ST.JOSEPH’S COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING CHENNAI-600119.

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STEERING ASSISTED HEAD LIGHT
SUBMITTED BY

V.DINESH dineshtgode@gmail.com S.ABINAV VISWANATH rickky.45@gmail.com

Gear mechanism and spring mechanism. the spring mechanism is used to bring the bracket and follower to its initial position. the light bracket at right alone steers to right using cam & follower mechanism and reduction gears & vice versa. Cam and Follower mechanism is used to turn the head lights to right or left direction. At the same time the left bracket remains stand still due to the dwell period of the cam. which are been used in hill areas . when the steering steers to the right. Our project comprises Cam and Follower mechanism. There are automobiles that have their headlights directly connected to the steering mechanism so that its lights will follow the movement of the front wheels. Directional headlights are those headlights that provide improved lighting especially for cornering. Our project will be useful for vehicles. According to our project. During the return stroke of cam.PRE-FINAL YEAR ABSTRACT Our project is to make new and modern “Directional Headlights” in efficient manner by increasing the light angle. The reduction gears are used to turn the brackets to the required angle respective to the steering rotation. Spring mechanism is used to bring back the follower and head light bracket to its initial position. Gear mechanism is used to transmit motion and to reduce the no of rotations from steering rod to cam shaft.

a headlight of an automobile has a fixed line of emission which is aligned with the front direction of the automobile. Therefore. When the steering steers to right or left direction. then both the right and left headlights will steer to the perspective directions. the corner on time when the car turns. In ancient Directional headlights. In the known technology of the prior art. thereby creating a dead angle of illumination and such lack of visibility poses danger in driving at night or in darkness. more particularly to a direction turning device for headlights of an automobile which enables to turn direction synchronously with the rotation of the steering and hence increasing the safety for driving at night or in the darkness. An object of the present invention is to provide a direction turning device for a headlight of an automobile which renders to emission direction of a headlight of an automobile in synchronization with steering and thus increases the illuminated area upon changes of direction of the automobile when the automobile makes turns. the optical axis of the headlight is widened and it is useful for the drivers for safety ride. . the direction of emission is not adjustable as to the left or right. But according to our project. When the road curves or turns. Because of this. it is highly desirable to invent a device to solve this problem and such device is of high utility. when the steering steers to right then the right side of the headlight bracket steers to right side and the left side headlight bracket remains stationery by cam mechanism and it is similar for the other side also. Although the effects of "high beam" or "low beam" can be achieved by adjusting the angle of elevation of the headlight. It results in altering the optical axis of the head light to the vehicle speed and the front road-shape.INTRODUCTION The present invention relates to headlights of an automobile.

producing in the 1930s a vehicle with a central directional headlamp. The 1967 French Citroën DS and 1970 Citroën SM were equipped with an elaborate dynamic headlamp positioning system that adjusted the headlamps' horizontal and vertical positioning in response to inputs . LITERATURE REVIEW Our mechanism is not used elsewhere in any of the vehicles. according to the aforementioned earlier art. The American 1948 Tucker Sedan was likewise equipped with a third central headlamp connected mechanically to the steering system.2. H8-183385. However. H11-78675 and Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. we had indulged in this project. According to Japanese Patent Publication No. Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. the light distribution pattern of the front lamp is changed in the direction of vehicle's turn so as to raise visibility at the time of cornering. Based on their queries. an art capable of beaming the cornering destination prior to operation of the steering wheel has been demanded. H5-23216. We performed a survey on this project with the lorry drivers. Czech Tatra and 1920s Cadillacs were early implementer of such a technique. The present invention relates to a vehicle front lamp light distribution control system and more particularly to a vehicle front lamp light distribution control system capable of raising visibility at the time of cornering by controlling light distribution means of the front lamp. Therefore. cornering destination cannot be beamed brightly enough before operating the steering wheel. the light distribution pattern of the front lamp is changed in the steering direction of the steering wheel by an amount corresponding to the steering angle when the vehicle turns on an intersection or the like. Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. H8-192674 a vehicle head lamp including a fog lamp is provided with a movable reflector and by turning the movable reflector in the steering direction by an amount corresponding to a steering angle of the steering wheel. who travel to hill stations often.

Their general form is a cylinder or disk.CONSTRUCTION The main components used in this project are: 3.from the vehicle's steering and suspension systems. tape etc. 3. the leading edges of the teeth are aligned parallel to the axis of rotation. Sprockets are used to transmit rotary motion between two shafts where gears are unsuitable or to impart linear motion to a track. . type of gear. track or other perforated or indented material. and with these "straight-cut gears". These gears can only mesh correctly if they are fitted to parallel axis. though US regulations required this system to be deleted from those models when sold in the USA.1 Spur Gears: Spur gears are the simplest.2 Sprockets: A sprocket is a profiled wheel with metal teeth that meshes with a chain. and probably most common. 3. The teeth project radially.

via the steering column.3 Cam & follower: Cams are basically shaped surfaces that are typically not round follower(possibly a small wheel) is displaced as it moves over the surface. for example. which may contain universal joints to allow it to deviate somewhat from a straight line. Other arrangements are sometimes found on different types of vehicles.4 Steering system: The most conventional steering arrangement is to turn the front wheels using a handle operated steering wheel which is positioned in front of the driver. a tiller or rear wheel steering. 3.3. the tracks are made to move at different speeds or even in opposite directions to bring about a change of course. Tracked vehicles such as tanks usually employ differential steering that is. .

5 m (8 feet) for walls to 7 m (20 feet) or more for joists and rafters. in construction known as light 3.7 Chain drive: .6 Frames: frame construction.3.e. 3. and lengths ranging from 2. and covered by a roof comprising horizontal joists and sloping rafters or manufactured roof trusses covered by various sheathing materials.5 Light bracket: Headlamps must be kept in proper alignment (or "aim"). This gives all vehicles roughly equal seeing distance and all drivers roughly equal glare.5 inches — i. Framing. a two-by-four) to 5 cm by 30 cm (two-bytwelve inches) at the cross-section. is a building technique based around structural members. Regulations for aim vary from country to country and From beam specification to beam specification.5 by 3. which provide a stable frame to which interior and exterior wall coverings are attached. usually called studs. Light frame material dimensions range from 38 mm by 89 mm (1.

and vice versa. The spherical edged follower is attached to the cam is used to convert the rotary motion of cam into reciprocating motion. A larger gear of the former is chosen. .Commonly. mechanical energy from a motor or other source applied to a sprocket wheel is conveyed by means of an endless chain to another sprocket wheel for driving a mechanism. which is attached to the same shaft as of the larger sprocket. motorcycles. When the steering steers to the right. The relative speed of the wheels varies according to their relative circumferences and. So the right light bracket moves according to the movement of the follower. The light bracket will returns back to its original position. the left bracket alone turns to the left leaving the right light bracket in standstill position. using the spring mechanism attached to it. the cam at the other end remains in the dwell period. the rotation of cam is achieved by fixing the cam in the same shaft of the larger gear. which results in the stand still position of the light bracket. is meshed to transmit the motion. a sprocket attached to the steering rod rotates which in turn connected to the other sprocket through a chain. When the vehicle turns to left. The sizes of the sprockets were designed in such a way that. The chain in this application is so designed that each consecutive link fits over a sprocket. if the smaller sprocket rotates four full complete rotations the larger sprocket will rotate once. also rotates along with the sprocket. when the vehicle turns to right leaving the left bracket to remain in standstill position. Examples of such an arrangement are found in bicycles. the distance between links being called the pitch. and conveyor belts. thus. At the same time. which is twice its diameter. 4. WORKING PRINCIPLE: Our project is to the turn the right light bracket to the right. Also the small gear. After this. the number of sprockets on each.

z1 = 20 Teethes. a = (30 – 50) p a = 30p => p= 26. Design calculation for chain drive Speed of rotation. . N2 = 250 rpm Centre distance. z2 = i * z1 = 80 teeth Chain pitch.INITIAL HEADLIGHT POSITION . i = N1/N2 = 4 istd = 4 Teethes.67 mm =pmax a = 50p => p= 16 mm =pmin Standard pitch. DESIGN CALCULATIONS 5. N1 = 1000 rpm Speed of rotation. p std =25. a = 800 mm Gear ratio.4 mm So the chain selected is 16A1-R80-> simplex Length of chain.1. FINAL HEADLIGHT POSITION 5.

79 mm2 Centre distance.14))2 = 91.4 = 47. Design calculation for chain drive Speed of rotation.4 = 31.49 = 115.49 lp = (2*31.2. z2 = i * z1 = 80 teethes Chain pitch.6 mm Bearing area = 1.87 = 116 links Actual length = no. z1 = 20 Teethes. a = ((e+√(e2 -8m))/4)p e = lp – (z1+z2)/2 = 66 m = ((z2-z1)/(2*3. N2 = 250 rpm Centre distance.49)+50+(60/2*3. N1 = 1000 rpm Speed of rotation.14)2/31.5 mm 5. of links * pitch = 2946. a = (30 – 50)p a = 30p => p= 40 mm =pmax a = 50p => p= 24 mm =pmin Standard pitch.18))/4)p = 801. lp = 2ap + (z1+z2)/2+((z2-z1)/2)2/ap ap = ao/p = 1200/25.lp = 2ap + (z1+z2)/2+((z2-z1)/2)2/ap ap = ao/p = 800/25. i = N1/N2 = 4 istd = 4 Teethes. a = 1200 mm Gear ratio. p std =25.4 mm So the chain selected is 16A1-R80-> simplex Length of chain.24 .18 a = 66+√(((662 – (8*91.

000 hours Number of cycles = 20. Design calculation for spur gears Speed of rotation.2*109 cycles .4 mm Bearing area = 1.18 a = 96+√(((962 – (8*91. i = N1/N2 = 2 Assuming the same material for pinion and gear 16Ni 1 Cr80 Life of gear = 20. N1 = 1000 rpm Speed of rotation.24 = 144.3.5 mm 5.14))2 = 91.24)+50+(60/2*3.79 mm2 Centre distance.14)2/47.4. z1 = 20 Diameter.000*60*N1 = 20. of links * pitch = 3708.49 = 146 links Actual length = no. a = ((e+√(e2 -8m))/4)p e = lp – (z1+z2)/2 = 96 m = ((z2-z1)/(2*3.18))/4)p = 1194. d2 = 160 mm Teethes.lp = (2*47. d1 = 40 mm Teethes.000*60*1000 = 1. z1 = 80 5. Rotation reduction ratios Steering rotation = 7200 Angle of cam to be tilted = 900 So value of angle to be reduced is in ratio 8:1 The reduction between the sprockets is made as 4:1 So the diameter & teeth of the larger sprocket should be four times that of the smaller Diameter. N2 = 500 rpm Gear ratio.

Kcl= 1 {from psg tech data book pg.2. HRC = 60.5.4*Kbl*σ-1)/(n*Kσ)) N = 2.Young’s modulus. Kσ = 1.16 N/mm2 k.No.15*105 N/mm2 Design contact stress.6 * 102 N/mm2 Design bending stress. Kbl = 1 σ-1 = 0.25σu + 1200 σu = 1000 N/mm2 σ-1 = 47000 N/cm2 [σb] = 274. E = 2. [σc] = CR * HRC*Kcl CR = 310. z1 = 20 Teethes.3 ko = 1. [σb] = ((1. z2 = 80 .5(medium shock) Teethes.kd = 1.17} [σc] = 18.8.15*106 kgf/cm2 = 2. d1 = 40 mm [readily available in market] Teethes. z1 = 20 Diameter. d2 = 160 mm Teethes. Design calculation for sprockets Here the rotation reduction ratio is 4:1 So the diameter & teeth of larger sprocket should be four times that of the smaller. z2= i*z1 = 40 5. Diameter.

7.6 mm Cam diameter = 150 mm Follower length = 102. Sprocket & Gear details.6. Design calculation for cam & follower OA = initial position of light bracket (7inches) AB = final position of light bracket OB = distance moved by the bracket Stroke length = 102. of teethes 20 80 20 40 Diameter 40 160 40 80 . Component Small Sprocket Large Sprocket Small Gear Large Gear Material Mild steel Mild steel Mild steel Mild steel No.6 mm 5. 3. 4. we selected due to availability in market: S.5. 1. 2.No.

ADVANTAGES • • • • • Useful for heavy vehicles in hill areas. Can be used in tempo and vans. PSG Design Data Book.6.BANDARI 3. 8. Book on “Design of Machine Elements” by K. Book on “Design of Transmission Systems” by V. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.wikipedia. 4.V. LIMITATIONS • Not mandatory for straight roads. where hair-pin bends are more. 9.com . www. Safe riding Accident free roads Simple in structure Mind free driving 7.NATARAJAN 2. APPLICATIONS • • Can be used in all heavy vehicles.

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