COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 1.

Resolve 90 N force into vector components P and Q where Q = ( 90 N ) sin 40° = 57.851 N Then M B = − rA/BQ

= − (0.225 m )(57.851 N ) = −13.0165 N ⋅ m
M B = 13.02 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 2.

Fx = ( 90 N ) cos 25°

= 81.568 N
Fy = ( 90 N ) sin 25° = 38.036 N x = ( 0.225 m ) cos 65° = 0.095089 m

y = (0.225 m ) sin 65°
= 0.20392 m

M B = xFy − yFx
= ( 0.095089 m )( 38.036 N ) − ( 0.20392 m )( 81.568 N ) = −13.0165 N ⋅ m

M B = 13.02 N ⋅ m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 3.

Px = ( 3 lb ) sin 30°
= 1.5 lb

Py = ( 3 lb ) cos 30°
= 2.5981 lb

M A = xB/ A Py + yB/ A Px
= ( 3.4 in.)( 2.5981 lb ) + ( 4.8 in.)(1.5 lb ) = 16.0335 lb ⋅ in.

M A = 16.03 lb ⋅ in.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

α = θ = tan −1   x  4.4 in. For P to be a minimum. David Mazurek.5 lb ⋅ in. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. William E. = rAB 5. Solution 4. = 3.8 in.32 lb 54.)2 + ( 4.32 lb 35. Clausen. Ferdinand P.3151 lb ∴ Pmin = 3.8822 in. Phillip J. Elliot R.7° or Pmin = 3. Beer.8 in.)2 = 5. Russell Johnston.  = tan −1    3.3° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.   y   = 54.4 in. it must be perpendicular to the line joining points A and B with rAB = ( 3.. .689° Then or M A = rAB Pmin Pmin = M A 19.8822 in. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Eisenberg.

E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 in.689° − α = 85.8 in. Jr. 59.689° Also rB/ A = ( 3.689° + 90° − α ) sin (144.9 lb ) sin ( 54.8 in. Ferdinand P. Beer.260°. Solution 5.4 in.)2 + ( 4.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.  = 54.8822 in.9°.)2 = 5. David Mazurek. By definition where and M A = rB/ A P sin θ θ = φ + ( 90° − α ) φ = tan −1   4. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. 94.740° ∴ α = 49.) = ( 5.8822 in.    3.. William E.689° − α ) = 0. 8/e. Clausen.99658 144. . Eisenberg. Then or or (17 lb ⋅ in.)( 2. Phillip J.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.35 m )2 = 2. Russell Johnston.019°  2m  φ = tan −1  θ = 90 − φ = 90° − 34.4130 m Then 386. (a) (a) M A = rB/ A × TBF M A = xTBFy + yTBFx = ( 2 m )( 200 N ) sin 60° + ( 0. it must be perpendicular to the line joining A and C.137 N  1.. 8/e. Clausen. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. Elliot R.41 N ⋅ m or M A = 386 N ⋅ m (b) (b) For FC to be a minimum.981° ∴ ( FC )min = 160. ∴ M A = d ( FC )min with d = ( 2 m )2 + (1. Jr.41 N ⋅ m = ( 2. E.35 m   = 34.4130 m ) ( FC )min ( FC )min and = 160. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .019° = 55.4 m )( 200 N ) cos 60° = 386. Phillip J. Solution 6. Beer. William E.1 N 56.

Jr.4 m  or ( FC )min = 189.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. (a) M A = xTBFy + yTBFx = ( 2 m )( 200 N ) sin 60° + ( 0.0396 m 386.0396 m ) ( FC )min ( FC )min and = 189. Eisenberg.. E.205 N (c) For FB to be minimum. Solution 7. Elliot R.41 N ⋅ m or M A = 386 N ⋅ m (b) Have or M A = xFC FC = MA 386.41 N ⋅ m = ( 2.40 m )2 = 2. Clausen.2 N = 193. .4 m )( 200 N ) cos 60° = 386.7° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.41 N ⋅ m = 2m x ∴ FC = 193. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.690°  0. Beer. Ferdinand P.454 N θ = tan −1   2m   = 78. Phillip J. it must be perpendicular to the line joining A and B ∴ M A = d ( FB )min with Then d = ( 2 m )2 + ( 0. Russell Johnston.5 N 78. William E. 8/e. David Mazurek.

Beer. Solution 8. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.) F or F = 3. = (18 in. 8/e. E. Clausen.615 lb ⋅ in.2 in.)( cos15° )( 5 lb ) = 67.76 lb 75. William E. . Eisenberg.) P sin 85° or P = 21.615 lb ⋅ in. (a) M B = rA/B cos15° W ( ) = (14 in.6 lb ⋅ in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. or M B = 67.2 lb (c) For ( F )min. David Mazurek.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (b) M B = rD/B P sin 85° 67. = ( 3. Then. Jr.. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. M B = rC/B F 67. F must be perpendicular to BC.615 lb ⋅ in.

or M D = 7600 lb ⋅ in. Beer. Jr. or M D = 7600 lb ⋅ in. Phillip J.) − (100 lb )( 8 in. . Ferdinand P.) = ( 240 lb )( 35 in. Russell Johnston. 5 = 76 in. Eisenberg.. Elliot R. Solution 9.) = 7600 lb ⋅ in. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (b) Have M D = TABx ( y ) + TABy ( x ) = ( 240 lb )( 0 ) + (100 lb )( 76 in. 12 Then TABx = 12 (TAB ) 13 = TABy = 12 ( 260 lb ) = 240 lb 13 5 ( 260 lb ) = 100 lb 13 and Then M D = TABx ( 35 in.) − TABy ( 8 in.) = 7600 lb ⋅ in. William E. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. + 8 in. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (a) Slope of line EC = 35 in. 8/e. Clausen.

Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. 8/e. William E. Phillip J. Jr. Solution 10. Beer. + 8 in. E. Slope of line EC = Then and Have 35 in. Clausen. Russell Johnston. 7 = 112 in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.. . Ferdinand P. 24 TABx = TABy = 24 TAB 25 7 TAB 25 M D = TABx ( y ) + TABy ( x ) ∴ 7840 lb ⋅ in. Elliot R. = 24 7 TAB ( 0 ) + TAB (112 in.) 25 25 TAB = 250 lb or TAB = 250 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

William E. Solution 11. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R.24 ) + (1. David Mazurek. Clausen.05 (d + 0. Eisenberg.24 ) + (1.48639 m and −0.40490 m. Beer.24 ) + (1.8906d 2 5.05 ) m 2 2  ∴ 1152 N ⋅ m = 2880 N     1. 8/e. Jr. .05)2 (d 2 2 = 2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.1601 = 0 Using the quadratic equation. d = 0. Phillip J. or d = 486 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.48d − 1. Russell Johnston.625d + 0.05 ) = 6.24 )2 + (1. the minimum values of d are 0. The minimum value of d can be found based on the equation relating the moment of the force TAB about D: M D = (TAB max ) y ( d ) where M D = 1152 N ⋅ m (TAB max ) y Now sin θ = = TAB max sin θ = ( 2880 N ) sin θ 1.05 ) 2 2   (d )    or or or Since only the positive value applies here.8906d 2 − 0. E. Ferdinand P..05 m (d + 0.48639 m ( d + 0.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Elliot R. David Mazurek.0 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E.042 m ) i + ( 0. Russell Johnston. 8/e. Clausen. Beer. Ferdinand P..042 i + 0.056 m ) j Now M C = rB/C × FAB = ( − 0.0 N ⋅ m ) k or M C = 140. with d AB = ( 42 mm )2 + (144 mm )2 42 mm 150 mm 144 mm 150 mm = 150 mm sin θ = cosθ = and FAB = − FAB sin θ i − FAB cosθ j = 2. Eisenberg. Solution 12. Phillip J. E. Jr.5 kN ( − 42 mm ) i − (144 mm ) j  150 mm  = − ( 700 N ) i − ( 2400 N ) j Also rB/C = − ( 0. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.056 j) × ( − 700 i − 2400 j) N ⋅ m = (140.

Phillip J.056 m ) j Now M C = rB/C × FAB = ( − 0.056 j) × ( − 700i − 2400 j) N ⋅ m = ( 61.6 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.6 N ⋅ m ) k or M C = 61. Clausen. Solution 13. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Elliot R. Eisenberg. E. . Ferdinand P.042 i − 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.5 kN ( − 42 mm ) i − (144 mm ) j  150 mm  = − ( 700 N ) i − ( 2400 N ) j Also rB/C = − ( 0.042 m ) i − ( 0. William E. with d AB = ( 42 mm )2 + (144 mm )2 42 mm 150 mm 144 mm 150 mm = 150 mm sin θ = cosθ = FAB = − FAB sin θ i − FAB cosθ j = 2.. David Mazurek. 8/e.

5431 N ⋅ m or M D = 12.54 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. Solution 14. Ferdinand P.. David Mazurek.090 m )  × 80 N  − ( 0. E. Russell Johnston. 8/e. William E. Eisenberg. Clausen. .280 m )  × 80 N  137 137     = −12. Phillip J. Elliot R. ΣM D :  88   105  M D = ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 15.

Note: B = B ( cos β i + sin β j)

B′ = B ( cos β i − sin β j) C = C ( cos α i + sin α j)
By definition:

B × C = BC sin (α − β ) B′ × C = BC sin (α + β )

(1) (2)

Now ... B × C = B ( cos β i + sin β j) × C ( cos α i + sin α j) = BC ( cos β sin α − sin β cos α ) k and (3)

B′ × C = B ( cos β i − sin β j) × C ( cos α i + sin α j)
= BC ( cos β sin α + sin β cos α ) k (4)

Equating the magnitudes of B × C from equations (1) and (3) yields: BC sin (α − β ) = BC ( cos β sin α − sin β cos α ) Similarly, equating the magnitudes of B′ × C from equations (2) and (4) yields: BC sin (α + β ) = BC ( cos β sin α + sin β cos α ) Adding equations (5) and (6) gives: sin (α − β ) + sin (α + β ) = 2cos β sin α or sin α cos β = 1 1 sin (α + β ) + sin (α − β ) 2 2 (6) (5)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 16.

Have d = λ AB × rO/ A where λ AB =

rB/ A rB/ A

and rB/ A = ( −210 mm − 630 mm ) i
+ ( 270 mm − ( −225 mm ) ) j

= − ( 840 mm ) i + ( 495 mm ) j
rB/ A =

( −840 mm )2 + ( 495 mm )2
= 975 mm
− ( 840 mm ) i + ( 495 mm ) j 975 mm

Then λ AB =
=

1 ( −56i + 33j) 65

Also rO/ A = ( 0 − 630 ) i + ( 0 − (−225) ) j

= − ( 630 mm ) i + ( 225 mm ) j

∴d =

1 ( −56i + 33j) × − ( 630 mm ) i + ( 225 mm ) j   65

= 126.0 mm
d = 126.0 mm

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 17.

(a)
where Then

λ =

A×B A×B

A = 12i − 6 j + 9k B = − 3i + 9 j − 7.5k
i j k A × B = 12 − 6 9 − 3 9 − 7.5

= ( 45 − 81) i + ( −27 + 90 ) j + (108 − 18 ) k = 9 ( − 4i + 7 j + 10k )
And A × B = 9 (− 4) 2 + (7)2 + (10)2 = 9 165

∴λ =

9 ( − 4i + 7 j + 10k ) 9 165
or λ =

1 ( − 4i + 7 j + 10k ) 165

(b) where

λ =

A×B A×B

A = −14i − 2 j + 8k B = 3i + 1.5j − k

Then

j k i A × B = −14 − 2 8 3 1.5 −1 = 5 ( −2i + 2 j − 3k )
and

= ( 2 − 12 ) i + ( 24 − 14 ) j + ( −21 + 6 ) k
A × B = 5 (−2)2 + (2)2 + (−3)2 = 5 17

∴λ =
or λ =

5 ( −2i + 2 j − 3k ) 5 17

1 ( − 2i + 2 j − 3k ) 17

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

2 k ∴A= (23)2 + (1)2 + (38) 2 = 44. Jr.2 = − 23 in. 8/e.2 (b) ( ) ( ) ( ) A = P×Q i j k P × Q = 2 − 4 3 in. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P.2 ( ) ( ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.2 i − 28 in.430 in.2 j + 38 in. E. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen..2 = 23 in. .2 i + 1 in.2 or A = 44. William E.2 6 −1 5 = [ (−20 − 3)i + (−18 − 10) j + (−2 + 24)k ] in. Solution 18.391 in. Russell Johnston. Phillip J.2 j + 22 in.2 or A = 42.4 in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. (a) Have A = P × Q i j k P × Q = 3 7 −2 in.4 in.2 k ∴A= (− 23)2 + (−28)2 + (22) 2 = 42.2 −5 1 3 = [ (21 + 2)i + (10 − 9) j + (3 + 35)k ] in. Beer.

.25) j + (−7. (a) Have MO = r × F i j k = − 6 3 1.500 Ν ⋅ m ) j + (11.5 N ⋅ m 7.38 N ⋅ m ) i + (1. William E.375i + 1.5 3 − 4.625)k ] N ⋅ m = ( 6.5 − 4.500 j + 11. Therefore. Russell Johnston. E.5 3 − 4. Jr. Phillip J.75 j − 40.5)i + (11. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.5)k ] N ⋅ m = ( −18. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.00i − 15.75 Ν ⋅ m ) j − ( 40. David Mazurek.75 −1 N ⋅ m 7.00 N ⋅ m ) i − (15..63 Ν ⋅ m ) k (c) Have MO = r × F i j k = − 2. Solution 19.625k ) N ⋅ m or M O = ( 6.5 − 4.5 N ⋅ m 7.5k ) N ⋅ m or M O = − (18.375 + 3)i + (−7. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 = [ (−13.5 + 7.25 − 11.5 N ⋅ m ) k (b) Have MO = r × F i j k = 2 − 0. vector F has a line of action passing through the origin at O.25 − 27) j + (−18 − 22.5 −1 1. Clausen. Ferdinand P.5 = [ (4.5 + 9) j + (6 + 5. Beer.5)i + (11.5)k ] N ⋅ m or M O = 0 This answer is expected since r and F are proportional ( F = −3r ) . Elliot R.5 3 4.5 = [ (3.

Elliot R. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.00 lb ⋅ ft ) j + ( 36. Eisenberg. Solution 20..00 lb ⋅ ft ) j + ( 42. Russell Johnston.5 − 4. David Mazurek. E. William E. Beer.0 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0 lb ⋅ ft ) i − (10. . Jr.5 3 − 6 lb ⋅ ft 3 −6 4 = [ (12 − 36)i + (−18 + 30) j + (45 − 9)k ] lb ⋅ ft or M O = − ( 24.5 1. Clausen.5)k ] lb ⋅ ft or M O = 0 (c) Have MO = r × F i j k = − 8 2 −14 lb ⋅ ft 3 −6 4 = [ (8 − 84)i + (−42 + 32) j + (48 − 6)k ] lb ⋅ ft or M O = − ( 76.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0 lb ⋅ ft ) k (b) Have MO = r × F i j k = − 7. (a) Have MO = r × F i j k = − 7.5 −1 lb ⋅ ft 3 −6 4 = [ (6 − 6)i + (−3 + 3) j + (4.0 lb ⋅ ft ) i + (12. 8/e.

William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.2 m )2 TAD = ( 216 N ) i − ( 279 N ) j − (108 N ) k Then R A = 2 TAB + TAD = ( 216 N ) i − (1017 N ) j − (108 N ) k Also Have rA/C = ( 3.2 m ) k M C = rA/C × R A i j k = 0 3..2 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 669. David Mazurek.4 m ) i − ( 3. E.6 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 259.1 m )2 + ( −1. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Beer. 8/e. Eisenberg. Solution 21. .2 m ) k ( 2.1 m ) i + (1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Clausen. Jr.6 N ⋅ m ) k M C = ( 886 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 259 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 670 N ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4 m )2 + ( −3.2 N ⋅ m 216 −1017 −108 = ( 885. With TAB = − ( 369 N ) j TAB = TAD AD = ( 369 N ) AD ( 2. Elliot R.1 m ) j − (1.1 1.

E. Beer. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6125 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 5. William E.215 − 0.74 N ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e.140 N ⋅ m − 5.2926 − 25.900 = ( 4.8088 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 4. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Elliot R.61 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 5.7377 N ⋅ m ) k M A = ( 4.900 N ) k and i j k M A = 0..456 − 24. Solution 22.050 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. .81 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 4. Have where M A = rC/ A × F rC/ A = ( 215 mm ) i − ( 50 mm ) j + (140 mm ) k Fx = − ( 36 N ) cos 45° sin12° Fy = − ( 36 N ) sin 45° Fz = − ( 36 N ) cos 45° cos12° ∴ F = − ( 5. David Mazurek. Phillip J.2926 N ) i − ( 25.456 N ) j − ( 24. Jr.

Ferdinand P. Beer. Phillip J. E.74 lb ⋅ ft ) k M O = ( 572 lb ⋅ ft ) i − (153.058 lb ) i − ( 70. 8/e.2 lb ⋅ ft ) j + (1532 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.766 lb ) j + (12 lb ) k MO i j k = 0 30 3 lb ⋅ ft − 51.30 lb ⋅ ft ) i − (153.058 lb ) i − (10. Elliot R. Solution 23.058 −70.766 12 = ( 572. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.17 lb ⋅ ft ) j + (1531.. Russell Johnston. Have where M O = rA/O × R rA/D = ( 30 ft ) j + ( 3 ft ) k T1 = − ( 62 lb ) cos10°  i − ( 62 lb ) sin10°  j     = − ( 61. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.766 lb ) j T2 = T2 AB AB = ( 62 lb ) ( 5 ft ) i − ( 30 ft ) j + ( 6 ft ) k ( 5 ft )2 + ( − 30 ft )2 + ( 6 ft )2 = (10 lb ) i − ( 60 lb ) j + (12 lb ) k ∴ R = − ( 51. William E. Jr. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. .

Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. (a) Have where M O = rB/O × TBD rB/O = ( 2. Beer.5 2 0 N⋅m − 300 − 600 600 M O = (1200 N ⋅ m ) i − (1500 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 900 N ⋅ m ) k continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. E. William E. Solution 24. 8/e. Jr.5 m ) i + ( 2 m ) j TBD = TBD BD BD  − (1 m ) i − ( 2 m ) j + ( 2 m ) k   = ( 900 N )  2 2 2 ( −1 m ) + ( − 2 m ) + ( 2 m ) = − ( 300 N ) i − ( 600 N ) j + ( 600 N ) k Then MO i j k = 2. Eisenberg. Phillip J. . Clausen. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.

Elliot R.. Ferdinand P. Beer.5 2 0 N⋅m − 75 − 300 − 600 M O = − (1200 N ⋅ m ) i + (1500 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 600 N ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. .5 m ) + ( −2 m ) + ( − 4 m )2 = − ( 75 N ) i − ( 300 N ) j − ( 600 N ) k Then MO i j k = 2.5 m ) i − ( 2 m ) j − ( 4 m ) k   = ( 675 N )  2 2 ( 0. Eisenberg. Jr. E. Russell Johnston. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e. David Mazurek.5 m ) i + ( 2 m ) j TBE = TBE BE BE  − ( 0. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) Have where M O = rB/O × TBE rB/O = ( 2. William E.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 25.

Have M C = rA/C × P where

rA/C = rB/C + rA/B
= (16 in.)( − cos80° cos15°i − sin 80° j − cos80° sin15°k )

+ (15.2 in.)( − sin 20° cos15°i + cos 20° j − sin 20° sin15°k ) = − ( 7.7053 in.) i − (1.47360 in.) j − ( 2.0646 in.) k
and

P = (150 lb )( cos 5° cos 70°i + sin 5° j − cos 5° sin 70°k ) = ( 51.108 lb ) i + (13.0734 lb ) j − (140.418 lb ) k

Then

i j k M C = −7.7053 −1.47360 −2.0646 lb ⋅ in. 51.108 13.0734 −140.418 = ( 233.91 lb ⋅ in.) i − (1187.48 lb ⋅ in.) j − ( 25.422 lb ⋅ in.) k
or M C = (19.49 lb ⋅ ft ) i − ( 99.0 lb ⋅ ft ) j − ( 2.12 lb ⋅ ft ) k

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 26.

Have where and

M C = rA/C × FBA rA/C = ( 0.96 m ) i − ( 0.12 m ) j + ( 0.72 m ) k FBA = λ BA FBA
   − ( 0.1 m ) i + (1.8 m ) j − ( 0.6 m ) k  ( 228 N ) =   ( 0.1)2 + (1.8)2 + ( 0.6 )2 m    

= − (12.0 N ) i + ( 216 N ) j − ( 72 N ) k i j k ∴ M C = 0.96 −0.12 0.72 N ⋅ m −12.0 216 −72 = − (146.88 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 60.480 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 205.92 N ⋅ m ) k
or M C = − (146.9 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 60.5 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 206 N ⋅ m ) k

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 27.

Have where with and

M C = TAD d
d = Perpendicular distance from C to line AD

M C = rA/C TAD rA/C = ( 3.1 m ) j + (1.2 m ) k TAD = TAD
AD AD

( 2.4 m ) i − ( 3.1 m ) j − (1.2 m ) k   TAD = ( 369 N )  2 2 ( 2.4 m ) + ( − 3.1 m ) + ( −1.2 m )2

= ( 216 N ) i − ( 279 N ) j − (108 N ) k

Then

i j k 3.1 1.2 N ⋅ m MC = 0 216 − 279 −108
= ( 259.2 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 669.6 N ⋅ m ) k

and

MC =

( 259.2 N ⋅ m )2 + ( −669.6 N ⋅ m )2

= 718.02 N ⋅ m ∴ 718.02 N ⋅ m = ( 369 N ) d

or d = 1.946 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Have where with and M O = TAC d d = Perpendicular distance from O to rope AC M O = rA/O × TAC rA/O = ( 30 ft ) j + ( 3 ft ) k TAC = − ( 62 lb ) cos10° i − ( 62 lb ) sin10° j     = − ( 61.174 lb ⋅ ft ) j + (1831.058 lb ) i − (10.766 lb ) j Then MO i j k = 0 30 3 lb ⋅ ft − 61. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.. William E. Phillip J.74 lb ⋅ ft ) k and MO = ( 32.16 lb ⋅ ft = ( 62 lb ) d = 1841. E.766 0 = ( 32.7 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.298 lb ⋅ ft ) i − (183. 8/e. Clausen. Beer.16 lb ⋅ ft or d = 29. Elliot R.298 lb ⋅ ft )2 + ( −183. Jr. Solution 28. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.174 lb ⋅ ft )2 + (1831.058 −10. David Mazurek.74 lb ⋅ ft )2 ∴ 1841. Russell Johnston. .

47 lb ⋅ ft = ( 62 lb ) d = 618. . 8/e.. Beer. David Mazurek. Clausen.47 lb ⋅ ft or d = 9. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Elliot R. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Solution 29. Have where with and M O = TAB d d = Perpendicular distance from O to rope AB M O = rA/O × TAB rA/O = ( 30 ft ) j + ( 3 ft ) k TAB = TAB AB AB ( 5 ft ) i − ( 30 ft ) j + ( 6 ft ) k   = ( 62 lb )  2 2 ( 5 ft ) + ( − 30 ft ) + ( 6 ft )2 = (10 lb ) i − ( 60 lb ) j + (12 lb ) k Then MO i j k = 0 30 3 lb ⋅ ft 10 − 60 12 = ( 540 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 30 lb ⋅ ft ) j − ( 300 lb ⋅ ft ) k and MO = ( 540 lb ⋅ ft )2 + ( 30 lb ⋅ ft )2 + ( −300 lb ⋅ ft )2 ∴ 618. Jr. Russell Johnston. E.98 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. Eisenberg.

Have where with and M C = TBD d d = Perpendicular distance from C to cable BD M C = rB/C × TB/D rB/C = ( 2 m ) j TBD = TBD BD BD  − (1 m ) i − ( 2 m ) j + ( 2 m ) k   = ( 900 N )  2 2 ( −1 m ) + ( − 2 m ) + ( 2 m )2 = − ( 300 N ) i − ( 600 N ) j + ( 600 N ) k Then i j k 2 0 N⋅m MC = 0 −300 − 600 600 = (1200 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 600 N ⋅ m ) k and MC = (1200 N ⋅ m )2 + ( 600 N ⋅ m )2 ∴ 1341. E.64 N ⋅ m or d = 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Jr. Elliot R. Solution 30.. Russell Johnston. Beer.64 = ( 900 N ) d = 1341.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.491 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Eisenberg. . Clausen. 8/e.

Russell Johnston. .) j − ( 25.57 lb.07 in.422 lb ⋅ in.91)2 + ( −1187.91 lb ⋅ in. Solution 31. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.25 M C = ( 233. Have M C = Pd From the solution of problem 3.) i − (1187. Beer. Jr.422 )2 = 1210. Elliot R. David Mazurek. = 150 lb P or d = 8.) k Then MC = ( 233.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. E. William E. Clausen.48)2 + ( −25. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. and d = MC 1210.57 lb ⋅ in. Ferdinand P.48 lb ⋅ in.in..

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 32.

Have

| M D | = FBAd d = perpendicular distance from D to line AB. M D = rA/D × FBA
rA/D = − ( 0.12 m ) j + ( 0.72 m ) k
FBA = λ BA FBA =

where

( − ( 0.1 m ) i + (1.8 m ) j − ( 0.6 m ) k ) ( 228 N )
( 0.1)2 + (1.8)2 + ( 0.6 )2
m

= − (12.0 N ) i + ( 216 N ) j − ( 72 N ) k
∴ MD i j k = 0 −0.12 0.72 N ⋅ m −12.0 216 −72 = − (146.88 N ⋅ m ) i − ( 8.64 N ⋅ m ) j − (1.44 N ⋅ m ) k and |MD | =

(146.88)2 + (8.64 )2 + (1.44 )2
∴ 147.141 N ⋅ m = ( 228 N ) d

= 147.141 N ⋅ m

d = 0.64536 m
or d = 0.645 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 33.

Have where

| M C | = FBAd

d = perpendicular distance from C to line AB.
M C = rA/C × FBA

rA/C = ( 0.96 m ) i − ( 0.12 m ) j + ( 0.72 m ) k
FBA = λ BA FBA =

( − ( 0.1 m ) i + (1.8 m ) j − ( 0.6 ) k ) ( 228 N )
( 0.1)2 + (1.8)2 + ( 0.6 )2
m

= − (12.0 N ) i + ( 216 N ) j − ( 72 N ) k
i j k ∴ M C = 0.96 −0.12 0.72 N ⋅ m −12.0 216 −72 = − (146.88 N ⋅ m ) i − ( 60.48 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 205.92 N ⋅ m ) k and | MC | =

(146.88)2 + ( 60.48)2 + ( 205.92 )2
∴ 260.07 N ⋅ m = ( 228 N ) d

= 260.07 N ⋅ m

d = 1.14064 m
or d = 1.141 m

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 34.

(a) Have d = rC/ A sin θ = λ AB × rC/ A where d = Perpendicular distance from C to pipe AB with λ AB =
AB = AB 7i + 4 j − 32k

( 7 )2 + ( 4 )2 + ( −32 )2
1 ( 7i + 4 j − 32k ) 33

=

and rC/ A = − (14 ft ) i + ( 5 ft ) j + ( L − 22 ) ft  k   Then λ AB × rC/ A i j k 1 7 4 − 32 ft = 33 −14 5 L − 22 = 1  4 ( L − 22 ) + 32 ( 5 )  i + 32 (14 ) − 7 ( L − 22 )  j +  7 ( 5 ) + 4 (14 )  k ft      33  1 ( 4L + 72 ) i + ( −7 L + 602 ) j + 91k  ft =  33 

{

}

and For or or But (b) with

d =

1 33

( 4L + 72 )2 + ( −7 L + 602 )2 + ( 91)2

dd 2 1 = 2  2 ( 4 )( 4L + 72 ) + 2 ( −7 )( −7 L + 602 )  = 0  dL 33  65L − 3926 = 0 L = 60.400 ft (d ) min , L > Lgreenhouse L = 30 ft, d = 1 33 so L = 30.0 ft

( 4 × 30 + 72 )2 + ( −7 × 30 + 602 )2 + ( 91)2
or d = 13.51 ft

Note:

with

L = 60.4 ft,

d =

1 33

( 4 × 60.4 + 72 )2 + ( −7 × 60.4 + 602 )2 + ( 91)2

= 11.29 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Phillip J. Beer. Elliot R. Clausen.. Solution 35. 8/e. David Mazurek. William E. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. P ⋅ Q = ( − 4i + 8j − 3k ) ⋅ ( 9i − j − 7k ) = ( − 4 )( 9 ) + ( 8 )( −1) + ( − 3)( − 7 ) = − 23 or P ⋅ Q = −23 P ⋅ S = ( − 4i + 8 j − 3k ) ⋅ ( 5i − 6 j + 2k ) = ( − 4 )( 5 ) + ( 8 )( − 6 ) + ( − 3)( 2 ) = − 74 or P ⋅ S = −74 Q ⋅ S = ( 9i − j − 7k ) ⋅ ( 5i − 6 j + 2k ) = ( 9 )( 5 ) + ( −1)( − 6 ) + ( − 7 )( 2 ) = 37 or Q ⋅ S = 37 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. .

8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Eisenberg. William E. By definition B ⋅ C = BC cos (α − β ) where B = B ( cos β ) i + ( sin β ) j   C = C ( cos α ) i + ( sin α ) j   ∴ ( B cos β )( C cos α ) + ( B sin β )( C sin α ) = BC cos (α − β ) or By definition B′⋅ C = BC cos (α + β ) cos β cos α + sin β sin α = cos (α − β ) (1) where B′ = ( cos β ) i − ( sin β ) j   ∴ ( B cos β )( C cos α ) + ( − B sin β )( C sin α ) = BC cos (α + β ) or cos β cos α − sin β sin α = cos (α + β ) 2 cos β cos α = cos (α − β ) + cos (α + β ) or cos α cos β = 1 1 cos (α + β ) + cos (α − β ) 2 2 (2) Adding Equations (1) and (2). Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 36.. Jr. Ferdinand P. Beer. E. . Clausen.

Clausen. First note: rB/ A = ( 0. Russell Johnston.52 m )2 + ( 0.9 m )2 = 1. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.44494 θ = 63. Beer. Elliot R.36 m )2 By definition rB/ A ⋅ rD/ A = rB/ A rD/ A cosθ or ( 0.10 m ( 0.52 ) + ( 0.56 m )2 + ( 0.06 m = 1. 8/e.9 m ) j + ( 0.36 m ) k rB/ A = rC/ A = rD/ A = ( 0.9 )( 0.06 )(1.52 m ) i + ( 0. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.6° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.52i + 0. Solution 37. David Mazurek.9 ) + ( 0 )( 0.48 m )2 ( − 0.9 m ) j − ( 0.56 m ) i + ( 0.9 m ) j rC/ A = ( 0.56i + 0.36k ) = (1.10 ) cosθ ( 0.166 cosθ cosθ = 0.36 ) = 1. .9 j + 0. William E. Eisenberg.48 m ) k rD/ A = − ( 0.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.9 j) ⋅ ( − 0.9 m )2 + ( 0.56 )( − 0.9 m )2 + ( − 0. E.02 m = 1.

. Eisenberg. David Mazurek.9 )( 0. Elliot R.10 m with rD/ A = − ( 0. Phillip J. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.52i + 0.36k ) = (1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.36 ) = 1. Solution 38.02 )(1.48)( 0..37 rC/ A = 1. Russell Johnston.9 m ) i − ( 0.52 m ) i + ( 0.52 ) + ( 0.9 m ) j + ( 0. 8/e. Clausen. Jr.9 j + 0.48 m ) j rD/ A = 1.10 ) cosθ 0 ( − 0.122cosθ cosθ = 0. From the solution to problem 3.9 ) + ( − 0.48k ) ⋅ ( − 0.02 m with rC/ A = ( 0. E.56791 or θ = 55. Beer.36 m ) k Now by definition rC/ A ⋅ rD/ A = rC/ A rD/ A cosθ or ( 0. Ferdinand P.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.9 j − 0.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.69623 or (b) By definition θ = 134. 8/e. Solution 39.585 lb or (TEF ) BC = −76. Clausen. Elliot R. William E. Russell Johnston. Jr. Phillip J. David Mazurek.1° (TEG ) BC = (TEF ) cosθ = (110 lb )( −0. Ferdinand P. . (a) By definition λ BC + λ EF = (1) (1) cosθ where λ BC = ( 32 ft ) i − ( 9 ft ) j − ( 24 ft ) k ( 32 )2 + ( − 9 )2 + ( − 24 )2 ft 1 ( 32i − 9 j − 24k ) 41 − (14 ft ) i − (12 ft ) j + (12 ft ) k = λ EF = ( −14 )2 + ( −12 )2 + ( 12 )2 ft 1 ( −7i − 6 j + 6k ) 11 = cosθ = Therefore ( 32i − 9 j − 24k ) ⋅ ( −7i − 6 j + 6k ) 41 11 ( 32 )( −7 ) + ( −9 )( −6 ) + ( −24 )( 6 ) = ( 41)(11) cosθ cosθ = − 0.69623) = −76.. E. Beer.6 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.

Eisenberg.3 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.25 = cosθ = Therefore ( 32i − 9 j − 24k ) ⋅ (16i − 12 j + 9.75) = ( 41)( 22. .. William E.25) cosθ cosθ = 0.25 ( 32 )(16 ) + ( −9 )( −12 ) + ( −24 )( 9. (a) By definition λ BC ⋅ λ EG = (1) (1) cosθ where λ BC = ( 32 ft ) i − ( 9 ft ) j − ( 24 ft ) k ( 32 )2 + ( − 9 )2 + ( − 24 )2 ft 1 ( 32i − 9 j − 24k ) 41 = λ EG = (16 ft ) i − (12 ft ) j + ( 9. Ferdinand P. E. Phillip J. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Beer. Solution 40. Elliot R.75k ) 41 22. 8/e. Russell Johnston.42313) = 75. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.75)2 ft 1 (16i − 12 j + 9.42313 or (b) By definition θ = 65.75) k (16 )2 + ( −12 )2 + ( 9. Jr.317 lb or (TEG ) BC = 75.75k ) 22.0° (TEG )BC = (TEG ) cosθ = (178 lb )( 0.

3482 m and cosθ ABD = ( 6i − 22 j − 3k ) ⋅ ( −3.5cos 45° ) . Ferdinand P.5)2 + ( −22 )2 + ( −3)2 = 23 m Locate point D: ( −3..5 − 7. 1.5 m d BA = ( 5.3033 m.6° (b) (TBA )BD = TBA cosθ ABD = ( 230 N )( 0.5sin 45° cos15° ) .6226 m. 8/e.37260 m ) Then d BD = ( −8. Clausen.5 = 22 14 or (a) d = 5.5 + 0. Elliot R.5)2 + (19. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6226 + 5.3482 ) = 0. (14 + 7. 19. Solution 41.37260 − 0 )2 m = 4. Beer. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.5sin 45° sin15° ) m  or ( −8. First locate point B: d 3.3033 − 22 )2 + (1.37260k ) d BA ⋅ d BD = d BA d BD ( 23)( 4. . David Mazurek. Jr. Phillip J.1226i − 2.36471 or θ ABD = 68.  ( 0 + 7.9 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6967 j + 1.36471) or (TBA ) BD = 83.

92091k ) ⋅ ( 5.104694 ) or (TBD )DC = 26. Clausen.2227 m ) i − ( 5.92091)2 m = 4. Beer.5 = 22 14 or d = 5.5 m (a) Locate point D:  ( −3. .5 + 8. (14 + 7. 8/e. 19.5sin 45° cos10° ) . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.104694 or (b) (TBD )DC = TBD cosθ BDC = ( 250 N )( 0. Elliot R.3019 m and cos θ BDC = ( 3.3033)2 + ( 0 − 0.2227i − 5. William E. E.5sin 45° sin10° ) m  or ( −8.92091k ) d DB ⋅ d DC = d DB d DC ( 4.5) θ BDC = 84. Solution 42.2 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.7227 )2 + ( 22 − 19.3033 m ) j − ( 0.92091 m ) Then d DC = ( 5. ( 0 + 7. Jr. Phillip J.6967 j − 0.3033 m. Ferdinand P. First locate point B: d 3. Russell Johnston.92091 m ) k and d DB = ( −5..5 − 7.3019 )( 7. 0.7227 m.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.5cos 45° ) .3033j − 0.2227i + 2.0° = 0. Eisenberg.

3 Vol = P ⋅ ( Q × S ) −5 −7 4 = 6 − 2 5 in. Russell Johnston.3 or Volume = 230 in.. Elliot R. E. Eisenberg.3 −4 8 −9 = ( −90 + 140 + 192 + 200 − 378 − 32 ) in.3 9 −2 −3 = ( −54 + 288 + 14 − 48 + 84 − 54 ) in.3 or Volume = 32 in.3 (b) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Solution 43. Volume of parallelopiped is found using the mixed triple product (a) Vol = P ⋅ ( Q × S ) 3 −4 1 = − 7 6 − 8 in. Phillip J. William E. Beer.3 = 32 in. Jr. Clausen. .3 = 230 in. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Phillip J. P ⋅(Q × S ) = 0 −3 −7 5 ∴ 0 = −2 1 −4 8 Sy −6 0 = 18 + 224 − 10S y − 12S y + 84 − 40 So that 22 S y = 286 S y = 13 or S y = 13. Russell Johnston. . William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. For the vectors to all be in the same plane..00 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Ferdinand P. Jr. 8/e. Beer. Clausen. E. David Mazurek. Solution 44. the mixed triple product is zero.

rC = ( 2. Solution 45.25 m ) k   TCE = (1349 N )  2 2 2 ( 0. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. M z = 0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P.50 ) + ( −2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.25 ) m = ( 426 N ) i + ( 710 N ) j − (1065 N ) k Now M O = rC × TCE i j k = 0 0 2. Clausen.25 N ⋅ m 426 710 −1065 = − (1597. Beer.5 N ⋅ m ) j ∴ M x = −1598 N ⋅ m.5 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 958.. 8/e. E. William E. .25 m ) k TCE = TCE CE CE Have ( 0.90 ) + (1. Eisenberg. Jr. M y = 959 N ⋅ m.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.90 m ) i + (1. Phillip J. Elliot R.50 m ) j − ( 2.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. Eisenberg.25) m = − ( 874 N ) i + ( 570 N ) j − ( 855 N ) k Now M O = rE × TDE i j k = 0. M y = 770 N ⋅ m. Elliot R.30 ) + (1. . Solution 46. E.30 m ) i + (1.50 m ) j − ( 2.90 1. Phillip J.25 m ) k   = (1349 N )  2 2 2 ( − 2. William E.50 m ) j TDE = TDE DE DE  − ( 2.. Russell Johnston. 8/e.50 0 N ⋅ m − 874 570 − 855 = − (1282. Jr.5 N ⋅ m ) j + (1824 N ⋅ m ) k ∴ M x = −1283 N ⋅ m. Ferdinand P.90 m ) i + (1.50 ) + ( − 2. M z = 1824 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Have rE = ( 0. David Mazurek.5 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 769.

. David Mazurek. William E. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R.5 ft ) i − ( 3 ft ) j + ( 9 ft ) k  BA  = (14 lb )  2 2 2 BA ( 4. Solution 47. E.00 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Beer.. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. 8/e. Jr.5) + ( − 3) + ( 9 ) ft TBA = TBA = ( 6 lb ) i − ( 4 lb ) j + (12 lb ) k TCD = TCD ( 6 ft ) i − ( 3 ft ) j − ( 6 ft ) k  CD  = TCD  2 2 2 CD ( 6 ) + ( − 3) + ( − 6 ) ft = Then TCD (2i − j − 2k ) 3 − ( 48 lb ⋅ ft ) = k ⋅ ( 3 ft ) j × ( 6 lb ) i − ( 4 lb ) j + (12 lb ) k     T  + k ⋅ ( 3 ft ) j ×  CD ( 2 i − j − 2 k )   3    { } or − 48 = −18 − 2TCD TCD = 15. Have where M z = k ⋅ ( rB ) y × TBA  + k ( rC ) y × TCD      M z = − ( 48 lb ⋅ ft ) k ( rB ) y = ( rC ) y = ( 3 ft ) j ( 4. Clausen.

5 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. Solution 48. Have where M y = j ⋅ ( rB ) z × TBA  × j⋅ ( rC ) z × TCD      M y = 156 lb ⋅ ft ( rB ) z = ( 24 ft ) k. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.25 lb 156 = 108 TBA + 30 10.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. David Mazurek.5 ( 6 ft ) i − ( 3 ft ) j + ( 9 ft ) k  CD  = ( 7.5) + ( − 3) + ( 9 ) ft = TBA ( 4. ( rC ) z = ( 6 ft ) k TBA = TBA ( 4.5 lb ) j − ( 5 lb ) k    or { } TBA = 12. Clausen. Eisenberg.5i − 3j + 9k )  10. . 8/e..5   + j ⋅ ( 6 ft ) k × ( 5 lb ) i − ( 2.5 lb ) j − ( 5 lb ) k T   Then (156 lb ⋅ ft ) = j ⋅ ( 24 ft ) k × BA ( 4. Jr. Russell Johnston. William E.5 ft ) i − ( 3 ft ) j + ( 9 ft ) k  BA  = TBA  2 2 2 BA ( 4.5 lb )  2 2 2 CD ( 6 ) + ( − 3) + ( 9 ) ft TCD = TCD = ( 5 lb ) i − ( 2. Beer.5i − 3j + 9k ) 10.

Elliot R.8658° )( 0.61885 Solving numerically. . David Mazurek.8658° or φ = 9.125 m ) P = 186. θ = 48.1° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 49. Based on M x = ( P cos φ ) ( 0.98521sin θ − 0.225 m ) sin θ     − (186.125 m ) By Equation ( 3) M z − ( P sin φ )( 0. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Beer.125 ) : = Equation ( 2 ) M y − ( P cos φ )( 0.125 m ) M z = − ( P sin φ )( 0. E. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.8 N From Equation (1) 26 N ⋅ m = (186.762 N or P = 186. 8/e.726 N ) sin 9.8658° ( 0.8658°  ( 0.225 m ) cosθ     or 0.225 m ) cosθ      (1) (2) (3) M y = − ( P cos φ )( 0.. Ferdinand P.225 m ) sin θ  − ( P sin φ ) ( 0. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.726 N ) cos 9. Jr. Clausen.171341cosθ = 0.87° From Equation (2) − 23 N ⋅ m = − ( P cos 9.125 ) or −4 = tan φ ∴ − 23 φ = 9.

125 m ) M z = − ( P sin φ )( 0.125 m ) By Equation ( 3) M z − ( P sin φ )( 0.5 = tan φ .225 m )( cos 9. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. E. φ = 9.9262° sin 60° − sin 9. William E. Phillip J.432 N )( 0. .5 N ⋅ m = − ( P sin 9.0 N ⋅ m (1) (2) From Equation (3): Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. Solution 50.9262° cos 60° ) = 28. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.9262° − 20 − 3. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Beer.027 N ⋅ m or M x = 28.125 m ) P = 162.125 ) : = Equation ( 2 ) M y − ( P cos φ )( 0.9262° )( 0.225 m ) cosθ      M y = − ( P cos φ )( 0.125 ) or − 3. Based on M x = ( P cos φ ) ( 0.225 m ) sin θ  − ( P sin φ ) ( 0.432 N From Equation (1): M x = (162. Eisenberg..

5 − LBC ) = ( 70 lb ) 4 i + ( 0.5 − LBC ) j − 6 k rA = ( 4 ft ) i + (1.5 − LBC )  lb ⋅ ft   or or 10.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Phillip J. Solution 51.5 ft −12 ft ( 0.81)2 − 4 ( 25.5 − ( LBC  52 + ( 0.81 ± + 144 L2 BC or Then Taking the positive root (190.5 ( − 6 ) + 12 ( 0. Ferdinand P.8225 = 0 BC LBC = −190. Beer.81LBC − 6198.5 − LBC ) − 6 For the i components: − 763 lb ⋅ ft = 70 52 + ( 0.19 ) LBC = 12.9 52 + ( 0..35 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 − LBC ) 2 i 4 ft 4 j k 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 − LBC )2  = 9 + 72LBC     25. Elliot R.19 )( − 6198.5 − ( LBC  + 1)  j + ( − 6 ) k  + 1)  + ( − 6 )  2 2 2 ( 4 )2 + 1. Eisenberg.5 ft ) j − (12 ft ) k Have M O = rA × TBA = 70 lb 52 + ( 0.5 − LBC ) = 3 + 12 LBC (10.19L2 + 190. Jr. .8225) 2 ( 25. Clausen. 8/e. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. E.9 )2 52 + ( 0.5 − LBC ) 2 2 1. William E. First note: TBA = TBA BA BA = ( 70 lb ) ( 4 ) i + 1.

.5 ( − 6 ) + 12 ( 0. Elliot R. or (1) ( 2) ⇒ 300 1 + 4LBC = 315 4 (1 + LBC ) LBC = 59 ft 4 LBC = 14.5 − LBC ) TBA 52 + ( 0.5 − ( LBC  52 + ( 0.5 − LBC ) − 1. William E.5 − LBC ) 2 i 4 ft 4 j k −12 ft 1. Beer.5 ft ) j − (12 ft ) k Have M O = rA × TBA = TBA 52 + ( 0. Russell Johnston. Solution 52.5 − LBC ) j − 6 k rA = ( 4 ft ) i + (1.75 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 ft ( 0.5 − LBC ) − 6 For the i components: − 900 lb ⋅ ft = 300 = 1.5 ( 4 )  lb ⋅ ft   For the k components: − 315 lb ⋅ ft = 315 = or (1 + LBC ) (2) Then.5 − LBC )  lb ⋅ ft   (1) or (1 + 4LBC )  4 ( 0.5 − LBC ) TBA 52 + ( 0.5 − ( LBC  + 1)  j + ( − 6 ) k  + 1)  + ( − 6 )  2 2 2 ( 4 )2 + 1. Jr. First note: TBA = TBA BA BA = ( 70 lb ) ( 4 ) i + 1. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Clausen.. 8/e. Ferdinand P. E.5 − LBC ) 2 2 2 2 TBA 52 + ( 0.5 − LBC ) 4TBA 52 + ( 0. Phillip J.5 − LBC ) = ( 70 lb ) 4 i + ( 0.

6 ) m Then M AD 0. Solution 53.6 m ) k  BH  = (1125 N )  2 2 2 BH ( 0..6 ) + ( − 0.8 m ) i − ( 0. E. Eisenberg.6 m ) j − ( 0. Elliot R.8 0 − 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6 m ) k ( 0.6 m )2 rB/ A = ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Phillip J. 8/e.3 m ) i + ( 0. Jr. Ferdinand P. .6 = 0.4 0 0 = −180 N ⋅ m 375 750 − 750 or M AD = −180.3) + ( 0.8 m )2 + ( − 0. Have where M AD = λ AD ⋅ rB/ A × TBH ( ) = 0. Beer. Russell Johnston.0 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6 k λ AD = ( 0.8 i − 0. William E. Clausen. David Mazurek.4 m ) i TBH = TBH ( 0.

Russell Johnston.6 m ) k rB/ A = ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Have where M AD = λ AD ⋅ rB/ A × TBG ( ) λ AD = ( 0. Jr.. Clausen.32 m )2 = − ( 500 N ) i + ( 925 N ) j − ( 400 N ) k Then M AD 0.4 0 0 − 500 925 − 400 or M AD = − 222 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.8 0 − 0.32 m ) k  BG  = (1125 N )  2 2 BG ( − 0.4 m ) i + ( 0.4 m ) i TBG = TBG  − ( 0. William E. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Phillip J.74 m ) + ( − 0. Beer. Eisenberg. . David Mazurek.74 ) j − ( 0.6 = 0.4 m ) + ( 0. Solution 54. Ferdinand P. 8/e.8 m ) i − ( 0. Elliot R.

Eisenberg.8 0 0 kN ⋅ m 21. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3 m ) i + (1. Jr.3 m ) + (1.3 kN )  2 2 2 EF ( 0.1 2.916 kN ⋅ m or M AD = − 24.6 kN ) k Then 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.124035 M AD = 2.1 m ) i − ( 0. Russell Johnston. Have M AD = λ AD ⋅ rE/ A × FEF ( ) where λ AD = λ AD = AD AD ( 7.2899 − 5.124035 j rE/ A = ( 2.2 m ) j + ( 2.4 m ) k  EF  = ( 24. E. Beer.. William E.6 = −19.2 m )2 + ( 0. Phillip J.6262 = − 24. David Mazurek.8 kN ) j + ( 21. Elliot R.7 kN ) i + (10. Ferdinand P.99228 i + 0. Clausen.9 kN ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.9 m )2 = 0.99228 0.9 m ) j FEF = FEF ( 0. 8/e.9 m ) j ( 7.7 − 0.4 m ) = ( 2. Solution 55. .2 m ) + ( 2.2 m ) i + ( 0.9 10.

2 kN ) k Then 0.2 14.2 m )2 + ( 0.9 m )2 = 0. Solution 56.8 m ) j FGH = FGH ( −1.4 m ) + ( 2.931 kN ⋅ m or M AD = − 35.. David Mazurek.4 m ) k  GH  = ( 21.8 14.4 m ) j + ( 2. William E.2 kN ) j + (14.5678 = − 35. Phillip J.2 − 7.99228 0.99228 i + 0. 8/e.9 kN ⋅ m M AD Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.1 kN ) i + (14.363 − 10. Beer.1 = − 25. . Eisenberg. Have Where M AD = λ AD ⋅ rG/ A × E EF λ AD = ( ) ( 7.4 m ) = − ( 7. Jr.124035 0 6 0 kN ⋅ m = −1.124035 j rG/ A = ( 6 m ) i − (1.3 kN )  2 2 2 GH ( −1. Elliot R. Clausen.2 m ) + ( 2.2 m ) i + ( 0.9 m ) j ( 7.2 m ) i + ( 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Ferdinand P. E. Russell Johnston.

Elliot R. 8/e. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. Solution 57. Phillip J. E. Beer. Jr.. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Have where From triangle OBC M OA = λ OA ⋅ rC/O × P ( ) ( OA) x ( OA) z Since or = a 2 a 1  a  = 2 3  2 3 2 2 = ( OA ) x tan 30° = 2 2 ( OA)2 2 = ( OA ) x + ( OA ) y + ( OAz ) 2  a  2 a a =   + ( OA ) y +   2 2 3 ∴ ( OA) y = a2 − a2 a2 2 − =a 4 12 3 Then rA/O = λ OA = P = λ BC P a 2 a i +a j+ k 2 3 2 3 1 i+ 2 2 1 j+ k 3 2 3 and = = ( a sin 30°) i − ( a cos30° ) k a ( P) P i − 3k 2 ( ) rC/O = ai 1 2 = 1 1 = ∴ M OA 2 1 3 2 3 P (a)    0 0 2 0 − 3 aP  2  −  (1) − 3 2  3   ( ) = aP aP M OA = 2 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . David Mazurek. William E. Eisenberg.

with P acting along BC and d the uuu uuu r r perpendicular distance from OA to BC. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 58. Clausen. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Eisenberg. (b) Have M OA = Pd . (a) For edge OA to be perpendicular to edge BC.57. M OA = ∴ or Pa 2 Pa = Pd 2 d = a 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. 8/e. Jr. William E. . Beer. From the results of Problem 3. E.. uuu uuu r r OA ⋅ BC = 0 where From triangle OBC ( OA) x ( OA) z = a 2 a 1  a = 2 3  2 3   = ( OA ) x tan 30° = and uuu r BC = ( a sin 30° ) i − ( a cos 30° ) k = = a a 3 i− k 2 2 uuu  a  r  a  ∴ OA =   i + ( OA )y j +  k 2 2 3 a i − 3k 2 ( ) Then a a  a   =0  i + ( OA) y j +   k  ⋅ i − 3k 2 2 2 3   ( ) or so that a2 a2 + ( OA )y ( 0 ) − =0 4 4 uuu uuu r r ∴ OA ⋅ BC = 0 uuu r uuu r OA is perpendicular to BC.

8 ft )2 + ( −1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.7 lb )  2 2 EF ( 3.2 ft )2 = ( 5. Have where M DI = λ DI ⋅ rF /I × TEF λ DI = DI = DI ( ) ( 4.24254 j rF /I = (16.4 lb ) i − (16.2 ft ) j ( 4.3 lb ) k Then M DI 0.4 −16.60 = 233.2 ft ) k TEF = TEF ( 3.97014 i − 0.6 ft ) + ( −10.39 lb ⋅ ft or M DI = 233 lb ⋅ ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.2 ft ) k  EF  = ( 29. E.2 lb ⋅ ft = 5.8 ft ) i − (1. Beer.2 lb ) j + ( 24.8 ft ) j + (16. David Mazurek.. Phillip J. Eisenberg.3 = − 21.6 ft ) i − (10.8 ft ) + (16. Russell Johnston. William E.217 + 254. Elliot R.24254 0 0 0 16. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. .97014 − 0.2 24. Jr.2 ft )2 = 0. Solution 59. 8/e.

David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.6 ft ) + ( −10.4 lb ) i − ( 7.1 ft )2 = ( 2.2 − 23. Eisenberg.24254 0 0 0 = − 35.8 ft ) i − (1.1 ft ) k  EG  = ( 24.4 = 20. E.4 − 7.6 ft ) i − (10.17 = − 224.74 lb ⋅ ft or M DI = − 225 lb ⋅ ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6 lb )  2 2 EG ( 3.2 ft )2 = 0.8 ft ) + ( − 35. Solution 60. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 ft ) j ( 4. Jr.97014 − 0. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.24254 j rG/I = − ( 35.2 lb ) j − ( 23.8 ft )2 + ( −1. Russell Johnston.97014 i − 0.1 lb ⋅ ft 2.. William E. Phillip J.432 − 245. Elliot R. Beer.4 lb ) k Then M DI 0.1 ft ) k TEG = TEG ( 3. Have where M DI = λ DI ⋅ rG/I × TEG λ DI = DI = DI ( ) ( 4. .8 ft ) j − ( 35.

E. Phillip J. Jr. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. First note that F1 = F1λ1 and F2 = F2λ 2 Let M1 = moment of F2 about the line of action of M1 and M 2 = moment of F1 about the line of action of M 2 Now.. David Mazurek. by definition M1 = λ1 ⋅ rB/ A × F2 = λ1 ⋅ rB/ A × λ 2 F2 M 2 = λ 2 ⋅ rA/B × F1 = λ 2 ⋅ rA/B × λ1 F1 ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) Since F1 = F2 = F and rA/B = −rB/ A M1 = λ1 ⋅ rB/ A × λ 2 F M 2 = λ 2 ⋅ −rB/ A × λ1 F ( ) ( ) Using Equation (3. Russell Johnston. Solution 61.39) λ1 ⋅ rB/ A × λ 2 = λ 2 ⋅ −rB/ A × λ1 ( ) ( ) so that M 2 = λ1 ⋅ rB/ A × λ 2 F ∴ M12 = M 21 ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. Elliot R. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Ferdinand P. . Clausen.

8i − 0.6k TBH = ( 375 N ) i + ( 750 N ) j − ( 750 N ) k.6k ] ⋅ ( 375 N ) i + ( 750 N ) j − ( 750 N ) k    = ( 300 + 450 ) N = 750 N TBH = ( TBH )Perpendicular + ( TBH )Parallel Since Then (TBH )Perpendicular = ( TBH )2 − ( TBH )2Parallel = (1125 N )2 − ( 750 N )2 = 838. Jr.53: λ AD = 0. Solution 62. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. David Mazurek. Phillip J. . Ferdinand P. The parallel component of TBH will be used to find the perpendicular component. From the solution of Problem 3. William E.53 N ) d d = 0.53 N and M AD = ( TBH )Perpendicular d 180 N ⋅ m = ( 838. Clausen. E. M AD = −180 N ⋅ m TBH = 1125 N Only the perpendicular component of TBH contributes to the moment of TBH about line AD.. Elliot R. Eisenberg.21466 m or d = 215 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Beer.8i − 0. Have ( TBH )Parallel = λ AD ⋅ TBH = [ 0.

David Mazurek.56 N and M AD = (TBG )Perpendicular d 222 N ⋅ m = (1113.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Jr. From the solution of Problem 3. . William E. E.56 N ) d d = 0. Phillip J.8i − 0. Solution 63.8i − 0. Eisenberg.199361 m or d = 199. Russell Johnston.6k ] ⋅  − ( 500 N ) i + ( 925 N ) j − ( 400 N ) k    = ( − 400 + 240 ) N = −160 N TBG = ( TBG )Perpendicular + ( TBG )Parallel Since Then (TBG )Perpendicular = (TBG )2 − (TBG )2Parallel (1125 N )2 − ( −160 N )2 = = 1113. The parallel component of TBG will be used to find the perpendicular component. 8/e. Ferdinand P.. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.4 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6k TBG = − ( 500 N ) i + ( 925 N ) j − ( 400 N ) k TBG = 1125 N M AD = − 222 N ⋅ m Only the perpendicular component of TBG contributes to the moment of TBG about line AD. Elliot R. Have ( TBG )Parallel = λ AD ⋅ TBG = [ 0.54: λ AD = 0.

24254 j TEF = ( 5. Clausen.59: λ DI = 0.7 )2 − ( 9. Elliot R.9291) = 9.1679 lb Since Then TEF = ( TEF )Perpendicular + ( TEF )Parallel (TEF )Perpendicular = ( TEF )2 − ( TEF )2Parallel = ( 29.97014 i − 0. Phillip J.7 lb M DI = 233. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.2 lb ) j + ( 24. Eisenberg. . Russell Johnston. The parallel component of TEF will be used to find the perpendicular component. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.26 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.3 lb ) k TEF = 29.250 lb ) d d = 8.3 lb ) k    = ( 5.24254 j] ⋅ ( 5. Beer.2 lb ) j + ( 24.97014 i − 0..250 lb and M DI = ( TEF )Perpendicular d 233.4 lb ) i − (16.39 lb ⋅ ft = ( 28. Have ( TEF )Parallel = λ DI ⋅ TEF = [ 0. Jr. From the solution of Problem 3.4 lb ) i − (16. E.39 lb ⋅ ft Only the perpendicular component of TEF contributes to the moment of TEF about line DI.1679 )2 = 28.2388 + 3. Solution 64.2616 ft or d = 8.

24254 j TEG = ( 2.97014 i − 0. Russell Johnston.4 lb ) i − ( 7.26 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.260 lb and M DI = (TEG )Perpendicular d 224. Solution 65.0746 lb Since Then TEG = ( TEG )Perpendicular + (TEG )Parallel (TEG )Perpendicular = (TEG )2 − (TEG )2Parallel ( 24. David Mazurek. Elliot R. . William E. Have ( TEG )Parallel = λ DI ⋅ TEG = [ 0.74 lb ⋅ ft Only the perpendicular component of TEG contributes to the moment of TEG about line DI.6 )2 − ( 4.74 lb ⋅ ft = ( 24.2 lb ) j − ( 23.0746 )2 = = 24.4 lb ) k    = ( 2.4 lb ) k TEG = 24.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3..6 lb M DI = − 224.24254 j] ⋅ ( 2. Ferdinand P. The parallel component of TEG will be used to find the perpendicular component. E. Phillip J.60: λ DI = 0. 8/e.97014 i − 0.2 lb ) j − ( 23.2638 ft or d = 9. Jr. From the solution of Problem 3.74629 ) = 4.4 lb ) i − ( 7.3283 + 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.260 lb ) d d = 9. Clausen. Beer. Eisenberg.

55: λ AD = 0. 8/e. .124035 j FEF = ( 2..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. E.3 kN M AD = − 24.6 kN ) k FEF = 24. Ferdinand P. From the solution of Prob.7 kN ) i + (10.8 kN ) j + ( 21.6 kN ) k    = 4.040 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.99228 i + 0.965 kN ) d d =1. Have ( FEF )Parallel = λ AD ⋅ FEF = [ 0.965 kN and M AD = ( FEF )Perpendicular d 24.0187 kN Since Then FEF = ( FEF )Perpendicular + ( FEF )Parallel ( FEF )Perpendicular = ( FEF )2 − ( FEF )2Parallel ( 24. William E. Jr.8 kN ) j + ( 21.3)2 − ( 4. Elliot R. Solution 66. David Mazurek.916 kN ⋅ m = ( 23.7 kN ) i + (10.0187 )2 = = 23. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.99228 i + 0. Beer. 3. Russell Johnston.916 kN ⋅ m Only the perpendicular component of FEF contributes to the moment of FEF about edge AD. The parallel component of FEF will be used to find the perpendicular component.039683m or d = 1.124035 j] ⋅ ( 2. Clausen.

From the solution of Prob.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Solution 67. E.1 kN ) i + (14.2839 kN Since Then FGH = ( FGH )Perpendicular + ( FGH )Parallel ( FGH )Perpendicular = ( FGH )2 − ( FGH )2Parallel ( 21. Elliot R.99228 i + 0.741349m or d = 1. William E.931 kN ⋅ m Only the perpendicular component of FGH contributes to the moment of FGH about edge AD.2 kN ) j + (14.1 kN ) i + (14.931 kN ⋅ m = ( 20. Have ( FGH )Parallel = λ AD ⋅FGH = ( 0.124035 j FGH = − ( 7.2 kN ) j + (14.2 kN ) k    = − 5.56: λ AD = 0.741 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.124035 j) ⋅  − ( 7.634 kN and M AD = ( FGH )Perpendicular d 35. Eisenberg. Clausen.634 kN ) d d = 1.3)2 − ( 5.. Russell Johnston.3 kN M AD = − 35.2839 )2 = = 20. Beer. 8/e.2 kN ) k FGH = 21. . Ferdinand P.99228 i + 0. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 3. Jr. Phillip J. The parallel component of FGH will be used to find the perpendicular component.

(a) Have Where M1 = d1F1 d1 = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.0 N ⋅ m − ( 0. Jr. Clausen. 8/e. Beer. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek.6 m and F1 = 40 N ∴ M1 = ( 0.000 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.81301 or (c) Have M1 + M 2 = 0 α = 35. William E. E. Elliot R.0 N ⋅ m (b) Have M Total = M1 + M 2 8 N ⋅ m = 24.6° 24 N ⋅ m − d 2 ( 24 N ) = 0 or d 2 = 1. . Solution 68. Russell Johnston.820 m )( cos α )( 24 N ) ∴ cos α = 0. Phillip J.6 m )( 40 N ) or M1 = 24. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies..

William E.51 m 12 N ⋅ m = F ( 0.24 m ) or F = 50.. Beer. Clausen. Elliot R.7 N (b) M = Fd 12 N ⋅ m = F ( 0.45 m )2 + ( 0.0 N (c) M = Fd Where d = ( 0. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.51 m ) or F = 23. Phillip J. (a) M = Fd 12 N ⋅ m = F ( 0. Jr. .45 m ) or F = 26.24 m )2 = 0.5 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. David Mazurek. E. Solution 69.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.

Eisenberg.)      For a = 8 in..) − ( 2a ) 2 2 ∴ − 480 lb ⋅ in.) + Fy ( 2a )      M F = M C = −10 lb ⋅ in. William E. Elliot R. E.72in. rC/F is perpendicular to the inclined 10 lb forces..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. −10 lb 2 −10 lb 2 10 lb 10 lb ( a + 8 in.. + 24. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.)  − (10 lb )  2a 2 + 2 (1 in. M = − (10 lb )(18 in. Then − 480 lb ⋅ in. Solution 70. + 2 (1 in.) = − 426. (b) Have Also M = 480 lb ⋅ in. David Mazurek. M = Σ ( M + Fd ) ( ) = Moment of couple due to horizontal forces at A and D + Moment of force-couple systems at C and F about C. Beer. = −10 lb  a + 8 in. + 2 (1 in.27 lb ⋅ in.43 = 31. . = −10 lb ( a + 10 in. or M = 426 lb ⋅ in.) = −10 lb ⋅ in.)  +  M C + M F + FX ( a + 8 in. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Jr. (a) Note when a = 8 in. − 303. Phillip J. 8/e.627 in. Clausen.213 a or a = 9. Fx = Fy = Where M C = − (10 lb )(1 in.) − 10 lb ⋅ in. − 10 lb ⋅ in. Have M = ΣFd ( ) = − (10 lb )  a + 8 in. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

E. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. For T to be a minimum.2 lb ⋅ in.4 in.) − ( 2. Russell Johnston.) Tmin = 4.0280 lb or Tmin = 4. = Tmin ( 21.1° θ = 53. William E. Solution 71. d must be maximum. 11.4 in.4 in.8 in. (a) Have M = ΣFd ( ) = ( 9 lb )(13. ∴ 86. .2 lb ⋅ in. David Mazurek.4 in. Phillip J. Jr.5 lb )(15.2 lb ⋅ in. Elliot R.) = 21.130° (c) Have M = Tmin d max Where M = 86. Beer.2 in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. or θ = 53. ∴ Tmin must be perpendicular to line AC.)2 + (11.)2 + 2 (1.. Clausen.2 in.) = ( 86.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.) M = 86. (b) Have M = Td = 86.2 in. d max = (15.2 in.2 lb ⋅ in. tan θ = 15.2 lb ⋅ in. 8/e.03 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Beer.4°.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. .5 N ⋅ m ) i + (18 N ⋅ m ) k and M = ( 7. θ z = 22. William E.0°. Based on M = M1 + M 2 M1 = (18 N ⋅ m ) k M 2 = ( 7. Russell Johnston.5 N ⋅ m With λ = = ( 7. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. Eisenberg. Elliot R. Clausen.620° or θ x = 67.. cosθ y = 0 cosθ z = θ y = 90. 8/e.5 N ⋅ m ) i ∴ M = ( 7. David Mazurek.5 N ⋅ m ) i + (18 N ⋅ m ) k M = M 19. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 N ⋅ m )2 + (18 N ⋅ m )2 or M = 19. Solution 72. E.5 N ⋅ m 5 12 i+ k 13 13 Then cos θ x = 5 13 12 13 ∴ θ x = 67.6° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.50 N ⋅ m = 19.380° ∴ θ y = 90° ∴ θ z = 22. Jr.

David Mazurek. Beer. Russell Johnston.4 −16 0 lb ⋅ in. E.) k PZ E = PZE  − (19.) i + ( 960 lb ⋅ in. 8/e.) k and M = M1 + M 2 = ( 400 lb ⋅ in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.) i + (1488 lb ⋅ in. Clausen.2 in. Have M = M1 + M 2 rC/B = ( 38. William E. Solution 73.) k  ED  = ( 36.5 lb ) k i j k ∴ M 2 = 0 8 −22 lb ⋅ in.) j + (192 lb ⋅ in. Jr.) + ( 22 in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.5 M 2 = ( 220 lb ⋅ in.) i + ( 528 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg.4 in.) i + ( 528 lb ⋅ in. Phillip J.) j + ( 220 lb ⋅ in..) i + ( 22 in.) i + ( 960 lb ⋅ in. 0 0 −25 = ( 400 lb ⋅ in.) j + (192 lb ⋅ in.) j + (192 lb ⋅ in.) j − ( 22 in. −24 0 27.) j and M 2 = rD/ A × PZE rD/ A = ( 8 in.) i − (16 in.) j PIC = − ( 25 lb ) k Where M1 = rC/B × PIC i j k ∴ M1 = 38. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. .) = − ( 24 lb ) i + ( 27.) k      = ( 620 lb ⋅ in.2 in.5 lb )  2 2 ED ( −19.) k continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5° or θ y = 23.38192 i + 0. Elliot R.118271k cosθ x = 0. William E. David Mazurek.39 lb ⋅ in. Russell Johnston. = 0.) i + (1488 lb ⋅ in.) k M = M 1623. λ= ( 620 lb ⋅ in.   = 1623. or M = 1.91660 cosθ z = 0.) j + (192 lb ⋅ in. Beer.2° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E.. Ferdinand P.38192 cosθ y = 0. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System  M =  ( 620 )2 + (1488)2 + (192 )2  lb ⋅ in.118271 or θ x = 67. Jr. Clausen. Eisenberg.91660 j + 0.39 lb ⋅ in. 8/e.623 kip ⋅ in. .6° or θ z = 83.

8° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics..90 N ⋅ m ) i + (16.540 m )2 + ( 0. 8/e.54 m ) j ×  − ( 30 N ) i + ( 54 N ) j + ( 35 N ) k    = (18.632 cosθ z = 16.20 N ⋅ m ) k    = ( 74.300 m )2 + ( 0. Beer.20° θ y = 90.632 74. Solution 74.6 N ⋅ m cosθ y = 0 76. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.710 m ( 71 N ) = − ( 30 N ) i + ( 54 N ) j + ( 35 N ) k ∴ M 2 = ( 0. Ferdinand P. Have M = M1 + M 2 Where M1 = rE/D × FD = − ( 0.7 m ) k × ( 80 N ) j = ( 56. Jr.350 m )2 = 0.540 m ) j + ( 0.0 N ⋅ m ) i And Now M 2 = rG/F × FB d BF = ( −0.20 N ⋅ m )2 or M = 76.20 N ⋅ m ) k and M = ( 74. Phillip J. Clausen.9 N ⋅ m ) i + (16.20 76.632 = 76. David Mazurek.90 N ⋅ m ) i + (16.9 76.632 N ⋅ m cosθ x = or θ x = 12. Russell Johnston.300 m ) i + ( 0. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Elliot R.9 N ⋅ m )2 + (16.0° θ z = 77.20 N ⋅ m ) k Finally M = ( 56.710 m Then FB = λBF FB = ( −0. Eisenberg.0 N ⋅ m ) i + (18.350 m ) k 0.

8/e.096 cosθ y = 63.3° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0 j − 48. Elliot R. Solution 75.4 N ⋅ m )2 or M = 103.4 103..0 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 32.096 θ y = 52. David Mazurek.1 N ⋅ m = 103.3° θ z = 108.0 103.9 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 63.9 103.4° − 32.74 ( M1 + M 2 ) = ( 74.096 N ⋅ m and cosθ x = 74. Clausen.6 N ⋅ m ) k ∴ M = ( 74. E. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.70 m ) k  × ( 90 N ) i   = ( 63.0 N ⋅ m )2 + ( − 32.20 N ⋅ m ) k Now M P = rD / E × PE = ( 0.9 i + 16. Jr.9 N ⋅ m )2 + ( 63. Beer.096 cosθ z = or θ x = 43.9 N ⋅ m ) i + (16.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.0 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 48. Phillip J.4 N ⋅ m ) k and M = ( 74. Russell Johnston.54 m ) j + ( 0.20 k ) + ( 63. . Have M = ( M1 + M 2 ) + M P From the solution to Problem 3. William E.6 k ) = ( 74.

Eisenberg.5 lb ) j Therefore i j k M P = 19. Clausen. William E. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Russell Johnston.2 8 − 44 0 52.73 solution: M1 = ( 400 lb ⋅ in. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.) i + ( 528 lb ⋅ in.) i + ( 960 lb ⋅ in.) k and M = M1 + M 2 + M P = [(400 + 220 + 2310)i + (960 + 528)j + (192 + 1008)k ] lb ⋅ in. Ferdinand P. E.) j + (192 lb ⋅ in. in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.) j + (1200 lb ⋅ in.2 in.) i + (1488 lb ⋅ in.5 0 = ( 2310 lb.) k Now M P = rE/ A × PE rE/ A = (19. David Mazurek.) i + (1008 lb.) k M = ( 2930 )2 + (1488)2 + (1200 )2 or M = 3.50 kip ⋅ in. in. Phillip J. Solution 76. Have M = M1 + M 2 + M P From Problem 3. = ( 2930 lb ⋅ in.) i + ( 8 in.) k PE = ( 52.) j − ( 44 in. Elliot R. .) j M 2 = ( 220 lb ⋅ in.. continued = 3498.4 lb ⋅ in. 8/e.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System λ = M 2930i + 1488j + 1200k = M 3498. Clausen.83753 or cosθ y = 0. 8/e. Elliot R.34301 or θ z = 69. Beer. E.42534 or θ y = 64. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.1° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P.83753i + 0. Jr. Phillip J. .4 = 0.34301k cosθ x = 0.42534 j + 0. David Mazurek. William E.8° cosθ z = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.9° θ x = 33..

7031 lb ⋅ ft ) j − ( 0. 8/e.0076458k cosθ x = 0 or cosθ y = − 0.70 lb ⋅ ft λ = M −3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Have Where M = M1 + M 2 + M 3 M1 = − (1.4 lb ⋅ ft ) sin 20°k ∴ M = ( −1.3 lb ⋅ ft ) j M 3 = − (1.7031)2 + ( − 0. Russell Johnston.0076458 or θ x = 90° θ y = 179. Beer. Jr.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6° θ z = 90. William E.4 lb ⋅ ft ) cos 20° j + (1.7032 lb ⋅ ft or M = 3.2 lb ⋅ ft ) cos 25° j − (1.99997 or cosθ z = −0.478828 ) k = − ( 3.7032 = − 0.028314k = M 3.028314 lb ⋅ ft ) k and M = ( −3.3 − 1.08757 − 1.7031j − 0. Elliot R. Solution 77.2 lb ⋅ ft ) sin 25°k M 2 = − (1..028314 )2 = 3. Eisenberg. E. .507142 + 0. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.31557 ) j + ( − 0.99997 j − 0. Clausen.

(a) FB = P : M B = −rBA P cos10° = − ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.0° or M B = 55.9 N ⋅ m (b) FC = P : M C = M B − rCB ( FB )⊥ = M B − rCB FB sin 55° = −55. Russell Johnston.937 N ⋅ m ∴ FB = 160. Solution 78. 8/e.0° or M C = 95. Elliot R.0 N 50. Eisenberg. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. .355 m )(160 N ) cos10° = −55.9 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. E. Beer. Clausen.305 m )(160 N ) sin 55° ∴ FC = 160.. Ferdinand P.0 N 50.937 N ⋅ m − ( 0. Jr.

88 N ⋅ m (b) ΣM B : M B = FC d 16. Beer. Solution 79. .125 m ) = 16. Clausen. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e.875 N ⋅ m = FC ( 0..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. E. Jr. Eisenberg.075 m ) FC = 225 N or FC = 225 N ΣF : 0 = − FB + FC FB = FC = 225 N or FB = 225 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. (a) ΣF : FB = 135 N or FB = 135 N ΣM : M B = P dB = (135 N )( 0.875 N ⋅ m or M B = 16. David Mazurek. Phillip J. William E.

6 m dCy = 1. (a) Based on ΣF : PC = P = 700 N or PC = 700 N ΣM C : M C = − Px dCy + Py dCx 60° where Px = ( 700 N ) cos60° = 350 N Py = ( 700 N ) sin 60° = 606. E.22 N dCx = 1.5 N PB ( d DB ) ( 700 N ) cos 60° ( 0. Jr. David Mazurek..22 N )(1. Solution 80. Russell Johnston. William E. Clausen. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Elliot R.1 m ) + ( 606.5 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.6 m ) = −385 N ⋅ m + 969. Beer.4 m )   or PB = 87.6 m ) = PB ( 2.95 N ⋅ m or M C = 585 N ⋅ m (b) Based on ΣFx : PDx = P cos60° = ( 700 N ) cos 60° = 350 N ΣM D : ( P cos 60°)( d DA ) = PB = 87.1 m ∴ M C = − ( 350 N )(1. 8/e.95 N ⋅ m = 584. Phillip J.

E. Clausen.72 )2 = 625. David Mazurek. 8/e.72   = tan   = 55.5 N + PDy PDy = 518. Beer.76 N θ = tan −1   PDy  −1  518.991°  350   PDx  or PD = 626 N 56. Jr. . Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ΣFy : P sin 60° = PB + PDy ( 700 N ) sin 60° = 87. William E.. Russell Johnston. Phillip J. Elliot R. Eisenberg.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.72 N PD = = ( PDx )2 + ( PDy ) 2 ( 350 )2 + ( 518.

8 kN = FA + 1.0° FC = 1. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0° ΣM A : ( 27 m )( 2.750 kN ∴ FA = 1.050 kN or FA = 1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Elliot R.050 kN From Equation (1): 2.750 kN 65. Beer. Jr. William E. ΣFx : 2. Phillip J.. Solution 81.8sin 65° = FA sin θ + FC sin θ = ( FA + FC ) sin θ (2) Then (2) ⇒ tan 65° = tan θ (1) or θ = 65. . Eisenberg. 8/e. E.8cos 65° = FA cos θ + FC cos θ = ( FA + FC ) cosθ (1) ΣFy : 2. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston.0° 65.8 kN ) sin 65° = ( 72 m ) ( FC ) sin 65° or FC = 1.050 kN Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

5 + FC ) cos 30° = ( 54 ) cos 30° FC = 31.) = ( FB cos10° )( 24 in. Beer.. 8/e. Elliot R.5 lb 30° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Solution 82. 30° ( 22. Jr. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Eisenberg.5 lb or FB = 22. Clausen. Based on ΣFx : − ( 54 lb ) cos 30° = − FB cos α − FC cos α ( FB + FC ) cosα ΣFy : = ( 54 lb ) cos 30° FB sin α + FC sin α (1) ( 54 lb ) sin 30° = or ( FB + FC ) sin α = ( 54 lb ) sin 30° From Eq ( 2 ) : tan α = tan 30° Eq (1) ∴ α = 30° Based on ΣM C : ( 54 lb ) cos ( 30° − 20° )  (10 in. William E. E.5 lb or FC = 31. David Mazurek. (1). Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 lb From Eq. Ferdinand P.)   (2) ∴ FB = 22. Phillip J.

80 lb ⋅ in.006° 27 = 30.301 lb sin ( 63. Elliot R. 8/e. (1).0 lb (2) tan α = 27 13.012 lb or And ΣFx : − ( 54 lb ) cos 30° = − 33. Eq (1) : Eq ( 2 ) FB = FC = 33. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Eisenberg.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ( 54 lb ) sin 30° = or FB sin α (1) FB sin α = 27 = − FC ( 24 in.7534 ∴ α = 63.)   FC = 33.012 lb − FB cos α FB cos α = 13. (a) Based on ΣFx : ∴ ΣM C : − ( 54 lb ) cos 30° = − FC cos 30° FC = 54 lb or FC = 54. .7534 From From Eq. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston.) = M C   30° ∴ (b) Based on ΣFy : ΣM B : M C = 531. Jr. − ( 54 lb ) cos10° ( 24 in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Beer. E.0 lb ( 54 lb ) cos10°  (10 in. or M C = 532 lb ⋅ in. Solution 83.) cos 20°    531.006° ) or FB = 30.3 lb 63. Clausen.. Phillip J.80 lb ⋅ in.

Russell Johnston.00 ft (b) Changing directions of the two 150-lb forces only changes the sign of the couple.5 ft ) − (150 lb )( 6 ft ) = 0 d = 9 ft or d = 9. ∴ F = − 200 lb or F = 200 lb And ΣM G : FC ( d − 4. Ferdinand P.5 ft ) + (150 lb )( 6 ft ) = 0 d =0 ( 200 lb )( d or d = 0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.. Phillip J. 8/e. David Mazurek. E. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.5 ft ) + FD ( 6 ft ) = 0 − 4. Elliot R. Jr. Eisenberg.5 ft ) − FD ( 6 ft ) = 0 ( 200 lb )( d − 4. (a) Have ΣFy : FC + FD + FE = F F = −200 lb + 150 lb − 150 lb F = − 200 lb or F = 200 lb Have ΣM G : FC ( d − 4. Solution 84. .

Beer.0 N ⋅ m ) j Based on ΣFz : − 200 N + 200 N + 240 N = F F = 240 N or F = ( 240 N ) k Based on ΣM A : (c) 100 N ⋅ m = ( 240 N )( x ) x = 0. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Ferdinand P.7 m ) − ( 200 N )( 0. (a) Based on ΣFz : − 200 N + 200 N + 240 N = FA FA = 240 N or FA = ( 240 N ) k Based on ΣM A : (b) ( 200 N )( 0.8 m ) − P (1 m ) = R ( 0 ) P = 100 N or P = 100. Jr.3 m ) + ( 200 N )( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.2 m ) = M A M A = 100 N ⋅ m or M A = (100. 8/e. Clausen. Phillip J.41667 m or x = 0. . Russell Johnston.. William E. Solution 85. Elliot R. David Mazurek.0 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.417 m From A along AB Based on ΣM B : − ( 200 N )( 0.

8/e. Jr. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. E. ΣF : R = FA + FC = ( 260 N )( cos10° i − sin10° k ) + ( 320 N )( − cos8° i − sin 8° k ) = − ( 60. William E.7 N ) k ΣM A : rAD Rx = rAC FC cos8° rAD ( 60. Solution 86.690 m )( 320 N ) cos8° rAD = 3.836 N ) i − ( 89. David Mazurek. Let R be the single equivalent force...COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. Russell Johnston. Elliot R.836 N ) = ( 0..5941 m ∴ R Would have to be applied 3. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Clausen.59 m to the right of A on an extension of handle ABC.8 N ) i − ( 89.684 N ) k or R = − ( 60.

)     + ( 28 lb ) sin 45°  ( 8 in. Russell Johnston. or M A = 26.0 lb 20° Have ΣM A : − FBT ( r ) − FCT ( r ) + FDT ( r ) = M A − ( 28 lb ) sin15°  ( 8 in. Phillip J. Jr. Ferdinand P. 8/e.25941 in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. E.0 lb 20° M A = [ FE cos 20°] ( a ) 26.) − ( 22 lb ) sin 25°  ( 8 in. (a) Have Since ΣF : FB + FC + FD = FA FA = FC = 22 lb FB = − FD ∴ 20° or FA = 22.259 in.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .036 lb ⋅ in. Solution 87.0 lb ⋅ in. (b) Have ΣF : FA = FE or FE = 22. Below A Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.036 lb ⋅ in. or a = 1. David Mazurek. = ( 22 lb ) cos 20°  ( a )   ΣM : ∴ a = 1. William E. Elliot R.) = M A   M A = 26. Clausen. Eisenberg.

Then R = (120 N ) k ΣM B : − a (120 N ) = − ( 0.040 ) m  (120 N ) = − ( 0.080516 m R = 120 N ∴ The line of action is y = 201 mm − 80. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 88..201 m )( 90 N ) sin θ   or or or or Then cosθ − 1. Eisenberg.69263 = 0 sin θ = −3.516 mm = 19.30101 + 1. Clausen.1697 )2 − 4 ( 2. Elliot R.165 m )( 90 N ) cosθ + ( 0.30101 cos 2 θ = (1.201 m )( 90 N ) sin15° a = 0.48396sin 2 θ + 3. (a) Let R be the single equivalent force.1697 ± ( 3.1697 sin θ + 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. .984 mm 2 or y = 19. Russell Johnston. Jr.98 mm (b) ΣM B : − ( 0.21818sin θ = 1.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek.21818sin θ ) 2 1 − sin 2 θ = 1.26° and θ = −85. 8/e.69263) 2 ( 2.48396 )( 0. William E.48396 ) or θ = −16.201 − 0. Ferdinand P.48396sin 2 θ 2.165 m )( 90 N ) cos15° + ( 0.1697sin θ + 1.69263 + 3. Beer. E.

William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. Clausen.650 m ) F F = 88. E. Where For F = ( F )min M D = 57.7° Then M D = d DB F 57. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. Jr.6 N ⋅ m = ( 0.6 N ⋅ m F must act as far from D as possible ∴ Point of application is at point B (b) For ( F )min Now F must be perpendicular to BD d DB = ( 630 mm )2 + ( −160 mm )2 = 650 mm tan α = 63 16 α = 75. MD) at point D. .6 N 75.. Beer. (a) First note that F = P and that F must be equivalent to (P. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.6 N or F = 88. Elliot R. Solution 89.7° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

William E. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. Solution 90. Jr.060 kN ⋅ m = M 0 − 250 0 ∴ M = (15 kN ⋅ m ) i + ( 7.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.030 0 0. Beer. Phillip J.00 kN ⋅ m ) i + ( 7. 8/e. Have ΣF : − ( 250 kN ) j = F or F = − ( 250 kN ) j Also have ΣM G : rP × P = M i j k − 0..5 kN ⋅ m ) k or M = (15. Elliot R. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Ferdinand P. .50 kN ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.

Ferdinand P.0 lb ) j + ( 24. William E. Solution 91. Elliot R.25)2 + ( −18)2 + ( 9 )2 F = ( 6. Jr.. Beer.5 0 lb ⋅ ft = M 6 − 48 24 ∴ M = ( 540 lb ⋅ ft ) i − (135 lb ⋅ ft ) k or M = ( 540 lb ⋅ ft ) i − (135. Eisenberg.0 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J.25i − 18 j + 9k ( 2. Clausen. Have ΣF : TAB = F AB AB where TAB = TAB = ( 54 lb ) 2. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. . David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. 8/e.00 lb ) i − ( 48.0 lb ) k = ( 6 lb ) i − ( 48 lb ) j + ( 24 lb ) k So that Have ΣM E : rA/E × TAB = M i j k 0 22.

Elliot R.9i − 16. Have ΣF : TCD = F CD CD where TCD = TCD = ( 61 lb ) − 0. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.2 )2 F = − ( 3.8j + 7.0 lb ) k = − ( 3 lb ) i − ( 56 lb ) j + ( 24 lb ) k So that Have ΣM O = rC/D × TCD = M i j k 0 22.5 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. David Mazurek. E. Beer.00 lb ) i − ( 56. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Eisenberg. 8/e.5 0 lb ⋅ ft = M − 3 − 56 24 ∴ M = ( 540 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 67.9 )2 + ( −16.0 lb ) j + ( 24.8)2 + ( 7. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Solution 92.2k ( − 0. Jr.5 lb ⋅ ft ) k M = ( 540 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 67. Phillip J. .

Clausen.5 kN ) j + ( 4 kN ) k So that Have ΣM O : F = − ( 2. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.00 kN ) k rA × TAB = M i j k 3 4. Ferdinand P. Have ΣF : TAB = F AB AB where TAB = TAB = (10. Beer. William E. E. Phillip J. .75j + 2k ( −1)2 + ( − 4.5 kN ) − i − 4. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.00 kN ⋅ m ) j − (19. Eisenberg..75)2 + ( 2 )2 = − ( 2 kN ) i − ( 9.00 kN ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.00 kN ⋅ m ) i − (12. David Mazurek. Jr.00 kN ) i − ( 9.5 4 ∴ M = (19 kN ⋅ m ) i − (12 kN ⋅ m ) j − (19 kN ⋅ m ) k M = (19. Solution 93.50 kN ) j + ( 4.75 0 kN ⋅ m = M − 2 − 9.

Let ( R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Phillip J. 8/e. E. M O ) be the equivalent force-couple system Then R = ( 220 N )( − sin 60° j − cos 60° k ) = (110 N ) − 3 j − k ( ) or R = − (190. Beer. Clausen. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.4sin 20° ) m  j + ( 0. William E. Elliot R.7 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 22.0 N ⋅ m ) j − ( 38. Ferdinand P. Solution 94.4 cos 20° m ) k   Then MO i j k = − ( 0. .1 N ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 m ) i + ( 0.5 N ) j − (110 N ) k Now Where ΣM O : M O = rOC × R rOC = ( 0..1)(110 N ) 2 (1 − 4sin 20° ) 4 cos 20° ( m ) 0 3 1 = − (11 N ⋅ m ) (1 − 4sin 20° )(1) − ( 4cos 20° )  or { ( 3 ) i − 2 j + 2  3k } M O = ( 75.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.1 − 0. David Mazurek.

2k (14.4i − 4.) i + ( 777.) k Then M D i j k = ( 448 lb ⋅ in.6 i − 7.) i + ( 778 lb ⋅ in.) i − ( 336 lb ⋅ in. Have ΣF : where F = F F = FD AI AI = ( 63 lb ) So that Have ΣM D : 14. Russell Johnston.) k + 0 0 14.00 lb ) j + ( 27.0 lb ) k M + rI /O × F = M D AC AC where M = M = ( 560 lb ⋅ in. Solution 95. Jr. Eisenberg.2 k ( 9. 8/e.8)2 + ( 7.4 lb ⋅ in.) i − ( 336 lb ⋅ in. 54 −18 27 = ( 448 lb ⋅ in. David Mazurek.2 )2 = ( 448 lb ⋅ in. Phillip J. ..4 )2 + ( − 4.6 lb ⋅ in. Beer.2 )2 F = ( 54. E.) i − ( 336 lb ⋅ in.8j + 7. Elliot R. Clausen.) j − ( 336 lb ⋅ in.2 lb ⋅ in.) j   or M D = ( 707 lb ⋅ in. William E.) 9. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Ferdinand P.0 lb ) i − (18.6 )2 + ( − 7.) k + ( 259.

M1 = 0. Eisenberg.40 N ) j (b) Assume that the line of action of F passes through point P (x.068 − 0. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 0.4 or x = −16.065cos 25° = − 0. it follows that they can be replaced with a single equivalent force. Elliot R. Now and W = − Wj M = M1 + M 2 = − ( M 2 cos 25° ) i + ( M1 − M 2 sin 25° ) k Note that since W and M are perpendicular. M 2 = 0. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. William E. z = (b) For −M z cos 25° W and  M − M 2 sin 25°  x = − 1  W   W = 2. Beer.4 or z = − 24.065 N ⋅ m x= 0. Then for equivalence M = rP/O × F where ∴ rP/O = xi + zk − ( M 2 cos 25° ) i + ( M1 − M 2 sin 25° ) k = x 0 z = (Wz ) i − (Wx ) k 0 −W 0 i j k Equating the i and k coefficients. z).. (a) Have F =W or F = − Wj = − ( 2. 8/e.024546 m 2.5 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.068 N ⋅ m.4 N ) j or F = − ( 2. Jr. Solution 96.065sin 25° = − 0. Russell Johnston. E. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. Clausen. First assume that the given force W and couples M1 and M 2 act at the origin.4 N.89 mm z = − 0.0168874 m − 2.

0 0 1 31 −2 0 6 6 −7 20 lb ⋅ in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.0 d 2 + 58 continued −di + ( 3 in. Clausen. Solution 97. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.) i + ( 6 in. 20 lb ( 6i + 6 j − 7k ) 11.) j F1 = λ EH F1 = = ( 6 in.) j − ( 7 in.0 ( 20 lb ) M1z = k ⋅ M1 M1 = λ EJ M1 = Then from Equation (1). 8/e.) + =0 11. ( 480 lb ⋅in.) i − ( 2 in. William E. David Mazurek. Elliot R.) k 11. ( −7 )( 480 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg. Phillip J.) k d 2 + 58 in. E. Beer.) j − ( 7 in. .0 in. Russell Johnston.) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (a) Have ΣM Bz : M 2 z = 0 k ⋅ rH /B × F1 + M1z = 0 where ( ) (1) rH /B = ( 31 in.. Ferdinand P.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Solving for d. ( − 5. M 2 = − ( 252. . Ferdinand P.55j + 360k ) lb ⋅ in.285j − 360k ) lb ⋅ in.84 lb ⋅ in.7 lb ⋅ ft ) j Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen. Eisenberg.0 d + 58 From which d = 5. Phillip J. David Mazurek.9091j − 12.7273k ) lb or F2 = (10. 8/e. (b) F2 = F1 = 20 lb ( 6i + 6 j − 7k ) 11.) j or M 2 = − ( 21.9091i + 10.48i + 154. William E.3955 ) i + 3j − 7k = 31 − 2 0 + ( 480 lb ⋅ in. 3360 lb ⋅ in. Elliot R.91 lb ) i + (10.3955 in. =0 (186 + 12 ) − 2 11. Jr.40 in. Russell Johnston. E. + ( − 277.73 lb ) k M 2 = rH /B × F1 + M1 i j k 20 lb ⋅ in.0 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 45. Beer.3333 6 6 −7 = ( 25.) i + ( 548.0 = (10. or d = 5. Equation (1) reduces to 20 lb ⋅ in.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.) 11.03 lb ⋅ in.0 9.455i + 394.91 lb ) j − (12.

Phillip J.2 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 5 m )( 800 N ) or M d = 6. Ferdinand P.60 kN ⋅ m continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.60 kN ⋅ m d : ΣFy : Rd = − 800 N − 200 N or R d = 1000 N ΣM B : M d = − (1. Jr. Russell Johnston.. (a) a : ΣFy : Ra = − 400 N − 600 N or R a = 1000 N ΣM B : M a = ( 2 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 2 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 5 m )( 400 N ) or M a = 6. Elliot R.60 kN ⋅ m c : ΣFy : Rc = 200 N − 1200 N or R c = 1000 N ΣM B : M c = − ( 4 kN ⋅ m ) − (1. E. Beer. 8/e.6 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 5 m )(1200 N ) or M b = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Clausen. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Solution 98. William E.6 kN ⋅ m ) − ( 5 m )( 200 N ) or M c = 6.00 kN ⋅ m b : ΣFy : Rb = −1200 N + 200 N or R b = 1000 N ΣM B : M b = ( 0.6 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 4.

Clausen.3 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 0.60 kN ⋅ m (b) The equivalent loadings are (b).60 kN ⋅ m f : ΣFy : R f = 400 N − 1400 N or R f = 1000 N ΣM B : M f = ( 8. (h) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston.8 kN ⋅ m ) − ( 5 m )( 400 N ) or M f = 5. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. . Eisenberg. (d). 8/e. Beer. E. Jr.6 kN ⋅ m ) − ( 0. William E.3 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 5 m )( 500 N ) or M e = 6.8 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 0.80 kN ⋅ m g : ΣFy : Rg = −1200 N + 300 N or R g = 900 N ΣM B : M g = ( 0. David Mazurek..3 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 5 m )(1200 N ) or M g = 6.60 kN ⋅ m h : ΣFy : Rh = − 250 N − 750 N or R h = 1000 N ΣM B : M h = − ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System e : ΣFy : Re = − 500 N − 400 N or R e = 900 N ΣM B : M e = ( 3.65 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 6 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 5 m )( 250 N ) or M h = 6.

Clausen. ΣFy : R = − 650 N − 350 N or R = 1000 N ΣM B : M = (1. Ferdinand P.80 kN ⋅ m ∴ The equivalent loading of Problem 3. Beer. E.6 m )( 800 N ) + (1.27 kN ⋅ m ) + ( 5 m )( 650 N ) or M = 5. William E. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. The equivalent force-couple system at B is. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. 8/e.. Phillip J. Solution 99. Elliot R...98 is (f) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. . Jr.

8/e. Equivalent force system. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. Beer. Solution 100. Clausen.500 m (b) ΣFy : R = − 400 N + 100 N or R = 300 N ΣM A : − d ( 300 N ) = − ( 200 N ⋅ m ) − ( 600 N ⋅ m ) + ( 4 m )(100 N ) or d = 1. Elliot R.. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.. Jr. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P.. Phillip J. E. (a) ΣFy : R = − 400 N − 200 N or R = 600 N ΣM A : − d ( 600 N ) = − ( 200 N ⋅ m ) + (100 N ⋅ m ) − ( 4 m )( 200 N ) or d = 1.333 m (c) ΣFy : R = − 400 N − 100 N or R = 500 N ΣM A : − d ( 500 N ) = − ( 200 N ⋅ m ) − ( 200 N ⋅ m ) − ( 4 m )(100 N ) or d = 1. . David Mazurek.600 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Elliot R. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.) i + (10 in. The equivalent force-couple system at A for each of the five force-couple systems will be determined and compared to F = ( 2 lb ) j To determine if they are equivalent Force-couple system at B: Have ΣF : and ΣM A : F = ( 2 lb ) j M = ΣM B + rB/ A × FB M = ( 48 lb ⋅ in. Solution 101.) k  × ( 2 lb ) j   = ( 48 lb ⋅ in. William E. .) i + ( 32 lb ⋅ in.) i + ( 8 in.) i + (16 lb ⋅ in. Beer.) i + ( 32 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg.) k ∴ is not equivalent Force-couple system at C: Have ΣF : And ΣM A : F = ( 2 lb ) j M = M C + rC/ A × FC ( ) M = ( 68 lb ⋅ in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E.) k ∴ is not equivalent continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Jr. Clausen.) k ( ) M = ( 32 lb ⋅ in. Phillip J..) i × ( 2 lb ) j   = ( 32 lb ⋅ in.) i + (16 lb ⋅ in.) k + ( 8 in. Ferdinand P. 8/e.

) j × ( 2 lb ) j   = ( 48 lb ⋅ in.) i + ( 32 lb ⋅ in.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Force-couple system at E: Have ΣF : and ΣM A : F = ( 2 lb ) j M = M E + rE/ A × FE ( ) M = ( 48 lb ⋅ in.. William E. Jr. 8/e.) i + (16 lb ⋅ in. Phillip J. Elliot R.) i + (16 in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.) j + (16 in. Ferdinand P.) i − ( 3.) i − ( 8 in.) k ∴ is not equivalent Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.) k + (16 in.) k  × ( 2 lb ) j   M = ( 48 lb ⋅ in.2 in. E. Russell Johnston.) k ∴ is equivalent Force-couple system at G: Have ΣF : F = ( 2 lb ) i + ( 2 lb ) j F has two force components ∴ is not equivalent Force-couple system at I: Have ΣF : and ΣM A : F = ( 2 lb ) j ΣM I + rI / A × FI ( ) M = ( 80 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg. Beer.) i − (16 in. Clausen. David Mazurek. .

First WA = mA g = ( 38 kg ) g WB = mB g = ( 29 kg ) g (a) WC = mC g = ( 27 kg ) g For resultant weight to act at C. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.. Eisenberg. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.667 m (b) WC = mC g = ( 24 kg ) g For resultant weight to act at C. Elliot R.750 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.75 m 24 or d = 0. Russell Johnston. Then ΣM C = 0 ( 38 kg ) g  ( 2 m ) − ( 27 kg ) g  ( d ) − ( 29 kg ) g  ( 2 m ) = 0       ∴ d = 76 − 58 = 0. Then ΣM C = 0 ( 38 kg ) g  ( 2 m ) − ( 24 kg ) g  ( d ) − ( 29 kg ) g  ( 2 m ) = 0       ∴ d = 76 − 58 = 0. Solution 102. Phillip J. . Beer. David Mazurek. 8/e.66667 m 27 or d = 0. William E. E.

5 ft + a ) − (135 lb )( 4. From L ΣM A = − R   2 ∴ − ( 200 lb )( 4. 8/e. Clausen.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (a) Have ΣF : − WC − WD − WE = R ∴ R = − 200 lb − 175 lb − 135 lb = − 510 lb or R = 510 lb Have ΣM A : − ( 200 lb )( 4. William E. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. The resultant R must act at midspan. Solution 103.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.82 ft (b) For equal reactions at A and B.8 ft ) − (135 lb )(12.48 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 ft ) − (175 lb )( 4. Ferdinand P.5 ft ) − (175 lb )( 7.5 a = 4590 and a = 4.3 lb ⋅ ft = ( − 510 lb ) d or d = 7. David Mazurek.75 ft ) = − R ( d ) ∴ − 3986.5 ft + 2. Elliot R. Jr. E. . Phillip J. Beer.5 a ) = − ( 510 lb )( 9 ft ) or 2295 + 512.

David Mazurek. Beer. 8/e. Clausen. Elliot R.8 m or heaviest load ( 50 kN ) is located 2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Solution 104. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.80 m from front axle Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0 kN ΣM B : (12 kN )( 5 m ) + ( 50 kN ) d = ( 40 kN )( 5 m ) d = 2. Jr. Phillip J. . William E.. Have ΣF : −12 kN − WL − 18 kN = − 40 kN − 40 kN WL = 50 kN or WL = 50.

16 m )( 90 N ) sin 50° or d = 302 mm to the right of F Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (a) ΣF : R = ( 80 N ) i − ( 40 N ) j − ( 60 N ) j + ( 90 N )( − sin 50°i − cos 50° j) = (11.. 8/e.851 N ) = ( 0.851 11.2 N (b) 86. William E.35 m )( 60 N ) − ( 0. David Mazurek.61 m )( 90 N ) cos 50° − ( 0.0° ΣM F : d − (157.15 m )( 40 N ) − ( 0. Solution 105.0° or R = 158. Russell Johnston.0560 = 158. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Beer.851 N )2 −157.851 N ) j R= (11.0560 N )2 + ( −157. Ferdinand P.2 N tan θ = θ = 86. Elliot R.32 m )( 80 N ) − ( 0. Phillip J.0560 N ) i − (157. E. Clausen.

Elliot R.6 N 87.16 m )( 90 N ) sin α or 4sin α + 9cos α = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. 8/e.233°i − cos 72. Clausen.36 m )( 90 N ) cos α − ( 0. Eisenberg.32 m )( 80 N ) + ( 0.3° ) is rejected since 0 < α < 90°. David Mazurek.976 − 52..1 m )( 40 N ) − ( 0.463 − 5.463 N ) j R= = 127.7075 N )2 + ( −127. Beer. Phillip J.5556 − 4sin α ) 2 81 1 − sin 2 α = 42. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.024 = 0 Solving by the quadratic formula gives for the positive root sin α = 0. E.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E.445sin α + 16sin 2 α 97sin 2 α − 52.7075 θ = 87.233° or α = 72. (b) ΣF : R = ( 80 N ) i − ( 40 N ) j − ( 60 N ) j + ( 90 N )( − sin 72. Ferdinand P.6 N ( − 5. . Russell Johnston. Solution 106.463 N )2 tan θ = −127.1 m )( 60 N ) − ( 0.2° Note: The second root (α = − 24.5556 ( 9cosα )2 = ( 6.445sin α − 38.95230 ( ) α = 72.7075 N ) i − (127. (a) ΣM I : 0 = ( 0.233° j) = − ( 5. Jr.4° or R = 127.

Russell Johnston. 8/e.3° = − 39.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.229 lb ⋅ in. Elliot R.663 lb Now R= 2 Rx or R = 56.0° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Have ΣFx′ : 0 = ( 40 lb ) cos 45° − ( 20 lb ) cos15° − ( 90 lb ) cos (α + 45° ) or α = 39. Solution 107.9 in. Ferdinand P. (a) Have ΣM D : 0 = M − ( 0.283° α = 39. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.283° or (b) ΣFx : Rx = 40 − 20sin 30° − 90cos 39. Clausen. . Beer. Eisenberg. E. Now.. Phillip J. David Mazurek. or M = 115.)( 40 lb ) − ( 2.)( 20 lb ) cos 30° − ( 3. R is oriented at 45° as shown (since its line of action passes through B and D).)( 20 lb ) sin 30° or M = 115.1 lb 45. William E.2 lb ⋅ in.8 in.3 in.

2999 in.) j × ( − 40 lb ) i = − (120 lb ⋅ in. Beer.5 lb )2 + (11.9 lb 23. .6506 lb ) j or R = ( − 27.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. (a) Reduce system to a force and couple at B: Have R = ΣF = − (10 lb ) j + ( 25 lb ) cos 60°i + ( 25 lb ) sin 60° j − ( 40 lb ) i = − ( 27. Eisenberg.6506 lb )( u ) k u = 10.. E. Clausen. Elliot R.2999 in.5 lb ) i + (11.) k − (12 in.5  or R = 29. and x = 12 in.7001 in.0° Also M B = ΣM B = ( 80 lb ⋅ in. = 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.866 lb θ = tan −1   = 22. David Mazurek.) k (b) Have M B = − (120 lb ⋅ in.6506 lb ) j − (120 lb ⋅ in. Solution 108.960°  27.) k = − (11.6506  = 29.) i × ( −10 lb ) j − ( 8 in. − 10. 8/e. Jr.6506 lb )2  11. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.) k = − ( u ) i × (11. William E. Phillip J.

. William E. Ferdinand P.) k = − ( 27.700 in. Phillip J. Elliot R. 8/e.3636 in. to the right of A and 3. Clausen. Jr. or 1.6364 in.3636 in.) k = − ( v ) j × ( − 27. above C Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 lb ) i − (120 lb ⋅ in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Have M B = − (120 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg.5 lb )( v ) k v = 4. = 3. Russell Johnston. and y = 8 in. E. David Mazurek.64 in. . − 4.

6 in.179°  − 2. William E.9° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e.52 kip )( 3.0406 in.) sin α or = 0.   ∴ (1.123923 kip ⋅ in. = −0.05 j − 2.0549   = 55.6 in. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston.040565 in.1 kips )( 0.) − ( 2.64 kip ) (1. David Mazurek.0549 kips ) j R= ( − 2.6 in..) + (1. To obtain distance d left of EF. (a) Have ΣF = R R =  − 0.72 kips 55. Have M EF = dRy = d ( − 3.848 kip ⋅ in. (a) Position origin along centerline of sheet metal at the intersection with line EF.) − ( 0.6 in. left of EF M EF = ( 0.) sin 45° + 1. Solution 109.) − ( 0.) − ( 2.6 in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.) + (1.6 in.1249 kips ) i − ( 3.0549 kips or (b) Have M EF = ΣM EF = 0 d = 0.64 kip ) (1.1( sin 45° i + cos 45° j) − 0.) sin α + 1.   = 0. Beer.0549 )2  − 3.024 kip ⋅ in.52 kip )( 3.05 kips )(1.6 in.52 j − 1. . α = 55.64 i  kips   R = − ( 2.123923 kip ⋅ in. Elliot R.6 in.0549 kips ) d = 0.8 in. Clausen.1249  = 3.2° M EF = ΣM EF Where M EF = ( 0. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.05 kips )(1.1 kips )( 0. − 3. E. Phillip J.7212 kips θ = tan −1  or Have R = 3. Jr.8 in.1249 )2 + ( − 3.

1 kips ) sin 22. Beer. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. Jr.05j − 2.64 + 2. .52 j − 1.1sin α tan α = 0.1sin α = 0.1 kips ) cos 22.64 kip − ( 2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.1sin α = Ry 1.57 kips − ( 2. Phillip J.64 + 2.178° = − 3. Solution 110. William E.64 kip + ( 2.178° = −1.178° Rx = − 0.5146 kips Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (a) Have ΣF = R R =  − 0.1cos α 1. E.57 kips + ( 2.57 + 2. 8/e. David Mazurek.43272 kips α = 22.64i  kips   = − 0.64 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies..1( sin α i + cos α j) − 0.2° Ry = −1. Elliot R.57 tan α + 2. Clausen.1 kips ) cos α  j     Then tan α = Rx 0.1 kips )( sin α ) i  − 1.178° or (b) From α = 22.57 α = 22. Eisenberg.

   = 0.6 in.1313 in. Elliot R.6 in.131298 in. Clausen. − 3.46146 kip ⋅ in. Phillip J.) − ( 2. left of EF Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.) sin 22.46146 kip ⋅ in.05 kips )(1. E. To obtain distance d left of EF. Eisenberg.1 kips )( 0.64 kip ) (1.8° Then M EF = ΣM EF Where M EF = ( 0. William E.178° + 1. Ferdinand P..5146 kips = − 0. Russell Johnston. Jr.7954 kips 67.6 in.43272 )2 + ( − 3.80 kips = 3.5146 )2 or R = 3. Beer.8 in. Have M EF = dRy = d ( − 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.6 in. 8/e.) + (1.) − ( 0. or d = 0. .52 kip )( 3.5146 kips ) d = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System R= ( −1.

27 )2 + (127.857 N ) j R = RF = 2 2 RFx + RFy = ( 326. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. E. Clausen. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. William E. Jr.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.8 N ⋅ m Equivalent force-couple at B due to belts on pulley B Have ΣF : ( 210 N + 150 N ) 25° = R B 25° ∴ R B = 360 N Have ΣM B : − 60 N ( 0.399°  326.015 m ) = M B ∴ M B = 0. 8/e. Eisenberg.9 N ⋅ m Equivalent force-couple at F Have ΣF : R F = ( −280 N ) j + ( 360 N )( cos 25°i + sin 25° j) = ( 326. Beer.857   = tan   = −21.27   RFx  or R F = R = 350 N 21. David Mazurek.857 )2 = 350.43 N θ = tan −1   RFy  −1  −127.27 N ) i − (127. Equivalent force-couple at A due to belts on pulley A Have ΣF : −120 N − 160 N = RA ∴ R A = 280 N Have ΣM A : − 40 N ( 0. Elliot R.02 m ) = M A ∴ M A = 0. Ferdinand P. Solution 111. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies..

5056 N ⋅ m ) k To determine where a single resultant force will intersect line FE. Clausen. David Mazurek. Elliot R.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.06 m ) − 0.027418 m = 27. William E.4 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.80 N ⋅ m − ( 360 N ) cos 25° ( 0. Jr.120 m ) − 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Have ΣM F : M F = − ( 280 N )( 0.5056 N ⋅ m = = 0. Ferdinand P. . Eisenberg. M F = dR y ∴ d = MF −3. Beer.010 m )     + ( 360 N ) sin 25° ( 0. Russell Johnston.857 N or d = 27. E. 8/e. Phillip J.90 N ⋅ m M F = − ( 3.418 mm Ry −127.

1511 N ) i + ( 6. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.0696 N = 0.0696  = 7. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R.0696 N ) j R = ( 4. Phillip J.1511  = 55.1511 N ) i + ( 6.9014 N ⋅ m 6. E.3533 N θ = tan −1    4. Ferdinand P.7 mm above and to left of A Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. 8/e.9014 N ⋅ m ) k = ( −d1 cos 50°i + d1 sin 50° j) × ( 4.631° or (a) and (b) (b) From where R = 7.375 m ) cos 50°    + (15 N ) ( 0. .0814 d1 ) k ∴ d1 = 0. Solution 112. (a) Have R = ΣF R = ( 25 N )( cos 40°i + sin 40° j) − (15 N ) i − (10 N ) j = ( 4.40972 m or d1 = 410 mm from B along line AB or 34. Clausen.25 N ⋅ m ∴ M B = −2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.9014 N ⋅ m ) k = − ( 7.9014 N ⋅ m and d = MB Ry = −2.47802 m or d = 478 mm to the left of B (c) From M B = rD/B × R − ( 2.6° M B = ΣM B = dRy M B = − ( 25 N ) cos 40° ( 0.35 N 55.096 N ) j   − ( 2.. Beer.150 m ) sin 50° − (10 N )( 0. Jr.1511)2 + ( 6.150 m )   + 6.375 m ) sin 50°    − ( 25 N ) sin 40° ( 0. William E.0696 )2  6.

David Mazurek. Eisenberg.690° ( d + 0.150 m ) sin 50° − (10 N )( 0.690° Substituting into Equation (1).150 m ) sin 50°    − (18.150 m ) cos 50°      + (15 N ) ( 0.690° ( d + 0.7° P = 18. Ferdinand P. Clausen.0278 N ) sin 33.0278 N ) cos 33. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. E.9186d = −3. Solution 113. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.7858 ∴ d = 0. P= or (a) Based on 15 N = 18. Jr. Phillip J.. Elliot R. Based on ΣFx = 0 P cos α − 15 N = 0 ∴ P cos α = 15 N and ΣFy = 0 (1) P sin α − 10 N = 0 ∴ P sin α = 10 N Dividing Equation (2) by Equation (1).150 m ) + 6. 8/e.21128 m or d = 211 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.03 N ΣM B = 0 − (18.0278 N cos33. tan α = 10 15 (2) ∴ α = 33. .25 N ⋅ m = 0 −17. William E. Russell Johnston.690° 33.

Clausen. Ferdinand P.150 m ) cos50° + 0.690°  ( d + 0. E.690° ( d + 0. Russell Johnston. Jr. Elliot R.9186d = −3.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) Based on ΣM D = 0 − (18.0278 N ) cos 33. David Mazurek.25 N ⋅ m = 0 −17.. . William E. Eisenberg.21128 m or d = 211 mm This result is expected. Phillip J.0278 N ) sin 33. since R = 0 and M R = 0 for B d = 211 mm implies that R = 0 and M = 0 at any other point for the value of d found in part a. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e.150 m       + (15 N ) ( 0.150 m ) sin 50° + 6. Beer.7858 ∴ d = 0.150 m ) sin 50°    − (18. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

. At For x = b. William E. E. Solution 114. (a) Let ( R. . Eisenberg. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Jr. Ferdinand P.. M D ) be the equivalent force-couple system at D. 8/e. David Mazurek. First note. y = h y = k x2 We have h = k b 2 h or k = 2 b  h  ∴ y =  2  x2 b   h  y =  2  x2 For any contact point c alone the surface b  dy h =2 2x dx b R = F and ΣΜ D : M D = − ( x ) F sin θ + ( h − y ) F cosθ  b2 = −x F   b 4 + 4h 2 x 2    2h x  +  h − h x2  F  2 4   b  b + 4h 2 x 2   b2  tan −1   2hx     or MD   h 2  2  − xb +  h − 2 x  ( 2hx )  b    = F  4 2 2 b + 4h x  2h 2 x 3  2 2  − xb + 2h x −  b2   = F b 4 + 4h 2 x 2 or M D  2h 2 x3  2 2  2h − b x −  b2  = F   b 4 + 4h 2 x 2     ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J.. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Beer.

8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. h = 2 ft  7 x − 8x3  MD =  F 2   1 + 16 x  For M D to be a maximum dM D dx   7 − 24 x 2 = 0 = F     Then ( ) 1 1 + 16 x 2 − 7 x − 8x3   ( 32 x ) 1 + 16 x 2 2 2 1 + 16 x ( ( ) ) ( ) − 1 2        For the non-trivial solution: 0 = 7 − 24 x 2 1 + 16 x 2 − 16 x 7 x − 8 x3 0 = 256 x 4 + 24 x 2 − 7 ( )( ) ( ) x = 0. Jr. E. Eisenberg.354 ft Solving by the quadratic formula gives for the positive root. Clausen. Phillip J. ..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) With b = 1 ft. David Mazurek. William E. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. Beer. Ferdinand P.

David Mazurek.06 m 0..08 m − 0. Eisenberg. Jr. Elliot R.5 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 9 N ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. .5 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 9 N ⋅ m ) k  + (12 N ⋅ m ) i − ( 9 N ⋅ m ) j       or M A = − ( 3 N ⋅ m ) i + (13. William E.06 m 0. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. 8/e.075 m + 0. Russell Johnston.75 m 0 − 240 N −125 N −300 N 0 0 0 0 150 N =  − (15 N ⋅ m ) i  + ( 22. Ferdinand P. For equivalence ΣF : FB + FC + FD = R A R A = − ( 240 N ) j − (125 N ) k − ( 300 N ) i + (150 N ) k ∴ R A = − ( 300 N ) i − ( 240 N ) j + ( 25 N ) k Also for equivalence ΣΜ Α : rB/ A × FB + rC/ A × FC + rD/ A × FD = M A or M A i j k i j k i j k = 0 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.03 m − 0.12 m 0 + 0. Solution 115. Clausen. Phillip J.

. Phillip J. Eisenberg.47 lb ⋅ in. Clausen. 8/e. 2. Beer.03416 − 27.75sin 40°k ) − 27.837 − 156.)  = ( −1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. William E. Russell Johnston. Now ΣF : R = ΣF = (1.4 lb ⋅ in. Elliot R. Then .) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.) i − ( 256 lb ⋅ in.2sin 40° j + 0.75 in.5 in.) i × (11 lb )( − sin12° j − cos12°k ) + ( 2. M D ) be the equivalent force-couple system at O. Jr.8 lb )( − sin 40°i − cos 40°k ) + (11 lb )( − sin12° j − cos12°k ) + (18 lb )( − sin15° j − cos15°k ) or R = − (1.157 lb ) i − ( 6.2 in.75cos 40°i − 2.. David Mazurek. ΣM O : M O = ΣM O i j k = (1.5 + 45 ) i + ( −2. E.)  or M O = (16. Solution 116. Ferdinand P.480 ) j  + ( 0.5i  + ( 99 )( sin12°k − cos12° j) + 45i + (162 )( sin15°k − cos15° j)  ( lb ⋅ in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .)(18 lb )  i − ( 9 in.5454 − 96.5 lb ) k Note that each belt force may be replaced by a force-couple that is equivalent to the same force plus the moment of the force about the shaft (x axis) of the sander.929 ) k  ( lb ⋅ in.8 lb ) 0 0.583 + 41.86776 + 20.95 lb ) j − ( 29.5 in.8 )( −0. Let ( R. − sin 40° 0 − cos 40°   − ( 2.) j + ( 63.)(11 lb )  i − ( 9 in..) i × (18 lb )( − sin15° j − cos15°k )   = (1.

075 0 − 0.050 Bx − 0.072 Az − 0.075 ( 6 − Az ) or 0 = 0.310 Ay + ( 0. E. Have ΣFx : ΣFy : ΣFz : −10 N = Ax + Bx 0 = Ay + By 6 N = Az + Bz ⇒ Bx = −10 − Ax ⇒ By = − Ay ⇒ Bz = 6 − Az and Now ΣM O : d BA : M O = rO/ A × A + rO/B × B 372 mm = ( 60 mm )2 + ( −72 mm )2 + ( d BA )2 z or ( d BA ) z = 360 mm Then rO/ A = (135 mm ) i − ( 72 mm ) j + ( 310 mm ) k rO/B = ( 75 mm ) i − ( 50 mm ) k ( 60 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 0. Beer. Ferdinand P.05 = ( 0.72 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.135 Az ) + ( −0. Clausen.135 Az − 0. David Mazurek.075 Bz ) = 0.135 − 0. Phillip J.060 Az Az = 6 Ax Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.050 ( N ⋅ m ) Ax Ay Az Bx By Bz i: 60 = −0. Solution 117. Elliot R. Russell Johnston.05 N ⋅ m ) j − (10 N ⋅ m ) k i j k i j k = 0.050 ) By or 60 = −0.360 Ax − 0.310 Ax − 0. William E.310 Ax − 0. 8/e. Eisenberg.. .050 ( −10 − Ax ) − 0.310 ( N ⋅ m ) + 0.360 Ay (1) ( ) j: 0. Jr.072 Az − 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.

E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen.00 N ∴ A = ( 2.360 Ay or Ay = −169.00 N ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. .1 N ) j − ( 6. Elliot R. Jr.00 ) − 0. Eisenberg.00 N ) i − (169. David Mazurek.00 N 60 = −0. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.072 (12.1 N ) j + (12.00 N ) i + (169.. Ferdinand P.1 N From equation (1) Then Bx = −12.00 N ) k B = − (12.00 N By = 169.1 N Bz = −6. Beer. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Now Ax = 2 N ∴ Az = 12.

5500 lb ⋅ ft or M x = ( 2.30 ) + 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.32 lb ) i C = (1.36667 ) j + ( 0.58000 = 2.32 lb (b) From Equation (2): or R y = − ( 3. Elliot R.58000 lb 0.1) k From i .166667C y = M x 0.coefficient j . Have ΣF : B + C = R ΣFx : Bx + C x = 3.580 lb ) i − ( 3. .33333C y ) k = M xi + (1.5 + 12 12 Bx 0 0 C x C y −1.375 ( 3.375Bx + 0.9 lb − Cx (1) Have ΣM A : rB/ A × B + rC/ A × C + M B = M R A i j k i j k 1 1 4 0 2. Jr.30 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0 + ( 2 lb ⋅ ft ) i = M xi + (1. Russell Johnston. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.166667C y ) i + ( 0.166667Cx = 1.33333C y = −1.13333 Cx = 0.166667Cx + 0.9 − Cx ) + 0. Clausen.coefficient k .110 lb ) k Bx = 3.5 lb ⋅ ft ) j − (1.1 lb or (2) (3) Bx = 3. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.0 = 2.30 lb ) j − (1..30 lb ) From Equation (4): M x = −0.20833 From Equation (1): ∴ B = ( 2.1 ( 2 − 0.55 lb ⋅ ft ) Ry = C y = −3.375Bx + 0.coefficient (a) 2 − 0. David Mazurek.32917 = 1.9 lb ΣFy : C y = Ry ΣFz : C z = −1.166667 ( −3.166667Cx + 0. Beer. E.36667 = 1.5 0. 8/e.1 lb ⋅ ft ) k ∴ x 0 4.9 − 1.3 lb (4) (5) (6) From Equations (1) and (5): 0.5 ) j − (1.1 or C y = −3. Solution 118. Eisenberg.

8 ) − 21.1° (b) R = FE + FF where FE = − ( 25 N ) k FF = ( 50 N )( sin 53.25cos α − 33. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (a) Duct AB will not have a tendency to rotate about the vertical or y-axis if: R R M By = j ⋅ ΣM B = j ⋅ rF /B × FF + rE/B × FE = 0 ( ) where rF /B = (1.35 m ) i − ( 0. . Russell Johnston. Solution 119.575 m 0.75 ( 0.70 0 sin α cos α 0 0 −1 = ( −28.25 ) i − ( 56. Ferdinand P.8 )  k B       = − ( 24 N ⋅ m ) i − ( 0 ) j + ( 45 N ⋅ m ) k or M = − ( 24.85 m ) j + ( 0.7 m ) k FF = 50 N ( sin α ) j + ( cos α ) k    FE = − ( 25 N ) k ΣM R B j k i j k i = ( 50 N ) 1.. David Mazurek.60 α = 53.130° j + cos 53. Eisenberg.25 ( 0. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.130° or α = 53.7 m ) k rE/B = (1.6 ) − 33. Phillip J. E.35 m −0.25 i − 56.7 m + ( 25 N ) 1.6 ) + 35 ( 0.75 = 0 ∴ cos α = 0.575 m ) j + ( 0. 8/e.85 m 0. Clausen. R M By = −56. William E.75 j + 56.0 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 45.75cos α − 35sin α + 21. Beer.25sin α ) k  N ⋅ m   Thus. Elliot R.125 m ) i − ( 0.0 N ⋅ m ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.25 ( 0.125 m −0.25cos α + 33.75 ) j + ( 56.130°k ) = ( 40 N ) j + ( 30 N ) k ∴ R = ( 40 N ) j + ( 5 N ) k and M = ΣM R = −  28.

William E.7427 N ⋅ m ) k R or M C = ( 6.3 N ) j Have where R M C = Σ ( r × F ) = rF /C × FF + rE/C × FE rF /C = ( 0.7113 + 1.45)2 + ( 0. duct DC tends to rotate counterclockwise relative to elbow C as viewed from D to C.625 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 9. Ferdinand P.97619i + 0.21693j) ⋅ ( 6.22023) N ⋅ m = −5.225 −0.050 m ) j rE/C = ( 0. Eisenberg. (a) Have where R = ΣF = FF + FE FF = 50 N ( sin 60° ) j + ( cos 60° ) k  = ( 43.88 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 5.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Solution 120. David Mazurek. 8/e.74 N ⋅ m ) k (b) To determine which direction duct section CD has a tendency to turn. Russell Johnston.325 m ) j i ∴ R MC j k i j k = 0.. Phillip J. .1)2 = −0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.301 25 0 0 −25 = ( 6.1 m ) j ( −0.050 0 N ⋅ m + 0.4911 N ⋅ m R Since λ DC ⋅ M C < 0.97619i + 0.7427k ) N ⋅ m = ( −6. Jr. have R R M CD = λ DC ⋅ M C where λ DC = Then − ( 0.625 j + 9. E.450 m ) i − ( 0.301 N ) j + ( 25 N ) k   FE = − ( 25 N ) k ∴ R = ( 43. Clausen. Elliot R.301 N ) j or R = ( 43.225 m ) i − ( 0.875i + 5.63 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 9.21693j R M CD = ( −0.875 N ⋅ m ) i + ( 5.325 0 N ⋅ m 0 43. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.450 −0.45 m ) i + ( 0.

8 lb ⋅ ft ) j − ( 65. Elliot R.20 lb ) j − ( 3.20 lb ⋅ ft ) k or M A = ( 71. William E.) k = 1 ( 42i + 48k ) ft 12 = ( 3.6 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 56. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek..40 lb ) i − (19.0 lb ⋅ ft + ( −5.20 lb ) k Have where ΣM A : rC/ A × R + M = M A rC/ A = ( 42 in.) i + ( 48 in.) j − (16 in.25 lb ⋅ ft ) 106 = − ( 5.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. 8/e.80 lb ⋅ ft ) j − ( 65. Phillip J.5 0 4. E.25 lb ⋅ ft ) i + (12 lb ⋅ ft ) j + ( 2 lb ⋅ ft ) k Then i j k 3. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.) i − ( 96 in. Jr. ∴ RA = 21.20 ∴ M A = ( 71. Beer. Have where ΣF : R = R A = Rλ BC λ λ BC = ( 42 in.20 lb ) j − ( 3.20 −3.55 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 56. .20 lb ) k M = −λ BC M = −42i + 96 j + 16k (13.) k 106 in.40 −19. Clausen.2 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.25i + 12 j + 2k ) lb ⋅ ft = M A 8.40 lb ) i − (19.5 ft ) i + ( 4.2 lb ( 42i − 96j − 16k ) 106 or R A = ( 8.0 ft ) k R = ( 8. Solution 121. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

5 lb ⋅ ft ) k ∴ MC i j k = 7. E.0 lb ) j − ( 20. . Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8 + 7.6 ft ) + ( 4.5 ft )       R C = − ( 8.5 ft )2    = ( 3 lb ⋅ ft ) i − ( 21 lb ⋅ ft ) j + ( 7.5 ft ) k   ( 0.5 ) lb ⋅ ft  k       or M C = − ( 81.6 ft ) i + ( 4.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.8 0 1.0 lb ⋅ ft ) i + (123. Jr.5 lb ⋅ ft ) λ BA = ( 22.2 ft ) j − (1. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. From  − ( 0. Ferdinand P.5 lb ⋅ ft )     M C = rA/C × R + M ( 0. Clausen.6 ft )2 + ( − 4.6 ft ) i − ( 4.2 ft ) j + (1.0 lb ⋅ ft ) j + ( 444 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.00 lb ) i + ( 56.5 ft ) k R C = R = ( 60 lb ) λ AB = 60 lb   2 2 2  ( − 0. Solution 122.5 lb ⋅ ft + ( 3 i − 21 j + 7. William E. Elliot R. David Mazurek. Phillip J.8 ft ) i + (1.0 lb ) k From where rA/C = ( 7.5 ft ) k  M = ( 22.2 ft ) + ( −1..5 k ) lb ⋅ ft −8 56 −20 = ( − 84 + 3) lb ⋅ ft  i + (144 − 21) lb ⋅ ft  j + ( 436. 8/e.2 ft )2 + (1.

E. Solution 123. William E. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. David Mazurek. Have: ΣF : FA + FC + FD + FE = R R = − ( 80 kN ) j − ( 40 kN ) j − (100 kN ) j − ( 60 kN ) j = − ( 280 kN ) j or R = 280 kN Have: ΣM x : FA ( z A ) + FC ( zC ) + FD ( z D ) + FE ( z E ) = R ( zG ) (80 kN )( 0 ) + ( 40 kN ) ( 3 m ) sin 60° + 60 kN ( 0 )   + ( 60 kN )  − ( 3 m ) sin 60° = ( 280 kN ) Z G   ∴ Z G = − 0..185577 m or Z G = − 0. Clausen. Elliot R.750 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1856 m ΣM z : FA ( x A ) + FC ( xC ) + FD ( xD ) + FE ( xE ) = R ( xG ) (80 kN )  − ( 3 m ) cos 60° − 1.5 m  = ( 280 kN ) xG   or xG = 0.5 m )   + (100 kN ) ( 3 m ) cos 60° + 1. 8/e. Jr. Eisenberg.5 m  + ( 40 kN )(1. Russell Johnston.5 m ) + 60 kN (1. . Beer. Phillip J.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 124.

Have:

ΣM x :

FA ( z A ) + FB ( z B ) + FC ( zC ) + FD ( z D ) + FE ( z E ) + FF ( z F ) = R ( zG )

(80 kN )( 0 ) + FB ( 3 m ) sin 60° + ( 40 kN ) ( 3 m ) sin 60° + (100 kN )( 0 )    
+ ( 60 kN )  − ( 3 m ) sin 60° + FF  − ( 3 m ) sin 60° = R ( 0 )    

FB − FF = 20 kN

(1)

Also

ΣM z :

FA ( x A ) + FB ( xB ) + FC ( xC ) + FD ( xD ) + FE ( xE ) + FF ( xF ) = R ( xG )

(80 kN ) − ( 3 m ) cos 60° − 1.5 m  + FB ( −1.5 m ) + ( 40 kN )(1.5 m )   ( 3 m ) cos 60° + 1.5 m  + ( 60 kN ) (1.5 m ) + FF ( − 1.5 m ) = R ( 0 ) + (100 kN )  
FB + FF = 140 kN

(2)
FB = 80.0 kN FF = 60.0 kN

Solving equations (1) and (2):

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 125.

Have

ΣF : FA + FB + FC + FD = R − (116 kips ) j − ( 470 kips ) j − ( 66 kips ) j − ( 28 kips ) j = R ∴ R = − ( 680 kips ) j R = 680 kips

Have

ΣM x : FA ( z A ) + FB ( z B ) + FC ( zC ) + FD ( z D ) = R ( z E )

(116 kips )( 24 ft ) + ( 470 kips )( 48 ft ) + ( 66 kips )(18 ft ) + ( 28 kips )(100.5 ft ) = ( 680 kips )( zE )
∴ z E = 43.156 ft or z E = 43.2 ft Have ΣM z : FA ( x A ) + FB ( xB ) + FC ( xC ) + FD ( xD ) = R ( xE )

(116 kips )( 30 ft ) + ( 470 kips )( 96 ft ) + ( 66 kips )(162 ft ) + ( 28 kips )( 96 ft ) = ( 680 kips )( xE )
∴ xE = 91.147 or xE = 91.1 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 3, Solution 126.

Have

ΣF : FB + FC + FD + FE = R − ( 470 kips ) j − ( 66 kips ) j − ( 28 kips ) j − (116 kips ) j = R ∴ R = − ( 680 kips ) j

Have

ΣM x : FB ( z B ) + FC ( zC ) + FD ( z D ) + FE ( z E ) = R ( z B )

( 470 kips )( 48 ft ) + ( 66 kips )(18 ft ) + ( 28 kips )(100.5 ft ) + (116 kips )( b ) = ( 680 kips )( 48 ft )
∴ b = 52.397 ft or b = 52.4 ft Have ΣM z : FB ( xB ) + FC ( xC ) + FD ( xD ) + FE ( xE ) = R ( xB )

( 470 kips )( 96 ft ) + ( 66 kips )(162 ft ) + ( 28 kips )( 96 ft ) + (116 kips )( a ) = ( 680 kips )( 96 ft )
∴ a = 58.448 ft or a = 58.4 ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

ΣM G = 0.4 m ) = ( 780 N )( z ) ∴ z = 0.6 × 0. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Thus. For the smallest weight on the trailer so that the resultant force of the four weights acts over the axle at the intersection with the center line of the trailer.6 m ) + (180 N )( 2. Solution 127.3 m ≤ x ≤ 1 m ) (1. it is known that the resultant of R from the original loading and the lightest load W passes through G. David Mazurek. These two requirements imply ( 0. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. the point of intersection of the two center lines. Elliot R. . Eisenberg.3 m ) + ( 400 N )(1.. Further.6 × 1.2-m box should be placed adjacent to one of the edges of the trailer with the 0. the fourth box should be placed as far from G as possible without the box overhanging the trailer.7 m ) = ( 780 N )( x ) ∴ x = 1. E.7 m ) continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.7 m ) + (180 N )(1. Ferdinand P.6 × 0.34103 m Have ΣM x : ( 200 N )( 0.8 m ≤ z ≤ 3. The edges to be considered are based on the location of the resultant for the three given weights.3 m ) + ( 400 N )( 0. Russell Johnston. since the lightest load W is to be as small as possible. Phillip J. 8/e. Have ΣF : − ( 200 N ) j − ( 400 N ) j − (180 N ) j = R ∴ R = − ( 780 N ) j Have ΣM z : ( 200 N )( 0. the added 0. Beer.93846 m From the statement of the problem.6-m side on the bottom. Clausen.

8 m ) = 0 ∴ z = 3.5 m ) − ( 400 N )(1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Let x = 0.3 m. Phillip J. Beer. Clausen.57 m ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 3. E.5 m ) − ( 400 N )(1. William E. ΣM Gz : ( 200 N )( 0. ∴ acceptable ΣM Gx : − ( 200 N )(1.3 m.3 m results in the smallest weight W.7 m ) − (180 N )( 0.7 m ) + W ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6 m ) + ( 380 N )( z − 1. .7 m Let z = 3. 8/e. Jr.29 N > 380 N Since the weight W found for x = 0.7 m ) = 0 ∴ W = 380 N ΣM Gx : − ( 200 N )(1. Eisenberg.. Ferdinand P.7 m. Elliot R. 0.7 m ) = 0 ∴ W = 395. x = 0.6 m ) + W (1. Russell Johnston.2 m ) + (180 N )( 0.2 m ) + (180 N )( 0. or W = 380 N at ( 0.3 m is less than W found for z = 3.5684 m < 3. David Mazurek.7 m.7 m ) − ( 400 N )( 0.

E.6 m.7 m ) − ( 400 N )( 0. Jr.6 m.7 m ) + W ( 0.5 m ) − ( 400 N )(1. 8/e. 0..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. satisfies this condition. Eisenberg. the box must be as close as possible to point G.4 m ) = 0 ∴ W = 665 N and ΣM GX : − ( 200 N )(1. Let x = 0. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. 2. Solution 128.8 m ) = 0 ∴ z = 2. with a small side of the box touching the z-axis. Elliot R.2 m ) + (180 N )( 0.6 m ) + ( 665 N )( z − 1. Beer. Clausen. For x = 0.8105 m (2 m < z < 4 m) ∴ acceptable or W = 665 N at ( 0. Phillip J.7 m ) − (180 N )( 0. ΣM Gz : ( 200 N )( 0. .6 m. William E. For the largest additional weight on the trailer with the box having at least one side coinsiding with the side of the trailer. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.81 m ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. E. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.5i + 5j − 6k ) 2 −1 0 0 1 0 R = 2Pi or Magnitude of R = 2P Direction of R : θ x = 0°.5Pa = = −0. Russell Johnston. First. Elliot R.5 + 0 0 4 = Pa ( −1. 8/e. Jr. William E. reduce the given force system to a force-couple system at the origin.5Pa and pitch P= M1 −1. Phillip J. .75a 2P R or P = −0.. Beer. Eisenberg. Clausen. θ z = 90° (a) (b) Have R M1 = λ R ⋅ MO λR = R R = i ⋅ ( −1. Solution 129. θ y = −90°.75a Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Have ΣF : ( 2P ) i − ( P ) j + ( P ) j = R ∴ R = ( 2P ) i Have R ΣM O : Σ ( rO × F ) = M O R MO i j k i j k = Pa 2 2 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5Pai + 5Paj − 6Pak ) = −1.

Clausen.5a From k : − 6Pa = −2Py ∴ y = 3a ∴ The axis of the wrench is parallel to the x-axis and intersects the yz-plane at y = 3a. 8/e. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. z = 2. Beer. Elliot R. Phillip J. William E. E. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (c) Have R M O = M1 + M 2 R ∴ M 2 = M O − M1 = ( 5Pa ) j − ( 6Pa ) k Require M 2 = rQ/O × R ( 5Pa ) j − ( 6Pa ) k = ( yj + zk ) × ( 2Pi ) = − ( 2Py ) k + ( 2Pz ) j From i : 5Pa = 2Pz ∴ z = 2..5a Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Jr. Ferdinand P.

reduce the given force system to a force-couple at the origin. William E. Elliot R. Have ΣF : Pi − Pi − Pk = R ∴ R = − Pk R ΣM O : − P ( 3a ) k − P ( 3a ) j + P ( −ai + 3aj) = MO R ∴ MO = Pa ( −i − 3k ) Have Then let vectors ( R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. 8/e. Russell Johnston. First. Phillip J. θ z = −180° (b) Have R M1 = λ R ⋅ M O = −k ⋅  Pa ( −i − 3k )    = 3Pa and pitch (c) Have P= R M O = M1 + M 2 R ∴ M 2 = M O − M1 = Pa ( −i − 3k ) − ( −3Pak ) = − Pai M1 3Pa = = 3a R P or P = 3a Require M 2 = rQ/O × R − Pai = ( xi + yj) × ( − P ) k = Pxj − Pyi From i : − Pa = − Py j: x = 0 or y =a ∴ The axis of the wrench is parallel to the z-axis and intersects the xy plane at x = 0. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Solution 130. (a) R = − Pk or Magnitude of R = P Direction of R : θ x = 90°. . Ferdinand P. θ y = 90°. y = a Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. M1 ) represent the components of the wrench. Jr.. where their directions are the same. E. Beer. Eisenberg.

875 N ⋅ m ) i = ( xi + zk ) × − ( 21 N ) j   0. E.875 N ⋅ m ) i Require ∴ M 2 = rQ/O × R ( 0.375 N ⋅ m − (12 N ⋅ m ) j 0 −10 0 0 −11 0 = ( 0. David Mazurek. Beer.57143 m R 21 N Have R ∴ M 2 = M O − M1 = ( 0. Jr.875i = − ( 21x ) k + ( 21z ) i Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.875 N ⋅ m ) i − (12 N ⋅ m ) j   = 12 N ⋅ m and pitch P = (c) and M1 = − (12 N ⋅ m ) j or P = 0.0 N ) j (b) R = − ( 21 N ) j or R Have M1 = λ R ⋅ M O λR = R R = ( − j) ⋅ ( 0. Elliot R. Clausen. Phillip J.. Have ΣF : − (10 N ) j − (11 N ) j = R ∴ R = − ( 21 N ) j R Have ΣM O : Σ ( rO × F ) + ΣM C = M O R MO i j k i j k = 0 0 0.875 N ⋅ m ) i − (12 N ⋅ m ) j (a) R = − ( 21. reduce the given force system to a force-couple at the origin.571 m R M O = M1 + M 2 M1 12 N ⋅ m = = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. First. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Russell Johnston. Solution 131. Eisenberg.5 N ⋅ m + 0 0 −0. William E. 8/e.

Eisenberg. William E.7 mm Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. David Mazurek.041667 m From k: 0 = −21x ∴ z =0 ∴ The axis of the wrench is parallel to the y-axis and intersects the xz-plane at x = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System From i: 0. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston.. Phillip J. Elliot R. 8/e. . z = 41.875 = 21z ∴ z = 0. Beer.

ΣF : − ( 50 N ) k − ( 50 N ) j + ( 50 N ) k = R R = − ( 50 N ) j.2 N ⋅ m ) k    = 0. Clausen. .1 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 0. 8/e. E. Solution 132.1 N ⋅ m = = 0.00 mm (c) Have M1 = PR = ( 0. (a) Have First.002 m )  − ( 50 N ) j   = − ( 0.2 N ⋅ m ) k (b) Have R M1 = λ R × MO = R R ⋅ MO R = − j ⋅  − ( 0. Phillip J. reduce the given force system to a force-couple system. William E.002 m R 50 N or P = 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 0. Elliot R..1 N ⋅ m and pitch P= M1 0.0 N ) j R = 50 N Have ΣM O : ( 0. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. Beer.1 N ⋅ m ) k − ( 0. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. R = − ( 50. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.1 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 0.1 N ⋅ m ) j Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.1 N ⋅ m ) k R = MO R M O = − ( 0.

004 m or x = − 4..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Note that because M z = ( 0. Phillip J. 8/e. Elliot R. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. Beer.1 N ⋅ m ) j + ( 0. Clausen. Jr. . z = 0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 N ⋅ m ) k   and x = − d = − 0. the line of action of the wrench must pass through the x-axis to compensate for M z as shown above: With R M1 + ( r × R ) = M O Then − ( 0.2 N ⋅ m ) k or ( 50 N )( d )  k = ( 0.1 N ⋅ m ) j +  − ( d ) i × − ( 50N ) j   = − ( 0. Ferdinand P.004 m d = 0.00 mm. William E.2 N ⋅ m ) k . Russell Johnston. E.

37 7000 lb ⋅ in.) k Now R= ( − 35 lb )2 + ( −12 lb )2 1 ( − 35 i − 12 k ) 37 R = − ( 35.) j ×  − (12 lb ) k      = ( − 200 − 48 ) i + ( − 280 + 120 ) j + ( 280 − 140 ) k = − ( 248 lb ⋅ in. Jr.) j + ( 8 in. Eisenberg. E. Phillip J.) 37 7000 lb ⋅ in.) j + (140 lb ⋅ in. B First replace the given couples with an equivalent force-couple system R.) i + ( 4 in. 37 37 lb or P = 5. ( ) ΣF : ΣM O : R = − ( 35 lb ) i − (12 lb ) k R M O = − ( 200 lb ⋅ in.) i − (1600 lb ⋅ in. M O at the origin.) 37 1 ( 35 × 248 − 12 × 140 )( lb ⋅ in.0 lb ) i − (12. David Mazurek.00 ) k = 37 lb Then (a) (b) R M1 = λ axis ⋅ M O λ axis = = = = 1 ( − 35 i − 12 k ) ⋅ ( − 248 i − 160 j + 140 k )( lb ⋅ in. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. Beer. William E.11 in.) k  ×  − ( 35 lb ) i      − (140 lb ⋅ in. Then M P= 1 = R Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P.) k + (10 in. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Russell Johnston.) i + ( 8 in. Solution 133. Clausen. Elliot R. 8/e.

037 lb ⋅ in.36 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg.75 in. 8/e..36k = 0 y z −35 0 −12 j: or k: or −160 = − 35 z z = 4.36 = 35 y y = 5. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.) j + ( 201. Beer. 201. William E. z = 4. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (c) Have M1 = λ axis M1 = Then or 7000 lb ⋅ in.) k Require M z = rO/P × R i j k or − 69. E.57 in.037i − 160 j + 201. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ∴ The point of intersection is defined by y = 5.57 in. Jr.) i − (160 lb ⋅ in.75 in. Elliot R. Phillip J. . Russell Johnston. ( − 35 i − 12 k ) 37 2 R M O = M1 + M 2 M 2 = ( − 248 i − 160 j + 140 k ) − 7000 ( − 35 i − 12 k ) 37 2 = − ( 69. David Mazurek.

Solution 134.89 lb ⋅ in. Clausen.) i − ( 630 lb ⋅ in. Elliot R. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 lb ) k and R = 94.2 lb ΣM B : rA/B Have × FA + M A + M B = M R B MR B i j k 15   8 = 0 −20 0 − 660k − 714  i + j  = 1584i − 660k − 42 ( 8i + 15 j) 17 17   0 0 −79.2k ⋅ (1248 lb ⋅ in.. Phillip J.) k    94. . Russell Johnston.2 = 537.) j − ( 660 lb ⋅ in. David Mazurek.2 lb ) k − ( 51 lb )  i + j = R 17   17 ∴ R = − ( 24. 8/e.) j − ( 660 lb ⋅ in.2 ∴ M R = (1248 lb ⋅ in. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0i − 45. First reduce the given force system to a force-couple at the origin at B. (a) 15   8 Have ΣF : − ( 79. Ferdinand P.0 j − 79.0 lb ) j − ( 79.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.0 lb ) i − ( 45.) i − ( 630 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg. William E. E. Beer.) k B (b) Have R M1 = λ R ⋅ MO λR = R R = −24.

M 2 = rQ/B × R 1385.6169 in.2 x ) j − ( 45 x ) k From i: From k: at x = 4.2 = ( 45 z ) i − ( 24 z ) j + ( 79. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek.89 lb ⋅ in.04 lb ⋅ in.24k ) B = (1385.2 lb (c) Have M R = M1 + M 2 B ∴ M 2 = M R − M1 = (1248i − 630 j − 660k ) − ( −137. Beer. Jr.044i − 256. z = 30.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System and M1 = M1λ R = − (137. ∴ The axis of the wrench intersects the xz-plane Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Ferdinand P.) k Then pitch p = or p = 5..7101 in.8 in.779 in. R 94. ∴ x = 4.04i − 373. = = 5..044 lb ⋅ in.) k Require i j k 1385.76 = −45x ∴ z = 30. Elliot R. William E.) i − ( 256.) j − ( 452. Phillip J. M1 537.24 lb ⋅ in.) j − ( 207.76k = x 0 z −24 −45 −79. Eisenberg.71 in.) i − ( 373.96 lb ⋅ in. .62 in.04 lb ⋅ in. E.96 j − 452.04 = 45z −207. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.76 lb ⋅ in. Clausen.04 j − 207.

Russell Johnston. Jr. E. 8/e. Solution 135. . (a) First reduce the given force system to a force-couple at the origin. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.. Ferdinand P. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Beer. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Phillip J. Have ΣF : Pλ BA + Pλ DC + Pλ DE = R  4 12  3  3 4  −9 4 R = P  j − k  +  i − j +  i − j+ k  5 25  5  5 5   25  5 ∴ R = R= 3P ( 2i − 20 j − k ) 25 = 27 5 P 25 3P 25 ( 2 )2 + ( 20 )2 + (1)2 Have R ΣM : Σ ( rO × P ) = M O ( 24a ) j ×   −4 P 3P  4P  4P 12 P   3P  −9 P R j− k  + ( 20a ) j ×  i− j  + ( 20a ) j ×  i− j+ k  = MO 5  5  5 25   5  5  25 R ∴ MO = 24 Pa ( −i − k ) 5 Have R M1 = λ R ⋅M O (b) where λ R = 3P 25 1 R = = ( 2i − 20 j − k ) ( 2i − 20 j − k ) R 25 27 5 P 9 5 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

William E.. Clausen. . David Mazurek. 8/e.00a. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Then M 1 = and pitch (c) M1 = M 1λ R = 1 9 5 ( 2i − 20 j − k ) ⋅ 24 Pa −8Pa ( −i − k ) = 5 15 5 p= M1 −8Pa  25  −8a =  = R 81 15 5  27 5 P  or p = −0. Phillip J.99012a ∴ x = 2. Ferdinand P. Jr. Beer.0988a −8Pa  1  8Pa ( −2i + 20 j + k )   ( 2i − 20 j − k ) = 675 15 5  9 5  Then R M 2 = M O − M1 = 24Pa 8Pa 8Pa ( −i − k ) − ( −2i + 20 j + k ) = ( −403i − 20 j − 406k ) 5 675 675 Require M 2 = rQ/O × R  8Pa   3P    ( −403i − 20 j − 406k ) = ( xi + zk ) ×   ( 2i − 20 j − k )  675   25   3P  =   20 zi + ( x + 2 z ) j − 20 xk     25  From i: From k: 8 ( −403) 8 ( −406 ) Pa  3P  = 20 z   675  25  Pa  3P  = −20 x   675  25  ∴ z = −1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0049a ∴ The axis of the wrench intersects the xz-plane at x = 2.990a Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. z = −1. Elliot R. Eisenberg.

Russell Johnston. William E. First reduce the given force-couple system to an equivalent force-couple system ( R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Phillip J. d BD = ( − 480 mm )2 + ( 560 mm )2 + ( − 480 mm )2 = 880 mm FBD = FBDλBD = 132 N ( − 480i + 560 j − 480k ) 880 = (12 N )( − 6i + 7 j − 6k ) d EB = ( 240 mm )2 + ( − 220 mm )2 + ( 480 mm )2 145 N ( 240i − 220 j + 480k ) 580 = 580 mm FEB = FEBλEB = = ( 5 N )(12i − 11j + 24k ) ΣF : R = FBD + FEB = (12 N )( − 6i + 7 j − 6k ) + 5 N (12i − 11j + 24k ) = − (12 N ) i + ( 29 N ) j + ( 48 N ) k d BF = ( 340 mm )2 + ( 240 mm )2 + ( − 60 mm )2 20 N ⋅ m ( 340i + 240 j − 60k ) 20 442 20 N ⋅ m (17i + 12 j − 3k ) 442 = 20 442 mm Then MB = = Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . Clausen.. Solution 136. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. M B ) at point B. Beer. Elliot R. E. 8/e. Ferdinand P.

449 m − 20 × 3 = − 0. Beer.449 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.480 ( N ⋅ m ) 442 −12 29 48 j: 20 × 12 = −12 ( z − 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Now determine whether R and M B are perpendicular R ⋅ M B = ( −12 j + 29 j + 48k ) ⋅ = 20 (17i + 12 j − 3k ) 442 20 ( −12 × 17 + 29 × 12 − 48 × 3) 442 =0 ∴ R and M B are perpendicular so that ( R..480 ) + 0. Clausen. Russell Johnston. William E. M B ) can be reduced to the single equivalent force R = − (12. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.480 ( 48 ) 442 or k: z = 1.922 m ∴ The point of intersection is defined by y = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.480 ( 29 ) + 12 y 442 or y = 0.00 N ) i + ( 29.0 N ) k Now require M B = rB/P × R or i j k 20 N ⋅ m (17i + 12 j − 3k ) = − 0. .0 N ) j + ( 48. 8/e. Elliot R.480 y z − 0. David Mazurek. E.922 m z = 1. Jr. Phillip J.

) j × (10 lb ) k  + (16 in.2858 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.   and Have R= 56 lb R ΣM O : ∑ ( rO × F ) + ∑ M C = MO R M O = (12 in.) k  + ( 84 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg.429 lb ⋅ in. Beer.4572 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 3.)   20 in.) k  ∴ R = (10 lb ) k + 14 lb   = ( 4 lb ) i + ( 6 lb ) j − ( 2 lb ) k 14 in. William E.) i + ( 6 in. E.)   + ( 120 lb ⋅ in. Have ΣF : FA + FG = R  ( 4 in.743 lb ⋅ in. Jr. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R.2286 lb ⋅ ft ) j + (12.) k = (18.) j   ( 4 in. Ferdinand P.) i + ( 38. 8/e. First. 14 in.) j − (12 in..49 lb ⋅ in.) i − (12 in. Russell Johnston.) i − (12 in.     R ∴ M 0 = ( 221.) i × ( 4 lb ) i + ( 6 lb ) j − (12 lb ) k      { }  (16 in. Solution 137.) j + (147. David Mazurek. reduce the given force system to a force-couple at the origin.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Phillip J.) j + ( 6 in.

2858k ) − ( 9.1244 j + 14.80178 j − 0. Russell Johnston. 8/e. the moment component along the line of action of P is found. Ferdinand P.7368k ) = ( yj + zk ) × ( 4i + 6 j − 2k ) = − ( 2 y + 6z ) i + ( 4z ) j − ( 4 y ) k From j: From k: −4.3716 − 24. .5552 lb ⋅ ft ) i − ( 4.4572i + 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. R M1 = λ R ⋅ M O λR = R R  ( 4i + 6 j − 2k )  =  ⋅ (18. William E. E.829 + 19.1709 )( 0.26726k ) = (13. Clausen.6842 ft ∴ line of action of the wrench intersects the yz plane at y = −3. Phillip J.4572i + 3.7368 lb ⋅ ft ) k Require M 2 = rQ/O × R (13.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System R The force-couple at O can be replaced by a single force if the direction of R is perpendicular to M O . Eisenberg.1244 lb ⋅ ft ) j + (14. z = 1.1709 lb ⋅ ft )( 0.26726k ) p= M1 9.2286 j + 12.5552i − 4.1244 = 4 z 14. Elliot R.0311 ft y = −3.53452i + 0.7368 = −4 y or or z = −1.2286 j + 12. R To be perpendicular R ⋅ M O = 0 Have R R ⋅ M O = ( 4i + 6 j − 2k ) ⋅ (18.1709 lb ⋅ ft = = 1.53452i + 0.226 ft Have R M 2 = M O − M1 = (18..68 ft.22551 ft R 56 lb or p = 1. David Mazurek. Beer.2286 j + 12.80178 j − 0.2858k ) = 0? = 73. Jr.031 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4572i + 3.2858k ) 56   = 9.1709 lb ⋅ ft and And pitch M1 = M1λ R = ( 9. To reduce to an equivalent wrench.572 ≠0 ∴ System cannot be reduced to a single equivalent force.

Jr. William E. Eisenberg. Beer. David Mazurek. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. E. Solution 138. Clausen. Russell Johnston. 8/e. Define FA = ( FA ) x i + ( FA ) y j FB = ( FB ) x i + ( FB ) y j Then ΣFx : ( FA ) x + ( FB ) x = 0 ( FA ) x = − ( FB ) x ( FA ) y + ( FB ) y = R ( FA ) y = R − ( FB ) y ΣFy : and i: or Then ΣM A : bk × ( FB ) x i + ( FB ) y j = − ak + R j + M j   − b ( FB ) y = aR ( FB ) y = − ( FA ) y a R b  a  = R − − R  b  a  = R 1 +  b  j: or Then b ( FB ) x = M ( FB ) x = M b M b ∴ FA = − M a  i + R 1 +  j b b  FB = M a i − Rj b b ( FA ) x = − Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .. Ferdinand P. Elliot R.

Jr. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. The known components of the wrench can be expressed as R = Rxi + Ry j + Rzk and M = M xi + M y j + M zk while the unknown forces A and B can be expressed as A = Axi + Ay j + Azk and B = Bxi + Bzk Since the position vector of point P is given. David Mazurek. z) of the position vector rP are also known. it follows that the scalar components of R and M are known relative to the shown coordinate system. . Beer. Elliot R. for equivalence of the two systems ΣFx : Rx = Ax + Bx ΣFy : Ry = Ay (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) continued (1) ΣFz : Rz = Az + Bz ΣM x : M x = yAz − zAy ΣM y : M y = zAx − xAz − bBz ΣM z : M z = xAy − yAx Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. A force system to be shown as equivalent is illustrated in Figure b. William E. Also. Then. position the coordinate system so that the line of action of the wrench passes through the origin as shown in Figure a. Let A be the force passing through the given point P and B be the force that lies in the given plane. Since the orientation of the plane and the components (R. Clausen. Let b be the x-axis intercept of B. choose a coordinate system so that the xy plane coincides with the given plane. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. y. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. M) of the wrench are known.. E. First. 8/e. Solution 139. it follows that the scalar components (x.

Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Bx . David Mazurek. Elliot R. E. there exists a unique solution for A and B.. Bz . Jr. 8/e. Az . William E. . Eisenberg. b . Clausen. Ferdinand P. From Equation (2) Equation (6) ( ) Ay = Ry 1 Ax =   xRy − M z  y ( ) ) Equation (1) 1 Bx = Rx −   xRy − M z  y ( Equation (4) 1 Az =   M x + zRy  y ( ) ) Equation (3) 1 Bz = Rz −   M x + zRy  y ( Equation (5) b= ( xM x + yM y + zM z ) ( M x − yRz + zRy ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ay . Phillip J. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Based on the above six independent equations for the six unknowns Ax .

. Solution 140. Elliot R. z). William E. A⋅B = 0 There are eight unknowns: or (5) (6) (1) (2) (3) Ax Bx + Ay By + Az Bz = 0 (7) Ax . continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. z But only seven independent equations. Beer. Bz . Jr. David Mazurek. Have R = Rj and M = Mj and are known. x. Therefore. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. there exists an infinite number of solutions. Bx . Clausen. Then for equivalence ∑ Fx : 0 = Ax + Bx ∑ Fy : R = Ay + By ∑ Fz : 0 = Az + Bz ∑ M x : 0 = − zBy (4) ∑ M y : M = −aAz − xBz + zBx ∑ M z : 0 = aAy + xBy Since A and B are made perpendicular. Thus. E. Phillip J. observe that it is always possible to construct a line perpendicular to a given line so that the constructed line also passes through a given point. . It is assumed that force B intersects the xz plane at (x. it is possible to align one of the coordinate axes of a rectangular coordinate system with the axis of the wrench while one of the other axes passes through the given point. Ferdinand P. See Figures a and b. By . 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. First. Eisenberg. The unknown forces A and B can be expressed as A = Axi + Ay j + Azk and B = Bxi + By j + Bzk The distance a is known. Ay . Az . 0. Russell Johnston.

William E. E. so that from Equation (4). Az = − M By (8) aR M M ( R − By ) By +  − aR By  aR By  = 0       Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. arbitrarily let Ax = 0. a nontrivial solution is not possible. Elliot R. z = 0. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Next consider Equation (4): If By = 0. or Bz equal to zero results in unacceptable solutions..  R − By  M = −aAz −  −a  ( − Az )  By    Ay = R − By Bz = − Az x=− aAy By or Substituting into Equation (7)′. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. To obtain one possible solution. Beer.) The defining equations then become. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Az . . it is required that By ≠ 0. 0 = Bx (1)′ (2) (3) (5)′ (6) R = Ay + By 0 = Az + Bz M = −aAz − xBz 0 = aAy + xBy Ay By + Az Bz = 0 (7)′ Then Equation (2) can be written Equation (3) can be written Equation (6) can be written Substituting into Equation (5)′. Equation (7) becomes Using Equations (1) and (3) this equation becomes 0 = − zBy Ax Bx + Az Bz = 0 2 2 Ax + Az = 0 Since the components of A must be real. Thus. (Note: Setting Ay . Phillip J. 8/e.

Clausen. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Lastly. 8/e. if R > 0 and M > 0. Beer. Phillip J. x < 0 (assuming a > 0). one of which is applied at a given point. (8). Jr. Eisenberg. while force B lies in a plane parallel to the yz plane but to the left of the origin. Then. E. David Mazurek. . Ferdinand P. force A lies in a plane parallel to the yz plane and to the right of the origin. as shown in the figure below.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System or Then from Equations (2).. William E. it follows from the equations found for A and B that Ay > 0 and By > 0. as a consequence of letting Ax = 0. Elliot R. From Equation (6). and (3) Ay = R − Az = − By = a 2 R3 a2R2 + M 2 a 2 R3 RM 2 = 2 2 a2R2 + M 2 a R + M2  M  a 2 R3 aR 2 M =− 2 2  2 2 2 aR  a R + M  a R + M2   Bz = In summary aR 2 M a R2 + M 2 2 A= B= RM ( Mj − aRk ) a R2 + M 2 2 aR 2 ( aRj + Mk ) a R2 + M 2 2 Which shows that it is possible to replace a wrench with two perpendicular forces. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

First. By . Jr. x. Bz .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. it follows that the distance a can be determined. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. In the following solution. Phillip J. Eisenberg. Denoting the known direction of line AA′ by λ A = λxi + λ y j + λzk it follows that force A can be expressed as A = Aλ A = A λxi + λ y j + λz k ( ) Force B can be expressed as B = Bxi + By j + Bzk Next. z ) . . Solution 141. Russell Johnston. z ) and six independent equations. Beer. Then. 8/e. Clausen. Note that it has been assumed that the line of action of force B intersects the xz plane at point P ( x. E. Ferdinand P. 0. for equivalence ΣFx : 0 = Aλx + Bx (1) ΣFy : R = Aλ y + By (2) ΣFz : 0 = Aλz + Bz (3) ΣM x : 0 = − zBy (4) (5) (6) ΣM y : M = −aAλz + zBx − xBz ΣM z : 0 = aAλ y + xBy Since there are six unknowns obtain a solution. Bx . David Mazurek. it will be possible to Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. choose a rectangular coordinate system where one axis coincides with the axis of the wrench and another axis intersects the prescribed line of action ( AA′ ) . observe that since the axis of the wrench and the prescribed line of action AA′ are known. it is assumed that a is known. William E. Elliot R.. ( A.

E. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Case 1: Let z = 0 to satisfy Equation (4) Now Equation (2) Equation (3) Equation (6) Substitution into Equation (5)   a M = −aAλz −  −     By  ∴ A=− Substitution into Equation (2) R=− 1 M  By λ y + By λz  aR       R − By ( − Aλz )      x=− By Aλ y = R − By Bz = − Aλz aAλ y  a  = −  R − By  By    ( ) ( ) 1 M  B λz  aR  y   ∴ By = Then A=− λz aR 2 λz aR − λ y M MR = R aR λy − λz M λx MR Bx = − Aλx = λz aR − λ y M λz aR − λ y M Bz = − Aλz = λz MR λz aR − λ y M P λA aR λy − λz M In summary A= B= R ( λ Mi + λz aRj + λz Mk ) λz aR − λ y M x and    λz aR − λ y M R  x = a 1 −  = a 1 − R     By  λz aR 2          or x = λy M λz R Note that for this case. Clausen. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. the lines of action of both A and B intersect the x axis.. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Beer. Jr. William E. continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

8/e. λ y .. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Case 2: Let By = 0 to satisfy Equation (4) Now Equation (2) A= R λy Equation (1) λ  Bx = − R  x   λy    λ Bz = − R  z  λy  aAλ y = 0     Equation (3) Equation (6) Substitution into Equation (5)  λ M = z −R  x   λy   In summary which requires a = 0   λ    − x −R  z     λy      or λz x − λx z =   λ y  R M  This last expression is the equation for the line of action of force B. Note that the component of A in the xz plane is parallel to B. Russell Johnston. . Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Phillip J. the equivalent force system is as shown below. William E. Clausen. Elliot R. λz > 0.  R A =  λ A  λy     R B=  λy    ( −λ x i − λ z k )   Assuming that λx . Beer. Jr. Eisenberg.

Russell Johnston. Jr.0 N ⋅ m = ( 0. Thus. . William E. 8/e. David Mazurek.0 N ⋅ m or M B = 80. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.1 m )( 800 N ) = 80.45 m ) Pmin ∴ Pmin = 177. Solution 142. Elliot R. (a) Have M B = rC/B FN = ( 0. Ferdinand P.. Beer. it must be perpendicular to the line joining points A and B. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.28 N or P = 205 N (c) For P to be minimum.0 N ⋅ m (b) By definition M B = rA/B P sin θ where θ = 90° − ( 90° − 70° ) − α = 90° − 20° − 10° = 60° ∴ 80.778 N or Pmin = 177. P must be directed as shown. Eisenberg.45 m ) P sin 60° P = 205.0 N ⋅ m = ( 0.8 N 20° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Thus or M B = dPmin = rA/B Pmin 80. Phillip J. E.

Russell Johnston.947 N ⋅ m or M C = 103. . Eisenberg.65 N ) = 103947 N ⋅ mm = 103.65 N FBy = ( 78) 2 + ( 86 ) 2 ( 580 N ) = 429. Solution 143. William E.62 N ) + (194 mm )( 389. M C = xFBy + yFBx where x = 144 mm − 78 mm = 66 mm y = 86 mm + 108 mm = 194 mm and FBx = 78 ( 78)2 + (86 )2 86 ( 580 N ) = 389. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen.62 N ∴ M C = ( 66 mm )( 429. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Have M C = rB/C × FB Noting the direction of the moment of each force component about C is clockwise. 8/e.9 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. Beer.. Jr. Elliot R. Phillip J.

Elliot R.920 lb ⋅ in.) k TCG = λ CGTCG = ( 24 )2 + (132 )2 + (120 )2 in. = − ( 22.) k or M A = − (1840 lb ⋅ ft ) i + ( 2160 lb ⋅ ft ) j + ( 2740 lb ⋅ ft ) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. j k ( 360 lb ) = − ( 48 lb ) i + ( 264 lb ) j − ( 240 lb ) k i ∴ M A = 108 92 0 lb ⋅ in. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. = ( 48 lb ) i + ( 264 lb ) j − ( 240 lb ) k i j k ∴ M A = 0 92 0 lb ⋅ in.) j − ( 24 in.080 lb ⋅ in. 8/e. Phillip J.) j + ( 32.) i − ( 4416 lb ⋅ in ) k 48 264 −240 or M A = − (1840 lb ⋅ ft ) i − ( 368 lb ⋅ ft ) k (b) Have where M A = rG/ A × TCG rG/ A = (108 in.) j − (120 in. −48 264 −240 = − ( 22.) i + (132 in. 080 lb ⋅ in.) i + (132 in.) i + ( 25.) j − (120 in. E.928 lb ⋅ in.. Jr. Eisenberg.) i + ( 92 in. William E. Beer. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. (a) Have where M A = rE/ A × TDE rE/ A = ( 92 in. Solution 144. .) k 360 lb ( ) ( 24 )2 + (132 )2 + (120 )2 in. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.) j TDE = λ DETDE = ( 24 in.

2i − 2. Russell Johnston.2 m ) i − ( 2.942° or θ = 38.3)2 m = 2. Eisenberg. Phillip J. . Ferdinand P. 8/e.3 m ) k By definition rC/ A ⋅ rD/ A = rC/ A rD/ A cosθ or ( −2.8)2 m = 3m AD = rD/ A = and (1.4 j + 0.4 j + 1. William E.4 )2 + ( 0. Elliot R.4 )2 + (1..4 m ) j + (1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.1cosθ and cosθ = 6.8)( 0.3) = 8.1 θ = 38.8 m ) k rD/ A = (1. First note AC = rC/ A = ( −2.2 ) + ( −2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.77778 8.3 = 0. Beer.4 m ) j + ( 0.4 )( −2. E. David Mazurek. Solution 145.3k ) = ( 3)( 2.4 ) + (1. Jr.7 m rC/ A = − ( 2. Clausen.9° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.8k ) ⋅ (1.2 )2 + ( −2.7 ) cosθ ( 0 )(1.

. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Eisenberg. William E. 8/e. E.. Based on where M O = rA/O × TBA M O = M xi + M y j + M zk = M xi + (100 lb ⋅ ft ) j − ( 400 lb ⋅ ft ) k rA/O = ( 6 ft ) i + ( 4 ft ) j TBA = λ BATBA = ( 6 ft ) i − (12 ft ) j − ( a ) k T d BA BA T ∴ M xi + 100 j − 400k = 6 4 0 BA d 6 −12 −a BA = From j-coefficient: From k -coefficient: TBA  − ( 4a ) i + ( 6a ) j − ( 96 ) k   d BA  100 d BA 6a 400 d BA 96 (1) (2) i j k 100d AB = 6aTBA or TBA = −400d AB = −96TBA or TBA = a= Equating Equations (1) and (2) yields 100 ( 96 ) 6 ( 400 ) or a = 4.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Ferdinand P.00 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 146. Clausen. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. Beer. Elliot R. David Mazurek.

) k 44 in.) i − ( 36 in.28 ∴ M DB = 0 72 0 8 −16 lb ⋅ in. Beer.. (132 lb ) = ( 72 lb ) i − (108 lb ) j − ( 24 lb ) k 0.28 ) ( −16 )( 72 ) − 0      = −1520. E. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.64 lb ⋅ in. Eisenberg. . Ferdinand P.) j 50 in. Elliot R. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e. or M DB = −1521 lb ⋅ in.) i − (14 in.96 ( 8 )( −24 ) − ( −16 )( −108 )  + ( −0.) j − (16 in.28 j rC/D = ( 8 in. Solution 147. Phillip J. −108 −24 = 0. Clausen.) j − (8 in. Russell Johnston. = 0. William E.96 −0.) k TCF = λ CF TCF = ( 24 in. Have where λ DB = M DB = λ DB ⋅ rC/D × TCF ( ) ( 48 in. David Mazurek.96i − 0.

Phillip J.25 m ) = 957. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. Jr. Eisenberg. E.56 N ⋅ m or M B = 958 N ⋅ m 20° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. David Mazurek. Solution 148.. Beer. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.25 m ) = 1723. Ferdinand P.60 N ⋅ m or M A = 1724 N ⋅ m 20° (b) Based on ΣF : FB = T = 1000 N or FB = 1000 N ΣMB : M B = (T sin 50° )( d B ) = (1000 N ) sin 50° (1. . Russell Johnston. Clausen. (a) Based on ΣF : FA = T = 1000 N or FA = 1000 N ΣM A : M A = (T sin 50° )( dA ) = (1000 N ) sin 50° ( 2.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. Elliot R. David Mazurek.. Solution 149. . Russell Johnston. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. Beer. ( 250 lb ) sin 30° − ( 250 lb ) cos 30° Simplifying yields α = 30° Based on = ( FA + FB ) sin α − ( FA + FB ) cos α ΣM C : ( 250 lb ) cos 30° (12 ft ) = ( FA cos 30° )( 32 ft )   ∴ FA = 93. ΣFx : ( 250 lb ) sin 30° = FA sin α + FB sin α (1) ΣFy : − ( 250 lb ) cos 30° = − FA cos α − FB cos α (2) Dividing Equation (1) by Equation (2).75 lb or FA = 93.3 lb 60° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. Require the equivalent forces acting at A and C be parallel and at an angle of α with the vertical. Jr. 8/e.25 lb or FC = 156. Then for equivalence. E. Eisenberg.8 lb Based on ΣM A : − ( 250 lb ) cos 30° ( 20 ft ) = ( FC cos 30° ) ( 32 ft )   60° ∴ FC = 156. William E.

) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.) {( −33)( −12 ) i − ( 29. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Elliot R. William E.989 in. Russell Johnston. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Jr. Phillip J. E.) j + (1187 lb ⋅ in. Clausen.5 )( −12 ) j + ( 29.0 lb ) k Have ΣM C : rB/C × PAB = M C i j k M C = 2 29.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.) j − ( 24 in.) i + ( 708 lb ⋅ in.) i + ( 38 in. 1 19 −12 = ( 2 lb ⋅ in. Beer. ( 45 lb ) or FC = ( 2.5 −33 0 lb ⋅ in.0 lb ) j − ( 24. David Mazurek..0 in. Have ΣF : PAB = FC where PAB = λ AB PAB = ( 2.00 lb ) i + ( 38.) k 44. Eisenberg. Solution 150.5 )(19 ) − ( −33)(1)  k   } or M C = ( 792 lb ⋅ in.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.29 )2 −358. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.937° or R = 362 N Also 81. Russell Johnston..66 N ⋅ m or M = 327 N ⋅ m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. For equivalence ΣFx : − ( 90 N ) sin 30° + (125 N ) cos 40° = Rx or Rx = 50.85 m ) − (125 N ) sin 65°  (1.756 N ΣFy : − ( 90 N ) cos30° − 200 N − (125 N ) sin 40° = Ry or Ry = −358.25 m ) = 0       ∴ M = 326.87 N ∴ θ = −81. . Clausen. William E.6 m ) − ( 200 N ) cos 25°  ( 0. David Mazurek.0591 50. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.9° ΣM A : M − ( 90 N ) sin 35° ( 0. Beer. Eisenberg. 8/e.756 )2 + ( −358.29 N Then and tan θ = R= Ry Rx = ( 50. E.29 = −7. Solution 151.756 = 361.

David Mazurek. Jr.50 lb ⋅ in.50 lb ⋅ in.5 lb ⋅ in.) i + (10. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3. For equivalence Σ F: FA + FB + FC + FD = R C R C = − ( 5 lb ) j − ( 3 lb ) j − ( 4 lb ) k − ( 7 lb ) i ∴ R C = ( −7 lb ) i − ( 8 lb ) j − ( 4 lb ) k Also for equivalence ΣM C : rA′/C × FA + rB′/C × FB + rD′/C × FD = M C or MC i j k i j k i j k = 0 0 −1. .) j + ( 7. − 0 ) k      + (10. 0 5 lb 0 0 −3 lb 0 −7 lb 0 0 = ( −7. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Ferdinand P. Clausen.5 lb ⋅ in.5 in. Beer. 8/e. + 0 1. 0 −1.5 lb ⋅ in. Solution 152.) k    or M C = − (12.5 in. E. − 0 ) i  + ( 0 − 4.) i + ( −3.0 lb ⋅ in. − 0 ) j + ( 0 + 10.5 in. + 1 in.) k Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics..5 lb ⋅ in.0 lb ⋅ in. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Elliot R. 1.5 in.

Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 ft ) ∴ z D = 3.5523 ft Have ΣM z : FA ( x A ) + FB ( xB ) + FC ( xC ) + FD ( xD ) = R ( xH ) or z D = 3.55 ft (85 lb )( 3 ft ) + ( 60 lb )( 4. 8/e. Elliot R.25 ft ) + ( 95 lb )( zD ) = ( 330 lb )( 7.5 ft ) ∴ xD = 7. Solution 153.03 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 ft ) + ( 90 lb )(14. Have ΣF : FA + FB + FC + FD = R − ( 85 lb ) j − ( 60 lb ) j − ( 90 lb ) j − ( 95 lb ) j = R ∴ R = − ( 330 lb ) j Have ΣM x : FA ( z A ) + FB ( z B ) + FC ( zC ) + FD ( z D ) = R ( z H ) (85 lb )( 9 ft ) + ( 60 lb )(1. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 3.25 ft ) + ( 95 lb )( xD ) = ( 330 lb )( 7. David Mazurek. Clausen. Ferdinand P. .. Eisenberg. Beer. E.0263 ft or xD = 7. Russell Johnston.5 ft ) + ( 90 lb )(14. William E.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful