··ISS \ii:!iiW.l~1 r,,~ 1'8'"' .,.•,,,,,," "
, iii;I!~,

!I!!!;'II~J!!i'rn,~ .ILlI.Q.I..IUi,-,

,

J,

"

U\liJl..,

(:_O-.': ....

I!I

·M'··'~'--:I-'

~:~T' .ti, L r>t t ~
~JI':'
.1,- ~
L':

:A .." .......

Sa

••

this one OmpRes this perRon)1 as ,!ror' (:to1pi,c m.a.rb'r" ,puti.cle)
,:-iil!.

g,

:Smith
:il

Idea,
baj:im,e.muldte,

~,~' ~~ J:.'~ L, < '1 ~: ':!- ,t "11 ~iv ~ 1
'DO

'

HO I

'''lIl1' __ ..:...Ift

...1'0' _ Y-!I& \:1.1._, y.ntl'll

d0, "
'

.11

[lit., Please tavlor' :me.,

Tokyo :E1ectric ,(com:pany 'Rame)'

(JJ

ABC

~l,-N "-_

'-;;;L

~~Hi
ADID
'_

_
,,'.1-

':1, '(posseslj,y:e 'particle) ABC (compat.Dl" name')
=::

L-'D;.,ab"" " 1UE,I, ,. -- .
.'

~.'

lawyer

'GR, ..&uC-M·.' -'A- R··' I.~ ~ ,~, n.Jt.Q-:.
I
-t " , • '

1,~noun 1 'WA, noun. .2 DESU 2,~ noun.1 'W A noun 2' DIES'U ItA. Hal, (noun 1wa) noun 2 ,des'u." I'ie~"('II.OrUO :I. wa_) noun 2 d,e'w,a/ja. a'rimaseD~,
Present Form Past Form

dewa ,arimaaea
•. ..

'bl' d,ell'lta

w,n not

• Particle WB,t, Topic marker .. W8, :foUo\VS 'nODD1 in,di.ca:ting 'that. it. is the topic under discussion, ,N:OUD ,2:'is, then i,de,D',~'c.ed, nd, the phrase is concluded wi,th, d.eslu, The topic :is [often, 'the same as, a the :subj'ect 'but not 'necessari]:y~ It 'is alsoi polsitble foe the object ~o''be the: t,olpic~ <See Note 2:, p, 54;' GraDlmar Ill:. p, 166; N'ote 3" p, 183~,)'T'lle: '"'.'..','" .. d,es,u . lUi ~ . 'I . eel .... I~~'ti:ctu·._'.'...c 'rel .. ~, B'GI,·tai'f A-C·'t···,_ 'b,.y "pe"" frIO' .. '-D' or"I". 'n'lllltll'm'~"..··er· .~ A ':_.,D .•• beulolhi Id,lli.·,~, f,"M:'r~,A,is a, lawyer~"; A',"fIB'D,to' B-s8n \V'a b,BIIJ DShi d _. tii"Mr'", ,A and, Mrs, ,8 are la,wyers'j,";' ,u.
J,
iO .. ,~

'!!iI:Y,

tl!l!' ~1!i!!I'

,~ ...

:"

.'!IW

J .. :,

.

.

_.

,~.."

'."

.'"

[.

dy.

b'-

,,'.-,.!I!

• Q-,~"",:11.a: ril£(lIfl[;J~

, t'" d fi-,-,,-,e :I,orma. '~'lon,0f" I ,q,ues.~,ons In J' .,3'pa'D,ese lS @'3SY. p'. U'~ k a, a:_'.:, ,e en,~: 0,'. ,lI sen'l~en£e '. ,:..- t th Th- I."'r-' df' Ill., ["" :c,o[mesa ques ion, 'N·-','I clJ.lIlaQge10, WU,J,u. oroer ,. . is requiree ..:Ii-:,:; ': -,' st.~ '.' (1 . .. ' ,;-_..:1 ... -d' ~. -:-... c,:h",··...; _e aD_, ,~,. be"", 'r"''': even, wnen, ·t-"h···'· question .. D COlD:':t·,,_,:i,.- . .-.. inteerrozati J.vie,words _8 SU,Cu as, WO, w, al'l! w.n~en~ etc )-' ·,[.--·'·-·-.--·t· ...o···'., , WO" '" ,-'11..,' who '·'·h"I,-,---·'t··, .:..'.:~,_D,~O'Da, ~"n u_c,~ _--,' .,~,,-:. cuns 1.n.,rrog,a :' ." ... ····111"· ',n,ses,on th ,-. par··t,·,~:,).. '. D' . ,Ow,,, l,~e'~'~ d"-,'" . k""--" , Ifu, norma Y ~"'"'.,,," ,.' ",e ,,','· _I,e.e',_ .· ..... ~" esg, ··a'ii·t" ~, ,
II ,II ·t'

k',.:a-"

I!

Qu'~
.

'._~_.I._.'_I

estio n·,··, mal arker,
. ,__ ~_~

~'IIl...".: "I':

." "

,'"', . I '..

,"'I ~1

-:. ,:

:"·~ ....

,;'It,.,- ..

t

,oj

,j

li

.'

• :Ha,j, and lie :R'~~-is 'v';rtu-, a-·'.",,··glllY·,-.., tbe same as I'~I 1";:.' ,~'~VI, :u "1,1.',_..' the same as "ne," ,I.)'" 'L~~t-I~t:~r·.· -~~"rt-'-,cla': 1', 1',t- IUC .. . I ',:.U'in'l;ii', h-- ...,...!t'~var think o-'''f':b.·'11 a- mea"D'I~ftg "That ",£!! rl~g'·h·t" H I.~~l_"'·_':'ilu-lIe·- as m'"ea"DI""ft;ff and ._ri as .:_.lQ ,"Iui' "':'1 _IJI_~.;"~! ;_~,_II;I_.·'l ~'Tha,ttllswroni~'~ Otherwise negati'¥f! Iq,ues,t~,on,s 'be ,I, 'problem Le., to t.he can estie have no JIi,..'I!!!Ii'D'·a.-·'n,!G~":I!':Ii' ·tlt: rer,t I"'a q~I-"U' n-~J;-:'a' 'b-r "8' n B" na da 'a"n,-'I'm'--ail!ihDD- ·k'.·· "So ynu'_:_ 'tv ~ IU,., -,... _!li,I:~" '---,~, ,,'.' n;'IIy u'--)i!.·8: 'nm"1i ,al-n'.' '.8.' "T t's rizht '!J'IIiyO'h'~:9'1:iI';D' '1II'iI,.tiirO·,D, 'O:=.:r-I-~I~,Q a'"'r'l :III"·····,.a,u- ~'!Il:T" 'h:o'Jt'·ile '~lII'IIIIB "'-~J' - ' -, .. _ _,. I, ,1IIIi .. _ .. ,.~ iili!!1A !!!i.o RiiliI!
:__ ;_

'iIl'I\U~,U
iC!!'

.DIiiP ~~

Ii.,.~

iili!!a

"'"', gill!

'lUll

'I';D

J.iiij' . ~I

~;~"'I

to' .'-'.

_',",:",

'_"_'_ll~_._

j~~

·.I··,~__:

'_'

'_J~_I:_J""'_-

11_ .'::'.:'~,._~,

'l'"i'~'''

I'

.

. :~~

....... "'i'

., •. ,',

. , ....
"

,

..

~

, "-:' -' ' '. ~,
eif

'_. '- ~ - "t,

~_:li,I

Q..

'~

. -'::_

Ai

Q

.i!i:!II~

,'":ha-- •. ' , ".' .

~"

'Q '"',

G,,," "'", ,!IIiII'U~ ~"'_

:ji:,

tIi

,~"

,"

'~',

..

.. D .. fK:!!'

""'''

V.Ii'iIfm"

.·,.,' we" ha''V\''eso 'mne,.:,·, U
_,

.. ,':

[l.··. ~_,

i.:'.' .

,__ .' . .. -

, !Ii

f't LOpIC i '. O,mlss100 o· .•. ,n'OUD, I')' I,~ 'L W-h .Jell.It 1,8, OrQIV10Ul; 'to t"he o '1....... e other ,
iii; ,~,

'iI'

,0;

,ii,

ii,

s: ....aI. ,-:-·''--1' '~'UDllII,g, . '.....•. . &-l-','L!i WS, . ·S·· '--- .Ii!._,_ - Id'..- -,- !IiI"A,~. #-:-, - .m'e,. ,. ,m. ·S~- -~Ii':tb-'I-'- :U ' ILO,i" _-_- - )", -1"':: .,ml. ,,.• ft 1 D,·e,_p0l·~·ary['·" to .uJbl.~, th ~ 't"'rp'~iifiIi' .--:-:-~IA'!!iii'r"·' 1'",· ls not O,·rm·,-:iiii'MA,d··'·, 'iiii;;Ii;,'iiii;'I • .iIilI, ,B·'·ut'· 'W' '·h·· .Il10.,·, 1 , '8: " I '~~' . ", .. ..' ,·""'11.11, ', "' '. A . ,U ,.1"1;,;. ,iII~, C ,.!II,;, . a' . U.: .". ")"iI!Je."
.' ""., IS,., I[W" .
01

,[ea.. ~

person
Iii

W,Ua:t: t

Lft

h tOPIC IS:, it Je'
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IS geo,ci-,iWY'
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oml·tte d_~
iii,

&,

'L,,!:_ S··' AI~ M' S- "'t'b 'It K ,OC}",j, wa ';~·UiDll'U'."'D. ~U,~, -"T' 'h' '~S ,_,~~'~,S u'·jr,,,~:nu,--J~"
iii Iii' ~,

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20 :LESSON

J,

-

.0······· ,.- anmasea.",,a an;maaeB .. -.~ .'.-,ewa . .'-: ..... " ,tJ-C. '" .,!I!, N·:::',: .:..._. f~'"-_.- 0·· ,~~U'i' I , '.eJga!!iJVI:onn "'f= ,d'I-,aa' J"s'_,S more In .ormall, ,
'~'l

''!'''f"''·'1.-

..- ....-..'•• .

,'L!O'ii.·:· u;aarll,

'd"--~~I . rewa'li'

i':' .... ""..'

'N'OTES
.. ' ." ... ' ':;-l!:
.-~. ri .-

I

-- .' .

.1.-.

Taaaka,-sa:o, 8.•'0 '~sI. ,ti:tl,eo:f respect ad,ded to a name, so it cannot. be use," af:~er one's own name, San may be used. with 'both, male and :fema'[.e· ames, and with either surn name or given name, It :ma., even be suffixed to the name of an occupation, e.r~, 'BeDI8Ilb:i,~saa: .~1~,M'r~, • La,wy'e'r'i~;i
'WB

,2~ KoCbira,

S·u·m:is,u-s8n. desu,
t,.

Koc'lb:i:r.a,t I:,tthis one," imp'Ues, "this person here" and. ~s'a 'poUte 'wa:y olf :s8',yiog' "this person,
3~ ·H.jiDlemalb:i,t.e'. Sa],utation. 'used on :mee'ting' bajim·a1I, "to begin, ,.,

,1\

pe~non, for the :n~rsttime. It is·,2 'form, of the verb

4·. rwataahi 'wa] S·U.miI,U d,esu,~ M··· .......:. e-~,s:~·.'.ith ~ ~,.-~ ,I. m",S·~·::,··.."t·. ·, .1 'Y ~t'· ....' n am ·~m.L~. u I.·l~ m,l, b' Espe:.·ciall-y,'· in. conversational Japanese, 'wB'I'.~!b.i. "I," is hardlv ever used, .• · .:Il,., A na.1a, "'lyOU.~,·:~is, :sim:i1-ar:I.y' avoided, especiaU,y when addressing superiors .. 'in wbic·h.case the person's surname, t~:tleor 'OCCUP;lt~,on, used when necessary, ~Sl
llii ,iii
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'I'li':t-l\-\ y:o._.l.~' : _ .' luur~ .. ··~A.Db:ik··"·'U- '_ _,.. ..

A. p;hr,ase used when beijog 'in:troduced" ~.'t is 'us,uaU,y combined with b,ajim~ mubite,~ It :~salso 'used w'he·n. talcJng' one's leave after M'vinR' asked a favor, 'Y:or.es.hik'd. m.@8:n's"jj,LQ:,g',oodn,and,isareq;,·uest:for'tbe other pe: ...•ersen's favorable consideration in, the future. It can ,also 'be:used, as io,~.lows.: Ta·naka.-sa;o ni Y'or~ 'iJb~ik,u" "Please give my filprds; to, M'f;i T;a'oaka'i""
_' I' I I

6. TOlkyo
__ .. ,.-.,1,1_"

,Deuti, DO i(Tanaka, d,esu.)~ The possessive' p,artlcJe DO ·iodiclrtes ownership or 1'I!tri'butioD, and comes after the DIO"un"'":' mOO·:· .')'"t .... '1~'fi~'AS' like u: :'c', in 'E-·'n,g:~I"'s··h H"e'-re ')~'I-; shows that M·, Tanaka .r ,,-iILI'.-.-:_ bel'OD,g8 to, ,in the sense that: he 'wlwks, for, 'To,kyo Elect:ri,c:~,Ja'pa:nese eustoma;0' •. . 'ill.., '" d rod'" 'uoe: ny'1 g~ve' tlll,lie:~r ccm:pany an~. poslt~on. VIh L._" :~n.t"~...• d ~ .c~_jen, ollla o
.......:"
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t. Dare.'dona;ta:. "~'W'h,O?I"[j
The bas~,c:wo,rd fOr' "who" ,is da.,e~,but. dana'ta. is more 'I;)oUte" ' 1%., K.ochira, wa dare des'lI, :k.a.. "~WhOIis tbls?'" ." K,och.inI, 'wa ,dOD_t. d.es. ka, ~~M'~gbt: ask: wbo this -Is?"j1 :1:

P·'RA'-' ""Y')'C"- 1G'
···l··.··_.r"·_.'\.~,.· _"":'.~I

'I!~ [W:ataabl we)] S'IiIDiSIU d'na'ii 3:., [Wa,blski 'wall ABC DO Sa.misu de8u~!

3i ,Kochira wa TaDaka:-sacD dellu .. 4", T... ka~ulI beag,' '"bi de:w. ar,imaaea. 'wa
L My mlm,e~,sSmiltbi' 2l1' II m_ :81--:-:- '~:th:,-, .If'UlJI "~, ,.n:~ _ mJi ,,' ~7"- ~_D
'~'ji --:-';-

3.. This, is Mr ..T-:aftaka~
,_'iI:
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'.,JI'_, _,_l"':-, ~iIl!i, 'KA" :., lI&nr"1! I ill .......... I.;~~ ." La

T,.....

'l~e-,. '~.-PIJII!''';'.

-~Ii!'

I Practice the fo:Uo,wing pa'tte,rn by' cha'qing the underlined 'part as in the e:Dm~
'Ie :p", gfl,ven,~
,j

tA~

rWataBlii wall Sumil,u ,desa..
:!." Am,erika Taiu'ikao
q, Am" ,1.,.1;" ~ a~ ,t;'1 "e'-,,,;;,~,-,·,,,;jIj;'.~m'ii', " ,

08

S.misu,

a _,

be,"II.-.a,'lI.l; ~gul

.. A ,,ft .. Q:' ('AB8,ta wa]

,Sam hla san, d,eau ta,.,
iii

A:: Hid, S'umis. desuII'
I. 'TaBaka

B,~U~ 'Q: IAnata 'wa] N,ilum,·jin, des. ka~

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Q: [An.ta, wa]i N'iRon-jm, d:11IU, ka, Ch'ilClik,u,iiD deBu ,A: Hike,a.jm, d,.u,.
,

t,_ ,~,

I..i' i' Am"," -'e,~:iii"'-'!!!II'lmil;; - !" 'D, ,~~8' '11I.. ~[ m~' , ' ..~il!AD [ . v.. ~ ,1' 11 _ 2 . -"lIBel, ,',' ,8 ,am
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'Q: I:A:t'ii.ita-· ..----~a.)1~;-:- ·-;t'c., d.~~-I';l~a.-; .-. _~. • , W!J ,I.JV'Da._ . _u k ....
I

A~

I!

:ID"U·__ Gi. a ift'i1=.ciIlllii ....

d·.aA:iltI_

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11'

T8DllkB,

21 A,m'erika IT-aialdIlBII, DO Tmaka 3,~, irhOD, Ginii 11:0 'Taaka N
It
6%~

Q;: 'KilCliln

wa d"Data ,lIesu'k.~

A,: S1IaU.II-8RR, desl1,I'

1 'Tanak •• 8IIII, .. 2~ Nih,OD 'Gink6 no T'anaka'I'_.D

.:..6' ..~" 2··4, L~~'ii..'i

'I ,I

,_ _ ' .~iI~~, Am:- !!c'I",~

'T-,

,-8I~sllika"" . _.
fULl]

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A r:u~Il!l} .
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JljIUIJlJ.

.. __.

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De
:bi8 b. ICb'illDk,u~jm,
l

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-cretase- - -':'--ry' - , a ~.: ,",,[Uoe.se
.' to,
0' '.-. _ • ','.

--

~"iI!'!i<li!IiI! &~~, - ---

em,bass,
Amerika~j", -jiB
UB'ta,
'.I,

an, ,American,
pers()n; (!nufix)1
y,oo,

Cb'igeku Deit. __ ,-,jim
DOI'!U!liU, -- .... ,_ .

C

'bina-

-

-, ~

. ...

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~'

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a German
German'y'

'=:'? Cq,D,esti,aR,madmr ..
pmic&e" yes.11 certainly' a, !J \~- - -l'amanRe Jitpa;n

,pk'glei

slwdeat
co'~pany e:m'ployee
"II'I.,,'t.._-

h!ai
'N;iIl.D~jiD,
',~ __ ~:L, N ",_IDlIUU

biellaiD. ldoota 'N:ihOD GlinkO
,ginito

"'I~1U

,Baak
bank,

0,' Japa'D

l.~ Samj8u):

:B'ai, TaDaka ,d,es•• , SumiJsu: T:alllaka 88D 'W,8_lIsei, deau kL Tanaka:, lie" ,Iakuaei, dew~_, l.nmaBCD}!!, KailJllain de.II~, 'Ti.aka::
iii

,I,

T.&kB,-SaD, dlela :ka"

Are 'YOU Mr" Tanaka? Tanaka,: 'Yes I:am.
. I' ,_ .•

~"thSml"

I'

Smith,: Are yO\l a s,tudent .. Tanaka: NG. I;m not a, student.. I'm a cnm:pany ,emp,loyeie,~ 2.. Mr;., Hayas:hi introouces, Miss, Y:mmada'to Mr,. T8BIka,~

HI,aa'bl:
Y:amada:
T:auaka::
,-_- ''l..,~ Hayasa],:

GcHhGt-'cai IIi,mu1Il.:Koc'h'n, we,'Yamad.1au desu,~ 8 S''l1m:iBu~8IIDno bilbo T;.",rna- aa~, t...__ ~-a _ ~_~ d~u--- - K'\,--LU1l
-'I!" .~:: !t---,,- ' -', ....
J •

-IPF.!

~

arft '............ 'iliiIi_

HBjimemasllite. Yamada rdes,u~,DHo YG,rosiIiku.,

H'ajiim,em_lte. Taaaka deatl. :D6zo'yo,msbi'ku,~
Let me, imtrooJuoe you .. Th'i's, 'is, Miss, Yamadla~ She :is Mr!, S:mith'ts secretary~, Tb.is is, M'rt TaDakaj

'y,'amada::

Ta'nak,a,:

How do you do~,My nam,eJs 'Yamada .. I'm very glad. tomeet you,;; , U;;iI ~, '._,·,altuB.. 'I'f'· nOW' UlO you d- M'Y name'-:s, 'T' ,_1. ,It m 'very' .... IIIi'ii,AI d) meet, 'you~ ,-,C'~ _,',_'
io. -

.~gI~

- h'at ...,I' BIll',I' ,-1" -, -, - 'I, ' , -,ICMI ,:u. 81 ., IJIDBBU.
'-Y-'--' -' ........ ,-,..1'

Let m@introduce ,yoo_ _ _ ___ __ , -,:;', __
.1,

, "I"IHlUa

SUma'nl,e

1~i'_'tO' ap.

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o·ftliliift'~naI.... 1·---I·0, ·d:· ·~·r".£." '11.·,el~I--" . D'l1'!I'e

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ans "L~" the
:"_'_II::lf' Wl':-EIit".
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''"n'1II0:-' ..'R,I_··· ", Ilvll·-' mln"g~

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L Dona·,ta,d,es. k~_., ,A,. 21 N'ib" _oa'IijJDI,_:_jesu . 'k.- d -- _:_8"
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. Ii.;,_ .. IIC'~~ AlIt!

L.--'~·,bi ..,d,':'~U-I.k,- :.:.~ __" .. ~ •
,iii'

A.,
II C'om:plete 'the qu,estioas
:10

t'bat tb,ey ·fi·t, the answers,

d'eall ·ka,. Bai, Sa.i.iI, des;u• • ,21 :Su·miS.-SBD WB. ( ) de8u ka, lile, Daits,uMjiD, d,ew,a, ,ari'DJaseu,. ,3;; Summ.,~BID.'w. ( ,)deBa, ka, kais:ham, d,esu :ka,. Beagosilli, Idesiu.;
C .)
AI, '_iI!l

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ITa- _1..... -san ,-'.'u.a'
illtlllr'ft

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d' .AQi'il'1ii1 ,1_Wlloil;.

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-

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~·,·'UmrlIU48D wa, ,.',. ->,~,' , '
,.i._ -

--

ABC"'.

'1"" " ,

IV Traaslate ioto Japaneset
.~ '1' s:-' ~th' 1 ,.m:.ml-I 2:., H:low do you do, I'm glad 'to meet you,~, ,3. Miss 'Yamada, this, ~sMr.~T,anaka, of Tokyo, Electric .. ,~, Is, M'f S,mit'h Am.erican 'or' German.?' ..
.:-1
I,

' ,... ,... _&l ....' ' N':,,'' :...:_ L'"'S<S':,O',' .::.... '

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'D"-R' -"'E":'S'~:'S-~',,~A'-', N'-",ID- ", :T' '-'E---"~'L' E-;- P~'H-" -"0'-""'-'N"';I'-E~' --' '
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t, ~ -t_.-; ,J: A, ~ A :: :: tt,~;1 '6'\\,' L ~ U) ~~'A,~,~,;[,~,:. '-""(+T'7)\~ ? t:. 'fJ.~"i':' Itj:\,,~ ~'\'" L • IrTJ'~~r 03~3400--900l~~T',o ? i;q) ~·}A"h ti' ft, z: 1 ti 045-32&-8871'"t~"T'
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Taoa'ka: 'Watasibl DO m,eishi ,desK", Dizo~, -' ng, _. . . - ~. .,J;..., . 'Il". - .. .. T'" - '-ka_,-saD, :0,0nama,,e_-_e8i'tI,- , sa, ~. d' - ,. c,.mIIS1I... &n)m'o 8J1I8 liN' go-Rlmas.iIi QJore'w. -,ana .:. S .."... --"". ,eBO. c_,::,_--,~,-, A _'V'.A. ~ -- , Ta '-"ca:,~ E- -e, so ·d-_,'-'- ,-, TA·~· 'N"'__ ::·· _,!!I!.IL/1 d'~--'e,'.g,. aJla,'~ ""j f :S'umiS'II: It:D-'O~DB, lma'-~ -d· ·a-' e ·~.U!i!'' 1,S\' 0'' -"'.K- -_H,y·-:O-'" n--·iEN-··- .11". .d·,·.aGU '''an-~ IIA._. , _'~II~aill!: "K·:"·':·'b-'.'-ftJl ,." Sumi•• :: ore 'W8, :kaiaha :80 deaW8~baa_' usa, ka", 1'.'1_' . _: E:JR ·0'0'·· iI:iI'oi,D- .W'OD··_ .z·e· ~ ... n.....·e· ~ro--;" 'D"O'-", 'k' Vii . ,11· ,_ v'Tanaka:, ,~R~~._, , ':'·-"I"a"".~_ __'0:-.01d~ a8~'u- . .' 'b'·'d 'U '1..::: L :18,D~IIC l ..- nu. : . .1,1:10,DO d'eDwa-iuaDlO,_ WB, ze'r.yO,IiI,~101 80 ,aaD,-DI-' .:rok,tI .0 ba,chi,·,[backi,·DRna~:i,chi, lies.,
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Tanaka: SlDi,tb:: Smith:: Tanaka:
Smi.tk:

This is: my busness card, Please ~..",
""I""L._,_'L, .y'". _. :00. . ,II ~lilIlIL
l

I!II'''~~ l"~.a~'

'IR'iI;U' _~.h, - _ '1-8; __: 'iI._:,,".,:,~ t-y' ·\i!'!i'ur' ' : ,)~, ''':!!lIi'~e·~ ''' ~IL., 1I1Ug"_:' l.~Ia&III!.
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. e _ ... "'A,iIIL 'Tanaka: 'y··<~s,~, T, ,,:h' .II. ~ :rin'"'it.,_
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;:'QI~aka., ~,L~ __ ~_

And,tbisl

(Tbaf's) tb,e name of m" Q,ODlpaay"

'T'D~c)

E~ec:tric,~

Is 'Uds t:b,e: roDlpan',"S tele:phoDe' :number?
Yes, i:tjj,s, the anUp8DY"S;o, (03,)' ~9031.~

T

-- Q-I.lj!L&..iI,iIj

~n, .... ll.--1!!

(My,' home ,telep'!b,one :numher' Is ~045')

326~887l~,

,35

watasbia,o
meishi

:m'J

card")
$'I.",~."~'

business card ,(li't "name

.._,

._•..l('fi; ,~~ .. d.. ,._ "\f

.I~,I

doze
damn ,ari,.'·.ato
,dIO'IDO
B~

·aimelu

Thank Y''0' 'uI ''I:I!eru' mch __ 1.. "I' m 'r'~ __ !II' ,·.,.....
I'" •

please (:acce,pt'),

!Ii

v,ery much

8ript6 IOzaimasu
~:'ore
118 .- ~ __ :.:mall'-

"I) am 'fI'II"Q' '..)' 'IJ.L - ,_.. liII.'

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tef' ":-

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name

ee

yes,
&.~

8,0 d.es•.
'k',o" ~,
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that's right.
as fer this?

"Bishs

company'
telepbone number telephone number . -- :.:' .. I't'~ th com,p'" any' ':5 ..; lS.ue
!I..

denwa·~'banli d eDJW8, 'bqo ...1.-. k,alfua :-10 ~g .....
l iii .

chi,

hoe.

:1. M;_ll~i.
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~'p' "···se·:··_ -_ 1'"C J!a;:..~---..- ...:. 'p.art-,..::'":':'"
c.

rly··:· th ,.'-:~ - in I...;o.~~....in'~~'I-~~J '~'e" U1Ui5~. el~,g 'b_._.._._ 10a~s·, · rds , " US· .. .-' c w~-'~-II~ch t.. .... le'~x'" b' k '..he-Iy'~ :_:_ ': '_.' change durin" introductions. A.few hand-written words on a business card. can se'rve as a convenient introductien.
1 -

log IW~~

"0'

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2~ Kore wa Ta'Dak'-',-saa DOl namae desu ka, ··t,·· '. ·t- ... 1tb' "', .',' 1'1 ad . ... '.', '.:" ".;, - : . 'M'i]" '" -, '-..... ·M····· mil "', r N De th·'-··la,_ ,all l _lODgn).,. la·. dr e,ss.mg ,_.·c_f... -T'Ian.ak·3" ..... S···· ith than sa.yang an,. ta:·· no", U, ··' --. _.IHllll, ,'.' your ("S"'):-"- N·'··t···J p,,,.c... . elf! '- [0 e '~, ". '2~:"1
~c
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:... ,._. ., ses... ·h:~··nam,e ,,'.ratber r ,lIS '.". .-... , ,. .1.._ I

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III

.

Ai ~. ~& d';.. . ·u-·· I. au 1 .

When..rep:lyllli to questions that end with dl..·~·.Uka., IU' can 'be used instead of r-e I'".' .. ..:i LiD· th·· - ·e· DOUD;. ~ , [ ) - ~- ..
- ' .... 'peatiD~ :-

1

I. 10'

"1 ,:~'

J

I.:r
I!

-',

,."

'.'

5

til

V

RU;~

.....'a"''Q! ·

_,

.,e
. th··_.
,i! -. ..

A ri,liq' mtonaticm, on, tie particle wa makes tb'is informal phrase a quesi-l WI- ;oth' t' :~ng e q---e 1_0'0 mar ker'.'ka' :. ·1U!U'D.' __· ·~·_au'US1~'~: .. ~ " u ~-ti" '.'~.'. '
Aft ''"1-

26

:LESSQNJ

"'f, .. 1(63',:"')'" '~"'i~9 •••···3·~·: ' ,.U,~ '·.0·' ·,..I

,·,ie'bi"The area ~~AI.a, ('T'-nt,....,~,"a is :O~··II')·)··, th.,Je'.., 'e','V'ch'- .-~ - ,an:id theif!: r '1... .... L\.Kl!liii;. I:..UAyU :..A;1~a.qge .~. nu,mUt;lr- .'.. ]omied b'.-H--!e n~ .... are '~::- ~ . .o·"Y ·th'· .' ~.",lye :BOji, In, telephone D'l!JDlbers, 0 :is a.iten, ~n,oun,ced ,zero, in J:ap-=aneIBI'
DOl .. a·yoD\.zero-ze·ro 0,0': ·:yi~zenMI••
__
'1';;'
t.

Spo',kS'D ,a,s, zer.aaa
Q .~'
,

·,'UJ.I

·~·iII-

r'&'~".

[I

,I~ N,BDi/D8D~t tl~wbat':' UWhat;!~' :is 'Da'Di", bu't, i.t o;ften,

"What. is tbis~:"'"

becomes

DaU,t

as In K,o,re wa

nan dug,

ka,

9., NaD~banJ iiCWitat. number?" £It. T,RD_b- .. a, D'D ded.wa-bapI6 Tanaka'a telephone, number?'

'WH,

.oaa·'baa

IdeIU,

ka, "What is Mr~,

.. ~ ~ PRA' .:. C····TI··C··:·E····'
:', _.,....

...

[._.

;

~~.'.

-.~-

·'~IR\:IC···.·:'~!S'·~'I" KEvr;l, S","E~"N-"T" ..__ ....... ___ . ,",- ',. , ,~~ Q._:. - -.......,_.,...

............... ----

.............................. ..........._---~~

............... ~

2., Kore wa 'meishi d,e_. 8'rimaB'BD,. 3~ 'Ko,re:w,a. T.D8k.,~SBIl,11,0 to:kei, ,deau,. :KON' 'wa T'o'uaka-lsan, 4II' Kaiau, DID dID;wa~haDgO wa (03,. ,3400-'9031,desD,~
'ill ,1I, ", '.,',

,

:00

d,estl~

T'b' liS :18a,USlD,ess, '.'.. b'~

..II .Al caroL." (.'T"L '~~ese:Ire b ~ :X:1I1Siness! CU-tlS,. ). "
c_;,

2" This lill 'not a bu.sin.ess cardi 3" Th~s is ,MriTanaka's 'wa:tcb'i 'This; is Mr .. 'Tanaka,'I,. ,4·"'The compaoy":S, telep'bone number' is ,(,03) 341)0-'908'1. .. ,

:I. LoOk at 'the pictuftes and, pra,cti,ce the following pat,tern by c,hanging' 'tlhe un,derlin,ed part as in, the exam'pll\e: ,gl".ven,"" -- - -

ex., :K,ore '.,8 lDIiski Id.u,~,
II' :bDD
,411'

:k.1i
kanona,

2, 'Bkim'ban,
,31 'tl.okei

5. deB.,a
I~

'~Il' .. 'II!;. IB-'~I''''''' 'g
~I

, 11

6,

'c!¥iI:"lDC~I~.m;, ,g.' :!!7,_ r ~_~ '_,~ :,.'~~ 1fiI,'

'II Make' dialogues ~ changing the underlined
Ai
,a'.,

parts as· in the examples given,

' 'A,lI::
.rLIiI;';

Q:: K• re 'wa 'm,eishi , desa ka,
'. ,'IIi...':!:d RBI, m,eJfim .~, ,e8U~
'ii it l I

A

-iii

'("I··e- m-'eJII ~I d·@!ii''i.."i'a'·-'....JI:-,---o·B·o-,,' ~,.-lh ,I' ': •~...; ia.'1I:~' " ":Ii: .',
I' ,"

"

d~ .. '.~IU'I!I

I, hn" ,kimib'UD ,a j~' .ho, den,~'t. _ag6

B'i a~ IQ~ 'Ko~ewa

DID, d,eall

ka ..

,As, Ha,."
1. tok,ei

,I de _U~,

,a~ 'kali
3., denwa,

C~ ,g.

.~.':,Ko.-,ewa TBUII!ka48' [',00 •. '

'k,urwua deau :"a.

As:: Hal, Taoakaii!S8D, DQ kuru'ma. deelu,. Tanaka--SBD ao ,d,esu..,

,2i :kai.sba, . a., QI=: Ke~e wa dare
A,::
,'8Daka18D
DO hOD

d:u

:k;8~

n.o rdelu"

''.:'." at, 3' w aahi'"" '
.' -"..' '.' I' ~ J
"I

o~lero/','.' .,
~b'l 1 Ie"" I
'!i

.. 2~ DI, :3,. lIIID 4't .~,~'iJ,OD 5,10
6" roku

'II'

'liliilld 15' )',-.0 "", 16",j·irok,u, 17'" j:uBh'icl!liJjfmaaa 18" j;Ubacbi 19" ,jiikyi/jiiika

'14" jrishiljflyoD

',£I,Q,'I," !I'

.';;u"
,~I,

IV 'Telle)llboDe numbers; Practice say~ng 'the following telephone numbers,
(03) ai742~89fH3"i Z.n-alD, aD .. n.Dan~7oll""Di, 8.1' 'l1:achi-ky8~pJ,

!QI!!

M01E"05634. :Sn·'_'n-:ler.i,chi DOl gro-rob,"'IB8D~yon'l Zero" 'yOD~nana, and :kyu are used :for G,.4 7 and '9 in telephone numbers,
..'b id ,-. 'I:',: ....... ,-,-;-".,-·.... I.Oi ",' .oiI "' -"" ",--:',- ~',,',··I,' m~- ,V- M', a ke",'d-'~al"'" -, -', b.:y 'jt..,c:-:!" ,','-" "" ,"t :c'gues c~,a,nglDg r :!!,.. e un,..,Ier In,cu, ,pa~ e as 111l' b'",ie , @xamp,e - D.'~ven,~,
e.",

L

,

"

_.ill

:: Kai:---~8, :00 d,en,walibaqi 'W8 :-'ll~bl!D,
1

A: ,3742-8920 desu,
I., ",:__o,; 3325 ,~"871 k 2., galIkrO;1 (:109;)1,3'781.-6493 3., T.. aka,iIi~'·, '. DO 'UIClli" 3,956-4·158

28

.

ir'V~SO"··"
,~.""".'

."N!

'.

'til

~

'lion (I;hi'buo
kaifli
• • ".

ka-; ra---m-- I,.

~l.
t,
___:

book,
'oe'wspaper

•• n

W,,'i;..,'iI'!iot Ihi '

dare'D,o

wh'.I_

'0..•• "

~

f!i~,

'key addres IS, __

nao~bu
' _-,','
• ~_.

what, n.umiher

car
:'
l

:1

_"_"

1.;lJau, gakko

number sebool

:: ,:'I a.,_,~_::, 1·'~ '.

avash

Is ,this Mr. Smith~s 'w,a,t-ch?!
Y . @S,~ 'it

'-T'aRa:a'a,. '. 1 , - " ...."'"\~

til!S"--I'r~,'m' --- ~'t'LS wa:'tc 'h- ," 'M" - S,-'- ,:,1;1 '. . -.

2. Hayashi:
IS-:"'g_~!&I!..iI.aa'. -".,iii -' w<Miij;iI:!ifU'· .:.

Kore 'wa SumisD,iisBD no ·tokei. des. 1m.

H'ayashi: 3 'B--'

. :__ .~·I:
, I•

S'm' I"tb"
I ~I
I

_

-•
"

Is this "our watch? Yes it m y W",'f,~rt;U.l., ..... 1..
'.' It :. - ~

!!I"1i!!!

-, '---."

I

'_'

g,

b-

II;:
Iii

S'umis:u::

lie
,

,

T-'·n,-1'..-.~:arJ" 'ii"Ii 0 ,u..IIIlfL;,' :-gAU, ,11;1 _,

1

dewa

,

arimaRDftl, W-;-" tas:.hi 'nOI dlegu" a
~I_ _ __~ __ ~

I

·Hayas,hi.: Smidl:
4, - ,Su- 'miBlu':
._<Ii ~:___, ~ -----' ~ __ ,_

Is this Mr~ Tanaka':! 'book?1 No, -if:! 'not Mr,. TanaJm~",siIt's

·m'me..,

, 'ji8'b-, <Iiii,.:
,~ r~1i

S'- -mia,D': _,"_", _ ---

'Blaha::
'Sml_u., __ ,-,'·:t;L~,

T,I'iaihUc.:ft DO dea,wa.banli' 'we, 8r' ,,·baa,d_:~lu. 'ka, 3325-,',634 daBD. G,illkol :00: d,eD'w.~baa80 wa? 3423~O,2 ,de! ~ I,.,
What "is the telephoue nwnl.r
of the ,embas,s,y'?

Sec tary- __ 'I-t-li", 3'3"2'-'5" ·7-'6-=·"lt,.i ... ore'- ':: , ,S·."--.'-~ Smith:: 'What .:bout: the telephone Humber of the ban'k'? Secretary~ Itt" 3423-65102~,

Q"···Ul'-"Z····· I
'! .1." •.••. , ," :' ..~

I 'Look at th' '.'Uluslu,I'ted 'business card and answer the questione,

1., Ko___:-,~,.. ~~-, :BaD, d__:~,u, -::a., 2,j, :K,o:re 'we, 'k,aisba DIG aaDlB,e dies·g 'ka, ,a,. 'K,o're'we, 'Taaalmw8BD a,o; u1chi '.0 ji.h,o ,d,esu ka" 'kaisha DO d:es., ka,
1

n-;Y"'R-"

.:UlUii!1

·2'_-·

..

g. "
(<:'

.....
'

~

___J

1

m
T

Ichird T',ru.~iU\A ,li.'_ rcmro
~M, ....

.::::.,

I

I

P-'6"':
, 1 ....

3'~""""""'-

2-:l NUih:ub'Y l~dhome" M~)jt'e·:~~T'Qkn, lCi TEL. ((1t'U3'4~90l1 '---+==-4,- 5

4~ ·K.o,te T,DD.aka'-s&n DO g,e'bl nc d'eD.wa-bugo desu ka, wa 5~ Taoaka-sao :D,O kaisha no den,w,a~baalo w,a, DaD.-baa delu ka,

Ii.e'·kaiRha. D,O··d,ewB .mmaate:D,. Delli. no desa, ---, ,2j~,Ko're WI, ( ' ') DO, juah,o, d,e&iU ka. 'Tanaka4BD, DO ,d.u,~ 3,., Ko,re wa, ( ,) darn! kail 'Tok,ei de,s·g. 4,~, 'Ta'Rua-sa'D, :0,0 uehi :D'O deu'w8(!!!baogD 'wa ( ' I,'..~. I'2''.. :li.l~ 7' :6'"3' ..~ :'d leIU'!ii Y 3""3'~,~ iI!:: (', ".' "1~~:Ai :.1
---------- "

--

--------

---

-

- ---

--

-

_.,

-

- ---

)-]1 Put th' be ap 'P' !J' ' ' ' P'n~i~,te"" 1'"':-' nart lcl , " , u__ _¥ ,_,Q,,' ~Q:"
U, ." U'
t

a,1I:!! _,!I(;;,~

t"ii 1.1.,._ th'" ,e'",_"" rrentheses, .. __' pa, ~,' ll.- , I~r~""
I

t. :Kocbira, ~
2~, Kore (

) donata desn ka,
) nan ,deBD, (,

)1.
I t' ~ .'

K,aisba ( :Kore ,( Kaillba ( 31' Ko~e (
,I

'~d": ._~ - .' .,-',. 'b'c·-l - ., - I: -0'" -_:. , ." enwaanl_eBa:' d_:' ,"

, ,•
..

'?
JI jiusb.o

de8u,~

) watashi, f

J

kllruma ,d,ewl,,B'riDl88ea,_ Kaisha (

,_ ,__

eR'D, 4

' ' ,~-,t" " .. ,' , ,', ''- T' IV ,ra:ns 'Ia,t~e'~ncO J'"apa'ne;s.e:~,
"'!. ,-

I, This is Mri Tanaka.. 2'~ This is Mr" Tanaka's 'business card, 3~, This :~s' ot Mr., Tanaka's home telephone number, It is, ,t'ut of his n
pan".,.

0001'-

4~,What is 'your company's '~elepb,O'ne number?
,SOl LE-SSON' ,2

DA'"
_ _

l :' ,",",
:1 "

",

'y'.... .. , .,:
.

I.

AN''. "-"'D-""T'IM" "E""
..r", •• '_",

I

'.

':.

.

i~

.' :

I" '-:

..

"'

(.

. ...

..,.:

.._I ", ~,..

.

..... -

-

_._._-

------

-

'M'.r, 'S' ·th-_••.goes to ,a d). .' ,"'_, -·,:ml: : lepartment [s[to'reiJ,t :18 'Dot open ye't.
I •••.

~'::::' ~ Al,A

'",
Iii'

'~

I,J ~~~IN...
..~: ~
,

,~~IO'

\'

'~

I~.

'I' [' ." ,-.~ ~,d, At',""" 'L ,

iiio ~"~'

,I~'

",

I

"
1

,'.'

IJ ',0
'\.

,

In N'
~

_;t_:,.

1:

f: '~d'\ ~ '11,.1'
-.' Iii'

-

I

A ~- ",,",
I'

_··.·~·I I!'

'" L·,O·' t·· '9: tl.,.."'S':' ',', , !i.~1 4+"~":I 7'" ,([~,~"L1 tL~Iv
.. .:.

<Ii

".'

!!P'') '," "\'

',",

IOI[

;rJ. l: :, 10 C' 6' t;
.... A_ .::::., "A '.'
.: . 'I,

'~"-r

r:. 6' ~ ~~ if' -r
'

0

0

-

.,,'

,

'-'

t:' ':!: ~'.'1:i~'T 6'0 :rl' z :: ::~:~ 6, L t, 1:~ .t" ~, ..
'~~ ,A.;
~~
0

..

0'

A, ~ ,,A ::: t-;' ,k ,tL~!l1)
__'.' [11- '....,-1·
'"

i b &J ~,' tI,(, t ? r> >!. :, l:'~ \,,~'! L ~ i l.

10

iO ,,~"

r ~;1
.,[',_'.

'I'
I~'"':

0"-,["

l:-'~'6·., ~
.

,'1",' ,...,ill, '

"

"."

Sa .. I'''la~n'' - 1', ·[ g-a·- "B-lii;l~ ·de· k-[:,' • :Sumiau: ,1" '·1 I 008. BO bi:tOl: K • .I~ ,;IOJappUD, ell,nu." ,.. 'n"":",,pa'" ·'''0'' -"'a· '.,aID· 1.;'1 t- ~'B-,•• d. iDiaU' ',1LII1i' 1111,,,,,:-, :8U'mil'U,:; -,t
. ·._,,'_UJI____jgQ_·
[." 'I
i ',"

'.~

.,.

'

'

I.

c··

,

.ii3i.,

Dllili

,_' ,~

.

1

II·

-'I-:-r',

i'-

-

-

.

-'j

,.,._

,_,-

I

1

1

.I.I_'- ~"_ .1,-. .

0

I,

I '~ __ '

.

I

'

1.,1,_',_,

", -

_J~:.

__

ODDS :DfJ 'hi.to,:

S'u:DliS1I:: 100.. DO lIi~l,o: Go.o rock' "'.11,I, ~,-, ... ", 'd' "-, ~~-il,!III' UlllUe. eIIU,., ," ,,8 ~ . "' .... 'S;:' "U' 'DU' - au''_'ii, .' 00,10.0 anga,to'~ _ .' 10""0":08_ '0-0'..", L!lt"O'· Do )>!!i',t':aab: .'UD~' ' .. .,Ga,h '1Ii"'e: ," _-:. . :," ' - ~ lUI. -::...".' .. '
,_i;~ ".

Ji.-ji, ara, ,dle&'U'ii N' -, 'd'-' ,.',elljlU, .-_aD~JI mae d:.-- -- kla~, ,
.I
I" .....

,'.: '_" ,. g' ..'

-,j;

,

:._

j".

I

'~l

l

_

_

..lAG

I

iIifiI,

-

"", ~

:;I!.i." : ','. 'iIIC.U!,~ Sm~.'· Worna'n:: Smith.: .WomaR~:: Smitll,:
i;

1-:1,1, ';r~liiJI' _'-,S Oi..~JO' 'What: time does, the st-or-e open?
,'Eli

P-~oae',"'m' ~ .A~.. !.I ~Ie'
Q-. _.
c -

-Ii

'W,;, ,'[_-L, ... . ~~~

"III;

time · ,~ lilt· 'ft~lIlf.'1 ~~,~ . ll~'" ~I~,._
'I!

:I'~,-, ... at 1- 0; ·..Nt .. ·t· opens - t ,':~VV, ,-, .... e' H·'~'-, '~ ;.._ d'~~ .- S :~t-Ittay'OT'lAnI' ow ,_~~ o,,' 1_ S_" c:r-.'''~' It stays ope,n UflltU 6 P ~M,.,
I.II~II~IV

[T,bank 'Jou, very much.
'n-...... I't, LAJI,ll. [1i'n4--n'~-n
i

i:t' a ••_ tIJ ,

31

SUmlm8SeU lID 8
I'
Iillriii

!II

.......'01-' Excuse"-' . e
..

"'.

-,

_

..

_'

I

[

r-a,

'Il __

'.

fI'
'

li

m- 8O-"'C rry' ..
....
_1 __ c ,.,_ •• ,"

,._ !!II

'OUl·'ll

,·Jl

.now w'ha,t time
O-I:_OC.:c n'el eck
W'~i~,n __UAIiI aJj-11 W,ifii,'ft'IIi,!!!:li'D'" _, V\II,IIHiIL"

" I. " U~I~

••

alDG'hila
0.0

fe m-,....

1'- ,,',~ 11~

:bito
ku,~J;i
,18jiuppun'gej'ippun

person
9 o~c'Joek,

·fmI~.

r~"'''''''''' ,i'~ ior -'-'
_,;00 - _'.

Il_

II~

.,Ii.

'II,

Idepiw! k.'ra,
II'·JII
ri

·,ua

50 :m'ioutes

m._--~-~
___ ~_UK;:

department .store
'from (pa'ri,i,cl.e)

_I

lliill.

I

f~
--

.....

.

,'~

mad.e' I0IO

10' o~c]oCk until ~particle)
P~M ..
U ".'. ~I~~,

sr

:t:,~ i

\".~ l. '1:.' L :!

nkultji, Ido .itasbiDIIISbi.te

~ '0- ,!J',p·,lL.... ""',l.

~~

DQD~tmention it ..Y:ou're welcome, f ~'ll:t'."1 *iWhat bave (/1) dnRe",II,). U' '_'.
_ 1_. 1___ 1, __ ' .• _'. ' __ C!I!l ._-

I, Saminlasea~, S'umi'maaell", 4:'~:Excuse ·m,e'I:~· prefaces a request s[u~has, asking' a strange'f fior'
1•'gl.nr· . .l-1wl
·l_

'ma-..'- ion
ti, '_c' "

\1.,.1,.

-

'1' t
I~' __

ca' . -.'

n---:__

...

1i'lo'1,~,o[ ~IIP.LII. AI~w m--::-'- A~ n "4:T" ['

'hank'-'" y. nUI- n !,·u
,·M '.'

'I'

,,'I

I"

'm. s· .niI"n1_ ,fI·tr.
• 'JI] ,.t~ ••

:Ii:li

nr'l u

"Pard '0·.. n
.1

.:_·_'_:._·!J:.:_.·_l

L'll

'-m'

'e- '_ :U
_:.

:".

,... . kad':-,eIU., G' - ro_ 'U'-JII:m~ aed·.,U" .,010 2-'- J- U-Jl k--:}-ra dOl
iii,

iii'.

,I

uF:"r'-~1 I-In o'clock :t:. "-'' :U'' ' D'u."'-.....•.M--" -'' '16-':' U Particles :~o:now words, rather than proceed them. (See G-rammar :II~:Pl~, 53~). ' 'e ~' ·I,r!j. ~"" N10:e U.'_c .~ns'1ad-·--'- Oc_. 8-:11 ..ka'ra- hi__ -- -, . t ":":·ilit· 'Ui, open, fro-,---- ""111'11'k-" ". the--· ~. . '·'·-t·· -' ...:I... ,t·- ,'" ','. ·'......._·-:-f-'·----c·... _' - '.- . g, ,-.aIm_liD lit ,'.,'~: 1-;Mil1 0 CIJ,OC -m ..u _- -. 0"'-'-Wh' ,en. ule V@(· :(C!!' unders ·t·-·,"",-~ n:ni-, "Y!:' tho -·e·· 'Ik·-·e'y···'nil\iD'~..I~, erb W'-'""!I.:i "open" ,:~~! ',--':""H-,D'd':::_"" ,,:--,-::_ ulru .. > .~~ ml_,_~ UE lJ'tN.l" ·.n'!,-.il:UB:II 4,k-1 L b .AI - - --. ·ft·-c~-- -- - - -. "I,le'fe JU-JI -_:_·ra. ',0.",-)1 ma: d- ei :.1,0Dr. owe d":-.,~yg,esu, are D;_Jen use 'd-I
". .'U/;ai,iI:,li ..
i

I~

.~_

~_~.I!!

'-

'p--;-"
I,

...

't,

UI

I .....

-,'I!'.~

·C.

-'-.'

.

:11":1'

I'

,;ii.':'r~ .

:liD

I,

Vi,

.

.

I

...

·.·

..

'.:'-.!!'i!'

Im-

-

-

-

-

l-

, ••.
-

--

-

,t,

.

3wI When,

'Time :m gen,erat Itl'u" '~'w:b,e:n?'~

N··· .. H' ,our,.,. an"'JI,. U.W.Il.lattnner' . " a:taD-·· ~.,o'.., .,.,:; ·:"W'h,iC-'b·· da-'Y' 0-'-'1' ;I;,1!,.'e· -'k,Day O·f-" ,~:~,~:"··;ri"~~_'_t, _:~.' ~,' ,-'L.e . '!l."AA'k' ~"II__ • v' ""b- 'liI! _-, , ._L IUII,_.ft".·. _:_.-:.,~ 'Day of the' month, ,Nan,~Diebi,~~wbi£h d-ay of the: :mloDth,?P'~ Month,.. N~.-C·a·,-·n. • •• '··'I:w··. 'h month~" rhI~"C'
'1I!!IIi'

']l... .

!O,

,',',

.i.

'.'

>: ,~.'

.~.

I!lDee'

.

,'~[t~'

~

_

~

_

~,

.'

'I~'

1'18-:- -.'1i1! .'1.11,1

.

_

1I

..

1,

_

,

~

32- L' ESSO'
I

!

l'.,

~,

..

'~""'"

";N' . 3
,',

..· P-- 'R··,·A,:·,·,···C······'I·',C···'··E:--'
.' "._ ' .. I~. ,_['",

I'll :Ima ,Io,zeo, lOii, d8lu~ 2~ H·il1li·',8aumi 'W8, l~Ji. 'kar8 I-j'i baa. :ma,de des.'ii 1, ,KyOl 'wa ~1B·tslu II-Die'hj d,es.,., ,4,*,AI'b;~,taWi, HaY8abi48.D DO 'taojlo'b,i deaa. ,~ Ki'ool ·W,. ·kin,-:,ob.i III.hig. I&. Kino, W'. mo:k'u,·'lyObi de--:a, arimaae:D,deahi,ta,~
"IIi!

1- It's II'O~" A.
... ~,;~ ~)
l'I"~1

'-M-'
-

'~I

:

no' W'
i.~·.~· ..

'i!!Il

:2.. :L'UDeb,tiMe' is from. '12:00 to l::30,~ ,3~Today is )'lD1e· 18i~,

4~ 'Tomorrow is M'r'~,:Ha,~shi'~S tdrt:hday,~ :5~,'Y'eslerday' 'was; :Fridly'" 6~,'Yesterday 'W8S, oo~ Tibunda",~

'h• '~_Inl.;yasu!lDI,
'Llii

_en

I

A 1.I~UJ~1
ri;,j'

,.,mc:h:i
8IhiIa, tanjlbi

ltulch ·time
IUlon

Iday (See EZeI'· else ·VI'., ,p~.35,,.)
't'Qmorrow
~:-"1L..A_

,alnl

,-asgmi. l.iiJhaa,
'k-'~' ~~Y·

rest (period)
ba~f :past:1. €lil~ I:~ :-,

o:~ cloc'k :hal"ij,*)

ban
10

'b-

:_'!alf~ .~--':_)
I

ltiDi :kiD-y6IJi ~,..illi

~, ,~,t8U

18 ,< :ale'!III, &.ptaa .tsu

t.., ..

today June 18 June, €ltt~.sm,th mon'tb)' month, (See Exerc1ise V'II:t p!~,35.,)1 18,day

',elitenll.y' 'Frida,y' da,y ,af tile week, (See Exercise 'V~
'p\~35~:J
"" -e

u.

UIJOt1I,'

deuita'··. t .. J _

I-

:

W,IS

mDk.·yi:bi ari masendeU ita,

~Th·_-;'··,-..:Ila- 11 :. .-:UI[-MJI .~'

was~..._1It _ lI.l~

] N:umbers: Memorize the: n'gm,befl fro'm 20 2O't)qu, 50, pja
~

'~D

100"
8'0:.b_h'iji
'90 t<
L ..... ~~!

~A_."','~ __ ._tiil D __ '!II'i.
.. 1!iI'I!II----!IIIM

40,

',aoju.
2~lmijrU4cbi. t

~n VU'i'

roIl<ilililil~'1l :- ~--__:_ _I::..

70; sbic'bij'i. :08..,fl

100:,

:_,.k'lI

u

'-

Intermediate numbers are made by ,addi'l1g'o the above 'D,u'mlbers" the, t nam,bers, from; 'I, to 91'
a'1I

11 'Look at the pictures and practice the 'following' pattern as in the example
fi&···I~

m'V''AD''

Ii!

1[1 Time': Practice telili'ng time.
,A'i 1m. naD,..ji del'U ka"

3;. A.M.

s.

A.,M,.,

,2.., P,M:,.

Q: I'ma, na'[lt!;j'i, ,dlesru, :ka•
.. '" 0-;_ . ,ali 0Jl:·~d':
j.

aalil'. ~al'"

i, 16=00,
2i' 3:~OO P'i,Mi' 3~ 9;:30 A,.M",

B, ._.• ~

Q= P'__ti \.,.[. ' 1-18ll,~ji,:ka--, . d ~'_1i k,:-., ·
l

A:. .-~jiikara, IdesD,., ' i.. .~D,k.6j[[9:,00 2'-, ,':;dlDI, ·t::45 BM' I ....

C,

ex. IQ:, 'De: .-'~Itow·. ft8n·ji mad.e deaD 'ka,~
A.::
GO._'B[

~Jli.madI1d'e&·u.
1~'30

I~ h,D,8s,u'mi,.[

2. yi,hbtkyoku:, : • ,10 5~OO •

3i1 .abigarto ,5:15
l

:0. ~

Q: .==iru·'Y88'.·J-'mi.. 8 Ra,.·,~j:iItara Dan~ji A: lZ~ji 'ka'" ................ mad,e Id .. 'ail l~Jli _
1,~ ei .• , 3=~30111,4·:451

.8dl:

d:u :k:

·ri.

2~ link., 9::10i~3':00 'V' Days [of the w'ee:k::M.e'mlo·riIe the names, of' the days af the week .. """' Vio~'bi·iii .s····;uo··:da u :~IUi!"Y'" :':'.~"L..- ''; :W:·.'e·.·.···d'-i. A. --, .• ". ..O dn-:v.A'·l Saturda.. "y ' .' RI"~ bi-' UUrll... ~[;r - ."-' ." ~. .l~ ,lejt811,~y.lJi'l Mo,n.day· ,dlo:k:u"":~b~,, bw~lday 1 '·-~y.6bi, TueSfla'Y' ,.~'·-.~y6·biJ Friday'
.• ..._.

Ii..
.

~

.

.,

.

'~l

.

,

.

.

[:,J'

D

;0,.,

,e.·~. QUil.l'..,~ iIl!. .V.~

bol; u I,at tau).' ~e: . - -t· .
III

'1- 1" 'IUII I £'L..

2nd fat ,uka 3rd 'mikka, 4th, yo,s 5th, :its,uka.
l,

'1 " .~I" j'id .:;,Jj\.I'.!ii' __'1'" , ~-'b lUll, '1;·' 1,2·~~\ "1. i;',ai£ - i
'.i"!!!' '.'Ii"
il '

IMI

_

- l'

-

.

.

1.3th •.j'iIB'D,.lIichi

14th~16Jkka

23rd" oijisaa-mehi q'AI h 1""·'1..... ~.t::'.··lJiiil'lUO&aa.
. ~I

i

'Ii'. ""'- '-~

-~---

15th~,JiIO-mc:hi
16th~.jiruku,·,aic ":i, 2: 8tb·t .·ijurok:- -~Dichi.
1

6th.;

:ml~i-.""-: .

'7th, :aanoka

1.7th~ .j u8IJ:ieb.i-;aiebi,
r

8th.•,o'ka [9th~,kDk~DDOk8 ' 1.0-b.t6k:,

.iI'_''t... 'I.,. Ir_L" ····'.Wfj lSa.'L. JUDaclIl"DI~1 19th" jrUk,u~Djebi. :2Otb ,:tsuka
t ,-~~

27th, :.ij.sbllcbi,~·niclli :28th:" aq'uhac . liM:·£.bi '29th" n'ijik'u'·Die'._~ 30th" :.. Djii .. ~ehi a

·31st, ;-.•...·iiCb:i··:'"'cbi. :

'VII .Months" Memorize. the: names o:f the m,oDitbs,~
iehi.'t~Ut'JaDU8!J' 1Ii~''.-tall" February'
. ~
1......

t8U. May..
-'--.f. .-.---_:

ka,~IIJtliU* Sc.ptem'be:r

shi.ptsa.;c A:pril

. ."'.,.;n, .' ~"'._Ut M'

ftJku, -... ea; June: t
tdlicb·i.t8:u; July' lm-e~l8t&u~ Au,gus,t

-h aIC·_,~.

ji·_atau" [Occober jideki-pJt&u, Novem'ber
jiWl'i~,p.rt.u~ December

Vl:ll 'Make di ~~ ,gu,es, 7 ·changing 'the underlined parts; as in the exam .~ •~·~",ve, ..Q h les -,~ ,A., ,K Q: K,6 ·naa-;D'lciti'.- ~u ka~
1 .: .[.

A: lkic:;hii des...

,:',11

1. Ie-.ichi. ;.)9,_, 2-: ,~DICI, 'bill'
I"

·3~ ,27:·nictd B"
g,

IQ::: A'slli,t. we nalll,·y6b,j d'8Ia,~_8, A: 1~-'~y6bi esu~ d

C.. es. !Q: Kin,a' "." 'nan!!luic1li, des'bita ka. ,
A:: ',]·uilclli delhl'la. , 1 Iql_ 'hi" .. ·~nlc ,(,
Ii

,2.. 13-uicbi

D~ ex. Q: l'Aaate ",0] T,RD:'l'bl wa i~~',de,'g" ,,' ' ~ '. .A: a.,latau deau. Q: 3-,l8t., _118II1j1lic" ",, delu 'lea '
A: ,~Pts'u~.iehi, deliu.

i'

I,
''II Iii.

"t8." It.
,
i

l5-,Dichi " '0Il I 'L,:! .,_,';<_~t8UJ' 4i;,_ eUil.

3.. 12~,ptlu" lB-aicbi :E a'i IQ: -:(',I' 6 ' '.:_-1 moku.,abl de _:bi_,,:, ka, ' A: De;, mok: ,iiliyibi.d,ewB arimasendesm.ta., 'Kin-yobi ,deahita,. l,. :','8,1I·'YO- -'i, :ka.')'Ibi ,2., '-~y.td, mok'.y6bi 3., ',~m.iy{lbi, aichi ..yAi,
- -------

'pili
,..I.....,
~

party

[aII,igo~"o
.0 BU !!!niClU
lIan·'JO, 1
IIF . '"

work

'lrillii,I:.ld

--.

'w:bicb day (of 'the month) 'which day (Off' the 'week)

i,I'u

when

D'%_'L .....

D-UJDv.

H·i,,'; .,'!Ii
'J _

.Ii

Smitb:

":'. _.t time :is it
,:-i~,

D,OW?

S

_ ~"_;;,I,

A~PAhP!l;r!i

~.a.,1:J'..

I·t',·j"a, Ig.:',·,~'QO'.:·I,", ~ _ .".:1

Smith:

'What time does, the ·':-'·eetina belin?'
:[t'"

Secre~ __y: r ,
36
'L'DD~M ·D~~··J

fro,m . 0':001,

3-'

7~ tu I!~:aiebik __ tle8U~ .. ~
"7"iiieM1W-"': J.~.II!..I~" ~; 'DII'!iIi:IIi _,Giiil'lil' IJI"Ab'-"I. 'd•' !'1!i[;'911,~ 'ka:'ii! d'G,'lolCl'l/'ili, '!IIII!!ftll·'Ifj'b~' 1.i!iiCi!~ !!I!!' ' 'U ' _~:
,!'

Ii,ift!"_

: ....

S'umi.u:
Tana'ka::,

~--uAb"I,' dellu' ~ '''''''''',j'u
r-e ,.,','

i

When, does summ.er vacation 'begin? S,mi!th: If's ,from l'w,,' '1..5,., T,ID'aka: 'What day is .-ully l5? i, II!i'th·~'~__ 1.',18, 1-. '[Sa.~:'_": '~·"'da'_'Y."", I' _., __,~ a .I,Ju..-, __
·S',·',·'m·,~
iI!iI,
Ii

: "" I,t '8-,:1 " ami,

li!!>ii iii ..... ,-" -'A'P

~1~_11

_ _:_t~"

'fij"'a',I-'!!!i!!II"'tiftl!'!' y' __ ~Jl!,ltU~"

aat••

's·I''II [ . lLLII,

:

'm','er, ..
I', .'~'

.. Q'U,' ' -:J'Z' ' '
L~
t-

.: r,
-'.

_:_'

I R,ead th'is lesson "s!openi

"~la'logue

and ,Inswler;be' foU[o~~"I;'ng

questions,

I. lOla, ,JO-ji dlesl~l_ka, 2~" ~:-to'W18 D ',.jii 'k ~,,'''_ __ d~~~,u 'ka. 3,~ Depito w. 7~ji. ma,de ,d' ,u,ka.,
II Complete the questions, so that th,e:y fi,t tb.e answers,
:l2-jli, haD bra des'g, ... 2. ::yo wa I( ' )1 d,eau ·k8.,

:".,".~, Id,",= u. ,·,obi

1 Kiai I( 2,.. WatBL,.hi,l( 3, ,~""~,, I( ,,"',10,
'I!'

) kio-yi,bi, deshita., )"l,q J'... 1.,.-,· d:,esll,~ ,. :k,aia--a, '.0 'biru·y'~·'-umi~ ra •..~~. ) :DaD,~jri( ) ,.~;_'~,~ii, t' ) dnu k,.~.
Ii!"
i : .•

1., 'Thank: you, very m'g,eh,., 2a ':I,ou're: welcome .. 3,. Excuse: me, U:n.tll what time dlDes, the 'post o,ffi,ce:sta:,.· lopeD? 4" ···~:oda:y tb' l51,~TJo~morl-owis the 16., is 5,. Truday is Thursday,. 'Yesterday' was, We d,'n,esd,ay "
"II QU"" 3"'7~
.

..

_ ••••

J

••

.:_~-

'L' E" S'8-"0" N""
._."
-,
,'".,

-.

'

.

' ....I:~.:-:..: .. '.

_.

U HO···'IW····::,·,··M·', '·~IC·:-'·H'·)
. "_'., .'.' - -.. , .... '.: ' -~' .! .•

,

·I~'th:'· ~,~a' ', ... :___.,r~.~ de : ment store Mr'" ·S····'lm··· g'o'~ sho'pl~pl~n,d In th"e-'" part .'
"'. '.-" I." . __;"_ . .I. . '.'.
.1_ -". " _ :' __ "".:.' ~"'.

""7

...

'.;'

A"

A
0

.'

'7 J ''\
..... jill

r" f/)

L.

~

~' \ \~ :: '!, L L1\

.A ~ A, :
'4(
A""",,
'''''1' ~ ~
co

:t~?~~ ::h ~,1 \," <. t; \'~ _"/:/\J
0
t

,~

Iv \ 'Iv. ~ 3: OOO! N '~.t" tt ttl tt \," <. '~'~"'~'
0

,6,\ 0
:~-'" Jrc;, \. ,
',;_ ""'" .

~)' .."e._ r~"~ /- ~ L. ,.tT\
A
'''''I

4 N ~. I. .', 1Ii , !IV

I,

.. .""' ..J..A,· LJ ~ ~P' 4'" "" .t,"'-"

~~ ~ r--,;;/··~ '~ ~ \ '\,Iv ,:: ,:1\,""
. ''',~ "
,

..... ,A.

;:

;'"

'"

..

("

',IV ,.J.'
.,

,~, ~)I1]'(' ~

Q

'1 :.~ ~~~, t ~,o

.

Ira ~-::-.haiI1l8ge. So~e 0 misete :kuduai, .. S;ulDiBU,; :.~ .. g,ZO D'epata 'DO ·teDj:iD: H II;, d' Kare W'aikura d.- ~-·U.k.~ Sumi •• : Dep'~'tD'DO tell '10: Saazca-'ea Id,esa. SIU'ftlir;,ar "-II! Sore, wa ikurB d~··!Uk.~ Dep ~'Itol O tem,'ia:, Kore mo 88.8ZeD~n dleau .. D :Sr'lImi -a: Ja, ..' :Ire 10 , ··'ud ~~.I, '. DepitcO no tentin: Hai, •.rilllto goa,un_a.,
1

De-pl'to, 'D,O 'h'D'lo:

to

,

. ~~ ·A&aaa_I.

_"._

Iii

l

l

I I-"t, -- . 1: .. flil).'St,ore Clerk:, M . Ie-:'b- e~pyou. S~~ ·..~iI'. ,u;W··· elco:me~,'. ,Smi!tb: ·Would,.oo Show me 'that" please?' , .~,e..t~", Ilr,. 'B' .' yoo are, ~ere -. Store Cerk: C' ~~~',.' ..;. tho Sm·~th·. -: Ho.'W much lS,'~ '-. Store Cerk: 3,,00. yenii . Ho- W··~_,--::MI ·n~('!"h··;,~ that 0"0' e."" JUl... S'm',·"I"I~L,.,
c •. ') (:
'C

~._a, .' "

"'!!ii~;n1;j!ii.'i

,11•.

1-

_:~

...

11

-

.:8'
.Il'_~
'.

co-

-. I

!.

'

I

_ ....

U;L.

.ILiI"

-

I,

.'

-',

II

Sto~eCerk: This,ODe;'s, :SrOOO 'yle,-~ too... Smith:: WeUl then,. :please ,give me: dlat one, Stofie: Clerk;: Very well.; sir Thank J'OU~,
t'

90
~'

teot'in.
iruaha'i.'mase'

store: clerk v ..
1p. ~ .',

Come in!IVl,elcome'! (lIe.etiol 'to
cnstome -en;
~lllUlr _'LJUJI-Ij,!I. __

'1!'R'. :~:I;'~~:",!ires·[i!fllf' ........ ~,~IS)' a~;U;r~1 ~ _ Lawuialilll'~_ ,

sore o 'misete :kucl
, ~_~_!li!1__~. ra jil~".- g.'

I ,'m-.-:-- ,'!!' ~ ~ _.

.ii'

that, that one'
(O";b-'I'I .":·1 mar'..' . : ';ee~
e .'.

:tl!!"~ II ft'Dft~,C' ;1,....,)-1 A,CI' ,~'II.& .Ie...

Please show me
··.·ra)'
,,_J ~ . ~

;i!'bAlw~
1' ~ _

ikura
sanzen,-e'D
:"D

bow mucJl 3 ,000 yen
1

,en, .••.. :)
too i(part~:cle" 'W,ell then ..~,~ ..'lease ,Ii've me: ~,,~, "

mo
j.a
.', .~Jlal, k'g"cia
<!11

I 1Il"·o·... eji ft. ' .•' :'
'!II
r,

'Dft'Pa

<DUll. ~
~l.

h. ,a', 's o·'"',:_._J 'v ""th" .~ "iii an:""-__:.~. . i th t " :U J- a''.,.,' . "_. ,~, . 11li'i5i thr:ae." .- e.-arate nt' -,_ ~ d' ';'.11'.' . . __ panes "L,__ " "111:'''';:' _ep' ". . .~.~ dieators: K,o:re,! sorel, and are. (See: N,ote 5,.. p,. 46"1,) ': ~ di ~-~' _ La r ~,pea~: . K O're-:. - m:~··acat te , some th "n"'. . ''''''e!~wr th·e'.'-, ::'~ 'k' It£:! --e 'd-lcates ~·' __''''L!ng .,. o' ',,~, . nr, to' ,001'" in mmcates alom etmnz n'a~. the ,"i\:Q,roon S'P': k-'<!!:!Ion' me P' e' ,A_·.· idi ..•.. '" '-'tbi-''''-" ".' near .. I':th -,. ,-...., .' ,ft!£e mcicares sometmng ' nott" ....... __" ,e'll. er., person. '. h- , b· es~ , - orle WI 'w,a'tas-", .. ',0 melB h' :1·,~e;B, ,'.' u'Th" 1SIS my~'!USll'neSS lcar'-d " . ' " d' ' ", .,'; ~.. K 'Wh'" .. .~,~~
.' i

I.. a.'Pa;l!li
.

~

E'Jng' 1: I,)~,sh .. -..,':.. ,-:1
iii

.~

J

,.1.~

..

'ii'CI!

'0

.~_I_,

-

J

_

.:

,~

iii:.'!!

••••

_

~'_,_,

'1"

_'

"~
."~.~_

Iii.n''''
." ~~

'_

_'_ '_

1.fG..

G

~V;

J~.

I

'Il

1"1'" _

III.~,

__

J

illL .'..

"'.'Ii",_•. ._~_~£,
J

'I,~

Ii

'!Ii'

II

t~,

2 M'-'o'-'
• • ~. .', J

The: particle mo' means
': '8. 0- e·-aa..·"t:'I"V,·'Q
1: ~'I" ~

"it'OO.1

also, eithe:r~:j:"t is, used, '~D,both affirmativ'" and I

a.n~ c···,,as·ten
~~I' I . :~_.,.~ I.

,a~ Sere wa 3, OOO-eD, d'es.;Dil Ko,r,e'mo ,3,~O~

desu, 'That
4

ODie

is 13,,0'00 .. This ,

lone is 13,000,., 100..'" Kar,e: wa. wa,talhi DO lias :'~8 l.rilDaae.D,. So.e m,o wa:taahi 0,0:j.a ,Brima'sen. "This is not my umbrella. That's net 'mine either,"

3. Ja, sore 0 k,u,da8.Bi~ 'Dew. and j. correspond to '~··wellll' 1.~wel1 or' then, ,:, an 'iD'terjlectci.on e,xpressiDg [00" U~'IO:--"l or ,'. ,-',I, resisnanon
') .. .." oil

'.. '. '0"1" foe' ,_,_._

~,_ ~:&,II,

,.iiiii!I~!~,~Q"III,··!&,II

..

.41So~e

kud:! .:_i,,, ~ :Ku,dalai, Ct"piea'8e' give me, ,:, fonows the olbj,sct, ("8 D'OOO, referrin~ to concrete 'thi~p; anlly:) + obj,ect, marker o, In this case, onepis:llimBsa can be 'used, :mstead of kud.aai,t £I.. HaDaD. 0 k'rllilaaai. "Please give me some bananas,..:" ,
0

5~ Ikura, "how much:':' I&I~ G,DO ~fuirum:u,,_._
'.!

i

~,=~U~·· de.

ka..uH'ow much 'i,sthis fi .n]"

NOTES 39::' ."

' TI:-C' P'IRA' ~l_"': C'._-' ',-, "'E, r

1. ..-.~ ,".-

KEY ~SIEN;T,ENCES,·' ~~~ ...............
I., 'Koft, we, 'tok1ei d,esu,
~I .!!Iil

.............................

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiOiii ............

....._..""","""""""'."........,..,~~~~~

...............

,I):!!,-,- m' , ~J:=_! -"-'" ,... ~

'G'

f.._

II '. to-;

.

,k- ,.;
_

i~~

~I'~-II"-,
~. ~~

IQlIA_~,
~,

,g, I~
I~~U

,1

AJ '._,'K'-:' 8 'k ,...1 .1: ,'ore _'BUIuRa. , • ,Bte IJI8I 'k...A- 88Ijl ,_~: __ 5- A,_
1

,ell_a,j ,'-

ill'

~\I!

l~ This'is, ,8 'Watch'i tlI, '~f.li,t, 1S a-I '.~a,::,~'L, f !IIJ.
-, t
I [_ _l

'n!_ ~nll'

'iI,~,
'~[II

one ,Clover d'leJi'!:)' is )'3,.'000. 4\01 Give me 'dDs,one, 'p:leasell' 5't Give me' 'that one (ovler there'll" too, :ptease'~
3,,, 'That

I 'Look, at 'the picMts, and 'pra,cti,ce: the' foll,owing pa'ittems'l A,~ ];1R8Iine you ,are ,M'('" A and :sa,' the fo,llo w1ng'll
1Il'"_1I!IQ' 1- lll.U'.l~
t'

'Ii

-~._ _'

4i,1l

Q:, p"",,~
,A~
l~

W'-UII,'~

'BI W', trDa

"'~\lIiIiIlaJiiIII"'~U;'

'!lL, "'ill

'n_ "\~'ii:iIi'Jb,1 Id'l.... 1Ll-1lli~~ _. " ~.~

l.~

'·~k-,a=d-liiili.a-u~_.!!!II

I_~_r~_ _

l

UCB, ,., , ill

,

,B,~;Now :lmagine' 'yIOb, are :M:r B and say the 'foUorwing,,,,
i

l~ :Kore.. 'kua des1l.. , 2:~Sore '-,-_,'-~, d:_:~:u(!!; 'Ia:klei 3~,,Are wa 'lIe:l1sbi, IdeaalJ
Cl!ERK

'C'I' lmagjne you are the clerk and, state tbe prices of the o:bJects ilusl:ra,ted~

Ii! Xure '.'.' __3fO(l(J.ea .' "''D,!! 2~ Sore WB1 3;5OO-endau. 3'1 ..;'- 'e [. '. 3,SOO-ea d . •

lOO .. '·,8k:'.
' '0" DuJ,Y"· 20uu, _ill.. _'iI.. "r"

'I 'iIi'"['0"00" '.'.,'"
1r

"'1

,I.'

,,-

-,
,

10~OOOI idI'~' ,,...;,

'-1-

:2~,OOOi' nisen
U

'1- 00' .'

'0:001 lam.atl I., u,
!J!i I!!!.. . , ,

3-'00;-/-;
1

.11

:

...

,

'IU"

·L..

3~OOO" ,-:-:-ze,o

1,OOO"OOO,~yakUlllan, h

.4 00,.. JOlt :yaku.

,4,000 .. YD•• ..

eII,

500,.. 10111 'ro'-'PP" -',vak" 60'1'0'" ;"'1
1.'-r,' ',"". [ ',', , ....

,

,'y~_, "
I

1-'00-'-'
,Ottf\Or' H-Y.

,', .. ",.,j

--.

n

iIIi,ftab-,_l~'Z'" . Lg
••

5f" OO'i,'-:-':~'D 6~OOO~o'kuleD r
'71000~ DaBalCll ,8:::\0"00 .. - .,- ,-.- e~',IJ --. __ ..•

u;a

·11

b'a-'p-p; IV. ~u.1
. ':_, ":__,

,J![

- _._'

;u,

, .'11,_,Uu" __ 9-0-'0 '" _...'L·va ir,D,, "nterm 'e'dl'a'''.o. numbers ~ .Y.-I i~~: :_._,U~,,~-_,III~L
[_lll'''~~ ,:, - ,,'

9 :OO{]. kyil.eD
j L~II!I~

"' '-'1 ';I"'" 1· :,'0"_:00""': 'I!'eco.,,1...0"0'0" .U
00(1'

10:,000, 000 ~ leDDI' __ ~ 100,,1000 ;,000.. :iehioka It,OOO~[OOO~,OOO;; jriolku lO,'OOO~OOOJ~,OOO,~ hya'k,uoku. ll00,OOO!;,OOO~OOO,,, &en I;ok,•.
1
1 I .. "._~

I

9~a mad a '-I' I~ ~~~ "1

[.~·IV.

c'nm'Lm:']"ng' U
'-.

I -~

.

'.~:

" ,;i,L._. numbers IU:IE . i ,.: .

_'J jlflihmpnll:!l;'nID' ~_.'_

J_"'~~.

,"t;"h~A ,'. ,c, U'

i&.'IL.'e·'" Ul· _.~LI'rl!

G.,
I' ".

:135h:yakll~,ajiiilO
1 "

1'1,829" Be., __ ."PJaku~n~ij.k.yi
i
~_._._"_._ [_:".

'De'" ~ ~U:lliII!CIt ,..:,-,!,,", 'Ila
()

('TI__:h' iIIlIIi, .','
~J

w,
_"

lii!"rd'; 'fa- ,r ~'..,J'_·"""l: mal po,""--: ';'n~'t- ,is' ':':U
~~" ,",

II__:

I_I

t'_'Wa ... .• - . )'

,I'

"".J..!~" Z·~ .'-"A'V'
~I

Oli 'I, rei 'te'D __

o 5·3-[8:"
, .".'.', .

O.~219,., -rei ten :Di ·kyii.
'.' ,I,~1II.

~:

te""'"

_"

'D' ~... aaD" '. DR

,

',', _'',h'I'I'i'!!

FractiOns" (Bua means •"part "') ll2 'albUII, DO idd 1'4:Ji
t

YOI-'

baa

DO

:'ehi
3':'

III: Make dia'lo,gues by changing' the undetli ied parts A. [e:r~ Q: Kore wa. ·~'.r8 desu Ita. A: I> '.', .• ' '", ",·-:12"OfJO.ea d,.·" u,
1.l~ 2' I-'~'"
iii ,~_

in the: exam ~:ielgi'ven~

~111 3 7~ -~ .~-~,

:Sore ,;_, ......... A: Bai,1 "ere wa :btm. ,de8U..
Q:
,-

.

Q::, Are IDO' 'M.. d·. • ka. .' ' .. ",'"EIl.al_ A _ 'Hai'~ 11'..... -.., h . ' d'i ~'iII"'~
.
lii

'jl:'MliII'Iioft'ft,
,alU.V

'lI"

~'.~~

~

'.

~

_~

'I'
1-

!II
_

,""
I,r
"_"'

~
_

-...
...~,

.

1

iIiJ. - - ~:A '•• :nIJ-'

C .... Q':,. K'
~ ~ ''.

_! __

'.'IIiA ftJ'i·I! Vr"l~ · ....

;

ikil

~·'.U- ra-·,-' " "

,"",

D'

"I',

_

'.,', ,_.
.lI!!!

-~a..3:10,_. -~-' ,d,.~: ... , e~ n~_ IQ:: An~ 3.. OO-ea .'·,·:u '_' me 5
A'. "''1":
~~ ~
:-Jl.lII. ,
,

I'

,A,: :Rai., 8I'e :IDD ,3\J5OI).eu [desD.
D'VDi'RCC,1SIS
~..',;

.. _~I

...

,. '1

1

·

II -

iii' "

:y' '

'i··~i' [.

.r

: :·:~'.. if! ".. \_,

5QOO.········· '. I ,: ..
-

:'

.

D'.,

:£1

2 .an, rBJIO Q: Sore wa 3"DOf).eude8.,u,b .. A:I' ~ai; .~o.re.'8. 3... D d :,UI 00k Q,l Are'. 0 ,3,(JOO.e.a, dies. k_ A: Iie, are wa. 3,~QC)O..eDdewa a·ri· • sen .... ,3,,500~e.d.esu. ~ ~iI'O 1 ., p' IiIliiWIG·k..::....i '"" :raJI.L e,':IU;a.~,~~UUlII:l
.t
i
J
r

.I~,

,

ow'

II

..

2~

·T'alll(~Ia.D DIO' '110,11, Sru:milrQ,.8IU111,o,

bon,

:IV Pra.ctice' t .e following pattern by changing' he underlined pa'rt as; in. tbe exam'ple~giveni
a:. Kore
0 kudasal

j, :1IO're

,2.. b,.i1ii~-r,. 3. mizg, ~ ,f.. rinlD

umbrella
'~"bi· "~.I.,e
.J

asbtr,I'Y

T'V' '.:.' '·R,. (.. c,t)·
gl'fiP-

'ii 1ITIIi1il ..... 'IIr UI.&IIii!_

'w,ater

h t· "''''--:·'!'~·.iI, . -¥:"~fWII.

rBlI10

.

II,. _

radlo

t"1'-~ recorder[' ~ _ ~I-IU

'riDiD 'resbito,

,apple
~~~'P-::
il, 1!Iiii-~~", ~_

•.•..
I
'.

IS'~ ',". ,~. " II '-..UDU8U •
.11

Smnimasea ...A.re wa :r'aj.iodesu kl. ".... ~ lie, :--110 dew'~:r.:,' ea. Tip'are'lwclI1dea,u. ,&~ Sllmis1l~ KtrN wa, raji'o ,d.Ha, ka'll
.~I .. ' .

'Ti""'''II,. .. .• ., , .an>!l'·ID-·
I~UDlI8
iO..... ,_,1;
,I

Ten:''',': .. ·amlB.
...•. ,'.

"9',-.1: 'ra J,'.O u-eliu.~ . ~ ..... -:'- ii'l·.....:1 .. - ..
,g -"

I __ Jill,

d,·.", k,a~

.i
,I'

28,OO.~lII des8., . :. ',W~I" k... :0 ,k,udal8i.

,·~··~:mIJL1.iJ_: S

··' .',,"L.

'Clierk:
Smith: .1..-

.Excuse :m.e~Is that: I, radi.o'? No. it's not a, radiot. I:'t,~sa tape reeerder. Is this a radiol?'
"ITIiiIW!i
''_ ~)I

Olerk: Smiith: 'C~rk:

I: S

~t· . a :EtiWO,~ ~I! _ _AI.!·

How' much is it? It.:'s' V'28 j''lI\J'U. ,. ___ ~, Smi:tb: Then,' :."U. take this ..

dew'
~,~

'well 'thea
~£jJO'" rili.f· .. !JU.I"

.AI ''II

I'

Quiz
'UIZ" - .,,-',

,

"", .!
I .. ~

S

I

'1'·,"." ..,:, you '.','., ,'.,'.. rne ' tj" "',, .-' d: '.',,',." ~"-:'.,. estioi "" I . nnagme .,., .. are B·: m'. tb m-:·-mstraeon ann answer". A·"II'.s questions.
r -... .._

L 'Ko,re~wa tOlkellde-I,u. " '~8i. Sore 'm,o to,_el, .'ea,u, .k k l_lid' 2 A'ltlle'"'a;' IlIIdal'nl d"-Iaau kl".:, 3.. ,A'n! '•• lk,ura ,d:--:~',u,ka, i4:~ KOlre~ 5Ot,OCMkm desu ka. me 5~ Klore~wa 'ik.ura ,d,e8U ka, 6,,1 Son mo 5,OOI).eo, deaD ka ..
_~ .lI.l 'R': ~~ ~.' _. _~._ .... __ Ii!

A

B

1 So w,a, ( _'.' .'.:~.;re, . ) d.es'd. ka, PA'kA..I "-"'8 -·nl.,.'.· K,iii"UiiIie' '··"8 ,-"ep'" ·u-'iI,~,UU' d-,e,u.
~. ': - .. _-I ,,', . 'i "

!.

,

V,LI.

,2., Kore wa ( ) de.D, ka. S. ··,.re wa J3,OOO4D de ,,'U~
3'~1 KocbirlR, '.'. I(
T,BD8" ,_. _·.', _'. 'O'-i, de ___ -·:ka,'"
'Ifll_ ''M"

). desu k',',~ ka,

4,,,, ,(

) wa

lkura desu
,d,eSII,1

,Are W'. 3,5(».-1,

I'I:[ Put the appropria:te particl es lnthe parentheses.
1~,Kore« ,2;,-, Kor,e ~

')'kudasai.
:),"',gra Id,eu ka, i

5~,f;OO-et1, desu, Sore ( ) 5,000-8D desu 'ka,~ .. ':'Ol'~' C Hu-, k )1 5,~D ,desa. ,4;,_ ~' " 5 [Ii'W\inL-n I'.: "0"- ,_;_:__,,, ,1 :'..::.:,~;_ :._:ka-'-' , ru:'e: ) ,5,iOOOwen dewa, ar,imBseo,. Are ( lie, are (
, '" .- ,"'11,""',

.,

d"

-,

) 3,50~D, desu,

'IV":
....

An':

','

...

.-

.-~'_,""!.

s:tluer'.'.-:, '. j"L.. Wl.,.Ule

rith

." ··~'o; ,.' ':' . ..- e . e'~~. '.. , . ..,a,panese,~ lapprpna, te ,ex,pr"'~Q,lon,s rn, J"". "'. ;'.",
'J,.'

'!.,

1., When ,[O'U want a,store clerk, to show' you, an article 'tbat: is near him, what do yOrU :11;,.1 'Wb d lded '" e th d0 2:."~,,,:£0 you h'nave I~.e,cl,~ to buy an artie 1 that is near YOU,;., what: '.~. you say ' ,;-:,:'.
I -

to th,e clerk,? 3,., When, you want, .~oknow the price of an article 'near' you", 'what. do you, say'?' 4,., Wha.t does a store clerk say w'hen, a, customer enters the ,s'tore?

DS" . S~"' L,~,:,.~:'-!!JO"'--:""N""'li

~ ~ .A, ,::
1':1'
0;1'\,
,.".

',....

t' .. h· -it Iv
..' !~. .

.

-',

:".' '0,

: -:,

I

~

~,

(/)(,>' ; I
.
[

.

'~." \i.

. (

1~ ?

'ill

''''1'-;'''i'(';;'''' '0 '\,., IJ' , .

.',

y' .-

,.J1
~l

J- ;,,~,
" , ,_-

'.'
rl'

'V,ojo'

f-. 4" ~

In

4',~ -=P

~

,

Iii
t

.A,
,

lal
'I;;..;.~'

"

~

A,

"",1

.,%,
i' ,.

1m V~

+?

lit!

~,

~. \

/:./

J. J

r- 7'-' 4'·~ ... ',,", "

'll)

,n ;i, ?~'
;( ~,A:

': ': It ~'~T 't.i'.o :2,5~ 000 t ,Iu, :, ,tt ~
{ -' 1:., ,'';'~' ~ '_'","""''\( \ ,\, ;0

<

,t~'~,.,'0 \\
'2·····5: O':'O,-",O'!
'.'

2(

;~,~'?,2ft'Q tt 6,' [~, "7 '1' l:vA ~'
0'

'1:.'"

!~

-e '-?

,..h .... > J;: '/./r

'7"~·~;...... ;:, ,do

'L~'_

~

J' AI. ...,~,+ l '\, " '0

~S.mimaBea.•S.BO kamera W ,ik:ara d,ng, :k'.• , 'Kame'··'r.··· ,.,.,B~' Dere: deB. ·ks., ~"'.~ !OI_ 'b" d . ~D,O c ~'US8lli(-.m,er,B,'·. elL, S~_ ~- ·0.. }'·U·',j 'K.lIlera,~y.: Ka~e desu 'k,B~l:25\.OOO-en,d[esu,.., DOzo,,, g'_mu': :Kor'e ,0 kud.aai"., ~Soreka'ra 'mn'ma ,0 m'itt ...I_I ku,d;aaai.
,,'IiI~"'IIIS'tr!l !II' .,I"lI&I;, . 'MI'
..
',~

[S'··· '.•. ,..'
iI'ilDD' "-: •.:

_:I.

,i;;j

'ii

ka-

,hC1llle. me, H,G. 'mUCh is 'that camera?' ~, ....ill~'!!!ii,ft,,!i' ' :~':'~'i; oni!: 8ir'~! _ -, .... Sm'ith: That amall eamera, :Salesman': ',J,:_:a; ,ane'? It's 1:215itOOO~ Here you are',,, ,Smith: I~I,Utake' this~ And, please' 'let me :.,98 'lbre!' (rolls of) fil, ~J~
Smith - _. ._
f;' . ,.,
.,~

~~,&&'iIIliIi

'.'

..

I'

"

-,

..

..

.

.'

~'IU'J
'-ft' J /' ,,;,t /'" 4
......
""

I'ba~'
.'

..... " , ,.'~ h:J,',' '7-: ~'.
.-,_

~

~,....

.

era-:' .---..'. '.'-. cam' e' .- - '-I-I'-r lcamera .,StJG,re,. ',"",-..' - '31"3 lie ,e,
''''!ilIIirm';-' , 1i.o;Gi I

'. -'.'

I '

I

..

0"

..'

-

',-

I,"

I

"I'

[-"

~

'S''''~a, , ' 'LiU'&

I"",,,

'E!!a1'1IIA.. ~Q!-'ii;i ,r:-

II.&~.
ftW!iIiD

_brick

amaD, [C-i adj:,,)'
'~'

AlAI

'71/:v~,
,~",??

:t ho"~

f utrum'.
Iii

and
film ,3

mitts'u

I.. 'Kam,era-y'.

Kam,era ..,a 'm,eaos not onl, "camera store' 'but also. the store o:wne,r Ot ,s'tore clerk, YB, is add,ed, to many thi:ng,s to 'mean, the store or the person sel ing
something ..
~'::-. ,I.~

ex. Ba .·"af!! fiow'er' sho'Pt fl'Ori8t.:~i.; :BBkaDa·ya", "fish ahoPt fisb seller":
.:Ii

'bO'Dlil

'va' "boo store ... ook
..•.' "

JU.Il'~,

boo"

.

:k· I.~.:.:

seller ~ .ll.~,.
"': .

l ,It

'd" .~. d so, . ....d ·l'·h···· -···f'.ft.P tha "1 '10 ac dil't'':.- '. :., 18,a' connective ~:~ d' ,I'J,OD, '"-.. . "- .. t: ann, an'~ ,8I.... anl--,~c__eD" a placed at: the iltlginn'bll' ,of a new sentence to connect it to, 'the 'pr-evious one,
!.

'k sareara, _······

IIUi

.

i

'IU:;;I

- .,'

,

'

, ...

,a

.Mi'·,Do

In Japanese' there are two numerical sys,tems the bitot'I'II" M'mt.lu, mittl'U, system, and thee abstract 'i~cbitni, 8811 ,systlem,~ Countiq ,t'mngs cam. be, done: in
t

'tWOI

w,ays;:,

L Usinl'the hi,tlots'II,t fa't.biU" mittB,u, :system mdepenldemtly~ (See E:xer,case II[~
p, ;48.)
., !;_I.. ; !lit· '.. . L,_ (.. .1] f) '~um.· fn '. . ex: ~"UII"'lim.. 0 n '.,j i::" :U 'k d ~'I ....~mase 11,¥e; me tnree '.'roJ 9 O~.· .1~1l ,18881. '-'plli_ ,2:. U:liag the i,e'hi, :D~,liD ,SYIJtem ,comhuled with a, eounter ..Two counters are -m ..';;fo:rthin, flat objects such as paper, records etc., and -hoa €,~'bcm, -POID", / for :_.ong."lender objects such as pencils, 'bo;ttles", etc, Other counters appear i:n s the appropriate pla.c'e 'm the text· and, 'they are ,livleD, omprehensively in, ,A:p'penc di > .• " I
I!! l,
_IJ

~'ho'--.• ~ [(b'
'. . .

'. - U

1ii"IiJii!;
I ·"

II!!!!IJ~!II_IJ

iftij,!Jhn"y'
'."

1tiJ

ill

II

......

n_'IIII!!!!~--:)' :II\1II,.,
1

.p,pon
• -~D~
.. ;II

«

nB.a..;'IIJ,OD

II"""~

,

:ai!!!!:bo;d

'happoll

'kyO-IIO·D
jappon,
ro·,IIii11D8.1
_.___ ._1'

I%~

B.llaki 01" 'lJI,mal kU __~I_t'~~:~ "Please 8iV 8 me 'three :postcards~ 'I' (,llt",•·'three ·;sheets of " :':1)
1 '~.!I! . _~.:

Note: LJ 'Tb' -e" LJ~to'"~tILl' J' fa"'· tat·-su" 'DD_··'ii't,tau , sy:sl'-m'" lOB" ~ ,O'AAS a'_' 'f_::~~ t·o:·(':)-O".II;' ['~_-. ~ .'- ,m -.""'-u' ... ilv e~:··.. ~ ar- _ ' ..·) aft·"'A.F . L_~1.. _._.,'_~ •. ::._::'.. .;..... wh'ichthe ichi; m, :~":.. yste-· isu.sed: jUiiiie 'i, j7;,-:D~, je, . '''':,~tc, e
J -: .,", .... ,_ ... ~~ ..
~I •• _

,iI!!!!

'!!II&!

"1_'(

~'•.

',,",r

J

'L'IID-~'
I?!I.~..
I~J'~'

AC
L~

4'1 Fui'ru'm'u '0 mitts,u k,udBsai. No,te the 'word order: thing 'k d ":,U'"

_1.
!II!

+

0'

+ numeral (or

n'l1__ ieral and eounterl

+

5,.

ehiisai. kamer,a Chii, ,,',',i is aD ,adjectival' Adjeeti.ves will, be: ,.'iv,en in. Idetail in, Lesson 1.3 and
:KODIO

Lesson 14,

IL '" '" ' 4 ~,',,",~~~ !'t 'Da~ 'pOllintedl' O,U, tb- t tnere iQ.J~~·lu"",,e"!Dr,:~ ~ .:.)-,",~h' '!i'a a'nd that: t ,'J8', ere three -d"- :'or '1"'),, '~J",~, ,~I<.~~ t' D, "esson', I~.~,~J_.~~ kO'f'e.. :Iore and are, The demonstratives kOIDOli saDIO and aD,Q are used with, DOUDS and have similar meanings from 'the viewpoint of the speaker, Study the' follOwing ,diagram, and 'the chart (see ,Appendix :F) to understand the meaning
th"

~,''''';Q.

'UI""

[I'

-

~.

of these, words,

@
,

S,PEAKE:a····

,

@
. .

-

@
,

@
, ,

,

. .

I

..
,

,

.

~

a JL.. ,u.U!lII~ liii'H' ,ow numy ~ ' u~,D~'';'iD " .. .. . ,,_::-:
iii'

k ..,"'PI ' ~', 'e' film !II!! ._, , 'UJrUmu, O"U: d',asallii -tease give, me: some "I, F -- ,,-;.~ _'II Iiiik''~ut.8'l1:._~el'U I,. ,.:,iCe'··,," ," '--:1'., ,,SIr,] h'.',ow man,y ,d-', you.. 'WlII"'h',n.. . "" - d' '.' "'ka' '·.. .:, .". . ~,.,rtaln~,y ,,0 ..,',; ,.-, '
::IJ,I,:
·c'

"'_'u

,

.

"

I_,~_

,.'

iO'.

.

,"

., '.-

.'!!I

'P' ' ' RA' .' 'C"TI'
1 • " I' '\, ••• ~. 1 ,_',-,

-,

I

"C-:-'E"'~
.~"": ~::._-~

KEY SENTENCES, ~~-~~~~--=----_,...,.--~.~
L...KoD,O kamen '••. 25,tJOO.ea deau. 2., KOB. rlDe·,·'·' we :ldto' ... ; 200411 d,es u, 3. Kof1e W8 'N'illoD'DO ka-era des,g., 4i~ SeiDe eIJ.~:'.', < e chl 0 mitts. kuda.sai,., 1.. 'This, ,camera 'is 1251'OOO~, 2. One 'of these apples, is 1'200~ 3'1 nus :~_, a ,Jiapanese camera. 4, Please.' ,live me three ,of those :smaD batteries.

...,............. ~.. ..~~

-:"0'" hi· U:' 1 d~ ........hi", b8- _'_'·I': _", _
..

hOBO
~~I.,

tMs
,

.

-~

..

I'

"

'ttery'

'

1

...

_-

"1'

"

46 LESSON'S

~~~~~~----~~EX·"/E)Ri·;'C·-·-I"S~~~'ES·--·:-1
I ". .. l "... '( ',_ -', . _'

=-~- -~~~~-~-

I 'Look ;1:1 the picture and practice 'how to use ko're'Jk,oDOJ~! sore:/soD,o and
a'rel.nID.
I, Klore wa 30,ootI-en desu,
Kloao, kamera wa 30"ooo-ea d:et1 u,
l

2. Sore'
SoD,O

W~

,20.0CJ0.en de JU,~
desa.
J

'to- ·,eiWB ,20,,~n

3.;; Are w;a 1.0,OOO"e: d,es'D,.,

AnOI tip11uk,Oda wa 1,Olt_en d,e8D~1

'Iill Make~ Id'ia],ogu,e.:s changing the, 'uode'rUned :partl as, :in t'be examples 'by A"I e%~ Q:, 8,0 80 'k~,~·er. ,;;-'U---, d,·-II, ka~ 'wa
1

gi,vlen.

,

A:: 'Kore wa ,3G,.OilO-ea, ,dell U,.,
I, ]mo'o

mjio" sore:
'DO,

2:1'

,80,0.
c,

tipurek,iNli, .a:
klllrum ~,desu ka,
DIG' des'u,11
'

,8,., G., :Ko~- wa, NillOD
,

,A; Ile, :Nih,OD80 dew., ,ariDla-aeDl Do/itla
I_,1"
~:I

a --e'; '-I, - , ' ~',.'1 '1--.;';,u'ii'i rik-,_",.g!R

2,• 1'4f_~in_F U_~ __ --rans,g uu, ,IA"

C.. ex: Q: Rare.8
I.. Doiltsu

kamera desu ka .. A,:, NiboD DID kamJera de.a.
,doko
,DO

2. ,Amerita

D~ ai, Q:: ,M,O at., kasa wa Ut'ura d e8U kal'
l

A: Are wa 5,tlO(Mm dealU.

l~ ,cbUaai kamera, 20~,
2,. E,~g',

'Doit.u,

80 t,okei"

lO,OO1kn

'Q: 'Ha,aabi-aan 110 tau w,e1mr" desu ka, ,A,,:, Hal" S(llr,e' desu,.,
1 lROre':, kere 2" are, :are'
ill

F' a. 'Ha,ubi48D, :00 'kua, 'W., dore:_'eau, :ta'l _,~
__ A III
I

v',m;re- -'. l_rU:- .'

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d-DDII-'-'
illlll!rU

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o _.

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tepa
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k'liillil;~rjlm.':_:.

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,4il ,otts.
!3"t Ltsutsu

1', na.•alb,u

',2~, fuUdsu ~ mi"Hau
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to,'-, 'at-, t-"h'-' : , ---,_,e'

.' - . ...,:, - -.~.e,0, low~,ng pa,-cern"y praCLlce tb - f 11-" _. ". -. ,- t- t-· - -'. 'b"
lb.~·u:·-.~"

~,G

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m';o· . _I

;"'L_, 'e'V!!!iI'm-- "pta. IWC ," A.a. "'_ ..~~ I

mve-'n~

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th·, "e

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l~ •.'ODOI deaeh'i.•hi,tota,g, 2\i IG ,la,'rinp, itauma '9 k 2" diODO m .. an" .. 1",::'':'~I
,!'L.

4\1 100-en DO k\itte~ li).mai. 5\~ biiru~, ~JI,OIl l

~"

4

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'that" dDt 100le, (lover there)
'I; .

'1lirisu
'I'tuia" ..
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U'_d Klnad,OID Italy
'Min,"'-.· FIJ,AlI~ .

aku
:NIxm·,1O
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2

oomi •• from wbat place:?

iI8~~tIU
mikaD.

51
tamgerin,e

iu-m81 1ft.,
II

lit 1.0(Sheets)
(counter)1
'beer

,2..kIro ,~Idro
'ki!tie

2 kilograms
'kUogmm

t...:=__
·U.R"

postage stam.p'

'111.J-IIUI_.:.~, 1- 1.,-11 i!!hon~-boa.~ -""11. -_._ . - , r,

12 'bottles

I,.oounter)

Slllm:lm·_~::_:_D. Rajio. OJ :._I_J~J:_'_~:e _~U~_:_I_~

I

'DoDo ,raj'lol desu k. :S• .,II~:: ADo, chUIIlIi '~]o' d
m. Tea ,,!'-,.
_ .. -\_!:_

II

'UlIi

:Hai, d6Z8,~

Excuse me, Would YO)J sho'.__ that radio? ··me Wh,idJ, rad:io? Smith: Tha'tmall :ra,dioJ(oyer ther,el 1C1e~k: Certaiml"" sir Here you an'i
l "

Smith: [Cd::

2t. Sa

-_:~B.':

AD--:-:, .~--

TII,':m':

. Wf'

iSua d-_-g -..-.

:Dore J_;~'--"UDill ~s~--U~ ABo': -i I-~_-- . -,~~~.
A're' ...-' n_ . '.....,..
O]"~\U'

4._.
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~~

d-l-

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leaI

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Smith:: H:ow mueb is: t-l'-rt umb:reUa, ,(over the~e)?'
1C),edt: Whi.ch, one?

Smilb:: That blue one'~ Clerk:: Tbat..! 15: OOO. '= Smith.: :Is ,tha~.blac' 'umbrena, 15~'OOO'~ oo? ~ :Ce'rk,: NOli it',s ';~ 7,'000,. ,Sm,-:_.. ·l":th:. ·:11 ._ _- ---~ W e 'then· I'D take ~,t,..t~.t·: I~Uil L':1r''''-:::'; e. ww.: one~
t --iii' ,

...... 'adJ,

aoi

blue C·j, adj,.. )
black (~:i dj'.) a

QUIZ
:
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..

.

'-C-"'-'

I
_ _ ..

.. •

I II

• •

!I II

1!.l.J.
II

•• "" F

1'1 -

II!!!!

_i

I S'u.pposing· y[ou.are the store clerk in the illustratioo ..Answe'r the customer's

questions.
1. Kono, Doits,u DO· kamer. wa ikara desu k,a. 2~ SODO kam,era mo Doi.t- .:. D.[O· desu Ita", 3.. Sono kamera w'. ikura d,eslI ka .. 4;; ADO ehiisai ra;:io w'a Idoko . -_:. deau .ka~.

" IItill

.o[

RAJIQ
'~.

I

II IComp·le.te the queations

:90

that. they fit the answers,
I

'J' d ..... k'·~ ,.. 1.. Kono de'DeIli wa C' .-esu ".'j] ' lOIN•. d.elU'ii 2:.. , ) 'W a Deara d.esu ka, AIR ..~. ,30 ,O()().e - ,des- -, I

3·~Are~ « '"a , DO kitle desu ka .. lie. lP:~:a 80 "_,ew'. [•.. ,"~mal'::I.•. < ') 80 des. ka.
I

III Pa.t, the ,aprpropriaite particles in the paren:th1eses,-, (If a. 'particle: is not required,
,.~. pu. ··t= '~·ft" X··'' In. ·th:··e- '-~"!Jip.en'l!; , ese,s,!!,. •. . " ,_:.,pg_a "h ;.,"-' .. ).

1,,, Klore.
·N-·-,Ii.·

t
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.

,

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,

),.mi.. ;te kudasai 21! Kamera ( "ka' : d' 888J. . ..~ ) : .~.''OD .' ls.;b- -, I, .,' 3~ Bini C. AI .... T!",.. ....'.' _ ,,( ~ ) 1:5O-endeau, •
' _... .. _ .... I
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n.iJ.lfaOI •.

(

) ·riDIJt· (,

) hitomu (

)

- QIW\

,A~U,.·~_U.

,

d"1 ,...

IV Translate i'uta Japanese,
I. How much, i.s.this!'

,2:~How' much 'is ·this radl,o;? 3~, M.y 'watCh is not Japanese. It is American, ,411 Please show me that smalltape recorder .. ,51~, Please give me 3, (ro~ls 0:0 fi1m... 'W·.· hie h '~lm" ;t That :fi1m.~
. ,~JJlr...
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,. k ~""'" VA. .0., aaiJ~_.~11U48llilS'buteh,,, ClnD IIa, "R.,88<1:, D.'k"1t ~. Tao aka; Do:ko, :D'iiIdllUlBu ka,. '8 :a1V;--' _ '1· Ky' <. ;nrto '''0' .'.'8'b' b' 'Bi'l' -:-1.'"·~.au'·_..,. . .' •... .. .'. .a '~ilI·· . " . '#" -. ,ana. ...: .~ ~,yllr -; :~. i" . T·.' 'ka :H:I·'·t rI'"'.•d"I_e &'1 :JmR.lIuall 'kl a.Pall I: I·ie,. :t.islla, 'DO 'b.ito, ·toikimasu.
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1

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i, i·liD'a· ''IJQ. .'

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. ·a· ~. ~'!I

Hayaflhi: ,lie"ltaak. III '••. :ikimaHII,.
·k··a·!'1i!
:1j'~U': .I 1.D.
1

\.rIJBKa

.A~._'ill==

,:LJ,_._,iIIii- ka DI m., IIUU"'U_~
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T:a:n·.

T.: £'L,.!tA g, .t!: '-.:a··~im-:• ~_ ~_- _ ' l!iii!lt11i kall UB;~-U __ ........
k'

Clli

'Hayashi: A'u'!tlie: kaerkauu.

11:0 iiUIi

Ah, .N'rM' Ha,aabi'f is it a. busill!SS tn·PI '(y,ou"u gobll 'on)?' Ha,ashi: Yres.. -· 'T .::a:naka·: "II1't..·'--·A a're' -. Uft1it lAin." .'I'I_n:£r!V ." j.~~ ..,~.-:u,~;i L,·' -.~-.... __ Hay.a~ul.: I'm goin, to. om' branch office in 'Kyoto .. ..·.· ~ A,_ Ij:':·' Tanaka··· ~c: 1100' m'\~n,iJi al~_"'~l.· 'Hayashi:: .N:o"I'm going' with. a perSQD, &'om 'the c'ampany".
'T, .,B!III"ka-" ""!Ii- " I ", :-'
I.•

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.'

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I

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.

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r.'~··~ '._
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,AftA':J!'

'Taaaka':

.-,.;,,~Ll: H-·· .. No, we IIJ'le'not ,goinl to Osaka.~ ·~y,am:u~. 'Ts:ft8o: When. are )'iOO coming ba.c'k, to Tvkyo'? Bh· H -aya:=- I.: W·e:~re·returning the day afb~1' t.omonvw ..

Are· you IO,illl 'to 10sak." too?

• Mr,..H_Byum 'iJsgomg''J) the cCJmpa:my'~s raneh office in 'Kyoto with ·acoD.elpe ...They ·w'in. b return 'to Tlokyo· the d.a.y aft.er tomonow,,,

a

ab,
is i.t a.·busJne;ss trip ~you~~'re I,omg on)?

. u'lehal dee•. 1m ahu.tehl

busmess, itrip to (particl.e) g:o~ is ,Ioing
Kyoto, ,(city an' . pirefecture)

8'
'b"

iaba Hon[~_e
iii Ii'

braneh office

to
.A,~='1""" •. VIIIIK- __

alone' 'wiJth (,pa,rticle)
Osaka (city ,amd. pre~Kturf!)

Tokyo
'kaerilnasu (kae:nd
.
- - _._

····:n- -Je . -

.-~··--hite
" GH 'AMMA'.' ...".:' '. '.R"·I
i
"

Tokyo (,city and prefecture)1 return, come back 'the day after tomorr-ow
and'tb.eD

. '._.:.:':

:

-'.

'-',

.~.--:-.":

1-:-11'
.,

.'

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L

DOU'ft"'8

'place .. :IIE, :IKlMASl1 ~.,

2. noun wa place '.lIE IKlMA,S:U KA 8'-1, €noun, W8 place ni) ikim~I'u,~, Iie, (noun wa place Di) lki'maae_ -',~
'0 '"_1.' clrtluc··:, It"Ie ----_ -- i. _II-a ' u-: ~a'nt'" n' P .. L_gc! ~li'.e·-' an-": '·_~_,_:""JI, ~iI._. ~
J-I"'l~
~_J ... '_

"Th:-.w resemb le ..'. ~ B:ng}ish p.~positions, hI the way the:y connect ~\nrds, bUll. un : , ·EngU.sh pnpoli,~ 'h-" '-'. -". . be.. -. J--:.. .' .. ' -. . , ....·,ft'i..')- . -- M :~. ""t·· -"-" -. -. a)" I --:- " l,,"lI0D8't W._J.e· come ~ ·"lore nouns, apane:se pa ,11·IC es are "'s~,vus. 'Ions" ,~_w,aYSi .. Z;· . 'b'-.... ·,t· ~', '. 1' of~ .' -. 10, apane:se~ ..- -.-. comIng areer nouns,~ p-... ~. I'" ·'BII1.I,C!esSOW' I[e gramma,llca.1·11 roie-" '~. DOU.DB, JI'
p-: -GUll!t· !!I'II'! ~
-. _ .. -

of Ja:-__ .' : :' J.C&I,~:r~
.

nIItiJ'II"'IIIQ~a

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,'~ ," .;1,"" .g, ~,,,,,
l_!j '-' " -

The role 101 tbe preposi'tioa "to' in Engl,ish, b;_p:~a'Y'edby the _parti,c.~es: D'i and.a in ."'n:::l·OsC'!.D, ,pJla-'-~ '_.l!__ th e noun '=C()'-. m',,,-,"L~'ng" Iik ..... 1"!1·,.... e.... :·.a Eng Iish '-S'-'U" ",!Il'''-w''''!'IIT''id'' as ffix UI;;'U.l. _ .._' I .-""_. Ja..,,...
-'ioo'tiil"-"iJ' ,'~
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D!UI',~';';.a6I. ..

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ill

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:T: 't- '.-'. '. rd' [. ,-:'..-.., Q;·YO-·W8_- _ _ am

cu-'r'

tice 'tb,ey'
(.I~'n-'~

are intercbangeable.
.a

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-

-,-_i' __

-,

-

In this book, in eituationa where either 'mig'ht oc-

,

.' .", ' ,_ --_ - '.'.-- __'" -, _J! cti e,~ expresses airecr Oil 11:' -.'" ..._. '. dl _-ue - .. '. ex. H- hi e ~_~lmB8U'ii' :(-])' am. go'mg . - '.1L.U!war_-:, t'l.. east, " -lI8B~- e --_.;, '!'-"'aj ---,---t a- d _ '_ -t-""~ 01,1 eYnl"e5ses, am,v_. ,R:'':_,..estin.. '8' ~,-.lulU; .
iIi,_ .. iii -,: -"

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ex. 'Ky,oDen DO 1.2:..ga-.ts,u ai, NibolD, n,i kimashlta, '1(1) came to Japa.n last -'" nb D..--,---- .'.-·r~. , ·· c-em e e 'Nobe that some p'" articles, like ka may" come at the end olf 'p-- hrases clauaes or sentenc "eQ. See L- OGso"'-n' 1- 'ill "!"8"-.;, ·__::__:_::@,sson ,9-:- .'k L·-:-','-~.;., .." ,ar 'y'O ne';;;' L-'-e,sson 'I'n n,'!" LI' '.-, ~. .. .. 12'~ c___:_:~~ ..... ' '" '- and- _l' ga'j' '-". _. Le.Sian, (,6- D.l. .
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'. 'V'er'bs, Japanese sentences end witb the verb, (Des,u in,Grammar ] is not strictly speak:iol ,a verb, 'but its 'use in sentences 'is similar to that ,of' a verb and so it comes at the end.') The endings of verbs show the tense and 'whether' they are positive: or
:ne,g,B'D.ve ~

Tenses of Japanese verbs can be divided 'rougbly into two large categories: 1" Present Form Habitual action: es: Tanaka-san \V',a :maioile'h:i kaiBi-ba :ni i'kim_su,. "Mr .. Tanaka goes to 'the office (lit. company) every day, Future: ~. [W'ataabi wa] ,A.shi:ta kaerimasu.. ~I return/am returning/ ~ will return tomorrow."
t,~
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o

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Past Form
. .' " : ..... "., I,
",.i ,

I"

(W.ata:l,b'i, wB,11 Seoshti :Ky'oto nl ikima8,hi,ta,~ 'Last week (I) w,e'nt to' Kycto .. ~ · Presen_.- "t, ' 'l'\PIII"f-act·· -~'4~_ ]: ntii_ k ';i' .- -la~' :ab.[I;ta· . U("Hi~e ,,)'h ~ ~ J. ;,'it'! t C'-~-O"-:' 'rna, _:~ ~ ~g .. .' ,r~~'-~-"-~~!!I ',n ~!nm,p1e Q~,"'.IlU;II.:_~' 1--' - sentenc 1~1I!., · ·th·,..-"- Ie ;a,·,·b······~.. '. .•1~1IJ,lSeS ·f.' J'"apao:tlSe ver· s, .·.1, ··1·'-' resemi"b .. e ...... · .. rbs Close y -,-:-"-:--.- -- ~ c_lru; .' .. ove, O,~.-... o~a I Dn!O"I-'~';'I;L ,owever,. erbs th"- in' .D... ,c_GUJ .....'H':--- .-.-.-. '.' ,V~i. th dJ.. a'n, -- ---' Wl_Jln a. se:nl!.-en,ce in ~:_b.Ji_n ..to ·t-h' '--, ~,..;.cor -, ithi ... add '~·...:o-,-·.•. . main verb at the lend (i.e., Before I: Ie!t· home, I: turned 'off the TV)I, do not ·m·-·-' d·· i-- ",'11:!'!-:-h_ B" -- ..... - _-.ence 'if: _._ D _~,,.,..~n· -"'1··· "."",,:'11, .. -. the sa__ e'· £:-.0, - -" th',:.won '1[. In ..'E"'-ngllS .. ." ·'UJto".....th',-- ,,,·nid o· sen,t,,·: -'-',--'--: ., l'~ _--lU:, -·-:'._- ··orDl ...ey Ui1.\,,·t ki ~·"d-. .." .....'"IUS.O " d -- - -- __ ~e " tn-d·'~...:III~':1D ·00.,· .IS oUIA~,'e 'th e :scope' of'- ,..'L,!: ~- '00 'k.'.ani'. :m'lll.st· b'" ,S_. ~leg, B'" - ,- t, II __ The-~ .. th 'bul I .. N , 'ate:) _ -11,'f-' ~orn,l f 1': Ie verb gl.¥en In '_-' e 'y;oca, 'I-lley' r '0 -h ,11S'tS \'··U k I·U, ~S'II:.,·'ra" e:tc'i:) ,~ th ii f-' d-·· d'~_.:. f .... , .. . :1111 . L d-"" to; IS '~_[e..Oft.) :JOtm-!,. in.·.lL-UOlnanes, 10' It IS, Qi-ten ,(;ttJ, eid" t-,lie 1'~U:!lIODary f-' ' _,or,m,~ U :&e., a't ',. d . tb,e end. Qf a.sent:ence';, it 'is, less :fo:rma:1in, COll,ve:rsa,ti ODS; than the ·Mal,O :formj' Thi-s, "boo'k us- es' onID'lly thl e' 'm"IO'.-"I"'~ r ·0"- 'H.~'-, t-e',:'" .'. ma-." 8U'-' f()" 'r--'--- ,- - ---m

Past:

IX.

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H:i,t.ori d'e ikllll8su . .Number lof' people. 'ta~el' the parti,cle de.!
a, B~ilt,oride~':';aJiDD1e, by mleselfl'~ ,

,Sen'-Dim ,d,e'., ~"three' ,olf 'uslth,emt~'

K.'I'I!'SH··_ _ . h' ...,1'-'0__-" 'I'm-- - -- .. -. ~,"Jl.iI'tD····· .. ~ <__ _"',_. "_-~ ., lvj;::I'ua,;5 - 'k h ~ 11 1-, d'',", ~d' '] or m d'I'! '~d' 1 take tr e parbClLe to D'- ~,Vl- ,UI ~- T.'R,O·ka··' '~D.D:I te, 'I<il'ii~~,t-~'h' ·."iI"'- .anaka "iii ·M' II, n'll
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~ 2·-·Osa~' ka D: '~l :--,0.- - '1-1£'1' :-,:~,U," ka .. Iie, ,08B'ka'" :Di .'.' :ik~I-'I;lm-:-'·sonl, Mrj, H:,a',yasib~says, he is ,go~ngt,o K,y:oto", 'w:h-ic'h is close 'to tbe i'mportan.t: indu~ ~; ia 1 ,cll~i0" '\nja-_..::~_~, so IVJl,r'~ ':T··----nasa asss hi . ""f-' ak", roo, [0"- - ':k' .. .... ~'hj:. of' n,..,,·. 'ka- - -. 'I..iI, '---a . '-k' - .- 'k" mm l' 'h'e ·~S' r gO~lng "o.,~'f,a , .'," __ ,88~'a '0'1"" 'm--'0::' ', 'li. 'N-,'ote_-_~': p'·o:·O'-~l_-1L_n afte ,-t,1l,..e·~:: noun of theIe,parl~I,CJ,les 'O.'lIi ~4:...,-:: 'ii-~'i'iF~--·d---.-; St 'u '. -' the " ;j;'t·:-"'o"· _.-_-_'r _JLi, -. u_',",_ .-, ~·t-:"'.~11- ,: __ ._;QI':t Iw'w~fi_ -_1,. ". I~~:'l .,-' I ~.. ao-d m-'- 0' :.>:'1 "~"'nt.'lii, al.so In Dis,. ~'Iy' - 'Mr' H"aY'aSbi uses the ttotnlc_ 'm,ark,er 'n!llriicle':.:. WB to, S'JhAI:-~-: ,.',L.at'';--,.;;-_'""-r· .__ __ "1""" . ~1I!o·L __ ,,,.,W UId-1 D"~ ~'. O'~-I'"""a:'" I IS,. ·th-·_r' e toe . '.0" "OPU:: ~:~Ai ~'" -, In_,_ll':~_ ::-1' ,-am DU _-gam,1 ,.'1"',. -. I, (See G'-_:ramm.ar AS llor UtiiUl&, .. --, il;;'R:I:-e,~, '.. -'-;: -~, ~. '., '. ", [II ._.~p,~_1:,~,' J_O:w 't.···a- w,'hl!!'I' '·'·0 ,t'-W:I.~,Ces. may Dorm_f' ',0,· OW one anotner, as -"h-' to, ng""";; .)". .. .. .... _111, f'-' U-- -. . -- - ..•• ;,1..., . -- -____ - '6'-'--&-'\ N me d~Il ~, -~Id DI DlO ane III wa a bo _10 __ >~'ve~ an:d','m,o,never' '10,', lOW" tb ,8 partie'lea p ana 0'11''but. W,8, -';,. eli, .. .. 'iii. : tat'· . 1-, 'd _"oge --'-;" -.':'. '-~,lmpllJ,y.•.. te rneir pslao ",'·~lmuar"y" ""B,an_-_, .mo "are ... n,evel" usee--I 't-:-' . - eth-er, '0·-D,e or--' ...IOO~,·S'~- lill' -l,.", . ,'-" .- - ",d'i ----.- . "" :-, -':: ..' ,- .~ the_ other_ is ,--,~,-'" ___ D8cu, ~' IS-<u'm:~e·- --GaD" ::---:a'" _ L_Drdft- ,L:! '_~a!lU. ,Ii: ·'M.i,_f'iIl' ~- ml,~,th;" ,~- ~ )--., 8 .. ,IQU""'OQ___:___ w_ ut: .• :v<sw 'd'- aa -' ',-. ,~sa, a:wyer,.. 'I':' '", -.'DraDD, __ ,n, .-iI:!I:L·i· 't-oo"..... ,ia '8' ,II! j ~,','.,.,. 1IIa"U7'U'A'tI'!!' mO _> .."D- 5~D,--- d- ,aa·u- iUM- -'.' - -r' 'B" 'roo -" ·,-'f:-' the other na...,~~'I--·i--:--! SUCu, as Ollt ka-'-~-::'__ d-'-' e!L'c M"0 ,p.~ft '#"OO'I,AW'" n 0, Ii.._c_:~ D~__ er paJJ ..,;b.aes 1:--\0. - -, ·r-a .e~;. '.-,' ..
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Ii A:_He, ,kaerimalu., Reiativ!B time expresslons Uke ."I~yesJt'erdayr,~~ "next week, "last yea,[,t;' do not take: particles .. ,
4. Soabi,te, uatl,e T6'lk:yfi :ni a,erlql8StI,_ Js 'b' 1-0 'apanese .1_ ~'t"II'yr enten - ~'Q',.":U,"',iI, nJ4t'l. II..-V,.-.~,~U "'" __ ,." __ ~,-_, ::w,l~~ m._:1" Q~.Ii._!··· ,p;OQ earh'li U eon· ne ctives
Hand then :u---'--h~ ch ,Wl!A , 1.::_'(11.. , ", .~. ,eo, W_'..:I,C,-_, .
." ,.,

t"

"this month' and

-Q~

1-

tke aftiCi:h "",lILe 'Il¥i;,Al'!ii ni, 'I!:' - :~-iO ' 1&--'~', a.l~~lUng -- --

·th' ..-. --- t-'-··--:·· 'th-' -. - ','.' -'-, .~' --", ,. ,tmlO prevtOUS

,e

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ii,iIi,_,','I4oal~O"';'

nll~:Ji'~

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:Dmiko ni ikimas:u ka. ,1l1'Wher,e,are: yO:U, going'?:'" B. J:t8u, '~whenlir~~ Time in, geoeraJ,~ 'u."'- ...." 6%11 -)',:tsu ''1;,.,::;, ....... ,'"'"' I\.IUHI-IU,__;~'I. '-"-.m- en, ,Ir@ 'you com'IDl'~'-·
I '.,

1(111), uw:b,o'" ex.. Dare_ .. _ _____ ,m :ikt'ma_•• _ka,_ i:,c'Who····· i~--:--~·.~Dg', ... ~ ___ U:'r~i,·the sub~aka'?;); '" td!D . e au _ :da,'Osaka _ __ II _ __ __ _ gol jec,t is un'Jmown, the, particle: ,iB shoruld be used after' dareJdoaata, 'lnst'ead 0:1 th,.8 'tl-OP~'-:' ie marker 'W8, .. ~',SeeG-rammar IIl~ . -;- - 66~)-, I" -_}iiJ.
'to'1
p' •.• ",

c. DareJdoDB,ta
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"

PRAICTIC,E
-

I

I. W,B,ta.-hi wa, . a'h ita, lIiDk,o' ni :ik:ima&ut; 3~,K~o.o deoua wa 'Toky., :Bki ai ik:imaBe.,. 3,~, atasbi, we kioo' :yii'blnkyo:k.'u Di, ,ikialBshita!! W ,4\~, W'atashi wa sens,b:i p_kk,o' ft'i :ikimasen,deskita,.
_I

,5., Samisu~saD

W,8

kJolillcn ,Amerika, 'ka,ra NllI'oD

D'i,

ki'lR.sbi.ta,~

6,. Sumisu,~flBD' ..'. r,B'mien A,lDerikl8 n:i kaerima.ul,
KEY'SENrT,INOI!

,55,

1,~I'm B,oing'to tl),e "bank to~ow,., 2~ ThiS, train, doesn,'~t,go to 'Tokyo ,Statton~
,8'-'

'I .'I'4,.,t' Ilo" "'~,",""r~· ..·o"';~~'-- 'VAiI:!it-'4~1-'y", UliC nAst' _'~ I ,I'~ ·~IlD1: ..~ 4,. I did,n:·'t 10 to sc1boollast 'week ~ .s;~ !Wlr~ Smith, came to j:apa'D '(roim America 'last ,'ear ~
- '!I ' "~,~[_

1_ ..

6,~ M'r.. Smtth, wiD 10 back, to America, next, "ear

i

dlD.ltl, TikyOBki

,eId

bra ,-,-'-, kim",Ita
_. -

from (particlfd
came
come

1

'I

,I

_ ••bti, kyooeal

'last 'WI-ek

next. ylmr

last :yea'r

IXE:RC,ISES _,-------____",..,.,~-

......... ~~~~~~~~ -""""""......... -

I V:eibs: ,M'emo,rize 'tbe :following verbs in their present and past forms.
'Dr, .PoCt.Pt'ii,'t=
~._~_",~

'F:
I

~'rm-,~ ' ' •
V~I[-

.

Past Form
~I,a

-.t/il

.0

III"

"~~iIl

:ikim •• u
leimlft
" 11",,_.,,- ' ' ,-,-'"'iI',--.'i '1-_--, Ii'I _ "~iI,,""__ a

iki num eD,
,kinuuJea
iI:..'.~lerimii~ ._ "
!IiH:!!II!Iioo\;I,

,~l ••

!1l..,.

le dd,"",_L,: ;~ta
iii; ,-,'

eeme

:kj;ma.llita :kaerim asbita

:kiDUl8I Dute.'bita
- 'L:=t.iiIiii, k- 'aenmasen,_ d" am.. , ,- ,

return

1:-1,';".~LI"ce """a, ..' Pra~:~..
Im~,

,co---:-"U' O~·.'nil ,_... 'b,,',-;.diD" JJ .."...
I'

g-" y

'~"h-::- --:- _~---:-;i; -- i~C. 8.Dll,ng

th"-',,-,d- er,LlDI! '., ,pa as ~n,. .. II! ,- - - -il~-d~ art -,--,: thun·
,ill.,

,,~""AA,

J:Ii,

,AV~'mp' le I ..
I,'

-4

,ill ifill'....- 'L,~' .]' ft~ I "'I'.~I . d,wa: •

G····· t_,'I.... ,_1 ::L!_,__ ::.... A _ :1&U~11l,!!, mlaU

I.. k,ajMa,

,I~ Amerikl, -IU-- , .....
'lA[,.... ,1...A~~I_:1I,-__· !vJlCl!a.c UlC!UogueSJ
~I'

U"

,-',L::-,

CI.laaglQg
-f_-'",

.'--

-

-

the :""'d'I-~,-'I,~, '-'·d- P ". ',': JIn, "':'L.,._"-::,,,, . -11"~~:-::",-. e UDer.~lne, nart as ~' . IUlt: exam,pllles, gIven,.
1

,A~,61 Q,: 1"AData,wa) AsbiI8, kUlba, n1 iklimasu ka..

A
Ad: ~-,I!I

:R '\ 'ikj_ ..
1Ie~;- -

ik---o,--

l~ t.mod.chi ao ,.em, - , ._. . 2 ,_epa."o d
__ '~l

3. t,aisblkaD

B~ ,IS 'Q: Kmm wa Tltkyi Kill ai, iki'malu :ka... A., Aa: lie· ~,LC:-I-'1lOft.
-li'~~it

4-'"

'C,'

'wa kin. Amelika, DiI kaeri'ma'mita '0., ,Ai.: H,Ii··,I! kaerima8-b-:.1i14l_ IU--,,., ,. .. ~- - - ~ --~--~ An: n 'ka .- - .... .. nugmtai ..AI-.nL~:. .·.·.~._~_-..,Jenm8f I!! : .. . 6 2!!! :len_au 3ii kpaea D- .-:.,'- 'Q'iI' D-,~eI. _aN.- ~6, tais'lbik811 Rii ikim88,U'- - 'ta., _,1'1 " - -.---- - -- - ---, - . a_a ,ii ·1IlIi. : 'U=aU.ail,: _.' A- T,--a-"Ilk.'-CHIi" ... _. "..', ;_~
1

'.j' 'Q~ :1._iI

811118D,

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.:._-_ --

'

I

,_!II!

1--, ~"

I

'ikim:-

III!

_

..

-

'I;

_ - ,'aCDI, 1.,.. 'temad ,'L:

,2:~ 'Tau-lea-un

'DOl

'bleho

'E~8"

(ADat-a, ".,11:.8, :NllloB III 'kim_sUi. ka. A,: Seusetlll 'khn8Sllilai
Q'I

1" :KDu;i .'2. :kyoaen --F' B.. Q: Taoaka-san -"
.

-

wa, k~i_n.6 Idaka ai, :ikimubita 'ka" •...·-"":St-, A.. 'n~pI_""~In; iki -,"ma , • ~ . !LU .... ~',---1I!UlI:I

-

-

,

.

_I'

L ,yi,bmk),ll
3,.
G,.
,~

~:!Il

2.. 'tomodBcbi, no 'ucb'i
..:1_'1:,.";;"

,ex. Q:: Sandau,.. wa dare to' ,N:arita :Kft'kol nj, ikimul.ta, ka, A-~ ·1;..'!ii!III,-I~B·d!-ft 'to-··:·. ,!'ii:"':C:~a~,"i;L,)ilta:-·,· a_lI&_ .~~ __ III..IJU: IPI "~' _.'
T-

.J!

~

,

I~,amed_cbi, te t

2:" 'kaiaba, DO 'IIi,. to 3~ 'lUton, de

,.-,

blmodaeIK
- ---

_1_-aIU
'&,,:=11..._'

'bus,

f-nett di I,

last, m1oft,th
(:sUbject 'marker" particle)

'£U'iUI,tet8IU,

-~:~ N-'~....Il4r\O'lOA Alii
... JjJt4

l~-IL

~

L Tamdca:
TaD:_ 'ai

K,o gitlk6 :_ ikim_u, ka,

Ri~Ibo=,
.'·: ---' T-,~In3-.'_"'-;:,,' ""~.:_A-U-Ai:t

'Y'iJbillkyo:ka iii ,DID,ikimll8U ,kB>Ii I'je, y6bb1~,c"k,u:ai " Udm&sea,~
,A ........ " ~ _J ani,i"'IHfJ" n.lc~, y': IOU' 'D-'-~
'''-''i'i" ~'nl'll, ,;L,,__..;I,gy:? .. LUI Il-U,"" .'-lii. ··A. UJlU!Q '.

"'''"-6

hi:·

:Secretary:

Yes:"[am ..
~,rUl

alM- -HR--iT
i~,I~~

-0-

·,j'A',T

~'U'- ,'I%"~,
.•. ~

:5" _7i"
....

T- -"ka~
'!:III'I'II.!li. :. ca&!IU'_-:. '. _II!!I''"

.... 11 "on 1i.0 UI~e POI,!!. Wi'l~''.':: I" ,go ".' ,jj,'L, , ..
·--iIi

A'ffYi;i"!i1lCli , ,"ft~) yo ),.....W u..nJI, '

Kono d,ODIU 'Iie~,:ikimaseD.
Sarlllisa:
,n...__~J,o__ 'Dftl.·'I!Ii ......Ijj'
UII.U\II;U,

W8 'TokyO

E:i ni

ikim88U

It -~

u' _' .

""it;

ikimaau :ka,. ,.n.uO ;aGl 'd,euah da ,:-III",,::_Ii1i,n'. .8 ._. llIUII:l.lMtUl.,
:0000 ,deft•• ,..
., _, oil

'Smith':' 'Does; this train go to Toky'o S:tation? Man: No it doesn't .. Sm:itb: 'Wh,.c'htrain ICles there? Mall: 'That blue train over there does,
I'

oto,ke DO bito
o~oklQ

maD mai_n~ male

I Read, tbis Jesson's [opening d'ialogu,e a,old answer the foll'Dwi.'ng questions,~

1." H.".,.h i-I lID, wa VaaJc.a :0,0 ;sb,isb,B 01 :iki'm,as,u 'ka, ,Ky,6to0,0 sh'isba ni, U·..'. '.. Udm2~ HaY,Rald-su.wa dare to Kyoto D,D s,b'ish.a :ni ikimaa:u ka, ,3~, .".' •.III-.8'0 wa its'iII T,ok,yo oi kaerimasu 'ka~, H
aQ-

CIiHDi,U':'

."

-.~

- I,~ ~ D ...... Ha- p ;".1k'- BI" l _~'.'i'!fta ~s',a-'- .. 'Ii 01,·1 m- _. 0'- ':1''!''::-:-5- ,.: . . '._, 'U ( ,. "'. IIUillJiil;
'!iil-.
Ii'

',-', n''-'1'1 ='I""~m'~" ·1·jaU· 'ks .. .' ~ _' 1AI__:__:_:_,gQ.l.
"'ik-'
·iiI

_. __ ._ ~"II!!II

Mcll,n.. .. ,

_.

1

.

'-

I ...

I'i." yihinkyok.u Bi 'VIa:ikimu.en'j ~··.. ' ) N' 'ib'-' - _. 'k-@it··· k- B.• ',00' ",IIDSS 'b- I 'R '__ 2" (.'
_.!i; ii'

iii _.

K_yon,eu k\imBsbita,~ ,3,~ f' ), ai. ikimashita ka, 'Klik,o ni iklma.llita~, .( ,J tu :ikim_uh'i,ta, ka, 'Hito,r,i, die 'ikimashita~,

III Put the app~pria,te particles in the parentheses, €lf a particle is, not required, put an X in, the parentheses.) i. Tanaka-su. wa asbita ( ) O,saka t ) i'kim8SUJ.~ ,2,~yBmBldB .•I 8_D, a ka'i.ba :00 'Illto, I( w ) 'ktikol ( ),i'k'lmal:bJita,~

3., TaDaka:~aD I{ ) itaM, C ) Osaka kara kaerim as u, kat. 4~,To:mtMlachiw.,_:_.e'D;~_hii :·_it.or,i, ( :, ,Am.erika a.-i, kaerimashita. .a, 'Il':_). :clm.... , 5 Alita ,&~'6t•• ( ,_~, 'h '. '•.ik' [0.: k.' Bi (, ')ikii i~-~~Uka. He, Osak,8 ni ( J iki'masea. [6*Dare II , kimashi,ta ka, y'amada-sa .-..,. ldm.u: -j,ta,.
i'
II>
". r ------~ --

IV T'raJls'Jate into Japanese,
I. Excuse me, does this 'bus go toTokyo Station'? :2,,~ ,M:'r Tanaka, 'we:·~t Osaka yes'terilay wi't_·_. a,person from 'h:ia companv to e, wil "11 ret ur: n to T' '0" ·'k' '~'y'.0" the d [~y after tom errrow: ,. ,r ..,: ilJl.Jl~~. " .. II! ..
I .- i ; _'" ".II

t

And

,!IA.r.r 'I ,.-.~

:..<~

_.'~

..

-'-"'I

'-

.

:-__

.t;;.

..:'.'.'

.>_.

,",_

..

,-_

.L··,

f!!

',.

'3,. :M'r, Sm1tb, came tOI Japan, alone last ylear;; ,4" Wh,o we:n:t to 't'be a'irport? M'r~Tanaka's secretary went ..

QUIZ 59

': '1'8'·':·' L'E'~.",."8'·._,c:.'.':0'" _'

:""N-'Ji ,', "',
------------

"G,',:,O" ':';
',' ',-

'"

.....

N:·'·' ',6"','"
.:.........:. -'_

.....

B, "", ,y"',,,:,"
"
",

",

'T'

'

""AX':,
,', ~~'-

,::,'1,
','

:

----

-

--_ --

---

._.

--_-

-----

--

, ._ •.•

Mr' ,,,,,, Mr S'-- ~;t'"h', VI,,:,iI',a,['·'''''.nr '. ,: ':',.' Tan .,,11,... , ' " ", ,10.1 lLa' .,', _1",'&,.,

0""0'
" ",

'. ,"""

S·:·'UD":

d"a:'y~" ',.' "~,'.
,±'

J:

l \

l \ ,'Iii. \i ,~,

"""l'.

L" \
~'."~

L l:_ .r.~
,

[0

.., '" ....,. L"if~ \.'IL'I,'tA, '~~' ,I ~ '" ':)~. " ~ t,,,,~" ': L... ,Z,'" ",'_":,,,II!'; l'l:' .' lJ
A
,.,1"\ ..,
!F

C

I

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A

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. =. '..-.' :~' 1:. _... I; :'7 ('",

'\...
iii

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,:",
:':: '::'"

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...... ,N

t . "r'
'of;.l

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I

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\.,

,,--,

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._,

0'

T,IIDaka: S'woi'lu: Ta'.a'ka: 'Sumi•• : 'Taaaka:

Sumlalli:

Ta,na;k;8: ,
S'IIDD.IIU:

Sumi.U·.... :, :yoku iraashlimaBh:";',~_,., KoDDicb:iwa., DiztJ oba.iri ,_ aduai,., ~ ShibJ,u_,-:~ :Ihimaaa. Dko koelJira eo. Baau de kim.abita Ita. lie, taku!lIi, de' k'·'-~"Sb'-'ig,. n£.__ o1 _,1,.. e t' <u'.!asat~ .. .LAMU "d AriIa'i6 :'~'bza;maau'll
1

Tanaka::
Smith::
m'!;'i'L,. Sr- 'UIJ!I
~!

Mr,!!,Smith. bow niee lof
H,eUo,.

,UU,

1'0 cor "'.'

Tanaka:

, .. T'~_'''''':,111.......

S,mitil: 'T,auaka. Smith.:

.I_'I!
!!I

Th'is 'way~pt_uc. Did you [come by' 1Iio.fl)' lII.:..,~Oill . came ur;, '[~l, ..
~I' ~_~

Do~~I.I.._. Ma"," l?i

m'' ' ~ -'_ bUI~'

Do" 9l·'~t" d·
_ .'. I"' .'

0",

"wo· '
" _

'Ill

'~'_",,_.-:-:''l .. y:-:,fi'l1i[ ''[I, I,!LiIIUL. _:.' .u~ v

-

,,"YU.• , .

''ILl....

S:;mlu",Il." WeD, t' ' +" J..DI ~ 'T'aotl.llMl ' ' I 'house b "'y' '~~,_, ,,:"' .• . ,.- . ',- 10/0''1...11'_ ,. " ',.... 1.._ ......... -1· '~ ~",'
it,iI!io

00-'

,,._,Ain[y:-: ,.WILU\a,_1;

:s~..

uu

£In

'.~~, " irB-,_lL.aiDJuhita ,J'UftU ~ __ IRIII, .. -"

70ku

H:cw nice of' 'ylou to, eome, ('Ii'tl' "'We\tcome!'~) w'ell came: come €poli,te word for k,uru) Do ,come in",
enter .... 'I' (I' f'~:,..I1 I'''U' ' ,~¥.a:y, ~:'::':m ,a~;EiIiU .'. d~' , I" ,'S~
I.

_aid ku:'"
"'BIillIiII_I' ~' 8bi" ... ~ '. ,-,_ . L1f
c'
I

I

i
!.. DII ..,

lIa'irim asa, (liaku)
·,;I'....
'Ii'

~1MU1M

'k·~'... _, e I ..,..~!. ,"".

turbing' you.)
this way

, ocbir,a k
ill

· .'

de'

tide direction b,' (parti.CIe)1
taxi,

,tak.'"

Please hav,e: a :se.a,ti'

(lit!

:DI

.'

"Please ,sit .down,,, ;sit on (partiicle)

J. ')

NO"'- TEL: 'S""
__ .~ .. 11 ':

:'S""b"t' ! .. S•. " I, ,.' ,::.' J: .•.- lurelI'Ll' mas ...
Ii II

so bold as to do so, "l 'Shi····'·, ·'II't'·· ," tia~ .. .. .~.a~" d'''' '," ,",_._ .::: ......:,_.~ -. ,'. ,aJ ' .... :a·1I~-'I~Ic:e··n·· ,""1'1'1y means ",., ruoeness.. ;,! an d'··· ,-'. d h en.'. te,.". .a. h '." se or isusee en ienna "'ouse'· . .~.~.,:...~. ~ t fth 'room, passmg'-, m f:' j~OD'~, 0, someone, IsaVIni' 'm tb' ;~l2e '·ddl) o· a ,gal_l:_i_enng ID d so' ml.'~!ie f

May I~,(lit~"I'll t:.
-'-.B .... ~··~·:._·_·_-_~~).~.·

ee

'~

I

_'_-ro',"

OJ' ft"

~

.I._

., ~,"."~-:-"

...

",

",·.,

__

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..

,I

'!II

Ii!

'II,

__I_,

'OD,~
I

..... 50-:-". . '-." "'1' .. ' '" . ... 'f: · ......_..JI ., ste -.. qU,O;o_·'.me: peop',iJ.e: use '1.'I'C'as a. 'f",arm 0_' ,lilli,,guuu,- b,y,e~!I mstea'd'.. 0' f' .yOBan, .h-' .. u:'<it,nD,g la,h ,_", w,_,en 1..... neuse or room. "

ta W' S~·'rus

in other words, w
~Ii, ':,

ien craliting some sort of d,'isturbance B'nd im,terruptiDg'the
.';'!I!
i'"' .... ..
1, -' "~'. ".

l;-. " .. -,

"'1

2~:Basu de ki"m,aabita ka, ',.',~ieparticle, de follow's, " _ uns to express 'mean:s, _o £1., bas. de" (travel) ~i'by bus" pell ,de., (write) '·with. pe '. N,<t,- ,0. ,~~:o (~peiak)"in ) apanese:"''', [:-::; I"'-'yah' . 0·:0 e OIJ"s.'··teu'· - ') uW1'~tbearp iones" u L.!"'na"'!,-, e "send!,). J:U-_:U_ d'!,' ,,\,_, _', . '.' 'Y:J' aea mail. ,. --_ ..,
,'II
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3,. Nie~y6bi, ni ,.- ~,- . hila ~. Specific expressions of time take 'j' be partid.e ai, as in the following:: ,5-;11 'nil) "at 5 o'clock'" a-'h'iiJ,;wi!..:I,alv~i' dn-'y":-g'·:·bj'_'·' ni:_ IIl~O"D" S~ "'~'"-'_)LW'UU1ll"
I
[. ~"~"",.:.' _'" l~l
1"'1_1

'1- 2"diiDl£;:, 01,. .~ .'. bil ,U ",,:L ...' 'IDO, ':LUe, 12th': " , U . "> . ...
<II .•

'l,.~",:··.~"'e '.ai, lUlu, :l960Iu
NOTES 61.

.II .. DIIIJ,u.... ... N:~-'~"_"-.'.
d. ,-

._~"I "how" ., IS. ';.:' D, ,de lki·ma.su k:~·.""H.ow will you go'?'~'~ a 'BaBII, de Iki'm •• u, "I'll go' by bus," An lexceprtiOD to thj" pattern is arulte ikim,,,u: "I'll walk."
t

PRA.CTICE,

It KlIri~:k'II,""D, wa 5-,·JBta,u, 8~B·C·hi ·i, Kaaada, kara 'Nl'oD a1 kimashi"a" l o 2i' K ur"'ku4&n 'WH, rainen dO a.,wn ai, Kanada, D:iJ. kae·rimas,u .. , 3., W,ataa,bi wa e1lik:a:tetsu de· k isba ai ikim.,u.
i

I,., :M.r. Clark came tOI Japan on. M.ay ]18 :fr:om. Ca'nada,~ 2" Mr'" IC·a.rk will. go. baCk to 'Canada in Ma'rc'h of ne't 'Yea.. , r ,3.. I go to the office by' subway" ,

K-- !I'O'II... u. un..
'K ..... ,_'·808.8

C1Jark,

Canada
• i,. _ •. _."

."_.u,

I Practice 'the following pattern, bly' changing the underlined part as in the 'exam.p:le ,given ..,
iiJi!W" ~:il

H" I. ·u·n'IIti.I~~ A'... a~"--.iiI!I,a_ m-l

'~a· 1[J~u:t . ~.d'a40ftU ,,_:~~ ..... ,1IQ_ .!l,~Lli·

'm'l IS-_,hi IIi

2. 1980 :DID. Di.
3.
4",
leD!
;'1

:i ,DO mok,II,.y,6bi

I" I:

-DietSUl

5. oltool
6'1 seo_slh 11
,

'1'1 M' ·.'II1111iii-:-t'e d"':~llomllas h"" cha nrrl~nlath'I'·~~ underlined _;iIA!,_::-:: ~:_iU:I ; ~eJ...I~.: ',', e'.. " ·a _J~. _
-e

1,

•..' ..•

A,.

B,.

as" in ,.u,r,,_: exam'.". ". p"'le':"s" ,e,~'Y" " .. L'e·· ', ,m;wj'en' Q: 'R.ow.ltu lID. ·~-.I't8uNihoa Di k;imallII, ka..
~L~ ~_.:.' ~,&, Y;II.'!IIiii. ,1

--··8· 1..·".,:'", __ ,

~,;

I. ".

,'

..

A: 5·[" _tl'al l":Die~~ kl·~·-.I" :D'i
1., Ie -a,·:,olbi,

it

.. ~

2~ :ral -'h1l DO •• yibi 3~ railets. :00 l~aicbi, .f. Wi't!lt;n:e,.g no' ". '(ft' ~a.\~u
ii

,IIIU.U. _ .

, '\J!!!!!,~JI.O

"

8..

e&,

Q:, 'T;8Da'~5aD wa. naa de ac·hi.rd, kaerimasbita
A,: K" 1'U'dl8 de kac,rimasldta ..

:ka.

I. tak'ushi
62 LESSON"

,2., 'bu,y

3. deasB,-.
C'j es: Q:: H-:,.8b'~,~18D 'W.
'Da'Il·'JJ,e~.Di

19irisu nl ikimashlta 'Ita.

A: 1981·:~,en ,- i :ikil ,'sbi,ta. 1., 1975~·Detl 2,. l.982;~ReD D,~ ,61,~Q: D:~_.'r'eii, :k,yo 'Kyoto
DO '~b,i'~'~ a.

i ikimsB'lI 'ka..

L

T,aoa'kB-:l8ft

,2,~,S milu,-IIID

'RD' !t' '10'-" I~Dea
: _

''ii'iliNliI

l

r.

'Wh"te
(tbe: 'Y1ear) 1.9801 year' (See: Ap:pendix 'K~)

iaisJl'y,
raigebJ,u,

nex··~tweek .next \ month " '. - ':; "., :' <. .~
__ ~. n':~J,
I ._. "

"

O'ILV,I at" ,,_J:

-nen

Ran ,-_e:
D8D~DeD

the day' before 'ye.sterday'

SHOR,T IALOGUE-~""'_--"""""""'--"""""""'---_""""""------~ D
'TaDl ka:

:Karik,1I: Ta:naka::
'l{urikll:,

wa, i'tau .~'. "ihoo Di, 'klmashita Ica .. , :K.yODeItDO s-gata1u l8-aicbi :m kim8llhita .. 'Kyoto :oi ik;_im.:bI:ta kai. ,Ku.riku·su
£e, ••

Bsku :S'hin'kaasen Ide ildm_hita ..:Kin-yobi, iii Tokyo, iii, kaerilD.89~~:ta.
\nfl,'!!

,~,.\'li!'a:: . ._ -_" _'__ ~. e 'to'_ e _ Tall.~A __. 'Wh-~-",'0 d'ld 'y-.' .vy '~m~ -_.,~ l~!I!iIi·"pa-:,n"'?
Rio.

'Cla'(k'; T'anaka:

I came on May 18 last year'!.
a.o-' D'~id'~ :.'. YI" ,e' ~II._
'''''D~ L!.
1__

; C-)'lar·'·~k,,
, '.' ',iIi

'~'iil

K,\v'o· 1Ir.U.) .........
_:~' ::

SII'.kIDHD,

Shinkansen,; 'New Trunk Line

.... QUI"'C"Z'
,',

.'

,.':

...

e I, R" ad "~,,,

th'-'rl~~ ~" '1Ie·~·c!'Ii!!!Jo-!I"iiII'C!! iing'" 0" p""6n:"I' ,,~,~~) I,
~IID,', ~'_,

__ ,__

,.,'

: ,d-'::';po'"'O"IMI';!i!I A-_ ..~. answer and ,~ ,,_,II1J;"lD~
qa,a.aJI,'~'

the

_;.__:_l

L_,I.:_'.I __

fo ":',I-'-o.;-··'1'1;m;;m <_,~"_.' 'g~" q' uestion
li .'"1 '
I"',

,',

,gil!

a

L Dare p T'aDaka~an'0,0 'a,chi D'i ikimulh:ita ka, 2:~ :Su'mi8U~saD, its. Ta'D8ka-saa DO aeh'i, nl ikimuhita, ka, wa T-'I"'._ :8,',.~.. O' ". U,c· b·IIi .. ~,d-'·," '-h'" d' all' ik'I "'IDl" .,a!, ..I' 'ka "ak'"-' __ I!:IJ -.:_ ".:-' . _'n. 'a ·"'b"ta·· O' e'·:....-.a. 31 S-·,,"· _. .. U'm' ,4~ S'u.jag-sau \Va T,1III8ka'~D, no Dehi. Di aan de :ikimasilita ,0.
'!II," '.;GU·· ,~ . _.~ - -. ·LiEW, il!!!ii£i!ll'II'I' .'. ~.'nl _ ... .. ' 13io1D

'11 'I

I.

J

",

'''lIP

'

'it .. ~'~

_D,

1.

,

"

I','l ..

' :.' .. '•• ,

1111

QVII 63;

n: lComp-lete' the
• • • ,..' .,

.

,qu'-

_,'

---esti,Olls, so that they~"-: fit the ·answerS'ii'
• • • • •• _.. ~". I . . . . . •• .• _•

i. Nicbi.y6bi ai. «

-I-o,modachi :·,0 g,Cbt oi. iIdm!:~·.ita,.
,2.. Tanaka ...

wa ( ., KyO·tID karl" kaeri'masbi:ta ka, SeD,'i, D,O' do y'~bi, ni kaerima'h'il.--' .3,.. K.II'ri.ku-sao wa I( ) nit Osaka ai ik-im.asu ka •.
I,

,a~ ",,!Iii • .. . a-me .... ,Dl' ik- - "71m~_:,u. _ -.

«
(.

) de ikimas •. ka,
ea. de :ildmal;'--., )1 te ikimaau ka..
!Iii; - ,·,"',;jj!lillliili!IU-'-I: .•.ACIia!
II

Sh:·'I~"D:

,,--i"',-~i d· e"

'.-- Iii. .,~- , .: _ '._',

Dl Pat, the appropriate: particias ill the :p'ar,e:·tbe.ses,~ ,(Ifa particle is not req:ai·re.d" put, an X. in the parentheses .. )

lI!:iilI' ... I.,-_....~;a ,_,Ia-,1 "_',' -I·. I '... 1'- ID-'m,'·'·h· , , .

-IV-',---C ." r
" '!

AJnnv;'·e··r· ,if '_ tb a···npr-- --,o-:-p'- nate~ --.-.---:-,. ,_'.'" ',.". lth :__,", ..:.-It'' ; ';e--' "'__:_~-_~)'_'.'
WI·
J ',0,1..

r'.

"

~ , .. I ,e-'-xp"--'II"\iI!:Iii,£!i;lIJ!'itJo"os",.~.. '!IID':;._.,.~&,.'
II'
":-_-_,

J-----' ['

~'pan---:-I---e-"e!ia
,I,'

'~I!'

----':"_-" _.:t: a, -.-.-. rson ·,"e mee·I.S' (I the d.' 8: J,m'e,., , ae 2- Whal'~t- dee ODe sa",y-- 1'0'" a guest who- .lId.ZJi just',-, aniv-·ed-·-";'" es 1Iro_~1"" ._-,' ··.,·..... _'.'.1 13': ~ _,.~IOW'._'~a ODa O!l,I,er a ',,",,--, '~JO a, gu~l.~ ~ha-:- --'~'r' '",:, H'-~'-: ,'~~~;' u, - -:;-'' J. t -, :--'-A-m-." __ ,
,"I

H" .. ,__.-': .'-.--- ODe ': ",.0 -.;__ ·~oes . ,'- --'~•. 1Il'~~
' "'", • ,,-:' ._'~I

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V Tnmslate into Ja:panese,t
1,. Please. come this way ,2,~ Do COIDe: iD~ ,3~Mr" Tan aka- 'weat, home yesterday 'by taxi, A ,--;-v ['*. U-'---lii!,aa U:R.,·I'~te-· '1:"S--' ."-0' ,i 'ft18' ""0' '-_-_ _t~ n.....•.:L.. branch oft:-:... "-1~ic-'e on'- - Frida ·"D_._.~I ._: LJ~· th-a VZIiIIIJI ··,.,~I~·_I.,
Ii
l

~_:~~r~

,~.r

...

~l

~_=~,~.-:_

'_,' __ ', :__ ,~,_J __

'_~I~'1

"::..41 .,.. I~~"

'I' ~;n'IIIi.'I'

'17
Ii"

LESSON

"L"~ ' a-::- '11-:--';-:at ,___:__,e, , II",'h- , :Y", ,,',,',~,~,_,:" :, ',,,

t':',~

a-:-:-'e"

'Ik'~

M-":' ~:___ '~,_.--:,_r"',- T'__:,'i" a ':' 'a h
£111",

'0"J "g' ~

~__:'!il

se

\ \-t ~' T ---- llt J(> "7
... .,., ..... 1 %.."/ f'' ~_
.

.

1

"

",

.. _,

..

L
j

A., ,~i: Iv
\'cL:'o
, '\ ~

~

f.1 ~~ tJ~
... i-. f_~ ~ }' t,f ~
+;.. ~ I:" 'ri"
10

,n"

.. _:~ _I ~

",,-NT"

.J..(

+

'I

~" ~ IIV .J, ",

~

'v

,~ tL t ..
'm'a all' I!I!SU' iva t'e
'I' I : ,', "_:"~'
iiiiii

\\,t -tt .(.;
l II,

II GD.,lI

va '" -'b- I! I.a, ..... _ T--e~b"mi!' I.UluD L,:=-'b" ,ere" p, _"';;"," ,u..a.u,.. "~: ~,,,, 0,0 u.e •". ..... _II D-' ,1-'0> t..,,_,, __ ", u.a:u.a ~ ..'Ima, ,Bi T'aDaka,48lJ, DO o-~,ua8J1 imasa,. Niwa, Di 'TaD'ka-sa'D ,to p
I,:_
'.--

"r'. ,,'U ,I!

, ,~"

:

'1'i11"""
I..

,

,t', 0:Ida 0--," ":o'"'no" ',-, k,,~, ,'"k"O' ,I,r' ilma-u "
~~i3I'

,,~,

D' ;il!Iii;d,: D'"k'""G" !111ft m"'"dar'" _ee -"0 ' !L'u " ,', _~~_,'",,'D.Ii""
_c ... ' " ..

l~'masAft

'~d:~.

W L..Jw'LJII'U" - [iiii"iiiiJl
-I

"I

",

'U-

iI!li1i Ii

~ ~'' ' "Ito.

!I

~j

.....

• '.

j

65
,

,

\"t
\ ,,-t'
'~'

,.:

'. I"' room :I,Vlni
DI
II!

in (particle) chair
and (etc.) '(particfe)

IS8

J8

7'-7)111 ,+-: ,. ~..&-

" ~,
~'~I

'_ebara,
(,:~
.:.

table

~

~

"L, )."'
'.,

&rimaslu (,am'
De'

are (tor ina'nimate: thing,s)
toOP and ,(pa·rticle)

to

bana,

.. ~ .. , \;00'

dl'"Jl L ..._. " 'J,

--

(f)-"

'...... ,

-

'otoko, 'ko
__ ,-_ c':_ A.J~'
~,,_:__ ,,'

.m. '
II!

:III'--··U': ..'C-'.) -I,ru-, &Ui~

flower (his) wif:e (See N'ote 2, p,. 168j')
'-,•

..

I

is, (for lil' i:ng 'things)
garden
L_....

110

ko

(l"··,1L,.,!:11I ooY""t _-'ntaJe: 'C~~1.J.d"') ,
Ii ~

I':\1 ',,-, '- ?
,

,.r:, .j't
'"'",
.".,

"

v'ijII -

'~

t:..-'it'
,','
- _I

daidolko1fo
',-'::

-

t'..-

','~'._

'I

t,.(t'
-,
-_

c~hild. kitche.n. n'obOOy .. ~ "' is

,',"-:,8008, L" II!__ -'

8--'-' 9:' ,:-'-, .-

'_'\ e, 't'- - ,-,- "",6,' _£;,XlS ,ence 0.1
G;~A","" A"IR"'"
'o_·.
I, •.

'0 -1- -' '. , ,'IDa-S, coop 'e an"'d" T'-h'"'"
,'C'_

'(Ii

1

[1.1

place 1,I" .• ~~'.,

I~·._'-

':N' I

ft:~~n [1~iUI·a

_1!

'A"',S'~'"'III"'M' IA",S'-U'~
I _.'

,I

,.,

[

..

'

2.

noun

WA

place: HI A'RIKA·,:UJJMAS:U
nOIDD GA AlUMASIV:I'.M:ASU'

3~ place N.I ,':_-

.' Particle ,IB" S,_,bj'ect marker ..

W:b.en.;3 subject 'is introduced 'for'the firsttime, or when the speaker believes 'the: information te be: new 'to the lislten,er;'1 the sub~je(:t marker ga, is used after the

LJIfli ~;iJ

Ba.'. ga ki_~1~1"U,."The ,'-US, is comim:;'ii' Ktn:~ 'Yamada-saD ,~_ ,:'I~:~, '1Ibi'ta., 'U;Mr~'y'amada call Ire y:esteJf'day~U' .", ~ al h tne bi t 1· t'th' ques,tlon WO.S rd Ga IS, a SO, llStt~.d'wnen the IU)JeC:, 1-9 'U'ntUiOWD i.e., 'Wl;'~,~ , "who' and Hwb,a't .•" (See Note 4, below .. ) 'D"'."'re·-' 1!!IiIi-' ki-----.'' m'-;Ia'.'' hi:.-oIi·ta·,---::- ka---:-- !I:,r,Wh~',---,7-, '0' ~me .. ,1Ia "
6%.
I

noun

U

Ii

1,

,j,

'1':1,.., .JJJJie'

,',-,

_;',

_

,I, .,~,I----,I_.-

.

'" , ...

,'",:_:,_

.f.'!i,iI!li,,'-~"·iJ

I.:!:~: QUI

'~.: 1i:J .~ .' --N L' 'D'Ci,SQ'" ~ .
.I.: ",.

d! Ur

'Ga is, used, similarly in, the reply;o '1:.:>"bID,'~ :11:....: £1',. , -a ' a;hl'I'~aAD'" d'a k ; ..... ,!liL,!.ta" _'-'_.U".' .ta.u~Dl_.~·. uMr.· H"aya' .... "~'m'a ':'c...:~"""
l~ .. ,._ .•

'Il!i;jt'

lUi

Fo~~: neutral desc,ript'!,ou, the folIo'" .~ g 'pattern is used a ex. Ik'kai, D'i resutol'aa.la arlmasu, "There is,a restaurant 'on the. first floor "t 'When, "OU 'want to ttd'k about the restaurant, "the reltaurant~' becomes, the
I
I'

GII

"wa,BI--+Dl'wa,
Iii!
II>

I'

+

topic,
S!IiF' ~..

R.le:,i£II.'u.,t',-o'·'-'" . W:BI;'IJ''!'':ka''ri:'.'~:__.:- ',' -. 1E&U_.:._"l_.. "Tbe restaur".'u. - ' ant is 01' iIIa'r';lftJ'l1aaU ..~ _.u " ': '. '.' ~'." _ '.• .' _ ..::_. _ .:.... ..~ .... _::_I\, ::
t

WbeD you want tOI _ becom J~ th'e"'" top ~~ ex" Ikk-"i nl wa ·r,esu'toram. ,ga, arimB'I1I. "On the firs'--' floor', there is a . ~:_U :::: ' t re 91ta.'-ran·~· ;;
,_ "',,·_.l:j

floor." talk about what is on the first floor "on the first floor"
II _'

O'·"'D' the . lf'·:l' alii!:l!~l .. st '_:......

:__:._.:..~1I1!ll

DO

L.'.=,

-i'-",',

,I~j.l

-t

• V,er]bl " desUt Wben the verb is understood, ,deau so,metim,t!s, takes its place at the end [of the sentence. In 'Lesson 6 ,:e: see: the sentence, ""Sb,uteho ,d,esu,ka?" and d.elu 'here is used. in place of s~h_j-maB'U" T' I'e,:,'~b"',i~ d-,:o~'k' ' 'o' : &: .ala. ka HWb" ,--L,e,.:re ,;i. th' ae TV s:'e,~.t':?'" Tle'lburg D.O ue ,den. (for' Tehan. DID .e ai, arimaSlI,.) "It's on the table, If it is Bot certain, w'heth,er 'there is a TV Of' not, d'"g cannot be' su:bst-:'tuted and arim.su 'must: 'be repeat ed to 'make the meaning' elea , 'T' A,b':liIIiill·:U·' D",O'"U· D:"I' tere b-·,:il I"., ' ar'·I!!:'--I'.'1l ka "Is the '=' ~ a 'v: set oa the t:a~1.!)-ei'~t ._' .,LJ, Hai, arimaluj/H.>t" terebi p ;arinlBliU. "Yes, there is,~1Y there is ,a,T'V es,
~i

.D.1tf

r__

,.~.

'SUI•. ·. 1ft·

.

. . 'ft';1 11&11.

__ 'nma,·iIi ':-',',

.D'

J

__

._

.41

.

I _','

. ,liiJ

_

r..

iI.

U

;p

DtIItF" ~il

.

~'.

-}~

~_

', ...•

I,.

I(~

r.

"

I

.il.

I .. ·.

,_r

::;',,

__

r.

'_'

_

.....

_::....

_

, __

"

:~.I!I!

'_@

_" __ "It'!S

g::_ T'

,_:._"

.. f__ . I_ _:_~

.',

,._'l!!!!'

set In this case, one may Dot say:. Rai, teflebi, de' "g,.I.·, a'i, teburu
~·.t@1

U

DOl

ue ,deBu.,

NO"" ':'T' 'E.-'' 'S-::.:
.. ".,.
"-.':

2~,Tib'uru, DO 'o,e D'i Ishimbrm to 'ba'aa ,la-lrimaluJ. 'Th' e::_-,':article ·t' o~·s u'~e'" 'd:.'£'01'1'" "an.,d wh an'" the': e' 'Xl''-I~""ftftC' e of n 0'' ' 'the "; 'It no' :O' 'f n 0- bod 'yo a:' I"" i . L-:-~.·· ',::'" _ .' P ~ .. as"' ~.G:.M: is im ;<11:.:', F·, "_'Q"m'the,'."-:--a" aplied ftgjl'''I,a-'- ~e·"'n··'te'n·' ,ce], ,". o;"t is C,.·~ _,_ tha t' th e re ~,. '" oth,)_ [un t","h' 'e, lear o .I ," 11..' " J _ "~~'!;iii'& l :LS no· ~ng" ".. -', ", - - .--.... '" tho ,·"QWe:fS .. N"".,--t" th t 'lDU se, ana,:!iI; '00' th ., nlik ad tab'llIIJle be"- sid .... tne newspaper an d': me £I: . eesmes t'b" rsote .1.'8,1..... '_;".' '~O ~ and 'Va are 'used onlv 'to connect nouns Tbev cannot 'be DSAd tin. connect verbs [or' claus/eli,
I.'.
,~I,., ~',:, '.,":'

",I'll

,',':"

iii'!!!

,' .. 1"" _.~.

,_',_,,:,··,!:]'L&IIi,lIf·"··:
I.

'.' "[,,,:
ti,.,',_:.:

,,:'

'e-!

.','

".

,ft.

L,

_,

Ii,

,•

I

"

il!I:'

I

t-

"

J,

n,-

Ii

I

'_

'.

~

I

_

--,:,. __ , ._.

'

',_,

.•....

,I."

,"

__

_;,'

_,_

I

--.

'

..

''____:

.

._:_ ; __

-!.......:..:. ,.1'

r'

I~

.....

..__;:......::......:_._,

.....:.•

.1_.,

• _ . __

"

'.~

_:___::

_U

_".:_ ·JjHI;~~.
t'

... ' -:, ._:."

,

"~I

,0, 3,','D-'I.·, re m·.·, -I-·.·.G,·e-;:···--,. Dare, "who," c:Qmbine:sm,th 'the particle mo to 'mean, "nobody' 'w])en. followed ~Y'a verb with the' n,elati've ,ending -maleBl :S'~.mnlrly;D_ni :mo:. "nothing,' and do ',::0' ni mo, "nowhere," take the negative verb, ending -masen, e1 Dare ,mo, ki'maaen de8hitai!. ~iN'D,bod,y' eame," 'Taa.k.~8B.D wa .shita d,oko'ai. ma iikim.a&eD,ii '~'iMr" 'Tanaka is not going anvwh ..,..... ""0-':m0'..rr--- 0'" W" n ..:I'I'Y.' ~iI'IiO.'· lJ· .- )-,.
' '.' '. ,' ..
,111.1

.'EII

.• ,

t,

t

;;,

Ai
~iJ

are "who" (se N'..",U~.:..'" 5'," p',.' .' 5'~'5~');1.'" D'8:,' 'lIl,iII! ,.w.lIJ1a! "e'" ote 1i!iC!!!~ ever .!II"I '- D'n"cne·"d'" 'b""V' n l..o",' ,."", " ,' .,' topic 'maker WB, It :alwa:ys takes, 'the sUlb,~ect m.arke:r'la,. , DO'~ 'ue -,," .' '·":1' " ,5 .. a~:,::-: ,Dr, ,:"_.~ f[IWh'''''' I,at 'w there ._:. ~ the ,:~~,J! .• ,'it!! :.1 ~:.~ ra:~ ISU. '--,._; ", DI ~_ Jr."':: da- -"nm"" "'aau "ke' , "', Ul, C· 'ba-'Ii'r"" Rlon , a a ri~III.!I' ':"There 'ls, a boo'k~ ..,
"~I

':'~aH 'L-' ·'!·k··,'....''d' _I a

I

':-'.,ft,11 Ida,
I, ,'_::_' '~', I ! ..

tIi~_~,~:t-,:Ii:t 'if.

'ii;1II

1Ui.~ 'I'~.

,Y'I'I' ," , "

,"3'

tbe -",

,

11-

~

on-

-

I

:';f

'KE-'~I[~~E'.·,N,~·I·E;~:'[,· ::~·S·~ C --~~--~~-~-~--~~-~ a 'S:'
____ f
I ., ' ., "~' ~_

I, :lkkai nl :ima ga ari:maBU,. " aa" ~" a:, 2- Ha'-:-'Ik' .'0: n--' 0,'" &':,'., "kl·8: '0' '1: k"'lij't"te' /,' ·'0" ha,,-d,'~ /·-:-.''Ir''--11j 1Ii~ ',- n 'ma'_-'-:-18"U" 31 [Ta.D,a D,D ue d'i. shasbl0, )'iB hOD, lB. 8,rimaSUiI ,611 Mado 'DO c~b'ika'k1l oi O8D,8, 0,0 k.o I,a.: ID8~ •• •.
1 l
i

ill

l

"

__

,

_:.,

J"~

I

'

I,'

;

.'

:.

:_.:_',

_"_~'

......

',

II.:}.,'.'

I

.

,~"

'

,

.

!_

_

..... 1._

'.

,5~" G"~'e-';Dk".·an,~ .'
_.~ . __ . [ _... _..
I

D. ti! d:-,.'.a _-~_. ~~

me
[.

.

"I-ma' ,D,..O'· _. ~ _;_lll

6. T'odana. :DO mae ni nanl 'mo afiimasen.
1.. There is a Hvin,g rOC)Im, n, the: 'ftrst 'fioer " o '2'",", Th"".,' er ,Ie' ar~: ~ Qtam-" '-'-I"i\iE!, and p~:I+'''''"'ii.po;..I, ..., ln 'tb-' ",a, 'l,. .... ~ I: llAlIA.+.
[ ..~. I. I[ . -.', -, [ _ ~,~ ~._ ~

_rl.'~ 't......

Kllil' , ,... ~-·~i~'\..GJJ,I~

I - __ ~,

i.¥'

3,,, 'There are pictures. books (etc,,') on the abel€" 4,., There is a ,giirl near the w'indow'.. ...........dh h1 ':-,t, Th" 5 -' nere lSD' t ,anyw ~y 'I'R tl:-e entranee ha'1'~,~
!I; '.

iii

6.. 'There i9D'~t,anything t', fron~o·f'the' cabinet ,

'ill- .._ ..1 '1,.. I 'JUU

'nab b.pki 'tau,
:_11, '~';bin
.

I'.k.

iI"" .' ".aI,

first. floor .ground ft.oor floo'.r' ItS"" .'"',,' A',·ppeD d:'~, ,[-), ,_ "._.~_ee "'" " -:' '.,.tx. '.','
If'

m,ado

x 00,."-

-Lib"~_~ 'k' ~u on u.a. ___
_OI
-

....:_.

'-A U
I

l

k:Oi
' ••

window 'near, close to --' 'I (I,;" en , ]--- ci ", , ,glr.'''rh "f'A'm' I, e C'hl"ld tII!,.,
entrance haD

inside postcard

d·'ok,MI,
,t' _- .. -..'.

'.',-----.' 'n- .' oda'
. .,

-

'

:slle'Jf p'botogr,aph

mae

ca.-biDet. in, front 'ol, 'before

:EXE,R.CIS.ES, __~"""'_"""_~=-=n"""""""'_~~""""-~_"""""""'
',1

__

~_

--~-

'I 'Vj- ems: C"M' emonse ·t·b·.. '~11 ,.~ -- verna ana th eir presen"t, 8;D._: plUS't terms. .,."-b--"· r:, " .. ' d ,- '~ --, -.' ,~. ,-. -'d" - -, f - ,.--,_~,;_.ero ,lOWIng- ---.-'b'
I . ,'. '-,-.
c__

_I

tllf.,
I

M.D'D"'

'''-e'.
il ..

q//.
RnlD- 8,'hj't .-.'8
Ii' 1

an· im'88
il
'. ,"

')M

anDlIl88a

'i

be'

im-s'u

"ma·· """',,"Ie·. _.,._., ,an__._' 'C!iiAD'd;-\'Mi"\ifi' .. .... ....1,.......... IlDaaeuu~ll:L··'ta

Practice [. e'-'","'11 _ eattem:... : }I~~ .• U.1e U'o...l-rll ': ...:1 I".1 " u -·~IIW 'th·~,_-~IWU10,·uftft'I·' Ira ~. 'b-,iU' C-·"'!~-·~ft,i¥ "'''''"",,: -- DC ,II· m·CU pllll
"Tf
[Y~~.:_·.I t .. ]' ... .
J -. !~! .

ples gi.ven~ A .. a~:1. iii terebi III arim( __ . -_'a.~
__ i ,_ ..~ ... ~ .11' 18" .. IIr""~

.g.

''II'l'"'1o~\i!Ii

~I

'I!J'~
~

in the e··xa·..·..,· ~ ....m :··,·
·:'1
.
j ~-:. :. -. • • _.

.2(j itJu.

:B,,, A

3.. de-w,. IIDa oi, :',OOODlO[ III im ,.. il a
- -- --- -----


'!Ii

·oto· '.

:-'111 · '11" U-; 1'0' ~

2.0811'- aoko III M,ake d'wogues, 'by ,changing the: underlined parts as in the ,examp,les. giYeD .. ,A~ Q: Ikka! nJ DaaI P arimasa 1m" ex A': _~.,.~ arimasu,. __ ,P
1IIIio=:"iI._· ·""·0', 1-: (d·~~
. ,~
~~.

ill. 'I' ~ ..., ' __llh._. ., ••

3- .-.tear8i~_.
Ji; ".,

~~ud' ._ .' I"·
Ii'
1

:__ ~.. :_ ..

I. tiib:UI'1I.
i

De, 'ae"hi_

·bJlhimhu .
!

.2:'1 '.. ~.'D8no
C·",I£
_ '_,Iill

'at

8..
1

.~.

_'~

':.

.:ya.
_!Ii

[fDD

iii'

N·I
_

.U'[.

;. ..11~

,itiil 1-,":", 8M'

'I'~I' ,-~:.

Jiii.

k' . ko,

A: iOm·.o,aok.18im __. u I~ ,otokoDiD : '~:o Qua 'to
2., T:.naka1811

D,o.

,D'@, ~ Q:: Dai.do.~~,Q~ul ".re a

.. ilBllu!u'k

'1.

I~, It"ka'a 2.. .. ~!ok.uclo

:E, ex, Q: Todaaa, ..
r

DO'
antD[

mae. :m, oani .. admaBU. lila.,
it[ .•
~!

A•·

!iiI

I

'N".- -Inl-i '
.,_.,

,~_~",

"AI

1-'

;illAllliI

.II' i••• 'De o 2i I... RO .bi·ta

.'shok.d.,
iOw·tearaf

__ . _UUiaU kod·~#a'
.

,.

child. ,~ · :room. d·tlllng; ,..~~_. Iav,atory
,i.

Da'al. 810

ii·

!!I

I~

iliiJD8HD

"i,"

CTmd'itionai],y added ·to
certain words te .ai·ye .'he _.el~~~ce'l ,... -- -m _H!i!i&·J.llII.. . it·-refix'~ U' "

~SH:O:._. DULOGUI

el9

sa,ORT DIALOGUE~~

............... ------~~-----~111 :ae. ,ADO

Otok~o:DO h'lito: 'Kono, bim, :oi wa Id.D.W. I" ,lIIriBUliBU ka. OlUla, ~o Jlim:: Bait ,&rim.SD" AJlOklo, ail gk,eU . 'e g. ,.rim..
mB,t, Di arilDal!U,

.. l'cltsuke'

DO

Om.k'D DID '.'"'to: DOlmol _rigato,. "'-':.Man· Is there ,a tel~p'hone in this; building'? WI~rif'l"lo'iI!Iii"~: Yes, there: ls, Th.ere'~sa reception desk ov'er there, you see? 'I ,~'s: fro,n-t olf the 'in, . V'lIlICUI.,
r . .' . '." .
I

i I

:reception, d':_csk~
'10' ..... '11· Jl.YI.a
t
iii

Than'k you.

bin
asoklo,

ukelaule De

'yIOlll, see ~,~ .. Ir'~'·', ~ ,',", 'tsn t ... -" • ,,~'!IL
nil!! . _. 'Ii'

·,•. ill...;rmg,_, .. b..iWIIU· ...'_.c,ver theret 'that, place (over there) 'ft!,ception ,(desk,)
-'I' - -.
-

.

'u,U:f'e.·'

.l..,_ "",,)..

Q'UIZ

..

I

11"[

:, Rea~dthis lesson~s'ope~n,ing'text and answer the following questi,ons~

Ia ni '--18 ii, ,8 arimas,g lIa. 21' Ti:bura, DID ue oi. DaD,'i, 11:8 arim.su ka, 3., c-ma Ili dar: ,II. 'im __ 'ks., -u 4. Da~':-okonllni, dare' 18 imas'. Ita.
I,

-:~ ha.. 'h' t 6" t "'- .'-'..lmpl,elL:e U,ilie . ' .. ,,'_:: ..' . .' II , Co"',"-1-'· "'.... ,,...""- .queSIL.lons. " so t· .' ..... to. _!Iey ',~_,
,c_ 1_.... '.,

,~'L-. an" !We.·

~ :sw~- -" --, . ,I.,.. '.'.·'e..·fS..

) e,a ------. CI' ~. imaS'lIl, ka, i. Hi",.:ru ( --.' "-II""a-.,u.,n,·· ~ d:a I i.aU··. T'''''-,-. _.~ IU:HIA! 1. 2.. Ima iii 'e, )1 p,arimasQ ka, Isu ya tibu.ft1, IB, a'rimasu.. ,3,. Daido'karol Di. ( ) 18 Imasu ka, Dare, mo im,8&eD,. p, anmasu ka ,4.. Jj-.U DO 'ue' ai (.
.uLI,J.aa
rftIi.'

N _._,au_ mo' Hrma-a ..
I

-'. -

-J' ..1

.'

! ~ .• _",

I'll Circle' the correct verb of the two in parentheses,
I. 'TaDa. DO ue -j sIIa.hiD 'ya hen 118 4,a:rimasu" imBlU).,

2i' Ni•• , oj T.uka-san ga Carima:8U, imasu). rl<d"k .3 ~ na-· ':'oro, DlOId'- ar,e' me ('1Ii ~._~I~O,1 IUIUB" I.masea·.
!Ii' I )

;c.a~.llg 7:·O.·~. L'DC!!£!\n'l.'II'

jj3,

4,.. 'Terebi. 'aiD ue ui :aani :m,Q (arimas,a, arimasea,.,

,[ ' '," ,.-pr 'rnr,~g:t,Dpa,~":rti:l'~d~' m'~,i"-, -&reD'theses,,, - ,elf a_ nartiele ...is not recuired. lea, 11th:, .,~." ... . .... . I~_ _' -. IV PuIt th annro -rl --t , , X-::-'~'~ tb'" e ,r--' -, ,, Pu - an, '~:< In ':::- rt~:reD"'ib' ,-_feRS,,,,
_ .. __ t)~

,Q

1tM.~.

_

"...
'

_' '_"
""

Q~P'

'1IIiiF~__

_,

I,

',"

,artmasu. kitte ( -;Im_~-un : (There i 2@,'Te~bUiru I( )"-' s 'b"" b ( ) ue nl hana :( :' arunasu, '::_«!lie I,S :no't'hi'ngelse there besides the flowers and the, n,ewsipapers~)i ,3. H.klo DO,:oa'ka ni 'halBki ( )l 'kit,-" ',C , ,ar,i~'LI,'.'g,. (There are other tbings besi,Qles'postcard .. and stamps.) s 4""1 Gen'kBD D'i, da're (. ')1 '~'mB8,u,a., Dare ( ')Imasen,
I'
'a'

1-"
Ii .

'ko:-:c ,',

~'

-~_"

":_. ",

) oaka, (

)1

oIi'

)

')

I

I"

It There are, c'hairs'i' tables I(etc~')in 'the:'Hvini room, ' 2'~1 In the garden (there) are Mr,~Tanaka and a boy 31,. Wb;o is in the kitche,n?' 'There isn't any:body (there:)I~ ( .. There isn,'t anythiD,g ,em'the ehalr ..
I

I

Q!UlZ,

11

I~L· ~A~~ ·LI,O--:······C--::Ai·~ ·C,··:"E-:I,. -~rI·OI,...,."
. ~, ~ .. ~': , I.. '...

.. ,---, .. .- .. _. _

_

.. -

---

--

----

',1'Y1ii. Smlth wan -:8i to :. - :·,d':.. parcel ,"hom'e·':"~ Ieis .. ' ,_:,:_ _-'"·::f~ the ... '""":···~:",'-t·-·:,o·' " .' ,.. ~,O Ben _,a.'" -_,:,,",':, ' ',,,, H .. a in front , roart , mnen ,_,uu ___::~,. " llihl:k'·III"'IR-·' 't-:'eDd: eo' ·~··t" b-·"o··w:' te 6:.:, :~_"'" ··u't'',d:O"~· abo ,ap_'_-,_,. ··t·~ b-u!'iI".;iIlD"'·ld .:', ~'_'~ the~', U-"p:'e'·'··'rm~·~ '•

It.
'"",,,~

.

,10111,
'",.i
r

"

1,._,

,

..

_-J:-

~,'.

'.

'_::_,-,--,'

--'~,"-

,-

'.. "."

-

~

...... v",

;-+"I/_N iJ:.! ,,: " ~_

Ju ...
~

;, ~\ < ~.: tP ; ZF ~ ~ ,i., ~) '3: 'f' J:
0

J:, ( ~~

,A. ::. ,~, : •
:fi"/v 1)1

i:,t '. ;i;, 2(
;, (7)

I~:.
,""
I~

A-J{---~ci
,

,,,, ')

tt"ho
'Q

tP?1

"(},A.,'~

Jt ,(

i:;t
i;. I}

,A, "

~

::

"""', •

'",'

.

t ~"Ii'
~,~'~ 1
I ....

~

~. tL~'I,} '~t' h 6' ,I} ·t l' J:.o ,i, IJ Q( ~ i
'0

e ,v»

i;. '6'1\ ,

~ A ~ ~o(

:yft;'" Pi,,!, ,

'1

U" N ~-

t,. ~ .t. ('.,.

t~

A ,""""_' V. )rI "\ .........
,Ii!

"'7

.

d'rt.

~S'u,misu:, 'KIOD,OICbikak,Q '_--.yib,in'kyok,g ,18 ,--=jmalll, kat KanriniD!, Be, arimasu, J'O. '~:.'qmi.;IU: Doko IdelU :ka~ .--,~''--'i'lftll ,da .•. Y·.';biu'k ~--:',k--:-" wa,aao sup. DO :-:--',', Ar---';k'" 0,111 ,1I_:r- ~ .·ruD.sa De~._U.._, .·~ya_-,u BU·. : u·· Ida .'...: a~' ... '-,'I ... i~;i'l!'n·", GUllI,U· "IN1l daa .. Aka--···· '1!1!PO' ·'.:liIilI·t;'O e- anm""· 'la',sau k..,ar'. ,.'. '.'n°II..a.rw".I.II.lilluu '. ",._ .• . , S~u· 06 ,-'10 -il.tu.. ,
,_IiI.: ·I'.'j ~ . ,"-1'('
.!""!.',~ ",:.

to·:-·· Dan, .'~' I"
_.iIi

.... B

_".

...•

' ..

1

.....

-

.1_'.

1

.

_

I"

!ii.

"

''IWI'IiiiIlIlU1i~,_:'I'

ill'

Sm~tib,. rpA..int"-Aftr·d-ia'D't" .S'·::~'U·
& .- III!

....

'~&IJI-..~II..'~"

II

,Smith,: Superintendent:
Smith:

m "I

··-·t· nee -. mere a POI . - f"C... near h'? -le:re:~ Y ~, ''r here is . Wh·r'i! is it? - _ ,: a.-t-' superm.-:" JIL..~j ~ t , ."I~' S~-~ lb'.'CIi,;-· a __"~. arket ~.o 'iii':JiOir here ':f Th e
~

loS

.'iL,

lil:lili:!!!:

~.~.,
.. '.. . .
.
I. 1

°

D.A

!!llP

-+ _.. "'A,iI'S re' '- ~:, .. ,n .~,. Th" ~a~ 11,.,.'' d..... :m·.... 'L,___
"-I,

AI:

:'.I~~

I'

.I

:,1

Lr.JJ.' '_ "'It

I.

",:J ,"

~~_QI.~.

'fW1IjC!!!t·
li"lil!!:li'" ~.II

lULl I; : ~.
:1',., ~

-"!ce"
'm·
.

1. .Ir",-

;8 '0"~.L, _-+,
I .

" .. ." )

to tha.t sup' er '. u ,.',
'I -. _. -:." ::.. ' ~'. .~

jU1

l~,t

I!\ft .~: : I . y'OI'1I :~ .

'I" ,,[_iC!i!t!i,

.lIit

!~_!I!

'Thank you,.
.r. _.....

• Th I"--'e.. . ,
.

OS~' --, 'P_I'
I'

-··-t-· g-·f{'_·"I'ce-·-. '~l-9-' nex··'-::-- ·t.. ."..

'.

_l.

.

' .. '

-

.

,

.',

~.,',

't.'o-- '-.

t·.

be
.

I.:

su-·~·~p.erm---. '.:. ..... I, :, ."'. -. •. .

_.

-

L . ,_.

~"u'-![J- e-··t:·
_ _ .

::

'.

,.

I, Ii

!I!'p] ,.Ifj

,,A,,J.' II I'lJ

,J:

tJ.

Ii' ...·

'~JN

t

vn
1iI-'

z ~~ 'IJI
~A~
.A,\

~an'-'" !l.uu. _

.-

superinteBden't
I tel], ylOU. (particle)
,--I'r:uatllfwket, 8U,~_, _' '_ ,_

,~I

I.,.,...J!

l__

t? 151"·lJ 'f -t' c: tJ n" 6 )

g,e:XJtto 'mail 'box, POI,t bQ1X, se, because (p.atti.cle) understand", see

N--O-;T-'E:'-S""
.
" • I

.

"

•.

••

..~.

1
iii

e 'ani ,.",111: J .:' v-', [~ dd d' th' ,: d z' . ._. ne T"'b 'partie' e yOI IS aaa ec , to '.~e en;, 0,1,a.sentence
'E-L '
'" :" ,.
"I. '.' :,' "i,

'1-

~

..'iw
.'~..

''':'r,A 1U1~
. il!!1

[-.':':_' __:g,_._:_
,

's~"pe' 't:h:i,'!"-k',--:-s,"the other perso eaker
..:_.~ '_'
I, '_ -. '. _ " ' •.• -.' _ ,__:,_,~_ _ _.

I

.,~

_,'

'In-i'

,

does
_'" ~~

a]' .- "iii to mtorma It carI attention ('0 i :l,lon
1,'
F

D'' 'O:-40 '1m~:I'D::-IW:-"-'
_,_.:__

ILl

:ka 2,:"D;'ok"o [d': The same as dakol ai, arimallU ka. Des' ,'is,' sed in place of :o.i arilD mar'" .g G"ram;. ., 11'1'I 'p" ,6,6'
(I -','

,~:g .. , __ .. aGJ;g: ··_'1

'0,;;

(See

I_~' ~_

.

.

-:iiI

~: ....

-I'"

'rio

go llJ..

In.l!li

A-ac"ko- nl
,I,' ; .~._", ,_~

iII!!iIiD' ~ _I,_ _ .... ... •.

'p···[ .I I~ d'A

an'_; , m-Ilia." n' _'~.I a ",' " .
,1

AG'I

:_

_

"See .. , ... at S'::U' h ~ _ Lila,..
e-

1'~·~lirllll·.·IBJ'_·.I.

'po

ermarket

,iI("id·:ilr@rre ,t:'L[..... UY~, _Il~ ..
l.

)[t~' 1(I~J·;
~ ..• I.::ll

"Th eres a= superma rket over there
. "r'li.r.,il .. -: . _. ~

:1:,"

','

,._:

..

:__"AJ:...._·

..

',

~

-'_~l_·~rli

'T"h':. '- ,e'pa 'rti'-I'cl£' ,"Ie'c'om,es [3 " "'. i; ",- ,","" ' at

ian"" there:?I' :;)

the e . O~1.,-a sen "'t:ence or pM' i [-ase 3D 'd<';1 ,1JA,e. u[you see:..; or , ~:~.o;o , ", .' ... ')"" -n,e. eOIQl 'f" l -" - ',', ," • - ".' " "isn't therefit?~;':in 'E'oglish,. seeks the: 'COD'firma:ti,Dn and agreement of the other ,,,,','.'" .... per,son,...T'·h· ,·-· ,... ::cl'''· 'yo [HU[~~ w· II e ud!' 'part' .-ueie De QS"S~ ' e' P·iWIU,·•..e - hn:..., "h''''I··L. ....[I: -"1- . ......1.,i

"'Ak· '.i .',.

.... ·'81 poI'ar,~DI ,Ia. anm.atJa 'k :.:ara
!iIi

The particle kara :me8DS "because. so, th!ereio,r-e't and comes sfter the '.I.:.'brase· or lelau,Ie. The. Japanese mean,iag can be expressed In, :Engli,Sh 'in t;w:oways:: "Because tbe're's a red mail box," or "There's a, r,ed mail bo~" ,10
'i
'j .'

,

5

I~.

n& G.. uu ••," i te

n& 1L"'t,e" "c;..-h'". 'y," .uu_iulj __ ~, W , ..

b· .,'- .,R lZ-,lIl DIR; e ·-:'eaa, ,L ~.'u,n.. IS 'th,@ h .. ,... :~i d' d .7' ... 'IY n,Y I09p:ltal (,anJ,,' OpeD' until '1' '2'~''" .'0 'ck "c:k'. ,.• ,.. [ IOC :,. .... Ky,., •• du-,6bi. del. ItUB. "Because too., is Satut[day,;,:;;
i . ,[Ii' ~ -

'"

'P"-:B"'A"'C""--TIC'"'> .:~.~-. " 'E ':'c
l ~. ,I,', ' ... :, '-. _-.

'1'
. ,.

'2:

,".1'

'H'-" ,- - 8 0 ," ,,- ,,- I!.- ,~,-, I~JD. OID-Y. ",,' mae ,m kod' ~'-, ,..·_o,mo ,lB. "",DID ,.'.--,--''''
1''',_,it

'E·-·I .. ~ :D"'0···· 1",:lUI\.IUI.,B .. _ '1&1, .:__"III"L,n ... I"!'", DI
1

,,111

i

·ta· ..

""A?m..' "0' ·.'~...'._.~.,O ,,[d'· tak' .a.

I

_'

',. 1110 ,U'~_

,-.-J~--f" ,,-IIIIIDBU.

'.

1

1

--or-.o 8'--' . " 'b- /ii1" 1'" Tb"" ~ ~~~&:~ :__eremaD" ,Wee
u

0;.",

__ ,:_

near
.'

"th'

'-tat'··'" ' .e Ii" " '1on".
Ie.
i ·b"· ",,- 'k-_ ·~th~ 1,00 '- '~,_U!l.~!!!;i·~

2

_',.,

"", ' d Thiere are 5 c.'biI"· ren" ,",;-.F---"t o"h:' .10, Jt-[UU "J!
.:__:.,' _c

II; ~'

__ ~ ",",_.

".

j

.

I:',

"

3.. 'The taxi. stand. is In. front of the I,tation~ .iI ·s. tu '...1....-,-.,., bo -""1' ' ..... ~.. iI"J"'! ..... ,...I .', UI >·,a ·tiu.ay, so u;m . I~Pluu11 IS '",:00_, open .l'uuB,'
!ii, ,i.'I...,,",,,,
~,ii.....
0; , ".

-, UD_b ',~" .,00"':'" ,,-,t~t 1- 2": ~">.'~

tateDlODO'

'L.,.. ,t'il.JII~:

uUillluiQ8'

taka,. ",
h.oD,~,.a
UlIiDID
,!! _ Ii
_

many', lots of

book, store

,5 people (eounter :to'r p_:ople)' (,See: ,Appendix L)

',&,VDj

~~"I",.~""C!:,"

"'R-"

C'I-S-""'S' -. ~
'11 ~,

__

~~-=<=OOO_~~_--=----~~~---==~~~~------

I. Practice the 'ioUowi,ngpatterns by changing the underlined parts, as in the ex,.. am:pJles grven,,,, .A.. 6~ Tib'lIrH
1" b
l "

no, Be ai
[

riD.• ga

.

i,tsutslu
-

-

arimasu~

-,

'it 3 mBi
iii l '

2~ him, 2~1I.0D, :3.., 1Ian'-, tat'usa
B..
/ . £1.. -,',

.-

Ni.WL ' .~, otGik,o .1,.
'DDDa,:oo

DO

k.o ,I. fU.tari :im881l.

:k,." ·~Din
:bito lIitor:
j

.2:.,atoka,

DO

II :Make Idia],oll1,es, by cha,ngi~ng t.he 'underlinled parta as, in, the examples given, A~ u., IQ: Ti!bUnl, DO De ni r·iot:o p ik,utBII ,Brim allD, :ka,.
Al, M'I)tb,g .riim88u~ ~ "~~mal h'" '.'I.,liIJ 1 ~pal. ma.-mat, 3
iii Ii

2. hinl" Dan~Dt, 2-ho.', ;9.., :1180, nao,!!!boa"l takusai .

,B~.G'~ Q:

:Niwa ai o,toko DO

hito iP IUID!!!D,iD. :imasu ka, -

A,:: :Hlmri 'im_u!~
, ~ iODDa :DO kD.•,~lIin ,
'iI!J. UI._ au, a_, ,-'6D')'I,·,.". D-'O~','~W-liI [fg-_'_I'''\-,~, . au~ ' ,lIdO;II

C., ex: IQ::

,,': :,at ,arimas·lI.~ TiakUahi~ooriba w'. ~

,'~,ODO' cllflkak

'.Bi 'taka, __ i-aoriba ,a, ar,im·,
eki

'U :-~, .'

DO .mae iii. sr,';' -II,.

l~ kipp.~uriJba" ,eki D,O naka :2., cbikatets,g DCJ irigu,ehi, d.epi,to DO' mae,
:3" b!-,'om,t ;lI8oko 01'
e

[4',1 kusuri-:,'a!.lo:ko

DI.. a., IQ:: K'lUlUDa, ,no 'k_Jj, '_ deko, R.i, arimasu Uti, )a,

A: Koko ui arimasu"
megaoe ,2'1 kOllo, he,. 110 b,li,
80

I~ 'watallbl

'E.

ex. Q; Tmaka.-san, wa doko
A: ,2·kaL,ai ima.SIII

ai, 'Wasa ka..

:1.

DiWR

2'. to:m.ari no> lI.eya
Q: Buu~ooribawa doko da_

ta..

A': Ekl.o

-"Re deau,,,

'1.1 'h.oD,"'" depi.to 8.0 t,(JDari 2,! kU.,tsuguchi" eki no :naka
3'1 ,-:: I-suri,""ya,,_joban DO

'laBan

41 by,6ID" e.kJ, DO ehikak .•

Ku' ,iLl

t,

.t .~.

~"Y.

III A. 'Connect 'the f,oUowinl sentences using kara, "because, '" as in, tbe example

,riven,.

es. KyO wa ,aAurllli desu,,, W.a,tami 'W••• K.y6

k'kG D'i, i'klDlaleD~

"~aaau_mi Id,esa kara, W8:,-_.lii \Va, lakko,~_: ikimasen,1 , 1.. K~yo aiehi~fobri,d•• " ·Walt.sbi. Wlf kaia:b.a, ni ik'imaRedI' , w'.
IXERC~SBS

75

,B,~ R_ead 't'be short dialogues ,aod, make the a:ppr-opria'te sta'terne'o:b (S,)

\"-:- ·r··.·, I

'oain,'

~I

I

ex. Q~: Di8h:ite~ k76 bJliD, 'W, 1.2i11ji10.; ! e ,4: Ky6 'W. d.~6bi dUa,k.8m~,
'I·"te·.· ..,,··~ !11M a' .. 1'" '" I._

d.,.,-

-C,- .. ,

:9: iD..J"1 'wa, do-"61H- deaD, kaT.· , 'b,u~'-, ••. 'l"':~;<IIl,m' ; ,... ,~l_,'(. 1F~j:O . - ~ _._ ._ - ..e n~UI~ .-t."U'U-I __ .~ ,I. ." ~ v '-;k·~k~~.·'I ikim·~}'--·.-:-:'·~'ka,:' • 1· Rj! 1i'-=....... __ ,-,-·P·'. I ' '*"., H1"<8.', k'..z."',.1!I!fM.. . IU, 'B·,t _~ "'D ,. - . ,-"" .~ ,JIUIIU. __ Ai: 'K,o' we Dic'bi-:J6bi desu, kanji,
0,..

Dlio

,2\1' Q; 'D18hite S,umiau·,ya, W., k'ilkii, ai ,LkiiJD u k ,.~, •• A': IO'k.1ID ,18lI;&ild, ,de k\ima8u 'kara., S(~

, ,

, '" _ fa "'_~

....

;2

peol)~e'€See A:p,pendiX,l.)

yaoya

'vegetable store

lak8.a-:"I,
18k.,Ra
',·S·· pao-,- "
,

fish st,otte
fish bread store, baker,,, 'bread.
liq,uor store

Id,tori
iik:utsu

nIR,-mal
nan,en
D,aa-UI_D,
,1\, ;..
;i;

1per:son how mallY' how many sheets
how 'm.a'D~y bottles h,ow 'maR,' people
,IL .. ,.

,

.

•I

~_,

paD

saka,·,a,
10k.,
ft

~'·I···ftliiliil,'ilrlii";lba··· .

'r-""

'ticket offic.e:
ti,e'ke,t ,lit;.., ,I ;i;,seU'i., pliace
CRtnmce
jlt

k- II:..,,.., ~&u
:meg&ne'

tkere~ that pia,ce'

here,
., ., !..'

"1111

'1. ' J~' '-pl:aJ"ll,A, "' '"1' ._.'.__~~ 8 "

kippu

4riba
iri_bi
by6ia
k,IJIi_·:IIrol;,
I _).... -M-_ 1_·iI"~

lI,e,., ba8~nori,ba

(eye) gllasses r,AA'm""
~ __ ~_I

bus 'iennina1
tic'ket ,gate

h,Qspitai,
'VA

ka'isa.tsutlPclhi
k,iball
y,a_1Ib
-.

'L'--a~ d'ru,jlJii '!i:J.._~, ~ ;~, P1,1411 1-111--_~I~',~l ,at-''APA

:poUce box
holiday

'kllBuri.

--

._"

:llik.:',B ~: .... dr.a,

d,irdli,te

w:hy
ait"i"iilane - iII1r

hik6~kl

S

,fIiII .... iiiAlll.· , .'Ii __ IIM~_~'

·

,. 'II~
,-,:I.•• AI RI,

Ya."\a_~_· ,KGb ___ ~.~ .•'Ii... Sm.IU~,:· Ya'mada:

,I-'ma.a·' .it. :8:' II. '.
~

go

a'_.

d.

'.'1IA.,n. ,WilKiVit

IW,Ij,~ WL._,.. =s·· av's 'pa' y~ ."" J"t'll':5 hen '-_'_Jere y,o.n- are __ ~ . ere", H···· -....
II.

t-:od' -

,.1 _-.,.

~-

..

'

I

,_,'_'

'~f"
J'.
'I'

Q'UlZ

---_

.':":':11:0

111

t. '. ," Hi' ,-:,ea,~ '!u~11sleS80rn"S openmg di'~':Ogue an:d answer th ~ I~II· 'Ques'.~-o,ns. r !Ii'al~ me ,1,0 OWing I, R dth I
I'

1~ ,S'lIm:isu·_, w'. daka oi :iklmasu, :ka,~ 2. Y'u,binkyoku wa :&iipi :&0' mae, desu, ka.,

ill,

1~T, __ uui~Doriba.a ~ t
AJ-_~~:'~ko dea,g,. ,

"

"~'."!I!!jO:-Q. __ ,'ks' .-1. • :d"~'u' __ __
I

2i Eki, DO, cbik:_,~-',uDi ( ) IS ,arilI188'U ka. '" - -.'-~II,-''llilii Ba'I'-'IU" "-on"-·b'. v-a V'li"tlbin'· iIr!\ll:r'o~'k',g'_' va Aana""·;;Il'!i,'-· a~"nm~~ Ir.U 3~ H~a·ya '_c,a ( ), :--'i ariDlalu, :ka~, S'upi 'D,gtDDBr~· :Di ,arima8u .. ,
_' ," I -, _
r
j • " ,'.,' ••

.!

~.

MI

_

~~""'"

,

...

~~

•...

'

I

.

_

'.'

1

.

I.,.

- . KII

.

4'1 ~ )1 H'erig, Kiko D'i ikim "rg ka. ~. 1""''::-'-:'''r1:', k: , T:ilil'llilm,~od"laJ"b' -1" 5.. T,ibura nO ue oj, 'riago II. ,(, ) ,ar.ima:IU k a,, MittaG, arimasu, 6'i~ :E:lli, no ,lIia,a oj, oteko DO hlto ga ,( ) ,I .. ,.,au·
U:. .~' ,...
1

ldill 1 [1\JJI.IIIIIIi'1iIj,

_111

I

...... a"D.·

......

'8-'

Futart Imasu,
III Put the ,a;pprop'ria'!te particles in, the pilR!n,tbesel~ [(Ifa partie'le is 'Dot required, ~ renthe, '~e~ I' ~c):" pu,,,I'" ~~x-':~ in tb~~.- s,
_"_,'_-: __ I .-. [

PS' .. '
,-

~
-

I

','

~l

",

.& ~

I.:,:

:iil.

~IE

'.:

1,. BaIU-: 10 --lb. ~ ) dok,o (: ) ,des'u k'_, Depi"o I( ) 'mae 'C )~rima ~IU", 2. Tlibu'ru DO,ue ( ) biru 18 :DaD~bo'D, (, 2·'b,OD t: ) a'rimaaa~ 'J ikim!ll ,:_~~: i.88en 'k,a. " ' .~~ a D6slhite kyo ka'mba ~ DO-~ylobi. eaG, (' '), . • 4,. ~teani (, , doko I( 11-0 '1!!Iii!'G' .. A m..&:', desu ,.
. ,. .. " . .~. " " - I· . .. .-

)[arim.su ka,

I'

'I!ii.A

._1

"

IV Translate
••

into ap--: anese ..
• L_

J'

,I

l"

,..

I. The liqUlor' sto,re is :1I,SXt, to t.b.evegetab:le store. ~ttExcuse: me, .'her,: is 'tho ;' lava,tory'? lfl'S over 'them:,. ,3~M:iss 'Wh~t:. went to Osaka:. 80, she is'nr.: in, the offi,ce today'., 4,~ Wh,y/ ,!'s the' hosp-~:~I'!""~l~!lJI. '. o-:.pe::·~n.~i)~: ti':~'11 '1;2:'·0· ~"Ol'" t-·od···~B'--:y~~' (/-o~·nll-y'~ ", un Because it's Saturday'. 5~ There are five ch:il.dren in, front 0'£ the book, store",
w _. [ • ,.-~~. _ -.

I

~.

_,_

••

[I

•.

".[.

M"

- II

I

!I!

.

.'

,_

r

iii

LESSON

'I

. :, .~ B'"OU'··'G···· . TIC,C"'K'.':,,:'~'._,'"E' 'S····-_ ..
1._,.. .• ' . ~

IT"

,

.Mr. S:mitb lan,dM·r,., Tanaka are talkin;1 about their pla'ol for' the

weekend .•
tttJ. >,," : I.,. :;: :.J..' l
!,'

Iii.

"

~

~

~

"

,"'.

""t· -::> ~_ ',. .-'.,
_
.-!!!o

t~~, ,+"... l - 'i!::
CI;" ,.......

,A ";,;", A

~

;:

~

~ ~ 'Ii? ......

,~._. .,J-..

~

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I

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V'

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't:"

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.

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'

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....

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'1.1'" .~,........~ ~ J'.:'

"Z
~L

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x ~ ,A
II.A
~
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:

t, '1.t, i, ~',\; '1 L
~I

no,

0'\ \ t L 1:.. tt'o 7v'1ffl
'~~.Iv~t(/)
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,'

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....

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t~

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Jr- ~;~ .....

I·.· .• . .

.-?

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6'\ \ t· L .1:.,

;rJ t:

h,1"", a
. 1&&'... .... a ... ·B'DU· T'~·n:-'''''.'·'' Sh'u-ma" ····..,·u D~·n-·.-m 0 -hl··::.W:.j:': . 'b'" • ka k" 0 . !I[C.I-Y'O " .' -_ S'UmlSU.: 'N· 1... '-'b-_.~:,.l OJ torm.oda C'hi llll~,b'~:uI'~l ml.mas,u .. T,8D,Idt,a: Ii. ,deau De•.',' :.0 kippu 0 :ka'im.•fjbita ka, :·u.m.,·:., '.uI ,.,is 'EI·'e·· .ae<Di.', - u"7 'G: '. n 0"', Dr' "', '·a diD,<liI',d':, '0" d·' - kai .' shi ~·ta'. ei ..t!lma:"
il 1 .... 1, ," .:
!.~_

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~

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J"_

~

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.g0

I

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ill.,

:'1

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.

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,

g

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it, ...~.

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p'

;'

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g,··

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._ ~:_,_", __ ,.G

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• :S,u:misu-:B8'D ·W'..•.• ea~lhu,Gioza DOl pureip'i,dol de 'kabak'j, DO k'~ppu k.ima: 0 sbi a, Ni 'h:t!~;Jobil -1tn :-':-.odaebi 'to kabuki 0 ,miJDBllu" '
1

iii

""""'-

J.

-, •••;1,..,_ an.(tIllil,. '.

Smith,:

Wb:~: are yon ,doing this weelcend? t I'm go~nlt10 see the Kabu'k:, w'i'th friends
,

Tanaka':
Smith"

Siunday·,. - '-k,. ow ,.~., _,~a,ve.' lUUlqIn. .. H·.,-,· . D],ce •. H'· ..,. Y<lU, L..... :1:..t· yOUi tiIC' ,:)e,s ye:t.. y'es~ :1 bou,ght them last 'w'eek ·a· a, theater booking ,ageey- in the
-

OrD
_.

.

t

-

...

" ..

.

Gi'DZ8,.
j ,· .

' .. ' ~th··,·· b'.. . 'h-·t~ ,lC.:ets, .1 M-..r"" S····mll..·~_OU-I_:.,··t~·k··
a.,

~',

1.101' IUle

liIb'L--

'11' ...

·'b.. ·~k·". .nal iU]·]' at a theater " '........... 3!gen.cy :!' .. tiI.,'L,.e (G··m,za '.. ~ ,.,' 000 'k' l'Dg ~n u... .
.u, .

,<I!

••

-

--.'

...

"

i · -··t· ..

Ilas ..

.

·week.. He is, gorin)I' to see the KabUki 'w~th fnends Ion Sunda.f~

L"'1't'~ L·tT· (T~) tJ~~.i: : ~ ~,tT' (~~)
78

sbima,t:BU

weekend
'.1l'f1II,'~

sbima..

do

kabu'kj .mimaau (·mint,

Kabuki I(Ja'panese theater),
see

\ \'\"~"Th
\. \.\:
\

:u d, ",111 lie
DID
,D, - ...

...

'It,,\ ,"£.
~'I,
~I

'b 1

i" \, , 'f:: '"t
NI~
'n

IL t:.

,already
'bough.t buy

:kaimublta
kaimasu (kau,)

.J(

_,.,

"'.

~

.~.A ~"I:

tI-' 'F~j 1 :.,'

Glnze
~
I'~'

Ginza, (plac.e 'oam,e)
tbeeter book fIJI agency

1:.

at. (p'srticie)

. A:'R; G·-RA~ ".M~-·M··'. IV~'
'
.'

_ .:_ '.. - :_:...__:
.

. ".:__~.....:..

",

person ~.' r'-" 2··:· nerson
,j,
!II

I ,g.::.

,I (

noun 0' verb 'W" "·:Ai .. perso."0 'N": "1' no'un
'W'A
i _ ' .. .:_ ~ [' -.'.

~& iIi3 .

"

t'·.

('

,

.

. ~.

0"':

_,'

v· er.. b·'
. .":'__ .

,

Present Form
~~~.
")"~-'-

tJl~ PJJI

alf.,
:a·mashita
'.~'"-,'.- :., .'d'-' ml RlBSeD· es
'b"

I~")lUI.

buy
read
r

ka.i~.a'91Iita

,o

kai·masend[eshi'-_ yoml~imaseltde8:b:i'ta rnile~ma.seD.d,es.bita,
1

sh'u"*"
):

ft'lllll~1l'

:Dll8e-,masU

Ii

mlge~' " BseD

'I

·"h,'iI,ta- ' mas I .. lI'R~iil3JiI(b;m:' ash '·;·t··a·. ~,I_,
. I.UD.

'IIi1'!Ii':ii1 :-,-.-

!UllUD""'-

.

phone

tele-

deD'wao

(hi,~:ma-u
0··,· JI&.. rna· ..·b ~., ''.'......e .it' .. ",. rke ··'~If",
f

l

.dellwa

:sh': ;m!

0
~D _

[denwa
_ .. it

0

shi,~,

.IDBDIIlta,

deD.• a, 0, sh:I-masen ',.
't

d - jbi:~·_,_

I.

~.

i. Part-"'c'lo,
.' I'.. [,_ ,.~.

ft ,.,d'" io-_ -11... .. b~ t ,~, .. lth ~::; PItaceod' aner a n01UD. 0 In,"I,ca.,LCS tna t th-i: e noun is tho e O:XJI@C 0" ts, use d[.'Wf'~ verbs such as "se e H "read n I'd': rink"'r t~ "buv I!'lII'Dd-[ ma'I'D'y ot··h· e-'PC · ~_:'L,j ... ,""' ..... eX~ T'ue' -',j[ 0 mimasu, ..[(I) wate': , TV," '
i'e,
" ..• 1. [ :.,' _. _.
_,"I ~·._ ..

P" "am' ':.1!.IW.e -' ,,~ ,,,•• :1,,,·.
1 .;

0·..·'

!

~)J~

'I't!!

~_l

,~_,

_!_'_~

_ _;i_'"

._._:.....<_

. ...::.. ~'ii ....

,

,

tt

IndIrect obie... mar·'k·· ct .'.-' ""r,o. . " ,J' '. In, J: 'aoanese, ~th """" ,~~ [0.'bie .c.'tr.or- recipient,"., in th-e. eas e o"lf: b such as '-'~g;iv. :n ... iin1dr·t1r··. ver 'S -,,- .t"'J. , . ,. ." .' "Ii lU·t· '(....- ho ' -,:II -. d '.' ,~'. 'd-'!' '.' 'byl ' ..:L - .pa.!,I_11C,I,e m, '.' rt~ 'I· L;@BC", __ te ep one anc so, on. IS I'D. lea: tne S·-4o ,d 'I.. lt M'r bi t t ,_" lUi' H·8Y81h'" _·.:~D. WB :···.',u.ml·a·8~·, :0,1,•aen _·a ,0 BUl1lDaS~.'i.: a, '._:, , H',aYIS;:1 teJ!,e"" . r,.. S'" '"'t"b' P':ho'nad' 'M'-"- ·:"nll'i. _: ",
'0-1'" '.C_..
I"I.~. .' ...

Q"

Q -41 __

-~

~...

.

'Iio.-U.

.,

- ~.

..•

._. -

"':..

iI,iil4;.

....

'i!'.

ted-

·-"1

i

I~

~i

iii

I!

Ii'

'bi-

U

I.

.

:;

'. I

". ,,,,,,:.,

.•.•

,II!

All£lQ ,~, G~D'" IIi..M·-',~,D'

'[V':'

7"-ltli ';:I

N-'0'TE"
:1 .. ~~~',

S"

,

l, Ii desu ne. Here: the particle ne does not seek confirmation or. agreement ..It is;a :sharing of , the other' persons's pllea'9Ure~ N'uancel, can, be c,onvey,ed, by the amount of stress ,gi'v,e'D, ,any lyllab,I'e~,Co,m:par:e t.his, Be witb the De' in, 'Lesson 9~,
ill G"'" ,~.~tDza,

• "'d' d k·' b'" pu,f1mp'l,",Q < e :_:,.mas,~'I.ta~ " ...... aed 'L act '":.'': sue ',.:.-.;. ,' ",~ ,'. ~-,. N·:"',,' . ,an",·piace names ccncernee ,'.' Wlul acnons":.''.,.. "-h" [as 'wrh' er eo',,' '('h,,1ngs a-a " ouns :,nd ' '~,,"'-' ,,-." -, :'. , "--h't --:., '-, ',', t.. ,",' -", "'" , , '~'d bougnt, aeen, earen ,an:""-I 90., OD ....~,''!!', t'L ... ,,-,., ticl-",.'d['e. taze tne, pa,r e. -"
DOl
'i":'·
j' :

=I,:~ ..

',.(e,

c,.I~

I"

,

'3,,::·ii,

'0"·0'. 'ko',~"
"." -,-. ..

6%.,

"w-iere" '001£0 de ter,eb,i 10 'mimaau ka, •'Where do yo'u watch television?" ~t me uvmg ,- - _.. ae . .,~ ..., __; Im a d'- num,BSU,. ill ware'h 'I.. m tL. 'iI,!i, , room ..
_., ~ .. "
1

t-

il:

f,.,

'I!

Ii ,

,I,

4,1'

N,ani~ uwha:t,'"
~j

,-

k·'a-llIlm--:-,oa'b.'!!'ta··,·- 'ka·I",~. uW~·····'ha'-,,'t'" d'l~,d~'y--:'OO: b-"U"y'7 1!" I:.. btrta _,-~ug ,:.' aJ' __ n.. ',ei~~'I·lc',e :,., K--·· 0 ".l'mBsil·',.' "I' bo bt a some t" ck tit·" k" ts "," , 'l.PpU
:_,_,"

"1110'-

1

~'.

_.J

..

I

-:_-

I

'"

I.

[1"'_'

I.

_

,'._

1

",1

__

'_:".:!t

iI

i!>

l!"

PRAC.··.··.·T"·.-I·C,··.",E· :·i.·
~ • fi
I. .._

''1..1 ''II A', .... .!ta L 1 I,·"i,am,SIIl ",a'1I,..'tUui~, " elga _~ rw'
'it

0 mtmasu,
.'

2. Ta'Daka411D wa, :ma'i'olc'bi g,chi die 'bea~yo 0 ~jbiD18su., ,3. (Watashi wa) Kino 'restI,t,oran de hiruw,goban 0 tahema5him .. .. 'sb-:: ,--.-''11' 'IT'!'_'oi"i d'··e·pa···'to- ". '! ,.: ... m"u..Lu.lMGe"':_,_I.,:-,a 'nd"eah'l'·'ta'''' '.. ,,:.. '(W-'ta' ,,_'_,l!H'~.!I AW,~:~ :,~:,'.' de o· a'D~' "0"" k'
,a';'ift'I"iElltD :I,c ...

:1., [am loing 'to, see a movie tom,olT.\ow.

'24' M'r ~ T,.nata, &;tudies at, 'bo'me ,every day,.
3,., I bad ].uBC'hat, ,8 restaurant

yeaterds,y.,,,
B't

4~ I:dicin,;t'buy anyt'h.ins ye.5.'terday

the' deperrtment store ..

'- --am'.__ .1" - _-- " m 'I, "I"c"~:"". ,
-.

every'day

r·,·il'iiilf~,.·
'. ._:~ ..

l

'restaurB'D't

mai,·
'beo~ G 0 ...:L,:: , ,..... ' •ft,J iw;i'Dl8BlII
a'iII:.' 'IlIi'~ (fL."""" .....,ilc... A, G\' ~IWli....._" .:~ua." u ..

eve'ry (See' A "~'K " .ppe.nd:lX, ,'.~)
study'

hira~lOhllD

JU1lcb

goban
-tabemasldta
g'bemull I(taberu"

meal
at,!,

eat

so
-

10 L1'.i;~~~N·'"
,~~-"

..

Pa'st' P"""O'rnD' _' .
:.
~. ~,

.

r

" '.

• - 1- "

see

,iLUUHi!lWiDM

1Ii't1ii,:""araiiti

mi~mMead,''" 'bi,ta

listen,
eat dr m'k '. " buy '...aa-d~
".,'

'kikim.eendeahi,t

tahemaahita
ftftli'iMi'l,wIiti,g,lIIfll1' 1l-iIUII~~Mfg-~
___ III ... _. __

b, ' ~· la'_,'·~~u illiIHailiill,D... : ~bi·•'\
_.:__~~.!,

J

Domimailbita "' 1mUlUtBeD vnml.·,aA., ~-"';~~L.L.~!I,
,II!

'~ftfto!I~,"'8'II~D' __•. sb'- i,ta de" . ~ '__ . __
[gv-.~U

'k'

"

•.

~,

'i1iII,"

...... ,

':'a,

.-"11'
fig!

kaimalhila
yomIma's lta

kaiRl88~nde8Itita
,oaUmaseDdab.ita,

,!l~:

ben .,:yo 0
1

1

,'m'~lihDIi!iiD' I __
'~i __

&himBllll,

sllimaBhita
,
J

abimaaeadeUita

shop
m,.. a-I .f~"L~"
party
.
J

·

osblnm,u

kaiBl,ODO'

aIIlm'8sen'
. "

- .. ill'
"I'

-

"

~

-,

,"

abiimubita

.

w'ork:

.... L,~MI'iIiIGra.AWIo,..

!1Du.~&

_.

'.bnassndetlbita

'l.;,eODII,

:play .. ,

.

'I'-'ea'"--'-"~~ '1I'~" UI 0"~ .
. ~ I' t ;, •

abiOlBu

I,J Practice the followi'ng patterns by cha'Qgjng 'the 'unde'rUn,ed part as in the ex1i;~,@in'I': amp"I)'r_iC.'i 11~:~ -I.
,,

.~pi

-

.

. 'If'~

Ai,

I ••

[W"tubi wa, Ei_,' - te 1 'j,~'·i "bil
!I! "

I,

0 :lBbna8'~,~

,"&,III;!i;,

2. 'ab 3.". B..
,G',

'l'i

rwa;tubi' 1~DyUlU

.81 Rajio 0 klkiInB.,

,I

2~ rrmgaku DGr'tipU

31 're' :'ida
1

ya,

abidi
0
1

C, la', [W,atuhi
1.
--~ 1_'
I,

'w.1 Blru-gohan
I

'Ia!bem.,u~

~.:'

,

1!It"-. ---.

,1IiIIIi;

Z·ba.D~lObBD
L '8In,doitebi 'to urada,

D~

&r..

(Wataahi wa]1 t;cll.•0 DOmim"lI~ ,
.

,

2.
... "
.__

3· 'k

IBiqp.
')tirl'llli,gn:',
.... -

.",

Ii,

I

.~~,~~,"-l'

'DV'DDi'!i[-

rll:!ao

8'1

E"

G,

IW'atu'bi

'wal

Hana 0 kaimas'ull

11 zalslli 21 'kitte' 3~ Nibon :n.8 ehizu
IW8imski,

'wal 'H,oD
1ft;¥" ' , __

0 yomim8su'I'

1, teg_mi, 2'-• N" =!li..Aft~-dn '0, -0-' shij!rh;'b- ,.U'd' . UII~.'" -"111

1

IW'ataul wa') '8enky o, 0 sbimae;u.
1." k.•imono 2,~ patl 3ii fJbiprt.o
4il '~en.u

III Make! dialogues by Ichanging the undlerlined 'parts as l'R the examples given, Convert verbs to their ap,p,ropriat~eform :as necessary,

,A..

e:rr.

Q: 'lA:nata 'we) Kom'ban, eiga
As: Hail" mimmnt;; Ad: J"ie" :miimaseD~
-

0

:mimas'li Ita ..

]1' hoR.
iiI1! .Q!i

yomimasu
.. -'lmtlSU. .-,,0, Shil'
0 kaimashi,ta,

'N"ib' ,-,',1:

O,D'.gO DO, 'b- k _,eo

:8;,

B%.

''I: (A'Ra,ta,'wal 'K'inG h,OD,iIi,. de boo ,A8: RIi, kaimaslli,ta<l'
L kaisba, sbigoto" silimasu,

1m!!,

,2,~ kiuatea, kctbi, Dom,imuu,
C',. ex. fl= fAna'ta wa]
)f'aia'lB

:oam ,0, RamimaB'. ka,

A: :K.6bi 10 nomimasu!!

I, kocba
2~ miruk,q, Sit j-ilig, t,o klOhi D. ex. Q: I[A'aa,ta, waJ 'Kino Doi 10, s'bimasblita ka~
.' A""• U!
~1l.11, ~D, ~I_I II¥

,d'

'ho" n- "0"
I -

r~

t

J'

'V~';'iift,ma:'LI'"'''' UU:~_iIIMD.IJI.
~.

a,,_ ,IAli

III delli,to de kutsu

G kaima'I'u 110, benky6
,0, sh:knull

2.. uchi, e Nih.liI. d 3, 'b,.6iB oi :Ddm89U
...
..
_

'K''. G.. Q: [Ana'ia wa] 'Kyi IclO~D de :biN~IQhBn 0 tabemasu, k.~ ,,--', .
I

A

li

Iii

Ulliob-

_.,,,,

Jii ' ,d---e-' 'ta'-~~~liIi!Ii;:iI'i,iiillil_ . . ~~,lU\III;'_,!!!!

I, 'e'ki:110 chlkak'U DO res.tom'. 21' tomodaebii 'DO 'a,cbi,
'In'
,1:"",

ex. Q: I[AD.ta, wa:J,I'tlu :Nliho... o
A~ M'ainiclli sbimaau.
1 ,ii' .IIU

110 beJllk.y6 0 IhimHill,

k.~

ifNI
I~

'II' '1I'N:'li II!!! '-~:'1I' ,,I"U( Ji..J,~I'
-," ' .~. 1

.'-- ._, 1 m·-"ba- n '" 2~.pn,u... ,tlbi te ka-,'ohi ai 3~ maiib,g, k~yibi :ni,
.~'
~".~

alil"

.~".~.

,G.

,6%.

Q: mAData we] Sb.ima'ts,u ni. ,dare 'to te D·iisa, 0

_mug :-l-,a"

A: T:an.k.
-'QIii]i!Q'" k·g,.· 2- "1 k'....... ·'.·.·

~8IID,,to 8hiDlll8,U~

I, tomodae'bj

n,.

es.,
A': ·N'.ni mokaim8'Radiabit
.I~ tabemutl
i

:2, D,OD1:imaau

e
. :'1_,..·• :tI,\jmasu (:... .a.J.AU,~ k ·k~'

P'lCture
listen n.ews,

S.'lam.
cb_izu
,. yomuaaa ,',OIDU,'

DJliau
oopk'u, rekldo
.
.

(

,

maguine map

."

.

I'bidi: ua,.baD.

music record. CD. compact disc
.... ... ('. .. iI.I' br ,--~~~"""t·!Ii;,'· "t,: ICd.:ft; URi
!to

te1pmi
k,aI moae

tenia.
k,oalban

read -.-' . lette..' ·r sh0pplag tennis
!l!l~/_, ..
_',

.....

_'

'bu''. .

..
, :.
.

~"
'

_.

"
.

'II'·

'I 1.0"

-

.

'ld.. teJJ, .611i Ro,.bullSlI (Boala)
maiaaa
,6eb',

thl"'o eve ninlD' c'-"Iffee Sk~ _O __ ~._ _,IIU.l'
~ Ii;Il ~

T ":.•:~~~

ooffee drink
(!_, _".

'1.., _ UIUI Q!IIIM'UUI
iD!IIi_ ... t-:t·,-t...·!
I~

eYe~ mominllJ' - ""rI" [- .. '
;.!~I

........ '1.. '....... i!Ii. 1 ,.. UUJ.lUA ~

minkll
lalad ~~
. -'

milk
Jwoe
• '1,

aarada,
~,L._

-

-

,

•uau
~,~

.

.

~DII

tea

:1111 .
~n"'o.....r e' ' In·liIi~.·i!"' II!I'H;.1'!Ii .e·
o
_. ~

.. -p.
'll"1_,A, .n..DIIU .' 'lb' -.

n~~'Jj'i'A! Jal"Walfi~ti.a, •• riin• ~~~I

,_~.~·~l l J
;!lIiI~ln,.;mIilli'

tea

muUlm

t'L __

Bboes

'maiab,a
'uolEu

,every ,e:V1eninl ,ev,.ru'l"ree'l[ ~ ~IJ

,..1.

'_~1

(my) family

L~

sou 'p
•••••

II 0"".'1
.. t: f

... "It ':11.." _,L·ta Ie" iSAlmU_ delHl!& .'.• 0'''''
I '. '.

·'.1

·o· ..
I

~.v_,dft

ft#IIo &,!IU

~''''''JIiIrI;L-.,,,,,, !Dt:~J'U

o·'. . ·,·h.I'"'m,' Lrl· ..t_ -·8 .li&l.MIJU_ a··.
g,.I-I&a- __

1....

,'1"".-, lILA.

' ,.R,owallo:

'· H'•.v:aI"'''H~''~ ;.. 'rll...
~I'

'n.... _bj.~,.:
[

.. 1''1:::: 1 .,.

I"A

~be 'k" '"u
_

'GIBOdach- .. -~-~ . 'hi- 10" • T-.~,:,;:', ,~: ._ -',;::-:1 ,da, Ujf'a'... '-."IiI " ..'m' a--: .,
,
"."

I

... ....
_

ad L~' " ,0, l!lnilmaae_·.~~_Je8.IH.I!ta, .all
'1·

_.'iii

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Ha- ~,ashi,: : ·UI v.nu ltudy-~J-Caf"dl'nese.~ ~ v.J3\sterday:? . ..~ ,.y-"_. ,I _'_
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I _

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~ Ha'V:QI~h''I~ 3-Q .
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.... .some :'" . _:_/~s' cl:me '1,,0 my b'.IODI·e,;,
friend'

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SHORT' DI:ALOGUI,

83

Q'U)'" .:- 'z::.
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-'•. ,.'. ,10:. owmg uest P·C': , .".eau,_- ~"' 1.. ,-.'"'-:~" --:(..--.,'.,-."'.- ,·13, ague ':.,'-,' ,di' answer I R·:·······,.,d 'th'I""~'IS" ,lesson s, openmg..,-,,d"-''"'..·1-·····'.,', -, .... an·· ,','." . ',". ,". th'.:,,e ~"1'1"1" ,,:"':.. ::' q,ueS.-lODS..
"'··"',··I·I·

1~ SU'rnisU-.8a .,a, ni,cbi-y,i:brj :ai lelp 0 ma81,U ka, kab,rtlki, 01 mimalu :0. 2,,, SU.mia,u",san, wa, 'hi:mri die. kabuki 0, m.imalJll ta,,, 3,", Su,lDisu~.an 'wa i,tsu kabuki ne kippu 0 kaima.shi'ta ka, ,4,. a,Ulllis,u-san 'W. do:ko,,d,e 'kab,ukl :00 ,kippu 0 'kaimash'ita ka,.

'1"1'<. mp.!ete the ques t~ so' th 18· OJ' lete t ,,' ·mns, I
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1,~ ( " 'oi elp 0, mimasb'j,ta ka,~ Nlclli~y6,bi nl mima.8I1ita~ 2~ Ky,ci ~ ) de 'biru-golban 0 t8:bem.su lta~! 'Ek_·'-::Ii D:O: eh ,:l"".,k-·:g·' ne ra.G!,UI·'tD··:.~IIi'. ·ta-,~'m;·~B:-a,ud'e~· IA~ 3,~ 'Do.yibi ni ( ') 0 a:1bimasu, ka, n:. n·,o.'" ..D~ de _. .' TO"m:;iI!'!i;da,'-,~'L,! D' 01' ·'-Inbj-.'~_'_ I. ik:·.· "·'~IG'D'al, S'·.··~h. IL, t'~o,.!m··1,~~IB·~J~It~.1iulc,~·,"iI_.__'b'!8D" _ _• ""'W ._ UI" va "I~·,e,,· , l!KI. ...... . . ,elhaa 0' tabemasu., J' ).. ka _ : 0, 'ka-!! -- - - h,I '\~. .. I.mas_' ·ta- ,.~_' 4;oep8"O' _, - d e , D- . t NaAi mo kaimu.se:D d,es,hi;ta,~
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]II Put 'tile approp(riiate particles in 'the parentheses, (If' at particle is not required, pu,t an X lo, the parentheses.)

i. Sumisu,-san wa, sho'kudo (
2~, Bowai,to

) :im.s1l~

.. n 'wa cblkatelsu, (

3~ TaDakB,~D 'wa itam,b. :00 ( , ta'be~ma9'hi'ta~ 'it k'~' d- esnua. ....'1.,1.. _, 4,~,W'atas'bi 'WB, ki'oo de'pitll' ( ') :nani ,( ,II _" mmasea 5~ Shamatau :ni :oo:i. ( )1 s'hima,la ka, ) 'uom' ..·'IUII·" :·'·.'llDtI:i 6~ 'Watasb'i, wa maiasa, (' " u1chi f ')1 sllitm'bun ( !J I, 1, .' -"".

) 'kaiBha, ( ) it_as'lI", c:bikak:u D'D resut,oraa ( :) biru~lohan

Ii

IV' Translate '~n,to Japanese. L I. ooughi,t a, camera, ,at "the department store on Slu'n,da'y~It was 145JjOOO,~ 2,~'~'. '_lit: did :you, do yes,terd,8Y? I Ust@noo Ito a tape IDf Japanese, at home in 'the morning, I'went ,to the IG'inza in ....a,-.'I-I.,6m- ... "....~ and ""':~lil'!i'g~,_" a ~,a~, (,t'_JU~l.l~ . . L 00: ~[n: "~to IL.c6~')1 .•.. UI~" ilJ.lL~ IJIlIU. _
ICU....·_
·h· :.

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de d";laauBuraun-aaa ~_'-DJRlalR,kohi 0 D,omimasu. p, Dui. :mo tabemasen, Soabi.te B :1 imbu. [0 yomim.:a-'I.' Chikatletsu, de k.i .ba iii :ik'ima,·,u .• TO'kid,D,kich:ikatet8u de haa ,. _hi a ',o,mimll8'u~, Kaisb __ ~·8. 'kara 5-ji, . ,~,~.Bl 8 de [deaD.• ReButloraul Yi·.ka isiJ a,DO- "k'lIdo d'e '.. 9-;,: h:M!·'~:lI.lIloba" t'-·be.dl8!.-:-U~ :H"iru'!!!iJIli.umi 'wa.l2-ji ban. ·k.·ra 2:·j·i, made desu kar,a:, 0 tokid,o'kl kai_lJa D~' b'lt,o' :,.0 d,e~~ y:a k:::88tea,ail ;iki"~aBa. -,to
llir~~g,.-

de&u~,BUniUD,-B8D. WIS, :kotDlhi 0.0 . ' . ,,-. . iIi'i'D.; ... ,.... ~ _lB.': Ok'.UJJ8D - w,8 iI,-U".U:__.N":It.,o· D ru-* kim-,i .. B '1I BurauD~I8B, DO kaisba. w -, T6.ky,o Eki
.~<_'EI,'.
II3

detJ,uaSoahi-te Sl1misu-un DO to,modac.hi, ~,.t:-.u, IIi. hi ,on Ide ._·:":~.ih,OD .Di, kiJlIB.hlta •
80
1

ebikak'. nil ,arim.a_u. S,hilot.o wa

dD1t"DU,.Vo"'b-·'I'" kara rI' .. I\;IIE
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Delli a1 7~ji,1,0rl'8 'kaer,imasu,(il Kino 'W8, 'tus'bl. 'kar,. S,u'mis,U-S&D, 'DO uC'bi ni , iki'maahita kara~,ll ..i ,lairD uc'lbi nl :kaerimubita. j 'Bu~- ,UD-sa'ft a a'lbi,ta SbiakaDse ,de:Kyoto :. i ikimuu,~ Kyoto :00 a,bisb. de w . ~ii!"-,h'1,,- II ' IlimBBU,~ -- 011 lie k':'~ "'" "~-:b'~ m , I''"''k' ",~:-,'"--" 1""IC" enmM, '. ~.,, .'-, i - ''_ i" b-I~·t-' m. yo ,1 8 IUI~ 0 ,I D. yo m •• ,e-,--""-'--"'C"I-'UI
ill -,~'

'T'

',_,l__r~'~,rown 1'1 a ·l-:--:-------,·,--:'·:t-LAB,',' M"'~, B'\~:-----:-;-:--:-awyer Wl,-u ',_
'!!'-, -

,.-c"',,-~ l"UJJ, ,d' 'L.", " A" ....

~ frle "'d --t' IIJIJe S,a.menn', o. M"",r, S',,·,---·~,~,,-s, M"·,-: n'~e-'f-:--:--"'-'-:-'llID ~ -,m,h.u .... ,._,r~ )l;JifO'WD came
I,

ro
'the
I. ~ , I

I_pan ,aJone 'tIlis June. H~s wif'e wiU come: to Japan nex,t wee:k~ :M'f" Brown's ,company is near T:okyol S'taltion~ He 'works from M'onda.;,' '00' F'riday~, :-'!'_~k, coffee e-~a-'C"? w, M '1g''''~i'P,'iII d no '-::--:-,!!;"I',U,I!iA;o:'¥"",Q morn. ~~n-,:ib' ut he d"oesa't ,_""anvthine, ,And he reads DJi; is I G'_ ,n, -1w"" _~~ _ '_
'p, ~ JII, '!i,III'n' .Ii.!"

,81".

.,

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III. 1I;orM!i. ~ .g llli4J

H-e ,t--_ hi of:' fice 'b1Y Sil'lbw' , .",' '50"',',- metimes b- ..,a,lI}jrAC!, 'k~k' . or '8- m '::IiIiL'J'!!lIi"~n'.tIii' 't-'h"e," ll.r.U 'U~ ~ [ . 'sl1bwlay,~, His loffice hours are ftom, '9 :()O to 5::30'i He bas 'lunch at a, restaurant Of' in ,the com'pan}'" lcafeteriat LUD,Ch. time is from 1.2':30 to 2:(M)1., 50 sometimes hoe ,goo,s to a depa.. rtment store or' a cafe 'with. people from the .office", He gets home about 1':001Last nigh.t he,ot bO,Qle' about 11,::00becausehe wlent from, the • 'office to ·tb.e :Sm'ithsl' house,
'ntiii~ l~lir"~.
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ii"irLfll U'lll,11

1

'branch o,ffiee in K,y'()tc)~ He: wiU return to Tokyo.

'-Brown ,~'"ll'Fnl"'Dg" M- r--'
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!

H' IllIg

let,V-.

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'- ' '0I0--'. '.: K''U·.t]Vt- 't-,~.nit"~~l:r 'U' lrr' 0','n' th 'a, " IiI"io U -,v ~WJl iI]~'U~ 1& .- _. . _ 1¥
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Fri"day,,,

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,Buraun . ,DO _ I k t-"'e' '.
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this ',ear
but, ,(partic~,e)1

t, '7'

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.

iiI",'"...:I.

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sometimes (See, .Appendix, J ~)l
cafeteria
'!:II '1I'id''ItltIi_y·ylU)·

:I'il" ·~.:L, ,b,., ......, .?

,shokudiil '71~jiIOlrO
dnro'

b

l' ' '0' '0""
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1 .... ,

av···'··-

k,ai" 0 :uimasu
lkaigi 00,ura) l

,abou!t - 'n e eet r '/:~ . b,0ld a,-mee lUg conrerenee .

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MOlhi m,osh.-i~,Sumis'u,-san ,gD ,cttak,g dMIIL~ka'i: S.mi~Ba: Hai, sO de,Bu!!, .K8'lo(: Ka"t6 ,dlaD 1'1, ,lo-Elbuj,iD. w. jrasllJa~.8jzD& u ;~JI, .oro, .' S'· m-'- im~II" ~ I'ma ImaUD,. n :"'!II! lifI- 'k'aenm.so., ··Ka.'·· - ··0- '. SO dleg ka., !QeW,. m•.ta,~I.to,de dleDI.' ,01 ahj'mM,g, • Summa:: Rei, oDel'·is)hi·muD.~
.', . "1'11 .;0
iii' -, -

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Sm'ith::
I{a,t'ljl::

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HeUOI~Is tllat, M'r :Smitb;~slIJlidlDgil
t

iii', ';C!' I)~~~

This :is Kattt.,JLyour husband them?' Smith: He's not here 'DlDIW'il He~n 'be hack about 9:001" !iiilt-·,lAt~ KI.Lsee, Then rt~l,c-allg1qinJarmr',.
_lIIk~l!!

·Smith.:
1T-rt,""~ ft.iI~UIIi

Y:es~F!lr"",e dOI~
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,Sm'i.'Ul:

Good,..·bye'i'
10:

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.. '· )[am·
,
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a. :sumamJe.
ld, hello
(his') residence

DJmlbi, :•• .. taku
..to(

"I

~ I ~l ,~ l_tt'LN ..

II go.ah·uj:m
10-'

€'particle)1 (See Note 3 'below,.) '("·D·ur') huSiband (h,oDorific" referring to som,e.. ·
- ... (·j;p;a;"!itc!ih·

\' U;,,,?,
~
I~

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l ~\'iT

(~'i:,? l.,;)

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I~IJ_~I

D·lle."C!i

ial

i

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ft ..... ,

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ROdelu1m,
mats

is (polite WOJid.for imalu) ]' se'e~
,g ....III!!!
,I

;b t:

i?'n~I~\ L t T , IL ~It\ '\L t'T' i~.:
iI

-r

agam

ato'de mJ,epiBbimasll s'btitsu.rei. bim.lu

aftenvanis
Please (d,Q'), ,rood·~bye'(lit,~•~:ru rude, 'II') be ·tv' (particle)

NOT'ES
I,

M,osh·i :moBhi. 'Th,is is the cQa'ventional, beginning of II telepbone conversation and, 'may be repeated, during the: ca'I~. o confirm, w'he:ther' th,e othe:r' party is still, on. the line, It t is sometimes also like "I say!" used, ito attract the attention of someone one does not know,~(See Lesson ,2',4,.)'It, is best t~ confine' its 'use:to the telephone,

2.. S',umisu-san DO o-,ta'ku 'The honorific 10 (lor 10 as in ICHlhuj.io.) ,is;of;~eD,prefixed, to nOUD,:S to 'mean "r'00"- r U 'I~iIJ:,:> •. , 1.Flu.U,~ _ ~ a-a u,'/'.iil"Uiw 'Ra'me ;, S''I ~':"··i:m·1ill~'rl·y·· rlLaA.·U ':_',: ':__-' ,uY'OU~r h J.-o·u: ~a '., e IIL..-'Dam· , --e!!!liins~' '. . _:.·I~,:: ~~I.1 .II~·~ _,'1:.":, --&_I .... m"._ ' ..-a: .... -~:'l or, as here, ,.Mr Smith's resldence. ~It 'is, ve'ry polite, The word taka alone,is seldom used" U'clli~ "house,' ~s mere common, Le., Are; •• dUe :.,0 uehl Id,eBu. kB. '·:rwh,ose 'house is that?" U'eh'i is, also UI.sed. to ~~, .,J). -:.---,~ .~. 'I' '-1- ~ cb~ -'" ." ~ ..' '.' ',. me'an, ,U my"our hot -.t 'or. ,S,lm,p"Y our, as, In U'·.J .DO'.'k;··aruma:. U our .. car, n ouse
.... ', '~:.j :

j

..

'~:I

ji ..... i.I.1I ....

~IU.~ '-,_

L

:'

',IL ~ ~

':'C

o:'

..

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+

llilli.

[tit.

",

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..

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s~A.,

BI :Ka'tO-.. n 'wai Su.mg,-san :ai, dea:wB, 0 .hlmaabi,ta 18, 'Sumi:lu,~saD, wa · - ~- d.......... L!', Imaaea·. 'I£2UUm", This p. is, a connective, joini,~g two clauses, It can. usually' be translated as "but ''lIie ;0 B- but, eom-Ie-im'-:"'ea' i,t cannot as i'n A In A-· 'l'~'t ha no ni!illlrt·--··I'~CU···latr mean:,_ •. _1 ing~, t. ls, jus,t a. kind of courteous hesitation and indicates 'that the 'phrase before I it ,is 'merely' a :prelimi:nary 'to 'the 'principal ma'tt~er;o
__ ~ _, :U ~ 11

'KatO des'. ga',1 l1o~shujin wa ,irasfl,baima8H h,.,

tt __' __

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l:t

_

[

"c_

1I:' j~ Ii,

.ILI

,~.

(._,1

I

__ I

~

__ I

,Dig
~~"""

'Ii

_E'l'Q~nN-r~ ),-2 .•

4~ 19-ji.l~
[T"..'~~ "In::.

:a used to' les~~ji, :Ioro, "about 3 o'cloek" o d. -"D" ::>, .: •.... -pt·AiI¥II;b·e-..,n ;u-,__ .' .:I'·or····.'O' ,1il,cia·L_..'t' ~ Se '.-~iIi[ -" ,a. UU'u.
s'-:gf"- . ...
·:fix· -: •. ~-

: u...... , ...~nl_ ,

II'

'-8" .. ~I·t·· tt:Nfg,~,':!II

!l!iIi:I!'

M'~

-.

',',

'10'' ':

...

.

··d,

' 11WU!'~

:;;.r.9i~li!lii. np:'~;ma'"_:. ":rl_AU;A;I,,

ate ~m' ":[
,_'
'ti"

,,'

'lIiij;'i

a.

C._

.,'

..

,5.,

'..

Wben 86, de: -u :k:.[means lUI. see, as here:" :i:t is. said with, a. falling i:n,t-ODatio'Ri' It can. ,also mean "Oh, 'really?U lor "Is 'that so?U IBid 'be a Iquestion expecting an ~lne'1D':e-'r- In" that tp_Q~, l·'t-~· sa' "lld- Wl·,,~·th·L a n-[I!I~:ifta' m!!!i to-''-lI''Il§t-::.]li!oo·,,-··, .... ' LIlA· '-, lii:~
U
,,-lii'] ''fir [ : . _ .'

sa deaG. 'kB4'
!,'

P9iDA

(I

!~'

..

."

I_ "_'

.

11_ "..

'.

- _~-_

"":1

.

I

~\":.h"_

,:..... : . Q._'-:_I .. _: . U ~II

"_"_ . ( ..

6,. I08Ie,piShIma,s11 A ve:ry' ·conve:nienl 'phrase~ used. 'when, 'making a 'request" L.it~'ral'l.y~,it. means, "I 'beg 'you",'I~'and 'the verb may bes,l,m,ply implied., as, here, wh~er,eit.. means "I 'beg you (to do that)~,;' IX., 'TRipu 0 ,oie.laisbjm .. u~ ~'·:Cou'ld 'you 'type. this~p:lease?'" IG'ioza :BI:ade IOlll,e,p,isbilDasu. "Please take me to the Gi.nza."f.t (S,aid "',0a taxi
ldrive~,.) Th.e :f'e:ply' to onegailb'i,111BS'U :is ,often, 'H'ai, 'wakBrimll8hi'ta, ·~·'ICe·rtain~Yi,1I fJl~ see.

--'v~y":»,>, '..,,:Ei:. ... -,----~--------~~------~ . K.n': : 'S·V·NT~'~iN--C···E·---S-I--~~~.~,~
[i: ...... ':"

I

':

II'W'" ,-', ,·,iI:!Ii·h . .,.]: . :'. '. '._• · .......,'.··'1: wa.:

l'1Jeji . _,,:~

A·_'bi- !IIiia·· .-

_"eD,aD

... ' ·'.d:·

.,-iII m a·lm.BlD. . -,i~: '~ ..-. ( .,~Ill,

2i 'fW'.:t•• lbi wa,] HI". ·bi:·BBD :Di. d,ea~waa ab'imalu'i [3,.,I,W'atashi '\Va] 'Ylo!ku. tomod,ac:hi oi ·tetJ:ami. 10 kaki'ma:SUiJ
[."1

~ :'8- .,'.-' ,'_"',J,UI. _",_ l A ''-a-' 4 (Wi::- J. .•- ... ,~ W---~:J~_ man' e- II" o~·'''''(;'iii'iriiii U~"'" . 5~, [W.B'I•• b:i waJ Su'mi8.a~aD, DID'biBb,s u·id,eDwa IO"s[himashita, ga.1 S'u·misu-san. ·w. '~lIen~ -d--·'L.'iita·'· .. :'.. 1.... --e.IJ._'_,,~
~._.,.: \
~t:::e5tE~__

I!'

)

I __.~

":,

a,[IDDII"Iii[ ·_~,UU_-_·_ ~~ql'

..

.

1, I·am loing' 1.0 see the 'lawyer tomolTow'~ "'e··~gfth· '.:" 2- ..1,','W-- -m~' . ILl -:!l.I,w,,Y "0' De' .. .•• _. .n:ayas, ' I,•. .. 1.«.· ·EI'.....· --h····
i ".

I ":1;1·· write to \01,'" f"n'"'e'n .' [l .. ~te," t,--y-:'~, .'" ·d ,4.. 1. dOD.'It see mo,,(es very' often,
·S.... ,- 'iii
"
'IN" \'If<l!,,~·_e ," '.' 'iii,JI!Ij

-

-

11:"

]. :.

·ll;.:ep .. )j'

Ie' .

"I' . h QD_~ M·.' S,·:, ~t' ,9 '0f-"'' ' •.b_:~u;_e - wasn "'t'",uere'~ . 'ed _: .. r'lI!,-·.~'lml,. - 'bi! ' ~~ce, t' h ,. '. ..
,,"'L,' -

,.·dll,

(,au,

dca,w,a
. -

Q

ak

.meet.
IlII
[1",

""I, . ....

'-_ ma~

u; a 'P' .1.... iJiOO8 ca:l~
~ •• , • ,_ .• '. ~ ..•• " . ,

(.ea';-~,a
(

0 lura,)1

·-:'.'ok,u ~ ,~_·:·:jm.lla(_~~~:, .:. 1:.uJ:

often [(,SeeAppendix. J.oJ
'write does not
i .~ .•.

8m.~ri .'

.'iI'

"

-ma8en

,often (See A:lp:lleudrix.J.. :J
D -.'

ruE"

'. ,E!!:DNT"
~!:...:'

~.

"E"l"'''~_t!' ",.-.' .~'~~1 8~'9~'
__

.I__ '1T-;;,.'b---:, ,,", M.' em,onze th ..e...:0,..,orWlog . Y leT :~S;i .... .- 'f --:,11' '
1":"-' . ,.,-."', .".
'0'

-c.

;

j

,OJ,_,,.

-','.'-.

,I

-:t..._, .... 'd'-' . " ver~ ,aD..., t-:h elf presen ··t .- '··d·:· ..... - . 'f~' ao". pa.s ,DlmS'i
>OJ.:. ---: . .- -..l.t

it-" l

.

'1

-

-'-'

-.'

P -,.-·-en'tForm
'~_'~

n'~1"
1----

'neg.,

.,f
s:b.-imllShitr 'kakimashita
'kikim,llltita

""',e' ,'~I~lh-In;D--I.e~: L .~i'[!.l !IWif! ..

.:bima8u

dell

-ft '0
'I"'_"'":,: ... ,ail:l~. IUU\~~,

w,rit,e ,ask
te:Dl
,.

't' .....'1,..::,:&a.u:lla8U

'kik"
' .. '

'. __ ', ..

.'. 'liii ~Dl' -:".jaM

a-:-a,il!i'
•..__.______._:

kikJmaseD
,al'ft'lla' ._ ....'0' U&Uhl_' ~
J

,"-"
,.-.1

hie m"','lilliMiI!ii,U:~I~

" __Jiema,_':-~ it.. :

i

,kik'imaHDdeahi,- .._~ : ..
.: .~~

ht,iiiiem"
I, .• ....:._ )

.
__

.'
..:... ._'_~

Dd·.Ift _." -~ -.
_~,._. . ._ :

mee.t

~~"ii:... -iIi!iI~.·II~d.'-e"_n,L,=:ta .... __~ aID) •.~ _.

II Practice the followi ~.,pattern b,' c,ba~gin,gthe, underlined pal ,~ s :~ the exam..a ;.
'D ;II; . ,'.. P'II __ , gI'-:~v' e' .'' -, ~
-'

"ii!'

l~ ~SumiBa~saD 2" p~kko 3.. kaisha, III Make dialogues by' c -"anging' tbe' underlined parts as in the examples giv'en~ A IQ: I[Ana'ta, wa:J ,Maj:DIII, 'tomodac :n~, s.'u;ma8Ui 'kido 0, kaklmalu. :k;·a.. kuri ,Aa:
'I' ... ~,
_.f)

.• -ii' .ft.I.I.

'

D-'~'A _ ,k-':aj}Idm'.· ,..",.

.a~_.,
.~,n

BI;o.

,6'£.

rQ:

;1:Aaata. wal Dare ni ,deeDw•.

q.

slab_aID 1(8,.,

,A: Tao,_a,.8IUl 'Iii sbim8lBu~

I~ tom,odac:'·~
,.....!

I, halt.
. _.
'.~.

C

'@1

~-,~

~'

IQ~:!iII':['·~·a·'.-, Z,I...I.I __ ..... ' """1]-' ""'.'.
II, :

n._'JI",,_ '0 I Id;e"D~ ,o···b-·i:ili'll'li1il!llDU'- . b-"'. 1IIIa.u, _ . ·~ :"I'A ~_. a_~_-IU-U,'" __ _~
1

'11

1I' • :1i ~

11--"01'" -,.'- ...... .- ·,e;';.lI!I;

D'I' ,.;, :Q:: 'T_-t,.. ~_;8,-810 '-~.-a f 'Sumirlu_n oJ, :D8JI;i, 0 o.bie.:..'~',_-:',,~t8, --'8'i A,':: Tao: -_.; ':8480 - liD ' .eli ~IIO' • uO'W8, ba.aii 0 hiemas1li,tai'
Ii
,

-

_--_

I.::

-.'

I. ,mise RO, 'D
:2. •• B'I'

m'D'

I....
J'

ea-baali
'DO

!da~re :.yasb'i~n ui ,A: ,maha oj, kikiBlaahita~1
'Q:: 'Tanaka-:.....

jisho

'0

:ldkhuasb'it! ka~

'9·.".'0'-,'

L-~~~IiiN\'
~'_11'

2'

~., 'k~a,,"",,'I.;.
'f)
'Ii

b- 'Ii"-, ,DO ',/ILB

"F' ~ ex:. Q: .

IA.a'ta

W8):

Asbita d:an 'oi aimafJu k.,i

,A'I 'T:om,odat'ihi
1

:ui .'ijm.flu~

1.~, pkko' :00 :uDSei, 2~ HayaS:hi"'8aD, DO otOIllO ,to aikil811
G',',~' ~
" . '!!' ~ ",~,

l[,,, ....-......, ' '1' "y:-:( .".,U, '~'-''''IIiiI~'k:: ; I.ftU,:-- we; ..... '~,

~"UII,

~I: ~nti:~i ,1lU, ~I

G',au., L,.Lj,m8IU'· ',,,~, ., '~iliil __

AI:: 'HIIi~:,'(IJk,g, :k"kimU,U,~ ',D:~,'l ,A",' ,I.I;~a., ',·t'm-,-an';'"' k":8,-ill~'~"a·'!E!i,\A' '~-I."ilLuo ~~'"
___ -~'lI!'f III . ,1M! ,

'IV' Con'Beet tb,e lo.tlowina sentences USmC' IB" "but," ,IS 'm, 'the ,ex,limp'lle ,Iive~n,t.
,e%;

Alihita, '~_ 'wa O'le' '1,-YOI!.lI'd uu,. -"'·-b-'-"\,·" '''''''L.'.' ,-, __J_,
",C' _
,,'~u
)' iii

I-W":" ta'',',.8:iO; WB,',1t\,'8 , ' .. 'b :1, .. '

K~' ~,.-L . d'·,eIID!lgo,~,.,0 ,_!t.li_.- aaUjii, "a.08,' ftD1m
iI!.,,'i'.

Ash'ita 'wa :ltiebi~yihi Ides" gai, :(:wa'uuJbi 'w81'kais'ha d'e :shiJot~o, :8lIi'.asu,j' 0
, _ W',,:,'_ 'I.l,- :oIo-ah"I'"' ,,""MO",,,,, '_.ai-g,. 'IID,a,

kJft~ T-r','airi'lll,G'ka," '~G'iII'II,
, ..... lI&U.. .~II.,

'1i'!Iii~ ,IIJI,V 1M,.

'iiiliC' !t..:IiI: 1t.1I

.,11] ,l~'lI_.,:c:J,_".,_, .. ~...I,; li!Iiia·· .'Ii"'-'iiiil'!iiifill~ .~a;' ,,,.1 ''':I~'''!'''''''a' ~'h't~t'a' __ ,,1'La,
!!!II.
,..ii!lill

'fi~

:. rnfIi1a·Iii " 'ft,.,liIIQI, __

..

d If' .'18 ",Ita~

,2~ W:a;taJshii w'. kln6 depi.'., ,Bi ikimashl'ta.

oepA,t 0, wa

,88u:mi ,d.Jti:II.'1

'mamea
'iiil

'k' 'ij,iil"li:Ii, - - .... iii!Ii,i5liilli, 'n ,---"I.~I.lJ:IIU~_ail •.... ~ U"'I --- -- -- ---------- - ~- ---

'kl....

eV'lry 'ylear
C C'Li""J~!it'j _'Jg~~_II~~~' ~IU N'e,w' Y,ear;. 'C8'rd
1nii'I,!!!:II ~

~,t'!!i,~1

La.... ~ 'f,' '

BeD__pji

,

:!'ilI.. ·~
-

lIII880

bah.,

lb'_.!~.I.I
'0' .'.',ft~ji

,(m,y')1 'm,oth,e'f
"i... ,

_. ~g~

;D~~Ii'

...

I~,

~k~'il...')• :~'UL.'HI

ask
fo.aq,r.h__~\. l''ap' I~~,

liot',a,

. ,.,.;11

os'bie,mll8'u (osbleru'~,
'ft'Itl iDa:
!Ii
1~~1

t:eD.
,C!I"-~~_
",,~v,~ '''"''II

oloaan o:kisad,
sh-I)-nl 'Up
-

t,'our')
'(Y'QUI)
.' '.

~fa'thef'

mother

~,~~Dft_,
~jH..~~

.. ,.. nlIla!l:!!AwiiI .. --,II1IIJi~'M

never '(do,),(See, -., ,A Pipe nd:uc:, ,J)'.• : .'-~. I ~

L IOn, th,e ,te,~p,hone.~

Oto:ko

lUI,

,On.. , DO
ODDa

:bito: MoaIIl, _OI._IJ, T•.nUa'4aD :1\•. ,I:Uik'p: d;eera ka" 'bi,ta!: Pe. obi.... IU,1
i

Of.ko :11.0 bilo:

:D6mo sumimaaeD" DO b~i,to:: DI'I~ DO .itu'himaSlllite

:M'a.n::
W'omam:

M'an:
'W'

:Sorry :to! ha,v,e

"-:'LiIi.'i"ili'iiftR'~'

.. '_ Vlt.,I.D_IlIl~

trou.bled That!~,flq,lIwte all right~, ,
_one .. ,

you,.,

tl :f"L.... IIo,;1i.. iiI!;;' 'II· -- b-'- - " 6~, V,l~ 'lUe ,li,iellep
'lii

v';;;.t.,., '.. -h BU'.aD8_~U~ '1"'- 'b.J.l .LOBI'''

'8 __ ,I.#C!!II._ ~_', .'

ki d·· ,1OZ8i' , . -.e :~!lllBSU,.,
COH''0'17':- D: ','IIA.''I' ,~T ~ ,_"._-[.I .' l:._·._n~~-u~ f~P:
'9~,··:.ll."

I....•. B .•-I,v~BDI

1.-...... ·,illi·· ~

Ta'

D' --_j_~~,-

a:'

k' a:-'~.

..- ..

I

0"" '".

IHI,Adal·aL!m· '.- _au VD~ _1U~·
~j.

.

..

I~

'KOkaluillu:
'8" yaSbl
"'(G',

Uli. III6shi mnaAlj~_k,udaItlJ~

'I ID.;;L mM'" T~:--:-'" "",'I .. · ,hease, ., . .' ...k L·,1',·, aD~I" m' ..... ,. Oper '-'''or'' '. lUltJL~lQ_om,ent" p:Jea.se. ...
- "G,·'
,ii' ','1: " ']"" - - - ,_,~ ..

Jd .. Lay

!,

"I

'Wa'taa'bj

'W,. l118ia88

jopgu

0 allilDal'll

ga" :H.,8Rlli.; ..'R ,mo j'OIin.

0

:sbimaau ka" '~Ha h'·' HBi~wata •.hi mo Jo'ku,s:biimas,u. I, ~_,yall.l:
:S.~-,.'"-m· 1~,"'IIiti..,~ ,tJUcl. I

J·.nD" A'll1I"A-lI"'V' m' In'II"'n,I[·'O' ·0 D' ·ul y:'. uu [.,' f.' '.t·oo····?• 'liT J~O~'CJt! I . ' _fUJe 1IIiiP'' ~.l,' : ·8;
._._V.~l &Ir - !II ..

i'iIi

ftll'11

Sa'yami:

y es, I often, de,

chipimaBu, C,e'b,ip,u) k,ukaoJi'u TOkyo DeaD d,e IOzaimastl d,e IOza.imaau ah6sh'o
ft'ii!!Ir!IIililliHlil'l!i'L.,;

That"s. 'WI"OiH-K :switcblloaro operater
I'

'T11is is.. T'okyo Electric" '(polil:e word 'for desl .)
,3,

u.. ~: ... , .IIIJIU _
" Iii

:

....

,A,. .

aai '~_;

mom,e'nt Plel'se wait.~

'mac 'una •• I'" lmetau"
)0.'11 0 i.ill,i••

wai.t
jOg'

,.' . ') 1u.!OJiD.IU 0 Bura:r

B'a,

Qmz
. "I·:'
L_ "

"I: _,:.'

.

-,
• • ~m .r!I

I Read this, lesson 's opening dialogue and answer the :foillowing questions.

1~ Dar'C.1Il Sumisu~sa ',1,0 IIchi, nl ,d,enWB 0 Shinlallhi,ta ka, 2~ SumiS,U41'D ,aD! lo-Sh'ujiD \Va g,Chi oi imBllhilta ka, imasend,esbltLB ka, ,3,. S'ul1liau-saa :&0 IO-.h'ujin, ,,-:a DaDiiij,i 10m uc:bi,nil ,kaeri'Dl8a,g ka, 4'j Ka"D-Iaa W8 ';~ ,fa 8,t.o Idle, :S,umia,g-UD iii deD_a, 0' 1~·hi.88a k .',.
1

1-'1"" Com P'I,' ete th1<£.'1: vu ... ~.. .. ~ ~

'(I"

,

UI:

estions s ti":hat they::~. '~~it'-, _ ~'"I. . a _, IIii., the answers UI.
'[I&~ .. _, .0: .. ~_ ..._ _ .. ,

.lID.

1 KiD 0 '. _'.' '~'-, 'T' ..,.,II' ',;8''''''''1 ,
•."

-,'" "!iI,
[1

(,

!

'.
1

~'1ID8) 0- al'II- , "~:, 'kits k"'B'
g~~ .__ _
cd. ''iii,: .,.. ~~ . '.. ~

[

. 'rl

'1:iCf.

:&.1111'"

'0-: kak.;:"'Ga'b~ta-:, . :.__~ ........ 'il
l ,.

III'

(

)1

',n'

I'll, •

':"":'0.- "iIi.I.I.lIMCII\ .. ~ .. al!lII'bl·'~\~ _, , , ka··_, II.CI,

II!

Haha iii kakim_bit8~
2:,,. Ba:yuhi,~I&D,'ws, « ) ai Kuikul-CIa'''' DJ"_ :"1 'kiki'mallli-ll'"t"a Y-nw:.';rt··o·~· u. ,-.',.
'UP .... , ..... ~ ~_.\ ...
I ""-. '_ oj "~ _

'_0

jll!sho,

0

kikimaah:it-

kB.,

&2 LESSON 12

[

3..

~,.
I

).,."',
:Il~,: :[ ...

K~.' ~.,- .~·:o'ao Sb.isba
·11 18. _Jlm.ihi;ta.

ai, dea.wa

0 :shimashita

ka,

S;

'J'

.

'n°

.-,

C·-:"'-·:I UlC .-. set ·--···~··--d··· 0 U:le: ioWa '. J:- reI'b .. ",.'.; [,I.rcll.e .. j,1.._ correc,_ W[Of'· "'l~ "'1l. .. h.".:t: m.. ,pa'. -,., ...... ·=-·"h·-ese.s;;
!

1[.. Y[ok,g. k:oa,o .resut-Ofau, Di kimasu :ka~

,lB' ·.·I!II!:·. ',.Ii-:~"·e-•..' · a·ma.: ;,: ·r·t . ') ,-------1. '" _'" ..'

lo

(.~":'~;t'n'.a- ..a-I'-··II· .. :

.A-I",~'M,

.!

k·-~.·~I··ma·:-'~A'D'rt,' .-.~~ .,.

2,. Yoku ter-e-j 0 ·(.miID·al,II, mi,1D8aea,) '0[. (H, "*. I'~,e);ZeDZeD CJ·mimasu., mim--[ea).[ a.t. [¥lamada,·sBD,·" [broka,. .. raa;ri)1 ·to·m.od.dJi :.·1de:a,wa 0 ahi.masL 4.. :8umiBu4M. wa. yak'u ,denall[. de .~bim.h.n C·,·omilD·UU, yomi'lII8Jsen:t 0 gil, Karika~D '.·R zelllCn :(,o.mima811. ,.mi~maseD)I.
IV' Put the ,appr·o1priatl!: partides in ·tb~e.: pare'n'theses~ (If a parti,cle ['s 'not required, put ,8n ,X in the. pare·ntbeses,.: .

1. Srumisu",saa
2~ Doko, I(

.[8 Bayashi~BIUI.(

') deBV/[.

0:

·.·b.imashita •.

) ·dea:waOi :rlbimBSU

·k••

a

G·akk6 ai. !Bhim.Sd[~ ·Y:o:ku.·( :) dar.e· t

l(amku te ahimasQ,. 4[", TuakaSIID wa Howaita-saD.
.agO ( , losbiellUl8bita,~

(
):.,·O.W'ashiwSB'D ~. _~ "'~~ll. 1J

5~. M[oBbi :mo.ahl, :S'uml- .'. deslu Ie
ka~
"Vi 'T~:"~':,,,,,t .., te- lUI. - J:"':' .....[; ',' , ,. _ran,•• _'.. ite -_. ,apanese.~.
ii,

c.

lh--~' ·t(b···'T-"-' .aka rei' :Ii!!"idi!--· .... -IS . ~n'c~~,r 2. This; :i8 T'anlika of' TokYO, :Electric!F Is M·r.~Ha,yashi there·? "" 13 1-1'1- .__ 11 ,agaJD .m'ter., '_~ I.... : '~II, 4~ '1.aSked :Mr';I 'Cark. for his office [tel~phone:number, 5.. Mr;; Clark doean."t.write letters to his :fri,eoos 'very ·often. but 'Mia ·White· does; (wriite often).
'1 'H-"'IL' -= e·
~_:_!!Il [__ :__.' ~1. ~'iI!

'1"·s·
..

11

,-

-

. -~'

e'

-'

I

L,

'!!!Ilnl.· " '. .~~ I !~llJ.~

.

Dl .:-'~

~

~~J

'11\1

,nil

-,:u:Ur'

iii'"

InQ:

ii'''-

,

·'" LE' '-·""8'-S::-:·'·O;-'N-:··· .
: .1.'" _ .: ,,", ' . _: ".

.,.....

.. "_".

"_

"'~'.'

:_ .... " >

t:

..Jl;, :,.:d,. - ,'ll

";·;.iii.A.,


r

,~"/;,'

~.

. ,...,j..,

I -: L·1
~,

~. \ ~ I~ ,:,

\i

'I;' ,_ '- '-,'-:-··'' ' 'r:-I;· \ ,Gi! tJ,.. 1 '.""
Ii 1

_.

' .... ' f·,' .' ~~~'
I

,!., ~ -I·
"-_

.._

Ju.:'

'Ci),", . '" .
.. ~.

:

.

,'

. 1:
,,..

.M'ii ''\. ~~ ,I:'
Q!I, "-

fJ'

.... '

~,~

~ :?'",,'. ~ ~',
~

'"

~>"" .:

' "'1, .~:.. - I . !.-, - '0

,r'--·

,t~ :fJ"\ : 17 1; .1 i 'tt~
:11 A ~
.~ A ,~ ~

" ~ A : ,~~~,

;h: \ '\ l :\,\~T,c' '

I." ~, c"': " '~,

.+ .....,",--,-~
';

'0

t:1 t= ~~~, :~ Iv (l)

t:,~,:fL~o

f)~.,e'
Vi..

1; '1:~ ::!i tt \'\' ~ ~'': Iv IrJ) I}; 1)'" IL ~~ ,i

\'\~,~f~\

crJ,N,'£'lt:,o

Ar:,d·t·Q !.2a'im8.,u", '-·'n~· ~ a"~;"'-' Ta..__.. lLIIlll 'Oiilkashi, 'wa ika_'I~dclgka, HBi·:ita,dakimastl.Kirelna ~,kuhi deaD ne, :NmOD, 11,0 ,I)!!,kashi desu -------., ,S'lumilu:'
--------_._---_._--_._------"--_.

, .,....I.

-

---

----_-

---

---

-

..

-.

_

....

-

-

-

_.

I,p .....

Tianaka: Ee,:86 desa, DUzo, meshia;gll'.tte :ku'dasa'ii! S,'umls'u~: T~o:tem,onja,kii,dMu~ Tanaka,: O·cb:- 0 mil 'Ian.'; ikarm, 411"95_.:" :Sumisu:: lie, mo :k,ekk6 desUj, • :Sumi!lu~n, wa Taaakailisan

"'I

'ma.llila·
, .._ _ __ .

~-

.O··"III!I!I'Ij.'~ii1Ii' '0'" ",,101:

:8'.1. 1:- . - , !llii'- -: .. - ""la' ,:iI I, p.__ aomlm..:h·:.1_. - ..,_
liI~ ~ ..

DO

uehl de ki'feina NihoD

DO,

~:karlhi,

0

tab,e-

TanLaka:
,

·Sm-··-·:~t;'h-" ~.i
._, l ,il!!

Tanaka:
,Smj,t'h,:

Tanaka:~ a
_ g__:_M'_i 'II'ft.-'11 __

~. S ,'IJIL'J!!I~t;-h: _ _':___ ~

Do, have :8ome tea, Tba'n'k y()U~ cake W . __' y.,'. eu hi.~ ,,~_ "_.".'L, a [~' ... 'Y·~··~·e'91 tjAtlPO, one 'Wba·t t"It'lethf cak'csT Ar,e thew Japanese '1'*..011 ,~U _,J,: _~___: ,_' ;J __ ._ Yes, the,. are, Please, h,e,lp YOrUl'Se'li', Tbey are de1'ici'ous",
'm· .: q,'tt-oiQ.
'-"i
!11

" ... ~lj

J.Vl'f~

_!lil!iM!

~!_

,_·.:'l~~'

I.~ __ ._I'·f'~·'

.~J

'I'_

:

.

:'.

I.'

.,

"

','-.'

lcakes'
_~ _.' .
.....:..l~J

94,

T'amab::
S·mi't·h::

Will y:ou. have not ·er· [cup· ·o:ftea?'
Nlo I(:thl'nk ·Y·Or1l:)I That ·wag. eR(JU!gh!, •.

l .,,J;.',')',( ...,.: ..~

L n ",'"
4~J..

o-:k.asbi
~'tl
~'\

;i'!!, ....

~dJl,~

;11....p

:w I,M Zi-

\ \ .f:.. t:, ! !

\ 'fJ' ''1).,(

~ L il'i),f ? '1: t~ t,

~:t\ '[ ('l~,) t

Y (\ ~ r: <) ft..

ita,II
it ada Id mas U (:titad"l('U.)

how e'3,t. {'poU'te' 'w(),rd flOr ta'bemasuJ:
:plretty~clean (~na ,adj..) ,

,( t;: ~ ~\ meuial8:t'te kuda-, ti to t,emu
aidlil
'mil
,

Please eatlhave ·(some.')
very ·(.See:
~

,A'ppendix: J~)'
• Jr'

,Iood~ 'ta'st.Y(iiiladi;~)

....

'iIIDftAiII

,1II'r,r-~'

~'.

.~,

'l!!'rla;_'L-'l.~..... ';, D .. ." ~iUa. ~

'- '--_ .'-nO - -.De . DIu ._!~to· '::",.- eau. . .. ·
1,.li .. _ .

'II"

-

k

-....-;1
d

m<Q'fl'ililii ("'!!Iin~t'h-: ,pr') .1 cu.pful '(ootmter~ See ,A:ppendix.l ..)' 1 ~~Ig., .. ~'~lftk, xo~l,~ ~t 9l8,s, lengygb.,
_. _ .:.,.. I~ ,:.l~_~y._~.
~~t;I_."

''_ ~.• ~.".'' ' __ AR' ,'.' V·,·:.' G.. ··41 .la:&.n.~,· . ::I:R' ,','

'_

'. 1 A','·DJI ~C· ')T"'(VE'., +. ,.,R1I'I'n ···OJ·J· -,"'T" '1V",·Ii:" ,d'~ U':I ~ 2' noun
J!il , ..... -

:E;.,

,'l

I

Ie"

J

I

.',";VY

I

I

iIIl

['_mV,._'

I

,I

'I1IIiiJ!'a;- . ~._':""[~"_ ",i~

.1,1 "

~

.~- __~!ii;II'_'_

N···" ,'"_~ L c._.:. ~.l."Ul,1 "" OODS·~A.;i,i,t'" ,,.'. 1 -M:--od·,"-'i~;<"--N..... -,-- ',. ,.f'l.Ujecilv,e. ....,.. QUD
'!!III

+

~ a~J!i! 'd"~
a'UJi.
A~

~g 'k bI,. '....par" _._:_
,'I -,'

.1'

:

l

-a8,

'yumeuta k' ·)OeR ' ,"" .
Il!l ... ,~. ,.

'k 'f amous pa'r:L

,
:1

,
,.iII ,..
'A

"

.

,.

'1

- ....

~ ad"iili

,- '..~.:,'I.

'I'.

6Ydes.
.
~
,

i

I

akJk,RDB'I, des,u [. 6:kikatl.a. dBa,

iII'.... ·'la.·

&aU

adj

" ,eun.eI deshita.
,

I

,

: yumei d•• il, _ .. "'IIU~~:__ _. Q_II~ arl.... ••.AiIlI:L,~ta" -._.
aIlI!J.Aft·· [

".11,.' 9" . E, u~:~~-"" ,A 'Q, V.. '!_:.'U
;rl'!'D' ,Ii,

.. -:hl' '.. • Japane'ie ,adjectives lean, either modi..:,·nouns by '1mmed'iO, 1y prececd-· tuclll. or ~:":,late lng ''1..act. as p,redlcatea~, In tbis they resem ble Eftllish~ There are 't\VOI kinds of adjectives: ~i adj:iectives and ~D . adjec.tives,. 'Unlike, V·n...,11~,. h a·.JecJ...... .'s, J"-' -'.-::- .'.'.', '. ::'"Jlec:ti-'-;'[Ves are Jnfl',-,:-. ec .. ·U as 91 own. .. aIDUV~.• .~',~:"", --. -1'd'"""".'':''''11e _ap'lDese ad ....'; -- ,'-' " ,- ·' ' ,..:~.~ cted ", . h:· ----: ·L,A. '_ , JC,lr~ner... J ~~I:i.l. , 'M"I,"I~ ,.. f'" 2~"'!! 2' ...I -...._ ..,~jj. -or ~_::.~ectl,yeS can tak'·_re th'l 'p: ace; 0< noun ;-,m the n.oun:<-· + ula ICQDSL',u'~~10n, -'~ ' . ae
c ..

,!

~ 'Ii, gIVlen, 'ID G'" .·.·.:f,amm.ar I:.~ ,

I'

.':;

I:

L :D&zQ,.

·D6zo·, "please (.8 c'ceptl'dol.,.,is used 'whe-n makl'n,g an offer to someone or when, beggin.g their kindness and oOnl,ideration"
i

2., ·11la:. des. 'ka., ..- .·r ---- ..- ""f' . I n.=. ~ esu _~_ 1''''". - ·OW IS· '"It''~ill' T'-~b' 11:8 - '.' ~ _A, -.. -....... ~ A· poll.1r,·:te-· - way-. 0, SlytDg .uv d'~1-- -- ka "I... t':H--···· ,~.,. I ,''''_:... , p'.rase.' 18. 'W ,,~D USeu .: when'. offe"'ftft' .'h,:nrr;s_' 'like '~O'od'I',- ,_R.I. [__ ;oo;,,,,,~ d-:-!_il... ,[,. an ' ''-~ . , . _. , ....• _.&& 1.4!U.I'5. '... ruJ.IIL, m e ,., ,·in« ~;liWnU-ll' d ,~' like IO"'n'jjI;!!l"n' n:¥" " , u, . 'VIO-:'U ..' ··;~·H··· abou I It'· '8O'm-'- ' '~I" It' '~#"!ian'"-, bee .... 1 .'m a. '.~.;I;e.,~,J' of·~-'..,I.w 4ll,"':OO.I~S~'. L as wL........ eoAW' "' .\". e -hr' ,', u.· >" ',I; .. ~ .... .: usea ,:. .diLl :suCJlIJ. ·,'U.c:.II, quirin!Qt about ,a, perscn's_'.preferences. lor circumstances, 'when asJdftq"' wbether .. '_ - D. -~ .' .~ .. -. . ., ~. t-he TlAYSOD . is . free to.. do'.' so,m~:leth:in--:-['D'_'.' . '-.. _', 18)'" or h~1 ite ·of[ b 1th "Le' . sson s·ta· '.~. _" JI~I!.r~ . ..::__.__: __ _ ,,_,._' ., - . .-. ,~ ... .__:..~~_ 'e,' [(Lee-'88oB ,2·2·)~.
.'--! '.

-i'

1,11

,..

,1A"IiOi,

. _'- ",",'i!!'

U:;Io.

,~c

,;00 ......

..::11

il

,

'1:'J'-i!'lIl'"

e!!)';;',,"iU

'ftUi!!1

ft

.

I..

-

-

t

.

-

I

.'

-:JI

_

_ _.

• __

-.

~

:1Ii='_I"

"_r..

_' __

"

I•.

,..:....__ _::.( •.. ,

• ....:.• 1 .

_'

l,:

__

'_:

,-

.~:_:._,_I_

,A9

"(

'.'

"DG.·

...

Q '~I'

Ita· -da'I-'k' ~~lm.~ a,~
l .. '.

!_:___

._--.--

A I'Wll"t":e -q' wvalent··· of' ta'·· Jbemasu' "I eat ,.;and moralmasu "I receive, Said y,, __ 'L,. . .. ft-·:·.. . .d Wlie'D.·.!l!!'lik~ somet ·t··h·· -, thait i 0,: ere"d:~,mp_ym.•·l.._,th'·-l.:. ccep -·ta-"ance ane z - ;':'·tu·d" e, lUJ,ilo'g .' , - 109 ,II-, IS l 'I'" - - luo[~ a . - ..- .' grantue .' ---. _apanese 'mea: 'Ime ...., - -. "::-. J,.. -, .--;-. It;;' - _. coavennons; '" Before- ,6-!!!i;'ti~'ng!l 11",-·.I·-'kt,~e,.aU·1 ... HI .e.-4_'-,1j., . '--'I'ly' .... 'liEii-n·e.-· .~111 ..._.,,' ~ . "I,: .... 'LaUa., ,·,Iu:.aaa ~ . 0'1"8- tefu'.' .VCU ~'., ..... A A __ .'- a ,a'"' ·C·· ·,!Ii'a~a,a,·m--'a- ""i~''''-k''-' ynu __ f'o':r a' lo,·V, ~I,'v mie·.1·ft.Abi..... (··I·"I·~t·, It ,'n"G.i3.!!I;n· ..n.JIILCE e" ti:n.111iU1·._ v .. ,. '. ,I,e~;;F deed' ·a. e: ast 'I" .'
I,

,1

.:.=_:.

~

..

~I

"

e

."._

'__'~

.-.

__ ,.1.,.

~

~._

.. '1

.'_':

..

I_r~,

_'.~

..

,'-

·,

:IP

U

~..

'"

,.ll

'!!

.

n

:P'iI!'

ill3i

-.1.

'-'DEliI

:_.'U';

- - "Uf!Uft~

__ II

--',I

..

jllj'

I

......

J'

_-.'

..

III

.•

-

•• -_

iii

"If

..

'!IIIJ!;~a:

iIi .

'I'" .. __',"

.... H'' ,e''

""",""""..:I gooa, f":· '-.' me, A ",.' S r' ,.·'''';lAft'd:-'~'d' n M' 'o~ .~. thiIS case.'.mean!s areau.y, 'I:. 'T'··h'-·· .... ,. ,,' .-_·;···C' k .e. -'AU ·d·"~' ..., Im -~. 1. ~'10, .' ,',...., '.' '... .'., '1- " " ;, · erxpreSSt.,..0 .D., ,·k·iI... .aG'g" .._.. e 1-:' . - -, •• .llIa _ -- 'h-ad'-. ". 6-"Jne" I·t -. ntiall!... 'Pl 'I~,. 'I~I"" am, aU nii'ah-··t" a.a .:. am; ,,' or,', U1L.,"""'t I'" ve ,_;': '.., ' .~ . D : :. _ ..:I.was . -. -. was eDcY~,I,lI.,!!!
4, •.
~;IAI .. ,I' ". _

k-, ek··I·'kL ...a.. ',_ iIil!i'."·'"U d·-·e' -. ...;1 .:-,eAO .-. T··b" .. 'I:~"" Vlay -0,,' remsmg some·,th'" DI enerec, K-" 'ill'";k' . ,_ means ,'.ie ponte --", . "f' . fu -.~.. . .-.,. __ c-~'..r 1
Ji,.a..':! .

ftiIIIJO-' ,

",'

-:D

,'.

,i;li:.

",",..1\.

'-,

"',6i!!!.

iIJi!il!

C'"

lit

.. ,5.
Whe:nt
&&

+ :noun.~. Answers
Q :: '0-. -,OD'aB
___ '_ if
j

one wan.ts. to Im.ow' more' a.bour.t things,., people
l'=1. 0 'ashi 0

'Olr
~1

11., OJ' I'.,. ) ,ea'f ta be,ms"·lta. k: a, U'Wb k!: ..... 0.1" ~es~ d-,1-d' UOU~I t;;"". ;';', _.L.'i'· -' '_;rat:I~'ulu, f __ -. 'Q.L·~ita:·· AI'" "'iIIla'LuIUi , 0'_~"AIIl - .. o ta·L·~m' -.- ~.1U1 ~"('I)' ba d I,C! m- -, ,~._.,." ieious cak .es ,a~D· .. 11.,;Iiii,: _ .:'. ~'. ~. _. I~". "qui All del A2:.: Jarema okasbi ·0 tabemu:hita,. '·'(1)ate l(some,) p:re:tty cakes~" AS.: NiIloD. DO Otkaabi 10'ta'bemasbirta. ~;":,(I)ate Japanese: ca.kes~;'1 ,A4: 'K',a'~·Id. 'iB bemasib ita., ··'(1)1ate ,oookie"! .•'. 0
Oi:
.. ~' "

can 'be given in various waf8~
,UIj., .._
iI ' ... '_':
~r ~

p'~ace,s~,one

uses don'Da,
.. -__ " -~

JA

'liP __ _':1 . ",-..
I

~

II!

:iiI':!I;

1

196' ....

1' 'rD'-- - .'-:-" .'.... '1~SSON -. 13;

PiRA·: .""·C···~T··:-I'C··E:··!
I" "I .". '. • ']' '. ~" ,J. ' •1

:KEYSE~NTEN'C:ES~---~~~~----~"""""""'~"""""""'~""""
'1
iIIl
,~

K~?'Oi'·.'D··O.··· nD~' '·0",
, _
'j _,'

1

"

.

'1"

f.

'&ria· I. to· ,.·,t: 'e'·m·,. '0>. O::'I;!!"c ·~I·I"· .1.1 .
• ...

1.,..

.'

-

..

_


'.:
'.

'..
_

J

U'
'_

~

iii

.. h' ik·' aman.'o,.~·~lIalll', dl e.u,iIi 3~1 IlW,.:taabi wa.~Oishii, :ria,1I0 0 'ta:bemash"ta. ,4·",Kone 'hiey. WH. shizaka dea,u,~. 5'iil ,Ano, hey'. 'w'•• ,hiz,aka de'wa ;ari'ma'sea '. 611 [W,ataBbi I S,hiz'u'kaDa he·,.a de' beD.k,y6 0 :shimalu,.
i'

A '.' 2_· ",D'D rmla,

WB

Iii

,Ii

w,.·

'1., This, apple is, v'ery good., 2,.. 'That apple doesn't taste very' good. ,S:,., I at,e, some r ,elicious app,les~, 4,., 'This room, ls quiet", 5., That room Is noil quiet .. 6;, :1:study in a, quiet 'room.. ,

&mart ~, -

"

Ii

'.'

-DM,·'ID8ReD, -- .

.'J

-

EXERCISES'---_",~"""_---------"""""""",-------""""",,,,~~~I .,~adjecti': e: M,en1orize the :foDowing', -:i ,adie~c_··j)rvCI\.,
A
le. ]iii

~~..::II'~~e·'" r ,I[ICJ~ILIUi.i4ia.I!.!..

[I!

n-....: __ .aO.·.t··· ~·m·.·. C:(lCtl~
F: '.

VA .

=

M - ..iufviimlg.'. N, . ,';-jl'fdI1ift
. .""'"'~'~,.. ' ~I&U

big'

,kH"d .•

'.'.' ·UL..u: I,..11_-u.s.a k
:'L..1 -'liiilifti

.'

ex,..:pensive
good Dew~,fresh
,

'..... -- .d
J

tak:-"~idefAt
·"\·····u' I,
"I,

...... ,1·....~.,' ....

-., _ ._

I'd,-::--11.
U
.
iii!

'fO~1ID'-·, d:--u/'
" !II_KUDIA, ... : .. _.:_,~' " .'
-. ._- c:-L.,::ilp.'illiift8l~

ea.

. ,small
cheap' bad
'.'

C__ 11181
iii.
IF.

d' e••

~U

_LIlli

__~_'~U.81 '.

k

., d

"u

a taraBII H.
C,biilai,
y:88l0
Ii;

old,
intel'le8l

nQg
1

difficUl.t 'far
geed, tasty' 'busy

y;alai dellu warui,desu fum. d,.u·:': 'OIDOIbiro,i dua lDuzukuhii deau 'mi. de. 'Disltii ,deall :iso_bfi desu

J8.'ukUllai ,dea.,

.aruk,aoai desa, farakllDai. ,des•. 'omoshiro,kunai (lesa _,. .. ,oiiiiiooi.;I1... __ ,'" "U1D-'~ d"'iI'II 1II~!II.!ft.IIIJU· ... ,~w': ",g,IM,
'tilkUllai
: •·. '.... .·

w8I1I'i
fund
'_' -'

-

.

IOmos bind -- . t,II,

·

.,eau

'l!!ik:

mazukubii

Ioishik'anai desa

Diu.,
. m:··CISES"' '... E.XJ::' C
"

Iso'

.L.nl.. . - ai' I.:.,eaa. d' . WAU!II,::
'.'

-.

. :,,:
~."

'9:'·7:'
_.:.

t8lullllarana~ku'nai deau.
I

easy

near
..Al'l ,,'
• : III

yasashik" oBi de_ :'L~'Iii .,_II", . d' CJlli.ft"~1UIaII au.
I

;;0' 'fI',~""".~UI. ;1'

ected form... of .·-;:,:_~,V:_.·_'_
II<!!!

"I1~ C'n . come

e' f "om' t".L.:':, 'l~ad-,~ct ive he -:I_',"~c',l "-..i'uli, whi C .. also m· ea~' e :.fi.·il ',' nc . _;g.'
VA ~
C' ._.I,.lo_,.IIi,~

'nQ

ij: iii 0'-..... ...1

,filYOU.·• n

Not used. for peopile ..

I Practice the following 'pa;.terns 'by changing the underlined parts in the: ex

amples given ..
A .. a'. KIOD'O ka'mera 'wa ,uk[, d"IU~

,A:n.okamer,s 'wa, chii.sai d.esu.
L
(Ii ilL

.... B' a.
. '.~ l

karama, ano k:uruma kene t.'ma~o'I ano ·ta;mAHd'o. ,_ _ ... e .. -- -.1
kiOBO

K[ODO

A 'dO rBllO w'. ',aIUI"-desu ..
It I, I

raj:l.o ·w. ,takai ,deau.

'1.. krODrO tokei" ano to,kei 2" ,pt,tI'ilk'II., ,torin-Dc.'u.

c..lex. ,

:Krore 'we,,atara:sbii acid desu ... ,
. 're A

· wa

'I,UruS,'ae 1 __ sU~ e
.1:.. ...,
101

hi d

'I. 'terem
2li SllkaJlB ·3t yasai

II M:ak,edialogues by' changing the underlined part as in the examples given,
A~ ex. Q: N'jhon,,,~WIB Y·.8as·h·o deBu, ka,,,

A,s: Rai\.,asa.lib:ii d.esu ..
As:: lie;1 ya&llahikun,ai, deaD."
i,

muzuk_.B.hij

,2,. omoS,h·iro.i

Aa: Ile, a'ma'ri rom.os ·i'rOkunai. d,e8u.~,
1, takll

-

21 li
C~ IS. Q:: Kore'
'~'-I J"UI.

.ii. ho~_,d,: 'u ka., 'R' '"i roo~.·_ ,... , JIII,'II j,-;Jo"mD" ii IlIU.lI, d''_eliD" .. t......... .. .....
.-.'8
~,

An: lie,l amari. Ii 'h-OD dew ". rima-d.. a

l~ omo8h'iroi
2. m,uzakasltn,
'D[" ex. Q: K6en. VIa,'kloka kara ·toi. dreau ka, ~ d_ C' "'1...,_· ue811'i!l' ..iii A .: ,.~ 1:6,. :'UD,aI,' 1e811~·~~,·I"'l __ Jje,
ii,

leW'

'balu:~.P.oriha.

d~ he iO'llClW1ng IV--:-':-:' ,B:_:_J,ective: M:'emonze tt e f 111 ~ ,,',' '~D8,
,I "

!:,'

-D:a~ ·Je~tirves~ _, ,a"
I'
ii'

d

A .... ,.rn.tii'

Pred ,'t,e. "Pr,,' :,~, '," 't, P"arm, '-'-' "Ie ,lea, '". , ese~n
'i,
a, "

,~

'M'" '---"oo-ify' >,
I, .'

- Iftg "
.' I.

!'

'

,_c

'N""

..

000,
.,

I

'

'pr,etiy:" clean

...... - .i_.""',__ k '.:La d'e''BiP'8
'lo

~A

..

_

quiet
famoas 'ldn,d, be'lpUd

, ,8--ahizuka d .!iiiiira,
I,

~,c-

'

!1;g,g.. uilil!i';Aft saa!Ii\U,

.......i!

a.s'~ 'iIlIi,~'i'I'IIIi_ii!li"',

~
'

,,0; ,
J

VI"R'Ii,~ , ~~-.&

d, IA,.'.,~,,-.

I

....'__

-'-jm'aBeD
.'

free '1'"lye:y 1

,ldasetau d,ew~a arimasen hi:ma d,ewa arimlsea

'U, em.,
!II'

shiur_tl:'U.D8
bim_1Ula

bean, dee.u, well~'heal,thy ,des-g,

converdenJt

_10

nJ8i.yaka, d,ew,. arimaled,

:oigiyakana
beDriaa

benr,i, dewa arimasen genki ,de.. anBl- [sen

,geakiRa

V Practice the 'foUorwing patterns 'by changing the underlined, parts as in. "the examples ,gi:v.en,.,
L H,owaito-sam, A .. ex; :KODO bana, 'wa kiref, desn,

2..

anD

:10,_,

'ed

,8,. re%~'KOBO - aid,o:koror

W8

beari desu.,
iClHiI'iII

I, kono kameTa

c~ex:

2 T'o','L'·u ..:__· e." i!!ka' " I:t...... ~.ftJ ' n'o "h' '_~_'.~.: .. c.~~g'.
. !Ill
=' -,

'W'a'lashi,~t.e_~Ii kinina :lreslltoran d ~-: WB, sho:k,ujii 1" eizu'kana, 2 'yUmeina,

0

ilh'imasblta ... ,

VI Ma.kle dialogues biy ,changing' the underlined part, as in tbe examples given,

A,., ex. Q:: Ta~nak.,·,san wa :lIeokl k _ R' _ A-.:! 0;~'-geD~I,"d,.a,1
i I I ,

delB,

ka,!!

'I- - 8enlUl .",e:wa ,'"'' - ~ A' tJ" ,Je, d- --'b1: d .' :a.nmaSeD.
-

1. :8hlosetsQ,
i

B~ ft. Q: ,Are W8 yumldna, resumran de8lu ka,

,As:: Hal" totem,1) 'YOm,daa, r~es._ ',t,or,Ba desu"
An: Iie, ,aman yftmeina NB;u,toran d,ewa ,&rimaseD,,, ,

--

I,. kireina,

2. shizuana

c.

U~,Q::

mAuI,w 'wa]1 ,Aabita

:hbua dea:u ka,

A: lie'" hima, dew,. 8ri,m,asen~1'IlU,p~-h'iid;el'll~

II' _bita 'no ,IQIO 2;) raillb:u, Dill kiD·'Y obi,
1

0 ex: Q,: Tloky6
1 ,.

Ho,ten, 'W'8, donn:'

!

brotel'U. d.eau ka'!i

A:: ,A.tar,aun hoten. Ide8u~

I,~ (i·ki-i
n'Lt Ita _ ~\~:.IZU_~·:nll, _

ill

:E,~ es: Q:: :a:a:ya:ibi'481l w!. d!Q,D'na, '_ ,ito deau k~_~,

A,:: Slbm,setsuna, hi'm .'._,esu~ 1.~ Ont'oshiroi, ,Z~,leR'kina,

ta.mqo takai
.

,eg'l
expensiv',e (,~:i,ad" .')

.... .i!; L .8,taaul·tac_ . .1
Ii

-

~t8cbi
aho:kuji
0

cheap I(~ adji.')

gyi-'Diku
,_,,!I... 't,on'-JliKu
iI!

beef'

,sbimasiD

'we (plural, s:uffix for peo:pie)1 have a meal
m,eaID,

chicken meat
new~ fresh (,.,i a~j.,)

,(:slok'uji 0 8U:ru)

8'iar,u,ldi f .l'lI'l yasai
I~

,sbo:kuji
:ydmeiaa
,115,

old,. not fresh (~iadj .. ) ve:geta'b~e
,eas" (-I, adji ~l
;0;

denkina

yas.aahii '...... :muzu k 8SoU
om 0sb,Q-;o i

. ;h'iusets'uma,

famous ("'U8, adj~) weU, hea.'lthy ("118 ,a.dj~) kind, h,elp,ful (-:oa adj.>

d]fficui,t, (..j adj.)
:jnt.eresti~ll( ,midj.)' ~i,

:himaaa isopshU.
Tokyo H,oteru
do':nia

free I(~na ad].,)
busly (,-,i ;adj,~)

klOeD

park

'benrin,a

lconvenient

('-d8

ad,j,.)i

Tokyo Hotel what kind lOll

L

T'-Ii aka':
L

S ~_miBIl:

8, ,.i- q'~IIUljio-leD'k:i, desu kal :Ee':t aripto 10I8i_8(_'.,I, G'enki d1es'U,.,
',OU'II

Ta rn:·a·· k'·: a,. Ho,w are :ll' " _
~ ;'[h" S:ml.. .

------.

.1.

.

'_.I(I

,Mr .. Sm:ith?

F'ine: 't'hamk you .. ,
t

2:,., TlIJt:llka: Kyi, 'W8

U t,enki del. n'e,, Sum.ilu:, Ie, hon,tiJ n'i ii teDkI dalu,: I,e", Tan,aka:, Kyi 'W. :iso,ps:hU desu b., S'umisD': Ile, am-ad iso,pskikunai des""..
It's ,9 fi'ne day 'tICJd,ay~ isn't it? Yes, it. really is. IG¥cly wea the.r .' (Are' roll" bus;y today? No, (I"m) not so busy
1I

Tanaka: Smith:
Tilna,kil:

Smith::
'1:' OO~·.c:.

..-. . . , ....'. LESSON ,. 1:3

,.. -_UDI'IS'a-san no ue b ),wa 'k ~'h'k .8'r,. I,n d'esu 'k - ~ ' ,"alll ,:1,, .... ,_'~a 3~ Tanaka:, S ': I. ·'al,A .. , ,,11111_ ~·B,et -.. d-. ~ 'k-' - - - ..,~ A .. 'Su,misu:: I 11;~ t·jll_IiI,Ra'llll,esu'l-, 'C~.h'lik"~ 'Q,eSUi .cL!ik~. t·~e_'811'.·~e ~p1U8 de'T,aoaka:, C.:o. . ~·u;, 1LiI!I ~~"'_-:n·i;,-iii:I!iII,'1, n~,e~"11i au J:JCi'-1.
t
.a.

,",!ii'

I.

'C'

,~-,.

.

d1i'li;'" ,It.tal, '" d" ,e8U!Il . ,.
I

ld"

J~.

'111 .. :_

,

~M

_

T-·· S"~.·:t-··.... ·,• . "m] Jill.,. ~ Tanaka:

~l.

'!!'iIilfta: 111\0. ',!i:II,~'
·[I\al.'

'Is you'r house 'fa'f'

"fftlm Y'01!Jlt'

of:fice·?'

'No~ 1:[iln~t,. It's 'Ilear by, It's iBJ.OOilllt,2,0mlD:l!lites by s:l.l,bway·"

I see", How c'Onvenlen~" :K.ok"o wa sllizuklD-., 'k6en deso ae, :Ee, lo,k,iii kl ya :kirei'RII, hailUI, 1ft ·tak'lIsan arimasu,
k,6eJ\ ai, :ikimuu
,Iii ~ 'j! .. c
!.,"

4", Hio'wailu:

Y,lmad.;

De .. H,ow-.i'~-sall, wa , e

,I)ku,

ka'I' ~a I,,~,~' Id' Iii'IIIO~',..'. _,',.'.. .~"_!U~"~n';; :'j"'~'m' '" '" . 'ole 1.I-YOu., ... " E~l,e~; 'h~' 1...'" '00_a s: _ ;I.,ft,k<Ii : ok :1 'UJ Ii"ib'I'~, :.ll:. #'j:hl"'ka'ku D'O k~ A_n ~lL~iii,"";'': .. ;a~'u~oil -

Wllit~,; Y'a,mada':: Wh'ite:

Thi

S

lS, a

quile{ park ~isn tit?

Y·ltS,.,

There are' lots of big' trees amd. beautiwi~, owem (etc;o,)", ren'~t 'there? Do O a

'you. ,10 to parks ioftel1.'?
II'

'y'es,~,Ilome.time\S1 go to the' park near my heuse Oil Sunday 'mom.ins,

teI1!ki,
hOlllo'lli

wea.~her
runy." ttlil,' abeat 20 :m'inutes (,for' ,a.hout ,201 m'inutes.)1

2:.p_o jU'r,ai
lurai.
'.11.,:.,,1;

about, ,approxima'tel,y
triee

.ft. ,

QVI" Z··'··
- .... '
'.'

_:

"

I: ,Read. this lesson's opening dialogu,e and answer 'the foU,owing questions.
'I S'umisll~sa'n I~kas'b:i0 talbemasbi:ta ka, ,2:,~S'ami,su~88n wa Id.o'k,o no ICPkas:hi. 0 tabemasbita
,j

w.

1

ka,

3,~ S,u:mis,.,·san,
1'1' ·CO····-.-- -1_a'''\i!I; ..·....e-· .,. ' .. m,pl,~,"~ UI

''118. ani '0 B
Ci!h

lu,m,imasb.ita. 'ka,~
that .- . ','
t-'·h·-'ey.' (ii·t· '- · '., .].,

..-./ ',.~:'-'.:"t·II,---:ques lOGS

~

th "~".-'~". __ ~. e answers,,,·
,::'~'I

'~"

I ~ TBDaka~n 'wa t' )1 Id.esu ka, H'ai;, lenki, desu,~ 2~ 900,0 '1I.lon d,es;u ka~, Ile,, 8mari om,ftQ'hirok.una'I" desu ~___ _ __ ~ "lit., 31 ADO 'b.lliowa~' JI,d}esQ ka, Tanaka!ll\san defJ'u~

'W.«

)

I!!ii;oG

..

4.

ADO

Sb'

:hito
'

'.8. ~.
Ii.
o_' '~_, ._ '~

.' :-I'm'· ~G·._~ ..

'Ii

a,at'iIIiii:I'U'D~ ~

a-' b~ dJ~a ~1'I'to~···· iiD;1E!i1l
; , ••

" lI,i,tod,nu
_,~I

'k••

1'

_:

C".' , ~·I' h COITe , dU,)ec:uYe ,~,~.' ··.i, ' ., II,, I',,··.,lrC-,e t·".e-', [,::- ct :""'~:~' ,_,:0; D, th--:-:'~',·tb-·· _..e paren - :eses,~ .c

C'.:::_

-'.'

I,

":'0

'.,"

'

.

1.. An,o ki:l&ateo no ,',obi ow. amar· (oi;s:hii,desu ois'bikunai, ,d,esuJI~ 2~, U,chi ,DrO cb,ika'k'u al (k~e:i, kireioa) k6en, ga arimasu, 3i K.IODIO b,oB, W8 (o'nioahiro: ··.II,Dai '_.,esa; olDoshiroi dew. arima,sen:,'iI! 4., 'Watasbi :D'O' r,.jio '\VB, (:ik'uD,ai desult y.o~k,u:nai, des,'Ul, ii, dew. :,"Jmasen),,, ,s.~, Are WB (yam,ei, ,filma,ina) ,resu'to'MO, desu. [6,.,Y,amada'~B8'DDO Dc'bi 'wa :koko kara totemo (lchI ~ai desu"c"h"kakanai
,d,esu)l"

:IV Translate... into J',:-I,·I:am.ese., _.. ._. .. __ .ap_._ __...

l, 'Wiould ','0,"-., Uke some ooffe.e? 'Tha:nk "'DU,,, It11 have S'Dm,e';; 2, W'ould 'you like another Cu,pof coffee? ,No,.thank you That walS enough. '·,3,~'We: ba,d d'in'ne:'r' at a famous, restaurant, 4. Tbat cafe, is clean" but it Isn't q,ui@t. 5~ Lam busy today.

'!;11" I[

02'~: IiilLESSO: .',~I'~'~I 'II; 'ii' ,ilL-i!l
.' _. __ _ .

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