ECPE

Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English

Sample Test 2010

TESTING AND CERTIFICATION DIVISION ENGLISH LANGUAGE INSTITUTE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN © Copyright 2010 by the Testing and Certification Division, English Language Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan U.S.A. The Regents of the University of Michigan: Julia Donovan Darlow, Laurence B. Deitch, Denise Ilitch, Olivia P. Maynard, Andrea Fischer Newman, Andrew C. Richner, S. Martin Taylor, Katherine E. White, Mary Sue Coleman (ex officio)

30% POST-CONSUMER RECYCLED FIBER Indicates that the product contains recycled materials that have been consumed and decontaminated to be reintroduced in the manufacturing process.

ECOLOGO CERTIFIED Certification from the Environmental Choice Program of Environment Canada that identifies ecological products. Considered criteria are the level of greenhouse gas emissions, water and energy consumption and the use of recycled fiber.

BIOGAS ENERGY Gas generated from the decomposition of waste buried in a landfill and transported through a 13-km pipeline. At the mill, the captured biogas produces a good portion of the energy needed to power the paper production equipment. This green energy helps to reduce considerably greenhouse gas emissions.

and 4 of your answer document. your signature. but your handwriting must be readable. Write your essay on the answer document you have been provided. Remember. • Write about one-and-a-half to two pages. You may change or correct your writing. • Your essay will be judged on clarity and overall effectiveness. Every generation of people is different from the previous one. If you do not write on one of these topics. 2. you have 30 minutes to complete your essay. • You will not be graded on the appearance of your paper. • Write inside the boxes on pages 2. remember to fill in “1” or “2” in the ECPE Writing Response box in the front of your writing answer document. organization. 3. Make sure you have filled in your name. ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  1 . Your essay will be marked down if it is extremely short. Topics Set for 2010 Sample Test 1. Please observe silence. and your registration number. and the range. What is one important way in which your generation is different from your parents’ generation? How will this difference affect your country or culture? Give specific details and reasons to support your viewpoint. • Use a #2 (soft) pencil only. Some people believe that body language shows more about people’s true feelings than spoken language. Please use only the space provided on the answer document to write your essay. • Extra sheets of paper or scratch paper will not be scored. but you should not recopy the whole essay. your paper will not be scored. • Do NOT write your essay in this test booklet. but your outline will not count toward your score. accuracy. your birthdate. as well as on topic development. Do not leave the room during the time period. Body language includes people’s facial expressions.WRITING SECTION WRITING SECTION INSTRUCTIONS (30-MINUTE TIME LIMIT) • The examiner will have already provided you a writing answer document on which to write your essay. Do you believe we can tell more from body language than from what people say? Be specific and give concrete examples in your response. DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL THE EXAMINER HAS TOLD YOU TO DO SO. When you have selected your topic. • You may make an outline if you wish. • You will have 30 minutes to write on one of the two topics. hand gestures. and appropriateness of your grammar and vocabulary. and posture.

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• YOUR SIGNATURE: sign your name. Darken the circles underneath these numbers. • YEAR: print the last two digits of the year you were born. Use all capital letters. • DAY: print the day you were born. tested at center no. • REG. • If you are not sure about an answer. so you must follow instructions carefully: • Do not bend or fold your answer sheet. Darken the circles. raise your hand and a proctor will give you a replacement. • Darken only one circle in each of the columns. • Darken the circle completely so that you cannot see the letter inside. • LANG.: print the 3-digit test center number (the examiner will tell you the number). one letter per block. and they will fail. Examinees giving or receiving answers or using notes or other aids will be disqualified. Look at the TOP LEFT of SIDE ONE of your answer sheet. to fill out the information section. You should have 20 numbered pages in your test booklet. Look at the columns of CIRCLES BELOW THE BLOCKS: • Find the letter that is the same as the letter you have printed in the block above. erase your first mark completely. If there are pages missing from your test booklet. then middle initial (MI). 1991. 001. • Do this for all the letters of your last name. • NATIVE LANGUAGE: print your native language. look through the rest of the test booklet to see that it is complete. and your middle initial. Darken the circles. Darken the circles. • CENTER NO. NO. and year. • SEX: darken the circle “M” (male) or “F” (female). Look at the BOTTOM LEFT of SIDE ONE of your answer sheet. day. ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  3 . • If you change your mind about an answer. • BIRTHDATE: find the month you were born and darken the circle next to it. write zero first. then first name. • TEST CENTER: print the name of the test center. This test may be machine scored. • Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. Darken the circles underneath these numbers.: print your 6-digit personal registration number. • Any problem with more than one answer marked will be counted wrong. • Use a number 2 (soft) pencil. (LANGUAGE): print the 2-digit code number for your native language (the examiner will tell you the number). • SPKG: do not fill in the space marked SPKG. Look at the TOP RIGHT of SIDE ONE of your answer sheet. • FIRST: print the first 6 letters of your first name. Fill in the following information on the lines: • FULL NAME: print your full name in this order: family name. If your last name is longer than 13 letters. born April 3. • TODAY’S DATE: print the month. Examination fees will not be refunded. print only the first 13 letters. including those at the beginning of the number. The scanner cannot see very light marks. Check the pages quickly. Include all zeros. Use capital letters to fill in the following information in the blocks. • Do not make any other marks on your answer sheet. There are 13 blocks. • FORM: make sure the darkened circle corresponds to the letter of the form listed on the cover of this test booklet. • Your mark must be dark enough to be picked up by the scanning machine. • MI: print the initial of your middle name. The example below shows the correct way for Joao Costa Almeida dos Santos. • Fill in only one circle for each problem. first name. Use the same spelling you used on your registration form: • LAST NAME: print your main family name in the blocks. not in the test booklet. If it is a one-digit day. and whose personal registration number is 100265. When instructed to. you may guess.GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS Keep your eyes on your own test.

a. Her parents liked her friend. She should find a new apartment. a. or is true based upon what you hear. a. He wants to finish the project quickly. He is on his way to class. She was happy with his dentist. c. c. a. a. 12. For example. They want to start the project over again. a. 6. b. For problems 1 through 15. c. They didn’t get along well. 14. 15. If you change your mind about an answer. Jim was embarrassed. She didn’t go to the dentist. c. c. b. a. They swim at different pools. James injured himself at the party. b. She thinks they can’t finish the project. She wants them to look at her computer. The correct answer is b. a. Do you have any questions? 1. b. c. She’ll wait in the store. James couldn’t make it to the party. Do not make any stray marks on the answer sheet. b. b. He thinks her topic is too limited. mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING SECTION INSTRUCTIONS LISTENING This is a test of your ability to understand spoken English. They will go to a game. 8. James called her from the party. c. 4. a. She didn’t go home. b. b. She’ll stay outside. 11. 2. a. He hasn’t received his cards. She’ll leave without him. He has finished studying. c. He isn’t happy with his cards. Please listen carefully. He only swims at night. Jim should control his anger. The listening section has three parts. 9. listen to the conversation: Example (listen): a. c. b. She should talk to her neighbors. c. He already took the test. There are 50 questions. He enjoyed the theme park. c. He hasn’t been to the theme park. Jim has a new supervisor. b. She thinks he should return the cards. a. Sam has taken a new job. c. a. No problems can be repeated. 4  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . Sam hasn’t applied for the job. She has been to the theme park. Sam decided not to take the job. Part 1 In this part. c. a. 13. From the three answer choices. c. The crowds at the pool bother him. b. He thinks her topic is not interesting. He is very busy. c. a. They don’t like football. He thinks her topic is too general. c. He is going to change dentists. 5. She should change her parking space. He doesn’t like reading novels. b. She doesn’t need a new computer. b. select the answer which means about the same thing as what you hear. 7. b. erase your first answer completely. He is spending a lot of time preparing. 10. a. Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. b. you will hear short conversations. 3. They will stay home. b. Her computer has already been checked.

It didn’t come up. c. There’s no way. b.LISTENING Part 2  LISTENING LISTENING In this part. It didn’t bother me. 33. the lights stayed on. Oh. b. 18. a. I’d just like something basic. a. I’m almost finished. Yes. b. b. I’ll try to keep it down. Yes. it did seem confusing. c. a. 28. a. The correct answer is a. 25. c. mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. 34. Can’t say I have. but he may not agree. Yeah. I think we need to improve it. He’s filing reports. I already did. listen to the question: Example (listen): a The wedding’s next Saturday. No. it’s definitely louder. Sorry. a. c. c. c. a. she’s married. my old one was a little expensive. 31. I’ll keep it for you. b. 17. you can borrow them. No problems can be repeated. what building do you work in? b. 24. Yes. Oh. ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  5 . He’s doing it right now. That would probably be best. For problems 16 through 35. Okay. I’m glad you asked her. a. Yes. I’ll come too. if you can. c. Actually. 32. c. Sure. 35. c. could I ask you to spell that please? c. 19. c. 29. a. I’ll bring it with me. Yes. a. we’ll see them. I don’t think anybody was expecting it. No. She doesn’t want to take it. c. a. c. No. I was hoping you’d look at it now. For example. a. She’s pretty funny. I’m sorry. Yes. From the three answer choices given. you will hear a question. b. Okay. b. c. I wouldn’t do it. The assignment is 25 percent of our grade. I’m not going to get it. c. it’s too bad we missed it. a. She said you had to do it. Please listen carefully. the power went out. a. Yes. it certainly took a long time. you already have a copy. c. I could use a smaller one. he’s in a meeting. b. c. a. he is always so kind. Let’s do that. b. c. b. it’s going well. 20. OK. b. a. I didn’t think they’d tell us. I prefer to stay home. 30. I couldn’t hear it either. Two weeks ago. No. 23. There’s room on the top shelf. Actually. b. Sure. No. Sure. Sure. a. No. b. 27. They’ll probably like it. All right. a. c. Yes. choose the one which best answers the question. Well. I suppose so. I hope we can convince her to stay. b. Yes. I can’t hear either. Yes. It’s in the mail. Sure. it was so long. b. 21. b. c. b. we should be getting there soon. Sure. she’s in my class. a. No. We have until next Tuesday. They can’t possibly do it. You’re right. Do you have any questions? 16. there is still more to do. b. c. b. a. b. No. a. I thought I did. 22. could you give me a call? 26. It should be delivered by them. Yes.

mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. Environmentalists were opposed to drilling on land. What major controversy is focused on in this report? a.” You will hear what three different radio guests have to say about three different topics. Each talk lasts about three minutes. Do you have any questions? Segment 1 Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. 6  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . What do the environmentalists and oil companies agree on? a. The structures serve as an artificial reef. 40. c. Write your notes in this test booklet. Why were oil companies originally going to remove the oil rigs? a. you will be asked some questions about what was said. The fish are not in any immediate danger. The platforms were not productive. b. From the three answer choices given. Why did oil companies decide to drill offshore? a. whether or not the oil rigs should be removed c. It is difficult to conduct research in these locations. b. Write notes here. 39. As you listen. whether or not the oil rigs actually attract fish b. c. The program is called “Learning from the Experts. c. It leads to increased levels of contamination. c. Land-based sources were running low. no problems can be repeated. whether or not drilling in the ocean should be allowed 37. Remember. They had promised local officials that they would. what is a disadvantage of building many rigs in one location? a. you should choose the one that best answers the question according to the information you heard. b. you may want to take some notes to help you remember information given in the talk. There are fewer fish and coral in these areas. 38. 36. The rigs were endangering the environment. For problems 36 through 50. Research is needed to see if the rigs attract fish. After each talk. According to environmentalists. b. Offshore drilling equipment extracted more oil.LISTENING Part 3 LISTENING LISTENING In this part. you will hear three short segments from a radio program.

43. It has a shorter life expectancy than regular concrete. ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  7 . It cracks more easily. 44. c. b. In what kind of climate would ECC be an especially good choice of construction material? a. what happened in the 1960s? a. ECC was invented. Why have some builders avoided using ECC? a.LISTENING 41. 45. It is reinforced. According to the engineer. One that is warm and tropical. It changes size. According to the engineer. 42. c. b. Fiber-reinforced concrete was first used. what is a disadvantage of traditional concrete? a. It needs more repairs than regular concrete. b. One where there is no snow or ice. One where temperature varies a lot. The cost is very high. Workers need training to make it. It is initially more expensive than regular concrete. b. b. c. c. It is bendable. Problems with traditional concrete were discovered. What is unique about the new concrete? a. LISTENING Segment 2 Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. LISTENING Write notes here. c.

a virus 47. What experiment did the cell biologists conduct? a. c. Kinesin destroys some viruses. Mental processing declines with less kinesin. 48. They altered levels of kinesin in mice. Viruses use kinesin to spread. a protein molecule b. Mental processing is not affected by kinesin level. What is kinesin? a. b.LISTENING 46. c. b. b. 50. on cell walls c. They attached viruses to kinesin. c. 49. 8  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . What is the relationship between kinesin and mental processing? a. Mental processing improves with less kinesin. Kinesin breaks down cell walls. They administered kinesin to people with Alzheimer’s disease. Why are cell biologists interested in kinesin? a. in between cells b. inside cells LISTENING Write notes here. LISTENING Segment 3 Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. a type of cell c. Where are viruses reproduced? a.

Here are examples of each kind of problem. and 20 reading comprehension problems. then answer the questions following it according to the information given in the passage.  elementary READING Read the passage. for calling c. trucks. and buses. shifty c. sturdy b. Each problem has only one correct answer. travel d. Long ago roads were only trails for people and animals to walk on. raise your hand and a proctor will explain the examples to you. trusty d. Do not spend too much time on any one problem. The first things we study in school are very _______. you may guess. way b. since they have a strictly defined atomic structure. DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL THE EXAMINER HAS TOLD YOU TO DO SO. Do not go back to the listening section of the exam.  because they multiply d. you have 75 minutes to complete problems 51 through 170. to call b. ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  9 . Viruses may be considered as regular chemical molecules. but on the other hand we must also consider them as being alive.  is called CLOZE Read the passage.” a. 40 vocabulary. fill in the circle on your answer sheet that corresponds to your answer choice. Why does the writer say viruses are alive? a. If you finish before the time is over. because they move c. a. Work quickly but carefully. be called d. In each example. VOCABULARY. CLOZE.GCVR GCVR GCVR GRAMMAR. AND READING SECTION INSTRUCTIONS This section of the examination contains 120 problems. walk VOCABULARY Choose the word or phrase that most appropriately completes the sentence. 1. 20 cloze. Mark all your answers on the separate answer sheet. For the test problems. Do not leave the room before the end of the time period. “What is that thing?” “That _______ a spider.  road c. you may check your answers within the GCVR section only. Do not mark your answers in this test booklet. then select the word or phrase that fills the blank in both meaning and grammar. the correct answer is underlined. The most modern   (1)   is often called a superhighway. Remember. since they are able to multiply in unlimited quantities. If you do not know the answer to a problem. a. because they have a regular molecular structure Please observe silence. If you do not understand how to do the problems. None of the actual test problems can be explained. numbered 51 through 170. GRAMMAR Choose the word or phrase that best completes the conversation or sentence. There are 40 grammar. because they have a complex atomic structure b. You have one hour and 15 minutes (75 minutes) to answer all 120 problems. Please remain in your seat until the group is dismissed. but today roads must be made for cars.

a. b. d. b. in her in herself herself her 64. there are some students that I will always remember. a. d. b. for a long period like mine for as long as I have during the long time for me since a long time that I have Many nations urge their citizens _______ in elections. I didn’t cause the accident. GRAMMAR If it doesn’t make a profit soon. a. b. Mark’s parents wouldn’t buy him the jeans he wanted. _______ odd as it sounds. a. d.” “Well. 63. d. c. danger of at danger with danger to in danger of GRAMMAR 58. Fred is _______ for that. c. c. b. d. c. this company is _______ having to declare bankruptcy. even much often just 60.” a. c. save it up for save up for be saving up to have saved up to 53. have eaten having eaten to eat to have eaten 61. to blame the blame blamed on blame 56. a. d. b. The part _______ repair the car was ordered today. d. to work hard at working hard of hard work in hard working 57. d.” a. c. I’m saving that _______. a.” a. a. 52. b. b. “Professor Wilson. the last at last as the last for last 10  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test .GRAMMAR 51. d. c. I know Jenny can win the race. I’m surprised you still remember me. d. We ought to _______ about the change in schedule. Sarah complains about his messy room but he _______ about it. d. a. c. “Are you going to discuss these charts at the beginning of your presentation?” “No. b. even though I’ve been teaching _______. notify get notify have notified have been notified 54. b. c. c. d. vote to vote on voting voting 59. Though However As While Over twenty years _______ have gone into building this business. I would rather not go out tonight. needing needing to needs to needed to 62. b. so he had to _______ them himself. b. a. b. d. b. “Have you submitted your application yet?” “No. I haven’t _______ had a chance to start it. c. a. I remember _______ at that restaurant when I was a child. d. c. She just has to believe _______. never doesn’t do anything has ever done anything doesn’t ever do anything didn’t ever do something 55. a. c. c.

” a. will will have is to does 74. theirs their them themselves 67. “Why didn’t you attend the party last night?” “I was led to believe I _______ invited. b. c. b. Even though Since When Just so 77. If you want to learn the art _______. GRAMMAR making bread of bread making for bread making to make bread No sooner _______ walked into the office than she was overwhelmed with questions. He’s so _______ everyone. or she would have brought more money. d. b. 71. d. 70. b. d. _______ you know. Beth _______ the book to be so expensive. a. but sometimes I wonder whether it really makes a difference _______. I left the keys on the table next to the lamp. d. d. a. c. d. b. d. mustn’t play never having played had never played hasn’t been playing I don’t really like our new boss. met meet meets will meet 75. b. expected must have expected wasn’t expected couldn’t have expected 68. She won the game. 73. I asked that he _______ us at the restaurant at 8 p. d.m. while playing with a friend of _______. c. d. a. and so is Henry. a. “Who will be at the ceremony tomorrow?” “Mary _______ come. c. c. d. I’m sure she can do _______ of her. d. c. quick to judge quick for judging quickly in judging quickly to judge I feel good about volunteering for charity. 66. c. left leave will leave leaving ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  11 . a. you should take Audrey’s cooking class. haven’t been am not wasn’t won’t be My children. a. c. c. c. a.” a. a. a. a. b.GRAMMAR 65. b. c. that they ask that’s been asked what is asking what’s being asked 76. a. b. 69. b. by the end at the end of the end in the end I’m all for _______ work early today. although she _______ it before. c. b. b. b. c. caught a butterfly. d. as she than she had she would she have GRAMMAR 72. d.

The proposal was _______ about our problems as about the solutions. not first having asked not having first asked having first had asked first having asked _______ people in our office drink tea. c. d. b. “How did the music recital go?” “I made one mistake. not just so much as such as much 88. She never knows _______. b. d. d. soon or later soon or late sooner or late sooner or later GRAMMAR The main purpose of this meeting is _______ some new procedures. 86. I know John doesn’t have any money. d. a.GRAMMAR 78. people’s lives have changed _______ the better. a. Although Professor Smith was not popular at first. but _______ that. but _______ he’ll have to pay me back.” a. I wish I had not taken this class without _______ my advisor. d. d. 80. c. I have some math problems that I’ll try _______ by myself. b. 79. _______ the students learned to appreciate his style. d. 81. b. d. to an extreme cost at extreme cost extremely costly costly extremes I’m very unhappy _______ the way things turned out today. c. a. With modern medicine. c. “Her speech was too long!” “You’re right. c. having solved solving them to solve them to solve 89. c. a.” a. d. c. a. a. a. time again the time for in a long time over time 83. he was able to he was to be able to was he able to able was he to 12  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . a. b. to into towards for 90. b. b. a. it went really well. c. c. a. a. d. c. b. with of as because 82. c. Most of Most of all Almost Almost all the 87. when to stop time to stop if to stop how it stops 84. c. d. Only with much effort _______ succeed. b. updating all for about updating all to update everyone on to have updated everyone of GRAMMAR 85. c. b. b. if not aside from contrast with next to Graduate school is getting _______. b. b. d. d.

  (107)  . 108. off b. the bird would tend to follow the same path. when b. 109. followed a. 94. moreover d. dimensions c. varied d. fewer a. have concluded that under some circumstances. chain c. period a. Animal behaviorists reached this   (101)   after attaching small global positioning devices to the backs of pigeons and releasing them a few miles from their home. 92. who a. improved c. These devices enabled the scientists to   (102)   the precise location of each pigeon every second of   (103)   flight. 102. a. homing pigeons use the   (96)   of the sun and stars. distant a. 106. 97. even though that path was not always the most direct route home. longer b. 95. then d. distractions b. same b. 103.” Zoologists at Oxford University. type ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  13 . 105. its b. although a. summary c. Otherwise a. some of the pigeons followed the path of a major highway they could see below them. then a. Concerning c. turning where the road turned.CLOZE CLOZE 91. rather c. 93. per a. no c. position a. For the first several flights. 99. their inbuilt compasses. moments a.   (91)   conducted an eighteenmonth   (92)   of homing pigeons. 101. Each pigeon was tracked for approximately twenty flights from the   (104)   point. soon c. other d. idea d. most direct route. actual d. distances d. Regardless d. which b. right d. approve b.   (108)   after flight. similar c. influence d. 104. Consequently c. and even following the circular path of the exit ramps. delays c. each bird’s path   (105)   significantly from the paths it had taken   (106)  . since c. over c. Almost comically.   (98)  . manipulate a. familiar d. example b. still a. flight d. Subsequently. 110. record c. c. flight b. such d. However d. until d. decision b. earlier a. first d. had c. link a. Simply b. sum d. home a. flight b. Known a. young c. composition b. full b.   (95)   for their ability to navigate long distances. 96. nevertheless b. home c. though c. wings d. Certain b. Major highways are one   (110)   landmark. conclusion a. unit b. different factors appear to affect a pigeon’s navigation   (99)   it is released close to its   (100)  . and perhaps also their sense of smell to direct their flight over long   (97)   or on a journey for the first time. 98. 100. 107. The scientists concluded that pigeons use a   (109)   of familiar visual landmarks to find their way when they are near their home rather than relying primarily on compass navigation. study CLOZE Recent research from animal behaviorists suggests that “as the crow flies” should no longer be taken to mean “the shortest distance between two points. magnetic a. match d. reduced b. pigeons follow   (93)   visual landmarks to find their way home   (94)   than taking the shortest. group d. one c. check b.

VOCABULARY a. c. b. Mr. maintenance percentage likelihood significance 115. a. b. a. He got the job even though his skills were _______ to those of the other applicants. b. d. c. d. d. impeccable enriched rudimentary tarnished 121. and Mrs. a. intuitive prodigious belligerent abundant 113. d. VOCABULARY 111. b. but he wouldn’t give me _______ answer. prevails provokes mediates mandates 120. I think Kim would be great for the job. correlated parallel affiliated accounted 123. c. d. b. c. c. c. The company that Joan works for is _______ with an automotive company. resign conclude install expire 122. Regular exercise increases the _______ of living a long and active life. The lecturer restated his main point. d. so she can get a discount on a new car. deducted admonished appalled dispelled 116. c. b. see to it look out for keep in mind ask around 118. a. b. b. d. a. d. c. _______ that the past three have all come from the accounting department. John will likely _______ as head of the department when the semester ends. I can tolerate olive oil. c. namely largely incidentally exclusively 114. The government _______ the use of seat belts in all cars. d. Vacation policies continue to be a source of _______ between management and the workers. a. a subconscious a straightforward an unstructured an unmistakable 14  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . b. d. b. 117. distort perjure abhor feign 119. c. insignificant inferior indifferent imperfect VOCABULARY a. c. d. d. c. The _______ customer upset many of the restaurant’s staff. I asked Joe if he’d told me everything. c. disturbance resistance contraction friction 112. b. a. a. b. b. Her work record is _______. a. _______ that the current approach has been a failure. but I just _______ olives. When choosing the new chairperson. d. Johnson were _______ by the hotel’s dirty rooms. a. a.

complexity composure complexion composition 133. a. b. The dean _______ the requirement that each student write a thesis. but I can handle them only in small _______. c. d. she thanked him _______. a. c.VOCABULARY a. concept basis status structure VOCABULARY a. a. c. a. d. caliber estimation adequacy construction 135. a profound a fervent an absolute an insistent 129. c. designation forecast framework outcome 128. c. d. b. according to many critics. mandatory disfigured elongated questionable 136. d. b. I like my relatives. The journalist’s conclusions were _______. c. c. d. a. perpetuate persevere preserve pretend 137. d. performing reforming altering undergoing 125. d. In order to be successful in life. VOCABULARY 124. a. b. 131. b. c. Many buildings in the city were damaged by the _______ wind storm. a. c. Although she didn’t like the gift. The school is _______ a lot of changes now that the new director has arrived. c. These colors look good on you because of your dark _______. a. a. d. We _______ unexpected results in our latest experiment. selected conducted retrieved obtained 132. c. graciously fundamentally presumably evidently 134. a. abolished denoted disposed subdued 127. b. b. d. a. Mary’s decision to retire had _______ effect on everyone. We need more people of Tom’s _______ working with us. propagate ascend elevate escalate ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  15 . d. b. b. d. b. Our employees are promoted on the _______ of how well they do their work. b. c. d. d. c. b. b. d. one needs to _______ in spite of life’s challenges. We constructed the _______ for our project with his theory in mind. b. factions doses racks pinches 130. urgent gripping futile fierce 126. a. The managers will discontinue the product if its costs continue to _______. c.

c. She never spends money _______. a. d. d. The director stood up from the table. The doctors don’t know if the treatment will work because they’re not sure about the _______ of the new drug. c. Every January 1st. d. a. Beth resolves to live a healthier life. additionally intimately practically inevitably 141. b. b. a. d. b. a. d. d. Even though many different languages are spoken in the United States. a. b. Marion uses her money wisely. VOCABULARY 138. d. d. a. My new bag is so _______ that I can take it anywhere. d. b. he was chosen for the job because he had the most experience. sublime secondary mediocre intermediate 149. Larry _______ forgot where he’d left his keys. the _______ language is English. The food at that restaurant was excellent. d. c. factual superficial predominant monumental 142. c. frivolously infinitely evasively ingeniously 144. Research indicates that eating a better diet may delay the _______ of certain diseases in some patients. c. c. The committee thinks that Jim’s plan has a lot of _______. c. a. _______ the end of the meeting. b. deliberately alternatively momentously arbitrarily 148. John was not selected _______. compressed condensed compact compiled 146. b. onset induction uptake origin 147. a. 145. b. c. b. c. b. c.VOCABULARY a. b. The differences between the male and female of this species become more _______ with age. a. c. but the service was only _______. d. We couldn’t hear the singer because of a loud _______ in the balcony. aggravation commotion formulation reparation 150. a. a. but _______ she returns to her old habits. actuality efficacy differentiation perplexity 139. directly singularly shortly momentarily VOCABULARY a. competence capacity potential qualification 140. b. 16  divisible dictated pronounced assured ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . d. signaling motioning informing illustrating 143. c. c. d. b.

b. Rama built a bridge to Lanka. it is said that he built a bridge across the channel separating India and Sri Lanka. c. 155. and certainly cannot determine whether humans were involved in producing any of the patterns seen. or sandbanks. They have no connection with the legend of Rama. It is about two thousand years old. the discovery of the shoal formation has prompted discussion about building a modern bridge between Sri Lanka and India. Their shape is evidence of human intervention. 153. Ravana. construction of a bridge b. had abducted the wife of Prince Rama of India. d. Newspaper reports have claimed that the sandbanks are remnants of the ancient bridge built by Rama. It stretches between Sri Lanka and India. b. saying that there is no evidence that the “bridge” is anything more than a naturally occurring shoal formation under the sea. b. They point to the unique curvature of the shoals visible in the photographs as evidence of human construction. what may result from the discovery of the shoal formation? a. 152. It is only visible under water. Their origin cannot be determined without further study. Legend has it that Rama amassed an army to invade Lanka and rescue his wife. They are what is left of an ancient bridge. What did NASA officials conclude about the sandbanks? a. 154. have dismissed these claims. Rama formed an army to attack Ravana. They were discovered by the first nations of Sri Lanka. According to the passage. increased tourism to this location ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  17 . d. What did newspaper reports suggest about the sandbanks? a.000-year-old poem. It curves around Sri Lanka.” insisted one official. now known as Sri Lanka. however. To transport his army across the water.” NASA officials. Ravana kidnapped an Indian princess. Recently. d. a demon king who ruled Lanka. the legend of Rama came alive again when aerial images taken by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) revealed a 30-km-long chain of underwater shoals. what caused the battle in Lanka? a. b. c. According to the legend. c. They are not as old as once thought. One report even claims that archaeological evidence of the first signs of human habitation in Sri Lanka matches the age of the underwater “bridge. They were formed by remote sensing images. in the Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka. creation of new folktales c. Although the story of Rama and Ravana still remains a folktale. support for additional research d. 151. a 2. d. READING READING According to the Ramayana. “Remote sensing images or photographs cannot provide direct information about the origin or age of a chain of islands. c. Ravana invaded India. They have probably formed naturally. What does paragraph 1 suggest about the chain of sandbanks? a.READING This passage is about underwater sandbanks. a great battle once took place on the island of Lanka.

painting masterpieces c. drawing using projected images d. 159. using a dark room to view images 158. In the sixteenth century. What does the word this in the last sentence of the second paragraph refer to? a. b. Images were more colorful than before. a lens was added to the camera obscura to create a brighter and sharper image. the first recorded use of the camera obscura was in the tenth century. these improvements led to a camera obscura that was exactly like the modern photographic camera.READING This passage describes the history of the camera obscura. Before mirrors were put in camera obscuras. d. This invention then developed along two tracks. showing an upside-down image of the world on a flat surface opposite the hole. It was in black and white. This required the invention of light sensitive film. What were the earliest camera obscuras used for? a. protecting people’s vision c. While this principle was known to the ancients. How does the camera obscura differ from the photographic camera? a. other artists felt that this was an unfair trick. c. The device can be a dark box with a small hole on one side. when it was used to safely view eclipses of the sun. 156. or a darkened room one enters with a small opening on one wall. By the beginning of the nineteenth century.” camera obscura is a device that can literally turn one’s world upside down. which was not introduced until the mid-1800s. Images were made with light-sensitive film. The camera obscura cannot show moving images d. people would visit camera obscura rooms to watch moving images. altering the size of images d. It was upside down. they reverse themselves. 160. READING READING From the Latin for “dark room. Images were larger than they were before. much as we watch films today. c. 18  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . b. When light rays pass through the hole. Portable box versions became a drawing aid for painters such as Vermeer and Canaletto. The wholeroom version became a popular form of entertainment. what did the image look like? a. b. which would be blinding if looked at directly. a mirror was added to reflect the image right side up onto a viewing surface. who used the projected images to sketch the beginnings of their masterpieces. Images were clearer than they were before. Later. with one exception: there was no way to record the images. d. The camera obscura does not show colors. c. making still things appear to move b. using the camera obscura as entertainment b. making light objects look darker 157. What was the result of improvements made to the camera obscura in the sixteenth century? a. It was not very clear. It was too bright to view directly. The camera obscura cannot preserve images. The camera obscura is not portable. However.

Antioxidants affect activity levels. b. blink to avoid eating spinach d. They can slow age-related problems. c. blink when they heard a certain sound 164. the results of these studies have hopeful implications for the prevention of diseases such as Alzheimer’s in today’s aging population. 161. foods rich in antioxidants 162. while the rats fed cucumbers performed the worst. the process of metabolism d. ECPE 2010 Sample Test ✦  19 . The first study measured conditioned responses. eat when they heard a certain sound c. d. damaged DNA c. A second group was fed apples. READING READING Two recent studies show that a diet rich in certain fruits and vegetables is even healthier than previously thought. They can cause diseases. One group of older rats was fed algae rich in antioxidants. Free radicals have been shown to damage protein and DNA. too many antioxidants in the body c. What did the results of the second study indicate? a. What did rats learn to do in the first study? a. showing no improvement. avoid a diet that did not include spinach b. an excess of damaged DNA 163. These foods are rich in antioxidants. What did both studies conclue about antioxidants? a. apples. According to this passage. d. excess protein b. The groups performed differently on tests designed to measure brain function: the rats fed algae performed the best. Fewer antioxidants are more beneficial. and an excess of them can slow mental processes in old age and may contribute to Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. an excess of protein d. Researchers found that rats fed on a diet containing spinach learned to blink to avoid the air more quickly than rats whose diets did not include spinach. Where do free radicals come from? a. Some antioxidants are more helpful than others. c. Although additional research is needed. too many free radicals in the body b. which contain a moderate amount of antioxidants. which counteract the free radicals that accumulate in the body as a result of normal metabolism and exposure to environmental pollutants. and algae. Researchers concluded that not only the presence but also the amount of antioxidants affects mental functioning. More antioxidants are beneficial. These studies conducted on rats show that the effects of age on learning and memory can be slowed by the consumption of such foods as spinach. Another study found that the benefits of a fruit and vegetable-enriched diet depend on the level of antioxidants in those foods. b. what is a possible cause of Alzheimer’s disease? a. which contain few antioxidants. followed by a puff of air in the eye. They can damage protein and DNA. They are a type of free radical. 165. and the third group was fed cucumbers. A group of older rats were exposed to a bell tone. not just mental function.READING This passage is about diets rich in fruits and vegetables. which have been found to slow with age in rodents and humans.

defeated the purpose of building tall 170. solved this problem. 20  ✦ ECPE 2010 Sample Test . Because walls need not bear the weight of buildings anymore. When building upward. but also practical for the people using them. such as Chicago and New York. c. Rigid tubes were added to the base of the building. required the use of more expensive building material d. people were forced to build upwards. c. while others moved the columns and beams to the perimeter. 167. made the building less stable c. b. d. The introduction of iron and steel. Heavier building materials were used.READING This passage is about skyscrapers. to support the steel skeleton 169. Interconnected beams and columns forming a skeleton now supported buildings and transferred their weight to foundations resting on the earth’s bedrock layer. certain innovations in materials and technology were needed before buildings could become the skyscrapers of today. b. which were quite heavy. READING READING In the growing cities of the nineteenth century. 166. What was done to resist the force of the wind? a. The advantages and disadvantages of a process are described. Why were the ground-level walls of early tall buildings so thick? a. Skyscrapers face not just the vertical force of weight. reduced the amount of building materials needed b. In addition. What would ground-floor windows have done to brick and mortar skyscrapers? a. rigid tube that is just as strong while weighing much less. A problem and its solutions are described. which were much lighter and many times stronger. Thus. A claim is made and evidence is given to support it. more windows could also be installed to let light in. with the lowest level carrying the weight of the entire building. The earliest buildings were built using bricks and mortar. the rooms were rather dark. and it was the invention of the elevator at around that time which made buildings not just tall. There was a lack of vertical space. businesses needed offices near the center of town. Why did people want to build skyscrapers? a. There was a shortage of building materials. d. each floor had to carry the weight of the floors above it. but also the horizontal force of strong winds that could topple them. to create bigger rooms b. to support the upper floors d. The number and strength of windows was increased. Because there was only so much available space. to resist the wind c. as too many windows would have weakened the structure. the ground floors of those buildings had extremely thick walls—some up to eight feet thick!—and the consequent loss of space this entailed defeated the purpose of building tall. Finally. There was limited land area. The causes and effects of a policy are explained. 168. c. tall buildings would have meant many stairs to climb. essentially turning the building into a hollow. d. Some engineers solved this problem by building a stiff inner core to resist the tremendous force. However. What is the overall organizational pattern of this passage? a. b. The center and outer edge of the building was reinforced. They wanted to use innovative technologies.

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