Rhode Island A. Political History 1. When and by whom was the colony planted?

The colony was planted in 1636 by an English clergyman by the name of Roger Williams.

2. Why was it planted? The colony was planted because Roger Williams and a small band of his followers wanted to escape to Massachusetts Bay region to seek freedom and worship.

3. How did the government change over time? The basis of the first government in Rhode Island combined the principles of democracy and unrestricted religious liberty. In Rhode Island, one could worship God in whatever way they pleased without fear. Later, the government of the town was placed in the hands of the inhabitants (legislative, judicial, and executive functions exercised by its citizens in town meetings). Later, Coddington was elected as governor, Brenton was elected as deputygovernor, with a treasurer, secretary and three assistants. No other change in the form of government took place until a charter was obtained.

4. Did it become a royal colony? How and when? Yes, Rhode Island became a royal colony. In 1663, Charles the second granted a royal charter to Rhode Island.

5. Where is the colony located? The colony is located in the northeastern part of the United States, in between Connecticut and Massachusetts.

B. Economic History 1. What form of economy dominated the colony¶s early history?

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The seafood and timber industry dominated Rhode Island¶s early economy/

2. How did the economy change over time? Because of the soil found around Rhode Island, the economy and its exports remained the same for the colonial period.

3. How did the environment and geography affect the economy? Since a lot of Rhode Island faced the Atlantic Ocean, the colonists found seafood to be an easy trade. Also, a majority of Rhode Island was covered in forest, so timber was also a major part of the early Rhode Island economy.

C. Social History 1. What three major ethnic groups dominated the colony by the middle of the 1700s? It was mainly Native Americans and English that dominated the colony in the middle of the 1700s. There were also some Irish and Italians that came in.

2. Why did they come here? They came here to seek economic opportunity. In their home countries, the economy was somewhat poor compared to the kind offered in the newly formed colonies. It seemed as if one could make a decent living.

3. Using two examples, what are some factors of African American history in this colony? ---African Americans served as slaves in the colonial Rhode Island. In that area, the slaves mainly conversed with the masters, not each other. 4. Using two examples, what are some factors of women history in the colony?----------------Anne Hutchinson led a prominent role in the founding of Rhode Island. 5. Were Native Americans prominent in the colony¶s history? How? Yes, they were very prominent in the colony¶s history. Since the beginning of the colony¶s founding, the people of Rhode Island constantly had issues with the Native Americans. However, there was not very much bloodshed, unlike the other colonies.

6. What were the dominant religions in this colony¶s early history? The main religion in the colony was Catholicism.

7. How did the religions change over time?

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The religion in Rhode Island primarily remained Catholic for its colonial period

8. What was the first Great Awakening? Was it important in this colony? -The first Great Awakening was when religion became a vital part to all of the colonies. In Rhode Island, the Great Awakening was very important. It was important because Roger Williams, the one who founded the colony, was motivated to find it due to religious reasons. If it weren¶t for the Great Awakening, Rhode Island wound not be a colony. D. Biography -Throughout the colonial times, who were the colony¶s three most important leaders and why were they important? -The three most important leaders in Rhode Island¶s history are Roger Williams, Anne Hutcherson, and William Coddington. These three people helped in the forming of Rhode Island. They all helped to form the major cities in Rhode Island like Providence and Portsmouth. E. Is there anything truly unique about this colony? -Rhode Island is the smallest colony, and was later the smallest. - The first British troops sent from England to crush the revolution landed in Newport, a city in Rhode Island. Sources "Rhode Island Fast Facts and Trivia." 50states.com - States and Capitals. Web. 13 Sept. 2010. <http://www.50states.com/facts/rdisl.htm>. Advice, By His. "A Brief History of the Colony of Rhode Island, 1630-1690." Boston Travel and Tourism Guide, Enjoy Your Vacation in Historic Boston MA. Web. 13 Sept. 2010. <http://www.celebrateboston.com/history/period02/p0206rhodeisland.htm>. "Rhode Island History: Chapter 2." The State of Rhode Island General Assembly. Web. 13 Sept. 2010. <http://www.rilin.state.ri.us/studteaguide/RhodeIslandHistory/chapt2.html>.

Delaware A. Political History

5. Methodists. There were two major Native American tribes that lived in Delaware which included the Nanticoke and the Lenape. 4. In Delaware. Delaware started out as a representative government that later became a member of America¶s democracy.1. Delaware became a royal colony in 1664. . Economic History 1. The environment and geography made the economy thrive with trade because the location on the water (Atlantic Ocean). C. Women won the right to vote in Delaware in the year 1920 and women were also permitted to own land in Delaware. 2. it was very common to own slaves seeing how they were used as legal labor on the tobacco plantations. Social History 1. 6. and agriculture. The dominant religion of Delaware was Methodist. Delaware shifted from a tobacco industry to a mixed agriculture just before the American Revolution. These people came to Delaware to find new religious lands and the slaves were forced to work on the tobacco plantations. 2. Baptist and Roman Catholic are also very common in Delaware. 3. B. 4. 3. trade. 2. These tribes thrived off of an agricultural basis. This is because the government wanted a point that was midway between all of the other colonies. The ports would not freeze in the winters either. This colony is North and East of Maryland and south of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. 3. Delaware was founded by Peter Minuit in 1638. Delaware was founded for religious land. 5. Delaware thrived in the tobacco industry and it used slave labor to harvest and grow the tobacco. and Quakers. The three major ethnic groups to that dominated Delaware by the middle of the 1700s were African slaves.

Political History 1. In Delaware. In return for the new colonists to have land.html http://www.7. which was eventually. . The state of Delaware is famous for its size as the second smallest state in the United States. The First Great Awakening was the movement that scared people into believing that God was wrathful and damned all humans to hell. and Caesar Rodney. It was planted because the two men were given land and they wanted to use it. Biography The three most important leaders in Delaware history were Peter Minuit.celebrateboston.htm http://www. Peter Minuit is important because he was the man who founded Delaware.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/delawarecolony.about. They offered a representative government and religious freedom through the Concession and Agreement document. Caesar Rodney was the representative of Delaware that signed the famous Declaration of Independence. the settlers had to pay annual fees called quitrents.org/wiki/Delaware_Colony http://americanhistory.htm Colonial New Jersey A. the Duke of York. Thomas West. The religions remained the same throughout time with Christianity being the most common.htm http://nationalhumanitiescenter. James then turned around and gave the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. Thomas West was the first governor of Delaware. E.wikipedia. http://en.info/colonies/Delaware. That part of New Netherland was named New Jersey after the English Channel Island of Jersey. renamed New York. Delaware was also the first state because it was the first to ratify the United States Constitution.usahistory. 8. the awakening was received by the Puritans but it did not make any significant changes in Delaware¶s history.com/history/period02/p0209delaware. 2.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/midcol. D. Charles II gave the region between New England and Maryland to his brother James II.

Berkeley¶s deal caused the colony to split into East Jersey and West Jersey. drawn around 1743. 1673 Berkeley sold his share of New Jersey to the Quakers (John Fenwick and Edward Byllynge. on March 18.3. This caused issues over the exact borders of the two halves and so surveys were taken. 4. The final lines were drawn in around 1696 with the Thornton line and the Lawrence line. . It became a royal colony in 1702 when the colony was demanded back by James the Second. It was difficult for two proprietors to collect the quitrents and so as a result. 5.

3. 2. dairy products. blueberries. 3. Unfortunately they would be expected to diagnose and treat a wide range of ailments. Manufacturing is also a big part of the present day economy most importantly the Pharmaceutical field. when New Jersey became a crown colony.´ As other Northern states. Today. Irish. In 1702. Africans were unfit for freedom because of their "deep wrought disposition to indolence" and "want of judgment. German.B. and English were the three major ethnic groups dominating the colony by the middle 1700¶s. The forests and many towns make it a prime place for lumbering and for having industrial cities. . making soap and sausages. Women were a big part of the life in the colonial days. insurance and real estate combine to make up New Jersey's most important services part. Many came for religious freedom. and chicken eggs. C. They had the traditional cooking and cleaning of the house. abolition was strongly opposed and had racist arguments that would later be remembered only when used in the South. 2. Economic History 1. Slavery had acquired legal authorization in New Jersey under the proprietary regimes of Berkeley and Carteret. They are the leader in fishing for clams but also take in crabs and an assortment of other fish. They traded furs and game with the Indians. Women were expected to be the family doctors. Social History 1. but they also had seasonal jobs like making apple butter and dealing with butchered pigs. whom they had a friendly relationship. so they would make medicines for home use." 4. and a chance at a new start in a thriving colony. Gov. land. Finance. New Jersey is right on the Atlantic Ocean which makes for an easy and efficient way to bring in revenue from fishing. from the agricultural standpoint the top products are greenhouse and nursery products. The biggest industry however was the ironworks and lumber. horses/mules. Edward Cornbury was dispatched from London with instructions to keep the settlers provided with "a constant and sufficient supply of merchantable Negroes at moderate prices.

Lewis Morris was the governor of New Jersey and helped to serperate it from New York to create a separate place. They were given it to them by James the Second and they pushed to offer a place where colonists could come.com/economy/nj_economy. Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley.info/colonies/New-Jersey. It didn¶t have much of an effect on Anglicans and Quakers which were most of the religious population in New Jersey.com/usaweb/snapshot/New_Jersey. Three of the most important leaders of New Jersey during the Colonial times would be Lewis Morris.htm http://en. D.html .usahistory. Nothing to me Works Cited http://www. The Lenni-Lenape were the Native American group that inhabited New Jersey long before the Europeans arrived. 7. Today the biggest religion is Catholicism followed by the different branches of Protestantism.netstate.wikipedia. They didn¶t last long with the arrival of Europeans but did cause some conflicts with people. Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley were the two men who got the colony of New Jersey moving. 6.5.htm http://www.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening http://www. E. Biography 1.sheppardsoftware. 8. The First Great Awakening was the movement that scared people into believing that God was wrathful and damned all humans to hell. Protestantism and Puritans dominated this region in the colony¶s early history.

html#axzz0yfPcpMNF http://www. For this he created a document known as the Fundamental Orders .htm Colony: Connecticut A.http://americanhistory.htm http://www.about.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/jerseycolony. How did the government change over time? Thomas Hooker believed that the government should be based on the consent of those governed. Why was it planted? Connecticut was planted because Thomas Hooker was in search of a more promising physical environment for his congregation. 3. When and by whom was the colony planted? Connecticut was planted in 1636 by a minister from Newtown. 2.html http://www.com/pages/h591.com/ce6/us/A0859954.org/wiki/New_Jersey http://www. Massachusetts named Thomas Hooker.wikipedia.com/newjersey. Hooker disagreed with the way the Massachusetts colony was being governed.usgennet.htm http://en. and a Puritan clergyman.u-s-history. Political History 1.infoplease.org/usa/nj/state/Lenape.slavenorth.

but placed added restrictions on the governor¶s powers and instituted more liberal voting standards. The settlers used many of the practices in Massachusetts. and French. The first settlement was establishes at Hartford. However. English. leaving behind most of the farming practices and setting up mills and factories. 2. . Social History 1. towards the 1700s mills and factories became the main source of labor that fueled their economy. B. C. What three major ethnic groups dominated the colony by the middle of the 1700s? The three major ethnic groups that dominated the colony by the middle of the 1700s was African Americans. Where is the colony? (also be able to locate it on a map) The colony is located at the site of an Old Dutch Fort in the Connecticut Valley. 4.of Connecticut. although difficult in Connecticut. Why did they come here? The African Americans came as a source of labor. How did the economy change over time? The economy changed from that of a very agricultural food based economy to an industrial economy that focused on man made production of goods. Economic History 1. 3. a written document that described a method of government giving all that are members of the Puritan Churches the right to vote. The English settled the colony and were the main population. 5. the soil was very rocky and difficult to cultivate crops on. How did the environment and geography affect the economy? The environment posed a problem for farmers. 2. What form of economy dominated the colony¶s early history? Agriculture. Did it become a royal colony? How and when? The colony of Connecticut did not become a royal colony. Eventually they turned to an industrial economy. The French contributed as a large part of the population because of the French and Indian War. it was created without the sanction of British imperial authorities. primarily indentured servants or slaves. was the dominating form of economy.

7. They were used as servants and slaves. What were the dominant religions in this colony¶s early history? Christianity was the dominant religion in this colony¶s early history. The first Great Awakening was important in this colony because it revived spirituality within the colony. what are some factors of African American history in this colony? African American history in this colony stems to one occupation. Another factor was the unrest and distrust that arose after incidents with black retaliation throughout the colonies. hunting. 5. What was the first Great Awakening? Was it important in this colony? The first Great Awakening was a revitalization of religion in America. Using two examples. D. with many preachers openly speaking the word of God preaching to anyone who would listen. 4. labor.3. allowing for a strong economy. Protestantism and Methodists with the Great Awakening. One factor was the cheap labor that African American¶s provided. and fishing techniques. Were Native Americans prominent in the colony¶s history? How? Native American¶s were very prominent in the colony¶s history. the religion changed from Puritanism to many other forms of Christianity including. specifically Puritanism. Biography Throughout colonial times. They were defeated in the Pequot War. with them out of the way they were free to claim more territory. The two main factors they possessed were taking care of all matters outside of ³man¶s work. She also was important because women were able to keep the population growing by reproducing. 8. The Indians sold land to the English and provided instruction in New World agricultural.´ In other words the woman was very important because she took care of the family and home. who were the colony¶s three most important leaders and why were they important? . what are some factors of women history the colony? Women played a huge role in the colony. 6. The Indians were decimated by new diseases and the Pequot waged war with the English. Using two examples. Connecticut was inhabited by the Pequot and the Mohawk tribes before any settlers arrived. How did the religions change over time? Over time.

html http://www.com/articles/ushistory/13connecticut. Is there anything truly unique about this colony? This colony is unique because it was able to overcome harsh Indian assaults and it absorbed New Haven. it was still economically secure. He never truly set up an established settlement because of lack of resources and issues in England occupied all of the countries¶ energy and resources. Also. The chose to stay at the coast even though there was limited fresh water because the transatlantic was their lifeline and it would be faster and easier for them to get supplies being right on the coast. and John Davenport. French. 2.answers.socialstudiesforkids. John Davenport was the founder of New Haven which was absorbed by Connecticut. The location was far enough from each of these countries¶ settlements for the English to feel comfortable.u-s-history.info/New-England/Connecticut.lycos. sponsored by the King and England who gave the charter to the Virginia England Company. Since he was sent by Queen Elizabeth he named the state Virginia after the Virgin Queen. Sources: http://www. and Dutch. yet. The English chose the Virginia area because they feared the Spanish.html http://www. .html Virginia A. Thomas Hooker was the founder of the colony.com/pages/h543. May 14th.usahistory. 1607 is when Jamestown was first established by John Smith and crew. John Hayes. this colony was not suited well for agriculture.html http://www. Sir Walter Raleigh briefly and in secret explored the area of Roanoke near Virginia. E.com/Q/Who_founded_Connecticut http://www.The colonies three most important leaders were Thomas Hooker.city-data. Political History 1.htm http://wiki. John Hayes was the first governor of the colony.com/info/connecticut--connecticut-colony.com/states/Connecticut-History.

Economic History 1. In 1634 the assembly divided Virginia into eight counties with a group of appointed justices of the peace (wealthy planters). 3. Once the tobacco plant was introduced the economy in Virginia started to grow. in all. Virginia was never extremely economically successful. Social History 1. Virginia had a warm climate. The colonists fought King Charles and usually ended up getting there way with local affairs. was appointed governor of Virginia in 1609. 4. 2. In a second charter the council in England abolished the local council and Lord de La Warr. B. English. There was a court of law and a government. Tobacco was in high demand in Europe because of the cheaper price and sweeter scent. but a longer growing season so even though work was harder in the heat the colonists had longer time to plant. The colony began with a join-stock company and made little profit even after the join-stock company was open to the public. Slave traders and owners rarely ever recorded the original ethnicities of slaves. of Delaware. so specific African ethnicities are difficult at best to find. The land was fertile and tobacco grew like weeds. . The government began as a council of thirteen appointed by the king and resident in England and communicated with a local council. Although there was such high demand. but gave them no voice in their own government. The colony is in the middle of the East coast right above North Carolina. C. The swampy area had mosquitos that brought disease to the colonists. 5. so at one point the increasing amount of deaths led to a shortage of laborers. and various African ethnicities were the three major ethnic groups that dominated Virginia by the middle of the 1700s. Overall the Virginian environment brought economic success to the colony. Virginia was on the coast and the first settlement in Virginia was set up a very navigable river so it was easy to import products for Europe and send exports. The king dissolved the bankrupt enterprise and turned Virginia into a royal company with an appointed governor and council. A third charter established the rights of Englishmen to the colonists. Scots-Irish.3. Virginia became a royal colony in 1624 because the king was so embarrassed by the management of the Virginia Company.

There were . "chastity.2. women predominately worked on managing the household. Slaves were also feared by their masters because of the possibility of a slave revolt. or that a woman should not be an indentured servant or farm worker. In fact there were many slave revolts throughout the colonies. Effective propaganda advertizing the Virginia colony also played a part. delicacy and modesty" were the qualities ascribed to a truly virtuous woman. African women in the colonies as slaves were expected to do generally the same jobs as men. Scots-Irish held no belief that women should not help the family in everyway possible. The English were the original settlers. Droughts. African ethnicities were forced to come to America because of slavery. comprising most of the workforce. African American history in this colony was effectively started with the slave trade. Native Americans went through a series of aids and disagreements with the colonists. such as compliance and modesty were expected in general. although a small number of African¶s had lived in Virginia before slavery became so wide spread. but generally they were treated harshly and cruelly. More slaves lived in Virginia by 1750 than non-slaves. who was essentially excluded from a real participation in society. Native Americans were very prominent in Virginia¶s early history. high prices of goods and famine drove the Scots-Irish to settle Virginia. who apparently felt no anger. compliance. In general the Native Americans resisted the English settlement and snatching of their land. except usually not as hard labor. Slaves played a major part in the Virginia planting and farming economy. 5. a role that in many cases included partnership in running farms or home businesses. In the English (who were the predominant settlers of Virginia) system of beliefs. Slaves treatment varied. bad crops. Women were more likely to work in the household as maids or servants than male slaves were. Starting with Jamestown. who came as farmers and indentured servants to own land and start a new life in the New World. Not such a high value was placed on virtues. 4. One slave girl who was discovered lying was beaten and whipped by her master. remorse. Traditionally. but still those appropriate to the time. and played a large part in Virginia¶s largely farming economy. or any emotion at all while committing his atrocity. contributing to a sense of mistrust and fear on both sides. The Virginia Company and the English government paid some to come and settle. 3.

8. Smith started searches for food and instituted discipline along lines of one had to work to eat. The Catholic population also grew with time. It was important to this colony because the Baptist faith. as the influx of ethnic Catholic ScotsIrish increased. with Native Americans ultimately being pushed back as the population and power of the Virginia colony increased. This stimulated industry and kept Virginians from being without food. He started the partial abolishing of communism. also forming new Protestant religions in its wake. Dale established new settlements along the James. Anglican/Church of England. Smith was the leader in establishing the first English settlement and encouraged exploration of the surrounding areas. Before becoming governor. both churches founded during the Great Awakening. The first Great Awakening was a widespread evangelical religious revival movement of the mid-1700s. Some switched to religions that came along with the Great Awakening such as Baptists and Methodists. yeomen farmers and artisans in the 18th century tended to join the Baptist and Methodist churches after the Great Awakening. Catholic. into active religious participation. brought about by and after the Great Awakening. 7. particularly the Baptist churches. Also. Many people remained members of the Church of England. was the first to truly welcome African Americans. The first black Baptist church was founded in Virginia. everyone shared land and possessions. D.multiple raids on both sides. However many of the practices of their traditional religions were incorporated and integrated into the new religions they adopted. and blends of Christian beliefs and native African practices were the dominant religions of Virginia¶s early history. Over time most of the African Americans largely abandoned their original ethnically traditional religion. over time. even as preachers. and the descendents of these incorporations still exist today in the services of non-catholic churches. Dale gave each of the old settlers three acres of land and the right to own property. Sir Thomas Dale became governor of Virginia and with strength brought about changes for the better. both slaves and freemen. or Anglican Church. 2. Colonists began to slack off. common planters. John also wrote dramatic stories that attracted people to move to the colonies. He introduced several radical reforms. The movement divided congregations and weakened the authority of established churches in the colonies. no one shared property and all were servants of the state. 1. 6. John Smith temporarily brought order to a chaotic Virginia. .

. He was a part of the French Party who established the first European settlement. http://en. http://en.csail. the Virginia Assembly passed a measure that said a house needed to be a certain size for someone to vote.org/wiki/History_of_Virginia 3. E.cfm 10.3. http://people.rootsweb.edu/sfelshin/saintonge/women. The famous story of Pochohantas took place in Virginia. In 1762.org/wiki/Virginia#History 2.history. 2. http://en. The Plymouth Colon was the English joint stock company that had a purpose of establishing settlements on the coast of North America.pbs. especially its economy. Virginia had extreme gender bias.com/page/1437_slave_rebellion/ Maine A. Samuel de Champlain was born into a family of mariners. http://homepages.asp 4. The first English settlement was the Popham Colony in 1607 established by the Plymouth Company.com/Classroom/Atlas/US-History-Atlas.htm 5.info/GCSE/Sociology/Defining_18th_Century_Gender_Roles_L 25629. Sources 1. Virginia was home of the first settlement of the English in the New World.footnote.coursework.html 6.wikipedia. The colonial capital was relocated from Jamestown to Williamsburg in 1698 when the state house burned down.mit.wikipedia. In 1603 François Gravé Du Pont guided Samuel de Champlain in his explorations in North America.com/~mcclell2/homepage/migrate. http://www. http://www.ancestry.html 7.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening 9. With this marriage Rolfe was introduced to a plant that would save Virginia. http://www. John Rolfe introduced tobacco to the colony and from that point on Virginias had a valuable crop that eventually became in high demand.org/Historical_Research/Research_Themes/ThemeFamily/Women Education.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2narr2. Slaves could not offer medical help to each other in Virginia. Political History 1.html 8. http://www. John Rolfe married the daughter of the Powhatan chief therefore uniting and initiating long term peace with the Indians.wikipedia.wall-maps. The first European settlement was in 1604 by a French Party. http://research. They sent the explorers who established the Popham Colony.

4. 3.The settlements established in Maine failed at first but it later became the Province of Maine governed under England. 51% were men and the other 2% were children. 2. the French and the English. maple syrup. The ethnic groups of Maine by the mid-1700s included the Algonquian-speaking people. apples. wild blueberries. B.H. This constituted for another portion of their economy and today they are the largest blueberry producer in the world. It became the 23rd state on May 15. Talbot has been educating Mainers of African American History since the 1970s and was the first black to be elected to the Maine legislature from 1972-78. Maine had many shipyards that produced sailing ships. Of the people working in the mill. 3. Christian. Maine¶s landscape also provides springs and aquifers for fresh bottled water. and maple sugar. 6. Having the oceans on either side. The dominant religions in their early history included Protestant. 5.00 and the average for men was $1. General E. The Algonquian peoples were the original inhabitants of the land. 1820 through the Missouri Compromise. but after the English became more dominant the language died out. eggs. 5. Social History 1. 3. Today. particularly lobstering and ground fishing due to Maine¶s access to water. allowed them to have many ports and be a major source of gaining imports and sending out exports. 47% were women. to get away from religious conflicts and to gain material wealth. When the United States was formed the land fell under Massachusetts. They were prominent at first because for survival. Economic History 1. It never became a royal colony because England never appointed an official governor to the province. In Augusta.62. H. The Native people of the colony were the Algonquian-speaking people. C. 4. to the north is New Brunswick and to the west in New Hampshire. Maine there was an industry that created paper for local magazine companies. commercial fishing provides a mainstay for their economy. In the early years. 2. This shipbuilding made up most of the colonies economy during the 18th and 19th century. cattle. The French and English came in search of new land. The statewide average pay for women in printing was $1. and Roman Catholicism. the English settlers needed to learn the Algonquian language. . Price is a white New Englander with a background in African American History and Civil Rights. Most communities of African Americans in other colonies came together to form institutions that could affect their relationships with the dominant white community. There were very few African Americans the migrated into Maine. She studied the Underground Railroad in Maine and helped to form the book. Over time the colony started to raise crops and cattle and establish more agricultural outputs such as poultry. Maine had such a small population that they could only form small versions of these institutions to protect themselves from the dominant society. East and south of the colony is the Atlantic Ocean.

Biography 1. established trial by jury. We b. This Assembly passed an important "charter of liberties. New York Colony A.n e w . E. It extended 60 miles inland and that was when the area first became known as ³Maine´. . 1 1 S e p 2 0 1 0 . gave to every freeman full right to vote for representatives. M a i n e 2 0 0 2 . The Duke of York to administer his government through governors. Unique Facts 1. T i l b u r y H o u s e P u b l i s h e r s . T he U n i v e r s t i y o f M a i n e . d . . and other officers appointed by himself. 1 1 S e p 2 0 1 0 . t i l b u r y ho u s e . "Ma ine . 3. u m a i n e . 7. Sources 1. The Free En c yclo pedi a. and people met in general assembly. more and more people started to turn towards Christianity and Protestantism and away from Roman Catholicism. No provision was made for an elected assembly. n. Sir William Phips was a native of Maine and became their governor. It was then renamed New York and given to the Duke of York. " W o m e n ' s H i s t o r y T r i a l A u g u s t a . Maine was Christianized during the 4th and 6th century 8." Tilbu ry Ho use Pu bli she rs. required that no tax be passed without representation. councils." Wik ipe dia." which was approved by the governor. < h t t p : / / e n. w i k i p e d i a . ht m > . 2.b l a c k . We b.e ng l a n d / m a i n e s v i s i b l e . d . 1 1 / 0 9 / 2 0 1 0 . W e b . . From the start New York was a royal colony with a charter that required that laws be consistent with England¶s. . He helped the colony to prosper in their government and their economy. The largest toothpick manufacturing plant is located in Strong. 3.h i s t o r y. In 1664 the colony was planted by James. council. e d u / h i s t o r yt r a i l / s it e 1 4 . The colony is now the number one exporter of blueberries and toothpicks. After angry colonists and taxation without representation in 1683 the Duke of York ordered the governor to call an Assembly of representatives. 1 1 S e p 2 0 1 0 . It was planted as the result the Dutch surrendering to England the province of New Netherlands. " T he V i c k e r y B u i l d i n g .a nd . < h t t p : / / d l l . . n. h t m l > .Over time. < h t t p : / / w w w . "Ma ine 's V is ib le B la ck H ist o r y . c o m/ m a i n e . 2. Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason were granted a large amount of land in Maine by the Council for New England in 1620. The Great Awakening was not very influential in the colony of Maine D. Maine where they produce twenty million toothpicks per day. W ik ime d ia F o u nd a t io n. This charter placed the supreme legislative power in the governor. Political History 1. the Duke of York. o r g / w i k i / M a i n e # R e l i g io n > . The two men lead the colonists and were role models for them. I nc .

Since New York was on the water fishing became an industry as well. lumber trading. 4. Some colonists mined iron. Another major ethnic group were the African American for slave labor. The economy later expanded to agriculture. The economy of New York¶s early history was mostly fur trade such as beaver pelts. shipping. English since was a England charted colony and tried to influence people to emigrate there. C. 2. was six for Long Island. .The governor was royally appointed from the start and selected his Executive council. the slave trade. Martha's vineyard and Nantucket and one for Pemequid on the Maine coast. The three major ethnic groups were the Dutch since they already settled the area. . the assembly was expanded to 27 and in 1773 to 31. The king or the governor could veto bills from the assembly. 3. Economic History 1.one for each of Staten Island. Social History 1. B. and as merchants and tradesmen in the colonies towns. The environment and geography allowed agriculture to flourish after they were cleared.two for Albany. In 1737. four for New York City . Yes it was a royal colony in 1664 5. Representation in the assembly in 1683. two for Kingston. Schenectady.

6. Unique 1.570 slaves were imported from the West Indies and another 802 from Africa. From 1701 to 1726. Was the 11th state . Overall did not play an important role. 3. while others mostly came to take their chances in making money. As the colony was first controlled by the Netherlands. Before New York was claimed by the British the Dutch West India Company brought 11 slaves in 1626. Religion steadily became more diversified from the original Puritan religion by the Dutch. The first governor Richard Nicolls was known for writing the "Duke's Laws" which served as the first compilation of English laws in colonial New York. and that when churches weren't living up to the believers' expectations. E. The first people in New York were the Mohawks. write wills. Dutch Reformed Protestantism was the first prominent religion of New York. Biography 1. Was royal colony from the start 3. Lutherans. The great awaking was mostly prominent in New England but ideas were preached in New York. Later laws gave women gained more legal rights. Iroquois and the Algonguins. Women¶s role in New York under the British was more restrictive than the Dutch. 4.2. In 1710. the people could break off and form new ones. Under English law. The only effect that it could have had is changing the perspective of the colonists through revivalism which taught people that they could be bold when confronting religious authority. Governor Thomas Dongan is noted for having called the first representative legislature in New York. and for granting the province's Charter of Liberties. Quakers. building the Marble Collegiate Church in 1628. officially. They lived in the southeastern part of New York. The Duke of York was important in being the first leader and set up New Yorks first proprietary government. some 1. Yes they were prominent. Were first settled by the Dutch 2. Catholics and Puritans. 8. D. The African¶s obviously did not come by choice. When the Duke of York took over it became primarily Protestant. 5. Although Religious toleration was law and there was a mix of religions including Judaism. 7. the colonial assembly equated women with minors and those "not of Sound mind" in an act specifying requirements for obtaining legal title to land. or initiate legal action without consent or participation of their husbands. The Native Americans sold tobacco to the colonists to pay the taxes that they had to pay to the colonists. women surrendered control over property upon marriage and could not enter into contracts.

it was entirely ruled by the trustees.wikipedia. Freemen were given the right to vote (unless they were Roman Catholics) and the people elected an assembly. The colony received money from Parliament to get it started. .htm http://www. Sources: http://americanhistory. and alone of the 12 colonies. The king appointed the governor.. After the colony was conquered by the British. prohibited slavery and the import of alcohol. 6. 4. It is generally believed that lawyers were not allowed in the colony.usahistory.socialstudiesforkids. Georgia became a royal colony in 1752. 3. Name of the person that "purchased" Manhattan Island from the Natives was Peter Minuet.. Political History 1.about. but no legislation has been found to prove it.com/history/period02/p0207newyork.com/articles/..info/colonies/New-York. 5.com/public.1/newyorkc_gg.publicbookshelf. Georgia was different from the other twelve colonies.html http://en. The settlers had no control of their own government . The trustees were unable to establish selfgovernment and gave up before the twenty-one year charter had expired.htm www./13newyork.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/newyorkcolony.4. James Oglethorpe planted the Georgia colony in 1732. 2. New York was one of the last places the British evacuated at the end of the Revolution. Georgia was planted because it was used to serve as a place where debtors in prison could go to start anew and it served as a barrier against Spanish expansion from Florida..htm www.html The Georgia Colony A. the name of the colony was changed to New York as a tribute to the Duke of York.celebrateboston.org/wiki/Province_of_New_York http://www.

freeing the African Americans. people were very accepting towards different religious beliefs and accepting other people regardless of religion. White women had a clear place in the Trustees' vision of the colonial Georgia society as a land of hardworking. Native Americans were not really prominent in the colony¶s history since most of the Native Americans had been driven out from the white settlers. Eventually. along with some small coastal communities. Slavery did not come until James Oglethorpe took away the ban on slavery due to constant complaints from the settlers. its land west of the Chattahoochee in exchange for $1. 3.S.25 million and removal of the Indians remaining in the boundaries of Georgia. B. The Georgia colony had big grassy fields and plains good for farming and growing crops. 7. This agreement stated that Georgia would cede to the U. The state extends west to the Mississippi. when the cotton gin was invented in 1793. Women were very important in the Georgia colony. C. The dominant religions of colonial Georgia were mainly Lutheran. Economic History 1. 2. They had to fulfill their traditional roles in the colonial period. Cotton didn't come until later. The English came to the colony of Georgia because it was used to serve as a place where debtors in prison could go to start anew and it served as a barrier against Spanish expansion from Florida.S. government. Social History 1. 6. Georgia was mainly made up of European English settlers. Catholics were not welcome in Georgia. 3. 2. The Georgia colony is right in between the colony Florida and South Carolina. yeoman farmers providing needed products to England. Only Europeans had settled a strip of land from Savannah to Augusta about 20 miles wide. The economy changed over time from the Legislature repealed the Georgia¶s Land Act by passing the Rescinding Act of 1796 and regaining farming land. Eventually Oglethorpe banned slavery.5. Some factors of the African American history was the need for slavery in the colony. The English white settlers only wanted slaves and rum. and Quakers. 5. . Georgia¶s economy was originally mainly plantations (indigo and rice). 4. Puritans. In 1802 an agreement was worked out between the state of Georgia and the U.

htm http://www. -James Wright -James Wright was the third governor of the colony of Georgia.jsp?id=h-2549 http://ourgeorgiahistory. When and by whom was the colony planted? . it made religion intensely personal and encouraged introspection. He had the idea to have people in debtors prison grow out of his committee work while a member of Parliament. near Genesis Point on the Ogeechee River.html Maryland Political History 1.8. The First Great awakening left a powerful impact on the colony of Georgia. He was a very well liked governor.com/search/?q=maps%20of%20georgia%20colony&type=web&from=adg8 http://wiki. In the colony of Georgia there was lack of land ownership and the lack of slaves. It pulled the colony away from ritual and ceremony.georgiaencyclopedia.historywiz.com/history101/gahistory03.answers. Reynolds did not like Savannah and tried to move the capitol south to Hardwicke. This was one of many unpopular moves that led to his removal at the request of the colonists.peeplo. Biography -James Oglethorpe -James Oglethorpe was a very important leader in colonial Georgia for he was the founder of the colony and without him. D.org/nge/Article.usahistory. There was nothing quite unique about the colony of Georgia.info/southern/Georgia. He expanded the state's economy during his term and kept the Radicals at bay well into the 1770's.com/georgia.com/Q/What_was_the_geography_in_the_Georgia_Colony http://www.html http://www. http://us. there would not have been this colony. -John Reynolds -John Reynolds was the first royal governor appointed by King George II and in charge of the colony. E.

2. A fairly small colony with cold winters on the coast. Tobacco was the colonies largest commodity with months set out for shipping and growing. Did it become a royal colony? How and when? -Yes Maryland became a royal colony in 1691. The export of goods from the colonists made the colonies overall wealth grow and the mange of crops and profits harder. Maryland was proprietary colony of the Catholic Calvert family. How did the environment and geography affect the economy? . The royal charter was restored to the Calverts in 1715 then governors were appointed by the Calverts through the American Revolution. Merchants that owned shops exchanged little words with customers and the current coin in Mary-land was tobacco. What form of economy dominated the colony¶s early history? -The three main products Maryland traded were tobacco. flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. raccoons.-The colony was planted in 1634 by a charter given for founding in 1632. Where is the colony? (Also be able to locate on map) -Maryland was surrounded by three other colonies (Virginia. Economic History 1. Why was it planted? -The colony was planted by Lord Baltimore¶s desire for profit and a place for refuge of Roman Catholics who were still persecuted in Protestant England. wildcats and elk which the colonists obtained from the Indians then the colonists later sold to England for profit. the passing of the Act of Toleration for religion opened Maryland up to many more people of different religions and backgrounds. How did the government change over time? -The government of Maryland was a democratic-type of state government. Yet many of the early provinces were ruled under religious control and practices. 4. furs. yet when James II was overthrown lost charter and Maryland became a royal colony. How did the economy change over time? -The Economy changed over time by the evolution of trade and the intake of the colonist¶s goods. and good soil to grow crops. Maryland¶s early colonies were ruled by the religion practiced in said area and customs said religion practiced. Had a lord proprietary that held authority by virtue from the royal charter. The colony was found by Lord Baltimore. and Delaware). Maryland is surrounded by the Chesapeake Bay. and flesh. Governed briefly by local Protestants before the arrival of the first 12 governors appointed by the English. 3. 3. musk-rats. The furs and skins of beavers. Pennsylvania. otters. 2. 5. yet had influence from where the colonists had migrated from. The profits grow with higher demand from England yet taxes for were placed on the colonies by England which causes hardship on businesses.

Also some from Denmark and Ireland after the English conquered their country. 6. Were Native Americans prominent in the colony¶s history? How? -The colonists and Native Americans had very little conflicts and were quite friendly with one another. The colony was forced to work more on its own then with guidance. clean. what are some factors of women history in this colony? -The women were to stay at home and cook. Social History 1. The cold temperature also made the fur trade every popular. teach the children. 3. Also due to the cold temperature storing meats and food was not hard because they would not spoil. . What three major ethnic groups dominated the colony by the middle of the 1700s? -The three main ethnic groups that dominated were the Protestants. 4. Mainly the English and Dutch yet many were outnumbered by the Protestant influence. The rule and influence they held over Maryland was changed and the death of Lord Baltimore caused change in the order of leadership. What were the dominant religions in this colony¶s early history? -The dominant religions of the early colony were Protestant with some Catholics mixed in. Each learning from the other about survival and trading for new wealth. and keep everything running smoothly. 2. Later in 1663 laws were pass enslaving all African Americans in Maryland. Many scattered groups across the colony. what are some factors of African American history in this colony? -In 1634 Matthias De Sousa arrives on a ship as indentured slave where he could work to gain his freedom. 7. then slavery first introduced in1634. The trading between both parities was very banefully.. The women were supposed to be mute in the face of public and could not hold religious office. Using two examples. Using two examples. Yet Maryland was open to many religions. 5. And were placed under harsh punishment if disobeyed any of the rules set out for them. What was the first Great Awakening? Was it important in this colony? -Maryland was affected by the English Glorious Revolution. 8. Catholics and Quakers. Why did they come here? -Many came from England and some from Spain during religious precaution.Maryland was a very good sea port with most of its eastern coast facing the ocean. How did the religious change over time? -The religion changed over time by the group of Protestants growing yet many new religious groups formed due to the passing of The Act of Tolerance in Maryland so many religions migrated to Maryland to practice their religion.

Also the Native Americans for without the colony problem wouldn¶t have survived for the colonists knew nothing to do or how to grow and live on the land. Is there anything truly unique about this colony? Most was said already The Pennsylvania Colony A. while it manufactured textiles. 4. down its western slope and far into the Ohio Valley. corn. This province was a princely domain. 3.Biography 1. Pennsylvania was never made a royal colony. giving all power of lawmaking into the hands of the people represented by a council. William Penn founded Pennsylvania with a land grant that was owed his deceased Father. papermaking. Pennsylvania¶s main forms of agriculture were wheat. extending from the Delaware over the Appalachia Mountain system. B. Cecilius who sailed the ship to the colony and ruled and governed it when it first began. which should originate all laws and an assembly that should approve them. William Penn¶s goal was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion due to his desire to protect himself and fellow Quakers from persecution. . who were the colony¶s three most important leaders and why were they important? -Lord Baltimore also known as George Calvert who was granted to the charter of Maryland to found the colony for it was his idea. But it had a freedom of religion. and dairy. Penn allowed for a representative assembly elected by landowners. the proprietor presented a new frame of government. and shipbuilding. The Indians taught the colonists how to live with them and grow their own colony. 3. except servants and convicts. Political History 1. Throughout colonial times. Farming became easier with a steady economy and vast agriculture. a vast fertile region traversed by beautiful rivers and lofty mountain ranges. Penn was voted the veto power for life. But later on. 2. A law passed united the "Lower counties" to Pennsylvania and naturalizing the Swedes. Economic History 1. 5. 2. and holding beneath the soil a wealth of minerals unequaled for it was one vast forest. below New York and also above Virginia. And his son. cattle. All freemen were made citizens and all Christians were freemen. The colony of Pennsylvania is located right above the colony of Maryland.

Penn was a very strong leader who founded the colony of Pennsylvania and granted the religious freedom of the colony. Native Americans were very prominent in the Pennsylvania colony. the original Quakers had no qualms about it. The three major ethnic groups that dominated the colony in the middle of the 1700¶s were mainly English. 5. There was freedom of religion in this colony.html . and Native American.usahistory. Spanish. The only significance of the colony of Pennsylvania was that there was a granted religious freedom and the fact that it was not a royal colony. Pennslyvannia Citation: http://www. cultural and political organizations in the colony. 4.info/colonies/Pennsylvania. Women were typically in their roles as mothers and household managers in the Pennsylvania colony. and used them to work his estate called Pennsbury. 3. Freedom of worship and religion was granted to all citizens. 7. the Indians inhabited the land. Penn owned slaves. The European explorers came to the Pennsylvania colony because of William Penn and his goal to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion due to his desire to protect himself and fellow Quakers from persecution. Women also played an invaluable role in the activities and successes of many social. but they kept and gave the settlers the nutrient rich land. Biography -The main leader was William Penn. William Penn flooded the "Holy Experiment" with Quakers whose descendants would later find their faith incompatible with slaveholding. When the English first settled there.C. E. No significant wars with the Native Americans. 2. 6. 8. Social History 1. Anyone could be of any belief system and it was not forbidden or against the law. D. but the main religion was Puritan. The first Great Awakening for this colony was the freedom of religion.

2. They were sent to gain independence in the New World.aspx?id=130 http://www. They also shipped lumber over to England since the forests in England were almost gone. a council. The early economy was revolved around the growing of flax and manufacturing of linens by the Scotch-Irish immigrants. Since the land is not very nutritious for agricultural products.slavenorth. and clay products. and Quebec to the north. 4. These settlers were sent to the settlement at the river. Economic History 1.com/pennsylvania.about. but the first settlement was made in 1623 by a Scotchman named Thomson at the mouth of the Piscataqua River. Each town had to manage their own affairs but they were permitted to send a deputy to the General Court at Boston. Social History . New Hampshire was planted by John Wheelwright in 1638. 5. the colony turned to manufacturing products such as linens. Maine to the east. the towns decided to unite under Massachusetts and a union was formed in 1641. 3.org/default.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/penncolony. Overtime. 2. New Hampshire borders Massachusetts to the south.http://americanhistory. 3. stone.htm New Hampshire A. Vermont to the west. New Hampshire became a royal colony in 1691 when the king decided to split apart New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Political History 1. The abundance of water power turned New Hampshire into an industrial colony and manufacturing became their main source of income. The Laconia Company formed in 1629 in England sent over a ship full of new settlers with Captain Neal as the governor. paper.hsp. The linens were a huge hit in New England and their mother country. Each settlement was independent of each other and none of them had a very stable government.htm http://www. New Hampshire and Massachusetts stayed together until the king finally separated them in 1691 and New Hampshire became a royal province. and an assembly which was appointed by the people. He appointed New Hampshire a president.

ht m l > . 8. E. and to get away from government and religious conflicts. c o m/ b l a c k h i s t o r y/ t r a i l 1 . . prayed and celebrated. W e b . The first women¶s strike in the nation took place in New Hampshire¶s Cocheco Mills in 1828. " H i s t o r y o f t h e U S A . W e b. n . i n fo p l e a s e . " T he W a r f. S e a c o a s t N H . General Sullivan lead a raid on Fort William and Mary in Portsmouth Harbor. New Hampshire was the first state to install a green LED traffic light in May 17. d . n. 6. In 1645 enslavement of African Americans was very common in Portsmouth. " N e w H a m p s h i r e . " N e w H a m p s h i r e . In 1784. 3. The first Great Awakening was not very effective in New Hampshire. 2. c o m. or Protestant. . W e b . ht m l . 1 2 S e p 2 0 1 0 . In modern day New Hampshire most residents have become Christian. i n fo / N e w . c o m/ i p a / A 0 1 0 8 2 4 4 . " I n f o p l e a s e : A l l t h e K n o wl e d g e Y o u N e e d . women lost the right to vote in New Hampshire. material wealth. Portsmouth was the beginning source of African Americans for New Hampshire and was where they lived. 7. Captain John Mason gave New Hampshire its name and helped in founding Portsmouth in 1630. Biography 1. d . 4. The main ethnic groups in the 1700s were the Algonquian Indians. worked. The settlers pushed them aside and caused many conflicts like the Indian War. Sources: 1. 5. " P o r t s m o u t h B l a c k H e r i t a g e T r a i l . 1 2 S e p 2 0 1 0 . < h t t p : / / w w w . The Algonquian Indians were the inhabitants of the land when the settlers from England came into the area of New Hampshire. Catholic. preached in New Hampshire and Vermont and made a small impact on the residents of that time D. Unique Facts 1. Their merchants were involved in the slave trade by the 1680s. s e a c o a s t n h .E ng l a n d / N e w H a m p s h i r e . < h t t p : / / w w w . The French and the English came over in search of new land. H i s t o r y o f t h e U S A. The most popular beliefs in early New Hampshire were in the Dutch reformed church. but one minister. 2. 1996.1. d . 1 2 S e p 2 0 1 0 . The Algonquian Indians were the original inhabitants of the land. New Hampshire has been home to African Americans for over 350 years. ht m l > . n. < ht t p : / / w w w . u s a h i s t o r y. 3. Jedediah Buchard. In 1679 the most prominent religion was in the Anglican Church after England took control. the French and the English. John Wheelwright made one of the first settlements in between the Piscataqua and Merrimac rivers in 1638. I n fo p l e a s e .

Social History . slave trade became a major factor in the colony¶s economic industry. B. foodstuffs. However. North Carolina was perfect for growing tobacco and trading and exporting lumber. 2. naval stores. How did the government change over time? North Carolina's history as an organized governing system led by a governor may be viewed in five chronological stages: the Virginia colony. Political History 1. Did it become a royal colony? Yes. Social History C. He made it a royal colony. Economic History 1. C. 3. 5. It became a royal colony in 1729 when seven of the eight Lords Proprietors agreed to sell their shares of North Carolina to King George II. the Lords Proprietors. The leader of these Virginians was Sir Walter Raleigh 2. What form of economy dominated the colony¶s early history? The colonial economy was based on tobacco.North Carolina A. 3. Where is the colony? The colony is located south of the Virginia colony and north of South Carolina. later on. How did the environment and geography affect the economy? With the abundant forests and fertile soil. When and by whom was the colony planted? The colony was planted by some Virginians that would later form the colony of North Carolina. livestock. 4. the southern plantation. North Carolina became a royal colony. the Royal colony. and lumber products. How did the economy change over time? The economy remained the same for the most part. Why was it planted? The colony was formed because the early settlers were sent to that region to discover new areas and gain lands.

she must abide by her husband and work by his side.)The dominant religion in North Carolina in the beginning was Anglican. these Natives had some encounters with settlers with the buying and selling of land for them to grow on. Because of religious unrest. not only did she take care of domestic duties.) Because of the taxes that the English put on the colony. Once Virginia became rather crowded. Virginia was a prime spot for people to live. The Africans also really help set the African and West Indian culture in the colony. However.1. and Methodist.) If a woman was not married. These natives were prominent because they eventually helped the settlers in the buying of lands. D.One important figure of North Carolina was Joseph Hewes. Early references associate these Indians with the eastern Siouan tribes.) They traveled to North Carolina because of the ever-growing colony. sailing ships. He is important is because he was able to represent North Carolina in a crucial time period for American and he would eventually be one of the men to sign the Declaration of Independence.) Knowledge on the first native villages is scarce. the last important figure in North Carolina is Charles Eden. slaves were relied on for hard work. The white people depended on them for a lot of things. He is important because he is credited for organizing the laws of North Carolina and he was eventually elected as the youngest Supreme Court Judge By George Washington. The slaves worked by growing crops. Scot-Irish. 5. and the Germans. and building new buildings. people decided to move down to North Carolina since it had a similar climate with similar soil to grow grains on. if the woman was married.) The first Great Awakening was when religion became a vital part to all of the colonies. Baptist. Another important leader in North Carolina was James Iredell. but every civilization that was built was then abandoned.) The dominating ethnic groups were the Scottish. she was legally allowed to act on her own as an individual adult. Apparently. Hewes was elected to represent North Carolina in the Continental Congress is 1774 because of his activism. but she also worked on the farm herself. some religions were eventually established like Lutheran. He is important to the history of North Carolina because he helped put an end to the threatening piracy in the colony going up against the infamous Blackbeard. 6. who were the colony¶s three most important leaders and why were they important? . Biography. Finally. people grew tired of following the Church of England. just not doing as hard jobs as the men. Eden was elected governor in 1713. 3.Throughout colonial times. There was not very much effect on North Carolina from the Great Awakening. 2.) For one. E. 4. or the Church of England. near the mouth of the Cape Fear River. If a woman was living on a farm on her husband. 7. The first recorded village was the village of the Neccoes. Is there anything truly unique about this colony? . He had always been one of the best essayists of North Carolina and had written themes that strongly resembled the Declaration of Independence before it had been establish. 8.

2. "About Religion in North Carolina in the Colonial Times | EHow.com/cs/colonialamerica/p/ncarolinacolony. a point between the Cooper and Ashley riverts was chosen as a more favorable place to settle.com/native/northcarolina/>. "A Royal Colony .wfu. 2010. Sayle was their leader and first governor. and the farthest removed from European influences.unc. <http://www. http://www.com/about_4697920_religion-north-carolina-colonial-times.com: Wiki Q&A Combined with Free Online Dictionary.html>. Web. Many came to the Americas for religious freedom and economic opportunity. South Carolina Hollis Mugford A. 2010. The first attempt to colonize South Carolina was when Jean Ribault. Web. Ten years after the first settlers arrived. navigator.1.com/topic/north-carolina>. 2010. Christian men and women. 2010.edu/stories/slavery/story/colonial3. "North Carolina: Definition from Answers. In 1671. Web. By. 13 Sept. and Encyclopedias. "The Great Awakening. 13 Sept. Sexton. when William Sayle sailed up the Ashley River with three shiploads of English emigrants from the Barbados.org/government/governorship>. "North Carolina Colony.lib." NCpedia Home Page | NCpedia. but he soon died and was succeeded by Yeamans." EHow | How To Do Just About Everything! | How To Videos & Articles. The first English settlement was made in 1670." Wake Forest University ² Winston-Salem. Thesaurus. 2010. and built a town. 13 Sept. 2010. 13 Sept. <http://ncpedia. Of all the thirteen colonies. Political History 1.. which has since disappeared. Walbert. Sir John Yeamans joined the colony.htm>. and a colonizer. 13 Sept. Jean Ribault came to the Americas trying to start more French colonies in the New World.accessgenealogy. North Carolina. Web.ehow.North Carolina Digital History. <http://www. "North Carolina Indian Tribes. the most provincial. the English sent a settlement party to expand their colonial empire and opportunity for trade." American History From About. <http://www. Web. and two ships bearing Dutch emigrants from New York. "History of Governorship in North Carolina | NCpedia. <http://www. a French naval officer. The first immigrants landed when a popular assembly began to frame laws. Web. 13 Sept. but failed. By David. 2010." Answers. By Timothy.html That. 3. who ruled for four years and was . North Carolina was the least commercial. Kelly.edu/~matthetl/perspectives/four." LEARN NC. 13 Sept. attempted to settle with a colony of Frenchmen." Access Genealogy: A Free Genealogy Resource. By Martin. after a hundred years had passed. <http://americanhistory. After this attempt failed however.org/lp/editions/nchist-colonial/1973>. Web. it was left for the English to lay the permanent foundations for a commonwealth. 2. <http://www.com.about.com. and now.learnnc.answers. bringing with him about two hundred African slaves.html>. The large portion of society was composed of powerful. and here Charleston was founded in 1680.

exhausting. and could also could not appear in court as a witness nor vote. pursuing the same as the English. and indigo. Another example explaining their role in the colony was their hard physical labor in the rice marshes. the Articles of Confederation. This was the first arrival of the Africans in the colony. The Dutch came on three ships from New York. The people of South Carolina resisted the laws in the Fundamental Constitutions and based their laws however on their right from the settlement charter to make their own laws.S. C. and Dutch.they were now one with their husbands. The Africans were brought in because the fatal marshes were work for a man of "lesser value". making household goods to sell. Husbands could legally beat their wives. At this point England still controlled the colony. in addition to the rest of America. especially somewhere like South Carolina where the heat is very intense and the humidity is high. property. Rice and indigo marshes can be toxic when worked too long in the hot heat of day. gained independence from English rule in the Revolutionary War and eventually became part of the 50 united states under the American Constitution. The three ethnic groups that mainly dominated South Carolina by the middle of the 1700s were English. and later cotton. the people won this fight for liberty and the laws were never again enforced in America. South Carolinas enconomy was earliest dominated by the theory of mercantilism. The English came to colonize America. During the 18th century. Epidemics killed vast numbers of . At least 29 distinct groups of Indians lived within South Carolina. looking for religious freedom and economic opportunity. 3. Rice grows best in marshy ground and swamps. maintaining a fire and tending to the kitchen gardens. Women's responsibilities included cleaning. On February 5. 2. nine years later the crown agreed to give royal status to the colony. 2. taking care of the children. they were considered legally dead. Another example of this restricted lifestyle are the little rights they had legally. South Carolina formally became a royal colony in 1729 after the colony demanded royal protection from Native Yamasee Tribe. Social History 1. The Africans however were brought into the colonies as slaves. and society was unappreciative. South Carolinas warm weather and humid environment made it a prime spot to grow cotton. They had no control of their earnings. Eventually the colony. and therefore south carolina was the perfect place for this.. After the Civil War. South Carolina was one of the country's richest areas. rice. the women¶s role and work was extremely difficult. the state suffered severe economic depression. It neighbors Georgia to the south and North Carolina to the north. such as smallpox. due to all of their marshland. South Carolina became the first state to ratify the first constitution of the U. Not until the 1880s did the textile industry²today the state's major employer² begin to develop. the whites were willing to threaten the Afrian's lives by setting them up for this job. They often had servants to help them with their work. First they received Francis Nicholson as a royal governor from the crown. enheritance. 3. The colony is on the east coast of the United States. Its economy depended on foreign commerce and agriculture. Tribes were weakened by European diseases. taking care of the animals. However socially women had difficult and high expectaions.then followed by a man named John West. B. 4. The products brought the colony so much wealth hoever. After women married. especially indigo. One example of African American history in South Carolina is them being shipped to the colony under the supervision of Sir John Yeamans. 4. Africans. rice. 5. The colony has an assembly to pass new laws and ideas but the House of Lords would have to approve any change. 1778. Many died due to the toxic fumes the marshes produce in the intense southern heat. Eventually. The attacks from the natives were sparked by frustration caused by exploitation of the Yamasee people. 5. Economic History 1. for which they had no immunity.

It wasn't until the December 1784 .info/southern/South-Carolina. the three most important people in the colony of South Carolina were Jonathan Edwards. Presbyterians b. Pee Dee. Baptists d.usahistory. in Petersburg. was established to reform the existing Church of England rather than provide an alternative religion. and Chicora-Waccamaw tribes are all still present in South Carolina as are many descendants of the Cherokee. Northern Baptist and Methodist preachers converted both whites and blacks. William Sayle is important because he was the first man to successfully settle the South Carolina. two black Baptist churches were founded. personal religious experience. South Carolina and Georgia. Methodists 7. Though settled at different times by different peoples. and especially the American colonies in the 1730s and 1740s. Methodists first appeared in the province when visited by the Wesley brothers in 1736 but no congregation was established until the 1770's. North Carolina and South Carolina were twin-born. Chicora.infoplease.com/ce6/us/A0861203.January 1785 Conference that the Methodist Episcopal Church was established as a separate entity. and established their first synagogue in 1749. he Catawba. During the Great Awakening he served as a powerful figure. their histories run parallel for many years. Early religions in the colonies were a. Edisto. Populations declined even further due to conflicts with the settlers over trade practices and land.something that would eventually come to change the industry and economy of the colony forever. In the Southern colonies. including as preachers. Jonathan Edwards was important because he was a preacher. reducing some southeastern tribes by as much as two-thirds. Many of the immigrants were from Barbados and Bermuda. Throughout the colonial times. both were intended to be governed by the Grand Model.html http://www. theologian. New England and French ProtestantsQuakers were among the earliest settlers of South Carolina. Quakers c. the Awakening was influential among Presbyterians. 8. 6. Members of the Methodist Church were still considered members of the Church of England. The Jewish were also in South Carolina during the colonial period.html . the first black Baptist churches were founded in the South in Virginia. The Great Awakening was a religious revitalization movement that swept the world. The Baptists especially welcomed blacks into active roles in congregations. sources: http://www. Before the American Revolution. as with the Congregational Church. E. William Sayle. leaving a permanent impact on American religion. Santee. both were included in the famous charter of 1663. He emphasized the imporatance and power of immediate. The Methodist Church. D. enslaved and free. and as they were not separated politically until 1729. and Sir John Yeamans. The Baptists were another early dissenter group and were present in the colony by 1670. Presbyterians were the first dissenter group in South Carolina and the original members were from England. And finally Sir John Yeamans is most important because he brought in the very first ever African slaves. and missionary who did not live in South Carolina but was the leading theologian figure of the era. Jewish e. Virginia.Indians. Biography 1. By 1791 there were only 15 members in Charleston. In 1715 a meeting house was built in Charleston. He aided the spread of the awakening in the Carolinas tremendously.

sciway.html .net/hist/indians/ http://www.timepage.org/spl/13colony.http://www.

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