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If Congressional Elections Were Like Proposed NMB Union Elections Final

If Congressional Elections Were Like Proposed NMB Union Elections Final

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March 28, 2011

Dear Member of Congress,

Elections in our nation operate by a fairly basic principle – count the ballots actually cast. Yet a
provision in the House version of the FAA Reauthorization legislation would eliminate these fair
election standards for aviation and rail employees’ union elections, overseen by the National
Mediation Board (NMB). This provision would count eligible voters who did not participate in the
election the same as having voted “no” – an undemocratic and unfair standard different from
every other American election.

Since some Members of Congress are proposing such an inherently skewed election standard for
NMB elections, we thought you would be interested to see how congressional elections would
proceed if they were conducted under these proposed rules. If congressional elections proceeded
under the proposed rules for the NMB elections, in which non-participants were counted as votes
for the opponent, then none of the current Members of Congress would have won election in 2010.

The report on the following pages highlights the consequences of holding congressional elections
like proposed NMB elections.

The current rule is working and brings NMB elections in line with basic democratic tenets of fair
elections. Don't hold union elections for aviation and rail employees to a different standard than
any other American election. Congress should ensure that the proposed repeal of the current
NMB elections standards does not advance and that all elections in this nation remain fair and
democratic.

Sincerely,

Communications Workers of America
1



What if Congressional Elections Were Like Proposed NMB Union Elections?

If Unfair For Members of Congress, Rules Are Unfair For Airline/Railroad Workers

Elections in our nation operate by a fairly basic principle –count the ballots actually cast. Eligible
voters who choose not to vote in an election certainly do not have their vote preferences assigned
in one direction or another. These are fundamental cornerstones of elections that Americans
consider fair and democratic.

Yet an under-the-radar provision in the FAA Reauthorization legislation moving through Congress
would eliminate these fair election standards for airline and railroad union elections overseen by
the National Mediation Board (NMB).

A provision in the House version of the legislation would count eligible voters who did not
participate in the election the same as having voted “no.” Counting non-voters as “no”
voters is a flagrant violation of fair election standards and would stack the decks against
unions.

Applying the Proposed Standard to Congressional Elections

Since some Members of Congress are proposing such an inherently skewed election standard for
NMB elections, we thought it would be interesting to see how their elections would proceed if we
adopted these Members’ approach for congressional elections.

In the 2010 midterm elections, 40.9% of eligible voters cast ballots nationwide.
i
Would it be fair
or principled to assign a vote preference to the 59% of voters who did not participate? What
would the electoral impact be for Members of Congress if they faced the same standards some of
them are proposing for NMB elections? Well, we crunched the numbers and found out.

If congressional elections proceeded under the proposed rules for the NMB elections…

None of the current Members of Congress would have won election in 2010 under
this standard. For each of the 435 House races in the 2010 elections, if you added the non-
voting eligible voting population in a congressional district to the actual vote total cast for
the opponent(s) of the current Member, then not one Member would have mustered the
majority of votes needed to win election.

2

On average, actual 2010 congressional race winners would have received only 26.1%
of the votes in 2010 House elections if they had been conducted under the proposed
NMB election standard.

Fewer than 2% of Members would have even mustered 40% or higher. Only 6 of 435
current Members of Congress would have received 40% or higher in their election
campaigns under the proposed NMB election rules standard.

More than 1 in 10 Members would have received less than 20% of the vote in their
elections. 48 of 435 current Members of Congress would have received under 20% -- 11%
of the total Members in the House.

One Member’s Plight

To illustrate the consequences of this proposed NMB elections standard, let’s take a look at what
would happen to Rep. John Mica (R-FL), the Chair of the House Transportation and
Infrastructure Committee and the lead driver behind the insertion of the NMB elections
provision into the larger FAA Reauthorization bill. Rep. Mica received support from 69% of
the voters in his district who cast a ballot in his successful 2010 re-election campaign, amounting
to slightly over 185,000 actual votes tallied for him.

However, if you add the over 83,000 voters who voted against Rep. Mica to 312,000 eligible voters
who did not participate, then Rep. Mica would only muster 32% of the overall total – falling far
short of the majority needed for election. Rep. Mica would lose handily to the 68% of “voters” who
chose his opponent or were non-participating voters whose absence was counted as a vote for the
alternative.

While this may seem a ridiculous model for conducting a congressional election, that’s
exactly the point. If the NMB elections provision moves forward, union certification for airline
and railroad workers will rely on just such a standard. Non-voters in the election will be counted
as “no” votes and tallied the same as voters who actually voted “no.” If such a standard is unfair
and ridiculous for Members of Congress, it is unfair and ridiculous for all elections in our
nation.

The only votes that should count in an election are ones that are cast. This is not ideology, this is
common sense. Keeping airline and railroad elections fair isn’t inherently pro-union. But working
to ensure that unions can’t win elections is inherently unfair and un-American.

What it Means and Why it’s Important

The National Mediation Board (NMB) adopted a rule change in 2010 to bring NMB elections in line
with the same democratic principles as we use in other American elections: only count the ballots
of those who vote. Updating NMB’s elections standards received bi-partisan support in the 111
th

Congress, with 13 House Republicans sending a letter of support to the NMB.

3

Now, as part of the FAA Reauthorization bill, some are proposing returning to the old and
undemocratic election model. Beyond ideological opposition to unions, it’s hard to find a
reason or rationale for wanting to return to such an egregiously unfair election model. In
fact, since last year, when airline and rail workers’ election rules were brought in line with every
other election we hold in our democracy, successful and unsuccessful unionization votes have
been split roughly 50-50 – thus the rule change is not an inherent advantage for unions.

The same election standards we use for congressional elections, not to mention workers covered
under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), should be used for aviation and rail workers as
well. This is not a pro-union way to conduct an election. It’s a common sense, pro-
democracy way to conduct an election, independent from ideology or party.

In the remaining pages, we include research highlighting the specific contours of congressional
elections in 2010 – if conducted under the proposed NMB standard.



4

2010 Congressional Election Results if Conducted Under Proposed NMB Elections Standards

Methodology
We compiled 2010 raw vote totals and percentages from each state’s Secretary of State’s Office, Board of Elections, or equivalent
office. When such information was not available or not easily accessible from the office overseeing state elections, we used
information from the Associated Press. Using these data, we assessed the raw vote totals in favor and against all 435 House Members
elected in 2010 alongside the Citizen Voting Age Population (CVAP) estimate for their district (using CVAP as estimate for eligible
voters). Looking at each Member’s vote total as a percentage of the CVAP, we determined what percentage of their voting-eligible
constituents supported them during the 2010 elections – a figure that mirrors the way union elections would be governed under the
proposed NMB election standard. The far right column in the below table reflects the percentage that would have opposed the
Member in 2010 if congressional elections were conducted under the same standards as proposed for NMB elections. The percentage
in that column reflects the combined total of the constituents who either cast a vote against the Member in 2010 or were eligible via
the district’s CVAP total but did not vote.

District Member Party Citizen Voting
Age
Population
Estimate
Actual 2010
Vote For
Member
Actual 2010 %
Won by
Member
Projected %
Member Would
Win In 2010
Election, if
Conducted
Under Proposed
NMB Election
Standard
Projected % Voting
Against Member in
2010 Election, if
Conducted Under
Proposed NMB
Election Standard
AK-01 Don Young Republican 479,940 175,384 69.0% 36.5% 63.5%
AL-01 Jo Bonner Republican 489,988 129,063 83.0% 26.3% 73.7%
AL-02 Martha Roby Republican 486,155 111,503 51.1% 31.2% 68.8%
AL-03 Mike Rogers Republican 492,004 117,698 59.5% 23.9% 76.1%
AL-04 Robert Aderholt Republican 477,575 167,709 100.0% 35.1% 64.9%
AL-05 Mo Brooks Republican 506,727 131,109 57.9% 25.9% 74.1%
AL-06 Spencer Bachus Republican 527,692 205,288 100.0% 38.9% 61.1%
AL-07 Terri Sewell Democrat 449,970 136,223 72.4% 30.3% 69.7%
AR-01 Rick Crawford Republican 502,474 93,224 51.8% 18.6% 81.4%
AR-02 Tim Griffin Republican 525,330 122,091 57.9% 23.2% 76.8%
5

AR-03 Steve Womack Republican 549,543 148,581 72.4% 27.0% 73.0%
AR-04 Mike Ross Democrat 490,273 102,479 57.5% 20.9% 79.1%
AZ-01 Paul Gosar Republican 515,273 112,816 49.7% 21.9% 78.1%
AZ-02 Trent Franks Republican 625,768 173,173 64.9% 27.7% 72.3%
AZ-03 Ben Quayle Republican 486,734 108,689 52.2% 22.3% 77.7%
AZ-04 Ed Pastor Democrat 332,336 61,524 66.9% 18.5% 81.5%
AZ-05 David Schweikert Republican 491,908 110,374 52.0% 22.4% 77.6%
AZ-06 Jeff Flake Republican 598,740 165,649 66.4% 27.7% 72.3%
AZ-07 Raul Grijalva Democrat 480,156 79,935 50.2% 16.6% 83.4%
AZ-08 Gabrielle Giffords Democrat 556,635 138,280 48.8% 24.8% 75.2%
CA-01 Mike Thompson Democrat 474,895 147,307 62.8% 31.0% 69.0%
CA-02 Wally Herger Republican 491,077 130,837 57.2% 26.6% 73.4%
CA-03 Daniel Lungren Republican 516,420 131,169 50.1% 25.4% 74.6%
CA-04 Tom McClintock Republican 546,491 186,397 61.3% 34.1% 65.9%
CA-05 Doris Matsui Democrat 428,327 124,220 72.1% 29.0% 71.0%
CA-06 Lynn Woolsey Democrat 442,102 172,216 66.0% 39.0% 61.0%
CA-07 George Miller Democrat 418,306 122,118 68.3% 29.2% 70.8%
CA-08 Nancy Pelosi Democrat 478,013 167,957 80.1% 35.1% 64.9%
CA-09 Barbara Lee Democrat 413,024 180,400 84.3% 43.7% 56.3%
CA-10 John Garamendi Democrat 449,552 137,578 58.9% 30.6% 69.4%
CA-11 Jerry McNerney Democrat 476,276 115,361 48.0% 24.2% 75.8%
CA-12 Jackie Speier Democrat 434,952 152,044 75.6% 35.0% 65.0%
CA-13 Pete Stark Democrat 383,182 118,278 72.0% 30.9% 69.1%
CA-14 Anna Eshoo Democrat 385,043 151,217 69.1% 39.3% 60.7%
CA-15 Mike Honda Democrat 397,243 126,147 67.6% 31.8% 68.2%
CA-16 Zoe Lofgren Democrat 378,187 105,841 67.9% 28.0% 72.0%
CA-17 Sam Farr Democrat 367,631 118,734 66.7% 32.3% 67.7%
CA-18 Dennis Cardoza Democrat 370,167 72,853 58.5% 19.7% 80.3%
CA-19 Jeff Denham Republican 468,578 128,394 64.6% 27.4% 72.6%
CA-20 Jim Costa Democrat 323,009 46,247 51.8% 14.3% 85.7%
6

CA-21 Devin Nunes Republican 421,482 135,979 100.0% 32.3% 67.7%
CA-22 Kevin McCarthy Republican 490,874 173,490 98.8% 35.3% 64.7%
CA-23 Lois Capps Democrat 405,257 111,768 57.8% 27.6% 72.4%
CA-24 Elton Gallegly Republican 438,576 144,055 60.0% 32.8% 67.2%
CA-25 Buck McKeon Republican 465,060 118,308 61.9% 25.4% 74.6%
CA-26 David Dreier Republican 461,274 112,774 54.2% 24.4% 75.6%
CA-27 Brad Sherman Democrat 390,794 102,927 65.2% 26.3% 73.7%
CA-28 Howard Berman Democrat 328,483 88,385 69.6% 26.9% 73.1%
CA-29 Adam Schiff Democrat 413,310 104,374 64.8% 25.3% 74.7%
CA-30 Henry Waxman Democrat 487,646 153,663 64.7% 31.5% 68.5%
CA-31 Xavier Becerra Democrat 258,810 76,363 83.9% 29.5% 70.5%
CA-32 Judy Chu Democrat 337,761 77,759 71.1% 23.0% 77.0%
CA-33 Karen Bass Democrat 367,685 131,990 86.1% 35.9% 64.1%
CA-34
Lucille Roybal-
Allard Democrat 261,190 69,382 77.3% 26.6% 73.4%
CA-35 Maxine Waters Democrat 324,377 98,131 79.4% 30.3% 69.7%
CA-36 Jane Harman Democrat 415,983 114,489 59.7% 27.5% 72.5%
CA-37 Laura Richardson Democrat 335,028 85,799 68.4% 25.6% 74.4%
CA-38 Grace Napolitano Democrat 331,626 85,459 73.5% 25.8% 74.2%
CA-39 Linda Sanchez Democrat 337,350 81,590 63.3% 24.2% 75.8%
CA-40 Ed Royce Republican 393,959 119,455 66.8% 30.3% 69.7%
CA-41 Jerry Lewis Republican 492,276 127,857 63.3% 26.0% 74.0%
CA-42 Gary Miller Republican 435,505 127,161 62.3% 29.2% 70.8%
CA-43 Joe Baca Democrat 348,827 70,026 65.5% 20.1% 79.9%
CA-44 Ken Calvert Republican 463,532 107,482 55.7% 23.2% 76.8%
CA-45 Mary Bono Republican 514,542 106,472 51.5% 20.7% 79.3%
CA-46 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 448,629 139,822 62.3% 31.2% 68.8%
CA-47 Loretta Sanchez Democrat 249,588 50,832 53.0% 20.4% 79.6%
CA-48 John Campbell Republican 475,669 145,481 60.0% 30.6% 69.4%
CA-49 Darrell Issa Republican 456,779 119,088 62.8% 26.1% 73.9%
7

CA-50 Brian Bilbray Republican 467,426 142,247 56.7% 30.4% 69.6%
CA-51 Bob Filner Democrat 385,961 86,423 60.1% 22.4% 77.6%
CA-52 Duncan Hunter Republican 453,906 139,460 63.1% 30.7% 69.3%
CA-53 Susan Davis Democrat 441,288 104,800 62.3% 23.7% 76.3%
CO-01 Diana DeGette Democrat 427,483 140,073 67.4% 32.8% 67.2%
CO-02 Jared Polis Democrat 497,113 148,720 57.4% 29.9% 70.1%
CO-03 Scott Tipton Republican 494,974 129,257 50.1% 26.1% 73.9%
CO-04 Cory Gardner Republican 493,565 138,634 52.5% 28.1% 71.9%
CO-05 Doug Lamborn Republican 491,435 152,829 65.8% 31.1% 68.9%
CO-06 Mike Coffman Republican 530,628 217,368 65.7% 41.0% 59.0%
CO-07 Ed Perlmutter Democrat 429,240 112,667 53.4% 26.2% 73.8%
CT-01 John Larson Democrat 493,044 139,113 61.4% 28.2% 71.8%
CT-02 Joe Courtney Democrat 534,790 146,554 59.9% 27.4% 72.6%
CT-03 Rosa DeLauro Democrat 503,568 142,486 65.0% 28.3% 71.7%
CT-04 Jim Himes Democrat 439,634 113,485 53.1% 25.8% 74.2%
CT-05 Chris Murphy Democrat 489,453 120,339 54.3% 24.6% 75.4%
DE-01 John Carney Democrat 623,673 173,543 56.8% 27.8% 72.2%
FL-01 Jeff Miller Republican 518,367 170,821 80.0% 33.0% 67.0%
FL-02 Steve Southerland Republican 536,438 136,371 53.6% 25.4% 74.6%
FL-03 Corrine Brown Democrat 437,914 94,744 63.0% 21.6% 78.4%
FL-04 Ander Crenshaw Republican 520,302 178,238 77.2% 34.3% 65.7%
FL-05 Richard Nugent Republican 664,893 208,815 67.4% 31.4% 68.6%
FL-06 Cliff Stearns Republican 586,254 179,349 71.5% 30.6% 69.4%
FL-07 John Mica Republican 580,033 185,470 69.0% 32.0% 68.0%
FL-08 Daniel Webster Republican 535,653 123,586 56.1% 23.1% 76.9%
FL-09 Gus Bilirakis Republican 537,622 165,433 71.4% 30.8% 69.2%
FL-10 C.W. Bill Young Republican 485,334 137,943 65.9% 28.4% 71.6%
FL-11 Kathy Castor Democrat 451,529 91,328 59.6% 20.2% 79.8%
FL-12 Dennis Ross Republican 535,043 102,704 48.1% 19.2% 80.8%
FL-13 Vern Buchanan Republican 554,680 183,811 68.9% 33.1% 66.9%
8

FL-14 Connie Mack Republican 592,001 188,341 68.6% 31.8% 68.2%
FL-15 Bill Posey Republican 562,921 157,079 64.7% 27.9% 72.1%
FL-16 Tom Rooney Republican 548,250 162,285 66.8% 29.6% 70.4%
FL-17 Frederica Wilson Democrat 367,323 106,361 86.2% 29.0% 71.0%
FL-18
Ileana Ros-
Lehtinen Republican 383,166 102,360 68.9% 26.7% 73.3%
FL-19 Ted Deutch Democrat 486,020 132,098 62.6% 27.2% 72.8%
FL-20
Debbie
Wasserman
Schultz Democrat 444,132 100,787 60.1% 22.7% 77.3%
FL-21 Mario Diaz-Balart* Republican 351,074 N/A 100.0% N/A N/A
FL-22 Allen West Republican 501,586 118,890 54.4% 23.7% 76.3%
FL-23 Alcee Hastings Democrat 386,182 100,066 79.1% 25.9% 74.1%
FL-24 Sandy Adams Republican 554,654 146,129 59.6% 26.3% 73.7%
FL-25 David Rivera Republican 412,702 74,859 52.1% 18.1% 81.9%
GA-01 Jack Kingston Republican 484,202 117,270 71.6% 24.2% 75.8%
GA-02 Sanford Bishop Democrat 460,285 86,520 51.4% 18.8% 81.2%
GA-03
Lynn
Westmoreland Republican 541,133 168,304 69.5% 31.1% 68.9%
GA-04 Hank Johnson Democrat 414,264 131,760 74.7% 31.8% 68.2%
GA-05 John Lewis Democrat 539,843 130,782 73.7% 24.2% 75.8%
GA-06 Tom Price Republican 453,227 198,100 99.9% 43.7% 56.3%
GA-07 Robert Woodall Republican 536,265 160,898 67.1% 30.0% 70.0%
GA-08 Austin Scott Republican 495,640 102,770 52.7% 20.7% 79.3%
GA-09 Tom Graves Republican 520,411 173,512 100.0% 33.3% 66.7%
GA-10 Paul Broun Republican 516,901 138,062 67.4% 26.7% 73.3%
GA-11 Phil Gingrey Republican 526,605 163,515 100.0% 31.1% 68.9%
GA-12 John Barrow Democrat 485,912 92,459 56.6% 19.0% 81.0%
GA-13 David Scott Democrat 501,194 140,294 69.4% 28.0% 72.0%
HI-01 Colleen Hanabusa Democrat 450,106 94,140 49.6% 20.9% 79.1%
HI-02 Mazie Hirono Democrat 457,414 132,290 67.7% 28.9% 71.1%
9

IA-01 Bruce Braley Democrat 439,293 104,428 49.5% 23.8% 76.2%
IA-02 David Loebsack Democrat 454,194 115,839 51.0% 25.5% 74.5%
IA-03 Leonard Boswell Democrat 452,323 122,147 50.7% 27.0% 73.0%
IA-04 Tom Latham Republican 442,332 152,588 65.7% 34.5% 65.5%
IA-05 Steve King Republican 418,490 128,363 65.8% 30.7% 69.3%
ID-01 Raul Labrador Republican 559,058 126,231 51.0% 22.6% 77.4%
ID-02 Mike Simpson Republican 477,148 137,468 68.8% 28.8% 71.2%
IL-01 Bobby Rush Democrat 441,246 148,170 80.4% 33.6% 66.4%
IL-02 Jesse Jackson Jr. Democrat 426,665 150,666 80.5% 35.3% 64.7%
IL-03 Dan Lipinski Democrat 406,106 116,120 69.7% 28.6% 71.4%
IL-04 Luis Gutierrez Democrat 292,213 63,273 77.4% 21.7% 78.3%
IL-05 Mike Quigley Democrat 450,687 108,360 70.6% 24.0% 76.0%
IL-06 Peter Roskam Republican 421,883 114,456 63.7% 27.1% 72.9%
IL-07 Danny Davis Democrat 455,617 149,846 81.5% 32.9% 67.1%
IL-08 Joe Walsh Republican 460,702 98,115 48.5% 21.3% 78.7%
IL-09 Jan Schakowsky Democrat 424,426 117,553 66.3% 27.7% 72.3%
IL-10 Robert Dold Republican 423,095 109,941 51.1% 26.0% 74.0%
IL-11 Adam Kinzinger Republican 535,520 129,108 57.4% 24.1% 75.9%
IL-12 Jerry Costello Democrat 494,905 121,272 59.8% 24.5% 75.5%
IL-13 Judy Biggert Republican 506,048 152,132 63.8% 30.1% 69.9%
IL-14 Randy Hultgren Republican 507,545 112,369 51.3% 22.1% 77.9%
IL-15 Timothy Johnson Republican 501,677 136,915 64.3% 27.3% 72.7%
IL-16 Donald Manzullo Republican 505,888 138,299 65.0% 27.3% 72.7%
IL-17 Bobby Schilling Republican 478,184 104,583 52.6% 21.9% 78.1%
IL-18 Aaron Schock Republican 496,548 152,868 69.1% 30.8% 69.2%
IL-19 John Shimkus Republican 504,452 166,166 71.2% 32.9% 67.1%
IN-01 Pete Visclosky Democrat 499,045 99,387 58.5% 19.9% 80.1%
IN-02 Joe Donnelly Democrat 486,493 91,341 48.2% 18.8% 81.2%
IN-03 Marlin Stutzman Republican 497,645 116,140 62.8% 23.3% 76.7%
IN-04 Todd Rokita Republican 554,325 138,732 68.6% 25.0% 75.0%
10

IN-05 Dan Burton Republican 555,520 146,899 62.1% 26.4% 73.6%
IN-06 Mike Pence Republican 505,755 126,027 66.6% 24.9% 75.1%
IN-07 Andre Carson Democrat 463,769 86,011 58.9% 18.5% 81.5%
IN-08 Larry Bucshon Republican 517,001 116,759 57.5% 22.6% 77.4%
IN-09 Todd Young Republican 528,410 118,040 52.3% 22.3% 77.7%
KS-01 Tim Huelskamp Republican 461,017 142,281 73.7% 30.9% 69.1%
KS-02 Lynn Jenkins Republican 516,505 130,034 63.1% 25.2% 74.8%
KS-03 Kevin Yoder Republican 519,502 136,246 58.4% 26.2% 73.8%
KS-04 Mike Pompeo Republican 485,999 119,575 58.7% 24.6% 75.4%
KY-01 Ed Whitfield Republican 518,557 153,519 71.3% 29.6% 70.4%
KY-02 Brett Guthrie Republican 539,364 155,906 67.9% 28.9% 71.1%
KY-03 John Yarmuth Democrat 509,451 139,940 54.7% 27.5% 72.5%
KY-04 Geoff Davis Republican 537,375 151,774 69.5% 28.2% 71.8%
KY-05 Harold Rogers Republican 517,355 151,019 77.4% 29.2% 70.8%
KY-06 Ben Chandler Democrat 552,187 119,812 50.0% 21.7% 78.3%
LA-01 Steve Scalise Republican 493,112 157,182 78.5% 31.9% 68.1%
LA-02 Cedric Richmond Democrat 356,069 83,705 64.6% 23.5% 76.5%
LA-03 Jeffrey Landry Republican 450,979 108,963 63.8% 24.2% 75.8%
LA-04 John Fleming Republican 475,066 105,223 62.3% 22.1% 77.9%
LA-05 Rodney Alexander Republican 469,081 122,033 78.6% 26.0% 74.0%
LA-06 Bill Cassidy Republican 507,475 138,607 65.6% 27.3% 72.7%
LA-07 Charles Boustany* Republican 477,463 N/A N/A N/A N/A
MA-01 John Olver Democrat 487,127 128,011 60.1% 26.3% 73.7%
MA-02 Richard Neal Democrat 480,395 122,751 57.3% 25.6% 74.4%
MA-03 James McGovern Democrat 459,030 122,708 56.5% 26.7% 73.3%
MA-04 Barney Frank Democrat 463,919 126,194 53.9% 27.2% 72.8%
MA-05 Niki Tsongas Democrat 435,788 122,858 54.9% 28.2% 71.8%
MA-06 John Tierney Democrat 466,951 142,732 56.9% 30.6% 69.4%
MA-07 Ed Markey Democrat 435,197 145,696 65.9% 33.5% 66.5%
MA-08 Michael Capuano Democrat 439,249 134,974 98.5% 30.7% 69.3%
11

MA-09 Stephen Lynch Democrat 462,360 157,071 68.1% 34.0% 66.0%
MA-10 William Keating Democrat 491,465 132,743 46.9% 27.0% 73.0%
MD-01 Andy Harris Republican 537,956 155,118 54.1% 28.8% 71.2%
MD-02
Dutch
Ruppersberger Democrat 492,510 134,133 64.2% 27.2% 72.8%
MD-03 John Sarbanes Democrat 512,739 147,448 61.1% 28.8% 71.2%
MD-04 Donna Edwards Democrat 432,704 160,228 83.4% 37.0% 63.0%
MD-05 Steny Hoyer Democrat 515,577 155,110 64.3% 30.1% 69.9%
MD-06 Roscoe Bartlett Republican 533,708 148,820 61.5% 27.9% 72.1%
MD-07 Elijah Cummings Democrat 480,773 152,669 75.2% 31.8% 68.2%
MD-08 Chris Van Hollen Democrat 427,044 153,613 73.3% 36.0% 64.0%
ME-01 Chellie Pingree Democrat 516,520 169,114 55.0% 32.7% 67.3%
ME-02 Mike Michaud Democrat 502,969 147,042 53.0% 29.2% 70.8%
MI-01 Dan Benishek Republican 515,608 120,523 51.9% 23.4% 76.6%
MI-02 Bill Huizenga Republican 507,684 148,864 65.3% 29.3% 70.7%
MI-03 Justin Amash Republican 486,172 133,714 59.7% 27.5% 72.5%
MI-04 Dave Camp Republican 518,899 148,531 66.2% 28.6% 71.4%
MI-05 Dale Kildee Democrat 477,538 107,286 53.0% 22.5% 77.5%
MI-06 Fred Upton Republican 494,592 123,142 62.0% 24.9% 75.1%
MI-07 Tim Walberg Republican 507,172 113,185 50.2% 22.3% 77.7%
MI-08 Mike Rogers Republican 512,992 156,931 60.1% 30.6% 69.4%
MI-09 Gary Peters Democrat 464,742 125,730 49.8% 27.1% 72.9%
MI-10 Candice Miller Republican 522,638 168,364 72.0% 32.2% 67.8%
MI-11
Thaddeus
McCotter Republican 483,313 141,224 59.3% 29.2% 70.8%
MI-12 Sandy Levin Democrat 480,053 124,671 61.1% 26.0% 74.0%
MI-13 Hansen Clarke Democrat 422,275 100,885 79.4% 23.9% 76.1%
MI-14 John Conyers Democrat 438,816 115,511 76.8% 26.3% 73.7%
MI-15 John Dingell Democrat 495,324 118,336 56.8% 23.9% 76.1%
MN-01 Tim Walz Democrat 466,788 122,365 49.3% 26.2% 73.8%
12

MN-02 John Kline Republican 496,738 181,341 63.3% 36.5% 63.5%
MN-03 Erik Paulsen Republican 449,094 161,177 58.8% 35.9% 64.1%
MN-04 Betty McCollum Democrat 430,988 136,746 59.1% 31.7% 68.3%
MN-05 Keith Ellison Democrat 435,145 154,833 67.7% 35.6% 64.4%
MN-06 Michele Bachmann Republican 523,528 159,476 52.5% 30.5% 69.5%
MN-07 Collin Peterson Democrat 462,344 133,096 55.2% 28.8% 71.2%
MN-08 Chip Cravaack Republican 497,003 133,490 48.2% 26.9% 73.1%
MO-01 Lacy Clay Democrat 434,235 135,907 73.6% 31.3% 68.7%
MO-02 Todd Akin Republican 499,303 180,481 67.9% 36.1% 63.9%
MO-03 Russ Carnahan Democrat 481,540 99,398 48.9% 20.6% 79.4%
MO-04 Vicky Hartzler Republican 489,179 113,489 50.4% 23.2% 76.8%
MO-05 Emanuel Cleaver Democrat 469,996 102,076 53.3% 21.7% 78.3%
MO-06 Sam Graves Republican 504,299 154,103 69.4% 30.6% 69.4%
MO-07 Billy Long Republican 514,502 141,010 63.4% 27.4% 72.6%
MO-08 Jo An Emerson Republican 479,465 128,499 65.6% 26.8% 73.2%
MO-09
Blaine
Luetkemeyer Republican 497,483 162,724 77.4% 32.7% 67.3%
MS-01 Alan Nunnelee Republican 557,421 121,074 55.3% 21.7% 78.3%
MS-02 Bennie Thompson Democrat 488,797 105,327 61.5% 21.5% 78.5%
MS-03 Gregg Harper Republican 546,776 132,393 68.0% 24.2% 75.8%
MS-04 Steven Palazzo Republican 532,345 105,613 51.9% 19.8% 80.2%
MT-01 Dennis Rehberg Republican 728,994 217,696 60.4% 29.9% 70.1%
NC-01 G.K. Butterfield Democrat 450,853 102,025 59.2% 22.6% 77.4%
NC-02 Renee Ellmers Republican 491,425 91,924 49.6% 18.7% 81.3%
NC-03 Walter Jones Republican 507,056 141,978 72.0% 28.0% 72.0%
NC-04 David Price Democrat 518,223 152,501 56.9% 29.4% 70.6%
NC-05 Virginia Foxx Republican 502,282 139,543 65.9% 27.8% 72.2%
NC-06 Howard Coble Republican 500,273 157,743 75.3% 31.5% 68.5%
NC-07 Mike McIntyre Democrat 514,124 112,397 53.8% 21.9% 78.1%
NC-08 Larry Kissell Democrat 462,373 87,394 52.9% 18.9% 81.1%
13

NC-09 Sue Myrick Republican 552,256 158,162 69.0% 28.6% 71.4%
NC-10 Patrick McHenry Republican 489,239 130,393 71.3% 26.7% 73.3%
NC-11 Heath Shuler Democrat 511,397 129,677 54.3% 25.4% 74.6%
NC-12 Mel Watt Democrat 459,901 102,783 63.8% 22.3% 77.7%
NC-13 Brad Miller Democrat 499,198 115,127 55.4% 23.1% 76.9%
ND-01 Rick Berg Republican 488,833 129,586 54.9% 26.5% 73.5%
NE-01 Jeff Fortenberry Republican 438,402 116,871 71.3% 26.7% 73.3%
NE-02 Lee Terry Republican 427,187 93,840 60.8% 22.0% 78.0%
NE-03 Adrian Smith Republican 403,098 117,275 70.1% 29.1% 70.9%
NH-01 Frank Guinta Republican 494,381 121,655 54.0% 24.6% 75.4%
NH-02 Charlie Bass Republican 492,014 108,610 49.4% 22.1% 77.9%
NJ-01 Rob Andrews Democrat 483,766 106,334 62.6% 22.0% 78.0%
NJ-02 Frank LoBiondo Republican 490,040 109,460 65.7% 22.3% 77.7%
NJ-03 Jon Runyan Republican 513,537 110,215 50.1% 21.5% 78.5%
NJ-04 Chris Smith Republican 487,346 129,752 69.5% 26.6% 73.4%
NJ-05 Scott Garrett Republican 467,985 124,030 65.0% 26.5% 73.5%
NJ-06 Frank Pallone Democrat 431,400 81,933 54.7% 19.0% 81.0%
NJ-07 Leonard Lance Republican 448,461 105,084 59.4% 23.4% 76.6%
NJ-08 Bill Pascrell Democrat 403,043 88,478 62.5% 22.0% 78.0%
NJ-09 Steve Rothman Democrat 411,794 83,564 60.6% 20.3% 79.7%
NJ-10 Donald Payne Democrat 386,245 95,299 85.0% 24.7% 75.3%
NJ-11
Rodney
Frelinghuysen Republican 455,591 122,149 67.2% 26.8% 73.2%
NJ-12 Rush Holt Democrat 470,830 108,214 52.9% 23.0% 77.0%
NJ-13 Albio Sires Democrat 362,435 62,840 74.0% 17.3% 82.7%
NM-01 Martin Heinrich Democrat 461,277 112,707 51.6% 24.4% 75.6%
NM-02 Steve Pearce Republican 427,704 94,053 55.4% 22.0% 78.0%
NM-03 Ben Lujan Democrat 459,790 120,057 56.8% 26.1% 73.9%
NV-01 Shelley Berkley Democrat 447,971 103,246 61.8% 23.0% 77.0%
NV-02 Dean Heller Republican 547,619 169,458 63.3% 30.9% 69.1%
14

NV-03 Joe Heck Republican 630,013 128,916 48.1% 20.5% 79.5%
NY-01 Tim Bishop Democrat 506,206 92,252 51.0% 18.2% 81.8%
NY-02 Steve Israel Democrat 453,889 88,242 56.6% 19.4% 80.6%
NY-03 Peter King Republican 488,391 126,142 72.0% 25.8% 74.2%
NY-04 Carolyn McCarthy Democrat 437,567 89,828 53.7% 20.5% 79.5%
NY-05 Gary Ackerman Democrat 384,089 64,765 62.4% 16.9% 83.1%
NY-06 Gregory Meeks Democrat 392,769 48,968 84.9% 12.5% 87.5%
NY-07 Joe Crowley Democrat 402,879 63,364 79.7% 15.7% 84.3%
NY-08 Jerry Nadler Democrat 484,654 85,371 75.0% 17.6% 82.4%
NY-09 Anthony Weiner Democrat 446,614 47,004 58.5% 10.5% 89.5%
NY-10 Edolphus Towns Democrat 420,995 82,354 91.0% 19.6% 80.4%
NY-11 Yvette Clarke Democrat 388,833 88,645 90.3% 22.8% 77.2%
NY-12 Nydia Velazquez Democrat 378,169 57,039 92.9% 15.1% 84.9%
NY-13 Michael Grimm Republican 479,190 59,346 51.5% 12.4% 87.6%
NY-14 Carolyn Maloney Democrat 478,585 72,566 74.9% 15.2% 84.8%
NY-15 Charlie Rangel Democrat 407,899 74,193 79.9% 18.2% 81.8%
NY-16 Jose Serrano Democrat 316,079 51,731 95.4% 16.4% 83.6%
NY-17 Eliot Engel Democrat 410,559 85,100 72.1% 20.7% 79.3%
NY-18 Nita Lowey Democrat 433,496 104,016 62.0% 24.0% 76.0%
NY-19 Nan Hayworth Republican 489,025 104,154 52.8% 21.3% 78.7%
NY-20 Chris Gibson Republican 517,820 123,511 55.4% 23.9% 76.1%
NY-21 Paul Tonko Democrat 499,049 116,953 59.3% 23.4% 76.6%
NY-22 Maurice Hinchey Democrat 486,008 90,613 52.4% 18.6% 81.4%
NY-23 Bill Owens Democrat 500,712 76,389 48.1% 15.3% 84.7%
NY-24 Richard Hanna Republican 492,771 96,686 52.9% 19.6% 80.4%
NY-25 Ann Marie Buerkle Republican 483,076 99,594 50.2% 20.6% 79.4%
NY-26 Chris Lee Republican 494,664 141,856 73.8% 28.7% 71.3%
NY-27 Brian Higgins Democrat 486,310 110,034 60.8% 22.6% 77.4%
NY-28 Louise Slaughter Democrat 451,401 96,641 65.2% 21.4% 78.6%
NY-29 Tom Reed Republican 494,303 101,219 56.3% 20.5% 79.5%
15

OH-01 Steve Chabot Republican 464,373 101,691 52.4% 21.9% 78.1%
OH-02 Jean Schmidt Republican 498,070 136,120 58.6% 27.3% 72.7%
OH-03 Michael Turner Republican 479,237 148,063 68.7% 30.9% 69.1%
OH-04 Jim Jordan Republican 472,477 143,495 71.6% 30.4% 69.6%
OH-05 Bob Latta Republican 470,470 138,291 68.0% 29.4% 70.6%
OH-06 Bill Johnson Republican 479,199 101,558 50.3% 21.2% 78.8%
OH-07 Steve Austria Republican 497,197 132,613 62.6% 26.7% 73.3%
OH-08 John Boehner Republican 478,944 142,731 65.6% 29.8% 70.2%
OH-09 Marcy Kaptur Democrat 481,378 117,890 59.0% 24.5% 75.5%
OH-10 Dennis Kucinich Democrat 447,454 97,589 52.8% 21.8% 78.2%
OH-11 Marcia Fudge Democrat 412,905 130,962 82.5% 31.7% 68.3%
OH-12 Pat Tiberi Republican 495,803 145,567 56.3% 29.4% 70.6%
OH-13 Betty Sutton Democrat 479,400 115,310 55.5% 24.1% 75.9%
OH-14 Steve LaTourette Republican 482,942 147,150 65.1% 30.5% 69.5%
OH-15 Steve Stivers Republican 485,938 115,879 54.7% 23.8% 76.2%
OH-16 Jim Renacci Republican 487,208 112,902 52.2% 23.2% 76.8%
OH-17 Tim Ryan Democrat 468,597 100,295 53.7% 21.4% 78.6%
OH-18 Bob Gibbs Republican 481,726 105,727 53.9% 21.9% 78.1%
OK-01 John Sullivan Republican 512,228 151,155 76.8% 29.5% 70.5%
OK-02 Dan Boren Democrat 527,094 108,184 56.5% 20.5% 79.5%
OK-03 Frank Lucas Republican 517,529 161,915 78.0% 31.3% 68.7%
OK-04 Tom Cole Republican 542,605 32,589 77.3% 6.0% 94.0%
OK-05 James Lankford Republican 502,861 122,009 61.9% 24.3% 75.7%
OR-01 David Wu Democrat 529,243 152,045 54.9% 28.7% 71.3%
OR-02 Greg Walden Republican 546,540 200,925 74.3% 36.8% 63.2%
OR-03 Earl Blumenauer Democrat 513,671 187,893 70.2% 36.6% 63.4%
OR-04 Pete DeFazio Democrat 549,132 136,743 53.6% 24.9% 75.1%
OR-05 Kurt Schrader Democrat 524,514 139,474 51.5% 26.6% 73.4%
PA-01 Bob Brady Democrat 439,002 149,944 100.0% 34.2% 65.8%
PA-02 Chaka Fattah Democrat 457,210 182,800 89.3% 40.0% 60.0%
16

PA-03 Mike Kelly Republican 492,385 111,909 55.7% 22.7% 77.3%
PA-04 Jason Altmire Democrat 487,650 120,827 50.8% 24.8% 75.2%
PA-05 Glenn Thompson Republican 503,974 127,427 68.7% 25.3% 74.7%
PA-06 Jim Gerlach Republican 510,807 133,770 57.1% 26.2% 73.8%
PA-07 Pat Meehan Republican 490,902 137,825 54.9% 28.1% 71.9%
PA-08 Mike Fitzpatrick Republican 494,264 130,759 53.5% 26.5% 73.5%
PA-09 Bill Shuster Republican 507,381 141,904 73.1% 28.0% 72.0%
PA-10 Tom Marino Republican 507,041 110,599 55.2% 21.8% 78.2%
PA-11 Lou Barletta Republican 509,728 102,179 54.7% 20.0% 80.0%
PA-12 Mark Critz Democrat 492,654 94,056 50.8% 19.1% 80.9%
PA-13 Allyson Schwartz Democrat 492,580 118,710 56.3% 24.1% 75.9%
PA-14 Mike Doyle Democrat 472,610 122,073 68.8% 25.8% 74.2%
PA-15 Charlie Dent Republican 519,182 109,534 53.6% 21.1% 78.9%
PA-16 Joe Pitts Republican 493,939 134,113 65.4% 27.2% 72.8%
PA-17 Tim Holden Democrat 506,017 118,486 55.5% 23.4% 76.6%
PA-18 Tim Murphy Republican 499,169 161,888 67.3% 32.4% 67.6%
PA-19 Todd Platts Republican 534,978 165,219 71.9% 30.9% 69.1%
RI-01 David Cicilline Democrat 379,778 81,269 50.6% 21.4% 78.6%
RI-02 Jim Langevin Democrat 379,724 104,442 59.9% 27.5% 72.5%
SC-01 Tim Scott Republican 595,814 152,755 65.4% 25.6% 74.4%
SC-02 Joe Wilson Republican 557,866 138,861 53.5% 24.9% 75.1%
SC-03 Jeff Duncan Republican 525,092 126,235 62.5% 24.0% 76.0%
SC-04 Trey Gowdy Republican 527,925 137,586 63.5% 26.1% 73.9%
SC-05 Mick Mulvaney Republican 537,603 125,834 55.1% 23.4% 76.6%
SC-06 James Clyburn Democrat 496,914 125,459 62.9% 25.2% 74.8%
SD-01 Kristi Noem Republican 591,067 153,703 48.1% 26.0% 74.0%
TN-01 Phil Roe Republican 513,506 123,006 80.8% 24.0% 76.0%
TN-02 John Duncan Republican 536,154 141,796 81.7% 26.4% 73.6%
TN-03 Chuck Fleischmann Republican 512,808 92,032 56.8% 17.9% 82.1%
TN-04 Scott DesJarlais Republican 507,607 103,969 57.1% 20.5% 79.5%
17

TN-05 Jim Cooper Democrat 494,014 99,162 56.2% 20.1% 79.9%
TN-06 Diane Black Republican 538,422 128,517 67.3% 23.9% 76.1%
TN-07 Marsha Blackburn Republican 527,200 158,916 72.4% 30.1% 69.9%
TN-08 Stephen Fincher Republican 476,712 98,759 59.0% 20.7% 79.3%
TN-09 Steve Cohen Democrat 427,935 99,827 74.0% 23.3% 76.7%
TX-01 Louie Gohmert Republican 483,369 129,398 89.7% 26.8% 73.2%
TX-02 Ted Poe Republican 484,835 130,020 88.6% 26.8% 73.2%
TX-03 Sam Johnson Republican 486,441 101,180 66.3% 20.8% 79.2%
TX-04 Ralph Hall Republican 543,957 136,338 73.2% 25.1% 74.9%
TX-05 Jeb Hensarling Republican 473,210 106,742 70.5% 22.6% 77.4%
TX-06 Joe Barton Republican 490,706 107,140 65.9% 21.8% 78.2%
TX-07 John Culberson Republican 494,246 143,665 81.4% 29.1% 70.9%
TX-08 Kevin Brady Republican 543,979 161,417 80.3% 29.7% 70.3%
TX-09 Al Green Democrat 349,718 80,107 75.7% 22.9% 77.1%
TX-10 Michael McCaul Republican 541,328 144,980 64.7% 26.8% 73.2%
TX-11 Michael Conaway Republican 471,898 125,581 80.8% 26.6% 73.4%
TX-12 Kay Granger Republican 494,956 109,882 71.9% 22.2% 77.8%
TX-13 Mac Thornberry Republican 457,170 113,201 87.0% 24.8% 75.2%
TX-14 Ron Paul Republican 494,572 140,623 76.0% 28.4% 71.6%
TX-15 Ruben Hinojosa Democrat 407,018 53,546 55.7% 13.2% 86.8%
TX-16 Silvestre Reyes Democrat 383,197 49,301 58.1% 12.9% 87.1%
TX-17 Bill Flores Republican 505,708 106,696 61.8% 21.1% 78.9%
TX-18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democrat 391,451 85,108 70.2% 21.7% 78.3%
TX-19 Randy Neugebauer Republican 461,692 106,059 77.8% 23.0% 77.0%
TX-20 Charlie Gonzalez Democrat 437,976 58,645 63.6% 13.4% 86.6%
TX-21 Lamar Smith Republican 564,625 162,924 68.9% 28.9% 71.1%
TX-22 Pete Olson Republican 533,817 140,537 67.5% 26.3% 73.7%
TX-23 Francisco Canseco Republican 462,284 74,853 49.4% 16.2% 83.8%
TX-24 Kenny Marchant Republican 472,280 100,078 81.6% 21.2% 78.8%
TX-25 Lloyd Doggett Democrat 502,217 99,967 52.8% 19.9% 80.1%
18

TX-26 Michael Burgess Republican 539,923 120,984 67.1% 22.4% 77.6%
TX-27 Blake Farenthold Republican 418,207 51,001 47.8% 12.2% 87.8%
TX-28 Henry Cuellar Democrat 393,564 62,773 56.3% 15.9% 84.1%
TX-29 Gene Green Democrat 297,531 43,257 64.6% 14.5% 85.5%
TX-30
Eddie Bernice
Johnson Democrat 397,738 86,322 75.7% 21.7% 78.3%
TX-31 John Carter Republican 549,414 126,384 82.5% 23.0% 77.0%
TX-32 Pete Sessions Republican 367,367 79,433 62.6% 21.6% 78.4%
UT-01 Rob Bishop Republican 551,276 135,247 69.2% 24.5% 75.5%
UT-02 Jim Matheson Democrat 582,613 127,151 50.5% 21.8% 78.2%
UT-03 Jason Chaffetz Republican 570,089 139,721 72.3% 24.5% 75.5%
VA-01 Robert Wittman Republican 545,736 135,564 63.9% 24.8% 75.2%
VA-02 Scott Rigell Republican 470,159 88,340 53.1% 18.8% 81.2%
VA-03 Bobby Scott Democrat 488,963 114,754 70.0% 23.5% 76.5%
VA-04 Randy Forbes Republican 524,467 123,659 62.3% 23.6% 76.4%
VA-05 Robert Hurt Republican 511,393 119,560 50.8% 23.4% 76.6%
VA-06 Bob Goodlatte Republican 517,156 127,487 76.3% 24.7% 75.3%
VA-07 Eric Cantor Republican 525,876 138,209 59.2% 26.3% 73.7%
VA-08 Jim Moran Democrat 439,936 116,404 61.0% 26.5% 73.5%
VA-09 Morgan Griffith Republican 509,015 95,726 51.2% 18.8% 81.2%
VA-10 Frank Wolf Republican 501,559 131,116 62.9% 26.1% 73.9%
VA-11 Gerry Connolly Democrat 464,461 111,720 49.2% 24.1% 75.9%
VT-01 Peter Welch Democrat 479,715 154,006 64.6% 32.1% 67.9%
WA-01 Jay Inslee Democrat 493,501 172,642 57.7% 35.0% 65.0%
WA-02 Rick Larsen Democrat 525,164 155,241 51.1% 29.6% 70.4%
WA-03 Jaime Herrera Republican 535,168 152,799 53.0% 28.6% 71.4%
WA-04 Doc Hastings Republican 447,608 156,726 67.6% 35.0% 65.0%
WA-05
Cathy McMorris
Rodgers Republican 516,970 177,235 63.7% 34.3% 65.7%
WA-06 Norm Dicks Democrat 507,158 151,873 58.0% 29.9% 70.1%
19

WA-07 Jim McDermott Democrat 517,703 232,649 83.0% 44.9% 55.1%
WA-08 Dave Reichert Republican 507,117 161,296 52.1% 31.8% 68.2%
WA-09 Adam Smith Democrat 483,216 123,743 54.9% 25.6% 74.4%
WI-01 Paul Ryan Republican 524,573 179,819 68.2% 34.3% 65.7%
WI-02 Tammy Baldwin Democrat 548,528 191,164 61.8% 34.9% 65.1%
WI-03 Ron Kind Democrat 539,002 126,380 50.3% 23.4% 76.6%
WI-04 Gwen Moore Democrat 460,695 143,559 69.0% 31.2% 68.8%
WI-05
James
Sensenbrenner Republican 516,872 229,642 69.3% 44.4% 55.6%
WI-06 Thomas Petri Republican 521,378 183,271 70.7% 35.2% 64.8%
WI-07 Sean Duffy Republican 520,383 132,551 52.1% 25.5% 74.5%
WI-08 Reid Ribble Republican 523,686 143,998 54.8% 27.5% 72.5%
WV-01 David McKinley Republican 469,216 90,660 50.4% 19.3% 80.7%
WV-02
Shelley Moore
Capito Republican 486,307 126,814 68.5% 26.1% 73.9%
WV-03 Nick Rahall Democrat 458,799 83,636 56.0% 18.2% 81.8%
WY-01 Cynthia Lummis Republican 389,899 131,661 70.5% 33.8% 66.2%

*There were two districts (FL-21 and LA-07), where there was no raw vote tally available for the 2010 race. Both Members ran
unopposed and, unlike in other states with unopposed candidates, these states did not tabulate votes in favor of the lone candidate.

i
Dr. Michael McDonald, George Mason University, United States Election Project, “2010 General Election Turnout Rates.”
http://elections.gmu.edu/Turnout_2010G.html

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