﻿Problem 1.

1

1.1 !wo solid cylindrical rods AB and Be are welded together at B and loaded as ~ho~. Detennin~ the magnitude of the force P fOT which the tensile stress in rod AB IS twice the magrutude of the compressive stress in rod Be.

3 in.

'A/>.f! = ~ 0.1"" '" 3 .. 1'"\ I{'

6: - .J:... p

AS - A",ra, - 3. I Y I b

;: 0.3/B31 P

----~--------40in.------~.1

Aac = ~ (3)7.. =- 7. Db gG i .... 1.. (~)(30) - P

Gee.=-

All"

= ~ 0 - p -=- 8. If 3 3 3 - C). Ilf 14 7 'P 7.0(. 8G

£'CJcJ-i"'~ 5", +0 ~ OBC

O.~21831IP= ~(8.4833 - O.IL/147'P)

Problem 1.2

1.2 I~ Pro~. 1.1, knowing that P = 40 kips, determine the average normal stress at the midsection of (a) rod AB. (b) roc! Be

1.1 Two.solid cylindrical rods AB and Be are welded together at B and loaded as shown. Determine the ID":l",itude of the force P for which the tensile stress in rod AB is twice the magnitude of the compressive stress in rod Be.

3 in.

(a.) Root AS .. 'p= ~o k,'f~ AAB = Tr~ :::-

. ~ IVI

----~-------- 40 in. -------+l.1

(b) Root BC_

F:- q.o - (;()(30) -= - zo k:1's. Aac. ~ 7T;8~:- 714-(3)2.:- 7- ocsc

0"8c. ~ ..£:... ":" - ~o

A", 7..0' Sf,

i.e.

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Problem 1.3

30kN

1.3 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and Be are welded together at B and loaded as shown. Knowing that the average normal stress must not exceed 175 MPa in rod AB and ISO MPa in rod Be, determine the smallest allowable values of d, and d2•

70 ~/O'3 tV

22.'~/O-3 ...._

ell ':" l':2.~ ~"'"

Problem 1.4

30kN

eLf) (30)t [03 ) 1f (1\$0 'It (DG. )

-!.

-:: IS._q~)(IO ~

d1. ":' IS: q~ 1"VIh.\.

1.4 Two solid cylindrical rods AB and Be are welded together at B and loaded as shown. Knowing that d, = 50 mm and d2 = 30 mm, find average normal stress at the

midsection of (a) rod AB, (b) rod Be. .

Roe;\ A B •

P z: Lto ;- 3D ~ 70 ~'" -= 7D )( 103. N

A :: ::![ ... 2._ 'i 0, -

(bl Roof Be.

'P -= 30 ~N -= 30")( IO!. I\J

A = If J2.2. ~ ~ (SoY =- 70b. g~ ~Wl2..., 7ob_ ec» IDe lNI "\.

,:::;- -: J:. = 30 )( /03 -= '+2.4 >I/O" Pa

~t. A 70b.8")<lo'(;.

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Problem 1.5

1.5 A strain gage located at C on the surface of bone AB indicates that the average normal stress in the bone is 3.80 MPa when the bone is subjected to two 1200-N forces as shown. Assuming the cross section of the bone at C to be annular and knowing that its outer diameter is 25 mm, determine the inner diameter of the bone's cross section at C.

,i ..

L:

'i

C ,':

o=.E A

, u. 1;-:

11 I

I

Problem 1.9

c)(

1.9 Knowing that the link DE is i in. thick and 1 in. wide, determine the normal stress in the central portion of that link when (a) e = 0, (b) e = 90°.

-±:) 'rMc. -= 0:

I~ Fe .. - (g"{Gb Si"le) - (/,)(,0 c...:>~e) =- D

FOE = - uo si II e - ~ !o':>S e )b

AOE~ (I)(~):- O.I~S";~" FoE

AOE

(0."\ e =- 0:

Foe :: - ~o lb.

.. ~

F

- 'To GOE ::- o.t~s

60mm

p

.s+~S's,

l:n A couple M of magnitude 1500 N . m is applied to the crank ofan engine. For the position shown, determine (a). the force P required to hold the engine system in equilibrium, (b) the.average-normal stress in the connecting rod Be, which has a 450- mm2 uniform cross section.

Use p,istoY\) r..oc:lJ 4~.J C:~k +0 ~ e..t;h~V' ~ me boc.l.y.. AJ.J wo...U r-ea.c:tIOVl H o..v.J be~ .... it\~ t~(.;+ iOIll~ A~ ~",d At-

+) ZM,,_ = 0:'

-( ~)"~80 "",,-) Ii - 1.5'"00 N·W! '= 0 t-I:::" ..5.3S7 J ~ lOS N

Use. P'S-+OVl ClJ)OM.e."cas ~ body. No+~ ~~+ ·'('od is COl. tlUo-fo~ee ~eWl her; hQIlc.A! th e Ji~eottQl.l o~ i=-ot'ee Fie is kl1 Q""l'\. D~-v +~e -to'Ke

·tbY'~Q:~-,J,e. tJ:.,,-I .\$oJv1e ~'" 1> ·-ct"''' ':Fu by

p t"0p o"r+i 0""&. .

.Q = J' ?.UC) 2. + ,G-o 2 - 2011 .. 8' ""'''''

P ': ~oo
-
H So
H (a_.)
fee : ~O'a.''&1 ,
H (0 .' P = 17. 8b ~'03 tv

p::. 17 .. 8' kW ~

FSc. ::- 'j;~ .. b'f3 "loJ ~

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Problem 1.15

1.15 The wooden members A and B are to be joined by plywood splice plates that will be fully glued on the surfaces in contact. As part of the design of the joint, and knowing that the clearance between the ends of the members is to be 6 mm determine the smallest allowable length L if the average shearing stress in the glue is not to exceed 700 kPa.

~e.&"C a..v-e. -Fovll' 5 e.r Cot"'" Je a.v-u..s -l-hc..t a.1N. jJlve.J.

EeuJ\ of He. .... e a.>"e.c....f. ~V.5 "",roofs one h",.Qf +ke +-he \5 k}J jpa.J. Thvs

F = 1'P = t( 15')::- 1.5 \eN ":. 7S00 N

151<N

--

'CI~==========J~ ~

-

L

F

F 01/' ec...J, ':Jive d Ave".tA.j e

.lw

T=E-L fA. -.iw

shea.t'in, S-tH!.5S • s Z~ 7-:>0></03 'Pa

i -:: _E_ - 7\$00 1: cJ .1_'1,t8G M, ':: 1.4.:?~gs- ..... ....,

1:''''1 (700)<.l~)CC>.O"2.\$1

L = ~ + (1e...r) + j) =- f~2.?>S+ b -4- l'"l~.&s"

SOilll'VI,,) +UI' j.) To+t...P lelll~-I-)'

L ..

Problem 1.16

1.16 When the force Preached 1600 lb, the wooden specimen shown failed in shear along the surface indicated by the dashed line. Determine the average shearing stress along that surface at the time of failure.

Fo,",c: p

"t ~. - ='" A

p ~ IG,OO lb I~Oo

I. s

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Problem 1.20

1.20 The load P applied to a steel rod is distributed to a timber support by an annular washer. The diameter of the rod is 22 mm and the inner diameter of the washer is 25 mm, which is slightly larger than the diameter of the hole. Determine the smallest allowable outer diameter d of the washer, knowing that the axial normal stress in the steel rod is 35 MPa and that the average bearing stress between the washer and the timber must not exceed 5 MPa.

JI. 1. 3 -Co 2-

S+ee2 rod: A= 'I (O.o2~) .. 330.1 '>'/D ......

6 = 35><' lOG 'PC{.

-~

-= b3. 3)1 10 M

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Problem 1.22

1.22 An axial load P is supported by a short W8 x 40 column of cross-sectional area .4 = 11.7 in? and is distributed to a concrete foundation by a square plate as shown. Knowing that the average normal stress in the column must not exceed 30 ksi and that the bearing stress on the concrete foundation must not exceed 3.0 ksi, determine the side a of the plate that will provide the most economical and safe design.

1:

A

ov P -= 6 A = (30)(/L 7) =- 351 It;rs

Fot" +he :0.. ')( "- pj~te ) 6"= 3.0 h,'
A :: L -:: 351 117 ~
6" 3.0 -::- 1"'1
Sil1ce +~-t' rJ.._+e A= l-
IS s1 Uti.""~ ) 0-
~= fA = -IIl7 a= IO.8:Z il'l.· .. 1.25 A t-in.-diameter steel rod AB is fitted to a round hole near end C of the wooden mem?er CD. For the loadi.ng shown, dete~ine (a) the maximum average norma~ stress in the wo?d,. (b) the distance b for which the average shearing stress is 100 pSI on the surfaces indicated by the dashed lines, ( c) the average bearing stress on the wood.

Problem 1.25

A-..et ::- (1)(4 - i) = '3. '375" i",2.

P {SOD

6;: - -=- _.:___

~~ .. T 3_ 375

,50 lb

c==- Lf4t.1 pSI

(10) Dis+4.11\ c:e. b -to". 1:: = 100 e~l ..

Full' .s ~ e t:t tl'¢J 0 ",12 Q.. See 01 0 1\ e.cJ 9 i '" e s •

T-== ? 'P
-
A 21t
6 = P -= I"SOO 7.\$0 ;"'_
~t 1:: (~)(I )(100 ')
b :: 7 .. So ~..,. "(c.) .Ave.."'c..je beC(v-t"V1'j s·h"e.') S 0""- +It€. wooJJ.

_ p ~ 'P =- /Soo

6b. A'c &JIt (~ )(1') ::;( I.foo p~i

6i ;: :l'too pSI ~

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I

I

. \

I

Problem 1.30

1.30 Two wooden members of uniform cross section are joined by the simple scarf splice shown. Knowing that the maximum allowable shearing stress in the glued splice is 60 psi, determine (a) the largest load P that can be safely supported, (b) the corresponding tensile stress in the splice.

Ao (S.D )(3. 0 l ~ "l.
-= t 5 ;Vl
9 ~oo - '0 '" ::- .300
=
'7; !!r P S;V) [) c e s e
---,s::~-
p '"C Ao .. - .(G.o) (is) 2.0785
Ca.:i 0:- -5,'''' e cos 5 s;'130Dcos36C> p'

( T-' ce s !.f·Ci') (/.;<') .j.. (p S; II) 40°)(0. b) - (!="Q1) c. o s 30o)(O.b ') - (Fec siY) 3S)(O.L-I) = o 1_ 30 Lj·q3 P - 0.719'2. Fio = 0

f = (j.SS t.t 0 4· Frac

Problem 1.39

1.39 Knowing that the ultimate load for cable BD is 100 kN and that a factor of safety of3.2 with respect to cable failure is required, determine the magnitude of the largest force P which can be safely applied as shown to member ABC.

Use ~eM·ber ABC c:l.S ~ .fV'ee. 'ood" J C"U'ld ~ ate· +h.Q.t ~ -eM bet' 9 '0 ,s Q. -tW I!) - -toV't.e. vY\ e. Y'r'I 10 e "'.

0;

Af2io<.fJ .r: vc..,2 o e of ~l).

P«1( -:: (D'_S5"404)('3.I'J.S")

LSI> -z: F. .II~ -: (00 k}J

r , "'.{I - 3.'" . = 3. I~S" ~N

P.5~ <,

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I ~ 1.1 ....

1.44 For the joint and loading ofProb. 1.43, determine the factor of safety, knowing that the length of each splice is L = 180 mm.

1.43 The two wooden members shown, which support a 16-kN load, are joined by plywood splices fully glued on the surfaces in contact. The ultimate shearingstress in the glue is 2.5 MPa and theclearance between the members is 6 mm. Determine the required length L of each splice if a factor of safety of 2.75 is to be achieved.

. ? = <& 'KN -= 8 ~ 103 N

Le.V\ ~+!-t of' :;,pJ"t:f p L::- '2) -I- C ~ h.eV'~ J.::, )eVl~-\\c>t ~/,)( r.-.J c, = cJ eo,V"a.L-1t:.e. i z: ~ (L - c. ') = t (0. (&0 - 0 • .006;':::- 0.087 I"r'l

Problem 1.44

lbkN 1.2Smm

A r-eG.., of ~2t.>·'!. .•

....

D.l ,'VV\ C<.:h~ Yoc..J_

The-ve. QV'e 4 s·epCt'l'c ... Aoe a.v-e~~ of ~;lJe.. E' a.. z::.h ~ 2 ae Ct.""" ~ rv. LJs+ 1v--C<. V\. 5 Wtit g k}J

ot sheetV' }oo..) .

A t: ;w·;: (0.087)(0.115) =

. _3

IO.~7.5><IO WI

27. I 81S'?< 103 23)( log

F'~s. ':;' 3.40 ..

1.51 Each of the steel links AB and CD is connected to a support and to member BCE by l-in.-diameter steel pins acting in single shear. Knowing that the ultimate shearing stress is 30 ksi for the steel used in the pins and that the ultimate normal stress is 70 ksi for the steel used in the links, determine the allowable load P if an overall factor of safety of 3.0 is desired. (Note that the links are not reinforced around the pin holes.)

Problem 1.51

I ~"t----;~ p

tin. \ _, 'Q'",,:~~ )

~. '" ' ;j<".

J~ 1 J

I-Uin. /Sin.

I ~ F. - 30 'P = 0

Cl)

p

I ';2 ~8 - I s P = 0

c

e

Bo+~ 11'"" ks h C\.\le. +h-e SQ.Wle QV'eA..) P IV! J"4W1-efeV" &ANI,! """e.:.I-e..v-,.J 7 Thev-e. ~DlI'e) +-her ka(_ve +~-e SQ..to'I-c. UJ+'·Wle.-te. loo..~.

r.::" n b IJ I 1'1.= 1f -,'1. 1T"(I)2. 5 ~

,-C4., .. xvr"e. Y pin 'lit .5i~j.re Sl'Ie,,\f'. '"' II CI :::- '1 :- 0.78 LI I'"

Fu ": ~IJA ::- (3D )(0. 7~s"4) ~ -:l3 • sc : k.i's

Fu =- fi'uA z: (70)(0.5) :::

UPfil'l'lJe Po~ fo", i,'",/( ...... J. pi., i s +~e s~JJer'. ru::" zs, 56 ~ k;ps

APlow,kit;! vJu'eS ~f. Fcc a-,,J FAG.

F: -:: _&_:: ~B. S-~2. - 7. %.5",/ k,'ps

All F.fi.. 3.0 - I

/J.PJowJ}e }oo..A fo", sft' tJcA-vV'e ,~ u: s NtJJe.,.. of' ~ l="...u r:-..eJ i: J=....,.

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