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A Photometric Stereo Approach to Face Recognition

A Photometric Stereo Approach to Face Recognition

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Published by bigglesuk486
A Photometric Stereo Approach to Face Recognition

Roger Woodman
[ www.brl.ac.uk/~rwoodman ]

A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of the West of England, Bristol for the Degree of Master of Science

Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences

November 2007

Abstract
Face recognition has received much interest in the last decade, as the need for reliable personal identification security has become ever more critical. At present fo
A Photometric Stereo Approach to Face Recognition

Roger Woodman
[ www.brl.ac.uk/~rwoodman ]

A dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of the West of England, Bristol for the Degree of Master of Science

Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences

November 2007

Abstract
Face recognition has received much interest in the last decade, as the need for reliable personal identification security has become ever more critical. At present fo

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Published by: bigglesuk486 on Mar 27, 2011
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07/11/2012

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In this chapter, a number of experiments are conducted which aim to produce
a normalised face that can be used in direct comparisons with other
normalised faces. As stated earlier, it is essential in any face recognition
system to enforce standards that all face images must adhere to prior to the
recognition process. It is the aim of these experiments to make the
recognition system more robust to variations in head orientation and distance
from the camera.

The common normalisation criteria, as noted by (Li and Jain, 2004), are size,
pose orientation and illumination. Systems which are able to accurately
normalise variances of these criteria can be considered invariant to their
effects. In many 3D modelling techniques, the issue of illumination is either
irrelevant or, as in the case of photometric stereo, a much higher concern
which must be dealt with before all other processing. It is important to
reiterate that the face albedo image, which is created, after the surface
normals are calculated, is a 2D image of the face normalised against
illumination.

In these experiments the face database will be used to test the normalisation
methods and measure the results. Methods for both face size and pose
orientation will be presented. Face orientation can be defined by three
rotations of the x, y and z planes. Heseltine et al. (2002), defines these
orientations as roll, tilt and pan. The face images in Figure 9.1 illustrate these
rotations. It can be observed that roll is a 2D rotation around the centre
point; tilt is an up-down nodding rotation; pan is left-right rotation.

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