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the Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal was constituted by the Government of India on October 6. 1969 to adjudicate over the water disputes. The Narmada river which flows into the Arabian Sea after passing through the states of Madhya Pradesh Gujarat and Maharashtra. started in 1985.Introduction It is the most powerful mass movement. Due to inter-state differences in implementing schemes and sharing of water. . against the construction of huge dam on the Narmada river.
and 3000 small dams. As per the Tribunal's decision. . 135 medium. were granted approval for construction including raising the height of the Sardar Sarovar dam. 30 major.
The biggest water development project in India. .the sardar sarovar dam will do the following: Provide safe drinking water to 30 million people. for municipal & Industrial purpose.8 million hectares of land. Produce 550 megawatts of power. Irrigate 4. According to government of India . Provide1.300 cubic meters of water per yr.Narmada Dam Project The first dam to be build is the Sadar Sarovar.
a british Anthropologist.Why did the World Bank withdraw loan? It was protest by NBA called satyagrah that caught the world bank attention. They sent an independent review team headed by Huge Brody. Donald Gamble a Canadian Environmentalist .
It will also provide flood protection. . To raise agricultural growth rates to high levels over the next decade. Provide valuable peak electric power in an area with high unmet power demand. to irrigate the dry parts of Gujarat.Benefits Narmada has the potential to supply drinking water to the towns and cities of Gujarat.
Maharashtra.Problems It is one of the largest hydroelectric projects in the world and will displace approximately 1.000 hectares of forest and agricultural land. The largest of the dams under construction is the Sardar Sarovar. if completed. will flood more than 37.5 million people from their land in three states (Gujarat. and Madhya Pradesh). The project will devastate human lives and biodiversity by inundating thousands of acres of forests and agricultural land. . which. displacing more than half a million people and destroying some of Indias most fertile land.
The thing about multipurpose dams like the Sardar Sarovar is that their purposes (irrigation. . power production. and flood control) conflict with one another.
solidarity march among the neighboring states of the Narmada valley from Madhya Pradesh to the Sardar Sarovar dam site . she chose to quit her Ph. after hearing about the Sardar Sarovar dam. studies and focus entirely on the Narmada activity. Medha Patkar and her colleagues visited the project site and noticed the project work being shelved due to an order by the Ministry of Environment and Forests As Patkar remained immersed in the Narmada struggle. she organized a 36-day long.In 1985. D.
conducted its first independent review of a World Bank project . academics and projectaffected people with a non-violent approach The Morse Commission. scientists. appointed in June 1991 at the recommendation of The World Bank President Barber Coinable. all these groups joined this national coalition of environmental and human rights activists. Medha Patkar established Narmada Bachao Andolan in 1989.
This independent review stated that "performance under these projects has fallen short of what is called for under Bank policies and guidelines and the policies of the Government of India .
Supreme Court's decision The court initially ruled the decision in the Andolan's favor thereby effecting an immediate stoppage of work at the dam and directing the concerned states to first complete the rehabilitation and replacement process .
Criticism the NBA supporters have indulged in physical attacks on local people who accepted compensation for moving. Others have argued that the Narmada Dam protesters are little more than environmental extremists who use pseudoscientific agitprop to scuttle the development of the region. and that the dam will provide agricultural benefits to millions of poor in India. .