Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers

Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers Born Died Nationality Fields Known for October 11, 1758 Arbergen March 2, 1840 (aged 81) Bremen German Medicine Astronomy Olbers paradox Pallas

Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers (October 11, 1758 – March 2, 1840) was a German physician and astronomer.

[edit] Life and career
Olbers was born in Arbergen, near Bremen, and studied to be a physician at Göttingen. After his graduation in 1780, he began practicing medicine in Bremen, Germany. At night he dedicated his time to astronomical observation, making the upper story of his home into an observatory. He also devised the first satisfactory method of calculating cometary orbits. On March 28, 1802, Olbers discovered and named the asteroid Pallas. Five years later, on March 29, 1807, he discovered the asteroid Vesta, which he allowed Carl Friedrich Gauss to name. As the word "asteroid" was not yet coined, the literature of the time referred to these minor planets as planets in their own right. He proposed that the asteroid belt, where these objects lay, was the remnants of a planet that had been destroyed. The current view of most scientists is that tidal effects from the planet Jupiter disrupt the formation of planets in the asteroid belt.

and he was a member of the corps legislatif in Paris 1812-1813. 1811. a 200-km-diameter dark albedo feature on Vesta's surface . states that the darkness of the night sky conflicts with the supposition of an infinite and eternal static universe. He was twice married. and one son survived him. he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Olbers also discovered a periodic comet. Olbers' paradox. Olbers was deputed by his fellow citizens to assist at the baptism of Napoleon II of France on June 9. Asteroid 1002 Olbersia. He died in Bremen aged 81. Olbers.On March 6. The crater Olbers on the Moon. 1815. [edit] Honors The following celestial features are named for him:     13P/Olbers is a periodic comet. described by him in 1823 (and then reformulated in 1826). now named after him (formally designated 13P/Olbers). In 1827.

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