A PROJECT REPORT

ON
INTERCOM
ARÌF MOHD
E-O7-57D
1.Ìntroduction to intercom
2.Basic terms
3.Types of intercom:
A.Wired intercom
B. Wireless intercom
4.Wired vs Wireless
5.Ìntegrated intercom system
6.Ìntercom entry system
7.Video door intercom
8. Wiring configurations of home intercom systems
9. High quality intercom system
A. Circuit Diagram B. Description C. Setting up and testing
Contents
INTERCOM
Introduction
An intercom is an electronic communications system within a building or group of
buildings. The permanent intercoms are generally composed of fixed
microphone/speaker units which connect to a central control panel. Ìntercoms can be
portable or mounted permanently in buildings and vehicles. Ìntercoms can incorporate
connections to:
1.Walkie talkies
2.Telephones
3.Cell phones
4.Electro-mechanical or electronic devices such as signal lights and door latches.
OMaster Station or ase Station - These are units that can control the system, i.e., initiate a
call with any of the stations and make announcements over the whole system.
OSub-station - Units that are capable of only initiating a call with a Master Station but not
capable of initiating calls with any other stations(sometimes called slave units).
OIntercom Station - Full-featured remote unit that is capable of initiating and receiving
conversation, individual conversation and signaling .
OaII Mount Station - Fixed-position intercom station with built-in loudspeaker.
OeIt Pack - Portable intercom station worn on the belt. Requires a headset or handset.
asic terms
7ed Inte7.oms
Ìn wired intercom,signal light
indications between stations can
be accomplished through the use
of additional conductors via tone
frequencies sent above or below
the speech frequency range.
7eless nte7.om
There are many types of wireless intercom systems on the market. Most
wireless intercom systems communicate over the airwaves using one of
the frequencies allotted by various government agencies.
Wireless intercoms simply save the hassle and costs involved with
hard-wired.
They are:-
1.Efficient
2.Easily maintained
As mentioned one of the main reasons to use a wireless intercom
system is that the cost of retrofitting a building for a wired intercom
system is high. Another reason to use a wireless system is portability.
With many wired systems a user who is seated typically has to get up
and go to a wall mounted intercom to use it.With a wireless intercom, a
person can put an intercom unit anywhere they want.One of the
challenges of a wireless system is the possibility of interference. Since
wireless systems communicate over the airwaves other wireless devices
may interfere with wireless intercom communications.
Wired vs Wireless
Integ7,tedInte7.omSystem
An integrated intercom system has the capacity to work in
conjunction with other security devices and systems thus
enabling to "multiply the forces¨ of any given security system.
Inte7.om Ent7y System
An intercom entry system is distinctively designed to
prevent unauthorized access to a specific space or area
you wish to keep protected. Such an access control
entry system relies on a door, a gate or any other
entryway that can be opened via an electric strike
operated by the person answering the entry request.
Access control intercom can be hard-wired, wireless or
long distance, relying on ÌP technology to transmit any
order or information.
'deo Doo7 Inte7.om
A video door intercom is by far the best tool one can utilize to
identify a visitor requesting access. A video door intercom is
basically a video entry system composed of an external panel,
a door bell a handset and a monitor.
The iring Configurations of Home Intercom System
Hard ired Design
Basically we have 3 types of configurations available. Each one has its
own strengths and weaknesses..
1. Daisy System
This has a single common set of wire from the PSTN connected to all
telephones. The drawback is that it can handle only a single traffic at a
time.
2. Star Connection
Here all telephones send a pair of wires each to the central hub called as
punch-down box.
3. LAN Connection
Here we will have to run 2 sets of cables in parallel, one for voice and the
other for high speed data transfer through Ethernet service.
AVAILALE HOME INTERCOM SYSTEMS:
1) Music home intercoms are both intercoms and music players. One
can hook up radios, CD players, and speakers to the intercom and hear
music through all the rooms in the house.
2) Voice-onIy home intercoms are perfect for convenient room-to-room
communication.
3) Video teIephone home intercoms combine all the best elements of
communication into one ultra intercom. With this device one can see
and hear also.
4) ireIess home intercoms install in minutes and easy to operate.
They offer fantastic range and clarity.
Ìntercom- Project
We would now construct
a simple intercom that is
based on the
chip . This chip is able to
put out 2 watts of power
if it is heat sink properly.
Circuit Diagram

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