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Problem 3.1

3.1 (a) For the hollow shaft and loading shown. determine the maximum shearing stress. (b) Determine the diameter of a solid shaft for which the maximum shearing stress in the loading shown is the same as in part a.

c, ::; td• =(t)(+o) :- ::;1-C) fY\Avt

C~ : ~ J-:t ~ (~)(6-0) =- s.a M 1+1

:iI.(" 41) _& 4-

J-= 2 C~ - C, :' ~ (o,o3'f- - (_)lO'L.'t) == I(O~I 'f,./D il?

T== '2. 4- 0-0 t.J k'\ (a)

T..,w.( -: 10, s z, M pC\. ~

:?T

rr c. '1

'L-= Tc J= ~Cq. ~=

J.j

C'3,:, ~T == (2)(;?if-o-e» = ).I,b7)((~~M~

11 -1:" "lr (70' St. 'l/c/P)

C -= o» 0 2-/ q M. d =- ~ c ~ o- 0 ST s- "'"

Problem 3.2

3.2 (a) Determine the torque that can be applied to a solid shaft of 90-mm outer diameter without exceeding an allowable shearing stress of 70 MPa. (b) Solve part a, assuming that the solid shaft is replaced by a hollow shaft of the same mass and of 90-mrn inner diameter.

c = ~ d ~ (i)( q 0) ~ 4S ~ ~

1r 3 If 3 -'- }

~ C -=: ~ (O.o4-S-) -::- i4-3, Ilf-~ 10 w-

(Q)

For H~ soJ.cJ sht:<.-H .r c:- =

or

C - 1. d - (1. }(~o) - 4.f; M ~

,- ~ 1-2.' - ,

For- equal W1Ct5Ses fl,e crQS.S se~+,'oVlG.j a.v-e.4.S VVlVS+ he etjvc..l.

A -= IT C 2. = 'iT ( c,_ 2. _ c/ ) 0'1' c, =- .; c,2. T C ~

c, = _,jO\CJ4S+(O\o'+r)1..:= o,obsbh.-1

~G. 't

J -= ; (c, If - C. '-I) := I q '" 2 b x ( 0 W\

T -_ 1:' ..... ,... J __ (71))({Q b) (/ q.2.bX' 0")

:: :l II '1 ~ N "'"

C'L (9, 0 b~" .

Problem 3.3

3.3 Determine the torque T that causes a maximum shearing stress of 80 MPa in the steel cylindrical shaft shown.

Tc.

J

J ... ~ C"

:::- I 338 _ I l'J- V\'I

Problem 3.4

3.4 For the cylindrical shaft shown, determine the maximum shearing stress caused by a torque of magnitude T = 1.5 kN . m.

'l-." Tc .J= JI. c '

J ~

1:'-')t ~T (~\(I.~OO ) S9.bSZ"JlIO'

:- 1TC.~ = 11 (0. O.u).3 =

T - Sq.l MP~ ...,

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Problem 3.9

llON·m

3.9 Knowing that each of the shafts AB, BC, and CD consist of solid circular rods, determine (a) the shaft in which the maximum shearing stress occurs, (b) the magnitude of that stress.

ShA..f:t A e ': T ': q ol\I- ~ c.. ':IlL tel -: ( o W\.. .......

,y ': T,Jc = :<'T

........., 7Tc.3

.. ().)("10) _ S/a3MPq_ 'L~ - II (0\01)3-

S hA.f+ B ~: T": - q () T "2- (O = i BoN """.

C. ::: ~d ~ 12.,51'1-\.....,.

To 'I: (2.) (/ B C)) ':' s g • 7 /Vl f 4. (jecrjes-l)

........ 1i (O\o(2.~_):;

ShA.t+ CD: T :'-~O+2-70+IIO -;..2."10 "'1M ~=tJ:= (~""'w--,

T. ('Z.)[J-.4o)::- 54--7 Mf-<

~"* -:: If (01015)3

AhSlVe~: (0,) Sh4ft Be (b) es-: MPtt.

270 N· m

90N -m

Problem 3.10

nON·rn

3.10 Knowing that a 10 mm-diameter hole has been drilled through each of the shafts AB, BC, and CD, determine (a) the shaft in which the maximum shearing stress occurs, (b) the magnitude of that stress.

Ho.ie: C, = toll = t( r b) ~ ~ MVVt S hC4f+ A B ! T = q 6 I\J M.

C,__ -= -kcl~::: (0""'- Wl

J = [(Cz'l-C,'t): I(o'O\¥-oloo{,;tf) ::- 1"4-.-13,)<; 10.:r ~4:

't'",,,,,,= Tel ~ (qo)(C9~(JI) = h( .. {fl;t;,.,.q«(PA""}lst)

J 14"-H.t<'I()-4

J" -= ¥ (c,_"- c,") = f(O.oi2.SY-u,oos")= 1:'","" -= Ie, =- Ci~) (0 .. 0 12S) z: Go. 2 M. pq

J 31.~7~1 0 '1

S'h r..-rt- CD: T = - q 0 -t- xrt o Til 0 ;:; )..q 0 NIkI. .

270N· m

90N -rn

Sha.-t+ Be:

J -:: -¥ (C1.'t_ c,") -= f(O.oiSY-u,oos") = 78~5Zt-)<lo'1f11A.<t. T ... ._.= Tcz ':' ().qO) (OIOIS:-) = S...r·3~ ~.f41

J 7 f}. !>-z,.- 'f. I 04

(6) 6 (. I ~ .

Problem 3.13

3.13 Under normal operating conditions, the electric motor exerts a torque of2.8 kN . m on shaft AB. Knowing that each shaft is solid, determine the maximum shearing stress in (a) shaft AB, (b) shaft BC, (c) shaft CD.

Til = IAkN· HI

Te = 0.9 kN·m

**(a.,) s~"tt Ala: T~B -=- z. s ktJ·~ ~ ~.~'!K/o'l N'M C-.LJ_ :<3 It1I11 -:: 0.02& WI
**

J _ ~ .

".1 Tc. ~T (2)(Q..~)( IO""!.) 8 I r 2. 0 )I 106 'P~

1.I'IB -= -- =- = -= ~8 -= 81.'2 MPc... .c4

J \ic.::!. \T (0.02.%)1.

Sh,&f BC~ T& :- I. Lj k'tJ. 'vi .3 N-m c.-l.tJ- ALI ..... .., -= 0.02"1 ""

(b) = LLl)(/b

J - ~ -

-rae.. -= ZT (:(_ )(1. LIII' ID3) GLf}t7 )lIO'Pa. Tae. = G'+.S HPo.. ~

lfC!!. z: =-

11" (O.D:l.. 't )"3

(c) s~cJ+ CD = rco:: 0.5 kN·ty, -=- o. S )1/ d N· I'YI ) C =t~::- '2.'t M." :- O.O~4- Wi

·"(.:.0 -= '2T (~~ (0 . .5">< 103) ?g.O~ 1</0' Pc.. 'Lco = 13. a tvlP,,- .....

-= IT (O.OAtf)l> -=-

1iC~ Problem 3.14

3.14 In order to reduce the total mass of the assembly ofProb 3.13, a new design is being considered in which the diameter of shaft BC will be smaller. Determine the smallest diameter of shaft BC for which the maximum value of the shearing stress in the assembly will not be increased.

See fl.e so.Pvfio", Th prable",,- 3.13 +O~ +ljUI"e. a. .... J .fo~ Mc...)(iW1V""- st,eCt""':"'~ .s1-r-e..sses \\'1 s~~f+s AB,> Be.) G\..",_.f C.D. The ...P~"Jed ..shec:.r;,,'d OCCf.)r'S ;'" .s/"~-P+ AS. I-k

tv'I~d"';+II.Jt.. is 8/. ~ I1Pt:<." AJjtJs.t +Le JIQ.W\e.{e", J S~6.# Be .so +l.j i+s M~)(i"",vlYt She6.""'I'\~ str-(.~~ is 8/.:< MP'l...

2T

"IT C ~

r---:-----::-T"

3 C:z)(I.q)( ,03

11 (il.~ \I IO~)

Problem 3.19

3.19 The allowable shearing stress is 100 MPa in the 36-mm-diameter steel rod AB and 60 MPa in the 40-mm-diameter rod BC. Neglecting the effect of stress concentrations, determine the largest torque that can be applied at A.

Shc...ft AS : 1:'~ -= 100 M'Pe;., -= fOO~ 106 Pa.

c.."::: t_J. ':: t(Sb) -.:: I~ ,.,..., .... 0.018 ~

~B = f (Ioo~ IO'")(C. 0 t8)3 -= 91 b N-rn ShtA.-Pt ec. :L~ ': ~b \J\?~ ': (;0 ~IOr;. f~ c."::: ~ 4.<:. ~ 1: ('to) = ~D ""''''' ':: O.CJ2_o hoi 1;c,: t.(C.O)l/O')(O.O~o')~ ': 17SL! N-m

Th~ eJjo..r4P~ -Iu",~ue. lOS fu s'M~lJe", of T"e, w-..~ TaG.

T ~ 7,s'f tJ- ~

Problem 3.20

3.20 The allowable shearing stress is 100 MPa in the steel rod AB and 60 MPa in the brass rod Be. Knowing that a torque of magnitude T = 900 N . m is applied at A and neglecting the effect of stress concentrations, determine the required diameter of (a) rod AB, (b) rod. BC.

Tc

~~= T

c= '3~

-v~

100 '" to' 'PA.

SheJ-b AB :

(2.)( ttoo ')

iT' (t 1.)0 l(LOc ')

J~8: 2c -:: 3S.8 WI ..... -'L_ =- ~O t1P~ ': '0 »to': ?c...

(:< )(400) ':' ZI.;(I' ')(161 ~." 'ZI. ~/' WI.."

1T' (6.0 )t10' )

Sh~tt Be:

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. ri:J 2006 The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Problem 3.27

60mm

3.27 The two solid shafts are connected by gears as shown and are made of a steel for which the allowable shearing stress is 60 MPa. Knowing that a torque of magnitude Tc = 600 N . m is applied at C and that the assembly is in equilibrium, determine the required diameter of (a) shaft BC, (b) shaft EF.

'['-4 = ~ tvvPq (ct) Shcctt Be :

e=

g C'2 J (6oo) IT( bo)<fOb)

~ D\OI~Sfv\

cJgc: -::: 2e. : 37 ""' M

-=6,oIS6:,~

dn:::- :<c. -=- ~1"2£4.1."'" 4!1

Problem 3.28

lOOmm

3.28 The two solid shafts are connected by gears as shown and are made of a steel for which the allowable shearing stress is 50 MPa. Knowing the diameters of the two shafts are, respectively, dBc = 40 mm and dEF = 30 mm determine the largest torque T c that can be applied at C.

~~ c ~tvvf"

Shc.++ Be !

1: -

I:. -

60mm

gy dc.-+ics AJYow .is:

S~o..++ EF :

J1'",_ c..

~ i (s-z)')«( 0(,..) (010 ( s-)3 -= 2-(, ~!J . k-t,

T

c

z: f'" 1; := J.::. ( 2- '" 5" )

rp F b

Df ~ IS fhe.s lvIeJ)e./'.

4-4-1 • ( 'I-J. "'" .

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2006 The McGraw·Hill Companies. Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill [or their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Problem 3.31

3.31 For the aluminum shaft shown (G = 27 GPa), determine (a) the torque T that causes an angle of twist of 4°, (b) the angle of twist caused by the same torque T in a solid cylindrical shaft of the same length and crosssectional area.

/

1.2.5 m

.:

(eLI

L lSrnm

12mm

~ ~ 4° ':: ~q_g'3"1D"'3 yJ .J G ': 1..7 GP4. "' 27"" 10'1 p",

J ': f(c~q-C,:) :: ~(D.ot'i5'1- 0.012'1)= 13Z.:3lltlt/O-' T ':: ('2.7>l/o'f)(132.3'LLI)(/O")(6'1.813x/a-3)

. 1.25

(b 1

14,,} vI,; ~ c,.-e '" 5 A.~ -ne ~ 7T (C; - c::)

c::- c/- e,l. =- ";0.01'62- 0.01:2.2.. -::=: o_0/3Lf16 n,

J = i c'f" i (0.0/34/b)'+ ::: 50.894- )<.10-'1 M 'f

Problem 3.32

3.32 (a) For the solid steel shaft shown (G = 77 GPa), determine the angle of twist at A. (b) Solve part (a), assuming that the steel shaft is hollow with a 30-rrun outer diameter and a 20-mm inner diameter.

.J -'I 'I Ii" I -)'1 '1a - -:-'1

='1C ,=~\",o[5 ~ -,'52-)</0

to.)

c -= .L d = IS f'A ".., ~

L~l'BVV1

T:: '2-2-0 Nw..

_ [ 22-£.1 ) L I \ 9 )

<!J -(171..16"1 )L1'1.5"2.~(o-'1J-

0, 0 &-ct b -, rn4

p ~ ~.7 0 .4\

C '= 1. , ::- 10""'-"'-'

, 7.. (;(, .

(b)

J,:: "¥. (c/ - C,")

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

.....

Problem 3.45

3.45 The design specifications of a 1.8-m-long solid circular transmission shaft require that the angle of twist of the shaft not exceed O.SO when a torque of 7 kN . m is applied. Determine the required diameter of the shaft, knowing that the shaft is made of a steel with an allowable shearing stress of 87 MPa and a modulus of rigidity of 77 GPa.

T =r IN

'T. ~ s 1 ~P-q_

Bc..sed 01'1 CA.N!.r/-e of +...Ji~-t •

8.7'2.G(. ~/6?:' ~ L=- 1,8 W1.

J -= tc.l'

0,o588

Problem 3.46

3.46 The design specifications of a 1.2-m-Iong solid transmission shaft require that the angle of twist of the shaft not exceed 40 when a torque of 750 N . m is applied. Determine the required diameter of the shaft, knowing that the shaft is made of a steel with an allowable shearing stress of 90 MPa and a modulus of rigidity of 77.2 GPa.

rt: -:. 40;; =- G ~. g 13)( 10 _'!, ~ L 'C ). ~ w-.

'"$' J. . ...J

90 )( 10' '?c... G ~ 17. 'l. Gore... -= 77. '2. )( !oct Pc..

ea = TL -;:: ~TL

T GJ" 1T'G-c't

". If( (1_)!,,7So"'I( I.~)

-Y 7T"(77.7...)t/O"l)(GQ.g'3)c/C-') ~_ ~ _ .2.I.

- .J _ JiC'

T -= ,.50 N·\'Vl

~

-r - '10 M?tA.. -=

Bc...seJ OVl aVljJe '1/ ~ TL C. ~ -y TiG c:p

r- .3 1"2.0'0)(10 "'"

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Problem 3.74 .

3.74 A 2.5-m-Iong solid steel shaft is to transmit 10 kW at a frequency of25 Hz.

Determine the required diameter of the shaft, knowing that G = 77.2 GPa, that the allowable shearing stress is 30 MPa, and that the angle of twist must not exceed 4°.

10 )/ 10 .... 2.1i U~5)

T-_E_- .211 f .

s+ . + ~ - Tc -

~s.s r-e, IJ 11""e. Mer. ':1.. - T _

c. ~ 3{YT _ s (1-)(b:3_bG.2. ). -=

-y~ - -rr (ao'lt LO~)

::- II.o~...,.~

Problem 3.75

3.75 A 1.5-m-Iong solid steel shaft of 22-mm diameter is to transmit 12 kW.

Determine the minimum frequency at which the shaft can rotate, knowing that G = 77.2 GPa, that the allowable shearing stress is 30 MPa, and that the angle of twist must not exceed 3.5°.

c -= k d -= " ......... -= 0_0" ......

L~ ,.5 M

G- = 77. -::?_ ,..Lo q Pc..

T -=- -!i ~C'!. -= ~ (30)( (O')(O~OI')!":" ~~.Tn. N·1-\1

T . _1 _ J + rf) = TL 2TL

WIST a..Vlre. I"e~ujl"e "",e."'I T GJ" ~ TiG-c't

T r iI Gc.'1g? :" 1i(17.~)<IO'l)(O.O\\)'/(b/.087~{o-5) N

~ ~ 7~.30S -M

... L (~)(I.s)

M~ilN'llJ"'" a_jio..rdie for,ve. i.s. +~~ ~w.JJe". vJJ~ T~ b~.7~" N·'M

M iV\ ~ 1'1'\ v 10-\ .pr~ II eVIct to f,,~s Mi t o, po lVe.r of 12 It w.

1> =- ~71 f T

-~ - -:p

T - 2Tt I

-t'= 30 .. 4 1 .. 12 ~

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw·Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

Problem 3.82

5+H!. SS Y'e, 1.1l'v-e.IM4....vi-

C, ~ JCt.'i _ ~~C2.

J.81 A l.5-m-Iong tubular steel shaft of38-mm outer diameter d1 is to be made of a steel for which 'all = 65 MPa and G = 77.2 GPa. Knowing that the angle of twist must not exceed 4° when the shaft is subjected to a torque of600 N . m, determine the largest inner diameter d,_ which can be specified in the design.

L= 1.51'>1

o -3

~ z: Lf ':" bCj~ 8/3 )( /0 V'~

_ Ii: / <f _ ~ T L _ .. 0 0 I &f tI _ (2) ( ~ 00 ) ( 1.5 )

c, -1/ c, 11 Gcp -. If (77_?)C IO'i )((/1.813 x (0-3

C,_ = t JD = It:"( 1'1'1101 -: 0.019 M ) C1 =: i d;_ -:: IS" .... ""-= 0.015" Yl'\ J= ~(C4'1-C,Ij)~ I(D.OI~'1-0.DIS"")=125.'~b)tIO-'M"

S+t--e.ss Y'~'IJ\\"~ .... e"""t T= 60 >(1(>'" Pa t: = If'"

-r __ J"t __ ()1.5'.I~b'lllo-1)(c,o')llo'-) N

I - 39S_3~ 'M

C~ O.Olq

- + n . t ro -= TL

I.~is c-.j~e "('e1v,,,,elMe"l ..,.. GS

T z: GSCP =- (77.:Z>'ID"1Xll5".'~b)l'lo-'f)(S2.3'O)(/O-'!.) := 337~35 N . ...,

L I. S

Problem 3.83

C, ': II. b8Cf WlW\

3.83 A 1.5-m-long tubular steel shaft of38-mm outer diameter d, and 30-mm inner diameter d,. is to transmit 100 kW between a turbine and a generator. Determine the minimum frequency at which the shaft can rotate, knowing that G = 77.2 GPa, that the allowable shearing stress is 60 MPa, and that the angle of twist must not exceed 3°.

L:= LS h1

p=- 100 kW -:: IOD~lO? W

'P =- 21i+ T

-t:: 4-7.2.. 1-17 ~

:. 4-7. Z J..I?

'ZTi ( 337.35)

Ft3·3.32 rrc.~1:' e- 11 (0.012 \\80)( I d) =-

;(K O.}(1~3/)

Problem 3.90

Full quarter-circular fIllet extends to edge of larger shaft

(h)

3.90 In the stepped shaft shown, which has a full quarter-circular fillet, the allowable shearing stress is 80 MPa. Knowing that D = 30 nun, determine the largest allowable torque that can be applied to the shaft is (a) d= 26 mm, (b) d= 24 mrn.

(a.) ~ = ~ :: 1.1.54 V' -::- teo -"t ); 2."..~ f:= ;2~ ~ O. D1!tg

F~o"", E·~. 3.3"- K -::- 1_36)

Fro",,"

-\ "::

T=-

2KT lTc !>

'Ii (O.OI3)~(80 >C 10') (2)(J.g~)

-: 10:3 N-~ L::- 3

d 2'-1"!" O.I~.5

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2006 The McGraw·Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

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